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The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 145

www.morungexpress.com

Listen to yourself and in that quietude you might hear the voice of God Controversy rages on Smriti’s educational qualifications

‘I’m famous because I’m ugly’

Thursday, May 29, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4 –Maya Angelou’s final tweet

Toyota ‘Etios Cross’ launched in Dimapur [ PAGE 2]

Williams sisters out of French Open

[ PAGE 9]

[ PAGE 10]

Obama seeks to recast postwar foreign policy

[ PAGE 11]

[ PAGE 8]

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nagaland state’s Disabled Disability

reflections

By Sandemo Ngullie

Arya Lakshmi Dimapur | May 28

They`re threatening to replace us with an App!

DAN to induct new parliamentary secretaries today kOhIMa, May 28 (MexN): The induction of parliamentary secretaries to the new DAN-III ministry is scheduled to take place on May 29 here at the CM’s Banquet Hall. Chief Minister T.R. Zeliang will administer oath to them in the swearing-in ceremony at 11:00am. All legislators, presidents and general secretaries of political parties consisting DAN, AHODs, HODs, leaders of civil societies and NGOs have been invited to attend the function as per a press release issued by Lalthara, advisor and senior principal secretary to Chief Minister. Source said new faces among the parliamentary secretaries, expected to be numerous, will have DAN partner legislators from NCP and Independents. It may be recalled that five parliamentary secretaries in the earlier DAN government were elevated as cabinet ministers, namely, C. L. John, Kipili Sangtam, Dr. Neikiesalie Kire, Dr. Benjongliba Aier and Nuklutoshi. There were 21 parliamentary secretaries in Neiphiu Rio’s ministry.

NSCN (K) Chakhesang region apologizes, commits to cooperation

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Phek, May 28 (MexN): The NSCN (K) has committed to cooperation and appealed the people to “put into rectification to resettle amicably” the recent “heated out emotion” by the ACAUT, Phek Town. While admitting to apologize for “whatever mischievous act” done by “some persons,” the NSCN (K) committed to “remain faithful ever after for the greater cause of our nation,” stated a press release from secretary of MIP, NSCN (K), Chakhesang Region. Understanding the economic burden on the people of Nagaland, it also acknowledged the “heavy taxation in various forms, demands and extortions by some factions” that irritate people and make them go against “loyal national workers.” The NSCN (K) expressed awareness of the “legitimate” public gesture, and noted that it tried their “level best to cooperate with you and all for better interests.” It reiterated that “The public are our sole parents that we dependently need your supports, guidance and helps in over all our needs. Without public mandate and supports, no one can volunteer for the cause of the nation.” It appealed to the public to “justify judiciously to whatever it was happened at Phek Town be review and not to repeat any more allegations.”

A protester displays how his rights were violated during an anti-coup demonstration at the Victory Monument in Bangkok, Thailand Wednesday, May 28. Thailand’s new military junta aired videos Wednesday on television stations nationwide showing some of the prominent political figures it has detained as part of an effort to convince the public that detainees in army custody are being treated well. (AP Photo)

row over Article 370 escalates SRINaGaR/NeW DeLhI, May 28 (PTI): The row over Article 370 escalated on Wednesday with J&K chief minister Omar Abdullah asking the Centre to make known the “stakeholders” it was talking to for repealing special status to Jammu & Kashmir and RSS saying no one should take any offence to a call for a debate. Omar also made it clear that Article 370 cannot be abrogated till the Constituent Assembly, which approved J&K’s accession to India, is recalled, a day after the MoS in the PMO Jitendra Singh stirred a controversy by declaring that the new government has started the process for repealing the provision. Jitendra Singh has since said he has been “misquoted”. The core group of the

ruling Ruling National Conference also met in Srinagar and condemned Singh’s remarks, saying it has hurt the people of J&K and amounts to endangering the security and the integrity of the country. Contending that it was impossible for BJP government to abrogate Article 370, Omar said confusion was being deliberately created on the issue which would further alienate the people of the state. “They (BJP government at the Centre) cannot abrogate Article 370 till the Constituent Assembly is recalled. The Constituent Assembly approved accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India. If you want to raise the question once again, then you need to bring the Constituent Assembly and then we will

talk,” Omar told reporters in Srinagar. Omar said Singh had stated that talks with stakeholders had been started and sought to know who they were. “I want to know with whom they have started talking. You said you are talking to stake holders. I am one of the stakeholders by being the chief minister of the state. I am an elected representative of the people. Nobody from my party talked to you. I have not heard from any political party that talks had been held with them. Then which stake holder you have talked to?”, he said. Reacting to Omar’s remarks that either J&K won’t be part of India or Article 370 that grants special status to the state will still exist, senior RSS leader Ram Madhav

said the state will always be an integral part of India with or without the provision. Madhav also asked whether the chief minister thought the state was his “parental estate” and said no one should take any offence to any “open-ended debate” on Article 370. PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti said Prime Minister Narendra Modi should reassure people of J&K that Article 370 will not be tinkered with, warning that Singh’s remarks will disrupt peace. Congress cautioned against any “trigger happy reactions”. “Art.370 (3) read with Art 370 (2) clarifies 370 cannot be repealed without consent of constituent assembly which does not exist. No brainer,” Congress leader Manish Tewari tweeted.

“I once met a physically challenged bank officer, known and respected by everyone in his office in Delhi. He was married and the sole earner of his family. As father of a physically challenged boy, I wished my son could also lead a life on his own like the officer,” said David Sha, a Poumai church leader. The population of physically or intellectually disabled persons in Nagaland has been sidelined by the Government. Though organizations like Special Olympics Nagaland (SON) have trained and groomed many disabled youth, several from the rural interiors of Nagaland remain unacknowledged. The Government of Nagaland’s poor outreach towards people with disabilities has left them, and their families, helpless. David Sha added, “My son studied a few courses in Delhi and won prizes in Basketball and painting at state level competitions. We have spent a lot on him—his hard work and achievements have made us proud but even after all this, he is unemployed. There is no separate office or information centre, where we could get some information about facilities. I go from one office to another, only to be referred to another. At the end of the day, all that was of no use.” In 50 years of its statehood, Nagaland has been unable to create a scheme or a fund pool for disabled students. Zaveyi Nyekha, Director School Education, Nagaland, noted, “As of now, we have been unsuccessful in identifying students with disabilities at a district level. We have around fourteen disability schools in Kohima, and sometimes we have pro-

vided them with Rs. 1 lakh to provide special training to teachers in such schools. The idea of dealing with disabled students in Nagaland is still very vague and our efforts have been insignificant. We too are helpless as there is no special financial assistance for them.” Organisations like SON have a similar story. Even when they find efficient students and train them in sports and athletics, they run out of funds to sponsor them. “We expect some government aid for the students to compete at international levels. We have had many winners from Nagaland at many international competitions but now it is getting difficult for us to raise funds or sponsor them. They come with huge expectations and to leave them without anything is disheartening,” said Victor from SON. Compared with neighbouring states like Assam or Manipur, the Government of Nagaland has not created employment opportunities for disabled persons. Heling Eeliang, an agitated father said, “My daughter is deaf and mute but she studies in a normal school with no special teachers to train her. The Government of Nagaland has never come to assist people with disabilities. There is no separate cell and no separate allotment for our children in the State. I want my daughter to be an employed woman in Dimapur as I am too scared to send her out, but the State has given us very poor response. Hence, we have lost our hopes.” A year back, Nagaland State realized the need for a special disability commis-

Mizo truce plan mulled for Nagaland

Proposal by central interlocutors being fine-tuned to be submitted to PM and HM: IB official Sekhar Datta The Telegraph

Nagaland is likely to go the Mizoram way, 17 years after peace talks began with the NSCN (Isak-Muivah) in 1997. As part of the formula, NSCN (Isak-Muivah) chairman Isak Chishi Swu — and not general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah — will become the chief minister of Nagaland, taking along some of his close followers in the council of ministers, and will face fresh elections within six months. A senior Intelligence Bureau (IB) official said the proposal by central interlocutors was being fine-tuned after which it would be submitted to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and home minister Rajnath Singh. “All this is in an embryonic stage and the formula will have to be approved by the new political dispensation in which Neiphiu Rio will play an important role,” he added. Rio, who resigned as the chief minister of Nagaland in the second year of his third term in office, has already been

Naga issue not in line with Mizo Accord Newmai News Network Dimapur | May 28

A prominent functionary of the NSCN (IM) has dismissed a national newspaper report that the Naga political issue will be settled in line with the 1986 Mizo Accord. Yesterday’s edition of The Telegraph, quoting a senior Intelligence Bureau (IB) official, stated that after the said ‘accord’ is signed, NSCN (IM) chairman Isak Chisi Swu will become the chief minister of Nagaland. “This is complete non-sense and the report attempts to create confusion among the people,” stated the NSCN (IM) leader. He requested not to be named saying an official clarification will be elected to the Lok Sabha. He is likely to be included in the Union council of ministers in the next reshuffle of the NDA government. It is believed that his chosen successor T.R. Zeliang will resign to pave the way for assumption of power by the NSCN (I-M) leaders. The official said Rio, an influential Angami Naga leader, had all along been a votary of peaceful settlement to Nagaland’s insurgency problem. He had been upset with former chief minister S.C. Jamir’s attempts at scuttling the peace talks and had also resigned from the Congress in 2002. He floated the Naga People’s Front (NPF) and with other regional parties and the BJP, formed the Democratic Alliance of Nagaland,

issued later. NSCN (IM) general secretary Th. Muivah has previously said that the Naga political settlement should be based on the ‘unique history of the Nagas’, and that it should be ‘honourable and acceptable to the Nagas’. Th. Muivah has also said often that without ‘Naga integration’ there cannot be final settlement of the Naga issue. Given this background, the top NSCN (IM) functionary today said that formal talks are likely to resume soon, possibly next month, with the Narendra Modi led NDA government. “We are more comfortable with the NDA government,” admitted the NSCN (IM) functionary, adding that the Naga outfit is elated and has full of optimism that the issue will be settled soon.

which won Assembly elections thrice in 2003, 2008 and 2013. Before the 2013 Assembly elections, Rio had said all 60 members of the Nagaland Assembly had offered to quit to pave the way for a settlement. “He resigned as chief minister and contested the Lok Sabha polls only to help the process of peace,” the official said. He said the tripartite Mizoram Peace Accord was signed by then Union home secretary R.D. Pradhan, late Mizo National Front (MNF) leader Laldenga and then Mizoram chief secretary Lalkhama on June 30, 1986. Following the accord and as per a tacit understanding, Mizoram chief minister Lal Thanhawla, who headed a Congress

government, resigned, paving the way for assumption of power by Laldenga and his colleagues, who were required to face Assembly polls within six months. Laldenga won the Assembly polls held in February 1987. That had put an end to the two-decade-old insurgency in Mizoram and peace still prevails in the state. “The Mizoram Peace Accord formula is now being thought of as the most effective solution, specially in view of NSCN bosses Swu and Muivah’s adamant stand on Nagalim, which will set a larger part of the Northeast, specially Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, on fire. They are being persuaded to scale down their demand for Nagalim (greater

Nagaland) by incorporating the Naga-inhabited areas of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh,” the official said. He pointed out that making Swu the chief minister would be easy because he belongs to Sema group, a mainstream Naga clan predominant in Zunheboto district of Nagaland. Besides, Swu had led more than 300 Naga nationalist guerrillas on a hardy trek to Chin as “political officer” in 1969 with commander Mou Angami. “Muivah has a similar halo as he had led the first large group of Naga guerrillas as political officer along with commander Thino Selie to China in 1966. He was accorded the status of ambassador of a friendly country by the government of China,” the official said. But, he pointed out, Muivah hails from the peripheral Tangkhul Naga community of Manipur and his elevation to the post of chief minister in Nagaland might not be acceptable to all. However, the main worry of the government interlocutors and the NSCN top brass is keeping the dissident NSCN factions, led by S.S. Khaplang and Khole-Kitovi, on board before making a final announcement and a serious effort is continuing in this direction. This news report was published on the May 28, 2014 issue of The Telegraph

sioner. Dr. Atha Vizol, State Disability Commissioner said, “It has only been a year since I joined the office as a Disability Commissioner but I don’t have any staff till date. The scholarships allotted to students and other people with disability are not very clear till date as the department (sic) is in its initial stage. I have had meetings with a number NGOs and requested them to help and train people with disabilities.” On May 9 this year, Don Bosco Tech’s certification courses included four physically challenged students. They were given domain specific training in hospitality, industrial sewing machine operation, beauty and spa, electrical welding etc. Brother Sunny of Don Bosco said, “This is a first of its kind initiative in Nagaland. Most of our students are placed but the corporate are reluctant to take the physically challenged students. So we look forward to local companies who can employ them and help them to earn a living.” Sangtemjungshi Longkumer, a police officer said, “My son, Maongkaba, is fortunate to undergo this type of a training. Now I am slightly confident about his future but I feel the Government should come forward to help people with disabilities. It is disheartening to see our children suffer due to their disability while others like them in the neighboring states are government employed.” Arya Lakshmi studies journalism at the Madras Christian College, and is currently an intern at The Morung Express

Maya Angelou dies at 86

Maya Angelou. (AP File Photo)

NeW yORk, May 28 (aP): Maya Angelou, who rose from poverty, segregation and the harshest of childhoods to become a force on stage, screen, the printed page and the inaugural dais, has died. She was 86. Angelou died Wednesday morning at her home in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, her son, Guy B. Johnson, said in a statement. The 86-year-old had been a professor of American studies at Wake Forest University since 1982. “She lived a life as a teacher, activist, artist and human being. She was a warrior for equality, tolerance and peace,” Johnson said. Tall and regal, with a deep, majestic voice, Angelou defied all probability and category, becoming one of the first black women to enjoy mainstream success as an author and thriving in virtually every artistic medium. The young single mother who performed at strip clubs to earn a living later wrote and recited the most popular presidential inaugural poem in history. The childhood victim of rape wrote a million-selling memoir, befriended Malcolm X, Nelson Mandela and the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and performed on stages around the world.

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Dimapur

Thursday 29 May 2014

Ao Lanur Reju magazine released

Minister Dr. Benjungliba Aier with others during the release of the Ao Lanur Reju Magazine on May 28.

KohIMA, MAY 28 (MExN): Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Benjungliba Aier at his residence on May 28, released the Ao Lanur Reju Magazine. Rev. I. Yapang Walling, Associate Pastor, Kohima Ao Baptist Church chaired the programme for the releasing of the magazine. While releasing the magazine Dr. Benjungliba said,

“In today’s time when everyone is busy with their works, making careers, or in pursuing for their employment, it is indeed a good work done by the well wishers youths who did their best giving their time, money for such a great cause. This book will be very good for all the youths and even the parents.” He also said that even though this magazine has

started as a small booklet, it is the way for taking greater and wider steps for the future. He also praised the Editorial team of the magazine for their relentless works for bringing out the magazine. A press note received here stated that this is “the first ever magazine to be published by a group of well wishers for the upliftment of the Mother tongue.”

LocaL

The Morung Express C

Toyota ‘Etios Cross’ launched in Dimapur

DIMAPUR, MAY 28 (MExN): Automobile giant Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd. (TKM) on Wednesday launched the new ‘Etios Cross’ in Dimapur at Okusa-Toyota showroom, Walford colony. Etios Cross combines the rugged looks of an SUV with the easy drive, fuel efficiency and maneuverability of a Hatch. The unique styling of the car makes a statement, appealing to the customers looking for a car with distinct identity. Compact on the outside yet spacious inside, Etio Cross is best suited for both urban and rural usage, with its ease of parking and drivability. Etios Cross also effectively combines style and practicality, typically demanded by customers in the segment. Available in three powerful engine options 1.5 L and 1.2 L petrol engine and 1.4 L D-4D diesel engine, the new cross over from Toyota is posi-

(Right) Anil Kumar Vaish Area manager, Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd. (TKM) with representatives from Okusa-Toyota during the launch of the new ‘Etios Cross’ in Dimapur at Okusa-Toyota showroom, Walford colony held on May 28. (Photo by Caisii Mao)

tioned as a youthful yet rugged offering and has the following key features: Exterior: rugged styling with bold front grille, side cladding, stylish diamond cut alloys, sturdy and stylish roof

rails, dynamic rear cladding with badging and roof spoiler, fog lamps with integrated turn indicators, ORVM with turn indicators and rear defogger with wiper. Interior: Piano black

interiors, sporty seat fabric with white stitch and logo, two DIN audio with Bluetooth, USB, AUX-in and remote, audio control on leather wrapped steering wheel.

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Branded as best in class AC performance with optimized suspension for India roads and driver seat height adjust, Etios Cross comes in four grades available in eight colours including Inferno Orange, Ultramarine Blue, Classic Grey, Symphony Silver, Celestial Black, White, Vermilion Red and Harmony Beige. Earlier in the launching programme, area manager, TKM, Anil Kumar Vaish delivered the keynote address, followed by product presentation and audio visual. Representatives from Okusa-Toyota including Hokugha Yeptho and Ayeto Ayemi were present during the launching programme. The prices of the four grades of Etios Cross (exshowroom Dimapur) are as follows: Petrol: V (1.5L engine) – Rs. 7,68,417; G (1.2L engine) - Rs. 6,01,987 Diesel: VD (1.4L engine) – Rs. 7, 65, 289; GD (1.4L engine) – Rs. 7,24,713

Third batch SDRF training for Village Guards begins Ura Academy platinum jubilee from today

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Participants of the State Disaster Response Force training for village guards held at HG&CD Central Training Institute, Toluvi, Dimapur on May 28.

DIMAPUR, MAY 28 (MExN): The 3rd batch of Village Guards, State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) training began today at HG&CD Central Training Institute (CTI), Toluvi, Di-

mapur. The Commandant CTI Dally Jamir addressed the opening ceremony, Keren R. Koza, SMO, NSDMA gave a brief speech while Vikiho K. Sema introduced the instructors and

trainees. Dr. Thingtimla, MO, CTI chaired the programme. The training, which is an initiative of the Nagaland State Disaster Management Authority,

ATMA-Phek tours Arunachal Pradesh C M Y K

ATMA-Phek tour team during their visit to Dirang as part of the farmers’ exposure tour to Arunachal Pradesh held from May 20 to 24.

PhEK, MAY 28 (MExN): ATMA-Phek organised and sponsored a farmers’ exposure tour to Arunachal Pradesh from May 20 to 24 with the objective of incorporating learning with recreation. The team visited Bomdilla and Dirang sub-divisions under West Kameng district and Jung sub-division and Tawang

headquarters under Tawang district. Arunachal, being a hot spot for kiwi and apple cultivation the team visited large-scale production kiwi and apple orchards and rootstock nurseries, where grafting and packaging methods were demonstrated for the benefit of the farmers. Important landmarks

NU SETAM observe annual parting social day

like National Research Centre on Yak, Sangti Sheep farm, Tawang Monastery, Jang Falls, Jaswant Garh War Memorial, Sela Pass and the local markets were toured. The team had an indelible learning as well as adventurous experience. Altogether, 14 farmers and ATMA-officials participated in the tour.

Home Department aims at strengthening grassroot/village level disaster preparedness. The present trainees are from Tuensang district, the same training will also be imparted to all

the VGs stationed in other districts. Resource persons for the 30 days training include personnel from CTI, Police Department, F&ES, Medical Department, NSDMA and NU.

