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The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. VIII ISSUE 220

www.morungexpress.com

Monday, August 12, 2013 12 pages Rs. 4

Kohima SP speaks on legal provisions for protection of women

Angelina reveals she terrified youngsters as evil sorceress

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Israel approves nearly 1,200 new settlement homes

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Ashikho Pfuzhe

Current rate of broiler chicken in Dimapur market

Dimapur | August 11

Roll back the price

Vote on www.morungexpress.com SMS your answer to 9862574165 Is Nagaland government taking the free, informed and prior consent of people for development activities? no

Others

Is the Indian government justified in extending the Disturbed Area Status of nagaland for another year? Yes

15% 59%

no Others

26%

Details on page 7

48 hour bandh in Naga areas of Manipur DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): The United Naga Council has called for a 48 hour total bandh in the Naga inhabited areas of Manipur from the midnight of August 11 to midnight of August 13. The UNC also informed that there will be an indefinite bandh on all construction works of central projects such as the Trans-Asian Railway line and Power Grid line from August 11, midnight. The bandh is in protest against “the lack of respect and seriousness in upholding the democratic process of dialogue initiated by the Government of India itself on the demand for an alternative arrangement outside the Government of Manipur and to urge the GoI for immediate intervention pending settlement of the Indo-Naga issue.”

Two held for illegal collection

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DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): In two separate incidents on August 10, two persons were arrested for illegal collection in New Market, Dimapur. They were both found collecting money in the name of ‘undergrounds’. One of the two accused was identified as Md. Rahim Badshah (28 years), hailing from Bongaigaon, Assam and presently residing at Khermahal, Dimapur. According to police, he was caught while collecting ‘tax’ from footpath hawkers. Cash amounting to Rs. 2630 was recovered from his possession. The other, identified as Shikato Yimchunger, a resident of New Market, was caught collecting money from shops, police said. Cash amounting to Rs. 720 was confiscated from his possession.

Nadal tops Djokovic to reach Rogers Cup final

Poultry import ban a boon to local farmers

By Sandemo Ngullie

The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn

–Bil Keane

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reflections

Yes

Yesterday’s the past, tomorrow’s the future, but today is a gift. That’s why it’s called the present Modi flags off BJP poll campaign with ‘India first’ slogan

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Pope Francis delivers his blessing during the Angelus noon prayer he celebrated from the window of his studio overlooking St. Peter’s Square, at the Vatican, Sunday, August 11. Pope Francis in a greeting to Muslims worldwide has expressed hope they can work together with Christians to promote mutual respect. Francis also encouraged Muslims and Christians to educate new generations to respect each other. He noted that “our brothers” the Muslims had just concluded Ramadan, the month dedicated to fasting, prayer and alms-giving. (AP Photo)

Power blackout in five districts in Nagaland

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): Power supply to five districts—Kohima, Wokha, Phek, Kiphire and Tuensang—has been affected due to the collapse of one transmission tower in Dimapur. The Dimapur-Kohima 132 kV transmission line snapped during the petrol pump fire incident on the night of August 9 causing one tower to collapse. This

was informed in a press release from Additional Chief Engineer, Er. Imlizumzuk Ao of the Department of Power, Nagaland. It was also informed that power was restored on August 9 night itself by an alternate 132 kV transmission line through ImphalKarong-Kohima line but this transmission also broke down on Sunday eve-

ning at 4:20 pm. This has resulted in a power blackout in the above mentioned five districts. The power department has requested all concerned to bear with the inconvenience as the department is pursuing all alternative possibilities. Power officials said that it will be few days before the line is restored.

The indefinite ban on import of poultry imposed by the Action Committee against Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) has come as a boon to local poultry farmers, as their profit margin from sale of birds has increased considerably. The general outcry against ‘syndicate and dealership’ system in poultry trade has also encouraged local poultry farmers who had abandoned their trade to take up poultry farming again as well as drawing in new poultry farmers. With the ‘syndicate/ dealership’ system presently at check, local farmers who dispose their birds to the wholesale market are getting Rs. 25-35 extra profit per bird. A local farmer who has been in poultry farming for ten years in Dimapur said that things are slowly brightening up for local farmers after the ban on export of poultry and check on the syndicate system. “In the past couple of months, my profit margin

Wholesale – Rs. 110 Retail – Rs. 130 Dressed – Rs. 150

from sale of birds has increased. The extra income I am investing in feeds which I buy from Assam and supply them to other poultry farmers at a rate lower than the Dimapur market,” said Meren Aier, a member of Dimapur Poultry Farmers’ Association (DPFA) and poultry farmer of Aoyimkum village. “Earlier, many Naga poultry farmers were forced out of business as the syndicate/dealers controlled everything, including pricing. The local farmers were forced to sell their birds to these syndicates/ dealers at the wholesale rate of Rs. 65-75 per bird. These dealers in turn sell the birds at retail rate of Rs. 110- 130 per bird,” another local poultry farmer said. In the syndicate system, while the dealers rake in huge profits just sitting and selling, the poultry farmers

who sweat it out and take the numerous risks related to poultry farming are left high and dry at the end of the day. President of DPFA, Dr. S Kithan, said that before onset of the syndicate/dealership system, DPFA had 96 registered local poultry farmers, but that nearly two-thirds had closed down their poultry farms out of sheer frustration and mounting losses because of the syndicate system. “In the past, we submitted several representations both to the district administration and Dimapur Municipal Council against the monopoly in poultry trade but no action was taken. As an NGO we cannot flex our muscles and these dealers/ syndicates have ‘unseen powers’ behind them,” Kithan said. Meanwhile, according to ACAUT, the syndicates/dealers are backed by underground factions who also get their cut for protecting and backing the syndicate/dealership poultry trade, mostly run by illegal migrants. “Now with ACAUT’s intervention and support of

‘Not a single national Petrol pump under scanner after fire project in Nagaland’

KoHIMA, AUGUST 11 (NEPS): Minister for Planning and Coordination, Evaluation, Geology and Mining, TR Zeliang said that there is not a single national project in Nagaland till date, whereas neighboring states have got at least two to three national projects so far. Talking to NEPS here on Sunday, the Minister, who recently met the Deputy Chairman Planning Commission in Delhi, said he had apprised the latter of this issue. “I told the Planning Commission that there is not a single national project in Nagaland so far,” he said. The Minister also informed that they had serious discussions on the urgent construction of the “foothill road” from Tizit to Khelma and that the same should be deemed a “national project.” “If you cannot provide this foothill road as a national project this time, then your treatment to Nagaland can be taken as step-motherly,” he told the Planning Commission. Zeliang also disclosed

that the Planning Commission has asked the State to go ahead with the construction of the mega “foothill road” from Tizit to Khelma. “We are urging them to release the funds as early as possible for this project,” he added. “They said they would release the funds soon but did not mention how much money they would give to us.” The Minister, however, stated that they had to take the risk sometimes in order to carry out serious developmental activities in the state. “I also told the Ao Senden that landowners and VIP interference should not be there, particularly in the work of the foothill road construction,” he said. “Let the technical people do the job.” The Minister disclosed that his recent meeting with the Planning Commission officials was held to also discuss funding for the upcoming State Golden Jubilee Celebration and the construction of new Ministerial bungalows in the new state capital areas.

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): The unexplained fire which erupted in the backyard of a petrol pump at 7th Mile, Dimapur on the evening of August 9 has opened a pandora’s box of sorts as police have now turned its attention to investigating a likely fuel adulteration racket. The circumstances that caused the fire are yet to be explained but police suspect that the place was used for adulterating petrol. The site of the incident was reportedly acting as a godown for the petrol pump. On the contrary, charred remains of nearly fifty plastic and metal barrels were found at the site; besides, some cans of oilpaints. Liquid residue suspected to be kerosene was found in one of the barrels. Sample of the substance was collected for forensic examination. One tanker truck reported to have been containing 3-4 thousand litres

of diesel was completely charred, while another was partially burned. The flames spared one filled chamber of the tanker truck, which was partially burned. The contents of the sealed chamber are yet to be inspected as police said that the lid could not be opened. Four large metal containers used for storing fuel were also charred. Another circumstance that aroused suspicion was that the manager and the proprietor of the petrol pump became unreachable immediately after the fire erupted. Efforts made by the police to reach out to them remained unsuccessful until they were arrested the next day. The manager, identified as Ashok Prasad and the driver of the charred tanker truck was arrested on August 10. They were remanded to police custody for 72 hours. Two more were detained on August 11. They were identified

only as Sumit and Bipin, who are attendants at the fuel outlet. The proprietor, identified as Shrikant Jaiswant is absconding. Police said that he was summoned to report but failed to turn up. The petrol pump is registered to one Bendang but was actually being run by Jaiswant, it was added. Furthermore, the same petrol pump was recently in the news when it reported to the police that two Special Branch officers had demanded protection money from the outlet. The duo had reportedly told the manager that they had received information that the fuel outlet was indulging in fuel adulteration. To keep the matter under wraps, the duo allegedly asked the petrol pump to pay them money. The two officers were later arrested. The two officers are currently placed under suspension pending a departmental inquiry.

Naga Council Dimapur and Dimapur Naga Students Union (DNSU), we are gradually trying to revive our trade. So far, around 40 local poultry farmers have come for registration,” the DPFA president said. On the modus operandi of the syndicate/dealership system, a DPFA member explained, “They establish wholesale agent, dealership or whatever you call in the market. Then they see to it that all retailers buy birds from them. They also force local poultry farmers to sell their birds to them.” Another poultry farmer disclosed that there are three big companies along the Assam-Nagaland border which are behind the monopoly of poultry trade in Nagaland. These companies reportedly employ hundreds of villagers to raise chickens. “If you have land, then they give you chicks and feeds free of cost. But when the chickens are fully grown, you have to sell to these companies which give you some commission for raising the chickens,” he added.

August 7 blast victim succumbs to injuries

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): One of the victims in the August 7 Dimapur blast succumbed to injuries at Zion Hospital & Research Centre, Dimapur on Sunday. The deceased, Subhash Sonar (32), son of Buddha Bahadur Sonar of Palpa, Nepal and a resident of Thakurbari had sustained burns and shrapnel wounds to the stomach. According to sources, last rites for the deceased were carried out on Sunday. Sonar was among three persons injured in the blast, believed to be caused by a grenade, at a jewelry store in Dimapur on August 7. The sole bread earner of his family, Sonar left behind two young children and wife.

GPRN/NSCN blames NSCN (K) for Aug 7; justifies Aug 9

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): The GPRN/ NSCN today claimed, without evidence, that cadres of the NSCN (K) were behind the grenade attack on a shop in Dimapur on August 7. The group also stated that one of them responsible for the grenade attack was the same person, that is, Sergeant Major Lithrongse of the NSCN (K), who the cadres of GPRN/NSCN shot dead in Kohima on August 9. In a defensive press statement, the GPRN/NSCN stated that the firing in a public spot in Kohima happened when its cadres went to “arrest” these “anti-socials” behind the Dimapur attack. The GPRN/ NSCN declared that they “honour the reconciliation process” but are “bound by circumstances” to “show an example” that they will take “stern action Full text on page 4 against perpetual offenders.”

Telangana triggers statehood demands in Indian northeast

KolKATA, AUGUST 11 (IANS): The decision to make Telangana India’s 29th state has set off statehood demands in the northeast, home to 220 ethnic groups and an equal number of dialects which make it a hugely diverse region. While the Darjeeling hills in West Bengal have been on the boil with the renewed movement for a Gorkhaland, the movement for a Kamtapur state has been renewed in both West Bengal and Assam. Statehood demands for Bodos and for Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao districts have gained momentum and triggered violence, blockades and shutdowns in Assam. In Tripura, those demanding a tribal state have called a rally later this month. Meghalaya has

been hit by protests for a Garoland state. While none of the demands are secessionist, experts feel creation of new states could not be a panacea for all the ills. “Development is a prime concern behind the demands, but not always. The question of ethnic identity is a prime issue at times,” said Arunabha Ghosh, professor for political science in Rabindra Bharati University. “In a multi-ethnic country like India, you cannot have exclusive zones for each and every community. For instance, so many Nagas live in Mizoram. If you yield to a Gorkhaland state, communities like Lepchas or Rabhas may also want their separate state by dividing Gorkhaland,” said Ghosh. In Assam, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) the Bodol-

and Peoples’ Front (BPF) and several other socio-cultural groups have called a Assam shutdown and rail blockades in the past week. “The demand for a Bodo state is genuine and it is a right of Bodo people. We are going to secure our rights peacefully,” said ABSU president Promod Boro. In Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao districts of Assam - governed by autonomous district councils - protesters have set ablaze government offices and properties of political leaders and called for shutdowns to raise the pitch for separate states. The All Koch Rajbongshi Students’ Union (AKRSU) - a students’ body of the Koch Rajbongshi communities - has called for road and rail blockades for a Kamatapur state on the basis of the historical Ka-

matapur kingdom comprising some Koch Rajbongshi-dominated areas of lower Assam and West Bengal districts. Life has been paralysed in Darjeeling hills since Aug 3 due to an indefinite shutdown called by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) demanding a Gorkhaland. Two GJM supporters immolated themselves, and one died. “Our movement will not stop until our demand is met,” said GJM general secretary Roshan Giri. A remodelled movement for Greater Cooch Behar - comprising districts in West Bengal and Assam which formed part of the erstwhile Cooch Behar kingdom - is also gathering pace. “Now that the government has granted Telangana, why not Greater Cooch Behar? Our demand is both legitimate and jus-

tified,” said Greater Cooch Behar People’s Association president Nirmal Roy, who recently met union Home Minister Sushilkumar Sindhe. The demand for Garoland is reverberating in the Garo Hills of western Meghalaya. “Our statehood demand is on the linguistic lines and the government must concede it,” Augustine Marak, general secretary of Garo Hills State Movement Committee (GHSMC) said. The demand for a Khasi-Jaintia state in Meghalaya was first raked up by the Hill State People’s Democratic Party supremo Hoping Stone Lyngdoh in 1987. For over two decades, the party has campaigned for Garoland. In Tripura, the tribal-based Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura (IPFT) has occasionally demanded a separate state by

upgrading the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC). The TTAADC, a socio-economic development body for tribals, has jurisdiction over two-thirds of the state’s geographical area. Tribals form a third of Tripura’s 3.7 million people. The IPFT has so far failed to garner support even from the tribals. The NSCN (I-M) (National Socialist Council of NagalimIsak-Muivah), one of the oldest outfits in India’s northeast, earlier fought for an independent Naga homeland. This was scaled down to a Greater Nagaland, which the NSCN (I-M) proposed to be formed by merging Naga populated areas of adjoining states with Nagaland. The demand is opposed by Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

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Dimapur

12 August 2013

LMCP inspects fuel retail outlets Dimapur, august 11 (mExN): Under the delegated powers of Sec 13(7) and Sec 15 of the Legal Metrology Act, 2009, a random inspection of some of the fuel retail outlets and traders premises was conducted at Dimapur on August 3, 2013. A press note issued by Bizo M.Kuotsu, Joint Controller & HoD LMCP Nagaland stated that the inspection team was headed by the Joint Controller, ac-

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companied by the Deputy Controller and some of the subordinate officers of the Department of Legal Metrology & Consumer Protection, Nagaland. The note stated that during the conduct of random inspections/checkings, some of the fuel retail outlets and business establishments were found offending various sections of the Legal Metrology Act 2009 and the Nagaland Legal Metrol-

ogy (Enforcement) Rules, 2011. Working Standard Capacity Measure of capacity 10 litres (10 L) was used in the inspection of fuel dispensers. Accordingly, these offenders were punished by imposing fines on them on the spot, under appropriate Sections of the Act & Rules made there under. The names and addresses of the penalized offenders and the remarks are as follows.

SN Name & Address Remarks 1 2 3 1. One of the petrol dispensing devices was found with its seal tampered, hence penalized u/s 26 of LM Act 2009 and realized a Medziphema fine of Rs. 10,000/-.The error was corrected and it was sealed. Auto Centre, 2. Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “D” quarter of 2012 1. Jharnapani, 3. Delivery report: Dimapur i. Diesel (-)0.10 L per 10 L Beyond Maximum ii.Petrol (-)0.07 L per 10 L Permissible Error (MPE) 1. It was observed that the seals were stamped during the “D” quarter of Vivolie Service 2012. Station, 2. Delivery report : The delivery reports are as follows:2. Kukidolong, i. Petrol (-)0.12 L per 10 L beyond MPE Dimapur ii. Diesel (-)0.06 L per 10 L 1. Seals found intact. Sealed during the “B” quarter of 2013. Nagame Service 2. Delivery report: th 3 Centre, 7 Mile, i. Petrol (-)0.08 L per 10 L beyond MPE Dimapur ii. Diesel (-)0.07 L per 10 L 1. All seals found intact, but observed that these were sealed and Rashmi Filling stamped 4 Station, during the “D” quarter of 2012. Chumukedima, 2. Delivery report : 7th Mile, Dimapur i. Petrol (-)0.09 L per 10 L beyond MPE ii. Diesel (-)0.08 L per 10 L 1. One of Diesel dispensers was found with its seal tampered, and hence a fine of Rs.10,000/- was imposed. 2. Delivery report: 2 (two) Petrol dispensers were found with delivery as – AM PM, 7th Mile 5 i. Petrol (-)0.11 L per 10 L beyond MPE Dimapur (Essar) ii. Petrol (-)0.10 L per 10 L 2(two) Diesel dispensers were found with delivery as – i. Diesel (-)0.12 L per 10 L beyond MPE ii. Diesel (-)0.10 L per 10 L 3. The seals were stamped during the “A” quarter of 2013. 1. It was observed that all the seals were stamped during the “C” National Service quarter 6 Centre, 5th Mile of 2012. Dimapur 2. Delivery Report : Found within tolerance limit. 1.Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “A” quarter of 2013. Olive Service 2.Delivery report: Noticed delivery as follows – th Station, 7 Mile, 7 i. Petrol (-)0.07 L per 10 L beyond MPE Dimapur ii.Diesel (-)0.07 L per 10 L 1. Petrol and Diesel dispensers were stamped during the “D” quarter of 2012 and “B” quarter of 2013. 2. Delivery report : Noticed delivery as follows8 Faith Service, 5th i. Petrol (-)0.10 L per 10 L ii. Petrol (-)0.09 L per 10 L beyond MPE Mile, Dimapur iii.Petrol (-)0.09 L per 10 L 1. Noticed that the seals of 2 dispensers were stamped during the Nagaland Service “D” quarter of 2012 and others during “A” quarter of 2013. 9 Centre, Golaghat 2. Delivery reports: Noticed delivery as follows – Road, Dimapur i. Petrol (-)0.11 L per 10 L beyond MPE ii. Diesel (-)0.08 L per 10 L Ajay Auto Agency, 1. Noticed that the seals were stamped in all fuel dispensers during 10 Golaghat Road, the “A” quarter of 2013. Dimapur 2. Delivery reports: Deliveries were found within the tolerance limit. C.T. Refill Petrol 1. Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “B” quarter Pump, Near City of 2013 11 Tower junction, 2. Delivery report: Noticed delivery as follows – Dimapur i. Petrol (-)0.09 L per 10 L ( beyond MPE) Reliance Petrol 1. Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “D” quarter Pump, Near City of 2012. 12 Tower junction, 2. Delivery report: Within tolerance limit. Dimapur 1. Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “C” quarter of 2012. 2. Delivery report: Noticed delivery as followsi. Diesel (-)0.10 L per 10 L Diesel (-)0.093 L per 10 L beyond MPE Diesel (-)0.098 L per 10 L Diesel (-)0.143 L per 10 L PCTC, Circular ii. Seals were found intact but less delivery was observed in all the 13 Road, Dimapur dispensers. iii.Dispenser (Petrol) stand No. 3 was beyond adjustment, therefore 15 days time (i.e. upto 18-8-2013) was given for rectification. Until then, the said dispenser was ordered not to be used for delivery, (Notice enclosed). iv. One of the dispensers was found its seal tampered with, hence penalized and realized a fine of Rs. 10,000/- and sealed after correction of error. DHB, Oil City 1. Noticed that the seals were stamped during the “A” quarter of 2013. 14 Dimapur 2. Delivery remarks: Found within tolerance limit. 1. Seals were stamped during the “C” quarter of 2012. NRL, Purana 15 2.Delivery report: Bazar i. Petrol (-)0.10 L per 10 L (beyond MPE) 1. Seals were found stamped during the “A” quarter of 2013. 2. Delivery report: Noticed delivery as follows:i. Diesel dispenser (-)0.15 L per 10 L T.K. Service ii. Diesel dispenser (-)0.10 L per 10 L 16 Station, Dimapur iii. Petrol dispenser (-)0.12 L per 10 L beyond MPE iv. Petrol dispenser (-)0.15 L per 10 L The trader was found violating the Act & Rules, hence penalized and realized Rs. 10,000/- as fine. 1. Seals were stamped during the “B” quarter of 2013. 2. Diesel dispenser stand No.1 was found with its seals torn due to rust. The team believed that there was no intention of the trader to Choice filling deceive any person. The delivery was within the tolerance limit, 17 Station, 3rd Mile, hence the device was sealed. Dimapur 3.Delivery report: i. Petrol (-) 0.09 L per 10 L ii.Petrol (-) 0.07 L per 10 L beyond MPE iii.Diesel (-)0.08 L per 10 L 1.The trader was asked to produce the certificate of verification. As Maa Kali per Rule 24 of the Nagaland LM (Enf)Rules, 2011 it was to be 18 Hardware, exhibited in a conspicuous place in the premise. The trader failed Chumukedima to produce the certificate. Hence he was penalized under rule 25 of Nagaland LM (Enf) Rules, 2011 and a fine of Rs. 5000/-was realized

