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Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 20

The Morung Express “

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Katrina named fourth Indian face of L’Oréal Paris

By Sandemo Ngullie

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Thailand declares a state of emergency

Morung Express News

NERPF asks centre to scrap AFSPA NEW DELHI, JANUARY 21 (PTI): A forum of political parties from the northeast today demanded the immediate scrapping of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and to stop its “misuse” in the region. A delegation of North East Regional Political Front (NERPF), led by Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio and former Assam Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, met Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde and also placed a host of other demands. Voicing serious concern over illegal infiltration into the northeastern region, NERPF urged Shinde to do the needful to check influx from Bangladesh. The Front opposed the IndiaBangladesh land boundary agreement through which some border enclaves would be exchanged between the two countries. Rio and Mahanta expressed concern over continued incursion by China in Arunachal Pradesh and urged the central government to take up the matter immediately with Beijing. NERPF also opposed China’s move to construct dams in the upper reaches of Brahmaputra and attempt to divert the river saying Brahmaputra is the lifeline of the northeastern region and any attempt to interfere with its natural flow should be considered as an act of aggression.

A battery that runs on sugar


NEW YORK, JANUARY 21 (IANS): A research team at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University has developed a battery that runs on sugar and has an unmatched energy density. This development could replace conventional batteries with ones that are cheaper, refillable and biodegradable. “Sugar is a perfect energy storage compound in nature. So it’s only logical that we try to harness this natural power in an environmentally friendly way to produce a battery,” said YH Percival Zhang, an associate professor of biological systems engineering at Virginia Tech. While other sugar batteries have been developed, this one has an energy density an order of magnitude higher than others - allowing it to run longer before needing to be refueled, said the study published in the journal Nature Communications. “In as soon as three years, the new battery could be running some of the cell phones, tablets and the myriad other electronic gadgets that require power in our energy-hungry world,” Zhang said.

Djokovic knocked out [ PAGE 12]

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People want education & employment: Governor force, gives special provi-

Lakhuti Village (Wokha) | January 21 sion with respect to the

They think they won...he... he...He...

–Arthur Rubinstein

CSU observes 67th general conference

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Wednesday, January 22, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4

I have found that if you love life, life will love you back

Government bows, Kejriwal ends protest


In what appeared to be a passing statement but is likely to spark off lively debates among various sections of Naga society and political parties, Nagaland Governor, Dr. Ashwani Kumar, today suggested that the 16 Point Agreement, Simon Commission and Article 371 (A) of the Indian Constitution are “matters of past history.” “What we read in the newspapers and Government statements about 16 Point Agreement, Simon Commission, 371 Article of Constitution. These are matters of past history,” the Governor said in his address as chief guest of the inaugural session of the 49th general conference of Kyong (Lotha) Students’ Union (KSU) held at Lakhuti Village ground, in Wokha district. The 16-Point Agreement arrived between the Government of India and Naga People’s Council in 1960 led to creation of Nagaland as the 16th state of Indian Union while Article 371 (A), which is still in

State of Nagaland. “What the present generation wants is good jobs. They are prepared to work hard to earn their livelihood which they expect will provide them reasonable standard of living and facilities like roads, vehicles, mobiles, internet, TV and goodies of life which others are enjoying,” the Governor added. Stating that he chose to travel by road to understand the problems faced by the common people, especially the road conditions, Kumar said that sitting in Kohima, reading official reports, attending high level meetings, gathering information from newspapers and TV channels conveys an absolutely different picture of people’s demands and desires. “Frankly speaking, there appears to be a big gap between what the people want and what is discussed in official meetings at Kohima and Delhi,” he said. According to Kumar, during his interactions with the common people,

Kyong Students’ Union brings in 49th general conference

Nagaland Governor, Dr. Ashwani Kumar and his lady wife accompanied by Minister for Forest & Border Affairs, Y Patton, NSMDC chairman and MLA, N Thomas Lotha, and others arriving at the Kyong Students’ Union (KSU) conference at Lakhuti village, Tuesday.

what he learnt is that the people desperately need good water supply and electricity, good roads and hospitals and rapid agriculture and economic development. The Governor also said common people are

most worried about education and employment for their children. “And what people don’t like is violence, blood-shed, threats and extortions. They hate corruption and illegal taxation,” Kumar added.

The Governor appealed to the KSU and all other students’ unions in Nagaland to assume leadership role in bringing about “qualitative transformation” in the functioning of educational institutions.

“For ensuring rapid agro-economic development and creation of jobs and livelihood opportunities, we need to immediately change the quality of teaching and learning and re-orient the functioning of our schools, colleges and universities,” Kumar said. Minister for Forest and Border Affairs, Yanthungo Patton, the guest of honour, in his address said the NPF-led DAN Government has initiated various programmes and schemes related to the youths. Patton said these programmes and policies are aimed at empowering the people at the grassroots level, especially emphasising more on uplift of the educated unemployed youths. The forest minister also said students as educated group should be fully aware of global warming and the need to preserve and promote “our forest and wildlife.” Patton said the recent concerted effort made by individuals, organizations and the Forest department in protecting and preserving the Amur Falcon “is

laudable because it has become a pride for the Lothas is particular and the Nagas in general in the eyes of the international community.” Chairman, Nagaland State Mineral Development Corporation (NSMDC), N Thomas Lotha, MLA, the chief host of the conference in his “special greetings” underscored the need for youths and students of the North East Region to comprehend in depth the road map on education rolled out by the Ministry for Human Resource Development under the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA). Thomas said NE youths stand to gain the most from RUSA. Meanwhile, the chief host also reminded the Governor that Lakhuti is a historical village as the then British DC of Naga Hills, Captain Butler, started his last sojourn from Lakhuti village in 1875 before he was ambushed at Pangti and succumbed to his injuries. Thomas, also a native of Lakhuti, proposed to the Governor to construct a stadium at the village ground in memory of Captain Butler.

Abducted labourer rescued Rio calls upon Montek assures NE CMs of Morung Express News Dimapur | January 21

One labourer, who was abducted at gun-point, was safely rescued by the police. The incident occurred on January 11 last. According to delayed information received from the police, the labourer was abducted at gun-point by two men from a construction site at Padumpukhri. One of the men was later arrested. The duo had demanded Rs. 10, 000 from the labourers at the construction site. Failing to meet their demand, the duo abducted one of the labourers. However, their whereabouts were located not long after by the police. The motorcycle (NL07E 9248) they were riding was intercepted at the Padumpukhri junction by a team from East Police Station. But on seeing the khaki-clad men, they ran resulting in an hour-long chase. During the chase, however, one

managed to give the flip. The one arrested was identified as Gihuka Ayemi (21). One .32 calibre pistol was confiscated from his possession, while the bike used by the duo was also impounded. The abducted labourer was rescued.

Two held for extortion In an unrelated incident on January 18, two men were arrested for extortion. According to the police, the duo was forcibly collecting money from truck drivers. The Special Operations Team of the Dimapur police, which was were conducting routine security frisking, came across the duo at a spot located between Zani and Toluvi villages and were arrested. They were identified by the police as Samuel Assumi (27), and Kekhevi Zhimomi (28), both reported to be “SS RSA of the NSCNIM.” Rs. 3855 in cash alongwith an array of taxation slips were confiscated from the duo.

Union Ministers

NEW DELHI, JANUARY 21 (MExN): Nagaland state Chief Minister, Neiphiu Rio today apprised the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Oscar Fernandez on the Foot Hill Road and the four roads under construction in the State under SARDP (NE). The CM was accompanied by Minister for Planning, TR Zeliang and Parliamentary Secretary for National Highways, Nuklutoshi. A press note from the PRO, Nagaland House, Delhi, informed that the CM stressed on the need to complete the road construction works under SARDP (NE) at the earliest. The Union Minister was also apprised on the need to start the four laning of NH – 29 from Dimapur to Kohima at the earliest time. The delegation also stated that NH – 02 from Kohima – Wokha - Mokokchung needs to be improved, as it runs through the middle of Nagaland State and is the road on which the State is most dependent. Later, the CM along with the Minister for Planning called on the Civil Aviation Minister, Ajit Singh and urged him to address the poor air connectivity in the State. The CM urged Singh to arrange for daily ATR flights from Dimapur to Gwahati and from Dimapur to Calcutta. The CM also requested for a review of the Chethu Airport Project. The note informed that regarding this issue, the Union Minister has directed officials to send a survey team immediately.

infra dev before 12th FYP

NEW DELHI, JANUARY 21 (PTI): Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia today assured chief ministers of north eastern states to accomplish infrastructure projects in the region before 12th Five Year Plan (201217) and discussed how to expand universal health care. “We have indicated that we are putting up various mechanisms to make sure what we said (on infrastructure projects). And by the end of 12th plan would get achieved. This meeting is a really separate meeting. I wanted to discuss with them their ideas how to expand universal health care,” Ahluwalia told reporters after a meeting with the chief ministers at Yojana Bhawan. Ahluwalia said this was an exploratory meeting to look at their ideas and trying to develop them further on expanding health care in the region. “So we will have other meetings with them,” he added. In the morning, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had called a meeting with

the chief ministers of north eastern states and directed the Planning Commission to set up a committee with representatives from the region and improve coordination for development of infrastructure. At the meeting with chief ministers of the north eastern states, the Prime Minister said Centre view infrastructure development in the region as a key element in the strategy for developing the region and increasing connectivity with the rest of the country. The meeting was organised by the Planning Commission which is the nodal agency initiating and monitoring developmental work in northeast region. Chief Minister of Meghalaya Mukul Sangma, who was one of the attendees, said there was a discussion on healthcare delivery system and leveraging the universal healthcare programme. “We discussed about our health delivery system and ensure that the better health care facility prevail across the region. Lots of ideas are being discussed,” Sangma said.

India asked to end violence ‘look forward with one vision’ against women, minorities Our Correspondent

Khuza Town | January 21

NEW YORK, JANUARY 21 (IANS): The Indian government’s inability to protect women and children from rape and sexual violence undermines its commitment to uphold the rights of all Indians, Human Rights Watch said Tuesday. During 2013, the authorities also failed to enforce laws that protect vulnerable communities including Dalits, religious minorities and tribal groups, it said in its World Report 2014. Government efforts to increase mass surveillance raised concerns over rights to privacy and free speech, it said. In the 667-page world report, its 24th edition, Human Rights Watch reviewed human rights practices in more than 90 countries. India has strong legislation to protect rights, Human Rights Watch said, but entrenched corruption and

lack of accountability foster human rights violations. The civil society groups, which play a crucial advocacy role in addressing these problems through protests and free expression, were increasingly at risk due to misused sedition laws and financial regulations. In April, India rolled out a Central Monitoring System for all phone and Internet communications, which rights groups fear could lead to abuse in the absence of adequate oversight or safeguards for the right to privacy, the report said. The courage and persistence of victims’ families and human rights activists did result in court interventions and investigations in several cases of extrajudicial killings in which the security forces had falsely claimed that the deaths occurred during armed exchanges. In the run-up to the

2014 parliamentary elections, there was an increase in communal clashes between Hindus and Muslims, Human Rights Watch said. “There is risk of additional violence as political interest groups seek to exploit tensions between the two communities.” Maoist insurgents in central and eastern India continued to attack civilians and security forces while villagers were at risk of arbitrary arrests and torture by state forces. Maoists continued to attack schools and government security forces occupied school buildings for operations in violation of court orders. Internationally, India engaged in efforts to promote human rights in Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Myanmar but did little to address the crises outside of South Asia, such as in Syria, the report said.

Minister for PWD (Roads & Bridges) and Parliamentary Affairs, Kuzholuzo (Azo) Nienu today said that the influx of illegal immigrants has occurred for almost half a century and cautioned the Naga people and the government against taking this issue lightly. Speaking at the 67th general conference of the Chakhesang Students’ Union (CSU) here, the Minister challenged the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) to take up this issue and call for a consultative meeting to discuss ways in tackling it. The Minister expressed hope that the government would take up this issue for a threadbare discussion with all the NGOs and student organizations. On the other hand, the Minister asserted that the best and shortest way to tackle the influx of illegal immigrant is upholding the

Minister for PWD (Roads & Bridges) and Parliamentary Affairs, Kuzholuzo (Azo) Nienu speaking at the 67th CSU general conference on January 21.

dignity of labour. He said that “if all odd jobs are allowed to be occupied by all people, then the influx will never stop. But if we take up all challenges and if we take up all odd jobs, then everyone will walk away and the influx problem will be solved.” The Minister said that another pressing concern is the number of proxy

teachers and the practice of acquiring false certificates for government jobs. Azo called upon the NSF and CSU to submit a representation to the government on this issue. On the part of the government, he assured that it would penalize the people who purchase or produce false certificates for government jobs. Naga Students’ Federa-

tion (NSF) president, Tongpang Ozukum touched on the influx of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and stated, “If we do not realize the danger and act in time, tomorrow no matter how much we regret; it will be too late to fight back.” Stating that it is not the duty of the government alone to check the influx of illegal immigrants, he called upon the common people and students organizations to play a role in addressing the issue. He further urged the state government to seriously monitor and check the influx of illegal immigrants. Later CSU President, Thupukutho Lohe challenged the students to continue working with a spirit of hard work, perseverance and march on with the spirit of unity. He also hoped that the 67th general conference would “be a moment to root out the drawbacks and look forward with one vision.”






Wednesday 22 January 2014

The Morung Express

CSU observes 67th general conference NLA Speaker calls on students to have progressive thinking and visions

Our Correspondent Khuza Town | January 21

Nagaland Legislative Assembly (NLA) speaker Chotisuh Sazo today asserted that the youth force should be channeled into positive force. Gracing the 67th general conference of the Chakhesang Students’ Union (CSU) here, Sazo said many of the youth in the present society are idle and involved in self-destructive activities, adding that this was because they have not been motivated towards involving in positive activities. “It must be noted that people in their youth and the student’s life are the most energetic period of life. Besides, they are in the most productive stage of

life. Our society would lose so much if this truth is not realized,” he said. The NLA Speaker urged the students to re-invent the value and dignity of labour. “We should be physically and mentally prepared to do all the jobs needed for our development, as well as for our daily existence.” Referring to information technology and communication, Sazo said students have to adapt to the changing situation in a right ways. Sazo said the high incidence of HIV and AIDS amongst the youth of Nagaland is a matter of serious concern and advised the students and the youth to avoid drugs and other bad habits and get themselves engage in more constructive thoughts and activities.

Nagaland Legislative Assembly (NLA) speaker Chotisuh Sazo, minister for PWD (Roads & Bridges) and parliamentary affairs Kuzholuzo (Azo) Nienu and others during the release of CSU magazine during 67th general conference at Khuza town on January 21. (Photo by Chizokho Vero)

Stating that Chakhesangs still lacking behind economically, educationally, politically less represented as compared to the advanced tribes, he said, “it is a time for us to reform and with that there should be a qualitative change in our society and struggle to compete with others.” He urged upon the students to cultivate the spirit of competition, strong de-

termination, hard labour and confidence in themselves so that they can excel in pursuit of both educational and professional. Stating that agriculture sector is the main source of economy and employment in Phek district, he however regretted that the income generated through agriculture is negligible as there is no mechanized farming. Lack of market-

ing infrastructure and linkages have been the major impediments in producing surplus in agricultural sector, he said adding that there is no facility for cold storage, proper warehousing, grading etc. Lack of transport infrastructure and credit facilities are the factors responsible for low level of commercialization. He stressed on the need to change the attitude of

the people from marginal farming to that of professional and commercial farming. “We have to improvised our traditional technologies and upgrade them into our benefit,” he said adding that the focus of every nation in today’s world is the economic independency. Stating that from the approach of getting merely general education “we must


Deplorable and unattended for a decade, the road condition of NH 29 between Dimapur and Kohima at Peducha area (Merü) makes travelling agonizing for drivers and commuters alike.

Participants and others during the seminar on ‘self-employment prospects and opportunities on bamboo activities’ at Nagaland Bamboo Resource Centre, Dimapur on January 21.

Dimapur, January 21 (mExn): The Nagaland Bamboo Development Agency (NBDA) organised a one-day seminar on ‘selfemployment prospects and opportunities on bamboo activities’ on January 21 at the Nagaland Bamboo Resource Centre, Dimapur. This was organized as a follow-up of the government job mela that was held in November 2013 in Dimapur, during which 172 persons applied in various employment generating as-


pects of Bamboo industry. The seminar was attended by over 40 applicants from all over the State and was held on the key aspects of Bamboo, such as bamboo handicrafts and furniture, bamboo charcoal and briquettes, bamboo construction and interior designing, bamboo treatment and flattened poles, bamboo product marketing and bamboo incense sticks (agarbatti). Khrienuo C. Metha, Secretary, Govt. of Nagaland & Team Leader, NBDA was the

Chief Patron of the seminar. In the first session of the seminar, Kichung Phom, Member, NBDA gave the introductory speech, Er. Lipongse Thongtsar, Member, NBDA delivered the keynote address and Rokovisa Chase, Member, NBDA deliberated on the topic “Bamboo, the wonder grass” and the various activities and programs of the NBDA. This was stated in a press release issued by Dr. Tolto Metha, Member, NBM-IT, Nagaland Bamboo Development Agency.


Organises multidimensional health camp

LongLEng, January 21 (Dipr): A health camp was organized by DHS, Longleng at Tamlu PHC under Longleng District in commemoration of 50th year of Statehood of Nagaland on January 16 and 17. The team was led by CMO, Longleng, Dr. MA Wati assisted by MS, District Hospital Longleng Dr. Tepukushio, Dy.CMO, Dr. Kongyan, DPO RCH/ UIP, Dr. Imtiwapang, DPO NVBDCP, Dr. Thungbemo, Surgical Spl, Dr. Chubasanen, Gynaecologist, Dr. Supong, Anaesthetist, Dr Wannau, Nurses, Lab. Tech and OT assistant from District Hospital Longleng, SK and Staff from CMO Office Longleng. DPM, DAM & DCM from DPMU, NRHM along with Dr. Tia MO i/c Tamlu PHC, Dr. Chai-e and Nurses, Staffs, ASHA Coordinator & BAM of Tamlu PHC.

A short function was held before the commencement of the health camp, which was chaired by Medical Officer, Tamlu PHC Dr. Chai-e. Chingshong (Member HCMC in lieu of the Chairman) gave welcome address. Chingshong extended a warm welcome to the medical team for extending such facility to the much-needed public for availing the multi-dimensional health services. CMO Longleng, Dr. M. A. Wati gave a short speech stressing on the needs and importance of health services especially in the rural sector. He also stressed upon the needs of awareness on health status. CMO urged the public to avail the services provided in the Health Camp which includes; Gynaecology, Surgery, Ophthalmology, Lab Services and General OPD. Rev. Mongmei, Pastor, Tamlu Town Baptist Church said the invocation prayer after which the Health Mela was declared open. A total of 367 people availed the different health services provided.

TEning, January 21 (Dipr): The Liangmai Baptist Association (LBA), Nagaland held its 30th annual session cum 10th triennial conference at Town Baptist Church, Tening from January 17 to 19, under the banner ‘In step with the spirit’. The programme was organised under the leadership of LBA outgoing President Pouda and outgoing Executive Secretary

Rev. Kamwang, the LBA council meeting has made a certain positive resolution to bring spiritual reformation in the Churches and resolved to give their helping hand in their mission field Hangya Area Myanmar. The resource person, Pouda President, Headmaster, BHST, Kenkhambo and Pastor of Peren town, Amos spoke on the topic of ‘In Step with the Spirit’ and said that

as Christian believers we should stand in truth and not to be compromised. The house also selected the new team for a tenure of 5 years, 2014 to 2018. President- N. Silubo, Vice President- Sangam, Recording Secretary- Amos, Joint Recording SecretaryPouzengkam, Executive Secretary- Kitanwi Chawang, Development Secretary- N.K Joseph, Finance

Secretary- Kamwang. The new Executive Secretary, Kitanwi Chawang expressed his heartfelt gratitude to the Church for hosting the conference successfully, he also urged all the Churches to give their full cooperation for the Ministry of Liangmai Baptist Association. The three day Annual Council with participation of 156 delegates was successfully completed.

What moves through us is a silence, a quite sadness, a longing for one day, one more word, one more touch, we may not understand why you left this earth so soon, or why you left before we were ready to say goodbye, but little by little we begin to remember not just that you died but that you lived. And that your life gave us memories too beautiful to forget. “We miss you deeply “. Loving Mom, Dad, Brother, Sisters & loved ones.



Liangmai Baptist Association conference concludes

DC Mkg informs on R-Day


used to know is hardly seen anymore. The feeling of belonging, social responsibility and cooperative living has been replaced with the culture of selfish, individualistic motives among many people in our society.” “It pains our heart to notice such trends that are detrimental to the good of our society and such trends must be reversed. We must preserve, promote and transmit the aspects of our culture which are good and worthy of cherishing,” he said. Minister for PWD (Roads & Bridges) and parliamentary affairs Kuzholuzo (Azo) Nienu also graced the occasion as the guest of honour. Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) president Tongpang Ozukum also shared greetings while CSU president Thupukutho Lohe delivered presidential address. Meanwhile, minister for school education C.M. Chang will grace the cultural session on January 22 from 10:00 AM onwards.


