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The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 171

Tuesday, June 24, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4

It’s very important in a leadership role not to judge everything in relationship to how your ego is fed India & Switzerland deny sharing ‘black money’ details [ PAGE 8]

2014 FIFA World Cup

‘Use internet the right way’

Freida Pinto goes to rehab for her next role

[ PAGE 2]

Gordon Brown enters the battle for Scotland [ PAGE 9]

[ PAGE 11]

Imti Longchar Henpu/Kingphu |June 23

24th June - 09:30 PM Italy vs Uruguay 24th June - 09:30 PM Costa Rica vs England


naga girl allegedly molested in Delhi

DIMAPUR, JUNE 23 (MExN): A nineteen year old Naga girl was allegedly molested in New Delhi on the morning of June 23, Monday. Sources informed that the girl was on her way to class, when a man approached her and started to inappropriately touch her. The victim raised a hue, alerting nearby pedestrians, who managed to get hold of the culprit. The accused was taken to the police station, where a case has been registered under 354 IPC section 3 (1) and under SC/ST POA, informed sources. The accused has been identified as a 17 year old student in the 12th standard. It was further reported that investigations are underway to determine whether the accused is really a juvenile.

Admissions to DU put on hold


NEw DElhI, JUNE 23 (IANS): Principals of various Delhi University colleges Monday ordered the admission process to undergraduate programmes to be deferred “due to lack of clarity and conflicting guidelines” about the term of these courses. “Since there is a conflict between the two sets of guidelines, the admission process is unclear. We defer the admissions to Delhi University till the competent authority issues unambiguous guidelines,” said S.K. Garg, president of the DU Principals Association. Related news on page 8

–Ruth J. Simmons

Portugal stay in hunt with draw vs US [ PAGE 10]

BETWEEN BORDERS: Naga villages in Myanmar eye peace & education

For the first time in decades, there is a semblance of peace in the Naga inhabited villages in Myanmar. With Myanmar undergoing a transition to de25th June - 12:30 AM mocracy, and with the the NSCN/GPRN (Khaplang) Japan vs Colombia having signed a ceasefire 25th June - 1:30 AM agreement with the MyanGreece vs Ivory Coast mar Government, Naga villages here are shedding fears and inhibitions as they gear up for a peaceful By Sandemo Ngullie chapter in their otherwise tumultuous lives. While full-fledged development is yet to enter this part of the world, located within treacherous and ravenous terrain, a recently dug motorable road connecting International Trade Centre, Dan at Pangsha (last of Naga villages) in Nagaland State to Henpo (one of the first Naga villages) in Myanmar suggests the beginning of the benign relation between India and Myanmar. Loh . . . Like our politician all Leaving behind disof my social media friends have defected to the Ger- turbing memories of churches being burnt or man side dismantled by the milijunta during operaThe Morung Express tary tions against Naga rebels, POLL QUESTIOn Henpo village now has Vote on a concrete building for a SMS your anSwer to 9862574165 church, which maybe the first amongst the KhiamniDo you support Indian government’s ungan villages in Myanmar directive to use Hindi to rise up from the ashes of in all departments and bamboo thatched worship social media? places. The Monk’s quarter, Yes no Others which used to be the center

Children from Henpo, a naga village in Myanmar area studying in apt concentration during a subject class in one of the schools run by Myanmar government. (Imti Longchar)

of activities for propagating Buddhism in the village, now lies abandoned, one of the tell tale signs heralding the advent of democracy which now affords them the freedom to practice a preferred religion. Most Naga villages here have two identities, or names—one in Burmese and the other in Khiamniungam dialect. For instance, once inside Myanmar, Henpu is called Penyu, Shiu is Solou and Shiphu goes by Chonkhao. The medium of education continues to be Burmese, restricting the children studying in these schools to a future only in Myanmar. The single subject of English in the curriculum is not enough to

enable the students to hold even a basic conversation in the language. A class VIII student from the village, when asked whether she understood English, could only shake her head and smile in discomfiture. Henpo has a Burmese language medium high school up to class VIII, with one of the highest enrollments in the area of around 170 students, which comes from a conglomeration of surrounding villages. High enrollment is one indication that parents are now devoting their time to the education of their children and taking control of their future instead of worrying about when the military junta would raid their village, harass them and force


them as coolies to carry provisions till the next village. The system of education in many families is divided into two groups; one group is made to study in Myanmar schools and the other half sent across the border to study in English medium schools in India (Nagaland). A father of seven, Khunyu, from Kingphu, another village in the Naga areas of Myanmar, has four children studying at ITC Dan and Pangsha under India and another in Myanmar. “I am putting the fate of my children in English medium schools instead of Burmese schools because I am told that there is better future in English education nowa-

days,” explains Khunyu. This also means double responsibility for the parent—looking after the school going children who put up at a makeshift house near the school at ITC Dan, located kilometers away, and then tending the fields and managing the household chores back in the village. Many however feel that when it comes to employment prospects of their children, a future with the Myanmar government appears brighter. “If you are a matriculate, you can at least get a job as a teacher, nurse or a clerk in the office in Lahe or Khamti town. But in India, being a matriculate is nothing,” Khunyu says. According to Imna, a teacher at Straightway Mission School at ITC Dan bordering Myanmar, where a number of children from Myanmar villages are enrolled, the advent of democracy and ceasefire have begun to open a lot of opportunities for the otherwise deprived people. “The opportunity to send children to two countries divided by an imaginary line is an added advantage which can only be availed by such dual citizenry,” says Imna. “Myanmar government has assured jobs for Myanmar Naga students if they can at least get through 10th standard,” maintains Pusho, pastor at Kinphu village whose children are studying at the Burmese primary

school in the village. Despite this rhetoric, there are only a handful of Nagas from Myanmar who have secured respectable jobs while many prefer to join the Myanmar military force which does not require much educational qualification. And getting to 10th standard or college in this part of Myanmar is easier said than done. High school till 10th standard is only at Lahe and Khamti town which remains inaccessible for many villages. For college, one has to travel all the way to Mandalay, which is practically impossible due to poverty and transport problems. On the other hand, matriculation or college degrees obtained from India may not help Naga students from Myanmar much, says Pusho. “Even if you did college in India, it is highly unlikely to get a job here in Myanmar unless you are proficient in the Burmese language.” However, schools in many of the 167 Khiamniungam Naga villages under Myanmar are confined to primary level. Apart from Henpo village, Lahe and Khamti town, most villages have classes only up to standard four. Beyond Lahe, many villages still exist in wilderness. Despite this, there is undoubtedly a sense of hope among the people of the two worlds that better days are yet to come.

Governors of West Bengal, Nagaland to quit? NEw DElhI, JUNE 23 (PTI): Two governors are believed to have conveyed to the Centre their willingness to step down from their posts following the NDA government’s pressure on some of them to quit. Nagaland Governor Ashwini Kumar is said to have conveyed to the Home Ministry his desire to quit the post soon, sources said. 63-year-old Kumar, a retired IPS officer, had served as director of CBI. West Bengal Governor M K Narayanan is learnt to have sought some time to take a decision on his resignation and conveyed to the government that no pressure should be brought on him during this period. Narayanan, too, is a former IPS officer who had served as director of Intelligence Bureau. Before being appointed as governor of West Bengal, 80-year-old Narayanan was the National Security Advisor during the previous Manmohan Singh government. There have been reports that the government was toying with the idea of allowing CBI to question incumbents Narayanan and Goa Governor B V Wanchoo as witness in the investigations into the Augusta Westland helicopter deal. The Nagaland governor last week had said he had not received any communication from the Centre but was ready to put in his papers if asked to do so. “No one has asked me. But if any order comes, I will follow it,” he said here after a meeting with Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

MLA wants CBI probe into politician-militant nexus

ShIlloNg, JUNE 23 (IANS): Saleng Sangma, a Garo legislator in Meghalaya, Monday asked Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to initiate a CBI probe into the politicianmilitant nexus in the insurgency-ravaged districts of Garo hills. The Independent legislator, who has survived several attempts on his life by militants, informed Rajnath Singh through a letter that Chief Minister Mukul Sangma has also said there was evidence to prove the links between politicians and militant groups.

But no action has been taken so far, he said. Saleng told the home minister that a militant who revealed the names of some politicians allegedly maintaining links with militant groups was killed the very next day. He said threats were issued to some legislators, including himself, in 2011, to support a particular political leader or otherwise be barred from entering the Garo Hills. Saleng, in his letter said the law and order situation, “arising out of the growing militancy problem, has affected the daily lives of citizens

residing in the five districts of Garo Hills”. “I feel that your kind and immediate intervention is the need of the hour to ensure peace and normalcy. These activities have largely affected the socio-economic activities in the region,” he told Rajnath Singh. The Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) is fighting for a separate Garoland to be carved out of Meghalaya. GNLA rebels, who number around 100, have killed over 100 people, including security personnel, in the last five years.

Writing, an empowering tool Morung Express news Kohima | June 22

“What you see is not the truth. What you hear is not the truth. What underlies is the truth,” says G Aloysius, author of Nationalism without a Nation in India, who also believes that there is a need to write what underlies in the society or a community and that such writing can only emerge through people who have experienced the truth. He stated this to a group of 28 women from the North East participating at the monograph and writing skill workshop held for North East women in Paro, Bhutan from June 16 to 21. The event was organized by the Henry Martyn Institute (HMI). “Even though women in the North East played a major role in conflict resolution and peace-building they are not given enough space to share their experiences. Most of the time, it is the men folk who take the limelight,” says Robinson

‘You are the field, you are the data. You have memories and struggles’

from the Henry Martyn, Institute who further asserted that people at the grassroots have the ability to write and there is a need for women to write their experiences. Taking the example of the Naga struggle, Aloysius stated that the people from the North East have rich yet painful stories that need to be shared. “You are the field, you are the data. You have memories and struggles,” added Aloysius who regrets over the fact that the North East has always been represented by other people and that despite many years of struggle, people in the North East themselves do not know what has actually happened in their own region. The North East experience is deep and wide, which includes stories of struggles, but also comprises memories of joy. And this needs to be learnt and

understood by the younger generations who are further migrating towards metropolitan cities and getting accustomed to other cultures and histories. There is a danger that if experiences are not written and shared, they could be forgotten. The Naga Women’s Union (NWU) of Manipur, which is currently working on a book titled ‘Contemporary Naga Women in Manipur’ where women representatives of each tribe will document the present and past status of women in each of the 16 Naga tribes in Manipur, also participated at the workshop. The upcoming NWU book aims to improvise the condition of women through writing. LM Tabitha Trumy, President NWU said, “Through this book, we want each tribe to under-

stand the situation of women so that they are able to emancipate women and include them in the decision making process.” Aloysius expressed the need to create a new genre of writing that breaks through academic or value-neutral requirements and instead focus on writing based on experience, memories, feelings and emotions. He also pointed out that one needs to systematize what one knows already and that the process of articulation is the process of clarification. “You may have rivalries and antagonism inside your state, but the writings of your experiences goes much deeper to a bigger audience,” asserted Aloysius. He further encouraged the participants to rework all assumptions which have been accepted, whether it is discrimination of women through subtle forms of patriarchy, or militarization, which has become naturalized situations in certain parts of the North East.







24 June 2014

‘Use internet the right way’

DimaPuR, June 23 (mexn): With the theme, ‘for better communication,’ the Christian Higher Secondary School (CHSS), Dimapur on Monday launched its website, www. with Editor, Eastern Mirror, Bano Haralu as the chief guest. Launching the website, Bano lauded the school for taking the initiative to facilitate the students, alumni and others to get more information about the school on the internet. She said the students could use the website containing space to leave opinions and thread messages to fellow users as a platform to hone their writing skills and showcase talents. However, Bano, who is also an alumnus of the School, advised the students to be responsible of how they use the internet as it has its share of blessings and curse. “The internet is both useful and extremely dangerous,” she said urging the students to use internet in the right sense by following principles and ethics. The Editor urged students to always maintain integ-




MEx File Aforestation prog held at Chozuba

rity, honesty and discipline which would help them in the long run for a successful career. Bano, who is also the founding trustee of Nagaland Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation Trust, sensitized the students on conserving wildlife especially the migratory bird Amur Falcon which flocks different parts of the state annually. The conservationist enlightened the students with media visuals of the birds roosting in Doyang dam reservoir in Wokha district. In an effort to create more awareness among the students on saving the migratory birds from massacre, Bano urged CHSS students who have witnessed the young boy carries his brother on his back as he stands in front of their kitchen door at Noklak town under Tuensang disroosting migratory birds A trict. (Imti Longchar Photo) to write about their experiences and post it on their school website. CHSS Principal, Aheto Sumi urged all concerned to use the school’s website as a launching pad for interaction among the students, teachers, parents alumOur Correspondent hill area and valley lands with active involvement As per the estimates of ni and others. Students, of the state with excellent and support of Rubber the department through teachers and alumni of the Kohima | June 23 result,” according to the Board, state government application of GIS and school attended the website As the state nodal depart- annual administrative re- and individual growers. remote sensing techlaunching programme. ment for rubber devel- port of the land resources “People of the state niques, the state has the opment in Nagaland, the department 2013-14. are highly motivated of potential to develop 4.60 department of land rePres ently, about the benefit of the crops hectares of rubber plantasources is promoting rub- 10000 hectares of rubber and thus area under rub- tion, against which, 1.00 DimaPuR, June 23 (mexn): B.Ed 1st and 2nd year ber plantation on a large plantations have been de- ber is rapidly expanding lakh hectares is targeted workshop of the students enrolled in IGNOU program scale in the state in view veloped in the state with and demand for planting for rubber plantation in study centre-2020P, Salt Christian College of Teacher of the high environmen- about 40 lakh standing stock and post-harvest the state and by end of Education will be conducted from July 1, 10:00 am on- tal and economic benefit. trees at various stages of infrastructure support is the 12th five year plan, it “Rubber is successful- growth. These plantations ever increasing from the is targeted to cover 25000 wards till July 12. All students concerned are informed ly cultivated in the foot- have been developed people,” the report stated. hectares. to attend the workshop.

Land Resource develops 10000 ha rubber plantations in Nagaland

IGNOU B.Ed 1st and 2nd year workshop


The Morung Express

The participants with the resource persons and others during the workshop on water and sanitation for teachers and NGOs held in Town Council Hall, Peren on June 19.

PeRen, June 23 (mexn): Information, education and communication workshop on water and sanitation for teachers and NGOs was held in Town Council Hall, Peren on June 19. Fifty-eight participants from 23 government schools, 11 NGOs and 1 private school attended the workshop. Peter Lichamo, DC and Chairman of DWSM,

Peren district was the chief guest. He spoke on the importance of sanitation in schools, public toilets and mentioned that government policies and programmes should be taken seriously, as it is for us. The aim and objective of this workshop is that GOI has decided that every BPL household in the rural village must at least have a low cost latrine so

that open defecation that spreads 80% of diseases are controlled, and that every government primary school must have the facility of toilet and latrine for both boys and girls. “In our effort to bring awareness and education on importance of discouraging open defecation and habit of using latrine from childhood, right from elementary school level this workshop

has been conducted under Peren district,” Er P Khetoi Awomi, Executive Engineer (PHED) Peren Division stated in a press note. The resource persons were Er. Ichirang Zeliang SDO, PHED, Peren subdivision and Vito G. Sema, Hygiene and Sanitation consultant, DWSM, PHED, Peren. Er. Ichirang gave a power point presentation on NBA: Technology option


Kohima, June 23 (mexn): The Chozuba Village Council has conducted aforestation programme under forest re-generation on June 14 sponsored by the District Forest Officer, Phek to protect and conserve environment. “The forest department is doing well under its various programmes including FDA, Greences, environment awareness, forest re-generation etc.,” said Chozuba village council chairman Khrinyio Leruo. The Council thanked the forest department especially DFO Phek for deputing subordinate staff led by Rüvüsüh, forest ranger Chozuba to oversee the programme. The programme was conducted successfully and it covered some 15 km stretch.

DIET centre at Wokha & Zbto WoKha, June 23 (DiPR): Parliamentary Secretary for Higher Education and SCERT, Deo Nukhu will formally inaugurate the DIET Centre at Wokha district as chief guest on June 24. Parliamentary Secretary for Tourism, Dr. T.M. Lotha, Commissioner & Secretary School Education, M. Patton IAS and DC Wokha Vyasan R. will also deliver speeches during the inaugural programme. Deo Nukhu will also grace as the chief guest at the inaugural function of DIET Zunheboto on June 25. MLA Hukavi Zhimomi, Commissioner & Secretary, School Education, M.Patton IAS, DC Zunheboto L. Akato Sema and Ex-Parliamentary Secretary Dr. K.C. Nihoshe will deliver short speeches at Zunheboto. The programme is being organised by the Director and staff of SCERT.

Kevijau Village meeting on June 27 DimaPuR, June 23 (mexn): An emergency meeting of Kevijau Village will be held on June 27 at 5:00 pm at the council hall. Hence, all the executive council members and elders of the village are requested to attend the meeting without fail.

Lotha representatives support foothill road construction DimaPuR, June 23 (mexn): The Lotha representatives of the committee have expressed strong support and cooperation to the ongoing foothill road construction and the NFHRCC in the interest of the Naga people. They further solicit all other Naga tribes to extend full and unconditional support to the NFHRCC in the larger interest of the people of Nagaland. “This statement is issued after the consultative meeting with the Lotha Hoho leaders in Dimapur,” stated a press release issued by WY Kithan, Y Mozhui and R Victor K Lotha, member.


Stress on need for sanitation in schools, public toilets

for construction of IHHL, school toilets, anganwadi centre toilet, solid and liquid waste management, NGP award and rooftop rain water harvesting. Vito G. Sema gave a detailed explanation on the seven components of Sanitation. There was an interaction session among the resource persons and the participants, during which one teacher asked about toilet construction schemes for schools. The response to the question was that a sanction has been passed for toilet and that methods for construction of low cost toilet or IHHLs were being explained by the resource persons through the power point presentation. All the participants who attended the program were provided with light refreshments and lunch. The feedbacks and responses were positive. Water and Sanitation Support Organisation (WSSO) PHED, Kohima sponsored the workshop.


Final Year Diploma in Mechanical Engineering students of Nagaland Tool Room & Training centre, Dimapur will be undergoing 1 Year Industrial Training at Puna, Maharashtra.

DSE directs DEOs/SDEOs on teachers’ conference

Kohima, June 23 (mexn): The Directorate of School Education today stated that those DEOs/SDEOs who fail to depute teachers as specified to attend the Ist All Nagaland Government School Teachers Conference on July 3 & 4 at NBCC Convention Centre Kohima, and the teachers being deputed fail to attend the same shall be seriously dealt with the higher authority. Stating this in a release, school education


director Zaveyi Nyekha said the delegates are to report to the convention centre on July 3 and 4. Delegates have been asked to arrange their own accommodation at Kohima town during the conference. Working lunch shall be served to all those who will be attending the conference for both days. Delegates are to attend the conference with all seriousness in all the session and cannot leave the centre till the conference is over, the director added.

Capacity building prog for PLHIVs held Catholic Children Bible Camp-2014 concludes LozaPhuhu, June 23 (mexn): Three days Catholic Children Bible Camp2014 was held at of St. Mary’s parish, Lozaphuhu from June 20 to 22 with the theme, “Let the little children come to me”(Mk.10:14). Rev. Fr. Anthony Dukru, Rev.Fr. James Sangtam and Sisters were the resource persons and 150 children attended for the camp. The Bible camp began with the word of welcome by Rev. Fr. Anthony Dukru, followed by Bible enthronement. The topics such as Bible, Church his-

Dr. Hotoka animating the capacity building programme at Chavara CSC on June 21.


DimaPuR, June 23 (mexn): Chavara Home, Care & Support Centre conducted programme for the people living with HIV at its premises on June 21. Dr. Hotoka, medical offer of Dimapur ART center was the resource person. About 40 PLHIVs were present. Dr. Hotoka emphasized on the importance of prophylaxis prior to the opportunistic infections and regular medical checkups. He said that

ART medicine is not a miracle, that once health improves, one is cured of HIV but it is to be continued with adherence till death. Doctor called on the PLHIVs to think 20 or 30 years of their future ahead and with aim to lead healthy and productive lives should take the ART medicines. The facilitator said that those infected with HIV could also live as long as others could if proper treatment is followed up.

The doctor stressed that if adherence is not kept, treatments are not followed, various life threatening infections can cause their premature death as the immunity falls. Positive attitude, determination, faith in the treatment, proper understandings of the treatment etc are essential for the success of the lifelong treatment said the doctor. There was time for quarries from the audience and he met some clients for checkups.

tory, Sacraments, Catholic devotions were dealt during the camp. The highlights of the camp include Bible quiz, Bible skit, group song and solo. Veronica and Mary were awarded as the best Bible camp participants for the year 2014. The Bible camp concluded with the Holy Eucharistic celebration followed by sumptuous fellowship meal. Participants with resource person and others during the three days Catholic Children Bible Camp-2014 held at of St. Mary’s parish, Lozaphuhu.

