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The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. VIII ISSUE 192

‘Food Security Bill will not help put food on people’s plates’ [ PAGE 08]

www.morungexpress.com

Change is the end result of all true learning Watson amid reports she’s ready to marry boyfriend Will Adamowicz [ PAGE 11]

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Monday, July 15, 2013 12 pages Rs. 4 –Leo Buscaglia

13.20% govt school teachers under qualified [ PAGE 02]

George Zimmerman not guilty of Trayvon Martin murder [ PAGE 09]

England beats Australia by 14 runs in 1st test [ PAGE 12]

How deep has the RSBY penetrated Nagaland Lack of medical infrastructure ultimately dilutes scheme Imkong Walling Dimapur | July 14

DIGNITY OF LABOR: A High School student contributes to the well-being of his family by working on his parents’ paddy field on Saturday. While he levels the field, his mother and sister are seen in the background cleaning the paddy nursery bed before transplanting on the terrace paddy field in Tuensang. (Photo Imojen I Jamir)

ACAUT rebuffs request for evidence

Dimapur, July 14 (mExN): The Action Committee against Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) has termed the request made by various departments for evidence against personnel collecting illegal tax as “ridiculous.” A press note appended by ACAUT’s Solomon L Awomi and L Supong Ao said, “It is ridiculous to hint that unless photo-

The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn

Vote on www.morungexpress.com SMS your answer to 9862574165 Is Article 371A capable of safeguarding the rights and aspirations of the Naga people? Yes

no

Others

Is there freedom of speech and expression in naga society? Yes

22% 64%

no Others

14%

Details on page 7

graphic or videographic evidence is evident, the integrity of personnel/staff manning the check gates should not be questioned.” It stated that an “excise constable is not so foolish as to issue challans on soft drinks or fruit laden trucks.” Secondly it added that the “mad scramble for lucrative check gate postings is an industry by it-

informed that in the course of its investigations, it came across incidences where government agencies were collecting illegal taxes “beyond the call of duty.” Adding that “oral evidence is admissible in a court of law,” it also said that the Committee interviewed a large cross section of truck drivers as well as traders to arrive at its verdict.

State govt unable to decide on superannuation

Dimapur, July 14 (mExN): The Nagaland State government “appears to be dithering on the issue of superannuation with regards to state government employees” in spite of several notifications on the subject ‘Counting of Contract/Ad hoc Period for Retirement’. This was alleged by citizens of Dimapur, Temsumeren Pongener and Inoto Sumi. “It is most surprising that the government has failed to issue ‘Release Order’ to the Head of Agriculture and Irrigation Departments, who are due to retire on 31st July 2013, simply because the officers have claimed break in their adhoc period of service, whereas the same officers have enjoyed continuous and regular pay which can be verified from Accountant General’s office record,” the citizens stated. As opposed to this, “officers other than the Head of Departments” have

LANDSLIDE AFTERMATH Kisama exit road open for light vehicles and public carriers Our Correspondent Kohima | July 14

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self,” as “almost all government departments have their personnel posted at the gates.” Therefore it called for the government departments concerned to undertake their own internal investigation, if they are “really concerned about corruption under its nose.” The Fact Finding Committee under the ACAUT

As an alternative arrangement for commuters in the wake of the landslide on National Highway 29 along Phesama village, the Kisama exit road will henceforth be used for light vehicles and public carriers up to 8000 tons, till the disrupted highway has been restored. The Phesama Village Council Chairman and youth along with executives of Southern Angami Youth Organization (SAYO) today met Brigadier Arun Joshi, Chief Engineer (Nagaland &Manipur in-charge); Col Tejpal Singh, Commander 15th BRTF; Prabhat Kumar, O/C 89 RCC GREF and Pramod Kumar Singh, 2nd in Command. In the meeting Joshi assured the gathering to execute work at the earliest. Sources informed that construction of a new road would be started in the latter part of September. SAYO general secretary Neiba Bio told The Morung Express that land owners have generously given their land for construction of the said road and also requested for compensation. In this respect, the Chief Engineer assured to discuss the matter with the Minister and Deputy Commissioner. Meanwhile, SAYO expressed gratitude to Joshi for his immediate intervention and also for initiating the necessary survey. On July 13, a heavy landslide snapped the National Highway-29 along Phesama village, near the venue of the Hornbill Festival of Nagaland -The Naga Heritage Village Kisama, about 12 kilometers away from Kohima. National Highway 29 is the lifeline for Manipur and Nagaland. The disruption of this highway resulted in hundreds of trucks and buses being stranded on the highway.

The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) or National Health Insurance Scheme has, according to statistics, penetrated almost all parts of Nagaland, its tentacles touching all families registered Below Poverty Line (BPL). A noble and ambitious venture of the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment seeking to facilitate affordable hospital treatment for the poor, the RSBY was nationally rolled out in April 2008. It was launched in Nagaland the subsequent year with the state Labour Department as the nodal implementing agency. In Nagaland, the department to date, has covered all the 11 districts while enrolling a total of 1, 40, 802 beneficiaries or families state-wide.

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How the Scheme works

he nodal agency identifies and registers the people (BPL families holding Ration cards) who are eligible. A biometric-enabled Smart Card, containing their photographs and fingerprints is then issued to the beneficiary. With this card, inpatient medical care costing upto Rs. 30, 000 per family per year can be availed in any hospital empanelled under the scheme. In theory, the patient need not spend money for any hospital stay costing upto Rs. 30, 000. Five persons in a family can use the card, whose personal details are encrypted therein. There is a catch however. If one member uses the entire amount, no other registered member in the family can avail the benefit for the rest of the year. The Card is valid for one year and is renewed annually.

The total target enrolment is 3, 48, 895 families as on June 2013, according to the RSBY website. So far, 12 hospitals (11 private and 1 government) have been empanelled (enlisted) under the scheme. Any registered beneficiary with an RSBY smart card can avail the services of any of the twelve empanelled hospitals. Now, a statistical tally

A beneficiary can avail service only if he or she is admitted in an empanelled hospital. The hospital treats the patient on credit and claims the sum spent from the insurance company. It does not cover outpatient care. In brief, insurance companies provide the risk coverage, while third party administrators empanel hospitals and manage claims. Apollo Munich is the insurance company in Nagaland presently entrusted with the responsibility of reimbursing the money to the hospital. Medsave is the third party administrator responsible for operating the software involved and also for validating patient information. All three parties – the nodal agency, the insurance company and the third party administrator - work in tandem for smooth realisation of the scheme.

of the above figures suggests that there is one empanelled hospital in each of the 11 districts of the state. However, the real picture is far from satisfactory. Five districts – Kiphire, Longleng, Phek, Mon and Peren—have no hospital worthy of being empanelled under the scheme. These five districts have a

targeted enrolment base of 1, 18, 303 beneficiaries, while 55, 589 beneficiaries have been enrolled thus far. RSBY is a cashless, ITbased undertaking, which demands that any hospital empanelled under the scheme must be a one-stop facility complete with inhouse medicine outlet. Continued on page 5

been given “marching orders” well in advance of the date of retirement. According to judgments, it has been ruled that the period of service rendered on Ad Hoc/Contract/Work Charged has to be counted for computation of public employment under the Nagaland Retirement from Public Employment (2nd Amendment) Act 2009. Lack of decision and commitment to uphold laid down rules has caused undue embarrassment to senior and respectable officers in the past, who had to take the issue to the court of law, informed Pongener and Sumi. While requesting the government to “honour and conduct uniform application of its statute to all its employees without favour or prejudice,” they reminded government servants, especially those retiring from “top jobs”, to “honourably leave office with dignity instead of confounding the situation.”

Petrol price hiked by Rs 1.55 per litre

NEw DElhi, July 14 (aGENCiES): Petrol price will go up by Rs.1.55 per litre, excluding state taxes, from Sunday midnight, largely due to depreciation in the value of the rupee and rise in crude oil prices in international markets, Indian Oil Corporation said. This is the second sharp hike in petrol prices in the past two weeks and fourth increase in less than two months. The previous increase was June 29, when the oil marketing firms had hiked the price by Rs.1.82 per litre, excluding taxes. However, the price of diesel will remain unchanged. “The combined impact of deteriorating exchange rate and increasing international oil prices has resulted in the need to increase petrol prices by Rs.1.55 per litre (excluding VAT),” the country’s largest oil retailer said in a statement. Actual increase in prices will be higher and differ from state to state depending on the local tax rates. In the national capital Delhi, one litre petrol will cost Rs.70.44 from Sunday midnight, as against the existing price of Rs.68.58. The current

prices of petrol in other major cities are: Mumbai Rs.75.79 per litre; Kolkata Rs.75.84 per litre and Chennai Rs.71.65 a litre. Justifying the hike in prices, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) said: “Since last price change, the downward spiral of rupee against the US dollar has continued to reach a low of Rs.60.03/ USD as against Rs.58.94/USD during the previous fortnight. Further, international MS (motor spirit) prices have also shown an uptrend and increased from $115.29 a barrel to $117.19 a barrel.” Oil marketing companies review petrol and diesel prices once every two weeks. A sharp depreciation in the value of the rupee has made oil imports costlier and put pressure on the marketing firms as they supply diesel at subsidised rates. On the future price move, IOC said: “The movement of prices in international oil markets and INR-USD (Indian rupee and US dollar) exchange rate is being closely monitored and developing trends of the market will be reflected in future price changes.”

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Monday 15 July 2013

Our Correspondent Kohima | July 14

An overall 13.20% government school teachers in sampled schools surveyed are “under matric” (below 10th standard) or under qualified in Nagaland, according to a report on “Professional growth of government school teachers in Nagaland”- A case study conducted by the Research & Survey Cell of State Council of Educational Research & Training (SCERT) Nagaland. The case study was released last week in Kohima by Parliamentary Secretary for Higher Education and SCERT, Deo Nukhu. The primary data was collected from 803 sample government schools, which comprises of 743 government elementary schools, 50 government high schools and 10 government higher secondary schools in the state, which is about 40% of the total government schools in Nagaland. The report said that an attempt has been made to reveal the detailed finding of the various professional qualifications of 5914 sampled government schools teachers in the state. District wise percentage of government school An elderly woman passes through the site of heavy landslides that disrupted National Highway 29 along Phesama village near the venue of the Hornbill Festival of Nagaland-The Naga teachers in sampled schools in the category of under matric reads: Heritage Village Kisama about 12 km away from Kohima. (Morung Photo)

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Dimapur, July 14 (mExN): Faith Theological College (FTC) Ura Villa Colony, Dimapur will be conducting a written Open Bible Quest exam on September, 2013 at 2:00 pm based on Joshua (O.T) and Romans (N.T). A press note issued by Rev.Dr.S Gangte Founder principal stated that there will be a 1st prize of Rs. 3000, 2nd prize Rs 2000, 3rd prize Rs 1000 for four separate age groups- A (3 to 12), B (13 to 17), C (18 to 34) & D (35 and above). All the Church leaders (Pastor/ Youth Director/ Women Leader/ Sunday School teachers) and school college authority (principal/ headmaster/headmistress) are requested to send maximum candidates for this open competition, Intending candidates can contact Rev. Dr S Gangte, founder principal, FTC for further detail information on 9436425173/ 9856319201.

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13.20% govt school teachers under qualified

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FTC Open Written Bible Quest 2013

The Morung Express

7.59%- Kohima district, 5.30%Dimapur, 2.10% Mokokchung, 27.07%- Tuensang, 11.76- Peren, 21.73%- Mon, 2.71%- Zunheboto, 25.57%- Kiphire, 21.57%- Phek, 13.41%- Longleng and 6.41%Wokha. The report said that 7.07 % of teachers possess post graduates degree in the sampled schools, 30.97 % sample teachers have BA degree, 6.68 % of sampled teachers posses B.Sc. degree, 3.50 % of sampled teachers posses B.Com degrees, 37.09% of the sampled teachers have PU degrees and 19.42% government school teachers are matriculate. In respect of professional growth of government school teachers in Nagaland, the report said that out of the total sample only 11.25% are B.Ed trained. Longleng has the lowest B.Ed. trained teachers with only 3 out of 455 sampled teachers in the district. Dimapur district recorded highest B.Ed trained of the sampled teachers with 25.76% followed by Kohima district with 19.80%. The percentage of teachers who possess PSTE, CPTE and other long term degrees is 22.88%. 37.68% of sampled government school teachers are trained in short term orientation training

whereas 40.46% had not attended any training. In respect of sampled teachers who are exposed in other professional areas, teachers who had been involved in seminar, workshop, science exhibition etc is 20.12%, those who had organized field trips, study tours and nature walks is 8.22% and sampled teachers who have experience in writing journals articles, project report is very less i.e. 0.64%. The report stated the ramification of the study leads to wide scope suggestions for continuous professional development among school teachers. The report suggests that every teacher should take initiatives to be innovative towards appropriate methods of teacher. Mode of professional ethics of teachers is the need of the hour, it suggested. “Teachers who do not comply with government notification for trainings and other professional development should be penalized befittingly even up to withholding their monthly salary,” it stated. In the form of suggestion for the government and community, the case study opined that the government and community should create conditions to motivate teachers on development of cre-

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ativity and for optimum utilization of their potential. Other areas include more teacher training institutes to clear the huge backlog of untrained teachers, state government should have a clear policy on Teacher Education programmes in the State, trained teachers should be made mandatory to undergo refresher course after every 2 or 3 years from teachers training institutes like SCERT, DIETs and College of Teacher Education (CTE) in the State, teachers should be given to teach certain subject according to their specialization and competence. It also stated that school supervisors should conduct timely classroom supervision. More courses like diplomas in Counselling, English teaching, and computer education should be introduced by teacher training institutions in collaboration with any university. It advocated that the government should have policy to introduce teachers training programmes during winter or summer vacations. “Salary of the teachers should be determined according to educational and professional qualification of the teacher concerned and not according to primary school, middle school and high school,” the case study stated.

SBAK Aizuto Deacon’s Seminar concludes Azo calls for restoration of Point 12 & 13 of 16 point agreement Our Correspondent Kohima | July 14

Nagaland’s minister for roads & bridges Kuzholuzo (Azo) Nienu on Friday called for restoration of Points No. 12 & 13 of the Sixteen point agreement. This should be a mass movement by general public to be followed by

the assembly adopting resolution on the same issue and move to the Government of India, he said while speaking at the consultative meeting of the Naga tribal hohos, state level political parties, all MLAs and civil societies of Nagaland to discuss “the stand of the MHA, GOI on the ownership and transfer of land and its resources under Article 371 A of the Constitution

of India” here at the Capital Convention Centre. The consultative meeting in the form of resolution, among the others, demanded the Government of India to fully implement the provisions in Points No. 12 & 13 of the Sixteen Points Agreement made between the Government of India and the Naga Peoples’ Convention in 1960.

NEFF strive to empower farmers of the region

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Our Correspondent Kohima | July 14

Participants of the Deacon’s Seminar, which was held from July 12 to 14, 2013 at Sumi Christian Centre, Aizuto.

Dimapur, July 14 (mExN): The SBAK Aizuto had successfully concluded Deacon’s Seminar from July 12 to 14, 2013 at Sumi Christian Centre, Aizuto with the theme, “Growing towards Maturity”. A press note issued by K. Nitoyi Awomi Publicity & Information Asst.,Literature In charge stated that the total number of 215 delegates from different churches attended for this program. The

resource persons including Rev. Dr. Joshua Rochill Executive Secretary, Rev. Mulato Chishi Principal Anderson Theological College, Rev. Picuto Yeputhomi Mission Secretary, Hetoli I Chishi Women Secretary, spoke on the topics; The management of the church, A life of Deacon and his family, the qualifications of a Deacon, The work of a deacon and inter relationship with other. The note also stated

that the main speakers are Rev. Yehoto Chishi Evangelist SBAK, Rev. Vitoshe K Aye Youth Secretary cum Director Urban Ministry, Rev. Tokhezhe Kiba Field Director, Northern Sumi Baptist Churches Association (NSBAK). The executive secretary in the note has also extended gratitude to all program officials, delegates and participants in all activities and to all pastors for sending deacons for this seminar.

The North East Farmers’ Federation (NEFF) was formed to foster unity, mutual understanding and cooperation among the member representatives from different states in the interest of empowering the farmers of the region. It also aims to safeguard, protect and promote the collective interests of the farmers by linking them with wider market accessibility, to identify the potential projects in the region and provide logistic support with recommendation for success, to advocate the ways and means of conservation of valuable and endangered flora and fauna of the region. The Federation also aims to strive to solve the problems of marketing of agriculture and allied produce, thereby raising the socio- economic status of

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An farmer is seen heading home after a hard days work in his field. Forums like the North East Farmers’ Federation (NEFF) are striving to empower the farmers of the region. (Morung File Photo)

the rural people, to launch promotional activities and stimulate public/private investment for establishment of small and medium enterprises based on agricultural produce for generation of income and employment

in the rural areas, to help provide affordable services to farmers, processors and exporters of agriculture and allied produce through training/seminar and other follow up support. Further, NEFF aims to

oversee all the important projects and schemes under agriculture and allied sectors of north east region for proper implementation and transparency for the benefit o the targeted farmers in particular.

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Kiphire College observes DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND MINING foundation day GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND

NO. DGM/MIN/P-R/2012/

Dated Dimapur the 13th July, 2013

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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The Department of Geology and Mining acknowledges the kind presence in the historic Naga consultative meet and extends our gratitude to all the participants of the Consultative Meet with the Naga Tribal Hoho's, State Level Political Parties, All MLAs, State Level NGOs and Civil Societies to discuss "the stand of the Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI, on the Ownership and Transfer of Land and Its Resources under Article 371-A of the Indian Constitution" held on 12.07.13 at the Capital Convention Centre, Kohima. 1. The Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers; 2. The Speaker, NLA; 3. Parliamentary Secretaries; 4. Chairmen and Advisors; 5. MLAs and MPs; 6. All State level Political Parties; 7. Ex-MLAs and Ex-MPs;. 8. All Civil Societies and State level NG0s; 9. Naga Hoho and ENPO; 10. NSF and ENSF; 11. Naga Mothers Association and Eastern Naga Women Organization; 12. All Tribal Hohos/Organizations; 13. NPMHR; 14. DB's and GB's Association; 15. Senior Govt. Officials; 16. Dimapur Naga Council 17. Law Students 18. IPR, AIR & Doordarshan 19. Press & Media We also extend our deepest gratitude to the Acting Chief Secretary for his guidance and support. Further, we extend our gratitude to the Secretary NLA, the Secretary Law and Justice, the Secretary Parliamentary Affairs and the Legal Advisor for their supports and participations. Your kind presence and participation to this August gathering has made the "Consultative meet" a grand success. Sd/(Bendang Longchari, IAS) Secretary

Sd/(S.K.Kenye) Director

KiphirE, July 14 (mExN): Zisaji Presidency College (ZPC), Kiphire held its 17th Foundation Day on July 10, 2013 at the college auditorium with ex- MLA and ZPC founding member, R.L Akumba as the special guest. A press release issued by Assistant Professor Vanthungo Jami informed that the day was marked by cultural extravaganza and different items presented by the students, and a special number presented by the teaching staff. Meanwhile, R. L Akumba gave away the Award for Best Attendance for the Academic Session 2012-13, which was bagged by Tsarise of Class XI. The Award for Best attendance was sponsored by Vanthungo Jami, Asst. Professor, Department of History. The formal program was followed by entertainment where students presented special numbers, dance, cultural show and skit. Earlier, Setsathri chaired the function and Dr. Anungla Aier, Principal, ZPC delivered the welcome address. Vote of thanks was delivered by Selicho, Gen Secretary, ZPCSU.