KohIMA, MAY 28 (MExN): A two day long platinum jubilee celebration of Ura Academy will begin from May 29 here at the NBCC’s Convention Centre. The jubilee celebration will begin at 4:00 pm by unveiling the monolith at the Institute of World Languages (IWL) by Ura Academy president Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu, followed by inaugural session at NBCC Convention Centre at 5:00 PM. Nagaland Legislative Assembly speaker Chotisuh Sazo will release series of publication and exhort the gathering. A souvenir, marking the 75 glorious years of Ura Academy will be released by Beilieü Shüya. Ura Academy president Dr. Shurhozelie Liezi-

KohIMA, MAY 28 (MExN): The term end examination for June 2014 of Indira Gandhi National Open University is going to commence from June 2 and will conclude on June 28. The University has established 830 examination centres including 41 overseas centres and 71 centres in Jail for jail inmates. Hall Tickets (Examination Intimation Slips) have been issued to 4,56,132 eligible students who had applied for appearing in the Term End Examination. The hall ticket is also available on IGNOU website www. ignou.ac.in. The students may also download the Hall Tickets from the University website and appear

in the examination. The Examination Centres have been instructed to allow students to appear in examination, even if they do not possess the Hall Ticket (Examination Intimation Slips), but their names exist in the list of examinees for that centre. Students are advised to be in possession of the valid IGNOU Identity Card issued by the University during the Examination. The mobile phones are not permitted inside the examination hall. Candidates who have opted for Kohima Exam Centre at Study Centre 2001, their Exam Centre will be at Modern College Kohima and not Nagaland

College of Teacher Education as mentioned in the Hall Ticket. Separate Hall tickets shall be issued to the students of BCA & MCA for Term End practical. Students are advised to contact the Regional Centres in the last week of June for their practical examinations. For BLISc. (Library Science) all Theory Examination Centres are not activated for conduct of Practical Examination. Students are advised to contact the Centre Superintendent and see the Notice Board for Practical Examination Centre. This was informed in a press release issued by Regional Director Dr. T. Iralu.

NEZCC tribal community learning prog begins

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Rohit Singh, Zonal Manager, Apollo Tyres Limited, cutting the ribbon during the inauguration of Apollo Tyres Limited’s first tyre showroom in Nagaland at Chindwin Enterprise, Khermahal, Dimapur, on May 28. Y. Vashum, Proprietor, Chindwin Enterprise is also seen. The showroom will offer Apollo’s full range of tyres and also provides services like 3D wheel alignment, balancing, and auto tyre changer. (Morung Photo)

SKK ‘Skill Development’ seminar on May 31

Tuensang DPDB meeting held C

chairman, Ao Literature Board will inaugurate the exhibition programme at 11:00 AM on May 30. Tenyimi People’s Organization (TPO) president Timikha Koza will grace the valedictory function as the guest of honour. Tenyidie videos like Sopfünuo, Khrieü, etc. will be shown simultaneously. All Tenyimia ministers and MLA(s) from Manipur and Nagaland will be attending the celebration. Renowned Tenyimia singers like Methaneilie, Nise Meruno, Menguseü, Tetseo Sisters, etc. will perform during the occasion. All Tenyimia tribal leaders, leaders of various organisations, and all its members have been invited to the celebration.

IGNOU term end exam scheduled from June 2-28

DIMAPUR, MAY 28 (MExN): The Nagaland University School of Management Studies observed the fifth Annual Parting Social today with Dr. D.P Chaturvedi (Dean SETAM, NU) as the main speaker from University auditorium hall Dimapur. Addressing the function, Dr. D.P wishes all the best for the future endeavor to the outgoing students and said that they should concentrate in any activities that they involved, added, he also makes a sharp point to the students that one must make a big pride of the school even in the future and have a successful future. Earlier, the program was compared by N. Mosang and A.Hukasum and God blessing from Khozelü Ringa, the welcome address was pronounced by Lamlemminthang Khongsai ,special number from MBA 2nd Semester and Othaneil Sumi, short Speech from Dr. Manoj E. Prabhakar (HOD, School of management studies) and the words of gratitude was delivered by Neikepekho Shosahie and benediction by Imsulemla.

TUENsANg, MAY 28 (DIPR): The monthly Tuensang District Planning and Development Board meeting was held at DC’s conference hall, Tuensang on May 28 under the chairmanship of Deputy Commissioner Tuensang, T. Mhabemo Yanthan. The board members had a discussion on temporary construction of class room at GMS Thangjam and armed personnel for Noksen subdivision. The Board approved construction of ATM booth at Civil Hospital complex Tuensang and also approved the proposal for construction of Post Office in Noksen. The meeting also discussed to maintain the district traffic regulations to avoid accidents. The meeting concluded with departmental functioning reviews.

etsu will deliver a message. The two-day celebration will also be marked by cultural extravaganza and literary exhibition, where 25 cultural groups from eight different tribes will participate in the cultural cynosure on May 29 from 1:00-3:00 PM. The inaugural function on May 29 will be chaired by Daso Paphino, chairman organizing committee. Welcome address will be delivered by Pheluopfhelie Kesiezie. Meanwhile, Governor Dr. Ashwani Kumar will grace day two programme as the chief guest on May 30 at 9:30 AM. Prof. A. Lanunungsang, Pro-vice chancellor Nagaland University, Kohima, Campus Meriema and

Students from the Angami Community who successfully completed Tribal Community Learning Programme at NEZCC on May 28.

DIMAPUR, MAY 28 (MExN): As part of the ongoing Tribal Community Learning Programme, the first group consisting of 3 experts and 25 young students from the Angami Community successfully completed their training programme on May 28.

The programme is designed by NEZCC to address the challenges posed by the advent of modernity and the resultant impact created in the society, especially on the younger urban youth. NEZCC Director, Lipokmar Tzudir has stated

in a press release that the programme culminated in a simple function where the students performed various forms of art and traditional knowledge they have inherited during the last ten days and shared their experiences as to how they benefitted from such a

programme. In this series, the next group of experts and 25 students from the Ao Community will commence their learning programme for the next ten days starting from May 29 in the NEZCC Campus. Entry FREE for anyone interested.

DIMAPUR, MAY 28 (MExN): In continuation of the yearlong Platinum Jubilee celebration, the apex Sumi students’ body, All Sumi Students’ Union (Sumi Kiphimi Kuqhakulu) is organizing a seminar on the theme ‘skill development’ on May 31 at Niuland ADC Office at 10:0 am. Dr. Khekugha Murru will be the resource person. The Media Cell, Platinum Jubilee SKK has requested GBs, VCC Chairman, VDB Secretaries, and Students’ Union Unit Presidents under Western Sumi and all Western Sumi frontal organizations members to attend the seminar hosted by Niuland Area GBs’ Association. All the participants are requested to reach the venue by 9:00 am.

With “A Glorious Generation” as the theme, SKK commenced the Platinum Jubilee celebration on January 15 at Imulomi village under Atoizu sub-division in Zunheboto district, with the launching ceremony and unveiling of the jubilee monolith. Apart from the training on entrepreneurship and skill development at Niuland the series of events and programmes of the year-long jubilee celebration include awareness camp on competitive exams in the month of July, observation of Sumi ‘Patriots’ Day’ on August 4 and celebration of Ahuna and Tuluni festivals. SKK will also conduct seminars and debate on the impact of ‘communitization’ policy on education.

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REgional

The Morung Express

Conservation amidst armed conflict in Manas National Park

GUWAHATI, MAy 28 (PTI): Game-watcher Sunil Sarkar’s effort to preserve flora and fauna in the Manas National Park at the height of the insurgency in the 1980s and 90s has now fetched him national laurels. Sarkar’s effort to save the World Heritage Site has been rewarded with the prestigious Hem Chand Mahindra Wildlife Foundation and Saevus Wildlife Warriors Awards 2013. Despite the park being a very difficult area under siege of insurgents that make the condition of the staff working there severely challenging, Sarkar served the Park for over 30 years at great personal risk, a top Assam Forest Department official in Manas said. The pan India award, a tribute to the lesser known heroes in the forests, was presented at a function attended by several dignitaries at Ranthambore National Park on May 23, Manas Tiger Reserve Deputy Director Sonali Ghosh, IFS, said today. Observing that there were

‘N'land to hold border talks with Assam’ KoHIMA, MAy 28 (PTI): Nagaland will soon initiate dialogue with Assam to resolve the inter-state border problems. "Issues related to the vexed border imbroglio should be solved amicably through dialogues and not through bloodshed," Home Minister of Nagaland, Y. Patton said at Dimapur yesterday. Making an appeal for calm and peace along the border with Assam, Patton said that the DAN-III government is committed to protect the public and asked Dimapur administration and police to book the people involved in creating tensions in the border areas.

40,000 detonators recovered in Mizoram AIzAWL, MAy 28 (PTI): In a joint operation, Assam Rifles personnel and police recovered 40,000 detonators from Bawngkawn locality here. The police said that the detonators were being smuggled to Myanmar. "We have been receiving intelligence inputs that the detonators were being smuggled to Myanmar in large quantity, but this is the largestever haul till date," a police officer said. The detonators were seized yesterday. Two Myanmarese nationals identified as Zabika (49) of Falam area and Thawnga (37) of Kalemyo area were arrested in this connection and charged under relevant sections of the Explosives Act. The detonators, made by Hyderabad-based Explosive Division of the Gulf Oil Export Corporation Ltd, were worth around Rs 8.4 lakh in the local market, the police said.

many Park staff in Manas who served through the insurgency hit 1980s and 90s trying to protect its fast decimating wildlife, she said, recognition of the staff will go a long way in boosting their morale and motivating them to carry forward their good work. Speaking about Sarkar, Ghosh said he was earlier a small time hunter but was motivated to join as a game-watcher and serve wildlife by the then Park Director Srikantha Sharma. Fondly called ‘Sanil Sarkar’ by his colleagues, he is a recruit of the classic old school forest management system whereby semi-literate young boys showing signs of courage were picked up by government officials to work in remote forest locations, she said. Though Sarkar does not remember his actual age, it is believed that as a young 14 year old he impressed the Park Director when he swam the 22 km length of Beki river from Mathanguri to Bansbari in Manas area, Ghosh added. Since his enrolment as a game-

MNP in Barpeta district has very difficult areas as they are still under siege of militants causing the Environment Ministry report on tiger reserve to give the besieged areas special consideration, she said. A part of Manas is still inaccessible due to armed insurgency — a school teacher was recently killed and kidnappings are routine, Ghosh added. “After initial glorious years under then Field Director Deb Roy, Manas through the late 1980s and the 90s was under siege by insurgents. All the Parks’ rhinos were wiped out, elephants, tigers and other wildlife slaughtered ruthlessly”, the Indian Forest Service official said. The insurgency years saw the killing of six forest staff of various ranks, including a Ranger, and several domestic elephants besides, destruction of 28 camps and beats and two range offices, she said. Manas has recovered now but continues to be very vulnerable to poaching and insurgency persists, she added.

29 May 2014

Dimapur

3

Irom Sharmila tells court she wants to settle in life

NeW DeLHI, MAy 28 (IANS): Human rights activist Irom Sharmila Wednesday told a court hearing a case of attempted suicide during her fast-unto-death at Jantar Mantar here in 2006, that she wants to lead a settled life now. Dubbed the "Iron Lady", 40-year-old Sharmila from Manipur, who was produced before Metropolitan Magistrate Akash Jain in pursuance of a production warrant issued against her, told the court that she believes in non-violence and wants to settle in life. "I want to settle in life and enjoy it," she said. Sharmila said she wants the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to be repealed. The court said it cannot comment on this issue as her movement was against the state, but that it can expedite and conduct a fair trial. The court said it can grant exemption from personal appearance to Sharmila and she can be represented by her lawyer. Sharmila, however, requested the court to allow her to attend court proceedings as she wants to be part of the hearing. The court said it will take that into consideration. Meanwhile, the court was also informed that huge expenditure is being incurred by the state exchequer to bring Sharmila to court.

Replying to the court's query, Manipur Police officials escorting Sharmilla told the court that she has no prior sanction from senior officials and the state government to extend her stay in Delhi. The court wanted to conduct the trial in the case Thursday but deferred it to July 17 after officials said they have to take Sharmila back to Manipur. The court also recorded the statements of two prosecution witnesses - Station House Officer of Connaught Place, Satish Kaushik, and investigating officer in the case, Subhash Chander. Testifying as a witness in the case, Kaushik told the court that he took Sharmila to hospital after hearing that her health was deteriorating. Sharmila has been on a fast for about 12 years, demanding repeal of AFSPA. On March 4, 2013, the court framed charges against Sharmila for attempting to commit suicide and put her on trial after she refused to plead guilty. Sharmila was present in the court in March and denied that she attempted suicide while fasting at Jantar Mantar in 2006. She also told the court that she has been protesting for the last 12 years in the "most non-violent way, like Mahatma Gandhi". She said she was fasting for the people of Manipur as they were being neglected by the government.

Rise of parent-killing worries doctors, police Tripura wants liberal central assistance for small states

GUWAHATI, MAy 28 (TNN): In a trend that is bound to alarm Assam's residents, incidents of parricide or matricide (murder of biological parents by their children) are on the rise in the state. Since 2012, at least 23 incidents of parricide or matricide have been reported in the state. Classified as a 'rarest of rare' crime, parricide and matricide are part of civilizational legends and form the kernel of many a fictional tragedy. "Property

disputes, drug abuse, mental disorders and extreme impulses cause such behaviour. In almost all cases, we found unhappy childhood and lack of education to be the reason for such crimes," said a police official, adding that there has been a jump in incidents of parent-killing since 2012. In one such incident, Nabajit Gogoi (20) hacked his father Chandreswar Gogoi to death for regularly harassing his family in an inebriated state. In a

similar incident, a son had killed his father with a rod after a dispute in Rajori tea estate in Jorhat district two years ago. 13 cases of parricide and matricide were reported in 2012, with two cases occurring in the capital. Last year, eight such incidents were reported across the state. Behavioural and psychological factors, as well as undesirable social changes, are believed to be deeply linked with this disturbing trend.

According to renowned psychiatrist Jayanta Das, mental illnesses like schizophrenia increase tendency towards such criminal behaviour. "Both biological and social factors are responsible for such extreme behaviour. Personality disorders and drug abuse can lead to such homicidal tendency. A sense of 'rage' has become commonplace in modern society," Das explained, adding that the role of superstition could not be ruled out either.

Cancellation of Civil Service Exam demanded

IMPHAL, MAy 28 (NNN): All Tribal Students' Union, Manipur (ATSUM-Tombing) and Joint Students' Co-ordination Committee (JSCC) today threatened to resort to a series of agitation if the ongoing process to conduct the Main Examination to the Manipur Civil Service is not halted immediately. There were several errors in question papers and the marking pattern of the 2014 Preliminary Examination conducted by the Manipur Public Service Commission (MPSC). In a joint press conference held today, ATSUM and JSCC reiterated their demand to cancel the Preliminary Examination Results of 2014 and start a fresh examination. Both JSCC and ATSUM have expressed their resentment on the farcical situation created by the negligence committed by Manipur Public Service Commission (MPSC) regarding the 2014 Preliminary examination results. They have also demanded that if the MPSC is not capable of

conducting such examination it should be handed over to the UPSC. Earlier, the JSCC had apprised the Governor of Manipur while the All Manipur Muslim Girl’s Student Union, United Minority and Student’s Federation of North East Education and social Uplift Department had asked for the re-evaluation the examination papers or else threatened to resort to stern form of agitation. It can be recalled here that ATSUM-Tombing had asked the Manipur chief minister to cancel the results altogether and call for fresh recruitment. In its representation to the chief minister of Manipur ATSUM said, "The people’s trust and faith is gaining tremendously on the MPSC for fairness in selection of candidates on merit basis during the recently declared MPSC-CSE examinations, it is indeed disappointing that there has been a hue and cry from candidates in the recently declared MPSC CSE prelims 2014 on the question of

FELICITATION

We the CHUMCHAM BAU SOCIETY, Kohima Nagaland would like to extend our profound happiness and convey our heartiest congratulation to Shri T. R. Zeliang, elected as Chief Minister, Nagaland. The Society further wishes to success and achievement in the future endeavour. May God bless you. Sd/(NCHALEU) President C.B.S.

AFFIDAVIT FOR CHANGE IN NAME Regd.No1482/14

watcher in 1986, Sarkar has been an asset to the Park serving in difficult areas such as Kapurpora, Sidajhar, Rabang and now Bura Burijhar camps of Bansbari Range of MNP. “Sunil is reticent about the days of insurgency, but he has served in various chowkis trying to protect wildlife sometimes standing as a lone guard over his turf”, Ghosh said. The wildlife, including elephants and sambars used to gather around the chowki (forest guard post), she said. “The old timers used to give the animals salt from their rations and it was never sufficient. For months, he would have no communication with his family – that was the fate of most of the staff there – as communication systems failed”, said the Deputy Director. “Once the chowki he was in along with two other colleagues was burnt down by insurgents. He has faced militants and seen colleagues and park elephants being killed during his tenure”, Ghosh said. The territory of the 950 sq km

Thursday

Date 26/05/2014

By this deed I, the undersigned SENTITULA PONGEN (new name) previously called L.SENTITULA (old name), doing vocation and resident of H/No-39 Hokiyong Ward Mangkolemba, Mokokchung (address) solemnly declare: 1. That for on behalf of myself and parents, family and remitter issue, i wholly renounce/relinquish and abandon the use of my former name/surname of L.SENTITULA and in place thereof, I do hereby assume from this date the remitter issue may hereafter be called, known and distinguished not by my former name/surname, but assumed name/surname SENTITULA PONGEN 2. That for the purpose of evidencing such my determination declare that I shall at all times hereafter in all records, deeds and writings and in all proceedings, dealings and transactions, private as well as upon all occasions whatsoever, use and sign the name of SENTITULA PONGEN as my name/surname in place and in substitution of my former name/surname 3. That I expressly authorize and request all persons in general and relatives and friends in particular, at all time hereafter to designate and address me, my parents, my family and remitter issue by such assumed name/ surname of SENTITULA PONGEN. 4. In witness whereof I have subscribed my former and adopted name/surname of L.SENTITULA and SENTITULA PONGEN affix my signature and seal, if any, this 26th day of MAY 2014 Signed sealed and delivered by the above name NOTARY PUBLIC

Sd/(KODISING) Treasurer C.B.S.

15-16 irrelevant questions which do not correspond to the answer keys". ATSUM then asked that it is beyond one’s imaginations as to why such a blunder mistakes are committed by the questions setters of a prestigious autonomous body like MPSC. In case of inadvertent mistake in one or two question is an exceptional case but errors in 15 answer keys is a mockery quite fit to be laughed at in such an era of sophisticated computer era, ATSUM added. "It is pertinent to note the modus operandi of the MPSC in giving ample room to suspect favouritism, nepotism and culture of corruption in the selection process," ATSUM representation to the chief minister stated. To maintain the standard of the MPSC to the bench marks and avoid legal complication, the student body appealed to the Government to cancel the aforesaid examination and call for fresh examination and do justice to all candidates.

IN THE COURT OF DEPUTY DISTRICT HEADQUARTER CHUMUKEDIMA, CAMP: DIMAPUR: NAGALAND

NOTICE

Dated, Dimapur the 27/05/2014

NO.M-463/14/1930-31/Notice is hereby given to Shri Nirmal Kumar Jain S/o Late. Bal Chand Jain resident of Old Daily Market Dimapur, Nagaland under Rule 50&51 of Assam Land Revenue Regulation 1886 have applied for mutation of land described in the schedule below:The undersigned under Rule 52 of the said Rules do hereby invites claims/ objections concerning to the said land, if any & should be submitted to this court in writing on or before 27/5/14. Schedule of Land and Boundary Name of Patta Holder : Z. Obed Village/Block No : Padumpukhuri Patta No : 23 Dag. No : 101 Area : 07-00-00 North : Nirmal South :Pditson Society & Andrew East : Ao West : Rengma Sd/Deputy Commissioner, Dimapur: Nagaland

VJ’S COACHING CENTRE D.C.COURT ROAD: DUNCAN DIMAPUR

INFORMATION

It is hereby informed to all the concerned students that classes will begin from 2nd June 2014, therefore all the Hostellers are asked to report on 31st May latest by 5pm.And the day scholars on 2nd June at 8:00 am without fail. Sd/-

L.Amenla Longchar (Proprietress VJ)

All Nagaland Private Schools’ Association Nagaland : Kohima

ANPSA General Conference -2014 The Central Body of All Nagaland Private School’ Association (ANPSA) Nagaland will have its Annual General Conference at Hotel Vivor, Kohima (way to Indira Gandhi Stadium) on the 6th June (Friday) 2014 from 10:00 am onward. All the District Presidents and Head of Institutions of their respective Member Schools are requested to attend the Conference without fail.