Peren dist WATSAN committee attend training

athibung, June 23 (mexn): Training on WQMS for WATSAN committee members for 37 villages under Peren district was held at Athibung town on June 18. Er. S.K. Tep SDO, PHED, Jalukie chaired the program. Yabang, EAC Athibung, spoke on the preservation of water and its catchment areas and told the village members to do regular water tests for a healthy life. Binsaniu, IEC Consultant, DWSM, PHED, Peren, covered the topic of hygiene

and sanitation. Hands on training on the use of field testing kits were given by Moanaro, Chemist, DWSM, PHED, Peren. There was an interaction session after the training where Er. Khetoi, EE PHED, Er. S.K. Tep, SDO, PHED, Jalukie, Er. Rongba, JE, PHED Athibung answered queries asked by the participants. FTK s were distributed to all the WATSAN members who attended the training. The training was sponsored by WSSO, PHED, Kohima. WQMS for WATSAN committee members during the training at Athibung town on June 18.


3 Fear grips normal life in Garo Hills Assam relaxes land transfer norms


The Morung Express

Newmai News Network Shillong | June 23 The increasing number of kidnapping cases in the Garo Hills region has made most fear venturing out of their homes. While, there may be reasons for the increasing kidnapping activities, the thought that has now come forward is that the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ban on rat hole mining, may have led to the increase even as militants try to make up for the loss of a regular income source which the coal trade was providing. The towns of Nongalbibra, Jadi and others through which the supply of coal was

the main lifeline, now wear a blank look as the once thriving markets there now wear a deserted look of a ghost town with hardly any vehicle movement. It is common knowledge that the coal trade had been lucrative not only for the people who dug out the coal or owned the mines, but also to the various militant groups within the region. The loss of income has begun to adversely affect everyone, including the militants themselves. This has led them to move further inward and now towns and villages have begun to be affected by the increasing militant movement.

While earlier the main areas of operation were rural rather than urban, the trend has undergone a sea change in recent months. According to rough estimates, more than 30 kidnapping cases have come to the fore, with militants staying very close to towns and populated areas. Most of these cases have not even been registered, as fear of reprisals has forced families to try and resolve them withoutthepolicebeinginformed. “We were aware that something like this was going to happen. They had a steady income through the coal trade and the affect of the ban has been the drying up of the source. Every ton

of coal mined had to pay militant ‘royalty’ and that meant the income ran into crores,” said a source who requested anonymity. The region has seen increased kidnapping activity, which has recently more than tripled. There have been daily reports of militants getting bolder and kidnapping people from their homes. The main group in the recent episodes has mainly been the A’chik Songna An’pachakgipa Kotok (ASAK), which according to recent reports has increased its cadre strength. However, others have not been far behind. Some pet-

ty criminals too have taken advantage of the situation. According to information available, the ban on coal mining has reduced the crime rates of both the Jaintia-Khasi Hills as well as the Garo Hills regions wherever coal was extracted. This however, looks a superficial assessment as most of these places are now empty and as such there will be no crime. While there may be a temporary hiatus as the transport of coal stock is to be allowed for the next three months, however, the situation after three months is set to return to the current state of lawlessness.


GUWAHATI, JUNE 23 (ET): Changing stand after the LS poll debacle, congress ruled Assam has relaxed the norms allowing transfer and non agricultural activity in agricultural land where no farming activity is taking place. New industrial projects in Assam are facing land crunch. Non availability of land for industrial activity in Assam has locked in projects worth Rs 4000 Crore in Assam. According to an official communique issued by Revenue and Disaster Management Department, there are a large number of plots of land which are recorded as agricultural land but in actual practice those are not

fit for agriculture or have not been cultivated for ten years or more. "With a view to ensure optimum utlisation of such available land and to promote non agriculture activities like setting up of industries, educational institutions, health institutions, housing etc, which play a pivotal role in the growth and development of the state including creation of employment opportunities, the state government have decided to

AGArTAlA, JUNE 23 (IANS): A three-member central experts team Monday visited malaria affected areas of Tripura where at least 45 people have died due to the disease and thousands have fallen ill, officials said here. "A team of malaria experts from the NVBDCP led by its special director Awadesh Kumar Monday visited malaria affected northern Tripura and gave necessary advice to the local doctors and officials on how to deal with the outbreak," a spokesman of the Tripura health department told IANS. The other two experts in the central team are Sukhvir Singh, joint director and Satyajit Sen, regional director of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), under the union health and family welfare ministry. The spokesman said following Chief Minister Manik Sarkar's directive 11 ministers have rushed to the malaria affected areas. They will stay there until the situation returns to normal. The ministers will supervise the disease control programme. Over 23,000 people have fallen ill in the tribal-dominated mountainous areas of Dhalai, Gomti, Khowai, North Tripura and South Tripura districts. At least 45 people, including 35 children, have died and more than 23,000 have fallen ill since the first week of June. Of the 23,000 ill people, malaria germ was found in the blood of 3,500 of them. All the affected people have been admitted to various government hospitals in the five districts. However, sources in the health department said the unofficial tally stands at more than 60 dead and 30,000 ill.

GNLA militant killed in encounter SHIlloNG, JUNE 23 (PTI): A GNLA militant was killed and his associate caught during an encounter with security forces at their hideouts in Mikilsimgre in East Garo Hills district on Monday. State police, Swift Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) and CRPFs CoBRA commandos raided the hideouts of the outlawed Garo National Liberation Army in the village, at about 4 am, IGP Raju said. On reaching the village, the security forces came under heavy shelling from the militants and when they retaliated, one militant was killed and another was caught in the exchange of fire. The arrested militant was identified as Bisno Sangma. Several others, including 'Area Commander' Ajan Momin alias Jimmy, escaped, he said. One AKseries rifle with six magazines and several rounds of ammunition and a pistol were seized from the slain militant and also from the encounter site, he said. Additional forces have been rushed to the area for a village-to-village search of the injured militants, he said.

Health and Family Welfare Minister Badal Choudhury along with medical experts has visited the malaria-affected areas several times. "Many medical teams are working in the disease-affected areas. SOS has been sent to Tripura officials in Guwahati, Kolkata and Delhi to urgently send adequate quantities of medicines," Choudhury said. Chief Minister Manik Sarkar in a series of meetings with doctors, officials and ministers reviewed the situation Saturday. "Leave of all doctors, nurses and health workers has been cancelled. Health officials and field workers are visiting remote villages and making arrangements to bring the malaria-affected people to government hospitals," Choudhury said. A helicopter is on standby to ferry doctors and patients in an emergency. A health department official said that at least 50 health workers, including 26 ASHA (accredited social health activists), 13 ICDS (integrated child development services) and three multi-purpose workers, have been either suspended or will face action for negligence at work. All the eight northeastern states besides West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka, are highly malaria prone and several hundreds of people die every year due to the disease. According to a report of the NVBDCP, malaria claimed 1,018 lives in 2010 in India, followed by 754 in 2011, 519 in 2012 and 440 in 2013. This year, up to April, 35 people died of malaria with 11 deaths in Odisha, eight in West Bengal and seven in Meghalaya.

of the proposal. Gogoi said he cannot maintain a stoic silence on such a sensitive issue and that he would be failing in his duty if he does not let the people of the state know about it. "The people of the state have the right to know about such a sensitive issue. I would be failing in my duty if I do not

place the matter before them," he said. The chief minister said he disclosed the issue not with a view to gain political mileage but to put matters straight before the people. "(Union Minister of State for Youth Affairs and Sports) Sarbananda Sonowal may label my disclosure as a political gimmick. What I have disclosed is

CLARIFICATION Apropos to the news item that appeared in Morung Express on 01/06/2014,under the caption, Open Letter to Chief Secretary Nagaland by Asele Kemas and clarification statement issue by Viswema Gazette Officer’s Krotho (VGOK) that appeared on 17th June 2014. In this regards, I would like to clarify that, I take the responsibilities as far as the issue is concerned. I also beg for forgiveness from the concern officer and family, VGOK and to everyone for harm and creating misunderstanding. I therefore apologies to one and all to forgive me.




NO.HED/DIR-1/2014 /

Dt.Kohima the 21st June,2014

PRESS RELEASE NPSC recommended candidates for the post of Assistant Professor/ Librarian under Higher Education are informed to attend the Special Medical Fitness Board on 26.06.2014 at 10:30 am, Naga Hospital Authority Kohima. Director, Higher Education, Nagaland, Kohima.


NO.NSACS/ Admn/ OST/ 2013-14/

/Dated Kohima, the 23rd June 2014

CORRIGENDUM: In continuation to advertisement NO.NSACS/ Admn/ OST/ 2013-14/ Dated Kohima, the 11th June 2014 published on 12th June 2014 regarding filling up of vacant posts under OST Centres, the schedule for Written Test and Oral Interview has been preponed to 4th July and 7th July 2014 respectively and not as mentioned.


(A Central University Established by an Act of Parliament 1989) SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY D.C COURT JUNCTION, DIMAPUR – 797112, NAGALAND

ADMISSION NOTICE FOR B.TECH DEGREE PROGRAMME 2014-15 B.TECH (REGULAR/ LATERAL ENTRY) COURSES OFFERED IN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY BIOTECHNOLOGY COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Eligibility criteria for Regular B.Tech course (Four years): 1. Candidates who have passed 10+2 examination from any recognized Central/State Board of Secondary Examinations or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with any one of the subject (Chemistry/Biotechnology/Computer Science/Biology) are eligible for admission in 4 Years B.Tech Programme with minimum 50% marks for General Category and 45% marks in case of SC/ST Category. 2. Candidate with valid JEE (main) score may apply directly by obtaining the admission form. 3. Candidate without valid JEE (main) score must appear for the SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (SETEE) 2014 against vacant seats. Eligibility criteria for Lateral Entry B.Tech course (Three years): (three seats per department) 1. Candidate must have three years Diploma / B.Sc degree relevant to subject offered with minimum 50% marks for General Category and 45% marks in case of SC/ST Category. Candidate must appear for SETEE. ******For details information candidate may refer Admission Brochure or university website. Important Note 1. Admission form and Brochure for all the candidates (JEE (Main)/SETEE/University/PH/State) can be collected from the school office after depositing fee of ` 250 /- (` 200/- for SC/ST ) in the University account mentioned below. 2. Candidate intending to appear SETEE (candidate without valid JEE and for lateral entry) need to pay additional amount of `200/- . 3. Candidates may also download the application forms from and the application fee must be deposited in the Account No. 30351467507, Account Name: NU Fees/Revenue from any SBI branch and the counter foil should be attach along with the application form in every cases. Important Dates: Issue of Application forms and brochure Last date of submission of filled up forms Date of SETEE Declaration of Results Date of registration Starting of classes

: : : : : :

18th June 2014 onwards 15th July 2014 26th July 2014 1st August 2014 11th -12th August 2014 13th August 2014

Contact / communication address:Dean, School of Engineering & Technology, Nagaland University Residential Campus, Administrative Block, Landmark Colony, Dimapur-797112, Nagaland. Co-ordinator, Admission Committee: 9774458568 Email-id:- Phone No: 03862-230100 D.P. CHATURVEDI Dean SET, Nagaland University


D.C.Court Road, Duncan: Dimapur Estd.2000 ADMISSION GOING ON FOR 2nd BATCH  Offers Extensive coaching for the Repeaters of  Class-X/XII-ARTS-Com/XII Sci Hostel attached for both Boys and Girls (separately)

 Contact: 03862-234272/248464/9436600530

THETA TUTORIALS Lower PR Hill Kohima, Nagaland

Admission Notice [2nd Phase] Coaching for (1) Class 10 (all subjects) [Both Regular & Repeaters] (2) Class 11 (Science) (3) Class 12 (Science) [Both Regular & Repeaters] (4) AIPMT 2015/JEE main 2015 Admission : In Progress Commencement of Classes : 1 July, 2014 (Class 10) : 7 July, 2014 (Class 11/Class 12/AIPMT/JEE Main) LIMITED SEATS AVAILABLE


Contact No.: 0370-2226005/2244814



Dt. Chumukedima the 23rd June 2014

PRESS RELEASE The Nagaland Police Service Association (NPSA) would like to felicitate and extend heartiest congratulations to Shri. Kilemtoshi Jamir NPS, Assistant Commandant, 3rd NAP Battalion who is a member of the NPSA for clearing the UPSC Examination 2013. The NPSA extends its best wishes and wishes him success in his future endeavors. VIKLUTO JOHN.NPS General Secretary Nagaland Police Service Association

Sd/DR. L. WATIKALA Project Director






The Kohima Village Students’ Union express our profound gratitude to Shri. Khriehu Liezietsu Parliamentary Secretary, Youth & Sports Resource, NRE & MTF, Govt. of Nagaland for distributing solar lights as well as financially towards the units NIGHT TUITION and the union LIBRARY. The Union believe that he will continue to give support and patronage to the students’ Community in the near future.

based on record. Why should such a sensitive issue concerning the people of Assam be put under a veil of secrecy? The BJP has taken a complete U-turn on the influx issue," he added.

(Neikuolie Rüpre-o) PWD Hill Kohima Town


allow Deputy commissioners to give NOC for transfer of such land which are recorded as agricultural land but are not fit for agricultural purposes or where there is no agricultural activities for ten years." Local industry body, Federation of Industry and Commerce of the North East Region (FINER) has welcomed the move and said, "Land availability and conversion has been a bane for Industries adversely impacting Industrialization.


Central team visits Gogoi clarifies stand on visa-free entry for Bangladeshis malaria-hit areas of Tripura GUWAHATI, JUNE 23 (IANS): Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi Monday said he has not compromised with 'national security' by divulging the BJPled union government's proposal to grant visa-free entry to Bangladeshi nationals under the age of 18 and over 65 years. Gogoi said the Assam government strongly opposed the proposal on the ground that illegal migration from Bangladesh was a very sensitive issue for Assam and the other northeastern states. He said the visa-free entry would have repercussions in terms of negative public reaction. The proposal for visafree entry was made during a meeting at the external affairs ministry in New Delhi June 11, he said. Gogoi had earlier said the Narendra Modi government had proposed visafree entry for Bangladeshi nationals below 18 years and over 65 years. A spokesman of the Assam unit of the BJP, however, Sunday said there was no such proposal by the BJP-led government. The spokesman clarified that it was a proposal by the Bangladesh government which the centre had sent to the state for its feedback. The state BJP accused Gogoi of compromising with 'national security' by divulging the details


24 June 2014




Dated Kohima, the June ‘14

NO.ED/TRG/SCERT/2011-2012:: All DEO’s/SDEO’s are directed to select teachers who have served for a minimum of 2 years and having a minimum of 10 years of service before supernation to attend the 1st All Nagaland Govt. School Teachers Conference proposed to be held on the 3rd and 4th July 2014. Name of the selected teachers should reach the SCERT office latest by 25th June 2014. Sl. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Sl. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Number of Schools No. of Schools GHSS GHS GMS DIMAPUR 3 24 81 KIPHIRE 1 17 9 KOHIMA 3 29 43 LONGLENG 1 15 6 MOKOKCHUNG 3 37 46 MON 3 19 42 PEREN 2 16 21 PHEK 3 35 30 TUENSANG 3 29 18 WOKHA 2 23 21 ZUNHEBOTO 2 20 30 District

Number of teachers to be invited District No. of Schools GHSS GHS GMS GPS DIMAPUR 9 30 50 50 KIPHIRE 3 10 20 20 KOHIMA 9 30 50 50 LONGLENG 3 10 20 20 MOKOKCHUNG 9 30 40 40 MON 9 20 30 30 PEREN 6 10 20 20 PHEK 9 20 30 30 TUENSANG 9 20 26 26 WOKHA 6 20 35 35 ZUNHEBOTO 6 20 30 30 TOTAL

GPS 147 78 71 52 149 33 74 56 78 54 100

TOTAL 139 53 139 53 119 89 56 89 81 96 86 1000




public discoursE

Tuesday 24 June 2014

The Morung Express

dignified is the A Perspective: An individual How Governor’s chair? with ACAUT Nagaland G W hy I support ACAUT Nagaland? Well, I don’t want to be politically correct here, I just want to express some personal views which convinced me that I, as an individual, can do something towards cleansing our society of corruption. Unabated taxation is just a by-product of corruption, as far as I am concerned. The phrases ‘Multiple taxation or ‘unabated taxation’, ‘day-light robbery’, ‘educated unemployed’, ‘peace process’, ‘political issues’, ‘fratricidal killings’ etc, sadly have become just clichés in our society. We have taken it for granted for so long, and we were about to give in to such influences, just to be safe within the safe confines of our own comfort zone. It is not that we are unaware, unintelligent or cowards. It’s just that we were living in a period of confusion. A period when we were so confused about the Naga political problem, about our economy, our Nagaland state politics, our future etc. And all these confusions about the different issues whirled into a dangerous vortex where we would have been sucked in and drowned us. I feel confusion is a dangerous state of mind. A confused mind always makes mistakes.

I do not want to talk of the past. Being a proud Naga living in Nagaland, I have also endured and gone through the good times and the bad. I have no animosity, everything was up to circumstance, and I am sure every leader did their part, for the Naga Nation. We are thankful. But when our economy was going down, putting us to the level of beggars, begging for funds from Delhi, we should have realized long back that beggars cannot be choosers. The people sustain any movement. And if the people are beggars, how can Nagas, who beg from Delhi, sustain the Naga National movement? Beggars are always made to be satisfied with what little they get from ‘sympathetic’ givers. Today we know that we have to be more hardworking, honest and sincere and earn our own livelihood. But, corruption and Unabated Taxation has been a big discouragement for many young educated enterprising Nagas, whose businesses get killed before it even gets started. Just look at the road condition. If you carefully study why it is in such a pathetic condition, then the blame might not solely lie with the contractor but on ‘corruption’ and the so-called ‘percentage’ (unabated taxation)

from state and non-state authorities. And so a time of discouragement prevailed. Discouragement breeds lethargy and a sense of that frustrated feeling ‘if you can’t win them, join them.’ And so, we were relegated to that level where people were simply living for the sake of existence because of ‘corruption and unabated taxation’. Our dignity was lost. Until, some people, some thinking people, stood up and said ‘enough is enough’. That clarion call gave a sense of hop that everything is not lost. I do not want to talk of the past. But my grandfather and your grandfather have given their mandate that Nagas are free people. I cannot help but admire their dignity, their courage and their resolute. They gave their mandate not for themselves, but for us, you and me. Their conscience was clear. Their words were truthful and passionate. They were not as educated as us, but they are more respectful than us. If we lose that mandate then what is we living for? Let us rather become Hindus, speak Hindi and live like them. But how can we betray our forefathers? We are not that dishonorable. It took India more than a century to get their Independence. Scotland is going for a referendum for inde-

Mutual Benefit vs. Blind Greed


agas have a hoary and glorious tradition-the tradition of sharing and mutual wellbeing. It is the bedrock of Naga society. When villagers go fishing, they set aside the best catch of the day for the elderly villagers. During the sowing and harvesting season, if a person is taken ill, the members of his clan or neighbours come to his rescue and do the necessary work. When a Naga family decides to build a new home, relatives, neighbours and villagers chip in and ensure that it comes up in record time. When someone falls sick, everyone contributes their mite and makes sure that the ailing patient receives the best possible medical treatment. Naga society has always been defined by give and take and mutual benefit. This ethos of Naga society has now been redefined and given a contemporary

twist. Now the ministers and public servants believe that if any welfare scheme or infrastructure development is initiated, they have a right to pocket a major share of the total expenditure. The moment a government tender is floated, the Big Brothers sniff it out and demand a lion’s share of the contract. A retired government employee cannot expect to get his pension regularised without giving a hefty share of his hardearned money to brokers and concerned officials. The moment he goes to the state capital for the processing of his pension papers, vultures swoop down on him demanding their pound of flesh. Even school students are not shown any mercy by these mercenaries. Recently in one district, students entitled to scholarships from the centre were asked to pay a substantial amount to educational officials for the release of their scholarships.