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Regional

The Morung express

Monday

15 July 2013

Dimapur

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Two trafficked Manipuri girls rescued in Bangalore D I M A P u r , J u Ly 1 4 (MExN): Following request from the Kuki Students Association of Bangalore, Praja Rajakiya Vedike managed to rescue two teenage girls from city houses, where they were placed as domestic help against their will by an agent who trafficked them from Manipur. A press note from the PRV informed that the 19 year old girls were lured by an agent and were promised jobs in a beauty parlor as beauticians for a sal-

ary of Rs.5000 per month along with free food and accommodation. They were brought to Bangalore by train by a Manipuri man from Moyrang. The two girls from Churachandpur district in Manipur were handed over to another agent Mala in Bangalore. “Mala, who also speaks Manipuri, stays in the city with her husband and after keeping the two girls for a couple of days they were both separated and placed as domestic maids, one in Banashankari and

Northeast Briefs

the other in JP Nagar on June 1,'' said Manohar Elavarthi of PRV. He also added that the girls were “not happy with the job of maid and as they could not speak Hindi, English or Kannada and were isolated and living in fear.” They wanted to go back to Manipur but they were not allowed to go out nor talk to anyone, he added. He also informed that the mobile phones belonging to the girls were taken away and that they got them back only after a week. However, the

girls found that all their contact numbers were deleted. “One of the girls, managed to call her mother back in Manipur, who in turn enquired with the agent there,'' Manohar added. After their parents failed to get any proper response, they apparently filed a police complaint and an FIR both in Moyrang and Churachandpur. Later, they informed the Kuki Students Association in Churachandpur who requested the local Kuki Students Association

of Bangalore. Both the girls belong to the Kuki tribe. This association contacted Praja Rajakiya Vedike for help as the latter ran a helpline for North East students in Bangalore. Members of PRV managed to locate the Agent and convinced him to get the girls to a public place for talks. They initially demanded Rs 30,000 for expenses incurred on the girls and said that “only if the amount is paid, the girls would be released.” However,

PVR members managed to mobilise the public and did not allow them to take back the girld. “We threatened them of police action and one of the agents took our activist and left the other girl with him and disappeared,'' Manohar said. ``The girls are provided a safe place by the North East Welfare Association of Karnataka and police (DCP South and Adugodi Police) were also informed about the details when

they called us,'' he added. Praja Rajakiya Vedike in the press note has demanded that the police of both the states trace and alert the traffickers immediately and investigate into the racquet to find out if other victims are still untraced. “We want them to be arrested under anti-trafficking and SC, ST Prevention of Atrocities Act,” it stated. PRV also has also demanded better protection for people of North East in Bangalore.

ATSUM lauds Manipur govt on appointments IMPHAL, JuLy 14 (NNN): The all Tribal Students’ Union Manipur (ATSUM) has appreciated the O Ibobi Singh led Secular Progressive Front (SPF) Government of Manipur for appointing Chingai constituency MLA MK. Preshow Shimray to the post of Deputy Speaker and Z. Kikhonbou Newmai of Tamei assembly constituency to the post of ViceChairman of Hill Area Committee (HAC). ATSUM president Muan Tombing said the timely filling of the two important posts by the tribal without any opposition from other political parties is a good gesture that speaks volumes of message to the people that under the charismatic leadership of Shri O Ibobi, avenues are created for the Hill MLAs to venture into a broader spectrum of politics. The ATSUM also congratulated the two tribal MLAs on their success in stepping towards a higher call of service towards mankind. "It is our steadfast prayer and hope that the two shall render a yeoman service for the upliftment and inclusive progress of the tribal people," Muan Tombing stated.

Flood affects 12 more villages in Assam

GuwAHAtI, JuLy 14 (PtI): While the flood waters receded in Bongaigaon and Sivsagar districts, fresh inundation occurred at a dozen villages in Nagaon even as four districts continued to reel under the impact of floods in Assam Sunday. "Fresh inundation has occurred in 12 villages in the low lying areas of Samaguri revenue circle of Nagaon district," Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) said in its daily bulletin. At present, Dhemaji, Jorhat, Nagaon and Morigaon districts are still affected by flood waters. A total of six relief camps are operational and are giving shelter to around 1,500 people. ASDMA, however, said the situation in some areas, including the world's largest river island Majuli, has improved marginally in the last 24 hours. "The flood waters receded in Bongaigaon and Sivasagar district," it added. The report also said the Brahmaputra in Jorhat and Dhubri districts, and its tributaries Dhansiri at Numaligarh and Jia Bharali at NT Road Crossing in Sonitpur district were flowing over the danger mark. The first wave of floods this season since mid-May has affected nearly 1.5 lakh people in about 500 villages across 12 districts in the state. Last week, the flood situation in the state turned alarming with the Brahmaputra destroying 60 houses in an erosion in Morigaon district. Massive erosion also took place in Bhuragaon and Mayong revenue circles of the district.

3 militants arrested by police commandos

IMPHAL, JuLy 14 (PtI): Three militants have been arrested during separate search operations in Imphal east and Imphal west districts of Manipur, police said on Sunday. Acting on information that some militants were roaming in the twin districts, police commandos launched search operations at Bamon Leikai and Sawombung area in Imphal east district on Friday evening and arrested two militants of Kangleipak Communist Party-Military Council (KCP-MC), sources said. The two were identified as Usham Sanjit Singh alias Nanao (29) and Wairokpam Bishwanath Singh (27), sources said adding that a militant of Manipur Naga Revolutionary Front (MNRF) identified as Paoshim Keishing (27) was arrested on the same day from Mantripukhri area in Imphal west district. Some underground materials including mobile phones have been seized from the possession of the three who are now being interrogated, sources said. Over 210 militants of different outfits have so far been arrested during different combing operations in Manipur this year.

More Tripura troopers for Bengal polls

AGArtALA, JuLy 14 (IANS): More Tripura State Rifles (TSR) troopers will provide security during panchayat polls in West Bengal, an official said Sunday. A TSR battalion led by Commandant Prabir Majumder has reached West Bengal. The home ministry has asked Tripura to send one more TSR battalion to West Bengal, a home department official here told IANS. The five-phase panchayat polls in West Bengal began July 11 and end July 25.

Job aspirant dies during physical fitness test

BArPEtA, JuLy 14 (PtI): A job aspirant died today while undergoing physical fitness test as part of the selection process conducted by the Assam Power Distribution Company Limited (APDCL) in Barpeta district, police said. The youth, identified as 28-yearold Nayanjyoti Talukdar, collapsed while running at Ramrai stadium where the tests were being conducted. He was taken to Barpeta Medical College Hospital where he was declared brought dead, the sources said. Talukdar was one of the 400 candidates appearing for tests for the 59 posts of assistant in APDCL.

An Indian Border Security Force (BSF) soldier patrols near the India-Bangladesh border at Dumabari area along the India-Bangladesh border in Karimganj district of Assam. (AP Photo/Anupam Nath)

KSO condemns July 13 firing incident

IMPHAL, JuLy 14 (NNN): The Kuki Students’ Organisation, General Headquarters (KSO-GHQ) has vehemently condemned the July 13 Champhai firing incident where a Saikul bound vehicle of the Kuki Liberation Army Home Secretary and his family members were heavily attacked by unknown assailants. The incident resulted in the death of Seikhohao Khongsain

alias Marwin, the Home Secretary of KLA and the subsequent death of his daughter Zoukim Khongsai who succumbed to her bullet injury later today at Shija Hospital in Imphal, while causing serious injuries to two of the family members. The KSO said it condemns in the strongest term whosoever may be the assailants, the enmity they have with the deceased

KLA functionary is not much a matter of concern. "However, indiscriminately firing upon civilians, women and children just to terminate their subject is of great concern to the student organization. " the Kuki students' body said. It then added, "As a matter of fact, if they were a true revolutionary group they could have chosen

High prospects for oil Exploration in Mizoram

AIZAwL, JuLy 14 (NNN): A geologist from Mizoram Dr Lallenmawia has informed that Mizoram falls under category number one or 'proven commercial productivity zone' which roughly estimates there could be about 170 million metric tonnes of untapped crude reserves. The oil reserve could be even more and, if tapped, the state would witness an economic boom to the extent of earning a sobriquet of Kuwait of the Northeast India, the geologist said.

Meanwhile, Mizoram chief minister Lal Thanhawla while having an interaction recently with the Director, Oil India Limited B.N Talukdar had expressed his government is all out to co-operate in the exploration of oil in Mizoram. The Mizoram chief minister is of the opinion for the speedy execution of works by oil companies to explore and utilize the same for the development and bring revenue to the state. Many oil companies have found out that Mizoram has huge

oil deposits and exploration is also being carried out in some places in Mizoram. Lal Thanhawla also informed Talukdar that his government is always ready to work with the oil company in their bid to explore and drill the hydrocarbons reserves. BN Talukdar apprised Lalthanhawla that exploration had already been done in Saitual and Thenzawl and for production of gas Oil Company also installed machine and other necessary equipments.

GuwAHAtI, JuLy 14 (PtI): Public sector undertaking Assam Petro-chemicals is looking to acquire around 200-acre land to set up a new manufacturing plant with an installed capacity to produce 100 tonnes of sulphonated formaldehyde per day. The company, which is investing Rs 1,028 crore to set up an integrated methanol-acetic acid plant in Assam, has zeroed in on land at Goalpara district in Assam. "We will set up a formalin

AGArtALA, JuLy 14 (IANS): A Tripura government official was arrested for allegedly beheading his Christian son-in-law who refused to convert to Hinduism, police said here Saturday. Gobinda Jamatia, 51, had beheaded Tapas Bin May 23 with the help of Krishnapada Jamatia, who allegedly practises sorcery, after Tapas refused to convert. Police said Gobinda was arrested from Gobinda at Teliamura in western Tripura, 50 km north of here. A local court sent him to police custody till July 20. He is an official of Tripura's science and technology department. Three people were arrested earlier for the murder. Tapas, 35, used to give tutions to Gobinda's daughter Jentuly and married her three years ago. The couple has a one-year-old son. "My father did not recognise our marriage and had been pushing Tapas to convert to Hinduism, which he refused. My father brutally butchered my husband and he might kill me and my son too," Jentuly told police. Before beheading Tapas, Gobinda and Krishnapada conducted a traditional ritual, police said.

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35 boats given to Kaziranga to deal with floods

GuwAHAtI, JuLy 14 (IANS): The International Fund for Animal Welfare Wildlife Trust of India (IFAW-WTI) has provided 35 boats to the Kaziranga National Park authorities to assist in anti-poaching patrolling during the ongoing flood season. The park, a UNESCO World Heritage site that houses more than 70 percent of the world's greater one-horned rhinoceros, witnesses flooding every year. This year, too, the park was flooded. The boats are given to help the local field staff in the park in their patrolling (anti-poaching) activities during the floods. These boats will help authorities in rescue and rehabilitation

of animals, and aid the antipoaching mechanism. "We are happy to have this logistics support from IFAW-WTI. The boats will be of great help to execute quick response during animal rescue in the park. We appreciate IFAW-WTI initiatives for this noble gesture," said N.K. Vasu, director of the park. "The vast area around the camps inside the forest get flooded every year. We can keep vigil with these boats in those areas vulnerable to rhino poaching. With these boats it will be very easy to patrol in the park during the flooding season," said Ranjit Saikia, a senior forest guard of the eastern range of the national park. "IFAW-WTI is commit-

ted towards welfare and conservation of wildlife and we are trying our best to support the park. With our long experiences with the conservation efforts of park management we felt these boats will be of great use for the benefits of the wildlife as well as the frontline forest staff who stay inside the park during these tough flood months," said Rathin Barman, deputy director, WTI. The national park is located in the flood plains of river Brahmaputra and monsoon months are the toughest period for the frontline forest staff to keep vigil in areas that are hard to reach, which are especially prone to poaching threats.

Assam Petro-chemicals to acquire 200 acres land New manufacturing plant will have capacity to produce 100 tonnes of sulphonated formaldehyde per day

for another suitable day seeing the innocent family members boarding the same vehicle with the subject in order to avoid the lost of innocent life of a little girl and casualties to other family members.” The KSO then appealed to the persons/ group involved to clarify the reasons behind their act in public interest and urged them not to repeat such acts in the future.

Official arrested for beheading son-in-law

plant in the state. For this, we are looking to acquire around 200 acres of land in the next one year," Assam Petro-chemicals Ltd (APL) Managing Director Ratul Bordoloi told PTI here. The company has already seen a land parcel in Goalpara and it is likely to take the possession within next one year, he added. "The government has identified some land and we have seen this. It is as per our requirement and we will go for it," Bordoloi said, but declined to share the value of the land. As part of its long-term plan, APL will set up the formalin plant. The product sulphonated formaldehyde is a chemical used as additive with cement for bringing down the cement requirement

for civil constructions. Bordoloi said: "We will set up the formalin plant after we are done with the ongoing methanol-acetic acid project. It will be after 2016. The unit is proposed to have an installed capacity to product 100 tonnes of formalin every day." Although it has not been finalised, the plant construction is likely to cost Rs 32 crore, he added. APL, a government of Assam undertaking, is implementing a Rs 1,028-crore methanol-acetic acid project in the state. Earlier this month, it had raised a debt capital of Rs 635 crore from a cluster of 10 banks to complete the project. The methanol-acetic acid plant has been envisaged and is under

implementation. PMC Consultancy has been engaged for setting up of the integrated Plant. The Project is scheduled to be completed in 2014. Bordoloi said after the completion of the project, the employee strength of the company will go up to around 600 people from 362 people at present. In APL, the state government holds 51 per cent stake and the rest under Oil India Ltd's control. In the government's portion, Assam Gas Company and Assam Industrial development Corporation also have equity participation. Incorporated in 1971, Assam Petro-Chemicals was the first entity to manufacture petrochemicals in India using natural gas as feedstock.

Khermahal Friends Cinema Hall Road Dimapur : Nagaland


C M Y K

4

public discoursE

Monday

Dimapur

15 July 2013

W

hatever one may say, Article 371(A) is a special provision given to the people of Nagaland in recognition of our age old customary practices, religious beliefs and land holding system. Much has been talked about on this and has been resolved and reaffirmed in various forums that this right is inalienable to us; that Nagas of Nagaland, as a people, are nothing without it. In confirmation to this inalienability, R.K Raman, Legal Advisor and other Legal luminaries have, on 12th July 2013 State Level consultative meet, succinctly explained the constitutional right to freedom to our ownership of land and its resources that no other States of the country enjoys except us. Regrettably, all meetings on Article 371 (A) have missed out the core issue as to whom and what it guarantees. The core issue is, ‘Is the right of ownership guaranteed in the Article 371(A) granted to the Tribes of the State or the State Legislative Assembly? This question is being raised for the reason that all exercises made in the State Assembly and in various forums regarding ownership of land and its resources had been about the authority of the Assembly to legislate laws regarding the resources whereas the right guaranteed in the Article 371 (A) is actually vested in the people. No consultations, unfortunately, has ever reasoned about the right of the people in its proper dimension except as a side mention to be ignored. All of us understand that the State Assembly has the right of duty and authority to legislate rules & regulations on land and resources besides other necessary laws and regulations for protection of its citizens. However, in regard

The core of Article 371 (A) to land and resources, this legislative authority should not be exercised unilaterally but only within the confines of the ownership right. Discarding the legitimate demands of the landowners is not only a false interpretation of the Article 371 (A) but a deviation from the true spirit and meaning of the Article. The universal truth on constitution is that Constitution of all Democratic Nations is to protect and further the rights and aspirations of its people but Constitution of all non-Democratic Nations is aimed at ruling the country at the expense of its people. Though a democratic State, haven’t we been concentrating our arguments and discussions only on ruling the people rather than enhancing the rights of the people? Every Tribe in Nagaland understands that ownership to land and its resources is a right enjoyed by them but contrary to this right Nagaland Government claims to be Land owner No. 3 in its “Nagaland Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulations and Rules 2012”. Isn’t this schizophrenia? Where are the intellectuals of Nagaland to correct this nonsense? Nagaland Government cannot claim to be land owner in Nagaland because the Government does not own any land in the sense of customary ownership. No doubt it has bought land from village land owners to put up public buildings and projects but this does not confer customary ownership of land to the State Government, the obvious reason being that even these purchased lands belongs to the people and that is why Government proper-

ty is also called public property. State Government will continue to be a customer but not a customary land owner. Everybody understands this truth but we seem to be deliberately blind to it. This is, either, we are blinded by our tribalism, vested interest, jealousy, greed for money; the list of vices goes on or we are all stupid. To substantiate what is being said here, ever since oil was struck in Nagaland, many including Ministers, Bureaucrats and leaders have said, “Once petroleum is exploited, Lothas will be so rich that it will create tribal imbalance”. Isn’t this mentality utter foolishness and stupidity? Is oil only in Lotha area? Are we all blinded by this stupid statement because it has been uttered even by a minister as well so much so that we are prepared to sell our constitutional rights guaranteed in the Article 371 (A)? The Article 371 (A) stands as a rock and no one can take it away because it is the very existence of Nagas but what can take away this rock are our continued foolish tribalism, vested interest, jealousy and stupidity. The Legal Advisor, R.K Raman elaborating on the Constitutional provision, very honestly expressed his fears as to what can bring to its ignominious death. He truthfully questioned in his dismay as to why exploration of minerals and oil could not be taken up seriously in Nagaland up till date. The reason is obvious. Mr. Raman unequivocally exhorted the consultative meeting to rise above parochial mentality and vested interest and pointed out that landowners are liable to be cheated and misled and his apprehension is correct because it is

so and evidence to such vested interests activities carried out by companies and some Nagas are prevalent. In conclusion, I find the consultative meet, though a need, very childish for the reason that the whole deliberation was centered on merely and needlessly to assert the right and authority of the Nagaland Assembly in bringing about regulations and rules on land and its resources whereas, the whole deliberations should have been centered on the rights of the people and whether the legislated Assembly regulations and rules are in the right perspective in tune with the rights of the people or not. The questioning of Nagaland Assembly’s Regulation and Rule on Petroleum by Union Petroleum Minister does not mean that the people’s ownership right was challenged but in all probability, the Union Minister’s question must have been due to detection of flaws in the Assembly Regulation & Rules 2012. Nagaland Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulations & Rules 2012 in its present form needs thorough amendment before it is put into service for the reasons that, among other imperfections, the Regulations and Rules debases the rights of Landowners that Article 371(A) guarantees. And since it doesn’t offer any space for landowners to negotiate, one can aptly term the Nagaland Assembly Regulations and Rules on Petroleum and Natural Gas 2012 a draconian law which is all out to demolish the Article 371 (A). The enemy of our ownership rights is within and not a love letter of a union Minister whose sole intent is to censure the credibility of the erring State Assembly resolution. Jonas Yanthan (yanthanjonas@gmail.com)

Undeterred by rupee decline, Discounts galore as car Indians continue to holiday abroad makers try to woo customers

NEW DELHI, JULY 14 (PTI): The sliding rupee may have hurt most of the sectors but has not deterred Indians from holidaying abroad, although they are preferring short haul destinations, according to travel firms. Major players in the segment, Thomas Cook India, Cox & Kings and travel portal MakeMyTrip, said there has not been any significant decline in outbound tourist traffic from India this summer despite concerns of rupee depreciation against the dollar. “With swings in the rupee, customers have begun weighing all possible options and, our analysis indicates that even the most price sensitive segments will continue to travel, albeit with a shift to short haul destinations,” Thomas Cook (India) Managing Director Madhavan Menon told PTI. Online travel firm MakeMyTrip also said despite the recent concerns due to currency depreciation, the company has not seen a decline since packages for the summer holiday season are usually booked in advance. “We have not seen a de-growth since packages for the summer holiday season are usually booked in advance. In fact, we continue to wit-

ness growth in both domestic and international travel,” MakeMyTrip Chief Executive Officer Deep Kalra said. Another major player in the travel segment, Cox & Kings said, although there are short-term issues due to rupee depreciation, the concerns are mostly exaggerated. “Close to 60 per cent of our India revenues come from outbound travel. We are very optimistic about this segment,” Cox & Kings Ltd Director Peter Kerkar told PTI, adding that the company expects outbound travel to grow in double digits for the next 10 years at least. Industry players, however, said the declining rupee has in a way resulted in a shift in the choice of holiday locations. “The preferred destinations this summer season appear to be the Far East, including Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Dubai, Sri Lanka and Mauritius,” Menon of Thomas Cook India said. Customers of the company are also going to new emerging and viable options like Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Philippines, he added. The other upside of the depreciating rupee is that it has brought domestic travel into the spotlight like never before, Menon said.