The Morung Express C

Kohima SP speaks out on legal provisions for protection of women

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Kohima SP Rothihü Tetseo speaking at the legal awareness campaign programme conducted recently. Our Correspondent Kohima | August 11

During the recently concluded legal awareness campaign on “Statutory Rights of Women” held at the Kohima Science College, Jotsoma, Kohima Superintendent of Police (SP) Rothihü Tetseo stated that violence against women is a violation of human rights, natural law of justice, right to live and more importantly is a violation of her dignity. He said that the victim becomes the “double victims”, though which is not her fault. In his speech, he cited that in most of the un-de-

veloped countries, tions were lifted. But Comparative statement of he also lamented many women related crimes are not crime against women-2011 that our mindsets reported to the poare still rigid even (National Data) lice because of the within those who are social stigma. Tetseo • Rape- 24,206 educated. added, “Therefore • Kidnapping & abduction - 35,565 The Kohima SP the victim prefer • Dowry Death- 8,618 also stated that if we to put the issue be- • Cruelty by husband & relatives- have to follow legal 99,135 hind the closed door provisions, women than open the issue • Molestation- 42,968 are well protected and publicize, and • Sexual harassment- 8, 570 by so many Cr.PC/ unless our society • Importation of girls- 80 IPC. Tetseo cited change our mindset, • Sati Prevention Act, 1987- 1 some legal provision including all of us, • Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, for protection of 1956- 2,435 unreported crimes women as; 376 (A-C) will be more than • Indecent Representation of Wom- IPC- punishment for en (Prohibition) Act, 1986- 453 reported crimes.” He rape, 363-373 IPCalso stated that the • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961- 6,619 punishment for kidcivil rights enjoyed napping, 302/304-B ever, with the advancement by the women were IPC- punishment for very limited earlier. How- of the society, those restric- homicide for dowry, 498-

Students of Patkai initiates charitable campaign

Charity group members along with H. Khing (Assistant Nursing Superintendent) and staff nurse.

Dimapur, august 11 ondary School (PHSS) visit- A press note issued by (mExN): A charity group ed the District Hospital Di- Mireuyi Herie stated that from the Patkai Higher Sec- mapur on August 10, 2013. the Charity group consists

HTU iterates on cleanliness drive

Dimapur, august 11 (mExN): Highway Traders' Union, (HTU) Kohima has informed that those members who have not carried out the social work/cleanliness drive to compulsorily participate and clean up their own vicinity again on or before August 12-13, 2013 in view of the forthcoming Independence Day celebration. The jurisdiction to be covered will stretch from B.O.C to Lierie Chazuo.this was informed in a press note issued by President HTU.

NPF Dimapur Division social work

Dimapur, august 11 (mExN): NPF Dimapur Division is organizing a social work on August 13 from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, which will include repairing of the road from DC Court Junction to Tragopan point. All office bearers, executive members, party workers and well wishers are requested to participate in the said social work. This was informed in a press note issued by Shilu Sangtam, President NPF Dimapur Division.

NTC joint meeting on Aug 14

Dimapur, august 11 (mExN): The Nagaland Tribes Council (NTC) joint meeting of Coordination Committee and Search Committee is hereby scheduled on August 14, 2013 at Heritage Kohima at 1:00 pm. A notification issued by Theja Therieh Secretary, NTC informed all the concern members of Co-ordination Committee and Search Committee, NTC to attend the meeting positively.

of 31 like minded students with an aim to help the poor and needy in the society. The charity group was founded with the motive to help the less fortunate and to rediscover the joy of giving. The work and purpose of the group revolves around the Bible Verse taken from Acts 20:35, “It is more blessed to give than to receive”. It was initiated by Rovimeno Hoshi, Yitatu Thurr and Tainiu. The note informed that the group visited District Hospital Dimapur and various works were carried out. Cleaning of children ward, corridors, compounds, toilets, etc. were taken up and the students also donated water filter, towels, toilet brush and floor mop to the hospital. They also distributed soaps, sweets, biscuits, feeding bottles, and detergents to the patients in the hospital.

A IPC- punishment for torture both mental and physical, 354 IPC- punishment for molestation, 509 IPC- punishment for sexual harassment and 366 (A-B) IPC- punishment for importation of girls. Further, he cited some special and local laws for protection of women that includes Immoral Traffic Prevention Act 1956, Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, The Child Marriage Restraint Act 1979, Indecent Representation of Women Prohibition Act 1986, Commission of Sati Prevention Act 1987, Domestic Violence Act 2005 and Rules 2006.

Prayer- fasting day for prisoners

Kohima, august 11 (mExN): The All India Prison Ministry, Nagaland Branch has informed that the prison authority has given approval to its desire to have a day of prayerfasting for prisoners in the state. In this respect, the day will be observed on 2nd Sunday of September every year. This year, it will be observed on September 8. Stating this in a release, the Nagaland branch of All India Prison Ministry president Kevisezo Angami requested all Christian and believers to pray for prisoners and jails authorities as well as the success of the programme.

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Syngenta reaches out to NE tea growers on safety, productivity

Kohima, august 11 (mExN): To support the tea plantation growers of Nagaland and other states, Syngenta India, the country’s leading crop protection and agri input company, has stepped up its stewardship activities in the region. A press note received here stated that the objectives of the initiative are to bring about awareness on health, hygiene and safety for plantation growers as well as educate them on best agricultural practices in the state. Special focus is on medium and small growers, who are yet to fully adopt sustainable production standards. Syngenta, which offers a bouquet of products to growers under its integrated solution programme, actively encourages safe and responsible use of its products thereby helping farmers grow more food using fewer resources. The note mentioned that tea happens to be the most preferred beverages among the Nagas. The soil characteristic, the climate, the rainfall etc provide the ideal conditions for growing tea in Nagaland. ‘Naga Tea’, has already fetched record price giving tough competition to other states. Outlining Syngenta’s commitment to a holistic approach to agriculture, Akshaya Kamath, Territory

Head, Syngenta South Asia said, “Our commitment to safety does not end when our products reach the market. Through stewardship programs, Syngenta trains growers and farm laborers around the world to use its products as safely as possible throughout their lifecycle - from design to disposal. Our programs focus on four key areas: packaging and labeling; transport and storage; safe and effective use; and safe disposal of containers and obsolete stocks.” Syngenta runs “safe use” programs worldwide and over the last three years it has reached over 9 million farmers with these efforts. In 2012, Syngenta’s 92 programs reached more than 3 million users of its products globally. Stewardship initiatives are delivered locally by company employees together with established training partners. Syngenta India’s Stewardship lead, Yashwant Patil plans these programs for the entire country and last year more than 17,000 face-to-face meetings and training programs educated more than 1 million growers and 1850 channel partners on Safe Use and Handling of Crop Protection products. Nearly 300 Syngenta personnel were involved in imparting this training. More than 6500 posters in regional

languages on judicious use of pesticides were also distributed. Syngenta India’s regional manager in Assam, Robin Kalita, has held 32 structured stewardship training sessions and 50 smaller workshops for empowering over 1500 growers, workers and officials of tea estates in the past year in areas of Upper Assam and North Bengal. The programs aim to uplift the status of plantation workers through training and development besides demonstrating to them the most effective use of Syngenta products which help them gain productivity benefits. Since India is one of the major exporters of tea, these programs also sensitize growers about the correct dosage of crop protection products to be used so that they pass the stiff quality regulations including maximum residues levels (MRL) imposed by major global markets like the European Union. Stressing on the importance of these programs Ashim Dutta, commercial unit head of Syngenta in the east said, “We support growers and applicators to increase their knowledge on the safe use of our products so that they can optimize their performance, while minimizing potential risks”.

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Regional

The Morung express

Monday

12 August 2013

Dimapur

3

Stop bandhs, blockades or face strict action: Gogoi Guwahati, auGust 11 (Pti): Ahead of his meeting with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on separate statehood demands by a number of groups in Assam, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi on Sunday warned of strong action against shut downs and blockades. Gogoi left for New Delhi during the day and is expected to meet Congress President and UPA Chair-

person Sonia Gandhi, besides Singh to discuss the separate statehood issue. The state has been witnessing violent protests and bandhs affecting normal life in at least six districts since the Centre's announcement on Telangana. "I have appealed to everyone many times to stop bandhs, but it is still continuing. If bandhs and blockades continue like

aGartala, auGust 11 (Pti): Major political parties in Tripura have opposed the demand for a separate state by carving out Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomus District Council (TTAADC), which was raised in the aftermath of the announcement on Telangana. Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT), which made the demand recently, has said the declaration on Telangana had given it encouragement for a new tribal state. Tripura Finance Minister Badal Chowdhury blamed the Congress-led UPA government for conceding the demand for Telengana to increase its vote banks before the parliamentary elections. This in turn was influencing small tribal parties to demand separate states. Secretary of the ruling CPI-M, Bijan Dhar said the demand for a separate state carved out of Tripura was "irrelevant" as the interests of the tribals were well protected and they would always remain so under the Left Front government. "We will leave no stone unturned to resist this divisive demand," he told reporters here today. Indigenous Nationalist Party of Tripura, the non-left major tribal based party and an electoral ally of opposition Congress has opposed the

demand as being "divisive". Opposing the demand, spokesman for Congress Ashok Sinha said the party does not support it "at all" because it was secessionist and not physically possible. "TTADC constitutes twothird of Tripura's territory and is spread in all its districts and if it is carved out of it, the original state will have no existence," he told PTI. IPFT, he claimed, had only 200 supporters in the state and had raised the demand for its narrow political interest by fuelling tribalism which is not acceptable in the state. When contacted, IPFT general secretary Aghore Debbarma said a massive campaign had been launched in the tribal-dominated areas for a separate state as TTADC in its present form has failed to safeguard the tribal interests. The party would organise a rally here on August 23 in support of its statehood demand and leaders of other states who have raised statehood demands had also been invited by the outfit. TTAADC came into being in 1985 to protect and safeguard the socio-economic and political interests of the tribals, who form one third of the state's 37 lakh population.

DiMaPur, auGust 11 (nnn): Bifurcation of Tamenglong district to create new districts will be opposed tooth and nail, said an NSCN (IM) leader today. Talking to NNN this evening, L Golmei, who is in charge of home affairs for the outfit’s Zeliangrong Region (Deputy Kilonser of Kilo affairs) warned that no one should ever harbor a thought to touch Tamenglong district to upgrade Jiribam sub-division into a full-fledged district. He further cautioned that anyone recommending or assisting for creation of Jiribam district by carving out certain parts of Tamen-

glong district will be sternly dealt with. "We will not tolerate on such activity," asserted L Golmei. This statement comes a few days after Manipur Chief Minister O Ibobi Singh had assured the Jiribam District Demand Committee (JDDC) that the state Cabinet would take a decision soon on making the Barak circle a separate subdivision. The Manipur CM had however rejected the key demand of the Committee, saying it was not the right time to declare Jiribam as a full-fledged revenue district considering the present state of affairs in the state.

Separate state demand in Tripura opposed

this, then we will have to take strict steps. "We are talking to them (agitators) and we are for a peaceful solution. For any progress in the positive direction, violence has to be stopped," Gogoi told reporters after launching a new website for Assam Public Service Commission here. About his proposed meeting with Singh, who is also the Rajya Sabha MP

from Assam, Gogoi said "I am going to Delhi today and will meet the Prime Minister. I will definitely let him know about the demands. I will also try to meet Sonia Gandhi to discuss the issues related to demands of separate states." Asked to comment on the demands by various groups to organise tripartite meetings between the agitators, state and Cen-

tral governments, the chief minister said: "I am hopeful of arranging a tripartite meeting." The agitators have threatened to hold more bandhs and economic blockades of up to 1,500 hours if their demands of organising tripartite meetings for creation of separate states are not met before Independence Day. Gogoi held a meeting

with Joint Action Committee for Autonomous State(JACAS) of Karbi Anglong on its statehood demand hours before leaving for the national capital. After the meeting, JACAS leaders said the discussions were "neither satisfactory nor negative". It demanded that the government release all leaders, arrested since violence erupted in the district

after the declaration on Telangana last month, the JACAS leaders added. In Bodoland Territorial Areas District, All Bodo Students Union organised a bicycle rally pressing for their demand to create a separate state. The Telangana announcement had brought to the fore the demands of four ethnic groups for separate states carved out of Assam.

A fish seller arranges fish for sale at a market near the Brahmaputra River in Gauhati, Assam. (AP Photo/Anupam Nath)

Another GJM leader arrested, Darjeeling stir on

DarjeelinG, auG 11 (ians): The West Bengal government has arrested yet another Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) leader as an indefinite shutdown in the Darjeeling hills entered its ninth day Sunday. Kalimpong GJM core committee member Shek-

har Sharma was arrested Saturday night in connection with cases registered against him, Kalimpong Additional Superintendent of Police Songmit Lepcha said. Police have already arrested GJM Darjeeling town committeepresidentNarayan Pradhan and Gorkha Territo-

rial Administration council member Mahendra Pradhan. Anit Thapa, a close aide of GJM chief Bimal Gurung, is also behind bars. Meanwhile, the campaign to carve out a Gorkhaland state continued with markets, educational institutions and offices re-

maining closed. Supporters took out processions. GJM is campaigning for a separate Gorkhaland, to be carved out of northern West Bengal. While Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has given a 72-hour ultimatum to GJM to withdraw the shutdown or "face strong action", the

Representatives of JDDC had met the Chief Minister at his office on August 7 and discussed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the Manipur government and the committee. That meeting deliberated on granting Jiribam the status of a fullfledged revenue district, according to JDDC Convener, Mutum Meipaksana. JDDC and the state Government had signed an 11-point MoU on November 9, 2011. One of the key demands mentioned in the MoU includes the demand for a separate Jiribam district. Jiribam is a sub-division of Imphal East district

located in the Manipur-Assam border. Meanwhile, L Golmei said that since Tamenglong is the most backward district in Manipur, the concerned authorities should focus more on addressing the problems instead of creating problems by making divisions of the existing district. While pointing out alleged mis-utilization of development funds meant for Tamenglong district, Golmei said, "It is very unfortunate to learn that the funds implemented especially for Tamenglong district by the government of Manipur for the year 2012-2013 under

various projects such as BRGF amounting to Rs 10 crores, MSDP-Rs 27 crores and few lakhs could not be utilized due to non-issuing of utilization certificates on time." He further alleged that," that money had been diverted and misutilized by certain unscrupulous and vested interest individuals and organizations." Golmei further pointed out

that funds under MDS (Manipur Development Society) amounting to Rs 100 crores meant for the districts of Tamenglong, Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel and Churachandpur have not been released by the Director of MDS till date and "even repeated persuasions and requests by concerned parties have not borne any result."

latter has retaliated with threats of a public curfew if the administration attempted to use force to crush the movement. Some 200 GJM supporters and activists have been arrested since the stir started in the hills following the decision to crate Telangana.

Agitations have been launchedbyBodos,Karbis,Dimasas and Koch-Rajbongshis and the situation had turned violent in Karbi Anglong. Gogoi had last week rejected statehood demands and said all ethnic groups should stay united. "I am not going to divide Assam. We all need to live together. Stop bandh culture and go for work culture," he had said.

Protest against kidnapping

iMPhal, auGust 11(nnn): Protests were held today in two separate places in Imphal demanding the release of the two abducted officials. Two officials of Manipur Government’s Horticulture Department were abducted by suspected militants near Kanglatongbi bazaar under Sekmai Police Station on August 8 night. The Horticulture Department officials have been identified as Assistant AO Maibam Priyokumar, 56, a resident of Yaiskul Janmasthan in Imphal West district, currently posted as manager at Regional Progeny Orchard, Maram, and Wangkheirakpam Ibopishak, 50, a resident of Nongmeibung in Imphal East district. They have been reportedly abducted by suspected Kuki militants, according to police sources. On Sunday, demanding the release of the two officials, the protestors said for the sake of money, people should not give hardship to others. A group of people carried out sit-in-protest at Yaiskul area in Imphal while another group of people protested at Nongmeibung in Imphal East district today. It may be noted here that the kidnapping took place around 10 pm of Thursday when the duo was about to reach Kanglatombi bazaar.

Attempts to bifurcate Tamenglong district irks NSCN (IM) APPRECIATION

Star Cement begins clinker export to Bangladesh by river route

Star Cement begins clinker export to Bangladesh by river route

Guwahati, auGust 11 (aGencies): Star Cement, the leading cement brand of North-East, on Saturday dispatched its first barge of clinker to Bangladesh by riverine route. The Pan Eastern India Cement Company created history by being the first Indian cement manufacturer opting riverine route for clinker export to Bangladesh. President (Sales & Marketing) of Star Cement, Mr. Jyoti Swaroop Agarwal on the occasion said the company is aiming to export over 50,000 tonnes of

clinker to Bangladesh every month using riverine route. In the recent past a series of bilateral discussion between both the Governments of India and Bangladesh have paved the way to utilise this potential river route which is cost effective. Exporting clinker to Bangladesh by river route will give an edge to the company to encounter the stiff competition its likely to face from manufacturers of Southeast Asian countries, who all incidentally caters to 99% clinker requirement of this country.

In Bangladesh, the annual demand of clinker is about 10 milliontones (mostly imported) which is contributed to the fact of non availability of raw material like lime stone (except of Lafarge Surma, which uses to produce around 0.5MT clinker annually for its own requirements importing limestone from Megahalaya through rope way) . Total Cement demand being around 18MTper annum where in clinker is mostly imported from countries like Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia,

Malasya and Korea. In a pilot project Star Cement had started clinker export to Bangladesh last year by road and now it has started to export by riverine route. “We believe that this mode of logistics will definitely be commercially more viable than ever”, Mr. Agarwal said. He also elaborated that Star Cement has already tied up with many leading cement manufacturers of Bangladesh to meet their clinker requirements over a long term and many such deals are in pipeline. Trade experts have expressed happiness over this development and many believe that this new riverine route should pave way for export of other items too to Bangladesh & vice versa. They opined that this route between Dhaka and Karimgunj would surely contribute to the development of North-Eastern economy a lot & similarly benefit the people in BD. Star Cement has pioneered in experimenting new methodologies in making NESA a prominent business spot in the Indian Economy, and is still continuing its endeavor to do so.