This money was extorted on the pretext of incurring expenses for getting funds released from the centre. The most classic and crass example of give and take and mutual benefit can be seen during assembly elections in the state. Those in the fray open their purse strings in order to lure the electorate. The gullible voters grab the lollipops dangled before them by the canny politicians without realising that they are bartering away their future. While they get some paltry monetary benefits, the elected representatives get the license to loot the state exchequer for the next five years. It is saddening that old values are getting lost in the face rampaging materialistic considerations. Blind greed is replacing the idea of healthy reciprocity.

pendence. I strongly believe that fifty years from now, though I may not be alive to see it, we will be independent. But we need to be economically strong, politically matured, socially cultured and religiously tolerant, and we should work towards that end. We are a society where western education made its presence some nearly two hundred years ago; we are competing with higher cultures and higher intellect. But, if we can come thus far, like Shelly said, ‘If winter comes, can spring be far behind?’ Today, we are not that confused as before. All we need is a clear head, analysis and courage. Thank you ACAUT Nagaland Team, so far you have been the epitome of hope for many, many of us. And so, you ask me why I Support ACAUT Nagaland? My answer is simple: Because I believe in tomorrow, I stand with full conviction, against any form of corruption and unabated taxation. I am just an individual, but no more am I alone. The society belongs to us, if you and I, together as one in thought agree; why can’t we do it? It’s for you and me. Our children, our future. Longrangty Longchar

oing by the recent incidents of recalling the UPA appointed Governors by the NDA Government before the expiry of their tenures; the chair of the Governor is after all not as dignified as it was intended, esteemed and used to be. The once respectable post has been reduced to a seat of “aya ram, gaya ram”. It has become a tool for political game. The framers of the constitution must have intended that the Governor’s post should be above party politics. Being titular in nature, the Governor’s seat must have been intended as apolitical, noncontroversial constitutional guardian head. The learned drafting committee also must have taken care that being unelected post, it did not over-shadow the powers of the mandated government. Unfortunately, the good intention was misused by political parties alike. The primary cause for political vulnerability of the chair is because; it is a non-elected post. The governors do not enjoy the mandate of the people. They are not directly responsible and accountable to the people. They only enjoy the confidence of the President who acts on the advice of the popular Union government . They are at the mercy of the political party in power. This is bad for democracy. One way to do away with the anomaly may be to turn the post into an elected one. The Constitution says that the


t was after several months I went down to Dimapur for a funeral on 02.02.2014. My hectic up and down bumpy journey on NH-29 kept me thinking why this National Highway road condition has to be like this. Again it was on 08.03.2014, I went to Peren for a site inspection with the School Education Division SDO who was incharge of the District. We were also to go to Dimapur for visiting a project. No wonder, the Belero got broke down halfway while on the way to Dimapur because of the bumpy road conditions. However, this time I returned with little relief; for on reaching Chümukedima area side, I could see some pre-mix carpeting newly been done. I thought repairing was coming up from Dimapur side towards Kohima, and hoped to see NH-29 fully repaired before the onset of monsoon. Such a reputed Central organization like BRO will never keep a National Highway like Ranjan Roy, this. BRO will surely do it before Mokokchung monsoon, I thought.

_ Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2917






Again, I had to go down to Medziphema for a program on 22.04.2014. My God, no further improvement; and I had to travel the same old bumpy road NH-29. My hope of getting it repaired by BRO before onset of monsoon was completely crushed as monsoon was not far away and it would take few months to repair atleast the worst portions. The road NH-29 maintained by BRO is perhaps now every travelers curse. The stretch between Zubza and Piphema, and between Piphema and Pherima were the worst! Why BRO had to be given another chance for maintenance of the NH -29 when we have enough local capable engineers and contractors who now have enough expertise and machineries. Let our own people who are equally capable or more capable of doing it do the job and earn. Take it over by own PWD Department and man it with dedicated engineers for keeping it like a National Highway.

As far as my engineering college days experience goes, we tribal people perform far better than others in practical classes and exams. We tribal and local engineers have better knowledge of our own soil condition. Take it over by State PWD Department and experiment it with our own competent and dedicated engineers and contractors. For taking it over; I have the following few suggestions: 1. No political interference in executing the works; or in award of contracts and supply of materials. 2. No political interference in transfer & posting/appointment of staff or officers. 3. No tax or percentage or commission by any political group, engineers, bureaucrats or politicians. 4. No claim of contract work by public for being land owner but only to reputed and competent contractors. I firmly believe that we can do it and we will do it if the above suggestions are taken






Answer Number # 2916
























Dr. K. Hoshi

Takeover National Highway-29 by NPWD

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


Governor is the agent of the President. When the President of India is elected by an electoral college, it makes sense to elect his agents too by the same electoral process. Emergency powers of the Governor during President’s rule also suggest that Governors cannot be entirely apolitical. Election alone will be able to give political teeth to the seat of Governor. Bringing in Governor’s seat under election process will also serve as a check and balance on the government as the Governor too will enjoy the mandate of the people and act directly on their behalf whenever the need arises. The constitution is very clear on power separation/sharing between the Governor and the popular government. The only conflict is in its legal interpretation. There must be a way to take care of this. Alternatively, if election is not the option; clear-cut eligibility criteria should be expanded through constitutional amendment to offset all scopes of political maneuver. The tenure of a Governor also needs to be made a fixed tenure akin to Rajya Sabha Members so as to seal the loophole for premature recalls. The honorable chair of the Governor needs to be given its due constitutional safeguard. Else, it will continue to be in the midst of controversy in a multi-party parliamentary system like India.

ACROSS 1. Spanish lady 5. Winglike 9. Hairdo 13. False god 14. Challenges 16. Require 17. Head covering 18. Anxiety 19. Happy 20. Donkeys 22. Door buzzers 24. Auspices 26. Courtroom event 27. Salad pepper 30. A government tax 33. Wayside 35. Reprimand 37. Writing liquid 38. Cite 41. Caviar 42. Comportments 45. A first-year undergraduate 48. Bring into existence 51. Pension 52. Accustom 54. Feces 55. Invoice 59. Courageous 62. Every single one

63. A religion based on sorcery 65. Nile bird 66. Sea eagle 67. Cuban dance 68. Distinctive flair 69. Clairvoyant 70. Cummerbund 71. Expunge

DOWN 1. Opera star 2. Poems 3. Horn 4. Asserted 5. Daughter of Lord Byron 6. Territory 7. Lingo 8. Vacation destination 9. Cherubic 10. Tumbled 11. Genuine 12. Probabilities 15. Stripes 21. Transgressions 23. Taverns 25. Blend 27. Dainty 28. Classical Greek 29. Lyric poem 31. Extremely impressive 32. Levitate

34. F 36. Declare untrue 39. Historic period 40. Lease 43. _______ nor 44. Rational 46. Give the cold shoulder 47. Hastened 49. Carcinoid 50. Greek god of darkness 53. Colonic 55. Views 56. Container weight 57. Skin disease 58. Checks 60. Ampule 61. Feudal worker 64. Derisive laugh Ans to CrossWord 2923

into consideration. Policy makers should give a serious thought on it. I remember when Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee, the then Prime Minister of India came to Nagaland in 2004; he took road journey from Dimapur to Kohima. While speaking to the people at Khuochiezie (Kohima Local Ground), he commented, “I was told that this (NH-39, later named NH-29) was the best road in Nagaland. If this was the best road, I can imagine how best the worst is”. He went on to sanction Rs.400 crores for 2-lanes National Highway. Ten years have passed, but the road conditions still remain the same; if not becoming worst. Are those who are in power been sleeping? I have had the privilege to travel to many parts of the country, but of all, NH-29 is the worst National Highway I have ever seen and travelled! Er. Neisievilie Lhousa, Merhülietsa, Kohima

The Deplorable State of Dimapur-Kohima Road


he Dimapur-Kohima Road, the 29 National Highway, strategically occupies a significant position in the Road Map of India, for this is the only road that links up India with South-East Asian countries in India’s East. Highest significance of this road is that only through this road India is open to international communities or countries. Besides, this Highway links up some of the most significant historical locations of International importance as that of the Kohima War Cemetery in Kohima, Second World War Museum at Mairang and War Cemetery in Manipur. Road communication is the basic infrastructure for the development of tourism industry as well as private investors of a country or state. From that point of view the stretch of Dimapur-Kohima road, which covers only a stretch of 74 km, could be covered by 2 hours travel during its fair status which takes around more than three hours as of today. Under India’s Look East policy and under the NorthSouth and East-West Corridor Project, the National Highway Authority of India had laid special plans for the development of the roads and bridges in NE India to expand the present Highways into 4 Lane Super Highways, but the said impact is found fallen short of in case of Dimapur-Kohma track. Its damaged road condition, rugged masonry surface, risky pool constructions, deep holes, narrow span and sharp curves shortens the longevity of vehicles of both public and private nature. It has raised the transportation charge of commuters higher and higher day by day. The vehicles travelling this road calls forth frequent repairs, fuel expenses and causes the rate of travelers’ ticket higher against public welfare. Because of this, the Taxi Owners who are only self employed youths under different Government financial schemes become victim of the situation as they cannot make any sustainable profit out of their noble investments. It is a wonder how the authorities are allowing to prevail such a deplorable and pathetic state of the historic road comprising its international value during the 21st century at the cost of great revenue loss and national waste of time and energy. Therefore, it is hoped that the concerned department will look into the matter to remove the ill-fated status of this historic road, linking the state capital of Nagaland with the rest of the country, at an early date. Chuba Jamir Paramedical Colony, Kohima

birThday Ithika A. Chishi

8th Birth Anniversary

Many, Many, Many happy returns of the day!!! May God bless you! From loved ones’


The Morung Express

Tuesday 24 June 2014



NSDZ needs thorough Former NCP president clarifies on merger with BJP NCP 52 A/C Longkhim-Chare dissolves analysis, says uNTaba

DiMapur, June 23 (Mexn): The United Naga Tribes Association of Border Areas (UNTABA) has stated that the NLA resolution on the Nagaland Special Development Zones (NSDZ) needs to be “thoroughly analyzed and debated” upon by the Naga people. While acknowledging that the initiative has been floated to facilitate faster industrialization and urbanization and to enhance employment in the state, the UNTABA however raised some points of concern. A press note from the UNTABA stated that the foothill areas stretching from Tizit in Mon District in the north to Khelma in Peren District in the south falls within an area under “dispute” between the states of Assam and Nagaland. It informed that “thousands of square Kilometers of Naga peoples’ land lies outside the present

unaccepted ‘constitutional boundary’ of Nagaland under which areas, the Assam Government is arbitrarily opening townships with illegal immigrants, leasing out hundreds of tea estates and completely disregarding the Interim Agreements of 1972 and 1979.” It added that most of the areas presently inhabited by Nagas are being categorized as “Disturbed Area Belt,” thereby “denying basic and essential services to our people.” The UNTABA further stressed on the significance of the Naga peoples’ ownership of their traditional land holding and tenure system as enshrined in the Constitution of India through Article 371A. It cautioned against turning the present land holding system into a “cadastral system,” stating that this would become unconstitutional and would disregard the basic rights of the Naga

people. “No power on earth including the Government can arbitrarily take away any portion of land for any purposes, leave aside transfer of land to non-Nagas,” it asserted. “To conduct cadastral survey on specified area for registration and issuance of Patta to the Naga tribal land owners and to further deny the right to access to the land owners for developmental activities is nothing but shows a whimsical plan that completely negates the very right of the Naga people over its land and its resources,” the UNTABA lamented. As such, it urged the Nagaland state government to initiate “pragmatic and appropriate steps” to resolve the boundary dispute between Assam and Nagaland, “based on the historical perspective of the traditional Naga lands…” This, it stated, must be done before bringing about any economic developmental

programmes in the ‘foothill areas’ in particular. It further said that the people of Nagaland “can no longer await the arbitration of the Supreme Court of India for so long since the issue may never be settled by the Supreme Court’s Judgments alone…” The UNTABA added that terming the issue as being ‘subjudiced’ for so long has “unwittingly allowed an arbitrary power to the Government of Assam for all these years in spite of many agreements.” It called upon the Nagaland state government to initiate appropriate public forums, including all stake holders, for a threadbare discussion on the issue, before enactment of the NSDZs that may be undertaken in the foot hill areas. It further appealed for all citizens and Naga peoples’ mass-based civil societies to constructively contribute and channelize their views in all the appropriate forums.

KohiMa, June 23 (Mexn): BJP MLA and former NCP state unit president Imtilemba Sangtam today stated that the Nationalist Congress Party Nagaland unit merged with BJP in the interest of general public and for the development and prosperity of the State. “It’s been speculated in the print media that the NCP merger to BJP was not properly consulted within the party claims by my former esteem office bearer of NCP. It is to clarify that before the merger was taken place, within the ranks and files of NCP, several rounds of consultation meeting was held in different places,” he said in a press release. “As we see no political future

DiMapur, June 23 (Mexn): NCP of 52 A/C Longkhim-Chare has resolved to dissolve the party and merge with BJP along with three former NCP legislators. This was resolved during the executive meeting of NCP, 52 A/C Longkhim-Chare at Longkhim headquarters on June 17. A press release from the party president Yongthrise Sangtam and general secretary Tonglichem Sangtam informed that

with NCP at the centre, as well as NCP is an alliance with UPA at the centre, which it is felt embarrassing to be a part of DAN alliance partner in the state.” He expressed that with NCP joining the BJP, DAN is strengthening more under Chief Minister TR Zeliang. He further informed that

NCP State Executive unanimously resolved to merge with BJP consisting three MLAs along with party official on June 16. “It is unfortunate that after we become a member of BJP family, how my former official/central party leader suspend us, which was appeared on 18/6/2014 daily papers.”

Therefore, he said, question of suspension/ expulsion from the party does not arise. “The BJP Nagaland unit whole heartedly officially accepted the merger of the former NCP Legislators of the 12th Nagaland Assembly along with their supporters into the BJP Nagaland unit,” Imtilemba asserted.

TSU tells YAA to stop collecting money from Tikhir employees Kiphire, June 23 (Mexn): The Tikhir Students’ Union (TSU) has asked the Yimchunger Akheru Arehakho (YAA) to return the 5% deducted from the salaries of three Tikhir jawans of 3rd BN NAP Battalion HQ, Tuensang last month at the earliest and “to stop random collection/ deduction as it tantamount

to illegal taxation and provocation.” In a letter addressed to YAA president, TSU president S. Longkhamse and chairman, executive council of TSU Antony Tsangmong stated, “There is no reason why YAA should collect/ deduct money from Tikhir government employees when there is a clear organ-

ZPO (N) highlights issues of CHC Jalukie JaluKie, June 23 (Mexn): The Zeliang People’s Organisation, Nagaland has stated that the “habitual irregularity” of two particular doctors at Community Health Centre (CHC), Jalukie is “unacceptable and unbecoming of a public servant needing immediate remedial action.” The ZPO (N) conducted an appraisal visit to the CHC on June 12. ZPO (N) Media Cell in a press release informed that the organization during the visit came across facts that needed immediate rectification on lapses and atThe Dimapur audition of Naga Talents Promo Season-3 was held on June 23 at Pheto Music Association office. 14 contestants – nine individuals and five groups were se- tention of the departmenlected for the next round to be held in the month of July. The next audition will be held tal authority concerned for on June 24 in Kohima at LCS building, near Ao church at 4:00 pm. sincere and committed de-

the executive of NCP further affirmed that joining BJP was to strengthen the present DAN-III government under the leadership of Imtilemba Sangtam, MLA from 52 A/C Longkhim-Chare and Chief Minister TR Zeliang. “BJP Nagaland is a pre-poll alliance partner of DAN coalition and foresees that more development will be ushered in the State under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi,” it added.

livery of satisfactory basic health service for the public. The ZPO (N) further informed that the generators in the CHC have been out of order for quite some years, yet no effort on the initiated proposal for repair or replacement have been considered by the department till date. In this regard, the ZPO (N) urged all responsible authorities concerned in the department to keep ready all such documentary evidences for prompt public scrutiny at the earliest. The condition of equipments and machineries should be workable for saving lives as well as render basic health care services to the public,

it added. “Lackadaisical attitude at any level of functioning by public servants shall not be tolerated any longer.” According to the release, the ZPO (N) had earlier analysed information obtained through RTI from the office of the Chief Medical Officer, Peren on various programmes being implemented in the district and particularly under the jurisdiction of the SubDivisional Medical Officer, Jalukie. Meanwhile, the ZPO (N) lauded the department of Health and Family Welfare for posting nine doctors at CHC Jalukie under different health programmes.

isational jurisdiction between the two.” With regard to the above issues, the letter also said, TSU was “constrained to state that in good faith Tikhir Students’ Union (TSU) waited for positive response from YAA but TSU is made to believe that YAA has not considered its request seriously.” TSU further hoped that

immediate action will be taken by YAA in this regard, while hoping that such mistakes will never be repeated in future “as it will only aggravate our existing uncomfortable relation.” Failing to comply with this, TSU cautioned, it will be compelled to take its own course of action and YAA will be solely held responsible if any unwanted situation arise out of this.

MEx FILE Lotha Colony Council Dmp informs DiMapur, June 23 (Mexn): In pursuit of sanitation drive within the colony, the Lotha Colony Council Dimapur has constructed waste deposit bin at two designated places. Therefore, the council chairman Renathung Ezung has directed all the people residing within the colony to deposit household waste inside the constructed waste bins properly and make good use of it. Further, the Lotha Colony Council lauded the DMC for rendering regular service in cleaning the waste.

NPCC calls joint meeting KohiMa, June 23 (Mexn): There will be a joint meeting of NPCC office bearers, PCC members, CLP members, PAC members, PCC executive committee members, and frontal chiefs on June 26, 11:00 am at Congress Bhavan, Kohima. Therefore, NPCC general secretary (admin) Medokul Sophie has requested all the members concerned to attend the meeting without fail.

Public SPace

Will 4-lane road be there in Nagaland? Z. Lohe

Why do I waste my time to write personal opinions and comments on welfare issues? Is it an attempt to gain cheap popularity out of such writings? What do I gain in hurting the sentiment of someone? Why should I irk others and make myself odd figure before them? Is there any dearth of thinkers and better writers in Naga society? Will I become the soft target for speaking the truth? These are self posed questions. Nevertheless, I have genuine concern for our society as anyone of you although my contribution to it is nil. Since I cannot contribute, I like those people who are in a position to make positive contribution to become more serious in their attempts than casual. The writes up is nothing less than motivation and challenge as I want to get things done by them. I do try to give short items periodically along with few other writers as we have positive

thinking, it should therefore never be construed as negative. To get maximum service from those who are governing, the opposition party should have efficiently placed the ministry on tender hook all the time. Unfortunately, the ruling party in our State is too comfortable to become humble as observed. It is also observed that many of the leaders are allergic to criticisms as though elected not to be blamed since they have not faced capable opposition functioning in their life. In this situation the looser is the public. As seen in the local papers, the two MPs from Nagaland have urged the Union Minister for Transport to address the road project of DimapurKohima 4-lane National Highway. The proposed highway of 4-lane is our dream project. As our memories are still very fresh about the promise of the then PM of India Vajpayi who granted Rs. 400 crore for the 4-lanes during his visit to Kohi-

ma in 2003. However, our State Govt. failed to pursue it on time like chewing half-cooked cow’s tendon. The North East Regional Parties Forum (NERPF) was formed solely at the initiatives of NPF of Nagaland under the leadership of former Chief Minister N.Rio who is exclusively responsible to take the likeminded regional parties in NE closer to BJP and to be part and parcel of NDA. The affiliation of DAN to BJP was affirmed and reaffirmed after the formation of Modi’s ministry more than what is required. Hopefully BJP will show its sympathy to the plight of NPF and other partners as each of them is struggling to prove its closeness and loyalty to BJP. Therefore, this is the best opportunity for the two MPs backed up by DAN which is almost painted saffron now(as watching on the gallery) to urge the Union Govt. to take up this 4-lane road which will be the first of

its kind in Nagaland. Expecting that the project will get through, it is good to remind all concern, in the best interest of the project, what will happen when the fund for the project is granted. Quoting personal experience of how the four 2-lane roads, namely, Chakhabama- Zunheboto road, Pfutsero-Phek road, Changtonya-Longleng road and Merangkong-Tamlu-Mon road constructions were managed by State Govt. some two years ago. Many people remember well how the first instalment to the tune of Rs.1300 crores for these four roads was spent. To the extent I know how several authorities and busybodies tried to father the whole exercise of its implementation of these four projects. The moment the finalisation of the global tender was disclosed, lot of interested parties sprung into action. Several parties went down to Hyderabad to tie up

with Maytas-Gayatri and the sub-contractor Ratnas. The sole purpose of those individuals and groups (some befriended with the contractors and some intimidated them) is to extract money as substantial as possible. When the contractors landed in Nagaland and got down to work more ‘authorities’ intervened. Though I did not know the reason, one or two persons from Hyderabad were intimidated and beaten up at Kohima and the victim/s had to evacuate. There was hardly anyone or any public organization to lend them protection and cooperation. For Pfutsero-Phek Road, Centre Chakhesang Public Organisation(CCPO) gave its best cooperation because the people wanted road. The antisocial elements seized keys of machineries at Chakhabama not less than three times and I had to intervene and sought Police intervention and retrieved the keys. Simultaneously, many of

those who considered themselves to be prominent and leaders in society pestered the contractors with endless demands both by fair means and unfair means. From those quarters who supposed to give protection to contractors exploited them. Huge demands came from factions. I did not know how the company disposed cases of demands since I did not try to know. The only thing I know is that the company had to shift their place of stay at Kohima twice for safety measure. Watching over the above mentioned powerful big shots with serpent mouth, groups and individuals posing as indispensables and playing its best roles in quest for undeserved gain is like viewing African Wildlife Century from National Geographic or Discovery channel that wild and ferocious animals fight over a meek and harmless prey or vultures fight over the carcass of a dead animal. The company is found to

have deficiencies indeed, but we the locals are found more wanted. All these factors placed the four projects in dire strait as uncertainties are above certainties now. Now, if BJP agrees to take up the 4-lane road as pursued by the MPs and as other roads are in the offing, I am apprehensive that it may too go through the same process of severe screening of squeeze. If so, it will become namesake 4-lane road, its construction quality compromised, bigger chunk of fund provided will be spent on compensations of all kind like Doyang NEPCO HP, the aforementioned elements will not allow the project to take off unless they are pleased first and the completion will be delayed or it may never happen during BJP’s time. Only talking about Dimapur-Kohima 4-lane road for 12 years running is becoming more amusing. I hope the 4-lane will not become a good joke.

