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Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 157

The Morung Express “

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Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other

Pakistani Taliban attack airport in Karachi [ PAGE 8]

reflections

By Sandemo Ngullie

The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn

Vote on www.morungexpress.com SMS your anSwer to 9862574165 Does the BJP-led govt have the political will and understanding to find just solutions in the North East? Yes

no

Others

Armed tax collector nabbed by public

–John F. Kennedy

[ PAGE 2]

‘Silent River Beas turned into watery grave within seconds’

Rafael Nadal looks to the future

[ PAGE 8]

[ PAGE 12]

[ PAGE 11]

‘People want a vibrant, prosperous india’ This has been an election of hope. It marks a turning point in the evolution of our democratic polity: Prez

Buy a pair of football boots and your favorite team jersey. Wear them twice, before or after meal everyday for a month.

Tuesday, June 10, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4

BJP demands berth in Nagaland government

Nia Sanchez crowned 63rd Miss USA

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New Delhi, JuNe 9 (iANS): Noting that the recent general elections were a “turning point” in the “evolution of democratic polity” in the country, President Pranab Mukherjee Monday said that by voting in the Narendra Modi government the people have declared they want to see a vibrant, dynamic and prosperous India. Addressing a joint session of both houses of parliament, Mukherjee said: “The people of India have given a clear mandate. They want to see a vibrant, dynamic and prosperous India. They want to see a resurgent India regaining the admiration and respect of the international community. “Brimming with hope and expectation, they want quick results. With three Ds of Democracy, Demography and Demand on our side, India is poised to actualize these aspirations. We must rise to the occasion to fulfill these great expectations. “In 60 months from now, we should be able to say with confidence and pride that we have done it,” the president said. Modi during his election campaign had said that if he and his government are given 60 months to perform then they will take India down the road to progress. The president began his 55-minute speech by congratulating the people for voting in record numbers. He hoped that “the sessions ahead with heavy legislative agenda will be productive and useful”. Congratulating the election commission and the official machinery, the presidentsaiditisa“matterofgreat satisfaction that the general elections were smooth and largely peaceful”. “The unprecedented interest shown by the people of India in the elections is a sign of progressive deepening of our vibrant

democracy,”Mukherjeesaid, as he outlined the agenda of the Modi government. He also congratulated Sumitra Mahajan, an eight-time MP from Indore, who was unanimously elected Lok Sabha Speaker Friday. “This has been an election of hope. It marks a turning point in the evolution of our democratic polity,” the president said about the election process that gave a majority to the Bharatiya Janata Party. “The surge in aspirations and the belief that these could be realized through democratic processes, has been amply reflected in the record 66.4 percent participation by voters, and a clear verdict in favour of a single political party after a gap of nearly 30 years,” he added. The president said the country needed a strong and stable government that could provide effective leadership. “In my Republic Day speech earlier this year, I had hoped for 2014 to be a year of healing after the fractured and contentious politics of the previous years. Standing here today, I applaud the wisdom of my fellow citizens for having voted for stability, honesty and development in a resurgent India in which corruption will have no place. “My government will work to fulfill these aspirations; with the involvement of all the 125 crore people of this great country,” he added. Mukherjee also said that the government was committed to nurturing the right environment for actualizing the huge mandate of the people. “My government will function on the mantra of ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’. In all our actions, we will be guided by the core values of our great civilization,” he added. Related news on p8

DimApur, JuNe 9 (mexN): An armed tax collector was nabbed by the public at Hazi Park, Hongkong market, Dimapur on June 9. The incident occurred around 5:00pm. The man identified as ‘sgt major’ Younpan Pokphui (27) of the NNC (Non-Accordist) was later taken into custody by the police. According to the police, Pokphui and another unidentified accomplice were apprehended by the public when they were collecting money from businesses at Hazi Park. They were later taken to the Hazi Park business welfare office. At the office, Pokphui tried to escape by firing in the air from the pistol he was carrying. Before he could do any harm, people locked him in the room, while his accomplice escaped in the ensuing melee. Police later took him into custody. One .22 calibre pistol and Will assist in curbing insurgency 7 rounds were confiscated from his possession. Two and connectivity issues .22 empty shells were reGuwAhATi, JuNe 9 (eT): With areas covered from the site. along the international and interstate borders of Assam facing a communication bottleneck, Assam has sought installation of close to 2000 mobile towers to ramp up connectivity in the hills districts and borDimApur, JuNe 9 der areas which will assist in countering in(mexN): The People’s Army surgents as these areas often work as major of Nagaland of NSCN (K) has hideouts and transit route for them. warned that punitive actions Left-wing extremism is allegedly spreadwill be taken against people ing wings in the tea and oil rich areas of Upper impersonating as its mem- Assam along the Arunachal border and there bers and caught engaging is hardly any mobile connectivity there. in “dubious activities”. “It Union ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has been brought to our no- has assured that Assam’s demand of installtice, that, certain criminals ing mobile towers in areas along Arunachal and rogue elements im- Pradesh and Nagaland along with bordering personating as operation command, UT staffs, town areas of international countries like Bhutan command etc of NSCN-K and Bangladesh will be taken up seriously. are engaged in systematic Department of Telecommunication (DoT), extortion, forcible collection Government of India, will install close to of taxes etc in and around Di- 7000 mobile towers. Assam Commissioner mapur,” the statement said. and Secretary, Home, GD Tripathy told ET, “The handiwork of mem- “There are several areas where mobile conbers from other factions is nectivity is not there. We have sought conalso suspected,” it added. In nectivity in these areas.” Union minister of state in MHA, Kiren light of this, business establishments, departments, tax Rijiju, reviewed the law and order situapayers and public have been tion in Assam in the wake of the killing of informed to be vigilant and a Superintendent of Police and another authenticate such demands police man in Karbi Anglong district of by contacting the military Assam. Assam has requested the MHA for supfinance-in-charge Dimapur: Col. Akaho Zhimomi port to strengthen the security apparatus at +91 8732009014 and +91 in the State to deal effectively with subversive forces in the State, including left-wing 9436249157.

‘Zero tolerance on terrorism, riots’

New Delhi, JuNe 9 (iANS): President Pranab Mukherjee Monday said the central government will initiate steps to modernise security forces and ensure there was “zero tolerance” to terrorism, extremism, riots and crime. “My government will take steps to equip the security forces with the latest technology... The government will maintain utmost vigil in the area of internal security. A policy of zero tolerance towards terrorism, extremism, riots and crime will be pursued,” Mukherjee told a joint session of both houses of parliament. Mukherjee said the states will be assisted for modernising police infrastructure and equipment will be provided to tackle new forms of terrorism, including “narco terrorism” President Pranab Mukherjee accompanied by Prime Minister narendra Modi and Union and “cyber threats”. “A national plan will be chalked out in Minister for Urban Development, Venkaiah naidu, on his way to the Central Hall to ad- consultation with the state governments to effectively curb dress both the houses of Parliament for the Ist session of 16th Lok Sabha, at Parliament incidents of communal violence and the challenges posed House, new Delhi, on Monday. (Photo/Agencies) by Left-wing extremism,” Mukherjee said.

‘no place for corruption’ ‘Minorities will be equal

New Delhi, JuNe 9 (iANS): President Pranab Mukherjee Monday said corruption would have no place in the central government and the institution of Lokpal is important to check graft. Addressing a joint session of both houses of parliament, he said the government was committed to provide a clean and efficient administration focussed on delivery. “The institution of Lokpal is important to curb corruption and my government will endeavour to formulate rules in conformity with the act,” Mukherjee said. The bill for formation of the anticorruption ombudsman Lokpal was passed by parliament during the rule of United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. Mukherjee said: “The government would take steps to build the confidence and morale of our bureaucracy, enabling it with

the freedom to work, and welcoming innovative ideas.” “The government will stress on putting in place transparent systems and time bound delivery of government services. Government systems and processes will be revisited to make them citizen friendly, corruption free and accountable,” he said. The president also said efforts would be made to eliminate obsolete laws, regulations, administrative structures and practices. “My government is determined to rid the country of the scourge of corruption and the menace of black money. As a first step in this direction, the government has already constituted a SIT to unearth black money stashed abroad. This will be followed up vigorously by pro-actively engaging with foreign governments,” he added.

partners in India’s progress’ New Delhi, JuNe 9 (iANS): President Pranab Mukherjee Monday underlined the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government’s resolve to reach out to the minorities, promising that they would be “equal partners in India’s progress”. Mukherjee expressed his regret over the fact that sections of minority community remained poor even after several decades of independence. “It is unfortunate that even after several decades of independence, sections of minority communities continue to suffer from poverty, as benefits of government schemes do not reach them,” Mukherjee said. “My government is commit-

ted to making all minorities equal partners in India’s progress,” Mukherjee said, adding that the Centre was committed to providing quality education to the minorities. “The government will especially strengthen measures to spread modern and technical education among minority communities and a National Madrassa Modernisation Programme will be initiated,” Mukherjee said. Besides, he said steps would be initiated to contain communal violence in the country. “A national plan will be chalked out in consultation with the state governments to effectively curb incidents of communal violence,” the president said.

‘Zero tolerance for crimes against women’

New Delhi, JuNe 9 (iANS): President Pranab Mukherjee Monday said the government will have a policy of “zero tolerance” for violence against women, and was committed to providing 33 percent reservation to women in parliament and state legislatures. The president also said the government will strengthen the criminal

justice system to provide for effective implementation of laws in tackling crimes against women. The rape and hanging of two teenaged girls in Badaun in Uttar Pradesh last month is the latest incident of crime against women that has caused nationwide shock and horror. UN Secretary General Ban ki-Moon expressed horror

at the crime, saying he was appalled by the brutal rape and gruesome murder of the two teenaged women. The US state department has also said that it is horrified to learn of these violent sexual assaults and murders. The president said: “My government recognizes the important role our women play in the development of our society and growth of the

nation.Itiscommittedtoproviding 33 percent reservation to them in the parliament and state legislative assemblies.” He said the government is committed to “Beti Bachao - Beti Padhao” (Save Girl Child, Teach Girl Child), and will launch a mass campaign for saving the girl child and enabling her education. “It will structure a comprehensive scheme, incorporat-

ing best practices from states in this regard.” “In the recent past, the country has witnessed some gruesome incidents of violence against women. The government will have a policy of zero tolerance for violence against women, and will strengthen the criminal justice system for its effective implementation,” he said.

7000 cell towers to be Mokokchung embraces World cup spirit installed in ne region

NSCN (K) warns imposters

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extremism and fundamentalist elements. The meeting discussed the emergence of Maoists in Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and South Cachar of Assam and felt the need for a comprehensive plan to deal effectively with them. Assam Chief Secretary Jitesh Khosla requested the MHA to take up strengthening of the mobile network service in the State with the DoT, particularly in Karbi Anglong, in the backdrop of the recent incident. “Mobile network is very weak in areas like Karbi Anglong.” Khosla explained that this hampers operations against extremists in inaccessible and difficult terrains. “Our humble request to MHA is that it should pursue the matter with DoT so that mobile towers are installed soon in places like Karbi Anglong. It will be of great help to us.” Joint Secretary, MHA (in charge of North East), Shambhu Singh assured that MHA would take up the matter with DoT for early installation of mobile towers in far flung places. “DoT is planning to install 7,000 mobile towers in the North East region alone, mostly along the borders. We will soon take up the matter with DoT to strengthen the mobile network services in Karbi Anglong as well as Dima Hasao districts,” Singh added. National Advisory Council (NAC) during the UPA government had suggested preparation of a comprehensive telecom plan exclusive to North Eastern region. NAC had recommended that given the importance of this sector to other areas of the development, it is recommended that the government look at telecom services in the North East Region as an“essential service” and not just an “obligation”.

Fans have put up flags in Mokokchung town in a run up to the FIFA World Cup 2014.

Morung Express news Mokokchung | June 9

Age no bar. Sex no bar. It’s football season again, when young and old, boys and girls, men and women, have only one thought on their mind, football and their favorite team. With two days to go for the FIFA World Cup 2014 to kick-start in the football powerhouse, Brazil, Mokokchung is upbeat about the start of the greatest tournament in the sporting world. And it’s tradition again. Flags of participating countries have been put up at most of the houses. Here you know which family supports which team. But there are some houses that have put up multiple flags, indicating the different supporters of different countries in a family. As each of the

teams exit the World Cup as the game progresses, the defeated team’s flag would be removed from the houses. Brazil, Germany and Argentina seem to be the favorites this season. But there are flags of Greece, Japan, England and some other countries put up proudly in different colonies. Some taxis have been painted with the flags of Germany along with the ‘swastika.’ Interestingly, most fans have been supporting the same team each for the past many years. There is no shift in allegiance, except for some. Many private vehicles and commercial taxis have also put up flags of participating countries. The spirit is alive. Meanwhile, a small shop in the heart of Mokokchung town is selling miniature flags, to be put up in cars,

like hot cakes. Most buy the Brazilian or the Argentinean flags which cost Rs. 150 apiece. The flags are hand stitched and put on a bamboo stick, to be tied to the frame of a car. People have no problem shelling out this amount to show their support for their favorite team. Of course, flags of other participating countries also find buyers. While the FIFA World Cup always finds huge interest in the football crazy Naga society, Mokokchung town might be a step ahead in showing their ardent love for football. Last World Cup final, a group of youngsters under the banner of ‘I Love Mokokchung’ Facebook group successfully screened the final match between Netherlands and Spain in 2010 at Imlong Place at the heart of town. This year, a similar event is being prepared for, expected to be bigger and better. Though the live matches will be telecast early morning at around 1:30am, there will be many who will stay up and watch the matches, and for a month, the early morning silence will be broken by shouts from respective families as a goal is scored or saved. It’s football time! But it’s not just during the World Cup that the citizens show an interest in football. If you don’t follow the English Premier League, or the La Liga and other football leagues, then you could be left out in discussions while sitting or hanging out with friends. This FIFA World Cup 2014 will be no lesser than the previous years’ World Cups. The beautiful game is on, and you feel it in Mokokchung.

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Dimapur

Tuesday

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10 June 2014

The Morung Express C

BJP demands berth in Sustainable livelihood options for fishing Nagaland government

KOHIMA, June 9 (TIMes Of IndIA): Nagaland state BJP unit has demanded a cabinet berth for their lone legislator in the present Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN) government in Nagaland. Nagaland witnessed a change of guard on May 24, when T R Zeliang of Naga Peoples Front (NPF) was sworn in as the 16th CM of Nagaland. The change of guard was necessitated after Neiphiu Rio was elected to Lok Sabha on an NPF ticket, resigned from the state assembly and passed on the baton to Zeliang to lead the affairs in the state. Nagaland BJP general secretary and spokesman, K James Vizo told TOI that the party was unhappy

about not getting a berth in the DAN government and said the lone BJP legislator deserved a berth. He also said that while interacting with central BJP leaders in New Delhi, the state unit expressed its dismay at the DAN government not accommodating the lone BJP MLA P Paiwang Konyak in the state cabinet after the change of guard. "The state BJP party also is of the view that the distribution of portfolios to representatives was not done fairly as pre-poll alliance partners were sidelined," he added. Further, James said that the state president M Chuba Ao had told the office bearers of BJP Nagaland at a meeting at Dimapur last week that as

a part of the pre-poll alliance with DAN, the party fully supported the candidature of Neiphiu Rio as DAN consensus candidate. Rio was elected by a huge margin by the people of the state. Ao had also urged the central leaders to give Rio, who is a tribal and a Christian, a berth in the next expansion of the Modi ministry. “The president of the state unit also appealed to all the rank and file as well as its well-wishers to extend their moral support in the general interest of the state, since it has been more than 44 years that no Naga leader had been accommodated in the central ministry, expect for SC Jamir as deputy railway minister,” James told TOI.

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dIMApur, June 9 (Mexn): The Department of Fisheries, Government of Nagaland in collaboration with Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR), Kochi organised a programme on ‘Distribution of key input materials under transfer of technology programme at north eastern hill states’ on June 7. A press release issued by Ketusielie Angami, District Fisheries Officer, Wokha stated that this programme is an initiative towards providing sustainable livelihood options for the fishing community of Doyang reservoir where fishing nets and fish preservation boxes were distributed. Zenohol Angami Additional Director of Fisheries, Ketusielie District Fisheries Officer, Wokha and Rongsenkumzuk Sub Divisional Fishery Officer, Directorate Participants and resource persons during the programme on ‘Distribution of key input materials under transfer of techrepresented the department. nology programme at north eastern hill states’ held on June 7.

DC Kiphire encourage officers to deliver good services SALT to reduce jhum hazards

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KIpHIre, June 9 (dIpr): The monthly Kiphire DPDB meeting for the month of June 2014 was held on June 5 at DC’s conference hall, Kiphire under the chairmanship of Parliamentary Secretary for Housing and Excise Nagaland, T. Torechu. Addressing the meeting, the Chairman expressed his happiness to the board members for their participation in the DPDB meeting and encouraged them to continue it in future. He informed the board that most of the departmental development works were not known to the public and other part of the State. He asserted that according to the flow of funds for developmental activities into the district, Kiphire is no more a backward district. He therefore seeks the officer’s co-operation

in delivering their good services to the people. He also asked the departments to submit their departmental profiles, activities and achievements along with photos for the last financial year to the District Planning Officer within a week, for compilation and publication. T h e C h a i rman also stated that sincerity is a must and further said that sending of representative subordinate officers to the DPDB meeting is not a good sign and not appropriate in the formulation of planning and development process. The board reviewed the following agenda: Renovation of GA Rest house; Soiling and metal ling of road

to Yangphi GHS road where the Board decided to forward it to the concern department for mobilization of the fund. Construction of Amahator road to

begin work in this year. The ATMA department includes Soil and Water Conservation; Agriculture; Fisheries; Vetyand Animal Husbandry; Horticulture; Sericulture; Irrigation and Flood Control. Agenda discussed during the meeting included BRGF Plan 20142015. Annual action plan 2014-2015 amounting Rs, 12.42 crores. The house approved for onward submission to the concern Ministry for seeking Grand in-Aid for Little Flower School Kiphire. The board after proper scrutiny of the necessary papers and decided to recommend to the concern department for necessary action in opening

DPDB discusses RKVY projects, BRGF Plan and BADP 2014-2015 Tukhaki via Zisaji Presidency College was also discussed and decided to submit the proposal to DUDA for the road construction. With regard to RKVY projects at Phelungre and Phuvkiu village, the board constituted a committee for ATMA at Phelungre and Phuvkiu Village. The Sericulture Department would

of new schools of CY Mongzar and Kyingvong School Salomi. Renovation of USSC Office Kiphire Hq, the board decided to recommend to DUDA for assistance. BADP 2014-2015, submitted by Parliamentary Secretary for Housing and Excise was approved by the board since the schemes and fund under the proposal were genuine and essential. The Deputy Commissioner and Vice Chairman DPDB welcomed all the members and also congratulated the Chairman for being inducted in the new government. The following new Board members: Dr. Robin Lotha Medical Superintendent; Pradip Bhowmick BM, SBI Kiphire and Kamdi Hemant Bhaskar IFS Wild Life Warden were introduced to the house.

dIMApur, June 9 (Mexn): Demonstration on Sloping Agriculture Land Technology (SALT) organized by Development Association of Nagaland (DAN) presenting SMS of Khrishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Dimapur was held at Peren Old Jalukie Lower on June 6 and 7. Z. James Subject matter specialist (SMS) on Land Science was the resource person. In the introductory session, Martha, Project Coordinator FARM Northeast stated that the project is also emphasis on land development and natural resource management. SALT is a new technology for jhum and sloping land cultivation that can reduce hazard to nature and bio-diversity. Jhuming is the major occupation in Naga society and practice shifting cultivation, so in order to

avoid shifting from one place to another is only SALT that can save the nature and productive as well. During the technical session the resource, Z. James highlighted the importance and outcome of Sloping Agriculture Land Technology (SALT) developed by Dr. Harold watson Agriculture missionary to the Philippines used to change agriculture in hilly to mountainous subtropical to tropical areas. He said, “With the implementation of this technology we can benefit land development prevent from soil erosion, water conservation, soil fertility, crops productive and reduce hazard to nature. Hence, this is a message to all the fellow Nagas to initiate for adopting the SALT technology for ecological balance and peaceful co-existence.”

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Govt to aim economic upliftment of farmers Orientation prog on legal adoption procedures

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KOHIMA, June 9 (Mexn): A felicitation programme in honour of Dr. N Benjongliba Aier, Minister of Agriculture, was held on June 9 at the Minister’s official chamber. Dr. N. Benjongliba Aier, Minister of Agriculture in his short speech mentioned that Agriculture is the main stay not only for people of the state but also for the country as a whole. The present Government’s agenda is for upliftment of the economy of the farming community and become liberated from stagnated production and productivity. Therefore, the department should work hand in hand on new Agricultural policy. Imkonglemba IAS Commissioner and secretary to the Government of Nagaland chaired the programme. The APC expressed appreciation and happiness for the attainment of the ministerial berth and felicitated officially as administrative head. He also mentioned that having Minister in the Agriculture Department has been a dream fulfilled. Secretary Agriculture, Benjamin Newmai speaking on behalf of the secre-

KOHIMA, June 9 (Mexn): A one day orientation programme on legal adoption procedures and non-institutional care, sponsored by Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), Ministry of Women & Child Development will take place on June 13 at Zonal Council Hall, Kohima at 10:00 AM. Z. Nyusietho Nyuthe, joint secretary social welfare department will grace the programme as the chief

Dr.N.Benjongliba Aier, Minister of Agriculture (third from right) receives a bouquet during the felicitation programme along with Imkongliba, IAS Commissioner & Secretary and APC to the Government of Nagaland (middle) and Benjamin Newmai, Secretary Agriculture to the Government of Nagaland (first from left).

tariat mentioned that he is happy that the Agriculture Department has resumed its original position and the people of Nagaland depending Agriculture would be benefited, and assured that all are confident and happy to work and cooperate and remain to work as one family. Tekatushi AO, Director of Agriculture congratulated the Minister for his achievement and dyna-

mism and very fortunate to have most qualified in this department and is ready to extend all possible cooperation in all the achievement. We hope under his leadership the Department will strengthened, progress in all round development in the state for the benefit of the farming community as well as in general. Senior officials of the Agriculture Department attended the programme.