NEW DELHI, JULY 14 (PTI): Exchange scheme for twowheeler with a Tata Nano; discount of up to Rs 50,000 on diesel sedan SX4 from Maruti Suzuki; free insurance with some of the models from Ford and Honda - desperate times, desperate measures. Reeling under prolonged spell of declining sales, major car makers in India are offering a variety of schemes, ranging from cash discounts to buyback benefits to special interest rates, to bring back customers back to the showrooms. “Tata Nano customers can avail an exchange scheme which also has a 2-wheeler exchange programme,” a Tata Motors spokesperson told PTI. There is also an offer on the Safari Storme which provides a bonus of Rs 30,000, for existing Tata customers. The company is also offering a Rs 15,000 exchange bonus on the Tata Sumo. “In the hatchback segment we are currently offering an exchange scheme on the Tata Vista. In addition we are associating with HDFC and TMF (Tata Motor Finance) to offer a 3.99 per cent interest rate on the Tata Manza Club class,” the spokesperson added. Market leader Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) is also not far behind in coming out with schemes to woo customers. It is offering cash discounts across models with the highest of Rs 50,000 on diesel variant of sedan SX4. The country’s largest car-maker said discount of Rs 30,000 could be availed on all variants of hatchback WagonR, Rs 28,000 on the Alto 800, Rs 24,000 on Alto K10 and Rs 25,000 on all variants of Ritz.

The Morung Express

“To set the matter straight” - A response K

honoma Rűffűno Nagaland (KRN), the apex body of all the people of Khonoma, is compelled to issue this response to the article “To Set the Matter Straight” by NSCN (IM) which appeared on 26th June, 2013 in the newspapers of Nagaland. The Khonoma people after a process of honest deliberation among all clans and the three Khels over a period of time reached a consensus on the issue of Shillong Accord of 1975. Based on final conclusions submitted by the ClansandtheKhels,theKhonomapeoplereaffirmedtheirstandon26thOctober,1996 asunder:- “(a)theiradherenceto thebasicprincipleofthePlebiscite and (b) their rejection of the Accord and not to support it in any manner.” The position of the people of Khonoma is therefore clear. We do not agree with the portion of Kaka D. Iralu’s interpretation of Shillong Accord where he differs with us on the Accord. This stand has been clearly conveyed to Kaka D. Iralu by KRN. Likewise, one may or may not fully agree with what Kekhrie Yhome and Thepfulhouvi Solo have written. However, methods of sorting out arguments through threats from any quarter cannot be accepted. KRN upholds freedom of thought and expression to be supremely important for the healthy development of Naga society . Nagas cannot expect to go forward together by staying at the level of threatening one another. This kind of blatant threats leading to excessive acts of violence and the years of suppressed outrage that the Nagas have gone through because of short sighted use of force has played a great part in paralyzing Naga politics and society. Our history has been marred with trails of blood. It is a painful reality that despite every Naga’s aspiration for achieving the same goal of restoration of Naga Sovereignty, the struggle with India, which was launched to build a united vibrant Naga nation, is now fragmented into several camps / factions. This has resulted not only in greatly weakening our Naga movement, but also is in danger of damaging Naga unity beyond repair. At this juncture, any continuing provocation of one another or exhibition of intolerance on one another’s approaches and ideologies is certainly going to greatly jeopardize the prospects of uniting the Nagas. Without unity Nagas will get nowhere. Despite everything, we solemnly salute and pay our utmost respect to all those who have laid down their lives for our nation and who are yet alive and sacrificing their very best, no matter what the faction. And we urge upon all the leaders (over ground or underground) not to do any more thing to cause further division but to give a chance to ushering to Nagas a new dispensation of understanding and unity. This alone can invigorate and give a new power to our movement, whatever differences there may be in political views. Kenneth Punyű Vice President, KRN Meto Khate Gen.Secretary, KRN Kuolachalie Seyie President, KRN

B

“The crowd should not be done mistake again”

efore 2000 years ago, while Governor Pilat said, I do not find any mistake against this man. But the crowd shouted again and again by saying “Crucify him on the cross”. And the crowd crucified Jesus, the son of God on the cross. Nowadays, while seeing the present situations, it is going on as they like, either in public place or the church premises that the leaders lead the crowd according to their own will in order to win the minds of the people without following much procedure or biblically. Many factions formed either in Naga underground or overground and found no meeting point till today though every NGOs working very hard with the Government. But some of the Naga underground factions do not want to bring any settlement of the Naga issue. Every VIPs and every Naga leader are saying “We want Honorable Settlement and acceptable to all.” But no one is worried about the issue that how to bring out the formulas for any amicable settlement. The Nagas, I strongly appeal to everyone of you that we should not try to crucify the truth or we should not try again to crucify Jesus on the cross. Let not our Nagaland Governor hand over situation into the hands of the crowd. God bless my Nagaland. TL Angami

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

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ACROSS

O R n C R O y a n C E S i n D i g È n E S E t

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57. On the road 58. hawaiian veranda 59. a feat 60. Mobile phone 61. another time 62. District 63. Tall woody plant 64. Come from behind

DOWN 1. French Sudan 2. norse god 3. Tailless stout-bodied amphibian 4. Sea eagle 5. Pamphlet 6. go-between 7. Cab 8. Leave out 9. Fast 10. Despotic 11. French for “Queen” 12. Cowboy movie 13. Sketched 21. Charged particle 25. Be victorious 26. Clenched hand 27. initial wager 28. Russian emperor 29. hard unglazed brownish-red earthenware

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LOCAL

The Morung Express

Monday 15 July 2013

Soul Harvest for Christ ministry’s meet concludes

Dimapur

5

CANSSEA convenes joint meet

KohIMA, JULY 14 (MExN): Confederation of Nagaland State Services Employees Association (CANSSEA) informs that there will be a joint meeting of CANSSEA office bearers, silver jubilee planning committee, finance committee, and souvenir committee on July 16 at Hotel Japfu, Kohima at 2:00 PM. The meeting has been called to chalk out programme details for celebration of CANSSEA jubilee proposed to be held during the second or third week of November 2013. CANSSEA general secretary Vekho Vero has requested all concerned to attend the same positively.

Entrance test for job-assured PGPIT & GNIIT The meet choir presenting a special song at Soul Harvest Church of the Living God, Daklane, Kohima. (Morung Photo) Our Correspondent Kohima | July 14

A THREE-DAy long third Ministry Meet 2013 of Soul Harvest for Christ Ministry under the theme “Great is thy faithfulness” concluded here this evening at Soul Harvest Church of the Living God, Daklane, Kohima.

Rev. Kevisede Kire, pastor, Soul Harvest Church of the Living God was the speaker at the evening service while Pastor Dirang Lungalang, Christ Community Church Dimapur was the speaker in the morning service. Earlier, on day two service, Dirang Lungalang spoke based on the theme of the meet. He said fear comes to us because of

our wavering faith and “we as Christians should defeat the fear and worry with his promise given to us”. The Pastor said that living with fear and wariness in our daily lives was the sign of little faith or being faithless in Christ. He encouraged the gathering to have full faith in Christ, who is protector, healer,

peacemaker and giver of everything. The meet started on July 12 last. Rev. Dr. D.L. Sanchu, ACRC executive secretary and Rev. Shan Kikon senior pastor Faith Harvest Church were the other speakers of the three-day long meet. The meet was also marked by graduation and ordination service, choreography etc.

Ralan range in Wokha China’s Gionee mobiles launched in Nagaland JULY 14 (MExN): Chi- on the importance of networking land. The Guest of Honor meanwhile gets Legal Aid Clinic DIMAPUR, na’s leading cellphone brand, Gionee and technology, the Chief Guest in his stated that the launch of Gionee mo-

WoKhA, JULY 14 (MExN): The Wokha District Legal Services Authority (WDLSA) has opened up a Legal Aid Clinic at Ralan Hq. The Clinic will cover eighteen villages under Ralan range. The Legal Aid Clinic was inaugurated on July 11, with Kethosituo Sekhose, SDO (Civil) Ralan as chief guest and IIom Lungalang, SDPO, as special guest. Any person, whose annual income is less than one lakh will be provided free legal aid, informed a release issued by panel advocate R. Limhathung Ezong. The note informed that the purpose of WDLSA is to provide free legal assistance in any case or other legal proceedings before Court/Tribunal/Authority. It covers cases of civil nature like property dispute, matrimonial and custody matters, labour or service matter, compensation in motor accident cases, consumer dispute, money suits, all cases involving criminal offences and all cases involving violation of fundamental rights as guaranteed by the Constitution of India.It also organizes Lok Adalat for settlement of pending as well as disputes, which have not been brought before any court thereby avoiding costs, delay, and ensuring speedy justice overcoming legal technicalities. It further conducts mediation and conciliation, spreads legal awareness among the public. It also provides free assistance in drafting, writing and assistance by legal practitioner.

mobiles launched its products in Nagaland on July 13 at Hotel Saramati, Dimapur. According to company representatives, Goinee Communication Equipment Company Ltd is currently third in 2G market shares and second in the GSM market. At present, the company sells more than twenty three million handsets in China. In Nagaland, Gionee mobile handsets are set to be distributed by Dhyani Mobile Point, whose owner Ujjawal Goel was also present at the launching event. It may be noted that Goinee Communication Equipment Company Ltd is also the exclusive sponsor for the Chinese National Gymnast team and winner of the China Charity Award, 2008. The event included Nagaland Post Editor, Geoffrey Yaden as the Chief Guest and Nokia distributor, Basu Damani as the Guest of honor. While stressing

Clueless Attention enthralls Kohima audience

speech expressed hope that Gionee biles would spark off a healthy commobiles would be a success in Naga- petition between rival brands.

Owner of Dhyani Mobile Point, Ujjawal Goel; Nokia distributor, Basu Damani, Nagaland Post Editor Geoffrey Yaden and other dignitaries at the launching event of Gionee mobiles in Dimapur on July 13.

DIMAPUR, JULY 14 (MExN): There will be an entrance test at NIIT Dimapur Centre on July 21 (Sunday) for graduates and college students to get admissions into “100% job-assured” post-graduate programme in Information Technology (PGPIT) & GNIIT, backed by mandatory internships. Nagaland youth can get a head start in life at the NIIT Cloud Campus where they can take the advantage of cloud learning enablers e.g. Cloud Classrooms, Cloud Courseware, anywhere lab, lesson on demand, online assessment, BuddyNet Learning etc., stated Head of NIIT Dimapur Centre Imsurenla Imchen in a press release. Various career options available are software development, software testing, networking & systems administration, business intelligence, finance and accounting etc., it added. Interested candidates may apply on or before July 20 or may call Subongwala at 03862-229145/ 9612171341. One can also visit NIIT Dimapur Centre, near SD Jain Girl’s College or log on to www.niitcloudcampus.com for more details.

IMPCC Nagaland Chapter meeting held

KohIMA, JULY 14 (DIPR): The Inter Media Publicity Coordination Committee (IMPCC) Nagaland Chapter held its monthly meeting on July 12 at All India Radio, Kohima. Representatives from different Departments pertaining to development and media attended the meeting. The programme began with welcome words conveyed by the Director and Chairman, IMPCC Nagaland, Dr. Engam Pame followed by self-introduction of new members and review of last meeting’s minutes. The most important agenda was handed over to the new chairman Er KK Rengma by the outgoing Chairman. Dr. Pame also briefed the IMPCC’s objectives to the new members. The house also selected “Peace Today, Prosperity Tomorrow” as the theme for the month of August in view of the World Peace Day falling in August. The house decided to hold the next meeting at DIPR on August 30, 2013 at 2 pm, where the vice-chairman will likely be elected.

LBCM Sales Day held successfully RC Kohima conducts social work

MoKoKchUNg, JULY 14 (MExN): Lotha Baptist Church, Mokokchung (LBCM) organized a ‘Sales Day’ on July 13, 2013 at Imlong Place, Mokokchung from 7:30 am onwards in aid of the forthcoming Golden Jubilee Celebration, December, 2013. A press note issued by E. Benrithung Patton, Convenor Finance Committee, Golden Jubilee, 2013 Lotha Baptist Church, Mokokchung stated that people started thronging in as early as 6:00 in the morning which ended late evening. Items available in plentiful were fresh vegetables and fruits, ready to serve Lotha cuisine such as dried meat with black sesame seeds, Lotha Machuhan (chutney), and fish from Doyang river. In the press note, LBCM also extended gratitude to all the individuals who had tirelessly contributed their energy, time and ideas in making the day a grand blessing. LBCM also thanked Elumyo village, Humtsoe village, Englan village and Doyang fish sellers in rendering help to the church in procuring their produce. “We especially thank the Elumyo Baptist Church for their freewill donation of vegetable and fruits,” stated LBCM in the note.

DSU organizes summer camp

KohIMA, JULY 14 (MExN): Lifepro café launched its second phase of the Music Task Force initiated live series, today at its café at Mohonkhola, kohima. The second phase saw Clueless Attention mesmerizing the sizable audience present with their alternative modern rock melodies. Clueless Attention already has five honours to their name - winner of the 2012 edition of Rock + , first runner-up in the same year during the National Hornbill Rock Contest, winner of Ransack 2012, first runner-up in Helloxia 2012 and the most recent being second runner-up in the Alcheringa Rock Fest 2013. It was formed on October 20, 2011, and has four members at present - Imti Jamir on vocals, Lima Mongro on the guitar, Sentilong Jamir as the drummer and Ayim Longchar on the keyboards. The band performed four of their originals and covers of Coldplay, Maroon 5 and the Script. This is the band's first full gig in Kohima leaving aside the two contests in which they participated. Life pro cafe which is primarily a musicians' hangout place is managed by Thejakielie Zuyie.

Continued from page 1

How deep has the RSBY penetrated Nagaland

In other words, it should be able to meet all the requirements of an ailing beneficiary. In Nagaland’s case, only private-run hospitals meet this criterion save Naga Hospital Authority, Kohima. The nodal officer responsible for implementing the RSBy in Nagaland, yanger Aier, Project Officer, Directorate of Labour, stated that the poor state of Nagaland’s medical sector has been a great hurdle. “Empanelment of Hospitals is one of the major concerns in RSBy. The scheme itself is a cashless scheme. By cashless it means the hospitals should be ready to provide free treatment... free medicine flow to the beneficiary, which means the concerned hospital should have its own pharmacy.” “Private hospitals have their own pharmacy thus problem of empanelment does not arise. However, government hospitals, except Naga Hospital, Kohima, in our state do not have in-house stock of medicines. In this situation if the government hospitals are empanelled and the beneficiaries keep buying the medicines from private pharmacies, the idea of cashless health insurance has no meaning,” he added. It explains why only Dimapur, Kohima, Mokokchung, Zunheboto, Wokha and Phek

DIMAPUR, JULY 14 (MExN): Dimasa Students Union (DSU) Dimapur Unit organized a one-day summer camp on July 13, 2013 at Bamunpukhuri-I GPS Complex with a theme “Learn & Shine”. The Camp included felicitation program for HSLC & HSSLC examination passed students, essay competition, and recitation competition. A press note by DSU general secretary, Jeckey Girisa informed that President of Dimasa Public Organisation, Nagaland Kumar Naben graced the occasion as chief guest. He encouraged and appreciated the union for organizing such programme during vacation, “where student can participate, learn and explore their talent,” the note stated. The students also presented choreography, skit and special numbers during the programme. Prizes were distributed to the winners of different competitions. Jeckey Girisa delivered the keynote address, while Robert Khemprai gave the statistical report of the union, and Difeola Khemprai, Treasure, DSU gave the vote of thanks.

have the luxury of empanelled hospitals. These are the districts where private-run hospitals have made inroads. Aier, however maintained that quantity should not be taken as the sole criterion to gauge the progress of the RSBy in Nagaland. In “RSBy, success is not measured by the number of empanelled hospitals but by the number of beneficiaries actually getting access to the assured benefits,” he said. The department is yet to document the number of beneficiaries who have benefited from the scheme so far. CIHSR, one of the three empanelled hospitals in Dimapur, have so far treated around 200 patients covered by the RSBy. The department is however working out a module to enlist more government hospitals in the scheme. Mokokchung, Tuensang and Mon district hospitals have shown interest and more are expected to join, Aier added. To deal with the problem of ‘empanelment of hospitals’ in the districts where there are no empanelled hospitals, the department is mulling over the idea of enlisting pharmacies as well. Furthermore, the empanelled hospitals in Nagaland have grievances too. Running with little or no government funding, the private hospitals enlisted under the RSBy rue that the insurance company takes a long time to reimburse, while the reimbursement often runs well below the expenses incurred by the hospital in treating a beneficiary, the hospital ultimately losing financially.

Kohima Rotarians and others clean up streets during the social work on July 13.

KohIMA, JULY 14 (MExN): The Rotary Club (RC) of Kohima in collaboration with the Ekenians conducted social work at the Rotary Club View Point and Safe Drinking Water Project in the heart of the Kohima on June 13, 2013. This is the second phase of RC Kohima’s “Keep Kohima Clean and Green” campaign, informed a press release is-

sued by Rosemary Dzuvichi, President RC Kohima. The first phase of planting trees in their own colonies and along highways in the capital by Kohima Rotarians completed in June, it added. The Club has expressed gratefulness to the Elkenians, Rotaract and other friends for their support and participation during the social work.