Why Is Church Unable To Affect The Society In Nagaland? Thepfulhouvi Solo

A Former Speaker of Nagaland Legislative Assembly Mr. Z. Lohe, a few days ago, ruefully wrote about the excessive, rampant illegal Taxation in the State; he lamented the sorry state of affairs in the Government for correcting the Evils in the State; he even said: (it is) “Unfortunate that today the Church is afraid of Evil”. Why is the Church in Christian Nagaland afraid of the Evil? Jesus was not afraid of the Evil. He confronted Satan frontally, eyeball to eyeball in the barren moun-

tain regions looming over Jericho in the Jordan River Bank. Jesus preached: “Do not be afraid”; he was not afraid of losing even his closest follower Peter and rebuked him saying: “Get behind me, you Satan” when the later acted the way of mammon against the way of the Gospel. Jesus was not afraid of the ire of Jerusalem’s most powerful family the High Priest. The former High Priest Anna did not see they were polluting the Holy Temple of God; the current High Priest Caiapha, his five brother-in-law sons of

Anna did not see their selfish deeds. Jesus upturned and threw down the Market Tables of Anna’s Sons & Co, in the Temple Courtyard in full view of the Crowd. He was not afraid to die for the cause he came for. He chided his Host for inviting only the highly placed rather the poor and the destitutes to Dinner. Courage for Truth and Justice and Compassion became the hallmark of the Character of his followers and those who Preach of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The People in Power and the People who con-

trolled the Strings of Power at Jerusalem took the followers of Jesus as their direct opponents. The Public and the People in the corridors of Power at Jerusalem were surprised at the Courage the Fishermen and ordinary Citizen Followers of Jesus have gained after the death of Jesus their Leader, the People in Power at Jerusalem had eliminated. Centuries and millenniums before Jesus, the fundamental character that distinguished the Prophets of God from the Court Prophets of the King,

was the Fearlessness of the Prophets of God; without malice for Foes or for Friends, they opposed all forms of Evil in the Society. Prophet Nathan told King David in the face: “That evil man is you, the King”! Why is the Church in Nagaland afraid of the Evil? It is unfortunate, the public in general in Nagaland today view the Church more and more a ritualistic Organization than a living spiritual Force to stir the Naga Society for Truth and Justice without fear or favour. My humble perception is that the People who

matters in the Church in Nagaland do not perceive the Evil; they see the Evil in the Society, in the Government, in the Bureaucracy and in the Land; but not in the Church. Therefore, the Church cannot Yeast and affect the Dough to swell in the Society. People in Power in the Government are the People who matters in the Land; they are afraid of only two things: i. the Public and ii. the Church. But they (people in Power) know they can purchase the Public and please the

Church by donating Fund to it. Because the Church in Nagaland is intensely in search for Fund, they fall prey to the forces of Evil in the World they do not see. If Anania and Safira were alive today in the Church in Nagaland, they would have been highly placed and respected powerful member of the Church! Not even the most learned Theologian of the day –Saul- could see the TRUTH of Jesus; only after Saul became blind on the Road to Damascus could he perceive the Truth and became fearless, indepen-

dent of the Power-Lords at Jerusalem. Before People could believe the Word of God, they must trust and believe the Preacher first; only after the people perceive the Preacher is Fearless of Foe or Friends but for Truth alone, will they believe what he preaches. True and genuine Preachers of the Gospel are Fearless, Just, Independent and tenderly Compassionate; they ring TRUE everybody understands. All Christians in Nagaland should pray for the Church Leaders in the State.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.


The Power of Truth

The Morung Express TuEsDAy 24 JunE 2014 volumE IX IssuE 171

exclusive Language


gũgĩ wa Thiong’o points out that language is central to a peoples’ definition in relation to the world around them and has a dual character as a means of communication and a carrier of an evolving culture. Language, therefore, represents the collective memory bank of a people’s experience in history. For this reason, language was often at the heart of a colonial project. Paulo Freire asserts that the language is a vital component to the structure of oppression, and it both generates and derives from the policy of domination, exploitation and subjugation of others. Thiong’o contextualizes this perspective from a struggling peoples’ standpoint when he adds that “the domination of a people’s language by the languages of the colonizing nations was crucial to the domination of the mental universe of the colonized.” It is therefore crucial to understand the language in which the present concepts of freedom, justice and development are presented. After an objective and critical study, one will recognize that the present concepts are presented in a language which is too inadequate to bring to public expression the aspiration, ideas and values which motivate and inspire the will of the people. Indeed the present language provides an exclusive perspective which selectively negates events, activities and processes of struggling people, particularly narratives of indigenous peoples. Written as it was with questionable intentions, the existence of the values and ethics of indigenous peacebuilding, nationbuilding and their self-determining values remain unrecognized. The modern world is a result of the interplay between imperialism on one hand and the resistance against it on the other. To maintain its dominance in the international system, the language of freedom, justice and development embodying the European culture was shaped, in which such progressive concepts was upheld only for itself. This discourse conveniently erased the historical and geographical experiences, and in negating the praxis of freedom, justice and development, it denied the existence of all other indigenous cultures as non-self-determining. As a result, indigenous cultures were seen as passive objects living in a static reality with no history while the dominant cultures were seen as the makers of their own history and where the future of humankind lay in imitating dominant values. The distortion of a peoples’ story, history, spirituality and identity is not only dehumanizing, but has blatantly contributed to a systematic breakdown in relationships. This language that perpetuates oppression is projected as a representation of a universalized language, therefore creating the myth that the dominant model is the sole possessor on all solutions to the challenges of our time. Consequently, this leaves no place for creative alternative paradigms, and, in effect, negates the capacity of indigenous cultures to exercise their freedom, justice and development. Such a language does not uphold the values and rights of all humanity, but rather creates expectations without fulfillment, thereby sustaining the status quo of oppression. To be liberated from the present language of oppression one needs to engage in decolonization that helps create a new language of freedom. Frantz Fanon notes: Decolonization never takes place unnoticed, for it influences individuals and modifies them fundamentally. It brings a natural rhythm into existence, introduced by new men [and women], and with it a new language and a new humanity.


Andrew Dampf AP Sports Writer

'Do or die' matches are nothing new for Buffon



t will be nothing new for Italy captain Gianluigi Buffon when the Azzurri face Uruguay on Tuesday with a spot in the second round of the World Cup on the line. Italy will advance with a win or a draw in the Group D match. "So it's really not that bad of a situation," Buffon said Sunday. "This is the 10th tournament I'm playing with Italy and in 10 tournaments only one time — in last year's Confederations Cup — were we already qualified by the third match. ... So it's not like much has changed." However, Italy is coming off a draining 1-0 loss to Costa Rica, after which many of the Azzurri complained of the heat. "Of course this time we have to carry the loss to Costa Rica as baggage and that could make it seem tougher than it is," Buffon said. The 36-year-old Buffon is only the third player in history to be part of five World Cup squads, along with Germany great Lothar Matthaus and former Mexico goalkeeper Antonio Carbajal. He first went to the tournament back in 1998, but was a second-choice option as goalkeeper behind Gianluca Pagliuca and didn't play. Buffon took over the starting position at the 2002 World Cup and was one of the driving forces behind the Azzurri's run to their fourth title in 2006. Buffon showed he could still be decisive in the third-place match of last year's Confederations Cup, when he stopped three penalties in a shootout win over Uruguay. That was after a 2-2 draw in which Edinson Cavani scored both goals for Uruguay. And Cavani is not even Uruguay's most dangerous striker, as Luis Suarez showed when he scored both goals in a 2-1 win over England on Thursday. "Cavani and Suarez are a great attack duo but it's not like we're just realizing that now," Buffon said. "They have confirmed themselves for many years with the national team and individually with their clubs. It's normal when you face a squad of Uruguay's caliber that there are quality players." Mario Balotelli has spearheaded Italy's attack for the opening two matches but coach Cesare Prandelli could add Ciro Immobile up front against Uruguay. Immobile led Serie A with 22 goals for Torino before completing a transfer to Borussia Dortmund, just days before flying to Brazil. But his only action thus far was in the final 17 minutes of the Azzurri's 2-1 win over England in their opening match. "I don't think Mario and Ciro have ever played together," Buffon said. "It would be something new that would carry all of the associated risks — and benefits." Italy will also probably be without key defensive midfielder Daniele De Rossi, which could prompt coach Cesare Prandelli to revert from a four-man defense to the three-man formation employed by three-time Serie A champion Juventus. Giorgio Chiellini, Leonardo Bonucci and Andrea Barzagli — who each play for the Turin club — would fill those places. "Our coach is always able to find the right balance in situations like this," Buffon said. "He's a maestro at that. ... We're definitely going to need a warm heart and a cold head. We can't throw away our self-confidence for one poor match." No matter what happens on Tuesday, it won't be easy for Italy. "If we are eliminated after the first round it would be a failure," Buffon said. "It would be a personal disappointment and nobody would hide from that. But if we advance we're going to face hostile opponents and that's where the real problems start."



Dr. I. John Mohan Razu Professor Of Social Ethics, CTC, Mokokchung

Rainbow Republic undeR ScanneR The politics of identity—it’s spatial and ideological location


ietzsche’s wise words “that which doesn’t destroy you only makes you stronger, by having been tested and having passed the test” are apt to the current state of affairs happening in our society. India is a Republic known for its accommodation of diverse identities on its canvass. They are enshrined in the Constitution and so it is binding on each and every citizen of this country. These principles are vividly articulated in letter and spirit and thus enshrined in the Constitution. The rationale behind these principles is that all are required to embrace and accept different colors, diverse cultures, multi-religious persuasions, ethnicities, communities and host of others as how the Rainbow accommodates all colors. In tune to this Indians living in this Republic we are all expected and required to accommodate and accept our fellow beings. Our Republic symbolically depicts Rainbow that reflects the integral features of inclusiveness and accommodation of all cultures and varied ethnicities without any distinction and discrimination. Apparently, at the notional and ideational levels all these ideals seem to be present and well-articulated. Certainly all these dictums sound fascinating and attractive. But in reality, does our society truly amplify the characteristics of Rainbow? Does it reflect the features of Rainbow, so that it could be called a Rainbow Republic? These are the questions that loom in the minds of free-thinking and free-moving citizens of this country. The notion of Rainbow Republic is under scanner in recent times. There have been spates of violence and discriminatory practices being reported and witnessed against particular identity groups in different parts of India. The People from the Northeastern states of India in particular are under attack. They are being targeted in diverse ways: either harassed or sexually molested or beaten up or ridiculed or killed from cross-sections of our society. The physical and verbal attacks on the people of Northeast are on the rise conspicuously in New Delhi and Bangaluru. Calling them with derogatory names and terms and looking at them as if they are from some other planet shows cultural decadence, frivolousness and callousness. Analysis of various utterances and actions of non-northeastern people against the people of northeastern states attributes to racism. Racial remarks and actions against the people of north-eastern states keep growing. For umpteen numbers of reasons as the citizens of this country all of us have the right to go to any part of the country. Relatively a sizable number of young people from the northeastern states go to places of their choice for studies and employment. Dalhi and Bangaluru seem to be their most desired destinations. A sizable number of young people from the northeast take up jobs in malls, retail outlets or the hospitability services or as security personnel or any job that are offered to them depending on the skills and preference. Huge sections of people unskilled and underskilled young people migrate to different places of our country predominantly from the under-developed regions to developed regions for want of jobs. The primary reason they move out is for employment and for basic sustenance. The exodus of people from northeast to different parts is one such phenomenon that needs to be taken seriously. The respective governments need to take this phenomenon more seriously by delving into the reasons and factors of migration, so that the problems could be addressed and responded appropriately and comprehensively. However, some of the recent racist overtones against the people of northeast merit attention. The horrific crime against a person of north-eastern origin happened on the 29th of January this year when Nido Tania, a 19-year old student from Arunachal Pradesh, was beaten black and blue because he pro-


f you use Facebook, the specific ads you see have been based mostly on what you do on Facebook — your profile information, status updates, likes and interests. That's changing. The company says it will soon give advertisers more options to tailor ads to what you do outside Facebook. Shopping for a new TV? Get ready to see ads for TV sets on Facebook. Unless you're willing to unplug, there's little you can do to avoid being tracked online. But there are some ways to control what ads you see and how the ads are tailored to you. How it works: Facebook doesn't share your specific identity with advertisers. Rather, the advertiser can select the types of people to show ads to. An advertiser might want to reach women who just moved to Boston and who just got engaged, for instance. When buying the ad, the advertiser checks all the boxes that apply. Facebook matches the ads to the specific people who fit those attributes, without having to reveal their identities to the advertiser. Besides the obvious attributes such as location, age and gender, advertisers can select languages, "ethnic affinity" and life events such as people who have recently moved, are living away from their family, got a new job and so on. Advertisers who want to target the newly engaged can narrow that down to engagements within one year or within three months. There are even options to target baby boomers, video game console players, early or late adopters of technology, fans of specific sports

tested against being ridiculed for his hairstyle. Nido succumbed to his injuries. Similar incidences continue unabated. Bangaluru is one such place where racist remarks and ridicules against the northeastern people in public places take place. Even in educational institutions including theological colleges racist remarks in subtle ways operate. Last year racism against the north-eastern people reached its peak in Bangaluru and there were large number of people desperately left Bangaluru for safety and security. It was indeed a mass exodus of north-eastern people packing their belonging and fleeing to their respective states. Interestingly, for the first time a television channel labeled the Nido Tania episode a racial crime. After that the term “racism” gained currency in the media. All the derogatory verbal utterances and physical assaults amount to racist overtones. Racism as an issue definitely entered the kaleidoscopic landscape of rainbow country. The word ‘racism’ has to be contextualized and articulated within the frame of Rainbow. It means “prejudice based upon a race or color and from practices of discrimination and segregation as details of justice and human dignity.” The government and the institutions of governance must take action against those who practice racial prejudice. In our context, racism is to be seen and linked with economic and political exploitation. We are aware of the fact that centre-periphery dynamic operates and the states of northeast continue to be peripheral and thus remain totally dependent on the Centre. There are centers and peripheries within and between, including the northeast region, where some states are prospering and developing, while the others remain under-developed. Further, racism embraces “ethnocentric pride in one’s own racial group and preference for the distinctive characteristics of that group; belief that these characteristics are fundamentally biological in nature … strong negative feelings towards other groups who do not share these characteristics, coupled with the thrust to discriminate against and exclude the out-group from full participation in the life of the community.” So, racism in the Rainbow Republic is real and thus operates in covert and overt ways. Racial prejudices are seen in many forms and thus cover many facets. These prejudices manifests in the manner of inter and intra, between and within. So, racism is entrenched at the root that creates binaries such as “ME” and “YOU”, “WE” and the “OTHER”, “I” and “YOU”. The “OTHERNESS” is being defined and understood within a particular biological and cultural construct. Those who fail to fall within the classified and specified parameters are considered as the “OTHER”. It is in this dynamic and framework racism operates in big and small ways. It is another form of domination centered on privilege. Those who practice racism think that it is their privilege and so provided with the right to unleash and practice racism against the “other” and the “underprivileged”. Those who belong to other parts of the Rainbow Republic with racist mind-sets look at the people of Northeast differently. Of course they are different and will look different because they are racially different. Their complexion and features tend to be different. Their eating habits and cuisines can be scrumptious for some and repulsive to others. Their ways of dressing and mannerisms are different. Their dances and socialization processes may not be the same like others. Their cultures, customs, traditions and practices are distinct, diverse and obviously are different. Within the Northeast we come across different ethnic communities such as Nagas, Mizos, Bodos, Garos, Khasis, Jaintias and others with diverse identities. India as a nation embraces diverse ethnic identities and this forms the Rainbow. Precisely because of these reasons it is called as a diverse country, Rainbow Republic and in that Northeastern region forms

the perfect Rainbow. So, it is befitting that the jargon such as “celebrating diversity” holds good. When we use the jargon “celebrating diversity” we should understand the fuller meaning of it. It is a highly loaded jargon that calls for openness and greater awareness. We proudly claim that we are unique because we are diverse which imply that in diversity we celebrate oneness. It is an irony that some of the happening that we came across reveal that select people singularly targeted that too from Northeast around the country clearly portrays that we are increasingly becoming intolerant to the “OTHER”. If this is the scenario, then all our claims become a farce or even a jargon that contradicts our ideals. Invariably our actions have thus far proven just the opposite. If we continue to persist and push hard on “I” or “ME” and thus expect the “OTHER” to be “US” then it tantamount to racism which is counter-productive. The region northeast itself is a rainbow within the Rainbow Republic. It will be just a fascinating and beautiful exercise as we strive and endeavor and thus make an honest attempt to assimilate, appropriate and appreciate these diverse cultures by way of integration and accommodation. As against the backdrop, the type of racism prevails in our country against the northeast people can be altered and eradicated. It is undoubtedly an alterable feature of human life. Certainly like slavery and other social manifestations of human constructions, those who are instilled with this type of attitude, mindset and ideology will have to be countered. Racism has become a political ideology which is premised on social reality. It is interpreted in such ways that political and economic decisions are taken. We keep witnessing attacks on the people of northeast and we observe in those is the presence of power. As an ideology, the dominant groups exercise and impose their will and power upon others so as to exclude them from effective participation in decision making processes and in the process exploit them for economic gains. Plurality of cultures is the hallmark of our civilization. When we say plurality it is the culture that plays the concomitant role. The centrality of our nation is not in “Unity in Uniformity”, but in “Diversity”. It is in diversity we see the wholism, the fullness. Every community/race is distinct, and therefore is unique in its own right that needs to be acknowledged and appreciated. Claiming superiority over the others and by way of subsuming or appropriating the OTHER cultures within the dominant culture leads to cultural annihilation. Racist overtones of all sorts and in all forms shall by all means be contested and eliminated. Northeast region splendidly displays the diversity and plurality of cultures and traditions. It is placed in a strategic geo-political landscape. The terrains posit the veracity of the region. Like others northeasterners are proud of their cultures and sensitive to those expressions that undermine their race, cultures and ways of living. They respect other cultures and other races. Likewise, they expect others to respect them. Continuance and furtherance of nefarious designs against the people of this region shall lead to the collapse of plural and diverse ethos to which we are proud of and cherish. The maxim: “Live and Let Others Live” in a landscape that has spaces for all. Region-based social and economic exclusion cannot go long way. Added to these the region suffers from underdevelopment because the fruits of national growth have not trickled down to this region. This region has been neglected and suffers from total isolation and apathy from the Centre. Integration involves many dimensions. Integration means integral development. There are many sides to development and so all the sides be given equal weightage, failing which could lead to all sorts of turmoil paving way for disintegration. People are the means and end. Peoples’ hopes and aspirations cannot be tested for long. They are the subjects of history and makers of their destiny.

Tech Tips: Facebook ads, tracking and you Barbara ortutay AP Technology Writer teams or people who go on cruises. Facebook even considers your offline shopping behavior. Facebook's advertisers can see, for example, whether the ad for detergent you saw on Facebook led you to buy that brand in a drug store the following week. Facebook works with outside analytics firms to match what Facebook knows with what the retailers have on you and what you bought. Your name isn't attached to this, but it may still feel creepy. Not every piece of data is used to target advertising, at least not yet. For example, the company recently introduced "nearby friends," which lets you share your exact location with your Facebook buddies so you can meet up. So far, you won't see ads targeted to you based on the street corner you are standing on, but it's easy to see how this could happen one day.