1st Anniversary

In memoriam of our father Late Nguse Dominic Solo

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Time speeds on, a year has passed, Silent is the voice, we loved to hear Too far away for sight or speech But not so far for thoughts to reach An empty place no one can fill We miss you always will A prayer and silent tears are all we can give Sweet to remember him, Who once was here And who, taught absent is just Dear Treasured memories are all we have of you Gone not further from us, than to God In the love you give And the value you taught As long as life and memories last We shall remember you Till we meet again at our Savior’s feet. -LOVING WIFE, CHILDRENS/IN-LAWS AND GRAND CHILDRENS.

guest while social welfare department director Khevito T. Shohe will be the guest of honour. C. Saraswathi, deputy director CARA Delhi will talk on guidelines on adoption and non- institutional care. Renchumi Imti, programme manager State Adoption Resource Agency, will chair the inaugural function. Keynote address will be delivered by Khehoto Sema, Society Director, State Child Protection Society. Session 2 on the topic Juvenile Justice

Act (2006) and Caring, will start from 1:30 PM. The State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA) is a nodal body under Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), Ministry of Women and Child Development in promoting legal adoption. SARA monitors and regulates the adoption process with the state. In this regard, CARA has sponsored SARA- Nagaland to organized a special capacity programme for adop-

tion agencies and other stakeholders engaged in child welfare activities like Child Welfare Commission (CWC), Juvenile Justice Board (JJBs), Child Rights Commission ( CRC), civil bodies, churches, NGOs, medical practitioners, District Child protection Unit (DCPUs), judicial officers and administrators. The purpose of this programme is to equip the stakeholders on Juvenile Justice Act (2000), guidelines

SBTA elects new team of office bearers

Change of File on June 11 at TTC campus

dIMApur, June 9 (Mexn): The 6th Biennial Conference of Sümi Baptist Theological Association (SBTA) was organized on the theme “Overcoming Prejudices” with more than 300 theological students and other Christian workers attending the three day conference from May 16 to 18 last. Mishili Yepaqa Baptist Church (SABAK), Pughoboto, hosted it. The conference also selected a new team of office bearers

for the 7th Biennial Conference which will be hosted by SBAK in May, 2016. The new team is led by Rev. Hukugha, Pastor Satakha TBC (SBAK) as President, Toluho Chishi, Pastor CVBC (WSBAK) as Vice President, Ruvi Chishi, Office Coordinator (SABAK) as General Secretary, Ashetoli (SBAK) as Assistant General Secretary, Khezheto Achumi, Associate Pastor TBC (WSBAK) as Treasurer and Tokato K. Yeptho, Associate Pastor UVSBA (WSBAK) as Information and Publicity Secretary. Inahoto, BD (ETC, Jorhat) and Khelito, MTh. (Kottayam) will be the Student Representatives. The other officials are 6 Executive Committee Members and

3 Advisory Board Members who will guide the new team in smooth functioning of the Association. The outgoing President Rev. Kiyeto G. Sema on behalf of his colleagues has thanked all those who have contributed in cash, kind and physical support for the smooth success of the 6th Biennial Conference. Meanwhile, the Change of File will be held on June 11 at its headquarters in TTC campus from 12:00 noon. Therefore, both outgoing and incoming office bearers of the Association are requested to attend the meeting positively. This was stated in a press release issued by SBTA General Secretary, Phushito L. Chishi.

Speed Car Wash to open in Dimapur

dIMApur, June 9 (Mexn): After successfully opening many outlets in India in last four years, Liv India Group has lands up to their new destination, i.e. NorthEast India. They are opening their new outlet in Nagaland (Dimapur). After covering almost Pan India, Speed Car Wash will now groom cars and Follow the trend of growing car market in North-East. Washing car, its maintenance or keeping it clean has always been a challenge but now here is the most sophisticated, smart, time saving, eco-friendly and hi-tech car washing formula brought to you by Speed Car Wash. Speed Car Wash is an attribute to cleaning industry by LIV INDIA Group with a step ahead to redefine the Car. Jasmeet Singh, Vice President, Speed Car Wash said, “We are very happy with the growth of our company in last few years. Our aim is to tap whole North East within this year. We are also looking for investors in the area.” “In this fast moving life today we

tend to spend more time in travelling as a result spend hours in the car, navigating the traffic jams, air Pollution, Dust, Rain, Sunlight and Adverse road conditions all keeps adding on woos of common car users. And as a result, there is a severe need of Professional Car Cleaning Organization to take care of all Car Cleaning jobs and give us the finest and ultimate car cleaning experience and satisfaction,” he added. The investment for an outlet range from Rs. 12 Lakhs to Rs. 15 lakhs depending on the size and location of an outlet. Nearly 40 cars can be washed a day at each outlet. Each and every car cleaned by Speed Car Wash is treated with utmost respect and care making customers experience excellent service to their cars and satisfaction with the best quality car wash in about 20 minutes. It reduces the water consumption up to 40% which makes it eco friendly as well. Today, the Indian auto industry is the ninth largest in the world producing about 2 million cars ev-

ery year. So demand for a professional and reliable cleaning brand is higher than ever and only going to increase further. At Speed Car Wash, we do a plethora of research on the car care and maintenance, the aim is to deliver best of service and bring in new a concept of car cleaning and detailing to Indian car market. In the beginning we are focusing on educating our customers about the whole concept of Clean Car Culture, we have strong belief that our efforts will not only please you but definitely going to surprise you. Speed Car Wash is here to stay and work dedicatedly towards spreading the awareness among car users about their car hygiene habits, cleanliness, durability of exterior look and other common cleaning tips. Speed Car Wash segments its customers by type of car ownership. They believe that the type of car that a person owns says volumes about their driving, and, therefore their car washing and detailing requirements.

on adoption and non- institutional care, Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System (CARINGSs) and Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS). The programme will be a platform to exchange and share the issues relating to legal adoption, to discuss current trends, policy and other safeguard in adoption, to get feedbacks from the participants and also to discuss the issues to streamline the child protection system.

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Mkg DPDB discusses non-inclusion of three villages MOKOKcHung, June 9 (dIpr): Mokokchung District Planning & Development Board held its monthly meeting at ADC (Planning) conference hall on June 7 with DC & DPDB Vice Chairman, Murohu Chotso on the chair. The meeting once again took up deliberations on non-inclusion of three villages namely: Tzuremen, Akhomen and Yajang-C under Longchem circle within Nagaland map and therefore, unanimously decided to write a representation to the government to relook at the matter urgently. The meeting was of the opinion that these three villages are within the land belongs to Nagaland and not under Disturb Area Belt. After discussion with concern, the meeting also decided to urge the education department to examine redeployment of contract postgraduate teachers to Mayangnokcha Government Higher Secondary School and Senayangba Government Higher Secondary School as the redeployment was not against their subject. The meeting felt that academic career of students in the two higher secondary schools are badly affected as these redeployed teachers are not in favor of their requirement. The meeting also decided to urge the Health & Family Welfare department for immediate fencing of Imkongliba Memorial District Hospital for which the Vice Chairman asked the Medical Superintendent to submit technical estimate for onward submission to the concern department. Renaming of Tzutikong Government High School, grant-inaid to some private schools and Welfare societies and registration of Evergreen Club society Ungma were also approved and forwarded to concerned departments.

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The Morung Express

Tuesday

10 June 2014

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Boat clinics: the only hope floating for Assam's river island community Dibrugarh June 9 (ani): Boats are a feature of everyday life for the river island dwellers of Assam. They are, after all, the only connecting link to the mainland-the source of essential supplies and services, such as education and health. Yet, when a particular kind of boat turns up every few weeks at their embankment, the excitement in the air is palpable. "It's the boat clinic!" someone shouts, and the words ring through the air, quickly gathering people. Carrying doctors, paramedics, medicines, even a laboratory, to tend to their health related complaints, the boat clinic is a ray of hope for the island dwellers, and, not surprisingly, nicknamed the 'boat of hope'. Started in the year 2005 with a single boat, Akha (hope) in the Dibrugarh district of Assam, the boat clinic initiative by the Centre for Northeast Studies and

Policy Research (C-NES) was in response to the poor healthcare that island dwellers are exposed to. With no health facilities, poor communication to the mainlandmade even more difficult during the monsoon floods-and diseases aplenty, especially affecting the vulnerable lot, women and children, such an initiative spelt the idea, 'if they cannot come, the hospital can come to them'. The clinic's success got the attention and the subsequent support of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and Unicef, driving it to a public private partnership (PPP) that helped the programme spread to 13 districts of Assam. The boat clinics' success can be gauged in the changing attitude of the people, who first eyed the entire initiative with suspicion, before being convinced about its intention. Take the case of Amiya Begum of the Baleswar sapori in the Nalbari district, about 70 km

from Guwahati. "Initially when the boat clinic used to come, there was curiosity, but we didn't have much faith in it. Most of the elders opined that it was a temporary thing and wouldn't do us any good," recalled the 25-year-old mother of three. "But they kept returning, with medicines, and people who went to them were treated of their problems. Slowly our confidence grew, and now whenever the boat clinic comes we rush to be ahead in the long queue," she smiles. Amiya's friend, Shama, added that there was also some hesitation to get pregnant women checked by male doctors. "But when we saw the doctors' and the nurses' dedication, the way they explained things to us, that veil too lifted," Shama said. "Over and above, now we are being regularly checked, treated of our ailments, and given free medicines, without having

to pay Rs.10 one way for a boat ride to the mainland hospital. We are poor people and most of the times, unless it's an emergency, we avoid going to the hospital altogether". The boat clinics' typically work model is to organise health camps in the villages on the islands. Word is spread about the camp through the ASHA, and although general health check-ups are done by the doctor-if need be the case is referred to specialists on the mainland-it's maternal and child health that is the focus. According to the staff on board, the visits are also usually timed in accordance to immunisation dates. According to NRHM data, the boat clinics have organised 13,316 health camps since 2008 until this year, providing 60,085 women with ante---natal care, 15,694 women with post-natal care, and 123,342 children with routine immunisation, among others.

Konyak Union seeks to improve border ties Dibrugarh, June 9 (Tnn): The Konyak Union of Nagaland is trying hard to improve ties between the people of Nagaland and Assam. Recently, it provided financial aid to the families of two persons from Assam's Sivasagar district who were found murdered in Nagaland on May 25. Khirod Gogoi, 38, and his cousin Rupam Gogoi, 18, from Simaluguri were kidnapped and their vehicle stolen by alleged car thieves and their bodies were recovered from a jun-

Extends aid to kin of two deceased gle in Tiru of Nagaland's Mon district. The incident had sparked mass protests among people residing in the Assam border areas resulting in an economic blockade against Nagaland. The All Tai Ahom Students' Union (ATASU) had also called a 24-hour Nazira sub-division bandh.

On June 6, the president of the Konyak Union, Aiching Konyak, and secretary Amat Konyak accompanied by Manju Borah, the local councilor from Bihubar (Sivasagar), visited the families of the two deceased and offered them financial assistance of Rs 40,000 each in the presence of two village headmen, the

union's press statement said. The union president said, "The people of Assam and Nagaland have shared a deep bond since time immemorial. Our history tells that we shared close rapport during the period of Ahom king Gadadhar Singha and Dalimi. But divisive forces have been trying to undermine and break the age-old ties. But we're determined not to let it happen." The Konyak leaders also promised to take up the issue with the Nagaland government.

Such has been the effect of these boat clinics, that even in Majuli-the world's biggest river island on the Brahmaputrawhich, unlike other river islands, has a Community Health Centre (CHC) and health sub centre, people wait eagerly for the clinics' visit. "The closest health sub-centre from our village is four kilometers away and there is a river in between. In fact that sub-centre caters to 15 villages and of them 14 are on this side of the river," said Deboshree Das of Samuguri village in Majuli. The boat clinic, she says, is a better and more convenient option because it can come close to the villages, especially when the water level rises in the monsoons. Riturekha Baruah of C-NES who oversees the boat clinic programme in the Jorhat district, says that the team also assists in childbirth. "Communication is difficult in the saporis, and many times be-

cause of an emergency, a woman cannot go to the hospital for delivery. In such cases we have assisted in childbirth," she said. Assam has been fighting one of the country's highest maternal mortality ratio at 328 per 100,000 live births. The clinic also encourages family planning-an especially tough task given high levels of illiteracy among the island dwellers, and superstitious beliefs. "For this (family planning) we have to step beyond our immediate duties and work towards changing attitude of people, building trust, and removing misconceptions. We also discourage girls from being married off young, and talk about spacing between kids," said Minhazuddin Ahmed, a doctor with the boat clinic. Among the most common ailments affecting the island dwellers are water borne diseases and skin infections. Undoubtedly, life is very different,

and difficult, for the nearly 30 lakh people living on the 2,500 river islands in the Brahmaputra in Assam. But the boat clinic team too faces challenges to reach the target community. According to Dipankar Das, CEO of C-NES, trouble can arise both in the dry season and monsoons. In the dry season the water level has to be at least four feet for the motor boat to function, and on one instance "the team had to walk 10 km to reach the village". Similarly there have been times when the boat clinic got stuck in thunderstorms and floods and had to be rescued by experts. "Gaining access to healthcare used to be a privilege earlier. Now with the boat clinic, we have been blessed with hope for a better life," smiled Anjana Das, an island dweller in the Dibrugarh district while talking to the Charkha Development Communication Network.

Assam additional chief secretary to probe SP's killing guwahaTi, June 9 (ianS): The Assam government Monday asked the state's Additional Chief Secretary Subhash Chandra Das to probe the death of a police superintendent and his personal security officer in a gunfight with militants in Karbi Anglong. Hamren district Superintendent of Police Nityananda Goswami and his security officer Ratul Nunisa were killed in Rangphu in Karbi Anglong district June 5. Chief Minister Tarun

Gogoi Monday asked Das to inquire into the circumstances leading to the death of the two people and to submit a report to him, the Chief Minister's Office said in a statement. The incident took place at a remote village on the Assam-Meghalaya border in Karbi Anglong district.

Four NSCN insurgents arrested in Arunachal UNMATCHED QUALITY

iTanagar, June 9 (PTi): Security forces have arrested four insurgents of NSCN(U) from Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh. The rebels were arrested on Friday in a joint operation under the supervision of DGP S Nithianandam, AIGP (Establishment) Tusar Taba said in a statement here on Monday. The arrested cadres have

been identified as self-styled sergeant major Ahon Honwang Josak, S Vito Awomi (Minister), Lonwang H Lowang and Lokwang Khete. While Ahon hails from Ahon village in Tirap district, Awomi hails form Dimapur in neighbouring Nagaland, Lonwang and Khete hail from Borduria village in Tirap district.

IFAW-WTI hosts training to enhance wildlife conviction rates Kaziranga, June 9 (Mexn): In order to tackle low conviction rates in wildlife crimes in the country, the International Fund for Animal Welfare - Wildlife Trust of India (IFAW-WTI) has initiated a pioneering training to facilitate accurate offense report filing. "One of the major reasons for wildlife cases extending for years (or decades) or even offenders going scot-free is weak offense reports," said Vivek Menon, Executive Director - WTI and Regional Head – South Asia for IFAW. An offense report is the first report prepared by officials at the crime scene. "This forms the pillar on which an entire case is fought. If this foundation is weak, the entire structure turns against the prosecutor," he added. The first 'Advanced Enforcement Training for Offense Report Writing' is being held in collaboration with the Assam Forest Department at Kaziranga National Park, under IFAW-WTI's Van Rakshak (Guardians of the Wild) Project. The ten-day training, beginning June 9, will see 15 frontline forest officials - 7 from Kaziranga National Park and 4 from Manas National Park, and 2 each from Pobitora and Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuaries. The training is being carried out under the guidance of senior conservationist Bhupendra Nath Talukdar. The training team comprises two senior lawyers, one public pleader, apart from IFAW-WTI staff. "This training is very helpful and essential for our frontline staff. It is basically a skill-will combination which will enhance the conviction rate among the specially trained forest

field officials while filing the offence report on any wildlife crime," said S K Seal Sarma, DFO, Kaziranga National Park, who was present at the inauguration at Bagori Range office. 'Advanced Enforcement Training for Offense Report Writing' initiated by IFAW-WTI is first of its kind in the conservation history of the two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kaziranga and Manas National Park. "Our aim is to get a new range of trained professional forest officials who thoroughly investigate the crime scene and accurately document the offense report. We have selected the frontline staff those who have been actually doing offence report writing in their respective departments. So, with this long and intensive advanced training they will effectively implement it on ground," said Dr Bhaskar Choudhury, IFAW-WTI Regional Head. Over the next ten days, the 15 forest officials will undergo intensive training on crime scene investigation, methods of seizures and arrest, Indian wildlife laws, their interpretation and effective use to prepare and file legally correct papers in court. The Van Rakshak Project (VRP) builds capacity of India's frontline staff providing them appropriate training, and equipping them. Till date, over 13,000 in more than 130 of the country's protected areas have been trained on 'wildlife crime prevention' and equipped with field gear. The project has also provided free insurance cover to 20,000 frontline staff in the country. Victims of accident or death on duty and their families receive up to 1,00,000 rupees under this unique scheme.

The security forces also recovered a huge cache of arms, ammunition and other incriminating goods from the arrested cadre. A case has been registered at Khonsa police station, the statement said. None of security forces were injured. Ahon suffered bullet injury and was later evacuated to Assam Medical College at Dibrugarh.

LOST NOTICE I, Shri Kiran Sunar am applying for a duplicate copy of passport as I have lost it in Kohima Town. My particulars are as follows: Name: Kiran Sunar Father’s Name: Chandra Bahadur Sunar Mother’s Name: Sharmila Sunar Date of Birth: 05/01/1989 Passport No.: H3414214 Place of Issue: Guwahati Date of Issue: 24/08/2009 Date of Expiry: 23/08/2019 Address: Kitsubozou Colony, Below North Police Station PO: Kohima, Nagaland -797001 Finder may kindly contact: +918794580051 or +919774351250

AT AFFORDABLE PRICES

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LAPTOP TABLE STUDY/COMPUTER TABLE Executive OFFICE TABLE MODULAR KITCHEN 2 DOOR WARDROBE Dining Table 6 Seater

@2400/@3000/@7000/@29,000/@9000/@13,000/-

FURNITURE PLAZA Opp War Cemetery, Kohima 8794717301 AFFIDAVIT

CHANGE OF SURNAME Regd.No: 13 Date: 19/05/14 I, Shri. PFUSO NAGI aged about 62 years s/o Late. Lovilie Nagi r/o Jotsoma Village Kohima Nagaland do hereby solemnly affirm and declare as follows:1. That my present official name as per HSLC certificate/service book is Shri. PFUSO and I hereby change my names from Shri. PFUSO to Shri PFUSO NAGI. 2. That from today onwards I shall be known as Shri. PFUSO NAGI for all my official/legal purpose and hereby undertake to give wide publicity through newspaper to let everyone know about the change of my surname from Shri. PFUSO to Shri. PFUSO NAGI. DEPONENT Solemnly sworn before me by the deponent on this day 17th May 2014 at Kohima 1st Class Magistrate Kohima: Nagaland

GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ENGINEER OFFICE PWD (NATIONAL HIGHWAYS) NAGALAND: KOHIMA

NATIONAL COMPETITIVE BIDDING NO.CE/NH/NIT-2/2013-14/

Dated Kohima the 6th June 2014.

(National competitive Bidding through e-Tendering mode only) The Chief Engineer, PWD (NH) Nagaland, Kohima on behalf of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India, invites bids in two cover systems for the construction of the works detailed as below: Sl. Length Cost of Pro- Approx. Value of Period of Name of Work Bid Security No. in km cessing fee Work in Rs Completion 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1. PR from km 190/00 to Km 10 25,000/2,55,33,334.00 1.00% of 12 months 200/00 on NH-61 under work value NH Division, Mokokchung in the state of Nagaland 2 IRQP from km 200/00 to 10 25,000/2,75,76,889.00 1.00% of 12 months Km 210/00 on NH-61 work value under NH Division Mokokchung in the state of Nagaland 3 Traffic signs and crash 20,000/2,23,23,041.00 1.00% of 12 months barriers on NH-36 & NHwork value 39 in Dimapur Town under NH Division, Kohima in the state of Nagaland. 4 Road safety works on NH8,000/65,38,774.00 1.00% of 12 months 61 from Km 105 to Km 240 work value under NH Division Mokokchung in the state of Nagaland 5 Rehabilitation of Bailey 20,000/1,30,77,592.00 1.00% of 12 months Bridge at Yei River on NHwork value 155 (NH 202) in the state of Nagaland under NH Division Kiphire Cost of processing fee is Non-refundable in DD form only from any Bank in favour of Chief Engineer PWD(NH) payable at Kohima. Last date of On-line Submission is 28.06.2014 upto 1700 Hrs (SERVER TIME) Bid security as detail in SBD from scheduled banks/nationalized banks.

The detail tender document can be viewed and downloaded on the website www.nagalandtenders.gov.in from 07.06.2014 onwards. The last date & Time for On-line submission of the bids is 28.06.2014 upto 1700Hrs (Server time). The processing fee and Bid security in original form should reach this office on or before 08.07.2014, 3:00 p.m. Amendments/Corrigendum, if any will be hosted on the above website. The Pre-bid meeting will be held in the Conference hall of the Chief Engineer PWD (NH), Kohima on 11.06.2014 at 1200 Hrs (IST). Other details can be viewed from bidding document. Sd/Chief Engineer PWD (NH) Nagaland: Kohima.

