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Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 128

The Morung Express “

www.morungexpress.com

What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others

Relaxed Manmohan Singh winds down, no holiday plans

Bearded Austrian drag queen Conchita Wurst wins...

[ PAGE 8]

Monday, May 12, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4 –Confucius

Nagaland legislators observe Mothers’ Day at Kaziranga [ PAGE 2]

Ukraine regions hold sovereignty vote

[ PAGE 11]

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Hamilton wins Spanish GP [ PAGE 12]

[ PAGE 9]

need to address illegal adoption in nagaland

reflections

By Sandemo Ngullie

Interests of many illegally adopted children are being neglected Ashikho Pfuzhe Dimapur | May 11

Yesterday the church was fully packed. How many of them were Christians and how many were Cashtians?

The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn

Vote on www.morungexpress.com SMS your answer to 9862574165 Has the Church and civil society organizations been silent over poll malpractices in Nagaland? Yes

no

Others

Are the modern-day nagas willing to overcome and go beyond tribalism? Yes

42% 45%

no Others

13%

Details on page 7

MAy 13 rAlly ZBN directs frontal orgs not to participate Story on page 5

A young Indian girl walks carrying water as others wait for a municipal water tanker to arrive in Ramol, outskirts of Ahmadabad, Sunday, May 11. As India faces certain water scarcity and ecological decline, the country’s main political parties campaigning for elections have all but ignored environmental issues seen as crucial to India’s vast rural majority, policy analysts say. With 814 million eligible voters, India’s weeks long general election runs through May 12, with results for the 543-seat lower house of Parliament set to be announced May 16. (AP Photo)

Karbi bodies call for dialogue over border issue

Govt asked to NASA recreates Nagaland encroachers or cosmic dust in lab control face Economic Blockade

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Washington, May 11 (ians): NASA scientists have for the first time reproduced tiny particles of dust that are known to accumulate around red giant stars. Stellar dust is very special stuff as it forms the building blocks for planets. “The harsh conditions of space are extremely difficult to reproduce in the laboratory, and have long hindered efforts to interpret and analyse observations from space,” Farid Salama, space science researcher at NASA’s Ames Research Centre in California, was quoted as saying. Using the Cosmic Simulation Chamber (COSmIC), scientists have been able to create the same dust that is ejected into the interstellar medium as a star approaches the end of its life. Until now, the production mechanisms behind these small dust grains have been a mystery and impossible to recreate in a laboratory setting. “Using the COSmIC simulator, we can now discover clues to questions about the composition and the evolution of the universe, both major objectives of NASA’s space research programme,” Salama said. Able to simulate the stellar environment down to densities billions of times less than that of earth’s atmosphere, jets of cold argon gas seeded with hydrocarbons are sprayed into the vacuum. The extreme cold, high radiation environment can then be simulated, blasting the whole system with an electrical discharge. After the gas mixture was exposed to the mini space environment analogue, the researchers detected the production of tiny grains of dust that carry similar characteristics as the dust generated by dying stars. Using an electron scanning microscope, these primordial dust grains were studied.

Morung Express news Dimapur | May 11

The Coordination Committee for Border Protection, Karbi Anglong (CCBPKA) stated today that it is willing to have a dialogue with Naga civil bodies to resolve the Assam-Nagaland border issue. Convenor of the CCBPKA, Bidya Sing Teron, said that the Karbi civil society has been asking their Naga counterparts (Naga Hoho, NSF, Naga Council Dimapur etc.) to take an initiative to “talk to the encroachers” as well as the Karbi civil bodies for nearly 3 months now. This initiative, however, has not been taken yet by the Naga civil bodies, it was informed. “We were left with no other alternatives after waiting for 2-3 months, so we directly appealed to the Government of Nagaland to stop the

encroachers, or we will have to impose an economic blockade,” said Teron. Karbi civil bodies, namely the Karbi Students Association, Assom Jatiabadi Yuva Chatra Parishad Karbi Anglong, Karbi Students and Youth Council, Karbi Riso Adarbar, All Assam Gorkha Students Union, Karbi Unemployed Youth Association, United Students Union of Karbi Anglong and Karbi Reawakening Organisation, have come together under the CCBPKA to make the “appeal” to the Government of Nagaland to control the encroachers or face an economic blockade of up to 90 days. “What else can we, as general public, do to protect our homeland when people are grabbing our land forcefully?” questioned Teron, terming the call for an economic blockade (yet uncharted) a “democratic fight”. “We regret the gun battles and violence—it is not a good sign for the people living in the region and can hamper the relationship between neighbours,” he said, reiterating that “we can still have a dialogue with Naga civil bodies if they are ready.”

A 17-year-old Naga girl, adopted by a single mother the day she was born, was thrown out of the house after relations between the girl and her adopted mother became strained. The girl was not only denied her birth certificate and educational documents when she was forced to leave the house but was also served an ultimatum to change her name and the clan of her adopted mother. In another case, a Naga family who adopted two non-local boys is at the receiving end as the two boys have started questioning their “real identity” and parentage and are causing a lot of problems at home. The adopted parents are perplexed as their approach to legally adopt the two boys after many years would not mitigate the tension running in the family. These are typical in-

DiMaPUR, May 11 (MExn): The Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC) has stated that the low voting percentage in the May 10 repolls at Akhakhu and Naltoqa under 33 A/C “vindicates the stand of the NPCC that massive polling malpractices adorned the entire polling process for election to the 16th Lok Sabha from Nagaland Parliamentary Constituency.” The two polling stations had recorded a voting percentage of 31.25% and 41.37 respectively during the repolls. The NPCC, in a press note reminded that both

the polling stations had earlier polled more than 100% votes on April 9. As such, it reiterated the party’s demand for repolls in 1344 polling stations that polled over 90 % and above. “The low voting percentage in the two re-polling stations is a befitting reply to the Returning Officer who had chosen to publicly rubbish the NPCCs claim on massive polling malpractices carried out by the NPF government and its workers across the state,” the NPCC stated. It added that the Nagaland Returning Officer’s report, which was published in the media, “is therefore uncalled for.” The NPCC reiterated that there is “hard evidences of low voter turnout followed by massive rigging and booth capturing.” With regard to the RO

Kikon said. ‘Wondang Ki’ and ‘Mothers’ Hope’, both based in Dimapur, are the only two SSAs in Nagaland. Kikon informed that the JJ Act emphasizes on the “best interest of the child” in all adoption processes and “to provide permanent substitute parents to a child who cannot be cared by his biological parents.” However, in cases of illegal adoption, the “best interest of the child is totally neglected” as there is no written agreement guaranteeing protection or safeguarding the future of an adopted child. The ‘Wondang Ki’ managing director further said that in both government and private hospitals of Nagaland, there are numerous cases of infants, born out of wedlock or abandoned, being given to others as “commodities” without going through the legal processes of adoption, which amounts to

trafficking. Recently, the Nagaland Alliance for Child Rights (NACR) in a memorandum to the Chairperson of the Nagaland State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NSCPCR) urged the later to check the rampant illegal adoptions taking place in both government and private hospitals in Nagaland. It directed that notices be served directing a stop to the practice of giving infants for adoptions from hospitals. NACR stated that such practices not only violates the best interest of the child in the process of adoption but is also a direct violation of Government of India rules on Adoption. This offence is punishable under Section 370 IPC with imprisonment of not less than 7 years but may extend to 10 years and shall also be liable to fine. NACR has urged that the notice may also be published in local newspapers.

NSCN (IM) leaders to of BooKs AnD reADinG leave for Delhi on May 13 “Knowledge is Power”…and it’s all the static matter of print. Imsuienla Jamir, who newmai news network Dimapur | May 11

The NSCN (IM) Chairman Isak Chishi Swu and the General Secretary, Thuingaleng Muivah will be leaving Dimapur for New Delhi on May 13, Tuesday in connection with the ongoing peace talks. The formal talks are likely to resume next month. According to well placed sources, Swu and Muivah will leave Dimapur on Tuesday while the ‘advance team’ of the NSCN (IM) will leave Dimapur on Monday, May 12. The NSCN (IM) leaders have been in Nagaland since March 9. In their two month stay here, the two leaders had signed the Lenten Agreement with the FGN/NNC and the NSCN/GPRN under the aegis of Forum for Naga Reconciliation. Formation of the Naga National Government (NNG) is clearly featured in the Lenten Agreement. The NNG is a product of the ‘Naga Concordant’. In the March 28 meeting, the NSCN (IM) and the GPRN/NSCN had agreed in principle to the formation of the NNG.

NPCC on low repoll turnout

Claims that NPCC stand is ‘vindicated’

stances of the dilemma faced by both adopted children and parents due to illegal adoption, which is rampant in Naga society. According to NT Kikon, managing director of ‘Wondang Ki’, a specialized adoption agency, in Nagaland most adoptions are done illegally outside the specialized adoption agencies (SSA). SSAs follow Section 41, sub-section 1&3 of Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of children) Act 2000/2009 along with the guidelines laid down by the Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA) under the Ministry of Women and Child. Citing another case, Kikon said a Naga man in his early fifties was denied of family property and asked to shift his house from the family land when his adopted father died. “He was compelled to leave for his dignity, he was compelled to trace his roots and change his clan name”,

“crediting high voter turnout on to the Systematic Voter Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) campaign,” the NPCC stated that this “contradicts that of the state Chief Electoral Officer who had stated that high voter turnout is due to proxy voting,” as per a “statement published in the media on March 27, 2014.” NPCC stated that over 1334 out of 2058 (excluding Ladigarh) polling stations polled over 90% votes “despite the voter turnout being abysmally low especially in urban areas.” It then expressed shock to find that “the EVMs were stuffed with random proxy voting by NPF workers in connivance with polling officials” The NPCC further questioned as to what actions the Nagaland Returning Officer “had taken, at

least on the polling station where voters with multiple voter slips were caught on CCTV footage.” It lamented that the RO has “failed to discharge his bounden duty as an official who was supposed to function with strict impartiality and uphold the neutrality of the election machinery.” The NPCC further stated that it had, in the first place, “never questioned the integrity of the RO but had only demanded fair probe into the large scale polling malpractices that had made a mockery of the entire democratic process.” It asserted that the party would continue “its relentless fight against the polling malpractices that has subverted the principles of free and fair elections and has made a mockery of democracy in the state.”

between the covers of the book.

Dr Asangba Tzudir Dimapur | May 11

Any civilized society is marked by an intellectual environment besides civic sensibility and one that sets high moral standards. The case of Nagaland state ostensibly presents a looming skepticism over the value of knowledge and thereby ‘truth,’ that we are confronted by a major crises - intellectual bankruptcy. This has happened to a society that lacks reading culture. Reading is a pleasurable activity. But what makes it pleasurable? Why do people who love to read love to read? I suppose only an avid reader or a ‘book worm’ will know. But whatever it is that makes reading books pleasurable, books are windows that open up your imagination and let you travel across the unbounded world of knowledge. Sadly, there seems to be a lack of reading culture amongst youngsters especially students. Chumben Merry, a B.A student of Dimapur Government College opines that, “studentsarenotencouraged by teachers to read books, magazines, GK, etc. Our college library does not have any latest magazine. With our focus only on course study our minds becomes static and not dynamic.” Rongsenkala, who teaches at CHSS Dimapur, says that, “the lack of reading culture among students

is because social networking sites have robbed them of their time and imagination. We are losing our oral tradition. Today’s parents/ elders lack a sense of story-telling…thus there is a failure to instill the spirit of inquisitiveness or the thirst for more knowledge through reading.” As Tsutsowe Kupa, EAC (P), aptly puts, “If our environment itself does not produce incentives for reading, then the question of motivation to read does not arise.” He laments the lack of intellectual and spiritual search among children, who are more into material and social nourishment, which is tangible besides its associated immediacy having returns that are visible and worldly desirable. Bokali Shohe cites the fast lifestyle they live in today. They are also overtly exposed to technology and media culture. TV keeps them entertained with movies faster than they can read a story in a book. In such a lifestyle, reading books and using their imagination is no longer considered an ideal way to spend their time. Vits Savi Nagi from Kohima says that, “reading is hardly encouraged apart from syllabus at schools.” She adds, given the context, what is dynamic before the eyes seems more appealing such as social media, technology, etc. irrespective of how substantial its contents might be rather than

teaches at GHSS, Jalukie, laments the lack of proper libraries in most institutions. She adds, “Amazingly, there is hardly any proper bookstore in the state. There is hardly any readership amongst the teachers themselves and hence cannot influence or encourage.” First and foremost, one cannot be forced into reading unless certain interest is generated in their minds which are already trapped in a ‘virtual attack.’ Reading should be done for the sake of reading. Knowledge and learning should not be seen as a tool to get into jobs. If we only stack it within the end object of getting a job, then that’s full stop to knowledge and education. Of course it is important to get a job but we need to approach knowledge and education for the sake of it, so that reading and learning becomes pleasurable and fun. This calls for sensibility and collective responsibility of parents, teachers, students and society at large. Nagaland finds itself robbed of an intellectual environment and there is an urgency to revive the culture of reading towards building a critically thinking society. Within the sparse reading, there is also a ‘compartmentalized exclusivity’ where certain books are only confined to certain groups or sections of people. Knowledge needs to be channeled and shared. Abraham Lincoln said, “The things I want to know are in books.” They are integral as well as forms the basis for thinking. On a redeeming note, my spirits brightened up with hope for Nagas on learning that the favorite authors of the twin sisters and HSLC toppers, Mesano Peseyie and Medeno Peseyie included classic writers like Charles Dickens and Jane Austen. They just passed HSLC but are already exposed to such books.

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Dimapur

Monday

St Paul Institute stages Oliver Twist musical

Teacher trainees of St Paul Institute of Education, Phesama, perform ‘Oliver Twist – the Musical.’

Dimapur, may 11 (mExN): Teacher trainees of St. Paul Institute of Education, Phesama, staged ‘Oliver Twist – the Musical’ receiving applause and appreciation from everyone who witnessed it, informed a press release. The one and half hour play was directed by Rev. Bro. Melwyn Fernandes SJ, who is presently pursuing his Master’s in English Literature at Loyola College, Chennai. Vipralhou Kesiezie, Di-

rector SCERT & Secretary, State Board of Teacher Education, Nagaland, was the chief guest of the occasion. In his address, the release said, he appreciated and encouraged the teacher trainees for the quality performance. The chief guest also lauded the quality teachers that the institute has been providing since 1977. The programme was attended by invited guests and well-wishers. Rev. Dr

EuroKids International School celebrates Mothers’ Day

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LocaL

12 May 2014

Dimapur, may 11 (mExN): EuroKids International School on Friday celebrated Mothers’ Day in the school premises here at Midland. A special seminar under the theme – ‘Role of a Mother in today’s world’ was also organized with Zares Ezung as the resource person. Ezung, who is a soloist with the Nagaland Chamber Choir and a popular speaker at various youth meetings and camps, addressed the mothers of the school children. She talked about the importance of Mothers’ Day as it is a celebration of honouring mothers and motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers

in society. “Mothers are our guiding force and are responsible for making us who we are,” she said, adding that no language can express the power and beauty of a mother’s love, which is infinite, limitless and vast. All the mothers also participated in a fun activity which was followed by a group discussion where they discussed various issues that they face as mothers in their day to day life, informed a press release. The School Principal Sandeep K Jain presented vote of thanks and appreciated the efforts of the faculty members to make preparations to celebrate the wonderful event, the note added.

Anand Pereira SJ, the Rector of St. Paul Institute, Phesama, invoked God’s blessings upon the gathering and Rev. Fr. Felix Monteiro SJ, the Principal of St. Paul Institute, Phesama, warmly and cordially welcomed the gathering. Sr. Tessin FCC, the Vice-Principal, proposed the vote of thanks. She appreciated and expressed her sincere gratitude to all those who made the occasion a success.

The Morung Express

Nagaland legislators observe Mothers’ Day at Kaziranga kaZiraNga, may 11 (mExN): Legislators campaigning for T.R. Zeliang for the post of chief minister celebrated Mothers’ Day at Iora Retreat, Kaziranga today. A press release informed that around 25 legislators and some party workers who are presently stationed at Iora Retreat celebrated the programme with special prayer and offering. “Though we are away from home, let us pray for all mothers, daughters and wives and for those who have lost their mothers on this special day,” urged Dr. Nicky Kire, parliamentary secretary, law and justice, who also chaired the programme. Dr. Benjongliba, parliamentary secretary, Agri and Allied read out scriptures from Proverbs 31:10-31 which eulogized and gave lucid pictures of praiseworthy women and from the portion of 1 Peter 3:8-17, said the release. Kuzhulozo Nienu (Azo),

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productive Child Health (RCH), Chief Medical Officer, District Program Officers, SMO CHC Jalukie, medical officers and health workers from almost all the health centers in the district. A press release from district media officer, CMO office, Pezanguno Celine Secii informed that Dr John Sweyievisa exhorted the gathering and recapitulated on the pre-

minister for Roads and Bridges exhorted the gathering drawing reference from the story of Queen Esther and Mordecaai. “If God is with us who can be against…so let us pray hard,” he asserted, and added that the legislators gathered have a greater decision to make and “prayer is the

only weapon to make this great decision a success.” Azo urged his colleagues to seek God first and reminded that money and riches are secondary. “As we observe this Mothers’ Day let us also commit ourselves not to indulge in corruptions and install a stronger, better, cleaner and stable

Ura Academy pre-celebrates 75 years jubilee

cialist (Agronomy) spoke on the topic “Nutrient management in organic farming” where she explained the components of nutrient management in organic farming like crop residues, weed biomass, green manures, mulching, biofertilizers etc. Dr. Temjenunugsang, Subject Matter Specialist (Animal Science) spoke on “Commercial broiler poultry farming” where he

ourselves to work for God’s glory,” he asserted. Yitachu, parliamentary secretary, Veterinary & AH, pronounced the offertory prayer. The amount collected in honour of all mothers will be used for special purpose which will be decided later by setting up a committee, the release said.

MEx File

NSCN (IM) recovers Bolero

Dr. Shurhozelie, president of Ura Academy exhorting during the pre-celebration of 75 years jubilee of the academy on May 10.

Wokha DPDB meet held

workers to coordinate with the officers in charge for any further activities. Dr. Nganshimeren, CMO, Peren urged everyone to work as a team. Further, he requested for a PowerPoint presentation to be presented from the different vertical programs every month. After the meeting, Dr. John Sweyievisa also had a meeting with the Lab Technicians under Peren district.

Capacity building organized for rural farmers

kohima, may 11 (mExN): Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Kohima organized a training for progressive farmers at CRBC, Zunpha on May 8. The main objective of the training was capacity building in agriculture and poultry husbandry for rural farmers, informed programme co-ordinator, KVK Tesophenyu in a press release. During the training, Imtisenla, Subject Matter Spe-

government,” he appealed. T.R. Zeliang, the key contender for the chief minister’s post, meanwhile stated that they were at the venue with a purpose and to avoid unwanted situation. “The government is chosen by God and all these are God’s plan. Therefore, we all should commit

kohima, may 11 (mExN): The pre-celebration of 75 years jubilee of Ura Academy was held at Ura Academy Hall, Kohima on May 10 in the presence of a host of dignitaries, Ura Academy officials and leaders of the community. Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu, president, Ura Academy exhorting the gathering said that the jubilee is not a one day affair but yearlong and it should be taken in the right spirit. He said it is also a time to reflect on the God given opportunity to celebrate 75 years and make positive strides in development of resources. He also called upon all the participants to do good deeds for the upcoming generations and give the best for the uplift of the Tenyimias in general. Other highlights were folk song by Khrielabeinuo Kire and friends and special song by Phil Harmonic. The organizing committee has fervently requested all well wishers to keep the programme in their prayers and attend the celebration slated for May 29 and 30 at NBCC convention centre, Kohima. The programme was chaired by Daso Paphino, Chairman of the Organizing Committee.

vious CRM visit in the district. He highlighted the importance of JSY, JSSK, immunization and the IEC materials. Dr. Khrielasanuo, DPO, RCH/UIP gave a PowerPoint presentation highlighting the performances of all the health units. Meanwhile, Dr. Limatula, DPO, NVBDCP, gave a brief overview of what has been done so far and requested all the health

emphasized on the choice of broiler strains, construction of house, equipments, brooding management, nutrition, and health care measures in poultry. Khekali Sema, Subject Matter Specialist (Horticulture) speaking on the topic “Package and practices of tomato” stressed on the varieties of tomato, field preparation, nursery raising, transplanting, spacing, time of weeding, staking,

harvesting and picking. Later, she also gave a demonstration at farmer’s field on the method of transplanting and the distance to be maintained between row to row and plant to plant in tomato. Sesenlo Kath, Farm Manger chaired the programme and Arno Semp, Development officer CRBC proposed the vote of thanks. The training was attended by 27 farmers.