Facebook already serves "retargeted" ads. So if you visited and looked at a pair of black flats, you might see the same shoes pop up in a Zappos ad on Facebook. With interest-based targeting, a company selling socks might show you an ad based on your interest in shoes — even if you did not previously visit its website. What you can't control: The best way to stop tracking is to stop using the Internet and move into a cave. "Everywhere you go on the Web, with almost no exceptions, you are going to be receiving ads based on lots of data about you," says Jules Polonetsky, who advises Facebook on privacy issues as director of the Future of Privacy Forum, an industry-backed think tank in Washington. A few Internet companies such as Twitter, Hulu and Pinterest, along with some advertising networks and analytics firms, have agreed to adhere to voluntary guidelines called "do not track." That lets people decline tracking by websites that they don't visit. Google, Facebook and Yahoo — among the largest hubs for online advertising — aren't participating so far, so your preferences mean nothing there.


What's new: In the coming weeks, Facebook will start offering advertisers another way to tailor ads in the U.S., based on information gathered from other websites you visit and the apps you use. This is called interest-based advertising, and Facebook says "many companies already do this."

What you can do: Facebook does participate in a version of "do not track" for mobile devices. To do this on iPhones and iPads with iOS 7, go to settings, then privacy, then advertising. Slide the lever next to "limit ad tracking" to the right, or green. On Android, go to Google settings (as opposed to the regular settings). Then choose ads and select "opt out of interest-based ads." If you are a Facebook user in the U.S., you will soon be able to click on a drop-down menu on the top right corner of every ad to find out why it's being shown to you. You'll still have the option to hide the specific ad from your feed, or hide all ads from that particular advertiser. Now, you can click on "Why am I seeing this ad?" to see why the ad was targeted to you. Reasons could be your interests, such as the Olympics or the World Cup, or an advertiser's desire to, say, reach women in your age group who live in your city. An ad offering called "lookalike audiences" lets advertisers target users with a similar profile as their existing customers. Let's say a restaurant's ideal customer base is over 35 and a fan of Mercedes-Benz. The restaurant can target this group with ads, for example. You can opt out of having ads targeted to you here: http://www. . Besides Facebook, some 115 companies are participating in the program. That said, opting out of targeted ads won't stop you from seeing advertisements. They just won't be tailored to you based on your online profile and activities. It also won't stop Facebook (and other companies) from tracking you. It simply means that information won't be used to show ads targeted to you.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

7 PERSPECTIVE India’s Rape ‘Epidemic’ through the Lens of Caste TuEsday


24 June 2014


Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) women workers slogans and burn an effigy of Akhilesh Yadav, chief minister of the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, during a protest against the recent killings of two girls, in Allahabad, on Saturday, May 31. (AP Photo/ Rajesh Kumar Singh)

sonali Kolhatkar



ndia, the world’s largest democracy, has a PR problem. Despite the effort of politicians to present India as a rapidly modernizing state, gruesome incidents of rape keep making news, generating bewilderment among analysts. Take the latest instance of a double rape and killing of two young girls in a tiny rural village in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The girls were 12 and 14 years old and were last seen alive leaving their home in the middle of the night to relieve themselves. Were it not for footage of their bodies hanging from a mango tree the next day, the incident would likely not have made much news. That incident is not isolated. Within days, more reports surfaced from Uttar Pradesh of a 19-year-old woman who was lynched and a 45-year-old woman who was raped and also hung. Additionally, a woman in the same state said she had been gang raped by four police officers after she went to the station to plead her incarcerated husband’s case. In fact, since the 2012 violent gang rape and killing of a young woman on a bus in the country’s capital, Delhi, India has been grappling with high-profile rapes and sexual assaults making news like never before. Obviously rape itself is not a new phenomenon in India. But treating it as a heinous crime deserving of public revulsion is relatively new. Most attempts to make sense of the violence miss one crucial element however, and that is India’s caste system. Why would the rapists and killers of the two young girls in Uttar Pradesh go to the lengths of hanging the victims’ bodies from a tree? The answer to that question is hidden beneath layers of India’s caste-based sexual violence. The victims at the center of that crime were from the Shakya caste while the alleged perpetrators were from the Yadav caste. Although both castes are designated as “lower castes,” the Yadav caste is dominant in the village where the crime was committed. Thenmozhi Soundararajan is a Dalit-American filmmaker, transmedia artist and co-founder of the interna-

tional women’s media technology collective Third World Majority. For the past several years she has devoted herself to exposing the injustices of India’s caste system. In an interview on Uprising during which she helped place India’s rape epidemic within the lens of caste-based violence, she told me, caste “is an insidious system that traps over 200 million people.” That’s the equivalent of two-thirds of the U.S.’ population dealing with an entrenched system of oppression. She cited the grim statistics that “every hour [in India], three Dalits are murdered, two are raped, and two [Dalit] houses are burned,” adding, “this is one of the most under-reported human rights crises of our time.” Most Americans will be unfamiliar with the word “Dalit.” But it is an increasingly common term of selfidentification used by India’s Adivasis or tribal communities who have historically been at the bottom of the socioeconomic hierarchy as “untouchables” or “scheduled castes.” “Just like within the Black Power movement, the assertion of being black was that first step toward self-determination, for Dalits, we reject the epithet of ‘untouchable,’ ” Soundararajan said. “Dalit,” she added, “means ‘broken by a system of oppression,’ but is also a term of struggle, meaning ‘we fight to survive, we fight to thrive, and think of ourselves as a people defined by this struggle.’ ” The National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights (NCDHR) explains in its brochure that India’s lower castes, also known as “untouchables,” “may not use the same wells, visit the same temples, drink from the same cups in tea stalls [as upper caste Indians], or lay claim to land that is legally theirs. ... Dalit children are frequently made to sit in the back of classrooms and communities as a whole are made to perform degrading rituals in the name of caste.” Additionally, “Dalit women face the triple burden of caste, class and gender.” Despite the fact that only a handful of media outlets in India or the U.S. have examined India’s rape epidemic through the lens of caste, Soundararajan told me, “the reality is that caste is everywhere South Asians are. If we’re able to talk about and break the silence on caste-based sexual violence, we’ll really be able to make headway in terms of ending this system in our lifetime.” India has outlawed caste-based discrimination in its very constitution. But just as rape is outlawed and yet

essentially condoned by many politicians, caste-based violence and discrimination are rampant in villages and cities alike and laws remain unenforced. In studying Dalit communities, the United Nations found some years ago that women “face targeted violence, even rape and death, from state actors and powerful members of dominant castes who used [their power] to inflict political lessons and crush dissent within community.” The NCDHR, in its 2012 report to the United Nations, cited tens of thousands of cases of violence against Dalit women each year. Soundararajan said to me, “when we’re talking about caste-based sexual violence, it’s not a crime of just lust, it’s not a crime of individual power. ... [It is] a systemic way in which caste is enforced through Dalit women’s bodies.” She gave a typical example of how “anytime the Dalit community [tries to] exert their rights like going out to vote or going to school or trying to access common resources that have been segregated in the caste apartheid that exists in rural and urban India, what will happen is there will be reprisal violence.” She echoed the dominant upper-caste sentiment: “Because you guys decided to step out this way, we’re going to emasculate the men of the community, we’re going to target your women, we’re going to humiliate them.” The collective punishment against Dalit communities for daring to exercise their right to exist includes, according to Soundararajan, “an entire spectrum of sexual violence [against Dalit women] that includes being stripped and paraded naked, having your head shorn, raped and murdered in these heinous, humiliating ways that are designed to tell over and over to the Dalit community, ‘you are not human, you will never be one of us, don’t ever try this again, we have total control over your bodies and your lands.’ ” Seeing India’s sexual violence against women through the lens of the caste system clarifies the reason why the 12- and 14-year-old Dalit girls were lynched. The presumably Yadav perpetrators were sending a message of collective humiliation to the entire lowercaste Shakya community. Upper-caste violators of the law often get away with crimes of sexual violence because, according to Soundararajan, “there are two Indias: one India where there is a rule of law for those that are upper caste and wealthy, and another India where there is no rule of law, particularly if you’re Dalit.” Soundararajan indicted all levels of Indian society for the crimes of caste-based violence, saying “we have to examine the culture of impunity that goes all the way from that village [in Uttar Pradesh] to the top levels of Indian diplomacy.” India is a strong U.S. ally and a lucrative market for transnational capitalist enterprises. Although gendered violence is a convenient excuse for foreign intervention in countries like Afghanistan, India’s castebased apartheid is dismissed by the international community and major Western powers like the U.S. as part of the country’s own internal affairs. In fact, neither President Obama nor U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has made any mention of caste-based violence in condemning the recent incidents of rape in India. Soundararajan had strong words for outside commentators about India’s sexual violence, saying, “Stop talking about the rape culture without mentioning caste!” Drawing an analogy with the West, she said, “It would be similar to looking at the U.S. under slavery and wondering why black women were experiencing rape much differently than white women without talking about slavery. That’s how critical it is to have a structural analysis and to name caste as one of the core origins of this rape culture in India.”

Implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme in Nagaland Gautam sen he Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the most significant effort of Govt. of India initiated in November 2000 as a Centrally-sponsored scheme, to ensure universal elementary education (of all children in the age group 6-14 years). The broad objectives of SSA are :(a)enrolment of all children in schools, Education Guarantee Scheme centres, alternate schools and `back-to-school` camps; (b) retention of all children till upper primary stage; (c) bridging gender and social category gaps in enrolment, retention and learning; and (d) ensuring significant enhancement in learning achievement levels of children at primary and upper primary stages. The scheme got a thrust when it became a medium to implement Right to Education (RTE) Act which came into force on 1st April, 2010. The SSA, a major flagship scheme of the UPA Govts., is unlikely to be discontinued but may be tweaked and reoriented for better outcomes. Nagaland, as a beneficiary State, is one of the stake holders, and all concerned in the State should perforce, be conscious of implementing the scheme with seriousness and efficiency. Nagaland, with a position in the Human Development Index relatively better than many States of the Indian Union, should be enthusiastic about SSA. An outlay of Rs. 231230 crore was sanctioned for implementation of SSA in the country as a whole under RTE Act, for the period (2010-11) to (201415). Rs. 183640 crore (79 per cent) is for recurring expenditure and Rs. 47590 crore (21 per cent) for non-recurring expenditure. Rs. 88 crore, Rs. 98 crore, Rs. 112 crore and Rs. 158 crore were released as part of the Centre`s share under SSA to Nagaland, and the State Govt. had funded Rs. 12 crore, Rs. 5 crore, Rs. 14 crore and Rs.15 crore during the years (2010-11), (2011-12), (2012-13) and (2013-14) respectively. This has been broadly within the pattern of funding : Centre`s share 90 per cent as applicable for Special Category States with the State`s share being 10 per cent with adjustment of unspent balances. The Centre has an outlay of Rs. 292 crore under SSA for (2014-15). The extent of the State`s financial com-


Some Issues and Problems

mitment will be clear after finalization of Nagaland Govt.`s general budget (2014-15) in coming July. The 13th Finance Commission has also awarded a small performance-oriented grant of Rs. 7 crore to Nagaland. As a result of the State`s efforts and the support under SSA, Nagaland has shown some positive outcomes. The Gross Enrolment Ratios (GER) indicate that, the State is doing well in enrolment at primary and upper primary school levels. Official statistics compiled by Union Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), indicate that the State is above the national average GER at both primary and upper primary levels. Furthermore, the State`s annual dropout rate at primary level has also improved over the recent years as evident from the rate declining from 11.41 in (2009-10) to 5.46 in (2012-13) though, the rate at upper primary level has increased from 2.95 in (2011-12) to 10.52 in (2012-13). The latest National Achievement Survey (sponsored by UNICEF) published by National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) as per its Class-3 (Cycle 3), however shows that, at the north-east regional level, Nagaland students fared below Tripura, Mizoram, Sikkim and Manipur in regard to Language skills and were marginally below the national average. So far as ability in Mathematics was concerned, Nagaland students performed below Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura and Sikkim and were also below the national average. Performance of the State`s urban students was lower than the national average in Language skills, while rural students were at par with the national average. Performance of Nagaland`s urban students was well below the national average in Mathematics, while for rural students it was marginally higher. In this backdrop, the State has to make further efforts to improve in these areas by deriving full benefits of the programmes under SSA. Under SSA, till 2014-15 on a cumulative basis, 490 primary schools and 593

upper primary schools have been sanctioned for Nagaland. Of these, 945 are operational. 97 primary schools and 41 upper primary schools are yet to be opened. The Central Govt. had also stepped in to a substantial extent towards creating physical assets like new school buildings, refurbishing existing dilapidated buildings, providing toilets and urinals in the SSA schools as well as separate toilets for girl students and drinking water facilities. Nagaland had reported 6692 out-ofschool children in 2013-14. The Central Govt. had consequently approved Rs. 4.72 crores on account of special training for mainstreaming out-of-school children in regular schools in the current financial year. While cognizance of this need is a welcome development, it is encouraging to note that the Project Approval Board (concerned with annual works plans and budgets) of SSA, have appreciated the need for executing a comprehensive programme for Science and Mathematics at upper primary levels. Some funds have also been earmarked for this purpose, and residential training for more than 1200 Mathematics and Science teachers at block level and thereafter, at cluster level, planned for the current financial year. These efforts should lead to positive outcome towards improvement of cognitive capacity and skills of the State`s children. Nagaland, despite achieving a degree of success on the school education front, still have some issues to contend with. The State has shown high drop-out rates and low retention rates in five districts viz. Mon ( 12); Tuensang (14.3); Zunebhoto (8.4); Phek (8.3); and Wokha (7.2). Corrective measures are required to remedy the situation, and the effectiveness of schemes like Mid-Day Meal Scheme which are intended to attract children to schools, need to be re-assessed vis-àvis these districts. The average drop-out rate of 5.5 at primary level though not inferior to the national average , can be improved. There is a requirement to improve average attendance rate of teachers at primary and upper primary levels as was evident from the rates of 76.5

and 69.4 respectively, in 2012-13. It will require a substantial effort on the part of the State Govt. as well as the SSA programme office in Nagaland to upgrade the educational status of their children both at primary and upper primary levels, considering the not-too-adequate performance in the attainment of language and computing skills. The State was at par with the national average in Class-5 for Mathematics and, above for reading, comprehension and Environmental Science. Nevertheless, the State was below national average in Class-8 for Language, Social Science, Mathematics and Science. These developments seem to indicate that, Nagaland is capable of improvement through appropriate interventions while implementing SSA and complementary State Govt. programmes. Another important issue concerns the welfare of the teachers under the SSA scheme. There are some issues in this regard. As stated above, the overall funding of SSA has been substantial. However, the State has not been able to fully deploy its share of funds, on the scheme, leading to periodic constraints. The Centre finds it difficult within the existing governmental budgetary - cum - accounting system and audit controls to continuously release funds when release of intermediate shares of the State Govt. are pending. Without the State`s 10 per cent matching share, the major share of flow of funds from the Centre has been getting affected. There has been dissatisfaction and unrest among the teachers under SSA, owing to non-disbursement of salary to them on a regular basis. This situation should hopefully improve after release of Rs. 21 crore at the end of the last financial year (as reported by the State to MHRD). Both the Centre and the State need to evolve a mechanism for unimpeded flow of funds as related to the activities decided by the PAB of SSA, for sustaining this major welfare-oriented scheme and augmenting the targeted outcomes. The author is Shri Gautam Sen (IDAS:Retd.), presently serving as Adviser (Finance Commission matters) of Govt. of Nagaland, and has functioned earlier as Financial Adviser of North Eastern Council under Union Ministry of Home Affairs during the Ninth Plan period. The views expressed are the author`s own and do not represent the opinion of either the Central Govt. or the State Govt. of Nagaland.

“Arena of Mind” portrays a space for idea germination, a field where ideas from multi-disciplinary viewpoints fertilize the world of intelligence. The writers aspire to envision a new future by exploring the mind, discovering new seeds of insights and unleashing them to enlightenment.

Christian Humility


hen it comes to the subject of Christian humility, many of us do not have a clue what it is all about. Humility does not mean thinking badly of yourself, or trying to hide your accomplishments. Rather than being connected to the word humiliate, it is connected to the word humble.But the problem is that it takes great humility to understand humility, and even more to resist the pride that comes so naturally with even a discussion of the subject. We are on slippery ground because humility cannot be attained directly. Once we become aware of the poison of pride, we begin to notice it all around us. We hear it in the sarcastic, snarky voices in newspaper columns and weblogs. We see it in civic, cultural, and business leaders who never admit weakness or failure. We see it in our neighbours and some friends with their jealousy, self-pity, and boasting. And so we vow not to talk or act like that. If we then notice ‘a humble turn of mind’’ in ourselves, we immediately become smug –but that is pride in our humility. Humility is so shy. If you begin talking about it, it leaves. To even ask the question, ‘’Am I humble? ‘’ is to not be so. Christian humility is not thinking less of yourself, ‘it is thinking of yourself less.Humility is a by product of belief in the gospel of Christ. In the gospel, we have a confidence not based in our performance but in the love of God in Christ (Rom.3.22-24) this frees us from having to always look at ourselves. Our sin was so great, nothing less than the death of Jesus could save us. He had to die for us. His love for us was so great that He sacrificed His life for our sins. But He doesn’t boasts about anything .But in the case of human naturehe boasts and brags about his successes, or acts as if he is better than others. Not only is such a person an annoyance to deal with, he is basing his beliefs and his behaviour on selfimportance. A Christian who is humble acknowledge Godfor his success, he knows he would not have accomplished it without God. If he experiences something positive, he is aware god is the source of the wonderful blessing. In other words, a humble Christian knows who is really responsible for everything good that happens in his life, and does not try to claim credit for himself. Humility extends to negative events, too. when you experience a loss or a difficulty, these are also times to acknowledge God. The strength and courage to continue during hard times come from knowing there is a reason for your faith. Knowing God will not let you down or leave you results in faith based on humility. When pressing on is something you know you cannot do alone, all you need to do is acknowledge God as the source of strength. To acknowledge God in all things is one part of humility. Another part is to be thankful. If humility is a new trait you need to begin developing, gratitude is a good thing to start. While it may seem easy to thank God for his gifts when you are going through a difficult time or experiencing something very positive , humility requires consistent gratitude. If you start by thanking God for your life and every new day, being humble will become natural for you. While thanking God for everything is essential for the person who wishes to live a Christian life, humility must also extend to other people. A person who does not know how to be humble loves to take creditfor everything himself. On the Job, he does notthink about the boss who hired him, or how cooperative his children are in the household. Noticing helpful friends and neighbours probably does not happen very often either. In order to be truly humble, it is necessary to appreciate people in your life. Instead of taking them for granted, acknowledge life would not be nearly as fulfilling without them. When someone does something for you, do not miss the opportunity to say thank you. Even if they do not do anything specific, let them know you appreciate them for who they are. Humility is about knowing life would not be as it is, and would not be as you are, if you were entirely alone with it. Gratitude shows, you are truly thankful to those who make life possible. The foundation of gratitude is God. Acknowledging God and His grace in every aspect of life is the core of Christian humility. When you do this consistently, you will never lose focus. Giving other people the sense of priority they deserve is the next step. As long as you keep in mind that you would not be where you are or who you are if you were on your own, you will have theright perspective on humility. Allowing this perspective to guide your thoughts and your actions every day will help you to lead a fulfilling Christian life. Some Essential Elements of Christian Humility Humility, on the other hand, is a distinctively Christian virtue. From what I understand, it doesn’t show up in the pre-Christian virtue lists created by the philosophers. But the writers of the New Testament (especially Paul, James, and peter) first recognized humility as a virtue, because it was one of the undeniable characteristics of Jesus (Phil, 2-1-11). There are some essential elements that make up the virtue of humility. An awareness of limits. There are things we cannot comprehend, things we cannot do. Those who become master of any academic discipline, for example, are masters of only a small silver of human knowledge. And even then, they can never fully comprehend how their expertise fits with all the other academic disciplines. We are finite, and finiteness has its limitations. Our limitations caution us to exercise humility. Recognition of brokenness. When we add to our limitations the fact of our brokenness, and the urgency for humility becomes even more intense. We have a strong tendency to misunderstand the nature of things, to give priority to ourselves, and to hurt ourselves and others in the process. An appreciation for scale. Even with our limitations and our brokenness, we can minimize the damage we might cause by being cautious about when and how we seek to extend our influence over others. As the scale on which you operate increases, the potential for making a mess increases. This is why, for example, it’s much better for the young and inexperienced to be leader of a few than to be a leader of many. A commitment to mutuality. Mutuality means giving attention to the second part of Jesus’ Great Commandment; to love others. We find it too easy to think that our generic, positive feelings toward others are love, even as we try to exercise our authority and supposed superiority over them. But love doesn’t occur in a master – salve relationship. Love is the domain of mutuality, with each more concerned for the other. A continuous submission to God. This is the first part of the Great Commandment: to love God when we believe our lives are submitted to God, it is all too easy to think and act as if limits, brokenness, scale, and mutuality don’t matter anymore. After all, I’m Just following what God wants me to do. Genuine love for God and submission to Jesus- who submitted himself for us on the cross- leads us, not to arrogance, but to humility.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

