Page 1


Provincial Sales

Banbridge Staff

Technical sales representatives Sales Rep

|

Area

|

Contact

Morton’s Staff

| Contact

1 Fermanagh/

Jonathan Dunn 07974 140 357 jonathan.dunn@ josephmorton.co.uk

Ray Morrison General Manager (028) 4066 2521 07850 376 210 ray.morrison@josephmorton.co.uk

2 Mid Ulster

David Shilliday 07778 418 668 david.shilliday@ josephmorton.co.uk

Howard Murray Speciality Products Manager (028) 4066 2521 07850 656 579 howard.murray@josephmorton.co.uk

3 North Down

Jonathan Hawthorne 07855 812 540 jonathan.hawthorne@ josephmorton.co.uk

Mark McFarland Field Sales Manager 07899 790 990 mark.mcfarland@josephmorton.co.uk

4 North West

William McCollum 07813 186 278 william.mccollum@ josephmorton.co.uk

Teresa Murray Countryside Conservation Gamecover Advisor (028) 4066 2521 teresa.murray@josephmorton.co.uk

5 Antrim

Antrim Rep 07968 327 525

West Tyrone

5 4 6 East Armagh/ South Down

Gareth McKee 07802 570 940 gareth.mckee@ josephmorton.co.uk

1

2

3 6


Success with Seeds

Contents Welcome Welcome to the Joseph Morton’s Technical Guide for 2014. As a specialist agricultural merchant we are constantly striving to offer the best products and the best service to our customers. The Morton’s technical sales team are all fully qualified agronomists, members of the BASIS professional register and passionate about on-farm efficiency. Fields of expertise include soil health, seed selection, crop protection, forage conservation & feeding and rumen health & efficiency. Working closely with suppliers to provide farmers with quality innovative products, science based advice and excellent service is core to our business strategy. This year has seen the launch of Biotal SlurriNprove. Combined with practical advice from Morton’s this slurry treatment product will play a major role in our ability to manage the increasing quantity of livestock slurries produced on farm. For more information about the products or services offered inside this guide please do not hesitate to contact a member of our team. We would be delighted to assist you.

Science Behind HSG

02-03

Grass

04-19

Energiser Standard Specialised Conventional Straights (Puna II & Clover)

06-09 11-12 13-14 15 17

Soil Health

18-19

Cereals

20-30

Triticale Wholecrop

26 29-30

Maize

32-34

Fodder Crops

36-39

Countryside Management

40-42

Feed Additives

44

Appendix 1

46-52

NI Grass Recommended List

Appendix 2

54-56

NI Cereals Recommended List

Ray Morrison Ray Morrison

General Manager

Aber® is a registered trademark of Germinal Holdings Ltd

Technical Guide 2014

01


The Science behind High Sugar Grasses Cattle and sheep are actually poor converters of grass protein into milk and meat. When grazing grass, livestock use only about 20% of protein from the herbage for production - most of the rest is waste in methane, faeces and urine. This is not only financially costly but also detrimental to the environment. A major reason for these losses is the imbalance between readily available energy and protein within the grass. To overcome this, High Sugar Grasses (Aber®HSG) provide more available energy soon after forage enters the rumen, allowing rumen microbes to process more grass protein. This protein can then be used in the production of meat and milk. Research at IBERS has shown that HSG varieties have consistently higher levels of sugars than standard varieties throughout the grazing season. WSC or Water-soluable carbohydrate (sugar) concentration of pasture grasses is considered an important grazing factor because it increases the amount of readily available carbohydrate, so affecting the efficiency of conversion of nitrogen to microbial protein in the rumen. Extensive trials have been carried out by DARD at the Plant Testing Station, Crossnacreevy

300

100 80

Milk

60 Urine

40 20

Faeces

0

Normal Grass

Faeces 42% / 39%

Urine 35% / 26% Milk 23% / 35%

High Soluable Forage Protein

High Soluable Forage Protein High Sugar Energy

Low Sugar Energy Microbial Protein

260 240 220 200

Microbial Protein

2003

3 Year Mean

160

182

199

201

194

Tetraploid

194

224

225

214

10%

Aber®Dart

205

223

235

221

14%

Aber®Dart

140

Tetraploids

120

Normal Diploids

100

02

27 Apr 15 Apr

2 Jun

8 Jul

26 Jul 13 Aug 31 Aug 18 Sep 6 Oct 24 Oct

% Over Diploid

Diploid

180

9 Apr

High Sugar Grass

Grass 100% / 100%

Type 2001 2002

280 WSC Concentration (g/kg DM)

and these have shown the higher levels of WSC in Aber®Dart over standard diploid varieties, by margin of 14%. Aber®Dart offers the advantages of the higher WSC in tetraploids with none of the disadvantages. Now mixtures can contain 100% Aber® High Sugar Grasses thus giving imporvements in animal performance.


Success with Seeds

Aber® High Sugar Grass for Milk Production Results of several studies conducted on commercial dairy farms and by IBERS at Aberystwyth, show that grass protein is used more efficiently for milk production when extra energy is provided by feeding Aber®HSG varieties.