NBDA organises job Longleng commemorates mela follow-up seminar 50th year of Statehood



move on to specialized education,” he said studies and trainings in various professional skills must be encouraged and supported beyond a certain level of general education if we are to race with the rest of the world. He stated that a great task lies before the students to take Chakhesang community to a much higher level of economy and education. The Speaker said students are expected to have progressive thinking and visions for the people and the country. He wanted the students to become more vigilant, and more involved in various aspects of governance and development process in keeping with the conference theme “Catalyst for reformation- culture and education.” He said that with the emergence of urbanization and the flow of rural population to urban areas in our society, “we have also seen the evolution of new ways of life. The traditional of a close-knit society that we


mokokchung, January 21 (Dipr): Deputy Commissioner Mokokchung, Murohu Chotso has directed all Heads of department and their staff to compulsorily attend the Republic Day celebration at Imkongmeren Sports complex on January 26, 2014. In a circular, DC said all government employees will be taken attendance on the occasion.

DPE general meeting on January 25

Dimapur, January 21 (mExn): Dimapur Pangti Ekhüng (DPE) annual general meeting will be held at Purana Bazaar Council Hall near Government High School, Purana Bazaar, Dimapur on January 25 from 10:30 am as has been informed earlier. Therefore, all Pangtians residing under Dimapur District are requested to attend the meeting without fail.

Drug users open hair-cutting salon

akuLuTo, January 21 (mExn): With the objective to engage meaningfully, the Brotherhood Group, a drug user’s community initiated a hair-cutting salon at Akuluto Town supported by Project ORCHID, EHA. A press release stated that the salon was inaugurated by Kakuto Chishi, Chairman, Urban Station Committee Akuluto on January, 16. In his short speech, he appreciated the group for taking up the bold initiative that many might consider as a low graded work. He said that there is no low or high graded work but to work is a pride and dignity. In fact, people’s attitude/mentality that brings the concept of high or low graded work. He lauded the group for exhibiting dignity of labour as an example to all. He further added that aiming big with humble beginning is the right approach towards success. He concluded by encouraging and wishing the group


success in their endeavours and extended all his support in their future course. Lukhezu AYZ graced the programme with a prayer.

Members of Urban Station Committee, Colony GBs, elders, Project ORCHID and well-wishers, attended the programme.



The Morung express

Political system has gone populist Newmai News Network


THE PRESENT system of electoral politics is not appealing to the intellectual group in the Northeast region, with many expressing their regret that ideological politics has been killed by issue based politics. They also expressed that the system has gone the populist way to the extreme. Samudragupta Kashyap, a Guwahati based journalist said that though the Indian system is the most vibrant, the problem is the failure of political parties to educate people on the need to understand things. "Yes, the system has let the cheap politics to emerge." Pradyot Deb Burman who is the crowned Maharaja of Tripura told Newmai News Network that things would have been better in spite of the

flaws in the system "if political leaders were clear and sincere in their endeavour to serve the people". Dr MC Arun, a noted scholar from Manipur said there is chaos everywhere in India and attributed these bleak developments to the dying of ideology based politics killed by issue based politics. "A political party floated based on an issue becomes very popular and runs the government but when the particular issue is addressed then that political party's relevancy has become little," The Manipuri scholar then said that the most immediate panacea to this negative trend is to have 'neutral' and powerful civil society organisations to check the system. "There are people and intellectuals who want to participate in politics but are reluctant due to the farce system. However, they are not

Pro-ILP agitation suspended

SHIlloNG, JANUARY 21 (pTI): Pressure groups in Meghalaya demanding implementation of the 140-year-old Eastern Bengal Frontier Regulation Act which restricts entry of outsiders in the state, on Wednesday suspended their four-month-long agitation after a meeting with the state government. "They have agreed to study various laws which are already in existence. The contention of the government is that we are going to look at the existing laws, integrate them and also supplement them to arrive at an institutionalise mechanism to tackle the issue of influx and illegal immigration," Chief Minister Mukul Sangma told reporters after a two-hourlong meeting. The suspension of agitation would bring in temporary relief in the state after unrest and violence since September

2 last year following the agitation of 13 pro-Inner Line Permit (ILP) groups. Copies of the legislations passed in the past Assemblies would be made available to the pro-ILP groups, Sangma said, adding the meeting was convened to send a clear message to the pressure groups that the state government had the political will to address the issue of influx. "We will continue to engage both the state government and the NGOs to find a way forward and come up with a mechanism to have an end result," he added. "Copies of at least 52 existing legislative measures passed by the Assemblies in the past 40 years will be provided to us and we will study them before taking a final decision in the matter," Khasi Students' Union (KSU) president Daniel Khyriem said.

Assam fairs poorly in eye donation

GUWAHATI, JANUARY 21 (TNN): Superstitions still pose a hurdle in the way of popularizing eye donations in the state, despite the efforts made by the government and NGOs to promote awareness. The Eye Bank Association of India (EBAI) data revealed that while the rest of the country is witnessing a positive trend in corneal donation, Assam and a few other states have been lagging behind. There are about 1 million corneal blind people in the country, and every year the number is increasing by almost 30,000 cases. At the same time, the number of corneal donation camps has also increased, except in Assam and a few other states. As per the EBAI, Assam registered only 184 corneal donations in 2012-13, an insignificant figure compared to Andhra Pradesh, which alone witnessed 6,518 such donations, and Tamil Nadu, which recorded 7,434 donations. Gujarat and Maharashtra registered 5,631 and 4,828 donations respectively. Assam, however, did better than Jharkhand (10), Uttarakhand (89) and Mizoram (50). "The corneal donations could be low in the state because of religious or superstitious beliefs attached to organ donation. Southern states have a good record in this regard. The situation is much better compared to 10 or 15 years ago," said Umachand P, in-charge of the EBAI. With only five eye banks in the state (three government and two private), and close to 10 eye collection centres, cornea collectors working for different agencies have been facing problems in getting consent from families of deceased people who had agreed to donate their cornea. The eye bank at the Regional Institute of Ophthalmology (RIO) in Gauhati Medical College Hospital has a total of 4,000 registered people who have signed for cornea donation. It has collected 171 corneas, out of which 139 corneas have been put to use. Others have been used for research. "There are 650 registered eye recipients waiting for cornea transplants at this centre. They are in the age group of three to 80 years. The biggest challenge we are facing is the negative attitude of the people. They are of the opinion that if the cornea are removed, a person will be born blind in the next birth," said Hiren Medhi, publicity officer Eye Bank, RIO, GMCH.


The Pfutseromi Gazetted Officer’s Forum would like to felicitate Mr. Zekotso Mero NPS, AIGP Nagaland, for being appointed from Nagaland Police Service to Indian Police Service. The PGOF appreciate the Govt.of Nagaland for taking initiative, and the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt.of India for the approval. The members wish him all the best as he enter to the higher level of responsibility and also pray to Almighty God that he grants him wisdom and strength to serve the people of Nagaland. Sd/(DR.KEDOUWE KAPFO) Secretary PGOF

considered silent spectators--they are waiting for a right time," stated Dr Arun. New Delhi based journalist Anubha Bhonsle however does not like to call it populism. Bhonsle said," I would not call it populism, these are regional parties whose catchment areas are issues--identities of that state." Meanwhile, Nagaland's noted activist Niketu Iralu has summed up the present development and quoted, "A politician thinks for the next election while a statesman thinks for the coming generations." He viewed that various factors including stiff competition, limited resources and rising population have brought the system to this situation. "But simultaneously we have to deal with the situation that, we should keep trying to reform the system."



22 January 2014

21 (IANS): The Meghalaya government Tuesday ordered a magisterial probe into the killing of four militants in an alleged staged gunfight by SWAT commandos Jan 11, officials said. "A magisterial inquiry was instituted today (Tuesday) to ascertain the facts of the incident," West Garo Hills district magistrate Pravin Bakshi told IANS. The A'chik National Volunteers Council-B (ANVCB) alleged that four of its men were killed in a staged shootout in Darengagal area in West Garo Hills.

mitted to the government for deciding the further course of action. The inquiry will be headed by an additional district magistrate. Va r i o u s p re s s u re groups demanded an independent probe by a retired high court judge into the alleged gunbattle. "The cadres were tied to a tree and killed in cold blood by police. One cadre escaped with bullet injuries. There were no arms, explosives in the camp. If police claimed they found anything, then they had planted it all," an ANVC-B spokesman said.

15, 1949, and became union territories before getting the status of full-fledged states. Meghalaya was formed as an autonomous state April 2, 1970, after being carved out of Assam. "After 42 years, we have not succeeded in attaining any tangible, sustained growth in most sectors, with the goal of ensuring percolation to the grassroots to benefit the commoner. There has been hardly any realistic emphasis on planning and evolving a blueprint to reap the benefits of statehood," environmental activist Naba Bhattacharjee told The Telegraph.

He added that governance has been "tardy", and most interventions in governance have been fund-driven rather than need-based, while natural resources have not been judiciously utilised. The Meghalaya government has planned programmes tomorrow to commemorate Statehood Day. Directions have also been given to district and block headquarters, including Meghalaya Houses outside the state, to commemorate the day in a befitting manner. However, as the celebrations continue, tomorrow is also a day to look back, retrospect and plan ahead.

JNU to have hostel for North East students

ITANAGAR, JANUARY 21 (ANI): The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) on Tuesday agreed in principle to sanction Rs 40 crore for construction of a 520-bed hostel within Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) campus with 70 percent reservation for North East students and rest from other parts of the country belonging to backward classes. The decision was arrived at a meeting under the chairmanship of Union Minister for Department of North East Region, Paban Singh Ghatowar in New Delhi. The event was attended by Lok Sabha member, Takam Sanjoy, DoNER secretary U K Sangma, senior officers of JNU and Delhi Police joint commissioner Robin Hibu, Sanjoy told over telephone. While the fund would be allotted from the central non-lapsable central


Regd.No: 3709/14 My full name MANNGAI HAMBA PHOM, and mother’s name AMUNG LIBEN should be read out as correct and official name for all purposes. SWORN BEFORE Notary Public, Dimapur 20/01/14

pool of resources (NLCPR), a memorandum would be signed to this effect for which the JNU authorities have consented to name it as 'Subansiri' NE hostel, the MP said. The estimate and drawing submitted to the DoNER ministry was discussed threadbare before the approval came, Sanjoy disclosed, and quoted Ghatowar as asking the officers present: "Make this a model hostel as it is meant for all poor and economically backward students who cannot afford to study due to sky rocketing rent in the national capital". It may be recalled that land was allotted by the JNU authorities at a meeting attended by vice chancellor Prof Sudhir Kumar Sopory, rector Prof Sud-

ha Pai, deputy registrar Kh Siile Anthony and superintending engineer Pradeep Kumar along with Sanjoy, also general secretary of the NE MPs Forum (NEMPF), Delhi Police joint commissioner Robin Hibu and a few officials after inspection of land on September 4, last year. NEMPF chairman and Rajya Sabha member, Mukut Mithi had placed the demand to the VC in a representation following former Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit's consent to allot land for the hostel at a high-level meeting in All India Congress Committee (AICC) held under the chairmanship of Union Minister Oscar Fernandez on July 16 last. While this was one of



the commitments given by the Congress party during the 2009 Delhi University Students' Union election, besides NEMPF, the DelhiArunachal Forum (DelAru), a voluntary organization of Arunachalees living in Delhi, had also placed the same demand with the state's MPs. Meanwhile, many NE students' leaders living in Delhi expressed their deep gratitude to MP Sanjay and IGP Hibu for taking exceptional interest in mobilizing land within JNU campus, followed by constant persuasion through different channels in getting land and fund for their welfare.

Old students of Class-7, 8, 9 and 10 of Govt.Hr.Sec. School, Dimapur are hereby once again informed that the last date of admission for the academic session 2014 is 24-01 2014. Therefore no admission will be entertained after the last date. (B.WATISANGLA AIER) Principal GHSS, Dimapur

For further information contact: Deputy Manager Hotel Saramati, Dimapur Ph-03862-234761/762 Email:

GUWAHATI, JANUARY 21 (pTI): ULFA-Independent and five other North East militant outfits have jointly called a boycott of Republic Day celebrations and a general strike that day in the entire region. A 'solidarity statement' by ULFA-I here today said the boycott and strike were called by the Coordination Committee (CorCom). The 'general strike' on January 26 will begin from 1 AM and end at 5 PM and cover all forms of transportation, movement of vehicles, entertainment including cinema and theatre shows and all activities of trade and commerce, the statement said. However, the media, medical services and religious ceremonies shall be kept outside the purview of the general strike, it added. The CorCom comprises Meghalaya-based Hynnewtrep Liberation Council, Kamatapur Liberation Organisation operating in Assam and Bengal, National Democratic Front of Bodoland of Assam and Tripurabased National Liberation Front of Tripura besides ULFA-I.

BSF seizes ganja, liquor bottles and cows

DHUBRI, JANUARY 21 (pTI): At least 70 kg ganja, 549 liquor bottles and 34 cows were seized by BSF personnel in Assam's Dhubri district from being smuggled. During routine patrolling at Mahamaya Char BSF border outpost (BoP), three smugglers were asked to stop but they fled away leaving behind the ganja, liquor bottles and cows, BSF sources said. The ganja is worth Rs 22, 000, the cows were estimated to be worth Rs 2.54 lakh and the liquor bottles Rs 39,100, the sources said. Search operation was on for the three smugglers, the sources added.

IED bomb recovered

IMpHAl, JANUARY 21 (NNN): A powerful IED, weighing 2 kgs, was recovered by personnel of the 27 Assam Rifles on Monday night at Lamkhai bazaar under Jiribam Police Station in Manipur’s Imphal East district. A patrol party of the 27 Assam Rifles found the bomb planted by suspected militants at Lamkhai bazaar, about 2 km east of the Jiribam Police Station at around 10 pm, police sources informed on Tuesday.

PLA cadre arrested

IMpHAl, JANUARY 21 (NNN): Police nabbed one RPF/PLA militant during combing operation in Bishnupur district on Tuesday as security was beefed up in Manipur in view of the upcoming Republic Day celebrations. A team of Bishnupur district police arrested one cadre of People’s Liberation Army, the armed wing of the banned Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF), during combing operation in Ngaikhong Khunou area early in the morning. Police identified the arrested RPF/PLA militant as Maisnam Khamba alias Tondon, 35, a native of Ngaikhong ward number 10. About 500 individuals, including 200 women were subjected to verification during the operation. Every house in the area was also searched. The police later picked up 20 people, including former militants for further verification when the RPF/PLA militant was detained. Simultaneously, a combined security force led by Deputy Superintendant of Police (Operations), Dr S Ibomcha combed Naorem Awang Leikai and Lairembi Lampak in Kakwa area in Imphal West district about 5 am.

Theme: “Arise and Shine”… Isaiah 60:1 (15th – 26th January 2014)

Venue : Khuochiezie, Local Ground, Kohima Date : 22nd Jan, 2014




call boycott of Republic Day

Transformation Crusade Time: 4:30pm


: Mrs. Medotseilie-ü Kiewhuo Assistant Pastor, Koinonia Baptist Church Praise & Worship : Sinai Ministry Offertory Prayer : Rev. Lhousuohie Mhasi Speaker : Rev. Zotuo Kiewhuo Senior Pastor, Koinonia Baptist Church Prayer and Fasting Group : Naga mothers prayer fellowship (7:00 am- 12:00 noon) Interaction Session : Leader : Zhelitoli Wotsa (1:00pm-3:00pm) Resource Person : Rev. Zotuo Kiewhuo Topic : Impartation ALL ARE CORDIALLY INVITED Come with faith and receive healing, deliverance from satanic bondage and redemption. *** Counseling is open every day starting from 12:00 noon


TENDER - NOTICE: SL NO. SSPN/QM/311/TDR-01/2014-15 DATED 20 JAN 2014 1. Tenders in Sealed Envelopes are invited from competent Individual/agencies following Supplies/services to the School at its campus for the period 01 May 2014-30 April 2015. I. Running of Shop at the Shopping Centre:(a) A Grocery Shop including fruits /veg. stall and Juice bar (b) Stationery Shop (c) Hair cutting Saloon (d) Wet Canteen (e) STD Booth II. Supply of School Uniforms including running of Tailor Shop in Shopping III. Catering Services for Cadets Mess IV. Supply of Stationery V. Supply of Horse Feed VI. AMC for computer & accessories VII. Supply of Laboratory items & consumables

NOTICE This is to notify to the erstwhile employees who are Provident Fund beneficiaries of Hotel Saramati, Dimapur during Nov.1999 to June 2000 under the management of M/s Sungit & Nungshi to file for settlement of any EPF related claims with the local EPF office on or before 30th Jan.2013. No further claims whatsoever will be entertained thereafter.


M'laya orders probe Northeast Briefs into militants' killing 6 North East ultra groups SHIlloNG, JANUARY The report will be sub-

Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura turn 42

AGARTAlA, JANUARY 21 (AGeNcIeS): Three northeastern states - Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya - celebrated their 42nd statehood day on Tuesday. He added that governance has been "tardy", and most interventions in governance have been fund-driven rather than need-based, while natural resources have not been judiciously utilised. Under the North Eastern Region (reorganisation) Act, 1971, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya became fullfledged states Jan 21, 1972. The erstwhile princely states of Tripura and Manipur merged with India Oct



Tender forms may be obtained from the School Office from 9AM - 2PM on any working day between 20 Jan 14 and 01 Feb 14 on cash payment of Rs 1000/-. Sealed Tenders forms duly filled in all respect and signed by the authorised signatory with the stamp must be sent by post or dropped in the Tender Box in the School. Last date of receipt of Tenders is 11AM on 01 Feb 14. All Tenders will be opened in Public at 12 Noon on 01 Feb 14. Principal [Phone : 03839-262004,262002]


4 businEss ‘Cabinet may consider LPG cap hike this week’ Wednesday


The Morung Express

22 January 2014

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (PTi): With Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi pitching strongly for a higher LPG cap, Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Veerappa Moily on Tuesday said the Cabinet is likely to consider increasing the quota of subsidised cooking gas cylinders to 12 from nine per household this week. “After our vice president Rahul Gandhi said nine cylinders are not enough, I have moved a Cabinet note to increase the quota to 12. I think the Cabinet is likely to consider the proposal this week,” Mr. Moily said after launching the sale of 5-kg cooking gas (LPG) cylinders at petrol pumps in the national capital. Gandhi stated at the All India Congress Committee session last week that there was a need to increase the quota to 12 cylinders of

14.2-kg each. Mr. Moily said 89.2 per cent of the 15 crore LPG consumers use up to nine cylinders in a year and only 10 per cent have to buy the additional requirement at the market price. If the quota is raised to 12, about 97 per cent of the LPG consumers would be covered by subsidised LPG, he said. Increasing the limit to 12 would result in an additional fuel subsidy burden of Rs. 3,300 crore-4,000 crore. The government already incurs about Rs 46,000 crore per annum as LPG subsidy. The government had initially capped the supply of subsidised domestic LPG cylinders to six per household annually in September 2012 in a bid to cut its subsidy bill. The quota was raised to nine in January 2013. Consumers who have exhaust-

Sony launches VAIO Flip ‘laptab’

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (ageNcies): Sony on Tuesday launched the Flip ‘laptab’, a laptop that converts into a tablet PC, under its Vaio brand, claiming it to herald a new form factor in the evolving in-between market. The screen turns over to the other side on its second hinge on the middle of the panel to become a tablet. Unlike other hybrids, the physical keyboard in the Flip is protected inside in the tablet mode. The Flip was earlier unveiled at the annual Consumer Electronics Show in the US this month and has been selling abroad for a month now. It’s full high-definition (1080 pixels) touchscreen comes with an onscreen keyboard, so that you don’t have to keep going back to the backlit physical one. The touchscreen worked with a little lag. To be available for sale from next week, according to Vijaysingh Jaiswal, Head, IT Division, Sony India, the Flip comes with screens of 13, 14 and 15 inches. The first one, which Sony said it was pitching for use as a portable device, is light enough at 1.31 kg. The other two are slightly heavier between 1.96 kg and 2.29 kg.


Happy Birthday Elo, I could not adequately count a ways how much I love you. Everytime I see beautiful I think of our love we had little more than many. I wish your life be filled with happiness and joys, may you have the love and care showers by God. Happy Birthday! With lots of love and care, Ying Yanthan

ed their quota have to buy LPG at the market price of Rs 1,258 per cylinder. Subsidised LPG costs Rs 414 per cylinder in Delhi. Moily said the price of subsidised LPG hasn’t been raised even though international prices have gone up. “We import 40 per cent of our LPG,” he said, adding that the 5-kg cylinders being made available at petrol pumps in 24 cities will be extended all over the country. Customers can walk into a petrol pump with proof of identity and walk out with a 5-kg cylinder, he said. The 5-kg cylinders will be sold at petrol pumps for Rs. 585. Cooking gas cylinders were until now sold only by 13,088 LPG distributors or dealers of stateowned firms. Now, the convenient 5-kg bottle will also be available at some of the 50,392 petrol pumps


agaland is a slow state. In an age when speed makes so much difference, slow means being left behind. Therefore, not to be left out young people move out of the state to hone their skills to face the needs of the globalised world. They are our brave hearts. This is the plight of the Naga youth who work hard at everystage and have to keep proving themselves for career and survival. The desire to leave home arises from necessity – be it higher education or employment or both. This outlook was once a strange idea but its now accepted as central to livelihood. It leads to opportunity but it has also high psychological costs. Today, this is not openly discussed. This is typically regarded as an embarrassing impediment to individual progress and future. Technology too reduces us into thinking that moving away is less consequential since one is just a mouseclick away or a phone-call away. In the past we were told that Naga people and their culture are wonderful. Our past leaders are shown as icons and heroes. We don’t celebrate their birthdays. We never question them. Did they take the best decision for us or are we flaunting the great dreams of our forefathers? Why are we one of the weakest academically? Why do we have all sorts of social ills? Why are we so insensitive to quality education and so unfair to development? Do we value wealth or education? Do we value democracy where people have a greater say in how they are governed? Till today, after five decades of statehood, these questions have no easy answers. Presently, thousands of boys and girls are pursuing academic courses outside the state draining away crores of rupees and that too has no surety of employment in their home-state.