For any query contact: 9436004466, 9436012378, 9436001680, 9436073053. Press Secy. ANPSA, Nagaland

AGArTALA, MAy 28 (IANS): The Left Front government in Tripura wants Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led central government should be generous to provide economic support to small states, a minister said here Wednesday. "Tripura and other small states have been facing huge debt burden. We sincerely expect that the central government must waive the state's debt to the union government," Tripura's PWD and Health Minister Badal Chowdhury told reporters. Chowdhury, who represented the Left Front government at the swearing-in ceremony of Modi Monday, said: "Almost all states in the country have been demanding to provide at least 50 percent share of the central taxes, but the centre has been ignoring the demand." He said the new government must reconstitute the Planning Commission soon and finalise the annual plans of the states. The annual plans for the 2014-15 fiscal year for states earmarked by the Planning Commission are yet to be finalised due to the Lok Sabha elections spread over April-May. Generally, during the months of March-April, the plan panel holds dis-

cussions with officials and chief ministers of all states to finalise their annual plans. "Tripura was deprived of financial assistance by the 13th Finance Commission. Hence, the state has been facing serious financial crunch," said Chowdhury, who until last week was the finance minister of Tripura for about 18 years. The Left Front government in Tripura, led by the Communist Party of In-

dia-Marxist, has been demanding a financial package of Rs.13,600 crore from the central government to overcome its severe financial crisis in view of the "erroneous recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission". Tripura sought around Rs.27,000 crore, but the 13th Finance Commission recommended only about Rs.16,350 crore in 2009. Its report was accepted by the previous Congress-led central government.

WANTED

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For further queries: 8118970397/9862124263

JOB VACANCY Upper Bayavii Hill, Kohima Nagaland Requires a Front Office Assistant Qualification:  Graduate with computer knowledge  Working experience in hotel will be a plus point Kindly submit your resume on or before 3rd of June to Hotel Legacy or mail us your resume at contact@hotellegacy.co.in Contact No. 8415922086

GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND

DIRECTORATE OF HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE NAGALAND : KOHIMA

No. DHFW-5/23/TRG/NSG/2009-10/

// Dated, Kohima the th May’ 2014

ADVERTISEMENT

Application are hereby invited for local intending candidates for undergoing Training in General Nursing & Midwifery(GNM) and Female Health Worker (FHW), for the session 2014-15 for the 4(Four) schools of Nursing in Nagaland as indicated below. 1. Minimum and maximum age for admission will be 17 – 35 years on or before 31st Dec 2014. 2. Student shall be Medically Fit, Medical Fitness Certificate to be attached from Government Medical Officer. 3. Application Form duly filled up along with necessary documents and 3 Nos of passport photos duly attested by Gazetted Officer may be submitted along with the Schedule tribe and Indigenous Inhabitant Certificate which is compulsory for all while submitting the form. 4. Original educational qualification/documents should be produced before the interview board as and when called for. 5. No separate calling letter will be issued. 6. Issue of Application form 29th May – 30th June, 2014. 7. Last date of submission of forms 5th July, 2014 8. Issue of Admit Card 7th -10th July, 2014. 9. Date of written test GNM 12th July, 2014. Oral 19th July, 2014. 10. Date of written test FHW 12th July, 2014. Oral 25th July, 2014. 11. Venue of written test Kohima College, Kohima. 12. A.(GNM) i. Male and unmarried Female candidates ii. 3½ (Three and a half)years course, 80(Eighty)seats. iii. Qualification – 10+2 any stream with 40%, preferably Science B.(FHW) i. Female candidates. ii. Two years course, 20(Twenty)seats. iii. Qualification – 10+2 any stream. Forms will be available during office hour at this Directorate of Health & Family Welfare (Room No.210) at the cost of Rs.100/- only. SD/- DR.NEIPHI KIRE Principal Director Health & Family Welfare Nagaland, Kohima.


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Dimapur

public discoursE

Thursday 29 May 2014

The Morung Express

Struggle toughens a people: peace softens: if not bought honorably

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t one time, not long ago, the call for the ‘PEACE PROCESS’ between the NSCN (IM) and the GOVERNMENT OF INDIA made great noises in all public sundry places of Nagaland as if it is a program of the highest Heavens. Every move of the IM was supposed to be in consonant with the Peace Process and every slightest demurral of the Group’s unacceptable behaviors, used to be daubed as endangering the sacrosanct Peace-Process; always mentioned to be in delicate stage. Any question or critique on the Group, invited righteous, if not riotous condemnation as if a universal Truth has been violated and sycophant NGOs of the State surprisingly supported them in

the name of the exalted Peace Process. Peace between India and Pakistan is very welcome; Peace between Israel and the Palestinians is very much desired but if a Government were to sue for Peace with Talibans or Terrorists, it would be very unsettling to the public. The woman President of South Korea, at the height of the North’s belligerency, told her people: “Fear of the Enemy will not bring Peace”. Peace brought not with mutual goodwill is like a necessary evil that does not make the People vibrant and lively; it only makes them complaisant, soft, despondent and spineless. Today Nagas appear complaisant, soft, lacking in earnestness and deci-

siveness, seeking Peace only for Subsidy Money. There is excess of Unemployed Force in the State of Nagaland but there is acute shortage of Characters to shake up and motivate the Naga Society for earnest living in Politics and in the Government Bureaucratic machinery. The Churches in the State are full of Praises unto God; Religious Teachers are full of beautiful Sermons on TRUTH from the Pulpit, but no deeds of Truth in their own Church. Praises on Jesus and Prayers to God overflow most Churches but doing what Jesus commanded is not seen in the deeds of most in its own Church. Everybody seem to wonderfully know and describe the II Korinthians

Chapter 13 in the Pulpit but like the sweet American seedless Grape the Love of God preached fervently from the Pulpit does not germinate in practice inside the hallowed Church Building. What can be more hypocritical and non-Christian than this? What can be more false than this untruth? Every thing of ‘ChristianityFor-Show’ is in our lives except genuine live Christianity. “Peace, Peace, they say when there is no Peace”, said Prophet Jeremiah, after their King Zedekiah reneged from his earlier solemn Oath to pay Tribute to the King of Babylon but later hobnobbed with Nico, the Pharoah of Egypt, for love of Money, for which Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem the second

time. “Go and Make Peace with the King of Babylon and save Jerusalem”, advised Prophet Jeremiah. The King replied: “I am not afraid to approach the King of Babylon”. “But the King will hand me over to our own People who have defected to the King and they will mistreat me intolerably: this I cannot bear”, said Zedekiah, King of the Judah. Judah lived too long in complaisant Peace that made them soft, spineless and devoid of discernment of genuine Peace. The History of the Jewish people has a lot of lessons to teach Nagas but perhaps Nagas would see reality like Paul discerned reality only when he became blind on the Road to

Damascus. India occupies a slightly more favorable Plane than its neighbor Pakistan in the Eye of the World; it is magnanimous for India to initiate Peace Process with Pakistan. If Pakistan reciprocates, it could well be India and Pakistan’s blessing to South East Asia. Modi’s past utterances appear saffron color; the people recollect the year 2002 Gujarat dark days; the State Court has given “a clean Chit” and now that he is become the undisputed popular Prime Minister of India, no one would take him to the Court at Delhi. Considerately and hopefully; his post swearing-in Utterances as the Prime Minister of India on Indo-Pakistan Relations appear seasoned

Voice, welcome and correct in the right direction. Today Mr. Modi seems to have suddenly become a different man; he seemed to have vision. These are hopeful signs: the IndoPakistan dispensation appears cuttingly hopeful. The Senas of Maharastra were greatly incensed at his invitation for Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif; the Tamils are miffed at Modi’s kindness to their ancient foe Rajapakasa of Sri Lanka and the great Tamil Lady –Jayalalita of Tamilnadu together with Mamata, the Heroin of West Benagal have declined the invitation to the Prime Minister’s swearing in Ceremony at Delhi. They are genuinely true to their political principle. Mr. Manik Sarkar, the

lasting poorest of the Chief Ministers of India and Kerela’s Chief Minister too, both on genuine political norm have shown their political mettle by deciding to avoid the spectacular Ceremony. Nagas seemed to have vied for attendance to the Ceremony! Amidst all such vicissitudes of political realities, Modi has suddenly and hopefully displayed good judgment. He boldly invited all SARC Representative Members. Modi seemed to have turned a New Creature: When a Politician changes his political demeanor so suddenly: My comment is: ‘Very good’: Let us carefully wait and hopefully see. Thepfulhouvi Solo

incident and the unfortunate outcome A word of apology Promote Love DIKOI ife is incredibly precious a person holding a candle or hatred among our own pected of them as elders and iolence created to Party Office in two Districts in because, it is not an ac- that burns on both ends. At Nagas, when brothers need community representatives, for Nagaland cident, but a gift from one end, the Assam Police brothers help? Basically, they have to face the indigni- Vconnection with Reshuffle of Nagaland GovernWe consider birthdays opened fire upon the villag- Chakhesangs are peace lov- ty of abuse from uncontrolled ment Ministry is a sad thing. Aftermath of the last State and People God. and weddings to be important ers resulting in the killing of a ing, straightforward and youth and adults, who assault General Election for the first time two Offices of NPF

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aving deep concern over the NSCN (IM)’s decision to “cease to engage in dialogue with the ACAUT”, the undersigned would like to express that the ACAUT, the FNR, Peace Talks and all public cry are mutually inclusive to serve the same and common purpose of solving Naga issues. It is a known fact that the ACAUT is endeavoring hard not only for a better civil society but even for a better political order at home with the theme “One Government One Tax” which has already received the seal of approval as people’s mandate. No other national principle can be better and greater than ‘unity, peace and integrity’ of people and their sacred common aspiration. Furthermore, the Lenten Agreement has been a step forward which was signed during the Lent period that related to the suffering and sacrifice of our Lord culminating in forgiveness of human sins for our redemption. Therefore, even in the spirit of this Agreement, we hope the NSCN (IM) would reconsider re-opening of the door of active dialogue towards achieving the common goal of the Nagas everywhere. Let us love Nagaland and the people.

events of life and even more so, death, because it marks the end of one’s journey in this world. And as a tribute to a life considered precious, respect for the body as death embraces it, is a matter of paramount importance. Hence, it is considered a matter of honor and obligation, to pay our last respects to the departed soul, irrespective of clan, tribe or race. History has taught us that,even in times of war, opportunities were presented to retrieve the dead bodies of those who gave their lives or became victims of war, out of the respect that is owed them. Unfortunately, that was not the case with our brother. It is not only painful that the Aoyimkum Villagers barricaded and blocked the road which was the only entry and exit point to Dikoi Village, but also, disheartening and disgusted to learn that they prevented and assaulted our leaders while trying to retrieve the mortal remains of our brother from Dikoi. Was it necessary to add insult to the already throbbing injury? The situation was like

Rev. L. Bizo, Christian Forum, Rev. Dr. P. Dozo, Christian Forum, Dimapur, Nagaland

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LEISURE

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2891

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Solids, Liquids, And Gases ABSOLUTE ZERO AMORPHOUS ARCHIMEDES BAROMETER BERNOULLI BOILING POINT BOYLE BROWNIAN MOTION CHARLES CONDENSATION CRYSTAL DEPOSITION FLUID GAS KELVIN KINETIC THEORY LIQUID MELTING POINT PLASMA STATES SURFACE TENSION TEMPERATURE TYNDALL EFFECT VAPOR VAPORIZATION

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honest people, but in this ugly tragedy, the sorrow, disrespect and anger that we are going through, will be difficult to forget. Hopefully, the law of the land will prevail and the culprits from any party whoever is responsible for the killing and injury by shooting, as well as those who disrespected and attacked community representatives and leaders, who only went to do their duty, should be suitably and severely punished. Mob mentality we try to restrain in ourselves even as others have done just that against our people. There have been different versions of stories published in local dailies but the complete truth cannot be ascertained from it as each side shares their story of the events. But the bottom line is a fellow Chakhesang has died, another Tenyimi brother injured in the shooting, and when they go to their neighbors for shelter they are turned away and ordered to leave their homes with an ultimatum issued to them and when our leaders go to intervene and speak, as is ex-

them verbally and physically with what one may construe as warring weapons. And yet, our gentle leaders,calm our angry youth from reciprocating. The wound is fresh and the anger is still simmering, but when we talk about Dikoi incident, let’s not take it in tribalism perspectives, rather take an unbiased view and allow truth to prevail. Remember that this is an issue of uniting and fighting the common enemy who has resorted to attacking us as Nagas and the latter incident we credit it to the foolishness of a few who need to learn to respect other community representative leaders too. I’m deeply encouraged to see many people coming out on social networking sites to speak without undue bias or preconceived opinions, irrespective of tribe and clan. It gives me such a feeling of hope and complete self-assurance of being a Naga. The deceased is survived by his wife and 3 children. Vezo Luruo Runguzu village

DAILY CROSS WORD

CROSSWORD # 2898

Answer Number # 2890

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precious life and injuring another, while at the other end, the Aoyimkum Villagers fortified the only escape route and tells them to leave their own homes and go back to where they originally came from. Unhappy thoughts run through our heads and how can we not wonder, if this was a conspiracy or a pre-meditated plan and that they were waiting for such an opportunity to pounce, on the unfortunate villagers’ misery and sorrow. Meanwhile, the mortal remains of our fallen brother finally reached the village at 3:00 am Sunday. The villagers received the body with crackling sounds of gunshots, while the female folks mourned “no sü, kurü tso vo zü ta me” (you came back decked in nice attires and flowers). The funeral was attended by people from different walks of life. Leaders and elders spoke and appraised the funeral gathering about the incidents and cautioned the public not to generalize the act of a particular village, for the whole tribe. Such are the leaders we are blessed with. Why do we have fights

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ACROSS 1. Nipples 6. Happy 10. Tears 14. Bog hemp 15. Go on horseback 16. Bright thought 17. Less friendly 18. Helps 19. A noble gas 20. Druggist 22. Mob 23. Lyric poem 24. Come from behind 26. Land surrounded by water 30. Small egg 32. Opaque gems 33. Docile 37. Pause 38. Excellence 39. Deceased 40. Epinephrin 42. Depart 43. Churns 44. Plot of land 45. Gain knowledge 47. One more than nine 48. Stop 49. Thermoregulator

56. Decorative case 57. Breezy 58. Stage between egg and pupa 59. Start over 60. Colored part of an eye 61. Eskimo 62. Beasts of burden 63. Where a bird lives 64. Requires

DOWN 1. Journey 2. Every single one 3. Dogfish 4. Layer 5. Preachings 6. Goodwill 7. 53 in Roman numerals 8. Contributes 9. Self-destroy 10. Instigator 11. Something to shoot for 12. Showy flower 13. Warbled 21. Contribute 25. Altitude (abbrev.) 26. Hawkeye State 27. WW1 plane 28. Den 29. Change

30. German iris 31. Conceited 33. Express in words 34. Tiny sphere 35. Wash 36. Biblical garden 38. Service 41. Neither ___ 42. Ointment ingredient 44. Precious stone 45. Type of rubber 46. Avoid 47. Secret meeting 48. Protagonist 50. Employ 51. Twin sister of Ares 52. Rational 53. Not false 54. Keen 55. Makes lace Ans to CrossWord 2897

Party were attacked by Partymen in connection with distribution of Portfolios. It has pained me because it is a creation of a very bad precedence for coming generations. I am being an elderly man from Angami Tribe, in my own behalf I apologize for the precedence created before Naga public. While saying so, I appeal to all not to behave wildly but be controlled and guided by the fear of God. Rev. L. Suohie Mhasi

An opinion about night clubs/ discotheques

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have been reading the recent write-ups by various writers about the ban on night clubs and discotheques in Dimapur by certain group/faction of our National workers and thereafter the rejoinder by the Restaurant and Lounges Union Dimapur(RLUD). It made me think about some of the points they stressed about their justifications with regard to encouraging local entrepreneurs and this has compelled me to share some of my thoughts on the issue. Here, I would say though the night clubs are owned by locals, almost all the employees are non-locals/outsiders as sometimes I myself had often gone to dine out with friends where I had noticed the same. Speaking of employment should not mean justifying an act when the law of the land has prohibited against the very service/business. Not trying to sound orthodox, but I would like to pose a query that by Christian ethics, if their conscience allows them to accept the fact that hundreds of youngsters’ lives and careers are spoiled or abused by these night clubs and bars. I hope they can accept the bitter truth and be happy if their children themselves are swayed into these places. They should wonder how many parents are spending sleepless nights or shedding unseen tears seeing their children going to such places every night getting drunk, and sleeps the whole day either avoiding their priorities of studies or work. I was even wondering about their nomenclature mentioned as “Restaurant and Lounges Union Dimapur” but in more appropriate terms, it should be something that would incorporate the words night clubs/bars/pubs/discotheques, but which to my utter disappointment are not to be found in the present unions’ nomenclature. Secondly, the union seem like washing their hands off for immoral and illegal activities which mostly takes place inside and outside the vicinity of these places or after visiting the same. Though not all immoral or illegal activities can be blamed on these places alone, yet they should accept the fact that majority of the visitors of these night clubs in our place seems to be doing so with an intention of coming with an ulterior motive. They cannot deny that no matter how much decorum or decency they maintain, when all the visitors are drunk as there is no limit for drinks and as long as anyone can pay for the drinks, it is always provided. Needless to say, no age restriction and no proper timings are practiced. Thirdly, on the issue about the full-fledged sex racket involving our Naga girls in Lahorijan, it is good that they have concern about our sisters involved there. But what about cleaning our own closets and immediate surroundings first? Lastly, but not the least for sure, they say that alcohol is available in every nook and corner in Nagaland which sadly is very true. But whom should we blame for this? None but Ourselves. It is mostly because of these bars and night clubs that non-locals are earning allegedly ‘several lakhs of rupees’ because the market demands so and the biggest market is none other than these night clubs and bars which are making those non-locals earn money to such amount. Two wrongs do not make a right. This is not a mere hear-say or allegation of any sort, but this comes from a citizen of Dimapur who have been witnessing all these from a distance and finally breaking the silence. Ayim Jamir, Nagarjan

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


LOCAL

The Morung Express

10000 ha of rubber plantation developed in Nagaland Our Correspondent Kohima | May 28

About 10000 hectares of rubber plantations have been developed in Nagaland at present with about 40 lakh standing trees at various stages of growth. Rubber is successfully cultivated in the foothill areas and valley lands of the state with excellent result, according to the annual administrative report of land resources department 2013-14. As the state nodal department for rubber development in Nagaland, the department of land resources is promoting rubber plantation on a large scale in the state with view of the high environmental and economic benefit, the report stated. Rubber plantations have been developed with active involvement and support of Rubber Board, state government and individual growers.

“People of the state are highly motivated of the benefit of the crop and thus area under rubber is rapidly expanding and demand for planting stock and postharvest infrastructure support is ever rising from the people,” the report said. As per the estimates of the department, through application of GIS and remote sensing techniques, the State has potential to develop 4.60 lakh hectares of rubber plantation, against which, 1.00 lakh hectares is targeted for rubber plantation by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan. During 2013-14, with a total fund of Rs. 405.00 lakhs provided by NABARD under RIDF and NEC, the department had been able to achieve 646 hectares of new plantation in Dimapur, Mokokchung, Wokha, Peren, Mon and Longleng district and distributed 100 nos of rubber sheet rollers at subsidized rate to growers, the report added.