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Nagaland legislators and party workers sing hymn during the celebration of Mothers’ Day at Iora Retreat, Kaziranga.

Dimapur, may 11 (mExN): The NSCN (IM) GHQ Naga Army has recovered a maroon colour Bolero SLE with engine no. GAA4D36510 and chassis no. MA1EL2GAKA2D84081. Therefore, the rightful owner has been asked to claim the vehicle within 10 days from the date of this publication by producing valid and authenticated documents. In a press release, the NSCN (IM) GHQ Naga Army said that it will not entertain anyone after the expiry of the stipulated date. For further information, call 8794214871.

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Sumi Hoho executive meeting ZuNhEboto, may 11 (mExN): The Sumi Hoho executive meeting has been scheduled on May 23, 10:00 am at Sumi Hoho Ki, Zunheboto. All the executive members have been requested to attend the meeting positively.

Medical review meeting in Peren Training on water

p E r E N, m ay 1 1 (mExN): The Chief Medical Office (CMO), Peren district under the chairmanship of Dr. Khrielasanuo, DPO, RCH/UIP held its District Review Meeting on May 9 at IDSP conference hall, Chief Medical Office, Peren. It was attended by officials from Directorate of Health & Family Welfare, Dr John Sweyievisa, Joint Director/ State Program Officer, Re-

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and sanitation held

ZuNhEboto, may 11 (mExN): The District Water & Sanitation Mission, PHED, Zunheboto Division Under the aegis of WSSO, PHED, Kohima, Nagaland organized grassroots level workers’ training on water and sanitation from May 5 to 10 in six blocks under Zunheboto district. Altogether 26 villages were divided into six blocks: Roto block - Philimi, Khrimtomi, and Akuhaito; Aizuto block - Aizuto, Lokobomi, Awotsakilimi and Naghuto Old; Asukhomi block - Asukhomi, Phuye Old, Phuye New, and Lochomi; Khukiye block - Khukiye, Lukhai, Hoishe, Shoipu and Satakha Village; Sukhalu block - Sukhalu, Yemishe, Shoixe and Kiyekhu; Zungti block - Zungti, Nikuto Ghukiye, Xukhepu and Kulhopu and the training was conducted in those blocks. A press release informed that speeches on communitization, its tar-

gets and the steps to be initiated in the near future were presented by Er. G. Mughalu, SDO, PHED, Atoizu. The prevailing water quality, ill effects of water borne diseases and its preventive measures were presented by Benathung Tsopoe, Chemist, DWSM, PHED, Zunheboto. Speeches on sanitation, negative impacts of unhygienic village condition and its measures, importance of cleanliness and the ways to keep the village and its surrounding clean were delivered by Hotolu Aye, JE, PHED, Zunheboto. WATSAN members, Council members, STH, student leaders, church leaders, SHG, teachers and Goan Buras attended the training. The villagers acknowledging the department for undertaking such activities urged the department to undertake more activities on water and sanitation in the future, the release added.

Wokha, may 11 (Dipr): The monthly Wokha District Planning and Development Board (DPDB) meeting was held on May 9 at DC’s conference hall. Vice Chairman DPDB and Deputy Commissioner, Wokha, Vyasan R chaired the meeting. Report on wild mushroom incident at Mekokla village on April 14 given by Medical Department did not satisfy the board members and in this regard a sub-committee was constituted to go into details headed by Chief Medical Officer, DAO, DHO and EAC Aitipyong as members to have a spot verification. Principal GHSS Wokha gave a detailed report on HSLC and HSSLC result. The board congratulated for the improvement compared to last year. The board agreed with the principal to continue the common coaching class, which was done through department’s contribution. Regarding financial assistance sought by the Indian Red Cross Society for the ongoing construction of office building at Wokha, the board decided to assist through LADPF common pool fund.

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NAAC peer team visits NU Kohima Campus kohima, may 11 (Dipr): National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) Peer Team visited Nagaland University (A Central University), Kohima Campus, Meriema on May 8, 2014. The team accompanied by Prof Imtisungba and Prof P.K. Deka, Dean of School of Education & Humanities and Social Sciences was welcomed by Pro Vice Chancellor, Nagaland University, Kohima Campus. They had separate meetings with faculty members, research scholars, and students and non-teaching staff after the formal accreditation in the various academic departments and centre in the University. The UGC- NAAC team also inspected the new library construction in the University Campus and also the present Central Library Nagaland University, Kohima Campus in the old building of Kohima College Kohima in the main town.

Scientific Advisory Committee meet in Dimapur Girl students imparted unarmed self defense training

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Dimapur, may 11 (mExN): Dr. Bidyut C. Deka, Joint Director, ICAR Research complex for NEH Region, Jharnapani, on May 7 said that Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) is a project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi for testing and refinement of agricultural technologies to bridge the gap between the production and productivity. The basic objective/mandate is to conduct On Farm Trials, Front Line Demonstrations, trainings to upgrade the knowledge and skills for farmers/farm women and extension functionaries or service providers including other extension activities like Kisan Mela, field days, health camps etc, to sensitize the farming

community. He said this during the Scientific Advisory Committee meeting held at the conference hall, Jharnapani. The programme started with welcome address by Dr. Ebibeni Ngullie, SMS (Animal Science) followed by action taken report on the recommendations of last SAC by Z. James Kikon, SMS (Soil Sc.). The progress report for the year 201314 was presented by Dr. Anamika Sharma, PC, KVK Dimapur and Action Plan for 2014-2015 by Kolom Rabi, SMS (Plant Breeding). Dr. R.M. Bardoloi, Principal Scientist, ZPD, ZoneIII, ICAR Umiam, Meghalaya, during the meeting said that the role of KVK has been changing from train-

ing to research oriented activities and becoming a knowledge resource centre. A good collaborative approach from other line departments can help the KVK in finalizing the priority areas to be taken up during the action plan in a micro climatic situation, he said. Zhothisa Dawhuo, ADC, Medziphema, appealed the NGOs and the other line departments for a good functional linkage. Dr. C. Rajkhowa, Director, NRC Mithun, suggested that failures/ shortcomings of OFTs and FLDs should also be reflected with genuine reasons while reporting. K. Vaiphei, Manager, NABARD, meanwhile, assured all the financial and technical support for for-

mation of Farmers club, awareness programmes, exposure visits and publication under farmers’ technology fund. K. Ela, Director, Prodigals Home, also requested for converging the programme for organising various training programmes in Dhansiripar block for 4 farmers club. A total of 31 participants from various organisations including SAMETI, CIH, District Administration, Medziphema, Irrigation and Flood control, Sericulture, NABARD, ATMA, and Prodigals Home attended the meeting. Farmers from Seithikema-A, Molvom and Pherima-B village and scientists from ICAR Complex, Jharnapani also attended the meeting, informed a press release.

pErEN, may 11 (mExN): Government High School (GHS) Mhaikam, GHS Bongkolong and Government Higher Secondary School Jalukie, Peren have concluded the Basic Unarmed Self-Defense Training in Rape Aggression Defense System to the girl students of Class 9 and 10 under the deputed Taekwondo Coach Keneingulie Khezhie. According to a press release issued by the coach, the training is imparted in light of increasing crime against women in the country and in the state in particular. The Government of India has sanctioned approval to RMSA Nagaland for training girl students in collaboration with Nagaland Taekwondo Association, stated the note.

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Students of Government Hight School Bongkolong during training session.


REgional

The Morung Express

Monday

Families reluctant to return to site of mayhem in Assam NaRayaNGURi, May 11 (PTi): It is a difficult situation for Safikul Islam. He wants to go back to his village but his wife and mother are unwilling to risk the family's life as they witnessed the mayhem in front of their eyes. The district administration is doing everything possible to instill a sense of security and confidence among affected families by providing adequate forces, but the villagers do not want to take any chance as they apprehend that security will be withdrawn after the 'situation becomes normal'. "I want to go back and start everything again if the situation becomes normal. But my wife and mother are not willing to go. They themselves saw the attack and how brutally people were killed. Even infants were not spared," Islam (26) told PTI here.

Islam's family, comprising his wife, two sons, one brother and mother, is among the five-odd families that did not suffer any casualty in the mayhem. All the six members are now taking shelter in the relief camp at Bhangarpar market. "We were attacked by miscreants and when we went to the forest guards for help, they also fired at us. It is very sad that these forest guards lived with us in the village and we shared everything with them. We celebrated all festivals together and they are regularly treated by us at our homes," he alleged. Islam is now thinking to shift to a completely new location if the government is willing to rehabilitate them. But a senior district administration official said there is

no such policy of rehabilitating the victims to a new place. "I do not want to go back. I am scared that they will come again. They came earlier also in 1994. We stayed back, now you see what happened to us," Islam's mother Romila Khatun (45) said. Similar sentiment was echoed by other inmates also at the relief camp, set up on the east side of the Beki River. The attack took place in Narayanguri and Khagrabari villages on the other side of the river. "The ladies of our families simply do not want to listen to anything if we talk of going back. They are very much terrified. Now we are thinking that for some days a few male members of the families will go and stay there. This might help in bringing back some confidence among them,"

Ramjan Ali (25) said. The attack in the two villages took place when most of the male members were at the Bhangarpar market on the east side of the river for their daily businesses. That is why women and children suffered the most casualties. The people of Narayanguri and Khagrabari on west side of Beki completely depend on the other side and the only way to reach there is by crossing the river by changing the boat twice and walking for about 300 metres. It usually takes around 45 minutes to reach the other side. Although the villagers are skeptical to move back to their homes, they do not have any complaint regarding efforts made by the district administration for their security and rehabilitation.

Senior police officials are constantly with us, he said, adding Baksa Deputy Commissioner Vinod Seshan himself tied the ropes of their tents during heavy rains on the midnight of May 6. When asked about the apprehensions expressed by the people, Baksa Additional Deputy Commissioner Bhawani Prasad Sharma said the authority has already stationed a Quick Response Team of Assam Police on the west side of Beki permanently. "We are now setting up a camp there and planning to take some male members there for staying overnight. We will continue this process for few days to bring back the confidence," he said. 43 people were killed in the attacks in Baksa and Kokrajhar districts of troubled Bodoland Territorial Area.

Assam 'activists' arrested for confining 12 girls shillONG, May 11 (TNN): A magisterial probe has been ordered into the alleged torture of 12 girls by 'rights activists'. The 'activists' had accused the girls of being engaged in sex trade. The girls, aged between 18 and 24 years, had been held captive at a rented house belonging to Jaynie Ningring Sangma at Danakgre on the outskirts of Tura. They were rescued by locals on Thursday evening

and handed over to police. The five accused 'activists'- Jaynie Ningring N Sangma, Babiana M Sangma, Merryln D Shira, Konica S Sangma and Lonavi R Sangma - were arrested on Friday and remanded in 14 days' judicial custody. The magisterial probe will be headed by Dadenggre sub-divisional officer Sibhi C Sadhu. He will be assisted by assistant commissioners Tengchi Mo-

Northeast Briefs Protest in Assam Medical College and Hospital after doctor's murder New Delhi, May 11 (aGeNCies): Junior doctors and students of Assam Medical College and Hospital went on an indefinite strike, a day after 24-year-old post graduate student, Sarita Tashniwal, was murdered in the hospital's Intensive Care Unit. The protesting doctors are demanding resignation of the state health minister in the wake of the incident. They are also demanding increased security for women including installation of CCTV cameras and strict punishment for the killer. Tashniwal was found lying in a pool of blood on early Saturday morning. The accused, Tiru Mech, has been arrested by the police after scratch marks were visible on his face. According to the police, Sarita was working in the night shift when she was attacked and killed. Mech had reportedly confessed to the police that he unsuccessfully attempted to rape the victim after she misbehaved with him. He then killed her after attacking her with a surgical knife. The victim was due to get married on July 7 to a fellow doctor and was pursuing her MD course in obstetrics and gynaecology.

Kut Committee to continue traditional dance competition iMPhal, May 11 (NNN):Inviewofthe positive response and the perceptible improvement in the quality of presentation of folk dances in KUT 2013, the State Level Kut Committee has decided to continue with the competition mode in the traditional tribal dance event. A notice from the committee informed that prizes will be awarded on the basis of criteria such as creativity and innovation, choreography and entertainment value, crowd puller, turn out. Negative marks will be given for turning out in non-tribal attire like jeans, watches, spectacles, etc. Marks will also be deducted if the performers do not keep to their allotted time. Each dance troupe will represent a particular tribe and participate on behalf of the tribe. Prizes of Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 75,000 and Rs. 50,000 will be awarded to 1st, 2nd and 3rd respectively.

New Species of Fish Found in Arunachal iTaNaGaR, May 11 (PTi): A new species of catfish has been found in Yomgo river in West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh by a team of ichthyologists from Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) here. The fish was found in the river at a depth of 1999 metres at Mechuka, a release by the team said here today. This is the second such discovery and the new species belong to the genus Creteuchiloglanis. The first one was found at Kalaktang in West Kameng district of the state in 1966, the release said.

min and Rojalinda D Shira. The 'activists' had claimed that West Garo Hills deputy commissioner Pravin Bakshi had given them permission to raid the houses of the girls. Bakshi said, "The allegations are baseless." He added that he had asked the 'activists' to refrain from conducting a raid. "The NGOs were prevented from conducting raids when I learnt about their plan. We told them to always co-

ordinate with police," he said. "When the DC's office received information that some girls had been 'caught' by these NGOs, my first reaction was that they should be handed over to the police. The NGOs paid no heed," Bakshi said in a statement. "Since no FIRs had been lodged by the NGOs or by the parents, the administration could not act on its own," he said. "The NGOs

iTaNaGaR, May 11 (PTi): Incessant rains in the past couple of days have flooded several rivers in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh threatening Tezu, the district headquarters and its adjoining villages. According to official sources today, Tezu Nallah, Shukha Nallah and Dening Nallah rivers in the district have swelled abnormally because of relentless rain over the last six days. The water resources department (WRD) is constantly monitoring the flood situation in the district, recording and updating the water levels and intensity of the rainfall. According to WRD sources, a staggering 363.6 mm rainfall was recorded during the last rainfall, which is a sign of alarming flood situation. Dharanpur, Deorigaon and other villages in Namsai sub division are already flooded by NoaDihing river, and if the rains continue at

the same rate, other villages too will be inundated, the sources said. "Shukha Nallah is posing the greatest threat as it is eroding the newly built security wall of the Airports Authority of India's (AAI) advance landing ground (ALG) as well as other parts of the airport," WRD assistant engineer S K Srivastav said. "We have submitted an estimate of immediate flood protection work at the site to the AAI. Delay in the sanctioning the project is a risk factor, since the ALG needs quick anti-erosion measures," he said. Meanwhile, the Parsuram Kund road, which was cut off by landslides, has been temporarily restored by the BRO, but continuous mudslides were still making restoration work difficult. "We have temporarily stationed adequate men and machineries at the slide areas to keep the road open," BRO official P K Gupta said.

Rain relief for parched Manipur iMPhal, May 11 (TNN): Incessant rain in the Imphal valley came as a relief to residents battling a worsening water crisis for the last two months. People frantically harvested rain water as heavy showers lashed the state since Wednesday. The downpour allowed the state public heath engineering department to resume work at its treatment plants, as water levels in major rivers and project sites increased. During the prolonged dry spell, private suppliers demanded as much as Rs 750 for 1,000 litres of water. Almost all major government plants had stopped supplying water. Many families had even re-

sorted to using disposable plates and banana leaves to avoid washing utensils. PHED minister Irengbam Hemochandra Singh had said water would be pumped from Loktak, the largest fresh water lake in the northeast, to beat the water crisis. With the state receiving rainfall, private suppliers revised the rate of 1,000 litres to Rs 400450. "People store rainwater in large tanks and we have been receiving fewer orders in the last couple of days," said Hemanta Singh, a private supplier. Most families in the valley districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal and parts of the hill district harvested be-

tween 2,000 to 3,000 litres of rainwater. "I have filled my 2,000-litre plastic tank with rainwater. It will suffice for my small family for at least 10 days. I thank the rain god for helping us through the tough time," said Abungo Sharma, an Imphal resident.

‘Impossible to fix HSRPs on all vehicles before June 14’ aiZawl, May 11 (NNN): Fixing of High Security Registration Plates (HSRP) on vehicles would not be completed within the time prescribed by the Mizoram government, reliable sources said here. According to Shimnit Utsch India Pvt. Ltd, the company engaged by the Mizoram government for

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the fixing of High Security Registration Plate (HSRP), around 74695 High Security plates have been fixed till May 6. “The fixing work is unlikely to finish within a stipulated time”, company sources said. As per government prescription, all vehicles in Mizoram should have the high security plates by June 14, 2014.

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told us repeatedly that the girls were under proper care and would be counseled for a few days before being handed over to their parents. When we received the news that some of the girls could be minors, we sent officers of the district child protection unit to the NGOs on May 8," he said. Bakshi said he had been in touch with Meghalaya State Women's Commission and Mothers' Union.

Arunachal's Lohit district threatened by floods

Dimapur

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The Morung Express 4 businEss/public discoursE ‘Foreign investments will surge if Modi becomes PM’ India-born Hinduja brothers Monday

Dimapur

12 May 2014

New Delhi, May 11 (iaNS): Foreign investors are optimistic on India and inflows are likely to surge if a stable government is formed under Narendra Modi after the general election, the head of an industry chamber in Europe has said. Sunil Prasad, secretary general of Brussels-based Europe India Chamber of Commerce (EICC), said investors in Europe and other parts of the world are bullish on India despite recent slowdown in growth as fundamentals of the economy remain strong. “Narendra Modi is a no-nonsense person. Businesses are hopeful that if he comes to power, things will move really fast,” Prasad told IANS during a visit here. Prasad, who was in New Delhi to release a study report on European investments in India, said revival of inflows must be the priority of the new government as this is essential to accelerate growth and create jobs.

“The focus has to be on reviving overall investments, not just FDI. It is a smaller part. A lot needs to be done to revive domestic investments,” Prasad said, adding: “Corruption and policy paralysis have dented overseas as well as domestic investors’ confidence in the Indian economy.” Foreign direct investment (FDI) to India declined marginally by 0.6 percent to $20.76 billion in the first 11 months of the 2013-14 financial year ended March 31, according to latest data available with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). However, investments in the services sector, which includes banking, insurance, research and development and outsourcing among others, dipped by 54 percent to $2.18 billion during AprilFebruary period of the last fiscal. Domestic investments have also dropped sharply, pulling

down economic growth to its lowest level in a decade. India’s top economic policymakers, including chairman of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council C. Rangarajan and Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, have also admitted that the decline in savings and investments and delays in completion of projects have hurt economic growth. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth fell to 4.5 percent in fiscal 2012-13, the worst performance since 2002-03, and is estimated to grow at 4.9 percent in the year ended March 31, according to the Central Statistical Office (CSO). Prasad said low growth does impact investors’ sentiments but the bigger issues are related to corruption and policy. “The whole world is watching India. This election is a make-or-break for the In-

dian economy,” said Prasad, adding the economy may fall in the trap of slow GDP growth if a strong and stable government is not formed after the elections. Prasad said just setting FDI limits higher, as the government has done in the past two years, is not enough. “The focus has to be on implementation and there should be consistency in the policy,” he said. On the BJP’s announcement that it will reverse the FDI policy in multi-brand retail, Prasad said: “Investors expect consistency in the policy. Reversal of any policy will have an adverse impact.” Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s government has allowed up to 51 percent FDI in multi-brand retail. The announcement was made in September 2012 but no foreign investment has taken place in the sector so far. In its election manifesto the BJP has said it would keep FDI out of multi-brand retail.