Sr. Tincy SABS Assistant professor Department of History St. Joseph’s College, Jakhama




Tuesday 24 June 2014

The Morung Express

UGC standoff with DU continues

New Delhi, JuNe 23 (iANS): The standoff between the UGC and Delhi University (DU) over the four-year undergraduate programme (FYUP) continued Monday with most of the university’s colleges deferring admissions, leading to confusion among lakhs of aspirants just a day before the admission process was to begin. Even as the University Grants Commission (UGC), a statutory body of the government to coordinate and maintain the standards of university education in India, ordered the DU to scrap the FYUP “without fail” by Monday, the university was tightlipped over the issue. Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister Smriti Irani met UGC officials to discuss the situation. With no clarity emerging about the status of the course, S.K. Garg, president of the DU Principals Association, said: “Since there is a conflict between the two sets of guidelines, the admission process is unclear. “We defer the admissions to Delhi University till the competent authority issues unambiguous guidelines,” Garg told reporters. Ram Lal Anand College Principal Vijay K. Sharma told IANS that the admissions have been “deferred

‘UGC can only advise Delhi University, not dictate’ New Delhi, JuNe 23 (AgeNcieS): The confusion over Delhi University’s Four-Year Undergraduate Programme is growing every passing minute. A section of teachers of the university have now backed Vice Chancellor Dinesh Singh and have come out in favour of the FYUP. Former Delhi University Teachers’ Association president Aditya Narayan Mishra said that the autonomy of the university was under a threat as the University Grant Commission can only advise DU. “This crisis is of grave concern for all of us. The UGC can only advise DU. DU’s autonomy is being encroached upon under a conspiracy,” Mishra said. “A central university such as Allahabad University also has 4 years programme. Six centrally funded institutions are also running 4 year courses. Why is DU being made an exception,” he asked. “UGC is doing what new HRD minister Smriti Irani wants,” he added. Meanwhile, sources say that DU had also not taken the mandatory permission of the UGC before introducing the FYUP course. Sources say that DU has did not take the approval of the President of India for the FYUP Ordinance and therefore, the course has till a final decision is taken by either body”. He said the decision to temporary defer the admission process was taken by the association, which has 61 college principals as its members,

no legal validity. The Congress had also questioned the UGC for telling DU to scrap it. Congress leader Manish Tewari questioned the UGC asking where it was when the university had implemented the FYUP. “Where was the UGC then if they had reservations? Why didn’t they advise the DU not to implement it. Has the UGC become a scapegoat? What’s going to happen to the students,” Tewari asked. He also said that the university has become a laughing stock because of the issue. “This makes the university a complete laughing stock. It is reflective of the attitude of the NDA towards institutions. If they trifle and tamper with autonomy of the institutions it will not augur well for the country,” he said. Hitting out at the BJP for waiting till the admissions to rake up the FYUP issue, Tewari said, “If the BJP wanted to do this then they should have done it the day they were sworn in. Why wait till this time and play with the future of students? My difficulty is with the manner and timing of the decision..” The DU Vice Chancellor is meeting college principals and trying to garner support for continuing the FYUP. But there are student pro-

due to “lack of clarity and conflicting guidelines”. “Of the 61 members, 36 were present at the meeting where the decision was taken,” Sharma told IANS. The admission process

tests outside his office demanding it be scrapped. Parallel protests are on at the DU campus by students who have already completed a year of their undergraduate course and by those who want the FYUP to be scrapped. The students who have completed the first year of their undergraduate course are confused as to whether they will have to spend another three or two years for completing their course. Meanwhile, there are also students who have applied for admissions this year and are clueless about what is going to happen. The UGC in its letter to DU colleges said that a contravention of the order could lead to serious action including withdrawal of grant facilities. In the letter to Delhi University colleges UGC Secretary Jaspal Singh Sandhu said, “I am directed to request that colleges shall admit students at the UG level for academic year 2014-2015 only to the 3 year UG programme which was offered by it prior to the introduction of the four year system and report compliance to the UGC soon after. Any deviation or contravention of this order shall be viewed seriously and may attract action including withdrawal of grant facilities.”

was to begin Tuesday. Meanwhile, the UGC, which met to chalk out a plan pertaining to the migration of the current students back to the threeyear programme, stuck to

its stand of restoring the three-year programme. The commission had Saturday constituted a standing committee headed by UGC vice chairman H. Devaraj, with

representatives from the academic and executive councils of DU, Delhi University Teachers Association (DUTA), Delhi University Students Union (DUSU), and college principals and teachers, to advise the university on the changeover. The commission Monday also issued a public notice against the FYUP in all leading newspapers for parents and students. “After taking into consideration the larger interests of the students, they are hereby informed that they shall seek admission in a college of the University of Delhi only to the three-year under-graduate programmes, which were prevalent prior to the introduction of the FYUP and shall pay fees only for the three-year programme,” read the UGC public notice. The UGC issued the public notice Monday after its two previous orders in this regard were overlooked by the DU. The UGC’s first order was issued June 20 and the second June 22, asking DU to scrap the controversial course started in the last academic year. The commission Sunday ordered DU that it should make admissions for undergraduate courses

only under the three-year programme, which was prevalent prior to the introduction of the FYUP, or face action under the UGC Act, 1956. As the FYUP violates the National Education Policy 1986, which advocates the 10+2+3 system, the commission said DU must revert to the earlier system. The UGC also stated that if DU and its colleges do not comply with its directives, the university could face strict action on the UGC Act of 1956 and that the UGC would also stop its grant facility. However, some Delhi University teachers said the UGC’s latest order was a “blatant transgression of the academic freedom and autonomy of university”. “UGC’s order is in contradiction to its own rules, regulations and acting as a more than willing instrument of the HRD ministry. That is why UGC has conveniently turned a blind eye to the FYUP in many other public-funded and private universities,” DU executive council member Aditya Narayan Mishra said at a press conference. Mishra added that as per the powers and functions of the commission, it can only recommend and advice the university and

Hinduism is not just a faith: Prez

New Delhi, JuNe 23 (iANS): Hinduism is not just a faith, President Pranab Mukherjee said Monday, as he received a copy of the “Encyclopaedia of Hinduism” at an inter-religious gathering. Speaking on the occasion, Mukherjee complimented Swami Chidanand Saraswatiji of the Parmarth Niketan for undertaking the “massive effort” of bringing out the encyclopaedia. Swami Saraswatiji is the founder chairman of India Heritage Research Foundation, The president said that Hindu religious philosophy identified ‘dharma’, ‘artha’, ‘kama’ and ‘moksh’ as the foremost objectives of a human being, a Rashtrapati Bhavan communique

said. Quoting former president and noted philosopher S.Radhakrishnan, Mukherjee said Hinduism was not just a faith, but the union of reason and intuition that cannot be defined but is only to be experienced. He said the basic tenet of Hinduism was happiness, health and enlightenment for everyone and suffering, pain and agony for none. The president quoted Mahatma Gandhi to say: “If I were asked to define the Hindu creed, I should simply say: Search after truth through nonviolent means. A man may not believe in God and still call himself a Hindu. “Hinduism is a relentless pursuit after truth… Hinduism is the religion of

truth. Truth is God. Denial of God we have known. Denial of truth we have not known.” Among the dignitaries present on the occasion were BJP leaders L.K. Advani, ministers Ravi Shankar Prasad and Uma Bharti, Karan Singh, chairman of Auroville Foundation, Swami Saraswatiji and R.K. Pachauri, head of TERI. Among the religious leaders present on the occasion were Acharya Lokesh Muni, Fr Anil Jose Tomas Couto, the Archbishop of Delhi, Maulana Kalbe Sadiq, the vice president of the Muslim Personal Law Board, Giani Gurubachan Singh, the chief Jathedar of Akal Takht, and Sadhvi Bhagawati Saraswati.

India & Switzerland deny sharing ‘black money’ details

Activists of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) scuffle with police during a protest march under the banner of “Quit Kashmir” in Srinagar on Monday, June 23. The protest was to seek attention of the international authorities on Kashmir and shift focus away from the debate over Article 370 of the Indian Constitution that gives special status to the state. (AP Photo)

Let this be the final rail fare hike: Shiv Sena 54 school headmasters It alleged that in the est hike will demand the acJuNe 23 railways said it was running suspended for misusing funds MuMbAi, (iANS): Reluctantly ac- losses of Rs.28,000 crore per past 15-20 years, all the count now,” the edit added. The Shiv Sena said that cepting the steep hike in annum which had to be off- railway ministers simply

PAtNA, JuNe 23 (iANS): A total of 54 headmasters of governmentrun primary and middle schools in Bihar have been suspended for misusing funds from the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) to build their own homes instead of constructing classrooms, officials said. The suspended headmasters had been provided SSA funds amounting to Rs.5 crore to construct new classrooms and schools in Kaimur district, but they built new homes for themselves. Kaimur District Magistrate Arvind Kumar Singh said he has ordered action against these headmasters following a review of the SSA, a central government project to provide quality education to children in government schools in rural areas.

“I have also ordered the initiation of departmental proceedings against the headmasters for their dismissal from service,” Singh said. According to district education department officials, the headmasters were told to construct 167 additional classrooms in their schools. Besides, funds was made available for four new schools. During the project review, the district administration found irregularities in the use of funds, an official said. Singh said the suspended headmasters now face cases for recovery of the amount of grant with interest under the provisions of the Public Demand Recovery Act. He said the headmasters may face dismissal if the work is not completed within two months.

railway fares and freight rates, the Shiv Sena here Monday urged the government this should be “the final increase”. In a sharp editorial in the party mouthpiece “Saamana” flaying the sudden hike, the Shiv Sena has pointed out that its ally Bharatiya Janata Party has armed the opposition with a weapon. The steep, pre-budget hike of 14.2% in passenger fares has particularly hit the Mumbaikars hard as they will have to shell out more than double for monthly and quarterly season tickets. Justifying the hike, the

set by the hikes. The government has said the hike was intended to provide safety, security and comfort to the passengers, but the people and opposition parties are not convinced, the edit said. “Compared to the railway systems in developed countries in Europe, Russia, the US, ours resembles a ‘khatara gaadi’. Our railway stations, railway tracks, signals etc. are in a horrible state. Crowds have increased but new routes have barely been introduced and whatever the British had built, we continue to overload it,” the edit said.

looted it and those (railway ministers) hailing from Bihar gave it a “Yadavi” (clannish) tone. The Congress’s P.K. Bansal’s relative was caught red-handed accepting a bribe, and huge rail works tenders are awarded only for commissions. “This is the reason accidents keep taking place. People are dying but in every railway budget, the rulers show new dreams to the people. People want all facilities and for this they are ready to shell out money not for the development of the politicians only... People who feel run over by the lat-

A bribe taker will go straight to jail: judge

New Delhi, JuNe 23 (iANS): “Jo bhi rishwat khayega, seedha jail jayega (whoever takes bribe will go straight to jail)” should be the rule, said an exasperated special court judge as he sentenced six government officials to four years’ jail for corruption. Wanting to alter the perception that corruption is the easiest way to achieve success, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Special Judge Sanjeev Jain said “tolerance to corruption is intolerance to honesty” and “enough is enough.” “With the passage of time, a perception has been made by a small section of the society as if corruption is the safest and shortest way of success, which is neither correct nor true. Tolerance to corruption is intolerance to honesty. Enough is enough,” the judge said as he held the six employees of the finance ministry guilty.

“The writing on the wall should be jo bhi rishwat khayega, seedha jail jaayega,” said the judge in his order last week. The judge further observed that it was “high time” that a “strong and clear message” was sent out and registered in the mind of every one that corruption cannot be concealed and the corrupt can’t be saved. “A message should be sent out that corruption is not safest and shortest way to success but it’s a way to jail. Corruption is one of the most serious offences which deserve no leniency,” the court said. “No democratic country can progress if the system of rule of law is continuously damaged by the cancerous corruption.” The six accused - Lakshmi Chand, S.K.D. Dass Naik, Bale Singh Kasana, Bhagwan Singh, Raghuvender Kumar and J.L. Chopra - were found guilty of

not order. Amid the looming uncertainty, several students’ groups held protests. The All India Students Association (AISA) demanded the scrapping of the FYUP. Scores of AISA members staged a noisy protest outside Shastri Bhawan - which houses the HRD ministry - and shouted slogans and waved placards. “We want an ordinance so that the four-year course can be changed back to the three-year course so that the future of students remain safe,” said AISA member Prince Rajora. The Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) celebrated the UGC order and distributed sweets. “We wanted the FYUP to be rolled back and the UGC order is clearly in compliance with it. Further, all other issues of the students will also be put forward to the UGC,” Delhi University Students’ Union president Aman Awana told IANS. However, some Bachelors of Technology (B.Tech) students said they want the FYUP to continue. “We want that we should be given a four-year degree like all other engineering colleges,” Nidhi Jadeja, a B.Tech computer science student at Hansraj College, told IANS.

abusing their official positions by fraudulently clearing leave travel concession (LTC) bills, thus causing wrongful loss to the central government. While Chopra and Shukla were the drawing and disbursing officers in the revenue department in the finance ministry, Chand was working as an assistant and Kasana, Singh and Kumar were peons in the department. There were three more accused in the case -- Ramesh Chandra Shukla and Diwakar Dixit who died during the course of the trial, while the third, Purshottam Lal, was acquitted. The six were convicted under sections of the Prevention of Corruption Act and various charges dealing with cheating and forgery. The court imposed a fine of Rs. 1 lakh each against Chand, Naik, Kasana, Singh and Kumar while

Chopra was asked to pay a fine of Rs.50,000. According to the prosecution, from April 1, 1996, to March 31, 1998, Chopra and Shukla were working as LTC advance dealing clerks in the revenue department and in connivance with other accused prepared proposals without getting proper applications. Chopra and Shukla, without obtaining sanctions from the officials concerned, passed the bills and advances were drawn fraudulently by other accused people. The CBI said that in pursuance of criminal conspiracy, the accused persons fraudulently and dishonestly cleared 44 LTC bills and withdrew Rs.420,321. The money was distributed amongst themselves. A complaint was registered against them in April 2000 by Indira Murthy, the then undersecretary in the department.

if the same hike had been taken up by the Congress, the opposition would have bombarded it with criticisms and abuses. Now, the same (opposition) is running the government with full majority and they should introspect on it (the abuses it hurled at the Congress in the past) and should dedicatedly work towards improving the railways. “In the meantime, the people have condemned the hikes and hope that this will be the final... The people’s expectations must be fulfilled,” the edit said.

New Delhi/Zurich, JuNe 23 (iANS): Switzerland has not shared any information or given assurance on sharing details about Indian account holders in Swiss banks, where a major portion of India’s “black money” is suspected to be stashed, governments of both countries said Monday. “We have not received any official communication from Swiss authorities so far about sharing bank account details of Indians (who have) deposited unaccounted money there,” India’s Finance Minister Arun Jaitley told reporters outside his North Block office here. The finance minister was reacting on a media report that said Swiss authorities have prepared a list of names of Indian account holders and will share it with the Indian government. Jaitley said there is no official communication so far, and the Indian authorities will send a request to Swiss authorities for sharing the information. “Our communication will be sent today itself,” Jaitley said. The Switzerland government also rubbished the report. “Since a high-level Swiss delegation met with its India counterparts in New Delhi in February 2014, no further official meeting has taken place. There is no new development to be reported,” the Swiss finance ministry said in a statement. However, it said Switzerland looks forward to working together with the new Indian government in its fight against tax evasion. “Switzerland is committed to resolving any open question with India and trusts that India shares its understanding that any solution can only be found within the established national and international legal frameworks,” the Swiss finance ministry said. The new Indian government headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has formed a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe the black money. The 11-member SIT is headed by former Supreme Court judge M.B. Shah.

‘Better fuel, stricter norms needed to curb air pollution’ New Delhi, JuNe 23 (iANS): There is an urgent need to improve fuel quality and implement stricter norms to check vehicular emissions and poor air quality in Indian cities, renowned environmentalist R.K. Pachauri said here Monday. “The unconstrained growth of motor vehicles in recent years has become a major source of pollution, which not only affects air quality adversely wherever vehicles ply, but also adds to emissions of greenhouse gases at the global level,” said Pachauri, director general, The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI). He was speaking at a workshop on “Reducing Vehicular Emissions and Improving Fuel Efficiency”. He said the government

has not focused much on adopting new technologies to improve fuel efficiency and is also yet to make stringent norms to curb vehicular pollution. “The government needs to emphasize on the research work and analysis on such issues so that the impact of the poor fuel quality and the pollution emitted by it can be known,” Pachauri said. “There is a need for India to adopt advanced technology for motor vehicles so that the dependency on oil can be reduced,” Pachauri told IANS. Transport sector at present accounts for 17 percent of the total energy after the industry sector. Pachauri said the exponential growth in vehicles in India is leading to an in-

crease in pollutants which have an adverse impact on human health, especially on the vulnerable who are most exposed to vehicular pollution. It also perpetuates our dependence on oil imports, raising concerns about our energy security. “We cannot become a modern automobile nation merely by producing a variety of modern vehicles. We need to ensure that our vehicles conform to the prescribed emission standards and are fuel efficient,” he said. “There is also a need for the other stakeholders in the society to come ahead and collectively take part in reducing the vehicular emission as ‘self regulation’ is very important,” he added.



The Morung Express

24 June 2014



Gordon Brown enters the battle for Scotland

DUNDEE, JUNE 23 (REUtERs): Gordon Brown, once ranked Britain’s most unpopular prime minister in half a century, may yet emerge as the man who convinces Scots to reject independence. For many English, Scotsman Brown is an unlikely hero. Often brooding and awkward in front of the camera, the former prime minister led his Labour party to its worst electoral defeat in a generation in 2010. But in the industrial towns of Scotland where the fate of the United Kingdom will be set by 1 million as yet undecided voters in a Sept. 18 referendum, few

rival Brown’s influence. In speeches in towns and cities across Scotland Brown makes a passionate case to stay within the United Kingdom - a G8 power with a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. Brown and an increasing number of others are fearful Britain may be sleepwalking towards a break up. “Countries can be lost by mistake,” Brown, who still speaks with the accent of his native land, told reporters over lunch in London’s Westminster parliament. “Don’t allow it to become British politicians versus Scotland, which is how too easily this has been

caricatured, because that simply plays into the hands of the nationalists. That’s a losing ticket.” Less than 100 days before Scotland’s independence vote, Brown’s is a sobering intervention for many English. Polls show Scots are still unlikely to vote for independence but they also show the Better Together campaign’s lead has narrowed. The head of that campaign, Alistair Darling, has said the vote will be close. Supported by Britain’s three main political parties, the Better Together message has veered from warnings over the perils of secession to emotional ap-

peals for unity. Better together? Prime Minister David Cameron, whose Conservative party has just one of Scotland’s 59 seats in the London parliament, has conceded that his privileged English background and centre-right politics mean he isn’t the best person to win over Scots. That has left the Better Together campaign largely in the hands of opposition Labour, winner of 41 Scottish seats in 2010 and the only party with the local organisation and support capable of checking the secessionist Scottish National Party. La-

bour strategists said many of the undecided voters are Labour party supporters who dislike being lectured by English Conservatives. Enter Gordon Brown, one of very few British politicians Scottish nationalist leader Alex Salmond is said to fear. “As a patriotic Scot I cannot opt out of a debate and decision that affects children whom I love and people whom I respect and represent, all the more so since we are being asked to make an irreversible decision that will have consequences for generations,” Brown said in his treatise ‘My Scotland, Our Britain: A Future Worth Sharing’. The son of a Presbyterian minister, Brown studied at the University of Edinburgh and gained a PhD on the Labour Party’s role in driving political change in Scotland. He has represented a Scottish constituency in the London parliament since 1983 when he shared an office with another new Labour lawmaker, Tony Blair. It was the start of a relationship that would dominate British politics for more than a decade as Brown coveted and eventually got Blair’s job as prime minister in 2007 after a decade as finance minister.