They are there in mainland India in the shadow of uncertain future. Mainland India is materialistic. But they have created a system in which wealth is created with hard work, innovation, talent and enterprise. People who display these qualities move up in life, and they are protective of their values and systems. The Nagas as a whole lacks policy on values. A state is defined by the ability to take decisions – a correct one. State of Nagaland is not known for her decision making prowess. We don’t know how to prioritize the needs of the state. Values tell people what is good and important. They bind the community from disintegration. Every Sunday our church begins with the ‘Holy Word’ and preaches that the society without value is useless. Only the answer to this fundamental question will determine the future course of Naga advancement particularly the ‘generation next’. Many states have been transformed today by investment from within and abroad generating huge employment. Economic growths through private sector investment are taken seriously in many states. They know the potential of capital coming into their states. They lobby to set up industries in their states as that will provide multi-benefits to the people both educated and uneducated. But this is something unthinkable in Nagaland. The reason is known to all. The mainland India knows even better. Nowadays, investors will not come to invest for charity. We too should not live on charity. We should learn to do good business. However, investors want level playing field,

free and fair market and the government commitment towards creating appropriate infrastructure. These requirements are essential for growth and good for younger generation to contribute towards state’s development. What we need is low key rhetoric, pragmatic system of governance and fiscal prudence in government set up. In five decades of statehood, Nagaland could not build an infrastructure worth its name. Those who dared to set up commercial ventures in a small way were nibbed in the bud. Electricity – the basic requirement is in abysmal condition whereas road capacity-building is not in a priority sector. This is an indicator of under development. On top of it, the internal imposition of levies on goods, transports and salaries – thus moping up huge sum for use other than the welfare and growth of the public is farcical and anti-growth. This is an assault on the people who work hard to generate a meagre wealth for living. We have created an aspiration in the soul of young people and now making them to regress in the shallow and untenable stricture of the past. Education: another area of concern is the quality of education. The primary education is the first step in this direction. The government created a vast number of schools practically free. But they were so uniformly bad that people have shunned them and scrambled for seats in a few private schools. Our village schools are in terrible shape. Everything is of low quality. Low quality education is not really education at all. This is tragic. The state has failed to provide both

(Left to right): Bhavesh Gupta, Head – Self Employed Segment, ICICI Bank; Anuj Bhargava, Zonal Head, Corporate Banking, ICICI Bank and Ravindra Nath, Director (Finance), NSIC.

India’s largest private sector bank and the second largest bank in India, with consolidated total assets of US $ 124 billion as on March 31, 2013. ICICI Bank’s subsidiaries include India’s leading private sector insurance companies and among its largest securities brokerage firms, mutual funds and private equity firms. stress. The idea that one can feel at home anywhere in the world away from home is a losing challenge for many, because of the stark reality of adaptability against new social environment. Naga society respect power, not execellence. It is to be understood that power driven society do not progress much. The world is growing and changing constantly along with advancement in science and technology, so also the power of knowledge of the younger lot. Therefore, keeping in mind the future of the young generation, the state and its people has to change its attitude and values and together should take the responsibility towards genuine advancement in the areas of infrastructure building and establishment of Institutions of Excellence. In fact, ideas and knowledge from other shores are required and be used gainfully to revive and nourish indigenious talents especially when they become decadents. “When you do not have resources, you become resourceful,” says K.R.Sridhar, Founder of Silicon Valley Fuel Cell Co. Bloom Energy, USA. In Nagaland it is the other way round. Nagaland has resources, but people are not resourceful. Let us not forget the Vedic adage-“knowledge is wealth.” The world has changed from an industrial to a knowledge economy. Knowledge Economy means that jobs and economic activity with the value added will come from the knowledge sectors of the economy. The state that participates in these sectors will be rewarded with growth from poverty to prosperity. “The raft of knowledge ferries the worst sinners to safety.”Bhagavad Gita.

the quantity and quality of education. Think of higher education. We do not have branded colleges and institutions. If so, how can we train potential students. If they are not being educated well, how will they succeed in today’s highly competitive market. Won’t the education crisis lead to scarcity in the job market? Today it is a herculean task for every boy and girl from Nagaland armed with class XII or plus degree to clear the All India Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for admission into top class Engineering or Medical Colleges, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), National Defence Academy (NDA),etc. It is equally a nightmare for professional and non professional graduates to get into Indian Institute of Management (IIM), M.Tech (IIT), Indian Military Academy (IMA), All India Civil Services,etc. This speaks lack of innovative and quality education crucial to bring the best out of any student. Spending years in sub-standard schools and colleges where skill required to face the needs of modern competitions and service sectors is not learnt is a sheer criminal wastage. That is, education in the state has flaws. This compels young aspirants to shell out crazy amounts in coaching classes. Yet they are getting etched out of the competitive arena. Can we change this? But change means sticking out your neck and ironically in Nagaland, you are risking your neck. These young brave hearts who leave home for knowledge improvement and for better future end up feeling displaced in the wider world. Many suffer from acculturative

Mapu Jamir, I.A.S. (Retd.)

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box co ntains the digits 1 through 9.”


New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (ageNcies): ICICI Bank, India’s largest private sector bank and second largest bank in the country, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC). This MoU will promote availability of credit facilities for sustainable development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Under this agreement, NSIC will share proposals of its associated MSMEs for credit support to ICICI Bank. The Bank, in turn, will offer its credit and other tailored business solutions to these MSMEs as per its norms. The MoU was signed by Bhavesh Gupta, Head – Self Employed Segment, ICICI Bank and Mr. Ravindra Nath, Director (Finance), NSIC in the presence of Mr. Anuj Bhargava, Zonal Head, Corporate Banking, ICICI Bank and Mr. Gaurang Dixit, General Manager, NSIC. This joint initiative aims to support MSMEs with superior banking solutions. About ICICI Bank: ICICI Bank Limited is

public discoursE Young Naga in mainstream India



across the country. Moily said the 5-kg cylinders will initially be available at 18 petrol pumps in the national capital. The 5-kg cylinder scheme will benefit the migratory population such as students, IT professionals and BPO employees, as well as people with odd work hours. It offers them greater flexibility to pick up cylinders and obtain refills because petrol stations are open for longer hours than LPG dealers. The first-time purchase of a 5-kg cylinder will cost Rs 1,000 plus taxes, while a cylinder regulator will be available for Rs 250 and taxes. The initial charge includes a security deposit for the cylinder. Subsequent refills will be available at prevailing market prices, he said.

ICICI Bank signs MoU with NSIC

Game Number # 2769



DIMAPUR Civil hospital:

STD CODE: 03862

metro hospital: faith hospital: shamrock hospital Zion hospital: Police Control room Police Traffic Control east Police station west Police station Cihsr (referral hospital) Dimapur hospital Apollo hospital info Centre: railway: indian Airlines Chumukedima fire brigade nikos hospital and research Centre nagaland multispecialty health & research Centre

Answer Number # 2768


Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home:

232224; emergency229529, 229474 227930, 231081 228846 228254 231864, 224117, 227337 228400 232106 227607 232181 242555/ 242533 224041, 248011 230695/9402435652 131/228404 229366 282777 232032, 231031 248302, 09856006026

STD CODE: 0370

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100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202



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Ans to CrossWord 2779

DIMAPUR: 03862-232201/101 (O) 9436601225 (OC) CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862-282777/101 (O) WOKHA: 03860-242215 (O) 9402643782 MOKOKCHUNG: 0369-2226225/101 (O) 9856872011 (OC) PHEK: 03865-223838/101 (O) 9436012949 (OC)

TUENSANG: 03861-220256/101 (O) 8974322879


MON: 03869-290629/101 (O) 9856248962/ 9612805461 (OC)

Toll free No. 1098 childline


KOHIMA: 0370-2222952/101 (O) 9436062098 (OC)

ZUNHEBOTO: 03867-220444/101 (O) 9856158740 (OC)




STD CODE: 0369

Police Station 1: Police Station 2 :

2226241 2226214

Civil Hospital: Woodland Nursing Home: Hotel Metsüpen (Tourist Lodge):

2226216 2226263 2226373/2229343

TAHAMzAM (formerly Senapati) STD CODE: 03871 Police Station: Fire Brigade

222246 222491



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For details & Test drive Contact: Urban Station, Near NSC Petrol Pump, 6th Mile Dimapur. Ph No : 240994 CURRENCY ExCHANGE CURRENCY NOTES BUY(Rs) SELL(Rs) US Dollars Sterling Pound Hong Kong Dollar

61.1 99.53 7.86

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LOCAL Businessman's NPF Youth Wing wants Kakuto killing condemned Shohe as candidate for lS polls The Morung Express

kohiMa, January 21 (Mexn): The Nagabazar Panchayat has outrightly condemned the killing of Helal Uddin inside his shop at Naga Bazaar by unknown gunmen on January 20 around 6:30 pm. The Panchayat in a condemnation note stated that whoever the perpetrator(s) is and whatever the reason behind the killing, “nobody has the right to take the life of a human in anyway at its own volition.” It reminded the killer(s) that by killing the victim, they have made a family handicapped. “You have eliminated the bread winner of the family. You have made the wife a widow. You have made three minor children fatherless. You have brought anguish to the minds of all peace loving people.” Being a peace loving colony, the Panchayat said it does not want any anti social elements to disturb the peaceful atmosphere of the colony. Henceforth, the Panchayat asked all denizens of

Nagabazar to be vigilant, while warning all outsiders/ residents not to create any untoward act within the colony’s jurisdiction. The Panchayat further conveyed deepest sympathy to the bereaved family and also requested the law enforcing agencies to arrest and book the culprits and penalize them according to the law at the earliest.

Dimapur Muslim Public Forum The Dimapur Muslim Public Forum (DMPF) has also vehemently condemned the killing of Md. Helal Uddin, permanent resident of Nilam Bazar, Karimgang, Assam, who was running a grocery shop in Kohima. The DMPF in a press release expressed deepest condolence to the bereaved family and prayed for the departed soul. The DMPF further requested the district administration to arrest the culprit(s) and book as per the law.

action through faith. “Our faith should not be only noun but should be verb, as Jesus says ‘Let your light thus shine before men, so that they may see your upright works, and glorify your Father who is in the heavens, (Matthew 5:16)’.” He also spoke on “victory through Christ.” The celebration culminated with the Holy Eucharistic officiated by Rev. Fr. Joe Mariadhas, Director of St. Joseph College,

Lt. Col. Withonang Chaplain, Naga Army, Federal Government of Nagaland.

he incidents at Khowani village where seven innocent Rengma sisters and brothers were killed and several houses burnt, and at Pachaspura (Dimapur) where nine innocent Karbi brothers were massacred besides one shot dead near Khotkhoti, were unfortunate. All civil society organizations of Karbi Anglong and Nagaland have vehemently condemned both the killings. Killing of innocent and helpless people is nothing but cowardice. There are good and bad individuals in every community. The bad action of a tiny fraction of a particular tribe does not make the entire tribe bad. There is no smoke without a fire, so there is no denial about the bad actions of a few in-

CBCC 63rd general session Phek, January 21 (Mexn): All the churches under Chakhesang Baptist Church Council (CBCC) have been informed to attend the 63rd general session to be held from January 24 to 26 at Sakraba Baptist Church with the required delegates and churches’ flags. Meanwhile, the Executive Committee members have been requested to reach the location one day ahead, i.e., January 23 in the afternoon. During the council, six people will be conferred ministry license and three more churches will be given recognition certificates. Therefore, candidates have been requested to come prepared.

Phek, January 21 (Mexn): Land owners of Porba village, whose lands have been damaged by the SARDP road construction Pfutsero-Phek, have requested the Chief Engineer, Highways R&B, PWD Kohima to halt the release of land damage compensation of Porba village. In a letter to the Chief Engineer, which was released to the media, chairman of SARDP Road Damaged Land Owners

Committee Porba, Nucutso stated, “It is learnt from the reliable source that the land damaged compensation is to be released in which it is listed against the names of only few vested individuals with favoritism and nepotism, leaving behind the genuine hundreds of damaged land owners.” Moreover, the letter said that “the compensation to be paid to those few vested interest persons are also

not proportioned according to the size and values of the land and properties damaged which cannot be justified in the eye witness of general public.” The letter written on behalf of the land damaged owners informed that a meeting was held on January 21 where the state of affairs mentioned above were discussed by the effected people. The land damaged owners of Porba village under SARDP

road construction in the letter fervently requested the chief engineer to look into the matter thoroughly and deliver justice to the land damaged owners by issuing proportional amount laid down by the government to all listed damaged land owners. Further, they earnestly requested to halt the release of the said compensation amount till justification arrives in order not to hinder the process of development.

Land owners request to halt compensation in Porba

Jakhama. In his homily, he urged every Christian to witness lives through conviction (Faith). He was also concelebrated by Rev. Frs. Thomas Muttathil, Shajimon and Kokto Kurian. Rev. Fr. Shajimon, Parish Priest of St. Paul, Pungro thanked the Catholic Community of Konjuri, delegates and all the invited guests for the meaningful and strengthening participation in spite of the distances and road condition.

The CheRüDiki Public Organisation has condemned the 19 Assam Rifles for incessant raiding of residences within the CheRüDiKi range, terming it highly condemnable as it disturbs the peaceful atmosphere in the area. The Organisation stated that on December 19, 2013, personnel of the 19 Assam Rifles raided the house of the CheRüDiKi Public Organisation treasurer Zakieneituo Zhalie who is also editor of a newsletter of the

Section of people on the seventh day of Transformation Crusade in Kohima on January 21. (Inset) Speakers.

Angami Mission (Assembly of God) at Chedema Village at around 3:00 A.M. The personnel further forced him to point out the house of Health Kilonser NSCN (IM) but reportedly found nothing on raiding the house of the latter. The organisation has also reported that on January 14, 2014, personnel of the 19 Assam Rifles again raided the residence of Neisatuo Kets, VDB Secretary at Kijümetouma village. On finding that his

individuals think they are enemies! The best that we all can do is to demand that the guilty be arrested and justice done, both to the Rengma people and to the Karbi people. We are common people. The common people may be in majority, but still they cannot take the law into their own hands. It is the duty of the State Government to investigate and bring the culprits to book. There is no animosity between the Karbi and the Rengma people. However, since every community has its own bad apple, the bad apples from both the communities started a fire that got many innocent people killed and homeless. It would still be simplistic and prejudiced,

been elected as the new president of Lotha Regional Council (NNC). The former vice president of LRC (NNC) was elected at the Council’s president election held on January 21, 9:30 am at LTC Hall here. LRC (NNC) Midan Peyu, Shanremo Tsopoe in a press release has felicitated the new president and prayed that the almighty God bless him and guide him in his presidentship for the betterment of “our” people. The press note stated that the election was held in a clean procedure and no further complaint will be entertained.

BJP Mon Executive Committee meeting

Mon, January 21 (Mexn): BJP Mon District Unit president T. Phongwang Konyak in a press release has informed that BJP Mon Executive Committee meeting will be held on January 24 at the party office. Therefore, all concern members have been requested to attend the said meeting positively. Meanwhile, the president informed all the Mandal presidents and general secretaries to submit the BLA (Booth Level Agents) list on the meeting day.

CCSU condemns harassment

DiMaPur, January 21 (Mexn): Confederation of Chang Students’ Union (CCSU), the apex body of Chang Students’ Unions, has strongly condemned the January 15 incident, where Takum Chang, former president of CCSU was harassed by Temsutoshi. A statement appended by CCSU president, Y Hongkin Chang stated that such inhuman and uncivilized act should not have happened in a civilized society. The confederation further declared it will not tolerate such incident in the near future.

DEO Kohima informs

press release. Rev. Vevozo, the note said, reminded the congregation that it was way back in 1950s, revival wave came into Nagaland and “we were transformed by the power of the Holy Spirit, but then our lifestyles became very easy and in the meantime, while we were not aware Satan came in and drifted our children away from their faith.” He informed that the local ground has been a place for revival for many generations where many people committed their lives to God here in different crusades down

the ages. Referring to the scriptures (Luke 10:19, Mark 16: 16-18), he added that the deceiving spirit is coming to deceive the people of God, “therefore we need the power of the Holy Spirit to discern them.” Earlier, New Covenant Church led the praise and worship. The programme was led by Vikholie Ladu, CBCK. One person who was having a pain in the throat for 3 years was healed and many others among the congregation suffering from various ailments were also healed, stated the note.

CheRüDiKi Public Organisation condemns

dividuals belonging to the Karbi tribe. However, it is illogical to label the entire Karbi people as bad, or “aggressors”, or “oppressors”. Likewise, the NRHPF claimed responsibility in the massacre of nine Karbi youths, which many called it as an “outrageous violation of human rights” since all the youths were blindfolded and their hands tied behind before being shot point-blank. But we cannot call the entire Rengma people bad because of the actions of the NRHPF. So we must agree with Keyhang Rengma when he said we must refrain from calling the present problem as “Karbi-Rengma Clash”. In fact, the whole thing is “orchestrated” so well some Rengma and some Karbi


Lok Sabha elections. “The game-changer has already taken place with the formation of North East Regional Parties Forum of which Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio is convener.” According to the press release, it is expected that the number tally for regional party seats may shoot up to double compared to earlier LRC (NNC) gets new president elections. Wokha, January 21 (Mexn): Yilow Yanthan has

residence had been locked, the personnel arrested his father, Yachütuo Kets under threat and forcibly unlocked and ransacked the house of Neisatuo. The father is reportedly in critical condition since the incident. While expressing great shock and anger at the attitude of the Assam Rifles who claim to be ‘Friends of the Hills People’, the CheRüDiKi Public Organisation has condemned the acts of the so called pro-

and even illogical, to call the entire Rengma people as bad, or the entire Karbi people as bad. Some individuals like Keyhang Rengma, K. Solomon, and Shahi Rengma have unfortunately been trying to malign the image of the Karbi people, playing the role of the underdog, since one year now simply to get the world’s attention. It seems impossible for respectable and learnt people like them to stoop to such levels. The Karbi people have no reason to object to the Rengma people’s need for identity. There is no necessity to project the Karbi people as the “oppressors” and the Rengma people as the “oppressed” in order to get heard. In the same way, the Karbi people has

kohiMa, January 21 (Mexn): The District Education Officer, Kohima has informed the beneficiaries/ heads of government/ private schools under Kohima district to collect the second installment of Pre-Matric Minority Scholarship for 2012 along with a copy of the first installment Utilization Certificate (UC) from January 23 to February 28. The Office will not entertain any beneficiaries after the expiry date, stated DEO Senthang in a press release.

DLSU condemns gang rape

DiMaPur, January 21 (Mexn): Dimapur Lotha Students’ Union (DLSU) has condemned the gang rape on December 12 here calling it “the most heinous and beastly crime perpetrated against one own sister by three persons.” DLSU in a press release appended by its president, S Chenithung Kithan and education and statistical secretary, Wilson Odyuo expressed disheartenment that the three accused belong to “our own Lotha tribe, bringing a bad name to our general community.” It demanded that such criminals harming their own sisters should be given the stringiest of stringiest punishments so that no one in future thinks of committing such crimes. Meanwhile, DLSU lauded the police and district administration for the timely arrests of the accused and urged upon them not to set the accused free under any circumstances.