Much to learn from Ireland (III)

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crushed down with an iron fist by the British. Daniel O’Connell did not support this rebellion. He was clear in his belief that the Irish will have to assert themselves politically rather than by force and as such he also did not support but infact condemned Robert Emmet’s rebellion of 1803. Here we need to know the fact that Robert Emmet was a protestant from the protestant dominated Northern Ireland favourable to Britain and vice-versa. By convention or by logic, Daniel O’Connell could and should have easily supported Robert Emmet if not for anything then atleast to drill and drive a wedge between the minority Irish Protestants (15%) but majority in Northern Ireland and the mainland Protestant British. Such was his opposition to the use of violence. He however as a lawyer willingly and wholeheartedly defended those accused of political crime, all the more of those falsely accused and had a very reputation of being fearless in court. Daniel O’Connell always was in the forefront in the struggle for catholic emancipation which would enable people professing the catholic faith - in this case, the Irish catholics - to become Member of Parliament. To meet this end he set up the ‘Catholic Association’ which also acted as a pressure group and fought for electoral reforms, reform of the Church of Ireland, tenant’s right and economic development. In the year 1828, Daniel O’Connell stood in a by-election to the British House of Commons and won the electoral battle. However

reland was partitioned not just geographically but even more unfortunately and tragically on the denominational line of the Christian faith - the Protestants and the Catholics by an act of the British Parliament in 1920. The consent of the Irish people were never sought nor given. The tried and trusted colonial strategy of divide and rule of the British was again in full display as Ireland was devided into the Unionist Irish Protestants (Northern Ireland) and the Nationalist Irish Catholics. Wherever and whenever Ireland is discussed for any of its merits or dismerits and especially more when it is about her struggle to free itself from the British yoke is concerned, a man going by the name of Daniel O’Connell sticks out. Love him or hate him, he is one Irish political leader during the early half of the nineteenth century who is very often referred to as ‘the liberator’ or ‘the emancipator’. He was the star campaigner for the emancipation of the catholic faith who in his own cowboy style fought and achieved the right for the Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament of Great Britain - the privilege which had been denied to the Catholics for more than a century. He also was the Chief Architect of the movement to fight for the repeal of the ‘Act of Union’ which had combined Great Britain and Ireland. In the year 1798 a movement going by the nomenclature ‘United Irishmen’ of Catholic Ireland staged a rebellion against the Protestant England which was forcefully

he was unable to take his seat as a Member of Parliament because it was mandatory for an MP to take the ‘Oath of Supermacy’ which was incompatible with Catholicism. The Oath of Supermacy required any person taking public or church office in England to swear allegiance to the British monarch as ‘Supreme Governor’ of the Church of England. Even as the monarchy in England along with the Prime Minister strongly opposed the participation of the Catholics in parliament, denying Daniel O’Connell his seat would have definitely been outrageous leading to another uprising and rebellion in Catholic (85%) dominated Ireland. This paved the way for Catholic emancipation and in default the same right to the Presbyterians and members of all other Christian faiths including the British Jews later in 1858, to sit in Parliament which became law in 1829. With Catholic emancipation in his bag, Daniel O’Connell set out on the mission to repeal the “Act of Union’ which in 1801 had merged the Parliaments of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Irelandtoformthe“UnikedKingdom of Great Britain and Ireland”. To achieve this end he set up the ‘Repeal Association’ which strongly propogated for the recreation of an independent Kingdom of Ireland to govern itself but with Great Britain’s queen Victoria as the Queen of Ireland. Many meetings attended by hundreds of thousands of people (therefore called Monster meetings) were organised greatly alarming

Britain to ban one such proposed meeting just outside Dublin city. Despite passionate appeals by supporters to defy the ban and proceed ahead with the meeting, Daniel O’Connell refused to defy the authorities and called off the meeting as he was very unwilling to risk bloodshed. During O’Connell’s time, his idea of an independent kingdom of Ireland governing itself but keeping the British Monarchy as its ‘Head of State’ proved to be too radical for Great Britain to even think about, and as such Daniel O’Connell too suffered persecution and suppression. In today’s time Daniel O’Connell’s idea would never have been labelled and looked at as being too radical but instead appreciated as being infact very practical. No wonder Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian Nation himself being a lawyer just as Daniel O’Connell was, was very influenced by the life, time, work and the very idea of O’Connell’s non-violence as he embarked on his own mission of winning back India from the British. With the uncanny similarities between Ireland and our Homeland I feel proud and confident that we have our own Daniel O’Connell in the form of Neiphiu Rio who if elected is all set to begin a new inning in the Indian Parliament. We pray that the guiding Spirit which helped Daniel O’Connell to many path-breaking developments in the British Parliament also be the same Spirit which will guide our brand new MP in the Indian Parliament. Benito Z Swu

emerge richest in Britain

loNDoN, May 11 (iaNS): India-born Hinduja brothers, Srichand and Gopichand Hinduja, have emerged as the richest men in Britain with a net wealth of 11.9 billion pounds (about $20 billion), according to a report. The owners of the global conglomerate Hinduja Group saw their fortune rise by 1.3 billion pounds during last year, the Daily Mail reported citing the

Declaration

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aving been committed to Naga nationalism and the longing for freedom, we had dedicated ourselves in the service of the nation since the past decades. The NNC/FGN hereby heartily welcome Mr. Tsoresa Tetseo, former Speaker, Leacy Hoho, Chakhesang Region, FGN and Lt. Col. Thupuveyi, Naga Army into our fold in the Chakhesang Region, NNC/FGN to serve the people and the nation under the leadership of Brig

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2014 Sunday Times Rich List that will be published May 18. The London-based businessmen, who ranked third last year, replaced last year’s richest man Russian business magnate Alisher Usmanov at the top after the Arsenal shareholder saw his fortune fall to 10.65 billion pounds, the report said. Lakshmi Mittal, an Indian steel tycoon owning ArcelorMittal, ranked third in the list with a fortune of 10.25 billion pounds. The study revealed a total of 104 billionaires based in Britain with a combined wealth of more than 301 billion pounds. That number has more than tripled in a decade, according to the list. The richest Briton on the list is the Duke of Westminster whose fortune rose to 8.5 billion pounds. Of the 104 billionaires, London is home to 72 of them -- the highest in any city in the world. The list also pointed out that Britain has more billionaires per head of population than any other country in the world.

(Retd) S. Singnya, President, Federal Government of Nagaland who upholds the stand of Naga nation to this day unfalteringly. Having understood clearly that there lies prospect for the Naga nation under the leadership of Brig (Retd) S. Singnya, who refused to accept the Shillong Accord of 1975 and dissenting to live in the Transit Peace Camp at Kohima, which is evidently the bone of contention, “We take this step to come out and join the mainstream of Naga na-

tionalism.” This is a precedent set for all national workers not to be misled by propagandas and narrow isms that had plagued our people regrettably, “Together we shall work for the liberation of our people and uphold the principles of liberty and freedom.” Ghuvishe Zhimo Secretary, Ministry of Rali Wali Affairs Federal Government of Nagaland

Nagas should be together

t is noticed that recently many articles are appearing in the local dailies opposing the recognition of Rongmei tribe on the ground that they are not indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland state. The opposition to the Rongmei tribe is entirely on the premise that they are not inhabitants of the state of Nagaland. The relevant question, therefore, is whether the state of Nagaland have a settled legal boundary. If so, where does the boundary of Nagaland begins and where it ends? It may be noted by all concern that there is ongoing legal battle in the honorable Supreme Court of India on the issue of Border with the state of Assam. Thus, the NTC and the ZPO ought to be aware that to speak of Nagas of Nagaland is premature and likely to be sub judice. We should not forget that we were brought under Indian Union under

the Nine point agreement and Nagaland became a state under the Sixteen point agreement. According to this two agreements all the Naga inhabited areas are to be amalgamated under one administrative unit. In the view of the above stated facts of history it will be wrong to assume that there is a legally settled boundary for the state of Nagaland and that such a boundary exists apart from the Naga issue. Therefore, let us not play into the hands of our adversary whose only interest is to divide and rule the Nagas. On the other hand, let us all be united as Nagas, wherever we are. God bless Nagaland. T. L. Angami GB Razhuphe Village Dimapur.

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

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LEISURE

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2874

DAILY CROSS WORD

CROSSWORD # 2881

DIMAPUR Civil Hospital:

STD CODE: 03862

Metro Hospital: Faith Hospital: Shamrock Hospital Zion Hospital: Police Control Room Police Traffic Control East Police Station West Police Station CIHSR (Referral Hospital) Dimapur hospital Apollo Hospital Info Centre: Railway: Indian Airlines Chumukedima Fire Brigade Nikos Hospital and Research Centre Nagaland Multispecialty Health & Research Centre

Answer Number # 2873

KOHIMA

Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home:

232224; Emergency229529, 229474 227930, 231081 228846 228254 231864, 224117, 227337 228400 232106 227607 232181 242555/ 242533 224041, 248011 230695/9402435652 131/228404 229366 282777 232032, 231031 248302, 09856006026

STD CODE: 0370

Northeast Shuttles

100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202

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Our Gods & Heroes APHRODITE APOLLON ARES ARTEMIS DEMETER DIONE ERIDA ERINYES EROS EURYNOME FATES GORGONS GRACES HEPHAISTOS HERA HERAKLES HESTIA HYPERION IO IRIS KALYPSO KHEIRON KRONOS NEREIDS ODYSSEUS ORAI PERSEPHONE POSEIDON STYX THANATOS THE MUSES THETIS WINDS ZEUS

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S C P R O D Y S S E U S S T Y X

O S O T S I A H P E H K A R R F

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O W O P T H E T I S D H P T K Y

A E C O A S D N I W E E H H A E

E

P E R S E P H O N E M I R E L E

P W T E I A O T F R E R O M Y R

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O N H I G R I L M O T O D U P I

S E A D O T T R L S E N I S S N

S U N O R E H N I O R B T E O Y

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I Y T E O I R E R I H G E I A S

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E M O A A S L T C T N O P T S I

N E I O F I E E H E R A S Y I D

T O Z E U S S S D I O N E O H A

ACROSS 1. Hillocks 6. Does something 10. Joke 14. Bestow 15. Give temporarily 16. Savvy about 17. Tropical vine 18. Attraction 19. Pearly-shelled mussel 20. Funny woman 22. Litter’s littlest 23. Makes a mistake 24. Highest point 26. Filly’s mother 30. How old you are 31. Historic period 32. Astringent 33. Scrabble piece 35. Drosses 39. Sea cow 41. Daytime performance 43. Sporting venue 44. Not barefoot 46. A few 47. Genus of macaws 49. A high alpine meadow 50. Catholic church service 51. Jubilant 54. Narrow opening

56. 53 in Roman numerals 57. Catastrophe 63. Annul 64. Doing nothing 65. Metaphor or hyperbole 66. Adolescent 67. Observed 68. Ballet skirts 69. Terminates 70. Where the sun rises 71. It makes dough rise

DOWN 1. After-bath powder 2. Hodgepodge 3. Deception 4. Anagram of “Note” 5. Ancient Greek unit of length 6. Anagram of “Galleries” 7. Advise 8. Mountain pool 9. Allergic reaction 10. The reporting of news 11. Boredom 12. Scrimp 13. Cuspid or molar 21. Angry 25. At one time (archaic) 26. Mother 27. Winglike

28. Graphic symbol 29. Emissions 34. Skin softener 36. Dwarf buffalo 37. Precious stones 38. Views 40. Container weight 42. Acknowledge 45. Bothers 48. Suggest 51. Wash out with a solvent 52. Flax fabric 53. Assisted 55. Shabby 58. Bright thought 59. Not false 60. Greek letter 61. Creative work 62. Where a bird lives Ans to CrossWord 2880

DIMAPUR: 03862-232201/101 (O) 9436601225 (OC) CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862-282777/101 (O) WOKHA: 03860-242215 (O) 9402643782 MOKOKCHUNG: 0369-2226225/101 (O) 9856872011 (OC) PHEK: 03865-223838/101 (O) 9436012949 (OC)

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STD CODE: 0369

Police Station 1: Police Station 2 :

2226241 2226214

Civil Hospital: Woodland Nursing Home: Hotel Metsüpen (Tourist Lodge):

2226216 2226263 2226373/2229343

TAHAMzAM (formerly Senapati) STD CODE: 03871 Police Station: Fire Brigade

222246 222491

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5 LOCAL MAy 13 PubLIc RALLy Preraks urged to work hard to eradicate illiteracy Monday

The Morung Express

12 May 2014

ZBN directs frontal orgs not to participate

DiMaPur, May 11 (Mexn): The Zeliangrong Baudi Nagaland (ZBN) has directed its frontal organizations to “refrain from participating” in the May 13 NTC Public Rally in Dimapur. The ZBN issued this directive to the Zeme Council Nagaland, Liangmai Council Nagaland, Rongmei Council Nagaland, Zeliangrong Mipui Organization, Zeliangrong Students’ Union Nagaland, Zeliang Peoples Organization and the Zeliangrong Youth Front Nagaland unit. A press note from the ZBN President, Rangsam N Hau and Secretary of Information and Publicity, Namrachang Hegui informed all subordinate bodies to “issue strong directives in their respective jurisdiction to

abstain from attending the proposed rally, since it is against the established government and its notification order in matter of Rongmei recognition.” “It is considered imperative that participating in such rally would tantamount to creating divisions, contention and chaos in the general Naga society which may further distort and disturb the unity, integrity and spirit of Naganess,” stated the ZBN press note.

NTC reaffirms stand Meanwhile, the Nagaland Tribes Council (NTC), in a press note from its Member Secretary, Kitoho S Rotokha and Covenor, Theja Therieh called upon all “rightful citizens of the state of Nagaland to come participate and exert your

voice to save the identity and status of the Nagas of Nagaland.” “The aboriginal or indigenous status is not by application to be recognized as tribe in the state but it is the native people who are identified to have being an indigenous people in his own ancestral land during political reorganization taking place to form a State,” stated the NTC. It further expressed that the NTC is “overwhelmed by the support extended by various mass based organizations in and around Dimapur to participate in the proposed Public Rally.” The NTC “acknowledged” the position of the Tenyimia Union Dimapur “basing on its composition and structure which is self explanatory.”

“The NTC on perusal of the notification on constitution of a Committee to examine issues relating to recognition of tribes, in the context of representations received by the Government and to highlight in greater clarity the status of tribe, indigenous inhabitant and permanent domicile,” stated the NTC press note. It added that the mentioned terms of references “have no indication to revoke or recall the notification granting the status of indigenous Naga tribe to the members of Rongmei community in the State of Nagaland.” It thus asserted that the NTC would pursue the issue “till the recognition of indigenous tribe given to the Rongmei community is revoked in totality.”

kohiMa, May 11 (Mexn): A one day interpersonal media campaign and training for Preraks under Saakshar Bharat programme was organized by State Literacy Mission Authority (SLMA) in collaboration with District Literacy Mission Authority (DLMA) Tuensang on May 8 at Tuensang Town Hall. T. Mhabemo Yanthan, Deputy Commissioner, Tuensang and chairman DLMA Tuensang in his speech, exhorted the village council chairmen, Preraks and NGOs. He emphasized on Saakshar Bharat programme and urged the participants to work hard to eradicate illiteracy from the society. He also encouraged the participants to be accountable in their work and requested them to judiciously utilize the fund avail-

Participants of the interpersonal media campaign and training held in Tuensang on 8.

able to them through SLMA. SLMA nodal officer R. Ekongthung Lotha in his address requested all the participants/ Preraks to teach the non-literates sincerely as this is a time

NPF hopeful of winning Outer Manipur parliamentary seat

kohiMa, May 11 (PTi): The Naga People's Front (NPF) is hopeful of winning the Outer Manipur parliamentary seat and the lone Lok Sabha seat in Nagaland but it is not expecting much in the Arunachal As-

sembly elections, a top NPF leader said. NPF President Shurhozelie Liezietsu said "we are hopeful of winning the Outer Manipur seat." "So this time will be the first time for our party to

Dimapur

send two MPs (Outer Manipur and Nagaland) to Lok Sabha," he said. NPF is contesting for the first time in Manipur and has nominated former minister Soso Lorho in the Naga-inhabited constituency.

bound programme. The programme covered various topics: Electoral literacy by S. Mongtsoa, supervisor, legal literacy rights, rights and entitlements by A. Lipong,

superviser, disaster management and civil defense by Narola, supervisor, interpersonal media campaign by Likhumse, supervisor, and financial literacy by R.L. Sangtam, JEO.

MEx FILE AR conducts medical camp

Peren, May 11 (Mexn): 18 Assam Rifles conducted a medical camp at Beisumpikam village of Peren district recently. Medical team of 18 Assam Rifles ARMO provided free medical aid to the local villagers of Beisumpuikam and surrounding villages. A lecture on awareness and prevention of HIV/AIDS was also conducted. A total of 88 villagers were provided with medical aid, informed Assam Rifles in a press release.

ENPO mourns Mopen Konyak’s demise

Rachuma Youth Organisation (RYO) organized a tree plantation drive at R. Khel, Viswema Village in commemoration of 50th year of RYO in 2015. The function was chaired by Khrupi Sothu, convener, organising committee and Eyongol Neikha, chairman Rachuma Panchayat was the chief guest.

Kohima Bible College team pose for the lens during its gospel tour ministry to Phezha CRC Nerhema with the theme “saved to serve” from April 26-27.

Condolences extended to Deo Dukru’s family CSU: The Chakhesang Students’ Union has expressed its deepest condolences to the family of Deo Dukru while stating that he was a man, deeply concerned for the welfare of the community, especially the students’ community. The CSU stated, “Words cannot express our sorrow and sympathy for the bereaved family, but we pray that the God Lord will have mercy on the departed soul and be the greatest comforter to the family in this time of great trial.” Bishop of Kohima: Most Rev, (Dr.) James Thoppil, Bishop of Kohima has shared profound pain and grief at the sudden and untimely demise of Deo Dukru in a tragic accident. Stating that he was a pillar of the Catholic Church, he recalled with gratitude, the services he rendered to the Church, especially in his

PPUK: The Poumai Public Union Kohima has expressed its deepest sorrow and pain over the demise of Deo Dukru, Headmaster of GHS, Nerhema. Stating that the Union has lost a good leader, who had immensely dedicated and rendered his valuable service for the Naga people in general and the Poumai community in particular, it said, his absence has created a great vacuum in the society and would be difficult to CAN: The Catholic Association of fill. The Union prayed that God Nagaland has expressed shock, provide solace and strength to sadness and pain at the sudden the bereaved family members. demise of Deo Dukru while recalling him as a forward and up- KRYO: The Kruoliezou Rhüright person, who had been a life- ba Youth Organisation has exline to the Catholic Association of pressed its heartfelt grief and sorNagaland when faced with trying row at the sudden and untimely times. CAN said it will miss him demise of its elder, Deo Dukru. and his joyful participation in its The KRYO said it has lost a good activities and his clam approach leader and prayed that Almighty to issues which positively affect- God would rest his soul in heavenly abode. ed lives around him.

capacity as the President of the Catholic Association of Nagaland. Expressing belief that Deo Dukru has passed on to a better place now for his eternal reward, the Bishop, on behalf of the Diocese of Kohima, priests, religious and lay faithful, extended heartfelt condolences to the bereaved family and prayed that God will be close to them during this time and always.

CWUK: The Chakhesang Welfare Union, Kruoliezou Colony, Kohima has expressed deep shock at the untimely demise of its chairman, Theodore Deo Dukru. It expressed that they will cherish his good deeds rendered towards the community during his lifetime and also prayed that God grant his soul to rest in peace and comfort to his family during this period of grief. RPO Kohima: The Razeba Public Organization, Kohima has mourned the demise of Deo Dukru, on May 2. “He was an educationalist who had tirelessly devoted his best for the uplift of the Razeba community. He was an asset to our society,” said the organization. “It is our prayer that may the omnipresent God grant solace and comfort to his wife, children and the members of the bereaved family during this

greatest moments of sorrow and trial in life.” Nerehema Village Council: Nerhema Village Council chairman Zakieneisa Kiewhuo and secretary Rüdilhoulie Virie has mourned the untimely demise of Deo Dukru and prayed for the departed soul to rest in peace and also conveyed its deepest condolence to the family members and relatives. DDEO Phek: Deputy District Education Officer and staff, Phek has expressed extreme shock and sadness at the sudden demise of Deo Dukru. DDEO Phek, Nuchisalu stated that late Deo Dukru was a dedicated and sincere officer who served the department in various capacities. “He was a good statesman, dedicated and an intellectual officer.” The Deputy District Education Office Phek further extended heartfelt condolences to the bereaved family.

DiMaPur, May 11 (Mexn): The Eastern Nagaland Peoples’ Organisation (ENPO) has mourned the sudden and untimely demise of C. Mopen Konyak, former Konyak Union president and father of Honang Konyak, present general secretary of ENSF on May 8 at Mon town. “Late Mopen was one of the dedicated and sincere leaders among eastern Nagaland and that his untimely death is a great loss to the society particularly for the people of ENPO,” stated ENPO president Chingmak Chang and joint secretary Manlang Phom in a condolence message. The ENPO has conveyed its deepest sympathy to the bereaved family members and prayed for the departed soul to rest in peace.