NOTICE

As informed to the SDEO’s through official communication No. SCERT/ECCE-3rd Batch B.Ed/2013-2014, Dated Kohima, the 12th July 2013, the SDEO are requested to depute the in - service Primary teachers for the One Year Diploma Course in Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), at SCERT, Kohima. Registration/Admission is open till the 19th of August 2013. The classes begin on 20th August 2013 and thereafter no admission /registration will be entertained. The concerned SDEOs should depute Teachers based on the number of teachers as mentioned in the list below: SI. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

SDEO DIMAPUR NIULAND KIPHIRE KOHIMA CHIEPHOBOZOU TSEMINYU LONGLENG MOKOKCHUNG CHANGTONGYA MANGKOLEMB A MON TOBU ABOI PEREN PHEK PFUTSERO C HOZ UB A MELURI TUENSANG NOKLAK SHAMATOR WOKHA BHANDARI ZUNHEBOTO AGHUNATO PUGHOBOTO

No. of teachers. 3 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 4 4 4 1 2 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 1

(VIPRALHOU KESIEZIE) Director, SCERT Kohima

The people of Nsong Area and Nsong Village Council in particular would like to appreciate and thank Shri. Taka Temjen CDPO, Nsong Town for tirelessly working for the people. Since his joining in 2010 Taka Temjen has been cooperating with the public and is committed to his duty. Your sacrifice is commendable and the people of the area look forward for your continued selfless service. (NAMKIAK) Chairman Nsong Village Council

Admission Started:1. Coaching for Repeaters. Class – 10 (All Subjects) Class – 12 (Sci., Arts & Comm.). 2. NPSC Prelim (Crash Course-2013). 3. NPSC/ UPSC, NCS (Prelim-2014) SSC and Banking etc. 4. Entrance Coaching for JEE & NEET - 2014. 5. Computer Courses (Basic, Diploma & PGDCA). 6. Spoken English & Hindi. Contact: Ph. 0370-2241518, 9863143390, 9436830040 N.B. Hostel available for Both Boys and Girls.


C M Y K

4

public discoursE

Monday

Dimapur

12 August 2013

N

agas are agitated over what they perceive as the Centre’s “threat” to override the exceptional status they enjoy under Article 371A of the Constitution. On June 13, Veerappa Moily, the Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, asked the Nagaland Legislative Assembly (NLA) to withdraw the Nagaland Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulation, 2012 (NPNGR) that it framed within the ambit of Article 371A. Taking a serious note of Mr. Moily’s request, the Nagaland government held a consultative meeting with various sections of civil society on July 12. The meeting resolved to not only reject Mr. Moily’s request but also demand that the GoI implement the unfulfilled clauses of the Sixteen Point Agreement, 1960, and place Nagaland under the Ministry of External Affairs. This may set up a new confrontation with the Central government. Mr. Moily’s request and the earlier stand taken by M. Ramachandran, Minister of State for Home Affairs, in a response to an unstarred question in the Lok Sabha on March 12 — that “any resolution” passed by the NLA “seeking to revoke/remove the applicability of a law, the enactment of which lies within the sole domain of Parliament, is ultra vires” — was seen by many in Nagaland as a move to betray a negotiated agreement which entrenched Naga exceptionalism in India’s federal polity. Partial fulfilment To recall, the 1960 Agreement

Adding fuel to the fire laid the basis for the creation of Nagaland in December 1963. Article 371A, which was incorporated as a partial fulfilment of this agreement, facilitated negotiated sovereignty of the Nagas on matters pertaining to their religious and social practices, customary laws and procedure, administration of civil and criminal justice, ownership and transfer of land and resources, as the NLA can make any law of Parliament inapplicable by passing a resolution. After obtaining the opinion of legal luminaries like H.M. Seervai, F.S. Nariman, R.C. Sirkar, and M. Hidayatullah in the 1980s, and that of Gopal Subramanium in February 2011, all of whom concurred that “land and its resources” as used in Article 371 A(1)(a)(iv) includes mines and minerals, the NLA passed a resolution on July 26, 2010 to the effect that laws made by Parliament on petroleum and natural gas would be inapplicable in Nagaland with retrospective effect. Drawing upon its special status, and after extensive legal consultation and advice, the NLA bypassed Entry 53 of List I of the Seventh Schedule and the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 (MMRDA), which exclusively invests mines and minerals as the “occupied field” of the Union, while framing NPNGR in December

2012. It has since suspended all oil operations in the State. Subsequently, it invited “Expressions of Interest” (EoI) from companies to explore and exploit the 11 oil and gas fields it identified across 11 districts of the State early this year. What is interesting is the timing of Mr. Moily’s request and Mr. Ramachandran’s stand which came only after the Ministerial Group, the apex decision making body headed by the Nagaland Chief Minister, reportedly shortlisted seven of the 23 companies which expressed their interest. This is seen by some as an indirect outcome of pressure mounted on GoI by disgruntled oil lobbies which are losing out in the bidding process. The immediate spark however came from a letter by R.N. Choubey, Director General of Hydrocarbons, to the Petroleum Ministry in February wherein he asked the latter to discuss — what he considered the unilateral and unconstitutional move of NLA to invite EoI — with the Home Ministry and prevail upon Nagaland to rescind its move. Arguably, the stand taken by Mr. Moily, Mr. Ramachandran and Mr. Choubey can be seen either as constitutional oversight which ignores the special status that Nagaland enjoys under Article 371A or a deliberate attempt to foist a Centralist federal framework. Needed here is a con-

I

tion was not to fire in any public inhabited areas but having been fired upon, we fired back in self-defence which unfortunately killed him. We regret the shooting that happened in the civilian populated area. While we regret for the unfortunate incident that occurred in the civilian inhabited areas, we strongly condemn the Khaplang boys for an attempt to de-stabilize the present peaceful and congenial atmosphere in the Naga inhabited areas by going on shooting sprees, hurling Bombs in commercial institutions, and creating fear psychosis in the minds of the people. The GPRN/NSCN once again reiterates that, we honour the reconciliation process that is painstakingly being undertaken by all concerned Nagas to bring peace and posterity in our Land. We still honour the resolutions we made to the

textual reading of the special status enjoyed by Nagaland under Article 371A, which supports the legislative competence of Nagaland to regulate and develop petroleum and natural gas — a legal position supported by the legal luminaries cited above. Procedural issues Yet, NPNGR raises a host of procedural issues which need immediate attention. Among the many, four may be identified. Firstly, NPNGR and the NLA’s July 2010 resolution did not expressly state their intent to take away the rights vested in oil companies while suspending their operations in the State, a point alluded to by Mr. Ramachandran’s response and which is considered ultra vires of the Constitution by Gopal Subramanium in his legal advice to the State on February 18, 2011. Secondly, by requiring that only prospective companies “which have faith in the Naga customs and culture” could be granted land lease, a procedural complexity is embedded into the system because Naga customs and culture are not always neatly defined, and differ widely across tribes. Thirdly, by simultaneously recognising that land and its resources belong to three types of Naga landholders in perpetuity, viz., individuals, village bodies and the State, it may set apace a complicated lease negotiation process.

A pointer to this is the strong stand taken by various Naga tribe hohos (bodies) that no intermediary in land negotiation would be entertained and that land within their jurisdiction would not be allowed for petroleum and natural gas exploration unless it gets their approval. Given that major parts of the State have not, and are not likely to, come under cadastral survey, and given that many villages/tribes have overlapping and conflicting land claims, land lease negotiation could indeed be contentious. Lastly, even though the State wields de jure power to make law and regulate “ownership and transfer of land and its resources,” the emerging political process shows that de facto power is wielded by a melange of tribal bodies and Naga civil society. The inclusion of the presidents of Naga hoho and ENPO (Eastern Naga People’s Organisation) as permanent invitees in the apex decision-making body clearly indicates this. Even as the State gives in to societal pressure, its “infrastructural power” would considerably get compromised. Future of negotiated sovereignty These procedural problems are not insurmountable and need not subvert the substantive rights that the Nagas enjoy under Article 371A. However, given that the Article stems from a Centralist federal framework,

there is a pertinent fear that the Central government may erode these rights in ways it did to the autonomy of Jammu and Kashmir. Although the creation of Nagaland was considered “outlandish” and spawned the creation of perpetually dependent homeland States in the northeast in the 1970s and 1980s, large-scale discovery of petroleum and natural gas would fundamentally redefine the politics of redistribution between the Union and Nagaland, on the one hand, and individuals and tribal groups in the State, on the other. This would also offset the preferential funding regime that Nagaland currently enjoys. Given the sensitivity of the Naga issue, political prudence demands that future engagement need not always be driven by legal correctness as the Sarkaria Commission report had already noted in a different context. A political willingness to accommodate and entrench this Naga exceptionalism not as an anomaly but as a model of accommodating deep differences would hold the future key. This would inevitably take Article 371A to new constitutional waters. (H. Kham Khan Suan is currently Fulbright-Nehru Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 2012-13 at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S., and Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Hyderabad.) H. Kham Khan Suan Source: The Hindu

Counter claim to T.L. Angami on his claiming of Semas & Lothas as Tenyimi

GPRN condemns and caution NSCN (Khaplang)

n the evening of August 7th, 2013, a Maruti alto bearing registration NLO1T-1472 carrying three occupants stopped at a jewellery store and hurled a grenade inside the shop thereby injuring the owner and helper of the shop. The perpetrators were Lieutenant Kughahoto alias Atoka, Lieutenant Kughayito and Sergeant Major Lithrongse of the NSCN (K) Having learned of the identities of the anti-socials, the GPRN/NSCN started a lookout for the people behind the incident. But they had already left for Kohima, and thus we informed our Kohima unit to arrest the said people. Lithrongse was spotted and our cadres went to arrest him and question him behind the jewellery shop bombing. But having learned of it, Lithrongse fired upon our cadres and started running. Our inten-

The Morung Express

entire Nagas to cease from any kinds of situations that may hinder the reconciliation process. However, the Khaplang boys as usual continue to infuriate the GPRN/NSCN, demonstrating their true colour with their nefarious activities and cruelly going on a rampant spree, threatening the well-being of the Nagas. The GPRN/NSCN cautions the Khaplang boys that, regardless of utmost restraint by us to respect the sanctity of the Reconciliation process, if such kinds of activities continue to persist we will be bound by circumstances to show an example. That, we will not hesitate to take stern actions against the perpetual offenders. Issued by: Ministry of Information & Publicity GPRN/NSCN

N

o one is against the idea of Semas, Lothas or Thangkhul willing to be Tenyimi or rather will be happy to include them. However, history is history. Nobody can distort it by quoting a fairy tale or citing a word of Cüzhie, Sieu or Rumia. No arguments are needed for a decision but one can judge

through the customs, traditions and its usages from generation to generation. Tenyimi is not an artificial entity nor creation by society. It is an inborn bond tribe by practicing their forefather identities like:1. Observing festival, Sekrenyi. 2. Sporting a hair-cut which is from upper-edge of

ear down to neck is close shaved, daphi. 3. Manfold attired in skilt, neiphi. (horizontally wearing cloth) 4. Maintaining pig –tail, tsükhru. 5. The main sport is wrestling. 6. The same procedure of ritual for sowing seeds harvesting

and the rich performance of merit banquate. Anybody, any tribes who does not subscribes the above distinctive feature are not Tenyimi. I do not mean to distract anyone nor I do not want anybody to distort genuine history of Tenyimi at any cost. Zeneisiile Ate Loucii

Plight of government teachers in Nagaland

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Appeal to the Department of Social Welfare

ith sincere regret and embarrassment, I bring to your attention the plight of government teachers in Nagaland. We, the teaching community, are solely dependent on our salaries for survival and have no other additional source of income. However, the all too frequent denial of salaries has brought us to the brink of poverty. The latest casualty are the teachers under SSA who have again been denied their salaries for the months of June and July 2013. While our families are reeling in misery, it has to be pointed out that

most teachers spare a small amount of salary to buy teaching aids for children from poor families. Teachers in one school even collect Rs.300 a month to pay for a Mathematics teacher because the department has not sent one so far. Not to mention the plight of my dear wife and daughters during the past two months. Our pleas have fallen to deaf ears and we have been left to fend for ourselves. Under these circumstances, many of us are forced to take loans at exorbitant rates to meet our daily needs. Many even struggle to get loans and are finding it dif-

ficult to maintain their kitchen. Taking into consideration our service to the society, I appeal to your kind department to kindly consider a scheme for teachers who are often denied their salaries. A short-term loan with low interest rate will go a long way in solving this constant problem. Am sure all teachers will be glad to repay the said loans when or if they get their salary. We have been let down by our department but we still have faith in the Government. Kiyekhu Chishi Govt Primary Teacher Zunheboto.

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form. DiMaPuR Civil Hospital:

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box co ntains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2615

CROSSWORD # 2627

Answer Number # 2614

STD CODE: 03862

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Ans to CrossWord 2626

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The Morung Express

chapru: a food and craft gallery on the highway Morung Express News Kohima| August 11

REMEMBER YOuR LAST trip on the KohimaDimapur highway as you passed through kiruphema? Yeah, neither did I remember earlier. However, this is going to change. Passengers passing through this highway will now definitely have something to look forward to. Nestled about 24 kilometers away from the State capital, Chapru, which is Tenyidie for a resting shed will definitely ring a bell in the travelers’ mind now. Chapru offers ethnic food and craft gallery. For travelers and food lovers alike it a place to dip themselves into the savoury taste of ethnic Naga cuisines along with other blends of spicy Indian cuisines. From smoked pork cooked with anishi to Thevophitso (pork leg), an Angami dish, Chapru delivers its customers the opportunity to taste the ethnic cuisines of our culture rich Naga tribes. It gets even better with the bamboo crafts which are priced at affordable rates. From Naga baskets to great art frames made by local artists, Chapru is bound to make the travelers’ trip worthwhile. The concept of Chapru was conceived by Zynorique initiatives and is managed by Zhazo Zuyie. A visit to Chapru and you are definitely going to look forward to a next trip to Kiruphema, for a treat of ethnic Naga cuisines.

CSUD meet

D i m a P u R , august 11 (mExN): Chakhesang Students’ Union Dimapur (CSUD) has convened its general meeting on August 13, 4:00 pm at Chakhesang Hoho Building, Chakhesang Colony, for upcoming freshers’ day cum social gathering. All the advisors and executive members are compulsory to attend the meeting, stated a release issued by CSuD general secretary Khemvu Mekru. Senior members, elders and everyone concerned have been requested to attend the meeting.

The images show the crafts, foods and exterior of Chapru.

A

ous topics on sericulture, like cultivation of different host/food plants, rearing of different silkworms, post cocoon technology and also diseases & pests of silkworm and its host plants. To augment the teaching-learning process, a field trip was organised to the Sericulture Farm at Signal Basti, Dimapur where the activities of the sericulture department, its aims and objectives were explained by Wapang Lemtur. EO Melino explained the process of extraction of silk, spinning of yarn, dying and also weaving. The participants were also explained about the different types of silkworm cocoons, silk and also differ-

Dimapur

5

Nagaland bJP unit slams J&K government DimaPuR, august 11 (mExN): The Nagaland BJP unit has slammed the Jammu and Kashmir government led by Omar Abdullah for its decision not to allow BJP leader Arun Jaitley and other opposition members from visiting riot-hit Kishtwar district. A press note from the General Secretary cum Spokesperson for BJP, Nagaland unit said that Jaitley was on his

mission to find out the root cause of the riot that took place. “So, detaining him in the Airport is un-democratic,” it said. The note said that a high stature national leader like Arun Jaitley being detained as he arrived at the Jammu airport on his way to Kishtwar is strongly condemned by the party unit. The party questioned as to why the central government led by the uPA is silent

on this matter and also queried, “If the J&K government is trying the hide something?” Kishtwar remained curfewbound for the third consecutive day today after communal violence broke out in the city on Friday. Curfew was today clamped in three more districts of udhampur, Samba and Kathua in Jammu region and Army staged flag marches.

Kohima, august 11 (mExN): The All Nagaland Taxi Association (ANTA) Kohima Unit has strongly condemned the August 9 firing incident near Naga Hospital Kohima, where unknown gunmen fired upon a local taxi ferrying passengers. The “gruesome act” killed Lithrongse Sangtam, while the driver of the taxi had a “miraculous escape” and the taxi was damaged by bullet shots, a condemnation note appended by ANTA Kohima unit president Robert Kire stated. ANTA expressed anguish at gunmen endangering the innocent driver’s life when “It is a well known fact due to the growing unemployment problem in our state several educat-

ed unemployed youths are driving taxis to earn their daily bread.” It said it does not have issues against any of the Naga national groups, but however condemns “such an act where the lives of innocent public and also bonafide members of ANTA are put at high risk and also damage caused to the taxis.” Therefore, it has appealed to all the Naga groups to desist from such act "which creates fear psychosis amongst taxi travelers". Meanwhile, ANTA Kohima unit conveyed its heartfelt condolences to the bereaved family members and prayed for God to grant them solace and strength at their hour of grief and sorrow.

ent machines used. The valedictory function was graced by James Swu, EAC, Medziphema as the chief guest. He expressed happiness over the activities of ATMA and said agriculture was a noble profession but due to recent trends of incentives from various government schemes, there has been a decrease in the number of Naga farmers. He asked the participants to take up as a challenge to help the fellow Naga farmers to produce more in a sustainable manner and be self sufficient. This was stated in a press release issued by principal IETC and SAMETI director Ahovi Sema.

KVYO QRT nabs potential bike thieves

s usual, the passengers boarded the old bus at Dimapur in the evening on one of the last days of July and headed for Tuensang. Frisking started half an hour after we left Dimapur at Bokajan. All vehicles crossing Assam to reach the North and North-Eastern districts of the State must stop at this gate. Some security personnel in their camouflaged uniform would quickly scan the passengers from outside to see if they could find anyone suspicious. Other personnel would get inside the bus and casually inspect a few luggages of the passengers and ask some silly questions if they thought they saw someone attractive of the fairer sex. The numerous vehicles that ply from Dimapur daily through this gate gives them only a few minutes in checking the bus. The feeling of the first inconvenience during the journey is over and the driver ignites the engine to take us to our destination. A couple of hours pass and we reach Silonijan. Passengers fill their empty stomach here with whatever is available. Some quickly orders the unadulterated liquor available here as appetizers before savoring their meal. The suspicion that curries left over here in the plates are put back in the utensils in the kitchen cannot be simply discarded without empirical verification. Nevertheless, a filled stomach makes

12 August 2013

PSU (N) general aNTa condemns gun & election attack on a taxi in Kohima session PEREN, august 11 (mExN):

Training on advanced technology in sericulture held

DimaPuR, august 11 (mExN): SAMETI Nagaland conducted a threeday capacity building for ATMA officials, posted in districts with potential for sericulture production starting August 6. The capacity building on “Advanced technology in sericulture - production, post harvest and value addition” was held at SAMETI office, Medziphema. At the inaugural session, Dy. Director of Sericulture Wapang Lemtur introduced the theory of sericulture and its potential to improve the living standards of the farmers by providing sustainable income. The resource persons covered vari-

Monday

Kohima, august 11 (mExN): Off duty volunteers of Kohima Village Youth Organization’s Quick Response Team (KVYO QRT) nabbed two potential bike thieves on August 10 around 10:00 PM, while they were trying to flee away with a Yamaha R15 DL-8S NA- 7944 at Para Medical Colony. The two accused were identified as Kuvuhezo of Khulazu bawe village and Kunungoyi of Khetsa village, both aged 19 years. Speaking to media persons, KVYO QRT convenor Hulie Belho and general secretary Dzieseneituo Rutsa stated that the off duty volunteers grew suspicious of the two accused when they saw one of them pushing the bike while his accomplice sat on it. On being called they tried to escape. While Kuvuhezo was nabbed the same night and handed to the police, his accomplice was handed to the police on Sunday morning after his friend revealed his identity. A case has been registered against the two at the North Police Station, Kohima.