Up to 6% more milk per cow over grazing season

Dry matter intakes up by 2Kg/head per day

3% Improvement in diet digestibility

24% Less feed nitrogen lost in urine

High Sugar, High D-value Aberystwyth Grass Varieties. Research shows up to 6% increase in milk output compared to other new grass varieties. Aber® varieties will give up to:

Milk Price

20 pence/litre

25 pence/litre

30 pence/litre

Extra Value of Milk/Acre

£60

£75

£90

Aber® High Sugar Grass for Beef Production Dry matter intakes increased by around 25%

Higher forage intakes

Up to 20% higher daily liveweight gains

Slaughter weights reached more quickly

Research involved beef steers offered either a high sugar variety or a recommended control ryegrass variety. No additional feed was given, grass intakes and live weight gains were monitored regularly.

Aber® High Sugar Grass for Lamb Production In both upland and lowland situations, IBERS grazing trials have shown HSG varieties to be superior in terms of animal performance when compared with standard grass swards.

Up to 20% higher liveweight gains

20% Higher carrying capacity of HSG sward

Higher forage intakes

Technical Guide 2014

03


Grass Quality Pays Dividends It is widely recognised that grass quality not total yield is key to optimising the performance of stock at grass. One measure of grass quality is D-value. Although there is often a compromise between getting a good yield and not allowing the quality to fall too much, some varieties are bred specifically to ease this problem. These are the Aber® High Sugar Grasses (HSG’s) sold by Morton’s. A drop of only one unit of D-value (digestibility) can result in a loss of 5% in animal performance. Young leafy grass will have a D-value in excess of 70% but once stems begin to extend this can fall to 67%. When seed is set, D-value can have fallen to 60% or lower. Importantly, there is a direct link between Metabolisable Energy (ME) and D-value.

1 unit of D value= 0.17 MJ/kg ME As a guide 5.4MJ ME equates to 1L of milk or 40MJ of ME equate to 1kg of liveweight gain in beef and sheep (based on a 300kg growing beef animal or a 30kg store animal). So when grazing grass- the cheapest feed on your farm, the aim should be to utilise 70% or more of the DM produced. It is also vital to sow varieties that are naturally high in grass quality as this directly improves the profitability of the enterprise. Using the D-value figures from the DARD Grass and Clover Recommended Varieties for Northern Ireland 2012/13 it is possible to calculate the financial value that this can provide. Summarised below is a comparison of Aber® High Sugar Grass (HSG) mixtures from the DARD Recommended List with the average of the other Bold Type mid and late maturing varieties from that list. We have called this ‘Morton’s HSG Energiser’ and it shows the type of financial benefits that can be gained for the future, by choosing these mixtures for reseeding this year.

Morton’s HSG Energiser - Dairy Advantage Mixture

Morton’s HSG MJ/Ha

Dard Average MJ/Ha

Morton’s HSG Gain

Utilization & Value

MJ/Ha

Litres Milk

70% @ 28p/L

80% @ 28p/L

Stoneleigh

157722

150104

+7618

+1410

+£276.36

+£315.84

Smithfield

159261

152176

+7085

+1312

+£257.15

+£293.88

Benvarden

158606

150104

+8502

+1574

+£308.50

+£352.57

Killyleagh

161682

152055

+9627

+1782

+£349.27

+£399.16

Belmoral

161339

152175

+9164

+1697

+£332.51

+£380.01

Cloverdale Sheep

159296

152641

+6655

+1232

+£241.47

+£275.96

Cloverdale Cattle

159006

152521

+6485

+1201

+£235.39

+£269.02

Financial gains are in £ sterling per hectare per year for 70% and 80% utilization at a milk price of £0.28 per litre

Morton’s HSG Energiser - Beef Advantage Mixture

Morton’s HSG MJ/Ha

Dard Average MJ/Ha

Morton’s HSG Gain

Utilization & Value

MJ/Ha

Kgs/Beef 55% kill out

70% @ £3.20/kg

80% @ £3.20/kg

Stoneleigh

157722

150104

+7618

+190.45

+£234.63

+£268.15

Smithfield

159261

152176

+7085

+177.12

+£218.21

+£249.38

Benvarden

158606

150104

+8502

+212.55

+£261.85

+£299.26

Killyleagh

161682

152055

+9627

+240.67

+£296.49

+£338.85

Belmoral

161339

152175

+9164

+229.1

+£282.25

+£322.57

Cloverdale Sheep

159296

152641

+6655

+166.37

+£204.96

+£234.24

Cloverdale Cattle

159006

152521

+6485

+162.12

+£199.73

+£228.26

Financial gains are in £ sterling per hectare per year for 70% and 80% utilisation at 55% killout and beef at £3.20 per kilo

04


Success with Seeds

Success with Seeds

Technical Guide 2014

05


Stoneleigh Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 5.25 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

65%

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberGreen Perennial Ryegrass

10% 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberAvon Perennial Ryegrass

25%

1.0 Kilos Cert. S.48 Timothy 0.75 Kilos Cert. Morton’s White Clover Blend

• • •

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 28th May 70D Value - 19th May 75D Value - 4th May

Combines the leading Aber high sugar varieties to produce a highly palatable sward Potential to improve milk yields by up to 6% and DLWG by up to 20% through increased digestibility and improved protein utilisation. Harder wearing sward suitable for grazing or cutting

Smithfield Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 3.25 Kilos Cert. AberGreen Perennial Ryegrass

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

65%

4.0 Kilos Cert. AberAvon Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberGain Tet. Perennial Ryegrass 0.75 Kilos Cert. Morton’s White Clover Blend

• •

06 04

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 27th May 70D Value - 18th May 75D Value - 3rd May

Combines the leading Aber high sugar varieties to produce a highly palatable sward Potential to improve milk yields by up to 6% and DLWG by up to 20% through increased digestibility and improved protein utilisation.