Farmers’ training on adoption of SRI

noklak, May 11 (Mexn): Department of Agriculture, Sub-Divisional Agricultural Officer (SDAO) Noklak organized a farmers’ training cum demonstration and inputs distribution programme on the method of SRI under NFSM for the current Kharif season on May 6. SDAO L Sunep in his keynote address encouraged the gathering to adopt System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method with an objective to achieve the food for all by 2025. During the technical session, different steps like selection of quality seeds, nursery management, line marking for transplanting, water management and weeding by using cono weeder were discussed. The training was attended by 48 progressive farmers from all the 5 clusters of six villages comprising women folk. After the training, inputs were distributed to the trainees at free of cost. This was informed by SDAO Noklak L Sunep in a press release.

Fire & evacuation mock drill held

DiMaPur, May 11 (Mexn): As part of nationwide disaster management program, Fire Station, Chumukedima organized a fire and evacuation drill at GHSS, Chumukedima on May 6 led by Kenyuyhun Kent, ASI. During the drill, the department personnel demonstrated and explained fire safety, the use of different types of fire extinguishers, first-aid and safety evacuation, informed the note. Meanwhile, the principal, staff and students have expressed gratitude to all the officers and staff of Fire Station, Chumukedima.

REGIONAL NEWS 19 win Young Talented Artists Award 2013-2014 '15 women, children killed in Manipur since January' GuwahaTi, May 11 (Mexn): 19 young talented artists of the North East region were awarded the Young Talented Artists Award 2013-2014 for North East Region on May 10 at Shilpgram, Guwahati. The award is given by the North East Zone Cultural Centre (NEZCC), Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The awards were presented by Janaki Ballabh Patnaik, Governor of Assam in a solemn and impressive function, informed a press release received here. The young artists were awarded for their outstanding contribution in various disciplines and recognizing their talents in a bid to encourage them to take forward their inherited art forms for posterity. The young awardees from all the North Eastern States were selected considering their commendable skills and merits under the Scheme administered by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India for the North East Region in order to give the required impetus and take the culture of the North East to a new dimension, stated

iMPhal, May 11 (Tnn): Strifetorn Manipur has witnessed 68 cases of varied degrees of crime against women and children, including 15 murder cases, in the last four months, said the Imphal-based Women Action for Development (WAD). Despite efforts by various civil society organizations, the crime rate has escalated, said the NGO. The killing of a seven-year-old girl in Thoubal district on Tuesday evening shows that even children are not safe in the state. Irate locals, who suspected the girl's uncle to have committed the

Winners of the Young Talented Artists Award 2013-2014 with Assam Governor and NEZCC officials.

the note. Broadly, awards were offered in the categories of Traditional Musical Instruments, Traditional Martial Arts, Arts, Crafts, Pottery, Toy/Mat Making and Painting. Lipokmar Tzudir, Director, NEZCC in his introductory speech reminded the awardees that the region needs to stake its claim in the overall understanding of the nation’s rich cultural heritage and to maintain the momentum they have gained in their chosen field of art &

culture for creating cultural consciousness and a favorable environment for the development and promotion of the same in the region. He also asserted the role of North East Zone Cultural Centre in facilitating promotion and projection of arts and culture of the region with the assistance of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. Governor of Assam in his address congratulated the young awardees and exhorted them to be the ambassadors of the culture

of the North East India and maintain their excellence in their chosen field even outside the North East India to promote and disseminate the culture of the people of this region. The Governor also inspected the works of the awardees, put up on a day-long exhibition and expressed his immense happiness and appreciation for their skill and expertise. The evening also saw the vibrant performances of the awardees, added the note.

crime, have torched his house. Other cases triggered during the period include 16 cases of rape, gang rape (6), assault (9), cyber crime (3), suicide (9), molestation (2) and child trafficking (7), WAD's secretary Sobita Mangsatabam said in a statement. People are losing faith in the judiciary and investigation, triggering mob trials and justice, which have a negative outcome and prospect, it said. Failure to file chargesheets against the accused is also delaying justice. Lack of prompt and modern investigation techniques have increased the

UNMTT interaction with NLUP Dept officials in Mizoram

aiZawl, May 11 (nnn): United Nations (UN) Mission Technical Team members Sandeep Tandon (UNIDO), Manjula Bhyan (UNIDO), Antonia Paliwal (FAO), Kalpana Tawakley (UNDP) and Sanjeev Kumar Gupta (UNDP) yesterday held interaction with New Land Use Policy (NLUP) Line Department officials of Serchhip district of Mizoram in pursuance of the ground study work for the proposed joint UN Mission project for Mizoram in line with the State Government’s flagship programme New Land Used Policy (NLUP). The UN Team said during the interaction that one of their purposes of visiting Serchhip was to study the development initiatives of the government and the people taken up so far and the problems involved therein. The UN team members suggested that it would be better if the area of cultivation can be expanded by the cultivators under the NLUP. On hearing about the success story of Coffee plantation at Piler village, the impressed

number of pending cases, the statement added. New trends of committing crimes have come to the fore in recent times, the organization said. Cases of cold-blooded murder, cyber crimes and high rates of domestic violence were impacts of drug abuse, it said. Most of the victims belonged to poor families, it added. Crimes in the Muslim community have also gone up, the WAD statement said. Childrens' homes have also become targets of some insurgency groups to extort money and later exposed to arms, violating international laws, it added.

members of the UN team suggested that it would be more valuable if it is marketed in the name of “Mizo Coffee” and not through Coffee Board.

Children from Ukhrul district rescued

IMPhal, May 11 (The hinDu): Two children, allegedly being taken to Chennai from Ukhrul district of Manipur, were rescued on Saturday by the police, official reports said. The tribal boy and girl were being taken in a taxi. They were to be taken via Nagaland to board a train from Guwahati to Chennai. Both the children were handed over to the Ukhrul District Child Welfare Committee. After the formalities, they were handed over to their parents. As per a Supreme Court directive, children from the North-East could not be taken to other States without their parents. However, taking children from there to Chennai for engaging them as domestic workers has been a regular practice.


6

IN-FOCUS

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express MonDAy 12 MAy 2014 voluME IX IssuE 128

Along Longkumer Consulting Editor

‘Consensus Solution’

Choosing the Next Chief Minister

T

he race for the next Chief Minister (CM) of Nagaland is on with rivalry between two camps of the ruling Naga Peoples Front (NPF). This has put in jeopardy, the unity of the party and survival of the government. Strangely, this entire commotion is taking place even though there is still no certainty that Neiphiu Rio will indeed quit as CM. Yes there appears to be a good possibility of the BJP led NDA front under Prime Minister Narendra Modi forming the next government at the Centre with Rio joining the Modi Ministry. But then this is also not a certainty. What if things don’t turn out in favour of Rio’s calculation? If so we may not need a replacement for the CM’s chair after all. Nevertheless, let us look at the probability of choosing the next CM. Ever since Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio made his intention clear, to contesting the 2014 Lok Sabha election for the lone seat representing Nagaland, everybody knew the risk involved, of rift that will emerge, especially for the ruling NPF and the government it was running for the last more than ten years under Rio’s leadership. Whatever may have been the failures and criticisms of Rio’s decade long tenure as CM, the one positive feature of his reign was the political stability that he provided both as the head of the government and his undisputed leadership within the NPF (along with party President Dr Shurhozelie). Now with signs of a power struggle within the NPF government, with claimants eyeing the seat of the Chief Minister as Rio prepares to move to Delhi, the long spell of stability provided by the Rio led government is facing a churning of sorts. And unless better sense prevails within the NPF leadership and its legislators to resolve the present crisis, the argument of the Opposition Congress, that Rio’s decision to leave the affairs of the State will lead to the collapse of the NPF led government, this may well come true. What the Congress could not do electorally i.e. to defeat the NPF in the last three elections, the latter is in danger of defeating itself as the power vacuum that would be created by Rio’s departure has already encouraged camps and factions, especially within the government. Looking at it dispassionately from an outsider’s perspective, perhaps the NPF, especially its party President and the Chief Minister could have handled the issue better. Both should have taken the matter into their own hands and personally supervised for a smooth transition of power. As per what has appeared in the media in the last few months, it seems to be that the CM had earlier told leaders from Eastern Nagaland to find someone from within their ranks to replace him. There was no denial both by the party and the CM to this reported remark. In response it was again reported several times that the senior most Minister from Eastern Nagaland, Noke Konyak had ruled himself out of the race due to health reasons. It was sometime at this stage that atleast three senior Ministers in the present government reportedly started to solicit support for themselves in a bid to succeed Rio. Later on, the race was prominently highlighted in the media between Home Minister Kaito and Planning Minister TR Zeliang, the former finally withdrawing. Again as per media reports, it was at this later stage that Noke Konyak staked his claim to shoulder the responsibility of leading the State, saying that he was ready if the party asked him to do. And so you see, for too long the question of finding the next CM was left ‘open’ and perhaps inadvertently projected as a contest to be won as opposed to finding a consensus and therefore the claimants and the current divisions from within. Knowing that any change of guard at the top could lead to quarrels and disunity in its ranks, the top leadership in the NPF and the CM should have stepped in much earlier to control the situation. Though a little late, the CM has appealed to all sections of the party and the honourable elected members “to come together and find a consensus solution that will pave the way for a smooth transition of power whenever the need arises”. If needed some kind of a power arrangement may also have to be worked out, such as appointing the CM on rotation basis or assigning the all important Finance portfolio to one of the claimants. Rio is right when he makes the point that a ‘consensus solution’ is the only way forward to “ensure stability of the government, unity of the party and implementation of effective governance”. Mutual respect and understanding is required to ensure not just a smooth transition for the present but more importantly for the future—to restore trust, build collaboration and sustain a healthy environment to govern and work together as a team under whoever becomes Chief Minister in place of Rio. (Feedback can be send to consultingeditormex@gmail.com)

lEfT wiNg |

Tom Engelhardt Asia Times Online

Mapping a world of outright war

R

ecently, going through some old files, I stumbled across an artifact from the ruins of that era. A map I had made on a single piece of white paper hidden inside that very history book, open-faced on my desk while I fiddled away my time, bored out of my gourd, barely listening to our teacher drone on. That document is as much an artifact of a lost world as the poem, but far more complex and confusing. It was a map of the Chinese conquest of the world, which I drew in perhaps 1959 on that piece of paper onto which I had carefully traced the outlines of all the continents. While my teacher discussed the Constitution, I took the cartographical look of the US military's Pacific island-hopping campaign of World War II, globalized it, and set it in an unimaginable future nine years distant. The map is labeled - yes, I actually labeled it - "War Ends Oct. 6, 1968," and by then, in case you're wondering, the Chinese have it all, the whole kit and caboodle, the complete planet, from Australia to the Soviet Union, where in my handwriting it says, "Russia surrenders, Sept. 1968, including Moscow, Stalingrad & other areas." It's an elaborate document, including an inset key that tells you how to read the various markings I used ("original territory of China & her armies," "routes of invading armies," "counterattacks," "conquered territory"). This was serious stuff! In order to indulge my fantasy history of a future world, however, I had to deal with one obvious problem of that moment: the possibility that any war could become a nuclear holocaust. Remember, I was part of a generation of kids who grew up ducking under our desks while air raid sirens howled outside as, with our teachers, we practiced for Armageddon - for what to do if the Russians nuked New York City. To fight a global war of conquest, the Chinese of my imaginary universe, who then had no nuclear weapons, would have had to face a massive American nuclear arsenal. Hence, in an otherwise blank mid-Pacific, I drew a crude mushroom cloud captioned, "Atom blast destroys Pacific Isles & US missile supply" (ie the ability to get nuclear weapons aloft). I evidently wasn't thinking about the Strategic Air Command or the already existing Russian arsenal, but, hey, give me a break: I was 15 years old and my teacher was droning on. That mid-Pacific blast was a small reminder of how difficult it was, even in my fantasies, to imagine World War II-style battle scenarios in a nuclear age. ... Like so many other adolescent acts in those years, that map was an affirmation of its moment, but also a corrosive gesture toward it. With every arrow, a bit of another country fell not to an American version of what I once termed "victory culture," but to a darker culture of defeat. It was an act of faith, but also of mockery. Representing horror and yearning, that map said: this is what it would be like if your vision proved true - and wouldn't that be something! Tom Engelhardt is editor of Tomdispatch. His novel, The Last Days of Publishing, has recently come out in paperback.

THE EDIT PAGE

C O M M E N T A R Y

Nizar Manek Le Monde diplomatique

Water politics along the Nile

E

thiopia’s emperor Haile Selassie once invited Dr Ibrahim Kamel to Addis Ababa and housed him in the Ghion Hotel, which shared a garden wall with the imperial palace. They chatted as the emperor took his morning stroll in the garden with his cheetahs, says Kamel, now 76, an engineer and businessman who between 1990 and 1995 was also a member of the Egyptian parliament and its Parliamentary Economic Committee. Such a garden conversation now would focus on the $4.8bn Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile. Ethiopia sees its construction as an expression of national sovereignty. But Kamel says Egypt “cannot afford to have the Nile run by countries that one day love us, then the next have a bout of sovereignty fever.” Ahmed Abu Zeid, African Affairs advisor to Egypt’s foreign ministry agrees that the situation is dangerous, because no technical studies on the GERD have been agreed between the three countries, yet construction of the dam continues, 20km upstream of the Ethiopia-Sudan border. He doesn’t rule out any strategy, “political, legal or technical”, in regard to Egypt’s interests on the Blue Nile. According to Kamel, Egypt is only doing what Haile Selassie did in 1925 when he complained to the League of Nations about agreements between Britain and Italy over Lake Tana, in the Ethiopian Highlands. “We’re back in 1891,” Kamel says, referring to the Anglo-Italian Protocol between Britain (representing Egypt and Sudan) and Italy (representing Eritrea). Field Marshal Abdel Fattah Sissi is expected to make a statement on the dam during his Egyptian presidential campaign. Kamel, who has been involved in Nile Basin issues since 1962, says that former president Hosni Mubarak had wanted to do something (until an assassination attempt in Addis Ababa in 1995), “but then decided to give Africa the cold shoulder ... Since the time of the Pharaohs, we know how things are.” He also says: “If we have to go to war, we’ll go to war — period. Dams are easy to bomb or destroy by missile. Who wants that?” He recounts conversations on Nile issues with heads of state including Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni, Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi and Congo-Kinshasa’s Joseph Kabila. Before Mubarak, Anwar al-Sadat threatened that Egypt might well go to war with any state that reduced its share of the Nile waters. However, right up to his assassination in 1981, he was too busy dealing with Middle East events: the Suez crisis in 1956, the October war in 1973 and the Camp David accords in 1978. Talks grind to a halt Trilateral meetings on the GERD between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan have over the past year come to an acrimonious standstill. Egypt has decided to boycott the process: this April, a secret international experts’ report (on which the meetings were based) was leaked and posted online, partially confirming the reasons for Cairo’s opposition. Kamel says there has to be interdependence among the African states (Rwanda; Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda; the Sudans; Ethiopia; Egypt). But many more powers have a stake in Nile Basin cooperation: the UN Development Programme, the US State Department, the European Commission and European countries (Britain, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland). Through the Nile Basin Initiative, since 1999, western donors have worked to develop transboundary cooperation between the 10 states that share Nile waters, and lay the foundations for a per-

T

he evidence is in: we are labouring through the difficult birth of a multi-polar system without modern historical precedent. The forces, actors and issues it gives rise to both overlap and seem contradictory, transcending any geographical locations. As troublingly, the emerging order seems to amplify great power tensions and fails to offer a truly alternative model for global governance. For those concerned with human rights, three characteristics of this new world order are worth highlighting. The first is the challenge over territories and the rise of sovereign claim and counter claim. This is particularly well exemplified by Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the emerging conflict in eastern Ukraine. But it is also at the heart of other disputes, including over unpopulated rocky outcrops in the South China Sea, where China is confronting its smaller neighbours including Japan, South Korea and the Philippines. This is not to say that territorial disputes and competitive claims have suddenly resurfaced, but rather to observe that in pursuing these competing claims states seem more ready to resort to provocative behaviour and even military force. The second distinction of the new era is the continued hegemony of the post-9/11 security doctrine. The ‘global war on terror’ doctrine has continued apace as evidenced by the US drone programme and other counter-terrorism practices. These are an acknowledged part of a worldwide conflict against alQa’ida and allied groups conducted as if “human rights obligations do not apply”. In 2013, leaked documents from the National Security Agency revealed the extent of US surveillance globally and its betrayal of the rights to privacy and free speech, confirming security as the “algorithm de rigueur. This exposé followed revelations about democratic governments’ complicity in extraordinary rendition and acts of torture. It coincided too with the emergence of new conflicts involving Islamist groups in Mali and Syria, renewed fighting in long run-

The only equitable way to manage the Nile Basin and its water resources is for all countries along its banks to make fair share agreements. But it isn’t likely to happen

manent river basin commission. The GERD dispute has international dimensions. Italy’s ambassador to Egypt, Maurizio Massari, South Africa’s state security minister, Siyabonga Cwele, and Turkey’s foreign minister, Ahmet Davutoğlu, have all declared an interest in mediating between Egypt and Ethiopia. Their offers didn’t come out of the blue. The Milan-based Salini Costruttioriwon a no-bid construction contract for the dam in 2010. The South African electricity public utility Eskom has interests in Congo-Kinshasa’s 4,300-megawatt Inga III dam, which would provide hydropower to the Southern African Power Pool (the first formal international power pool in Africa). Turkey is developing economic relations with Africa and wants to share its experience of constructing the Atatürk Dam in Anatolia in the catchments of the Euphrates River (shared with Syria and Iraq). Egypt has instead sought Gulf mediation under the leadership of Saudi Arabia — a sign of desperation. Egypt’s irrigation minister Mohammed Abdel-Muttalib was exceptionally rude about Turkey (its relations with Egypt’s militarybacked regime were soured by prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan backing the government of Mohammed Morsi). “When Turkey built the Atatürk Dam, it made the Syrians and the Iraqis thirsty and ignored international agreements,” Abdel-Muttalib said in February. “Egypt is not Iraq or Syria, and Ethiopia is not Turkey”.

To end the dispute, Kamel proposes arbitration, or war; or an alternative, provided by the late British hydrologist Harold Edwin Hurst, that the whole Nile river basin should be managed as one, with long- and medium-term storage in the African and Ethiopian plateau lakes under the collective sovereignty of all basin countries (using valley reservoirs for annual and excess water storage because there is no way to allocate sovereignty to a single country). After Egypt’s 2011 revolution, Kamel submitted another proposal to the government, and has been “on their backs ever since”: all Nile Basin member countries should form a consortium company (and put $20bn at its disposal) with pro-rata percentages of their shares of water, and jointly manage the basin “to make money for everybody”. Kamel suggests that in years when there is “over-abundant water that ends up in Egypt’s Aswan High Dam, that water can be sold for cash to any member country that wants it.” It could be piped across the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia, or piped to Libya, earning foreign currency for basin countries. “If the water came from Ethiopia, that would mean Ethiopia would get a bigger share of foreign currency, and give people an incentive to spend money and improve the system.” CFA threat to Egypt The dam presents Egypt with a wider legal predicament. The 2010 Nile Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), which Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya and Burundi have already signed, but which Egypt and Sudan have rejected, is a new framework on water resources that will come into effect later this year. The CFA would deprive Egypt of its veto power over any water development project on the Nile. Ana Elisa Cascão, a specialist in basin hydro-politics, says the agreement will challenge the colonial-era arrangements based on “inequitable utilisation” of transboundary resources (as in the 1959 Nile Waters Agreement between Egypt and Sudan). The CFA is inspired by the 1997 UN Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses, which has not yet been ratified by enough countries to be binding, but is already the guiding framework for transboundary basin agreements. Ethiopia could be the one of the next countries to ratify it. Egypt is more concerned about the CFA, which represents what Cascão calls an “epoch shift” in basin geopolitics, than about the GERD. She says it would mean that all the Nile countries would have to operate according to “equitable utilisation”, so that not only Egypt and Sudan would have the right to a water allocation. This is altering the dynamics of Egypt-Ethiopia relations, and Egypt’s relations with the upstream bloc. Egypt last month signed a military cooperation deal with Salva Kiir’s South Sudan, but Egyptian leverage there can do little to suspend the epoch shift. Egypt’s diplomats are aware of the importance of South Sudan’s decision to join the CFA, and want it to halt its ratification. South Sudan says the process is irreversible. The country has been in turmoil since December and understands the benefits of a rapprochement with Egypt. As Ethiopian diplomat Birkuk Mekonnen observes, both Sudans rely on the Nile for water, yet when South Sudan became independent in 2011, there was no agreement on its postindependence rights to Nile water. Boutros BoutrosGhali, former Egyptian minister of state, predicted 30 years ago: “The next war in our region will be over the waters of the Nile, not politics.”