Thursday 29 May 2014

Dept encourages privatization of tourist lodges Our Correspondent Kohima | May 28

The Nagaland state tourism department has realized that privatization and communitization are more efficient ways of running the tourist lodges, wayside amenities and other tourism assets. It has allotted several rural tourism assets to entrepreneurs and village tourism boards to run on a day to day basis and to maintain it as well. “This has been done with the objective to offer employment opportunities

and also ensure overall sustainable upkeep of the tourism assets and resources,” according to annual administrative report of the tourism department 2013-14. In order to promote Nagaland as tourist centric destination, the department has completed several infrastructural and developmental projects under Integrated Tourist Eco-Adventure and Cultural Circuit at Changtongya, Mingkong, Noksen,Tobu, Shatuza in 2010-11, Tourist Travel Circuit at Vekuho, Changsu, Tiyi, Totsu,Tseminyu,

Neithu Peace in 2010-11. Tourist destinations taken up by the department include Chizami destination 2009-10. In the year 2014, the report said, the department will continue to promote several developmental activities in eco-tourism combined with rural tourism and tourist destinations, conduct fairs and festivals. In addition, efforts for imparting knowledge and awareness programmes on tourism will be conducted for ensuring a

better and sustainable tourism in Nagaland, the report said. The report added that the lifting of the Protected Area Permit (PAP) by the Home Ministry, Government of India in the last two years which has been again extended for another year, the number of tourists have started showing remarkable increase. The issue of Inner Line Permit (ILP) for domestic tourists has been also made more convenient by issuing them in Nagaland House outside the State, the report added.

Survey for rail link Dimapur-Zubza completed Our Correspondent Kohima | May 28

Survey for rail link from Dimapur–Zubza to connect with the state capital Kohima has been completed and the process for land acquisition shall commence during 2014-15. This was stated in the annual administrative report of the state’s transport

department 2013-14. The department acts as nodal department to co-ordinate and liaises with Ministry of Railways, Government of India pertaining to railway matters. The report also stated that survey of rail link in the foothills of the state from Dimapur–Tizit had been completed and the project proposal is awaiting sanction of

the Planning Commission. Inland waterways transport Like other north eastern states, Government of Nagaland has set up Inland Water Transport wing in Transport Department under commissioner & secretary transport. The Wing has been constituted with three members

to liaise and coordinate with Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) under Ministry of Shipping, to act as nodal department for identification of potential Inland Waterways, undertake feasibility studies, prepare Detailed Project Reports and monitor Project Implementation of Water Transport in the state.

12 NSCN (K) join GPRN/NSCN DimaPuR, may 28 (mExN): 12 NSCN (K) cadres have joined the GPRN/ NSCN within the last few days. According to a press release issued by the MIPGPRN/NSCN, the “Home Comers” pointed out that “GPRN/NSCN under the leadership of president, Gen. (retd) Khole Konyak and Ato Kilonser, N. Kitovi Zhimomi is the only genuine political platform that has the credibility to find a solution to the vexed IndoNaga Political issue.” The GRPN/NSCN expressed optimism that more would follow suit in the coming days. The names and designation of the “Home Comers” are: Dy. Kilonser Vinky Anal, CCM Thathrichum Sangtam, Leacy Sechuba Sangtam, Maj. Rekhum Yim, Capt. Chuba Yim, 2nd

Lieut. Wilson Lotha, Sgt. Maj. Ammamcht, Sgt. Maj. Taithalung Zeliang, Sgt. Shetoyi, Sgt. Kitoka, Sgt. Kihoto and Sgt.Toka Sumi. GPRN/NSCN Condoles The GPRN/NSCN has conveyed deepest condolences to the family members of Tohoshe Sumi who passed away on May 27 after prolonged illness. The GPRN/NSCN said that late Tohoshe Sumi is another person who forfeited the post of assistant head master to join hands for the “sacred cause” of the Naga people in the year 1991 and was a Jt. Secy. in the office of the Central Secretariat at the time of his death. It prayed that the almighty god showers his blessings and raise the spirits of the bereaved family.

Dimapur

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MEx FILE GBs under Kohima dist informed Kohima, may 28 (mExN): All the GBs under Kohima district, who have submitted a copy of appointment order, a documentary proof for date of birth and two recent stamp size passport photographs, have been informed to collect their identity card from the respective administrative circle/sub division. This was stated in a release issued by Wennyei Konyak, sub-divisional officer (c) Sadar, Kohima.

MDACC to celebrate 25th anniversary moKoKchuNg, may 28 (DiPR): After the inception of Mokokchung District Art & Culture Council (MDACC) in the year 1988, the Council has been actively organizing many events in the district as well as at the State level. The MDACC, which launched its Silver Jubilee on December 1, 2013 will celebrate the same on May 31. During the Jubilee celebration, special invitees would be all the Deputy Commissioners of Mokokchung during the past 25 years. Jubilee celebration programme would be held at Cosmos entertainment hall, Mokokchung from 6 pm.

WASU meeting on May 31 Kohima, may 28 (mExN): The third meeting of Western Angami Students' Union (WASU) will be held on May 31 at WAWO building, Kohima at 10:00 am. All the executives and unit presidents are mandatory to attend the meeting. Senior leaders, elders and well wishers have been invited by WASU president Kedoroko Casavi to attend the meeting.

Dimapur Police arrest four DimaPuR, may 28 (mExN): An accused in the case pertaining to the death of a student of Christian Higher Secondary School was arrested by Dimapur Police on May 27 from Ghorapatti. The accused Nizam Ali (26) from Assam was arrested for possession of an illegal 7.65 mm pistol with magazine and 4 rounds of live ammunition, informed Addl. Superintendent of Police/ PRO, Dimapur in a press release. According to the release, the accused was granted bail by the Court even when a Chargesheet in the case was submitted by Police. Police have regWild elephants on Tuesday night destroyed retaining walls and kitchen gardens at Jasokie colony, Dimapur. Residents of the area said some 4-6 elephants came from istered a case in this conAssam side and passed through their colony. However, there were no reports of de- nection and a probe into structing houses and injury to humans. (Morung Photo) the case has been taken up.

Illegal tax collector arrested Dimapur Police arrested a “UG” tax collector from MianBazar area under East PS on May 28 while he was collecting “illegal taxes” from trucks in the name of different factional organizations. Illegal tax collection slip belonging to NSCN/GPRN, GPRN/NSCN and FGN, were seized from his possession along with one unregistered motor bike (Hero Honda) suspected to be a stolen vehicle, stated Addl. Superintendent of Police/PRO, Dimapur. The arrested accused has been identified as Frinkto Zhimomi (21), resident of Padumpukhuri. A case has been registered in this

connection. Two theives arrested Following a complaint received on May 24 regarding theft of construction materials from a construction site located in Imkonglenden colony, Dimapur Police investigating the case arrested two accused persons, namely Prem Tamang (32) and Arun Kumar Singh (21). On the revelation of the arrested accused, the police informed, all the stolen property was recovered and handed over to the rightful owner on “Zimmanama”. The two accused were booked for their involvement after a case was registered in this connection.

Public SPace

Need for intellectual property protection of cultural expressions Chothazo Nienu Hyderabad Central University

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very nation is proud of its cultural heritage. Folklore is probably the most important and wellacclaimed component of the cultural heritage of a nation. It can reflect the essentials of a nation’s cultural attributes and is recognized as a basis for its cultural and social identity. Nations all over the world are quite possessive about this valuable heritage and express very strong sentiments about the management of the rich resource. Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) are legal rights, which result from intellectual activity in industrial, scientific, literary & artistic fields. These rights safeguard creators and other producers of intellectual goods & services by granting them certain time-limited rights to control their use. Violation of these rights can attract different forms of penalties and punishments. Protected IPRs like other property can be a matter of trade, which can be owned, sold or bought. These IPRs come in the form of copyrights, patents, trademarks, trade secrets, geographical indications, Layout Design for Integrated Circuits and Protection of New Plant Variety. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has categorized TCEs/ Folklore into: 1. verbal expressions, such as folk tales, folk poetry and riddles, signs, words, symbols and indications; 2. musical expressions, such as folk songs and instrumental music; 3. expressions by actions, such as folk dances, plays and artistic forms or rituals; whether or not reduced to a material form. 4. tangible expressions, such as: productions of folk art, in particular, drawings, paintings, carvings, sculptures, pottery, terracotta, mosaic, woodwork, metalware, jewelry, basket weaving, needlework, textiles, carpets, costumes; - crafts; and - musical instruments. These expressions may be both tangible and intangible, or can be a

combination of both. In recent years, and especially after the advent of the internet and communication media, TCEs of tribal communities and indigenous communities have been commercially exploited by third entities without informing or acknowledging the source from where they borrowed. This borrowing may be the adoption of the whole folklore/ expression or just a part of it. A close imitation of it is also protected by Intellectual Property (IP) laws and is considered illegal. Often, the TCEs/folklore of these communities comes with spiritual and emotional connotations which may not be respected by these third parties. Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) are often needed from the indigenous communities which may be absent altogether. Existence of IPR laws also implies that the traditional communities could also benefit monetarily from the adaption of their folklore. However, without such protection, the entities which indulge in such practices are least bothered. Issues at hand – Naga Scenario With a distinct culture with each tribe having its own unique attires, cuisine preparations, art, terra cotta, wood carving, sculpture, music, poetry, stories and myth, Naga folklore is susceptible to exploitation by exogenous entities. In fact, we see an evolving of fashion in the form of myriad fashion designers redesigning traditional attires to fit them with the modern trend. Whether they fit within the ambit of ‘customary laws’ is least concerned because of Christianity that has permeated our culture and customary practices, leaving many of them irrelevant as possessing real spiritual values. The danger, however, is that our beautiful cultural heritage could be commercially exploited without a penny being paid. A cloth producing company can easily buy a new and modified design of a tribe’s attire from a Naga designer, at a low cost without the knowledge of the tribal authority, to produce them in bulk. This will be a violation of intellectual property laws but with no proper laws in place, it will be perfectly lawful for the company to do so. Modern music is being blended

with traditional music. This seems to have found favor in the ears of the urban youth who are seeking new forms of music. The popularity of the Abiogenesis and the Tetseo Sisters can be explained by this phenomenon. Not that the two bands are indulging in copyright infringement (we don’t have laws at all) but often in large performances by bands in cities and unknown to the traditional communities, traditional music is often stolen to produce ‘record performance’ without recognizing the source which often hurts the sentiments of traditional communities. (Let me clarify that the author is not claiming nor suggesting that the said two bands are stealing traditional music). Folktales also form part of the traditional heritage and it is encouraging to see those stories being compiled by authors and sold in the market, but sadly, the benefits all go to the author and the publisher without paying any royalty to the community from where those stories first emerged. With proper IP laws, a provision could be made. This is where the apex tribal bodies become important. Nagaland composes of so many tribes and to let the state government be the sole protector of the rich cultural heritage will lead to conflict of interest. A Lotha/an Ao may commercialize a certain cultural expression of a less developed community, say, a Konyak (no offence intended). This will be acceptable to the Konyak community if the person exploiting it is a Konyak but the person exploiting it being a Lotha/an Ao may be repulsive to the Konyak community, and may be seen as being unfairly dominated upon. However, it would be lawful for the individual since the state is the protector of the cultural expression and the Ao/the Lotha also comes under the state. Presently, designs of shawls and vests belonging to different communities are being freely exploited and commercialized by every community. Such are usually hand-made and depends on the dexterity and skill of the handicraft maker who may take pains to learn it. An abrupt law forbidding such practice will lead to loss of employment

and cause confusion. What is needed may be prohibiting production of traditional items of a different community through machines or acquiring license to produce through payment of a certain fee to the tribal authority. In the recently concluded elections, while campaigning in a certain state, the newly elected Prime Minister, Narendra Modi had promised to make cloth industry in that state as flourishing as the one in Surat, Gujarat. This drew flak from weavers in Surat as they complained that before the advent of smartphones, the original designs from Surat could last for months before they were copied by weavers in other states (which by strict legal definitions is illegal) but with smartphones, the original texture could be captured on camera and the detailed picture of the contours sent across miles leading to loss of originality and eventually loss of revenue to the Surat weavers. It is an example how the advent of the internet and smartphones bring new challenges to protection of intellectual property. Whose Role is it to protect? The Constitution provides for preservation of distinct culture in various sections. Article 29 provides for protection of the culture of minorities recognizing it as a Fundamental Right. Article 59 calls for protection and preservation of our culture as a Fundamental Duty. These Constitutional provisions are preservative in nature and do not say anything about commercial exploitation by entities. Even Article 371A can also be viewed in this light. The Patent and the Designs Acts also do not contain provisions for protection of a tangible element as folklore. The closest section/act in the constitution that comes to recognition of folklore with provision for monetary imbursement is the Copyright Act, 1957. This Act has been subject to many amendments, the latest amendment being in 2012. Though this Act does not contain any provisions for the protection of folklore or expressions of folklore, it has a provision for performers, which includes every person or group, such as actors, singers, musicians, dancers, acrobats, jugglers, conjurers, snake charmers, a person deliv-

ering a lecture, or any other person who makes a performance. These performers could be performers of folklore. This performers’ protection is limited and cannot be called protection of folklore not only because it doesn’t mention folklore but also because anyone can perform expressions of folklore and claim protection. It is also just an addition of a clause(s) to the Copyright Act. Provisions of Copyright Act are also ignorant to the people. Thus, in India, not only are copyright laws not implemented because of blatant violation and ignorance, performers’ rights (which is a sub-clause under Copyright Acts) which give a little protection to performers of folklore are also totally absent in reality. Since there is no law which forbids commercial exploitation of folklore, it is legal to indulge in such practice without taking the permission of indigenous communities. Such practices have been seen in adaption in movies, music, theatres and in trade of sculptures, terra cotta, mosaic etc. Traditional communities also do not call for protection nor demand it merely out of ignorance that folklore can be protected, or on the idea that knowledge and talents are God’s gifts which should be shared with everyone. Legislation with regard to copyrights and patents comes under the Union List, and the onus for demanding such a law rest with the MPs whose states are affected by lack of such legislation. In this regard, our new MP can play a big role in gathering more information; mobilizing support and getting it pass through the parliament. The Model Law for the Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Expressions of Culture – The Pacific Model Law The ‘Pacific Model Law’ adopted within the Pacific Regional Framework provides a basis or reference for potential reforms of national laws in the region which can be applied to other countries as well. This model law appears to provide far-reaching rights to custodians of Traditional Knowledge (TK) [more on TK later] or expressions of culture. The Pacific Model Law establishes ‘traditional cultural rights’

and ‘moral rights’ in TK or expressions of culture. ‘Traditional cultural rights’ include rights to authorize and prevent third party acts such as reproduction, publication, performance, and online distribution of TK and expressions of culture. These rights continue in force in perpetuity, are inalienable, and cannot be waived or transferred. Under this model law, traditional owners of TK and expressions of culture can be a group, clan or community, or individual ‘in whom the custody or protection of the traditional knowledge or expression of culture are entrusted in accordance with the customary law and practices of that group, clan or community’, and these traditional owners are deemed as holders of the traditional cultural rights protected by the Model Law. A ‘group, clan or community’ can be the holders of rights protected under this law. Uses of cultural expressions require prior and informed consent from the traditional owners, for which application must be made through a ‘Cultural Authority’ or directly to traditional owners. An authorized user agreement should contain terms and conditions including, among other things, sharing of financial and other benefits arising from use of the TK or expressions of culture. Customary use of TK or expressions of culture does not give rise to any criminal or civil liability under the Act. Such a model is needed in the country. Traditional Knowledge Closely related to TCEs is Traditional Knowledge. It is a form of knowledge which has a traditional link with a certain community; it is knowledge which is developed, sustained and passed on within a traditional community, and is passed between generations, sometimes through specific customary systems of knowledge transmission. An example of this is traditional medicine. India has a strong data base for protection of TKs in the form of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) where knowledge identified as traditional is stored for reference. It is protected in the form of patent laws. Whether it is implemented or not is a different matter.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.


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IN-FOCUS

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express THursDAy 29 MAy 2014 voluME IX IssuE 145 By Aheli Moitra

recognizing indigeneity

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ost people from India’s over-educated classes have no idea who the “indigenous peoples” are. School text books in India refer to the “scheduled tribes,” which instead of conditioning aspects of positive discrimination offered to discriminated peoples by the Indian constitution, elicits a casteist response of looking down on the said groups. This, of course, is the product of a combination of what the text books state and what is taught in many Indian homes. It should be kept in mind here that India, though constitutionally secular, has been the playground of a majority Hindu population. The Hindu mode of social organization is through stratifying the society. In the interest of the topmost group of people, now transformed into a large part of the middle and ruling class of people in India, those not immediately and puritanically close to them, find themselves in the blind. One of these is the “scheduled tribe,” a section that encompasses indigenous peoples, or natives, who were almost completely wiped out by immigrant (both old and new) colonization of India. On the grassroots, rural and urban, there is no sensitivity towards cultures, habits, traditions, rights of the native people—mostly because there is no debate or discussion on any of the thousands of information centres today on indigeneity in India. On the government level, there is no recognition of the indigenous peoples—for the Government of India “indigenous peoples” is a “concept” which it questions in its context. In 2011, however, the Supreme Court of India in a judgment unequivocally asserted that Scheduled Tribes are indigenous peoples of India. “Who were the original inhabitants of India? ….now the generally accepted belief is that the original inhabitants of India were the pre- Dravidian aborigines i.e. the ancestors of the present tribals or advasis (Scheduled Tribes),” noted the judgment. For the Brahminical ruling class of India, uplifting the position of the “tribals” to an internationally recognized political form with the right to self-determination and equality in politics (aka the indigenous peoples) is probably, yet, unimaginable. With the lack of education to bring focus on the exceptional systems that exist within the native tribes, and the accompanying value systems and worldview, this will always remain unimaginable. It is urgently required of the Government of India to recognize the indigenous populations in its midst that have been forced to live unjust, repressed and violent lives within its polity, recognize them for the alternatives they present as equal populations to the people of India, and allow for the political, cultural and social space for these models to breathe and grow independently. This will be beneficial for both the idea of India, and those who inhabit the space. Comments and suggestions may be sent to moitramail@yahoo.com

lEfT wiNg |

Nury Vittachi | IANS

What your desk says about your mind may be extremely worrying

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y colleagues say I have a disgustingly messy desk. I prefer to call it "the ideas vortex". But tidiness was on my mind this week after hearing about firefighters who recently raced to a scene of utter devastation in a residential street in Canada. After finding furniture and debris spewed out over the front yard, they donned protective gear to find the site of the explosion. "There hasn't been an explosion," neighbours said. "It's just a REALLY messy house." People who drive past that house in the city of Calgary often assume it has blown up and call the emergency services, said the report from Global News, sent in by a reader. I used to have a friend exactly like this. His home was basically an individual portion landfill. When I helped him move house, the people next door came to watch with tears of gratitude in their eyes. "Where is he going?" one asked. "Far, far away," I said. "VERY far away." She nearly hugged me. But I have always liked messy people. At college I had the job of waking my flat-mate Sarah for morning lectures. I sometimes searched her room twice before finding her. Now of course the defence that all messy people use is the line from Einstein that your desk reflects your mind. This worries me. I have a colleague whose desk is wall-to-wall anime figures (one-third busty, one-third tentacled, one-third both). Another keeps his desk so empty that sound waves bounce back from his cubicle. I know one person you can't actually see because her piles of paper rival the Great Wall of China. By Einstein's logic, she should have an amazing mind, but she's a One Direction fan, enough said. A deeper view of this issue comes from the tidiest people on earth: the Japanese. They've bought millions of books by neat-freak guru Marie Kondo. In "The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying", she says tidy minds create orderly societies in which bad things can't happen. I was extremely skeptical about this idea until a Japanese reader sent a news report which illustrated it. A robber went into a shop in Osaka recently, grabbed a knife from the tools section and took it to threaten the cashier. Being an orderly-minded person, she grabbed it, scanned it and told him the price. Disarmed, literally and figuratively, he left, empty-handed. You can use this orderliness principle even outside Japan. A few years ago, I covered the story of a man who took a knife to a branch of McDonald's in Australia and demanded cash. Instead of handing it over or putting up a fight, staff took a Japanese approach and told the robber that "the system" required him to "buy something first". He obediently checked the menu for the cheapest item, counted the change in his pockets, and then apologized and left. But what if you're like me, and find tidiness impossibly difficult? Defend yourself with logic. When my wife complains about my stuff, I tell her: "I keep my part of the apartment messy so that if an assassin comes for me, he will trip over something and die." She can't argue with that.