Success with Seeds

Benvarden Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberGreen Perennial Ryegrass

65%

5.5 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberZest Perennial Ryegrass 0.5 Kilos Cert. Morton’s White Clover Blend

• •

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 27th May 70D Value - 18th May 75D Value - 3rd May

Specialist mixture suitable for intensive silage production Aber Diploid Perennials included for their excellent ability to produce both quality and quantity throughout the cutting season

Killyleagh Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberGain Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

65%

5.0 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberZest Perennial Ryegrass

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 26th May 70D Value - 17th May 75D Value - 2nd May

• • •

Mid-season diploid and tetraploid varieties ensure D-values are maintained over a long period An ideal choice for high input silage due to the mixture’s maximum returns from fertiliser input Includes new variety AberGain with notably good grazing quality and a high 2-cut digestible silage yield.

Technical Guide 2014

07


Balmoral Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 5.25 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

65%

4.0 Kilos Cert. AberAvon Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberGain Tet. Perennial Ryegrass 0.75 Kilos Cert. Morton’s White Cover Blend

• •

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 30th May 70D Value - 21st May 75D Value - 6th May

Late tetraploids combined with mid-season diploid AberMagic give a dense sward with very high grazing and silage yields. AberGain produces the highest total grazing yield, highest total silage yield, highest 2 cut yield and highest 2 cut digestible yield of any perennial ryegrass variety on the NI recommended list.

Hillsborough Silage/Grazing 14 Kilos per Acre 6.0 Kilos Cert. AberEcho Tet. Hybrid Ryegrass

65%

5.0 Kilos Cert. AberGlyn Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 20th May 70D Value - 11th May 75D Value - 26th April

• • • •

08 04

Winter hardy yet palatable with good regrowth potential Popular hybrid variety with AberEcho producing high early spring growth while still maintaining a good sward density Should outperform standard perennial mixes for around 4.5 years Ideal for intensive grass production of consistently high quality and volume


Success with Seeds

Cloverdale Sheep Silage/Grazing 12 Kilos per Acre 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberBite Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberGreen Perennial Ryegrass

65%

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25%

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberAvon Perennial Ryegrass

1.0 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover 1.0 Kilos Cert. AberAce White Clover

• • • •

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 29th May 70D Value - 20th May 75D Value - 5th May

Designed for operating a low input grazing system for sheep Clover added due to its ability to fix nitrogen A combination of small and medium white clovers with Aber High Sugar Grass varieties leads to superior animal performance A study by IBERS shows that Aber HSG could support a 20% higher stocking rate

Cloverdale Cattle Silage/Grazing 12 Kilos per Acre 3.0 Kilos Cert. AberGreen Perennial Ryegrass

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberBite Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

65%

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberMagic Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 1.0 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover 0.5 Kilos Cert. Alice White Clover

• • • •

2.5 Kilos Cert. AberAvon Perennial Ryegrass

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 29th May 70D Value - 20th May 75D Value - 5th May

Ideal for a low input grazing system for beef production Clover has the ability to fix nitrogen from the air (up to 100 units per acre per year) Tetraploid variety AberBite has an open growth habit allowing clover to develop more easily Aber HSG varieties AberDart, AberMagic and AberAvon boost palatability and intake particularly in mid-season

Technical Guide 2014

09


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Success with Seeds

Standard Ley Mixtures 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberStar Perennial Ryegrass

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberDart Perennial Ryegrass

Mountpleasant Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre

65%

10% 25%

A benchmark of quality and an exceptionally popular mixture

 ontains high performing mid and late season C diploid perennials.

 lover and Timothy are important in long term C leys - S48 grows especially well in mid-season

 berDai maintains good persistency for its leaf A size.

4.0 Kilos Cert. AberChoice Perennial Ryegrass 1.0 Kilos Cert. S.48 Timothy

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 29th May 70D Value - 20th May

1.0 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover

75D Value - 5th May

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberTorch Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

4.0 Kilos Cert. AberDart Perennial Ryegrass

Springhill Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre

65%

10% 25%

 mixture of early, mid and late season A perennials with Timothy and White Clover

Includes AberTorch for its high spring yields and Timothy and Clover to maintain palatability throughout the growing season.

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberChoice Perennial Ryegrass

1.0 Kilos Cert. S.48 Timothy 2.5 Kilos Cert. AberZest Perennial Ryegrass 0.5 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 26th May 70D Value - 17th May 75D Value - 2nd May

Technical Guide 2014

11


Standard Ley Mixtures Dunmore

5.0 Kilos Cert. Meribel Italian Ryegrass

Silage/Grazing 15 Kilos per Acre 65%

5.0 Kilos Cert. AberGlyn Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

10%

 combination of Italian, hybrid and midA season perennial ryegrass producing a short term, high yielding sward.