FAITH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

Campus: N.H.29, Jotsoma, Kohima, Nagaland Postal address: P.O. Box-431, Kohima -797001, Nagaland Recognised by H.Ed., Govt of Nagaland Associate Member of ATA Website: www.ftskma.com Email: principal@ftskma.com

ADMISSION NOTICE

An institution established under the guidance of God Dedicated to train servants of God in an atmosphere of Spiritual, Ministerial and Academic Excellence. Invites application for the following Courses from committed Christian men and women who have the call of God for the ministry. Courses Offered Duration Eligibility M. Div. (Master of Divinity) 2 Years B.Th with B Grade and above Regular & Extension 2 ½ Years Secular Graduate/ B.Th with below B Grade M. Min. (Master of Ministry) 2 Years B.Th./Secular graduates B.Th. (Bachelor of Theology) 4 Years HSLC/Class 10 passed 3 Years Class 12 assed C.Th. (Certificate of Theology) 3 Years Under matric • ADMISSION IS GOING ON FOR AUTUMN SEMESTER 2014 • CLASSES BEGIN ON 17th JUNE 2014 Admission forms are available at the Seminary Office. For detail information contact Principal: 9436001730, 9856070787

Our branch office:

Mount Carmel Hr. Sec. School, H.S. Areas Kohima, Nagaland

College of Nursing and Regional Institute of Paramedical Sciences, CIHSR Dimapur, Nagaland.

(in partnership with the Govt. of Nagaland, CMC Vellore and EHA Delhi) Applications are invited for the following courses of 2014-15 1. Nursing Courses: Eligibility criteria as per INC rules GNM: course duration 3and ½ year BSc.(Post Basic): course duration 2 years BSc.( Basic): Course duration 4 years 2. Allied Health Sciences courses affiliated to the Central Board of Education of the Christian Medical Association of India (CMAI): Diploma in Radio diagnosis Technology (DRT) Eligibility:10+2 Science stream (PMB and English) Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) Eligibility: Science streams (PCB and English) Diploma in Medical Records Technology (DMRT) Eligibility:10+2 Science or Arts streams Diploma in Optometry and Ophthalmic Technology Eligibility: Science & Arts streams Last date for receipt of application forms extended to 13th June for B.Sc. (Post Basic) and 14th June 2014 for all other courses Prospectus & Application form are available on our website www.cihsr.in and at the CIHSR campus Tel: 03862-242555


4

Dimapur

businEss

Tuesday 10 June 2014

The Morung Express

Economic revival ‘paramount’ goal of Modi govt

NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (PTI): Seeking to heal the fractured and contentious politics of the previous years, President Pranab Mukherjee on Monday said the new government at the Centre will work for development in a resurgent India in which corruption will have no place. “They (people of India) have voted for a united, strong and modern India — ‘Ek BharatShreshta Bharat’—. My government will work to fulfil these aspirations, with the involvement of all the 125 crore people of this great country,” he said. The President was addressing the first joint sitting of Parliament as mandatorily required under the Constitution after general elections that brought in the Narendra Modi government last month. In a word of assurance to minorities, the address said the new government is committed to making all minorities equal partners in India’s progress. The address is the political, economic and foreign policy road map of the Modi government voted to power and covers virtually all the

Modi govt promises policies to push growth, create jobs NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (PTI): Outlining its agenda for five years, the government on Monday announced a slew of measures to push growth and create jobs, which will include encouraging investment and creating a predictable, transparent and fair environment. Addressing the first joint sitting of Parliament after the recent Lok Sabha elections, President Pranab Mukherjee said the Narendra Modi government will initiate a series of social, healthcare and infrastructure programmes while asserting that there will be ‘zero tolerance’ towards terrorism and extremism, besides violence against women. He said the government will revive ‘Brand India’, riding on its strengths of five ‘T’s — tradition, talent, tourism, trade and technology — and will crucial areas including the need to address the difficult economic situation in which inflation has to be reined in and growth to be reignited. Mukherjee noted that the justconcluded election has been an election of hope. “The surge in aspirations and the belief that these could be realised through democratic processes, has been amply reflected in the record 66.4 per cent participation by voters and a clear verdict in favour of a single

pursue foreign policy on the basis of “enlightened nationalism” and mutually beneficial relationships. “The people of India have given a clear mandate. They want to see a vibrant, dynamic and prosperous India. They want to see a resurgent India regaining the admiration and respect of the international community,” Mukherjee said in his 55-minute address. “Brimming with hope and expectation, they want quick results. With three ‘D’s of democracy, demography and demand on our side, ... we must rise to the occasion to fulfill these great expectations. In 60 months from now, we should be able to say with confidence and pride that we have done it,” he said.

political party after a gap of nearly 30 years. “The electorate transcended the boundaries of caste, creed, region and religion to come together and vote decisively in favour of ‘Development through Good Governance’,” he said. Newly-elected Lok Sabha members and those belonging to the Rajya Sabha, Prime Minister Modi, his cabinet colleagues, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress President Sonia Gandhi and other opposi-

tion leaders heard the 50-minute speech with rapt attention interspersed by occasional thumping of desks. The President said putting the economy back on track is paramount. The government will put it back into a high growth path, rein in inflation, reignite the investment, accelerate job creation and restore the confidence of the domestic and international community. “My government will create a policy environment

RCom rolls out free national roaming offers NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (ET): Reliance Communications Monday rolled out free national roaming offers to target corporate, SME and highvalue post-paid and pre-paid GSM customers. “The One India, One Rate Plans will help us attract customers in the high-value Corporate and SME roaming segments,” Gurdeep Singh, chief executive officer, Consumer Business, Reliance Communications Limited, said in a statement. Under One India, One Rate Plans, customers will be charged on their home plan tariffs, even while roaming anywhere in India and there will be no difference between Local, STD and roaming charges. “RCOM’s One India, One Rate Plans will help us

break down the tariff barriers and extend unprecedented benefits to our roaming customers,” Singh added. The telco said that roaming rates as per the customer’s existing home Circle billing plan will prevail, even when they are roaming in other locations in the country. The company said that the offer is meant not just for frequent roamers, but also for infrequent roamers who can subscribe to these plans. The One India, One Rate pre-paid plan starts at Rs 45, which offers local, STD and roaming outgoing calls at 40 paise/ minute, while incoming roaming is free. The pre-paid plan carries validity of 30 days. RCom has introduced two plans

for its post-paid customers in the country — One India, One Rate 350 and One India, One Rate 599. UnderOneIndia,OneRate350plan, users will get 700 minutes of free outgoing calls (roaming, STD, local), post which roaming, STD and local outgoing calls will be made for 40 paise/minute. The pack also offers 200 free incoming national roaming minutes along with 1GB data and 100 SMSes free. The One India, One Rate 599 plan offers 1,200 minutes of free outgoing calls (roaming, STD, local) with subsequent charge of 30 paise/minute for roaming, STD & local. It also offers free unlimited national incoming roaming along with 2GB data and 100 SMSes free.

Gionee cautions customers against buying from online platforms

NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (PTI): After Lenovo, Chinese handset maker Gionee has cautioned its customers against purchasing devices from e-commerce platforms and online shopping sites. The smartphone maker also said these online firms are not their authorised resellers. “One, these e-commerce sites are discounting prices below what other retail stores would sell

at. After that, if the customer faces any issues post purchase, they turn them away saying its a brand issue. This is hurting our brand,” Gionee India Head Arvind R Vohra told PTI. When contacted, a Flipkart spokesperson said: “As India’s leading ecommerce marketplace, we pride ourselves in offering our customers one of the largest selection of

high quality and genuine products and brands along with a world-class customer service. “We stand behind the quality and warranty associated with every product we list on our site. We can assure our customers that products on Flipkart are genuine and our customers will continue to enjoy the warranty and services extended to all original products as always.”

A Snapdeal spokesperson said: “Only authorised sellers list their products on our platform. These authorised sellers, already selling offline, are the ones listed on our site and are selling Gionee products online through our platform.” Customers can rest assured that all products which are available on Snapdeal are genuine and eligible for warranty, she added.

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LEISURE

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2903

poETry

Love and War-An Ideology

which is predictable, transparent and fair. It will embark on rationalisation and simplification Let us make love, not war of the tax regime to make it nonfor it does not take us that far adversarial and conductive to inwhere we talk of peace and harmony, vestment, enterprise and growth. where, in fact we only make a self-mockery. “My government will make every effort to introduce the Friends have gone, sons and fathers along Goods and Services Tax (GST) For a cause that never remains a song; while addressing the concerns of When will we learn to love one another states. Reforms will be undertaken to enhance the ease of doing and depend, and defend, and deliver?. business. My government will Nuclear heads are making so much waves follow a policy of encouraging and boast not, O many have weeds investments, including through above their graves! FDI, which will be allowed in sectors that help create jobs and asand knowing so, why is war always a lie sets,” Mukherjee said. when old man declares and the young must On the foreign policy, the march to die? President said while the government was committed to work to‘And this my story, this is my song,’ sang wards building a peaceful, stable A soldier guarding an old barrack in the capital and economically inter-linked and I could only feel my heart with a pang, neighbourhood, “we will never maybe my home going isn’t crap after all shy away from raising issues of concern to us at a bilateral level. So, in the name of Enemies, Nation and Religion “We emphasize that the future Let us not wage war for a better generation, of shared prosperity can only be Or war for freedom, or of inner conflicts do matter? built on the foundation of stabilWhere, Lambs and Lions would lie togetherity in the region, which requires sensitivity to security concerns Our future. and an end to export of terrorism Sunep Longkumer to neighbours.”

public DiscoursE Relevance of Academic Research in Higher Education

O

ne of the fundamental objectives of any educational institution and more of higher education is not only to disseminate knowledge but also to create it, which is possible only through research. Research denotes forms of scholarly inquiry that leads to various intellectual outputs. The relevance of academic research needs no further emphasis as John Slaughter, President of Occidental College in US had said ‘research is to teaching as sin is to confession, unless you participate in the former, you have little to say in the latter’. In Finland even school teachers undertake small research / survey activities at their own level so as to lend credence to their teaching in the class room. This is basically ‘pedagogical’ in nature to add value to their teaching. The ‘discipline based’ approach to research is generally theoretical which may or may not find its place in application. It is the ‘applied’ research that industries clamour for and turn towards the academia for it. Yet another form is called ‘Inductive Research’ which is based on pure observations though academicians are yet to accept it. Since research is an aptitude based activity calling for high degree of per-

severance and determination on the part of the researcher, it would be ideal to leave it to him as to what form of research to undertake. Research is delving into the past, observing the present and visualizing the future and with all these three activities, a scholar goes about in creating a body of knowledge useful not only to him but to the whole society at large. Teachers in institutions of higher learning have little or no choice in undertaking this as an essential activity and earn the coveted doctoral honours not only from career point of view, (Publish or Perish concept) but also from dissemination of value based knowledge to the students, point of view. No student should come out of an educational institution with an outdated knowledge into a fast changing, highly demanding and competitive employment market. Research promotes inquisitiveness, it drives innovation, it propels self motivation, it leads to inner satisfaction, it teaches you to push against odds and finally it results in acquiring tremendous amount of self confidence. One needs a lot of motivation and inspiration to undertake research

and logically conclude it. But taking up Ph D is not the sole prerogative of select few only as is generally believed. Anybody with enthusiasm coupled with analytical ability which is topped up with strong will to achieve can take up research. Then there is always a helping hand in the form of peers and guides in a university set up. Access to a well stocked library and internet will make the activity more interesting and rewarding. Tendency to remain satisfied with ‘status quo’ should be curbed to start with. Research and Ph D at the end of it leave a person with a very high sense of fulfillment and accomplishment and capable of motivating and inspiring others. Perhaps it is the only academic activity which beats all age barriers. The ICFAI University, Nagaland is introducing Ph D in Management discipline from the year 2014-15 onwards and is adequately prepared to encourage the willing participants. Dr Resenmenla Longchar Member secretary (Research Board) ICFAI University, Nagaland

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

DAILY CROSS WORD

CROSSWORD # 2910

DIMAPUR Civil Hospital:

STD CODE: 03862

Metro Hospital: Faith Hospital: Shamrock Hospital Zion Hospital: Police Control Room Police Traffic Control East Police Station West Police Station CIHSR (Referral Hospital) Dimapur hospital Apollo Hospital Info Centre: Railway: Indian Airlines Chumukedima Fire Brigade Nikos Hospital and Research Centre Nagaland Multispecialty Health & Research Centre

Answer Number # 2902

KOHIMA

Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home:

232224; Emergency229529, 229474 227930, 231081 228846 228254 231864, 224117, 227337 228400 232106 227607 232181 242555/ 242533 224041, 248011 230695/9402435652 131/228404 229366 282777 232032, 231031 248302, 09856006026

STD CODE: 0370

Northeast Shuttles

100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202

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C J U Z C J X J X S L X I D K A G R Y R

MOKOKCHUNG:

ACROSS 1. Grasped 5. Fit 9. Historical periods 13. Away from the wind 14. Ancient Greek marketplace 16. Anger 17. Labels 18. Type of vacuum flask 19. Part of a plant 20. Trims 22. Causes extensive destruction 24. Fastens 26. Send, as payment 27. Mimic 30. Bigotry 33. Unidentified 35. Toward the outside 37. Spy agency 38. Butchers’ offerings 41. Type of whiskey 42. Communion table 45. Thunderous verbal attack 48. Benni 51. Roomette 52. Demolish 54. Where the sun rises 55. Visit again

59. Inscribed pillar 62. Applications 63. Anagram of “Exams” 65. Gladly (archaic) 66. Hissy fit 67. Cut of meat 68. Utilized 69. Female chickens 70. Countercurrent 71. Not more

DOWN 1. Derbies or berets 2. Distinctive flair 3. Authorized 4. Notwithstanding 5. Possessed 6. Matured 7. Not upper 8. Found at the end of a pencil 9. Fickle 10. Violent disturbance 11. Found in some lotions 12. Collections 15. Fragrance 21. Secure against leakage 23. Bloodsucking insects 25. Flower stalk 27. Ancient Peruvian 28. Posts 29. East southeast

31. Exotic dancer 32. Perhaps 34. Unhappy 36. Bambi was one 39. “___ the season to be jolly” 40. A period of discounted prices 43. Helps 44. Adult male sheep 46. Orange pekoe 47. Relaxing 49. Wounds 50. What’s left behind 53. Under a spell 55. Hurry 56. Feudal worker 57. Blood vessel 58. Deceased 60. Untruths 61. Terminates 64. Wild blue yonder Ans to CrossWord 2909

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LOCAL

The Morung Express

Tuesday 10 June 2014

TR Zeliang meets DoNeR minister

KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): Chief Minister of Nagaland, TR Zeliang today apprised the Minister of State for DoNER V.K Singh about the long delays even in the sanction of retained schemes under NLCPR mainly due to vetting of schemes in the Line Ministries. He suggested that Ministry of DoNER must have Technical Cell to vet schemes which will considerably cut down the delays in sanction/release of funds against the schemes under NLCPR. He also stated that he would bring one DPR from each district which will fulfill the aspiration of local people. The CM met the union minister alongwith his three cabinet colleagues, Kipili Sangtam, Minister for Power, Y. Paton, Minister for Home and Neiba Kronu, Parliamentary Secretary (Planning), informed a press release. V.K. Singh, in turn, discussed his major concerns and priorities for Nagaland such as requirement of Developmental Model involving community, re-

Nagaland CM apprises other CMs of ‘economic problems’

Nagaland Chief Minister TR Zeliang with DoNER minister VK Singh and others on June 9.

quirement of infrastructure actually needed and special focus on drinking water, health and education for the people. He also urged the Chief Minister to submit data on the existing roads, maintenance of roads and the immediate requirement of roads in the state. He assured all possible help and assistance to Nagaland and promised to bring the State at par with other developed States in

the country. The Chief Minister as Finance Minister of Nagaland also attended the conference of Finance Ministers, which was chaired by Arun Jaitley, union Finance Minister. This meeting was essentially a pre-budget exercise to elicit the views and opinion of different States/ Union Territories, stated the note. In the opening address, Arun Jaitley spelt-out the immediate priorities of

the Government to control inflation. TR Zeliang raised the issues concerning poor financial health of the State and drew the attention of the Finance Minister for making realistic and practical policies in the socioeconomic sectors to help people of the State. Toshi Aier, Addl. Chief Secretary (Finance) and Jyoti Kalash, Resident Commissioner were also present in the conference.

KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The Chief Minister of Nagaland, TR Zeliang, has apprised Chief Ministers of some other states of India of Nagaland State’s economic problems, particularly unemployment amongst the educated Naga youth. The latter, in turn, have promised to extend their expertise in assisting the economy of Nagaland through mutual interaction and discourse with experts in various fields, so that need based infrastructure development, investment and employment opportunities could be ‘reenergized’ in the State. The Chief Minister’s Office, while informing this, also notified that this was done while Zeliang was on an official trip along with some of his Cabinet colleagues, Y. Patton, Home Minister, Kipili Sangtam, Power Minister and Neiba Kronu, Parliamentary Secretary for Planning. They attended the swearingin ceremony of N. Chandra Babu Naidu as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, along with his 17 Council of Ministers, at Guntur. The Nagaland delegation along with senior BJP leaders L.K. Advani, MM Joshi, Manohar Parrikar, Dr. Raman Singh, Prakash Javedkar and others like Prakash Singh Badal, Sukhbirsingh Badal, were flown in a special aircraft to the swearing-in ceremony. The Nagaland Chief Minister further informed his counterparts that he would soon constitute the much awaited State Investment Commission and also organize ‘Investment Melas’ through which platform the people of the State, especially the youth, can gainfully interact with outside investors and experts for mutual growth and benefit.

Dr. TM Lotha urges doctors to be sincere Bike rally to highlight evils of child labour WOKHA, JUNE 9 (DIPr): Parliamentary Secretary for Tourism, Dr. TM Lotha on June 9 inaugurated the new office building of Medical Superintendent and Warehouse at Dr. Motsuo Memorial District Hospital Wokha. While acknowledging the doctors and staff for their services and for up gradation of the district hospital, Dr. TM Lotha encouraged them to provide better service and urged them to be more sincere and dedicated in their duties. Medical Superintendent Dr.WN Ezung pre-

sented some of the immediate requirements to address the needs of the people, and activities carried out during the last three quarters. In order to provide effective service, the MS highlighted some of the needs: Orthopaedic Surgeon, ENT Surgeon, Ophthalmologist, Astt. Nursing Superintendent, OT Nurse, nursing Sister, Sonologist or Upskilling from existing staff to man the Ultrasound, GDMO, GNM, Audiometrist and Plumber, construction of Ward complex, Medical

Officers quarter and staff quarter, carpeting of roads inside the campus with bitumen or concrete. He also reminded the contractor who was allotted contract work to construct the three flat RCC Medical Officers quarters in January 2013, and further expressed the need of patching up the leaking roof of District TB centre building which was constructed way back in the eighties. The Parliamentary Secretary assured to take up the issues to the government.

MEx FILE NSCN (IM) Angami region informs KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The Angami Region NSCN (IM) and Kohima Town Command have viewed seriously the complaints received from various quarters on rampant collection of illegal taxation by various anti-social elements as well as “immoral activities” within the region. In that, it has decided to arrest and award befitting punishment to those found guilty on these counts, including cadres and general public. The public and business communities within the Angami Region have been requested to contact and inform such activities to either the NSCN (IM) CAO Angami Region, Atsü-u Thepa at 9856260713 or the Kohima Town Commander, Wumsumi at 9436832500.

Brain storming session for ‘Clean Kohima’ KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The state’s department of home is organizing a brain storming session for ‘Clean Kohima’ on June 10 at the Zonal Council Hall, Kohima at 10:00 AM. PowerPoint presentations on good practices in sanitation and civic amenities of cities like Bangkok and Singapore will be made by the urban development department. The session will be attended by the officers of relevant government departments. Three members each from NGOs, media fraternity and all concerned have been invited to the session.

DUDA informs KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The Directorate of Under Developed Areas (DUDA) has informed all beneficiaries under Special Grant during 2013-14 for six backward tribe students that the second installment is ready to be released. In this connection, DUDA director Alan Gonmei in a release informed all the beneficiaries to submit their promotion mark sheet of Class 11 and BA/B.com/B.Sc Ist year exams duly attested by the head of the institution to DUDA, Kohima, near DC’s office Kohima on or before July 10. If the required document is not received within specific period, the amount will be forfeited and utilized as per the guideline, the release added.

KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The Motivation and Interface Programme with Mijito V. Chishi, Third Secretary (POL), Embassy of India, Seoul, South Korea and Lezo Putsure, Chief Strategist, YouthNet, for the adolescent girls has been postponed. The said programme will be on June 11, time and venue will remain the same.

DPRO Phek staff bids farewell to retired DPRO

DIMAPUr, JUNE 9 (MExN): Community Educational Centre SociAim: ety (CECS) in partnership • Total Eradication of Domestic Child Labour with CHILDLINE 1098 Dimapur, National Child Objectives: Labour Project, Labour • To create awareness among the public on the evils department and The Hans of child labour and encourage people to stand up Foundation is organizing against the harm caused to children. a “Bike Rally” on June 12 • To highlight the global extent of child labour and to mark the occasion of raise awareness on the situation of millions of chilWorld Day against Child dren, girls and boys, working across the globe and to Labour with the theme reiterate that every child has the right to a free quality “Say No To Domestic public education. Child Labour”. The rally • Provide a spotlight on the right of all children to be is being organized with protected from child labour and from other violathe objective of creating tions of fundamental human rights. awareness against the • To highlight the issue through media to the civil socievils of child labour in doety and the Government on the prevailing evil pracmestic sector and to draw tice of child domestic labour in the State and to enact attention to the role of soand implement strict laws to deter child domestic cial protection in keeping labour in the society. children out of child la- • To gain support of individual, civil society and others, bour and removing them including schools, youth and women's groups as well from it, said CECS projas the media, in the campaign against child labour. ect director Subonenba • Will be a moving awareness which can reach out to a Longkumer in a release. greater number of people at a time effectively. The rally will include participants from different nizations, allied systems against the evils of child Members of Mokokchung Kyong Ekhae Ekhung (Mokokchung Lotha Students’ Union) walks of life like teachers, etc who share a common domestic labour in the presenting a special number at the 31st general conference of the union held at Onyouth volunteers, orga- outlook on standing up society, he added. pangkong community hall, Mokokchung town, on Saturday (June 7). ing him a good privilege to lone BJP MLA from Nagaland state, because all the development for the state would come through BJPled NDA government at centre.” The BJYM stated that NPF leaders should have been diplomatic particularly regarding lone BJP MLA in the present state government. “Even in the past also NPF has ill treated and step motherly with BJP, but the BJP party is still

5

NAGC programme postponed

BJYM dismayed at Paiwang's exclusion

DIMAPUr, JUNE 9 (MExN): The Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM) Nagaland unit has expressed dismay over the exclusion of lone BJP legislator P. Paiwang Konyak from the state cabinet during the recent reshuffle. A statement issued by BJYM General Secretary Mathew K Janger lamented that “BJP being a DAN III pre-poll alliance partner was sidelined by the NPF leaders instead of giv-

Dimapur

Objectives of the campaign

in good faith with them to work together for the greater development in the state, behind all NPF should not take advantage with us, as BJP never go alliance with congress,” it added. It further pointed out that BJP is one of the strong back bones of NPF. While accusing NPF of “step motherly” treating the lone BJP MLA in the state, BJYM, Nagaland unit has urged the NPF leaders to review the matter at the earliest.