Garo rebels, security forces exchange fire in Meghalaya

ShILLoNg, JULY 14 (IANS): A fierce gun-battle broke out between Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) rebels and security forces Sunday in Meghalaya's South Garo Hills, police said. Two GNLA rebels were reportedly injured in the about an-hour-long exchange of fire at Agreng village, sparked off when security forces retaliated after coming under fire from hiding militants.

"The gunfight lasted for an hour and the rebels retreated back into the jungle after intensive firing from security forces," district police chief Davies R. Marak told IANS. Marak said that at least two rebels are believed to have been injured in the attack. "The search operation is still on to trace those injured rebels," he said. Three AK rifles magazines loaded with several rounds of live ammunition, and other several

rounds of live ammunition of .22, .32 and 9 mm, one grenade and incriminating documents besides four AK rifles replicas were recovered from the site. The GNLA, one of five Garo rebel groups fighting for a separate 'Garoland' in the western area of Meghalaya, is headed by police officer-turned-rogue Champion R. Sangma. Sangma is presently lodged in Shillong jail after he was

arrested from India-Bangladesh border last year. The GNLA, which has over 100 rebels, including a few women cadres, operating in East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills and South Garo Hills, has been declared a terrorist outfit. Over 40 people, including security personnel, have been killed while more than 10 people were abducted for ransom by GNLA rebels in the last three years.

Six North-Eastern States may log on to Net via Bangladesh

KoLKATA, JULY 14 (BL): The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) is planning to improve Internet connectivity in the NorthEastern states through the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. According to an internal note , DoT has asked Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) to examine the financial and technical viability of Internet connectivity to the North-East India via Cox’s Bazar region in Bangladesh. Connectivity would be through Chennai to the North-Eastern states via Cox’s Bazar. The proposed optical fibre network would be from Agartala to Cox’s Bazar to Chennai on submarine (deep sea) cable, the Ministry of Development of North-Eastern Region’s Web

site maintains. Geographical proximity of Cox’s Bazar with the six North-Eastern states (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Tripura) is one reason. Assam is considered as a separate circle in telecom parlance and is not included. The location of Bangladesh’s only submarine cable landing station at Cox’s Bazar (required for laying an optical fibre cable network) is also a key factor. Bangladesh is connected through the international Internet gateway or SEA-ME-WE 4 (South-East Asia – Middle East – Western Europe 4) cable system. The cable system, developed by 16 telecos, links Singapore, Ma-

laysia, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria and France. The current Internet link in the NorthEast is through the Dharmanagar (Tripura) – Shillong (Meghalaya) – Kolkata (West Bengal) route. This is a link that is often affected when natural calamities occur. BSNL, apart from Aizwal (Mizoram) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), has been able to provide Internet connectivity in the North-East through the otherwise circuitous ‘chicken’s neck region’ route. Connectivity has been provided through the hiring of “adequate bandwidth” from Power Grid Corporation Ltd.


6

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express MonDAy 15 July 2013 vol. vIII IssuE 192

Along Longkumer Consulting Editor

I

Preparing for New States

rrespective of the party in power, the Government of India at the Centre will have to find the best way possible to resolve the new found assertion across India for greater autonomy from people’s based groups. The list of those demanding Statehood is getting longer as time goes by, fuelled by socio-economic disparity, failure of development and political subjugation. Devolution of powers and creation of smaller states is going to be an issue that cannot be ignored anymore. And perhaps it is for this reason that some right thinking people have been suggesting for sometime on setting up another States Reorganization Commission so that better understanding and the way forward can be discussed for national consensus. India ought to be seen as a dynamic entity. It is like a living organism and one cannot suppress people’s aspiration to grow and develop. India’s strength can be the diversity of its different nationality, living peaceful and happy lives, yet appreciating the unity of India as one country. And this is the best way forward—to allow room for people’s aspiration to be fulfilled within the country of India. This column can well foresee the future where there is going to be emergence of more States giving strength and vitality to the Indian Union. More States does not necessarily mean the weakening of the country. The world’s oldest democracy the United States is home to around fifty States which comprise to make it into a powerful country. As a democracy, well respected for guarantee of rights and liberties to its people, it is only natural that India will have to take on board the demand for greater devolution of powers. While the creation of smaller states for administrative conveniences, economic viability etc. is a matter of both academic debate and political feasibility, the very nature of the Indian polity makes it inevitable. As such the setting of the second States Reorganization Commission is much needed in order to put in place sound principles and rules to guide the process. For this reason rather than treat the issue in an adhoc manner, the Congress should seriously reconsider the setting up of a Second Reorganization Committee to look into various aspects for creating new and smaller states. It is another matter that the Congress led UPA government at the Centre has failed to address this issue, especially Telangana despite ten years at the helm of affairs. In stark contrast, it is to the credit of the then BJP led NDA government under Atal Behari Vajpayee which brought into existence the new States of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand despite opposition. It was a smooth transition towards redrawing the territorial boundaries of States in North India. The problem with the Congress seems to be its failure to keep its word—it had on many occasion promised a Telangana state — to be carved out of Andhra Pradesh — but till date has never delivered. Similar is its promise to bring about a solution to the Naga issue, which remains unfulfilled. Hopefully both the Telangana and the Naga issue can be resolved within the present tenure of the Congress led UPA government. For now we will give the benefit of doubt to the Congress party but clearly its time is running out as also people’s patience. (Feedback can be send to consultingeditormex@gmail.com)

lEfT wiNg |

David Cortright Source: Sojourners

Seeking Nonviolent Solutions in Syria

P

IN-FOCUS

RESSURE IS BUILDING for the United States to become militarily involved in the Syrian civil war. The result would be further bloodshed and destruction for the people of Syria, the worsening of an already grave regional security crisis, and U.S. involvement in another Middle East war. The Obama administration has apparently decided to provide arms to the rebels. Sen. John McCain and others in Congress are calling for a no-fly zone and air strikes against Syrian government targets. The increased hard line comes in response to allegations that Syrian government forces have used chemical weapons, crossing the “red line” President Obama warned against—although reports have surfaced that rebel forces also may have used chemical weapons. Concerns about the use of chemical weapons are serious, but they are not a justification for military action that could drag U.S. forces into the deadly civil conflict. Bombing strikes would not be sufficient to neutralize Syria’s vast arsenal of chemical weapons, and they could cause chemical explosions that would release the deadly toxins we seek to contain. For a military operation to achieve results, it would have to be a large-scale undertaking. Creating a humanitarian safe zone or attempting to impose a no-fly zone would require a major commitment of allied forces and would lead to serious military confrontation with hostile Syrian forces. Arming the Syrian rebels would not address the problem of chemical weapons and would increase the intensity Working with the of an already savage war that killed more than 70,000 U.N. for a negotiated has people and driven millions settlement has a from their homes. Providing weapons to the rebels means greater chance of giving military support to insuccess than military surgent forces that include substantial al Qaeda-related involvement factions. The administration claims that arms aid would only go to so-called moderate elements, but controlling how weapons are actually used is impossible in the midst of large-scale war. If the jihadist groups in Syria are the toughest fighters, as many reports suggest, they are likely to gain control of any weapons the U.S. sends. The U.S. could end up arming al Qaeda. Instead of sending arms and considering greater military involvement, the administration should launch a major diplomatic initiative through the U.N. to address the claims of possible chemical weapons use and to seek a negotiated end to the war. If evidence of Syrian government use of chemical weapons is confirmed, the administration should work with key allies and members of the Security Council to apply pressure on the regime, perhaps leading to the adoption of targeted sanctions directed at those responsible for the command and control of these weapons. If Russia and China can be persuaded to support such measures, this would be a major diplomatic setback for Syria and would significantly isolate and weaken the Assad regime. The administration should also work with Russia, Iran, and other states to seek a negotiated settlement to the conflict. Moscow and Tehran have supported the Assad regime, which makes their support crucial to the chances for reaching a diplomatic agreement. Russia has called for direct talks between the rebels and the Syrian regime, which the rebels have rejected. The United States should use its leverage to pressure the opposition to participate in talks that can lead to a compromise solution and hopefully the creation of a new, more inclusive Syrian government. After more than two years of war, the rebels have not been able to defeat Syrian government forces. In recent weeks they have lost ground militarily. Victory for the rebels seems highly unlikely, even if they receive additional military aid. Instead of adding to the carnage, the United States should use its leverage to try to bring an end to the slaughter.

C O M M E N T A R Y

THE EDIT PAGE

Bertil Lintner Source: Foreign Policy

The Military's Still in Charge

Why reform in Burma is only skin-deep

S

ince ex-general Thein Sein assumed the presidency in March 2011, foreign observers have generally appeared optimistic that Burma is on its way toward some kind of liberal democracy. The only snag seems to be the ongoing conflict with ethnic rebels in Kachin, Burma's northernmost state, which has been explained as local commanders acting with "an unusual degree of autonomy." Either that, or people question the president's ability to control the military during the country's democratic reform. Some foreign analysts have argued, however, that the outside world needs to support Thein Sein's "reformist" government against so-called "military hardliners." According to this narrative, neither Thein Sein nor the military are held responsible for the brutal suppression of the Kachins, which has not come to an end despite a tentative peace agreement reached in the state capital of Myitkyina in May 2013. In fact, the two sides only agreed to undertake efforts to achieve "de-escalation and cessation of hostilities" and "to hold a political dialogue." No firm commitments were made concerning when and where such talks would take place. This decades-long civil war reached its height in January 2013 with the inclusion of massive artillery barrages supported by airstrikes from helicopter gunships and fighter jets. It defies logic that such a large-scale offensive could have been launched by some local commanders or, as the Washingtonbased Center for Strategic and International Studies claims, that "a minority of the military" is acting "as a spoiler" to the democratization process. This assessment reflects a lack of understanding of the Burmese military's command structure as well as of its relationship with Thein Sein's government. It is too often forgotten that Thein Sein came to power through the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), the name for Burma's military regime. The SPDC seized power in 1988 and was officially dissolved in March 2011 when Thein Sein assumed the presidency. Thein Sein was heavily involved with the junta government. His positions included general of the Burmese army, first secretary of SPDC, and later prime minister (a position he held up until he became president). At no stage in his career did Thein Sein display any political independence or initiative. He was a loyal soldier, hand-picked by then-SPDC chairman and prime minister, Than Shwe. Thein Sein always said and did what he was told. For instance, in the summer of 2010, while serving as prime minister, Thein Sein received a delegation from North Korea. He was quoted praising the military advancements of the Korean people under Kim Jong Il and advocating the strengthening of the countries' friendship. In those days, Burma was not shy to admit its friendly relations with North Korea. The cooperation continues today, only in secret. A Burmese businessman who recently met Thein Sein in private described him as "indecisive, just repeating what's been said in official announcements, saying what he has been told to say." So, who is telling Thein Sein what to say? According to sources familiar with high-level Burmese military thinking, Thein Sein was selected because he had "no ambitions" and would not pose a threat to Than Shwe, who slipped from public view into supposed retirement. In June 2010, Than Shwe picked his trusted colleague, Min Aung Hlaing, to become head of the armed forces. Min Aung Hlaing was another soldier who could be trusted not to turn against his former mentor; he, too, is not known for being an independent thinker. Both President Thein Sein and Senior General Min Aung Hlaing owe their positions to Than Shwe. Than Shwe remains a powerful player behind the scenes and, according to military insiders, still has the final say in matters concerning security. Burma's power structure with the military at its apex has not changed. It would therefore be incorrect to talk about a transitioning political system. It is more important now than ever to understand what is really happening in Burma and how change may or may not come about. The country's constitution was drafted by a military-appointed body and was adopted after a rigged referendum in May 2008. The referendum was held when Cyclone Nargis hit the country, which caused widespread destruction in parts of the country near the coast. Officially, 92.48 percent of eligible voters voted in favor of the new constitution, which came into effect after a general election in November 2010. That election was also blatantly rigged and thoroughly fraudulent. Even the regime's own announcements demonstrated this. State-run media had to correct previous reports that stated that 102.09 percent of Pegu Division had turned out to vote. The correct figure, the announcement said, should have been 99.57 percent. Likewise, in a township in western Rakhine State, 104.28 percent of the electorate were said to have voted; that number was later adjusted to 71.74 percent. The Irrawaddy (a Thailand-based newsmagazine

run by Burmese exiles) quoted a Rangoon businessman as saying that the military's Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) "won in two constituencies where the elections had been cancelled in Kachin State -- the USDP not only won across the country, but also in areas where the elections were not held." A wellplaced source in Rangoon said that he and many of his friends had voted for one of the pro-democracy parties that took part in the election. Its win in their township was confirmed when the local votes were counted. But then, a number of "advance votes" were dumped into the constituency, reversing the initial result. Similar cases of fraud were reported all over the country. The USDP is the successor to the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA), which was set up by the junta government in September 1993. Among USDA membership were Than Shwe and Thein Sein. The association, which claimed to have 24 million members, became a party in March 2010, with Thein Sein as its leader, in order to take part in the November 2010 elections. It secured a solid majority in both houses of the new bicameral parliament. Even of the seats it did not win, a quarter of all seats in both houses are directly appointed by the military and selected from serving military officers. With a new constitution in place, and a parliament it could control, Burma's ruling military elite felt that it could embark on a reform program to enhance its severely tarnished international reputation. It hoped to improve relations with the West in order to counterbalance its heavy dependence on China, which, according to internal documents from the Burmese army made available to me, was causing "a national crisis." Thus opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was released from house arrest shortly after the election, hundreds of political prisoners were set free, and the media was allowed to operate amazingly freely after decades of rigid censorship. In April 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi's party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), took part in a by-election to fill seats left vacant after USDP delegates were appointed ministers and deputy ministers. According to the new constitution, cabinet members cannot both sit in the Parliament and be members of a political party. The NLD won 43 of the 44 seats the party contested. Aung San Suu Kyi became a member of parliament -but her party is in control of only 7 percent of all seats. Critics say her performance, and that of the NLD, has been entirely disappointing. They have not acted as an opposition, questioning official policies and presenting alternatives. Instead, they have trudged after the government, asked a few questions but offered nothing new. Khun Htun Oo, a prominent leader of the Shan people, one of Burma's many ethnic minorities, said that Aung San Suu Kyi had been "neutralized" by the government, and as such, "can no longer speak for the people." Her silence over the war in Kachin has caused not only criticism but also widespread condemnation, especially from Kachin community groups who feel betrayed. To the satisfaction of Burma's rulers, Aung San Suu Kyi has morphed from a once fiery opposition leader into an avid supporter of their new order. In her most recent praise for the military, speaking at the East-West Center in Honolulu in January 2013, Aung San Suu Kyi said: "I've often been criticized for saying that I'm fond of the Burmese Army, but I can't help it, it's the truth." Such statements have been widely perceived as insensitive and have cost Aung San Suu Kyi support among Burma's ethnic minorities, many of which looked to her for inspiration during the darkest days of military rule. As Aung San Suu Kyi spoke in Hawaii, thousands of Kachins, mostly women and children, were hunkered down in newly dug bunkers near the Kachin rebel headquarters while the army and air force ramped up their indiscriminate bombardment. There is actually little Aung San Suu Kyi can do about the dominant role of the military. The first chapter of the 2008 constitution states that the "Defense Services" shall "be able to participate in the national political leadership role of the State." And it does so by holding 25 percent of all seats in the national parliament. The charter lays out complicated rules for constitutional amendments, which effectively give the military veto power over any proposed changes to the present power structure. Minor constitutional changes may be considered by if 20 percent of MPs submit a bill. However, a tangle of 104 clauses mean that major charter changes cannot be made without the prior approval of more than 75 percent of all MPs, after which a nationwide referendum must be held where more than half of all eligible voters cast ballots. This complicated procedure, coupled with Burma's record of holding bogus referendums (the first, held for the 1974 constitution was as lacking in credibility as the one held in 2008) make it virtually impossible to change those clauses. This legally perpetuates the military's indirect hold on power. As for the MPs-to-be, constitutional safeguards are already in place to make sure they don't cause any trouble after they are elected. Article 396 of the new constitution ensures that the Union Election Commission (which is indirectly controlled by the military through personal contacts and) can be dismissed for "misbehavior." And, if the "democratic" situation gets really out of hand, Article 413 gives the president the right,

"if necessary," to hand over executive as well as judicial powers to the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. It gets even trickier at the local level: Burma's seven regions and seven states all have their own assemblies. There, one-third of all elected seats are reserved for the military, and local assemblies are subjected to perhaps the most curious of clauses in the 2008 Constitution. Number 183 reads: "The resolutions and proceedings of the Region and State Hluttaw [assemblies] shall not be annulled, notwithstanding the acts of some person who was not entitled to do so sat or voted or took part in the proceedings are later discovered." In simple language, a group of imposters could enter the local assemblies, sit there, and vote, and nothing can be done about it, even if they were not elected. The purpose of the clause is to prevent local assemblies from passing decisions and regulations that would give them more rights and jeopardize the centralized structure of the state. Through the clause, these efforts can be thwarted by blocking elected local assemblypersons from voting and instead sending in "some persons" to vote in their place. A Burmese lawyer argues that the new setup is based on Than Shwe's calculations. Previous Burmese dictators made the mistake of handing off power and not maintaining a proper legacy. When he stepped aside in 2010, Than Shwe took a different path in order to protect himself and his children and grandchildren. He created four centers of power: the military, the central government, the de facto ruling USDP, and parliament. Parliament is the only center of power in which some token opposition is tolerated. Of those four power centers, the military remains the most important. Apart from its special powers, it also controls the National Defense and Security Council, which acts above the government. Thein Sein may be its chairman, but that is irrelevant. Five of its 11 members are serving military officers and another five are former officers. Only one is an actual civilian. The military is not under Thein Sein's command, but under that of Min Aung Hlaing who, in turn, reports to his mentor Than Shwe. What Burma has today is a military government and power structure with a quasi-civilian facade. Opposition parties and freedom of expression are tolerated within the confines of what the military can manage and control. It is highly unlikely that the military would allow the NLD to assume power even if it wins in the 2015 elections. It may, however, be able to appoint some ministers in the government. But, according to the constitution, these ministers and deputy ministers would have to resign from their parliamentary posts and even their respective political parties once assuming cabinet posts. The NLD will thus be "tamed" and become part of the established order. The pervasive reach of the military doesn't just extend to the formal branches of power. It has its hands in Burma's supposedly "freed" society as well. The media may be freer than ever before under military rule, but more sophisticated methods have replaced old censorship rules. In January and February, the website of the Eleven Media group, the country's largest privatelyowned publishing company, was hacked and pictures and other material were deleted. Eleven Media was the first domestic news group to report objectively about the war in Kachin State. One of its journalists, who traveled to the war zone in Kachin, was kept under visible surveillance, a method frequently used to intimidate people. The email accounts of several journalists, both Burmese and foreign, have been hacked by the military. Burma's dreaded secret police, known among the public as "M.I." or "Military Intelligence," is alive and well. And Burma's most draconian press law, the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Law, which was introduced after the first military takeover, has not been revoked. Though the 1962 law is not currently being enforced, in May 2013 the Committee to Protect Journalists published a report that states that the media environment in the country remains repressive despite recent liberalizations. In June, Time magazine was banned for carrying a story about a controversial Buddhist monk, U Wirathu, whose sermons allegedly encouraged mobs to attack the country's Muslim minority. At the same time, the military has retained its powerful position in the economy and economic development through its two vast holding companies, the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings (UMEH) and the Myanmar Economic Corporation (MEC). UMEH, founded in 1990, is run by the Burmese military. The Directorate of Defense Procurement, the body that oversees Burma's purchases of military equipment from abroad, owns 40 percent of the shares while active and veteran military personnel control the remaining 60 percent. According to a Reuters special report, UMEH "enjoys unrivaled access to import permits and monopolies." And according to Sean Turnell, an expert on the Burmese economy at Australia's Macquaire University, "for years, ex-dictator Than Shwe controlled the profits." MEC was founded in 1997 and is a far more secretive organization operated under the Directorate of Defense Procurement with interests in heavy industries and IT ventures. While this new system suits Than Shwe and his immediate underlings, it may not work in the long run, and it is in this context that future conflicts could emerge. The man to watch is ex-General Thura Shwe Mann, number three in the former SPDC and now parliamentary speaker. He has reportedly forged an informal alliance with Aung San Suu Kyi against Than Shwe, but that may be a temporary arrangement as sources who are familiar with the process say that he will dump her when she is no longer needed to boost his popularity. On the other hand, military insiders assert that Shwe Mann is not popular with the regional commanders. He is seen as "too ambitious" and could pose a threat to the established order. Shwe Mann may or may not succeed, but there will be more conflicts and power struggles within the ruling military elite. It is there -- and not in the parliament or even the government -- that the future of Burma lies. Than Shwe has just turned 80 and is reportedly not in good health. It remains to be seen if the power structure he has created will survive him. Optimists argue that the passing of Than Shwe could herald in a new, even more open era in which the military may even fade into the background. Skeptics, however, remember that foreign observers and Burmese alike used to say the same thing about the old strongman Ne Win -- and that the military has managed to remain in power in one shape or another. The only thing that is clear is that despite all the hype, Burma's "reform program" is only skin-deep and designed to preserve the military's grip on power, not undermine it.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The Morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: morung@gmail.com All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender.