AberEcho produces excellent silage yields, and when combined with Meribel and AberClyde the sward gives outstanding production likely to be in the region of 30% above a standard perennial grass ley.

Can be used as a 3-4 cut silage mixture under a high fertiliser regime or for providing early grazing followed by 2 cuts and some later grazing.

25% 5.0 Kilos Cert. AberEcho Tet. Hybrid Ryegrass

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 18th May 70D Value - 9th May 75D Value - 25th April

Refresh

8.0 Kilos Cert. Westerwolds Italian

Sward Renovation 65%

10% 25%

9.0 Kilos Cert. AberEve Hybrid Ryegrass

T his mixture is a combination of Westerwolds, Italian ryegrass and hybrid ryegrass for short term improvement of thin or damaged swards

·

 Can be drilled or broadcast in early spring to give an in season yield increase

· The life of the sward should be extended by 2 years or more under normal management · Main use in conservation swards

8.0 Kilos Cert. Meribel Italian Ryegrass

12


Success with Seeds

Specialised Ley Mixtures

Broughshane

5.0 Kilos Cert. AberEcho Tet. Hybrid Ryegrass

Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 65%

4.0 Kilos Cert. AberGlyn Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

10% 25% 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberClaret Red Clover

• • • •

Provides an excellent source of home grown protein Gives high dry matter yields over a four year period with the benefit of no applied nitrogen Red Clover has the secondary benefit of improving soil structure AberClaret is more persistent lasting into the fifth harvest year

J.Moreton ad Half Pg (A5) awk_Layout 1 31/10/2013 12:15 Page 1

Performance you can rely on

TRIAD Spruce

TM

TM

For control of difficult weeds, including Chickweed, where clover is important.

TRIAD™ contains 50% w/w Tribenuron-methyl HEADLAND SPRUCE™ contains 400 g/l (33.6% w/w) 2,4-DB Both are trademark of Headland Agrochemicals Ltd. Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use. PAY ATTENTION TO RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. Triple rinse containers and invert to dry at time of use.

www.headland-ag.co.uk Technical Guide 2014

13


Specialised Ley Mixtures

Down Royal Silage/Grazing 14 Kilos per Acre

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberChoice Perennial Ryegrass

5.0 Kilos Cert. Foxtrot Perennial Ryegrass

65%

10% 25%

2.0 Kilos Cert. Erecta Timothy 2.0 Kilos Cert. Helena Slender Creeping Red Fescue

2.0 Kilos Cert. Dasas Rough Stalked Meadow Grass

• • • • •

Cutting Guide 67D Value - 29th May 70D Value - 20th May 75D Value - 5th May

A well balanced mixture to meet the needs of horses A combination that provides good production and a dense sward structure Both Timothy and red fescue maintain production throughout mid-summer and colder wet conditions Long term ley that produces high energy feed suitable for thoroughbred horses, ponies and stud farms Hard wearing, versatile mixture capable of providing grazing or hay crop if cut in late June

Waikato Silage/Grazing 6 Kilos per Acre 2.0 Kilos Cert. PUNA II Chicory

65%

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover

10% 25% 2.0 Kilos Cert. AberClaret Red Clover

• • •

14

Specifically designed for finishing lambs It gives rapid regrowth after grazing and can deliver growth rates in the region of 300 grams per day SAC Trial showed lambs reared on chicory had a 40% reduction in worm egg burden


Success with Seeds

Conventional Ley Mixtures

Glascar Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre

3.75 Kilos Cert. Cert. AberDart Perennial Ryegrass

3.5 Kilos Cert. AberStar Perennial Ryegrass

65%

10% 25% 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberChoice Perennial Ryegrass

1.0 Kilos Cert. S.48 Timothy

67D Value - 29th May 70D Value - 20th May 75D Value - 5th May

0.75 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover

• •

Cutting Guide

Mixture based on mid and late season perennials Includes Timothy and White Clover to give good production over an extended season in a range of conditions

Ballyroney Silage/Grazing 13 Kilos per Acre 3.25 Kilos Cert. Cert. AberDart Perennial Ryegrass

3.0 Kilos Cert. AberStar Perennial Ryegrass

65%

10% 25%

2.0 Kilos Cert. AberGlyn Tet. Perennial Ryegrass

Cutting Guide 4.0 Kilos Cert. AberChoice Perennial Ryegrass 0.75 Kilos Cert. AberDai White Clover

• •

67D Value - 27th May 70D Value - 18th May 75D Value - 3rd May

A blend of mid and late season perennials and AberDai White Clover Chosen for their palatability and high yield to give a sward that is ideal for long term use

Technical Guide 2014

15


Conventional Ley Mixtures

16


Success with Seeds

Puna II Perennial Chicory Puna II is the leading perenial chicory variety, selected through a long term breeding programme in New Zealand for its nutritive value, productivity, palatability and persistence. It can be grown as a pure stand or as a key part of mixed swards with clovers or grass and clover for medium / long term rotational grazing (2-4 years persistence). Key Benefits of Puna II • Outstanding animal performance • Yields up to 15t DM/Hect in a season : crude protein up to 25%; D-value 70-80 • High Mineral content, including zinc, potassium and copper • Good tolerance to acid soil, drought and major pests • Rapid regrowth after grazing • Reduces the effect of internal parasites.