A woman salvaging a log from the mighty Chathe River in Dimapur on August 11. (Photo by Manen Aier)

Kiphire town carries out sanitation drive

KiPhiRE, august 11 (DiPR): Joining the rest of the districts in the state, Kiphire district administration along with various departments, Kiphire town council, civil societies, Bharat Scouts & Guides and residents of all wards and colonies of kiphire town organized a sanitation drive in and around Kiphire town on August 10. Deputy Commissioner & Chairman IRCS Kiphire, Kesonyu Yhome IAS expressed his gratitude to all the citizens of Kiphire district for their support in making the event a big success. He

Public SPace

informed that the district administration would organize such programme routinely to inculcate a sense of responsibility among the public that, “Clean life is not the responsibility of the Government alone, but every responsible person’s bounden duty.” The sanitation drive was conducted under the aegis of Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) Kiphire unit as per the resolution taken during the previous general meeting of the IRCS Nagaland under the presidentship of the Governor of Nagaland.

Prohibition: Stench of corruption on a night’s journey the traveler feel good and readies for the remaining journey. Nagas shell out many lakhs of Rupees every week here as we cannot but pass through this geographical area to get to the other side of our tiny State. Most of the passengers are asleep as we pass through Golaghat and Titabor. The Assam police make us stop a couple of times for a minute each and let us ride on. The halting of the bus at Tsϋtapela gate (Nagaland gate) wakes up most of the passengers as we are made to wait there for some time. Some move out for their needs, some wait outside the bus and yet a few continues snoring at their seat as the Nagaland Police checks the luggage of the passengers and the bus inside out. The devoted personnel carrying out their duty so passionately at midnight are evident. They examine all the passengers’ luggage, they bent down to see what’s under our legs, they check what’s beside us and they check the trunk of the bus and the tool boxes. Lady luck might not have been at their side that night. They could not find anything that could be confiscated. They also look at each passenger’s face to see if they could detect some non-locals. The ones they

identified all had ILP’s. They apparently could not make some ‘mobile top-up’ money by catching some defaulter this time. This, I have come across many times. The journey continued thereon and I felt asleep. We were halted three more times for half an hour each before crossing Mokokchung Town. Actually, the first one took more than half an hour. I realized later we were stopped after crossing Longjongkong (New Camp) and before reaching Aliba Village. There is no Check gate in that area but the police personnel seemed to have come in a blue van, probably from Mokokchung town. The motivational factor leading them to come down must have been something strong and huge. The rigorous frisking and checking of the luggage and trunks began. The police were doing their ‘job’ very passionately; tapping every possible nook and corner inside the bus where the driver might have ingeniously hidden some prohibited object. Unable to find any such items, the handy man is now ordered to open the trunk and tool boxes. Different police personnel meticulously check the trunk and the tool boxes. I was at my seat inside the bus and one of the tool boxes hap-

pened to be just below my seat. I could hear the police examining the trunk carefully and asking questions to the handy man very courteously. The handy man would reply with a word or two in a pretentious sleepy and monotonous tone. As the police dug deeper inside the tool box, the handy man might have become apprehensive and said to the police personnel hesitatingly “Iku naiho, saab”. That instance, I could almost feel the fleeting joy felt by the police and he glanced and studied the face of the handy man. His final impression on observing the hand man’s expression must have been close to Buddha’s enlightenment, I thought. Our police personnel started quickly taking out all the spare parts and tools, rather iron scrap, inside the trunk. There were heaps of them. All the police that took the trouble to come to that place at midnight in a van now gathered near the bus’s tool box; eagerly helping one another in lighting up and digging the mysterious tool box. Passengers that were outside the bus were now ordered to board the bus and to close the door. I continued watching the drama as the trunk in check happened to be just beneath my seat. I consid-

ered myself lucky. The last tool hiding the visibility of some banned item was removed and viola, the next object the police pulls out is a bottle of Mc Dowell rum! The moment somehow reminded me of a treasure-hunt movie where the hunter ecstatically feels the first gold coin in his palm as he unearths a pot of gold. The police keep their calm. One bottle after the other, the police hauls. I could hear another police personnel speaking in a low voice, “That should be enough”, “that should be enough” in their local dialect. The work was done. Around two cases of rum were seized from the tool-box. Not difficult to deduce the police were confiscating the IMFL mostly for personal consumption, if not all. There isn’t a need to be secretive and sheepish when you’re doing your duty honestly as per Laws and Acts. Fishy aura with unspoken and body language also spoke. Later, two more checking were done at Mokokchung town; one at Indian Oil junction and the other at Mongsenbai Ward junction. Personnel manning the former were mostly in their civvies and you could tell from their attitude their ranks were not below ASI or SI. Here, I heard the handy man tell-

ing a police officer confidently and almost happily, “Rums we were carrying has been confiscated. The two bottles in the tool box is what they left for us”. The police officer started asking many questions- “At which place?”, “How many of them?”, “Were they in uniform?”, “Were they in a police vehicle”, “Was the officer-in-charge lean and thin?”, “How many bottles did they confiscate?” and so on. The same frisking and meticulous checking occurred at Mongsenbai Ward junction. We were forced to spend nearly three very long hours letting the police check the bus that night at around seven or eight places. Inconvenience is an under term to express the experience. I have travelled this journey numerous times but never was we stopped so many times. I thought to myself it might just have been a co-incident, or could possibly be because Tsϋngremong festival of the Ao’s nearing. Prohibition has corrupted many police personnel and I presume it will not be wrong to assume many of the personnel habituated drinking as is freely available. They just have to check the vehicles thoroughly that come through Nagaland Check Gate or raid some famil-

Peren Students’ union Nagaland (PSUN) will convene its 54th general session cum election from August 17 to 18 at New Peren village. All bonafide members, former student leaders, village elders and well-wishers have been requested to attend the session without fail. PSU (N) assembly speaker in a release informed that the general session will be hosted by the New Peren Village Council, and former PSu (N) president and sub-divisional officer Er Tsiamchi Ndang will be the chief guest.

DGU mourns

DimaPuR, august 11 (mExN): The Dimapur Gorkha Union (DGU) has deeply mourned the demise of Subash Sonar, S/o Pothi Bahadur, resident of Thakurbari, Dimapur on August 11 at Zion Hospital Dimapur. A condolence note from the DGu stated Subash Sonar is an innocent victim of the August 7 afternoon grenade blast, where unidentified miscreants lobbed a grenade inside a jewelry shop near Ram Janaki School, Dimapur. The DGu has extended its deepest condolences to the bereaved family, while praying for Lord Almighty to give them strength at the hour of grief.

WSTH lauds Dr. P. Kilemsungla

DimaPuR, august 11 (mExN): The Western Sumi Totimi Hoho (WSTH) has recognized that the appointment of Dr. P. Kilemsungla as a member of the prestigious union Public Service Commission (UPSC) “is an example of how Naga women play equal role as men in building of a strong nation/society.” In a statement, WSTH president Ahimsa K. Zhimo and general secretary Jolly K. Aomi congratulated Dr. Kilemsungla on her achievement and becoming the first Naga to become a member of the uPSC. “Her success which is purely because of her sheer hard work and dedication would surely be an encouragement and inspiration for other Naga women,” WSTH stated, while adding, “She has made Naga people proud.”

iar booze joints. Free liquor is the reward. I have met a few police officers and personnel who are teetotalers though. I’m reminded of a certain incident a police officer once told me that occurred in one of our districts. He was newly posted there. He divulged that around twenty five cases of IMFL were seized from a passing pick-up truck. The driver was told they would be fined a lesser amount and will not be arrested if the report of the seizure read less than 10 cases. So much for the ignorance of law and the driver obliged. Not a penny for guessing where the remaining IMFL were distributed. Amongst others such as rampant bootlegging even inside Nagaland, adulteration of liquor with harmful substances that lead to untimely demise of many, prohibition encourages corruption of all kind at all platform and levels; from the constable to the ministerial level. Habitual drinking is a vice. Yet, prohibition has never been successful anywhere in the world and only brought about corruption. Perhaps, it should be good to study and learn from historical facts and ground reality before we take a stance on prohibition than to blindly shout aloud in ignorant self-righteousness and dictatorial arrogance.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.

Imojen I Jamir


6

IN-FOCUS

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express MonDAy 12 AuGusT 2013 vol. vIII IssuE 220

Along Longkumer Consulting Editor

Spirit of Enterprise

I

n the midst of the never-ending pessimism surrounding our daily lives, the emergence of entrepreneurs among the Nagas is one of the few silver linings that we can be proud of. Every effort must therefore be made by all concerned to nurture and not stifle this growth. Against the backdrop of the public discourse over the prevalence of endemic extortion culture, the spirit of entrepreneurship displayed by our young Nagas in particular needs to be applauded. This is also a good lesson for those after easy money, whether it is corrupt politicians, bureaucrats, public or national workers who extort for self enrichment. In fact our forefathers may not have been entrepreneurs in the sense we know of today but nevertheless they exhibited the qualities such as honesty and hard work that go to make successful people. There are many right-thinking Nagas who are willing to toil hard and eat from the sweat of their brows. And no one should be an exception, if they want to earn and live. The question of sustenance or livelihood is an everyday challenge and a concern for every individual. We all have to earn our livelihood irrespective of who, where or how we are. A spirit of enterprise and hard work is needed. No doubt, national workers may have more difficulties to overcome given the situation they are in. Ways and means must be worked out to enable them to create sustainable livelihood options for themselves. The respective national groups and even civil society must do more to open opportunities so that they can go beyond their dependence on easy money. One suggestion is to perhaps assist in giving out plots of land and let them undertake activities such as rubber plantation or any other commercial farming. This will not only ensure their livelihood but will help promote the local economy. At a time when we should be looking for solutions from within and become self reliant economically, certain people have gone on to blame the absence of “rehabilitation formula or provision of sustenance for the national workers” in the ceasefire agreement with the Government of India (GoI) and thereafter making the justification that “this has made the national workers resort to taxation in various forms”. In the long run, such kind of thinking will only lead us to economic enslavement and our dependence on others for our survival. Surely this is not what our Naga political groups would want to propagate, after all they are fighting for sovereignty. The Naga public is not questioning the right of the political groups to impose tax but what they are against is the rampant ‘extortion’ culture. In fact, a few weeks back, a senior NSCN (IM) leader during a meeting with the Action Committee Against Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) threw light on the fact that perhaps only 50% of the tax collected from the public is being submitted to its coffers and thereby indicating heavy misappropriation in revenue collection. The initiative of civil society in Dimapur to curtail and streamline taxation by the different national groups is therefore not only justified but also in the latter’s own interest and the same should be taken up by the respective groups because this will also help the cause of the people’s movement in the long run. And so instead of shifting our blame on Delhi for the rampant extortion taking place, let us look for our own solution to this problem at hand. We could begin by inculcating the spirit of enterprise. (Feedback can be send to consultingeditormex@gmail.com)

lEfT wiNg |

Nury Vittachi Source: IANS

The real reason why men can never remember anything

S

tudent Peter Wong sent me a news cutting about a 78-year-old woman who beat up her 84-year-old husband. "A witness told police the woman admitted assaulting her husband, including kicking him three times in the groin, because he had an affair 35 years ago," said the report from the Associated Press. Peter asked: "Isn't 35 years rather a long time to wait to kick somebody?" It may seem like it, Peter, but clearly you haven't had much experience with women. They have astonishing powers of recall, far greater than humans. Married men will know what I mean. Watching TV, you make an innocuous comment, such as: "Madonna looks good for 50, don't you think?" There will be a moment of silence as the wife clicks back through her 5,000-terabyte memory dump. Then she will say: "Ah, but you said 13 years ago, on the way back from the supermarket on a rainy Tuesday afternoon, at 4.27 pm, that you thought her bottom was bigger than mine." The only correct answer is to nod vigorously and agree with her. (Actually, this is the only response to everything your wife says.) "Yes, honey, you're quite right, I did say that, and it's STILL TRUE." Peter, here's some advice. Never, never dispute anything your woman claims to remember, even if it is patently obvious that she has imagined the whole thing. A buddy of mine was once asked something like this by his girlfriend: "Do you still love me as much as you did at 10.34 am on the second Wednesday of our first trekking holiday in Nepal?" He replied: "It must have been someone else. I've never been to Nepal." WRONG ANSWER! Within days, he had been kicked out. The correct answer would have been: "Yes darling. I can't remember ever going to Nepal, so perhaps the two of us visited it in a previous life." Her eyes will fill with tears as she is deeply moved by your high level of spirituality and self-awareness. She will then agree to ANY command you give her. Why can't men remember the promises they made a year or two ago, or even, let's face it, earlier the same day? I once asked a top doctor this question (actually, he was a trainee hospital orderly, more or less the same thing) and he explained it in medical terms. Men only have a small amount of blood, not enough to power multiple organs at once. Any man approached by an attractive woman will say extremely stupid things because the blood has fled from his brain to supercharge other parts of his body. Factor in men's limited memory capacity and you begin to understand the challenges of being male. In fact, the only way men can function at all is to auto-delete irrelevant data such as "the toilet roll needs changing" or "I am married" to ensure there is enough memory capacity for the really important stuff, such as who scored the winning goal in the 1978 football World Cup semifinals. Ladies: you may now kick your husbands.

THE EDIT PAGE

C O M M E N T A R Y

Rosa Brooks Source: Foreign Policy

Women Are from Mars Too

M

icah Zenko obviously doesn't know my mother. In his Foreign Policy column he cites recent evidence of a gender gap in support for U.S. drone strikes and notes that a "female-male divergence of opinions is an enduring characteristic of polls on the use of military force." Specifically, studies of global polling data suggest that women are consistently less likely than men to favor the use of military force, leading Zenko, with whom I usually agree, to speculate that perhaps "force would be used less" if there were more women in senior national leadership positions. I'm skeptical on this one. There are plenty of tough, not-exactly-pacifistic gals out there -- have I mentioned my mother? -- and there is a distinct dearth of evidence supporting the idea that "the world would be more peaceful if more women held political office." That's a sentiment apparently held by 65 percent of the 43 women leaders polled by Foreign Policy in 2012, but at the moment it represents wishful thinking more than anything else. This rosy view reflects a misunderstanding of the existing evidence on gender differences and an even deeper misunderstanding of the complex web of cultural and institutional factors that drive decisions about the use of military force. We hear all the time that men are different from women, and in certain crushingly obvious ways, it's true. There are biological differences between the sexes. The life trajectories of men and women tend to differ in measurable ways. There are male-dominated professions and female-dominated professions. And, as Zenko points out, there are some persistent gender gaps in opinions on numerous issues, from the use of military force to health care policy. We all know the stereotypes: Men are more "aggressive" than women; women are more "nurturing" than men. Those looking for evidence that these are enduring, hard-wired differences can find plenty of grist for the mill: Men commit the overwhelming majority of violent crimes, for instance, while women make up the overwhelming majority of early childhood teachers and daycare workers. See? Men are violent; women are kind. Ah, but not so fast. It's a big mistake to go from patterns of individual behavior to assumptions about inherent gender differences -- and a bigger mistake to assume that gender differences translate predictably into different policy outcomes on the scale of an entire nation. Recent research on gender suggests that men and women are far less different in their psychological makeup than most people think. In 2005, psychologist Janet Shibley Hyde analyzed dozens of prior metaanalyses of studies looking at gender differences in aggression, leadership, moral reasoning, communication, cognition, and a range of other psychological traits. By and large, she found, the effect of gender differences on most psychological variables was small: In fact, "78% of gender differences are small or close to zero." In Hyde's analysis, there were a few areas in which gender differences loomed larger, but these mostly related to physical difference, such as throwing speed and distance. Hyde also found "large" gender differences in "some, but not all, measures of sexuality," including attitudes towards casual sex outside of committed relationships (men were more in favor). When it came to aggression, the evidence was more ambiguous: Hyde found a "moderate" gender difference in physical aggression (men were, on average, moderately more physically aggressive than women), but the picture was more complex when other forms of aggression were factored in: Women, for instance, may be slightly more "relationally aggressive." In certain contexts, different studies suggest, women may be as (or even slightly more) physically aggressive than men, although men's greater strength makes them more dangerous when they become aggressive. A study in the February 2013 issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology generally confirmed Hyde's findings. It noted that even when there are mean differences between men and women when

H

uman rights cannot be realised only by the ‘naming and shaming’ of elites - the modus operandi that Human Rights Watch and Amnesty have. Changing how elites think and what they do is vital, but mass mobilisations are also necessary to secure all kinds of rights: civil and political as well as social, economic and cultural. Elites are obviously part of the problem when it comes to the human rights of the poor. This is clear where they mobilise hatred and violence, using state machinery for their own political ends. It is also clear where elite wealth and status depends on others’ marginalisation and impoverishment. Nor – as Ron, Crewe and Golden have pointed out - can the middle classes be counted on to look out for the interests of the poor. In fact, the middle classes can be part of the problem. Enjoying human rights in practice depends on how people use them – on what they claim, and how they make rights-claims. Poor people can be kept in ignorance, so that they get far less than they are due even in terms of existing law. And, as Harri Englund has shown, the administration of human rights creates its own status hierarchies and cruelties. What is more, enjoying human rights depends on changing cultural, social and economic practices that go far beyond bureaucratic administration. This is most obvious in the case of women’s human rights. It is strongly argued at the international level now that states are responsible for preventing violence against women as a matter of international human rights law. But ultimately, just to end violence against women, what is needed is social, economic and cultural change that makes a difference in the private domestic sphere as well as in public. Grassroots organising is necessary if people are to be reached ‘where they are’, to change ways of thinking, how