Human rights in a multi-polar world Agnès Callamard ning conflicts like Iraq, and escalating violence in lower-level conflict settings like Nigeria. An increase in acts of terror worldwide displays the failings of counter-terrorism strategies on a global scale. Multi-polarity further involves heightened conflict over supposed ‘western’ and ‘non-western’ values standpoints that both reflect and transcend geography and history. Antiwestern views find a chilling expression in Russian President Putin’s repeated references to ‘the fifth column’ and his xenophobic language, or in Uganda’s or Nigeria’s laws prohibiting homosexuality in the name of ‘African values’. But some of this is a false dichotomy, as even in the US various states are seeking to adopt laws discriminating against LGBT, and in Croatia the people voted overwhelmingly to prohibit gay marriage in a referendum in December 2013. Southern countries were divided in recent UN population debates with the Philippines, Vietnam and Latin America countries among the most vocal in defending sexual and reproductive rights for women, while the Caribbean and a number of African countries viewed this issue as a Trojan horse for gay rights and gay marriage. This decade’s cultural wars are not the west versus the rest, but a stand-off between trans-national movements: the human rights and LGBTI movement on one side, with the ultra-conservative and religious movements on the other. These characteristics undermine both the international capacity to prevent and respond to conflicts and the

authority of the international human rights framework. This is evidenced by the fact that after nearly two decades of relative constancy in the number of conflicts, with the 2000s the least conflict-ridden decade since the 1970s, the last three to four years have seen a higher number of internationalized conflicts and, at least according to some data, a “troubling rebound in the occurrence of mass atrocities”. Further, with the likelihood of the conflict over Ukraine continuing over the months ahead, and against the backdrop of the ongoing conflict in Syria, there are even fewer prospects for consensus in the UN Security Council. This will further weaken the ability to respond effectively to crises. Finally, challenges and conflicts over human rights norms disguised as fights for cultural survival are likely to be the modus operandi in many debates ahead, in the United Nations and elsewhere. What does all this mean for international efforts to promote and protect human rights? First, it seems clear that we have to build a far more nuanced understanding of ‘culture’ and ‘values’ than we have displayed thus far. One way of doing so is to ground reference to such terms in the established human rights framework on cultural rights. This, in turn, will assist in depoliticising the use or misuse of values. Another is to recall and insist that culture is not fixed, homogenous, and monolithic. Further, we need to renew our strategic and tactical thinking about how

wRiTE-wiNg

best to protect the human rights gains of recent decades in light of the many challenges from an increasingly well organised counter-movement. There are some successful precedents to follow, such as the multi-layered approach adopted to quieten the acrimonious fight in the UN Human Rights Council over the issue of defamation of religion. Thirdly, creative and courageous thinking is required to address the likelihood of political paralysis in UN bodies. In the field of international law, new thinking is needed on how international legal rules deal with issues of jurisdiction in a world where geography is less important, as suggested by Daniel Bethlehem. When it comes to the UN, freeing its operations and programs from strict rules requiring consensus should drive the new thinking. In that respect, the UN Rights Up Front strategy, adopted in November 2013 by the UN SecretaryGeneral in response to a very critical assessment of the UN’s response to the humanitarian crisis in Sri Lanka in 2009, ought to be fully implemented. One of its underlying premises is that international political paralysis prohibits effective response to massive human rights violations, and requires stronger UN strategic and operational capacities. The plan goes on to identify six actions many of which concern prevention. The renewed conceptualisation over jurisdiction (and thus sovereignty) and re-energized UN operations were well embodied in a recent call on UN humanitarian agencies to defy the Syrian government's "arbitrary" refusal to allow food aid and medical supplies in rebel-held areas. Finally, exploring and strengthening other ways of working together should logically accompany engagement in a multi-polar world. The ‘multi-stakeholder’ approach adopted by many working in the field of internet governance for instance, may present learning, tools and positive examples to be adapted to other human rights causes. Agnès Callamard is the Director of the Colombia University’s Global Freedom of Expression Project.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The Morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: morung@gmail.com All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


7

Monday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

12 May 2014

PERSPECTIVE NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

Alibaba's Rise: Success & setbacks War and Disease: the case of polio S

Joe Mcdonald

E

AP Business Writer

ven before Alibaba went online, its founder talked about making the fledgling e-commerce company a global player. At Alibaba Group's first staff meeting in 1999, a video shot by an employee shows Jack Ma rallying a workforce of 17 of his friends. They met in a cement-floored apartment in Hangzhou, a city southwest of Shanghai, at a time when few Chinese were online. Ma was an English teacher with no training in business or computers. "Our competitors are not in China but in Silicon Valley," says Ma in the video, which is included in a documentary about the company, "Crocodile in the Yangtze," made by a former Alibaba vice president, Porter Erisman. "We can beat government agencies and big, famous companies because of our innovative spirit." Such Silicon Valley-style bluster was new to China, but Ma delivered. Over the next 15 years, he helped propel Alibaba through technical and financial challenges and a battle with eBay Inc. to become the world's biggest online bazaar. The company is now planning to list in the U.S. and analysts say its initial public offering this year may raise up to $20 billion. Last year, 231 million customers spent $248 billion with merchants on Alibaba's platforms, more than Amazon.com Inc. and eBay combined. Along the way, Alibaba had to develop e-commerce infrastructure its Western counterparts took for granted. Few Chinese used credit cards, so it created Alipay, a payments system that helped online sales win acceptance by allowing wary customers to receive goods before releasing money to sellers. The company worked with shippers to improve their reliability and held trade shows to persuade entrepreneurs to go online. "Alibaba really created the e-commerce market in China," said Edward Yu, president of research firm Analysys International. Today, the company's main platforms are its original business-to-business service Alibaba.com, consumer-to-consumer site Taobao and TMall for brands to sell to consumers. Alibaba has expanded into personal finance, games, video and other services. In March, it was one of 10 companies picked by Beijing to set up China's first privately financed banks since the 1949 communist revolution. It is dipping a toe abroad, with a $215 million investment in March in Tango, a Californiabased mobile message service, and plans to launch a U.S. e-commerce site. Alibaba's IPO paperwork says revenue, mostly fees from merchants, rose 57 percent in the final nine months of last year. Alibaba kept more than 43 cents of each dollar as net income. In a Silicon Valley-style innovation, Alibaba cultivated a hardworking but playful corporate culture that was a novelty in China's state-dominated economy. An annual employee talent show grew into Alifest, a raucous event held in a soccer stadium before an audience of thousands. Ma takes part by singing Chinese pop songs. "Alibaba allowed people to shape their own destiny instead of working for a state-owned company or the government bureaucracy," said Erisman. The early years were a roller-coaster of successes and setbacks. In 1999, Alibaba raised $5 million from investors including Goldman Sachs and then $20 million from Japan's Softbank. Plans called for raising more through a stock market offering, but the Internet bubble burst in 2000 and interest in tech shares evaporated. "We suffered much more than any other Internet company," Ma told the BBC in 2001. The next year, Alibaba faced its biggest threat when eBay acquired EachNet, a company that had 80 percent of China's small consumer e-commerce market. Ma fought back by launching consumer site Taobao and Alipay. He promised Taobao would be free for three years, undercutting eBay's fee-based model. In a guerrilla move to offset eBay's bigger advertising budget, Alibaba employees posted thousands of messages on Internet bulletin boards directing users to Taobao. In 2004, then-CEO Meg Whitman said eBay expected China to be its biggest market in 10 to 15 years. In 2006, eBay gave up and turned over its China operation to a local partner. Taobao has given tens of thousands of small Chinese entrepreneurs their first foothold in e-commerce, trading used furniture, hand-knitted sweaters and other goods. In the northwestern city of Urumqi, Jin Junhui start-

In this March 17, 2014 photo, people walk past a company logo at the headquarters of Alibaba Group in Hangzhou, in eastern China's Zhejiang province. Even before Alibaba went online, its founder talked about making the fledgling e-commerce company a global player. (AP Photo)

alibaba expands beyond e-commerce

C

Kelvin Chan AP Business Writer

hina's Alibaba Group, which is readying for a big U.S. initial public offering, is known as an e-commerce titan but it's been busily expanding into other rising industries. Here's a closer look at those businesses, which include cloud computing, mobile messaging, and investments in online video, social media as well as bricks and mortar retail and delivery networks. BUYING AND SELLING Three retail e-commerce sites account for fourfifths of Alibaba's revenue. Taobao, which means "digging for treasure," is a cross between eBay and Amazon for China. Sellers pay nothing to list on Taobao, but Alibaba charges for advertising services. Tmall, which in Chinese is known as Tian Mao, or Sky Cat, is for brands selling directly to consumers while Juhuasuan is a group buying marketplace akin to Groupon. Last year these three sites had a combined 8 million sellers and 231 million buyers and handled 1.54 trillion yuan ($247 billion) worth of merchandise. Alibaba also operates three sites to connect manufacturers with buyers, which was its original mission. Alibaba.com is for sellers of industrial quantities of everything from underwear to cement to toilets and beyond. It has 117,000 paying members. AliExpress is for international consumers buying directly from Chinese wholesalers and suppliers while 1688.com, which has 690,000 members, is for the China market. Alibaba also bought a stake in U.S. online shopping site ShopRunner last year. CLOUD Alibaba Cloud Computing launched in 2009 and now has more than 980,000 customers. The service, similar to Amazon Web Services, uses Alibaba infrastructure to provide services to Taobao and Tmall sellers as well as clients ranging from Internet gaming startups to companies in the financial services, healthcare and digital entertainment industries. Users are charged a fee based on time and usage. Alibaba has also developed a mobile operating system, Aliyun OS, aimed at challenging Google's Android, which it plans to integrate with its cloud services.

ed a business on Taobao in 2005 selling dates and raisins for which the region is famous. Sales in 2008 hit 500,000 yuan ($80,000) and doubled the next year. "Taobao has changed my life," said Jin, 32. "Now I have two employees and more free time to do what I like." Alibaba's rise has been marked by Ma's emphasis on the company's long-term interests, even when that clashed with shareholders. That strained ties with Yahoo Inc., which provided much-needed cash when it paid $1 billion for 40 percent of Alibaba in 2005. The relationship soured in squabbles over strategy but Yahoo profited. Alibaba bought back half for $7.1 billion in 2011 and Yahoo stands to make billions more in the IPO. Alibaba also faced criticism in 2011 when it spun off Alipay but failed to tell Yahoo and other shareholders immediately. Ma said the move was necessary because Beijing would only license an electronic payment service wholly owned by Chinese citizens.

PAYMENTS Alipay, launched in 2004, is China's largest online third-party payment services provider, according to iResearch. It was also the source of one of Alibaba founder Jack Ma's biggest boardroom controversies. Ma transferred ownership of Alipay, which runs PayPal style services, in 2011 to a company he controlled to comply with Chinese government regulations but Alibaba shareholder Yahoo complained it wasn't fully informed. Alibaba said in its filing that "we continue to participate in some of the economic benefits of Alipay through contractual arrangements." MOBILE AND SOCIAL Alibaba has developed a smartphone messaging app, Laiwang, to compete with Tencent Holding's WeChat, which is a wildly popular instant messaging service in China. To get the app off the ground when it launched in September, Ma encouraged employees to sign up 100 friends or relatives. The company also has stakes in several mobile Internet and social media companies, notably Weibo Corp., which operates a microblog site that is China's version of Twitter. Other investments include Chinese mobile Web browser developer UCWeb Inc. and U.S. messaging company TangoMe Inc. It acquired Beijing-based digital mapmaker and navigation service firm AutoNavi Holdings Ltd. this year, giving it control of another service to attract mobile users. DIGITAL MEDIA Alibaba bought stakes this year in Internet TV site Youku Tudou Inc., TV and film producer ChinaVision Media Group Ltd. and cable TV firm Wasu Media Holding Co. The investments, combined with the launch last year of a smart TV set-top box, kickstart the company's digital entertainment strategy at a time when China's Internet companies are fiercely computing for smartphone, tablet and Web TV users — and their advertising revenue. BRICKS AND MORTAR Alibaba also has investments in a department store operator, a logistics network and a product ID and tracking systems company. In March it took a stake in an appliance maker and its logistics business to provide improved delivery and installation services for buyers. Ma stepped down as CEO in May 2013, but stayed on as executive chairman and also announced an overhaul to make Alibaba more responsive. The changes come as Alibaba faces a challenge to its dominance amid upheaval in China's Internet market, where users are shifting to going online via smartphone and tablet. In e-commerce, Alibaba faces competition from Jingdong.com, which has one-tenth of its market share but a strong reputation for service. Jingdong. com received a $215 million investment in March from games portal Tencent Holdings Ltd., which also owns a stake in an operator of logistics centers. "Two years ago, I think Alibaba was quite successful. It had no competitor," said Yu of Analysys International. "But today things are quite different. Tencent definitely is a formidable power to challenge Alibaba's business."

The Morung Express

Paul Rogers ixty years ago smallpox was endemic across much of the world, killing two million people each year. In 1959 an international programme to eliminate the virus was started, not least because it was a disease amenable to large-scale vaccination. In 1977, the last case was diagnosed and recorded. It had taken just eighteen years to achieve the elimination of the entire disease in the wild. This was the first-ever case of a major disease organism being destroyed in the wild, and there has only been one other - far less well-known, but in its own way quite significant. This is rinderpest, a dangerous viral infection most common in cattle but infecting some other species of livestock. It took several decades to exterminate, but success finally came in 2001. A third disease has been the target of atempts at total elimination. This is poliomyelitis, which in the 1980s still infected hundreds of thousands of people. Polio, if not a killer on the same scale as smallpox, is particularly prone to attack children and can leave them with severe impairments that can last a lifetime. A faltering retreat Poliomyelitis has been subject to an intensive programme of vaccination, with attenuated live virus forming the basis of the process. By 2012, substantial success had been achieved, with only 223 cases diagnosed and the virus remaining endemic in three countries: Pakistan, Nigeria, and Afghanistan. The programme had been coordinated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and backed by Unicef, though much of the funding more than $850 million over two decades - came from the Rotary Foundation, the charitable arm of Rotary International. Much of the success was achieved in the first few years through to 2001, but the dozen years since then have proved far more difficult. A contributing factor is that effective vaccination requires a basic but well-distributed health service that may be beyond the capabilities of some countries, particularly in their remote rural areas. This can be compensated for by well-staffed and well-organised short-term endeavours, but even these have to cope with elements such as the need to keep cool supplies of the attenuated vaccine under field conditions. But a more important obstacle in the way of final elimination is that the regions where infection remains (and indeed is increasing) are conflict-zones facing endemic disruptions and severe disturbances of everyday security. Polio is now identified as being present in ten countries; it has risen in Afghanistan, spread to Syria and Iraq, and moved fom Cameroon to Equatorial Guinea (see Dan Bifelsky & Rick Gladstone, “Rapid spread of polio sets off a health emergency”, New York Times, 6 May 2014). Even more worrying is that the virus is present in several countries (in human sewage, for example) that have yet to produce any actual cases. Israel is one such, while new cases are being recorded in Somalia and Ethiopia. Worldwide, the trend of decline is now reversing and thus putting at risk the impressive progress of the previous three decades: a historic low point of 223 new cases was reached in 2012, but this near doubled to 417 new cases in 2013. The sparseness of records in remote or conflict-ridden areas means the latter could underplay the true picture. The WHO is now calling for a huge new effort to curb the spread of polio through much tighter controls on travelling from endemic areas and a renewed emphasis on childhood vaccination. It will be hard to secure funding for this, and government assistance will be crucial; charitable sources have proved vital, with Rotary’s commitment particularly impressive, but the nature of the current emergency requires intervention on a governmental level too (see Brian Cathcart, "Polio: a war not yet won", 13 May 2005).. A silent catastrophe More generally, what is happening with polio is a stark reminder of one of the less recognised impacts of warfare, namely the way it can multiply susceptibility to disease among populations already damaged by poverty and insecurity. 2014 is the beginning of a long commemoration of the first world war that in most accounts lasted from 1914-18 and is estimated to have killed 11 million people. The appalling aftermath of the war is less remembered: an influenza epidemic, often termed “Spanish flu”, which started in 1918, was spread partly by troop movements and took hold among the weakened populations of an impoverished Europe. The human cost is not certain even now but may have have been far in excess of 25 million people worldwide, perhaps as many as 50 million - that is, twice or even four times more than were killed in the war itself. The uncertainty is largely owed to the severe censorship imposed by governments over the epidemic, ostensibly to limit any outbursts of panic. Indeed it is likely that the use of the term “Spanish flu” in common parlance arose not because Spain was particularly affected but because it was neutral in the war and had far lighter censorship. Whatever the truth in this aspect, the disease was made worse by the war itself - and in human terms was even more of a killer. It is a stark reminded of this "side-effect" or "byproduct" that the epidemic is so far being almost largely ignored in the 1914-18 war's extensive media commemorations. Polio will not reach the same extent as Spanish flu. But the risk of a pandemic is growing and needs urgent action to contain it. With luck that may happen, given the attention the problemis now getting. But it would be of even more greater value if the impact of war and conflict on the spread of disease was more generally realised. Where polio is concerned, a decade or more of determined action may yet be needed before the end is in sight.

PoLL rESULTS

Are the modern-dAy nAgAs willing to overcome And go beyond tribAlism? Some of those who voted YES had this to say: • Great question. the last two years up until now Naga society really seem to be undergoing changes in the collective consciousness, which is manifested in the emergence of ACAUT movement and the formation of organisations like BAN. each time someone stands up to fight for an ideal or acts to improve the lot of others it sends out a tiny ripple of hope. food clothing and shelter are not most important needs of man as much as the need for freedom justice and healing, it is the gross inequality of food clothing and shelter that divides us, this realization seems to be dawning at least among the younger lots, who seem, fed with the culture of compromised values, cynicism and tribal politics. thus I am not only hopeful whether we can overcome but i firmly believe the process has already begun. • Yes but just mere majority, maybe around 55%. • Yes Nagas are trying. • I think there are some positive signs that the present Naga generations are willing to rise above tribalism. However this also means they have to disobey their elders in areas of tribalism. If we keep listening to the narrow and patriarchal thinking of the older generations, we are doomed. • The modern Naga is much more willing and open to go beyond tribalism. It will not be easy since our older generations are stuck too deep in their negative tribal thinking and attitude. But slowly as the younger generation becomes mature, we will be able to overcome. Some of those who voted no had this to say: • No. Everyone is against tribalism but not in reality. It cannot be overcome until and unless we change our mindset, attitude, ego, and selfishness. • Nagas have become a visionless and spineless people with no moral integrity. Look at the way we are en-

they support against tribalism, but no one is really willcroaching land at the behest of some politicians and ing to change their attitude. bureaucrats. We are following the herd mentality, and the leaders of the herd are only looking out for their own • No one is serious about tribalism. We have all become corrupted. at the expense of the majority. • Tribalism is killing Nagas, and madly we are following it • Is it not obvious that we are not willing to rise above our own tribes. Just look at the present like the pied piper. race for the chief minister’s seat. The • I expected younger people to be 45% division is along tribal lines. When more educated and more aware our politicians and leaders are orgaabout the ills of tribalism. Sadly, nizing themselves along tribal lines, rather than overcoming tribalism, than definitely the society itself betoday’s youngsters are promoting 42% comes divided along tribes. We are more tribalism and groupism in just not ready for change. our state. • We are not doing enough to fight • Not at all. In fact we keep shying tribalism. We condemn through away from addressing tribalism. words, but through action we are • Its sad to say that the modern day promoting tribalism. This is why tribNaga is unable to overcome tribalism is flourishing in Nagaland. alism. In fact they are becoming more narrow and narrow in their Some of those who voted thinking. It is unfortunate that new OTHERS had this to say: organizations like the Nagaland • Going beyond our tribal identity will Tribe Council which was formed not be pragmatic for our community to promote the welfare of all peo13% since it is well recognised, even in ple in Nagaland has succumbed the highly western liberal societies, to the politics of tribalism. Today that individuals are culturally emthey have been reduced to rejectbedded. In other words, individuals ing the recognition of one submake choices under certain cultural tribe. What kind of future are they context and that culture provides a building for their children? They secure context of choice for individare the ones fuelling more tribalYES no OTHERS uals. If we adopt a 'benign neglect' ism. attitude to culture and adopt a 'co• Nagas have a long way to go belour blind' notion of equality, it will place certain individufore we are free from tribalism. als at a disadvantage since the liberal state is itself not • To overcome tribalism, it needs a change in our attitude. neutral, it always has certain lineages towards a parGoing by the way things are, people are not willing to ticular dominant culture. Therefore in our context what change their attitude. Every sensible Naga will say that