PHEK, JUNE 9 (MExN): The District Public Relations Officer (DPRO) Phek staff accorded befitting farewell to retired DPRO Neikhwepeu Khalo on June 6 last at a function held at DPRO office complex, Phek. Speaking on the occasion, Khalo expressed happiness to her subordinate staffs for their cooperation and support during her stay as DPRO Phek. She stated that God has given us opportunity to serve the government which everybody cannot get and urged the staff to work sincerely and also appealed to the staff to perform their assigned duties with determination and dedication. The programme was chaired by information assistant Keduthso Khape while Khuchutho H.A spoke on behalf of the staff.

NE NSS youth festival in Kohima KOHIMA, JUNE 9 (MExN): The North East NSS Youth Festival 2014 will take place from June 13 to 17 at Indira Gandhi Stadium Kohima. NLA speaker Chotisuh Sazo will grace the inaugural function as chief guest on June 14, 10:00 am. Keynote address will be delivered by S.K. Basumatary, Youth Officer Regional Centre, Guwahati while welcome address will be delivered by C. Theyo, State Liaison Officer NSS. Valedictory function will be held on June 16 at 3:30 PM with parliamentary secretary for youth resources & sports, new & renewable energy and music task force Khriehu Liezietsu as guest of honour. In view of the festival, a social work cum tree plantation programme was also held on Saturday at Indira Gandhi Stadium. It was initiated by parliamentary secretary Khriehu Liezietsu. Youth resources & sports department, Indira Gandhi stadium staff, Indira Gandhi sports academy students and coaches participated in the social work.

Public SPace

Something much higher than Article 371(A) for The Nagas

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omething much higher than article 371(A) was given by God to the Nagas. But tragically, Nagas have turned their backs to this extra-ordinary special provision and have been wandering in the jungles of India and Article 371 (A) for the past 52 years (1962-2014). The extraordinary special provision that was given by God to the Nagas is found in the Constitution of God (The Bible) in Article Acts 17:26. The wording of this article goes like this: “And he (God) made from one (Adam) all the nations of the earth (Including Nagas) and gave them their respective periods and the boundaries of their habitation.” Now, it is a universal fact of history that no citizens of any nation on earth have ever created or made their own geographical lands. On the contrary, every citizen of every country is born into a country that has already been there for a long time. As to the creation of any nation’s geographical lands, there is no historical or scien-

tific record that the ancestors of any nation have ever created the mountains, rivers and lands of a country. The Bible is therefore not making any nonsensicle statement when it reveals that the author and creator of all nations and their respective geographical and national idendities ares a work of God. In the same vain of truth, the special provision of land ownership and its rights for the Nagas was given by non other than God himself who is the creator and real owner of all the Naga Lands. (The same is true of all nations on earth). This special provision also supercedes or even nulifies anything that India can give to the Nagas. This is so, because Nagaland was never a part of India nor was Nagaland created by any ancestors of India. Now to be sovereign and independent within ones own God appartioned lands is the inherrent right of any nation on earth. This right is also recognised by the United Nations

Universal Declaration of Human Rights under aticle 15 (1) and (2) and 21 (1) and (3). We also must accept that to be sovereign and independent is to be responsible for running one’s own governmental affairs like civil administration, building one’s own economy, industry, defence, finance etc. It means responsible governance which is a very tough work involving sacrifeces, toil and sweat. But what have Nagas gotten from India under Article 371(A) of the Indian Constitution? We have no time or space here to quote the whole of Article 371(A) or the 16 Point Agreement. But if we go through these documents, we will find that all the important factors of running a state was to be handled by the Government of India. On top of this, the funds would be generously provided from the Consolidated Fund of India (Art.371 (A) (c). As for the responsible and gigantic task of running law and order problems in a state, article 371 (A) (b) quarantees: “The Gover-

nor of Nagaland shall have special responsibility with respect to law ans order in the state of Nagaland…” What this means for our Naga leaders who negotiated the 16 Point Agreement and made Nagaland a puppet state in India was that they got Ministerial posts complete with household Assam Rifles bodyguards, massive travel CRPF escort parties with sirens and of course access to the massive development funds that poured into Nagaland after it became an Indian state in 1962. As for running the affairs of the state , they were providewith a lot of manpower right from Chowkidars, Personal Peons, Malis and office staffs to obedient burreaucrats who would pre-fix and su-fix every word with “Sir” and “Sir everytime their services were required! But tell me, can any nation become a stong nation if it is spoon fed and “Govenored” by another nation? As for the rest of the Nagas who constitutes about 80% of the overl-

welming majority of Nagas in the villages, their share of the deal was heinous laws like The Armed Special Powers Act 1958/1970, Nagaland Regulation Act 1962 etc. When these acts and Regulations were applied into Nagaland, these village folks, on top of their hard works in their fields, went again and again to Indian Jails and many even died. This was because they refused to give up their dreams of an independent Nagaland where they could live in freedom and liberty. They have suffered the brunt of all these heinous laws for the past 52 years of statehood. That was their share from the so called grand Article 371(A) of the Constitution of India. Now, at the end of the day, or to put it in years-after 52 years of marriage with article 371(A), what did Nagas gain as a nation? May be 5% of the people who have lived on the top ladder of the Naga society got the lion’s share of the consolidated funds of India. Perhaps another 10% got a steady job with which they were able

Kaka Iralu Mission Compound, Kohima, Nagaland

to raise their children. As for the rest of the Naga population, ask them what they got from this deal with India. But for those who have been feasting on the sumptous meals of Article 371(A) set on the externally polished table of the Indian state of Nagaland, watch out for the legs of the table. Over the years, the legs of the table have been ravaged by different Naga political ants -some even wearing national uniforms. They have all been eating away the soft wood of the table legs so much so that the table might soon crash down in a cloud of dust. The best solution of course would be for India to come and take away this Indian made dinning table that has already cost the Indian exchequere billions of Rupees.The moment this is done, Nagas will be compelled to stand on their own two legs of equality and hard work again.The sooner this is done, the better it will be for both Nagaland and India who are two different and destinct countries.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.


6

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express TuEsDAy 10 JunE 2014 volumE IX IssuE 157

Consciousness

A

t the core of a peoples existence is its collective consciousness. As a people, Nagas too need to consciously and deliberately take the task to recover, nurture, nourish and evoke a consciousness and perception that is an alternative to the present status quo. The Naga consciousness should be a call for self-realization and re-examination of ourselves, our value systems, our culture, our worldviews, our faith and our future as peoples. It should bring to public expression those hopes and yearnings that have been denied for so long and suppressed so deeply, that we no longer know that they exist. As Walter Brueggemann would say, “hope is the refusal to accept the reading of reality which is the majority opinion; and one does that only at great political and existential risk.” Hence, a people’s consciousness must be in response to the imperative need to inculcate a spirit of independence. It must grasp the notion of who we are and our readiness to assume responsibilities that emerges out of this realization, for we cannot be conscious and yet remain in bondage. It is essential that the attainment of the envisioned collective self is a free and dignified self. Naga consciousness must empower to overcome dependency and exclusivity. Where do we go from here? Our thoughts, behaviors and institutions are made to fit into a pattern largely to sustain the status quo. Our imagination, originality and forms of thoughts have been dulled to the point where it takes extreme effort to act with reason even in order to follow one’s own beliefs and convictions. This has limited creativity and damaged our ability to act with will, generating a feeling of powerlessness which Steve Biko says “breeds a race of beggars who smile at the enemy and swears at him in the sanctity of their toilets.” Nagas, we need to ask ourselves whether we are serious about making change. Are we prepared to free ourselves from the chains of bondage that has made us stop thinking? And so how does one address all the questions that define ones existence? Is it therefore not essential to become a living element in that popular yearning which is entirely calling forth for the freeing, the progress and the happiness of the Naga people? The Naga consciousness is therefore necessary so that it leads us to understanding; an understanding which is the understanding of differences. Nagas are in need of a dialogue that appeals not out of our realities and experiences alone, but elicits our imagination and aspirations. Our consciousness needs to develop hope and belief in human security where we neither compromise our history, nor become prisoners of the past.

lEfT wiNg |

Sahana Ghosh IANS

India to implement code for energy saving

I

IN-FOCUS

t will be mandatory for all state governments to implement by 2017 the minimum requirements for energy efficient design and construction set by the central government to meet the challenges of depleting resources, increased urbanisation and rapid construction, according to a top official. Shifting its focus to building energy-saving structures, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) of the power ministry has made mandatory the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) which acts like a "cross-check for building designs and specifications" to reduce the energy consumption through design and choice of material and equipment. Under its ambit are components like building envelopes (wall, roofs, windows), lighting, heat ventilation and air conditioning and electrical systems. Introduced in 2007, on a voluntary basis, the code sets the minimum energy standards for new commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 KW. Besides new buildings, it also covers old buildings which are getting renovated and/or extended. "While the ECBC has been developed by BEE, its enforcement lies with the state governments and urban local bodies through notification within their states as per their regional requirements. Seven states have notified the code, while 15 are on the way to doing so," Sanjay Seth, senior energy economist at BEE, told IANS on the sidelines of the "Urbanscapes: How Sustainable Are Our Buildings" workshop organised here by the Centre For Science and Environment (CSE). "The target is that the code will be implemented and become mandatory for all states by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17). States like Rajasthan, Odisha, Uttarakhand and Andhra Pradesh have already notified the code. "Among the states we have been struggling with is West Bengal for a long time. Since there is a huge boom in new commercial buildings there is no reason why it should not implement the code," he said. He added that adoption of the code can reduce energy demand by at least 25 percent in new buildings compared to recent buildings. An ECBC-compliant building will get three stars on BEE's building rating scale. According to Anumita Roychowdhury, CSE's executive director for research and advocacy, it is an important policy instrument that is expected to set the sustainability terms for energy savings in new constructions in India. By 2020, almost 500 million people in the country will be living in cities, triggering a huge infrastructure boom. Moreover, the building sector's share of overall electricity consumption has more than doubled in the last four decades. "It has grown from 15 percent in 1970-71 to 34 percent in 2010-11 and, therefore, offers cost effective opportunities for savings," Seth said. However, some gaps need to be bridged. For example, ECBC standards are designed assuming that 100 percent of India's commercial building stock will be fully air-conditioned, requiring both cooling and heating. But it does not define temperature and humidity standards customised for Indian climatic conditions. "It does not tell us how to reduce the dependence on technology. It should address the matter of minimising air-conditioned spaces by using different architectural and design methods," Roychowdhury told IANS. What also needs to be pushed is a performance-oriented approach in setting up such green buildings, she said. Seth acknowledged initial hiccups would be there when the system is introduced, but gradually all the problem areas would be tackled, including compliance checks. "Web-based tools will be used for compliance checks and a cadre of independent ECBC certified professionals will be used as verifiers at the design, construction and completion levels," he said. In terms of cost-effectiveness, Seth said, the initial incremental cost would be recovered in four to five years. "The buildings would not only be cost-effective but also save on energy expenses. Cities can mitigate climate change by reducing energy consumption in the construction, maintenance and refurbishment of buildings," he said.

C O M M E N T A R Y

THE EDIT PAGE

Mark Engler and Paul Engler Waging Nonviolence

Should we fight the system or be the change?

I

t is an old question in social movements: Should we fight the system or “be the change we wish to see”? Should we push for transformation within existing institutions, or should we model in our own lives a different set of political relationships that might someday form the basis of a new society? Over the past 50 years — and arguably going back much further — social movements in the United States have incorporated elements of each approach, sometimes in harmonious ways and other times with significant tension between different groups of activists. In the recent past, a clash between “strategic” and “prefigurative” politics could be seen in the Occupy movement. While some participants pushed for concrete political reforms — greater regulation of Wall Street, bans on corporate money in politics, a tax on millionaires, or elimination of debt for students and underwater homeowners — other occupiers focused on the encampments themselves. They saw the liberated spaces in Zuccotti Park and beyond — with their open general assemblies and communities of mutual support — as the movement’s most important contribution to social change. These spaces, they believed, had the power foreshadow, or “prefigure,” a more radical and participatory democracy. Once an obscure term, prefigurative politics is increasingly gaining currency, with many contemporary anarchists embracing as a core tenet the idea that, as a slogan from the Industrial Workers of the World put it, we must “build the new world in the shell of the old.” Because of this, it is useful to understand its history and dynamics. While prefigurative politics has much to offer social movements, it also contains pitfalls. If the project of building alternative community totally eclipses attempts to communicate with the wider public and win broad support, it risks becoming a very limiting type of self-isolation. For those who wish to both live their values and impact the world as it now exists, the question is: How can we use the desire to “be the change” in the service of strategic action? Naming the conflict Coined by political theorist Carl Boggs and popularized by sociologist Wini Breines, the term “prefigurative politics” emerged out of analysis of New Left movements in the United States. Rejecting both the Leninist cadre organization of the Old Left and conventional political parties, members of the New Left attempted to create activist communities that embodied the concept of participatory democracy, an idea famously championed in the 1962 Port Huron Statement of the Students for a Democratic Society, or SDS. In a 1980 essay, Breines argues that the central imperative of prefigurative politics was to “create and sustain within the live practice of the movement, relationships and political forms that ‘prefigured’ and embodied the desired society.” Instead of waiting for revolution in the future, the New Left sought to experience it in the present through the movements it created. Current discussion of prefigurative politics has been rooted in the experience of U.S. movements in the 1960s. However, the tension between waging campaigns to produce instrumental gains within the existing political system, on the one hand, and creating alternative institutions and communities that more immediately put radical values into practice, on the other, has existed for centuries. Unfortunately, there is no universal agreement on the vocabulary used to describe this split. Various academic and political traditions discuss the two differing approaches using overlapping concepts including “cultural revolution,” “dual power,” and theories of “collective identity.” Max Weber distinguished between the “ethic of ultimate ends” (which roots action in heartfelt and principled conviction) and an “ethic of responsibility” (which more pragmatically considers how action impacts the world). Most controversially, some scholars have discussed aspects of prefigurative action as forms of “lifestyle politics.” Used as an umbrella category, the term prefigurative politics is useful in highlighting a divide that has appeared in countless social movements throughout the world. In the 1800s, Marx debated utopian socialists about the need for revolutionary strategy that went beyond the formation of communes and model societies. Throughout his life, Gandhi wavered back and forth between leading campaigns of civil disobedience to exact concessions from state powers and advocating for a distinctive vision of self-reliant village life, through which he believed Indians could experience true independence and communal unity. (Gandhi’s successors split on this issue, with Jawaharlal Nehru pursing the strategic control of state power and Vinoba Bhave taking up the prefigurative “constructive program.”) Advocates of strategic nonviolence, who push for the calculated use of unarmed uprising, have counter-posed their efforts against long-standing lineages of “principled nonviolence” — represented by religious organizations that espouse a lifestyle of pacifism (such as the Mennonites) or groups that undertake symbolic acts of “bearing moral witness” (such as the Catholic Workers). Movement and counter-culture With regard to the 1960s, Breines notes that the form of prefigurative politics that emerged in the New Left was “hostile to bureaucracy, hierarchy and leadership, and it took form as a revulsion against large-scale centralized and inhuman institutions.” Perhaps even more than advancing traditional political demands, the prefigurative concept of social change was about prompting a cultural shift. Indeed, those who embraced a most extreme version of prefigurative practice in that period did not identify with the social movement “politicos” who organized rallies against the Vietnam War and were interested in directly challenging the system. Instead, they saw themselves as part of a youth counter-culture that was undermining establishment values and providing a vigorous, living example of an alternative. This split between “movement” and “counter-culture” is vividly illustrated in the documentary Berkeley in the Sixties. There, Barry Melton, lead singer for the psychedelic rock band Country Joe and the Fish, tells of his debates with his Marxist parents. “We had big arguments about this stuff,” Melton explains. “I tried to convince them to sell all their furniture and go to India. And they weren’t going for it. And I realized that no matter how far out their political views were, because they were mighty unpopular — my parents were pretty left wing — that really they were [still] materialists. They were concerned about how the wealth was divided up.”