Why more female leaders won't mean less war

it comes to certain characteristics, such as physical aggression, those differences are poor predictors of how any given individual is likely to behave. Thus, note study authors Harry Reis and Bobbi Carothers, "The statement that men are more aggressive than women, for example, implicitly" -- but wrongly -- "assumes that there is one group of people who are high in aggression (men) and another group of people who are low in aggression (women)." Such an assumption would lead us to think that "Knowing only that a person was male, we could also infer that he would be relatively aggressive" -- and that he would demonstrate other qualities on which there are, on average, small differences between men and women. For instance, he would be "good in math, poor in verbal skills, primarily interested in shortterm mating, less agreeable, and so on." But this, Reis and Carothers argue, is not the case: Any particular man may be far less aggressive than many women, and "Those who score in a stereotypic way on one measure do not necessarily do so on another." In other words, psychological traits are poor predictors of an individual's gender, and an individual's gender is a poor predictor of his or her psychological traits. When it comes to aggression, the picture becomes even more complex if we take away the social context and cues that powerfully affect behavior. In one study, participants who believed that researchers would not know their names or genders defied standard assumptions about gender and aggression. In a simulated conflict setting, men chose to drop more bombs than women when they believed researchers knew their identities, but when study subjects believed themselves to be anonymous, women actually dropped more bombs than male participants. Richard Eichenberg, whose research Zenko cites, looked at attitudes towards the use of military force during six recent U.S. conflicts (from the Gulf War to the war on terror), and found that, on average, 51 percent of men and 43 percent of women supported the use of force. Consider these numbers in the context of recent psychological studies, however: This means that 49 percent of men did not support the use of force, while 43 percent of women did. That's a lot of men opposed to force, and a lot of women who favor it. Would this relatively small difference truly translate into significant differences in national policy if there were more women leaders? That's anyone's guess. We also don't know the degree to which context and cultural norms influenced the answers of those polled (perhaps more women than men felt they were "supposed" to tell pollsters that they opposed force, given prevailing stereotypes about women). If the same women who were polled in these surveys were sitting in a room full of military and national security officials, would that affect their responses? This, too, is anyone's guess -- and it has some bearing on the assumption that more women leaders would bring us a more peaceful world, since at the moment, any given woman leader operating at the national level will find herself in a male-dominated setting. In such a setting, will a woman with "average" female attitudes about aggression and force be driven by those attitudes? Or will women leaders find themselves influenced and co-opted by the contexts in which they find themselves, and end up, like the women in the study mentioned above, choosing to drop more bombs than the men? Yet another thing we don't know is whether

those women who seek and obtain national leadership positions have psychological traits that differ in measurable ways from those of the "average" woman. Maybe women foreign policy and national security leaders will think and act just like women who choose to be preschool teachers or doctors or accountants -- but maybe the women who seek out national leadership positions are less likely to conform to "typical" gender norms than other women. Certainly, history is replete with examples of women leaders who presided over aggressive foreign policies (consider, for instance, Britain's Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, neither of whom were noted for their pacifistic, nurturing approach to decisions about military force). Ah. It's time to get back to my mother. Not just because she's a woman who rarely shies away from a scrap (she's pretty tough), but because her own work on the origins of war (Blood Rites, by Barbara Ehrenreich, a.k.a. "Mom") offers a final important reason to be skeptical of claims that more women leaders would make the world more peaceful. Zenko briefly quotes her assertion that "women in the past two centuries have more than adequately demonstrated a capacity for collective violence," but he overlooks her more important point: You just can't extrapolate from individual personality to the actions of nations. As she wrote in the article cited by Zenko, "There is little basis for locating the wellspring of war in aggressive male instincts -- or in any instincts, for that matter. Wars are not bar-room brawls writ large, but, as social theorist Robin Fox puts it, ‘complicated, orchestrated, highly organized' collective undertakings that cannot be explained by any individual impulse." In other words, nations don't use military force simply because individual policymakers, male or female, happen to be "aggressive": Wars are the products of thousands of individual decisions that are driven and enabled by complex institutional arrangements and patterns of behavior. Leaders don't operate in a vacuum, imposing their individual preferences on national decisions large and small. Instead, they are shaped and constrained by past decisions and practices, by politics and ideology, by the availability of different capabilities and resources, by the decision-making structures they create or inherit, and by path-dependent bureaucracies. That is to say: President Obama doesn't preside over drone strikes because he's a naturally aggressive male. He presides over drone strikes because the United States has developed an elaborate military and paramilitary structure designed to use military force against terrorists. An array of past decisions about research, development, training, resource and personnel allocations, law, and targeting procedures lies behind current U.S. drone strike policy. Could President Obama change course? Yes -- but he, like any other leader who wants to change an entrenched practice, will find himself working against the tide. In the end, of course, I wholeheartedly agree with Micah Zenko that the underrepresentation of women in senior national leadership positions is a crying shame. As a card-carrying member of the female sex -- and frankly, as a citizen -- I'd love to see more women in national leadership positions. For one thing, there are a whole lot of talented women out there, and the complex structural factors that keep most women out of senior positions deprive the nation of talent we surely need. It's also about basic fairness: Right now, for reasons I've written about previously, it's just harder for most women to gain entry to the highest echelons of power. But let's not kid ourselves: There's no solid evidence supporting the notion, pleasing as it is, that more women leaders will translate into a foreign policy that's all sweetness and light. Can you say "Margaret Thatcher?" Or, for that matter, "Dianne Feinstein," or "Sarah Palin"?

International NGOs supporting grassroots movements: Who Talks And Who Listens? Kate nash

people treat each other, and how we live together. This is no less true in the UK – where on average two women are murdered in their homes each week by their male partners - than it is in any other part of the world. Change is necessary at the grassroots, then, for human rights to be of any use to the poor. But addressing elites is also vital. If elites are part of the problem, changing their behaviour must be part of the solution. There is clearly a role for INGOs in addressing national and international elites alongside grassroots mobilisations. This is just as important where social, economic and cultural rights are concerned as it is for civil and political rights. Perhaps Aryeh Neier is right to argue that Human Rights Watch is better placed to militate for civil rights rather than entering into issues of social justice. Though, actually, both Human Rights Watch and Amnesty have committed themselves to the indivisibility of rights: to the understanding that economic, social and cultural change is necessary if civil and political rights are to be realised, and vice versa. In addition, INGOs like Oxfam, Action Aid, and even CARE International, that have been more traditionally concerned with humanitarianism and development, have now taken up

campaigns on social justice as part of their turn to a ‘rights based approach to development’. A fascinating example of a successful link between grassroots and international elites, mediated by Oxfam, comes from the Treatment Action Campaign for national provision of drugs necessary to treat HIV/Aids in South Africa. This was a grassroots movement, involving civil disobedience learned in anti-apartheid struggles, and a ‘treatment literacy programme’ that was run by volunteers who were themselves suffering with HIV/Aids. It also involved taking the South African government to court, and international pressure on pharmaceutical companies to bring down the price of the drugs. Oxfam was very important in the lobbying of pharmaceutical companies, and it also helped organise protests around the world to ensure that the South African government made the drugs available nationally. But although they are clearly necessary to realising human rights, we actually know very little about grassroots mobilisations. Ron’s, Crow’s and Golden’s research, which found that poor people do not know about human rights is disturbing, but it is not really surprising. If peo-

wRiTE-wiNg

ple are to make ‘human rights’ part of their everyday lives, they must – literally – be translated into the languages people use. But does this always take the form of ‘vernacularisation’ in Sally Engle Merry’s terms – which involves some reference to concepts that are embedded in international human rights law, including equality of the individual? Or, as Jack Snyder suggests, does it produce new hybrid ways of thinking at the grassroots, complex and pluralistic, which must first be understood in their own terms before they can be related back - if at all - to the language of international human rights law? We also know very little about how INGOs link to grassroots movements. In the case of the Treatment Action Campaign, it seems clear that Oxfam fitted in with the aims of the movement as it was developed nationally. But sometimes movements are shaped to attract the help of INGOs. This can distort a movement’s aims, taking it in a direction that diverges from local understandings. As Clifford Bob has shown, it can even be dangerous when the world’s attention is drawn only to violence and bloodshed, and leaders are tempted to escalate protests in order to provide it. If poor people’s human rights are to be respected, we need to know more about who talks and who listens when human rights are in question. To understand how grassroots mobilisations can successfully engage elites, we need to know more about how people experience talk of human rights at the local level. And we also need to know more about how INGOs have supported grassroots mobilisations in examples of good practice. Who talks and who listens? That is surely the most important question for human rights today.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The Morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: morung@gmail.com All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender.

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


7

Monday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

12 August 2013

PERSPECTIVE NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

The Morung Express

POLL RESULTS

Is the IndIan government justIfIed In extendIng the dIsturbed area status of nagaland for another year? Some of those who voted YES had this to say: • Yes very much, everyday factional kill by the so call nation worker. If this is not disturb then what is it. Unless factional kills stop GOI should keep disturbed area and AFSPA. • The Government of India is fully justified because our Naga national workers are not behaving at all like they should. They have taken the people’s support for granted and are now acting like goondas. If Naga leaders can put away their ego and pride and become united and stop fighting each other, Indian government will not be able to justify their stand for imposing DAA and AFSPA. • Because Nagaland is the most disturbed area in the whole universe!! • The situation today has become more dangerous than the after years. In the early days, it was true patriotic jungle warfare, today it is Urban extortion and syndicate that is running the show. Peace Sell but who's buying. • The Indian Government is doing what they have always done and will continue to look down on the Nagas. They are only doing what they think is right. But our State government and politicians should have done much better, because the Disturbed Areas Act cannot be imposed without the recommendation of the state government. It is the duty of the state government to impress the central government that Nagaland is no longer a disturbed area. Infact in the present scenario, many states are more disturbed than Nagaland. So what are our politicians doing? Partying all the time will not help us. • The GOI is justified because they view the Naga issue as political. In reality, Nagland state has been peaceful for some years now and there has not been any serious law and order situation, unlike Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, etc., but the decision to extend the disturbed area in Nagaland for another year is not because of law and order, but because of the political nature of the Naga issue. Some of those who voted no had this to say: • Regardless of a few perpetual sporadic incidences of factional shooting being culminated in fratricidal killings, the reality on the ground in the current context of my state of Nagaland, I believe, any of my fellow peace-loving Nagas, by and large, can certainly vouch for a relatively calm and peaceful state of affairs as the Naga people at large this time genuinely looking forward to an early settlement of the procrastinated Naga political issue. Thus, any step or measure taken at the moment from the higher-up (GOI) not conducive to the prevailing scenario is none other than a slap in the face and so against the will of all and sundry yearning for peace, progress and stability. • The GoI just did not want the Nagas to live in peace. They don't know our ground reality. They just keep on tagging us (Nagaland) this name so that we will remain unreach by other parts of the world.

1. That while the Nagas demand Independent from the British Government based on her traditional rights the Government of India (GOI) sent her armies to Naga Inhabited Area (NIA) and burnt down their homes and hearts into ashes in hundreds of Naga Villages, their worship places, killing thousands of their innocent lives chased them out into the wilderness from their native Villages and hundreds of them were starved to death, molested and raped their womenfolk, destroyed their available properties and beaten them mercilessly without any guilty. And as such, the GOI must tender her apology before the Nagas as well as before the whole world for violation of Human Rights. 2. That compensation for the Naga political victims including the cost of their properties should be paid to each political victims with each Naga village authority directly through DC, ADC or SDO Civil in every tribal level and not by any other Dept. of the State Government or the same should not be dealt by the VIPs. And the assessment for the compensation for the victims should be done from each Naga traditional Villages level in order to wipe out the tears from the faces of the Nagas. 3. The forefathers lands of Nagas measuring 5000 Sq. Miles should be returned to Nagas with immediate effect according to 9th point’s agreement as well as 16th points agreement.. If not, the price of the said area of land must be paid to Nagas which is presently encroached by the Assam Government. 4. According to the Naga tribal traditional historical background, each Naga tribal original boundaries should be strictly maintained. 5. The Naga Customary should be continued in the villages and tribal level and not to replace by the Indian Judiciary system. 6. There must be a Naga Customary Law Court in every Naga tribal headquarter in NIA and the appellate Court will be the Commissioner Court, High Court and Supreme Court of India. However, whichever cases have been disposed through Naga Oath taken should not be reopened. 7. The Nagas have its own distinct Customary Law and there is no purchased system of justice. And for which, they need instant decision and the non- Nagas who are permanently living within the NIA shall follows the Naga Customary Law within their land, and there shall be no other law court for them within the NIA. 8. There shall be no tax on Nagas and their properties within the NIA by the GOI except the yearly House Tax. 9. There shall be no Indian Taxation Act on Nagas. 10. There shall be no Indian Forest Act in NIA. 11. Indian should respect the Nagas as one of its friend and the way of the Naga integration, and cannot be block as per agreement made in 1947 as well as 16th points agreement. The Integrity and Sovereignty are from the Almighty and it is not deniable by the GOI. And a Naga Tribe have no right to reject another Naga Tribe till water flows in the river. 12. The Nagas are not less than a Nation and for which the GOI should not treat the Nagas as other sections of people living within the countryside. 13. The settlement of Naga political issue is yet to be finalised. And as such, before any settlement is finalised, the GOI have no rights to reject the 9th Points Agreement which brought between the Nagas and GOI in 1947 for amicable settlement. Why the GOI says ‘Yes’ yesterday and say ‘No’ today towards the Naga political issue? Why India is flip-flopping with the Naga issue today? 14. The Nagas also have their own brothers and sisters in many countries. And as such, the GOI must honour her own commitments before the Nagas if so

• No. It's the forked tongue of a snake. Why talk about justifications. For them it is only a mechanical retourism, cross border trade, look east policy, foreign sponse that with the end of every period, they renew investments, and what not if it has no intention of rethe Disturbed Areas Act on Nagaland, since they don’t moving the barriers? have any respect and are not willing to recognize the • No, the GOI is not justified in extending the Disturbed rights of the Naga people. The Indian government Area tag on Nagaland for another year. In fact Naby now that our Naga overground and underground galand has been quite peaceful and there are many leaders are corrupted and have moved away from states in India which are facing law and order situthe Naga cause for sovereignty. After the ceasefire ation which is worse than was signed, the Indian govour state. The NPF government has been carefully ernment has unfortunately studying the Naga underkept mum on this issue. ground leaders, and this exThis proves whether they tension of the Disturbed Area are serious or not. How status is only part of their can they promote tourism policy to crush the Nagas and other development through military, economic work when they cannot and political means. even voice out against the • As a democratic councentral government’s detry, the government of india cision to extend the disshould have used its wisdom turbed areas act. to address the Naga problem • GOI is wrong in keepthrough non-violence, rather ing the NagaLands unthan declaring it as disturbed. der their Subjections. This only shows the mindset Why should We be afraid of Indian leaders, many of of telling the Truth. Even whom have never come to M.K. Gandhi told the Truth Nagaland. to the British Raj, and ultimately the British Empire Some of those who voted accept their defeat against OTHERS had this to say: the Truth. So why GOI (In• Better fight for the Naga's dia) and GOM (Myanmar) Democratic Sovereign Right. are so Stonehearted to Enough of Divide and Rule accept the Truth. Policy and application of Dic• Disturbed? I would think tator Marshall Laws. Assam has been the more • Nagaland is in a catch 22 disturbed one for donkeys situation. Even the AFSP Act years and yet we get the and DA Act cannot stop the short end of the stick! ills we are facing from the • No, Indian government is myriad factions of undernot justified at all.. though grounds. So, will the general we may be disturbed by public get better security to fractional clashes yet life and property if these acts more than that we are are removed? The scenario more disturbed by the inis complicated and no group dian army. nagaland govt or individual have a concrete has a role to play which or the perfect remedy. Maythey ate neglecting. be these martial acts should • No. The extension of DAA be repealed and a more huis an insult to the people mane act introduced. Maybe of Nagaland since the uneven the CFGR needs to be derground organizations revamped. If we put everyYES no OTHERS are now having ceasefire thing together, one question agreement with the Govt. is bound to arise... has our of India for over a decade they should atleast try not demand for sovereignty taken the back seat? to enforce it for 6 month period to see the situation by • INDIA-NAGALAND-BURMA POLITICAL PEACE giving peace a chance then if there is problem the act TALKS must be Solved at the earliest. If necessary can be enforced and if not then the vice versa.. The United Nations intervention be put into attention • I don’t think the Indian government is looking for any and even the VETO Nations.

59%

26%

15%

THE 50 POINTS OF DRAFT PROPOSAL T.L. angami Founder and 1st President G.B Fedration of Nagaland desired to live together or to show the way where the Nagas shall go from India. 15. The Indian Election system is never matched with the Nagas, so it should be replaced by selection system of Nagas and also lottery system in rotation can also be apply if qualified candidate is found more than one in any Assembly Constituency in order to avoid the present corruption system in any election. 16. In order to bring accurate figures about house numbers, the populations and the voters in Nagaland, there must be one day Census in Nagaland to ascertain the actual households, populations, and the voters in Nagaland. And in which, no one shall be allowed to go from one village to another village on that very Census day and non- Naga shall not be counted in any Naga villages as house owner. 17. If any tribal men to establish any new village within their own forefathers traditional land, there must be 50 household in a villages after obtaining NOC from four corners for such proposed site. And there is no need to seek Government recognition order for those villages which have already been established traditionally and except requires Government recognized appointed GB for collection of house tax from the villagers to be deposited to the government as a recognized village. 18. There shall be no interview system in Naga Government in order to stop corruption practice in toto. 19. The use of common official language of the Nagas shall be English and Nagamese as link language of the Nagas at grassroot level in NIA and Tenyidie is also inevitable one in their homeland especially for the Tenyimis. 20. Downsizing of ministry Act of India should not affect the Naga Government and there shall be cabinet Ministers and State Ministers system in Nagaland. And as such, the downsizing of ministry of India Act should be revoked specially for Naga Government. 21. Nagas must have its own Republic day according to its background history. 22. The emblem of the Nagas ‘Rainbow Flag’ shall remained and to be continued. 23. There shall be at least 25 years of interim period specially for Defense and Currency and if the Nagas can stand on their own feet, they should be allowed to look into their own affairs. 24. Major industries such as, sugar mill, paper mill, cement factory, Iron factory, mineral production etc and institution such as Engineering and other Technical and Secular Colleges and Medical College etc. must be developed within the NIA in the like of the other States. 25. Railway, four-lane road and International Airport in Nagaland and fly-over specially in Kohima and Dimapur (Kuda) City etc must be developed on top priority system. 26. To completely strengthen the Article 371-A of the India Constitution and the land of Nagas should no longer occupied by non-Naga without the procedure of law. 27. Every land acquisition price in Nagaland for any kind of Government development must be paid to the landowner by the GOI and not from the State budgetary. And the land of Nagas cannot be sold out

to non- Nagas forever. 28. Not to disturb the Christianity religion by any other religion within the NIA. 29. At least one Naga Rifle Battalion in each district level must be set up immediately in Nagaland in order to accommodate the Naga Armies followed by rehabilitation specially for the Naga underground who laid down their life for the Naga common goal. 30. One Old Ages Home and one Destitute Home for their upliftment in every District level in Nagaland should be set up and maintained by providing them with good condition building, good foods and drinking water till their life time. 31. After settlement comes and controlled the anti-social elements completely into the hands of the Government, the India Army should be withdrawn from NIA. 32. There shall be no more insurgency/rebel zone in NIA after amicable settlement is finalised between the Nagas and GOI. 33. To dismiss the present state Government and to run the new Naga Government with new system as soon as agreed and framed by both side. 34. The service should be provided to the tribal members according to population scale in every Naga tribal level. 35. That EAC post and DSP post shall be appointed directly to the qualified local candidate from his/her own tribal level based on population scale. 36. No other tribal member shall be allowed for appointment in any Government services/jobs in any other particular Naga tribal jurisdiction except his/ her own tribal member. 37. Except in collages and university, the village qualified candidate in each Naga village should be appointed as qualified teachers through recommendation by the Village Council in their own respective village education level. 38. At least, when final settlement comes between the Nagas and GOI, there must be three MPs for Lok Sakha and three MPs for Rajya Sabha and also to increase at least another 30 MLA seats for Naga Assembly House for the present Nagaland to accommodate the Naga leaders from various level. 39. Creation of more Assembly Constituency in Nagaland, every A/C shall have at least 15,000 to 20,000 voters or more. 40. The new A/C may be added in all big A/C everywhere in Nagaland for example 2-Dimapur-II A/C, 5-Gashpani-I A/C, Northern Angami-II A/C and so on. 41. No one shall be allowed to contest in any general election within the other allotted tribal traditional shares either in any A/C or any constituted township except in his/her own tribal traditional jurisdiction except in Kuda City. 42. There shall be MLA Nominee System for the Naga Women in the Naga Assembly House specially from the major tribes of Nagas in the like of Angami, Ao, Sema, Konyak etc. That Eve must be with Adam in every Naga Houses. 43. The small tribes in the like of Rengmas or Pochurys etc, another one or two A/C should be increased if populations are available. 44. In every Naga middle tribe, if there is two A/C, it