In large parts of the United Kingdom, Brown is a divisive figure. His supporters say he steered Britain through the global financial crisis, his critics say he mismanaged the economy and ran up record state borrowing.

‘My Scotland’ Brown has taken to the road in Scotland in his most active political sortie since his election defeat in 2010. In speeches he says Scotland’s identity and rights are best secured by being part of the union. He has criticised as “patronising” some tactics used by the Better Together campaign, notably ads featuring Lego figures holidaying abroad - a clumsy attempt to persuade Scots they will be financially better off within the United Kingdom. Brown’s advisers say he always intended to play a role in the final stretch of the campaign. But his criticism of the Better Together campaign points to concerns that pushed the 63-year-old to take an even bigger role. Better Together’s Darling has dismissed any suggestion that he may no longer be in charge. “I run the Better Together campaign,” Darling said.

“It was always intended that (Brown) would come in. He was always going to. That is part of the plan. He has a very powerful voice in Scotland. This was always his plan and what he wanted to do. I was very keen that he would do it.” When asked why Brown had taken a bigger role in the campaign, a senior British official said: “He’s one of the big Scottish political beasts. Brown is a very significant political figure in Scotland in a way that he is not always perceived to be in London.” In Glasgow, Scotland’s biggest city and a few miles north from his birthplace, Brown recently filled the Old Fruitmarket, pitching the United Kingdom as the best vehicle to promote social justice and preserve welfare spending. “I’m asking you to vote ‘No’, because I’m asking you to cast a vote for social justice,” Brown told a packed hall of Labour activists, to cheers and applause. “Social justice is not advanced by retreating into independence,” said Brown. Nicola Sturgeon, deputy leader of the Scottish National Party, said Brown had failed to implement his ideas on social justice while in office. “Many people will listen

to Gordon Brown and think well, why didn’t he do all of these things that he’s talking about now while he was Prime Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer,” Sturgeon said. “The reality for so many people across Scotland is not one of pooling and sharing resources, it’s about having resources pulled away from them.” Brown’s speech is repeated in Dundee and St Andrews, where he mixes soccer jokes, quotes from John F. Kennedy and Nelson Mandela and pride in the achievements of the Scottish Labour movement to argue for staying in the United Kingdom. “He was very good. I had to stop a few tears coming,” said Kenneth John MacDougall, a retired man from Dundee. By placing the weight of the Scottish Labour movement behind the Better Together campaign, Brown said he was also seeking to forge a modern interpretation of what it means to be British based on pooling resources for social justice and welfare. “People are asking what Britain is about and they are asking what Britain is for,” said Brown. It’s a question he is trying to answer in the week’s before vote.

South Korea captures soldier accused of killing 5 ‘Allah’ for Muslims only: Malaysia sEoUL, JUNE 23 (AP): The South Korean army captured a soldier Monday who it says killed five comrades then fled into the forest where he holed up with a rifle for two days before shooting himself as pursuers closed in. The massive manhunt ended when the 22-year-old sergeant, surnamed Yim, shot himself in the upper left chest as his father and brother approached, pleading with him to surrender, a Defense Ministry official said. The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of department rules, said Yim was taken to a hospital but his life wasn’t in danger. He didn’t elaborate. Defense Ministry spokes-

man Kim Min-seok said the soldier would be handed to military investigators later. Soldiers retrieved Yim’s rifle and ammunition at the site. South Koreans have worried about public safety in the wake of an April ferry disaster that left more than 300 people dead or missing. And some in Seoul have questioned the discipline and readiness of South Korea’s military in the face of near-constant threats from North Korea, which has recently staged missile and artillery drills, traded fire with the South at sea and threatened South Korea’s leader. Troops had been chasing Yim since authorities said he killed five fellow soldiers and

wounded seven Saturday night. He then fled his frontline unit with his standard-issue K2 assault rifle. He fired Sunday on the soldiers chasing him, injuring a platoon leader. On Monday, officials said a South Korean soldier was wounded by suspected friendly fire. Earlier Monday, troops surrounding Yim in the forest tossed him a mobile phone so he could talk to his father. They also threw him bread and bottled water. His parents went to the area to try to persuade him to surrender. It wasn’t clear what triggered the rampage; there was no indication that South Korea’s bitter rival, North Korea, was involved.

Yim was scheduled to complete his nearly two years of mandatory military service in September, according to defense officials. Initial personality tests in April of last year put Yim within a group of soldiers who need special attention and are unfit for frontline duty. But tests last November concluded he had improved and could serve in the frontline area, defense officials said. Hundreds of thousands of troops from the rival Koreas square off along the world’s most heavily armed border. The Korean Peninsula is still technically in a state of war as the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.

Israeli military carries out airstrikes in Syria JERUsALEM, JUNE 23 (AP): Israeli warplanes bombed a series of targets inside Syria early on Monday, the Israeli military said, in response to a cross-border attack that killed an Israeli teenager the previous day. In all, Israel said it struck nine military targets inside Syria, and “direct hits were confirmed.” The targets were located near the site of Sunday’s violence in the Golan Heights and included a regional military command center and unspecified “launching positions.” There was no immediate response from Syria. In Sunday’s attack, an Israeli civilian vehicle was struck by forces in Syria as it drove in the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights. A teenage boy was killed and two other people were wounded in the first deadly incident along the volatile Israeli-Syrian front since

Syria’s civil war erupted more than three years ago. The Israeli vehicle was delivering water as it was doing contract work for Israel’s Defense Ministry when it was struck. “Yesterday’s attack was an unprovoked act of aggression against Israel, and a direct continuation to recent attacks that occurred in the area,” said Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, a military spokesman. He said the military “will not tolerate any attempt to breach Israel’s sovereignty and will act in order to safeguard the civilians of the state of Israel.” The sudden burst of violence has added to the tense situation in Israel, where forces have spent the past week and half in a broad ground operation in the West Bank in search of three teenage boys believed to have been abducted by Hamas militants.

It was not immediately clear whether Syrian troops or one of the many rebel groups battling the government carried out Sunday’s deadly attack in the Golan. Israel has repeatedly said it holds the Syrian government responsible for any attacks emanating from its territory, regardless of who actually carries them out. Israel captured the Golan Heights, a strategic plateau overlooking northern Israel, from Syria in the 1967 Mideast war. Israel’s annexation of the area has never been recognized internationally. The incident occurred in the area of Tel Hazeka, near the Quneitra crossing. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Syrian troops had shelled nearby targets on the Syrian border earlier in the day.

kUALA LUMPUR, JUNE 23 (AP): Malaysia’s top court on Monday upheld a government ban forbidding non-Muslims from using “Allah” to refer to God, rejecting an appeal by the Roman Catholic Church that argued that the ban failed to consider the rights of minorities in the mostly Muslim nation. In a 4-3 decision, the Federal Court ruled that the church’s newspaper has no grounds to appeal a lower court decision last year that kept it from using “Allah” in its Malay-language weekly publication. Although the Malaysian constitution guarantees freedom of religion, the ruling is expected to reinforce frequent complaints from Christians, Buddhist and Hindu minorities that non-Muslims do not always get fair treatment from the government and courts — accusations the government denies. “We are disappointed. The four judges who denied us the right to appeal did not touch on fundamental basic rights of minorities?,” said Rev. Lawrence Andrew, editor of The Herald, the newspaper at the center of the controversy. “It will confine the freedom of worship,” he added. “We are a minority in this country, and when our rights are curtailed, people feel it.” Allah is the Arabic word for

Kerry presses Maliki as Iraq loses control of Syrian, Jordanian borders

BAGHDAD, JUNE 23 (REUtERs): U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry met Iraq’s prime minister in Baghdad on Monday to push for a more inclusive government, even as Baghdad’s forces abandoned the border with Jordan, leaving the entire Western frontier outside government control. Sunni tribes took the Turaibil border crossing, the only legal crossing point between Iraq and Jordan, after Iraqi security forces fled, Iraqi and Jordanian security sources said. The tribes were negotiating to hand the post over to insurgents from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant who took control of two main crossings with Syria over the weekend. Kurdish forces control a third border post with Syria in the north, leaving central government troops with no presence along the entire Western frontier which includes some of the most important east-west trade routes in the Middle East. For the insurgents, capturing the frontier is a dramatic step towards the goal of erasing the modern border altogether and building a caliphate

across swathes of Syria and Iraq. Washington, which withdrew its troops from Iraq in 2011 after an occupation that followed the 2003 invasion that toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, has been struggling to help Iraq contain a Sunni insurgency led by ISIL, an al Qaeda offshoot which seized northern towns this month. U.S. President Barack Obama agreed last week to send up to 300 special forces troops as advisers, but has held off from providing air strikes and ruled out redeploying ground troops. Washington is worried that Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s Shi’ite-led government has worsened the insurgency by alienating moderate Sunnis who once fought al Qaeda but have now joined the ISIL revolt. While Washington has been careful not to say publicly it wants Maliki to relinquish power, Iraqi officials say such a message has been delivered behind the scenes. There was little small talk when Kerry met Maliki, the two men seated in chairs in a room

with other officials. At one point Kerry looked at an Iraqi official and said, “How are you?” The meeting lasted one hour and 40 minutes, after which Kerry was escorted to his car by Iraq’s Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari. As Kerry got in, he said: “That was good.” Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Sunday accused Washington of trying to regain control of the country it once occupied - a charge Kerry denied. Iraqis are due to form a new government after an election in April. Maliki’s list won the most seats in parliament but would still require allies to win a majority. Kerry said on Sunday the United States would not choose who rules in Baghdad, but added that Washington had noted the dissatisfaction among Kurds, Sunnis and some Shi’ites with Maliki’s leadership. He emphasised that the United States wanted Iraqis to “find a leadership that was prepared to be inclusive and share power”. Senior Iraqi politicians, including at least one member of Maliki’s own ruling list, have told

Reuters that the message that Washington would be open to Maliki leaving power has been delivered in diplomatic language to Iraqi leaders. Recent meetings between Maliki and American officials have been described as tense. According to a Western diplomat briefed on the conversations by someone attending the meetings, U.S. diplomats have informed Maliki he should accept leaving if he cannot gather a majority in parliament for a third term. U.S. officials have contested that such a message was delivered. A close ally of Maliki has described him as having grown bitter toward the Americans in recent days over their failure to provide strong military support. Iran Accusation Jordanian army sources said Jordan’s troops had been put in a state of alert in recent days along the 181-km (112-mile) border with Iraq, redeploying in some areas as part of steps to ward off “any potential or perceived security threats”.

The Jordan border post was in the hands of Sunni tribesmen. An Iraqi tribal figure said there was a chance it would soon be passed to control of the militants, who seized the nearby crossing to Syria on the Damascus-Baghdad highway on Sunday. He said he was mediating with ISIL in a “bid to spare blood and make things safer for the employees of the crossing. We are receiving positive messages from the militants.” The need to battle the Sunni insurgency has put the United States on the same side as its enemy of 35 years, Iran, which has close ties to the Shi’ite parties that came to power in Baghdad after U.S. forces toppled Saddam. However, Iran’s Supreme Leader Khamenei made clear on Sunday that a rapprochement would not be easy. “We are strongly opposed to U.S. and other intervention in Iraq,” IRNA news agency quoted Khamenei as saying. “We don’t approve of it as we believe the Iraqi government, nation and religious authorities are capable of ending the sedition.”

Muslim women sit in front of a banner reading “Allah” during a protest outside the Court of Appeal in Putrajaya, outside Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Monday, June 23. The Federal Court on Monday refused to grant leave to hear the appeal by the Catholic church over the word Allah in its newspaper. (AP Photo)

God and commonly used in the Malay language to refer to God. The government says Allah should be reserved exclusively for Muslims — who make up nearly two-thirds of the country’s 29 million people — because if other religions use it that could confuse Muslims and lead them to convert. Christian representatives deny this, arguing that the ban is unreasonable because Christians who speak the Malay language have long used the word in their Bibles, prayers and songs before authorities sought to enforce the

curb in recent years. The eastern states of Sabah and Sarawak on Borneo Island have a significant number of Christians, who make up about 9 percent of the population. Over the years, the controversy has provoked some violence. Anger over a lower court ruling against the government ban in 2009 led to a string of arson attacks and vandalism at churches and other places of worship. A 2013 judgment by the Court of Appeals reversed that decision, which the Catholic Church appealed to the Federal Court.

Faith in god influences workplace conduct NEw YoRk, JUNE 23 (IANs): Does our faith in god and the frequency of attending religious sermons influence our workplace behaviour? Yes, claims a new study. But the extent of influence depends in part on how involved that person is in the congregation, according to a study by Baylor University sociologists. “We already knew that about 60 percent of American adults are affiliated with congregations, but we wanted to delve into whether that carries over from weekend worship services to the work day,” said Jerry Z. Park, associate professor of sociology at Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences. “It turns out it does make some difference in their attitudes at work. That means it has a potential ‘payoff’ not only for employers, but for employees themselves,” Park added. Researchers asked a random sample of full-time employees if they attended a place of worship, and if so, they were then asked whether their congregation emphasised integrating their faith in the workplace through “sacrificial love” to their co-workers, sensing god’s presence at work among others. What seemed to make the difference, researchers found, was frequent attendance at a church that stressed a merge of faith and work. Simply being at such a congregation - or just attending any church - did not result in greater work satisfaction or dedication. The researchers’ analysis was based on the National Survey of Work, Entrepreneurship and Religion, a 2010 Web-based survey of 1,022 full time workers. Workplace attitudes such as job commitment also were evaluated by a variety of items that asked how much participants felt like “part of the family” at their organisation, how efficiently they get proposed actions through “bureaucratic red tape” and whether they “went to bat” for good ideas of coworkers. The analysis was published in the journal Sociology of Religion.




Tuesday 24 June 2014

The Morung Express

Allison DiFilippo, left, and Samantha Donat, both of New York, react to a last-minute goal that put Portugal even with United States at the end of their 2014 World Cup Group G soccer match, while watching a large screen broadcast on Governor's Island in New York on June 22. (AP Photo)

Portugal stay in hunt with draw vs US MANAUS, JUNe 23 (AP): With Cristiano Ronaldo on the field, a one-goal lead is never safe. The world player of the year rarely sparkled on a hot and humid night in the jungle, but his inch-perfect stoppagetime cross set up Varela for the equalizing goal Sunday in Portugal's 2-2 draw against the United States at the World Cup. The Real Madrid winger, who has been playing despite a left knee injury, showed flashes of his best, but his impact was minimal until the final seconds of the match. He curled the ball in to a diving Varela, who headed past Tim Howard to give the Portuguese team a slim hope of advancing to the second round and deny the Americans instant advancement. "He made a great cross," said Howard, Ronaldo's former teammate from their days at Manchester United. "Football's cruel sometimes." The United States now has four points in Group G, the same as Germany. Both Portugal and Ghana have one point. The Americans will face Germany on Thursday in Recife, while

Portugal takes on Ghana at the same time in Brasilia. "Obviously we're disappointed, but at the end of the day you've got to look at the positives, we got a point," said United States captain Clint Dempsey, who scored to give the Americans a 2-1 lead in the 81st. "It's going down to the last game and hopefully we get the job done." Nani scored first for Portugal, shooting past a sprawling Howard in the fifth minute. But the Americans responded in the second half as Portugal seemed to wilt in the stifling heat. Jermaine Jones made it 1-1 with a curling shot in the 64th after a cross from Graham Zusi made its way through the Portugal defense. And Dempsey, playing with a broken nose, then put the Americans ahead, using his stomach to direct the ball into the net from a cross by Zusi. "Now we have to go out and beat Germany, that's what we have to do," U.S. coach Jurgen Klinsmann said. "We have to play Germany, we have one less day to recover, we played in the Amazon, they played

Portugal's Bruno Alves kicks the ball above United States' DaMarcus Beasley, lower right, during the group G World Cup soccer match between the United States and Portugal at the Arena da Amazonia in Manaus, Brazil, Sunday, June 22. (AP Photo)

Oh so close, Americans Slim it may be, but Portugal has a chance wilt at end in Amazon heat

MANAUS, BrAzil, JUNe 23 (AP): They were less than 30 seconds away. The Americans were about to romp into the round of 16 at the World Cup, about to walk off with their first come-from-behind win at soccer's showcase. About to advance with a game to spare. About to win consecutive World Cup games for the first time since 1930. But they wilted in the Amazon heat and humidity. Varela's goal on a diving header off Cristiano Ronaldo's cross 4 1/2 minutes into five minutes of stoppage time gave Portugal a 2-2 tie Sunday on an exhausting night in the rain-

forest capital. "It's tough, but it's just the way it goes," U.S. captain Clint Dempsey said. "We're Americans. I think we like to do things the hard way." Now the U.S. may need a point Thursday against three-time champion Germany to advance to the knockout stage. The Americans could clinch with a loss, depending on the result of the Portugal-Ghana game that will be played simultaneously. "Somebody sent me a text: It feels awesome and awful at the same time," U.S. Soccer Federation President Sunil Gulati said. Germany and the U.S. have four points each, but

the Germans have a better goal difference. Portugal and Ghana have one point. All four nations remain alive. Both the Americans and Germans would advance with a tie. U.S. coach Jurgen Klinsmann, a star for West Germany's team that won the 1990 title, dismissed the notion that he would entertain trying to play a draw if asked by current Germany coach Joachim Loew, his assistant on his homeland's 2006 World Cup squad. "There's no such call," Klinsmann said. "There's no time right now to have friendship calls. It's about business now."

MANAUS, JUNe 23 (AP): Portugal still has a chance to advance at the World Cup, albeit a really small chance. But as Cristiano Ronaldo proved again on Sunday, anything can happen when the world player of the year is on the field. The Portuguese earned their first point at this year's World Cup with a 2-2 draw against the United States on a hot and steamy night at the Arena da Amazonia. And as the players appeared to wilt in the stifling heat, it was Ronaldo that sent in a perfect cross for Varela to head past United States goalkeeper Tim Howard in the final seconds of the match. "It's a respectable result,"

on a place with less travel. We have to do it the tough way." Dempsey's goal was his fourth at a World Cup and second at this year's tournament. Jones scored his third goal for the United States national team and first in almost two years. It was all Portugal for

much of the first half, with Ronaldo in the starting lineup but getting less involved as the match progressed. The Americans, however, started to get more and more chances and even had a shot from Michael Bradley cleared off the line by Ricardo Costa in the 55th.

"There didn't seem to be any problem with Cristiano Ronaldo," Portugal coach Paulo Bento said. "What happened during the game has something to do with our other players." The heat in the Amazon rainforest, however, seemed to slow the Portu-

guese as the match wore on. In the 39th minute, referee Nestor Pitana of Argentina called for a cooling break, the first such decision to be taken at this World Cup. At the start of the match, FIFA listed the temperature at 30 degrees C (86 degrees

Portugal coach Paulo Bento said, perhaps understating how much his team needed to avoid a loss. "We know our position is quite difficult now." Portugal lost big in the opening match, falling to Germany 4-0, and was seconds away from immediate elimination on Sunday. But now with one point, the team still has an outside chance of beating Ghana on Thursday in Brasilia by a big enough margin to overcome a poor goal differential and advance. However, if the United States and Germany, both with four points, draw in Recife at the same time, Portugal will be out. "We're depending on third parties. We're depending on results of other teams," Bento said.

"There's a high difference in goals, but that's the only hope we have so we have to play. We have to continue and try to do our best." Portugal looked good at the start against the Americans, and Nani gave them the lead in the fifth minute. But as the match wore on, the Portuguese looked to be struggling with the high heat and humidity of the Amazon rainforest. Referee Nestor Pitana of Argentina called for a cooling break in the 39th minute, the first such decision to be taken at the World Cup. But it was the Americans who emerged from halftime looking fresh, getting goals from Jermaine Jones and Clint Dempsey, the latter in the 81st minute.