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


7

Monday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

15 July 2013

PERSPECTIVE NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

A changing world and a Guided Home to Port: Assata Shakur, lost opportunity for India State Terror, and Black Resistance Connie Wun, The Feminist Wire Domestic Terror On May 2, 2013, the FBI placed Assata Shakur on its Most Wanted Terrorist list and, with the help of the New Jersey state police, has increased its reward to $2 million for information leading to her arrest. According to the FBI’s website, individuals placed on the list “remain wanted in connection with their alleged crimes until such time as the charges are dropped or when credible physical evidence is obtained, which proves with 100% accuracy, that they are deceased.” The renewed public commitment to apprehend Assata Shakur and at this scale has a number of egregious effects and implications. Scholars and activists have explored the ideological and political motivations behind this renewed attention towards Assata. For instance, professor and lawyer Lennox Hinds argued in his interview with Democracy Now! that this categorization comes on the heels of the country’s devastating experience with the Boston bombing. As the country scrambles to address fears around the nation’s security induced by the Boston calamity, it is an opportune moment for the FBI to recharge its campaign to find Assata Shakur–a Black radical woman deemed a “domestic terrorist” since 1973, a period before the lexicon of terrorism entered into today’s everyday language. According to the FBI’s updated website, the alleged murder of New Jersey State Trooper Werner Foerster (the crime with which Assata was charged) “was always considered an act of domestic terrorism.” While it is still unclear which part of the Trooper’s death qualifies as terrorism– how he died, the context of his death (that is, that members of the Black Liberation Army were accused of killing him), or that the woman charged with his death, Assata Shakur, escaped from prison– the fact remains that Assata has recently been placed on the United States’ Most Wanted Terrorist List. As well, the facts indicate though she was charged with the murder of the state trooper, she did not commit the “crime.”

ies have always been under surveillance and that contemporary forms of surveillance can be traced to transatlantic slavery. Browne notes that different modes of surveillance were used for racial and social domination, but were also motivated by fears over slave revolts and uprisings. The effects of current forms of anti-Black surveillance frightfully extend beyond invasion of privacy rights or civil rights. Instead, privacy rights and civil rights are increasingly becoming luxuries afforded to few in the United States and not to poor Black people. According to the Malcolm X Grassroots Movement study “Operation Ghetto Storm,” in 2012, 313 African-Americans were killed by either a police officer, security guard, or self-appointed vigilante. Most claimed or justified the extrajudicial deaths under the premise that they “felt threatened,” “feared for their life,” or “were forced to shoot to protect themselves or others.” Their sense of security and safety were purportedly at risk. In the end, most were never convicted of murder, their suspicions were legitimized and authorized by the state, and their victims were never officially recognized as that– victims. On the contrary, dominant fantasies about blackness as dangerous and criminal are translated into legitimized enclosures and suspicions about Black life, subsequently authorizing anti-Black death. This type of surveillance is also what enables a $2 million reward for the apprehension of a Black woman for something she did not do. In an older letter written to Pope John Paul II, Assata writes, “At this point, I think that it is important to make one thing very clear. I have advocated and still advocate revolutionary changes in the structure and in the principles that govern the U.S. I advocate an end to capitalist exploitation, the abolition of racist policies, the eradication of sexism, and the elimination of political repression. If that is a crime, then I am totally guilty.”

members of the anti-Vietnam War movement, the American Indian Movement, women’s movement, Communist Party, the Chicana/o movement, and Black activists including Harry Belafonte, Fred Hampton, and Dr. Martin Luther King. Throughout her autobiography, Assata: An Autobiography, Assata details her own experiences with COINTELPRO. As a Black radical woman who criticized and resisted various forms of state violence including those against Black people in the United States and the war in Vietnam, she was falsely accused of several crimes. Each case ended in dismissal or acquittal based upon lack (or clear fabrication) of evidence. The only exception, despite its own lack and fabrication of evidence, was the one involving the shooting death of Trooper Foerster. In 1971, after documents were publicly revealed about COINTELPRO and its illegal practices, the program was purportedly dismantled. Responding to Terror On May 2, 2013, the FBI deputized everyDecades later, however, evidence suggests that one to search, seize, and apprehend Assata COINTELPRO the surveillance practices, or at least iterations Shakur—dead or alive—for a crime she did not Ideally, it should register in everyone’s in- of the program, continue to exist. commit. The political move to identify Assata as stinct that corralling the world to search for a Scales of Everyday Surveillance a domestic terrorist is more than a rhetorical 65 year-old woman based upon a case that took The most recent version to come under pub- strategy or an upgrade on the hierarchy of most place 40 years ago would seem a bit excessive lic scrutiny is National Security Administration’s wanted fugitives. It has placed the entire world or unreasonable. Even more confusing and disPrism and Boundless Informant surveillance pro- on alert for her– the widest form of surveillance concerting should be the actual facts of the case. grams. According to former CIA employee and possible, one that bears death as a consequence. According to Hinds, “[the] allegation that [Aswhistleblower Edward Snowden, “even if you’re Categorizing her as one of the country’s “Most sata] was a cold-blooded killer is not supported not doing anything wrong, you’re being watched Wanted Terrorists” also obscures the illegal hisby any of the forensic evidence. If we look at the and recorded…you don’t have to have done any- tory of COINTELPRO and effectively extends trial, we’ll find that she was victimized, she was thing wrong,…[they will]…derive suspicion.” its project to neutralize political movements shot. She was shot in the back.” While it is extremely important to pay atten- through tactics such as criminalization, false That there is no forensic evidence that Assation to how the state has created and legitimized charges, and ultimately the deaths of anti-state ta shot and killed Foerster seems to matter little its culture of surveillance, the heightened atten- political activists, namely Black radicals. In her to the general public and its mass media, and tion to these surveillance programs eclipses the interview with Democracy Now!, Angela Davis even less to the FBI. Unfortunately, this is unreality that there are different registers of sur- stated that this was “a vendetta.” Indeed, the surprising, particularly because throughout the veillance. That is, while everyone may be living United States has long had a vendetta against United States’ history, criminalizing and punishunder constant surveillance, there are scales anti-state violence activists, Black resistance in ing political dissidents of color and their allies and degrees of surveillance, which are accom- particular and people at large—all under the has been a part of the country’s domestic policy. panied by different sets of vulnerabilities. For pretense of security and safety. In fact, the renewed campaign to capture Assome communities of color, this vulnerability While it is important to examine the ways sata not only obscures the role that the counmanifests not only in the fact that these surveil- that the United States has designed its surveilterintelligence program (COINTELPRO) may lance programs invade their privacy, but also lance state, even more attention needs to be paid have had in the events leading to her arrest, the in the ways that surveillance is often coupled to the scales of surveillance and how lives are trooper’s death, or her trial, but it also legitimizwith other egregious policing mechanisms that not only being monitored in the virtual world, es, if not extends, the program. threaten their civic and civil rights. but are also subject to real, concrete forms of Initiated by FBI director, J. Edgar Hoover, death and dying. In her autobiography, Assata COINTELPRO was a program created in 1956 de- Anti-Black State Terror signed to discredit and neutralize political organiThe failure to connect these “new” forms of wrote, “The basis for any struggle is people comzations and individuals deemed threats to the se- surveillance to the history of COINTELPRO ob- ing together to fight against a common enemy” curity of the nation. Practices included infiltration scures, if not enables, another register of surveil- (201). It is time, yet again, for the struggle to exof political groups, systematic surveillance, illegal lance that enables state-sanctioned deaths. Reach- amine who its enemy is, who is included in this searches, fabricated criminal charges, and the or- ing even further back into history, sociologist struggle, what the enemy has done, if the people chestration of the deaths of numerous leftist activ- Simone Browne aptly argues in an article entitled care, how to believe in living as Assata did, and ists. Those subjected to COINTELPRO included Black Luminosity and Surveillance that Black bod- how to fight for her life.

The Morung Express

I

Rajiv dogra Source: IANS

nternational behaviour is no longer predictable. Take for instance America; once it was the land of the free. For close to a hundred years its torch beckoned the needy and the persecuted to its welcoming fold. Remember the East-West era and its plate full of acrimonies? All that sounds so distant, even unnecessary, now. After all, the same West, with all its vanities, is cohabiting with an officially commie China. But from the 1950s up to the late 1980s, the East was the villain; its ideology flawed and its regimes evil. Therefore, its people had to be saved. The greatest attraction pulling people towards the West was the possibility to live life as they chose. In the East, they had to look over their shoulders all the time; the big brother was omnipresent and ever watchful. The West was the Promised Land and defections were a one-way street. People didn't flee the West to settle in communist-controlled spaces. Since then, the world has changed. East and West are no longer two separate blocs. They may not be equally prosperous; there may still not be all the freedom one might want in Eastern Europe. But people no longer defect. They migrate. Defections, when they happen, take place differently now. What seemed unthinkable once is happening. Today, people leave the West to defend freedoms - of information! It started with Julian Assange and his Wikileaks. People were curious about the information that he felt must be brought out in public domain, but the interest was limited to the specialist. The world got truly excited when Bradley Manning transferred thousands of State Department communications to Wikileaks. There was a virtual electronic mine for people to trawl through. For once, the governments of the world were exposed to unlimited public scrutiny. Manning was caught and is imprisoned in the US. But Assange stayed one step ahead and managed to get diplomatic asylum in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. It is remarkable that one of the smallest countries in the world, and a country which is not really the greatest defender of the freedom of expression, decided to stand up to the mightiest power in the world. They were both sensational cases. But had it been limited to these two, the world would have forgotten about them as aberrations and temporary diversions. In fact the world was settling down to dull routine when the case of Edward Snowden happened. It is explosive, to say the least. It is also amazingly complex in its ramifications as people's privacy is being violated with impunity. To give an idea of its scale: If Manning's disclosures were about classified documents, Snowden's are about the Top Secret. No wonder the American establishment has hit the panic button. There are two interesting aspects here. First, a country that prided in guaranteeing the freedom of expression is now recording and analysing every spoken and written word, not just of its citizens but that of people world-wide. It is also indulging in intrusive surveillance against other countries. America's domestic laws might protect its people, but is there an international law that protects the non-American citizens? Ironically, America once gave refuge to East Europeans because the Big Brother there was watching their every move. Now that America is itself the Big Brother, where should the citizens of the world escape to? The second dimension of this issue is the reverse flow. From attracting conscientious objectors America is now emitting them to other countries. There is one difference, though. The pull for the citizens of East Europe to the West was for ideological and economic reasons. The reverse flow, a miniscule trickle yet, from the US is for ideological reasons. The fact is that the world is changing. However, the US finds it difficult to adjust to this new reality. It wants to hold on to its privileged domineering position; and it wants the global enterprise to continue to function in a manner that ensures America's primacy. Since the world is still in awe of its presumed power, and as China wants to enjoy the privileges without assuming responsibilities, the US may continue to dominate the world and its affairs for some time. But events like that of Snowden point to a slide and a dent in its image. A reduced America will eventually have to concede and share power with others. China is certainly going to figure prominently in that list of others. It is already America's equal in many respects; in fact the world has got used to calling the meetings between the leaders of the two countries as G-2. But to be a truly great power, China will have to show the ability to stand up to America. By asking Snowden to leave Hongkong, it hasn't shown that will. In fact, future defectors will consider the fate of Snowden before choosing either China or Russia as their destination. India was quick to show the red flag to Snowden over his request for asylum. This was obviously in deference to the US. But did the US show the same consideration to our concerns when RAW officer Rabinder Singh was whisked away by the CIA to America? After all, he had passed on our national secrets. Nor has the US been particularly helpful to Indian requests concerning David Coleman Headley (who reconnoitered Mumbai ahead of the 26/11 attack). How would Jawaharlal Nehru or Indira Gandhi have reacted in a similar situation, when the chips are down domestically but there is an opportunity on the global stage? It is true that the Nehruvian postures of anti-colonialism, anti-racism and non-alignment were so many negatives designed to blunt the prevailing negatives. But they caught the international imagination and got India a special place in the hearts of the people of the developing world. It got India the moral leadership at least. Indira Gandhi used her tirades against the CIA as a domestic political opportunity and to put the US on the back-foot. What are we doing now to protect our citizen's privacy and to promote our case in that list of others? There is no discernible game plan yet, but one thing is clear: Nations that aim for greatness do not look over their shoulders all the time.

POll RESulTS

Is there freedom of speech and expressIon In naga socIety? 64%

lic are not understood Some of those who voted at all by the rich and YES had this to say: powerful men in our so• The Naga situation is pathetic and depressing. Our so-called leaders may not listen to ciety. our pleas, but at least every Naga citizen has • No, Because peoples the right to speak out his mind and to express voice are not heard. • nagas are under constiwhat he feels. • Yes, everyone is just putting up their opinions tution of India. we used Indian money. powerful all the time, somehow. are enjoying it. even so • Yes. There is. Proof is, so many NGOs and individuals raise their voice and concern when called national workers are enjoying with the anything goes wrong in our society. same rupee, howev• Yes, there should be freedom of speech, basing on facts but not twisted in an intention to er nobody care about what is going with our spark unnecessary controversy. • Yessss..... but that depends on which topic society, if you speak the truth the powerful one decides to speak out. • Yes, in 21st century no one can stop us from will used overground and underground to ilgiving our views and thoughts, most imporluminate you and there tantly people will listen, only if we have the calis no law or constitution iber to speak to protect you. we have to pray only for God's Some of those who voted no had this to say: justice. • No. Freedom of speech is not only expressing ourselves in public but having the as- • NO, Because of the surance in our hearts that we will not be various factional parterrorized by anybody for expressing our ties and the corrupt rights. We Nagas live in a land dominated leaders and its system by people who makes sure that Actions has paralysed our right YES no of freedom of speech. don’t follow Speech. So it’s a NO. • In Naga society, only the rich and powerful • Theoretically freedom have the freedom of speech and expression. of speech and expression exist but realistically No. Even a small wisp of whisper is supThis freedom is no longer a right for the ordipressed..(by you know who, the voldermorts nary Nagas. The freedom of speech and expression has become a luxury and this is the of the society). reason why the problems of the common pub- • No, there is no freedom of speech and expres-

22%

sion in Naga society because freedom means that others do not interfere in our affairs. We do not want to be dictated by others. However, sadly, in Nagaland there is no concern about the importance of this freedom as certain people in the society who hold special privileges does not apply to the common people. Freedom of speech and expression in our society are sometimes like misuse and meant only for the wannabe Naga aristocrat. • Yes but in reality NO... the truth is always bitter for the Nagas. • No, because if we practice. There will be an opposition. and then paper fight occurs • What freedom of speech and expression are we talking about? OTHERS Today only the politician, bureaucrat, top business man, contractor and the national worker is speaking. And unfortunately, they are all speaking out for their own interest and not for the interest of the Naga people. So with such kind of selfish attitude, it is not possible for the

14%

freedom of speech and expression to thrive. Some of those who voted OTHERS had this to say: • Food for thought..freedom of speech is a must.. for any open/developed society...which in our context would mean the freedom to criticized any institution is public in nature...like churches, over ground, inner ground or underground , tribal bodies, Ngos... political parties. Can we criticized or express our opinion against any/ most of these institution????? I guess this can be the barometer to gauge freedom of expression in nagaland..... • Fear & sense of insecurity as the entire crust of our Fundamental Rights are politically curtailed.(Manipulation from unwanted sources & elements) • Even the media(the third estate) have very little freedom...what can you expect from general public. • I wish the Naga church and church leaders were more courageous. They should be the ones leading the way and encouraging the people to speak out their minds, but sadly, their silence is very discouraging and is not helping the common man at all. • It is both Yes and No. It is Yes, because when we see some of the kind of things that are published in the local newspaper, it is just so pleasantly shocking because no where will such materials be published. In fact a lot of writers who give articles in the newspapers are really taking their freedom of speech to a great extent. At the same time it is No, because for majority of the people they are unable to really express their views.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Monday 15 July 2013

The Morung Express

‘Food Security Bill will not help put food on people’s plates’ Narendra Modi

Pune, July 14 (PTI): Taking a dig at UPA government’s ambitious food security programme, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi today said the Centre was under the impression that merely bringing in the Bill would lead to food reaching the needy. ”The government in Delhi thinks that just by bringing in the Food Security Bill, there will be food on your plate,” Bharatiya Janata Party’s election campaign chief told students of Pune’s Fergusson College. Modi said, “There is a sense of despondency in the country today.” He stressed that there was a need to modernise India without westernising it. “There is a need to nurture talent for nation building,” Modi said, peppering his address with achievements made by the Gujarat government in education and other sectors. Modi, who once again found himself in the eye of a storm over his recent “puppy” remarks in an interview to a news agency, interacted with students of Fergusson College where he had gone to inaugurate an amphitheater. Underlining that education plays a crucial role in a nation’s development, Modi said, “If we want to have a good education system, we should create good teachers, which has not been a priority.” Stating that “there is a big difference between ‘others’ and us”, Modi said, “Other people are interested in power. We give priority to empowerment. They want power, we want to empower every citizen of this country.” ”I don’t want to make any political statements here, but have the expectations from the system been fulfilled?” Modi asked. ”After Independence, had we opted for modern education, we could have done a lot in these 60 years,” he said. There is an atmosphere of “nirasha” (despondency) in the country today “(but) I don’t endorse this view,” Modi said. ”It is essential that we get out of this view,” he stressed. “Over 65 per cent of our population is below 35 years of age. This tremendous youth power can be of use if there is someone to do the job,” he said. Contrasting the Indian and US education systems, Modi said that in the US system, ways are found to nurture a person’s creativity.