• Guess we will have to ask what they use as a bench mark for using the word disturbed..... almost every corner of India has an area that is disturbed some more then others and I think Nagaland is less so then Assam or Manipur for sure and yet we cannot have the tag extended to others while we remain so. • Of course the govt of nagaland should ask the government of India to repeal the disturbed areas status as a people representative. But unless we nagas get something from GOI, i think disturb act will be there in nagaland. • Even the Indian Army Stations in NagaLands are slowly REALIZING that the NAGA'S demands for an Independent Sovereign Naga Nation is Right. Because even during the British Raj, the British Armies knew that Occupying India is Undemocratic. So India in collaboration with Myanmar Armies Occupying 'Nagalands' is 100 % UNDEMOCRATIC. Time has come to fight for the Naga Democratic Right. • Public and civil society need to voice for lifting of the disturbed area act status on Nagaland .. we have been chickening for a very long time.. pen is mightier then sword... writers can write about it. social workers can organise strike against this by use of non violence.. • Yes the govt. To be exact can remove it without even a year period flush out every disturbances but on the other face they will never let this tag go .... we all know how many privileges the govt. Is enjoying because of this disturbed area act... the centre is showering so many wealth on us and the big shots are enjoying them to their fill. Other states survive on industries factories and produce their own feeds whereas we have no other option but to survive on this tag.... let it remain. • I know today many OG'S and UG'S while journeying the tiresome journey to the Promised "NagaLands" many while on the way got Trapped under Our Adversaries Mammon's Traps. Those trapped are finding very difficult to come out of the Mammon's (Money & luxuries lured by the enemies). But now the Time has come for people like you and me to tell the Truth (Freedom for NagaLands). Because Our Naga Forefathers has already built our foundation, now it is our duty to clean the surrounding and March Forward for the Final Victory. Long Live NagaLands • Not just for the Nagas but even for Kashmiri, Meetei etc we should raise our voice to lift AFSPA. This AFSPA has been notoriously used to undermine human right left, right and centre. It's one thing for India to try to protect what it thinks is its territory, while Kashmiri, Nagas etc are fighting for what they think is their right. BUT unarmed civilians being systematically tortured, killed etc by armed personnel for over fifty-sixty years, and being provided 100% immunity by the Constitution is not acceptable This is hitting below the belt. • If GOI is to apply same yardstick, it should extend similar status, and by extension AFSPA, to Andhra, Orissa, Chhattisgarh etc. The Maoist there are more violent than the freedom fighters in our land.

should be increased into four. And if there are four A/C in any tribal level, it should be increased to seven or eight A/C if available of its required population. 45. For recognition of any tribe, it must be in recognition and consultation with the parent tribe, example the present problem of the demand of Tikhiri tribe is to be solved. 46. In order to bring down the yearly financial position, some departments must be abolished which are not very much important for the Nagas. 47. Every Naga tribal members have their own cultivable land. And as such, specially in the like of Agri. Dept. Horti. Dept, Fishery Dept. Irrigation, R.D Dept. PHE Dept. Veterinary Dept. etc must be strengthened and to uplift those departments by the Government in order to meet the needs of the farmers and the villagers. 48. Except the salary for Government jobholders which will be sanctioned by the GOI yearly, the other total funds which were usually sanctioned by the GOI for the Nagas yearly according to its populations should reached every Naga village authority through its DC, ADC or SDO Civil in every Naga tribal level. And as such, yearly funds for the Naga populations sanctioned by the GOI shall not be dealt by any VIP as Department share or VIP share. 49. To strengthen the hands of the Naga Villages Chiefs (GB, Ahng, VCC at grassroot level) in order to keep their respective villagers in peaceful living is a must as because, they have full authority to sign on behalf of their respective villagers in any amicable settlement and always stand as bridge between the public and the Government. And the GBFN shall not be treated as other NGOs. Because they are the representative of the Government at grassroots level and have full authority to exercise their power within their respective villages. And the Village Chiefs are also traditionally the parent body of the Government at grassroots level. And as such, when the Naga New Government comes, the Nomenclatures of Goan Burah (GB) should be changed into Village Chief in their appointment letter and they also may be called as Rüna Peyus. And there shall be no Gaon Burah (GB) system in any constituted township or city after new Naga Government comes. 50. There shall be no so many NGOs within Naga inhabited areas which are not from Naga tradition. However, the Naga Christianity Common Federation (NCCF) and few reasonable NGOs which will be required by the Naga Government shall work with the NCCF and Villages Chiefs Federation of Nagaland in order to check the corruption practices within the Naga inhabited areas for equal living. There shall be no caste system in Naga inhabited areas. Every Naga leaders of underground or over ground as well as the GOI are saying that the settlement between the Nagas and GOI should be hon’ble settlement and acceptable to all. And accordingly this 50 points proposal draft is hereby released before the Nagas as well as the GOI for further debate and for final settlement. No policy should be kept as hidden policy or secret agenda in the way of Naga political common goal. This 50 points proposal draft is supposed to be discussed with all the Naga National Faction leaders ( NNFL) on 22nd May 2013.But 3 (Three ) faction refused to attend the said meeting and the same meeting was postponed till today. It is learnt from many Naga leaders that it will be good to produce the said draft before the public in general through publication in News Papers and to collect some more opinion from public if there is any reasonable suggestion. And as such the author found suggestion of other is more appropriate and therefore brought the 50 Points proposal draft into light for public knowledge as well as to be for better preparation.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Monday 12 August 2013

The Morung Express

RTI Act amendment to face legal resistance Government to introduce RTI Act Amendment Bill in Lok Sabha on Monday

New Delhi, August 11 (iANs): The government move to exempt political parties from the purview of the Right to Information (RTI) Act -- which would have subjected their working and finances to public scrutiny -- is likely to face stiff legal challenges. Eminent counsel Prashant Bhushan said any such amendment would breach Article 19(1) (a) of the constitution and would be junked in the same way that the Supreme Court had, in 2003, nullified an amendment to the Representation of People’s Act protecting politicians contesting elections from declaring their assets and liabilities. “It will be totally wrong and unconstitutional. It violates Article 19(1)(a) which guarantees freedom of speech and expression. And expression has been held to include the right to know,” Prashant Bhushan told IANS. Thus, Bhushan said, “Just as the law which was made by parliament on not providing information about the assets and li-

abilities of candidates contesting election was held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, the same way, amending the RTI Act will also be constitutional.” Cutting across the spectrum, the entire political class is resisting the June 3 Central Information Commission (CIC) ruling that the six national political parties -- the Congress, the BJP, the CPI-M, the CPI, the Nationalist Congress Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party -- were public authorities as they benefitted from substantial indirect financing by the central government, and thus perform a public duty. “…we hold that INC, BJP, CPI(M), CPI, NCP and BSP have been substantially financed by the central government under section 2(h)(ii) of the RTI Act”, CIC had ruled. In the face of the near unanimous chorus of the political parties, the government on August 2 decided to amend the act to nullify the CIC ruling that said: “The criticality of the role being played by these political parties in our

democratic set up and the nature of duties performed by them also point towards their public character, bringing them in the ambit of section 2(h).” Making it clear that the political parties could not escape from the public gaze, the CIC had said: “Their uniqueness lies in the fact that in spite of being non-governmental, they come to wield or

hyDerAbAD, August 11 (iANs): Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi Thursday flagged off Bharatiya Janata Party’s campaign for 2014 elections with a call to rid the country of the Congress and the slogan of ‘India first’. Addressing a mammoth public meeting, the first after he took over as chairman of BJP’s campaign committee, Modi said development was the foundation of his vision of India. Unveiling his vision of the government, he said its only religion should be ‘India first’, its mantra should be the Constitution, its belief should be ‘Bharat Bhakti’, its power should be people’s power and its worship should be the welfare of 125 crore people. Modi ended his 45-minute long address by repeating Barack Obama’s famous words ‘Yes we can’. He asked the audience to

repeat with him “Yes we can. Yes we will do”, “Bharat Mata Ki Jai” and “Vande Mataram”. Thousands of people, mostly youth, attended the meeting at L. B. Stadium. It was the first of 100 such meetings planned by BJP in the run-up to polls. The Gujarat chief minister said the path of development alone can change India’s destiny. “Solution to all our problem lies in development and in the welfare of all sections of people but Congress is not ready to tread on this path,” he said. Modi slammed Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government for what he called its all-round failure, corruption and vote bank politics. Targeting the government for its foreign policy, he came down heavily on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for his silence over the killing of Indian soldiers by Pakistani army. “When

five Indian soldiers were beheaded the prime minister had said if such an incident takes place again, we will give fitting reply to Pakistan. This week Pakistani soldiers gun down our men. People are asking the government why Pakistan is continuing the excesses and why this country of 125 crore is silently tolerating,” he said. On the violence in Kishtwar, Modi said this could be a conspiracy to repeat in Jammu what is happening in Kashmir Valley for last three decades. He said the Jammu and Kashmir government stopped BJP leader Arun Jaitley from visiting Kishtwar to suppress the facts. Modi had a dig at food security bill, saying the Congress had to bring it as it impoverished the people. He said the party was now using the word inclusive growth because it always excluded people from development.

New Delhi, August 11 (Pti): A bill to amend RTI Act in order to keep political parties out of the ambit of the transparency law is slated to be introduced in Lok Sabha on Monday by the government. The bill will be introduced in the Lower House by Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions V Narayanasamy. The Union Cabinet had on August 1 cleared a proposal to amend the RTI Act to give immunity to political

Modi flags off BJP poll campaign with ‘India first’ slogan

UPA hopes to pass food bill before Aug 15

parties. The Cabinet’s decision had come nearly two months after the Central Information Commission’s (CIC) order of bringing six national political parties -- Congress, BJP, NCP, CPI-M, CPI and BSP -- under the RTI Act. The government may propose an amendment in Section 2 of the Act, which defines public authority, to shield the political parties, official sources said. The proposed amendments will

directly or indirectly influence exercise of governmental power. It would be odd to argue that transparency is good for all state organs but not so good for political parties, which, in reality, control all the vital organs of the state.” Even eminent lawyer Mahesh Jethmalani, crusader against corruption and votary of transpar-

make it clear that the definition of public authority shall not include any political party registered under the Representation of the Peoples Act, they said. The CIC had in its order on June 3 held that the six national parties have been substantially funded indirectly by the central government and were required to appoint Public Information Officers (PIOs) as they have the character of a public authority under the RTI

ency, said: “Strictly speaking, they (political parties) are not the state, but in an age of transparency, they should come under the RTI Act.” “Presumption of innocence is displaced” after an individual is convicted by a trial court. Thus, an elected representative, upon his conviction, must get unseated, Jethmalani said, throwing his weight

Act. The order of the transparency watchdog had evoked sharp reactions from political parties, especially Congress which has been credited with bringing in the transparency law. The decision to amend the RTI Act was taken by the Ministry of Personnel, which acts as nodal department for the implementation of the Act, in consultation with Law Ministry and was based on consensus of all political parties, the sources said.

behind the Supreme Court ruling based on the RTI Act that an elected representative stands disqualified from the parliament or state legislature on conviction. In its July 10 verdict, the apex court had struck down a provision in the electoral law that protects a convicted lawmaker from disqualification on the ground of

pendency of appeal in higher courts. It had also made it clear that MPs, MLAs and MLCs would stand disqualified on the date of conviction. “I am a supporter of the Supreme Court verdict that when a member of parliament is convicted, pending his appeal (before a higher court), he should vacate his seat. After conviction, the presumption of innocence is displaced,” Jethmalani told IANS. There is a flip side. Expressing his reservations over the apex court ruling that an individual in custody can’t contest elections, Jaspal Singh, a wellknown criminal lawyer and former Delhi High Court judge, told IANS: “A man is arrested and he is debarred (from contesting elections). After five days, he gets bail. What happens to his electoral rights?” Even Prashant Bhushan has reservations about people in custody being debarred from contesting elections. He described it as a “serious” ruling that needed to be re-looked. “I personally feel that this jail judgment

is fraught with serious consequences,” a senior counsel who wanted to remain anonymous said, wondering what would happen if an individual were arrested just before election and was released without anything being held against him after the nomination process is over. In such a situation, without any judicial process or a judge deciding the issue, the police become the sole arbiter, the counsel said, pointing to the dangerous consequences of such a situation. The move to amend the RTI Act to take out political parties from its ambit finds little support in the judicial corridor. There is also general agreement, within those in the legal field, that legislators convicted of crime must be unseated. However, on jailbirds being debarred from contesting elections, there are many who practice law who feel that there is need for a relook, as it could have serious repercussions on the electoral system, and thus, democracy.

Indian policemen cane charge a commuter on a scooter during a curfew in Jammu, India on Aug. 11. Authorities imposed curfews in seven towns in the Indian portion of Kashmir on Sunday as sporadic clashes between Hindus and Muslims continued for a third day, officials said. Police said the death toll in the violence that erupted during Muslim Eid holiday celebrations on Friday rose to three, with authorities recovering a body from the Jammu region on Saturday night. (AP Photo)

US cracks down on websites selling bidis, Indian cigarettes

wAshiNgtoN, August 11 (Pti): US regulatorFDAhaswarnedtwowebsites selling ‘bidis’ and Indian cigarettes of strict penal action for sale of adulterated tobacco products in America. In a warning letter issued to the two websites, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said that their several products have been found to be

“adulterated” under relevant regulations and did not carry the required permits for sale in the US. The FDA said that the two websites, desismoke. com and wantsmokes. com, could be affiliated with one another and the cigarette products and/or smokeless tobacco products listed by them are be-

ing promoted for sale to customers in the US. It said the websites were selling products like ‘bidi’, Indian cigarettes, flavoured cigarettes and flavoured ‘bidis’. It further said that several products being sold on the two websites have been found to be adulterated or misbranded and they were being promoted as “modi-

fied risk tobacco products” without an FDA order permitting such promotion. The regulator said ‘bidis’ also meet the definition of a cigarette under relevant section of the US Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and therefore come under FDA jurisdiction. ‘Bidis’ are small, thin, hand-rolled cigarettes and comprise tobacco

wrapped in a tendu or temburni leaf. As per information available with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), bidis are imported to the US mostly from India and other South Asian countries and have higher concentrations of nicotine, tar and carbon dioxide than the conventional cigarettes sold in the US.

cheNNAi, August 11 (AgeNcies): A three-month-boy bursts into flames whenever he sweats. The child has been suffering from a rare medical condition called Spontaneous Human Combustion. Doctors, however, said there was no cure for this rare condition and could be a result of his skin emit-

ting combustible gases. Rahul first caught fire when he was only 9-day-old and it had happened at least 3 more times since then. Dr Thenmozhi, Assistant Professor in Paediatrics Department, Kilpauk Medical College and Hospital said this was the first time that he has come across such a case. “It’s a

very rare case, it can occur in any age group. It is the spontaneous explosion of burning material from the sweat. It’s a serious case. In the past cases, those who happened to be with the person who had this disorder have died. Severe precautions need to be taken. In my experience, this is the first time I’ve seen such

a case. And unfortunately, there is no special cure and it has to be treated like a regular burn injury,” the doctor said. Meanwhile, the doctors have advised Rahul’s parents to keep the baby away from inflammable substances and to keep him in a climate controlled room all the time. Rahul’s

parents were shocked with all that’s happening to their newborn baby and have been hoping for a medical miracle. Rahul’s father Karnan said he did not believe when he was informed about it. The baby was being kept under observation while the doctors try to fathom this medical mystery.

3-month-old baby bursts into flames whenever he sweats

New Delhi, August 11 (iANs): With the first week of the monsoon session -- which started Aug 5 -- lost to disruptions, the government hopes to get the food security bill passed in parliament before Aug 15, informed sources said Sunday. “We hope to pass the food bill before Aug 15,” said an official adding that the bill will be debated and passed in the Lok Sabha Monday. It will then be taken to the Rajya Sabha Tuesday or Wednesday. Once passed by both the houses, the bill, a pet legislation of Congress president Sonia Gandhi, will be sent to the president for his approval. Since the bill was introduced in the lower house last week, Congress leaders have been appealing to all parties to pass the welfare legislation. “Sonia Gandhi’s dream is near

completion. The food security bill will be taken up in the Lok Sabha Monday. We appeal to parties to pass it,” Congress spokesperson Raj Babbar had told reporters Thursday. Getting the food security bill passed in this session is a top priority for the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government as it could not be passed in the previous budget session. The government is keen to get it passed this week because several Congressruled states, including poll-bound Delhi, Haryana and Assam, have said they would launch the scheme Aug 20, the birth anniversary of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi. But managing the large number of amendments, including 71 by the government and a large number moved by the opposition parties, will not be an

easy task for the Congress floor managers. Former UPA ally DMK, which is opposed to the bill in its present form, is likely to move three amendments besides over 50 changes suggested by the Communist party of India-Marxist and a few likely by the Biju Janata Dal. The bill, expected to be a game-changer for the ruling Congress ahead of five assembly polls this year-end and the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, aims to provide 5 kg of foodgrains every month at Rs.1-3 per kg to around 67 percent of India’s 1.2 billion people. The bill, part of Congress manifesto in the 2009 polls, is expected to bring electoral benefits just as the rural job plan - the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme - did in the 2009 general elections.

New Delhi, August 11 (Pti): India on Sunday said it wants the Pakistan government to take responsibility for killing of five of its soldiers on the LoC and asserted that all issues will be factored in “objectively” in dealing with the neighbouring country. Noting that Pakistan government will remain responsible for any such incidents, external affairs minister Salman Khurshid said India has done a “lot

more” to contribute to the peace process and insisted that the neighbouring country must take responsibility for the LoC incident. “The responsibility must rest with the government. Our meeting point is the civilian elected government of Pakistan, not the Pakistan Army or any other agency,” he said. Referring to Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s statement on killing of five Indian soldiers, Khurshid rued that

there was no indication of acceptance of responsibility for the attack. “One element is that the regret about what has happened, which has certainly been mentioned. But, there is no indication of acceptance of responsibility. “Whether I can expect or not, we have said that we expect responsibility. That hasn’t happened, one. Two, the other concern of what we have been expecting... culpability for what hap-

pened in Mumbai. There in no indication of that. And, finally, the statement doesn’t take into account, the outreach and the extra mile that India has periodically gone to overcome great difficulties posed,” Khurshid told Karan Thapar on Devil’s Advocate programme of CNNIBN. Asked whether he was looking forward for a meeting between Prime Ministers of the two countries on the sidelines of the UN Gen-

eral Assembly in New York next month, Khurshid did not give a direct reply. “If Prime Minister of our country takes a position, it is fair that we let our Prime Minister take a position,” he said. Asked whether the attack was an attempt to derail the talks between the two countries, he said there may be such possibility but added that it does not take the responsibility away from Pakistan government for the incident.

Kochi, August 11 (iANs): Its flight deck is over twice the size of a football field, its power unit can light up the entire Kochi city and the cabling is enough to cover the distance between here to Delhi. India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC), to be launched here Monday, is the biggest warship to be built in the country and will make it the fifth country to have capacity to build such huge vessels. Being built at Cochin Shipyard Limited,

the IAC is expected to be a centrepiece of Indian Navy’s power in the coming years and will be equipped with modern weapons systems including long range surface-to-air missiles (LR SAM) and close-in weapons system (CIWS). The aircraft carrier will be launched into water Monday by Elizabeth Antony, wife of Defence Minister A.K. Antony. It will be redocked for erecting the island superstructure (for flight control systems)

above its flight deck and the remaining underwater work. The indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), MiG-29K combat jets and a range of helicopters will be deployed on the carrier. The IAC, to be christened INS Vikrant, will be 260 metre in length and 60m in breadth and can attain speeds in excess of 28 knots (56 km per hour), said Commodore Saibal Sen, additional principal director, Naval Design. “It’s flight deck is over

twice the size of a football field. There will be about 2,500 km of power cabling and 1,000 km of other cabling and it will have power generation capacity of 24 MW which must be the peak power load of Cochin city,” Sen told IANS. He said IAC can deploy over 30 aircraft and helicopters. Standing majestically at the CSL here with its ski-jump (on the flight deck) giving it a muscular appeal, the IAC will have approximate displacement (weight) of

18,500 tonnes at its launch. The warship is decorated with flags, colourful umbrellas and buntings in an apparent reflection of the joy of personnel who have strived for years to put in place its structure and install gas turbines, engines, gear box and other heavy machinery. Major outfitting work is expected to be completed by 2016 after which extensive sea trials will be conducted. The carrier is expected to be delivered to the navy by the end of 2018.