figurative politics, however, is far more wary of joining forces with those coming from outside the distinctive culture a movement has created, especially if prospective allies are part of hierarchical organizations or have ties with established political parties. Countercultural clothing and distinctive appearance — whether it involves long hair, piercings, punk stylings, thrift-store clothing, keffiyehs or any number of other variations — helps prefigurative communities create a sense of group cohesion. It reinforces the idea of an alternative culture that rejects conventional norms. Yet strategic politics looks at the issue of personal appearance very differently. Saul Alinsky, in his book Rules for Radicals, takes the strategic position when he argues, “If the real radical finds that having long hair sets up psychological barriers to communication and organization, he cuts his hair.” Some of the politicos of the New Left did just that in 1968, when Senator Eugene McCarthy entered the Democratic presidential primaThe power of the beloved community ry as an anti-war challenger to Lyndon Johnson. Opting The 1960s counter-culture — with its flower chilto “Get Clean for Gene,” they shaved beards, cut hair dren, free love and LSD trips into new dimensions of and sometimes donned suits in order to help the camconsciousness — is easy to parody. To the extent that it paign reach out to middle-of-the-road voters. interacted with political movements, it was profoundly disconnected from any practical sense of how to le- Taking stock of prefiguration verage change. In Berkeley in the Sixties, Jack WeinFor those who wish to integrate strategic and preberg, a prominent anti-war organizer and New Left figurative approaches to social change, the task is to “politico” described a 1966 meeting where counter- appreciate the strengths of prefigurative communities cultural activists were promoting a new type of event. while avoiding their weaknesses. The impulse to “be “They wanted to have the first be-in,” Weinberg ex- the change we wish to see” has a strong moral appeal, plains. “One fellow in particular, trying to get us really and the strengths of prefigurative action are signifiexcited about the plan… said, ‘We’re going to have so cant. Alternative communities developed “within the much music — and so much love, and so much en- shell of the old” create spaces that can support radiergy — that we are going to stop the war in Vietnam!’” cals who chose to live outside the norms of workaday Yet prefigurative impulses did not merely produce society and to make deep commitments to a cause. the flights of utopian fantasy seen at the counter-cul- When they do take part in wider campaigns to change tural fringes. This approach to politics also made some the political and economic system, these individutremendously positive contributions to social move- als can serve as a dedicated core of participants for a ments. The drive to live out a vibrant and participatory movement. In the case of Occupy, those most investdemocracy gave the New Left much of its vitality, and it ed in prefigurative community were the people who produced groups of dedicated activists willing to make kept the encampments running. Even if they were not those most involved in planning strategic demgreat sacrifices for the cause of social justice. As one example, within the Student Nonviolent onstrations that brought in new allies and drew larger Coordinating Committee, or SNCC, participants crowds; they played a pivotal role. Another strength of prefigurative politics is that it is spoke of the desire to create the “beloved community” — a society that rejected bigotry and prejudice in all attentive to the social and emotional needs of particiforms and instead embraced peace and brotherliness. pants. It provides processes for individuals’ voices to be This new world would be based on an “understand- heard and creates networks of mutual support to susing, redeeming goodwill for all,” as Martin Luther King tain people in the here and now. Strategic politics often downplays these considerations, putting aside care (an allied promoter of the concept) described it. This was not merely an external goal; rather, for activists in order to focus on winning instrumental SNCC militants saw themselves as creating the be- goals that will result in future improvements for society. loved community within their organization — an in- Groups that incorporate prefigurative elements in their terracial group which, in the words of one historian, organizing, and thus have a greater focus on group pro“based itself on radical egalitarianism, mutual re- cess, have often been superior at intensive consciousspect and unconditional support for every person’s ness-raising, as well as at addressing issues such as sexunique gifts and contributions. Meetings lasted until ism and racism within movements themselves. But what works well for small groups can sometimes everyone had their say, in the belief that every voice counted.” The strong ties fostered by this prefigura- become a liability when a movement tries to scale up and tive community encouraged participants to under- gain mass support. Jo Freeman’s landmark essay, “The take bold and dangerous acts of civil disobedience Tyranny of Structurelessness,” makes this point in the — such as SNCC’s famous sit-ins at lunch counters in context of the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s the segregated South. In this case, the aspiration to a and 1970s. Freeman argued that a prefigurative rejection beloved community both facilitated strategic action of formal leadership and rigid organizational structure and had a significant impact on mainstream politics. served second-wave feminists well early on when the The same pattern existed within the Clamshell Alli- movement “defined its main goal, and its main method, ance, Abalone Alliance, and other radical anti-nuclear as consciousness-raising.” However, she contends, when movements of the 1970s, which historian Barbara Ep- the movement aspired to go beyond meetings that raised stein chronicles in her 1991 book, Political Protest and awareness of common oppression and began to underCultural Revolution. Drawing from a lineage of Quak- take broader political activity, the same anti-organizationer nonviolence, these groups established an influen- al predisposition became limiting. The consequence of tial organizing tradition for direct action in the United structurelessness, Freeman argues, was a tendency for the States. They pioneered many of the techniques — such movement to generate “much motion and few results.” Perhaps the greatest danger inherent in prefiguraas affinity groups, spokes councils, and general assemblies — that became fixtures in the global justice move- tive groups is a tendency toward self-isolation. Writment of the late 1990s and early 2000s, and which were er, organizer and Occupy activist Jonathan Matthew also important to Occupy Wall Street. In their time, the Smucker describes what he calls the “political identity anti-nuclear groups combined consensus decision- paradox,” a contradiction that afflicts groups based on making, feminist consciousness, close interpersonal a strong sense of alternative community. “Any serious bonds, and a commitment to strategic nonviolence to social movement needs a correspondingly serious create defining protests. Epstein writes, “What was new group identity that encourages a core of members to about the Clamshell and the Abalone was that for each contribute an exceptional level of commitment, sacorganization, at its moment of greatest mass participa- rifice and heroics over the course of prolonged strugtion, the opportunity to act out a vision and build com- gle,” Smucker writes. “Strong group identity, however, munity was at least as important as the immediate ob- is a double-edged sword. The stronger the identity and cohesion of the group, the more likely people are jective of stopping nuclear power.” to become alienated from other groups, and from soThe strategic tension ciety. This is the political identity paradox.” Wini Breines defends prefigurative politics as the Those focused on prefiguring a new society in lifeblood of the 1960s New Left and argues that, detheir movements — and preoccupied with meeting spite its failures to produce lasting organization, this the needs of an alternative community — can bemovement represented a “brave and significant excome cut off from the goal of building bridges to other periment” with lasting implications. At the same time, constituencies and winning public support. Instead she distinguishes prefigurative action from a different of looking for ways to effectively communicate their type of politics — strategic politics — that are “comvision to the outside world, they are prone to adopt mitted to building organization in order to achieve slogans and tactics that appeal to hardcore activists power so that structural changes in the political, ecobut alienate the majority. Moreover, they grow ever nomic and social orders might be achieved.” Breines more averse to entering into popular coalitions. (The further notes, “The unresolved tension, between the extreme fear of “co-optation” among some Occupispontaneous grassroots social movement committed ers was indicative of this tendency.) All these things to participatory democracy, and the intention (necesbecome self-defeating. As Smucker writes, “Isolated sitating organization) of achieving power or radical groups are hard-pressed to achieve political goals.” structural change in the United States, was a structurSmucker cites the notorious 1969 implosion of SDS as ing theme” of the New Left. Tension between prefiguan extreme example of the political identity paradox left rative and strategic politics persists today for a simple unchecked. In that instance, “Key leaders had become enreason: Although they are not always mutually exclucapsulated in their oppositional identity and grown more sive, the two approaches have very distinct emphases and more out of touch.” Those most intensely invested in and present sometimes contradictory notions of how SDS at the national level lost interest in building chapters activists should behave at any a given time. of students that were just beginning to be radicalized — Where strategic politics favors the creation of orgaand they became entirely disenchanted with the mainnizations that can marshal collective resources and gain stream American public. Given what was happening in influence in conventional politics, prefigurative groups Vietnam, they grew convinced that they needed to “bring lean toward the creation of liberated public spaces, comthe war home,” in the words of one 1969 slogan. As a result, munity centers and alternative institutions — such as Smucker writes, “Some of the most committed would-be squats, co-ops and radical bookstores. Both strategic leaders of that generation came to see more value in holand prefigurative strategies may involve direct action or ing up with a few comrades to make bombs than in orgacivil disobedience. However, they approach such protest nizing masses of students to take coordinated action.” differently. Strategic practitioners tend to be very conThe self-destructive isolation of the Weathermen is cerned with media strategy and how their demonstraa far cry from SNCC’s beloved community. Yet the fact tions will be perceived by the wider public; they design that both are examples of prefigurative politics shows their actions to sway public opinion. In contrast, prefigurative activists are often indifferent, or even antagonistic, that the approach is not something that can simply to the attitudes of the media and of mainstream society. be embraced or rejected wholesale by social moveThey tend to emphasize the expressive qualities of pro- ments. Rather, all movements operate on a spectrum test — how actions express the values and beliefs of par- in which different public activities and internal processes have both strategic and prefigurative dimenticipants, rather than how they might impact a target. Strategic politics seeks to build pragmatic coali- sions. The challenge for those who wish to produce tions as a way of more effectively pushing forward social change is to balance the competing impulses demands around a given issue. During the course of of the two approaches in creative and effective ways a campaign, grassroots activists might reach out to — so that we might experience the power of a commore established unions, non-profit organizations munity that is committed to living in radical solidarity, or politicians in order to make common cause. Pre- as well as the joy of transforming the world around us. Melton’s passion was for something different, a “politics of hip,” in which “we were setting up a new world that was going to run parallel to the old world, but have as little to do with it as possible.” He explains, “We just weren’t going to deal with straight people. To us, the politicos — a lot of the leaders of the anti-war movement — were straight people because they were still concerned with the government. They were going to march on Washington. We didn’t even want to know that Washington was there. We thought that eventually the whole world was just going to stop all this nonsense and start loving each other, as soon as they all got turned on.” The boundary between a subculture and a prefigurative political movement can sometimes be blurry. “It’s amazing that these two movements coexisted at the same time,” Melton argues. “[They] were in stark contrast in certain aspects — but as the 1960s progressed grew closer together and began taking on aspects of the other.”

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TuEsday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

10 June 2014

PERSPECTIVE NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

In the Style of Modi I

t is said that success has many fathers while failure has none. And the recent success story of Narendra Modi has once again clearly demonstrated this phenomenon. Now, everybody seems to be proudly narrating and displaying their Modi-connection. As recent as the middle months of the year 2013 Modi was viewed by many (including many Naga Christians) as a fanatical Hindu and a dangerous politician who, if given a chance to rule a multi-diverse country like India, might prove out to be detrimental and hazardous for the people belonging to the nonHindu communities. However, all that seemed to have changed in September 2013 when BJP President Rajnath Singh announced Modi as the party’s Prime Ministerial candidate for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. Slowly but steadily the people of India seemed to have developed an all-together different view of the man regarded by many as the one responsible for the infamous 2002 Gujarat riots. The Supreme Court of India also seemed to have relented to this change in the atmosphere by giving Modi ‘a clean chit’ in the 2002 Gujarat riot case. Yes indeed, it is also said that human memory and emotions can change in a ‘heat of the moment’. Something of this sort also happened 2000 years ago. On a Sunday, the Jewish people were shouting ‘blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord’ to welcome a man riding on a donkey. But five days later, this same people shouted ‘crucify him’. In a somewhat similar way, the views and perceptions of the majority of people about Narendra Modi also seemed to have changed drastically. From being a villain to many, Modi has suddenly become the hero. The dark episodes of his rule in Gujarat do not seem to bother at all anymore as he is now viewed and accepted as the Messiah of the Indian populace. It is also said that ‘winners do not do different things…..but they just do things differently’. This saying also seems to aptly apply to Narendra Modi as he seems to have his own style of doing things. Modi was welcomed like a rock-star when he arrived in the Indian parliament complexes for the first time after the BJP’s thumping victory. It is said that this was Modi’s first entry into the Indian parliament complexes. If this is really true, then it is really remarkable that a man who had been ruling Gujarat for more than 12 years did not even bother to set foot on the venue from where the country’s most crucial decisions are made. This story brings out a very fascinating facet of Modi as it clearly reveals that he is a man who is satisfied and occupied with whatever he has in his hand. Indeed Modi himself said that he never ran after posts and that for him responsibilities are greater than posts. Thus despite the fact that there are many BJP national leaders who had been walking up and down the corridors of the Indian parliament for years with an eye on the PM’s chair, it is ultimately Modi who landed himself on the most coveted chair. Despite the fact that Modi is undoubtedly a die-hard advocate of Hinduism, some of his guiding principles and philosophies seem to have impressed even those members of nonHindu communities who fear him the most. For once, the respect and reverence that he has for his mother is evident and impressive. After the BJP’s thumping victory, as the PM‘s chair awaits him in Delhi, Modi did not forget to seek the blessing of his beloved ageing mother before he flew off to Delhi to occupy the country’s top post. As these images were telecast to all Indian homes by the many TV channels, I doubt that anybody was untouched or unmoved by these moving pictures. During the election campaigning months, when some of his political rivals attempted to

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Straight From The Heart

Trends in library usage ayani Kikon Asst. Librarian St. Joseph’s College Jakhama

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History, Politics, Culture… humiliate him by referring to him as a tea-seller (chaiwalla), Modi befittingly responded that it is better to be a tea-seller than to be someone who sells his own nation. In his speeches during the campaigning, Modi also rarely mentioned the names of his main opponents. Instead he referred to Rahul Gandhi as ‘Shehzada’ (Prince). Likewise, he also referred to the UPA government not as the government of Dr. Man Mohan Singh but as the ‘Maa-Beta Sarkar’. Another masterstroke of Modi was inviting all the heads of the SAARC nations for his swearing-in ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan – a first of its kind. Modi was even bold enough to send an invitation to his Pakistani counterpart despite the fact that India and Pakistan have not been able to see eye-toeye on many issues in the recent years. For me, it was like a man sending a love letter to a woman from whom the man was very unlikely to get even a reply. But still then Modi went ahead and took the bold step and thereby has ushered in a new channel for Indo-Pak dialogue. Just seconds after he was sworn-in as the country’s Prime Minister, Modi also opened his PM’s website to the people of India while he was still sitted in the Rashtrapati Bhavan complex. It has also been reported that Modi has decided not to include any person who is above 75 years of age as minister in his government. All these indicate that Modi thinks and acts differently and ahead of many Indian political leaders of today. Therefore it would be interesting to see the changes that lie ahead. The story of Modi itself is very interesting and inspiring. He was born into a poor family. His father Damodardas was a tea-seller and Modi himself sold tea in his hometown to meet ends. Indeed if a guy who used to sell tea in his hometown to meet ends could become the Prime Minister of the biggest democracy in the world….all I can say is ‘Long Live Indian Democracy’. However, interestingly Modi has declined to include his life story in the school curriculum texts when he was recently approached with a request for the same. Modi is said to have replied that India has many leaders who have contributed immensely to the nation and children should rather study about them in their texts but that stories of those leaders who are still alive should not be included in the school texts. From all accounts it is clear that Modi is a man who takes religion very seriously. This is why he performed the Ganga Aarti Puja on the banks of the Ganga river in Varanasi after the BJP’s landslide victory and this was also why Modi refused to wear the symbolic Muslim tupi when a Muslim religious leader tried to put the tupi on his head some years back. So

a question naturally arises - do the non-Hindu people need to fear the man? Personally I don’t think so. As long as Modi keeps his religion to himself and does not meddle with the religious activities of the non-Hindu population, there is no reason to fear him. This is so because the Indian constitution allows free practice of religion to people of all faith and for everybody their religion is dear to them. One pre-requisite element to be happy is ‘to be content with whatever one has’ and Modi seems to be one such person. Modi himself said that he never ran after posts and that he never aspired to be the chief minister or the Prime minister but that he simply accepted the opportunity and responsibilities that came his way. When he was a tea-seller, I believe that Modi was satisfied with being a tea-seller and he must have done his utmost to deliver the best services to his customers. Likewise when he was the chief minister of Gujarat, Modi must have been a satisfied man and must have done his best for the upliftment of his people. However now we know that destiny had something much bigger and greater for him than being a tea-seller or even the Chief Minister of an Indian state. Thus even though Modi himself is not a believer of Christ, I guess there are things that we Christians can learn from his story. I feel so because many of us Christians are never satisfied in life and are always on the lookout for something bigger and greater even though God has already blessed us in many seen and unseen ways. And in our pursuit for bigger and greater satisfaction we usually end up disappointing ourselves, our fellow-beings and even God himself as we ultimately end up with nothing in our hands. Narendra Modi was entitled to move into the Prime Minister’s official residence at 7 Race Course Road on the evening he was sworn-in as PM. However, Modi did not do so and he continued to stay on for some more days at the Gujarat Bhavan (New Delhi). This delay in shifting to the new residence also clearly demonstrates that Modi was a satisfied man putting up at the Gujarat Bhavan and was in no hurry to occupy any new imposing residence. Narendra Modi has been sworn-in as the Prime Minister of India and his government is just about to start its real work for the welfare of the nation. Therefore, it is still too early to judge him or his government. The performances and outcome of his government may or may not turn out to be in our taste…..but the fact still remains that, as of now, Narendra Damodardas Modi has undoubtedly become the latest celebrity on the Indian horizon……and India certainly stands “Modified”………

News Review K. Filip sumi

T

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library is the delivery room for the birth of ideas, a place where history comes to life” – (Norman Cousins) With over 17,000 libraries and 2.5 billion materials circulated annually in the United States alone, libraries are frequently used and highly valued by the public. However, as libraries modernize, they face an increasingly harsh budget environment, as well as technological disruption in media, scholarship, and education. The political, social and technological environment is one of transformation and uncertainty. Most libraries have added services such as public computers, free wifi, digital materials such as web sites and e-books, leading to higher overall usage of the library. Countries and cities also continue to invest in library infrastructure. Public libraries remain very popular among all users, and younger patrons use the library at the same rate as older ones. Over 94% of Americans say that “having a public library improves the quality of life in a community.” At the same time, public funding of libraries has declined precipitously. School and academic libraries have also faced both severe budget troubles and declining usage of traditional library services like reference and interlibrary loan. Library functions, services and usage are changing so rapidly that it is difficult to establish standards or measures of value. As these trends continue or accelerate, the status of libraries is likely to remain dynamic and unclear. Academic Libraries: College and university libraries are at the center of changes to the library system. Academic libraries must serve groups of users with diverse information needs and research skills. A higher demand for accountability means academic libraries must prove their value and the value of the university system. Several institutions have attempted to assess the impact of academic libraries on student success but have often struggled with patron privacy concerns. A decline in the usage of traditional library services at the university level suggests that students are looking elsewhere for information resources. Graduate School of Library and Information Science professor Jerome McDonough observed that in terms of undergraduate usage, “We're losing clientele; students may come in the library to study, to socialize, to hit the newly installed cafe designed to lure them in, but they're not using library materials, or library services, at anything like the rate they did even ten years ago.” The growing demand for publishing services suggests new roles and responsibilities for academic libraries in the near future. With changes on the horizon, the organizations that monitor academic library statistics are seeking new ways to assess value and impact. Public Libraries Recent growth in public library usage is likely driven by the Great Recession, as patrons take advantage of affordable entertainment, internet access, job search assistance and educational resources. Beginning with the digitization of library catalogs between the 1970s and 1990s, libraries have added digital capabilities while continuing to provide traditional book lending and literacy services. A large majority of libraries now use social media, like Facebook or hi5, to connect with patrons. The assistance of professional library staff is also valued by patrons. Over one third of people who have ever visited a library say library staff had helped them use a computer or the Internet. In 2011, more than a quarter of all adults used a library for Internet access at some point. Free access to computers and the Internet is now nearly as important to library patrons as borrowing books. Libraries are also offering new recreation, entrepreneurial and content creation opportunities. While patrons still value access to printed books, libraries' shift to offering a wide range of digital, educational, social and entrepreneurial tools appears to be permanent. School Libraries With public funding declining for both libraries and schools, school libraries face severe economic troubles. The number of school librarians has declined, with many school librarians being laid off or assigned to other teaching duties. Moreover, the decline in school library services seems unlikely to end soon as schools seek ways to reduce costs and consolidate services. In 2012 a joint study by the Education Law Center, the Health Sciences Library Consortium, and the Pennsylvania School Librarians Association demonstrated that "for all students, those with fulltime librarians are almost three times as likely to have 'Advanced' writing scores as students without full-time librarians."Nevertheless, school libraries will have to deal with shrinking budgets and changing roles for both librarians and libraries. “A library is not a luxury but one of the necessities of life”- (Henry Ward Beecher)

a ministry for the Himalayas? P.d. Rai

Gaining public consideration T

he NSCN (IM) banning late night lounges and restaurants in Dimapur and the GPRN/NSCN and Dimapur Naga Students’ Union’s intended but postponed joint raid on flesh trade involving Naga girls at Lahorijan, Assam is a move that has found wide acceptance among the public. This laudable move by the two Naga political groups and DNSU comes at a time when the Against Corruption and Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) movement is gaining wider public support. Such moral policing steps aimed for the good of the society and the younger generation can undoubtedly soften public abhorrence upon the Naga political groups which have been considered to be heavily burdening the people through unabated taxation. However, it remains to be seen as to how long the Naga groups can be committed to in cleansing the immoral activities. The recent NSCN (IM) ban on late night discos is not a first time order. In the past, several orders have been issued but all such stern warnings died down and the business starts functioning on a normal basis within no time. The lacuna was that the NSCN (IM) authorities never followed up its own orders to materialization. Scepticism remains on whether the NSCN (IM) can wilfully finish its task which has been taken up several times in the past but failed every time. Unlike the past, when orders were simply passed and vanishes into oblivion, the silver lining this time is the reiteration warning that vehicles found parked after 10 pm outside “night club and restaurant” would be destroyed or damaged. This has seeped down in the minds of the people that the NSCN (IM) is more serious this time round and several NGOs have also attested its support towards this move. But the real commitment of the NSCN (IM) can be visible only when such places do not rise up again. GPRN/NSCN and DNSU’s proposed raid at Lahorijan is aimed at salvaging the Naga girls who are wasting away their lives. As an entity claiming to represent the people and working for their welfare, this raid if takes place should not be the first and last but continue till the practise is stopped. Having set Lahorijan as the first target, the GPRN/NSCN may also look back to our state where many Naga girls are practising prostitution in privacy without necessarily having to go to hotels. Such girls and clients know that hotels have become very vulnerable to raids so they also travel to different Indian cities where their identity is well concealed – and they become travelling prostitutes. Many Naga married men and non-local inhabitants are clients to such innocent looking but enticing Naga girls. By throwing themselves into handling such social issues, the various Naga political groups may not necessarily get the confidence of the people but will certainly gain some consideration from the public in their dealings. Another interesting development that took place during the last one month was the squabble between ACAUT and Excise Department, Dimapur over pilferage of seized IMFL/beer. As per reports, out of the 4448 cases of IMFL/beer, only 2394 cases were destroyed and 2054 cases established missing. Miffed at ACAUT’s intervention during the destruction, the Excise Commissioner responded that proper permission should have been sought. If ACAUT has transgressed in not seeking proper permission for counting, then let it be held responsible for not following the procedure, if any. However, the Department cannot be absolved of its wrongs found in the discrepancies simply for the reason that permission was not sought. It was a surprise visit and any such surprise visit would be meaningless when the concerned party upon whom the surprise visit is intended to be carried upon is informed in advance. With such discrepancies in the open, it is the responsibility of the Excise Department to publicly answer as to where the rest of the seized IMFL/beer disappeared. The flourishing liquor joints in Dimapur shows the weakness of the authorities in implementing the NLTP Act 1989.

“Arena of Mind” portrays a space for idea germination, a field where ideas from multi-disciplinary viewpoints fertilize the world of intelligence. The writers aspire to envision a new future by exploring the mind, discovering new seeds of insights and unleashing them to enlightenment.