DAO informs Peren farmers

Peren, January 21 (Mexn): District Agriculture Office, Peren, has informed all the farmers under Peren district that in view of the upcoming Republic Day celebration on January 26, the department will be organizing exhibition of agricultural crops in Town Hall, Peren. In this regard, interested farmers have been requested to bring crops which are worth exhibiting and the best crops will be awarded with one consolation prize. Only agricultural crops such as Rice (different types of rice), Maize, Millets, Jobstear, Sorghum, Wheat, Lentil, Naga Dal, Kolar, Beans, Gram, Tea, Arhaar, Perilla, Mustard, Seasam, Soyabean, Groundnut, Linseed, Colocasia, Potato, Yam, Sugarcane will be accepted. Horticulture crops (fruits and vegetables) will not be entertained.

tectors and questioned why the prevailing peace and tranquility is being disturbed thus. The organisation has further cautioned it would not tolerate such acts of disturbance within its area, and further LYH calls emergency joint meeting appealed for refraining from DiMaPur, January 21 (Mexn): The emergency joint this blatant abuse of rights in meeting between Lotha Youth Hoho (LYH), Wokha and leadfuture. ers of all colonies union, colony Eloi Ekhung, Colony Youth Kechangulie Lhoungu President CheRüDiKi Public Organisation Kezevituo Chakrünuo General Secretary CheRüDiKi Public Organisation

AIKNA on Karbi Anglong issue



the youths of the Nagas,” the release said. “With no mistake, NPF along with its alliance partners is in a comfortable position to retain the lone Lok Sabha seat for the third consecutive term in Nagaland,” it added. Further, it stated that Nagaland along with the seven sister states are pondering to experience differently as compared to the previous

Public SPace

When I was anxiously praying for the Naga Nation, I was insisted by the Spirit to voice out and a voice then repeatedly came to me, saying; Have the Naga people who are in the factions made a secret planet for them and for their descendants to hide? If they do not do so, they must realize and join the Naga Nation and voice together with the Nation “Go back India.” Lest they grieve as said in Lamentations 5:7 (Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities).


youth wing in a press release issued by Janbemo Humtsoe stated that brainstorming session has already started inside the house of NPF and many political aspirants including senior party leaders, former NPF legislators etc. are on the fray with mutual understanding and trust. “Being the longest serving youth wing president, Kakuto Shohe represents

kohiMa, January 21 (Mexn): Executive Secretary, CCCRC, Vevozo Khamo on the seventh day of Transformation Crusade in Kohima today spoke about the authority given to men by God. He stated, “We have victory in Jesus’ name and he has given us the authority to trample on snakes, scorpions and all the power of the enemy (Luke 10:19, John 20:22, Acts 1:8).” Meanwhile, he declared that the fear that people followed Satan after attending Transformation Crusade, View of Bata Char-Ali police point Dimapur. This busy crossroad poses inconvenience because of which some are for pedestrians, especially school children, hence building a skywalk could ensure staying away from the crusade, is a lie, according to a safety of public and free movement for commuters. (Photo by Mathew K Janger)


22 January 2014

DiMaPur, January 21 (Mexn): The NPF Central Youth Wing today declared that Kakuto Shohe, President of NPF Central Youth Wing is one of the strong contestants seeking for the NPF ticket to contest in the 16th Lok Sabha election of India set to be held in April 2014, while resolving to support his candidature. The Media Cell, NPF

Catholic Women Association conference ends Day 7 of Transformation Crusade ends

Pungro, January 21 (Mexn): The third general conference of Catholic Women Association was held at Konjuri, St. Paul Parish, Pungro, from January 18 to 20 with the theme “Faith and Action.” Delegates from various villages participated in the conference. Rev. Fr. Kokto Kurian, Assistant Priest, St. Francis, Shamator was the resource person. In his exhortation, he stated that every Christian should live


no necessity to drive the Rengmas from Karbi Anglong to attain statehood. What would the Karbi people gain by driving the Rengma people away? In fact, the Karbi people will be disadvantaged if other tribes are driven away. Therefore, the Karbi people wants all the tribes to live together with the Karbi people to achieve statehood. All the tribes in Karbi Anglong are protected under the Sixth Schedule. There is no reason for any tribe to feel excluded. Keyhang Rengma, and the CNRH/NRHPF had on 18th January 2014, declared that the Assam Government is backing the KPLT. If this is so, and if the KPLT were actually involved in the incidents, it

only proves that it is actually the Assam Government who is trying to drive the Rengma people away from Karbi Anglong. For what reason? Nobody knows. Perhaps, to reduce the percentage of the tribal population in a Sixth Schedule district? The tribes of North East India will not survive without supporting each other. What is the best strategy to weaken the tribal people? The answer is--create distrust between the tribes. I have been observing the statements of the CNRH/ NRHPF since early 2013. They are selfcontradictory. It appears they are either proxy players or they are deeply hoodwinked by someone. G. Rongpi president, Aikna

Organisation/Fellowship within Wokha town would be held on January 24 at GBs Court, PWD colony Wokha town at 12:00 pm. The Lotha Youth Hoho has requested all responsible to attend the said meeting without fail.

Mount View Colony Council informs

DiMaPur, January 21 (Mexn): A general meeting of Mount View Colony has been convened on Saturday, January 25 at the residence of Colony Council Chairman, Kughato S Aye. The meeting will commence from 10:00 am. All members of the colony have been requested to attend the meeting positively.

NCSU offers condolences

kohiMa, January 21 (Mexn): Nagaland Contractors’ & Suppliers’ Union (NCSU), Head Office Kohima has expressed deep shock over the sudden demise of Gwashani Tep, a bonafide member of NCSU and class I contractor, on January 15. In his death, the Union has lost a pioneer contractor among the Rengma community and the vacuum created by him will be difficult to fill, stated a note issued by NCSU vice president and its general secretary. The Union conveyed heartfelt condolences and deepest sympathy to the bereaved family members and prayed that the almighty God grant them solace and strength.

Veterinary Colony Council meet

Dimapur, January 21 (MExN): The Veterinary Colony Council will hold its general meeting on January 23, 10:00 am at the residence of Hokuto Zhimomi, GB, Veterinary Colony. Therefore, all concerned persons have been requested to attend the meeting.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.


The Power of Truth

The Morung Express WEDnEsDAy 22 JAnuAry 2014 vol. IX IssuE 20

Guest editorial Chingya luithui

Land, Identity & Conflict


he economical, social, cultural and political significance of land is undeniable. It is central to the livelihoods of most people; it provides social legitimacy and is an identity marker; and it provides the basis for continuity of history and culture. For indigenous peoples, it forms the single most critical aspect of their sense of self, and consequently their worldview. Inevitably, issues around land are also the easiest to mobilise communities. Unsurprisingly, competition over land has been manipulated to serve underlying, often not readily visible, vested interests. Therefore, most violent conflicts in recent history have involved some form of tension over this one scarce resource. It is a fixed resource which different actors, be it the State, corporations, communities or individuals compete over for different, sometimes conflicting, purposes. Exploitation of land for its natural resources including extraction of oil, gas, minerals, and timber etc has often been closely associated with triggering, sustaining and perpetuating violent conflicts in different parts of the world. However, while competition over land remains a common element in most violent conflicts, studies have also shown that it is never the single cause. Other factors such as systematic and structural discrimination, inequality, marginalisation and exclusion precede such violence; in fact, these are often the root causes and violent conflicts over land the manifestation. This is frequently true for societies transitioning from land use systems supporting subsistence agriculture toward a market oriented one. Where the transition fails to result in equitable distribution of, and opportunities to access benefits, the potential for violent conflict drastically rise. Often, affected individuals and communities feel existing institutions and policies are discriminatory to their interests making them more vulnerable to manoeuvrings by external forces and interests. Very often such land-based conflicts, which are tangible, evolve into more abstract conflicts involving identity because the parties to the conflict come to identify themselves with their positions. Because identity based conflicts are based on abstract concepts of self, they are ambiguous and more difficult to resolve. Identity markers such as ethnicity, community, religion etc become convenient mobilising platforms. In such a situation, a conflict involving specific individuals can morph into wider confrontations. It transforms an already potentially tense situation into the real commission of violence. Much of the conflicts in Northeast India have followed this course and exhibited these characteristics. The Karbi –Rengma conflict is a current example. Ironically, those who incite such violence are least affected. It is the common people— subsistence farmers, daily wage labourers, farmers—who bear the brunt of such violence. Because of the complex and multi-layered nature of conflicts involving land and identity, solutions to address them have to first address underlying issues of discrimination, inequality, marginalisation and exclusion. It is also equally important to give due space to customary practices of indigenous communities in addressing such conflicts. Experience in India, as well as abroad, has shown that policies and laws on land which does not factor in these issues have resulted in further disenfranchisement. Further, because of the already marginalised situation in which those affected by land conflicts find themselves, reformative policies and laws need to ensure that they are not subverted to serve the interests of the elites. Competition over land will increase with population growth, exacerbated by climate change, environmental degradation and capitalistic considerations. How they are addressed will require policy makers, and more importantly the citizenry, to transcend identity politics and address the underlying issues of inequality, marginalisation, discrimination and exclusion.

lEfT wiNg |

Vatsal Srivastava | IANS

When China Sneezes!



t is often said that when China sneezes, the world catches a cold. The World Bank recently raised its global GDP growth estimate for 2014 to 3.2 percent from its earlier estimate of 3 percent back in June 2013. This is the first time in the last three years that the forecast for global growth has been raised as the developed nations inch towards pre-crisis growth rates. Kaushik Basu, the bank's chief economist, wrote in the report: "For the first time in five years, there are indications that a self-sustaining recovery has begun among high-income countries." Even though the overall consensus is bullish for global equity markets, most asset managers point out a faster than expected slowdown of the Chinese economy as a major headwind to their upbeat view. At this juncture, it must be understood that Chinese policymakers and officials at the People's Bank of China (PBOC) would rather have a consolidating Chinese economy than an 8-10 percent growing economy which has led to unsustainable debt levels and a surge in inflationary pressures due to a lending spree. China realizes the long-term risks posed by an overheated economy and Beijing has put measures in place to burst bubbles building up in the credit and housing markets. Recent price action, especially the falling commodity and energy prices, implies the market pricing in a moderate growth rate in China, well below its previous ten-year average of around 9-10 percent. The sharp decline in the Australian dollar, a commodity currency, whose fortune depends on the physical demand for commodities from China, also confirms this fact. Data released on Wednesday showed that the pace of lending slowed in the second half of 2013. This was reflected in the total social refinancing numbers which is the Chinese government's favourite measure of credit creation. According to the Wall Street Journal, the new financing issued in the fourth quarter of 2013 was down 17.9 percent from a year earlier. This was on the back of huge credit growth in the first half of 2013. However, overall new credit rose 9.7 percent to 17.29 trillion Yuan year on year in 2013, showing that efforts of the PBOC to curb excessive credit within the financial system are likely to continue. Lending by shadow banking institutions, such as trust companies, securities firms and insurance companies, rose by 43 percent to 5.16 trillion Yuan compared with 2012 according to the Wall Street Journal. Inter-bank rates reached almost 30 percent last year leading to cash shortages in the inter-bank market on three separate occasions last year. Yet, the level of debt remains at levels which leaves China's financial system vulnerable. Thus, we can expect these credit tightening measures to run into the foreseeable future which would no doubt imply slower GDP growth in the coming quarters. This consolidation phase should also be used by the upper echelons in Beijing to fundamentally restructure its economy towards a more consumption driven one than being one so heavily dependent on investment demand. Gradually, China will also have to allow the yuan to appreciate against the US dollar and other major currencies to get rid of the 'currency manipulator' tag - which would hurt its massive export and cheap manufacturing hub. Over the next couple of years, the above factors would bring with them some short-term pain which is a natural outcome following such re-adjustments. But if China is to truly cement its place as a well balanced and sustainable economic superpower, such steps must be implemented now.



Nathan Schneider

The world should be watching India’s coup of common people Can a new political party transform Indian democracy?


antar Mantar Road, a short passageway through the administrative center of New Delhi, takes its name from a complex of gigantic red astronomical instruments at its north terminus, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1724. The Jantar Mantar consists of a series of geometric jungle gyms that surround the all-important shadow of the Supreme Instrument, a four-story, right-triangular sundial surrounded by semi-circular wings. The complex reflects the style of politics practiced by its autocratic creator - one based on charting the positions of the sun and planets across the zodiac with maximum pomp and precision. The road named after the Jantar Mantar, however, better reflects the aspirations of India’s past few decades as the world’s most populous democracy. In the space of several hundred yards between two sets of hand-painted red-and-yellow police barricades, an assortment of political and religious outfits have set up tents, encampments, and shrines each dedicated to some particular cause - for the prosecution of a high-placed rapist, for the rights of migrant workers, and for various flavors of spiritual-social awakening. Several tents contain men on hunger strikes on behalf of a petition like airline employee pensions or voting rights for Indians living abroad, each reclining on a couch and nursed by supporters. Despite the amplified speeches and droning chants, Jantar Mantar Road is a respite from Delhi’s non-stop hustle; people slowly mill through to listen, strike up conversations, and eat deep-fried snacks. This style of politics received lavish validation in the latter months of 2013. After existing for only a little more than a year, the Aam Aadmi Party - aam aadmi means “common people” in Hindi seized the New Delhi city government in an electoral coup in December. The party owes its quick ascent in large part to Anna Hazare, a stubborn septuagenarian who mounted a muchpublicized series of hunger strikes at Jantar Mantar in 2011 to demand the passage of his proposal for combating corruption. Both houses of the national parliament passed a version of it in December. Hazare has remained aloof from the new party that arose from his movement, but just before New Year’s fellow hunger striker Arvind Kejriwal, a tax official turned activist in his mid40s, became chief minister of India’s capital on the Aam Aadmi ticket. The Aam Aadmi office on Hanuman Road, a few steps from the Jantar Mantar, has attracted a swarm of visitors from all over India intending to register for the party and learn about its local chapters. Joining costs 10 rupees, or about 15 cents. A hand-written sign over the entrance declares, “TRUTH & POLITICS CAN CO-EXIST.” One of the volunteers who has been helping out for a few hours each day is Nishant Harbola, a 24-year-old who works in marketing at a nearby Hilton hotel. His hair is artfully ruffled, and he wears a close-fitting blazer with a loose-fitting scarf that only partly disguises the Hebrew letters tattooed across the left side of his neck, which spell a name of God from medieval Kabbalah. “I never used to vote,” he said. Hazare’s hunger strikes didn’t seem practical to him either. But almost immediately after Aam Aadmi appeared, Harbola became a volunteer. “Something was making sense for the first time.” He put off plans to go to business school in New Zealand. He gushed, “This has been such a life-changing experience for me.” Though skeptical by nature, regarding Aam Aadmi he’s not above using the word revolution. It used to be that when Harbola wore his Aam Aadmi cap on the Metro, people would laugh at him. Now, celebrities and politicians and millions of Indians are clamoring to join. Television news trucks keep vigil outside the party’s offices. Less than a month after taking power in the New Delhi, Aam Aadmi’s momentum seems unstoppable - with the emphasis on seems. “Now things are changing,” Harbola said, with a sense of foreboding. “It’s hard to sustain this kind of euphoria.” India’s anti-corruption movement should inspire the envy of populist movements everywhere, especially its cousins from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park that also rose up in the explosive year of 2011. Most of the others have

since dwindled or descended into chaos. But in India, what began as an act of individual self-denial swelled into mass protests and then propelled a startlingly effective political organization. After only a few months of widespread campaigning, the country’s longtime ruling parties are in retreat and the political map has a wholly different shape. This was supposed to be impossible. For the past few decades two parties have dominated India’s political scene: the Indian National Congress party, first and foremost, and the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, or BJP. Their rule has made graft a lucrative and widespread profession, propped up in each case by forms of anti-democratic stargazing that would befit the Jantar Mantar’s creator. Congress continues to be dominated by the dynastic family of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, while the BJP relies on appeals to militant fundamentalism. There are other parties at work in India’s parliamentary system, but these two set the rules - and decide who benefits. “Conventional wisdom has suggested that this system was so designed that only those with pot loads of money and some local goons at their command could break through,” said a December 30 editorial in The Pioneer, a conservative Indian newspaper. “But as Mr. Kejriwal led his Aam Aadmi Party to a stunning electoral victory in the Delhi Legislative Assembly earlier this month, he proved that if you have the right key to the door, you really don’t need all that money and muscle power to break it down.” Tens of thousands thronged to Kejriwal’s swearing-in ceremony on December 28, many of them wearing the white cap associated with Gandhi’s independence campaigns, marked with the Aam Aadmi symbol of a straw broom. Kejriwal himself arrived by taking the subway with his family - in calculated contrast to New Delhi’s “VIP culture,” by which members of the political class travel with excessive security details as a symbol of status. He paid homage to various deities and led the crowd in an oath against paying or taking bribes. A city police officer had to be escorted away from the ceremony for shouting pro-Aam Aadmi slogans, unable to contain his excitement about the new regime. “We didn’t see Gandhi and couldn’t be part of the independence movement,” a businessman in attendance told the Times of India. “We are lucky today to witness history in the making.” The impossible coup’s success leaves Aam Aadmi with a new set of impossible expectations. The party promised a quota of free water for all Delhians, as well as drastic cuts in electricity prices. Within days it began to set up a new hotline and grievance system for combating bribery, together with plans for a strong anticorruption law to follow. Aam Aadmi has taken pains to adopt India’s burgeoning movement opposing violence against women, too, so Kejriwal’s success will depend in part on his ability to confront this epidemic. It will also be measured by how well his organization upsets the national polls in the spring. If successful, the party proposes to overhaul the election system with more mechanisms for accountability and local control. Hunger striking on Jantar Mantar Road against corruption is one thing; governing in the midst of it is another. Perhaps understandably, Kejriwal fell ill with a fever just before his first day in office. Populist reforms in Delhi only

scratch the surface of the Aam Aadmi agenda. In 2012 Kejriwal published a manifesto titled Swaraj, meaning selfgovernance - an unmistakable nod to Gandhi’s early credo Hind Swaraj. Far beyond the title, the book revives some of the Father of India’s most radical and most neglected political proposals. “Our fight for independence was not only for liberation from the British,” Kejriwal reminds readers. “It was also for swaraj.” For him as for Gandhi, this means something darn near anarchistic, with a conservative hue: strenuous direct democracy in which power emanates from open assemblies at the level of villages and neighborhoods. Ordinary people decide, while politicians and bureaucrats execute. Meanwhile he calls for people to reclaim an ethic of responsibility for themselves and their neighbors, rather than relying on development schemes from the capital. Kejriwal holds particular animosity toward such schemes and believes that local communities should have the power to decide how to use their own wealth - from tax revenues to natural resources - as they see fit. As precedent he looks to the traditional assemblies in Indian villages that were powerful enough a century and a half ago that the British had to ban them. For all the talk about villages, however, Aam Aadmi is largely an urban, middle-class undertaking among a tech-savvy generation of young people who feel left out of existing parties like Congress and BJP. A coup is in their interest. As in the campaigns against U.S.-based mechanisms of corruption like Citizens United and ALEC, the primary clientele for a clean-government movement is among those affluent enough to see for themselves some hope of upward mobility. Ramesh Sharma, an organizer for the rural land-reform movement Ekta Parishad, has dealt with Aam Aadmi and is optimistic about its rise, but not about what it will do for the truly poor. “People in Delhi are very opportunistic,” he says. “They have appointed a new CEO so they can get what they want from the state.” As CEOs go, though, Kejriwal cuts an unusual figure, dressed in no better than an opencollared shirt and a scarf, plus some ideas normally associated with a Mohawk. Above all, Kejriwal seems to have a mind for tinkering, for “solutioneering.” He was trained as a mechanical engineer before joining the tax bureau, and then founded a non-profit to help poor people confront the mechanics of India’s vicious bureaucracies. He was part of a successful campaign to pass India’s version of the Freedom of Information Act. He joined the fight against corruption because he came to consider it the ultimate hack—fix that bug, and the other ones become a whole lot easier. The all-pervasiveness of India’s bribe system, which is a feature of daily life for many Indians, means it’s a hack with a large political base that is ready for change. Leaning heavily on the government-sanctioned Gandhian legacy also helps to sneak Aam Aadmi’s code into the political mainframe. Aam Aadmi shares its commitment to a deeper kind of democracy with popular movements around the world. Occupy Wall Street in the United States and 15M in Spain, for example, also envisioned local assemblies as their basic strategy for change. The Spanish slogan “Real democracy now!” would be a decent summary of the whole 2011 fever. Yet the nature of the corruption those movements faced - manifested, say, in Citizens United or European Union austerity policies - stands farther from the reach of most people’s

experience than India’s graft system. Occupy and 15M activists also judged elected office as too corrupting to aspire to directly, although the momentum of Occupy contributed to the rise of politicians like Elizabeth Warren and Bill de Blasio in the United States. India’s anti-corruption movement didn’t start out with a political party either. Kejriwal told The New Yorker last summer that Aam Aadmi was a move of “last resort,” after protest, fasting, and lobbying didn’t go far enough, and at the time of the article there seemed to be little chance of winning. But shifting its strategy to party politics has only strengthened the movement’s momentum. A few months ago, Aam Aadmi was a curiosity; now, it’s a force in India and a call for pro-democracy movements elsewhere to step up their game. Inside one of the bare and dimly-lit receiving rooms of Aam Aadmi’s Hanuman Street office, Ravi Kumar sat on a plastic chair behind a small table with a laptop on it. He wore a mustache and a few days’ stubble, marking him as of a generation older than Nishant Harbola, as well as the kind of common man that Aam Aadmi proposes to represent. His job was to meet with people coming from beyond Delhi, including celebrities and heavyweight politicians from establishment parties looking to change sides. So far, defections have included a Congress party student leader and a former BJP legislator. Like everyone in Aam Aadmi, Kumar is a volunteer. “The framework of the party is free from hierarchical posts,” he explained. “It’s a very flat structure.” As new supporters and potential officeholders flock to join Aam Aadmi’s ranks, each with their own motives, the party faces an ever-growing challenge of maintaining its image of incorruptibility and openness. “Political organizing is like a temple,” Kumar said. “You can’t restrict people. Even a thief can enter a temple.” He didn’t seem worried. “We have a mechanism, and that mechanism is groundwork.” New recruits, whatever their backgrounds, are expected to hit the streets, to put up posters, register new members, and take part in the party’s vast canvassing efforts. If they’re not serious about their commitment to Aam Aadmi’s revolution, presumably they won’t stick around. When a politician from another party came and asked to discuss defection with someone in Aam Aadmi of equivalent stature, Kumar paired him with a 25-year-old volunteer organizer who could help him get to work. On his computer Kumar conjured up a list with phone numbers and email addresses of Aam Aadmi’s 23-member National Executive committee, its highest decision-making body. The 320-member National Council, which includes representatives from across India, had yet to hold its first meeting. Though the council’s members are meant to be selected by local assemblies, for the time being they’re been appointed in a more ad hoc manner. Such informality feels to Kumar like an advantage. “We are not very structured, but that is our strength,” he said. For now, participation is the best approximation of accountability. For later, there’s a constitution in place that outlines the party’s structure and governance, beginning at the local level and working its way upwards. In the meantime the party is swelling and sweeping into power at the highest levels too quickly to be careful, its supporters held rapt in a rush of momentum that can only be temporary. When the dust settles, or after the first ugly scandal hits, will Nishant Harbola still want to volunteer when he gets off work? Will the party’s founding leadership really hand its newfound power off to village councils? This experiment in India matters not just for Indians, but for people all over the world who are agitating for more genuine democracy, and for the tussle and debate of Jantar Mantar Road. Can a new party stay in power while taking its bearings from the streets rather than from the Jantar Mantars of today’s maharajas? “There was a space for a movement like this and a party like this,” said Ravi Kumar, as new registrants surrounded his desk. “The people are ahead, and the party is trying to catch up from behind.”