• •

• • •

we can do is to celebrate our differences and promote multiculturalism. This would mean recognising every particular culture as equal in the public domain. To corroborate further if we are to ensure equality among different individuals members of our diverse culture, we need to recognise our differences, that is, treating people equally but with a difference. The time is not yet ripe. People are still lost groping to get some fresh air. Unless there is some kind of revolution in Nagaland things will not change. Having many different tribes is not necessarily bad. No country is comprised only of one tribe. Every country in the world is made up of a many tribes and cultural communities. The important thing is for them to learn to live together peacefully by respecting each other. Nagas should take our tribal identity as a blessing. There are many tribes, and this is our strength. The problem is when one tribe tries to dominate over the others, or when we extend favor according to our tribal preferences. Such practices needs to be overcome. It will take time. This older generation must go and the new generation should do away with the traditional tribal ideologies. We overcome tribalism Nagaland must do away with the so-called “backward Nagas” and “advanced Nagas.” Such attitude and thinking is creating tribalism. I don’t mean to sound too skeptical as the reality is there for all of us to examine and introspect, if you will about why tribalism has become a monumental hurdle not for the present Naga generation but perhaps the Naga generation yet to be born to overcome this one of the mounting difficult challenges. Let me take solace in taking time out of it and think a little ahead of time for where the evolution of change in humanity is inevitable no matter how transigient or myropic or parochial our mindset may be in the prevailing context.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Monday 12 May 2014

The Morung Express

Election front-runner BJP could curb beef exports

New Delhi, May 11 (ReuteRs): The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) says it plans to clamp down on beef exports if it takes power after general elections that end on Monday, threatening supplies from one of the world’s biggest shippers of the meat. Surprisingly in a country where so many view cows as sacred, India has been poised to become the No.1 beef exporting nation, supplying markets such as Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Egypt. Although most of that is from buffalo, which are not worshipped by Hindus, the BJP wants to curb exports that jar with the country’s vegetarian tradition and to bolster the availability of animals reared to work on farms and for their milk. A drop in Indian exports could buoy global cattle prices that have come off record peaks this year after the U.S. herd was pegged at its lowest in over six decades. “If elected, we will crack down on beef exports and we will also review the subsidy the government gives for beef or buffalo meat exports,” Satpal Malik, the BJP vice-president who drafted the farm policy section of its election manifesto, told Reuters. To help beef producers and exporters set up abattoirs, the central government pays 50-75 percent of the cost of construction. The BJP manifesto defines the “cow and its progeny” as integral to India’s cultural heritage - appealing to the party’s core constituency of Hindus who abhor eating beef. The Hindu nationalist

party has also said it would outlaw cow slaughter in the only two states where it is currently permitted, and wants to stamp out illegal abattoirs where meat from cows enters the supply chain. Voting in the country’s mammoth five-week general election has nearly finished, with polls showing the BJP taking the most seats and the ruling Congress Party likely to be ousted after a decade in power. Results are due May 16. seCtaRiaN DiVisiONs The possibility of a government drive to reduce exports has spooked beef suppliers at India’s largest abattoir, which slaughters 300-500 cattle a day in Deonar on the outskirts of Mumbai. “We have voted for Congress but if the BJP comes to power, we will have to be cautious. They are against our trade and they may come with strict rules,” said supplier Mohammad Shareef Qureshi, sitting on an iron cot in a Deonar tea stall. Beef production is dominated by Muslims, a minority in the country, and can stir sectarian divisions. Clashes and altercations between some voluntary groups affiliated with the BJP and people involved in beef production and exports are common. “The situation would get worse for us under a BJP government,” said one truck driver who transports livestock. Giving his first name as Guddu, he complained of harassment by some Hindu organisations while on the road. “We do oppose cow slaughter and we do act against it ... Why should it be

Seven commandos die in Maoist attack in Maharashtra

Indian security personnel walk past the debris of a police vehicle blown up by suspected Maoist rebels in Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India on May 11. Authorities say leftist rebels detonated a land mine under the police vehicle and killed seven officers in the central jungles of India. The officers had been part of a special force tasked with flushing the Maoist rebels out of their strongholds in the states of Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. (AP Photo)

GaDChiROli, May 11 (iaNs): Seven police commandos were killed Sunday when Maoists set off a landmine in the thick forests of this district in Maharashtra, officials said. The incident occurred around 9.30 a.m. near Murmuri village, around 35 km from this town. Several more com-

mandos have also been injured in the attack. The Maoists set off the blast when a police commando team was moving in a vehicle for security operations in the forested region. The injured have been airlifted to Nagpur while additional security forces have been rushed to the site of the tragedy.

allowed when cow is sacred to millions of Hindus?” said Prakash Sharma, spokesman for one leading Hindu organisation. The next government must ban beef exports, added Sharma, whose group, the Vishva Hindu Parishad, or World Hindu Council, is part of an umbrella group of Hindu nationalist organisations that includes the BJP. Hindu-Muslim relations have been a key election issue, with critics accusing BJP prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi of not doing enough to protect Muslims in a spasm of religious violence in the western state of Gujarat in 2002 that left at least 1,000 dead. Modi, chief minister

of Gujarat, has denied any wrongdoing and a Supreme Court inquiry found no case to answer. Some in the industry said that a BJP victory would only have a limited impact on exports, however. Government figures show these increased to $3.2 billion in 2012/13 from $1.9 billion in 2010/11, boosted by robust demand for cheap, lean Indian halal meat. India trails only Brazil in beef exports, with a 20 percent market share, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture figures. “Any major restrictions on exports are unlikely because meat exports are a big source of earning for the government,” said Salim Qureshi, a top supplier of buffalo in Aligarh.

A butcher cuts up portions of beef for sale in an abattoir at a wholesale market in Mumbai on May 11. (Reuters Photo)

Despite majority claims, BJP scours for allies New Delhi, May 11 (iaNs): Even as its leaders claim that the BJP and its allies will get a majority in the Lok Sabha, the party seems to be looking for potential allies. BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi has said that making disparaging remarks about governments run by regional parties in different states did not pre-empt the possibility of allying with them later. His aide Amit Shah, who handles the election campaign in Uttar Pradesh, a state crucial to the BJP’s electoral plans, said Friday that the party did not believe in political “untouchability”. Political experts say this is a sign that the Bharatiya Janata Party’s juggernaut has not rolled

New Delhi, May 11 (iaNs): Realising that it cannot keep solely depending on Arvind Kejriwal after a gruelling Lok Sabha poll, the fledgling AAP has begun preparing its new rank of leadership. Party sources have told IANS that the exhausting general elections proved very crucial for the party in forming a crucible for the emergence of a new band of leaders who can take it forward on the basis of its ideals, philosophies and principles. “We have shortlisted

decisively enough to propel it to a clear win in the 545-seat Lok Sabha. “It is very clear they will not get a majority. That is why they are searching for allies,” Nisar ul Haq, a professor of political science at the Jamia Millia Islamia university here, told IANS. Experts have good reasons to believe so. From the beginning of the election campaign, it was clear the BJP’s hopes rested on three things. First was a good showing in states it rules. This was the easiest part although not without its complexities. The BJP expects a rich haul in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Of these, it is likely the party will get the desired result in the first

two. Among states it didn’t rule, Uttar Pradesh (80 Lok Sabha seats) and Bihar (40) were central to the BJP’s plans of capturing power in New Delhi. In Maharashtra, with 48 seats, the party has a good chance of winning a good number of seats with its ally Shiv Sena but the Congress-NCP alliance is not a pushover. The BJP deputed Amit Shah to Uttar Pradesh in a bid to take the party’s tally there to at least close to, if not higher than, the 57 seats it won in 1998, leading to a BJP-led government in the country. In Uttar Pradesh, while the BJP is expected to benefit from the communal polarization following the Muzaffarnagar riots, it is not certain it will repeat the 1998 performance. The

party has only 10 MPs from UP now. Muslims reportedly disenchanted with the Samajwadi Party may back the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) this time. In Bihar, the party whisked away Ram Vilas Paswan away from the Congress-RJD combine and hoped to benefit from a split in Muslim votes. But reports suggest that Rashtriya Janata Dal leader Lalu Prasad may have put paid to BJP’s hopes by cementing his traditional Muslim-Yadav combine. The BJP won 12 seats in Bihar in 2009. It is in this light that BJP leaders are talking about possible post-poll alliances. But are there takers for Modi? BSP chief Mayawati

has refused any support to a BJP-led alliance. West Bengal Chief Minister and Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee has put her foot down when it comes to Modi. Political analyst Dipankar Gupta says if Modi failed to secure a majority, the party’s old guard -- now edged out by Modi -- may assert themselves. “If Modi fails to take the BJP beyond 180-190 seats, the BJP may still form a government but with a different prime ministerial candidate,” Gupta told IANS. Added another analyst, Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, told IANS: “If Modi fails to get the numbers, Sushma Swaraj may be favoured as prime minister by the old guard. L.K. Advani will sup-

After elections, AAP will groom new leaders

some 100 to 150 committed workers across the country who played a major role during the general elections. They will be properly groomed,” a senior AAP leader told IANS on the condition of anonymity. “The AAP will go for a makeover. Irrespective of election results we will expand our base though we already have made our presence felt nationally,” the leader said. Afteritsstunningdebutin the Delhi assembly elections, the rookie party plunged into national politics, fielding 400

candidates for the 543-member house. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) bagged 28 seats in a 70-member house in Delhi and formed the government with the outside support of the Congress which won eight seats. “You might see new faces in the party leadership after May 16,” another party source told IANS, not wishing to be named as he was not authorised to speak to the media. “Arvind cannot mobilise people all the time. We have to have more leaders in the party,” the party

leader said. The party is also planning a national convention where AAP’s post-poll strategy will be discussed. Besides, an increase in members of AAP’s national executive is also in store. “The party will obviously decide its future strategy after the elections. More members will be included in the national executive,” AAP member Atishi Marlena told IANS. Asked if the party’s Political Affairs Committee (PAC) will be expanded too, Marlena said: “Let’s see.”

The nine-member PAC is the highest decisionmaking body of the AAP and consists of Kejriwal, Prashant Bhushan, Manish Sisodia, Sanjay Singh and others. It is learnt that the party will also induct new faces as its spokespersons. A source close to Kejriwal said that the new leaders might be given responsibility in three poll-bound states of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi. Asked who would be AAP’s chief ministerial candidate in Delhi if Ke-

port her. She is likely to be backed by Murli Manohar Joshi too.” The BJP strategy was to create a “Modi wave” through a concerted media campaign never been seen before in this country. The dominant feeling is that it has worked. Unless the BJP gets close to the majority mark, it will have to lean on others, in particular Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and AIADMK leader Jayaram Jayalalithaa, who until recently was counted as a Modi friend. That will still leave out another regional politician -- Biju Janata Dal’s Naveen Patnaik. Will he have a rethink vis-avis BJP? Will others come aboard? The afternoon of May 16 will unravel all these puzzles.

jriwal wins against BJP’s Narendra Modi in Varanasi, party leader Manish Sisodia said: “It’s too early to say.” Interestingly, AAP convener Kejriwal had told IANS that the country will witness elections in a year and a half as the BJP will not get more than 160 seats. “We are more or less convinced that we will contest general elections in a year and a half from now,” a close aide of Kejriwal said, adding that for this it is important to select a second line of leaders.

Quality degradation, corporatisation Election Commission, UP police affecting higher education raid BJP office in Varanasi

New Delhi, May 11 (iaNs): Higher education in India is faced with challenges such as degrading quality and corporatisation that need to be addressed at the earliest, said educationists here Saturday. “Several paradoxes have gripped higher education in our country. There has been a decline in the quality of scholarship. Now it is for the teachers to make a paradigm shift,” C.J. Daswani, a retired Jawaharlal Nehru University professor, said. Speaking at a conference titled “Higher Education in India: Criti-

cal issues and challenges” at JNU here, Daswani stressed on the need to bring reforms at the policy level and individual level. Similarly, Satish Deshpande, a professor at the Delhi School of Economics, said: “The phenomenon of corporatisation of education has to be stopped where teachers are treated as employees and students as customers.” Deshpande said there is a growing belief among the people in India that private institutions will supply some level of quality, while staterun institution will give access but not quality.

The educationists, accepting the role of teachers in bringing reform, said the government’s Academic Performance Indicator (API) to evaluate teachers, compromises academic freedom and quantifies academic performance. “We cannot quantify academic performance. The API system is a bureaucratic approach to education. As different disciplines are different and so are institutions. There can’t be a standarisation,” Saumen Chattopadhyay, a professor at JNU’s Zakir Hussain Centre of Excellence, said.

VaRaNasi, May 11 (Pti): A day before polling for the high stake contest here, Uttar Pradesh police and election commission officials on Sunday conducted search at BJP’s regional office in the city and seized campaign material, prompting strong protest from the party. A flying squad of the state police and EC swooped down on the party office amid a ban on all election campaign activities since last evening for the polls, where BJP’s prime ministerial candi-

date Narendra Modi is pitted against AAP’s Arvind Kejriwal and Congress’ Ajay Rai among others. Officials said that the action was taken to seize election campaign material as it had got information about such items being sent in large quantity from the BJP office here in the Sigra locality, despite a ban on poll campaign in place. BJP leaders, however, claimed that these were unused campaign material and the party was not indulging in any campaign activities. The seized items in-

cluded T-shirts, pamphlets, badges, officials said, while adding that they found these products being transported from the BJP office. The party leaders countered this with claims that the unused products were being returned to their respective manufacturers. They alleged that the latest incident further proves the administration and election authorities’ “partisan” approach against BJP and linked the raid to the local administration’s denial of permission to Modi’s rally here on May 8.

Bangladesh PM Relaxed Manmohan Singh winds down, no holiday plans blames Mamata for Teesta treaty failure Dhaka, May 11 (iaNs): Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Sunday blamed West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for India and Bangladesh failing to sign the Teesta water sharing treaty. Bangladesh and India were all set to ink a deal on the sharing of Teesta waters during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Dhaka visit in September 2011, bdnews24.com reported. But the signing had to be cancelled following lastminute objections raised by the West Bengal chief minister, Hasina said. The Indian prime minister had made positive remarks on the deal, she said. Hasina categorically put the

blame on Banerjee for the first time Sunday. “We (Bangladesh and India) had reached an understanding after talks on the Teesta River,” Hasina said at a meeting with officials of Bangladesh’s water resources ministry. “But this is unfortunate that Banerjee raised objections. This is quite unfortunate. The (India’s) central government was sincere,” she said. “We hope to solve the matter through talks,” she added. Banerjee was also supposed to accompany Singh during the Indian prime minister’s 2011 Dhaka visit but she cancelled her visit at the last minute and the deal could not be signed, Hasina said.

New Delhi, May 11 (iaNs): It has been business as usual for Manmohan Singh - with backto-back appointments, official meetings and clearing off pending files. But the prime minister is a much relaxed man these days with just five days left for him to demit office after a decade at the helm as India prepares to swear in a new prime minister later this month. Known as a workaholic who has never taken a holiday, Manmohan Singh has not even now drawn up any holiday plans after retirement, say people close to him. The prime minister, who will officially demit office on May 17 morning, a day after the Lok Sabha results are out, is still working 10 to 11 hours a day, his aides told IANS. The prime minister, who will address the nation before demitting office, is also sorting through

the hundreds of books that were gifted to him - deciding on the ones he wants to keep and take with him to his sprawling 2.5-acre retirement home - 3, Moti Lal Nehru Marg. A PMO official told IANS that there is a pile of files waiting at his table every morning at his official 7, Race Course Road residence. “He is still clearing about 30-35 files every day. At least 10 to 12 people call on him daily,” the official said. “He is pretty relaxed these days,” the official added. The prime minister has never gone on a holiday. Even on foreign tours, he has never stayed on for an extra day beyond his diplomatic call. After retirement would he be going on a long-deserved holiday? “He has no holiday plans. He has indicated he needs time for himself,” an aide told IANS. The aide said the prime minister continues to call

on the president once a week. It’s a routine he has followed through the years as prime minister. He also meets Congress president and UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi once a week. He has been attending meetings of the cabinet and the Congress core committee, though with most senior party leaders away on the campaign trail the core committee meetings have become infrequent of late, the official said. Chief ministers, governors and Indian envoys have been calling on the prime minister during their visits to the capital. Manmohan Singh, India’s 13th prime minister and the first technocrat to rule the country, will still be visible in public life - as a Rajya Sabha member. He was re-elected for a sixyear term last year, his fifth successive since 1991. The 81-year old prime minister had announced earlier this year that he would not

seek a third term in case the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) comes back to power. Among the engagements over the last few days were the last meeting of the National Advisory Council on Tuesday, during which Sonia Gandhi praised his “consensus-making skills” in helping push the policy initiatives of the powerful body. He was presented with a set of documents consisting of all recommendations of the advisory body chaired by the Congress president. On April 30, the prime minister attended a farewell meeting of the Planning Commission, of which he is the chairperson. He is also attending farewell meetings with the staff of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), which is also busy stacking and packing its documents. The prime minister, a strong proponent of sci-

ence and technology, also met senior scientists of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) two weeks ago. Around a dozen senior scientists who accompanied ISRO chairperson K. Radhakrishnan presented Manmohan Singh with replicas of the projects they were in charge of and explained each one. The meeting, slotted for 15 minutes, went on past half an hour as the prime minister evinced keen interest in each project, another official told IANS. The prime minister is chairperson or president of several institutions, including the Gandhi Smriti and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. He is also associated with some universities as chancellor. “Officials from these institutions are coming to meet the prime minister,” the PMO official said. The Oxford and Cambridge-educated Manmohan Singh has been prime minister since May

2004 when Sonia Gandhi hand-picked him for the job. The prime minister has not entertained requests for interviews in the past few weeks and addressed only a few rallies during the Congress campaign for the Lok Sabha elections. His aides said the prime minister was keen that “younger leaders” of the Congress hog the limelight. Officials said the prime minister is keen to stick to the expenditure limits in his new accommodation for furniture, A/Cs and the like. Manmohan Singh joined the government as an economic adviser in the commerce ministry in 1971. Among the many government positions that he has occupied are secretary in the finance ministry, Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, adviser to the prime minister and chairman of the University Grants Commission.


InternatIonal

the Morung express

Monday 12 May 2014

Dimapur

9

Ukraine regions hold sovereignty vote

DONETSK, MAY 11 (AP): Residents of two restive regions in eastern Ukraine engulfed by a proRussian insurgency defied the central government in Kiev by voting Sunday in contentious and hastily organized independence referendums. The ballots, which Ukraine and the West have rejected as illegal, seek approval for declaring socalled sovereign people’s republics in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, where rebels have seized government buildings and clashed with police and Ukrainian troops over the past month. Ukraine’s interim president has said that independence for eastern regions will destroy the country’s economy. “This is a step into the abyss for the regions,” Oleksandr Turchynov said in comments posted on the presidential website Saturday. Polling stations opened at 8 a.m. (0500 GMT) and were due to close at 10 p.m. (1900 GMT). Referendum organizers said they expected a high turnout, even though the security situation remained unstable around much of the area where the vote was held. There were reports of sporadic clashes, but the

situation remained calm in most of the sprawling regions with a population of 6.5 million as voting got under way. Insurgents in the city of Slovyansk, which has seen some of the most violent clashes between pro-Russian militants and government forces in recent weeks, exchanged fire with Ukrainian troops on the outskirts of the city overnight. The Ukrainian Defense Ministry said an army soldier was wounded in a mortar shelling near Slovyansk TV tower. And the port city of Mariupol on the Sea of Azov has remained on edge after Friday’s clashes, in which at least seven died. Ukraine and the West have accused Russia of fomenting or even directing the unrest in the east, with the goal of destabilizing Ukraine or finding a pretext for invasion. Russia has rejected the accusations. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin had asked the referendums’ organizers to delay the vote as he bargained with Western powers on conditions for defusing the worst crisis in relations between Russia and the West since the Cold War. The insurgents, however, have refused to heed his call.

Local residents cast their ballots at a polling station in Luhansk, Ukraine, on May 11. Residents of two restive regions in eastern Ukraine cast ballots Sunday in referendums, which seek approval for declaring sovereign people's republics in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions. (AP Photo)

Moscow and many in Ukraine’s east denounce the  new  government as a nationalist junta and allege that it intends to trample on the rights of eastern Ukraine’s Russianspeakers. Election officials said more than 30 percent of voters cast ballots in the first three hours of voting. With no international oversight mission in attendance, confirming such claims is likely to be all but impossible.