IAnS

he recent news about the active consideration of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government to start a new ministry to oversee the Himalayas is most welcome. In all these years since independence, ignoring the Himalayas has been wholly unwarranted and shocking. To many of us who have been hammering away at this thought, it is the most welcome of all news emanating from the newly formed government. Here is why we think this is a path-breaking thought leadership. The sheer size of the Himalayas expanse from Pir Panjal Range in Kashmir to the eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh, the Anjaw district, the tri junction of India, Myanmar and China, is certainly nature's endowment to India. All 2,500 km of Indian Himalayas house some of the most dense and rare bio-diversity reserves on earth. The people who live in these vast expanses and mountains are many times forgotten. However, of late they have also been voicing their concerns and their needs to the central government. There are also many institutions and NGOs like the Indian Mountain Initiative that have repeatedly been talking about the way the Planning Commission does not even take the Mountain specificities into consideration during the five-year plan formation exercise. Only during the 12th Plan finalisation, and that too due to some pressure exerted by members of parliament, the working group on mountains was at last constituted. Better late than never. The Indian Himalayas stands tall. These are the water towers. They feed the myriad of rivers that so far have been providing water security to millions of people downstream. However, today we have enough evidence to believe that these water towers are getting depleted of its ice. In Tibet, satellite mapping shows that just like Antarctica and the Arctic, there is melting of ice, including the permafrost. This will have delayed but eventual consequence as lower than normal water flows in the many rivers. Hence, urgent action and monitoring are required. These are certainly climate change issues that need to be addressed by the new ministry. Whether Himalayan states need to be compensated for bio-diversity reserves and management is another very pressing state-centre issue. Apart from this, the geopolitical nature of the Himalayas is a wellknown facet. In the eastern and western-most parts, we still do not have well demarcated boundaries with China (Tibet). The boundary dispute is yet to be resolved. This has been the reason for so many tense moments that we have with China. Also, the international borders from West to East and moving to and through Nepal, China, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh make for formidable security and trade

related concerns and issues. There is much opportunity in all of this too. If we are able to put the boundary problem behind us and open up all the passes to trade, then imagine what impetus to economic growth it would have.The Nathu-la pass was opened to trade after 44 years in 2006 thanks to a landmark agreement between Atal Behari Vajpayee and his Chinese counterpart in 2003-04. It is border trade and this can be upgraded to full trade. Sikkim's economy will be given a huge boost. Tourism is always a very important economic activity in the Himalayan areas. Scores of tourists from the plains ascend to the cooler climes of the mountain cities. One look at Mussoorie and you will see what the serious challenges to mountain cities are. Hence there is much work to do to enable the construction and management of sustainable mountain cities. Transportation and waste management are all huge burgeoning problems that need solutions. But before that, attention to these problems is sourly needed. Infrastructure and building of roads in the mountain areas is another major issue. Modern technology has not been introduced just yet. This again is due to sheer apathy. The IITs do not specialize in mountain terrain technology. There is the issue of construction of dams and generation of hydropower as well. These are contentious issues that need to be dealt with sensitivity. Railway lines and mountain railways have been around since the days of the British Raj. They managed to take the railways to Darjeeling, Shimla and Coonoor hills (Nilgiri Mountain Railway). The British had made these technological feats. However, since independence, the technology stands where it was in 1947. The Chinese on the other hand have taken it literally to greater heights and succeeded in bringing rail link from Beijing to Lhasa. We have some serious work to do to catch up. All in all, there are serious developmental and geopolitical implications. The Himalayas have so far never spoken other than when it has been stressed out. Landslides and even huge disasters triggered by rainfall or by earthquakes happen every now and then. Sikkim and Uttarakhand are prime examples in recent memory. So the challenge for the ministry is to ensure that all of these issues are resolved in a way that the states of the Himalayas are taken into confidence. With Modi at the helm and with all the talk of good governance this is entirely possible. Federalism would have won. I am totally in alignment with the formation of a ministry which would not have come a day sooner. There are many ideas and many issues - bio-diversity, climate change, trade, water and geopolitics - that need to be sorted out by an inter-ministerial group. Only time will tell whether this will fructify. But the thought leadership is beginning to kick in, and I am an optimist that it will happen.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Tuesday 10 June 2014

The Morung Express

5 bodies found in Himachal river, 21 still missing Survivors in shock, say there was no warning

mANDI, JuNE 9 (PTI): For the ill-fated group of students of a Hyderabad-based engineering college merrily taking photos on the banks of Beas river in Himachal Pradesh, tragedy struck in a matter of couple of minutes as they were washed away in the swirling waters which suddenly rose several feet. The gush of water turned out to be a tide of death, recounted surviving students. Many of them, particularly girls, were seen in a state of panic in Himachal Pradesh, where they are accommodated in lodges. 24 students were washed away on Sunday evening in river Beas near Thalot on Manali-Kiratpur Highway, 40 kms from Mandi. Five bodies were recovered on Monday. The students were caught unaware by the sudden discharge of water in the river from the reservoir of 126 MW Larji project. Even as rescue and relief operations were on at the incident spot, the surviving Rescuers search the Beas River after dozens of students were swept away when a dam released a rush students had a harrowing tale to narrate of water without warning at Pandoh, about 90 kilometers (56 miles) south of the mountain resort town of on the tragedy. Manali in Himachal Pradesh on Monday, June 9. (AP Photo) SHImLA, JuNE 9 (IANS): The bodies of five engineering students were retrieved Monday from the Beas river in Himachal Pradesh’s Mandi district while a search is on for 21 others who were washed away. A court described it as “consequence of utter and callous negligence”. The toll in Sunday’s accident could rise as chances of recovering any survivor is bleak, Himachal Additional Deputy Commissioner Pankaj Rai told IANS over phone. Rai said one of the bodies was recovered from Pandoh dam, whose floodgates were closed after the accident. The dam is some 15 km downstream from the accident spot. “The silent river literally turned into a watery grave within a fraction of seconds,” Kiran, one

of the survivors and a faculty member of the V.N.R. Vignana Jyothi Institute of Engineering and Technology in Hyderabad, told IANS in Mandi town. Kiran said the students, who were on the way to picturesque tourist resort of Manali, were taking photogrraphs on the bank of the Beas river when the disaster occurred. At least 24 students, including six girls, of the institute and one tour operator were reported missing. More than 60 students and faculty members were on an excursion to Manali. Some of them were getting themselves photographed on the bank of the river in Thalaut area near Hanogi Mata temple when the sudden rush of water washed them away. The river level suddenly increased due to release

of water from the Larji hydropower project’s dam without warning, eye witnesses said. Anxious parents of engineering students missing in Himachal gathered at VNR college, near Hyderabad, even as the management promised to take them in a special flight. Relatives of some students sat on protest at the college premises at Bachupalli on the outskirts of Hyderabad, alleging negligence in providing them information. The parents entered into heated arguments with the college officials, demanding immediate action to fly them to Himachal Pradesh. There was confusion on the number of bodies being recovered. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) said in a statement that five bodies have been found,

while state authorities said that four bodies were found. The accident spot is located some 200 km from Himachal capital Shimla and on the border of Kullu and Mandi districts. “The government will make necessary arrangements to take parents of the missing children to Himachal Pradesh. We will also arrange a flight to bring the bodies of the students,” Information Technology Minister K. Tarakarama Rao said in Hyderabad. The Himachal Pradesh High Court said it was not only a case of callousness but a grave negligence. “It’s a sad tale by reason of the fact that sheer fun of the young students turned out to be fatal as a consequence of utter and callous negligence of the power project authorities,”

“It all happened in a matter of only 2-3 minutes,” said one of the students. Ravi Kumar, a student who was part of the group from the Hyderabad college, said, “I tried to alert my friends... I ran towards my friends but by the water level had shot up.” 19-year-old TV Suharsha, said their group had 48 students, three faculty members and a child of one of the faculty members. “It was around 5.30-6pm on the third day of our tour and we all wanted to stop for a break. “We were all sitting on the rocks, taking photos. There was a big rock in the middle of the river and everyone wanted to reach to the top of that rock. Some made their way to it by stepping on a series of small rocks. “After about 10 minutes, the water level started rising. I was upstream and I noticed it first. I began screaming, trying to alert everyone as I rushed back,” a shocked Suharsa said. “The locals were also helping us. About 15-20 students were washed away

Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan said, taking suo moto notice of the incident. He directed the state government to file a status report on the incident by June 16. He also directed the hydropower project authorities to take all remedial measures to avoid any mishap in future. Ravi Kumar, a survivor while recounting the horror, said: “The water level suddenly rose to five or six feet and the students who were close to the river were washed away.” He said no help came from the district administration for hours. “If the administration had reacted immediately, 10 to 15 lives could have been saved,” an emotional Ravi Kumar said. “Before going into the water, we asked the locals and they said

in front of us. I could just see the head of one student but I didn’t know he was still alive. I threw a rope towards the student but he just disappeared,” the student said. The students alleged that neither was there any siren, to alert the people about the release of water nor any danger mark signboards on the river bank. “Had there been any warning before release of water, precious lives would not have been lost,” the students said. One of the surviving students who was with group taking pictures on the rock recalled, “There was no water when we were taking photos. It was only after asking the locals we entered the river bed.” The 2nd year Electronics and Instrumentation students, including 13 girls, along with their faculty members, were on a study tour to the hill state and had left Hyderabad on June 3 after completion of their exams on June 2. One of the students, who swam to safety, said authorities reached the spot very late. Police did not show any urgency in rescuing those drowning, he said.

you could go. When the disaster occurred, rather than helping us, they started shouting at us,” he added. Aditya, who was able to save himself, said darkness hampered search operations. “There was no provision of searchlights. The search operation started almost 12 hours after the incident.” Himachal Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh told reporters in Shimla after visiting the spot: “The divisional commissioner of Mandi has been entrusted with the inquiry. We have already suspended three officials of the Larji hydropower project, including the resident engineer.” He said the staff at the Larji project claimed that they had sounded a hooter before releasing water. “The real picture will

emerge only after the inquiry report,” he added. Virbhadra Singh said such an incident had occurred first time in the state. Officials in Shimla that they are making arrangements to send back the remaining students to their native places. In a report sent to the union home ministry over the incident, the state government explained that the water level in the rivers go higher in summers due to melting of glaciers. The report says that a hooter was blown at 6.15 p.m., before the floodgates were opened by the project staff. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu reviewed the situation. He directed cabinet minister Narayana and IAS official Satish Chandra to go to Himachal to monitor rescue and relief work.

India to engage with China, add vigour to US ties: Prez Black money SIT to vet tax treaties NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (IANS): India would “engage energetically” with neighbours like China, Japan and Russia and bring in “renewed vigour” to its ties with the US, President Pranab Mukherjee said Monday. Addressing a joint sitting of both houses of parliament, Mukherjee said the government would engage with China to further develop India’s strategic and cooperative partnership. His comments come as Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi is in the capital on a twoday visit to make contact with the new government headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The president said with Japan, the government would “strive to make progress in the many initiatives that are ongoing, especially in the field of building modern infrastructure in our country”. “Russia remains a privileged and strategic partner and my government will build further on the firm foundations of this relationship.” On ties with the US, which are seen to have plateaued, the president said: “India and the US have made significant progress in developing strategic partnership over the years. My government will bring a renewed vigour to our engagement and intensify it in all areas, including trade, investment, science and technology, energy and education.” Referring to ties with Europe, the president said the government “will make concerted efforts to

President outlines govt thrust on infrastructure NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (IANS): From a “sagar mala” or a chain on the sea, connecting India’s ports and then the hinterland, to an enabling groundwork for cheaper air travel to small cities, President Pranab Mukherjee Monday outlined a slew of projects to show the thrust the Narendra Modi government wishes to give to infrastructure development. “Lack of robust infrastructure is one of India’s major impediments,” the president said during the course of his 55-minute address to the joint session of the two houses of parliament in the Central Hall. “The government will chalk out an ambitious infrastructure development programme to be implemented in the next 10 years. A fast-track, investment friendly and predictable public-private-paertnership mechanism will be put in place,” he assured. Among the projects and policies he listed were: • A Diamond Quadrilateral Project of high-speed trains • Freight corridors with specialised agri-rail networks for perishable farm products • Higher investment in railways with innovative financing • Expansion of railways in hilly states and northeast region achieve progress in key areas with the European Union as well as its leading members”. The president said the government would operationalize the international civil nuclear agreements with different countries and “nuclear power projects for civilian purposes will be developed”. In order to realise the country’s soft power potential, “there is need to integrate it into our external in-

• Modernization of rail safety systems with prime focus • Sagar Mala Project to connect sea ports with hinterland through road and rail • Inland and coastal waterways for use as major transport routes • New National Energy Policy with focus on development • Expand the National Solar Mission • Connect households and industries with gas-grids • Reform coal sector with urgency to attract investment • Operationalise international civil nuclear pacts • Build 100 new cities with world class amenities • Integrated infrastructure with focus on cleanliness and sanitation • All-weather houses for every family in 10 years with all basic amenities • Time-bound programme for national highways network • Low-cost airports to promote air connectivity to smaller towns • Develop coastlines as gateway for India’s prosperity • Modernalisation of existing ports and development new world class ones.

terchange, with particular emphasis on our rich spiritual, cultural and philosophical heritage. The government will revive Brand India riding on our strengths of Five T’s: Tradition, Talent, Tourism, Trade and Technology”, he said. He said India’s vibrant, talented and industrious diaspora is a source of great pride for the country. “They have done pioneering work in diverse fields, held the

Gandhis probing defeat personally

NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (TNN): Twenty-two days into the Lok Sabha defeat, there is no inquiry panel like the famous ‘Antony Committee’ to look into the issue, a departure from the past which points to a first-hand probe being carried out by the Gandhi family. Congress chief Sonia Gandhi and heir apparent Rahul are said to be personally looking into what caused the ground to shift so decisively from under their feet. They are summoning leaders from states to pick their mind on what caused the worst performance in the party’s history. Sources said Rahul has held meetings with state Congress chiefs and MPs who lost the elections. “It’s a detailed feedback,” a senior leader said, adding that calls are still going out to all kinds of leaders. After the Lok Sabha session ends this week, sources said the organizational focus would

shift to state elections. The party is starting preparations early given that it is staring at certain defeat in Haryana, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Delhi. The inquiry by the ‘first family’ marks a radical change from what has been done in the past, most notably the announcement of a committee to probe big defeats. Such committees have, mockingly, come to be known as ‘Antony committee’ because most of them have been headed by senior leader A K Antony and were seen as a ploy to defuse the anger of partymen. According to Congress leaders, this could be a prelude to a massive structural change in the way Congress is run. If the urgency of the new-age approach sustains in the coming weeks, the AICC may look very different from how it is now. Sources said if the Gandhi duo is not satisfied with its conclusions, it may announce an

‘Antony committee’ for further probe. The situation is troubling party managers. Demoralized workers are looking for instant announcements given the scale of defeat but hapless leaders insist that Congress is in for a long haul and there are no short-term solutions to the crisis. One decision taken recently is to start preparations for assembly polls early. The big fear is that the situation may only get worse following defeats in the assembly elections later in the year. The prospect of dissidence or exodus from the party, as signalled by the bellicose comments from leaders like Narayan Rane in Mumbai, seems inevitable. Key leaders in Haryana and Uttarakhand bolted ahead of the elections, playing a role in spoiling the party’s prospects. Assam unit is still in flux with dissidence against chief minister Tarun Gogoi.

highest public offices and have worked hard to support their localities and families in India.” He said the 2015 Pravasi Bharatiya Divas would mark a centenary of Mahatma Gandhi’s return home. “As we celebrate the centenary of Gandhiji’s return to India, we would also take steps that would deepen every Pravasi Bharatiya’s connection with India and involve them in India’s development.”

NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (PTI): Tasked with the job of recovering illicit wealth stashed away by Indians, the SIT on black money has decided to look into the contentious issue of secrecy clauses in India’s tax treaties with Switzerland and other countries. India has signed tax information exchange treaties with many countries, but they typically contain a ‘confidentiality’ clause which forbids sharing of details obtained through such treaties with other law enforcement and investigation agencies, thus coming in the way of coordinated actions by them. At the centre of discussion of the Special Investigation Team (SIT) — headed by retired Supreme Court Judge MB Shah

— are close to half-a-dozen black money cases in which information has been received from a foreign jurisdiction by the Income Tax Department or allied agencies, sources said. However, this information cannot be shared with any other investigative agency as a strict non-disclosure of information clause accompanies these information exchange treaties, they added. The Special Investigation Team (SIT), sources said, would look into the possibility of requesting competent courts and the relevant authorities in foreign jurisdictions for permission to share with other agencies the data obtained by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and the I-T department.

A woman puts mud on her face as she bathes in the river Ganges on a hot summer afternoon in Allahabad on Monday, June 9. A strong heat has the northern plains of the country in its grips with temperatures crossing 113 degree Fahrenheit, or 45 degree Celsius in several places. (AP Photo)

Uttarakhand fake encounter case: 17 cops get life term

NEW DELHI, JuNE 9 (PTI): A Delhi court on Monday awarded life imprisonment to 17 Uttarakhand police personnel who were convicted for gunning down a 22-year-old MBA graduate in a fake encounter in a jungle near Dehradun in 2009. Special CBI judge JPS Malik handed down the jail term to the 17 policemen after holding them guilty of involvement in the conspiracy to kidnap and kill Ghaziabad resident Ranbir Singh, who went to Dehradun to take up a job on July 3, 2009. The court also imposed a fine of Rs 50,000 each on seven cops — six sub-inspectors Santosh Kumar Jaiswal, Gopal Dutt Bhatt (SHO), Rajesh Bisht, Neeraj Kumar, Nitin Kumar Chauhan, Chander Mohan Singh Rawat and constable Ajit Singh — who were held guilty of killing the victim.

It has also directed 10 other policemen, convicted for conspiracy to kidnap and kill Ranbir, to furnish a fine of Rs 20,000 each. The court asked the authorities concerned to give the collected fine as compensation to the family of Ranbir, who had graduated in MBA from Meerut University. However, the family of the victim, which was present in the court, expressed unhappiness over the verdict and said they will appeal against it in the higher court. The victim’s mother, who was seen crying, said, “I want death for all the policemen who killed my younger son.” Meanwhile, the wife of one of the convicts, Santosh Kumar Jaiswal, broke down in the courtroom, saying, “Where will we go? He (Santosh) is the only earning member in the family.” The court, which convicted po-

liceman Jaspal Singh Gosain for the offence of a public servant framing incorrect record with an intention to save a person from punishment (section 218 IPC), however, awarded him two years imprisonment, which he has already undergone during the trial period. Gosain, the then head operator at city control room, who was acquitted of all the other charges, was directed to furnish a bail bond of Rs 50,000 and a surety of the like amount. The court had on Friday rejected the theory of Uttarakhand Police that Ranbir was riding a bike along with two others and had snatched a revolver from a policeman when they were stopped for checking in view of then President Pratibha Patil’s visit to Uttarakhand on July 3, 2009. Apart from the seven cops convicted for murder, other ten

policemen — constables Satbir Singh, Sunil Saini, Chander Pal, Saurabh Nautiyal, Nagender Rathi, Vikas Chander Baluni, Sanjay Rawat and Manoj Kumar and drivers Mohan Singh Rana and Inderbhan Singh — were convicted under section 120B (criminal conspiracy) read with sections 64 (kidnapping to murder) and 302 (murder) of IPC. The policemen were charged by CBI in connection with the encounter case. They were arrested in the wake of evidence that Ranbir was allegedly gunned down by Uttarakhand Police after being caught at Mohini Road where he and his companions were allegedly trying to commit a crime on July 3, 2009. Two of Ranbir’s friend were arrested later and are facing trial in a separate case of robbing in Uttarakhand.


Tuesday

InternatIonal

the Morung express

10 June 2014

Dimapur

9

Pakistani Taliban attack airport in Karachi ISLAMABAD, June 9 (ReuteRS): Taliban militants disguised as security forces stormed Pakistan’s busiest airport on Sunday and at least 27 people were killed in a night-long battle at one of the country’s most high-profile targets. The assault on Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, Pakistan’s sprawling commercial hub of 18 million people, all but destroys prospects for peace talks between the Pakistani Taliban and the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. It also deals a heavy blow to Sharif’s efforts to attract foreign investors to revive economic growth and raises questions about security at the country’s main installations. The attack began just before midnight when 10 gunmen wearing military uniforms and armed with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades shot their way into the airport’s old terminal, which is used mainly for charter and executive flights. Gun battles raged through the night until security forces regained control of the airport at dawn. Passengers were evacuated and all flights were diverted. Director general of the military’s media wing, Asim Bajwa, said the airport had been cleared and would soon resume operations. The government said security was being stepped up at all airports. “We need to keep extremely vigilant,” Shujaat Azeem, special assistant to Sharif on aviation, said in a statement. The Pakistani Taliban, an alliance of insurgent groups fighting to topple the government and set up a sharia state, said they carried out the attack in response to air strikes on their strongholds near the Afghan border and suggested their mission was to hijack a passenger plane. “It is a message to the Pakistan government that we are still alive to react over the killings of innocent people in bomb attacks on their villages,” said Shahidullah Shahid, a Taliban spokesman. “The main goal of this attack was

Well-trained and armed, Taliban tried to hijack plane in Pakistan

Pakistani police officers display ammunition confiscated from attackers at the Jinnah International Airport on Monday, June 9, in Karachi, Pakistan. Gunmen disguised as police guards attacked a terminal at Pakistan’s busiest airport with machine guns and a rocket launcher during a five-hour siege that killed over a dozen people as explosions echoed into the night, while security forces retaliated and killed all the attackers, officials said Monday. (AP Photo)

to damage the government, including by hijacking planes and destroying state installations.” Pakistan’s paramilitary force said that the attackers were ethnic Uzbeks. Pakistani officials often blame foreign militants holed up in lawless areas on the Afghan border for staging attacks alongside the Pakistani Taliban around the country. “Three militants blew themselves up and seven were killed by security forces,” Rizwan Akhtar, the regional head of the paramilitary Rangers, said in televised remarks. “The militants appear to be Uzbek.” The death toll included airport security guards and

workers with Pakistan International Airlines. In a separate unrelated attack, at least 22 Shi’ite pilgrims were killed in a suicide attack near Pakistan’s border with Iran, a local official said. A radical Sunni group claimed responsibility for the attack. Gun Battle Sharif came to power last year promising to find a negotiated solution to years of violence but after the latest attack on the airport the resumption of the peace process looked unlikely. Karachi is Pakistan’s biggest city and commercial hub, home to a vibrant stock exchange, the central bank

and the country’s main port. But it is also a violent and chaotic place where Taliban militants and criminal gangs operate freely underground. At the airport, gun battles went on for five hours and television pictures showed fire raging as ambulances ferried casualties away. At least three loud explosions were heard as militants wearing suicide vests blew themselves up. By dawn on Monday, the army said the airport had been secured but heavy smoke rose above the building. “Ten militants aged between 20 and 25 have been killed by security forces,” said a spokesman for the

Rangers. “A large cache of arms and ammunition has been recovered from the militants. “A sweep operation is being carried out at the airport which is expected to be completed by midday (0700 GMT).” Officials said no aircraft had been damaged. Peace talks between the government and the Pakistani Taliban had failed in recent months, already dampening hopes of reaching a negotiated settlement with the insurgents, who continue attacks against government and security targets. Pakistan’s Taliban are allied with but separate from the Afghan Taliban.