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7 EchoEs oF Narmada wEdnEsday


22 January 2014


Medha Uniyal Source:

Narmada Bachao Andolan redefined activism and cradled a whole generation of gallant dissenters. But where does it stand today?


walked down the weather-beaten road of Jhanda Chowk in the direction that, I was told, would lead me to the office of Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) in Khandwa town of Madhya Pradesh. Trudging along under the 47 degree sun, I couldn’t help but muse over the glorious images of intrepid activism, sweeping support and pandemic influence that the name NBA invokes. Undeniably, I entered the office expecting to walk into a maelstrom of hustle bustle, the least you’d expect at the epicenter of a movement that shook the nation. I took many by surprise by deciding to work with NBA. Friends and family questioned my decision to spend a summer vacation working in rural parts of central India. But beneath the cursory queries, the one reservation that was common across all, and about which I too started wondering was the purpose of this visit. Being born in the 90’s, I and many around me missed the country’s most glorious years of gallant activism. We were born into an already constructed dam. And so, to an extent, the constantly repeated question was justified- “The dam is made, what now?” Of struggle and reconstruction Narmada Bachao Andolan emerged as an enraged, but inevitable reaction to the Narmada Valley Developmental Project that announced a vision of 30 large, 135 medium and 3,000 small dams on the Narmada and its tributaries. At that time, numerous protest groups, student factions, NGOs and transnational networks were already leading the three dam-affected states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Among them was a youth group in Gujarat, Chhatra Yuva Sangharsh Vahini, which worked for generous rehabilitation packages and ensuring that the government uphold its promises. In contrast, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra saw groups that had moved from demanding better compensation to seeking a complete closure of such projects. Narmada Ghati Navnirman Samiti (Madhya Pradesh) and the Narmada Ghati Dharangrastha Samiti (Maharashtra), subsequently merged to form the NBA in 1989. While calling for a halt on dam construction, the group concurrently proposed developmental alternatives to combat the problems of irrigation, electricity and drinking water. However, it wasn’t merely an attack on the dams. The struggle revolved around putting accountability in place. Accountability of the World Bank for the project claims and accountability of the government for the project-impact. The movement, with Medha Patkar at its helm, had started off primarily as a protest against the Sardar Sarovar Dam but soon encapsulated Maheshwar, Indira Sagar, Omkareshwar, Maan, Beda, Goi and Jobaat dams. People took to the principle of ‘struggle and reconstruction’ or 'Sangharsh aur Navnirman', an ideological stand that outlines the foundation of this long drawn movement.

Demigods and their devotees I came to realise that my mental conception of the movement was in stark contrast with the reality. Celebrity presence has dwindled, mass solidarity splintered and the seemingly invincible fortification has crumbled. Shots of drama had been captured, the anguish written about and tragedy archived. The crusade that once penetrated every household, through the exhaustive media coverage, soon saw everyone move on. Even with this awareness, I wasn’t prepared to find just a minuscule structure behind the movement of this stature. The entire andolan in MP, with five large dam affected regions in its ambit, rests on the shoulders of two. Chittaroopa Palit and Alok Aggarwal, who joined the movement young, soon after acquiring the best of the country’s education from Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) respectively. The Valley rises to their names. The news of their arrival sets in motion a flurry of activity. Women abandon their chores, men return from their fields and the village elders squabble to play host to Silvi ji and Alok Bhai as they are fondly called. In a late-night story-telling session during my first tour alone, Kailashji, a venerable resident of Sul-

gaon, made an electrifying analogy comparing Alok to Lord Krishna and Silvi to Goddess Durga. Yes, they have attained demigod statuses. Their actions that once flustered the town folk soon gained popular acceptance and eventually spurned positive change. They sat with people on the floor instead of using chairs like upper castes, went to the labourers' area, supported inter-caste marriages and encouraged women education. They broke preexisting social norms and molded new, liberal ones. However, despite this large loyalty base, the two have consciously steered clear of attention. “Growing with the movement is alright, but becoming bigger than the movement is not”: What Silvi had casually said to me on our first day together, I now realise, adds up to the overall decentralised functioning of the andolan. A few days after my initiation into NBA, I was deemed fit to take over chunks of the Narmada Valley to talk to the dam-affected about their legitimate rights, to make lists of violations and to bring more villages into the folds of the movement. Based solely on the andolan's goodwill, I stepped out alone to tour villages I’d never seen, on modes of transport I didn’t know were still used and to live in conditions that I was afraid my city life hadn’t equipped me to deal with. All I had were a few phone numbers of boat owners and motorcycle possessors as emergency contacts, a hand drawn map charting all the bus stops and names of people who were likely to offer me a place to stay. I was half proud and half worried as Dukia village, my first destination drew near. But all my apprehensions and safety concerns dissipated on reaching the place. The entire village of over 100 was awaiting my arrival. It was a picturesque new resettlement on a hillock, just a few hundred meters from its original, now submerged site. It is a part of the region which lends the strongest support to the NBA. The announcement about NBA's arrival, either through the village messenger or through a loudspeaker, continues to be greeted with unmatched enthusiasm.

Holding on to skepticism I went to NBA as a 19-year old passionate about the cause, yet holding on to skepticism about what I hadn’t seen, just read. There are more than enough papers condemning these mega projects for ecological diminution, for community disintegration and for the pauperisation of common man. I couldn’t help but hold it against my Standard X CBSE textbook that refers to dams as temples of modern India. The oft-quoted remark of Nehru, used to kick-start so many “pro-development” advocacies on dams, is sadly an incomplete representation. While this 1954 remark by the country’s first Prime Minister is remembered and frequently parroted, his speech, from four years later, calling big dams a “disease of gigantism” is less remembered, never quoted and obviously has not made it to the textbooks. Another omission, which in the course of my journey I often wondered about, is that of systematic empirical evidences to measure the positives of this mega project. Huge sums of money and large amounts of time have been spent on these projects but the government never ordered a post-project evaluation to gauge the benefits. Since the cost-benefit analysis conducted before the dam construction, determine the fate of the project; the benefits are invariably inflated, while the detriments are underplayed. The Sardar Sarovar Dam, initially slated to cost Rs 6,400 crore, was made in Rs 40,000 crore by 2010-2011. The Bargi Dam required 10 times more than the estimate and irrigates only 5 per cent of the promised command area. The cost of biodiversity loss, increased seismicity, siltation, soil salinity, waterlogging, vector breeding, flash floods and estuary damage can't even be measured. Forest worth Rs 33,923 crore was submerged during construction of two major dams. This was, however, not accounted for in the cost-benefit analysis as the Ministry of Environment and Forests said it was impossible to compensate. No definite figures on displacement are available. The estimates of number of people to be displaced, before dam construction, are in no way reflective of the actual around 40 million oustees. Disillusionment and surrender My experience at Narmada Bachao Andolan was a mere reiteration of these very facts. I saw the playing out of these outrageous statistics and witnessed the coming alive of sociological researches that fill pages of books and journals, berating the project. Yes, I saw first hand human monstrosity. Yet, in the worst of times, I also saw the best of humanity. My stay at the villages exposed me for the first time to community

living, to familial relations with every individual in the village, to open doors at all hours, to places with no need for police deployment. I was exposed to a simpler place of an anachronistically simpler time. But these weren’t just villages. These were projecthit villages. Against a pastoral backdrop, I was brought to a reality of mass displacement and all the problems that come with it. From no compensation received to gross misuse of compensation money in the form of alcohol abuse with consequences that tear families. I saw the brutalities of displacement. Of helpless farmers in uncultivable resettlement sites, of children left without schools, of broken fraternities, of impoverished communities. I saw the brutalities of double displacement. Of finally picking up the pieces and moving on while carrying a burden of loans only to find out that you are being displaced again. Of a reality where resettlement sites are often submerged. But of all harrowing sights, of all the agonising experiences, the one ingrained most indelibly in me is the brutality of disillusionment. Disillusionment with policy. Disillusionment with polity. Disillusionment with both, the government and the movement. It broke my heart as I saw the displaced residents of Harsud refusing to fight anymore for the compensation. The same Harsud that once stirred the nation with its refusal to drown, the place that played host to a large-scale protest and that drew to its land over 30,000 activists from across the country. The eventual death of the 700-year old town was a blow to all. It dampened spirits across the Valley and disenchanted many within the movement. But it completely crushed the people of Harsud who were forced to tear down the walls of their own homes and leave, at best hoping for compensation, which most didn’t receive. Its residents today are peppered across the Valley but joined by a united refusal to leave their new homes. A refusal to fight. A refusal to believe. While many such battles have been lost by the andolan, some important ones have been won which keeps the andolan together. Increase in compensation for the landless labourers, re-adjustment of land rates and complete halt to the Maheshwar project combined with legal redressal have proven to be crucial in keeping up the morale. There have, over the years been several forces that sought to malign the NBA. The motives have been questioned and the leadership criticised. Anti-development and anti-national are just some of the labels thrust on it. Even the means of protest have been questioned. The novel ‘Jal Satyagraha’ of 2011 saw 51 jal satyagrahis protest by sitting in water for 17 days, leaving the place only for three hours daily to sleep and eat. The protest brought back the movement to prime time news, reignited the spirit of struggle in the Valley, but also saw a report in the Times of India “Reality bites: Khandwa’s made-for-TV protest” calling it a farce while NBA’s rebuttal to this was not published. It’s safe to say that the andolan has had its share of bad days. But it’s when the villagers laugh and narrate tales of the various attempts to disintegrate the movement and of times they’ve turned down bribes that I realise that the movement is much above these things. It’s much above greed. Yes, they’ve had their bad days, but they’re here to stay.

Valley beyond dams I look back at my visit with contentment. It answered all my badgering doubts about the relevance of the movement. I realised that NBA never was an “antidam” movement, and it has ceased being just about seeking relief and compensation. It has evolved as the community around it evolved. It broke rigid caste barriers, narrowed gender disparity and dissolved religious differences as larger groups of people took shelter under the umbrella organisation. The andolan could not remain confined to only project related issues while ignoring its sociological manifestations. During my time at NBA, we started a Mahila Mazdoor Sangathan, a women wing to give a voice to the shared problems that often go unheard. Earlier too, there have been initiatives at education and sporadic episodes of health care, among other attempts at holistic development. Narmada Bachao Andolan isn’t just a struggle for justice. It’s a battle for betterment. One visit at the NBA answered all my questions about the persistence of this movement. I hope this one read answered some of yours. Medha Uniyal is a student of Xavier's College, Mumbai, pursuing Bachelors in Mass Media Honors. She interned with Narmada Bachao Andolan in 2013 for two months.

Pope Francis: a theology for change Michael Walsh

Pope Francis's fresh, informal style has been met with popular acclaim during his first year in office. But his planned reforms will be hard for many in the Catholic Church to accept


n a remarkably short space of time Pope Francis has become at least as popular as his predecessor-butone, John Paul II. He is about to declare John Paul a saint, alongside another vastly popular pontiff, John XXIII. It is an odd coupling, undoubtedly done for political reasons. John Paul II dominated both world and Church. Dictatorships fell at his passing while the Church became more centralised and dictatorial. John XXIII, on the other hand, called the bishops of the world together in the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) to let them decide how the Church should be run. Alas he died before the Council ended, and his successor lacked John’s courage. It is not difficult to guess which of these pontiffs Francis takes as his model. John Paul is still revered, but no visitor to St Peter’s basilica can fail to notice the crowd always present around the tomb of John XXIII. Francis, like John, is a deceptively simple soul. He washes the feet of women as well as men, of Muslims as well as Christians. He carries his own bags, makes his own phone calls, sometimes to very startled recipients. He even pays his own bills. By training he is a Jesuit, and when the Jesuit Superior General visited him, the Pope met the General at the door and helped him off with his

coat. Then, when the visit was over, Francis walked with him back to the door and helped him put on his coat again. There was no being handed on from Monsignor to Monsignor (he has just announced he is cutting back on those honorific titles too) into the papal presence, past saluting Swiss Guards. And the Pope met the General in the hostel in the Vatican grounds he has made his home, rather than in the gilded splendour of the Apostolic Palace. This may be the papacy, but not as we have known it. The change has been stunning, and there are many - especially prelates in the curia, the Vatican civil service - who remain stunned. He has just removed from oversight of the Vatican bank almost all the cardinals put there by Benedict XVI not very many months before the latter's shock resignation. He has warned against careerism, which must have sent shivers down the backs of minor curial officials who saw themselves with a job for life (including the ultimate reward of an archbishopric, if not a cardinal’s red hat.) Most important of all, he has changed the complexion of the Congregation for Bishops, that body in the Vatican which recommends names for episcopal appointments throughout the world. It is the Congregation of Bishops which, under the pope of the day, has most say in the way the Catholic Church will be run for a generation to come. Hitherto, appointments have been almost always “safe” if not simply reactionary, including some in Britain. Vincent Nichols, the Archbishop of Westminster, was recently appointed to serve on this Congregation, and now has been named a cardinal, one of the only two

Europeans outside full-time curial officials who will receive the red hat in the February 2014 consistory. Westminster has been a "cardinatial" see since it was created in 1850, so it might have seemed odd had he been left out; but the archbishops of a good many hitherto cardinatial sees have been overlooked. Nichols was chosen because his dogmatic moderation and pastoral pragmatism clearly chimed in with Francis’s own approach. Fairly early on in Francis’s pontificate, one prominent Jesuit commented to me that the Pope’s “magisterium”, or teaching, was to be found chiefly in what he does rather than in what he says. He has published one teaching document, or encyclical, Lumen fidei (“The Light of Faith”), but it has been widely acknowledged as largely if not entirely the work of Benedict XVI. There has also been a wide-ranging “Apostolic Exhortation”, Gaudium Evangelii (“The Joy of the Gospel”) the length of a short book in a highly readable style. But though it touches on many topics from missionary activity to economics to relations with other Christian Churches and religious faiths, it does not discuss what is most evident from the changes which Francis has brought about within Catholicism: his theory of the Church, or, in the language of theologians, his ecclesiology. The locus of power Francis pays great deference to his predecessor while slowly replacing Benedict’s team with his own, but nowhere is the difference between the two more striking than in their ecclesiology. Benedict’s theology has dominated the Church since the early 1980s when

Pope John Paul placed him at the head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith - thus making him, as is so often said, the Church’s doctrinal watchdog. Benedict’s, and John Paul’s, thinking on the Church was that it was a monolith, the Pope at the top, assisted by the Vatican bureaucracy. In this top-down model there was little or no room for the involvement of the Catholic bishops in the governance of the Church - again, in theologians’ language, collegiality. Not that it is as yet wholly visible, but there has been a major shift in the way Catholicism is run. The synod of bishops, the structure by which the Church’s prelates become involved in governance, has been strengthened. Francis has told the curia firmly that they are there to be the bishops’ servants not, as they often saw themselves, their masters. In preparation for the synod the Pope sent out a questionnaire to bishops, asking them to pass it on to the laity of the diocese: the English bishops did so with alacrity; the United States bishops dithered. The questionnaire, it has to be admitted, was unbelievably badly drawn up, but it was a start. He has chosen a small group of cardinals, one from each continent, to draw up proposals for the reform of the curia. Tinkering with it, he has indicated, will not do. He wants far more decision-making done at local level, rather than in Rome. If the Pope gets his way - and, collegiality notwithstanding, popes usually do - the Catholic Church of 2024 will look very different from the Church of 2014. It is not something all Catholics view with equanimity.

The Newspaper with an Opinion The Morung Express

When we travel to a new town or place we pick up customs and traditions which may actually be very alien to us. We like to try out new food, sample their drinks and take lots of pictures. Sometimes we may even settle down and make a life in that place. Courtesy would encourage that we learn the language, make friends and start behaving like them. All this may seem very charming when we take in all the positive attributes. But suppose we landed up in a place where civic sense is absent, hypocrisy is abundant and corruption a part of life. Do we become more hypocritical, corrupt and lose our civic sense too?

Broken Windows: How Our Environment affects us Hewasa Lorin, Director-Student Services


he New York Times bestseller, The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell talks about an interesting theory called the broken window theory. With the example of a broken window Gladwell explains how people’s behavior can be changed and shaped by controlling the environment around them. According to the theory, if a window is broken and left unrepaired passersby will see the disorder and conclude that no one cares or is in charge. Encouraged by the state of laxity and neglect, more windows are broken and the problem becomes rampant. When you think about it, it feels like a pretty accurate reflection of how things work in Naga society as well. The environment around us, alongside people’s assumptions and perceptions largely induces us to behave the way we do. A simple example is the state of public hygiene and condition of public property in Nagaland. Nagaland suffers from a huge problem of public hygiene mostly because of the products we consume such as ghutka, tobacco and paan. Most of our public buildings, offices and even roadsides are riddled with spit stains and trash that it’s actually a surprise and relief when you come across a clean area. Gladwell’s account provides an interesting explanation of how we end up where we are, as a society and an individual. Maybe the reason why we cannot seem to improve our sanitary conditions in Nagaland is because we have reached a point where everyone feels its okay to spit and throw since it is already dirty. According to the theory, when we see that a particular spot is already dirty, then there’s a greater possibility that we will end up throwing trash or spitting in that same area. It results in an uncontrollable situation in which a problem can no longer be contained. This is a classic example of how people’s behavior and response to situations are controlled by the environment that surrounds them. The broken window theory can be applied to our Naga society in many other contexts as well. We may lament about the corrupt system in our society but it may not be just the system anymore, but the laxity on our part which makes each one of us assume that since the system is already corrupt, there is no harm in offering or accepting just a small bribe, as long as it is not a huge one. We are a land of many different tribes and if any skirmish occurs between two individuals and they happen to be from two different tribes, it becomes a full blown tribal issue. Yes, to a large extent the environment around us controls how we respond to situations and ultimately they can have either a negative or positive effect on the outcome. In the 1950’s, a new form of dancing known as ‘sock hops’, in which dancers danced with only their socks on, was an instant hit with teenagers in America. One of the reasons that led to its popularity was the birth of ‘rock n roll’ music combined with the liberating feeling of dancing without any shoes on, enabling them to perform different dance moves. The origin of the ‘sock hops’, however was mainly because of the high school dances in which teenagers had to remove their shoes, not so that they could dance easier, but in order to protect the gymnasium floor. What’s interesting about this example is how a popular form of dance originates unforeseen and circumstantial because of two main reasons - the environment that required shoes to be removed and teenagers who complied to remove their shoes. Without this condition and the compliance of the teenagers, the ‘sock hops’ would never have originated. Similarly, we can ask ourselves what kind of environment do we need to create a Nagaland that is clean, developed and enables people to live a quality life? If the broken window theory is true for us, then it means that if we have a clean office, good facilities and favourable working conditions then it will further encourage people to maintain public cleanliness, come to office regularly to work and actually enjoy what they are doing. This might be a beginning to address problems of an unruly civic sense, unprofessionalism and unethical conduct. In other words, we need to have favourable conditions in our environment if we want to create a positive difference. However, it’s also impractical to think that this alone will work. Like the ‘sock hops’ dance, it also needs a compliant public willing to obey rules to help maintain the favourable conditions we aspire for. Greater public awareness measures, training and education need to be taught and understood by the people. Ultimately, it’s not just the environment but how we choose to read the environment around us that matters a great deal in the decisions and choices we end up making for ourselves. We need to realize the power the environment can have over us, affecting our decisions, choices and future outcome. Then only, maybe we can finally learn how we need to take control of the conditions around us and make the correct decisions, whether its deciding not to litter along the roads or spit on walls so that the next person won’t do the same or refusing a bribe or gift in the belief that we can make a difference to clean up our corrupt system. Because as the broken window theory reveals, it is not only the majority that can bring about change, but with the right kind of environment the efforts of even one or two can bring about a transformation of great magnitude.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.