THE EDIT PAGE

C O M M E N T A R Y

Peter Lee Asia Times Online

Cold War heats up in asia

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he People's Republic of China decided to defy the "pivot to Asia" by parking its HYSY 981 drilling platform-protected by a flotilla of various vessels perhaps not including PLAN ships- in waters that Vietnam considers part of its economic exclusion zone (EEZ). Vietnam has been displeased, to put it mildly. It has reached out to the Philippines, indicating that it may support Manila's legal challenge to the nine-dash-line, which Beijing uses to stake its geopolitical claims in the South China Sea, or perhaps institute a legal case of its own. A Vietnamese deputy prime minister is also visiting Washington at US Secretary of State John Kerry's invitation, apparently to provide optics for an expected US congressional resolution condemning PRC activities in the South China Sea. The visit also raises the specter (for the PRC) of a US return to Cam Ranh Bay, the massive US-built naval base on the southish Vietnamese coast. Many Western observers believe that the PRC has blundered into the pivot's clever trap, and its aggressive moves are simply driving its neighbors into the welcoming arms of the United States, enabling a more forward military presence for the US around China's borders, and justifying US claims to a central role in the region as security guarantor. I suspect, however, that the PRC has gamed this out and is willing to roll the dice in the South China Sea. The longterm view from Beijing, I think, is that China occupies enough islands to move beyond the hard to defend "cow tongue" claim to a more defensible island sovereignty plus exclusive economic zone (EEZ) formula for pursuing its interests in the SCS; China's growing economic and military heft, its ability to limit the terms of dispute to economic terms, the unresolved issues of EEZ ambiguity, definition, and enforcement, and the PRC's unwillingness to budge from its positions will force its neighbors to come to terms, albeit reluctantly and resentfully, over the long haul. The East China Sea is a different matter. On the issue of the Senkakus, the "possession is 9/10s of the law" shoe is on Japan's foot. Furthermore, the islands are unambiguously included in the scope of the US-Japan security treaty thanks to President Barack Obama's statement during his recent pivot tour to Asia (even though the US doesn't recognize Japanese sovereignty over the islands; that's another sto-

ry), and Japan's military infrastructure and capabilities to defend them are increasing. Assuming that Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is able to thread the needle through the Japanese constitution and past the suspicious Japanese public and institute "collective self defense", Japanese military power will be augmented by its ability to engage in "defensive" military activity while conducting joint operations with the US. I read the red tea leaves and believe that the PRC does not have a realistic expectation of seizing the Senkakus or otherwise changing the status quo vis a vis Japan over the islands. I wouldn't be surprised if the PRC has few serious intentions of occupying the Senkakus and foments tension simply as a "price-tag" retaliation for Japan's increasingly overt and aggressive antiPRC foreign policy. With the PRC deterred from making a genuine move against the Senkakus, the dominant dynamic in the East China Sea will be of Japan trying to achieve unity of doctrine and response with the United States for a containChina policy, while the PRC will be trying to wedge US and Japan. The process plays out with Japan's invocation of "gray zone crises", ie friction with the PRC manifested in nonmilitary ways. Japan is trying to establish a definition of gray zone conflicts that permits a military response to a non-military scenario such as the PRC's ceaseless salami-slicing, and thereby gets the United States on the hook to provide backup muscle for the Japanese move. I see this as Japan's desired quid pro quo for signing on to "collective self defense". One scenario I saw involved "armed Chinese fishermen"; the idea that the PRC might try to seize the Senkakus with some kind of irregular force that the coast guard couldn't handle, and would require an SDF response even though PLA forces nominally weren't involved. As the United States digests the Crimea annexation precedent, expect Japan to invoke this kind of scenario more frequently. The United States, whose primary interest is to get Japan on the hook for US military adventures, not the other way around, is apparently resistant to nailing down the "gray zone conflict" definition and giving Japan a green light (or at least a blinking yellow) for pushing back on the PRC, especially in murky "gray" clashes between Japanese and PRC vessels on the high seas. Indeed, the gray zone problem neatly crystallizes the whole problem of the pivot: that it creates a moral hazard (in Western terms) or emboldens

US allies (the PRC formulation) to engage in reckless behavior not necessarily advantageous to US interests, specifically the US interest in not engaging in a scorched earth economic conflict with the PRC for the sake of some uninhabited rocks. Failing a meeting of the minds on "gray zone" conflicts, Japan has to content itself with provocations against the PRC in the hope that a PRC over-reaction will compel the US to expand its de facto security guarantees to Japan. I place the recent contretemps over the close-quarters flyby conducted by Chinese fighter jets against Japanese military surveillance aircraft in the area of the joint PRC-Russia naval exercise in the category of a provocation, committed with an awareness of growing US disgruntlement with the PRC as well as the Obama administration's need to explicitly stand with allies post-Crimea. Western media has reliably regurgitated Japanese government spin that the flyby was some recklessly aggressive behavior by the PRC. However, facts indicate that the Chinese military posted a no-fly/no sail notification concerning the naval exercise and Japan flew over there anyway. The only justification that Japan can offer is that it refuses to recognize the PRC's air defense identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea. In fact, the incident shows why it's important to respect other countries' declared ADIZs and in fact the reckless party in this episode was not the PRC, but Japan. In terms of unintended consequences, it may also feed into US concerns about the hazards of letting Japan take the initiative in butting heads with the PRC in the East China Sea and then demanding US backing. Interestingly, the official Japanese position now seems to be limited to the "Chinese planes flew too darn close" bleating. An as yet un-noted element of the ADIZ issue is that the United States is the only power that asserts the right to fly military aircraft through somebody else's ADIZ without filing a flight plan (to refresh everybody's memory, US-flagged civilian carriers respect the PRC ADIZ regulations. But the US immediately flew two B-52s into the ADIZ unannounced to affirm the US military prerogative). Now Japan seems to be asserting that same right for its military aircraft, at least within the PRC ADIZ, a "destabilizing" "status quo-changing" state of affairs, one that also places the Japanese military at parity with the United States on this issue. I wonder if the US is terribly happy about this but will

have to suck it up since Japan is currently dangling the collective self defense and Trans-Pacific Partnership carrots before it. It would seem unlikely that the United States would take Japan under its wing, so to speak, and conduct joint military flight patrols within China's ADIZ as a show of support, but the Obama administration's red line manhood is being questioned worldwide post-Syria and post-Crimea. So it might happen. And the PRC might just have to suck it up, consoling itself with the idea that getting its way in the South China Sea is adequate compensation for getting balked in the East China Sea. At the back of everybody's mind, I think, is the potential real crisis in East Asia: the possibility that Taiwan will declare de jure independence at some time, and the PRC will be compelled to put up or shut up on the relatively existential issue of losing Taiwan. That's when military posturing, military threats, and military maneuvers become genuinely pressing issues. In this context, I consider the most disturbing development in US-PRC relations is not the tussling over rocks in the South China Sea or the East China Sea; it is the decision to twist China's nuts with the indictment of five PLA officers for hacking. I expect the US national security civilian apparatus considers the indictment one of those clever, legalistic soft power moves that, again, traps China in the web of law and international norms. But the battle lines in Asia have hardened: pivot versus China. The status quo is becoming confrontation, at least in regional security issues. With the expectation that US and PRC forces will be engaging and confronting each other, it would seem desirable that both sides have a better understanding of their opposite numbers. Indeed, the US Department of Defense has shown little enthusiasm for the White House's anti-hacking jihad which, in addition to clearing out the US government's stock of cyber-righteousness, seriously depreciated by the Edward Snowden revelations, has scotched US-PRC military-to-military exchanges on ground rules for cyber-warfare. Engagement with the PRC, for better or worse, has become a military matter. And if a clash occurs, it had better be because at least one side really wants it, and not because of the main abettors of military catastrophe: FUD or "Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt." Peter Lee writes on East and South Asian affairs and their intersection with US foreign policy

7 Ways to garden like you know what you're doing Terra Wellington

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grew up with huge backyard garden. My mother was a wonderful gardener. Each spring, she would section out portions—a row here or a row there—for each child to plant seeds and be responsible for tending and growing. You’d think I’d automatically have a garden when I left college—but I didn’t. It wasn’t until much later that I decided to garden. Interestingly, I didn’t know where to start, so I began like a non-gardener and had to learn a lot from scratch. Here are some beginner steps to share: 1. Don't be afraid to fail. Gardening is something you learn to do better over time, and there are many resources available. Join a community garden or garden club, or take a one-day class through your city or county. It’s okay to learn through trial and error, and rewarding to experiment and enjoy outdoor time. Avid Brooklyn gardener Carlene Fowlkes has great advice: “After the first year, you will be much more confident and excited about the next year. You can expand slowly if you have more yard to cover. Once you have the

initial experience with the miracle of can pick up organic compost from the gardening, you should be hooked.” nursery if you don’t make your own, and add more each season. Also, pe2. Garden in any space. riodically, add organic fertilizer and You don’t need a huge yard to gar- your plants will be really happy. den. Instead, work with what you’ve got. Your garden can be as small as a 4. Use the local nursery. few indoor herb pots or a full-fledged I haven’t yet been completely sucmini-farm. cessful with planting seeds, so I tend “For those of us in townhomes, to choose already started veggies from condos, or apartments, we really just my local, family-owned nursery. It has need a sunny deck or patio,” says gar- a great selection of heirloom tomatoes, dener Amber Christian. “It's a great Japanese cucumbers, and squash that place to container garden, particularly are easy to grow. if it is south facing.” “Grow in the garAdditionally, you den what you and your can intermix edible family enjoy eating,” veggies in with your says Michael C. Podlebushes and flowers for sny, author of Vegetabeautiful color and textural variety— ble Gardening for the Average Person. just make sure you stick with organic “When you grow something you and landscaping overall to avoid unwanted your family normally eat, you are more chemicals on your food. Says Eco Land- likely to stick with it as you have a tenscape’s Senior Designer Sean Lewis: dency to be anxious to get to pick your “Choose vegetables like red chard, Tus- first vegetable that you grew at home.” can kale, and artichoke. Mix these in with your ornamental plants.” 5. Stick with seasonal. You might want to grow lettuce, 3. Soil counts. which is a great choice for beginners, Wherever you plan to garden, soil but you’ll fail if you live in an area that is king. My soil has always been sandy, gets too hot during the summer. So, so I’ve learned to add lots of compost, stick with veggies that grow in your but don’t make it complicated. You specific kind of weather.

wRiTE-wiNg

You can find out a vegetable’s proper growing season by reading online seed catalogs and searching for online planting-season guidelines. Just because the veggie is sold in the nursery doesn’t mean it’s the best time to plant it. 6. Water at soil level. Ideally, you want to water deeply to encourage a healthy root system. Avoid overhead watering, and instead water with a slow-dripping hose at the soil level or install a drip system. Compost and mulch in a garden’s soil will also help to keep the water in the soil longer, which can be really important for drier locations. 7. Involve your family. Your family can help select veggies, plant them, and work in the garden together. It’s a great experience to teach about work, problem solving, food appreciation, and nature. I learned a lot as a child from gardening—including a strong work ethic. Community gardens can also be a great place to get to know neighbors and other community members, sharing with each other a well-tended harvest. Above all, have fun! Don’t take on more than you think you can easily manage. Jump in and enjoy your outdoor time. I look forward to hearing about your tasty tomatoes!


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Thursday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

29 May 2014

PERSPECTIVE NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

Mass Media in north east: the trends of conflict reporting Paranjoy Bordoloi

How can the framework for conflict reporting be transformed in the mass media? The author highlights various conflicts in north east India to illuminate the challenges and limitations the mass media faces in covering these conflicts

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anorama Devi, a suspected messenger of a militant organization was gang raped by the armed force personnel in Manipur (an insurgency affected state of North East India) in 2004. The woman was found dead in the morning after the incident. She is not an rare enough exception in Manipur where incidents of molestation and rape against women are regular feature of the society; many of which are not reported. In certain cases like that of Miss Rose (1974), Neelam Panchabhaiy (1986), Tamphasana (1990), Ahanjaobi Devi (1996) people have been fighting legal battles against the persons who committed the crimes for years on end (retrieved from CounterCurrents.org on Feb 26, 2013). However, the injustice against Manorama Devi was publicised widely in media, unlike other cases in Manipur. The day after the gang rape of Manorama Devi, a group of middle aged women protested in the streets completely naked with only a banner with the words ‘please rape us’. One of the most powerful protests from North East India, this was not surprisingly successful in getting coverage not only in the national newspapers but also in international newspapers and news agencies. The media began to allot more coverage to such events, due to the protest tactics used. The headline of the leading national news channel IBN in their news report conceded: “The murder of Manorama in Manipur had shocked the nation and put the spotlight on the abuse of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act” (IBNLive on Feb.28, 2013). This incident shines a spotlight on the importance of media intervention in conflict situations. The violence in Manipur had been ongoing for the last three decades. Human rights organizations along with the other local organizations have been trying to influence national media agencies to increase coverage on this issue. However, only when violence occurs is this event is the issue given coverage. It has been observed that after the symbolic protest, the coverage was not only limited to the immediate time-frame of the incident but also other dimensions of the conflict were highlighted. There were many articles published regarding the Armed Force Prevention Act of

1958 and its consequence for the state. Moreover, news of Manipur was prominent in many regional newspapers owned both by national and international organizations for many days afterwards. Even on the second anniversary of Manorama Devi's death, the leading national newspaper Indian Express wrote about the protest at the rape incident and about the AFSP under which she was detained (retrieved from Express India on Feb.28, 2013). However, the dominant media structure does not think beyond the existing frameworks for viewing the situation. In the case of Manipur, many of the media agencies did not focus on the importance of past history and the indigenous demographic profile of the state. Joytirindra Dasgupta has rightly pointed out that the narrow media outlook is responsible for a substantial misunderstanding of ortheastern political processes. In the last two decades, Assam has witnessed many serial explosions of militant and ethnic groups, including communal clashes from the hills of Karbi-Anlong to the river-bank district of Dhubri. The increasing number of newspapers, as well as local 24 hour news channels, has given extensive coverage to all these conflicts. In the past 5 years, the news channels have given the violent incidents in the state live coverage. The changes in the reporting of conflict have provided an important way of identifying the lens through which incidents have been reported by media. Militant groups like ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam) and NDFB (National Democratic Front of Bodoland) along with others have changed their terror tactics by using serial explosions in the public places of Assam. During the last two decades there were many serial blasts in Assam which became the thumb-prints of these two militant groups. It is not unusual that a feeling of fear and crisis has been inculcated in Assamese society as a result. On the contrary, it has been observed that during the times of serial attacks, people in the state have depended on the media for receiving important information. This is a common trend observed by conflictresolution professionals in other conflict situations, and Assam is no exception. On October 30, 2008, all the local satellite channels of Assam interrupted their regular programmes to broadcast live footage of serial blasts occurring on that day; even photographs of the dead bodies of the victims. One of the leading news channels aired unedited footages of the serial blasts for more than an hour. In the next 24 hours all the channels gave live coverage of the explosions from Guwahati, Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon and Barpeta. However, the numbers of the killed and injured were not uniform across the media. The variations of the numbers were visible in both local and national newspapers including news channels. The national newspaper Tribune quoted 61, other news agencies 64 killed, while live coverage on local news channels estimated over 100 dead. The growing competition and inclination towards breaking stories related to the incidents have compelled the news channels to use disturbing footage of the plight of the victims. As a result, messages of terror

have created a sense of trauma in the society. The manipulation of facts is one of the most important elements in media coverage of the incident of October 30. The rearranging of facts to provide a new angle of the incident was quite evident in national newspapers, which utterly failed to take into consideration the sensitivity of the issue. Quoting A.K. Mitra, the chief of the Border Security Force (BSF), The Economic Timesfor example, published a story with a headline, ‘threat of Islamic Militants’. Pamela Philipose in her article ‘The Changing Nature of Newsgathering’ takes up the story from there as an example: that, “Throughout last year the BSF had intercepted 807 Bangladeshis trying to illegally cross over to India – the actual infiltration is roughly estimated to be double the number intercepted – the BSF said the figure was almost 10,000 to 12,000 till a few years back. In other words, at least 24,000 Bangladeshis have been infiltrating every year” (Philipose, 2011). Pamela Philipose points out how the figure 807 becomes 24,000 in the course of one sentence with no evidence to back up the final figure. News stories that manipulate the facts have been affecting the credibility of media as well as spreading misleading messages throughout the society. Many leading social scientists have noted that such propaganda polarizes people and escalates conflict as it spreads hatred and dehumanizes one group, which may well result in renewed clashes. The coverage in the national media during the ULFA attacks of Hindi-speaking people in the month of November, 2003 was directly responsible for spreading violent incidents into Bihar. In that month, the ULFA started attacking and killing Hindi-speaking people in the Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts of the state. However, the national newspapers and news channels reported this as clashes between Assamese and ‘Bihari’ people in state. Even the BBC website reported: ‘More than 17,000 people have fled their homes in north-east India's Assam state to escape attacks on Hindi-speaking settlers by Assamese mobs and rebels’ (BBC on Feb.25, 2013). As a consequence of the media coverage, violence erupted in other regions. When the news spread, the trains of the North East region going through Bihar were attacked. The ULFA attacks turned into largescale violence in the state as incidents were reported against Hindi-speaking people. On the other side, local newspapers gave more publicity towards the attacks of the ULFA and published photographs of the people killed in those attacks. One or two local newspapers reported that the ULFA has been regaining its power and publishing propaganda of the militant groups through their press releases. Coverage of ethnic conflicts in the Assam region could be much improved if media agencies used local journalists from both ethnic groups in any conflict. This approach might become one model to change the existing framework of media coverage so that it actually contributes to peace and development in North East India. But for this, media at all levels has to change its practices in covering conflicts.