F) with 66 percent humidity. FIFA uses the "Wet Bulb Globe Temperature" to determine when official cooling breaks should be added, and says the WGBT must be above 32 degrees C (90 degrees F) for them to be considered. The breaks are sup-

posed to occur in the 30th and 75th minutes. There was no break in the second half, but that didn't stop Ronaldo from creating the final goal. "It was a thriller," Klinsmann said. "Everybody who had a chance to be today in Manaus will talk about this game for a long time."

tennis tourney Latin Americans cheering Argentina's only sparkle: Messi's left foot Tablefrom July 3 for each other - for now

riO De JANeirO, JUNe 23 (AP): Latin Americans are cheering for each other at the World Cup. But that camaraderie will disappear in a few days when the knockout games arrive. For now, there's Latin fusion. Brazilian Samba is drowned out by Mexican Mariachi or by Cumbias from Colombia. Mexicans roam around in giant, drooping sombreros. Argentines wear masks depicting Maradona, Lionel Messi or Pope Francis. Uruguayans lug around thermos bottles of hot water for their famous herbal tea, called mate. Latin Americans have felt at home in Brazil, and the results show. Four have already clinched a spot in the knockout stage — Colombia, Chile, Argentina and Costa Rica. And four more have a chance to make the final 16: Uruguay, Mexico, Ecuador and host Brazil. Fans from neighboring countries have swarmed into Brazil — in buses, vans, and at least one on a bicycle all the way from Mexico. Argentines blanketed Rio's Copacabana beach, spilling out of trucks and motorhomes parked from one end to the other along the 4-kilometer-long (2.5mile) promenade. Most arrived without tickets. About 50,000 were en-

camped in Rio, and the Argentine embassy expects 100,000 for the final group match against Nigeria on Wednesday in Porto Alegre. Fans have hugged, drank, danced in costumes and belted out a cappella renditions of national anthems at the kickoff. Stadiums have been deafening, driven partly by passionate Latinos. "The influx of Latin American supporters is above our expectations," said Roberto Alzir, a top Rio de Janeiro state security official in charge of policing the World Cup. There have also been a few ugly street scenes, one with Brazilians and Argentines in Belo Horizonte hurling beer bottles and insults at each other. In Rio, about 100 Chileans fans rampaged through the Maracana media area, and at least 10 Argentine fans were detained after jumping fences at the famous stadium to see their team play BosniaHerzegovina. "When they said the World Cup would be in Brazil, we started packing," said Argentine Juan Jose Martinez, who drove 36 hours in a van non-stop from Cordoba, Argentina, with friend Pedro Luis Esquivel and two others. It's been costly. Argentina's recent debt crisis has seen the peso plunge in

value against Brazil's real. Munching on a fast-food burger and fries, the two estimated the price for the meal in Brazil was four times that in Argentina. "It's not Brazil's fault," said Martinez, who works as a casino croupier. "It's the fault of Argentina with the wrecked economy we have. But this is a oncein-a-lifetime thing, so you do it." The next two World Cups in Russia and Qatar will be too far away, not to mention language problems. Though Brazilians speak Portuguese, Spanish speakers can usually communicate with them— or guess what's being said. "I feel very at home here," said Cristhian Recalde, who traveled from Guayaquil, Ecuador, with his brother Roger. "I spent 1 1/2 years in Europe— in Spain. They speak Spanish, but I did not feel as welcome there." The World Cup is a double treat for many — football and vacation. Roger Recalde called the World Cup one of South America's "natural wonders." He listed it with Iguazu Falls on the border between Brazil and Argentina; Machu Picchu in Peru; and the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador. "I had a list of the places I wanted to go in South America, and I can check Brazil and the World Cup off the list," he said.

BelO HOrizONTe, JUNe 23 (AP): It's hardly a secret weapon. Everyone knows Lionel Messi shoots with his left foot nine times out of 10. Yet over 90 minutes there's bound to be that one moment when he finds enough space to unleash a left-foot strike that can't be stopped even if you see it coming. Against Bosnia, it was with 25 minutes left of the match. Against Iran, it happened in stoppage time. In fact, considering that Bosnia's early own goal in the opening Group F match resulted from Messi's free kick, his left foot bears responsibility for Argentina's entire scoring tally so

far at the World Cup. "There are very few players who can do those things," teammate Angel Di Maria said Sunday of Messi's goals. "We're happy he is one of us and that he is having a good moment." Argentina can thank Messi's moments of genius for the 2-1 and 1-0 wins over Bosnia and Iran, which helped the team book a ticket to the second round despite mediocre performances. Both of his goals were set up in a similar way, with Messi pulling in from the right looking for space to send off a thunderbolt from his left foot. Of Messi's 41 goals last season

for Barcelona, he scored 35 with his left foot, five with his right and one with a header. By comparison, the right-footed Cristiano Ronaldo — who last year broke Messi's four-year reign as FIFA world player of the year — was a bit more versatile. The Portuguese player's 51 goals for Real Madrid included 40 with the right, six with the left and five headers. Messi's heavy reliance on his left foot, also when he dribbles, means that in theory defenders should be able to anticipate his moves. The problem for them is he performs them so fast.

DiMAPUr, JUNe 23 (MexN): The 4th Imkongsangba Memorial Open Table Tennis Tournament will start from July 3 to 4 at the DDSC Indoor Stadium, Dimapur. A press note informed that the event will be held for both boys and girls. Interested persons can collect the forms at Kiran Sports, Dimapur or contact 9856811946, 9856854942 or 9780567889.

Algeria beat South Korea in six-goal thriller

POrTO AleGre, JUNe 23 (AP): For the man who led South Korea's defense during its journey to the World Cup semifinals in 2002, the performance of the team's backline and goalkeeper against Algeria on Sunday must have been particularly hard to watch. It seemed all too easy for Algeria, which scored three goals in the first 40 minutes. "Ultimately, we lacked concentration, and we weren't able to respond to the Algerian attack with intelligence," said Hong Myung-Bo, who was a central defender in four South Korean World Cup squads and is now coach of the national team. "Right from the beginning, it was the defense that crumbled. It was not well organized." With a squad containing a sprin-

kling of players with experience in the best European leagues, South Korea has progressed past the group stage in two of the last three World Cups, reaching the semifinals as co-host in 2002 and the last 16 in 2010. The 4-2 loss Sunday means further progress this time looks unlikely from Group H. Having drawn its opening match against Russia 1-1, the team must beat Belgium handily in its last game, and hope the result of Algeria-Russia also goes its way. Algeria took the lead after striker Islam Slimani was able to collect a long ball and run unchallenged into the area. Two minutes later, keeper Jung Sung-ryong left his line to meet a corner but failed to collect, allowing South Korea's Koo Ja-cheol, right, shoots and scores his side's second goal during the Rafik Halliche a free header group H World Cup soccer match between South Korea and Algeria at the Estadio Beira-Rio on goal. in Porto Alegre, Brazil, Sunday, June 22. (AP Photo)

The Morung Express C M Y K

Cindy Crawford ready to play 'stage mom'


indy Crawford admitted that she "could be a stage mom" and would be really happy to guide her children to the runway if that's what they wanted. The 48-year-old stunning beauty, told Us Magazine that though her son Presley, 14, was more into being a teenager at the mo-

ment, her daughter Kaia, 12, had shown some keenness in the area, but neither of them had signed any modeling contracts yet. She added that though her daughter was too young for the career path right now, she would gladly play a "momager" when the time comes and help her through, as she had great

experience in the field. Earlier this month Crawford, who's also the co-founder of Meaningful Beauty skin care line, had shared a snap of her and hubby Rande Gerber's gorgeous kids on Instagram, which showed them posing Crawford's signature style, and had created quite a buzz.



24 June 2014


11 C M Y K

Sting'S children not to inherit 180 mn pound fortune M

usician Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner CBE, better known by his stage name Sting, says none of his 180 million pound fortune will be left to his children. The 62-year-old grew up in a working class family in Wallsend, North Tyneside, and it seems he wants his six kids to have an idea of what that is like, and not to be privileged all their lives, reports

Freida Pinto "I told them there won't be much money left because we are spending it. We have a lot of commitments. What comes in we spend, and there isn't much left," said Sting. "I certainly don't want to leave them trust funds that are albatrosses around their necks. They have to work. All my kids know that and they rarely ask me for any-

thing, which I really respect and appreciate," he added. Currently, Sting is estimated to be the ninth richest musician in Britain and Ireland, according to the 2013 Sunday Time Rich List. The singer says his children haven't been as spoilt as one might think. "Obviously, if they were in trouble I would help them, but I've never really had to do that.

They have this work ethic that makes them want to succeed on their own merit. People make assumptions that they were born with a silver spoon in their mouth, but they have not been given a lot," he said. "With my children there is great wealth, success - a great shadow over them - so it's no picnic at all being my child. I discuss that with them; it's tough for them," he added.

Louis Tomlinson charges £250 for selfies

goes to rehab L

for her next role


reida Pinto visited rehab centres in the US to prepare for her role as a heroin addict for 'Desert Dancer'. The 29-yearold actress is set to play a heroin addicted Iranian artiste in forthcoming 'Desert Dancer' and visited facilities in the US to help come to terms with the ways in which people overcome their addiction. A source told the Hindustan Times newspaper: "A month prior to the start of the film in America (shooting started in December 2013), Freida attended sessions at rehabilitation centres to meet recovering drug addicts. "She went to about five sessions, where those who've been recouping for long chatted with her about their journey of beginning to consume heroin to enrolling themselves in therapy." She will be joined on screen Reece Ritchie who plays the male lead Afshin Ghaffarian in the film which follows his story as he risked his life to fight for his dream to become a dancer, after teaching himself moves using video sharing site YouTube. 'Desert Dancer' which is set in Iran, will be directed by Richard Raymond, and is tipped for release at the end of the year.


ouis Tomlinson is charging fans £250 to have pictures taken with him as part of a crowdfunding campaign to raise £2 million for Doncaster Rovers soccer club, which he bought last week with business partner John Ryan. The One Direction star recently completed his takeover of Doncaster Rovers soccer club and in a bid to raise funds for the team he's offering his fans the chance to have their picture taken with him in return for a £250 pledge. The 22-year-old heartthrob - along with his business partner, former Doncaster Rovers chairman John Ryan - has launched a campaign on Crowdfunder and has set a £2 million target for the League One side. The Tomlinson Ryan Trust have donated a sixfigure sum to show their commitment and have so far raised £553,617 for the South Yorkshire club by offering soccer and One Di-


rection fans a number of incentives, including photos with Louis and thank-you videos from the star. Louis - who is a lifelong fan of his hometown soccer club - said: ''I want to

see the Doncaster Rovers supporters get the club the success it deserves ... This is a big step which I believe will open up opportunities to provide a very, very exciting future for the club and

its supporters.'' However, fans will be left disappointed if the £2 million sum is not raised as pledge rewards will only be given out if the Trust reach their target.

After Drashti Dhami, Ranvir Shorey kicked out of 'Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa 7'



t seems this season of Jhalak Dikhla Jaa 7 is full of surprises. After popular TV actress and hostess Drashti Dhami was asked to leave the show for lacking spontaneity, it seems her co-host Ranvir Shorey is also axed from the show. A Bollywoodmantra. com report says that Ranvir will be replaced with VJ Andy. Drashti was replaced by last season host Manish Paul. The report has quoted an insider and says that the makers were not getting the desired results from Ranvir and Drashti in comparison to last seasons' hosts, Manish Paul and Kapil Sharma. However, the decision to fire Drashti comes as a shock as it was Ranvir who was being criticised more on social platforms. Drashti, who was the winner of previous season, was appointed as a host to add in glamour in the show. However, she received flak for not being spontaneous and for not having the chemistry with co-host Ranvir. Small screen's popular actress Drashti Dhami, who made her debut as a host sometime back with

Colors' dance reality show Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa, has been apparently sacked by the channel. Drashti, who

is also seen as Madhu in Madhubala- Ek Ishq Ek Junoon on the same channel faced a lot of criticism for

The actress went ahead to tweet about the same. "Tweepies - my journey at Jhalak comes to an end. Thank u all for ur love & support :-)"Interestingly, the actress was the winner of Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa last year (2013) Ever since the actress has tweeted about the news, messages from fans supporting her and bashing the channel have been flowing in on Twitter. Here we list down some tweets that are making news on the social networking site twitter. Stop watching #jhalakdhiklaja7 , definitely no existence of #ColorsTV in our life. Colors doesn't deserve a great actress like you DD! :(You're amazing and you've proven it all these years! @ColorsTV U guys r pathetic..used her popularity nd den replaced her...worst channel ever With u till my last breath.. No Drashti No Jhalak.. No one can replace her.. She's STAR,DIVA!Love u FOREVER Drashti was her hosting skills and ap- the ONLY one hogging all parently this is the reason the limelight away be from that forced the channel to her admirers to haters n replace her. #Colors replaced her only?











Dutch beat Chile to Group B top spot

Villa magic sparks tears as Spain exit with a win


Netherlands' Leroy Fer, far left, heads the ball into the Chile goal to score his side's first goal during the group B World Cup soccer match between the Netherlands and Chile at the Itaquerao Stadium in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Monday, June 23, 2014. (AP Photo)

SAo PAuLo, June 23 (AgencieS): Substitutes Leroy Fer and Memphis Depay converted brilliant assists provided by Arjen Robben as The Netherlands beat Chile 2-0 to finish on top of group B in the World Cup here today. Fer scored with his first touch of the match in the 77th minute when Robben curled one inside the box and he outjumped everyone to angle his header perfectly beating seasoned Chilean goalie Claudio Bravo as regular captain Robin van Persie applauded from the stands. Young Memphis tapped home the second goal in the second minute of stoppage time as Robben sprinted down the left wing virtually unchallenged before keeping a nice low cross for the the 20-yearold to score. Netherlands finished on top of group B with nine points while Chile also went into the round of 16 with six points.

Having scored 10 goals in the group league engagements, the Dutchmen also hold an envious record of scoring two or more goals in their last 13 international engagements. It was a twin substitution from the Netherlands coach Louis van Gaal that worked wonderfully for the winners. Norwich City's Fer and PSV Eindhoven's Memphis's introduction in place of off-colour Wesley Sniejder and Jermaine Lens worked wonders for the 'Oranje' brigade. Just before the strike, it was Memphis whose 25-yard pile driver was brilliantly fisted by Bravo for a corner. In the next move, the goalie wasn't lucky though. The Dutch certainly missed their in-form skipper Van Persie upfront but the match was played on even keel with both teams trying to measure each other's midfield ammunitions.

There was a lot of pressure on Arjen Robben and he almost delivered a stunning goal in the 40th minute. With a superb diagonal 60-metre sprint, Robben beat Charles Aranguiz and Gary Medel with sheer speed before his angular left-footed placement was just inches wide off the target. Chile could have got the lead at the stroke of half-time when unamrked Felipe Gutierrez failed to nod home a Marcelo Diaz freekick. Barcelona forward Alexis Sanchez was active down right for the South Americans but couldn't provide the decisive result for his team. He did vociferously claimed for a penalty in the 37th minute when it he claimed veteran stopper Dirk Kuyt brought him down inside the box but Gambian referee decided otherwise. The Dutch could have got the lead in the 35th minute when Robben curled in one inside the Chile

box which Stefan de Vrij headed out. Locked goalless at the break, Sanchez came out with renewed vigour as he posed a few problems for the 'Oranje' back four. In the 65th minute, Sanchez showed flashes of brilliance as he hoodwinked forward Jeremain Lens, who had to fall back in defence, by cutting past him putting the ball between his legs and running through his blind side before his shot was parried away by Dutch goalie Cilessen. In the very next minute Robben reached the opposition box on the counter and unleashed a low leftfooter without proper placement. With Lens turning out to be a poor substitute of Van Persie, coach Louis van Gaal had no other option but to pull him out and introduce young PSV Eindohoven forward Memphis which changed the course of the match.

pain at least ensured the end of their golden era finished with a 3-0 victory as they saw off Australia in something of a lacklustre Group B dead-rubber match in Curitiba. David Villa, one of a number of stars from an historic generation who will now call time on their international careers, scored his 59th and final international goal with one last touch of class before Fernando Torres and substitute Juan Mata made it comfortable after the break. With critics quick to sound the death knell for the Spanish tiki-taka style it was perhaps fitting two of the country's key players in their success over the last six years contributed to the opening goal. However, it was less about the number of passes than the weight of the one which Andres Iniesta, winning his 100th cap, delivered inside left-back Jason Davidson to allow the overlapping Juanfran to cross for Villa to backheel past Maty Ryan. Villa was replaced by Mata 10 minutes after half-time but his slow walk to the touchline was of a disappointed man resigned to the passing of time and not one milking the limelight one final time. Upon reaching the bench he sat with his head in his hands for several moments - which in fact was an accurate representation of Spain's experience in Brazil as a whole. The 32-year-old, who has left Champions League finalists Atletico Madrid to sign for New York City in the Major Soccer League - although he will be sent on loan to sister club Melbourne City in the interim - was making his first appearance of the tournament and he was one of Spain's brightest performers. With captain Xavi injured and Iker

Casillas dropped, meaning both have certainly played in their last World Cup and probably final international game too, Spain made seven changes in total. That allowed Liverpool goalkeeper Jose Reina, who spent last season on loan at Napoli and is not wanted at Anfield, to make his World Cup debut nine years after first appearance for the national side. He was barely troubled as the tournament's lowest-ranked side - missing suspended talisman Tim Cahill - failed to have any impact against the nation ranked number one before it all kickedoff after three successive major tournament triumphs. But with the defending champions knowing they were heading home even before this encounter and many considering their long-term futures there was a real lack of spark.Midway through the first half Villa sliced wide Iniesta's cross before his clever backheel teed up left-back Jordi Alba to fire straight at the goalkeeper. That backheel was employed to more devastating effect in the 36th minute when Iniesta sent right-back Juanfran racing to the touchline and although his cut-back was slightly behind the unmarked striker Villa diverted in the ball around his standing leg. Atletico Madrid midfielder Koke, expected to be a key figure in Spain's future rebuilding, had a low long-range drive tipped wide by Ryan but it was one of the old-stagers unlocked the Socceroos defence again. Iniesta's through-ball split Australia's two centre-halves and Chelsea striker Torres - the man who began Spain's gold rush with the winner in the final of Euro 2008 ran in from the left to slide home the second before Mata converted from close range with eight minutes remaining.

Azarenka wins on return to 'danger' court London, June 23 (AFP): Former world number one Victoria Azarenka won her first match since January at Wimbledon on Monday on the same court where she suffered a knee injury which ended her 2013 hopes. Azarenka, the eighth seed, won 6-3, 7-5 against Croatia's Mirjana Lucic-

Baroni, who was a semifinalist back in 1999, on Court One. That was the same arena where she hurt her right knee in a nasty fall in the first round 12 months ago, an injury which sparked her withdrawal from the next round. It was a defeat which led to Azarenka angrily condemning the All England

Club courts as dangerous. This year, the former Australian Open champion has been plagued by a left foot injury which kept her off tour from Indian Wells in March to Eastbourne last week where she lost her opener to Camila Giorgi. Azarenka now goes on to face Serbia's Bojana Jovanovski.

Murray eases into Wimbledon second round


London, June 23 (AFP): Defending champion Andy Murray breezed through his Wimbledon opener on Monday with a confident 6-1, 6-4, 7-5 win over baby-faced Belgian David Goffin. Third-seeded Murray, bidding to become the first British man to successfully defend a Wimbledon title since Fred Perry in 1936, hit eight aces and 28 winners. "I thought it was a very high standard of match, we played some great rallies, and I was glad to finish it in three sets because he was playing very well," said Murray. "Sometimes you can win in three and not play well but in terms of the way I struck the ball it was a good start." The British star was never broken as he brushed past the 23-year-old Goffin, the world number 104, with

new coach Amelie Mauresmo as well as former NBA superstar Shaquille O'Neal looking on from the Centre Court stands. Murray, who has made at least the semifinals on his last five appearances at the All England Club, goes on to face Slovenia's Blaz Rola. The Scot was joined in the second round by Czech sixth seed Tomas Berdych, the 2010 runner-up, who came from a set down to beat Romania's Victor Hanescu, 6-7 (5/7), 6-1, 6-4, 6-3. Berdych arrived at Wimbledon having joined US veteran Venus Williams in a naked photo shoot for a pre-tournament ESPN magazine special. Latvian 12th seed Ernests Gulbis, who made the French Open semifinals, also went into the second round by defeating Estonia's Jurgen

Zopp 7-6 (9/7), 7-5, 7-6 (12/10). Spanish 18th seed Fernando Verdasco, who took Murray to five sets in the quarterfinals in 2013, was knocked out by Australia's Marinko Matosevic 6-4, 4-6, 6-4, 6-2. Sergiy Stakhovsky, the Ukrainian who send seven-time champion Roger Federer crashing to a shock second round loss last year, beat Argentina's Carlos Berlocq 6-3, 6-3, 6-3. Later Monday, Novak Djokovic, the 2011 champion and runner-up to Murray in 2013, starts against 26-yearold Kazakh, Andrey Golubev who is ranked 55 and has lost all three of his main draw appearances at Wimbledon. Despite being number two in the world, Djokovic is the top seed over current world number one Rafael Nadal.


Victoria Azarenka of Belarus returns against Mirjana Lucic-Baroni of Croatia during their first round match at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships in Wimbledon, London on June 23. (AP Photo)

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24th June 2014  

The Morung Express Dimapur, Nagaland, India

24th June 2014  

The Morung Express Dimapur, Nagaland, India