Wednesday 22 January 2014

The Morung Express

Government bows, Kejriwal ends protest

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (NDTv): Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal agreed this evening to truncate the demonstration that left the heart of Delhi grid-locked, forced chaos upon commuters, and threatened to impede security and other arrangements needed for Sunday’s Republic Day parade. “This is a victory for Delhi,” Kejriwal, 45, announced this evening, surrounded by supporters in one of the country’s most high-security zones, converted since yesterday into the venue of his sit-in. “If women’s safety is ever jeopardized, we will not hesitate to fight again,” he warned. Mr Kejriwal has marketed his demonstration as a call against alleged police inaction and apathy in protecting the capital’s women. He wants, like earlier chief ministers, for the control of the Delhi Police to be transferred to the state government from the union Home Ministry. He had also asked for the suspension of four police officers who allegedly refused to make a series of arrests ordered by his ministers. Lieutenant Governor, Najeeb Jung, who is the Centre’s representative in Delhi, promised to fast-track an enquiry against those policemen. One of them has been asked to go on leave; so has a junior cop. Those were the contours of a compromise offered by the Centre to Mr Kejriwal, after the second day of his protest was tainted by violence. The police clashed with protestors who tried to storm through barricades and threw stones at them. Four policemen were injured. Kejriwal spent last night on the road sleeping next to his blue Wagon-R, delivering a front-page moment for the country this morning. He signed files during the day while seated in the car, professing that his ministers would run the city from the pavement if needed. His critics say that his protest highlights his only real ability - to pull together demonstrations that grab media space and public attention, and that his Aam Aadmi Party is more interested in the upcoming national elections than governing the capital.

SC agrees to hear pleas against Kejriwal, Bharti

A supporter flashes a victory sign as New Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, center, announces calling off a demonstration against the police in New Delhi, on Tuesday, January 21. Kejriwal, who created and leads the Aam Aadmi, or Common Man’s Party, had accused the police force of targeting the poor for petty offences and refusing to combat serious crime. (AP Photo)

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (iaNs): The Supreme Court Tuesday agreed to hear two pleas seeking action against Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and Law Minister Somnath Bharti for creating chaos in the capital by going on a sit-in protest and thereby violating prohibitory orders. The bench of Chief Justice P. Sathasivam, Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Shiva Kirti Singh said it will hear the public interest litigations Friday. The pleas said a person holding constitutional office cannot continue in his office if he violates the oath he took at the time of assuming the office. The petitioners, advocate M.L. Sharma and advocate N. Rajaraman, said the chief minister was supposed to maintain law and order but was instead creating a law and order problem by his agitation seeking suspension of five policemen. Rajaraman sought direction to Kejriwal to stop violating the prohibitory orders and to carry out his demonstrations in a manner that does not come in the way of the Republic Day celebrations. Rajaraman had earlier made a representation to the Lt. Governor for taking steps under article 354 and 355 of the constitution. He has sought direction to the home ministry and the Delhi Police commissioner to take steps against Kejriwal and his supporters under the Indian Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure for violating prohibitory orders and showing disregard for the Republic Day.

Kejriwal’s protest: Opinion divided whether it was proper

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (iaNs): The street protest by Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and his colleagues may have ended, but it has left many people in the national capital divided on whether it was the right way to get things done. Prem Chand, 26, a driver, who voted for the AAP, defended the activistturned-politician’s move to sit on a ‘dharna’. “He took this extreme step in such biting cold because the central government and police refused to

listen to him. He had a valid reason to protest and the protest has had effect,” Chand told IANS. “People should entrust their faith in him, and let him function the way he wishes,” he added. The chief minister and his cabinet members ended their sit-in in the heart of Delhi after the Lt Governor agreed partially to his demands Tuesday evening. Dipankar Das, 30, a web designer, said if the protest had continued he would have taken a day’s leave to join it. “This is the right way to shake

up the system.. The police is highly corrupt,” he told IANS. Krishna Menon, a communications manager from Kerala, said he supported the AAP’s protest movement. “Nothing has changed for over 65 years, maybe this is the right way to bring a change,” Menon told IANS. Deepa Rana, who works for a media house, said she approved of Kejriwal’s method of protest. “This is the only way to talk about Delhi Police reforms,” Rana told IANS. However, there were some who did not ap-

prove of the protest sit-in. “We voted for the ‘jhaadu’ (broom) to solve our problems. But it looks like they are involved in their own politics and had forgotten about us,” said 22-year-old Pinky Rani, who works as a domestic help in Dwarka. Sita Ram, 32, who works with a media house and is a BJP supporter, said Kejriwal’s protest and demand for suspension of some police officials is “totally wrong”. “This is utter nonsense. He was sitting in such a sensitive area and

creating a nuisance,” said Ram. “He should first try to solve the issues that are haunting his party internally, and then look at external issues,” Ram told IANS. Anita Devi, a washerwoman, said that coming out on the streets was “no way to get one’s demands fulfilled”. “Yes, I agree that Delhi Police is extremely corrupt. But this is no way to get your demands fulfilled. Kejriwal should act like a proper administrator, and behave like Delhi’s chief minister,” she said.

SC commutes 15 death ‘Sunanda Pushkar died of poisoning’ Urban poverty a major challenge,India sentences due to delays should be slum-free: President Pranab

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (NDTv): The Supreme Court has commuted the sentences of 15 death row convicts, ruling that delays in their execution were grounds to change their sentences to life imprisonment. Today’s verdict was based on an appeal by four members of the gang led by notorious sandalwood smuggler Veerappan. They filed their mercy petition in 2004 and nine years later, their appeal was rejected. (Read Supreme Court’s full judgement) “Inordinate and unreasonable delay attribute to torture. Whether the convict is a terrorist or an ordinary criminal, delay is a ground for commutation of death sentence,” read a ruling from the court, which accepted that prolonged imprisonment of a convict awaiting execution amounts to cruelty and violates the fundamental right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution. Appeals to the President of India are the last legal obstacle between prisoners on death row and the hangman. Today’s verdict is also likely to impact the case of three men from Tamil Nadu convicted for their roles in the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Their mercy plea was filed 11 years ago with the President’s office, but was rejected in 2011. The president’s powers in deciding clemency petitions are limited. The recommendation of the home ministry can be returned for reconsideration - but only once, after which the president is constitutionally obliged to follow the ministry’s lead. However, there is no set time limit for providing the presidential signature, leaving room for endless delays. The court today ruled that a prisoner must be executed within 14 days of a clemency appeal being rejected. It also found that mental illness and solitary confinement could be reasons for commuting sentences. That aspect of the judgement could help Devinderpal Singh Bhullar, convicted of triggering a bomb blast in Delhi in 1993 and killing nine people. His family has said he is mentally ill. His mercy petition was rejected by the President in May 2011. Last year, a Supreme Court bench also rejected his plea for mercy, after which he filed another petition for a review.

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (iaNs): Sunanda Pushkar, wife of union minister Shashi Tharoor, died of poisoning, a report by the sub-divisional magistrate (SDM) probing her death said Tuesday. SubDivisional Magistrate Alok Sharma has asked police to find out the cause of poisoning and also to specifically probe the case as that of murder or suicide. “Sunanda’s post-mortem report reveals that she died due to poison. But it will be too early to say before her viscera report if she had consumed poison or the drug consumed by her acted as poison,” Sharma told IANS. The magistrate, who got the post-mortem examination report from the All India In-

stitute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), declined to reveal its contents, saying the report was sealed. “I have ordered a probe into the death of Sunanda Pushkar as per the findings of her post-mortem report,” he said. Police sources said the autopsy report submitted to the sub-divisional magistrate on Monday said Pushkar died due to drug overdose. The autopsy also found over a dozen injury marks in the upper extremity of her upper body - on one arm, hand, chin, and neck regions - and interpreted these as “scuffle marks”, sources said. The post-mortem examination was conducted by a three-member team of doctors headed by Sudhir K.

Gupta. Sunanda Pushkar was found dead in her room at a hotel here Friday. Police investigators found two strips of Alprax drug from her hotel room. “The huge quantity of consumption of such drug may affect functioning of brain and lead to a comatose situation,” said a police officer. Pushkar’s death followed days of a spat on social networking sites involving her and a Pakistani woman journalist who Pushkar said was pursuing her husband, union minister Shashi Tharoor. The journalist has denied the charge. At one time, Pushkar said she would divorce the minister. Later, she and Tharoor issued a statement saying they were happily married.

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (PTi): Voicing concern that cities are struggling to keep pace with spurt in population, President Pranab Mukherjee today said the challenges on urban poverty front are daunting but not insurmountable and hoped that steps being taken will lead to a slum-free India. Mukherjee said in the next 40 years, India is projected to witness the highest rise in urban population in the world and it is “worrisome” that our city structures are struggling to keep pace. As visible sign of systemic inadequacies, slums and homelessness pose considerable challenges for policymakers, Mukherjee said. He said there are an estimated 93 million slum dwellers in our country, with an urban housing shortage of nearly 18 million. But he added that the challenges confronting our cities are daunting, yet surmountable.

Thackeray clan in property dispute over Shiv Sena patriarch’s will

MuMbai, JaNuary 21 (ageNcies): Unbelievable, as it may sound, just over a year after the Shiv Sena founder Bal Thackeray’s death, his sons are now engaged in a legal battle over their father’s property worth several crores. As per reports, the late Shiv Sena founder did not bequeath any share of his property to the families of his elder sons Bindu Madhav and Jaidev. The late Shiv Sena patriarch, supposedly, made a will in 2011 in which he named his three-floored “Matoshree” bungalow in the posh Bandra locality in three parts. According to the ‘disputed’ will, the ground floor of the house is kept for party related works and meetings. Bindu Madhav had died in a road mishap in 1996. Jaidev’s

ex-wife Smita’s son Aishwarya has been given the entire first floor in Matoshree. But Smita has been barred from residing in the bungalow. However, the cost of the maintenance of the floor allotted to Thackeray’s grandson has to be borne by Aishwarya’s mother Smita. The top floor of the house has been completely allotted to Bal Thackeray’s youngest son Uddhav, who is now the chief patron of the party. Apart from “Matoshree”, senior Thackeray has also bequeathed his properties in Bhandardara and Karjat to Uddhav. In the ‘disputed’ will, no property share has been given to Bindu Madhav’s son Nihar. According to the ‘disputed’ will, Bal Thackeray didn’t leave anything for his grandson since he didn’t

approve of his daughter in-law Madhavi’s “erratic behaviour”. Upset over his late father’s ‘disputed’ will, Bala Saheb’s second son Jaidev has moved court against his brother Uddhav over control of property and assets worth several crores. Jaidev has questioned the veracity of the will, claiming that his father who fought for Marathi all throughout his life can never make his will in English. Challenging the ‘disputed’ will being presented as his father’s in the Bombay High Court, Jaidev says it could not have been signed by his father since he was very weak in his last days. In his petition, Jaidev claimed that the total worth of property, assets and other bank deposits is much higher than Rs. 14.85 crore as

Now, Botox for controlling incontinence

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (iaNs): Better known as the miracle aid to fight wrinkles that come with age, Botox is now used to treat incontinence - a condition in which one loses bladder control, leading to involuntary urination - that affects both women and men. Approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DGCI) last year, doctors in different hospitals recommending botox to treat their patients say that the success rate till now has been 100 percent. Although doctors find it difficult to put a number, a large number of people in India silently suffer from incontinence. In women, it often happens after childbirth, when apart from going through mental and physical stress, there is a loss of support of the urethra, leading to small amount of urine leakage while coughing, sneezing and lifting. At times it’s also age related and can affect any individual. “Increased urinary frequency, urgency and urge incontinence are a part of an overactive bladder that can happen to any normal individual. A person suffering from a neurological disease like spinal cord injury, spinal cord deformity,

The President was speaking at an event where he presented awards for year 2012-13 to states and cities for their performance in different categories under the flagship schemes of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) ministry. Mukherjee said that the traditional income and consumption parameters are inadequate to fully capture the nature of deprivation and called for a vulnerability-based approach spanning the three key areas - residential, occupational and social - to combat poverty. He appreciated the work done under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY), the National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) and Rajiv Awas Yojana is geared to address residential, occupational and social vulnerabilities.

Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinsons disease, cerebral atrophy and ageing may also suffer from these conditions,” Sanjay Pandey of the Urology-Andrology department of Mumbai’s Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital told IANS on the phone. How Botulinum Toxin Type A, or Botox, works in such cases is as a purified protein, which, once injected into the detrusor muscle, blocks the overactive nerve impulses that trigger excessive muscle contractions in the bladder. It is pertinent to mention here that the effect of Botox in such cases lasts upto 10 months. And while one may question the temporary relief, doctors list its advantages over other line of treatments. “Take a condition where a person has to take medicine every day. There is the cost you bear with long intake of the medicine, plus if you forget to take the medicine, it will impact the effect. In this case, with one injection of Botulinum Toxin Type A, the effect lasts up to 10 months, depending on the individual’s condition, providing ample relief from the debilitating ailment,” N. K. Mohanty, head of the Urology department

at Delhi’s Saket City Hospital told IANS. “The injection is at the place of the problem, hence it doesn’t affect any other part of the body, and is a non-invasive procedure that doesn’t take more than 15 minutes,” he added. Pandey further explained: “Lasting up to nine-ten months, the bladder’s over-activity is vastly decreased (by Botox) and thus returns to the reorganized activity of the concerted bladder contractions in response to stimuli of bladder filling at more appropriate times of complete bladder fullness. It is very helpful in cases where oral and conventional therapy have failed as first line of medical management”. “The gross urgency and possible urge incontinence that was the agony of the past is therefore gone and the patient is dry and free from wetness and urinary leakages, which ultimately improves the quality of life,” Pandey added. Usually when a patient comes with such a complaint, doctors first suggest lifestyle changes, weight reduction (in obese patients), quitting alcohol and coffee, reduction of fluid consumption, bladder training and pelvic floor exer-

cises, before delving into other forms of medical therapies, or Botox. Mohanty recalls the case of his florist who shared his dilemma of an unsatisfied marriage because of his wife’s habit of frequent urination and a “constant foul smell”. “I suggested him to get his wife checked, and after a few round of tests, we found that she was suffering from Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity and put her on medication. After two months, there was about 40 percent improvement in her condition, but the problem persisted. Then I suggested the other route and gave her Botolinum Toxin Type A injection, after which there was a dramatic improvement in her condition, and as he says, in their lives,” he noted. With continued complaints of incontinence, some hospitals in India, like the Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, now also have a dedicated clinic for such patients in the Urology department in which Botox is used as a line of treatment in case conventional therapies fail. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also approved the use of Botox to treat overactive bladders in adults last year.

stated in the document furnished to the court by his younger brother Uddhav. Jaidev claimed in his petition that their paternal home, “Matoshree”, is itself worth around Rs. 40 crore. Besides, Jaidev has sought his share in the Sena Bhavan, the Shiv Sena headquarters in Dadar. In support of his claim, Jaidev has stated that though he was not staying with the family, he was in regular touch with his father and also spoke to him frequently and hence it is impossible to believe that his father left nothing for him. The ugly spat over late Bal Thackeray’s property has brought the otherwise reclusive Jaidev once again in the eye of a storm. Jaidev, who according to many is a copy cat of the senior Thackeray, has always been the controversial child

in the Thackeray family. Married thrice, once to Smita Thackeray, Jaidev never got along with his father and often chose to stay away from him. In fact after divorcingSmita,Jaidevstayedaloofbut she continued to stay in Thackeray’s Bandra residence. According to Jaidev, Smita was way too ambitious. In his will, the late Bal Thackeray is reported to have written: “I have all the love and affection for my son, Jaidev whom I consider to be a brilliant boy. Unfortunately, Jaidev has led a rebellious life. Several years ago, Jaidev, on his own accord left ‘Matoshree’. Jaidev and his wife Smita have divorced and Jaidev resides elsewhere with his present wife. All this has hurt me a lot and has made me decide not to leave any part of my estate to him.”

Priyanka to play crucial role for Cong in 2014 elections

New Delhi, JaNuary 21 (ageNcies): With the Congress making it clear that party vice-president Rahul Gandhi, though not being officially anointed the prime ministerial candidate, will lead the pre-election campaign for the 2014 Lok Sabha polls, the question now is: what role will his sister Priyanka Gandhi play? As per sources, Priyanka – in whom many Congress leaders and party supporters see a future PM - is likely to play a crucial role in devising poll strategy, away from media glare. She is expected to take charge of backroom management of Rahul Gandhi’s campaign. With Rahul as the face of Congress in 2014 polls, Priyanka’s task becomes all the more important. Sources said Priyanka features on the Congress’ poll strategy document, Vision 2014, as well. Her main tasks, apart from managing brother Rahul’s poll affairs, include providing key inputs for election strategy management and galvanising the party cadre. Priyanka has reportedly already been holding meetings with key Congress functionaries, including Youth Congress leaders. If reports are to be believed, Rahul’s speech at the January 17 AICC session – considered to be one of his best so far – was prepared in consultation with Priyanka. Just two days before, on January 15, Priyanka had attended a key Congress meeting where brother Rahul and mother Sonia were present along with some select party leaders. While the Congress has officially stated that Priyanka’s role in the 2014 elections will be restricted only to campaigning in Raebareli and Amethi, murmurs are already there that she is getting ready for a wider, more meaningful say in the party.


The Morung Express

Wednesday 22 January 2014



Thailand declares state of emergency for protests BANGKOK, JANuAry 21 (AP): Thailand’s government on Tuesday declared a state of emergency in Bangkok and surrounding areas to cope with protests that have stirred up violent attacks, adding to the country’s monthslong sense of crisis. Labor Minister Chalerm Yubumrung said that the measure will continue for 60 days beginning Wednesday, but did not announce any specific actions. The decree greatly expands the power of security forces to issue orders and search, arrest and detain people, with limited judicial and parliamentary oversight. The areas covered had already been placed under tougherthan-normal security under the country’s Internal Security Act. The state of emergency follows increasing attacks at protest sites for which the government and the protesters blame each other. These include grenades thrown in daylight and drive-by shootings. On Sunday, 28 people were wounded when two grenades were tossed near one of several stages set up by protesters at key Bangkok intersections. Another grenade attack on a protest march last Friday killed one man and wounded dozens. No arrests have been made in either attack. Nine people have been killed and hundreds hurt in violence since the protests

A Thai anti-government protester holds a placard and chants slogans during a rally at Victory Monument intersection Tuesday, Jan. 21, 2014 in Bangkok, Thailand. Twin explosions shook an anti-government demonstration site in Thailand’s capital, wounding dozens of people in the latest violence to hit Bangkok as the nation’s increasingly bloody political crisis drags on. (AP Photo/Apichart Weerawong)

began in early November. The protesters escalated their tactics this month with a threat to “shut down” the capital to prevent the government from functioning. Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra said the government, through a newly established Center for Maintaining Peace and Order, “will take care of the situation according to international practices,

which is something we have always said. Primarily, we have to use the principle of negotiation first.” Protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban, in speeches afterward to followers, vowed to continue demonstrating and questioned whether the declaration was justified, saying the protesters had been peaceful. “Come and get us!” he cried. “Whatever they warn

us not to do, we will do,” he declared. “We will march on the routes they ban. ... If they order us not to rally, we will be here indefinitely. If they ask us not to use loudspeakers at night, we will just keep going 24 hours a day at every stage!” The protesters have been demanding Yingluck’s resignation to make way for an appointed government to implement re-

forms to fight corruption. Yingluck called elections for Feb. 2 but the protesters are insisting they not be held. The opposition Democrat Party, closely aligned with the protesters, is boycotting the polls. The announcement of the emergency decree said the elections would proceed as planned. The protesters charge that Yingluck’s government

Russia warns Ukraine getting out of control

KIEV, JANuAry 21 (AFP): Russia on Tuesday warned the situation in Ukraine was spiralling out of control after a second night of violent clashes between pro-EU protesters and security forces in the centre of Kiev. The clashes raged in the centre of the Ukrainian capital until early morning Tuesday, with demonstrators flinging Molotov cocktails and stones at security forces who hit back with stun grenades, rubber bullets and tear gas. The situation was tense Tuesday morning, with thousands of protesters still facing down a line of armour-clad security forces blocking access to the Verkhovna Rada arliament. A deafening din echoed through the devastated Grushevsky Street as protesters banged sticks on metal cannisters. But clashes had paused with some demonstrators even walking up to the police line. The standoff, which has left hundreds wounded, has brought tensions between protesters and the authorities to a new high after two months of rallies over the government’s abandoning of a pact for closer ties with the EU. A new set of laws, which ban nearly all forms of protest in the ex-Soviet country and have enraged demonstrators, were officially published

in the newspaper of the Ukranian parliament after a warning from President Viktor Yanukovych that the violence threatened the entire country. They allow for jail terms of up to five years for those who blockade public buildings and the arrest of protesters wearing masks or helmets. Other provisions ban the dissemination of “slander” on the Internet. Russia warns ‘situation out of control’ Clashes on Sunday and Monday, which followed two months of protests, turned an area in the centre of the capital Kiev into a veritable war zone as some 10,000 demonstrators battled security forces. Fireworks and stun grenades lit up the night sky while the deafening drumming of protesters with sticks on metal echoed through the streets. Demonstrators rigged up a giant catapult behind a barricade of burned out police buses in order to better hurl projectiles at the security forces. The violence in a country where the pro-democracy Orange Revolution in 2004 peacefully overturned a rigged presidential poll and forced a new ballot is unprecedented. Russia, which has regarded the pro-EU protests in Ukraine with great suspicion, warned

Tuesday that clashes between the opposition and police in Ukraine were getting out of control. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the fact that calls by Ukraine’s pro-EU opposition leaders to refrain from violence failed to calm tensions in the capital meant that the situation was becoming explosive. “They show that the situation is getting out of control,” said Russia’s top diplomat. Lavrov described the violent protests as “scary” and an “absolute violation of all European norms of behaviour”. He slammed the EU’s “indecent” support of the protest movement against Yanukovych. On Tuesday, the UN’s High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay called the situation in Ukraine “very worrying” and said the government should suspend the laws. “I call on the authorities to suspend application of the laws to allow time for a thorough review of their content which must be in full compliance with international human rights standards, in particular Ukraine’s obligations under the treaties it has ratified,” she said in a statement. ‘Threat to all of Ukraine’ Police said 120 policemen sought medical help and 80 were hospitalised.