Aberystwyth University 2007

Research

Proportion of lambs slaughtered by 33 days into the trial

Weaned Texel x Welsh Mule lambs on grazing leys containing Puna II perennial chicory outperformed control groups.

Proportion of lambs slaughtered by 49 days into the trial

87%

SAC Trial • Ewes with twin lambs grazed on chicory had a 40%

80%

lower worm egg count and 20% faster pre weaning lamb growth rate than those on grass/clover.

• Post weaning wormy lambs grazing the chicory had

70%

67%

60% 37% FORAGE RAPE

RED CLOVER / ITALIAN RYG.

PERENNIAL RYG./ WHITE CLOVER / PUNA II

65% lower worm egg count and grew 25% faster.

Technical Guide 2014

17


Soil Health Morton’s Soil Sampling Service Regular soil sampling is good practice for all nutrient applications whether in the form of slurry, farm yard manure or chemical fertiliser. Soil sampling improves nutrient use efficiency as soil fertility status, crop history and crop requirements are all taken account of before making judgements on what level and form of nutrients to apply to maximise crop returns. Also, under the current Phosphorus Regulations soil sampling is mandatory before any chemical phosphorus can be applied to minimise losses to the environment and preserve the diminishing supply of this important nutrient.

The soil sample result is only ever as good as the soil sample taken. To have your field’s soil sampled by the Morton’s team please contact us on: 028 4066 2521. The results that you receive will include indices for phosphate, potash, magnesium and pH. Fertiliser recommendations for each crop will be given enabling accurate and economic nutrient applications to be made.

Soil sampling should be carried out at least once every four years on each field as part of a planned approach. For accurate results it is important that land that is to be sampled should not have received any fertiliser (chemical or organic) in at least 6 weeks. The size of area from which one sample can be taken can vary, but should not exceed four hectares.

Granucal Granucal is granules of calcium lime made from a very fine powder which can be spread accurately and breakdown very readily on contact with the soil. Granucal is available in 600kg bags. Correct applications are calculated according to soil type. GRANUCAL Application Rates required for each 0.1 increase in soil pH Soil Type

GRANUCAL Application Rates

Sand/ Loamy Sand

60kg/ha

25kg/ha

Sand/ Salt Loam

100kg/ha

40kg/ha

Clay/ Loamy Clay

125kg/ha

50kg/ha

Organic Soils (10-25% OM)

150kg/ha

60kg/ha

Peat Soils (+25% OM)

200kg/ha

80kg/ha

Lime deficiency can be accurately assessed by soil sampling and subsequent analysis. Routine soil analysis is essential if you are going to maximise crop production.

18


Success with Seeds

Why use Granucal? • Applied with standard fertiliser spreader • No need to hire a contractor • Dust free, less waste, environmentally friendly • Less ground compaction • Suitable for grassland & tillage • Can be applied at most stages of crop cycle • Increased flexibility with pH sensitive crops when considering crop rotation

• Can be used to spot treat paddocks • Quick reaction, immediate pH improvement • Better root growth • Accurate spreading therefore more efficient than bulk lime application • Increased uptakes of N, P, K, Ca, Mg & S leading to improvements in crop yield, quality & disease resistance

Worldwide research has demonstrated that finely ground particles of limestone have a greater and swifter effect on increasing soil pH compared to coarse particles. A much smaller quantity of fine granulated lime is needed to have a similar effect as a large quantity of course lime. Granucal granulated lime is quarried and manufactured to the highest of standards near the village of Glenarm in County Antrim.

Biotal SlurriNprove Biotal SlurriNprove can help farmers manage this valuable resource, with many tangible benefits: • Less mixing Slurry is not a consistent material so when stored, it separates into distinct layers of bottom sludge, a liquid middle and a floating crust of fibrous material, making pumping out difficult and nutrient uptake less efficient. The biological action of Biotal SlurriNprove works from the bottom of the crust up, to minimise the formation of sludge and significantly cut down on mixing time. • Less grass taint Slurry treated with Biotal SlurriNprove tends to wash into the ground quicker, leaving behind fewer residues and limiting the chance of slurry contamination affecting silage fermentation. • More retained nutrients By boosting the microbial population, Biotal SlurriNprove organically binds or ‘fixes’ the nitrogen and minerals. This is one of the biggest financial benefits of the product to farmers, as less fertiliser needs to be purchased to achieve the same production level. • Less odour More naturally retained nutrients mean less gases emitted and less associated smell. This is of particular benefit to those farming close to residential areas. • Higher dry matter Little to no water needs to be added to SlurriNprove treated slurry due to its improved mixing quality. Treated slurry therefore has a higher dry matter so less tanker loads are needed to deliver the required nutrients. This significantly reduces fuel or contactor costs. Independent trial work by Kingshay in 2011 showed that Biotal SlurriNprove returned approximately £3 in nitrogen fertiliser value alone for every £1 spent on it. This, combined with higher P, K and the reduced mixing and haulage costs, means there is huge potential for Biotal SlurriNprove to help farmers make the most of slurry.