Mayawati justifies castebased rallies, demands ban on RSS and VHP

luCKnOw, July 14 (AgenCIeS): Justifying caste-based rallies organized by her party, BSP chief Mayawati on Sunday said the courts should instead ban religion-based organizations like Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bajrang Dal and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which claim that they are not political but in reality control parties like BJP through remote control. “These organizations also decide prime ministerial candidate and policies of the BJP,” she told reporters. Such religion-based politics is threat to national unity, she said. Mayawati warned her party MP Vijay Bahadur Singh for supporting Gujarat chief minister and BJP campaign committee chairperson Narendra Modi for latter’s ‘puppy remark’ related to the 2002 riots. She said that Singh gave statement in his personal capacity and party has nothing to do with it. She said Vijay Bahadur Singh had defied party line because BSP has decided not to give him ticket for the next Lok Sabha election. Mayawati said she will expel Singh from the party, if he continued to act and speak against the party line. The BSP chief described Modi’s remark as insensitive and communal. Mayawati had earlier said that Modi is not fit to become the prime minister. Reacting to the high court’s stay on caste-based rallies, Mayawati said rallies organized by her party are aimed at uniting people of all sections of the society and not for political gains. She said that the BSP will continue to organize rallies to promote brotherhood among all castes and communities. However, we will keep in mind that such rallies do not appear to be casteist, the former UP chief minister said. Mayawati claimed that teachings of saints like Narayana Guru were the guiding principle for her party. Mayawati also said she did not agree with Supreme Court’s decision banning those in jail from contesting elections. She said such a provision could be misused by the ruling party in a state and at the Centre. Demanding President’s rule in UP, Mayawati said poor law and order was adversely affecting development in the state. The BSP chief alleged that the SP government was neck-deep in corruption. Mayawati said when she was in power she did not hesitate in sacking ministers. However, the SP has inducted family members of Babu Singh Kushwaha, minister in BSP regime, whom she had expelled after his name figured in NRHM scam, she said.

Modi also spoke of the old gurukul system in India and how people from all over the world came to study at Indian education hubs like Nalanda. “Earlier, education was a man-making mission. Now, it has become a money making mission. Was this our tradition?” he asked. ”Even when our country was in slavery, our great leaders thought of the education system. Could we not do anything after Independence?” he said. “We want modernisation, not westernisation,” he said. Modi cited the example of South Korea and lauded the strides made by that country. “South Korea also gained independence at the same time. It is the size of Gujarat. Now, in this short span, it is among the developed nations. Such a small country hosts Olympics. Through sports, it has established a position in the world,” he said. ”But in this country of 120 crore people, we auctioned the country in the Commonwealth Games. The CWG scam tarnished the image of the country. Is this the direction where we want to take the country?” he asked. “When the government brings down the prestige of the country, then it becomes a matter of concern,” he said. “During Olympics, people often say that despite its huge size, we don’t get medals. Have we linked sports with our education system,” he said. ”If newly-recruited army jawans are given proper training, I am sure they will bring 5 to 10 medals,” Modi said. Modi dwelt on the strides made by China, which he said, in the 70s, decided to focus on human development. ”In 10 years from 2000, China, which did not have even a single university among the top varsities in the world, now has over 30 whereas India, which had two, now has only one. Why did this happen?” he asked. “How did China do it? It spent almost 20 per cent of its GDP on education. Our government promised to spend 7 percent but actually spent just 4 per cent,” Modi said. On the development in Gujarat, Modi said, “The change which we could not have in 50 years, we have brought in the last 10 years.” Almost 45 per cent of the medicines made in India are produced by pharma companies in Gujarat, he said. ”The Indian government says that if there is

one state where unemployment is low, it is Gujarat,” he said. “We have to emphasise on research which should not be only for displaying a certificate in the drawing room of homes but for nation building,” he said. ”If a country does not give emphasis on research, there is stagnancy. Continuous innovation is a sign of life. Qualitative research is the need of the hour,” he said. “What is the state of the country today? There is no friend among our neighbours,” he said. There is a big vacuum in top officers’ posts in armed forces, Modi said. He suggested training youngsters from eighth standard onwards to overcome the shortage of officers in armed forces. Priority should be accorded to skill development, Modi said. Modi said it was a thrilling experience to speak at the

PM greets Tobgay for winning Bhutan election

new DelhI, July 14 (IAnS): Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Sunday greeted PDP president Tshering Tobgay after his party won the Bhutan elections, in which India’s decision to cut subsidies figured in a major way. Manmohan Singh pledged to continue with India’s “unflinching support” to the Himalayan nation with which New Delhi enjoys special ties. “It gives me great pleasure to facilitate your excellency on the success of the People’s Democratic Party as well as your own election to the national assembly in the historic second democratic election in Bhutan,” Manmohan Singh said. “I would like to avail of this opportunity to assure you of the steadfast and unflinching support of India and its citizens for the steady steps that Bhutan is taking to further strengthen democratic processes and institutions.” The PDP won 32 of the 47 seats of the national assembly or lower house of Bhutan’s parliament. Voting was held Saturday in the picturesque nation of 750,000 people. India’s decision this month to cut subsidies on cooking gas and kerosene to Bhutan was a major election issue, amid charges that New Delhi axed

NCPCR pulls up West Bengal govt for failing to curb child labour

the subsidies to show unhappiness over the Bhutanese prime minister’s warming up to China. Manmohan Singh in his message that he had instructed Indian officials to prepare for discussions on New Delhi’s plan assistance for Bhutan. The last aid plan ended in June. “I also look forward to an early opportunity of welcoming you in India.” The Indian withdrawal of subsidy on kerosene and cooking gas adversely affected energy prices in the country and became a campaign point. Manmohan Singh said India was a privileged partner of Bhutan and its people. “Our bilateral ties are anchored in a strong foundation of trust, mutual confidence and understanding. I wish to reiterate India’s undiminished commitment to Bhutan in preserving these unique and special traditional ties. “India is, and will remain, sensitive to Bhutan and its interests,” he added. India and Bhutan have traditionally enjoyed very close ties. They share a 605-km border. India is Bhutan’s largest trading partner, accounting for 98 percent of Thimpu’s exports and 90 percent of imports.

new DelhI, July 14 (PTI): The NCPCR has pulled up the West Bengal government for allegedly failing to curb child labour in the state and asked it to set up an anti-human trafficking unit and ensure right to education to children. An National Commission for Protection of Child Rights team led by member Yogesh Dube, which recently visited the state, expressed unhappiness over the state labour department’s failure to implement the directives to ensure that minors are not employed in hazardous working conditions as per the law. “The performance of the labour department is pathetic as it has failed to rescue children working in industries, factories and brick kilns,” Dube said. A large number of children work in brick kilns across the state and the state government does not have proper figures of the children and workers working in those places, he said. “They do

Chemistry, has provided the critical input to crack the raw materials - plastic pellets. Saravanan told The Hindu that plastic pellets were being obtained from discarded plastic materials such as milk and water sachets, pet bottles, containers of carbonated drinks, plastic chairs, etc. With the help of heavy capacity crusher, the plastic articles are shredded into pellets and fed into the melter whose temperature could be controlled through a panel. Saravanan further said that in breaking the pellets, fly ash was being used as a catalyst. Flyash obtained from the Neyveli Lignite Corporation had been found ideal as it had all the required properties such as silica – 60 per cent, alumina

– 13 per cent and iron – 15 per cent. However, for the inert flyash to act as a catalyst it ought to be initially activated and the formula for the same had been kept a closely-guarded secret. Mr. Saravanan further said that with the catalyst it would take two hours to get 50 litres of fuel and without catalyst, 9 hours . Temperature variance would determine the kind of output. For instance, petrol could be obtained at 100 degree Celsius and diesel, 150 degree Celsius. Gas would be a by-product that could be utilised for cooking purposes. Saravanan also said that the fuel obtained from the unit was being used for running generator sets in the engineering faculty. He also demonstrated the use of the fuel in a motorcy-

Fuel from waste becomes a reality now

ChIDAmbArAm, July 14 (AgenCIeS): The Mechanical Engineering Department of Annamalai University has evolved a technique to convert waste plastics into petroleum products. It has already set up a unit on the university campus that can produce 50 litres of the petroleum products in two hours. “It is a clean and cost-effective technology that can effectively address the problem of disposal of mounting plastic waste,” said C.G. Saravanan, professor, Mechanical Engineering Department. The project has been funded to the tune of Rs. 55 lakh by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests, and has come to fruition after three years’ endeavour. It is an interdisciplinary achievement as M. Gopalkrishnan, professor, Department of

unite the boy with his family. Delhi Police’s ‘Operation Khoj’ - launched in March to re-unite lost children on railway platforms with their parents - has had many happy endings. Till June 30, 722 minors - below 18 years - found loitering on railway plat-

not have a proper action plan to bring child labourers into the mainstream and the labour department has failed to rescue and rehabilitate the children,” he said. “Hence, we have asked the state to draw up a proper action plan to monitor and ensure that the rights of the children are protected and establish an anti-human trafficking unit with the support of the police,” he said. “We have also asked the state to prepare proper mechanism to ensure the right of education to children.” He said the Commission felt the need for holding public hearings in this regard in all the districts. According to the data provided by the state to the Commission, it has rescued only 23 children since 2011 till date. As per a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation in 2009-10, the number of working children in India was reported to be 29.84 lakh and in West Bengal the number was estimated at 5,51,584.

“They do not have a proper action plan to bring child labourers into the mainstream”

Police’s ‘Khoj’ for lost children at railway stations

new DelhI, July 14 (IAnS): Thirteen-year-old Raju’s life changed overnight when he was spotted by a police officer at the New Delhi Railway Station rummaging through garbage. Separated from his parents three years ago, Delhi Police helped re-

same hall where Veer Savarkar delivered his speeches. ”I got extreme vibrations about serving the country in this hall,” he said. Reaching out to the youths in the audience, Modi said, “I am very active on social media. I use Twitter and Facebook to connect with the new generation.” Talking about the potential of the country’s youth, he said, “India’s youngsters don’t just wear jeans… they think, they have fire in their belly. They have dreams and power. “Despite difficulties, they have the zeal to do something. The future of a country where the youth are committed to doing something can never be dark,” Modi said. The BJP leader later interacted with students, who had thronged the venue in large numbers.

forms got back their parents and their lives. The search operation helped to reunite Raju, 13, with his parents and brought the joy back into his life. Raju, a native of Uttar Pradesh’s Gorakhpur district, had got separated from his parents near New Delhi Railway Station. Operation Khoj has been started at all five railway stations of Delhi - New Delhi, Old Delhi, Sarai Rohilla, Hazrat Nizamuddin and Anand Vihar. According to Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police Sanjay Bhatia, the drive is aimed at preventing such lost children from turning to crime or being trafficked by criminals lurking on the railway stations. “Those who want to go back to their homes, we reunite them with their parents. Those who do not want to return are taken to the Child Welfare Committee. This helps them get a chance to reform themselves,” Bhatia told IANS. Most of the lost minors are aged between five and 16 years. Of the 722 children restored to their families, 406 children were rescued from New Delhi Railway Station, 232 from Old Delhi Railway Station, 59 from Hazarat Nizamuddin, 14 from Sarai Rohilla and 11 from Anand Vihar railway stations.

“Sometimes, we take the help of nongovernment organizations. Our officials directly spot the children and send them to CWC. We search for their parents by uploading the picture of children on Zipnet, which connects all the police stations. Once parents are located, we hand the children over,” said the official. “Every morning, the beat constables look out for such children in their respective portion of the railways station,” said the officer. “The drive is a first of its kind initiative to rehabilitate the abandoned children,” a member of an NGO told IANS. According to another officer, whenever an abandoned child is found inside or outside the railway stations, the Railway Protection Force (RPF) staff and Delhi Police make all efforts to trace the parents. Most of the lost children are found to be from eastern states, including Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Currently, around 700 Delhi Police personnel are deployed at the five railway police stations. “The abandoned children are also soft targets for human trafficking. They are reportedly sent to many foreign countries to work. The drive would help in preventing such crimes to some extent,” a senior officer said.

cle. As the fuel thus obtained had low sulphur content, high cetane number and high calorific value, it would help in smooth functioning of engines. Production cost of diesel worked out to Rs. 25 a litre and that of petrol, Rs. 30 a litre. He said that the unit does not emit harmful gases or any odour. Gopalakrishnan said that examination of residue from the unit was found to be free from any harmful effect, and even the small quantity of left-over substance could be profitably re-cycled. University Administrator Shiv Das Meena suggested that patent could be obtained for the fuel unit and efforts should be made to disseminate knowledge about the technology. Director (Clean energy) of Union Ministry of Environment and Forests M. Salahuddin congratulated the professors and their teams.

Indian woman Shubha Singh, left, leaves with her son after sending a telegram on the last day of the 163-year-old service, in Allahabad, India on July 14. Sunday night, the staterun telecommunications company will send its final telegram, closing down a service that fast became a relic in an age of email, reliable landlines and ubiquitous cellphones. Hindi reads, "Telegraph Office - Services available". (AP Photo)


INTERNATIONAL

The Morung Express

Monday 15 July 2013

Dimapur

9

George Zimmerman not guilty of Trayvon Martin murder

FlORidA, JUly 14 (BBC): George Zimmerman, the Florida neighbourhood watchman who shot dead an unarmed black 17-year-old male last year, has been found not guilty. The case prompted a debate about racial profiling. Lawyers for Mr Zimmerman, 29, argued he acted in self-defence and with justifiable use of deadly force in the death of Trayvon Martin. The jury retired on Friday to consider its verdict on charges of either second-degree

murder or manslaughter. The case sparked a fierce debate about racial profiling in the US. Spontaneous protest marches were staged overnight in US cities including San Francisco, Philadelphia, Chicago, Washington and Atlanta, US media reported. Police and community leaders appealed for calm in Sanford, the Florida town where the shooting took place. After the verdict, Judge Deborah Nelson told Mr Zimmer-

man he was free to go. “Your bond will be released. Your GPS monitor will be cut off when you exit the courtroom over here. And you have no further business with the court,” Judge Nelson said. Mr Zimmerman showed little reaction as the verdict was read out. “Hopefully everyone will respect the jury’s verdict,” his lawyer Mark O’Mara told reporters after the case. He said Mr Zimmerman would now have to be “very cautious and protective of his safety because there is still a fringe element who have said that they would revenge - that they would not listen to - a verdict of not guilty.” Another member of his defence team, Don West, said: “I’m thrilled that this jury kept this tragedy from becoming a travesty.” The BBC’s David Willis, in Florida, says the case brought into sharp relief some of the most divisive issues in the United States: race, gun control and equal justice under the law. Florida police did not arrest Mr Zimmerman for six weeks after the shooting, provoking mass rallies in Florida and throughout the US. Police justified their decision not to detain him by citing the state’s controversial “stand your ground” law, which allows a citizen to use lethal force if he or she feels in imminent danger. Police initially said the law prevented them from bringing charges. Benjamin Crump, the Martin family lawyer, said: “Trayvon Martin will forever remain in the annals of history... as a symbol for the fight for equal justice for all.” He, too, appealed for calm, saying “for Trayvon to rest in peace, we must all be peaceful”. The family’s legal team said they were not in the courtroom when the verdict was read out. State Attorney Angela Corey said she believed prosecutors had “brought out the truth on behalf of Trayvon Martin”. “This case has never been about race or the right to bear arms,’’ she said. “We believe this case all along was about boundaries, and George Zimmerman exceeded those boundaries.” As the jury retired on Friday, the

CAiRO, JUly 14 (iANS): The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, will not take part in Egyptian political process after the military ousted its president, a party advisor said. The party rejects a transitional roadmap announced by the army after what it calls “a coup” that overthrew Mohamed Morsi, FJP’s media advisor Ahmed Sobei told Xinhua. “The Brotherhood won’t recognize the transitional government, the constitutional declaration or any other procedure resulted from the coup,” Sobei said. On July 3, Morsi was ousted by the military after mass protests demanded his stepping down for his poor performance in his first year in office. A transitional roadmap was then announced, supported by politicians, religious leaders and representatives of the youth. The roadmap suspended the constitution, and assigned head of the Supreme Constitutional

Court, Adli Mansour, to temporarily run the country until a new president is elected. Interim President Mansour appointed ex-finance minister Hazem al-Beblawi as prime minister to form a caretaker government. Beblawi said the Brotherhood will be part of the political process and that they will be offered some portfolios. However, Sobei said the FJP would “only consider initiatives to bring things to a right path,” stressing its rejection to a political process brought about by a coup. He added the supporters of the party would continue their sit-ins across the country until the return of the “legitimate president”. Commenting on the closure of the Brotherhood’s headquarters in Cairo after weapons were found there, Sobei called it a “smear campaign” against the group and its party. Regarding clashes between the armed forces and Morsi’s supporters outside the Republican Guards headquarters in Cairo, Sobei said the political

struggle did not to leave any space for Morsi’s backers to express their opinions in a peaceful way. The clashes outside the Republican Guards headquarters Monday left at least 53 people dead and nearly 500 injured. While the FJP called the incident a “human massacre,” the army said the soldiers were only reacting to live ammunition used by the protesters. The killings promoted the FJP to call for “an uprising by the great people of Egypt against those trying to steal their revolution with tanks”. The party urged the international community to reject the “coup’s legitimacy” in order to avoid another Syrian crisis in the Arab world. However, Sobei stressed the party did not call for an “uprising against the army” but “against the military coup”. “We appreciate the army and its individuals as part of us, but there is a difference between the army and the leaders who staged the coup,” he said.