At one polling station in a school in Donetsk, turnout was brisk in the first hour of voting. All voting slips that could be seen in the clear ballot boxes showed that the option for autonomy had been selected. Although election officials in Donetsk have said they are certain that turnout will be high, it seems likely that most of those opposed to autonomy will decline to participate. Many of those who did vote said they hoped the

vote would help stabilize the situation. «I just don›t have the words to express what is happening in our country,» said the 65-year old Liliya Bragina. «I have come so that there will be stability, so that there will be peace.» The polling station›s head, Andrei Mamontov, said he was certain the vote would be fair and not marred by falsification. «In this polling station, everything will be fine, but I can›t speak for other poll-

ing stations,» he said. «We have prepared everything, we have signed everything, we have done all the checks — everything should be legitimate and clean.» The haphazard nature of the referendums was in full display at Spartak, a leafy village on the northern fringes of Donetsk. Villagers were unable to vote for about three hours after polls opened as election officials had failed to bring in the ballot box. After some arguing be-

tween local people and the head of the village council, an election organizer arrived with a voting urn crudely fashioned from cardboard boxes and sealed with tape. Outside the polling station, set up in a village club, one local man complained volubly over the quality of the ballot box as cows basked in the bright sunshine. Most present said they were voting in favor of autonomy and against the interim government. One said she would not take part in a nation-wide presidential election set for May 25. «I don›t agree with what is happening in the country. And I want some changes for the better. What is happening on May 25 is not honest, truthful or for our best interests. And that is why I am voting today,» said Irina Zelyonova, 30, cradling her baby in her arms. The hastily arranged ballots are similar to the March referendum in Crimea that approved secession from Ukraine. Crimea was formally annexed by Russia days later. But organizers of Sunday›s vote have said that only later will a decision be made on whether they would use their nominal sovereignty to seek full independence, absorption

by Russia or to stay part of Ukraine but with expanded power for the regions. Surveys by polling companies have indicated that a significant majority of people in Ukraine reject movements to break away parts of the country. Ukraine›s interim president said supporters of independence for the east «don›t understand that this would be a complete destruction of the economy, social programs and general life for the majority of the population.” Tu rc h y n ov and Ukraine›s caretaker government came to power in February following the ouster of Russia-friendly president Viktor Yanukovych after months of protests in Kiev. More than 30 people have been reported killed since Ukrainian forces began mounting offensives to retake some eastern cities now under control of the insurgents. Turchynov›s chief of staff Serhiy Pashynskyi pledged Sunday that the government would seek to avoid further civilian casualties. «We will not engage in street fights in Slovyansk or elsewhere because that will lead to dozens of unnecessary deaths,» he told reporters.

Thailand warns people to stay away from protests Iran offers transparency in nuke talks

BANGKOK, MAY 11 (AP): Thailand’s caretaker government said Sunday that it would tighten security to prevent clashes that could arise between the two sides in an escalating political crisis, and warned people to stay away from protest sites for their own safety. The announcement was broadcast on television as pro-government and anti-government protesters held competing rallies in Bangkok over the weekend. The two groups were several kilometers (miles) apart, but concerns of violence have risen following a court’s ouster of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra last week. Senior security official Tharit Pengdit warned that if the anti-government movement carries out an attempt to appoint an unelected prime minister, it would ignite anger from government supporters that “could definitely

spread to clashes and could eventually lead to a civil war.” The comment echoed one made a day earlier by the head of the pro-government Red Shirt movement. “It is therefore necessary for CAPO to escalate law enforcement to a stricter level, to solve problems that will arise in the near future,” said Tharit, an executive for the government’s security Center of Administration for Peace and Order. “We are asking people to stay away from the protesters and ... to avoid the protest sites for their own safety.” He did not specify how or where security would be tightened. Two people were injured late Saturday when unknown assailants fired two grenades at Government House, the prime minister’s office compound, where anti-government protesters were camped, said police Col. Kamthorn Auicharoen. Officials vacat-

ed the compound months ago due to the protests launched against Yingluck in November. It was the latest in a series of grenade attacks and drive-by shootings that have left hundreds of people injured since Thailand’s political crisis escalated in November. Both sides accuse the other of orchestrating the violence. Anti-government protesters were emboldened by the Constitutional Court’s ruling Wednesday to dismiss Yingluck for nepotism, accomplishing what months of antigovernment protests supported by the urban elite and royalists have failed to achieve. On Friday, the protesters ramped up their efforts to bring down what remains of Yingluck’s administration by laying siege to television stations, surrounding state offices and demanding lawmakers help them install a non-

elected prime minister to rule the country. Yingluck’s Cabinet has named deputy premier Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan as acting prime minister, but the leader of the anti-government protest movement, Suthep Thaugsuban, said Saturday that Niwattumrong “doesn’t hold the authority and status to be the head of the government.” Suthep has asked the Senate to “quickly consult the presidents of the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Administrative Court and the Election Commission to work to appoint the new prime minister immediately.” The Senate said it would hold an informal meeting Monday to discuss the crisis. The anti-government protesters called Friday for a “final push” to oust the entire Cabinet and set up an unelected “peo-

ple’s council” that they say would implement still-undefined reforms to combat corruption and fight money politics. They oppose elections scheduled for July, which the current ruling party would likely win. Thailand’s long-running political crisis began in 2006 when Yingluck’s brother, former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, was toppled by a military coup after being accused of corruption, abuse of power and disrespect for King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Thaksin, a former telecommunications billionaire, remains highly popular among the rural poor in Thailand’s north and northeast, and parties controlled by him have won every national election since 2001. The anti-government protesters, aligned with the opposition Democrat Party, say they want to remove all traces of his political machine from politics.

China tensions top ASEAN summit talks

NAYPYIDAW, MAY 11 (AP): Vietnam and the Philippines on Sunday pushed for stronger action to confront China’s aggressive behavior in the South China Sea at the first Southeast Asian summit hosted by Myanmar, which was hoping to demonstrate the progress it’s made since emerging from military rule. A showdown between Chinese and Vietnamese ships near the Paracel Islands has put a spotlight on long-standing and bitter maritime disputes. The stakes are high, with Beijing claiming sovereignty over much of the strategically important waters, which are among the world’s busiest transport lanes and believed to contain significant oil and gas reserves. Several members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations reject China’s claims, saying parts of the sea are theirs. But few are willing to risk their political and economic relationship with the regional powerhouse. A draft of the closing statement from the summit, obtained by The Associated Press, made no direct mention of China, and Southeast Asian foreign ministers who gathered Saturday ahead of the meeting did little beyond expressing concern and calling for self-restraint. But Vietnam and the Philippines both made it clear they wanted more. “China has brazenly moved its deep-water drilling rig escorted by over 80 armed and military ves-

sels and many airplanes to the Vietnamese waters,” Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dzung was

oil rig into waters close to the Paracel Islands in what most analysts believe was an especially assertive move

the face of “intensive provocations” by Vietnam that were endangering its personnel and property.

Myanmar urges ASEAN leaders to address climate change

NAY PYI TAW, MAY 11 (IANS): Myanmar President U Thein Sein urged Asean leaders to address the impact of climate change along with other relevant issues as the 24th summit of the group began in the country Sunday. « Extreme weather patterns due to changing climate have affected the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) countries in increased frequencies and ferocity each year,» Xinhua quoted President Sein as saying.  «The Asean Humanitarian Assistance Centre (AHA) has yet to adequately respond to these natural disasters,» Sein added.

He urged the Asean community to further develop the existing early warning system and set up rescue and relief centres, vehicles and equipment in each country that could be deployed rapidly when disasters strike. His proposal also includes establishing a network of research centres in Asean countries for sharing knowledge on climate adaptable agricultural products, which could enable the countries to promote food security. «As one way to address the issue, I wish to propose a systematic rehabilitation of mangrove forests in Asean. Mangrove forests not only reduce the greenhouse gas

but also reduce the impact of storms and floods in lowlying coastal areas,» Sein said. Themed as «Moving forward in Unity to a Peaceful and Prosperous Community», the 24th edition is expected to review the progress towards the realisation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Community by the end of 2015 and discuss ways to overcome challenges in the process of economic integration. Thailand›s political crisis would also be discussed during the summit. Created in 1967, Asean groups Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

quoted as saying in a draft speech. The vessels “fired high-powered water cannons and rammed straight into the Vietnamese public-service and civil ships, causing damage to many ships and injuring many people on board.” He asked that concerns about the South China Sea be included in ASEAN’s final statement. The standoff between China and Vietnam started May 1 when China moved a deep sea

to help cement its claims of sovereignty over the area. Vietnam, which says the islands belong to it, immediately dispatched ships. On Wednesday, Vietnam said Chinese vessels had repeatedly rammed and fired water cannons at its ships, damaging several of them, and showed video footage of the incidents. China insists it is doing nothing wrong and said Thursday that it had “maintained a lot of restraint” in

Vietnam says the Paracel Islands fall within its continental shelf and a 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone, and that the security and free navigation of the strategic waterway are now under serious threat. The United States has criticized China’s latest action as provocative and unhelpful. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying responded by saying that the issue should not concern ASEAN and

that Beijing was opposed to “one or two countries’ attempts to use the South Sea issue to harm the overall friendship and cooperation between China and ASEAN,” according to China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency. Philippine President Benigno Aquino III, meanwhile, said he intended to raise his country›s own territorial dispute with Beijing, while calling for support to resolve the conflict through international arbitration. ASEAN leaders also discussed tensions on the Korean Peninsula, reiterating their commitment to a region «free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction,» according to the draft of the final statement. They also discussed the need to effectively tackle threats such as cybercrime, human trafficking and climate change, as well as food and energy security, human rights issues and efforts to create an ASEAN economic community. It was the first time Myanmar hosted a summit of Southeast Asian leaders since it joined the 10-member bloc in 1997. The country was previously passed over because of its poor human rights record. Though much work needs to be done, Myanmar has implemented sweeping political and economic reforms since ruling generals handed over power to a quasi-civilian government in 2011 following a halfcentury of military rule.

TEHRAN, MAY 11 (AP): Iran›s President Hassan Rouhani said Sunday his country has nothing to offer except transparency in nuclear talks with world powers, rebuffing hardliners as negotiators seek a final deal over the Islamic Republic›s contested program. The talks, resuming Tuesday, face an informal July deadline to hammer out a final deal to limit Iran›s ability to build nuclear arms in exchange for ending the crippling economic sanctions it faces. While the moderate Rouhani and Iran›s negotiators have the backing of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, hard-liners increasingly criticize the deal as giving up too much while gaining too little from the West. Speaking Sunday to a group of Iranian medical and nuclear experts, Rouhani appeared to be trying to counter the hard-liners by saying Iran would never accept «scientific and nuclear apartheid» by giving up its program. «If the world seeks good relations with Iran, it should choose the way of surrendering to Iran›s rights, respecting the Irani-

an nation and praising Iranian scientists,» Rouhani said in the speech, which was aired live by state television. «Iran›s path to achieve nuclear technology has been a correct way and it will never stop,» he said. «We do not want to withdraw one step in technology.» Rouhani also stressed Iran has not sought nuclear weapons and urged the West not to accuse Iran of doing so. «The Iranian nation has never been after weapons of mass destruction since it does not see it as legitimate,» he said. The West says Iran›s nuclear program could allow it to build atomic weapons. Iran says its program is for peaceful purposes, like medical research and power generation. Iran reached a historic interim deal in November with six world powers — the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany. In it, Tehran agreed to stop enrichment of uranium to 20 percent — which is a possible pathway to nuclear arms — in exchange for the easing of some Western sanctions. It agreed to dilute half of its 20

percent enriched uranium into 5 percent and turn the remaining half into oxide, which is very difficult to be used for bomb-making materials. It also allowed international inspectors into nuclear sites. In the last week, inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations watchdog, visited a uranium mine and a uranium-thickening facility in the central Iranian towns of Ardakan and Yazd. Iranian officials said that fulfilled a series of demands it had for Iran, including releasing information about its efforts to develop a type of explosive detonator that can be used in nuclear weapons. The talks beginning Tuesday hope to iron out a comprehensive deal placing long-term caps on Iran’s enrichment program and other atomic activities in exchange for full sanctions relief. The two sides hope to reach agreement by July 20 but can extend negotiations if both agree to do so. Already, Iran has said it will redesign its Arak heavy water reactor to greatly limit the amount of plutonium it can make, a major concession.

Abducted Nigerian girl scared to go back to school BAUCHI, MAY 11 (AP): One of the teenagers who escaped from Islamic extremists who abducted more than 300 schoolgirls said Sunday the kidnapping was «too terrifying for words,» and she is scared to go back to school. Science student Sarah Lawan, 19, told The Associated Press that more of the girls could have escaped but that they were frightened by their captors› threats to shoot them. Lawan spoke in the Hausa language in a phone interview from Chibok, her home and the site of the mass abduction in northeast Nigeria. The failure to rescue 276 of the students who remain captive four weeks later has attracted mounting national and international outrage. «I am pained that my other colleagues could not summon the courage to run away with me,» she said. «Now I cry each time I came across their parents and see how they weep when they see me.» Police say 53 students had escaped and captors are threatening to sell the stu-

dents still held into slavery. Lawan spoke as more experts are expected in Nigeria to help in the search, including U.S. hostage negotiators. Nigeria›s government belatedly accepted offers of help last week from the United States, Britain, France, China and Spain. Also Sunday, a leading Nigerian rights group demanded the U.N. Security Council impose sanctions on the Boko Haram terrorist network who abducted the girls, saying expressions of concern and condemnation are not enough. «The future of these missing schoolgirls hangs in a balance. The council should not leave them to fend for themselves,» executive director Adetokunbo Mumuni of the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project said in a statement. «But it is not enough for the Council to express concern.» He said targeted sanctions would send a strong message. The United States already has designated Boko Haram a foreign terrorist

organization, as has the European Union, making it illegal to contribute to the group. And Washington last year put a $7 million ransom on the head of Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau, who said in a video last week that he will sell the girls into slavery. There also have been reports that some of the girls have been forced into marriage with their abductors, who paid a nominal bride price of $12, and that some have been carried across borders into Cameroon and Chad. Lawan, the escape, said other girls who escaped later have told her that the abductors spoke of their plans to marry them. She said the thought of going back to school terrifies her — either the burned out ruins of Chibok Government Girls Secondary School or any other school. «I am really scared to go back there; but I have no option if I am asked to go because I need to finish my final year exams which were stopped half way through.»


10 Wheat beer & lederhosen: Bayern celebrates title Dimapur

Monday

12 May 2014

Munich's captain Philipp Lahm lifts the trophy for winning the German Soccer Championship after the season's last match between FC Bayern Munich and VfB Stuttgart, in Munich, southern Germany, Saturday, May 10, 2014. (AP Photo)

MUNICH, MAY 11 (AP): Bayern Munich finally celebrated winning its 24th German championship on Saturday after the last Bundesliga game of the season. Club captain Philipp Lahm lifted the championship shield to kick off the party in a sea of red and white confetti, after Claudio Pizarro's injury time strike secured a 1-0 win over Stuttgart. The traditional wheatbeer showers followed with Pep Guardiola, in particular, singled out for attention by his jubilant players. The

former Barcelona coach helped Bayern defend its title with a record seven games to spare in his first season in charge. The effects of the beer showers took their toll on Guardiola when he dropped the championship shield. "It's very nice but it's heavy," he said, referring to the 11-kilo trophy. Around 15,000 fans later greeted the side at Marienplatz in the city center for the presentation of the league trophy from the town hall balcony, following traditional title celebrations. Wearing

Bavarian leather trousers like his players, Guardiola told enthusiastic supporters, "I am very proud of this team and we are very proud of you. I love you. I'm a Muenchener (person from Munich). Mia san mia!" The party was expected to last long into the night. "You have to celebrate victories and titles," said Bayern sporting director Matthias Sammer, who didn't want to set any limits, despite Bayern's German Cup final clash with Borussia Dortmund in Berlin next Saturday.

KKr defeat Kings XI punjab by nine wickets

CUTTACk, MAY 11 (IANS): The Kolkata Knight Riders thrashed Indian Premier League (IPL) table toppers Kings XI Punjab by nine wickets at the Barabati Stadium here Sunday. Chasing a modest target of 150, the Kolkata outfit reached home comfortably in 18 overs. Skipper Gautam Gambhir played the anchor’s role with a match-winning innings of 63 not out. Earlier, Kings XI scored 149/8 after being put in to bat. They were given a rollicking start by opener Virender Sehwag, who was the highest scorer of the match with a brilliant knock of 72 off 50 balls. The ‘Nawab of Najafgarh’ slammed 11 exquisite boundaries including a huge six during his innings. At 87/2 Punjab seemed well on their way to an-

other imposing score but leg spinner Piyush Chawla removed Australia’s Glenn Maxwell (14) and the dangerous Sehwag to put the brakes on the scoring rate. South African David Miller (13) couldn’t strike a partnership and captain George Bailey (12 not out) failed to produce the whirlwind finish he has often provided as Punjab managed just 33 runs off the final five overs. The team kept losing wickets at regular intervals and the fact that no one got going apart from Sehwag, with the next highest score of 15 by wicketkeeper Wriddhiman Saha, saw Kings XI falter towards the end. Chawla was in brilliant form clinching three wickets for only 19 from his four overs and was well supported by pacer Morne Morkel (2/20). Umesh Ya-

dav and Sunil Narine also picked a wicket each. In reply, openers Robin Uthappa and Gambhir gave the Knight Riders the start they needed, striking a 68-run opening wicket partnership. Uthappa was more aggressive of the two, slamming 46 off 28 deliveries with eight fours and a six. After Uthappa got out, Gambhir joined hands with Manish Pandey and the duo scored the all-important unbeaten 82-run second wicket partnership to take their side home. After a dismal start in IPL-7, Gambhir has come out well, scoring his third successive half-century of the tournament. The captain played a responsible 45-ball knock which included seven fours and was well supported by Pandey, who remained unbeaten on 35.

SPORTS

The Morung Express

NBA: SpurS go up 3-0 oN BlAzerS, NetS BeAt HeAt

PORTLAND, MAY 11 (AP): San Antonio put one foot into the NBA Western Conference finals with a 118-103 win at Portland on Saturday to take a 3-0 lead in their series, while Brooklyn avoided slipping to the same deficit by defeating Miami. Tony Parker scored 29 points for the Spurs, who built a big early lead — just as they had in the opening two games of the series — by going 23 points up on the Trail Blazers in the first half, and controlled the game from there. LaMarcus Aldridge had 21 points and 12 rebounds for the Portland, which pulled within eight points in the third quarter but couldn't get any closer. The Blazers were hurt by 15 turnovers and only six points from their bench. No NBA team has come back from a 3-0 deficit to win a seven-game series, suggesting San Antonio is bound for a Western Conference decider against either Oklahoma City or the Los Angeles Clippers. The Thunder leads that series 2-1. The Blazers took a brief 13-12 lead midway through the first quarter but the Spurs surged to score 16 of the next 20 points to take a grip on the contest. Parker's back-to-back 3-pointers gave the Spurs a 58-35 late first-half lead and they went into the break ahead 60-40. Portland rallied to get the deficit back to manageable proportions at 68-60, but the Spurs kept the Blazers from coming any closer and led 83-69 going into the fourth, and they were not troubled in the last. The Spurs have a 3-2 series advantage over Portland in the playoffs, sweeping the

previous meeting in the 1999 conference finals. The teams split the regular-season series 2-2. Meanwhile, Brooklyn secured the win it badly needed by beating Miami 104-90, inflicting a first defeat on the Heat in this postseason and cutting the series deficit to 2-1. Joe Johnson scored 19 points and Andray Blatche had career playoff highs of 15 points and 10 rebounds for the Nets. Brooklyn, which swept Miami in the regular season, can tie the series with another home-court victory on Monday. Miami's LeBron James scored 16 points in the first quarter but only two baskets for the rest of the game. He finished with 28 points. The Heat had not even faced a fourth-quarter deficit in these playoffs and won their previous four games by double digits, but the Nets shook off the Heat's sizzling start, then held them to 33 points over the middle two quarters to take control. Paul Pierce had 14 points while Mirza Teletovic and Shaun Livingston each scored 12 points for the Nets in their first home postseason victory ever against the Heat. Teletovic made four of Brooklyn's 15 3-pointers. Brooklyn's Deron Williams, 0 for 9 in Game 2, shot just 3 for 11 but finished with nine points and 11 assists. Kevin Garnett, just 2 for 10 for four total points in Miami, shot 5 of 6 for 10 points and seven rebounds. Miami's Dwyane Wade scored 20 points and James grabbed eight rebounds, but his night fell well short of what it could Portland Trail Blazers' Wesley Matthews (2) defends against San Antonio Spurs' Tony Parker have been after his fero- (9) as he passes the ball in the first quarter of Game 3 of a Western Conference semifinal NBA basketball playoff series Saturday, May 10 in Portland, Ore. (AP Photo) cious first quarter.