ISLAMABAD, June 9 (ReuteRS): Their backpacks stuffed with food and ammunition, a squad of highly trained Taliban fighters attacked Pakistan’s biggest airport in what they clearly expected to be a protracted siege. Seven fighters were shot dead by Pakistani forces after five hours of intense gunfire at Karachi’s Jinnah International Airport. Three died after detonating their suicide-bomb vests. The Pakistani Taliban said they carried out the attack in response to air strikes in their strongholds near the Afghan border and suggested their mission was to hijack a passenger plane. “The main goal of this attack was to damage the government, including by hijacking planes and destroying state installations,” said Shahidullah Shahid, a Taliban spokesman. “This was just an example of what we are capable of and there is more to come. The government should be ready for even worse attacks.” At least 27 people including 10 militants were killed. In a similar well-coordinated attack in 2011, militants besieged a naval base in Karachi to avenge the killing of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in a secret U.S. special forces operation that year. The latest assault started just before midnight on Sunday. Wearing Airport Security Force uniforms and armed with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades, the group shot its way into the airport after arriving at the cargo terminal in two mini-vans. A senior police officer said that the militants then split into two groups, with one attacking a gate called Fokker to create a

diversion and the other storming the cargo terminal. Dried Fruit And Water The plan was to make it to the nearby passenger terminal but their advance was disrupted by the unexpectedly strong resistance of security forces including paramilitary Rangers. A protracted gunbattle ensued as militants took up positions around the cargo terminal. All passengers were quickly whisked away from the airport and flights were diverted as the gunbattle unfolded through the night. “The militants were not able to achieve their target of hitting the aeroplanes as they were kept engaged by the security forces, as forces responded very quickly,” said a security source. He said the militants were highly trained and carried large backpacks filled with dried fruit and water, suggesting they were in for a long siege. The official said all the attackers were wearing similar running shoes - a trademark feature for Taliban insurgents. Bearded, gun-toting militants wearing camouflage and simple trainers are a common fixture of Taliban propaganda videos. “It would have been much more disastrous if the militants had reached the main terminal building and taken hostages. There were hundreds of passengers and staff members present at the main terminal at the time,” the official said. Two international flights, operated by Emirates and Thai Airways, were boarding passengers at the time of the attack. Parts of the terminal were set ablaze but it was unclear if insurgents had intentionally set it on fire.

Thai junta to explain itself Las Vegas ambush leads to 5 deaths ‘Western democracy only brings chaos’ to international rights groups

BAnGKOK, June 9 (ReuteRS): Thailand’s junta said on Monday it had ordered the Thai ambassadors to the United States and Britain to meet human rights groups in an effort to “create understanding” about its seizure of power. Several Western governments have spoken out against the May 22 coup, calling for a speedy return to democracy. Rights groups have urged the ruling National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) to curb its powers to detain and prosecute civilians. “The NCPO has ordered Thailand’s ambassadors in New York and London to meet representatives from Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International to create understanding,” Yongyuth Mayalarp, a spokesman for the NCPO, told reporters. Representatives at Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch confirmed they had been invited to meet the ambassadors. Rights activists have been called in by the military and warned against speaking to foreign media. Army chief General Prayuth Chan-ocha said he took power to restore order after nearly seven months of political turmoil in the polarised country. He has launched a reconciliation campaign aimed at healing divisions. Prayuth is due to meet foreign diplomats on Wednesday to brief them on the military administration’s plans. The NCPO ordered political parties on Monday to suspend activities. When the military scrapped the constitution after the coup it was unclear whether parties would continue to exist. The coup was the latest chapter in a power struggle between the Bangkok-based royalist establishment and supporters of ousted former populist premier Thaksin Shinawatra, whose stronghold is in the rural north and northeast. Thaksin’s removal in a 2006 coup did nothing to heal the divide and the military now appears intent on finishing what it started then, shuffling senior civil servants and military personnel to blunt the power Thaksin loyalists. The ousted government was headed by Thaksin’s sister, Yingluck Shinawatra, until she was ordered to step down on May 7 after a court found her guilty of abuse of power. Economic Stimulus The NCPO has moved swiftly to revive an economy battered by months of chaos. On Saturday, Prayuth declared himself head of the Board of Investment, a position typically held by the prime minister. He has said that this week the junta would begin approving projects to stimulate the economy. It is reviewing a contentious 350 billion baht ($10.8 billion) water management plan and 2 trillion baht in infrastructure projects initiated by the former government. The water management plan was suspended in 2013 and a court ordered Yingluck to hold more public hearings into it. The Constitutional Court ruled against the infrastructure plan in March, saying the funding methods were illegal. Yingluck’s government had hoped to boost growth through projects including high-speed railways and highways. While the junta steamrolls ahead with plans for reform and stimulus, it has launched campaigns to “bring back happiness”, including free concerts and food stalls. It has imposed a ban on political gatherings of more than five people and a nationwide curfew, now running from midnight to 4 a.m. However, over the past week, it has lifted the curfew in 10 holiday spots to help stimulate tourism, which accounts for more than 10 percent of the economy. Still, many have found creative ways to show disapproval of the coup, including handing out “democracy sandwiches” in parks and at university campuses.

LAS VeGAS, June 9 (ReuteRS): An armed man and woman shouting about a “revolution” opened fire and killed two Las Vegas policemen who were eating lunch in a pizza parlor on Sunday, then fatally shot a civilian in a nearby Wal-Mart store before killing themselves, police said. The two uniformed patrol officers, later identified as Alyn Beck, 41, and Igor Soldo, 31 - both family men - were ambushed without provocation shortly before 11:30 a.m. local time inside a CiCi’s Pizza shop, authorities said. One of the two officers managed to return gunfire before the suspects fled to an adjacent Wal-Mart, where they killed a bystander inside the front door, then exchanged gunfire with police who pursued them further into the store, Clark County Sheriff Douglas Gillespie said. Moments later, the female suspect shot her accomplice to death, then took her own life, Gillespie told reporters at a late-afternoon news conference. A city police spokeswoman, Laura Meltzer, earlier told Reuters the two suspects died after they “engaged in what is being described as a suicide

pact.” She also said the suspects had grabbed the fallen officers’ weapons before fleeing to the Wal-Mart, which Gillespie confirmed. Meltzer said preliminary information received by police at the scene, showed one or both of the suspects had yelled a statement, “This is a revolution” as they carried out the initial attack. Gillespie said in the statement this was unconfirmed. He said investigators were also at a loss to explain the attack. “What precipitated this event we do not know. My officers were simply having lunch when the shooting started,” he said. He added: “It’s a tragic day, a very difficult day. But we still have a community to police, and we still have a community to protect. We will be out there doing it with our heads held high but an emptiness in our hearts.” He said no information was being released about the identity of the slain bystander, though the Las Vegas Review-Journal reported the victim was a woman. Gillespie said the two slain officers had been on routine patrol in the East Las Vegas area when they stopped for lunch.

BeIJInG, June 9 (ReuteRS): China’s top newspaper on Monday warned against aping Western-style democracy just a week after the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen crackdown, pointing to Thailand and Ukraine as examples of the kind of chaos the system can bring. President Xi Jinping’s ascendancy in a once-in-a-decade generational leadership transition had given many Chinese hope for political reform, mainly due to his folksy style and the legacy of his father, Xi Zhongxun, a former reformist vice-premier. But the repeated message the party has given out since Xi became president last year is that there will be no political liberalisation. China has been on high alert over the past few weeks in the run-up to the 25th anniversary of the bloody suppression of pro-democracy demonstrations around Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, de-

taining dissidents and tightening internet controls. In a lengthy commentary, the ruling Communist Party’s official People’s Daily newspaper said the country needed to be on guard against falling into the “trap” of Westernstyle democracy. “Over the past few months, from Kiev to Bangkok, the politics of the street and public clashes have caused deep sorrow,” the newspaper said. “Looking back at the ‘colour revolutions’ which have occurred in recent years ... how can we not say with deep feeling: rejoice that we have resolutely upheld socialism with Chinese characteristics. Otherwise, would China have peace?” “From western Asia to North Africa, many countries have slipped into the confused madness of ‘western democracy’, which has neither brought happiness nor stability,” the paper said. It also took aim at British

democracy. “In Britain’s parliament to this day there are still hereditary nobles. For Chinese people, this is unthinkable,” the paper said, adding that China should continue going down its own path. During a visit to Belgium in April, Xi himself said that China had experimented in the past with various political systems, including multi-party democracy, but it did not work, warning that copying foreign political or development models could be catastrophic. China’s constitution enshrines the Communist Party’s long-term “leading” role in government, though it allows the existence of various other political parties under what is calls a “multi-party cooperation system”. But all are subservient to the Communist Party. Activists who call for pluralism are regularly jailed and criticism of China’s one-party, authoritarian system silenced.

Pope says Israelis, Palestinians must seek peace “undaunted in dialogue”

VAtICAn CItY, June 9 (ReuteRS): Pope Francis told Israeli and Palestinian leaders they “must respond” to their people’s yearning for peace “undaunted in dialogue” during an unprecedented prayer meeting among Jews, Christians and Muslims at the Vatican on Sunday. The pope made his vibrant appeal to Israeli President Shimon Peres and his Palestinian counterpart Mahmoud Abbas at the end of a two-hour evening service in the Vatican gardens, an encounter he hopes will relaunch the Middle East peace process. “Peacemaking calls for courage, much more so than warfare. It calls for the courage to say yes to encounter and no to conflict; yes to dialogue and no to violence; yes to negotiations and no to hostilities,” he said. The pope spoke after Jewish rabbis, Christian cardinals and Muslim Imams read and chanted from the Old Testament, the New Testament and the Koran in Italian, English, Hebrew and Arabic in the first such inter-religious event in the Vatican. At times the chanting made it seem that participants were in a synagogue or outside a mosque in the Middle East rather than a primly manicured triangular lawn, a spot the Vatican chose as a “neutral” site

with no religious symbols. In his strong speech in Italian, Francis called for respect for agreements and rejection of acts of provocation. “All of this takes courage, it takes strength and tenacity,” he said. Francis, who made the surprise invitation to the two leaders during his trip to the Holy Land last month, said that the search for peace was “an act of supreme responsibility before our consciences and before our peoples” and noted that millions around the world of all faiths were praying with them for peace. “We have heard a summons and we must respond. It is the summons to break the spiral of hatred and violence, and to break it by one word alone: the word ‘brother’,” the pope said as Peres and Abbas listened intently and read the live translations. He said the children who have been the innocent victims of wars and conflicts made the search for peace an imperative. “The memory of these children instils in us the courage of peace, the strength to persevere undaunted in dialogue,” Francis said. It was the first public meeting between the two presidents in more than a year and took place more than a month after United States-led peace talks collapsed amid bitter mutual recrimination.

Peres, who is 90 years old and whose mandate expires next month, departed from his prepared speech in English and Hebrew to say that he was an old man who had “seen war” and “tasted peace” and that all leaders owed their children a better future. Abbas prayed to God “to bring comprehensive and just peace to our country and region so that our people and the peoples of the Middle East and the whole world would enjoy the fruit of peace, stability and coexistence”. The pope, the two presidents and Patriarch Bartholomew then planted an olive tree and members of each delegation shook hands as music played. The four later held private talks for about 20 minutes before the two presidents left the Vatican. The Vatican has played down any expectations that the meeting - billed as a “pause from politics” will lead to any immediate breakthroughs in efforts to solve the region’s tortuous problems and says it is not meddling in regional issues and does not want to get involved in details of negotiations. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, the key Israeli decision-maker, is not attending and he refuses to deal with the Palestinian unity government, backed by Hamas Islamists, that

Pope Francis looks at Israel’s President Shimon Peres, left, and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas greet each other during an evening of peace prayers in the Vatican gardens, on June 8. Pope Francis waded head-first into Mideast peace-making Sunday, welcoming the Israeli and Palestinian presidents to the Vatican for an evening of peace prayers just weeks after the last round of US-sponsored negotiations collapsed. (AP Photo)

Abbas swore in last Monday. Netanyahu has made no direct comment on the meeting, but in remarks on Sunday at a paramilitary police base in Jerusalem he suggested that prayer is no substitute for security. “For thousands of years, the people of Israel have been praying for peace daily. But until peace comes, we will continue

to strengthen you so that you can continue to defend the State of Israel. Ultimately, that is what will guarantee our future and will also bring peace,” he told the troops. But the fact that Francis’s bold move has managed to bring together the two presidents at all shows his desire to engage political leaders, offering inter-religious dialogue as a building block.


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The Morung Express

Daniel Ricciardo wins Heat defeat Spurs to tie NBA Finals Canadian Grand Prix

Red Bull driver Daniel Ricciardo, right, from Australia gets a champagne shower from teammate and third-place finisher Sebastian Vettel from Germany, after winning the Canadian Grand Prix at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Sunday, June 8, in Montreal. (AP Photo)

MONTReAL, JuNe 9 (AP): Daniel Ricciardo may be coming out of the shadow of his more celebrated Red Bull teammate. The 24-year-old Australian won the Canadian Grand Prix on Sunday to earn his first career Formula One victory, joining fourtime defending world champion Sebastian Vettel on the podium and snapping Mercedes' stranglehold on the circuit this season. Ricciardo's win was the first win this year for any driver other than Nico Rosberg, the pole-sitter and championship leader, and Lewis Hamilton, a three-time Canadian GP champion. But the twin Mercedes Silver Arrows were forced to slow down midway through the race to keep their brakes from overheating, and Ricciardo was able to take advantage. "The race came to life at the end," said Ricciardo, who passed Rosberg with two laps to go. "It's still a little bit surreal. It's not like we were leading the whole race, so it's not like I had time to understand that I was going to win." Rosberg finished second under a caution caused dur-

ing a last-lap crash between Felipe Massa and Sergio Perez, easily protecting his lead in the championship standings. The German has 140 of a possible 175 points through seven races, with two victories and five second-place finishes. Hamilton, who went to the garage after 46 laps when his brakes overheated, remains second in the standings with 118 points. With two fourth-place finishes, two thirds and a victory in his last five races, Ricciardo moved up to third with 79 points, passing Ferrari's Fernando Alonso, who was sixth and has 69 points. Vettel, who won in Montreal last year, earned 15 points for his third-place finish and is fifth in the standings with 60 points. "We still have a lot of work ahead of us, because the Mercedes are still quite a bit quicker," he said. Drivers had to contend with track temperatures of 48 C at the start, on a sundrenched day at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on the Ile de Notre Dame near downtown Montreal. The track, home to the Canadian Grand Prix since 1978, will get a face lift as part of a 10year extension announced Saturday to keep the race in

town through 2024. Known as one of the more unpredictable tracks in Formula One, Montreal offered excitement from the start when Hamilton and Rosberg, who share a tense partnership, went tire-to-tire into the first chicane. Hamilton was forced to brake, allowing Vettel to pass. But Hamilton was soon back in second and the two Mercedes drivers seemed headed for what would have been their sixth a 1-2 finish in a row. That ended when Hamilton tried to overtake Rosberg on a chicane at Turn 7 but instead was forced onto the grass. He came out of the exchange with his car smoking, and within a lap the 2008 world champion — winner of four races this season — was out of the race. That left Mercedes with just Rosberg, and he was told over the radio to conserve his brakes so that he could make it to the end. "We have such speed and to finish with just one car and come in second is hugely disappointing," Rosberg said. "Our ambition is to finish 1-2. We have to make sure that we get back there in Austria."

SAN ANTONIO, JuNe 9 (AP): No cramps, no problems for LeBron James. And with their superstar making it to the finish this time, the Miami Heat bounced back from a loss, just as they always do in the playoffs. "Obviously, having No. 6 in the game at the end was a plus for us," Dwyane Wade said. James had 35 points and 10 rebounds in a powerful comeback from the cramps that knocked him out of the opener, as the Heat tied the NBA Finals with a 98-96 victory over the San Antonio Spurs in Game 2 Sunday night. Chris Bosh made the go-ahead 3-pointer on a pass from James with 1:18 remaining for the Heat, who have won 13 straight following a loss in the postseason. Just like last year, they rebounded after losing Game 1 to the Spurs. Bosh had 18 points for the Heat, who are headed home for Game 3 Tuesday night. James played more than 37 minutes, making 14 of 22 shots. He was 1 for 4 with three turnovers in a shaky first quarter, then made 11 of his next 13. After two days of enduring criticism for not finishing the game and getting suggestions on how to avoid cramps, James changed the subject. "What happened on Thursday was Thursday," James said. "My whole focus was how I was going to try to help this team even this up and just try to make some plays." He had a key strip of Tony Parker down the stretch, playing a dominant game on both ends as if he had something to prove. As usual, James found a way to silence his haters. He had 11 points in the second quarter, helping Miami erase an 11-point deficit early in the period. The game was played within a margin of a few points from there, and the Spurs missed a chance to seize control in the fourth quarter when Parker and Tim Duncan

Italy tunes up by beating Fluminense

VOLTA ReDONDA, JuNe 9 (AP): Ciro Immobile scored a hat trick and also set up two other goals as Italy ended its recent slump by beating Brazilian club Fluminense 5-3 in a World Cup warm-up match Sunday. The Azzurri had entered on a seven-match winless streak and this match was deadlocked at 2-2 at halftime before Italy scored three goals in a two-minute span at the start of the second half. Lorenzo Insigne opened the scoring in the 23rd and Chiquinho equalized two minutes later. Immobile scored his first in the 31st then Carlinhos equalized in the 37th. Immobile put Italy ahead for good in the 53rd then scored again a minute later before crossing to Insigne for another easy score in the 55th. Substitute Matheus Carvalho pulled one back for Fluminense in the 64th.

Italy opens the World Cup against England in Manaus on Saturday then faces Costa Rica and Uruguay in Group D, one of the tournament's toughest. Before an enthusiastic crowd of 17,000 at the Estadio da Cidadania, Italy started with a squad of mostly reserves, as the likes of Mario Balotelli, Andrea Pirlo and Daniele De Rossi only came on midway through the second half. Balotelli was the victim of a hard foul and was limping for a few seconds before resuming normal running. Four-time Brazilian champion Fluminense stands second in the domestic top flight, although the Rio de Janeiro club was missing its captain, Fred, who is on Brazil's World Cup squad. Four goals were scored over the space of 14 minutes in the first half. Italy struggled at the start but then scored first with such ease the crowd

wasn't immediately sure if the goal was valid. Andrea Parolo provided a through ball to Immobile who beat the offside trap then slid it across to Lorenzo Insigne for a tap-in. Two minutes later, Chiquinho equalized by pounding in a cross from Gustavo Scarpa from close range. In the 31st, a header from Immobile found the top corner following a free kick from Insigne. Then in the 37th, Carlinhos dribbled by Italy right back Ignazio Abate and scored when third-string goalkeeper Mattia Perin couldn't hold on to his powerful shot. In the second half, Immobile scored from a rebound following a shot from Alessio Cerci then finished off a counterattack being sprung forward following a long vertical pass from Alberto Aquilani. Finally, Immobile stole the ball deep in Fluminense and was unselfish

to set up Insigne to make it 5-2. Italy coach Cesare Prandelli should like what he saw from Immobile and Insigne in attack. Immobile, who topped the Serie A chart with 22 goals for Torino then just signed with Borussia Dortmund, was a physical presence inside the area. Insigne, the diminutive Napoli forward who was controversially selected ahead of Giuseppe Rossi, showed his speed on the wing and precision on free kicks and corners. All in all, the victory was welcome relief for Italy after drawing 0-0 and 1-1 with Ireland and Luxembourg, respectively, before flying to Brazil. The Azzurri hadn't won since beating the Czech Republic in September to qualify for the World Cup. Still, it wasn't an international friendly and officially, Italy is still on a seven-match winless streak.

Miami Heat guard Mario Chalmers, right, shoots as San Antonio Spurs forward Tim Duncan defends during the second half in Game 2 of the NBA basketball finals on Sunday, June 8, in San Antonio. (AP Photo)

missed four straight free throws when they had a two-point lead. James then made a 3-pointer and two free throws to put Miami in position to win. Parker scored 21 points and Duncan had 18 points and 15 rebounds for the Spurs, who had won eight straight at home by at least 15 points. "Down the end there they executed really well," Duncan said. "LeBron made some great passes and guys made open shots. We had the same result in the first game. They kind of flipped it in this one." The game was played in comfortable conditions inside the AT&T Center, where an air conditioning failure in Game 1 sent temperatures soaring to about 90 degrees. The broken cir-

cuit breaker was fixed by Friday afternoon, and it was much cooler inside the arena. James had the toughest time with the heat Thursday, needing treatment midway through the fourth quarter before eventually having to leave for good. He had plenty of time to recover, with the two days off between Games 1 and 2. He changed only a little of his routine, taking an 8 a.m. yoga class Sunday morning and switching to a shorter pair of tights. He personally erased a 62-56 San Antonio lead by scoring eight points in less than a minute, and his 14 points in the third quarter had Miami down only 7877 heading to the fourth. "For me, once I get into a good groove, I feel like everything is going to go in,"

James said. For a time, everything did. Then he switched to being a passer at the end, finding Bosh in the corner for the shot that made it 95-93. Wade and Rashard Lewis each scored 14 points for the Heat, who also dropped Game 1 of the NBA Finals against Oklahoma City two years ago. They have won five straight series after dropping the opening game. The Spurs were in good position, withstanding James' assault long enough to lead by one with under 2 minutes to play. But they were shut out from there until Manu Ginobili's 3-pointer as time expired. "LeBron with the ball did a pretty good job at his end and we had to be really perfect at the other end and we

didn't," Spurs coach Gregg Popovich said. "We didn't take advantage of things. We made bad decisions." And it didn't help them that they had to deal with James at the end of this one. Ginobili finished with 19 points for the Spurs, whose 18 points in the fourth quarter were half the 36 they scored in the opener. "We have a very competitive group and you have two days to commiserate how that game went down," Heat coach Erik Spoelstra said. "It was frustrating, painful going through that for two days and now we have to manage the other emotion." After their sensational finish to Game 1, the Spurs picked up right where they left off, making 10 of their first 15 shots.