MANilA, PHiliPPiNES, JUly 14 (AP): The Philippines has set out conditions to the United Nations for more than 300 Filipino peacekeepers to stay in the Golan Heights, including additional weapons for their protection in the volatile buffer region separating Israel from Syria, the government said Sunday. A withdrawal by the Philippines would be a heavy blow to the U.N. forces, whose numbers have been reduced drastically in recent months as several nations have pulled out. U.N. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous told Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario in a meeting Friday in New York that the world body would work “with all stakeholders to provide what is needed consistent with the disengagement agreement,” the Department of Foreign Affairs said in a statement. President Benigno Aquino III’s administration did not immediately say whether the U.N. pledge would be enough for it to decide to keep 342 Filipino soldiers in the Golan Heights beyond Aug. 11, when the Philippine contingent is to be replaced by fresh troops. Aquino has sought increased security for the troops, saying they face “an undoable mission” if their security in the increasingly

violent buffer zone is not bolstered. Austria pulled its 377 peacekeepers from the 911-member force last month, leaving only Philippine and Indian troops. The United Nations and the United States have asked the Philippines to keep its troops in place, warning of “maximum volatility” in the Golan Heights if the Filipinos withdraw after a number of other countries pulled their forces, del Rosario has said. Croatia withdrew in March for fear its troops would be targeted, and Japanese forces have also withdrawn. Last month, del Rosario said he would recommend to Aquino that Filipino peacekeepers be withdrawn from the Golan following two separate abductions of Filipino troops and the wounding of another in fighting between Syrian government and rebel forces. The abducted Filipinos were released unharmed after negotiations. Del Rosario told Ladsous that the Philippines wanted the U.N. to deploy a peacekeeping force of 1,250 troops and acquire additional protective equipment and weapons for the soldiers by October, according to Sunday’s statement. He also said Filipino troops should be allowed to be replaced every six months, shorter than the current deployment.

Ladsous said he understood the Philippines’ position and agreed that more robust defense capabilities were needed for peacekeepers, the statement said. No details were given of what additional weaponry the Philippines was seeking for troops, but a Filipino military official who has visited the peacekeepers in the Golan Heights said the soldiers needed to be provided with armored troop carriers with mounted guns for defense when they come under attack. Armored vans currently in use do not have such gun mountings, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the issue with reporters. The U.N. force was established in 1974 to monitor the disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces in the Golan Heights following the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria in 1967, and Syria wants the land returned in exchange for peace. In recent months, Syrian mortars overshooting their target have repeatedly hit the Israeli-controlled Golan, and Israel has responded on several occasions. Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah said in May that the militant group would help ally Syria retake the Golan Heights.

Louis Cole, left, gestures as he expresses his disagreement after the verdict of not guilty was handed down in the trial of George Zimmerman as his friend Fredd Williams, right, looks on July 13, in Miami Gardens, Fla. Neighborhood watch captain George Zimmerman was cleared of all charges Saturday in the shooting of Trayvon Martin, the unarmed black teenager whose killing unleashed furious debate across the U.S. over racial profiling, self-defense and equal justice. (AP Photo)

Egyptian Brotherhood not to take part in politics

Manila sets UN conditions for Golan force to stay

judge told the panel of six women to consider whether Mr Zimmerman acted in self-defence and with justifiable use of deadly force. Without explicitly discussing race, the prosecution had suggested Mr Zimmerman assumed the African-American teenager, who was wearing a hooded sweatshirt as he walked in the rain, was up to no good. Trayvon Martin Trayvon Martin was unarmed and walking home to his father’s house But the defence said Trayvon Martin punched their client, slammed his head into the pavement and reached for Mr Zimmerman’s gun. The accused, who was legally armed with a pistol, had been sitting in his vehicle on a dark street when he saw Martin. Mr Zimmerman telephoned police to report a suspicious person, then left his vehicle in apparent pursuit of the teenager. Shortly afterwards, Martin was found dead, shot in the chest.

‘Civil rights violations’

Earlier, Mr Zimmerman’s lawyer said he had proven his client’s “pure, unadulterated innocence” in Martin’s death. But prosecutors said the accused had told a series of lies. US President Barack Obama commented on the case last March following calls for the arrest of Mr Zimmerman. He said the “tragedy” of an unarmed black teenager shot dead in Florida should prompt some national soul-searching. “If I had a son, he would look like Trayvon,” President Obama told reporters at the White House. Following the verdict, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - best known for its battles against segregation and discrimination - said it was calling “immediately for the Justice Department to conduct an investigation into the civil rights violations committed against Trayvon Martin”. “This case has re-energised the movement to end racial profiling in the United States,” Roslyn M Brock, chairwoman of the NAACP, said in a statement.

Air pollution kills over two million people each year

WASHiNGtON, JUly 14 (iANS) Human-caused outdoor air pollution may be responsible for over two million deaths worldwide - a large number of them in South Asia and East Asia - each year, US researchers have said. A study, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, has estimated that around 470,000 people die each year because of human-caused increase in ozone, Xinhua reported. It also estimated that around 2.1 million deaths are caused each year by human-caused increases in fine particulate matter, tiny particles suspended in the air that can penetrate deep into the lungs, causing cancer and other respiratory disease. “Our estimates make outdoor air pollution among the most important environmental risk factors for health,” co-author of the study, Jason West, from the University of North Carolina, said in a statement. “Many of these deaths are estimated to occur in East Asia and South Asia, where population is high and air pollution is severe.” In the study, the researchers simulated the concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter in 1850, when the industrial era began, and in the year 2000. A total of 14 models simulated levels of ozone and six models simulated levels of fine particulate matter. According to the study, the number of these deaths that can be attributed to changes in the climate since the industrial era is, however, relatively small. It estimated that a changing climate results in 1,500 deaths due to ozone and 2,200 deaths related to fine particulate matter each year. Climate change affects air quality in many ways, possibly leading to local increases or decreases in air pollution, it said. For instance, temperature and humidity can change the reaction rates which determine the formation or lifetime of a pollutant, and rainfall can determine the time that pollutants can accumulate. Higher temperatures can also increase the emissions of organic compounds from trees, which can then react in the atmosphere to form ozone and particulate matter, said the study. “Very few studies have attempted to estimate the effects of past climate change on air quality and health. We found that the effects of past climate change are likely to be a very small component of the overall effect of air pollution,” West added.

604,000 Syrian refugees in Lebanon: UNHCR Family from northwest China claims iPhone killed daughter BEiRUt, JUly 14 while more than 87,000 non, and 65,000 in south-

BEiJiNG, JUly 14 (iANS): Relatives of a 23-year-old woman from northwest China have claimed that she died after being electrocuted while using her iPhone. The older sister of victim, Ailun, said on Sina Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter,

that Ma was electrocuted while trying to answer a call on her iPhone while the device was charging, Xinhua reported. “(I) hope that Apple Inc can give us an explanation. I also hope that all of you will refrain from using

your mobile devices while charging,” her post read. The post has gone viral online, with many forwarding the message and warning others of the dangers of using mobile devices while they are being charged. Ma’s father, Ma Guanghui,

confirmed that his daughter was electrocuted, adding that her body showed signs of electrocution. Ma, a resident of Xinjiang’s city of Changji, was previously employed as a flight attendant at China Southern Airlines. Ma’s sis-

simply incorrect. A report from the Mail and Guardian, a respected South African newspaper, said that the 94-year-old does not have a living will, meaning tricky end-of-life decisions could be left to a very fractured Mandela family. Mandela’s wife — his third — said Friday she is “less anxious” about the health of South Africa’s first black president than she was a week ago. “He continues to respond positively to treatment,” said Graca Machel. Friends and family who have visited Mandela say he is responsive and they feel he is communicative through facial and eye movements. But he being assisted by mechanical breathing, medical support he may require for the rest of his life. That means delicate decisions may still have to be made. Ahmed Kathrada, a close friend of Mandela’s and a fellow

anti-apartheid leader, said after a recent hospital visit that Mandela is a “shell” of his former self. The legalities of end-oflife decisions — including terminal pain management and the withholding of lifesaving treatment — are murky in South Africa, said Willem Landman, the executive director of the Ethics Institute of South Africa, who wrote in a 2012 paper that the law requires greater clarity. “Ultimately, at issue here is the suffering of people in the end stage of life,” Landman wrote. His paper argued that South Africa should decriminalize assisted dying for the terminally ill and asks whether creating such a law is consistent with or even required by South Africa’s constitution. South Africa’s National Health Act of 2003 says that health services may not be provided to a patient without that person’s informed

consent unless the patient is unable to do so. If no person has been appointed, then consent can be granted in Mandela’s case by a spouse or an adult child, in that order. Mandela when president commissioned a government report and draft bill on assisted dying in 1998, said Davison, who is also founder of DignitySA, a group working to pass a law giving the right to terminally ill people to end their own lives. The bill was presented to parliament, but the legal body took no action. “I would speculate that he believed in the concept or that he believed the concept should be debated,” Davison said. “It’s a taboo subject for many. Homosexuality, abortions, AIDS, drug abuse — these subjects are no longer taboo. They are dinner table discussions, and hopefully death and dying will equally be dis-

ter said she hopes to seek justice from Apple. Apple said Sunday the company felt “deeply sorry for the unfortunate accident” and expressed condolence to the victim and her family. It said it would have a thorough probe into the case.

(iANS): The UNHCR says that the number of Syrian refugees in Lebanon getting aid from the government, the UN and its NGO partners has reached 604,000. It said the number of registered refugees was more than 517,000

Mandela situation sparks end-of-life discussions

JOHANNESBURG, JUly 14 (AP): Sean Davison’s mother, a doctor, knew she faced an impending, painful death from cancer. Not willing to endure it, she chose to end her life by not eating. That attempt, Davison said, went terribly wrong. “It went on for five weeks drinking a glass of water each day,” said Davison, a South African citizen by way of New Zealand. “She was decomposing. She couldn’t move any limb of her body, which is when I helped her, at her request, to end her life.” End-of-life decisions have become a burning topic of discussion in South Africa, where former President Nelson Mandela has been hospitalized for five weeks, much of that time in critical condition. A court filing late last month stated that Mandela was in a “permanent vegetative state” but that appears to have been either exaggerated or

cussed around the dinner table one day,” he said. Helena Dolny, a banking executive, watched her husband, Joe Slovo, one of Mandela’s Cabinet ministers and a leading member of Mandela’s party, the African National Congress, die a slow death from cancer. Dolny is writing a three-part series in the Johannesburg paper City Press called “Let’s talk about dying.” She wrote that Mandela is giving South Africa a “precious parting gift” by spurring a conversation about death. “I think this is one of the most awful times any family has to bear — watching the slow ebbing away of life from the person you love so much,” she said. Davison’s mother was 85 and terminally ill when Davison helped her die. He was arrested, charged and eventually pleaded guilty to a charge of assisted suicide. He was sentenced to five

were still waiting for their registration process to get over, reports Xinhua. It added 181,000 Syrian refugees were registered in northern Lebanon, 175,000 in the eastern Bekaa region, 95,000 in Beirut and Mount Leba-

ern Lebanon. UN Higher Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres said refugees in Lebanon have surpassed 25 percent of its own population and were causing a huge burden on the state and people of Lebanon.

Traditional healer Dimakatso Matjele, center, who says she received instructions from her ancestors to go and pray for Nelson Mandela and so travelled to the hospital from her home in Qwa Qwa, Free State, sings religious songs with other well-wishers outside the Mediclinic Heart Hospital where former South African President Nelson Mandela is being treated in Pretoria, South Africa on July 11. Nelson Mandela is responding to treatment and the 94-year-old's condition remains critical but stable after more than a month in the hospital, South Africa's president said Wednesday. (AP Photo)

months of house arrest in New Zealand. His wife and two children remained in South Africa. DignitySA, which is attracting audiences of hundreds of people to end-oflife discussions, is recruiting high-profile patrons and has a three-year strategy to persuade a member of par-

liament to table a bill and open it to public debate. Davison said he’s heard from many families where elderly grandparents or parents are on life support but nothing was ever put in writing about their wishes in the situation. “You and I probably think the same thing and we think we’ll put it in writing

one day, but we don’t,” Davison said, who referred to Mandela by his clan name, Madiba. “(Former Israeli Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon has been on life support for seven or eight years and we’ve kind of forgotten about him ... Theoretically Madiba could be on life support for a very long time.”


10

Dimapur

Monday 15 July 2013

Hingis leads 2013 Hall of Fame class

Tennis great Martina Hingis, of Switzerland, poses with her certificate during her enshrinement into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, R.I. Saturday, July 13. (AP Photo)

NEWPORT (RhOdE IslaNd), July 14 (aP): Martina Hingis's tennis life started right from birth and her days playing with a racket began barely after she learned to walk. It was only fitting that she became one of the youngest players to be enshrined in the International Tennis Hall of Fame. Hingis led a large 2013 class that was inducted on Saturday during an on-court ceremony that lasted just over 90 minutes, including a 25-minute rain delay on Newport's grass courts. Born in the former Czechoslovakia before moving to Switzerland at a young age, Hingis was named after a women's tennis great. "My biggest influence

was my mom because she was a professional player, too," Hingis said during a news conference before the ceremony. "She started me when I was 2 years old. Another was Martina Navratilova, obviously - (my mom) gave me the name so that was the destiny that was programed already. When I started playing at 2 years old, that was the path." After the rain delay, Hingis, dressed in a purple sleeveless dress with her hair still soaked, told the crowd: "Thank you, tennis. You gave me the world, and now I honestly am out of words, because there are no words to explain what I feel. You chose to give me a

place here for eternity." Hingis is the fourth youngest to be inducted behind Tracy Austin (30), Bjorn Borg (31) and Hana Mandlikova (32). The 32-year-old Hingis burst onto the professional scene when she was 14. Two years later, she won three of the four major tournaments, taking the titles at the Australian Open, Wimbledon and US Open in 1997. The memories were great. The pictures of a thin teenager, well, she'll pass on those. "I just don't want to look at the photos," she said, breaking into a laugh. In her career, Hingis won five Grand Slam singles championships - including three straight at the Australian Open from 1997-99 - and 43 singles titles overall. She also was a part of 37 doubles titles. Hingis, often troubled by foot injuries, retired for a second time in 2007, when she drew a two-year suspension for testing positive for cocaine at Wimbledon. Hingis denied taking the drug but did not appeal the ruling. Stan Smith, the president of the International Tennis Hall of Fame, called her "one of the most complete players." Also enshrined were 94-year-old Australian great Thelma Coyne Long, inducted in the master player category, and industry leaders Ion Tiriac, Cliff Drysdale and Charlie Pasarell. Rod Laver accepted for Long. Six other were inducted in the masters category posthumously. Tiriac, who managed the careers of Boris Becker, Guillermo Vilas and Goran Ivanisevic, marveled at how Hingis's small frame didn't affect her ability to dominate on the court. "One of the most intelligent players - men and women - on the tennis court," he said. "She could not match the big girls, but she did with her head what others did with their swings." Smith, a 1987 Hall of Famer, enjoyed seeing her compete against the more powerful players. "She was able to think her way through matches at 14," he said. When mistakenly introduced as the youngest ever to be inducted into the Hall during the news conference, Hingis didn't hesitate before responding, "I think that's a great thing why I started so early."

SPORTS

Revelers are pushed by a bull at the end of last running of the bulls at the San Fermin festival, in Pamplona Spain on Sunday, July 14, 2013. Revelers from around the world arrive to Pamplona every year to take part in some of the eight days of the running of the bulls glorified by Ernest Hemingway's 1926 novel "The Sun Also Rises." (AP Photo)

MS Dhoni's rise is inspirational, says Ganguly

KOlKaTa: July 14 (PTI): Former skipper Sourav Ganguly on Saturday said his and the current skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni's combined success had put a lesser-known East Zone on the cricketing map of India. The iconic lefthander from Bengal was the most successful Indian skipper till Dhoni eclipsed him with all the world title wins and Ganguly said it was really commendable. Refusing to compare himself with Dhoni, Ganguly said: "We both have come from the

East zone which has put focus in these parts. It really feels great that we both hail from the same zone." Ganguly further said Dhoni's rise from being a ticket collector hailing from Ranchi had been phenomenal. "I've not seen such a meteoric rise. It's quite inspirational. I've earlier seen many one-day players and played with many but as a package of batting, wicketkeeping and captaincy, Dhoni has been outstanding for India," Ganguly said at a promotional event.

dImaPuR, July 14 (mExN): The Aries Rifle & Pistol Shooting Academy is undergoing a training camp at the 10M Air Rifle & Air Pistol under the guidance of Tijen Sharma, a 19 yrs old junior boy National shooter from Manipur. To promote and develop shooting sport in Nagaland at a faster pace the Aries Rifle & Pistol Shooting Academy is coming up with a project ‘Catch Them Young’ to be conducted from time to time and invite boys and girls from 10 yrs and above up to 18 years for free coaching camp from July 19 to 20, 10.00 am. Interested boys & girls can download the shooters ID form from www.ariesfoundation.com. Duly filled forms along with two passport size photographs, age proof certificate along with parents consent signature can be submitted to the President, Aries Rifle & Pistol Shooting Academy, latest by July 18 12:00 noon. The dress code for the two days training will be T-Shirts, Track pants, Snickers and hand towel. Air Rifle, Air Pistol, shooting dress, pellets and targets will be provided by the academy. For further details, interested parties have been requested to contact Merang Jamir at 9436010820.

Marc Marquez wins German MotoGP cover, although I didn't expect to control the race that well," Marquez said. Marquez now leads the championship series by two points over Pedrosa. Pedrosa sustained a hairline fracture in his collarbone in Saturday's crash in practice and was declared unfit to race. Lorenzo crashed Friday and required surgery to repair a damaged titanium plate inserted in his shoulder after he broke his left collarbone two weeks ago at the Assen GP in the Netherlands. Marquez dropped to fourth at the start but was in front by the end of the sixth lap. Rossi, who won the Assen race, was in the lead briefly before being passed by Germany's Stefan Bradl before the first lap was over. The Italian nearly lost control of his

Yamaha early in the race. "I thought more would be possible but I struggled with rear grip and Marc and Cal were faster," Rossi said. Crutchlow got past Rossi halfway into the 30lap race. "I didn't have rear grip, I think like Valentino, for the first 10 laps or so," said Crutchlow, who had crashed heavily twice on Friday and raced with injuries to his arms, hands and left leg. Crutchlow became the first British rider since Barry Sheene in 1982 to collect four podium finishes in one season. M a rq u e z ' v i c to r y capped a perfect day for Spanish riders. Jordi Torres won the Moto2 race and Alex Rins led a Spanish sweep of the podium in the Moto3.

"He's definitely one of the best finishers' of the game. Dhoni possesses tremendous match finishing ability. It's really wonderful to see the kind of ice cool nerve as well as temperament he showed in the final," Ganguly added, hailing Dhoni's match winning unbeaten knock to win India the Tri-Nation Series final against Sri Lanka. It was only last month India had won the ICC Champions Trophy 2013 that meant Dhoni had all the world titles under his belt and Ganguly reiterated that the

Indian skipper was an all-time greatest Indian captain. "As far as one-day cricket is concerned, Dhoni is one of the greatest captains of all times in India," Ganguly said. Ganguly further picked his three all time greatest cricket memories of India. "The 1983 World Cup win, which I had heard in the commentary; the 2004 Pakistan series win [under his captaincy] and the 2011 World Cup triumph [under Dhoni] will undoubtedly be the three greatest Indian cricket memories," Ganguly said.