Women in NIreland: Sharing the Learning Lynn Carvill

In the last two years, more than 600 women peacebuilders have met on a cross-community and cross-border basis to share their experiences of working for peace in Northern Ireland. Lynn Carvill reports on the knowledge shared, as the struggle to build a just and lasting peace continues

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asting peace in Northern Ireland will not be achieved if women are not fully involved in the prolonged task of post-conflict reconstruction. The importance of women's full and equal participation has been described elsewhere in this series. This article provides an insight into one of the attempts being made to listen to and put forward the voices of women today. The Women’s Resource and Development Agency (WRDA), the Community Foundation for Northern Ireland and the National Women’s Council of Ireland are partners in a project called Women and Peacebuilding: Sharing the Learning. The project aims to capture the experiences of women who lived through the conflict and through the subsequent period of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Over the last two years, over six hundred women have been brought together on a cross community and cross border basis from Northern Ireland and the Southern border areas and have engaged in facilitated discussions. The following areas have been addressed: violence; personal safety and security; decision-making and representation; women and social justice; women and institutional change; women and the legacies of the past. In September, Dr Richard Haass

and Professor Meghan O’Sullivan were invited by the First Minister and Deputy to co-chair all-party talks “to consider parades and protests; flags, symbols and emblems and related matters; and the past”. This was extremely fortuitous and added an additional timeliness to the Women and Peace Building Project, leading to an unprecedented interest from women across the region. In October 2013, more than two hundred grassroots women attended an event in Belfast ‘Women: Dealing with the Past’. More recently, over a hundred women attended a follow up event on Saturday 1st March, ‘Haass – O’Sullivan Talks: What do Women Think?’ The Haass / O’Sullivan talks failed to reach an agreement by the deadline of December 2013, and efforts since then have stalled amidst the On the Run crisis concerning individuals suspected of crimes committed during the conflict. However, it remains important that WRDA and the Community Foundation used the opportunity of Haass – O’Sullivan to publicise the currently silenced views of women. In October 2013, Dr Megan O’Sullivan convened a meeting with representatives from women’s organisations, and the WRDA was able to inform her of key issues raised by participants involved with the project. An overview of these are outlined below. For the full reports, see the WRDA website. In Northern Ireland the months of April to August are often referred to as the ‘Marching Season’, with most marches concentrated in the July period. While some marches remain contentious, recently it has been the ‘flag protests’ that have grabbed the media headlines. In December 2012, Belfast City Council voted to limit the days the union flag flies from City Hall. Prior to this the Union flag flew from City Hall every day of the year. Since December 2013 ‘flag protests’ held by Ulster loyalists have been a common occurrence on the streets of Belfast (see Anne McVicker’s account of a confrontation with protesters at this year's International Women’s Day). Some of the women involved in the 'Women and Peacebuilding Project' and living in Protestant/Unionist/Loyalist (PUL) areas saw the Bel-

fast City Hall flag issue as a direct attack on their culture. In some areas the street protests are organised by the community and women claim to have been at the forefront of these. The women said their “cultural identity” was continually under threat and while nationalist culture was becoming more mainstream, Protestant/ Unionist culture was being pushed to the sidelines. For some women it was necessary that they were part of the protests to keep an eye on their children. Participation in the ‘marching bands’ in some PUL areas was seen as a positive alternative to paramilitary involvement for young boys. Paramilitarism and drugs are forbidden in the bands and for the women in these communities they provided “safe spaces” for young boys in the communities. They perceived this “safe space” for the boys as threatened when the bands paraded during marching season last summer and came under attack from people living in Nationalist/Republican areas. For many participants from all areas and communities, the protests pose a serious and unwelcome disruption to everyday life. They disrupt normal routines such as bringing children to school, attending hospital appointments etc. They pose particular problems in interface areas between communities. There is a palpable rise in anxiety levels in areas were protests have taken place and in many ‘mixed’ areas reasonably good community relations have been damaged. There is a real fear that tensions will escalate. In some communities women are withdrawing from crosscommunity activity due to rising tensions and fear. Overall there was a consensus amongst the women that the crux of the flag protest is “fear of losing identity”. Some participants believed that the protests were orchestrated by people holding power in paramilitary organisations. The women were being sucked into the protests by male partners and had little choice but to take part. Intimidation within many communities persists. While communities may seem to be at peace, this is often superficial. Participants spoke of how the underlying sectarianism in some ar-

eas has been exposed since the flag protests began. For some it is more difficult to move through the City of Belfast than during the period of the ‘Troubles’. Peace Walls persist and while for some people they enhance safety, for others the existence of the Peace Walls consolidates a culture of “them and us”. What are categorised as “neutral areas” to some, are “no-go areas” for others. There is still an apprehension of walking in “other” areas for fear of being identified as Catholic or Protestant.In rural areas interfaces are less visible but still loom large in the lives of residents. Essentially, segregation permeates much of life in Northern Ireland and the unsolved legacy issues have exacerbated segregation and destabilised mixed communities. What next? Thus far the Haass / O’Sullivan negotiations have not delivered for the people of Northern Ireland. Still, there is no consensus on how we should deal with the past and legacy issues of the conflict. It is also evident from listening to the women who attended the discussion workshops that peacebuilding is perceived as male territory and they believe they are excluded from these important discussions. A clear message from the views of women gathered during this ‘Women and Peacebuilding’ project conducted over the past two years is that women have been and continue to be directly impacted by these issues. They are frustrated at their exclusion and they want to speak and be heard. The final part of this project will involve developing a toolkit on ‘Women and Peacebuilding’. The toolkit will focus on effecting institutional change in Northern Ireland using a UN 1325 framework. It will be aimed at key statutory stakeholders in the domestic context and in the Republic of Ireland. It is crucial that we continue to challenge the status quo and the predominance of male voices and views in our conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction. We must carve out a space for women, to ensure their voices and experiences fully inform the peace process in Northern Ireland.

The world needs a treaty on business and human rights

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Chip Pitts

orldwide, laws regulating companies’ respect for human rights are inconsistent and rarely enforced; there is no accountability in most cases of business human rights abuse (according to the Business & Human Rights Resource Center among others). These facts alone justify support for the proposal to adopt a new international treaty that would require such accountability. Indeed, a treaty is arguably required by the state duty to protect against abuses by private companies, coupled with the requirement of an effective remedy in the case of corporate harm, both principles that are widely endorsed. Businesses currently have rights they can legally enforce at a global level, including intellectual property rights (under the TRIPS agreement), and rights as investors to sue states directly in arbitration tribunals established by bilateral investment treaties. Yet, individuals whose rights are violated by such businesses have no standing and cannot seek damages at an international level. That’s an obviously unfair imbalance that requires correction. A treaty is also in the interests of most businesses given the mistrust, recurring instability, unpredictable outcomes, and unfair competition under the status quo, where a few bad businesses violate human rights to the detriment of business reputations everywhere. More uniform global standards -- shoring up the playing field at a higher level -would enhance compliance, reduce risk, and be good for everyone. Such standards would promote too the integrity and coherence of the global human rights system and of global business activity. The legal elements for such a treaty are largely in place. Numerous soft-law standards have converged in recent decades around the duty on companies to respect human rights reaffirmed by the UN Guiding Principles (GPs). The requirement that business should be liable for serious harms is at least universally agreed (if not often enforced), and amounts to what international law scholars have identified as a general principle of law. Elsewhere, I’ve referred to these legal developments as forming a “new customary global law.” Sometimes this liability is civil (tort or delict), sometimes criminal, but corporate liability including for significant human rights violations exists - at least in theory across the world. To mistakenly consider the duty on companies to respect human rights found in the non-binding GPs as simply ‘voluntary’ downplays its legal nature in many contexts, as well as the significance of the GPs. They are already being implemented and/or promoted by the OECD, the International Standards Organization, the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation among many others, including companies. For various reasons, however, actual legal remedies remain elusive. Some of those reasons could be usefully addressed in a treaty; for example, promoting awareness among judges and state agencies of legal obligations on companies; clarifying questions of jurisdiction and the appropriate country in which to seek redress; removing barriers victims face in seeking redress; and providing for cooperation and technical assistance between states. Other reasons preventing redress, including corruption and the need for legal aid, are probably best left to complementary efforts. As valuable as the GPs are, it’s unlikely that they or other soft law standards alone will make sufficient progress at sufficient scale any time soon. John Ruggie, who led the UN process that prepared the GPs, noted in his recent book that most multinational companies probably haven’t even heard of the GPs. Further, it’s entirely normal for soft law standards like the GPs to be transformed into legally binding obligations in a treaty. And as a former Chief Legal Officer charged with ensuring corporate compliance with standards, I can assure you that executives are more inclined to comply with hard law (like a treaty). They can more readily ignore or seek ways around soft law. Some view continued global legal evolution and the GPs as an either/or proposition. But that is a “false dichotomy,” as Ruggie has repeatedly noted. Indeed, he urges an intergovernmental process to deal with “gross abuses, potentially amounting to international crimes” in conflict areas “where the human rights regime cannot be expected to function as intended.” For business abuses, however, the human rights system isn’t functioning as it should anywhere. True, states should act now to improve domestic laws and enforcement; but in the real world there are many reasons they don’t, ranging from ignorance, to fear of losing foreign investment, to corruption, to lack of resources, to simple inertia. It’s a classic collective action problem – one where clear legal norms expressed in a treaty, and stronger enforcement, would help. Without a treaty, national courts make erroneous decisions on international law, as with the Kiobel decision in the US federal court that sought to immunize corporations (the US Supreme Court dismissed the case on other grounds), or last year’s AFPS decision in France purporting to immunize corporations even for potential war crimes. Treaties, by contrast, can help establish accountability; when incorporated into domestic law they close gaps in that law in ways that often go further than the treaty demands (for example, many states created corporate liability for international crimes when incorporating the ICC statute, even though it wasn’t required by the treaty). The Dutch prosecutors successfully settling their case against Trafigura (for dumping toxic waste in Africa), were empowered by legislation enacted after the EU and then the Netherlands embraced the Basel Convention. There are difficulties. A treaty would cover many complex areas of law and would have to address many difficult questions. Any monitoring body would have to deal with many potential corporate perpetrators; and many states would not quickly ratify such a treaty. But many treaties have faced similar complexities, and many treaties start with relatively few states before ratifications expand. A significant number of states and hundreds of NGOs have called for a treaty. It would be wrong and fruitless to try to shut down discussion. But the process requires a careful and informed exploration of the issues. It will be necessary, even more than usual, to focus the treaty discussions within agreed terms of reference. These should make clear that any treaty and accompanying process must: (i) complement and build on, and in no way fall short of, existing principles set out in the GPs; (ii) be evidence-based, and not an ideological anti-corporate or politically biased effort; and (iii) employ a careful, transparent and inclusive process which includes civil society, business and states, and that aims to build consensus for the right treaty at the right time. Chip Pitts is a Lecturer in Law at Stanford Law School; he is former Chief Legal Officer of Nokia, Inc.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Thursday 29 May 2014

The Morung Express

Indian Muslims wary of PM’s Hindu nationalist ties

AHMADABAD, MAy 28 (AP): With his long beard and white skullcap, Mohammed Naseem makes no secret that he’s a devout Muslim in a country where Muslims are often persecuted. Now, after Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi was sworn in as prime minister following a landslide election victory, Naseem and other Muslims in this country of 1.2 billion are watching the direction of their nation with a mixture of caution and fear. Modi, who is Hindu like most of India’s population, has long had an uneasy relationship with Muslims, in large part because he, as chief minister of Gujarat state, was in command in 2002 when communal riots there killed more than 1,000 people, most of them Muslims. “What happened in 2002 still affects the minds of Muslims,” says Naseem, a real estate broker who lives in Ahmadabad, a Gujarat city where some of the worst rioting occurred. But like millions of others, Naseem despaired of the policy paralysis and economic downslide that marked the last decade under the Congress party. “On development, (Modi’s) performance here has been very good. Now there are many Muslims who are supporting him,” Naseem said. He added that he hoped the media glare on Modi as prime minister would also keep him in check. Modi, who was sworn in Monday, has denied any role in the violence, and the Supreme Court said there was no case against him, but the kill-

In this Thursday, May 15, 2014 photo, Indians Muslims gather to discuss the ongoing elections outside a polling station during repolling in Rehna village, in the northern Indian state of Haryana. Muslims account for more than 13 percent of India’s population and face no legal discrimination under the country’s secular constitution. But while many Indian Muslims have held high government offices - the current vice president Hamid Ansari is Muslim - the community is largely poor and fares badly on most socio-economic indicators like health and education. (AP Photo

ings continue to affect Muslims’ perceptions. Muslims account for more than 13 percent of India’s population and face no legal discrimination under the country’s secular constitution. But while many Indian Muslims have held high government offices

— current Vice President Hamid Ansari is Muslim — the community is largely poor and fares badly on most socio-economic indicators such as health and education. Many Muslims say they face discrimination, sometimes subtle and at

other times blatant, when looking for jobs or renting a house. Intermarriage between the country’s Hindus and Muslims is still rare. The center-left Congress party, which has ruled India for all but 10 years but was routed in the recent elections, has tradition-

ally been seen as more favorable to Muslim interests than Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party. Modi’s own political career started with the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Dal or the National Volunteers Association, a militant Hindu movement and parent organization of the BJP. The RSS has been widely accused of stoking religious hatred with aggressively anti-Muslim views. Some Indians fear that Modi’s ties to the RSS may influence his decision-making. But Neerja Chowdhury, a political commentator and analyst, says that Modi, known for his autocratic and independent working style, will resist the pressure. “The RSS will continue to have consultations with him but they will not be able to micromanage a person like Modi,” Chowdhury said. “The compulsions of governance will also compel Modi to be neutral,” she added. One of the BJP’s main promises to its largely Hindu supporters has been to construct a temple at the site of a 16th-century mosque in north India. Muslims revere the Babri Mosque, while Hindus say it is the birthplace of their god Rama and contend a temple to him stood on the site before the mosque. Over the years, the dispute triggered bloody communal violence. In 1992, while the legal case to sort out the dispute lingered, tens of thousands of Hindu extremists, watched over by top BJP leaders and security forces, ripped apart the mosque with spades, crowbars and their bare

hands. The demolition sparked nationwide riots that killed 2,000 people and cemented the belief that India’s Muslims could not trust the BJP. The area has since been split up between Hindus and Muslims by a 2010 court order, but the issue remains sensitive. Modi’s convincing victory, however, suggests that many Muslims voted for the BJP anyway, out of concern for India’s economy. The party grabbed 282 seats in the 543-seat Lok Sabha or lower house of Parliament. “People were disgusted with corruption and price rise and therefore everyone, irrespective of religion, wanted a change,” said Ahmed Hussain, a school teacher in the northeastern city of Gauhati. The most recent Congress-led government was mired in corruption scandals, and on its watch India’s economic growth slowed to less than 5 percent. Job growth has been poor and inflation high. Modi’s campaign focused on Gujarat’s economic successes and promises that he could do the same across India. But for some Muslims, it is his handling of the riots that remains paramount. “We know Modi’s past. He is communal to the core. His hands are stained with the blood of innocent Muslims,” said Monis Khan, a retired school teacher in the northern city of Lucknow. “We are not afraid of him but we cannot rely on him,” Khan said. “We Muslims have to watch his every move.”

Countdown begins for formation of separate Telangana HyDerABAD, MAy 28 (Pti): With the ‘Appointed Day’ (June 2) when Telangana and (new) Andhra Pradesh would come into existence drawing closer, the countdown has begun for the formal bifurcation of AP. As the mammoth task of dividing assets, liabilities and employees is underway, the bitterness that was witnessed in the run-up to the passage of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill in Parliament still continues. The bifurcation has saddened some Seemandhra employees who face the prospect of moving to the residuary Andhra Pradesh as they have established themselves in Hyderabad. “It is definitely painful if we have to move out now. We have built a home and children’s education is midway,” a Seemandhra employee said.

A row has kicked up with Telangana employees unions demanding that ‘nativity’ be the criteria for dividing the staff and TRS president K Chandrasekhar Rao, who is all set to become the first Chief Minister of Telangana, asserting that those from Seemandhra should not work in Telangana Secretariat. Noting that they fought for separate state as injustice had been done to the region in jobs, the Telangana supporters wonder what was the point in having achieved separate Telangana, if Seemandhra employees remained in Telangana government. TRS has also set up a ‘war room’ in its office here to compile the list of Seemandhra employees who are working in Telangana. The ‘war room’ is

equipped with a website and? email facility to receive feedback. The move has drawn the ire of TDP chief and Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister-elect N Chandrababu Naidu who yesterday said what is required is not a “war room”, but a “peace room”. He said harmony and brotherly relations should be ensured between the two sides so that both Telangana and (new) Andhra Pradesh can march ahead on the path of progress. Apart from the division blues, the focus is also on finding a new capital for (new) Andhra Pradesh and speculation is rife that the capital would come up in the Vijayawada and Guntur region as it is centrally located in the residuary state. Besides Vijayawada-Guntur, there have been demands

from different groups to locate the capital in Visakhapatnam in north coastal Andhra, Kurnool?and Tirupati in Rayalaseema. Kurnool was the capital of Andhra state prior to the formation of Andhra Pradesh with Hyderabad as its capital. However, an expert committee appointed by the Centre is going into the issue and the panel has toured different places in Seemandhra. Naidu would reportedly take oath in the Vijayawada-Guntur area and function from there as Chief Minister, though there is no official confirmation. As residuary Andhra Pradesh would begin its journey with a deficit budget, different people’s organisations and individuals have been making monetary contributions to build the India’s new External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, right, is greeted by foreign secretary Sujatha Singh as the former assumes office in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, May 28, 2014. (AP Photo) state and its capital.

30% of Modi’s ministers have declared criminal cases A teenager’s campaign for a polythene-free India

New DelHi, MAy 28 (iANS): Thirty percent of ministers in the Narendra Modi government have declared criminal cases against themselves and 18 percent have declared “serious criminal cases”, according to an analysis of their election affidavits. National Election Watch (NEW) and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), which analysed affidavits of 44 of the 46 members in the union council of ministers that was sworn in Monday, said in a release that 91 percent of the new ministers were “crorepatis” (multimillionaires). It said NEW and ADR had written to Modi May 20 about the “disturbing fact that the newly formed Lok Sabha has a sizeable number of members (112 or 21 percent) facing serious criminal charges”. The two grops also requested Modi to include only clean repre-

sentatives in his cabinet. The release said Modi had committed to critically examine MPs with selfdeclared criminal cases and fasttracking cases against them during his campaign speeches. It said that of the 44 ministers analysed, 13 (30 percent) had declared criminal cases against themselves. “Eight (18 percent) ministers have declared serious criminal cases, including cases related to attempt to murder, communal disharmony, kidnapping, electoral violations etc.,” the release said. Uma Bharti declared a case related to attempt to murder, and a case related to sections on promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion. She also declared a case related to illegal payments in connection with an election. Upendra Kushwaha of the

Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, and Ram Vilas Paswan of the Lok Janshakti Party have each declared a case related to bribery, the release said. Gopinath Munde declared a case related to kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person. The release said details of Prakash Javadekar and Nirmala Sitharaman were not analysed as they were not members of either house at present. It said that of 44 ministers analysed, 40 (91 percent) were “crorepatis”. “The average assets per minister is Rs.13.47 crore. Five ministers declared more than Rs.30 crore worth of assets,” it said. Arun Jaitley declared total assets worth Rs.113 crore and Harsimrat Kaur Badal Rs.108 crore. The other ministers with assets above Rs.30 crore include Munde, Maneka Gandhi and Piyush Goyal.

Divya Jain, a class 10 student in Chittorgarh, has made and distributed 15,000 cloth and jute bags to people.

CHittorgArH, MAy 28 (iANS): The death of a cow after swallowing a polythene bag was the trigger that led Divya Jain, 15, to start a campaign against its use in Rajasthan and beyond. She also encourages people to fabricte water troughs to save birds from the searing desert summer. Divya Jain, a class 10 student in Chittorgarh, over 350 km from state capital Jaipur, believes in leading by

example. Over the last few years, she has herself made and distributed 15,000 cloth and jute bags to the people in the city, famous for its historic fort, in a bid to persuade them to use such bags in place of polythene. “I heard about a cow dying after eating a polythene bag around six years back in Kota city, where my grandparents live. I was shocked and I decided that I will propagate the use of bags made of cloth and jute instead of polythene. Since then I have been doing that,” said Jain. “I also encourage people to plant trees, save water and to provide water to the birds during the summer season,” she said. The summer is terribly harsh in the desert state of

Rajasthan and hundreds of birds die every year due to lack of water to drink. “My father also encourages me in my work,” Divya told IANS. “We are a family of four including Divya, her mother and a 10-year-old son. We always support her for the work she is doing. Her efforts have started to yield results,” her father Sanjay Kumar Jain, who teaches in a government school in Chittorgarh, said proudly. “Daily I go house-tohouse and also in nearby cities like Bhilwara and Kota and request people to use bags made of cloth and jute in place of polythene which is very harmful and is nonbiodegradable or, in simpler terms, does not decay. I also

attend religious functions, public gatherings and meetings and go to educational institutions where I distribute pamphlets and impress upon people not to use polythene bags,” Divya Jain said. “I travel with her to nearby cities to help her spread her message,” her father added. “I request religious leaders too to talk about use of bags made of cloth and jute in their regular discourse,” she said. “I must have written over 1,600 letters to the president, the prime minister, members of parliament and MLAs in this regard,” Divya Jain said, adding: “I have also written to the BJP president requesting him to launch a polythene-free India campaign.”