Japan entertains in attack, falters in defense

ITu, JuNe 9 (AP): On a sultry June evening last year in Recife, Brazil, it was hard to tell which side were the four-time World Cup champions and which the footballing outsiders who had never tasted global glory. Japan were confounding the Italian defense with precision passing, fast-paced attack and surprising flair. By the 40th minute Japan was up 2-0 at the Confederations Cup on goals by Europe-based stars Shinji Kagawa and Keisuke Honda. Then it all fell apart. Baffling defensive errors, including an almost comical own goal, got the Italians back into the match — which they went on to win in a 4-3 thriller. The contest points to the somewhat ambiguous legacy of Japan's Italian manager Alberto Zaccheroni, a grand seigneur of Serie A who won the Italian league in 1999 with AC Milan. Under Zaccheroni, Japan have cured the curse of being clueless before goal, and honed a pulsating, entertaining attacking style — but also shown sudden frailties in a defense that had long prided itself on its discipline. Hints into the reversal may lie in Zaccheroni's Italian years. In Serie A, Zaccheroni was an atypical tactician: Attack-minded in an almost stiflingly defensive and conservative league, he developed a goal-getting strategy that relied on three (rather than the usual four) defenders, which was thrilling to watch but bad for the blood pressure. And ultimately disappointing. Zaccheroni nevThai youths fight for the ball with elephants during a soccer match between men and elephants to celebrate the 2014 FIFA World er matched the triumph of winning the "scudetto" in Cup Brazil organized by Ayutthaya Elephant Camp in Ayutthaya province, central Thailand Monday, June 9. (AP Photo)

Japan's Yasuyuki Konno, right, vies for the ball during a training session of the Japanese national soccer team in Sorocaba, Brazil, Sunday, June 8. Japan plays in group C of the 2014 soccer World Cup. (AP Photo)

his first year at AC Milan, and his spotty record in Serie A also roughly parallels Japan's own inconsistency under his watch. The Japan coach spoke of the need to make "final improvements" after touching down in Brazil on Saturday on the back of another spotty performance in the team's warm-up match, a last-gasp 4-3 win against Zambia. Japan captain Makoto Hasebe gave a more candid assessment speaking to reporters on the tarmac of Viracopos Airport: "Physically the condition is very good, the rest is the mental part ... and making it ready as a whole team."

It's clear where Zaccheroni sets his strategic priorities. "In these past 20 years, I've seen Japan ever since they started playing in the World Cup as a good squad. A good squad, very organized, with good players — with the problem of the goal," said Paolo Condo, the lead international football writer for Italy's Gazzetta dello Sport. "Zaccheroni made it his mission to succeed in producing goals with this team." Zaccheroni has not tried to implement his unorthodox 3-4-3 formation with Japan, instead applying his overall philosophy of fast-paced, fluid attack. If

Japan can overcome defensive naivety, they will give some better teams a run for their money. It helps that Japan have real talent up front with the likes of Manchester United's Kagawa and AC Milan's Honda. Striker Shinji Okazaki had a breakout year with his Bundesliga side Mainz, scoring 15 goals this season after many hapless years in international football. And Japan is a team whose players know one another very well, with their core unit largely unchanged from the last World Cup. Japan's string of mediocre results in the past year-and-a-half may be slightly deceptive.


11 Entertainment Miss Progress india 2014 Tuesday

The Morung Express C M Y K

10 June 2014

JLo won't perform in

World CuP oPener

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Lily Chishi wins Best Smile & Miss Catwalk

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ennifer Lopez won't perform the World Cup's official song alongside fellow artists Pitbull and Claudia Leitte during the tournament's opening ceremony in Brazil, FIFA officials said Sunday. Soccer's governing body said Lopez cannot perform at Thursday's event as earlier planned because of unspecified "production issues." The singer's representatives didn't explain the reason why Lopez wouldn't be joining the act. They only confirmed the announcement in an emailed response, saying "regretfully Jennifer Lopez will not be attending this year's World Cup opening ceremonies." FIFA said in a news release that Cuban-American rapper Pitbull and Brazilian singer Claudia Leitte will sing the official tune "We Are One" before Brazil takes on Croatia at Thursday's opening game in Sao Paulo. The song has let down many Brazilians who complain that it sounds too generic for the nation's Bossa Nova-crazed audiences and that it features foreign musicians singing mostly in English and Spanish. Leitte sings only a few seconds at the end of the song in her native Portuguese.

Psy goes from 'Gangnam' to hip-hop style in new song

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sy, who set off a global sensation with Gangnam Style, tried out a fresh sound Sunday as he released a hip-hop tale of drunken debauchery costarring rap legend Snoop Dogg. Entitled Hangover, the South Korean star`s new song returns to the Gangnam Style theme of material excess but eschews the giddy K-Pop arrangements of his 2012 megahit for more minimalist hip-hop beats. The video features Psy and the notoriously hard-partying Snoop Dogg on a night of intense boozing. The subject mat-

ter is apparent from the video`s first moments in which Psy vomits in a toilet bowl, only to start tapping his hands to the rhythm as Snoop Dogg jumps out of a bathtub revved up to party. In a line that could quickly become a favorite in late-night bars the world over, the song goes The party`s over! It ain`t over! and, Drink it up and get sick. Bottoms up, get wasted. The video takes the duo on a beer-sodden adventure through Seoul`s rambunctious nightlife. At one point, young women twerk to the music and later Psy

and Snoop Dogg skip through the streets with two flirtatious middleaged women they met at a karaoke bar. I can`t stop. Making bottles pop until the wheels go out, Snoop Dogg raps. I can`t quit. I wake up in the morning do the same sht. Psy released Hangover on YouTube, an appropriate forum for him after Gangnam Style became the most viewed music clip ever on the video-sharing site with more than two billion views. In an elaborate roll-out for the video, Psy and Snoop Dogg also ap-

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ily Chishi, an artist and model based at Delhi has won the Best Smile & Miss Catwalk at the Miss Progress India 2014 International Beauty Pageant. laboration and filmed the Miss. Progress India video together in Seoul in 2014 is an International just 18 hours of production Beauty Pageant held for the without breaks. first time in Chandigarh In-

dia. Sam Williams was the Choreographer and stylish of Miss Progress India 2014. Anil Sharma CEO & Seema Sharma, Director PR & Ventures Big Break Entertainment were the organizers. Among the Judges was Bollywood and Tollywood Film Actor Sameksha Singh to select the right girl

for the Pageant. Miss Shital K Upare won the Miss Progress India 2014 title and and among the Sub-Title Lily Chishi won the "BEST SMILE" and Miss Catwalk. Lily is the daughter of Bohoto, GB of Sutemi village under Akuluto SubDivision, Zunheboto.

'Jurassic Park' actor Cameron Thor arrested

peared on a special edition of the Jimmy Kimmel Live! comedy show in Los Angeles broadcast before game two of the National Basketball Association finals. Psy, whose real name is Park Jae-Sang, said that he and Snoop Dogg wrote the song through online col-

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urassic Park` actor Cameron Thor has been arrested for 11 counts of kidnapping, robbery and rape of a 13-year-old girl in 2008 and 2009, according to reports. According to reports, investigators told local TV channel that the 54-yearold actor drove the alleged

victim to an isolated area in the tony Agoura Hills section of Los Angeles in 2008 and raped her. Authorities revealed that the assaults

occurred over the course of 11 months, from April 2008 and ended in March 2009. Police said that a 13-yearold girl approached Thor

for acting lessons. Thor was being held on 2.6 million dollars bail and was scheduled to go before a judge on June 19, 2014.

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Nia Sanchez crowned as 63rd Miss USA N

ewly crowned Miss USA Nia Sanchez, a fourth-degree black belt in the Korean martial art of taekwondo, says that women need to be able to defend themselves as a way to battle the problem of campus rape and that bringing awareness to the issue is very important. The 24-year-old from Las Vegas, Nevada, beat out 50 other contestants from all the states and the District of Columbia on Sunday night for the title of 63rd Miss USA. First runner-up was Miss North Dakota Audra Mari. Sanchez will go on to represent the U.S. at the Miss Universe competition later this year. In a vibrant red floorlength fishtail gown, Miss Nevada answered judge Rumer Willis' question about the high rate of sexual assaults on college campuses. Willis, the 25-year-old daughter of Bruce Willis and Demi Moore, said 19 percent of U.S. undergraduate women are victims of sexual assault and asked Sanchez why she thinks the issue is being swept under the rug and what should be done about it. Sanchez said women need to take it upon themselves to learn how to defend themselves. After being crowned, Sanchez told reporters she lived for a time in a women's shelter at a young age with her mother and at age 8 took up taekwondo to learn self-defense and build up her confidence. As an adult, she has volunteered at women's shelters, teaching residents how to defend themselves and teaching kids about "stranger danger." "I relate to them on a personal level because I've been there myself," she said, adding that she plans to take

her passion and knowledge for martial arts to the masses as Miss USA. Sanchez also said she was "so proud to bring the title of Miss USA

cut, the 2013 winner, gave up her crown to Sanchez after a three-hour telecast from the Baton Rouge Civic Center in Louisiana. Besides Mari,

Griggs, Miss Louisiana Brittany Guidry, Miss Florida Brittany Oldehoff and Miss Iowa Carlyn Bradarich. All the titles included USA after the state.

Miss Nevada USA Nia Sanchez is crowned Miss USA during the Miss USA 2014 pageant in Baton Rouge, La., June 8, Sunday. (AP Photo)

back to Nevada." "I'm so excited," she said. "It's a dream come true." Erin Brady, of Connecti-

the next four runners-up, Bradarich got a second judged on interviews, eve- chance when the viewing ning gowns and swimsuits audience gave her the most were: Miss Georgia Tiana votes on Twitter in the pag-

eant's first-ever "Save the Queen" option. The subject of sexual assault was also on the mind of Miss Pennsylvania Valerie Gatto. She made headlines this week when she said she was the product of rape. During a taped segment that aired when her name was called, Gatto said her mother was 19 when she was attacked leaving work in Pittsburgh and became pregnant. Gatto said she is living proof "that your circumstances do not define your life." Contestants entered the stage on a glitzy float as Louisiana native singer-songwriter Marc Broussard sang the New Orleans hits "Iko Iko" and "Hey Pocky Way" to kick off the 2014 contest. The women introduced themselves while holding Mardi Gras masks in their hands as purple, green and gold confetti fell in the background. The pageant also included musical acts by the country music duo Florida Georgia Line, rapper Nelly and Latin pop band Camila. Celebrity judges walked a red carpet in evening gowns and tuxedos before the start of the show, posing for pictures and talking about the qualities they would be looking for in the beauty they crown the winner. "It's very important that she has confidence," said Barbara Palacios, Miss Universe 1986 and a coach and judge for the new Telemundo reality show, "Miss Latina Universo." ''The right attitude and perseverance are also very important." "It's all about the eyes," said Lance Bass of the pop singing boy group NSYNC. "I just want to see a girl that is just really having a good time up there."

LIFE IS WHAT YOU MAKE OF IT - AND WE WOULD LIKE YOU TO EXPRESS YOUR IDEA OF A ‘VIBRANT LIFE’ THROUGH YOUR LENS. PLEASE CONTRIBUTE YOUR PHOTOGRAPHS, ON THE THEME ‘VIBRANT LIFE’, WITH AN EXPLANATORY CAPTION BY AUGUST 30, 2014 TO opinion2mex@gmail.com. SELECTED PHOTOGRAPHS WILL BE PUBLISHED IN THE MORUNG EXPRESS 2015 CALENDAR.

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HOCkeY WCUP WORLD CUP COUNTDOWN… 2 DAYS TO GO Aus beat listless India tHe HAGue, June 9 (PtI): India suffered a humiliating 0-4 loss against defending champions Australia in their final group league encounter of the FIH Men's Hockey World Cup, on Monday. Asserting their strength, Australia built up a four-goal lead in the initial 22 minutes, before the Indian managed to re-group themselves and put up a stronger defence thereby denying the fancied rivals, a chance of scoring any more goals. Kieran Govers opened the scoring with a field goal in the 27th minute. It was followed by three penalty corner strikers - two by Chris Ciriello and one by Jeremy Hayward. Australia topped Group A with maximum 15 points from five successive victories. The Aussies players are on course to have another crack at the title as a present to their coach Ric Charlesworth, for whom this will be the last World Cup as he retires, later this year. India finished their five pool matches with four points, gained from a victory over Malaysia and a draw with Spain. India now await the result of the Spain-Malaysia result later today to know whether they finish fourth or fifth in the group. Spain have two points from four matches, while Malaysia have lost all their four games. A draw or a Malaysian victory will help India finish in the fourth spot in the group, and then play-off for the seventh and eighth spots. A Spanish victory will relegate India to the fifth spot in the pool, making them play for the ninth and 10th positions. India managed to mouth a few raids, but the defence also regrouped and put up a stiffer challenge for the rival strikers. Australia today opened

the game by pressuring the Indian defence into conceding an early goal. Two strikers pressured defender VR Raghunath for space on top of the Indian circle, snatched the ball from him to raid the Indian goal in the third minute. Simon Orchard then dribbled in the circle and sent a cross to Govers to shoot into the goal with the custodian already beaten by the cross. India first came up to the rival circle in the 10th minute, but move wasted as Chinglensana Singh as his reverse push was misdirected and went out. Australia then converted three successive penalty corners to take a 4-0 lead at half-time. The penalty corner conversions began with Ciriello placing his drag flick on the first penalty corner to the left of goalkeeper PR Sreejesh. India then twice moved up to the rival circle, but misdirected passes continued to waste the hard work. At the other end, the second Australian penalty corner was converted by Hayward in the 20th minute after Ciriello's initial shot had struck onrushing defender Raghunath. Ciriello was on target two minutes later with a low flick that went through the Indian defenses. The Indian goal had a narrow escape in the 27th minute when the ball went across the goalmouth twice during a melee. In the next minute, SV Sunil managed to break into the rival circle from the left flank, but was crowded out. In trying to create space, he pushed Aussie skipper Mark Knowles, who seemed to have got hit on the neck and was carried off the pitch on a stretcher while play was held-up.

NZ ride on Williamson ton

KInGSton, June 9 (AP): Kane Williamson scored his sixth Test century on Sunday to lead New Zealand to a satisfying 240 for 2 against the West Indies at the close of day one at Sabina Park. The New Zealand No. 3 cracked an undefeated 105 at Sabina Park in the first Test, spiced with 11 boundaries off 263 balls in 323 minutes. Williamson got great support from opener Tom Latham, who hit 83 in an assured second wicket stand of 165. Left-hander Latham, in only his second Test, hit 10 fours. Veteran Ross Taylor was also an able ally for the 23-year-old Williamson, putting on an unbroken 66 partnership before stumps as the West Indies toiled on an unresponsive pitch. Taylor hit six fours in 34 not out. Fast bowler Jerome Taylor was the best of the host bowlers with 1 for 22 from 17 overs. Off-spinner Shane Shillingford took 1 for 62 from 24. New Zealand started slowly after winning the

toss, and had an early setback in the ninth over when right-hander Peter Fulton (1) edged Taylor through to new West Indies captain Denesh Ramdin behind the stumps at 9-1. But Latham and Williamson settled in resolutely to dull the home team's attack for almost four hours. Latham endured a few anxious moments. Umpire Richard Illingworth gave Latham out for 28 to a short leg catch off left-arm spinner Sulieman Benn, but third umpire Ian Gould overturned the decision after the left-hander reviewed it immediately. Latham thought he had finally been dismissed in the first over after lunch when, on 39, he edged to gully off Taylor. But TV replays confirmed the Jamaican had over-stepped by a fine margin and the wicket was nullified by a no-ball call. Williamson passed 2,000 Test runs when he reached 36 and he and Latham both brought up their half centuries midway through the day.

Ten questions about the 2014 World Cup

When does the tournament start and finish? The first match takes place in Sao Paulo on Thursday, June 12 between host nation Brazil and Croatia. There are 32 teams taking part and the final will be held at the Maracana in Rio de Janeiro on July 13. This is the 20th World Cup and the first in South America since 1978. Brazil are the only team to take part in every one and the only nation to lift the trophy five times. Who are the favourites? All the big bookmakers make Brazil favourites, with most pricing them at 3/1 to win their sixth title. Argentina are second favourites, partly because they have such a favourable draw. Germany are third followed by world champions Spain. Who’s a good outside bet? Belgium are fifth favourites at 16/1 - low odds considering they have only got past the last 16 once in 1986. France, sixth favourites at between 18/1 and 25/1 depending on the bookies, could be worth a flutter, while Colombia have a relatively easy draw and can be backed at 25/1. Who will be the best player? There is no question as to who the three favourites are. If Lionel Messi wants to be considered as good as Diego Maradona he needs to take Argentina to the final, at least. Cristiano Ronaldo‘s Portugal probably won’t get that far A woman has her picture made as she stands next to a statue resembling Argentine soccer start Lionel Messi in but the Real Madrid striker has the perfect stage on which to shine in a group with the United States and Germany. Buenos Aires, Argentina. (AP Photo) Home boy Neymar was the stand-out player of last year’s Confederations Cup and he will expect nothing less than a sixth World Cup for the hosts.

Pele Prefers 'Brazil vs Uruguay' in 2014 Final

SAo PAulo, June 9 (AFP): Brazil avenging their traumatic 1950 World Cup final defeat by beating Uruguay in the final in July would be the ideal result, said Brazilian legend Pele. The 73-year-old three-time World Cup winner said in answer to a question of whether he would like a Brazil vs Argentina final on July 13 at the Maracana it would be much more to his taste to play Uruguay and beat them. "I would prefer to have a Brazil vs Uruguay final in order that we could avenge our defeat in 1950," Pele told a select group of journalists invited by FIFA to a bar in Sao Paulo. The Uruguayans stunned the 200,000 spectators at the Maracana into silence back in 1950 when a late goal earned them a 2-1 win and that was enough on the old system for them to be crowned world champions and not Brazil, who went into the match just requiring a draw. The match earned the nickname the 'Maracanazo' on the back of it. Pele, the record goalscorer for Brazil, said that the importance of what football had done for Brazil's worldwide reputation could not be underestimated. "I would say to the young that the World Cup is the tournament which allowed people throughout the world to learn about Brazil. "I began my World Cup career in 1958 in Sweden when I was 17 years old. "Nobody knew anything about us. Nobody, not even a journalist came to see us. "People confused Brazil with Argentina and the Amazon.....they were all the same thing to people.

The Uruguayans stunned the 200,000 spectators at the Maracana into silence back in 1950 when a late goal earned them a 2-1 win and that was enough on the old system for them to be crowned world champions and not Brazil, who went into the match just requiring a draw.

Can we expect a lot of goals? Not if the recent trend continues. The average number of goals per game has fallen in every World Cup since 1994 when an average of 2.71 goals were scored each game. By South Africa in 2010 the average had fallen to 2.27. The last World Cup at which the average exceeded three goals was in Sweden back in 1958. What milestones should we look for? Germany striker Miroslav Klose can equal Ronaldo's record of 15 World Cup goals if he gets on the scoresheet. If Algeria do not score in their opener against Belgium, they will be the only country to play six straight World Cup games without hitting the net. Spain keeper Iker Casillas has kept seven clean sheets in 15 matches - three more and he will equal Peter Shilton and Fabien Barthez. He is also 84 minutes shy of Walter Zenga's 517 minutes unbeaten in 1990. If United States coach Juergen Klinsmann or France boss Didier Deschamps steer their teams to victory they would join Mario Zagallo and Franz Beckenbauer as the only men to win the trophy as a player and as a manager. Will stadiums be finished in time and what are they like? Six were ready for last year’s Confederations Cup and should be in perfect condition. There could be problems at the other six – in Porto Alegre, Sao Paulo, Manaus, Cuiaba, Curitiba and Natal – especially with the internet and in areas around the stadiums, which in some places still look like a building site. Most of the stadiums, though, are architecturally impressive, outside and in. What sort of crowds will we see? Ticket sales have been encouraging with about three million snapped up so far. With 64 games that means the average crowd would be about 47,000 which is normal for the World Cup and the same as in 1950 when the tournament was last held in Brazil. One thing is certain, the average won’t beat the World Cup record of almost 69,000 in the United States in 1994.

"Brazil became known to them because of the World Cup." Pele, who eventually retired from football in 1977 and has had a varied career since embracing acting followed by politics and latterly as an ambassador for the sport, said that he wouldn;t give a scoreline for Brazil's opening game of the tournament against Croatia on Thursday.

What will the weather be like? Brazil is huge so fans will need coats for games in the south where the temperature can fall almost to freezing at night. In the north, it will be hot and humid. Water breaks will be essential in the north, especially during afternoon "The important thing is not games and the tempo probably won't be that fast. seeking to win 1-0 or 2-0," he said. "The primary thing above all else is Will the World Cup be hit by protests and to respect your adversary and to be riots like last year’s Confederations Cup? prepared for everything because in The short answer is that no one really knows. There football one can play magnificent- could be protests and strikes and some disruption seems ly for 85 minutes and then be very inevitable. But it is unlikely we will see the same huge prounlucky in the final five minutes tests as last year. If there is mass unrest, the police and army which can change everything. "It will be on hand in large numbers to control the protestors. is imperative to be ready." Source: Reuters

Rafael Nadal looks to the future

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PARIS, June 9 (ReuteRS): Rafa Nadal is not ready for Roland Garros to be renamed in his honour, but he can picture a time when he might be the one handing out the trophies in Paris rather than breaking records on court. He bosses the French Open, defeating great rival Novak Djokovic 3-6 7-5 6-2 6-4 on Sunday to become the first man to win nine titles at any grand slam event. But when asked whether the stadium, named after a French aviator when it was built in 1928, should be called Nadal Garros if he won even more, he told reporters, smiling: "The name is very nice, Roland Garros, so don't need to change nothing." The world number one's win over the Serbian second seed equalled Pete Sampras's haul of 14 grand slam titles, putting him

Rafael Nadal (AP Photo)

joint-second on the all-time list, three shy of Roger Federer, but Nadal demurred over any comparisons between them. "The most important thing today is I won the most important tournament of the world in clay, probably the most important tournament of the year for me," he said. His tears at winning

and hearing the Spanish anthem booming over Philippe Chatrier were not just for the landmarks reached on Sunday, but the realisation, having celebrated his birthday this week, that it will not get any easier as he gets older. "Last year was with 27; this year is with 28. That's not forever. You know how

hard is all the things that I am doing here. You want to enjoy the moment. You feel your emotions when you are there and you did it," he said. "You have a few more opportunities, yes, but you don't know if you're going to win it again." When he does hang up his racket though, he may be back at Roland Garros handing out trophies to the stars of tomorrow. "I would love to do it, hopefully," he said. "Tennis is a thing that I did during almost all my life. So if I am healthy, nothing happens, I would love to be back in the future here for sure." "Having past champions or very important champions of our history in our sport involved in tennis, coming to the big events, supporting, keep supporting our sport, makes our sport bigger," he added.

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10th June 2014