Technical Guide 2014

19


Cereals Spring Barley Varieties Publican Drum x Sebastian • Very high yields, treated and untreated, large grain. •P  ublican is a relatively short and very stiff variety with excellent resistance to lodging and brackling. •P  ublican has exceptional resistance to mildew (a maximum 9 rating) and good resistance to Rhynchosporium. • Later to ripen.

Propino Quench x NFC Tipple • Very high yields, treated and untreated. •P  ropino is similar in height to Optic and combines good lodging resistance with very good brackling resistance. •P  ropino has good resistance to foliar disease, also combines good resistance to Ramularia with very good green leaf retention. • I t is an early-maturing variety. Propino has big, bold grain.

Westminster NSL 97-5547 x Barke • Very high yield treated & untreated. •G  ood resistance to mildew & Rhynchosporium. • S tiff long straw. • Intermediate to ripen.

SY Taberna Quench x Tophouse • Very high treated & untreated yields. •G  ood disease resistance. • Very high straw yields. • Early to ripen.

Overture Concerto x Quench • Very High Treated & Untreated Yields. • Straw of medium length and quite good standing power. Quite good resistance to brackling and average resistance to necking. • Large grain with low specific weight. • Good resistance to Rhynchosporium and mildew.

Odyssey Concerto x Quench • Another Concerto x Quench cross that gives very high treated yields. • Quite good resistance to Rhynchosporium and very good to mildew. • Short straw with intermediate straw yields. Average standing power and resistance to brackling. • Average size grown with low specific weight. Intermediate to ripen.

Kelim NFC405-91 x Quench • High treated yield and moderate untreated yields. • Very good resistance to mildew, average to Rhyschosporium and quite good to Ramularia. • Medium length staw with very high straw yields. Quite good standing power and average resistance to necking and brackling. • Large grain with average specific weight.

20


ww

R

w.h egister N y id Ow o.co at Success with vSeeds .uk

Winter Wheat JB Diego Cashback Yield Guarantee • Bullet point info to™behybrid inserted here. seed technology Powered byone HYVIDO barley • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

REGISTER Cashback • Bullet pointNOW one for infothe to be inserted Yield here. Guarantee at www.hyvido.co.uk Guaranteed performance from HYVIDO™ hybrid barley or money back.

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

If the results don’t speak for themselves on independently-managed reference fields, we will give you £60 for every ha of HYVIDO™ you have registered*. Grafton Relay Visit www.hyvido.co.uk for full terms and conditions.

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. Reliably • Bullet point one info to higher be inserted here. FIELD PERFORMANCE • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. HYVIDO™ outperforms conventional winter barley in 92 percent of field scale comparisons**

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. HYVIDO™ hybrid barley SEED TECHNOLOGY A new generation of six-row winter feed barley varieties set to become the market standard

Winter Barley KWS Cassia

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. Cashback • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. GUARANTEE • YIELD Bullet point one info to be inserted here. Delivers an extra yield of 0.5 tonne more per hectare – if not, get Saffron money back*

Glacier

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Optimise your own HYVIDO™ crop by receiving regular agronomy updates from your local reference farm

Winter Oats * **

• Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info VERIFIED to be inserted here. INDEPENDENTLY • Bullet point one info tocan be inserted reference fields you trust here.

Gerald

Cashback dependent on following the HYVIDO™ optimised growing protocol. Yield performance measured by independent third party ‘split-field’ reference network.

further information visit www.hyvido.co.uk or contact your agronomist. •ForBullet point one info to be inserted here. In 460 out of 500 trials across UK, France and Germany over the last 5 years. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Balado • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted Syngenta UK Ltd.here. Registered in England No. 849037. CPC4 Capital Park, Fulbourn, Cambridge CB21 5XE. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. Tel: +44 (0) 1223 883400 Technical Enquiries: +44 (0) 800 1696058 Email: customer.services@syngenta.com Website: www.syngenta.co.uk © 2013, Syngenta. HYVIDO™, the ALLIANCE FRAME, the PURPOSE ICON and the SYNGENTA LOGO are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company.

Scan the code to access HYVIDO™ website from your tablet

Technical Guide 2014

21


Cereals Spring Barley Varieties Publican CR3/418 x Flamin • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Propino Auron x (komesx KR-Pg-3) • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Spring Oat Varieties Firth CR3/418 x Flamin • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Year on year JB Diego has proved its performance as a first or second wheat. Challenged by seasonal drought, harsh winters and high disease pressures, it stands and delivers top yields. That is why JB Diego is Britain’s most popular variety. JB Diego – when it comes to decision time, such a proven record is hard to beat.

Rozmar Auron x (komesx KR-Pg-3) • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Spring Wheat Belvoir • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Granary • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

Canyon 99/126 x Loch1177 • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here. • Bullet point one info to be inserted here.

knowing what’s right

22Tel 01223 890777 • Email info@senova.uk.com • www.senova.uk.com


Success with Seeds

Spring Oat Varieties Rozmar Auron x (Komesx KR-Pg-3) •H  igh yields. •G  ood resistance to crown rust, poor mildew resistance. • L ong straw. • Intermediate to ripen.