Controversy rages on Smriti Irani’s educational qualifications New DelHi, MAy 28 (Pti): HRD minister Smriti Irani was on Wednesday at the centre of a raging controversy over her educational qualifications after it emerged that she had made contradictory declarations when she contested Lok Sabha elections in 2004 and 2014. The Congress, one of whose leaders struck a different note, escalated its attack while the BJP hit back asking answers from it about the educational qualifications of Sonia Gandhi. Ever since, Madhu Kishwar, a women’s rights activist, raked up a controversy over the fact that Irani, just a 12th pass, has been made HRD minister the issue has only snowballed. The 38-year-old television actor-turned politician preferred to keep mum. She refused to comment when the media approached her. There was more embarrassment for the BJP and the new government after it emerged that Irani had given contradictory declarations in her affidavits

Contradictions in her election affidavits revealed

in 2004 and 2014 when she contested Lok Sabha election from two different constituencies. As a candidate in 2004 elections from Chandni Chowk in Delhi, Irani had declared that she had a Bachelor of Arts degree. “B.A. 1996 Delhi University (School of Correspondence)”, she had written in the column which seeks details of University education and the year in which the course was completed. In the same column of the affidavit filed in the 2014 elections from Amethi, Irani has said,”Bachelor of Commerce Part-1, School of Open Learning (Correspondence), University of Delhi-1994”. In 2012, the Supreme Court had ruled that false disclosures in an affidavit can be a ground for rejection of a candidate’s nomination. Latching on the issue, the Congress party said this was a

mis-statement, distortion and a criminal offence which has electoral consequences. “We don’t know which is correct, 2004 or 2014? Both can’t be true,” party spokesperson Abhishek Singhvi told reporters. When asked about Congress raising educational qualifications of ministers in a democracy, he said,”we had not raked it up and we are not trivializing it”. To another query about Sonia Gandhi’s qualification, he shot back,”she is not a minister.” Irani, however, got support from JD(U) leader Sharad Yadav who attacked Congress for raking up the issue. Kishwar, who started it all with her tweets critical of Narendra Modi making Irani the HRD minister, was unsparing saying education and research in India was in a shambles and something urgent was needed

to be done to lift standards in the system. Somebody with a vision was needed for the job, said Kishwar, a self-confessed admirer of Modi. Kishwar said that as someone in the academia she felt that the HRD ministry was a very “vital” ministry and that India’s education sector was in a mess and somebody with a vision was needed. The HRD ministry requires handling chief ministers, because education is a state subject and also requires handling vice chancellors, she said. “HRD needs a head who can steer dexterously between Left and Right extremists in academia to define sensible course unfettered by partisan agendas,” she had said on Twitter. Slamming the Congress, Union Minister Uma Bharti questioned the educational qualification of its party presi-

dent Sonia Gandhi. “I want to ask them (Congress) what are the educational qualifications of Sonia Gandhi, because she has headed the UPA and gave directions to the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The entire UPA government would stand with folded hands outside her door. So Sonia Gandhi, who ran the UPA government, what are her qualifications,” Bharti asked. Another minister Santosh Gangwar said he wants to ask Congress how educated was its president Sonia Gandhi. Joining issues, BJP spokesperson Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said Congress leaders should shed their “arrogance” after the party’s defeat in the Lok Sabha polls and do introspection. He said the party was defeated in elections due to the “arrogance” of Congress leaders but they are still not ready to

leave their arrogance. “Congress leaders should now stop using abusive words against BJP leaders. Congress should respect the mandate of the people,” he said. Congress leader Ajay Maken on Tuesday took a jibe at Irani’s educational qualification. “What a Cabinet of Modi? HRD minister (looking after education) Smriti Irani is not even a graduate! Look at her affidavit at ECI site pg 11,” he had tweeted yesterday. Bharti said Congress had raised questions about her candidature from Jhansi in the past by saying that she belonged to Madhya Pradesh and was making a similar mistake in this case. “First the Congress should show certificates of Sonia Gandhi to show how educated she is and from where. Only then they can ask such questions (about Irani),” Bharati said.

She said that it was not necessary that a health minister should be a doctor but what matters is how a person works. “Sonia Gandhi should tell about her certificates or else stop Congress from making such comments,” she demanded. However, senior Congress leader Manish Tewari had a different take on the issue when he said any attack on the government should be on substance and not superficials. He said that these kind of remarks used to emanate from the BJP in the early 2000s but had got decisively buried after UPA’s two successive victories under her leadership. “It anybody is attempting to question the political sagacity of Sonia Gandhi, I think possibly they are blowing a trumpet which nobody is interested in,” Tewari said. However, to a question on the Irani controversy, Tewari felt that criticism of the government should be policy based rather than personality-centric.


the Morung express

Obama seeks to recast postwar foreign policy

President Barack Obama speaks about the future of US troops in Afghanistan on May 27, in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington. The president will seek to keep 9,800 US troops in Afghanistan after the war formally ends later this year and then will withdraw most of those forces by the end of 2016. (AP Photo)

WASHINGTON, MAy 28 (AP): As the U.S. emerges from more than a decade of war, President Barack Obama is seeking to recast American foreign policy as an endeavor aimed at building international consensus and avoiding unilateral overreach. Obama was to outline his approach Wednesday during a commencement address at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. The speech comes one day after the president put forward a blueprint for ending U.S. military engagement in Afghanistan by the time he leaves office. “I’m confident that if we carry out this approach, we can not only responsibly end our war in Afghanistan and achieve the objectives that took us to war in the first place, we’ll also be able to begin a new chapter in the story of American leadership around the world,” Obama said Tuesday during an appearance in the White House Rose Garden. Obama’s efforts to pull the U.S. out of the lengthy and expensive conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have largely defined his foreign policy for much of his presidency. But he’s at times struggled to articulate how his response to a new set of challenges in places like Syria, Ukraine and Iran fit into an overarching foreign policy philosophy. That’s left Obama open to intense criticism from opponents who argue that he has squandered America’s global leadership and lacks the credible threat of action that can stop international foes. That criticism has deeply frustrated the president and is a driving factor in his decision to deliver Wednesday’s speech. White House officials say Obama will argue that the U.S. is a linchpin in efforts to seek international cooperation, a posture that puts the nation on a stronger footing than when it acts alone. Officials point to U.S. actions involving Ukraine, with Washington rallying European nations to join the U.S. in enacting economic sanctions on Russia after Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula. And with Iran, the U.S. led secret talks with the Islamic republic that spurred broader international nuclear negotiations. The crisis in Syria continues to be among the most vexing problems facing the White House. Even as Obama contends that an agreement to strip Syria of its chemical weapons was a success, that deal has done nothing to end the bloody civil war, which is now in its fourth year and which, according to activists, has left more than 160,000 people dead. Obama is expected to cast Syria as a counterterrorism challenge in his speech Wednesday, making clear that the U.S. continues to believe that the right approach is strengthening the moderate opposition that is fighting forces loyal to President Bashar Assad. Administration officials say Obama may soon sign off on a project to train and equip those rebels, though it appeared unlikely that program would be ready for him to announce at West Point. The president is also expected to discuss the counterterrorism threat facing the U.S. more broadly, arguing as he often has that core al-Qaida has been weakened even if splinter groups become a growing menace. Counterterrorism missions will be a central part of the continued U.S. military presence in Afghanistan that Obama announced Tuesday. Though combat missions will officially end later this year, Obama wants to leave behind about 10,000 U.S. troops to train Afghan security forces and try to push back extremists. The U.S. troop presence will be cut in half by the end of 2015 and concentrated in the capital of Kabul and at Bagram Air Field, the main U.S. base in Afghanistan. By the end of 2016, as Obama is preparing to leave the White House, the U.S. troop presence will again be cut to fewer than 1,000. The drawdown blueprint is contingent on Afghanistan’s government signing a stalled bilateral security agreement. While Afghan President Hamid Karzai has refused to sign the accord, U.S. officials say they’re confident that either of the candidates running to replace him will finalize the deal.

21 dead in South Korea hospital fire

SEOUL, MAy 28 (AP): Twenty-one people suffocated and 7 people were injured Wednesday in a fire at a hospital in southern South Korea that specializes in patients suffering from dementia and palsy, officials said. One patient at the Hyosarang Hospital in Jangseong county, an 81-year-old man suffering from dementia, was detained in an investigation after security video footage showed him entering an area where the blaze began, police said. Police declined to provide further details, saying the cause of the fire was still being investigated. Jangseong Fire Department officials said 20 patients and one nurse were killed and that seven people were injured, adding that the victims suffocated. They spoke on condition of anonymity because of office rules. Kim Jeong-bae, one of the firefighters who entered the building, said none of the bodies that he and his colleagues retrieved were burned and that they apparently were already dead

when firefighters entered the hospital while it was engulfed in black smoke. There were 34 patients and a nurse on duty on the second floor of an annex of Hyosarang Hospital when the fire broke out, officials said. More than 270 fire officers put the fire out after about 6 minutes, the officials said. Officials said that 45 people, including a nurse, were on the hospital’s first floor but that they all escaped. South Korean media including Yonhap news agency earlier had reported some of the dead had their hands bound to their beds without citing any source for the information. Fire officials later Wednesday said that report was inaccurate. Kim, the fire officer, said all the dead bodies he saw were found on beds or on the floor but none of them had their hands bound. Two hospital officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they weren’t authorized to talk to the media, also said that patients were not bound to beds.

Thursday

InternatIonal

Dimapur

29 May 2014

THE INDIAN NAVY

9

INVITES ENGINEERS TO JOIN THE INDIAN NAVY AS SHORT SERVICE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS IN EXECUTIVE BRANCH (GENERAL SERVICE/HYDRO CADRE) OR TECHNICAL BRANCHES AND NAVAL ARCHITECT DEC 2014 COURSE

A GLORIOUS LIFE - A GLOBAL EXPERIENCE 14. Leave Entitlements. On Commission, officers are entitled to 60 days annual and 20 days casual leave every year (subject to service exigencies). They are also entitled for 40% rail concession to any place and free travel (as per extant rules) for self and dependents. Leave during training period will be as per the Training Policy in force. 15. Sports & Adventure. The Navy provides facilities to pursue any sport of your liking. In addition, one can learn and participate in adventure sports, such as river rafting, mountaineering, hot air ballooning, hang gliding, wind surfing etc. 16. Physical Fitness. In Naval Academy curriculum, a lot of emphasis is laid on physical fitness. You are therefore, advised to remain fit by undertaking regular physical exercises, sports, running, swimming, etc. so that you meet the training goals successfully. PHYSICAL STANDARDS 17. The candidates should not be colour/night blind & must be physically fit according to following physical standards:(a) Height and Weight. Minimum height for male -157 cms with correlated weight. (b) Eye Sight. Sl. No.

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entry. TRAINING 20. Training is scheduled to commence in Dec 2014 at Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala. 21. Candidates finally selected for Tech (GS) Branch and Executive (GS) will be inducted as officers in the rank of Sub Lieutenant and undergo 22 & 44 Weeks respectively Naval Orientation Course at the Naval Academy, Ezhimala, followed by professional training in Naval Ships and Training Establishments. Full pay & allowances are admissible to officers whilst under training. They will be on probation for a period of two years, during which they are liable to be discharged if their performance is unsatisfactory. 22. Candidates finally selected for Submarine Specialisation, will be inducted as officers in the rank of Sub Lieutenant and undergo 22 weeks Naval Orientation Course at the Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala followed by professional training in other Naval Training Establishments/Ships. On completion of the training the candidates will have to pass Submarine Qualifying Board. The candidate who fail to qualify in the Submarine Qualifying Board will not be retained in service. In addition, the candidates will be entitled for Submarine Pay and allowances upto Rs.17,500/- per month, only after qualifying the Submarine Qualifying Board. 23. Only unmarried candidates are eligible for training. Any candidate who is found to be married or marries while under training will be discharged and shall be liable to refund full pay & allowances drawn by him and other expenditure incurred on him by the Government. 24. Life in Navy is full of challenges and adventures. Navy provides some of the finest training facilities, which will turn you in to a skilled professional, mentally agile and physically fit officer. HOW TO APPLY 25. Candidates are to fill in ‘e-application' (Online) for this entry. The candidates are to apply online (e-application) from 31 May 14. The online application registration will cease on 12 Jun 14. The procedure for applying online is explained in Paras 26 & 27 below. IMPORTANT - Please read the instructions given on the website carefully before submitting your ‘e-application’ form. 26. Online (e-application):- Whilst filling up the e-application, it is advisable to keep the relevant documents readily available to enable the following:(a) Correct filling up of personal particulars. Details are to be filled up as given in the lation Certificate.

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(c) After filling the form click on Preview and check if all the information entered by you are correct. (d) Before clicking the Print Application button it should be checked whether all the details entered in the form is correct as you will not be able to make any corrections after saving the record. Candidates can take the print of the application form by entering the relevant details. (e) Before clicking the instruction for SSB Button, it should be checked whether all the details entered in the form is correct as you will not be able to make any corrections after saving the record. Candidates can read the instructions on conduct of SSB by clicking on the instruction for SSB button and can take the print of the application form by entering the details from the download sections under officer entry. (f) Print two copies of the online Application Form having the system generated Application Number. One copy of this Application Form is to be duly signed and mailed (posted) to Post Box No. 04, Chankya Puri PO, New Delhi - 110 021 along with the following documents:- Self attested photograph, Attested photo copies of 10 th & 12th class certificates along with Mark Sheets, other educational certificates and mark sheets of all semester/years attested by gazetted officer. (g) A superscription is to be made on envelope : ONLINE APPLICATION NO. _________APPLICATION FOR SSC X(GS)/HYDRO CADRE/TECHNICAL BRANCH (E/L/SM)/ NAVAL ARCHITECT - DEC 2014 COURSE Qualification______ Percentage _____%. NCC ‘C’ Yes/No. Application and requisite enclosures must be properly tagged/stapled, IHQ MoD(Navy) will not be responsible for loss of enclosures, if sent loose. Note:(i) Final receipt of the printout of the Online Application Form with system generated Application Number and all documents as mentioned in sub para (e) above if received by 22 Jun 2014 will be the final CONFIRMATION of receipt of your Application at IHQ MoD (Navy). Hence, only filling the application Online/generation of Application No. does not imply that the candidate has fulfilled all the criteria given in the advertisement. (ii) Your application is subject to subsequent scrutiny and the application can be rejected, if found INELIGIBLE/INVALID at any point of time.

The terms and conditions, given in this Advertisement, are subject to change and should, therefore, be treated as guidelines only Details are also available on website : www.nausena-bharti.nic.in

davp 10701/11/0014/1415


10

Dimapur

SPORTS

Thursday 29 May 2014

The Morung Express

Knights slay Kings to Thunder routs Spurs to even series march into IPL final

Gautam Gambhir captain of the Kolkata Knight Riders congratulates Umesh Yadav of the Kolkata Knight Riders after the win during the first qualifier match (QF1) of the Pepsi Indian Premier League Season 2014 between the Kings XI Punjab and the Kolkata Knight Riders held at the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium, Kolkata, India on May 28. Photo by BCCI

KOLKATA, MAy 28 (IANS): Kolkata Knight Riders came up with an allround show to romp into the final with a clinical 28run decimation of Kings XI Punjab in qualifier 1 of the Indian Premier League here Wednesday. Put in to bat, the Knights posted a challenging 163/8, and then restricted the Kings to 135/8 before a packed Eden Gardens here to reach their second final in three years. They had won the tourney in 2012. The hosts rode on useful contributions by their mainline batsmen, and overcame the hiccups of losing wickets at crucial

moments to finish on the right note by plundering 49 runs in the last four overs. The Kings' reply started on the wrong note with the big wicket of Virender Sehwag (2) falling in the very second over. The seasoned campaigner punched a short of length delivery of Umesh Yadav, but finished in the hands of cover fielder Shakib-al Hasan. Manan Vohra (26; 19b,3x6) and Wriddhiman Saha (35; 31b 2x4 2x6) began cautiously as they tried to put the innings back on track. The rain, which had led to a 25-minute stoppage during the Knights' knock, resumed in the fourth over

of Kings' essay. The ground staff rushed in with the covers but the umpires thought otherwise and continued the game. The visitors, then 17/1 in 3.2 overs, needed to reach 37 for the par score within five overs. The realisation dawned on Vohra, who hit two consecutive sixes of Shakib as the fifth over produced 15 runs, taking the Kings to 39/1. Vohra got another shot out of the ground over long on but pacer Morne Morkel got the batsman out of the way three balls later with Yadav catching a miscued pull deep at mid on. The visitors were 45/2. The in-form Glenn Maxwell (6) did not last long, but Saha - playing on his home ground - kept the scoreboard moving with singles, besides a big six off Piyush Chawla. But facing a daunting asking rate, it was not enough for the Kings as the asking rate continued to climb putting the visitors under pressure. Morkel again struck in the 12th over as a desperate Saha endeavoured to step up the scoring rate but scooped to Yadav. The Kings sensed danger at 80/4. From then on, the Knights established firm control as David Miller (8), Akshar Patel (2) departed in quick succession. George Bailey (26; 17 b, 1x4, 2x6) and Mitchell Johnson (10A not out) tried to put up a last fight but the die was already cast.

OKLAHOMA CITy, MAy 28 (AP): While accepting the award for himself, Kevin Durant called Russell Westbrook an MVP-caliber player. And on Tuesday, Westbrook delivered a championship-caliber effort that got the Oklahoma City Thunder back to even in the Western Conference finals. He had 40 points, 10 assists and five steals in a 105-92 victory over the San Antonio Spurs 105-92 that tied the series at two games apiece. "Coach told us he needed maximum effort from us tonight, and it starts with me at point guard," Westbrook said. "My job is to play both sides of the ball. If you want to win a championship, those are things you have to do." It matched the secondhighest playoff point total of Westbrook's career, falling short of the 43 he scored in the 2012 NBA Finals. "Just his focus on every possession on the defensive end and his poise on the offensive end, I think that's what's fun to watch," Durant said. "People outside of our team don't really look at that type of stuff, but that's something we can definitely build on as a group, is watching him wreak havoc on the defensive end and offensively, playing with such patience." At times, Westbrook has been a maddening player for Thunder fans to watch. His dynamic athletic ability gives him a supreme confidence level that sometimes leads to ill-advised shots and a tendency to hold the ball at the expense of offensive flow. But in this game, Westbrook did just about everything

San Antonio Spurs guard Tony Parker, left, and Oklahoma City Thunder guard Russell Westbrook (0) watch a loose ball in the second quarter of Game 4 of the Western Conference finals NBA basketball playoff series in Oklahoma City on May 27. (AP Photo)

right. He shot 50 percent from the field and took just five 3-pointers. He made 14 of 14 free throws. "Sometimes he's going to go off," Spurs guard Manu Ginobili said. "He's capable of doing that. If he makes a lot of jumpers, it gets really tough." In the midst of posting a monster game, Westbrook allowed Durant to still score 31 points. It was Durant's highest-scoring game of the series after the NBA's leading scorer was held to a 22.7-point average in the first three games. Serge Ibaka added nine points and eight rebounds for the Thunder, who have

turned around the series since he returned from an injury that was expected to keep him out for the rest of the postseason. "We just play well with Serge," Thunder coach Scott Brooks said. "We can do things with Serge in the lineup that we can't do with other guys." Boris Diaw had 14 points and 10 rebounds, and Tony Parker added 14 points for the Spurs, who blew a 2-0 lead against the Thunder in this round two years ago and are in danger of doing it again. San Antonio will host Game 5 on Thursday and won't be worried about the past.

Williams sisters out of French Open

Serena Williams of the U.S. leaves after losing her second round match of the French Open tennis tournament in two sets 2-6, 2-6, against Spain's Garbine Muguruza at the Roland Garros stadium, in Paris, France, Wednesday, May 28. (AP Photo)

German WC preparations disrupted by car crash ST. LeONHARD IN PASSeIeR, MAy 28 (AP): Germany's World Cup preparations were disrupted when two members of the provisional squad were involved in a car accident on Tuesday. Defender Benedikt Hoewedes and his Schalke teammate Julian Draxler were passengers in two vehicles driven by racing driver Pascal Wehrlein and Formula 1 driver Nico Rosberg when the accident took place. Two people were taken to hospital - one with serious injuries - after being struck by a car driven by Wehrlein, the dpa news agency reported. Wehrlein and Rosberg were doing laps of a short circuit in the mountains near the German team's hotel in South Tyrol, northern Italy, when the accident occurred. None of the players or the drivers were injured. German daily Bild reported that Hoewedes

was in Wehrlein's car. "I am shocked by the accident," Rosberg wrote on Twitter. "My thoughts are with the two people who were injured and I wish them a fast recovery." Local media reports said that a circuit marshal was one of the casualties, and that an injured man was airlifted by helicopter to Bolzano. Italian news agency ANSA reported that the man, said by local mayor Rosmarie Pamer to be a 63-year-old German tourist, suffered various fractures but was not in a life-threatening condition. The circuit marshal's injuries were reportedly less serious. "A driving exercise of our partner MercedesBenz ended in a serious accident. To our great regret, two people were injured. They were treated immediately and brought to hospital," German football federation spokesman Jens Grittner said.