'Way clear for Bravo's return to Windies squad' PORT Of SPAIN, MAY 11 (IANS): Darren Sammy’s removal as captain and subsequent retirement from Test cricket will pave the way for all-rounder Dwayne Bravo’s return to the squad, former West Indies opener Bryan Davis said. Sammy, who led the Test squad for nearly four years, was axed Friday in favour of wicketkeeper Denesh Ramdin following which the all-rounder announced he was quitting the longer format of the game. “I think Dwayne has been unfairly left out for the last four years. He was injured and Sammy then took the decision

that he would be the fast bowling all-rounder. With the selectors not wanting to play two fast bowling all-rounders, Bravo had to stay out," said Davis, who played four Tests against Australia in 1965. “Bravo’s record speaks for itself. He belongs to the West Indies team and has shown he can bat with three Test centuries and his bowling is penetrative as he is now closing in on 100 wickets." Sammy led West Indies in 30 of his 38 Tests, winning eight matches and losing 12 with eight draws. He made 1,323 runs at 21.68 with a single Test century against England at Trent Bridge in 2012

and grabbed 84 wickets at 35 apiece. Bravo, who replaced Sammy as one-day captain last May, has scored 2,200 runs from 40 Tests at an average of 31 with three centuries and has taken 86 wickets at an average of nearly 40. While Bravo has not played a Test in 3.5 years, Davis believes this is where the strength of his game remains. “He has been playing a lot of T20 cricket but he is actually a better Test bowler. He is not his best when bowling defensively. With his ability to move the ball, he can be very penetrative in Test matches,” concluded Davis.

6th Summer Cup Cricket Tourney begins Inter beats Lazio in Zanetti’s last home match

The players of Blue Star and Youngster Khatkhati being introduced to the Chief Guest, SDPO Bokajan at the opening ceremony of the 6th Summer Cup Cricket Tournament on May 11, Organised by Balijan Youth Club.

DIMAPUR, MAY 11 (MExN): The Balijan Youth Club began their 6th Summer Cup Cricket Tournament here at Balijan Ground, near forest Check Gate, Karbi Anglong Assam on May 11. SDPO Bokajan, SB Raimedhi has consented to grace the occasion as Chief Guest, accompanied by Khatkhati police station OC, S. Sharma and SGB Balijan, Birsing Teron. The Opening Ceremony began with the presenting of gifts

by the members of Balijan Youth Club to the Chief Guest and the invitees. On behalf of Balijan Youth Club, Kishore Chettri urged upon the players to display the qualities discipline, self respect, co-operation and to maintain the spirit of true sportsmanship throughout the tournament. As Games and sports keep us physically fit and enable us to enjoy the blessing of good health, he stated. Khatkhati po-

lice Station OC, S Sharma called upon the players to use sports in developing good relations between the two states. SDPO Bokajan, SB Raimedhi appreciated the Balijan Youth Club for their efforts to organize tournament successfully for the 6th time and encouraged the club for active participation in organizing such sports events. He felt that this type of activities especially in border belt

areas will maintain good relation among the communities of two states. He said that “involvement of people in sports activities will improve social atmosphere and will keep away from Anti- social activities". He further wished both the opening teams (Blue star, Dimapur and Youngster, Khatkhati) good luck and asked to maintain good sporting spirit. The programme was chaired by Kartik Sharma.

MILAN, MAY 11 (AP): Javier Zanetti's last home match at the San Siro was celebrated with a win as Inter Milan beat Lazio 4-1 to all but guarantee a Europa League berth from the Serie A on Saturday. Zanetti will retire after 19 seasons at Inter, and the stadium was sold out as fans packed in to bid farewell to their 40-year-old captain. Lazio threatened to spoil the party when Giuseppe Biava scored the opening goal inside two minutes to stun San Siro. However, Rodrigo Palacio scored twice, either side of Mauro Icardi's strike, and Hernanes netted against his former club to secure victory. At the end of the match, footage was shown on the big screens of Zanetti's greatest Inter moments, and the clearly emotional player was led out by his family, peers and club presidents, with all his teammates wearing shirts with his number four on it. To chants of "there's only one captain," Zanetti took the microphone and thanked the fans and teammates. "I have always tried to honor and defend the Inter shirt in every country in the world," he said. "I learnt to love it thanks to you, I will love you forever. A very lovely career is coming to an end for me. I don't know what I will do but now one thing is certain: I will defend Inter even off the pitch." Players from across the globe also took to Twitter to pay tribute to Zanetti, including former teammate Mario Balotelli, who wrote, "Javier Zanetti is an example of humanity and professionalism for all of us!" Inter has five points more than Torino and six more than Parma and

Inter Milan's Javier Zanetti,of Argentina greets his fans at the end of the Serie A soccer match between Inter Milan and Lazio at the San Siro stadium in Milan, Italy, Saturday, May 10. Zanetti will retire after 19 seasons at Inter, and the stadium was sold out as fans packed in to bid farewell to their 40-year-old captain. (AP Photo)

AC Milan, who all have two matches remaining. It is the same number of points above Hellas Verona, which squandered a two-goal lead to draw 2-2 at home to Udinese following a superb goal from Antonio Di Natale. Verona and Inter have only one match remaining. Inter coach Walter Mazzarri was resoundly booed before kickoff when it was revealed Zanetti was starting on the bench. The 20-year-old Mateo Kovacic - who was less than four months old when Zanetti made his Inter debut - set up two of the goals with delightful throughballs. The Inter players hugged Zanetti after every goal, and the Argentine was eventually sent on seven minutes into the second half to a raucous standing

ovation. Zanetti was wearing a special captain's armband for the occasion. It had the words "Zanetti 4 Ever" in large letters over a background with the name of all his Inter teammates past and present. In Verona, substitute Badu came off the bench with minutes left and drilled in a stoppagetime equalizer for Udinese with a low shot into the corner. Luca Toni put Verona in front from the penalty spot in the 14th minute after Alessandro Agostini was tripped by Allan. It was the veteran striker's 20th league goal of the season. Emil Hallfredsson doubled Verona's lead in the 54th before Di Natale pulled one back two minutes later in stunning fashion.


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Fifth Street Band

Monday

Entertainment

The Morung Express Neon Clowns

12 May 2014

Sepongla Sangtam

11

Setolu

JBC Live MTF Series

My Cute Valentine

Dimapur

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The Roots

Various artists performed at the JBC Live – MTF series at Jumping Bean Café, Dimapur on May 9.

NAGA TALENTS P. Diddy says he’s a magical creature after being PROMO SEASON 3 awarded honorary doctorate from Howard University Registration closes on May 31

H

e has many titles from rapper to music mogul to fashion designer - and now doctor. Diddy, whose real name is Sean Combs, was awarded an honorary doctorate on Saturday from Howard University in Washington D.C. - a school he attended for two years before dropping out to pursue music. During his inspiring commencement speech, the 44-year-old told the students in attendance they were magical creatures capable of shaping the future. ‘I am a unicorn,’ he exclaimed according to InTheCapital.com. ‘You are a unicorn. We are unicorns.’ The magical reference was part of his overall message: that students remake the world with their power of their dreams. The rapper, also known as Puff Daddy, studied business at the university for two years before dropping out in 1990 to further his career in music. Throughout the momentous day, Diddy posted numerous shots to Instagram and Twitter as he wore a tasselled graduation cap and gown. Afterwards, Diddy tweeted, ‘I am Humbled & Honored!!!’ According to Billboard, he told the crowd: ‘Howard University didn’t just change my life - it entered my soul, my heart, my being and my spirit.’ The Bad Boy Records founder, who has changed his nickname back from P Diddy, was recognised alongside CNN news anchor Wolf Blitzer, surgeon Clive Callender, jazz saxophonist Benny Golson and PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi at the ceremony. Diddy has been named hip-hop’s wealthiest man by Forbes magazine with a worth of $700m. His fortune was earned through multiple businesses, including music, the Sean John clothing line, his Ciroc brand vodka and a new cable channel called Revolt TV. The Grammy-winning artist, who used to date Jennifer Lopez, has confused fans over the years with his name changes and recently announced he has returned to the name that made him famous: Puff Daddy. He ditched Puff Daddy for the simple moniker P.Diddy in 2001 before changing to just Diddy. But recently, he claimed that he never changed his name, and was always in fact, Puff Daddy.

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Will Cressie go back to Harry?s

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rince Harry will have to keep a close eye on a dashing namesake if he wants to win back his ex-girlfriend Cressida Bonas. She’s been back in touch with old boyfriend Harry Wentworth-Stanley, 25. The pair dated for two years during their time together at Leeds University and only broke up just before she graduated when he decided to go travelling – leaving her heartbroken. But ‘Harry the first’ – now a surveyor at estate agents Savills – is said to have told friends in recent weeks he regrets his decision, especially after seeing Cressida, 24, in the newspapers with Prince Harry. In turn, when he first started dating Cressida, Harry the second was said to have been initially jealous of Harry the first, who is the stepson of George Mountbatten, Marquess of Milford Haven – a cousin of the Queen. A source said: ‘She was deeply in love with the first Harry, and even when she started seeing the Prince, she still had feelings for him. ‘The fact she’s back in touch with him will infuriate the Prince.’ Friends say Harry Wentworth-Stanley – who is single – has been texting Cressida suggesting they meet up. ‘Harry hasn’t moved on since Cressida and would jump at the chance to offer her a shoulder to cry on,’ says a friend. And cry she has. Last Thursday, having returned to work after being given a brief spell off for compassionate leave, she was seen weeping on the phone for the second time in as many weeks. ‘She was on Lexington Street in Soho in floods for 45 minutes, for all to see,’ says an onlooker. Meanwhile, friends are wondering whether Prince Harry or Cressida will be at a charity boxing ball next week. A friend said: ‘One of them definitely won’t attend. Cressida’s brother Jacobi is boxing, and it is at Syon House, the London home of her best friend Missy Percy. But Harry’s friends are boxing too and his ex Chelsy Davy is hosting it.’ Meanwhile, Cressida’s party-loving half-brother has surprised his friends by going on the wagon. Part-time DJ and polo player Jacobi Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 30, has long been famous for his wild ways. But after years of propping up the bar everywhere from Necker Island to Ibiza, the City investor has quit the booze. I’m going to DJ in Ibiza soon but I won’t be going mad like the old days. I’m not smoking either. I’m being very disciplined and I’m on a strict new fitness regime.’

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heto Music Association’s promotional event Naga Talents Promo Season – 3 will start its district wise auditions from the last week of June 2014. PMA has informed all interested individuals or group without age limits in Nagaland who have talents in activities like singing, dancing, comedy, acting, martial art, instrumental demo and others to participate in this event. Registration forms can be collected from the district co-organizers. These include Dimapur: School of Music & Art Purana Bazaar; Kohima: LECO Group Lineage enterprise opposite NST Bus station; Wokha: Highway Entertainment Lifeline Medico; Zunheboto: Immanuel Music Academy and Mokokchung: Cosmos hall entertainment. Dates and venue for district auditions will be published in the local papers very soon. For further information for district co-organizers and of the contest, interested parties can contact PMA office in person or call: 9436405817 or email:phetomusic@yahoo.com.

Bearded Austrian drag queen Conchita Wurst wins Eurovision Song Contest 2014

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onchita Wurst won the Eurovision Song with a score of 290 after a grandiose James Bond-theme-like ballad, Rise Like a Phoenix, before a TV audience of around 180 million people in 45 countries. UK hopeful Molly Smitten-Downes came in seventeenth place with a score of just 40 with her song Children Of The Universe. ‘This is dedicated to everyone who believes in a future of peace and freedom,’ a tearful Conchita said as she accepted the trophy from Denmark’s Emmelie de Forrest, who won the contest last year. ‘We are unity and we are unstoppable.’ ‘For me, my dream came true,’ she added at a news conference after the win. ‘But for our society, it just showed me that there are people out there who want to go into the future and go on, you know, not stepping back or thinking in the past.’ Austrian Drag queen Conchita, the alter ego of 25-year-old Thomas Neuwirth, gave one of the most glamorous and sultry performances of the contest, held in Copenhagen, Denmark. The singer, who sported a full beard, smouldered like a Bond Girl in a gold embellished fishtail gown. Walking onto the stage in front of a smokey backdrop, she gave a powerful performance of her song Rise Like a Phoenix. Her look was set off by diamond earrings, while she also wore a red lipstick, wore her long hair in waves and defined her eyes in heavy black eyeliner.

Pushing the boundaries of gender identity is nothing new at Europe’s annual song contest, which is known for its eclectic, sometimes unlistenable lineup of techno beats, love songs and pop tunes. Prior to her performance. the transvestite has faced a barrage of homophobic and transphobic attacks from within her own country and from other countries including Russia, Armenia and Belarus, who branded the contest a ‘hotbed of sodomy’, the BBC has reported. Amid growing tensions over the Ukraine crisis, some in Eastern Europe have blasted Wurst as an example of the West’s decadence. Activists in Belarus had even urged the country’s state television network to edit the Austrian entry out of its Eurovision broadcast. ‘I can only say thank you for your attention. If this is only about me and my person, I can live with it’, Wurst said about her critics in emails with The Associated Press. ‘You know, I have a very thick skin. It’s just strange that a little facial hair causes that much excitement.’ Speaking ahead of the semifinal in Copenhagen on Thursday, she added: ‘I have to add that 80 percent of the autograph requests that I get are from Russia and eastern Europe — and that’s what is important to me’. Neuwirth, who was born in Gmunden, central Austria, entered show business eight years ago, taking part in an Austrian TV talent show.

1D Filming This Is Us Sequel

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Direction are filming a follow-up to their movie ‘This Is Us’. The superstar boy band are currently on their ‘Where We Are’ world tour, and it has been confirmed they are being recorded for a sequel. Director Morgan Spurlock told the Daily Star Sunday newspaper: “Yes, there will be a follow-up to ‘This Is Us’. ‘’One Direction are currently being filmed on their ‘Where We Are’ world tour, with director Morgan Spurlock confirming there will

be a sequel to their blockbuster movie ‘This Is Us’.’’ “At this moment Ben Winston is with the band on their world tour filming what happens. He worked with me and is a great producer.” The first movie missed out on the Oscar for Best Song, and Morgan has revealed Simon Cowell would love them to be given a prize this time round. He added: “I know Simon Cowell wants the band to get awards for this and was upset when they missed out on being nominated in the mu-

sic category for an Oscar on our film. “It was a good song and I was surprised that they weren’t even considered. This time he will want them to try again.” Meanwhile, The Who singer Roger Daltrey has admitted he “admires” the ‘Story of My Life’ hitmakers, joking he would like them more if he was a teenage girl. Speaking to the Sunday Mirror newspaper: “I admire what they achieved. “If I was a 16-yearold girl I would love them, but I’m not. They’re nice guys.”

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Chris Martin Was ‘Hard to Live With’ C

hris Martin was “hard to live with” before he split from Gwyneth Paltrow. The former couple - who have children Apple, nine, and Moses, eight, together - split last month after 10 years of marriage, and insiders claim the Coldplay frontman’s insecurity caused a lot of their problems. A source told Britain’s Grazia magazine: “Chris is very tough on himself and that can be hard to live with. There was a time a few years ago when there were a lot of fights. “Chris Martin’s insecurity made him “hard” for Gwyneth Paltrow to live with.” “He and Gwyneth had a great life but it was like he couldn’t quite see it and couldn’t commit to it. There were other issues that sparked off that and, ultimately, they ended up leading very different, very separate lives.” Now they have gone their separate ways, Chris and Gwyneth

both want the best for one another. The source added: “They have both given each other their blessing to move on. I think they both want each other to find love and happiness.”The ‘Magic’ singer recently admitted his own “issues” had stopped him from being happy. He said: “If you can’t open yourself up, you can’t appreciate the wonder inside. So you can be

with someone very wonderful, but because of your own issues you cannot let that be celebrated in the right way....”About two years ago I was a mess really because I can’t enjoy the thing that we are good at and I can’t enjoy the great things around me because I’m burdened by this - I’ve got to not blame anyone else and make some changes.”

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MANCHESTER CiTy CliNCH EPl TiTlE

MANCHESTER, MAY 11 (AGENCIES): There was not the late drama of 2012 but the end result was just the same: Manchester City are Premier League champions for the second time in three seasons after a comfortable 2-0 victory over West Ham United on Sunday. While Sergio Aguero was the last-minute hero of that memorable afternoon two years ago, this time it was Samir Nasri and Vincent Kompany who got the decisive goals with plenty of time to spare— the duo breaking the Hammers’ resistance either side of half-time to start the celebrations early at the Etihad Stadium. The final whistle blew, and City's players were mobbed by fans who invaded the pitch in celebration. There were twists and turns along the way, but on the final day Manchester City cruised to victory with a cutting edge that suggests they were ultimately worthy winners. Liverpool, needing to win against Newcastle United to make things interesting, did eventually move ahead at Anfield to apply some sort of pressure on their rivals, but City never realistically looked like letting their grip on the title slip as Manuel Pellegrini’s side ultimately clinched the title by a two-point margin. The atmosphere at Anfield was muted as an own goal from Martin Skrtel put Newcastle ahead in the first half, but goals from Daniel Agger and Daniel Sturridge ensured

they ended with victory against opponents who had Shola Ameobi and Paul Dummett sent off. Meanwhile, Norwich's relegation from the Barclays Premier League was confirmed as Arsenal ran out 2-0 winners at Carrow Road, where England midfielder Jack Wilshere made his long-awaited return from injury.

Man United fail to qualify for Europe Manchester United’s nightmare season came to a disappointing end Sunday in Southampton, where a 1-1 draw left the team in seventh place for the season, and out of European competition entirely next year. United started the day three points behind Tottenham yet clinging to a superior goal difference, but Spurs crushed Aston Villa 3-0 to secure the second and final place in the Europa League. The first season after legendary manager Sir Alex Ferguson stepped down was always going to be tough, but it couldn’t have gone much worse for United. David Moyes as a leaguewide laughing stock for months before he was finally sacked in late April. Despite the arrival of Juan Mata from Chelsea, losses to Stoke, Liverpool, Manchester City, Everton and Sunderland since the transfer window sealed United’s fate, and the repercussions of finishing seventh will likely be felt all summer long in the transfer market.

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Vincent Kompany parades the Barclays Premier League trophy in front of the Man City faithful.

Hamilton wins Spanish GP

Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain holds the trophy after winning the Spain Formula One Grand Prix at the Barcelona Catalunya racetrack in Montmelo, near Barcelona, Spain, Sunday, May 11. (AP Photo)

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MONTMELO, MAY 11 (AP): Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg sped away to their fourth straight one-two finish at the Spanish Grand Prix on Sunday in a dominant performance that does not bode well for the rest of the Formula One field. Hamilton took off from pole position and stayed ahead of Rosberg — despite the German closing to less than a second in a tense final lap — to record a fourth consecutive victory and move ahead of his teammate in the overall standings. Hamilton's 26th career win gave him 100 points after five races and three more than Rosberg, who failed to find a way in front of his main rival for a fourth straight time after winning the season opener. "This is our fourth onetwo, it's just unreal," said Hamilton after his first career victory at the Barcelona-Catalunya circuit. Hamilton hadn't led the championship since June 2012 after the Canadian GP with McLaren. "Getting my first win here after trying for eight years, it is difficult to put into words my feeling," said Hamilton. "I have never had a car like this. I have never had a gap like this. I am grateful I was able to keep (Rosberg) behind me." Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo finished third for his first career podium after coming close on three occasions this year. Four-time champion Sebastian Vettel had a flaw-

less drive to move up from a 15th-place start to finish fourth, with his Red Bull finally not having any problems following two days of it stalling in practice and qualifying. Valtteri Bottas of Williams crossed fifth, followed by troubled Ferrari pair Fernando Alonso and Kimi Raikkonen in sixth and seventh. Lotus' Romain Grosjean and Force India duo Sergio Perez and Nico Hulkenberg rounded out the points. Not even a three-week break for their rivals to improve their cars prevented Mercedes from earning its fifth win in as many events this year in a disheartening performance for the other 10 teams. Ricciardo ended up more than 48 seconds slower than Rosberg. After executing a clean start, the Silver Arrows focused on protecting their tires and preparing a final fight at the end of the race to decide which would leave the other as runnerup. Hamilton led all of the way, but he asked his team for help on several occasions — as well as complaining about the tire strategy— after never being able to shake Rosberg. And although this race didn't see any close calls between the drivers, as happened in Bahrain earlier this season, there was drama right down to the last turn before Hamilton crossed 0.6 seconds ahead of Rosberg.

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12th May 2014