CSL chairman Commodore K. Subramaniam said that several innovations have gone into making the warship including special grade high tensile steel and pontoons to provide additional float at the time of launch. “IAC is a big step towards self-reliance. Only handful of countries operate such vessels and only a few who can build them,” Subramaniam said. Navy officials said India will be the fifth country after the US, Russia, Britain and

France to have the capacity to design and build aircraft carriers of 40,000 tonnes and above. The aircraft carrier has been designed by Indian Navy’s design organisation. Vice Admiral K.R. Nair, controller, Warship Production and Acquisition, said every Indian will feel a sense of pride that the country has launched an aircraft carrier. “For people like us who have been associated with the production, the feeling (of pride) is that

much more,” he said. IAC’s long take-off strip will be 206 metres and short-takeoff would be 145 metres. It will have a crew of about 1,450. Officials said that Navy plans to have three aircraft carriers, one each for the seas along eastern and western coasts and one for requirements of maintenance. Aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (Admiral Gorshkov) is expected to be delivered to the Navy by the end of this year.

India wants Pakistan to take responsibility for LoC killings

India to launch indigenous aircraft carrier Monday


INTERNATIONAL

The Morung Express

Monday 12 August 2013

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Israel approves nearly 1,200 new settlement homes JERUSALEM, AUGUST 11 (AP): Israel’s housing minister on Sunday gave final approval to build nearly 1,200 apartments in Jewish settlements, just three days before Israeli-Palestinian peace talks are to resume in Jerusalem. There was no immediate Palestinian comment, though the announcement by Housing Minister Uri Ariel was bound to deepen the atmosphere of distrust as the two sides head into talks after a five-year freeze. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas had long insisted he would not resume talks without an Israeli settlement freeze, arguing that the expansion of settlements is pre-empting the outcome of negotiations.

The Palestinians want to establish a state in the West Bank, Gaza and east Jerusalem, captured by Israel in 1967. Israel has built dozens of settlements in the West Bank and east Jerusalem that are now home to some 560,000 Israelis. In the end, Abbas agreed to enter talks without a settlement freeze. In an apparent tradeoff, Israel agreed to release 104 longheld Palestinian prisoners in four installments over several months, with the first group of 26 to be freed Tuesday. In Sunday’s announcement, the Housing Ministry said 1,187 apartments had been given final approval, the last stage before issuing tenders to contractors. Of those, 793 will be built

bEiJinG, AUGUST 11 (iAnS): Two headmasters and a deputy have been sacked from their posts after a teacher molested his seven students in a school in China’s Jiangxi province. The headmaster of Jiuyuan Central Primary School and his deputy, as well as the head of Shangyuan Village Primary School were all dismissed, the China Daily reported Sunday. The village school is under the central school’s ad-

ministration. The government said that between September 2012 and May 2013, Tao Biaogong, a 62-year-old teacher at the village primary school, molested seven girls aged between eight and nine on numerous occasions in their classroom. Six of the pupils were infected with a venereal disease and are now being treated in a hospital, the government said. The teacher has been detained by police.

CoLoMbo, AUGUST 11 (REUTERS): A Buddhist mob attacked a mosque in Sri Lanka’s capital and at least 12 people were injured, the latest in a series of attacks on the minority Muslim community by members of the Buddhist majority. A mob of Buddhists, who are mainly ethnic Sinhalese in Sri Lanka, threw stones at a three-storey mosque and nearby houses in a central Colombo neighbourhood during evening prayers on Saturday, residents told Reuters. Later, hundreds of Muslim residents took to the streets, some clutching sticks, to prevent any further attacks on their community, witnesses said. Police reinforcements were sent and authorities imposed a curfew until Sunday morning. A senior member of staff at one of the city’s main hospitals said 12 injured people, including two police officers, had been brought in. Three people were still in hospital on Sunday. Police appealed for calm. “Support the police to maintain the law and order,” Inspector General of Police N.K. Ilangakoon told state media. There has been increasing violence against Muslims in Sri Lanka since last year, mirroring events in Buddhist-majority Myanmar, which has also seen a surge of attacks by members of the majority community against Muslims. In Myanmar, hardline Buddhist monks have been at the forefront of campaigns against Muslims. In Sri Lanka, a group

known as Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), or the “Buddhist power force”, has been trying to win over Buddhists to their campaign against Muslims. A spokesman for the BBS, Dilantha Vithanage, denied any involvement by his organisation in the latest mosque attack. Buddhists make up about 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s 20.3 million population. Muslims make up about 9 percent. The mosque damaged in the Saturday night attack was only built a month ago after hardline Buddhists forced a nearby mosque to close. The U.S. Embassy in Colombo said the incident was particularly troubling in light of a number of recent attacks against the Muslim community in Sri Lanka. “Targeting any place of worship should never be permitted and we urge calm from all sides. We call for prosecution of perpetrators in this attack and an end to religious-based violence,” the embassy said in a statement. N M Ameen, president of Sri Lanka Muslim Council, said more than 20 mosques had been attacked since last year. In a separate incident, a hand grenade was thrown at a Buddhist temple in the Jaffna peninsula, on the northern tip of the island. There were no injuries, police said. Jaffna is largely made of ethnic minority Tamil people, most of whom are Hindu and Christian. The area was fiercely contested in a 26-year war between government forces and Tamil separatists that ended in 2009.

EGyPT, AUGUST 11 (bbC): The Grand Imam of al-Azhar, Egypt’s top Islamic institution, has begun inviting different political forces to talks on ending the country’s political crisis. Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayyib hopes to oversee a national reconciliation meeting. Over the past three days, numbers have swelled at two protest camps where people are demanding the reinstatement of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. The military-backed interim government has said police will clear the sites, raising fears of further bloodshed. More than 250 people, most of them Morsi supporters, have been killed in clashes since the military deposed Egypt’s first democratically elected leader on 3 July following mass protests demanding his resignation. Mr Mansour said he held the Muslim Brotherhood, to which Mr Morsi belongs, “completely responsible for the failure”, as well as “consequent events and developments relating

to violations of the law and endangering public safety”. On Saturday, officials from al-Azhar said they had been asking Egypt’s political figures to join a meeting on national reconciliation that would be overseen by the grand imam. They said members of the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), and other prominent Islamists were among those who had been approached. Al-Azhar, a highly respected institution, has had some success at unifying different political forces since the 2011 uprising that toppled President Hosni Mubarak, reports the BBC’s Yolande Knell in Cairo. However, on this occasion, its task is exceptionally difficult, our correspondent says. The grand imam openly supported the military intervention to remove Mr Morsi after mass street protests, which angered his supporters, and the country is now deeply polarised, she adds. Before the four-day holiday of Eid al-Fitr, which

marks the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, the interim prime minister announced that the decision to disperse the proMorsi sit-ins outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque and near Cairo University was final. “The government wants to give the protesters, especially the reasonable ones among them, a chance to reconcile and heed the voice of reason,” Hazem Beblawi told state TV on Thursday. Supporter of Mohammed Morsi stands guard outside the Rabaa alAdawiya mosque in Cairo (10 August 2013) The authorities have said they will clear the pro-Morsi protest camps “The situation is approaching the moment we would rather avoid.” On Friday, Brotherhood leader Mohammed al-Beltagi warned the government: “Kill as much as you like. I won’t move an inch… We will offer a million martyrs.” The statements prompted new calls for

WAShinGTon, AUGUST 11 (iAnS): A rise in cigarette tax can obviously lead to lower tobacco consumption, but a recent study in the US says higher cigarette tax can also lead to less alcohol consumption among smokers. The study published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research compared 11,000 people in 31 states in the US that raised cigarette taxes between 2001-2002 and 2004-2005, with a similar number of people from 15 states in which taxes remained the same.

The result showed that male smokers in states with higher tobacco tax drank almost 10 percent less alcohol and reduced seven times of their drunken revelry per year than those in the states with the same tax rate, Xinhua reported. Young adult smokers between the age of 18 and 29 in states with higher cigarette taxes skipped nearly one-quarter of their binge drinking per year than others. “What our analysis shows is an association between increasing cigarette tax and decreasing (alcohol

consumption) among segments of the population, those being male smokers, male hazardous drinkers, and young adult smokers in particular,” said Sherry A. McKee, associate professor of psychiatry at Yale University Medical School. Lab studies with animals have also shown the link between nicotine and alcohol. Researchers found that exposing a key part of the brain involved in reward and motivation to nicotine increases the response of dopamine-emitting neurons to alcohol.

In other words, those given nicotine are likely to drink more liquor. The study was carried out by researchers from Yale, Stanford and the Ro-

swell Park Cancer Institute. According to the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, around 46 million Americans both smoke and drink.

in neighborhoods for Jews in east Jerusalem, annexed by Israel shortly after the 1967 Mideast war. Most of the international community does not recognize the annexation. In addition, 394 apartments are to be built in several large West Bank settlements, including Maaleh Adumim, Efrat and Ariel. The latter sits in the heart of the West Bank, and its expansion could be particularly problematic for negotiators trying to carve out a viable Palestin-

ian state. The housing minister, a leading member of the prosettler party Jewish Home, said construction would continue. “No country in the world takes orders from other countries where it can build and where it can’t,” Ariel said in his statement. “We will continue to market housing and build in the entire country ... This is the right thing at the present time, for Zionism and for the economy.”

This 2003 file photo is an aerial view over West Bank showing a Palestinian village, left, and a Jewish settlement, right, separated by a wall, part of the separation fence Israel is building. The contours of an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal are clear, we are told. If only the two sides would finally summon up the vision, the will and the courage, then the outcome is largely preordained, it is said. (AP Photo)

School teachers sacked China to host 24th World Congress of Philosophy UK writes off $744,400 AUGUST 11 It will be the first time king University. cluding Chinese scholars. (iAnS): China’s capital that China will host the inWang Bo, chairman of During the seven-day over child molestation AThEnS, in Somalia aid to theft Beijing will host the 24th ternational meeting, organ- Peking University’s depart- meeting, they exchanged World Congress of Philosophy (WCP) in 2018, it was announced at the closing ceremony of the 23rd WCP here. The announcement was made by Dermot Moran, president of the programme committee, of International Federation of Philosophical Societies (FISP) Saturday.

ised by the FISP every five years. FISP president William Mcbride said he was happy to see that the philosophers would meet again in another ancient capital in five years. According to FISP, the 24th WCP will be organised by the department of philosophy at Pe-

ment of philosophy, said he was happy that China won over Brazil to host the 2018 WCP. He said the 24th WCP would be a good opportunity to promote Chinese philosophy. The 23rd WCP opened in Athens Aug 4 with some 3,000 participants from more than 100 countries and regions, in-

views under the theme -‘Philosophy as inquiry and way of life.’ The first WCP was held in 1900 in Paris. The congress aims at inquiring into the world’s philosophical traditions, reflecting on the tasks and functions of philosophy in the contemporary world, among others.

Egypt crisis: Al-Azhar proposes reconciliation talks

Buddhist mob attacks Colombo mosque, 12 injured

LonDon, AUGUST 11 (AP): The British government says that 480,000 pounds ($744,400) of humanitarian aid supplies funded by the U.K. were seized by al-Qaida-affiliated militants in Somalia. The supplies were seized when al-Shabaab militants raided warehouses and offices between November 2011 and February 2012. While the incidents occurred between 2011 and 2012, the write-off was list-

ed in the Department of International Development’s annual report for 2012 and 2013 — once an investigation into the theft was completed. The report says that DFID did not have any prior warning of the attacks and did not have time to move the supplies. DFID said Sunday that working in some of the most dangerous countries in the world carries “inherent risk,” and it does all it can to mitigate such risks.

Tribe in Sudan’s Darfur says 100 killed in new fighting

At least 100 people killed in clashes between Arab tribes in Sudan’s Darfur region, where worsening unrest has left hundreds dead this year

restraint from the international community. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said on Saturday that it was “of critical importance that all sides in Egypt - those in positions of authority as well as those protesting in the street should urgently reconsider their current actions and language”. “Instead, they should try to look creatively at new approaches toward a genuinely inclusive political process that would be rooted in reconciliation,” he added. On Saturday evening, the pan-Arab newspaper al-Sharq al-Awsat reported that the Egyptian authorities would begin moving against the protesters within 48 hours. The plan would be carried out gradually in an attempt to keep casualties to a minimum, government sources said. “Breaking up the rallies by force will cause approximately 3,000 to 5,000 deaths,” onee source told the paper, adding: “This large number of casualties will put us in an awkward position.”

DARfUR, AUGUST 11 (AfP): Fighting between two Arab tribes has killed 100 people in Sudan’s Darfur region, where worsening unrest has left hundreds dead this year, one of them said on Sunday. The battle between a group of Rezeigat and the rival Maaliya tribe happened near Adila in East Darfur state on Saturday. “We clashed with Maaliya... and we destroyed a compound of theirs and killed 70 of them,” said a Rezeigat source, who declined to be named. “We lost 30 of our men. “There is still high tension and men from both sides are gathered,” the source said. Both sides said the fighters used Land Cruiser vehicles, while the Maaliya accused their opponents of employing “heavy weapons” -- a common allegation in Darfur’s tribal fighting. A Maaliya source told AFP: “We still expect more fighting today.” He said the Rezeigat “attacked” and burned villages. The Maaliya source declined to say how many from his tribe had died but said his group “killed 40” of their adversaries. Inter-tribal and interethnic fighting has been the major source of violence in

Darfur this year, where an estimated 300,000 people were displaced in the first five months alone, the African Union-UN peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID) says. East Darfur had been relatively free from the tribal fighting, much of which has occurred in Darfur’s north and west. Late last month in North Darfur state, another branch of the Rezeigat inked a peace deal to end a separate conflict with rival Arabs from the Beni Hussein group. A member of parliament said their battles killed hundreds over several weeks. The Misseriya and Salamat Arab tribes less than two weeks ago announced that they had reached a tentative ceasefire in another conflict, after fighting which one of them said had killed more than 200 people. These battles reflect the altered dynamics of a decade-old conflict in which, observers say, the government can no longer control its former Arab tribal allies known as Janjaweed. With the situation changing, the United Nations Security Council called last month for a review of the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID).

High cigarette tax also makes people drink less Flash floods batter Afghanistan, at least 22 dead

KAbUL, AUGUST 11 (REUTERS): At least 22 people in Afghanistan were killed and farmland was damaged when flash floods hit a plain near the capital, officials said on Sunday. Normally arid Afghanistan can get heavy rain in its summer and more than 60 people were killed early this month in flooding east of the capital, Kabul. The latest floods followed hours of torrential rain and hail on Saturday,

area and taken people out of danger,” he said. Several people were injured and about a dozen homes were washed away. Many irrigation canals and wells, as well as orchards and fields were damaged, he said. Some of the victims were visiting relatives for the Eid al-Fitr holiday, he said. Two women were killed and four people were injured in flooding bul police officer, Sayed elsewhere, said Ghulam Farouq, an official at the Ekramuddin Jalal. “We have already sent Ministry of Disaster Preteams of rescuers to the paredness. with the Shomali plain, just to the north of Kabul, particularly hard hit. Six of the dead were children, said senior Ka-

“We have already sent teams of rescuers to the area and taken people out of danger”


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SPORTS

Monday 12 August 2013

Nadal tops Djokovic to reach Rogers Cup final

The Morung Express

Arsenal beat Man City in Pre Season

HELSINKI, AUGUST 11 (AGENcIES): Arsenal laid down a marker ahead of the new Premier League season by defeating Manchester City3-1 at the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki in the two sides' final pre-season fixture. The Gunners took an early lead, as Theo Walcott raced through on goal and effortlessly chipped the ball into the back of the net. The England international also had a hand in both the north London club's secondhalf goals, releasing Aaron Ramsey to double the lead before Olivier Giroud added a third with a fantastic lob, though Alvaro Negredo grabbed a late consolation for City. Arsenal were close to full strength, with Laurent Koscielny and Jack Wilshere returning to the starting XI and Lukas Podolski starting up front ahead of in-form Giroud. Manuel Pellegrini also fielded a strong side, pairing Edin Dzeko alongside new-boy Negredo upfront. Both sides came into

the match off the back of defeats, against Galatasaray and Bayern Munich respectively. Although last season's Premier League runners-up controlled the opening exchanges, with Pablo Zabaleta overlapping to great effect, it was Arsenal who took the lead. In a rare moment of possession after City's early dominance, Wilshere found a pocket of space in the hole and sent a wonderfully weighted through-ball behind Gael Clichy for Walcott. The 24-year-old latched onto the pass and sent a cute dink over the onrushing Joe Hart. City almost produced an instant response. Arsenal were looking most dangerous on the counterattack, and it was another swift break that almost brought a second goal. Each side made three changes at the break, though City maintained their control over proceedings. Yaya Toure released Negredo with a floated pass behind the Arsenal defence,

but substitute keeper Lukasz Fabianski rushed off his line and pushed the ball away from goal. Negredo's profligacy would prove costly. Ramsey picked up the ball and drove forward, before playing an inventive one-two with Walcott. Half-time substitute Giroud dummied the winger's return pass, allowing Ramsey to burst through on goal, round Hart and pass the ball into an empty net. Walcott turned provider again moments later. This time he arched a long-range, cross-field pass into the path of Giroud, who beat Vincent Kompany to the ball before executing a perfect lob from the edge of the box, leaving Hart helpless. City's control of the ball finally paid dividends with time running out, as the previously wastefulNegredo raced through on goal, fending off Koscielny with astonishing ease to calmly rolled the ball under Fabianski – though it was too little, too late for City.

Rafael Nadal, of Spain, celebrates his 6-4, 3-6, 7-6 (2) victory over Novak Djokovic, from Serbia, in a semifinal of the Rogers Cup men's tennis tournament in Montreal on Saturday, Aug. 10. (AP Photo)

MONTREAL, AUGUST 11 (AP): Rafael Nadal defeated two-time defending champion Novak Djokovic 6-4, 3-6, 7-6 (2) in a thrilling, 2 ½-hour match on Saturday to reach the final of the Rogers Cup. The fourth-ranked Spaniard, who defeated Djokovic in the semifinals of the French Open this year on his way to winning the championship, will be aiming for his eighth title of the season but only his second on hard courts. The others have all come

on clay. "I said yesterday the only chance to win against Novak, the only tactic is to play very well," Nadal said. "And I did. I played a very high level tonight, I think. I played with the right decisions in the important moments." In Sunday's final, Nadal will play Milos Raonic, who beat fellow Canadian Vasek Pospisil 6-4, 1-6, 7-6 (4) in the other semifinal to ensure he'll crack the top 10 in the world rankings for the first time in his career. Nadal and Djokovic

TT Championship from Aug 23

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 11 (MExN): In view of the Kohima TT Open Championship from August 23 to 24, an emergency meeting will be held on August 15 at 4:00pm at TT stadium. All the office bearers and committee members are requested to attend without fail. A press note also informed that the championship would include the following categories: Men Singles & Doubles, Women Singles & doubles, Under 21 Boys and Under 15 Boys. Forms available at TT stadium, Sports World (Taxi Stand) and at Sports Inventory-opposite to TT stadium.