Canyon 99/126 x Loch1177 • High treated and very high untreated yields. • Very large grain with average specific weight. Early to ripen. • Good resistance to Mildew and quite good resistance to Crown Rust. • Very long straw with good standing power but poor resistance to brackling.

Spring Wheat Mulika • Top yielding Group 1 spring wheat variety • S hows excellent resistance to all diseases and has excellent grain quality • F irst Group 1 wheat with resistance to orange wheat blossom midge

Belvoir

Granary

•H  ighest yielding autumn sown alternative wheat •C  an be sown from November right through to mid-April • Very stiff variety with good Mildew resistance • E xceptional resistance to both Yellow and Brown Rust

• Around 8% higher yielding than Ashby with higher specific weight • Generally good disease resistance to Mildew, Yellow Rust, Brown Rust and Septoria Tritici

Technical Guide 2014

23


Cereals Winter Wheat JB Diego •H  igh yielding, Group 4 winter wheat • Consistent performance with a stiff straw • E xcellent Yellow Rust resistance and outstanding specific weight

Grafton •A  ll the characteristics needed for early wheat drilling • Very slow to develop, short and stiff with excellent Eyespot resistance • E arly to ripen with good disease resistance except to Brown Rust

Leeds • Very high yielding variety from KWS, early to ripen • Similar standing power to JB Diego • After resistance to Septoria Tritici – requires a good fungicide programme

Winter Oats Mascani • A winter hardy oat with short stiff straw •A  verage resistance to both Mildew and Crown Rust • Suitable for most end uses

Balado •N  ew Senova variety with very high treated and untreated yields • S hortest straw of any husked variety • E xcellent resistance to lodging

24

Relay • Hard feed wheat with excellent grain quality and relatively early maturity. • Very short, stiff straw requiring only a standard PGR programme. • Excellent disease resistance especially for yellow rust


Success with Seeds

Winter Barley KWS Cassia • One of the highest yielding 2 row feed varieties • Excellent specific weight • Stiff straw, similar length to Saffron • Average disease resistance to Mildew and Rhynchosporium

Glacier • A yield to challenge six row varieties • Large grain with average specific weight • Quite good resistance to Rhynchoporium, extra cover required for Mildew • Straw average length, quite good standing power

KWS Tower • Average disease and stiff straw, very high treated yield • Grain is bold and bright with average specific weight and low screenings • Produces an abundance of good ears which help ensure good grain • Ability to recover from thin or gappy stands, later drilling or poor establishment

Florentine

Volume (6 Row)

• Excellent agronomic profile, with stiff straw and very early maturity • Gives high treated yields and very high untreated yields • Excellent Rhynchospoium resistance

• Very high yielding six row hybrid feed barley • Excellent treated and untreated yields • Good agronomic profile, good straw length and early maturity • Good resistance to Rhynchoporium and average resistance to Mildew

Technical Guide 2014

25


Cereals Why Triticale? Triticale is a cross between wheat and rye and offers a number of advantages over conventional cereals. It has been bred to combine the higher yield of wheat with the improved disease resistance of rye. • L ower inputs • Excellent wholecrop results • Use as a replacement for wheat in marginal fields • Some resistance to rabbit attack • Can be used in mixtures with white lupins

• High grain quality • Improved disease resistance • Suitable for pig rations • Drought tolerance • *As a cover/feed ingredient in game mixtures

Triticale For Wholecrop

Spring Triticale

Many farmers are now recognising the benefits of Triticale for Wholecrop. Wholecrop triticale can be fed to both dairy and beef cattle with excellent results. A recent trial in Holland showed that wholecrop triticale fed equal to wholecrop maize silage with no difference in either intake or lactational performance. Triticale

Maize

Forage Intake

10.7

10.4

Total DM (KG)

20.3

20.0

MJ

126

133

Milk Yields KGS

31.2

30.8

Fat G/KG

46.4

46.8

Protein G/KG

33.1

33.7

Nagano A new high yielding variety from Danko of Poland. Early to ripen with good disease resistance especially to Mildew and stem base diseases. Good lodging and sprouting resistance. Nagano is a semi dwarf variety making it ideal for local conditions.

Forage Rye Humbolt Humbolt was purpose bred to produce an early bite, with growth that can be up to three weeks before Italian ryegrass. Humbolt’s excellent tillering capacity and early vegetative growth ensures maximum intakes and palatability.

Winter Triticale Amarillo This stiff strawed variety has very high yields with the flexiblity of a wide sowing window. Early to ripen with better resistance to mildew. Has performed well over a range of conditions in Northern Ireland.

26


Success with Seedswith Seeds Success

Deter’s reputation for establishment is covering the country.

From Cornwall to Norfolk, Hampshire to Banffshire, farmers now rely on Redigo Deter to make the very most of their winter wheat and barley crops. They know that Redigo Deter doesn’t just give bestever establishment in today’s fast-changing conditions. As the first true multi-purpose seed treatment, it’s also incredibly adaptable. Which means whether you want to control BYDV or reduce slug damage, improve workload management or spray timings, increase yields or boost your profits – or all of these things – Redigo Deter is right for you. Visit www.bayercropscience.co.uk/detercover, talk to your advisor or call Bayer Assist on 0845 609 2266.