PARIS, MAy 28 (AP): Serena Williams lost in the second round of the French Open on Wednesday, her earliest exit at a major tournament since falling in the first round at Roland Garros two years ago. Williams, the defending French Open champion and a 17-time major winner, lost to Garbine Muguruza of Spain 6-2, 6-2. The loss came a short time after older sister Venus Williams also was eliminated in the second round. Venus lost to Anna Schmiedlova of Slovakia 2-6, 6-3, 6-4. The sisters would have met in the third round had they both won. Serena struggled from the start against the 20-year-old Muguruza and finished the match with only eight winners and 29 unforced errors. Muguruza was playing at the French Open for only the second time in her career. She lost in the second round last year, but reached the fourth round at the Australian Open in January. Venus Williams' loss was the eighth time in her last nine major tournaments that she has failed to win more than one match. The seven-time Grand Slam champion won the first set and was up an early break in the second. But the 19-yearold Schmiedlova responded by taking eight of nine games and won 2-6, 6-3, 6-4. Since reaching the fourth round at Wimbledon in 2011, Williams has been eliminated in the first or second round at every Grand Slam tournament she has played except the 2013

opolis, outside Rio de Janeiro. "During bad times you have to try to find some positive things, and I did. It wasn't only the elimination against the Netherlands, I also had to deal with problems at Inter Milan and then at Queens Park Rangers. I needed to find a lot of strength to come back." Cesar failed to clear a cross during Brazil's quarterfinal against the Netherlands in 2010. That led to the equalizer for the

lead with just under five minutes left in the first half. Back-to-back 3-pointers by Durant pushed Oklahoma City's lead to 50-36. The Thunder led 58-43 at halftime. Durant scored 22 points and Westbrook added 17 points, eight assists and four steals before the break. Parker shot 6 of 9 in the first half, but the rest of the Spurs made just 11 of 32 before the break. A lob from Reggie Jackson to Durant for a two-handed slam bumped Oklahoma City's lead to 60-43. A steal and jam by Ibaka made it 66-49, and a dunk by Westbrook made it 76-49.

Wozniacki vows to move on after engagement heartache

Djokovic into French Open third round

PARIS, MAy 28 (AFP): Second seed Novak Djokovic cruised into the French Open third round on Wednesday with a 6-1, 6-4, 6-2 win over France's Jeremy Chardy. It was Djokovic's ninth win in nine meetings against the world number 42 who has never taken a set off the Serb. Djokovic, the 2012 runner-up who needs a French Open title to complete a career Grand Slam, next faces either 25th seeded Croat Marin Cilic or Germany's Tobias Kamke. Australian Open, where she reached the third round. At 33 years old, Williams is far from her best. But the American has been having a solid season in 2014, winning a hard-court title in Dubai and reaching the final in Auckland. Against Schmiedlova, the 29th-seeded Williams ended up with 47 unforced errors. Schmiedlova had only 20. On another cool day in Paris, both Venus Williams and Schmiedlova were wearing an extra layer of clothing to keep warm. Venus Williams won the last of her seven major titles at Wimbledon in 2008. She has never won the French Open, but lost to Serena in the 2002 final in their only meeting at Roland Garros.

‘I'm more prepared for this World Cup’

SAO PAULO, MAy 28 (AP): Brazil goalkeeper Julio Cesar said Tuesday he arrives for the World Cup at home a lot more prepared than he was four years ago, when his mistake played a part in the team's elimination in South Africa. Cesar said the difficulties he went through after the 2010 World Cup helped him become "a better professional" and made him "more focused" on his career. He admitted that he took things for granted before the World Cup in South Africa, when he arrived considered the world's top goalkeeper. The 34-year-old Cesar said he joined Toronto FC because it was the only team that wanted him, but said his preparations were not affected by playing in a less-traditional league. He called his time with Toronto "excellent" and said he is "100 percent" ready. "I arrive a lot more prepared than I was four years ago," Cesar said at Brazil's training center in Teres-

"I think we shouldn't think like that," Parker said. "Each game is different. Each series. Each year. We worked hard all year to have home court advantage, and now, it's our job to protect home court." Oklahoma City dominated for the second consecutive game after getting blown out in the first two. The Thunder committed just seven turnovers and shot 49 percent from the field. The Spurs scored the first eight points of the game, but things went downhill from there. A steal and dunk by Westbrook gave the Thunder a 42-32

Dutch, which eventually went on to beat the South Americans 2-1. Cesar said he thought about quitting football at the time, and things only got worse after he faced problems both at Inter Milan and then at Queens Park Rangers, where he was sidelined and played sparingly. "I became a better professional after the 2010 World Cup," he said. "When things are going your way, you end up re-

laxing a little bit more. I was very confident in 2010 because of everything that had happened until then, and I think that too much confidence can hurt. Now I can say that from personal experience." Although Brazil coach Luiz Felipe Scolari named Cesar the World Cup starter long time ago, many still consider the goalkeeper the weakest link in Brazil's squad, especially because of his lack of play in recent months. "I don't think there is pressure," he said. "I know many people are questioning me and why I was selected, but the coaches have the confidence in my game and I know that I can add a lot to this group." Cesar conceded nine goals in seven matches with Toronto in the run-up to the World Cup, but said he was able to take advantage of the time he spent in Major League Soccer. "My preparations were excellent, I feel I'm 100 percent ready for the World Cup," Cesar said.

Denmark's Caroline Wozniacki returns the ball during the first round match of the French Open tennis tournament against Belgium's Yanina Wickmayer at the Roland Garros stadium, in Paris, France on May 27. (AP Photo)

PARIS, MAy 28 (ReUTeRS): Caroline Wozniacki's return to tennis and the public eye after her breakup with golfer Rory McIlroy ended in more pain on Tuesday when the 13th seed was knocked out in the French Open first round by Yanina Wickmayer. The 23-year-old Dane vowed to move on in her life after Wickmayer won a high-quality baseline battle 7-6(5) 4-6 6-2, condemning Wozniacki to her first opening round defeat at Roland Garros since her debut in 2007. At the postmatch press conference, the former world No.1 said she would not answer questions about her private life, but made a short statement. "The only thing I really have to say is that, you know, thank everybody for their support and sweet messages. That's really nice. "You know, what happens in my personal life, I just want to really keep that between my closest people around me. You know, I just have to move on." She later added: "You're not prepared for something like this, and it came as a bit of a shock. You need to just keep going and keep moving forward." The players swapped breaks of serve in the first set and the advantage swung one way and then the other in the tiebreak before the Belgian

ended a superb rally with a backhand crosscourt winner to take it. Wozniacki wasted five break points in the sixth game of the second set but made amends with the score at 5-4 when Wickmayer, serving to stay in the set, netted a simple forehand to bring the Dane level. But Wickmayer, going for her shots, hit back immediately by breaking Wozniacki in the first game of the final set and again in the fifth. The Dane broke back thanks to a lucky net cord and a fine drop shot but Wickmayer, ranked 64th in the world, was now clearly on top and sealed victory on her first match point after Wozniacki netted. Wickmayer was delighted with her win and said Wozniacki was not the only player with personal problems. "I think she's strong, she's going to recover. She's been through a lot, but she was No.1 for a while, so I think she'll get over it." McIlroy, also a former world No.1 in his sport, said he called off the engagement after getting cold feet while sorting out the wedding invitations. The Northern Irishman told the world of his pain at the breakup on the eve of last week's BMW PGA Championship at Wentworth but he went on to win the European Tour's flagship event.


EXCLUSIVE

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Thursday

Entertainment

The Morung Express

29 May 2014

11

Zayn Malik & louis ToMlis on

filmed sharing a 'joint'

star status - with the two members caught on film now facing the possibility of being barred from entering the U.S., where they are due to tour over the summer. The three other

He's thinking, 'I'm sure I can smell an illegal substance in there,' and he's hit the nail on the head." Louis then jokingly puts on a very serious toned voice and focuses

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In fact I will present it to him now for some fantastic singing." After a poor attempt at filming "a bit of culture" they are surrounded by, the oldest member of 1D

'Joint lit. Happy days!' Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson smoke roll up cigarette and joke about drugs in shocking video exposing the dark side of the squeaky clean boy band

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he two band members taint the band's image as they film themselves smoking a "roll up" joint on the way to a concert in Peru last month. Could One Direction be turning into pop's new bad boys? Up until this point the five British lads have kept a rather clean image since rocketing to global fame, but this may have all changed. Two of the band members, Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson, have reportedly been caught on

Dimapur

camera smoking what appears to be a "rolled up" joint. The clip, which has been obtained by the UK's Daily Mail, was shot while the pair were en route to their 'Where We Are show' in Peru last month, and

is being filmed by Tomlinson himself. The 22 year-old can be heard narrating while holding the camera, where he jokingly says, "So here we are, leaving Peru. Joint lit. Happy days!" "What do you think

about that kind of content?" he then asks Malik, who is travelling with him to Peru's Estadio Nacional in Lima, where the band played in front of 40,000 on April 27th. "Very controversial," Zayn replies.

The video is likely to shock the parents of their many millions of young fans. It could also damage the plans of Simon Cowell to build on their huge American success and grow the band to super-

band members, Harry Styles, Niall Horan and Liam Payne were not in the same SUV for the 15 minute journey. Later in the clip, Tomlinson turns to a police motorcyclist driving alongside the vehicle, and he laughingly says, "One nil b***h! Look at this b***h! He's having a look.

the camera towards Zayn. "Zayn takes his job very seriously. He makes sure he goes through a two hour intense warm-up before every show. Just to get himself in the zone for the show," he says. "One very very important factor of Zayn's warm up of course if Mary J herself.

then turns back to Malik and asks, "How's that kind of culture?" to which he replies, "It's great. It's going to be even greater culture when we get to Jamaica." Late last night a spokesperson for the band told the newspaper, "The matter is now in the hands of our lawyers."

Fans Rip Up Gig Tickets over 'Dope' Scandal undreds of One Direction fans H have turned on the group following Zayn Malik and Louis Tom-

linson's 'dope' smoking video by destroying tickets for the boyband's shows. The two heartthrobs hit headlines on Tuesday (27May14) over a five-minute film showing them apparently puffing on a marijuana cigarette during a tour stop

in Lima, Peru last month (Apr14). As the growing row threatened to engulf the hit boyband on Wednesday (28May14), dozens of fans of the group blasted Malik and Tomlinson online for their behaviour. Several young fans admitted to ripping up their tickets for the band's upcoming gigs, and one teenager even posted a photograph

online showing her setting fire to a One Direction ticket. The band members are under increasing pressure to comment directly on the scandal. So far, the only response has been from a spokesman for the group, who issued a statement on Tuesday, saying, "The matter is now in the hands of our lawyers."

'I'm famous because I'm ugly' Marc Anthony says the secret to his success was being forced to work on his personality as a child

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arc Anthony says he was forced to build up his confidence after his father told him he was ugly as a child.

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The 45-year-old claims in a new interview that his dad urged him as a youngster to 'work on your personality' because he deemed

himself and his son as unattractive. And now the hitmaking pop star credits his father for his own success, explaining that it taught him to not 'rely on my looks to stand out'. Speaking to Men's Fitness, Anthony recounted: 'My dad would tell me, "Son, I’m ugly and you’re ugly - work on your personality."' 'I swear to God. I told him a couple of months ago, I said, "Dad, you remember telling me that when I was little?"' The actor and singer said. 'He’s like, "I’ll tell you that shit today, too!"' Adding thoughtfully: 'I think it served me well. I think confidence is a powerful thing.' In a recent chat with Miami’s Mix 98 discussed his interview with Men's

Fitness, explaining how he has managed to date some of the most sought after women in the world. 'You know what it is? I think it’s confidence,' the hitmaker argued. 'I do not lack confidence. I’ve been able to do what I do for many years and I think I’m good at it. 'And that confidence and just being a good person overall, I don’t rely on my looks to stand out.' 'It’s all in the details,' he added. Anthony was previously married to Jennifer Lopez - they wed in 2004 and divorced in 2012. The former couple share sixyear-old twins Emme Maribel and Maximillian, in addition to Anthony's three other children from previous relationships.

26TH - 28TH OF SEPTEMBER, 2014

COVENANT HALL, DIMAPUR.

• Clinic on Conducting specifically for music directors • Panel Discussion • Master class and Workshops on Composition and Indigenous music, Art of Accompaniment, and Voice Clinic. • Choral Competition with a total prize money of 1 Lac to be won. Additional prizes for best conductor and best costume. DR. VIVEE PESEYIE MS. KHYOCHANO TCK MR. JAMES SWU MR. RAZO VASA

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+91 9862124636 +91 9856512548 +91 9436012449

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1. Application Procedure:Interested groups are to submit the following: • A fully detailed Application form. • 4 photocopy of the Competition song to be submitted to the Organisers in advance. • A recent photograph (suitable for publicity purposes) of the choir and the Conductor. • A short write-up of the choir. • List of names and parts of each choir members. 2. Conditions of Participation:a. Closing date for receipt of completed application is on or before 10th August, 2014. b. Preliminary round will be conducted on 26th Sept, 2014. Time and Venue will be intimated by the Organizers. c. Participating groups can sing a song of their choice for the preliminary round. d. 8 groups will be selected for the final day of competition. e. Any choir that withdraws from the competition is not entitled to a refund of the registration fee. f. The festival accepts no responsibility for any expenses incurred by any participating group in the festival. 3. Regulations and general terms of the competition:a. Registration Fee: 2000 per Choir / Group b. Choir Strength: Minimum=20 Members, Maximum =40 Members c. For the 26th Clinic on Conducting, special focus is for Music Directors, but the event is open to any interested individuals d. For the 27th events, interested individuals not participating in the choir competition can participate by paying a registration fee of 50/- only 4. Repertoire:a. Choirs have to be ready with 2 songs- One common song, and the second song of one's own choice. b. Songs should have Christian /gospel text. 5. Accompaniment:a. Only piano instrument will be provided by the organizers. b. Acoustic instruments can be used. c. No playback/ soundtrack will be allowed. 6. Performance time:a. A total performance time of 5 minutes for each participating choir including the entrance and the exit. b. Singing time is to be strictly observed. Choirs that exceed the allotted time will be penalized. 7. Criterion for Judging: Technique: Intonation, diction, blending and balance of the voices, correct notes. Musicality: Interpretation, musical expression (dynamics), style. Difficulty level Overall performance: Entrance, exits, professionalism, time management. 8. Jury:a. A Jury of the highest trained Naga musicians will evaluate the competition. All decisions of the jury are final and cannot be contested. 9. Prizes:a. 1st prize = 50,000 b. 2nd prize = 30,000 c. 3rd prize = 20,000 10. Additional prizes for Best Conductor and Best Costume will be selected

YOU CAN ALSO ACCESS THE EVENT ONLINE FOR DETAILS AND UPDATES ON OUR FACEBOOK PAGE HTTPS://WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/HARMONICSURGE

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FIFA WCup 2014 Groups

Fixtures

No :

Date - Time (IST)

11

16th - 03:30 AM

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

17th - 12:30 AM 16th - 09:30 PM 17th - 03:30 AM 17th - 09:30 PM 18th - 03:30 AM 18th - 12:30 AM 19th - 03:30 AM 19th - 12:30 AM 18th - 09:30 PM 19th - 09:30 PM 20th - 03:30 AM 20th - 12:30 AM 20th - 09:30 PM 21st - 12:30 AM 21st - 03:30 AM 21st - 09:30 PM 22nd - 03:30 AM 22nd - 12:30 AM 23rd - 03:30 AM 22nd - 09:30 PM 23rd - 12:30 AM 24th - 01:30 AM 24th - 01:30 AM 23rd - 09:30 PM 23rd - 09:30 PM 25th - 12:30 AM 25th - 01:30 AM 24th - 09:30 PM 24th - 09:30 PM 26th - 12:30 AM 26th - 01:30 AM 25th - 09:30 PM 25th - 09:30 PM 26th - 09:30 PM 26th - 09:30 PM 27th - 01:30 AM 27th - 01:30 AM

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

13th - 01:30 AM 13th - 09:30 PM 14th - 12:30 AM 14th - 03:30 AM 14th - 09:30 PM 15th - 06:30 AM 15th - 12:30 AM 15th - 03:30 AM 15th - 09:30 PM 16th - 12:30 AM

round oF 16 Match

Result -------------------------------------------------

Date - Time (IST)

Match

Result

49

28th - 09:30 pM

1a vs 2B

--

50

29th - 01:30 aM

1c vs 2d

--

51

29 - 09:30 pM

1B vs 2a

--

52

30th - 01:30 aM

1d vs 2c

--

53

30th - 09:30 pM

1e vs 2F

--

54

01st - 01:30 aM

1G vs 2h

--

55

01 - 09:30 pM

1F vs 2e

--

56

02nd - 01:30 aM

1h vs 2G

--

th

st

Quarter Final Match

No :

Date - Time (IST)

Match

Result

57

04 - 09:30 pM

W49 vs W50

--

58

05th - 01:30 aM

W53 vs W54

--

59

05th - 09:30 pM

W51 vs W52

--

60

06th - 01:30 aM

W55 vs W56

--

th

M

seMi Final Match

Y K

Match

Brazil vs Croatia Mexico vs Cameroon Spain vs Netherlands Chile vs Australia Colombia vs Greece Ivory Coast vs Japan Uruguay vs Costa Rica England vs Italy Switzerland vs Ecuador France vs Honduras Argentina vs Bosnia Herzegovina Iran vs Nigeria Germany vs Portugal Ghana vs United States Belgium vs Algeria Russia vs South Korea Brazil vs Mexico Cameroon vs Croatia Spain vs Chile Australia vs Netherlands Colombia vs Ivory Coast Japan vs Greece Uruguay vs England Italy vs Costa Rica Switzerland vs France Honduras vs Ecuador Argentina vs Iran Nigeria vs Bosnia Herzegovina Germany vs Ghana United States vs Portugal Belgium vs Russia South Korea vs Algeria Cameroon vs Brazil Croatia vs Mexico Australia vs Spain Netherlands vs Chile Japan vs Colombia Greece vs Ivory Coast Italy vs Uruguay Costa Rica vs England Honduras vs Switzerland Ecuador vs France Nigeria vs Argentina Bosnia Herzegovina vs Iran United States vs Germany Portugal vs Ghana South Korea vs Belgium Algeria vs Russia

No :

Maracana stadium (AP Photo)

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First round, Group staGe

Y

No :

Date - Time (IST)

Match

Result

61

09th - 01:30 aM

W57 vs W58

--

62

10 - 01:30 aM

W59 vs W60

--

th

losers Final Match

No :

Date - Time (IST)

Match

Result

63

13th - 01:30 aM

l61 vs l62

--

Final Match oF FiFa World cup

No :

Date - Time (IST)

Match

64

14th - 12:30 aM

W61 vs W62

Result

Published, Printed and Edited by Ak端m Longchari on behalf of Morung for Indigenous Affairs and JustPeace from House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur at Themba Printers and Telecommunications, Padum Pukhuri Village, Dimapur, Nagaland. RNI No : NAGENG /2005/15430. House No.4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur 797112, Nagaland. Phone: Dimapur -(03862) 248854, Fax: (03862) 235194, Kohima - (0370) 2291952

For news email: morung@gmail.com and for advertisements and circulation contact: (03862) 248854, Fax-235194 or email : morungad@yahoo.com

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29th May 2014  

The Morung Express Dimapur, Nagaland, India

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