Training camp for shooting Phek district badminton tourney 2013

Seen here is the Chief Guest, Birsing Teron, SGB of Balijan along with other dignitaries at the opening ceremony of the ongoing fifth summer cricket cup tournament organized by the Balijan Youth Club on July 14 at the Balijan ground.

hOhENsTEIN-ERNsTThal, July 14 (aP): Marc Marquez of Spain won his second race of the season at the German MotoGP on Sunday and grabbed the championship lead. The Honda rider took advantage of the absence of two countrymen who were ahead of him in the standings — defending champion Jorge Lorenzo and previous leader Dani Pedrosa. Both were hurt in practice and could not race Sunday. Marquez started from pole and took the lead for good on the sixth lap. Yamaha's Cal Crutchlow of Britain finished 1.5 seconds behind and nine-time champion Valentino Rossi of Italy, who led briefly at the start of the race, was 9.6 seconds back in third. "The start wasn't that good but I was able to re-

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KOhIma, July 14 (mExN): The Phek District Badminton Association was successfully conducted Open Badminton Tournament cum selection for Nagaland Inter-District Tournament from July 4 to 6 last at Phek Town. The winners of different categories included; Girls Under-19: Champion- Sekhotolü Püro, runner-up- Ruth Lohe, Under 19 Boys Double: Champion Nuzo Akami & Besuto Thira; runner-up- Zuren & Nuvezo; Men’s Single: Champion- Wewute Keyho, runner-up- Nuzo Akami; Men Double: Champion- Velo & Kekhrozülo, runner-up- Rukuto Thira & Kevizatuo; Sub veteran double: Champion- Setichem Sangtam & Imlimeren, runner-up- Khrolo

Wetsah & Veo and veteran double champion- Netsozu Tunyi & Mutsizo Kezo, runner-up- Bizo Puro & Zaseyo Puro. Meanwhile, the Association has elected its new team of office bearers for the tenure 2014-15 with Netsozü Tunyi as president. Vice presidents- Chitho Nyuso (Meluri), Asu Theyo (Chozuba), Thepuruyo Tetseo (Pfütsero), Er. Veciso Rhakho (Kohima), Neisatuo Puro (Chizami), Kevi Soho (Dimapur); general secretary- Mülehü Khesoh; assistant general secretaryShezo Khamo; finance secretary- Kühühusa Vero; treasurer- T.K. Medowe-u and Vevotolü Vero as women coordinator. Advisors include Chivotso Nienu and Zhovehu Lohe.

dImaPuR, July 14 (mExN): The first Altrura Football tournament organized by Altrura society under the Theme “Unity through Sports” concluded on July 13. Lhousito Khro, Political Advisor to Parliamentary Secretary for Urban Development, and NPF Youth Wing General Secretary was the Guest of Honor in the closing Ceremony at Thenyiphe-I Local Ground, 6th mile Chumukedima, Dimapur. Chumou Town Youth Organisation (CTYO) beat Chakhro Sports Assosation (CSA) in the final match with a tie-break goal, with the final score being 4-2 after both the team scored two goals each in a competing and exciting match till the final whistle. The champions received an amount of Rs 50,000 cash with trophy and the runner-up team got Rs 30,000 cash with trophy. Medziphema Village Youth Organization (MVYO) was awarded the team with the best discipline with Rs 5,000 cash, meanwhile an amount of Rs 2000

each with trophy were given to the individual categories , Saphrulie (CTYO) as the best goal keeper , Mhasileto (SB) as best defender, Shurhosul (CSA) as the top scorer with a total of 8 goals and Kevikoza (MTYO) as the player of the tournament. Altogether, 10 teams participated in the tournament and 17 matches have been played with a total of 79 goals scored at the rate of 4.64 per match, whereas the tournament was conducted by the Medziphema Area Football Referee Association (MAFRA). The closing ceremony was chaired by Neibi Nagi treasure (AS) and invocation was delivered by Zasikholie Meyase, pastor Thenyiphe I Baptist Church. Vote of thanks was delivered by Visakuolie Medom Advisor (AS) and benediction by Diezenyu Sopfu Pastor CRC sovima. The Altrura Society also thanked the sponsors, Media fraternity and everyone who supported the tournament.

BIRmINgham, July 14 (IaNs): British sprinter James Dasaolu clocked 9.91 seconds at the Sainsbury's British Championships here, going faster than world record holder Usain Bolt who ran 9.94 sec in this year’s world 100-metre rankings. Dasaolu is now placed fourth in the rankings behind Tyson Gay, Asafa Powell and Justin Gatlin and a place ahead of Bolt. Dasaolu also becomes the second fastest runner in British history only behind Linford Christie, who ran 9.87 at the world

championships in Stuttgart in 1993. "It's good to finally crack that magical number of sub-10 and to do it in Britain means so much to me, in front of a home crowd." the soft spoken athlete was quoted as saying by the Guardian. The 25-year-old set the record time in the semi-final Saturday but later pulled out of the final as a precaution after cramping his left calf. Dwain Chambers won the final in 10.04 seconds and secured a place in the world champions which will be in Moscow next month.

NEW dElhI, July 14 (IaNs): The All India Football Federation’s (AIFF) U-15 Kolkata Regional Academy defeated Mohun Bagan’s U-18 Goal Project Team 18-0 in a friendly played at the Pailan World School Campus. AIFF boys led 9-0 at the half-time, scoring the remaining nine in the second half. The thumping victory was the sixth consecutive victory for the Regional Academy boys, having earlier beaten Prayag United U-19, East Bengal U-19, Khidderpore FC Senior Team, Bidhanagar Academy and Uttarpara Academy boys. The boys are presently preparing for international competitions, first of which is the U-16 SAFF Championship to be held in

Nepal from July 20, and then the AFC U-16 Qualifiers. Head coach Gautam Ghosh, nevertheless, wasn’t too euphoric about the result. “It’s understandable it’s Mohun Bagan, that too, Mohun Bagan’s U-18 Goal Project Team who are understandably a very strong unit. I’m happy (about) the manner (in which) the boys played,” he said. Jayananda Singh, who opened the floodgates as early as the second minute, scored three goals. Krishna Pandit scored four while Jerry Lalrinzuala, Prosenjit Chakraborty and Bodo Boardingdao scored a brace each. Edmund Lalrindika, Zonunamwaia, Md. Hasil, Amey and Aron scored one apiece to complete the rout.

1st Altrura Football tournament concludes

British sprinter goes faster than Bolt this year

AIFF U-15 beat U-18 Mohun Bagan 18-0

Honda rider Marc Marquez of Spain holds the trophy after winning the MotoGP at the Grand Prix of Germany at the Sachsenring circuit in Hohenstein-Ernstthal, near the city of Chemnitz, Germany, Sunday, July 14. (AP Photo)


Entertainment

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Monday 15 July,2013

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Emma Watson amid reports she’s ready to marry boyfriend Will Adamowicz

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t sounds like someone might be ready for in love,’ the source continued. be the one that saves him – like the Oasis her very own bling ring. Emma Watson is ‘Will is shy about buying a ring, because he song,’ the petite star told Glamour UK said to be getting serious with her doesn’t have a big budget. But Emma is a last October. ‘Actually, I don’t think boyfriend of two years Will Adsimple girl and doesn’t want a huge that you can change other people, amowicz, even ‘dragging him’ diamond.’ Meanwhile, Watson but women always hope for the to jewelry stores. ‘She’ll pull was spotted parading her pins best.’ Emma previously romanced him into jewellery stores to in tiny maroon velvet shorts her Perks of Being a Wallflower point out pretty rings or while getting into a black co-star Johnny Simmons, singshe’ll show him ring deSUV in Manhattan Satur- er George Craig, drummer signs that she finds on day. The Bling Ring ac- Rafael Cebrián, financier Jay the Internet,’ an insidtress, who was born in Barrymore, and rugby player told Star Magazine. Paris to lawyer parents, er Tom Ducker. Last month, Despite being only 23, finished her summery Watson tweeted a sneak prethe Harry Potter starlook with a crisp white view of herself running in charlet has ‘an old soul’ blouse and black loaf- acter as Ila in Darren Aronofsky’s bibliand ‘feels ready to take ers. Emma held tight cal epic Noah. Russell Crowe, Jennifer the next step’ with the to her MacBook Pro Connelly, and Anthony Hopkins also Asian American musilaptop and appeared to star in the flick slated for release cian. The English actress be make-up free with her March 28. Emma will soon apfirst met Will while studychesnut locks pulled into a pear in Warner Bros. adaptation ing English together at messy top-bun. of The Queen of the Tearling Oxford University, and they ‘You always think that the as well as Guillermo del Towere first photographed at guy is going to end up coming ro’s adaptation of Beauty Coachella 2012. ‘They’re deeply around and that you’re going to and the Beast.s

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Tuden’s ‘THE RENAISSANCE MAN’ Troubled Glee actor Cory Monteith found dead in a hotel room in Vancouver months after leaving rehab releases worldwide

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lee actor Cory Monteith has with friends on Friday. News chan- in shock and mourning this tragic died at the age 31, it has been nel CTV British Columbia tweeted loss.’ Cory last tweeted on Friday, joking confirmed. The Canadian ac- the news shortly before it was contor - who played Finn Hudson on the firmed saying: ‘Sources tell CTV Glee about the new sci-fi film Sharknado. hit FOX series - was found on Satur- star Cory Monteith found dead to- He wrote: ‘What the c**p is Sharknado... Oh. IT’S A SHARK TORNADO.’ Just day in his hotel room at the Fairmont last month, the actor appeared to Pacific Rim hotel in Vancouver. have put his troubles behind him Cory - who completed a stint of after a brief spell in rehab. Cory rehab in April for substance adwas seen with his girlfriend Lea diction - was last pictured with Michele, 26, at LAX airport both his girlfriend Lea Michele just last smiling at cameras. The couple also month. The news was confirmed looked happy as they attended the by Vancouver Police at a press Chrysalis Butterfly Ball on June 8 in conference on Saturday night. No Los Angeles. Lea appeared to be parcause of death has been confirmed ticularly proud of Cory, who successat this point, but there were said fully completed a rehab stint in April to be no implications of foul play. for what his rep described at the time Medical examiners will conduct an to be a substance addiction. autopsy on Monday. It was Cory’s second trip to a Acting Chief Doug LePard read treatment facility - his first stint ocin a statement: ‘Shortly after noon curred when he was 19. ‘I love and today, the Vancouver Police resupport Cory and will stand by him ceived a call from the BC Ambuthrough this,’ Michele told People at lance Service regarding a sudthe time. ‘I am grateful and proud den death in a room on the 21st he made this decision. ‘The pair floor of the Fairmont Pacific were pictured in April after the Rim Hotel at 1038 Canada actor had left rehab, going on Place in downtown Vancouholiday together. In 2011, the ver.’ Confirming: ‘The deactor sensationally admitted ceased has been identified that he was ‘lucky to be alive’ as 31-year-old actor Cory after he went to rehab as a Monteith, who achieved great fame on the popular TV series day in Vancouver. Police expected to teenager for alcohol addiction. Cory Glee.’ Before giving out further infor- confirm at 10:30.’ Word had begun to admitted he skipped school to get mation, LePard said: ‘I want to pass on spread on Twitter of the news late on drunk and smoke pot when he was our condolences to the family, friends, Saturday night although there was no just 13-years-old and quit his educacastmates and millions of fans of Mr. official comment made at that point. tion at the age of 16. By the time he Monteith.’ Cory had checked into the Many believed it to be hoax, as it is not was 19, the TV singing sensation was hotel on July 6 and had been due to the first time news of his death had undergoing a stint in rehab to battle spread over the Internet. Tragically, his demons. sSpeaking about his forcheck out on Saturday. However, video footage had this time the rumours turned out to mer drug habit, the actor said he did shown the actor returning to his be true. In a short statement, Cory’s ‘anything and everything - as much as uden Jamir, an indie musician based in Nagaland Tuden’s first EP ‘The Renaissance Man’ is available room by himself after an evening out publicist Melissa Kates said: ‘We are possible. I’m lucky to be alive.’ released his first EP titled ‘The Renaissance Man’ for download on www.indihut.com, which is also the on July. Even before the release, his Facebook page first e-commerce site from Nagaland with secure paywent viral among music lovers from Nagaland and all ment gateway. Tuden’s release marks the dawn of a new over the world. The EP consists of four tracks filled with era in redefining the music scene in Nagaland. Tuden’s fresh and interesting melodies; About a Hat, Porcupine, sense of originality in writing new age poetry reflects alle Berry and Olivier Martinez have married in France, Take it All Away and Match Made in Hell which are blend- his unique ability of creating brilliant metaphorical perfollowing the announcement of their engagement last ed with artsy and experimental sounds that takes you spectives of things thereby creating subjective interprefor an out-of-the box trip inside the mind of this unique tations of life itself through the eyes and mind of The April. The pair tied the knot at the Chateau des Conde in Olivier’s native France on Saturday, UsWeekly reports. A artist. The official music video for ‘About a Hat’ was Renaissance man. source confirmed to the publication that the pair are now produced by Coreconxept, starring Yen Lonkumer and officially husband and wife. The blushing bride is reported Tuden which was shot in various locales around Delhi. Tuden’s facebook fan page :to have arrived in a vintage car to the sprawling Chateau This video has set a new global benchmark showcasing www.facebook.com/tudenmusic des Conde in Vallery, France, where white tents had been the creative energy which is bustling among the enterTuden’s official website :- www.tudenmusic.com erected to ensure the couple’s privacy. prising new Naga generation. Yanpvuo Kikon(www.facebook.com/indihutmusic) Halle, who has been married twice before, reportedly wore a simple cream dress as she arrived in a white limousine. A source said that a civic ceremony took place at 4.15 and then a religious one in a chapel in the grounds of the chateau at 5.30. The couple boarded a flight for Paris on Tuesday with Halle’s five-year-old daughter, Nahla, joining them. Now it appears to be the case that the family were headed to the Renaissance chateau in the Burgundy countryside, around an hour’s drive south of Paris. Despite Halle previously telling InStyle magazine of her wedding, ‘I do know it will be very small’, it seems that may have been a white lie, judging by the fanfare surrounding the French estate where the wedding was held. People Magazine have reported that among the 60 guests - thought to be close friends - were the groom’s mother Rosemarie and brother Vincent. Dinner is said to have been served for the guests at an arbor and there was also a fireworks display. This is the first marriage for 47-year-old French actor Olivier, who previously Tides in August 2010, and they announced their engagedated Kylie Minogue. It seems to be a change of heart for ment less than two years later - in March 2012. Halle is, 46-year-old Halle, who once declared six years ago: ‘I will of course, pregnant with her first child with 47-year-old never, never get married again’. However, the star laughed Olivier - a son who is due sometime around October. The as her comments came back to haunt her just last week, couple announced their happy news in April this year, bewhen she was quizzed by impending nuptials, saying: ‘I fore the proud dad-to-be accidentally let slip that they are Indian Bollywood actress Amyra Dastur, right, looks at co-actor Prateik Babbar during a promotional event for their swore it off, right? Never say never, people!’ having a son. ‘My son will be an American, but I remain upcoming movie 'Issaq' in Hyderabad on July 13. The film will be released on July 26. (AP Photo) The pair began dating after meeting on the set of Dark French,’ he told People magazine on June 12.

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Halle Berry and Olivier Martinez tie the knot in France

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Are you a writer, photographer, illustrator, or just have an opinion? We want to hear from you! Submit an article, photo or illustration by June 2013 and see your work in print! July09, 14,2013 C M Y K

The Morung Express monthly supplement ‘Opinion’ will be published on the third Saturday of every month. In the Opinion, you are the storyteller. Please share your story by responding to the theme of this month’s issue: “Fashion Culture and “Recommendations for Nagas” all round development in Nagaland” Contributions can be in the form of photography, illustrations, photos of artwork, essays, first-person accounts, poetry, reported articles, and any other form of expression that can be printed. A PRODUCTION OF

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Television actress Shweta Tiwari, who has been in a relationship with Abhinav Kohli for three-and-a-half-years now, has finally embraced wedlock.

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England beats Australia by 14 runs

England's James Anderson, second left, celebrates with teammates after taking the wicket of Australia's Brad Haddin to win the game on the final day of the opening Ashes series cricket match at Trent Bridge cricket ground, Nottingham, England, Sunday, July 14. (AP Photo)

NOTTINGHAM, JULY 14 (AP): England won a thrilling first test against Australia by just 14 runs on Sunday after James Anderson claimed 5-73 on a tense fifth day. Chasing 311, Australia struggled at 231-9 before its last-wicket pair of Brad Haddin (71) and James Pattinson (25 not out) took the total to 296 and the brink of a famous victory. "It's pretty tough to be honest after getting so close," Australia captain Michael Clarke said. "But first of all credit has to go to England. I think our boys should hold their heads high." Haddin was given out caught behind after a referral revealed he had got the faintest inside edge to man-ofthe-match Anderson in the third over after lunch. "Australia fought

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incredibly hard, but we just hung in there," England captain Alastair Cook said. "Jimmy was outstanding. He always wants one more over, 13 was quite a lot. He's a world-class bowler and sometimes you just use him. It happened to be Jimmy's day and Jimmy's game." England leads the five test series 1-0. The second test starts at Lord's on Thursday. Anderson had earlier taken three wickets during the morning session. However, Haddin and Pattinson put on 65 for the final wicket and were close to breaking the record for a last-wicket pair to win a test match — set by Inzamamul-Haq and Mushtaq Ahmed, who made 57 for Pakistan vs. Australia in 1994. Play began with the floodlights on to combat the over-

cast conditions and the first runs of the morning came when Haddin flashed Anderson through third slip for four in the second over of the session. England opted not to take the new ball until the 82nd over and Australia took this as a cue to attack. Haddin cut Anderson through extra cover for four to take the tourists past 200, prompting England captain Cook to set more defensive fields. Agar (14) offered few chances, but he finally fell after 57 minutes when he nudged Anderson to first slip. Mitchell Starc then fell in almost identical fashion, lasting just five balls before he was tempted by Anderson and caught by Cook for 1. Peter Siddle reduced the tar-

get to less than 100 with successive boundaries off Broad and was dropped by Cook off Anderson when he was on 10. Cook atoned brilliantly in Anderson's next over with a superb diving catch. Anderson bowled for nearly two hours from the Radcliffe Road End but, when he was replaced, Haddin smashed Steven Finn for three consecutive boundaries. The lunch session was extended as England chased the final wicket, but Finn bowled two overs for 24 runs and Pattinson hit Swann for six over midwicket to reduce the target to 31. Haddin was nearly run out on 62 but Jonny Bairstow's throw was easily wide and Finn's wretched morning continued when Haddin lofted Swann to the square

leg boundary and he dropped a difficult chance, spilling the ball for four runs. The lunch interval gave Anderson the chance to recover and in his second over of the session Haddin swished at the fifth ball. Haddin was initially given not out by Aleem Dar but England referred the call. The hotspot camera revealed an almost imperceptible edge and the tourists' run chase was thwarted in the most agonizing fashion. Anderson wasn't even certain that Haddin was out. "I didn't hear anything and I wasn't sure to be honest," he said. "I thought it might have been one of those where the wind was blowing." Cook had no doubts, however. "Matt Prior and I were 99.9 percent certain he'd nicked it," he said. "We heard the edge."

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