It was not immediately clear how many protesters were injured as many were afraid to seek medical help on fears of getting arrested. At least 35 journalists were hurt in the clashes and some received injuries to their faces and eyes from rubber bullets, according to the latest estimates. In a televised address to the nation, Yanukovych warned on Monday that the violence threatened the foundations of the entire country, which is divided between the pro-European west and the pro-Russian east. “I am convinced that such phenomena are a threat not only to the public in Kiev but all of Ukraine,” he said, indicating his patience was wearing thin. “I treated your participation in mass rallies with understanding, I expressed readiness to find ways to solve the existing contradictions.” The opposition led by three politicians including former world boxing champion Vitali Klitschko said it was ready for dialogue but stressed it wanted to hold talks with Yanukovych, not his aides. The government set up a special commission to address the crisis. Ukraine’s Prosecutor General Viktor Pshonka has warned protesters to halt “mass rioting”, describing it as a crime against the state.

is carrying on the practices of Thaksin Shinawatra, her billionaire brother who was prime minister from 2001 to 2006, by using the family fortune and state funds to influence voters and cement its power. Thaksin was ousted by a military coup in 2006 after protests accused him of corruption and abuse of power. He fled into exile in 2008 to avoid a two-year prison sentence for a conflict of interest conviction. Deputy Prime Minister Surapong Tovichakchaikul said “the protesters have constantly violated the law, especially in closing down government offices and banks and harassment against civil servants to prevent them from working.” He added that Suthep’s group “had gone overboard, and attacks were carried out by ill-intentioned people, causing people to be injured and killed, affecting the country’s stability.” Human Rights Watch criticized the emergency decree for allowing excessive use of power and possible human rights violations. Sunai Phasuk, a senior researcher for the New York-based group, said the security situation had not become so bad that police could not perform their duties, and the decree could be seen as having been implemented for political rather than public safety reasons.

As many as 200,000 people have joined the biggest of the opposition protests in the past two months. The demonstrators are mainly middle class, and are generally backed by big business and the financial elite. They include a large contingent of people from southern Thailand, a stronghold of the Democrat Party. Thaksin and his political allies have easily won every national election since 2001, with Yingluck’s Pheu Thai party winning a majority of lower house seats in 2011. Thaksin draws support from the lower and lower middle classes, mostly rural people who benefited from his populist policies. The last time the emergency decree was invoked in Bangkok was when proThaksin “Red Shirt” activists staged their own disruptive protests in the capital in 2010 against a Democrat-led government. Suthep was then deputy prime minister and headed the agency overseeing its application. At least 90 people, mostly protesters, died in violence which peaked when soldiers in combat gear swept demonstrators from the streets. Suthep has been charged with murder for his role in the crackdown. There are fears the current protesters are trying to incite violence to prompt the military to intervene.

The powerful army commander, Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, has repeatedly said he does not want his forces drawn into the conflict, but has also refused to rule out the possibility of another coup. “The military will support the government’s working by providing our force as it is needed,” deputy army spokesman Col. Winthai Suvaree said Tuesday night. The trigger for the latest protests was an ill-advised attempt late last year by ruling party lawmakers to push through a bill that would have allowed Thaksin to return from overseas exile. Since then, demonstrators have steadily escalated their pressure, attacking Yingluck’s office at government house and the city’s police headquarters for several days in December with slingshots and homemade rocket launchers, and periodically occupying the compounds of several government agencies. Even if the polls are held, Parliament may fail to achieve a quorum and be unable to convene because the protesters have blocked candidates’ registrations in several provinces. It is also possible that the courts, which have consistently shown an anti-Thaksin bias, could stage a “judicial coup” that would force Yingluck from office for alleged corruption or violations of the constitution.

Car bomb hits Shiite suburb of Beirut, killing 4

BEIruT, JANuAry 21 (AP): A car bomb ripped through a Shiite neighborhood in south Beirut on Tuesday, killing four people and sending plumes of smoke over the area in the latest attack to target supporters of Lebanon’s militant Hezbollah group. It was the second bombing in the neighborhood of Haret Hreik this month amid a series of attacks that have shaken Lebanon in a spillover of Syria’s civil war into its smaller neighbor. The violence has targeted both Sunnis and Shiites, and further stoked sectarian tensions that are already running high as each Lebanese community lines up with its brethren on opposing sides of the Syrian conflict. Tuesday’s explosion shattered shop windows and set cars ablaze on a crowded commercial street. Footage broadcast by the Hezbollah-owned al-Manar television station showed medics hauling a man on a stretcher out of the area as flames engulfed a building. Debris littered the pavement. The Lebanese Red Cross, in a statement to the state-run National News Agency, said that along with the four killed, 35 people were wounded in the explosion. A group known as the Nusra Front in Lebanon claimed

responsibility for the attack, saying it was in retaliation for Hezbollah’s military support of President Bashar Assad’s forces in Syria. The claim, which could not be independently verified, was posted on the group’s Twitter account. Its name suggested ties to the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front in Syria, one of the most powerful rebel factions. Lebanon’s state media said a suicide car bomber was behind the attack. A security official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk to the media, said the vehicle was stolen and packed with 20 kilograms (44 pounds) of explosives. “There was a car beeping, and then it exploded,” an unnamed eyewitness told the Voice of Lebanon radio station. “Then we saw people on the ground — like every time.” Similar attacks have targeted Shiite areas in Lebanon in recent months, apparently the work of Syria-based Sunni rebels or militant Islamist groups fighting to topple Assad who have threatened to target Hezbollah strongholds in Lebanon in retaliation for intervening on behalf of his government in the conflict. On Thursday, a car bomb struck the northeastern Shiite town of Hermel close to

the Syrian border during rush hour, killing at least three people and wounding more than 20. And on Jan. 2, a bombing in Haret Hreik just meters (yards) from where Tuesday’s attack occurred killed five people. Another attack in November targeted the Iranian Embassy and killed at least 23 people. Iran is the chief patron of Hezbollah and an ally of Syria. Lebanon’s Sunni community has also been hit, most notably by a deadly double car bombing outside Sunni mosques in the northern Lebanese city of Tripoli in August. A December car bombing in Beirut killed prominent Sunni politician Mohammed Chatah. The attacks raise the specter of a sharply divided Lebanon being dragged further into the Syrian conflict. Shortly after Tuesday’s bombing, clashes broke out in the northern Lebanese city of Tripoli, killing at least one person, said the security official. The city, with impoverished rival Sunni and Shiite areas, has seen frequent sectarian clashes linked to the war Syria that have killed dozens. The latest fighting unraveled a tenuous truce in effect earlier in the morning, following clashes that broke out between the rival neighborhoods on Saturday.

Gruesome photos may prove torture by assad reGime

ATLANTA, JANuAry 21 (AGENCIES): A shocking new report on the Syrian regime’s use of torture and starvation has been released by a team of renowned war-crimes prosecutors, threatening to upend Syrian peace talks scheduled to start on Wednesday in Montreux, Switzerland. The 31-page confidential report, first disclosed by CNN and the Guardian newspaper, lays out in excruciating detail “direct evidence” of the “systematic torture and killing” of thousands of men between the ages of 20 and 40 who are thought to be victims of the regime’s notorious security agencies. The report’s authors, David Crane and Desmond de Silva, both former chief prosecutors of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and Geoffrey Nice, former lead prosecutor in the case against exYugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic, based their findings on tens of thousands of meticulously catalogued photos taken by a military-police photographer turned defector. For security reasons, this source is identified in the report only as Caesar.

CNN noted that it could not independently confirm the authenticity of the photographs or the documents, but said it relied on the integrity of the investigating team, which, in addition to the international criminal prosecutors, included a forensic pathologist, a forensic anthropologist and an expert in digital imaging. In an interview, de Silva told CNN that the photographs of emaciated bodies reminded him of Holocaust survivors. The yellowed skin and hollowed out bodies were not just a result of famine, he said, but indicated the use of starvation as a method of torture. They were “reminiscent of the pictures of those [who] were found still alive in the Nazi death camps after World War II,” he said. The Syrian war has been defined in part by the prolific documentation of brutality, both by the regime and the opposition, on social-media sites like Twitter and YouTube. But rarely has such footage been so exhaustively analyzed. Of the nearly 27,000 photographs provided by Caesar, images of 835 deceased people

were subjected to a more formal analysis, according to the report. Another sample of images of 150 separate individuals were also dissected in detail, producing excruciating descriptions of torture techniques. Nor were the photographs considered in isolation; as often happens with documentation posted by various activist or proregime groups to social-media sites. They were accompanied by the photographer and official documentation from military hospitals, complete with stamps, signatures and dates. The corpses, note the report’s authors, were numbered and photographed, suggesting “the killings were systematic, ordered, and directed from above.” Most likely it was a bureaucratic effort to keep track of detainees in order to be able to give a plausible cause of death to inquiring families. “This evidence could underpin a charge of crimes against humanity — without any shadow of a doubt,” said de Silva, who told CNN that his team had been asked to put together its report by a British law firm funded by the government of Qatar.

Iran not to participate in Geneva-II conference

In this Monday, October 21, 2013 file photo, which AP obtained from Syrian official news agency SANA and which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, President Bashar Assad gestures as he speaks during an interview with Lebanon’s Al-Mayadeen TV, at the presidential palace in Damascus, Syria. (ap File photo)

TEhrAN, JANuAry 21 (IANS): Iran will not participate in the Geneva-II conference on the Syrian crisis because of the US’s irrational insistence on setting conditions for it, Iran’s deputy foreign minister said on Tuesday. Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister for Arab and African Affairs Hossein Amirabdollahian said despite Iran’s readiness for unconditional participation in the conference, which is aimed at finding a political solution to the Syrian crisis, the US insisted on setting preconditions for the country, the official IRNA news agency reported. Meanwhile, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon decided the upcoming meet would proceed without Iran despite his earlier invitation to it. A turmoil erupted after Iran, which earlier backed Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, was invited to the meeting. The main Syrian opposition group, which had earlier decided to participate, threatened to pull out of the conference shortly after Iran confirmed about its participation in the meeting. Geneva II is an international conference to find a political solution to the conflict in Syria and is set to begin in the city of Montreux in Switzerland Jan 22. Amirabdollahian said Washington insisted on Iran accepting the preconditions in an illogical manner, especially regarding issues which only Syria has to decide. He said Iran clearly announced Monday that it played no role in the Geneva I meeting, including the compilation of its final statement. Iran did not urge anybody to participate in the upcoming meeting on Syria, he said.




Wednesday 22 January 2014

No timeline for Kobe Bryant return to court CHICAGO, JANUARY 21 (AP): Kobe Bryant is riding a bike. That's about all he can do right now, so he's trying not to think about when he might be able to play again for the Los Angeles Lakers. Bryant broke a bone in his left knee Dec. 17 at Memphis while playing his fourth game in five nights, likely sidelining the NBA superstar guard for six weeks. The injury against the Grizzlies occurred in his sixth game back after he missed the start of the season while recovering from a torn left Achilles tendon. The pair of injuries for the 35-year-old Bryant raised questions about whether he would ever return to his previous form. But he said Monday night he had no doubt he would play at a similarly high level again. "There was before I came back the first time because I didn't know how my Achilles was going to respond to playing and changing directions," Bryant said before the Lakers played the Bulls in Chicago. "The game in Memphis I had a pretty good feel for it, getting back to being able to do what I normally could do. I feel confident about it. I did play that second half on a fractured leg and played pretty well. I feel pretty good about

NTA conducts Black Belt exam DIMAPUR, JANUARY 21 (MExN): The Nagaland Taekwondo Association conducted its black belt exam at the state indoor badminton stadium, Dimapur from January 18 to 20. The event was organized by the Dimapur District Taekwondo Association. A press note informed that 27 students appeared in the Black Belt 1st Dan, 3 in the 2nd DAN and 3 in the 3rd DAN. Altogether 33 students from all the districts of Nagaland appeared in the exam. The exam was held with LM Singh, member of the technical committee, North East Zone (TFI) as Chief Examiner and Heoshe Yeptho, Vice President (NTA) as examiner.

The Morung Express

Hawks hold off Heat 121-114

my chances." But the rehab from the knee injury has been slow going so far. The 15-time All-Star said he is limited to mostly bike work right now and any talk of a return is up in the air until he returns to the court. "Try not to think about it too much," he said. "Just go day to day." Playing without Bryant and Steve Nash, the Lakers had lost 12 of 15 heading into the game at Chicago. But Los Angeles had won two in a row since a six-game losing streak, with Nick Young and Kendall Marshall helping fuel the mini-recovery. The Lakers still face a long road back to contention in the loaded Western Conference, especially with their injury issues. Nash is out with a back problem, and the team also is missing guards Jordan Farmar (torn left hamstring), Steve Blake (torn elbow ligament) and Xavier Henry (right knee bone bruise). "It just makes it harder," coach Mike D'Antoni said of playing without two of the team's biggest stars. "You're not quite as good as you were when you had the guy. The biggest thing is how to finish games off because you know where you're going if they're on the floor. You've got to figure that out."

ATLANTA, JANUARY 21 (AP): Paul Millsap scored 26 points as the Atlanta Hawks overcame LeBron James' 30 points to beat the Miami Heat 121114 Monday. DeMarre Carroll added 19 points and Pero Antic had 17 for the Hawks, who ended a ninegame losing streak against the Heat. Chris Bosh had 21 points for Miami, which was without Dwyane Wade for the second straight game. Atlanta took its first win over Miami since Jan 2, 2012 and its first home win in the series since Nov. 18, 2009. Indiana's Paul George scored 23 points, and Roy Hibbert had 14 points and 13 rebounds as the NBA-leading Pacers built a big lead before holding off the Golden State Warriors 102-94 for their fifth straight win. The Pacers (33-7) went ahead by 20 in third quarter, watched the Warriors whittle the lead to two and then regrouped in the closing minutes to open a five-game West Coast trip with a victory. David West added 17 points and Lance Stephenson finished with 14 points, 10 rebounds and seven assists to help the Pacers pull away for good. Stephen Curry had 24 points and nine assists, and David Lee

HAMILTON, JANUARY 21 (PTI): Handed a shock defeat in the opening match, world number one India would look to plug their batting loopholes when they square off against a gutsy New Zealand in the second ODI on Wednesday. Chasing a formidable 293 in the opening game in Napier, India seemed on track for a comfortable win before a middle-order collapse gutted them against the world number 8 home team. What lay exposed was India's over-reliance on a certain Virat Kohli, left standing tall amid ruins with a sparkling hundred. But Suresh Raina's form has been a big concern, while the two openers Shikhar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma have not given India the flourishing start expected of them. Also, India's bowling will have to be a lot sharper in the coming matches given that the home batsmen negotiated the visiting attack without much difficulty in

the series-opener. With pacer Ishant Sharma and offspinner R Ashwin not making much of an impression in overseas conditions, it remains to be seen whether the team management will consider making changes to the bowling line-up. At Seddon Park on Wednesday, the visitors would be hoping for an encore from Kohli and better contributions from others in the line-up. It is no secret that the team's fortunes are heavily dependent on Kohli's bat. His hundred the other day was his 18th overall in just 126 matches, with another 28 fifties to boot. It is important to note that out of the 46 times he has scored a half-century or more, India finished victorious in 32 matches. Furthermore, in 24 games out of this small set, the team batted second and Kohli's affinity for run-chases is only too well known. He scored his 12th hundred in an ODI chase on Sunday, 11 of which in the past have resulted in vic-

Atlanta Hawks forward DeMarre Carroll (5) dunks in the third period in an NBA basketball game against the Miami Heat in Atlanta, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014. Hawks won 121-114. (AP Photo)

out loss. Andray Blatche had 19 points and 12 rebounds, and Alan Anderson scored 15 points for the Nets. Carmelo Anthony had 26 points and 12 rebounds

for the Knicks. The Chicago Bulls edged the Los Angeles Lakers 102-100 after Taj Gibson made a layup at the buzzer in overtime. With nine-tenths of a second left, Mike Dunleavy inbounded from underneath the basket and found Gibson cutting down the middle. The athletic forward then muscled toward the hoop for the winning basket, which was confirmed in a video review by the officials. Joakim Noah had 17 points and 21 rebounds for Chicago (2020), which has won eight of 10 to get back to .500 for the first time since Nov. 27. Chandler Parsons scored a season-high 31 points for Houston and Dwight Howard added 24 as the Rockets beat the Trail Blazers 126-113 to end Portland's five-game winning streak. In other games, the Los Angeles Clippers defeated the Detroit Pistons 112-103, the Dallas Mavericks downed the Cleveland Cavaliers 10297, the New Orleans Pelicans beat the Memphis Grizzlies 95-92, the Washington Wizards overcame the Philadelphia 76ers 107-99 and the Charlotte Bobcats were 10095 winners over the Toronto Raptors.

had 20 points and 12 rebounds for the Warriors, who have lost four of six since their 10-game winning streak. At New York, Joe John-

son scored 25 points as the Brooklyn Nets sent the Knicks to a fourth straight loss 103-80 to level this season's New York rivalry at one game each. Making

a triumphant return from London and completing a three-game, three-country road trip, the Nets improved to 7-1 in 2014 and avenged last month's blow-

tories. The worrying bit in these statistics is that 14 of those 32 victories -- inclusive of nine hundreds by Kohli -- for India have come in the last two years, while the rest 18 were recorded in his first four years of playing ODI cricket since he made his debut in August 2008. This highlights the ever-increasing dependency of the batting line-up on Kohli and with just one year to go for the ODI World Cup in Australia-New Zealand, that is a worrisome thought. Perhaps, it starts at the top of the order. Rohit Sharma's scores in three ODIs in South Africa and New Zealand so far have been 18, 19 and 3. Shikhar Dhawan's scores in the same matches have been 12, 0 and 32. Their best partnership during this time is 15 runs, put up in Napier, while together they scored 14 and 10 in Johannesburg and Durban. India have lost all three matches. Compare this with their brilliant run last year until the West Indies series

at home when they put up 1247 runs in 22 matches at an average of 59.38 helping the team win on 16 instances. The most famous ones were in the 2013 Champions Trophy (in England) when they scored 127, 101, 58, 77 and 19 in five matches. Clearly they have the ability to score good runs despite conditions favouring bowlers, just that they have been out-of-touch of late. That it has happened at the same time for both of them heaps the onus on Kohli and in turn puts greater pressure on the middle order. This is where the problem gets compounded since the number four and five batsmen haven't really contributed much to the Indian cause. Skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni was vocal about this aspect after defeat in the first ODI on this tour, blaming the middle order for "inconsistency" and affecting the lower middle order's ability to chase down targets. The team's think-tank has experimented with quite a

few names for the middle order in 2013, especially these two slots at number four and five, with Suresh Raina, Yuvraj Singh, Dinesh Karthik, Ambati Rayudu, Ajinkya Rahane, Murali Vijay, Kohli and Dhoni himself having batted there. The first five names have featured most regularly in the middle order (Vijay batted lower down for the injured Dhoni in West Indies) and from among them the highest individual score contributed throughout 2013 was 89 not out by Raina against England way back in January 2013. Since then, his form has deteriorated for the worse with only 770 runs in 34 matches at an average of 35. Karthik (255 runs in 15 matches at 31.87) was dropped after some ordinary outings in West Indies and Zimbabwe, and Yuvraj Singh (276 runs in 18 matches at 19.71) struggled on either side of the Champions Trophy, failing in his two comebacks within one calendar year.