Seen here is Arnold Walo Keitzar from Dimapur has been selected from the North-East region to represent the Indian Crossbow Team for the 6th World Crossbow Shooting Championships to be held at Visby, Sweden from August 13 to 17. Team India left for the event on August 11 and will be attending the official practice at Visby, Sweden on August 12. Arnold Walo Keitzar

were playing for the 36th time, tying the record for matches contested by two players in the Open era set by John McEnroe and Ivan Lendl. Nadal leads the series 21-15, and with the win, narrowed Djokovic's advantage on hard courts to 11-6. "It was very close match," Djokovic said. "Whenever we play against each other, it's always a thrilling match for crowd to see. We are both competing at the high level. We both want to win these

matches." Nadal, who is coming off a disappointing firstround loss at Wimbledon, opened up a 6-0 lead in the third-set tiebreaker before converting on his third match point when Djokovic hit a return long. The Spaniard has an ATP-best 47-3 record this year and will rise to No. 3 in the rankings, regardless of whether he wins the final. Raonic, currently ranked 13th, will be going for his second title of the season and fifth of his ca-

reer. He'll become the first Canadian to be ranked in the top 10 when the new rankings are released on Monday. "They're all very special, but I think the top-10 one stands out more just because it's a goal that I set this year," he said. "It looked a little bit difficult after how I played recently, but to do it here in Montreal is a relief and it's a happy feeling." The last Canadian to win the event was Robert Manchester City's Pablo Zabaleta, left, fights for the ball with Arsenal's Alex Oxlade-ChamBedard, who took the last berlain during the two football Premier League team's friendly match at the Helsinki Olympic of his three titles in 1958. Stadium in Helsinki, Finland, Saturday, Aug. 10. (AP Photo)

WASHINGTON, AUGUST 11 (AP): Even with a recovering Frank Lampard, Chelsea looks potent heading into the English Premier League season. Lampard and Romelu Lukaku scored in the second half to lead Chelsea to a 2-1 victory over Roma in the final friendly of its pre-season American tour before its Aug. 18 opener at Hull City. Lampard, who has been recovering from an Achilles injury this summer, scored on a 20-yard strike inside the left post to level the score in the 61st minute after Eric Lamela's opportunistic 21st minute goal put Roma ahead. "I find it hard to put a percentage on it," Lampard, the club's all-time leading scorer, said of his fitness. "I feel good. We've had a good, strong preseason now, lots of games, lots of training. I think we're ready. We'll be ready next week." The Blues won all

three of their friendlies against Italian clubs in the United States, defeating Inter Milan and AC Milan earlier this month before falling 3-1 to Real Madrid on Wednesday. Lampard sat out the first two matches before playing the first half against Real Madrid. Chelsea created more chances throughout Saturday's match and was rewarded in the closing moments when Hazard rounded the Roma defense on the left side and drove a shot into goalkeeper Morgan de Sanctis' body. The rebound fell to Demba Ba, who found Lukaku in front of the net for the game-winner. Roma, playing its last friendly of a three-match North American tour, had previously defeated the Major League Soccer AllStars and the MLS club Toronto FC. The club opens its Chelsea forward Demba Ba, left, heads the ball against Roma defender MaiSerie A season at Livorno con (13) during the second half of an international friendly soccer game, on Aug. 25. Saturday, Aug. 10 in Washington. Chelsea won 2-1. (AP Photo)

Lukaku's goal helps Chelsea to 2-1 win over Roma Soumyajit, Manika win Brazil Open titles

SANTOS, AUGUST 11 (PTI): India celebrated a rare moment of success in international table tennis as Soumyajit Ghosh clinched the Under 21 men’s title while Manika Batra bagged the Under 21 women’s trophy at the GAC Group 2013 ITTF World Tour Brazil Open at Santos. Manika accounted for host nation’s Caroline Kumahara 11-5, 9-11, 12-10, 115, 11-5. Ghosh defeated Benjamin Brossier of France 8-11, 6-11, 11-7, 11-6, 9-11, 117, 11-2. “I have played Caroline before this year and won the team event in the Slovak Republic,” said Manika. “I started the match confidently and tried to play slowly as she is a strong attacking player,” added the Delhi girl. Ghosh knew Brossier would be a hard nut to crack. Though Ghosh was up to the task, the Brazilian was time and again breathing down his neck in the final, which saw fortunes fluctuating. The Indian, however, had the measure of his rival, particularly in the decider, taking a 4-0 lead. Pumping his fist and more vocal with every point, Ghosh stayed closer to the table to finish the job in style. “I was able to win those crucial points, which made the difference in the sixth game. After that I was very confident of winning the match,” said Ghosh.

Olympic champion Farah Suarez must apologize to club triumphs in 10,000m

MOScOW, AUGUST 11 (IANS): Britain's double Olympic champion Mohamed Farah claimed the men's 10,000m title at the World Athletics Championship here. It was a sweet revenge for Farah, who was beaten by a 52.8-second last lap by Ethiopian Ibrahim Jeilan at the Daegu Worlds in 2011, reports Xinhua. Farah kept a low profile at the beginning of the race, staying last in the first three laps. He dashed to take the lead after the sixth lap before immediately slowing down to hide himself in the middle of the chasing group Saturday. The 5,000m and 10,000m London Olympics gold medallist sped up to seize the lead again with two laps to go and held off a homestretch charge from defending champion Jeilan to win the 25-lap race in 27 minutes and 21.71 seconds. "I am excited to win the Thailand's Ratchanok Inthanon raises her winning trophy at the podium after defeat- competition. It was a great race ing Li Xuerui of China in their women's singles final match at the 2013 BWF World and I respected all my competiChampionships in Guangzhou, in southern China's Guangdong province on Sun- tors. Jeilan won the gold in the day, Aug. 11. (AP Photo) last World Championships and

today Tanui pushed the pace. I am not dominating the long distance, what I want is only to collect more medals for my family and my country," said Farah. "I had the experience from a couple of years ago and I saw Jeilan coming at the bell. I didn't want to lose again. "I remember a couple of years ago I was second and I was just digging in and make sure I didn't over stride. I kept looking across and you could see in my eyes, I was just making sure they didn't come after me. It was nice to come out here and win it," he added. Jeilan, who missed almost all of last year and didn't compete in London, finished second in 27:22.23. Kenya's Paul Kipngetich Tanui, the 2011 World Cross Country Championships silver medallist, finished third in 27:22.61. American Galen Rupp, who won the 10,000m Olympic silver in London, failed to maintain a podium finish as he clocked 27:24.39 to settle for fourth.

LONDON, AUGUST 11 (REUTERS): Wantaway Liverpool striker Luis Suarez must apologise to his club and team mates if he wants to be welcomed back into the squad, manager Brendan Rodgers said. Rodgers said Suarez, who was seeking a move away from the Merseyside club during the off season, will need to mend relations when he returns from playing for Uruguay in a friendly in Japan on Wednesday. "Initially there will be an apology to his team mates and the club, then a recogni-

tion that he is ready to fight for the club," Rodgers told reporters after Liverpool had lost to Celtic in their final preseason friendly in Dublin on Saturday. "I know that we are not seeing the Luis Suarez I know. He has spent some days working on his own. When he comes back from (international duty with) Uruguay we will see how it goes further," he added. "We are all on the same page. He won't be going to Arsenal, that's for sure. When Luis is committed to the cause, we will welcome him back with open arms."

Liverpool turned down a 40 million pound offer from Premier League rivals Arsenal after Suarez sought to extricate himself from his contract on the basis that the club had failed to qualify for the Champions League this season. "I was made aware at the end of last season that a number of clubs would come in. The reality is that one have done," said Rodgers. Rodgers ordered Suarez to train alone after the 26-year-old told Spanish sports daily Marca in midweek he wanted an "amicable agreement" to leave Liverpool and thought a bid over 40 million pounds was enough to trigger a clause in his contract. Suarez, who scored 29 goals in all competitions for Liverpool last season, received full backing from the club and the solidarity of fans during two controversial incidents that have marred his two and a half years at Liverpool - a racist outburst at Manchester United's Patrice Evra and biting Chelsea's Branislav Ivanovic.


11 Entertainment Victoria Beckham opens up about her family life Monday

The Morung Express

12 August,2013

Mister International S India

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Mr India International Hokappu Chakhesang after winning the Mr International India 2013 held at Dimapur, on August 10. (Caisii Mao Photo)

Winners of Mr India International Hokappu Chakhesang, is seen with first runners-up Nadeem and second runners-up Sheezam along with TR Zeliang, Minister of Forests, Ecology, Environment & Wildlife and organizer after the declaration of Mr International India 2013 held at Dimapur on August 10. (Caisii Mao Photo)

Defiant Katy sings about learning from her mistakes in her latest single Roar he burst on the pop S scene in candy-coloured wigs and costumes. But Katy Perry has a dark side, and she’s ready to show it off to the world. The 28-year-old is looking to stir up some trouble with her latest single Roar, the first track off her third studio album,

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Angelina reveals she terrified youngsters as evil sorceress

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he is taking on the iconic role of the villainous Maleficent in the hotly anticipated movie of the same name. And Angelina Jolie appeared to still be channelling her evil sorceress character as she promoted the upcoming live-action Disney film on Saturday in Anaheim, California. The actress dressed in head-to-toe black and had a surly expression on her face as she walked the black carpet at the ‘Let The Adventures Begin: Live Action At The Walt Disney Studios’ presentation at Disney’s D23 Expo. Her simple yet pricey designer ensemble consisted of black Saint Laurent dress pants, a black Versace

sweater, which she wore with the sleeves rolled up, and pointy black Saint Laurent boots featuring gold detailing. Her long chestnut hair hung loosely down her back, tucked behind her ears, drawing attention to her stunning features. The star wore little make-up, though she accentuated her piercing blue-green eyes with black kohl liner and kept her signature full pout a neutral peachy colour. The 38-year-old plays the titular role in the retelling of the 1959 animated classic Sleeping Beauty, which is told from the perspective of her villainous character. Speaking to the audience about the film, which will be released on July 2, 2014, the star revealed an affinity for her dastardly character stemming back to her own childhood. ‘Since I was a little girl, Maleficent was always my favourite. I was terrified of her, but I was also drawn to her,’ she said. ‘I wanted to know more about her. She had this elegance and grace, yet she was wonderfully, deliciously cruel.’ The mother-of-six went on to talk about how the children on set were all terrified of her costume - all except one, that is: her daughter Vivienne, who has a small role as a young Aurora in the film.

Prism. The tune was slated to premiere on Monday, August 12, but inevitably hit the internet a few days early and according to Billboard could start spinning on radio stations this weekend. Since the release of her last album Teenage Dream in 2010, Katy married and divorced British comedian Russell Brand, and in the months leading to the release of her latest album has ditched her tradem a r k wigs for

an inky black hair do. Her new venture is her first opportunity to address her shattered past through her music, though the break-up did come up in her autobiographical tour film Part of Me last year. Roar is her most grown-up song yet, the lyrics painting the tale of a determined woman eager to learn from her mistakes. The new single takes a sombre turn for the singer, known more for her saccharine music videos such as California Gurls and Last Friday Night and fun and flirta-

tious tunes like I Kissed A Girl and E.T. Kicking off with an uplifting drum beat, the track introduces fans to a defiant and changed Katy, culminating in a repeat of ‘roar, roar, roar, roar’ before fading out at 3-minutes and 42-seconds. She opens: ‘I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath/scared to rock the boat and make a mess. ‘You held me down but I got up/get ready ‘cause I’ve had enough.’ The rousing chorus launches into a battle cry, affirming that the new Katy is a force to be reckoned with.

he is known as one of the world’s most flawless stars who is barely ever seen without perfect make-up or with a hair out of place, but Victoria Beckham claims she isn’t always so glamorous. Instead of heading to a Hollywood hotspot or a five star restaurant at night, the mother-offour claims she would prefer to relax at home like any other tired parent. ‘Honestly, once the children are in bed I’d rather work or shove on a face pack and pluck my eyebrows,’ revealed the 39-year-old as she appeared in her 10th Vogue magazine issue. ‘By the time Brooklyn’s finally gone to bed, it’s all I’m fit for. Really, we’re much more normal than people think,’ David Beckham’s wife of 14 years told Australian Vogue when she posed on the cover of the September issue. The former Spice Girl and mother to Brooklyn, 14, Romeo, 10, Cruz, eight, and Harper, two, is more interested in spending time with her husband and kids than anything else, especially now that the famous

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f o o t baller has retired.

‘We’re all so proud of Da vid,’ said Victoria. ‘Having supported him at clubs all over the world for the past 15 years and seen how he has been an inspiration not just to me and the children but also to millions of people, we are now just really excited at the prospect of spending more time as a family.’ After playing the sport professionally since the age of 17 for clubs in England, America and France, the 38-year-old hung up his boots for good in May. While David is now a man of leisure, the pop star turned designer has kept herself busy carving her own fashionable career. However, she admitted that she suf-

fered from a bad case of stage fright when she presented her first collection to critics. ‘Everyone would file in and act so inscrutable. I’d think: “Um, did anyone like it?” No-one would say anything, so I’d just gabble to fill the embarrassing silences – even to the Japanese, who didn’t understand a word I was saying,’ she told Vogue Australia.

Proud moment: The late Rajesh Khanna’s wife Dimple Kapadia, daughter Twinkle and son-in-law Akshay Kumar at the unveiling of the legendary actor’s statue in Mumbai

Blueprint performs at MTF Live Series Kohima lueprint brought out its blues, B jazz and fusion skills to enthrall a sizeable crowd Friday

evening at Life Pro Cafe as part of the MTF initiated Live series. The Kohima band was formed back in 2007 with four members Dr. Wabang, Dr. Toshi, Tali and Rajiv Lama, believing on the philosophy of music as a source of expressing oneself without any boundaries. With every member coming from different genres it was their passion for music that has kept the band going till today. The band also released their debut album titled “Beyond boundaries” in 2012. Blue Print were joined by Clueless Attention member Ayim Jamir and Heritage band member Metet Jamir. (Morung Express News)

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Bankrupt Kerry Katona is singing to pay the bills

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t’s been a tough few weeks for Kerry Katona after she was declared bankrupt for the second time. But the mother-of-four is determined not to wallow and is back performing with Atomic Kitten to pay the bills. The reformed threepiece, who got back together last year, took to the stage at Ascot Racecourse on Saturday. Wearing a pair of red, white and blue trousers and black vest, Kerry sang the group’s biggest hits, including Whole Again and Eternal Flame. Last month, she admitted she had put her upcoming wedding to fiance George Kay on hold after being declared bankrupt. The Atomic Kitten singer filed a petition in Wigan County Court after struggling with money problems for the past 10 months. Her latest financial troubles have led Kerry to lose her role as a spokesmodel for payday loan company Cash Lady, something she is furious over. In an interview with The Sun at the time, the mother-of-four said she is now renting in Wigan after moving out of her former

£3,000-a-month in Surrey. Kerry told The Sun alleged Cash Lady fired her publicly as the face of their firm, rather than tell her privately. She said: ‘I’m the best thing that ever happened to that firm. they got their pound of flesh, then ditched me at the first sign of trouble... ‘How dare they tell everyone about my financial problems... It was my moment of need and they stabbed in the back.’ A spokesperson from PDB UK Ltd, which trades under the name Cash Lady, said: ‘We were sorry to hear about Kerry’s current financial situation. Clearly, as a business, we are committed to responsible lending, so it is with sadness that we will not be able to continue using Kerry as the face of Cash Lady. ‘We enjoyed working with Kerry a lot, and we wish her all the best in her future endeavours.’ Kerry’s latest money troubles marks the second time she has been made bankrupt in five years. She was first made bankrupt in August 2008 tax bill. Despite her plans wedding and had to scale dest daughter Mollie, 11, is other children Lilly-Sue, after failing to deliver the to marry for the third time, back her lifestyle drasti- now in private school after Heidi and Max in private final £82,000 of a £417,000 Kerry has postponed the cally. She admitted only el- she was unable to keep her education.

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World Athletics chAmpionships

United States' Carmelita Jeter, left, and Nigeria's Stephanie Kalu compete in a women's 100-meter heat at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia, Sunday, Aug. 11. (AP Photo)

United States' Aries Merritt competes in a men's 110-meter hurdles heat at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia on Aug. 11. (AP Photo)

LONDON, AUGUST 11 (AP): Robin van Persie reinforced his status as Manchester United's leading striker during Wayne Rooney's absence Sunday by clinching a 2-0 victory over Wigan to open the David Moyes era with a win in the Community Shield. Van Persie headed the Premier League champions in front after six minutes and netted again with a deflected strike in the 59th against the FA Cup winners in the traditional curtain-raiser to the English season. "Robin scored two today and that's what we rely on," midfielder Michael Carrick said. It was United's first visit to Wembley Stadium without Alex Ferguson since 1985. The 71-year-old Scot retired in May after nearly 27 years as manager. The biggest problem Ferguson left Moyes was the need to resolve the future of Rooney. Moyes has been steadfast through an offseason of agitating by the unsettled striker that he would not be sold, with two bids from Chelsea rejected. Rooney was ruled out of all the official preseason fixtures and Sunday's match due to hamstring and shoulder problems, according to United. But, adding to the mystery, Moyes said that while Rooney is in line to play for England against Scotland on Wednesday, he's unlikely to be fit for United's Premier League opener at Swansea on Saturday. The reason for Rooney's frustration seems to be Van Persie, with the Netherlands striker moving above him in the pecking order since joining a year ago from Arsenal. And Van Persie took just six minutes to find the net at a sun-drenched Wembley in north London. After Van Persie sent the ball to Evra on the left flank, the left back crossed the ball back to the forward in the penalty area to head past goalkeeper Scott Carson. It was game over, with Wigan rarely posing a threat. Winning the FA Cup was the high point for Wigan last season, with its

Manchester United's players celebrate their win against Wigan Athletic at the end of their English FA Community Shield soccer match at Wembley Stadium in London, Sunday, Aug. 11. (AP Photo)

moyes Wins first trophy With mAn U first major trophy success followed by relegation from the Premier League. It was Moyes being hand-picked by Ferguson to replace him at Old Trafford that led to Wigan losing manager Roberto Martinez after the cup triumph. After Martinez headed to Everton, Owen Coyle was hired by Wigan. The League Championship season is already under way, and returning to the world's richest league is Coyle's priority, even with a Europa League campaign to look forward to starting in September. The couple of opportunities Wigan did have to equalize were squandered against the 20-time English champions. After James McClean worked his way down the left flank, Grant

Holt couldn't get on the end of his cross. And just before half time, Leon Barnett's header was off-target after Emmerson Boyce nodded on Ben Watson's free kick. After a lackluster tour of Asia and Australia, which yielded just two wins, this was a trouble-free preparation for the season for United. "We looked a lot better today," Carrick said. "I don't know about cruising, we were in control of the game." Although it was a routine victory, the lack of spark highlighted United's failure to reinforce the squad, with moves for Cesc Fabregas and Thiago Alcantara both faltering. Instead, Van Persie's goals served as a reminder of the success of Ferguson a year ago in prizing a top as-

set from a fierce rival. Although quiet after the first goal he sprang into life again to net again just before the hour. Tom Cleverley and Danny Welbeck did the hard work in carving out the opportunity, and the low strike from Van Persie was heading on target but landed in the net after taking a deflection off James Perch past Scott Carson. And, for the first time in United's history, a manager collected a trophy in his first season. What was missing in the game was a disputed goal. This would have been the first time in English football history when the referee could defer to goal-line technology with Hawk-Eye's 14 cameras in the ground following FIFA approval.

Japan's Keisuke Ushiro competes in the men's long jump decathlon at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia, Saturday, Aug. 10. (AP Photo)

United States' Ashton Eaton competes in the men's discus throw of the decathlon at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia on Aug. 11. (AP Photo) C

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United States' Ashton Eaton competes in the men's high jump of decathlon at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia on Aug. 10. (AP Photo) Published, Printed and Edited by Ak端m Longchari on behalf of Morung for Indigenous Affairs and JustPeace from House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur at Themba Printers and Telecommunications, Padum Pukhuri Village, Dimapur, Nagaland. RNI No : NAGENG /2005/15430. House No.4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur 797112, Nagaland. Phone: Dimapur -(03862) 236871, Fax: (03862) 235194, Kohima - (0370) 2291952

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12th August 2013