SHARJAH, JANUARY 21 (AP): The Pakistan Cricket Board on Tuesday set February 6 as the deadline for applicants for the positions of national team head coach, batting coach and fielding coach. Australia's Dav Whatmore and Julian Fountain of England quit as head coach and fielding coach respectively after Pakistan won the third test by five wickets in a thrilling runchase to share the test series against Sri Lanka 1-1. The Pakistan team doesn't have a batting coach and the new post has been created by the cricket board. The PCB said in an advertisement that all the interested candidates should have "at least five years of working experience in their respective cricketing role." PCB Chairman Zaka Ashraf came under criticism for appointing a foreign coach when he brought in Whatmore for a two-year period in 2012. Ashraf was suspended by a

court in Islamabad last year after his re-election as PCB chairman for a period of four years was challenged, but he was restored by a divisional bench last week. Pakistan offspinner Saeed Ajmal had backed homegrown coaches and last October told a local television sports channel that players' opinion should be sought before appointing coaches. Ajmal had to apologize to Whatmore when he said in the same interview that the Australian "doesn't have the knowhow of our language." The PCB also said in the advertisement that the coaches should have the "ability to effectively work with a wide range of individuals from varied backgrounds." While Pakistan won the Asia Cup and a one-day series against South Africa, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe during Whatmore's tenure, it could not win any of the five test series, losing two — against Sri Lanka and South Africa.

in the right direction." When Murray speaks, he is characteristically more modest. After minor back surgery in September, he says his back is "pretty good so far," apart from some occasional stiffness and soreness. The three-time Australian Open finalist has also spoken about the mental challenges of coming back after surgery and needing to rebuild his confidence after not playing in front of big crowds for three months. "I need to play a great match to win," said Murray, who has an 11-9 edge over Federer in head-to-heads. "You play 10 percent below your best, you can be off the court quickly." Federer is bidding for a record fifth Australian Open title, but it won't be easy. If he beats Murray, he could face a semifinal against No. 1 Rafael Nadal, who next plays first-time major quarterfinalist Grigor Dimitrov. A win there for Federer would likely set up a final against three-time defending champion Novak Djokovic, who was playing his quarterfinal Tuesday against No. 8 Stan Wawrinka. "It's a tough thing to do. I don't know if it's been done before," Federer said about beating three reigning Grand Slam champions to win a major. "It's definitely a tough task. Then again, if you don't embrace that challenge, you might as well not enter the draw."

MOSCOW, JANUARY 21 (AP): Russia's counterterrorism agency says it's studying a video posted by an Islamic militant group that asserted responsibility for suicide bombings that killed 34 people last month and is threatening to strike the Winter Olympics in Sochi. Security experts say the Russians are right in taking the threat seriously. The video was posted online Sunday by a militant group in Dagestan, a predominantly Muslim republic in Russia's volatile North Caucasus. The Olympic host city of Sochi lies only 500 kilometers (300 miles) west of Dagestan. Two Russian-speaking men featured in the video are identified as members of Ansar al-Sunna, the name of a Jihadist group operating in Iraq. It was unclear whether the men in the video had received funding or training from that group or only adopted its name. There was no confirmation the two men were the suicide bombers who struck the southern Russian city of Volgograd last month as the video claims. Scores of people were also injured by the bombings of a train station and a bus. Russia's National AntiTerrorism Committee said Monday it was studying the video and would have no immediate comment. The

video couldn't be viewed in Russia, where Internet providers cut access to it under a law that bans the "dissemination of extremist materials." In Washington, a Pentagon spokesman Monday said the U.S. has offered support to the Russian government as it conducts security preparations for the Winter Olympics. Rear Adm. John Kirby said the U.S. will offer air and naval support, including two Navy ships in the Black Sea, to be available if requested "for all manner of contingencies," in consultation with the Russian government. The video was released by the Vilayat Dagestan, one of the units that make up the so-called Caucasus Emirate, an umbrella group for the rebels seeking to establish an independent Islamic state in the North Caucasus. Doku Umarov, a Chechen warlord who leads the Emirate, had ordered a halt to attacks on civilian targets in 2012. But he rescinded that order in July, urging his followers to strike the Sochi Olympics, which he denounced as "satanic dances on the bones of our ancestors." The games run from Feb. 7-23. The Kremlin-backed leader of Chechnya claimed last week that Umarov was dead, but the claim couldn't be verified. The Vilayat Dagestan statement said

the Volgograd attacks were carried out in part because of Umarov's order, but it didn't specifically say he had ordered them. Dagestan has become the center of an Islamic insurgency that has engulfed Russia's North Caucasus after two separatist wars in Chechnya. Militants seeking to create an independent state governed by Islamic Shariah law in the Caucasus launch daily attacks on police and other authorities there. One of the two ethnic Chechen brothers accused of staging the Boston Marathon bombings spent six months in Dagestan in 2012. Andrei Soldatov, an independent Moscow-based security analyst, said the video threat need to be taken seriously. "They have capabilities to strike beyond the North Caucasus, which they demonstrated in Volgograd," he said. "It's extremely difficult to stop a 'lone wolf' suicide bombing attack." Georgy Mirsky, a respected Russian expert on the Middle East, said the video reflected the increasingly close ties between Jihadists in the Caucasus and elsewhere. Russia's war against Caucasus militants has made it an enemy on par with the United States and Israel for militant Islamic groups in the Middle East, he wrote on his blog.

Russia has responded to the Islamic threat by introducing some of the most sweeping security measures ever seen at an international sports event. Some 100,000 police, army and other security forces have been deployed, according to analysts, and tight restrictions have been placed on access to the Sochi area. Anyone attending the Winter Olympics has to buy a ticket online from the organizers and obtain a spectator pass that requires providing passport details. Authorities have already barred access to all cars registered outside of Sochi and Russian police have gone house-to-house methodically screening all city residents. Soldatov argued, however, that Russia's massive security presence at the Olympics could also have an adverse effect. "When you put so many troops on the ground, you might get some problems with the coordination of all these people," he said. Soldatov noted that the ominous threat of a "present" for the visitors to the Games contained in the video is loosely phrased and could herald an attack outside tightly guarded Olympic facilities. "They never tried to specify the place where they might strike, that's why everybody should be concerned," he said.

Indian batting up for another test vs NZ Pakistan looks for 3 national coaches

Federer vs Murray, a QF worthy of a major final Russians study Islamic video threatening Olympics

MELBOURNE,JANUARY 21 (AP): As Roger Federer sees it, he and Andy Murray are making a comeback from a year of ups and downs. That's putting it mildly. For 32-year-old Federer, the winner of 17 Grand Slam titles, 2013 was the year that his tenure near the top went into sharp decline. He slipped out of the Top 5 and failed to reach a Grand Slam final for the first time since 2002. He struggled with back problems, split with his coach and it appeared that age was taking its toll. For Murray, the year included a stupendous success. He won Wimbledon, becoming the first British man in 77 years to win the coveted title at the All England Club. A few months later he underwent back surgery that forced him to sit out the last three months of the season. Both are now back, feeling fit and healthy as they prepare to face each other in the Australian Open quarterfinals Wednesday. It will be the first time they've played since last year's semifinal at Melbourne Park, a five-set battle won by Murray. "This is a big test for me," said No. 6-seeded Federer, adding that he now feels fit enough to tackle big challenges. "I've overcome a lot in the last few months." "I'm looking forward to

FILE - In this Jan. 20, 2014 file photo, Roger Federer of Switzerland makes a backhand shot to Jo-Wilfried Tsonga of France during their fourth round match at the Australian Open tennis championship in Melbourne, Australia. Federer, winner of 17 Grand Slams, faces Wimbledon champion Andy Murray at the Australian Open quarterfinal Wednesday. (AP Photo)

the match, I must say. We had an interesting year last year with some ups and downs. It's a good start to the season for both of us." When the tournament started a week ago, Federer was not among the favorites to win. But his return to Melbourne has marked a return of the old Federer — his graceful strokes and his ability to make incredible shots look effortless. But there are also elements of a new Federer. His back is better, he's testing out a new racket with a bigger head and has a new coach,

six-time Grand Slam winner Stefan Edberg. He's also been trying out some different tactics successfully, like rushing to the net. In his fourth-round match against Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, Federer came to net 41 times and won 82 percent of those points. "I was good at net. I was consistent. I was solid. I was quick," said Federer, whose self-confidence has also returned. He hasn't dropped a set on his way to the quarterfinals. "I don't have doubts anymore. I know I'm going definitely


The Morung Express C M Y K

22 January 2014



Katrina named fourth ‘We don't rule anything out!’ Indian face of L'Oréal Paris


fter Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Sonam Kapoor and Freida Pinto, actress Katrina Kaif is the fourth Indian to join the list of spokespersons of global beauty brand L'Oréal Paris. The "Dhoom:3" star says it's an "incredible privilege to join this league of ladies"



and feels honoured. "It's been a brand that I have always admired for its glamour and powerful message of 'Because you're worth it'. The stunning women that represent the brand across the globe are strong motivators," Katrina said in a statement. Global ambassador for

L'Oréal Paris Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, who has been a part of the brand for 12 years, said: "I would like to extend a warm welcome to Katrina to the L'Oréal Paris family. I am sure she will enjoy representing team India as brand ambassador and I wish her the very best."


ritish TV crime drama Sherlock could very well end up on the big screen too in the future, according to an interview with the series' co-creator Steven Moffat. In a cover story in US magazine Entertainment Weekly entitled Mad About Sherlock - How the British Cult Hit Starring Benedict Cumberbatch Became The Whole World's Cup of Tea - Moffat declared: 'we don't rule anything out'. He added, however, that there is 'something quite special about the fact that it’s on television, starring those two (Benedict and Martin Freeman). That wasn’t the case in the beginning. Mark (Gatiss, Sherlock cocreator) and I sometimes imagine what would happen if we had written it now and were saying, "We’d like Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman for the parts!"' So far there have been nine episodes of the series produced - three aired in 2010, the second series two years later and then series three this month in January. Moffat and Gatiss have previously announced that they have stories plotted for a fourth and fifth series


Sherlock creator says BBC series may come to the big screen but is 'quite special' being on TV

of Sherlock for the small screen with the fourth series already commissioned by the BBC. Stars Benedict and Martin are also attached to the fourth series but as the producers have noted since the two actors have become hot property in Hollywood it's getting harder and harder to coordinate their busy sched-

ules and pin them down for production dates. While Benedict Cumberbatch appears on the cover of the current issue of Entertainment Weekly in the US touting Sherlock's success in the US, it seems the show has also become an unlikely sensation in China. Recent episodes have drawn in up to five

million viewers and online fan clubs of the show have attracted thousands of members. Chinese fans fill the time between seasons by writing their own stories and Shanghai now has its own Sherlock-themed cafe. Holmes is known in China as 'Curly Fu,' abbreviated from his Chinese name

Fuermosi, and thanks to Cumberbatch's wavy hairstyle. He is also considered somewhat of a heartthrob by the Chinese. Watson, played by Martin Freeman, is 'Huasheng', or 'peanut' and the pair of names are now the two most searched terms on Chinese social media, the Evening Standard reports. Online viewing platform, said an episode which aired on January 2, drew in five million viewers - its most popular ever episode. The company said that after two weeks, viewership for the third season had risen to 14.5 million people. In Britain, eight to nine million people watch first-run episodes in Britain. The Chinese obsession with Holmes could be in part attributed to their thirst for all things quintessentially British. Many wealthy Chinese nationals pay to send their children to sister schools of exclusive institutions such as Eton, and the country is the biggest importer of RollsRoyce cars. When Prime Minister David Cameron visited China last year, fans appealed for him to press the BBC to speed up the release of the new season.

da Jail on May 21 last year after his conviction was upheld by the Supreme Court. He came out on October 1 after being released on a 14-day furlough. Prison officials said that the actor was released on furlough as he wanted to be treated for a leg ailment. Dutt applied for an extension on October 14 and was granted 14 more days. On December 21, he came out again on a month-

long parole. This time, the reason was the ill health of his wife Manyata. That his 'ill' wife was spotted at a film premiere only added fuel to the fire. But now Manyata, whose condition is stated to be serious, has been admitted to Parel's Global Hospital because of tuberculosis. Along with Dutt, prison officials also granted bail to 70-year-old Zaibunissa Qazi of Bandra, who was convicted in the same case.


Sanjay Dutt gets extra parole

ollywood actor Sanjay Dutt has been granted a parole extension for another 30 days, courtesy his wife Manyata's illness. Dutt is serving a three-year sentence at Pune's Yerawada Jail for being convicted under the Arms act. The actor's stay outside the prison has been controversial as a convict getting out on parole within a year of being convicted is rare. Dutt went to Yerawa-

John Abraham’s 1911 is "like Cressida’s stepfather found dead


he ex-banker, 76, was reportedly discovered by his housekeeper at his rented house in Salisbury, Wiltshire. Prince Harry's girlfriend Cressida Bonas was said to be in shock after the sudden death of her stepfather Christopher Shaw. The former banker, 76, married Cressida's mother, Lady Mary Gaye Curzon, during the 90s and was one of society's most lavish hosts. Shaw was reportedly found dead on Friday at his rented house in Salisbury, Wiltshire, by his housekeeper. He was said to have been in good spirits after returning from a holiday in Cuba but was taking medication for chronic kidney disease. Friends are said to have been told that he only had 18 months to live. Police were called to the house on Friday but say there are no suspicious circumstances. A post mortem examination is to be carried out in due course. His friend David Wynne-Morgan said: "He was unique. "He decided at Eton that he wanted to live like a 19th-century

landed aristocrat and he did just that." He fell for Mary Gaye in 1994 and were together for six years - four of them as

Club’, ‘Her’, ‘Nebraska’, ‘Sav- best picture nominee this oth ‘Gravity’ and ’12 ing Mr Banks’ and ‘The Wolf year, collecting 10 and l9 Years a Slave’ tied at of Wall Street’. Both ‘Gravity’ nods respectively. The PGA have an imthe producers guild and ’12 Years a Slave’ are the award by sharing the best picture honour for the first time in the award’s 25-year history. Producers guild awards are considered one of the most reliable Oscar predictor but the unprecedented tie has complicated the Oscar predictions in a very competitive year. Alfonso Cuaron’s ‘Gravity’ and Steve McQueen’s ’12 Years a Slave’ shared the Best Picture trophy at the ceremony beating competition from ‘American Hustle’, ‘Blue Jasmine’, ‘Captain Phillips’, ‘Dallas Buyers

peccable Oscar prediction history with the last six best picture winners at guild going on to win the Best Picture Oscar. Best animated feature award went to ‘Frozen’, best documentary to ‘We Steal Secrets: The Story of WikiLeaks’. In television, ‘Breaking Bad’ continued its victorious run by being named the best TV drama while Michael Douglas starrer HBO’s ‘Behind the Candelabra’ was recognised in the best TV movie or mini-series category. The best TV comedy went to ‘Modern Family’.

Lagaan meeting Chak De! India"


ohn Abraham's 1911, a film on football, is set to go on floors in October, and the actor describes it as a combination of Lagaan and Chak De! India. "We are very excited about it going on floors," said John. "We are doing a lot of research on the film. It's a true story. For people, who want to understand what kind of a film it is, it is like Lagaan meeting Chak De! (India). I would hope and say that it's even better," the 41-year old actor said during an endorsement shoot for the Hockey India League team Delhi Waveriders. 1911 is based on both the popular football clubs Mohun Bagan and East Bengal. "More than just Mohun Bagan, I like both East Bengal and Mohun Bagan. I think it's important to share with people that it's not just on Mohun Bagan, it's a film on football. It's a film that I am producing and Shoojit Sircar in directing, it's called 1911. It is starting this October," said John. While Lagaan was a period drama set in pre-independent India revolving around the sport of cricket, Chak De! India was about the women's hockey team. When asked which sports film he feels is the best, John said, "I think the best film based on sports will be 1911."


a married couple. A friend said: "Cressida was five when they got together and 11 when it all went wrong so Christopher would have

been a strong presence in her childhood life." Wiltshire Police said the coroner was awaiting the results of toxicology tests.

, ’12 Years a Slave’ tie at producers guild award





Bouchard & Li Na book semi-final places MELBOURNE, JaNUaRy 21 (aP): Eugenie Bouchard reached the semifinals in her first trip to the Australian Open, beating 2008 French Open champion Ana Ivanovic 7-5, 5-7, 6-2 on Tuesday to set up a showdown with Li Na. The result means twotime Australian Open finalist Li, who beat Flavia Pennetta 6-2, 6-2 in an earlier

quarterfinal featuring two women who'll turn 32 next month, will have to face a teenager for the third time in the tournament. The 19-year-old Bouchard, the first Canadian to reach the Australian Open semifinals, played with real composure against former No. 1-ranked Ivanovic, who started the season with a

title at Auckland, New Zealand, and produced a major upset to eliminate topranked Serena Williams in the fourth round here. Bouchard went to the net 24 times and won 19 of those points. She broke Ivanovic's serve seven times, including the last game, and had to sit through a lengthy time out when she was leading 4-3 in the second set while her opponent received treatment. Despite the relative speed of her Grand Slam success, Bouchard said she didn't experience any "pinch me" moments. "It's something I've been doing since I was five years old and working my whole life for and sacrificing a lot

of things for, so it's not exactly a surprise," she said. "I always expect myself to do well. I'm just happy to have gone through this step. I'm not done." The WTA Tour's "Newcomer of the Year" in 2013, Bouchard is playing just her fourth Grand Slam tournament, having lost in the second round at the French Open and U.S. Open last year and reached the third round at Wimbledon — the only previous major where she'd managed back-to-back victories. The second of those was against Ivanovic — their only previous meeting. "She's brave. She's young. She has nothing to lose," Ivanovic said. "I think

she's a very great player with a bright future." Bouchard, who will turn 20 next month, is the first Canadian woman to reach a Grand Slam semifinal since Carling Bassett at the 1984 U.S. Open. Naturally, she was asked what it's like to be such a rarity in a country so passionate about one particular sport: ice hockey. "Well hopefully they'll care a little bit more about tennis now," Bouchard said, adding that she couldn't really skate. "But I think it's growing. I'm just trying to do the

best I can for myself, for the country as well." To m a s Berdych reached his first Australian Open semifinal — completing a full set of major semifinals — when he beat No. 3-seeded David Ferrer 6-1, 6-4, 2-6, 6-4. The 2010 Wimbledon finalist ended a streak of three consecutive quarterfinal defeats at Melbourne Park, breaking Ferrer in the fifth game of the fourth set a nd then

Djokovic knockeD out

MELBOURNE, JaNUaRy 21 (REUTERS): A brilliant Stanislas Wawrinka ended Novak Djokovic's three-year reign at Melbourne Park on Tuesday, closing out a five-set classic at a heaving Rod Laver Arena to sensationally dump the Serb from the Australian Open quarterfinals. Heartbroken by Djokovic in two five-set epics in Melbourne and the US Open last year, the eighth-seeded Swiss played out of his skin to upset his Grand Slam nemesis 2-6, 6-4, 6-2, 3-6, 9-7 in an exhilarating four hours. Wawrinka stayed cool in a deciding set of unrelenting tension, sealing it when the former world number one pushed a shot wide on match point. His triumph blew the tournament wide open, setting up a semifinal with Czech Tomas Berdych while snapping the Serb's 28-match winning streak. "He's an amazing champion, he never gives up. I'm really, really, really happy," Wawrinka said in a courtside interview. "I was really focused point after point. I had to stay aggressive, not to give up. I was tired, I was cramping a bit, I was nervous too. But now I'm going to have an ice bath for a very long time. "Last year was really tough, this year it's a new year." Wawrinka's bid to claim a maiden Melbourne Park semi-final appear-

ance started nervously as he notched a trio of unforced errors to gift the Serb the opening break in the sixth game. Djokovic knuckled down to hold serve and prised two set points off his opponent's serve. The Swiss saved one but was powerless to save the second as a jet-heeled Djokovic rushed in to retrieve a kind netcord and whipped a drop-shot cross-court. Wawrinka regrouped during a break, found his first serve and went toe-to-toe against Djokovic, edging the Serb in a series of thrilling rallies. The Swiss blasted an imperious backhand down the line at the end of a 26-shot point to break Djokovic in the seventh game of the second set. After prevailing in another epic 29-shot rally in his following service game, Wawrinka threw an icy glare at the Serb. The Swiss thumped a first serve targeted at Djokovic's body to raise two set points and sliced a second serve into the Serb's midriff on the second to level the match. Thriving in the electric atmosphere, Wawrinka rolled on, breaking a rattled Djokovic in the third game of the third set. The pressure told on the Serb, and after conceding another break point at 3-1, Djokovic roared in frustration, shooting a beleaguered look at his new coach Boris


fending off a break-point chance and holding the crucial subsequent game to hang on for the win. Three-time defending champion Novak Djokovic and No. 8 Stanislas Wawrinka were to play a night match to determine who advanced to the semifinals against Berdych. T h e women's semifinal was determined after the first two day matches.

Becker. The German frowned as his charge blasted a forehand long to concede a second break, allowing Wawrinka to calmly serve out the set with another booming serve. Djokovic rediscovered his formidable composure, laying siege on his opponent's serve in the sixth game of the fourth set, but the Swiss saw off threat after threat with a barrage of cracking serves. At 40-0 on Wawrinka's next serve, Djokovic turned the match on its head with a brilliant passage of play to clinch five consecutive points. An astonishing, lunging return from the Serb lobbed Wawrinka and dropped just inside the baseline to bring up break point and the Swiss crumbled with a forehand blasted long. Djokovic pumped his fist and roared while Wawrinka bashed a ball into the air in disgust to earn a code violation as the tension raised another notch.


Eugenie Bouchard . (AP Photo)







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22th January 2014  

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