It’s whatever you need it to be Redigo® and Deter® are registered trademarks of Bayer. Redigo contains prothioconazole. Deter products contain clothianidin. Always read the label: use pesticides safely. © Bayer CropScience 2009.

Success with Seeds

Technical Guide 2014

27


Syngenta advertorial

Cereals Key reasons to choose REVUS:

. Protectstnew growth . Rainfas uct for foliar . Top prod Euroblight trials blight in . Proven results

Proven protection of new leaf growth

Why we use REVUS...

2012 was reportedly the most difficult season for some 40 years, growers who opted to use REVUS last season were once again rewarded with excellent blight protection – as confirmed by its outright leading position on the EuroBlight table and strong performance in UK Eurofins trials, reports Syngenta Field Technical Manager, Stephen Williams. The results through the canopy expansion growth stages, under high disease pressure, were especially important to ensure crops remained clean going into the canopy complete phase. Protecting expanding leaves as the crop grew was clearly key to a successful season-long programme – and will be again for the coming season, whatever the blight pressure and weather conditions. “Where intervals were stretched in the unprecedented wet and windy conditions last year, having the most active REVUS

on the leaf at least gave plants the longest possible protection,” he advised. “That reliable protection gave growers confidence and flexibility.” Mr Williams explained the performance comes from the redistribution of the active ingredient, mandipropamid, locked within the leaf surface wax, which moves as the leaf expands. The intrinsically strong nature of REVUS ensures that it provides a high level of protection between applications, even with significant new leaf growth.

John Keer Boston, Lincolnshire Has used REVUS for six years at rapid growth and canopy complete stages

“Trials, both in the UK and abroad, position

REVUS in the top two active ingredients for foliar blight control. Performance in trials has been backed up in the field with consistent results that gives me confidence to recommend REVUS to growers. Other significant advantages are it’s rainfastness, formulation and low rate of use. REVUS offers value for money, it’s price compared to efficacy.”

Geoff Mayhew Ipswich, Suffolk Has used REVUS for three years, making four applications per season

“Technical attributes: Delivers a very robust

Superior rainfastness, with persistent protection between applications. REVUS is rainfast within 15 minutes. Great for catchy seasons and to fit with irrigation scheduling. In-Furrow

Emergence

Excellent foliar efficacy, with strong inhibition of spore germination. A clean crop results in consistently high yields of blight free tubers.

Early Rosette

Top score for foliar blight control in Euroblight tables, along with outstanding protection of new growth. Consistent results gained REVUS top spot again. Rapid Canopy

Flowering

performance even when used in challenging conditions, e.g. 2012 season. Extremely rainfast and effective in keeping blight out of the crop, for example, in situations when rain showers hit almost immediately after application. Most impressive to have no blight close to the wheelings where water splashes onto the foliage at the time of application. Physical attributes: Low rate 0.6 l/ha, easy handle and fully compatible with the other products we use.” Canopy Complete

Desiccation

Syngenta UK Ltd. Registered in England No. 849037. CPC4, Capital Park, Fulbourn, Cambridge CB21 5XE Tel: 01223 883400 Fax: 01223 882195 Technical Enquiries Tel: 0800 169 6058 Email: customer.services@syngenta.com Website: www.syngenta.co.uk

28

REVUS® is Registered Trademark of a Syngenta Group Company. REVUS (MAPP 13484) contains mandipropamid. All other brand names used are Trademarks of other manufacturers in which proprietary rights may exist. Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use. For further information including warning phrases and symbols refer to the website www.syngenta.co.uk ©Syngenta AG April 2013. POT1577. GQ 03998.


Success with Seeds

Forage Crops Formula One - Wholecrop Mixtures • Combine the high starch energy of cereals with the high protein of a legume crop

• Enable direct cutting (remove the need to wilt protein crops)

• Reduce concentrate requirement to minimum for beef finishing

• Increase total DM yields (from a spring crop) • Increase overall protein of forage

• Reduced Nitrogen application

Monaco

Catalunya

•A  mixture of Logo Spring Triticale and Spring Lupins • Yields in excess of 30% more than traditional barley and pea mixtures • E xpect protein contents between 11 and 15% approximately 50% more than a straight cereal wholecrop.

• A new mixture to take advantage of the high yielding vetch Berninova in combination with Spring Oats. • This gives a very dense mixture with a final protein similar to a pea mixture

San Marino • The standard mixture for many years but now with a higher level of peas to increase protein content. • The barley variety used has been chosen because of its high grain and straw yield. • Suitable for a wide range of soil types

• A mix of Spring Wheat and Spring Lupins • Similar in design to Monaco mix but with a lower yield potential • Must be placed in the rotation where there is no risk of take-all • Lupins have a higher protein than peas which will lead to a higher quality feed.

Shanghai

Hockenheim

• Spring Triticale in blend with peas gives a forage crop with high DM yields and higher protein levels that a straight wholecrop cereal does not • Triticale whilst not a complete break does show a greater tolerance to take-all than wheat.

• Oats and peas combined to give a forage which will have similar performance to our Silverstone mixture. • This mixture is often used where a breakcrop is required in a cereal rotation • Oats, often considered the Cinderella of wholecrops, has given equal performance on farm.

Silverstone

Suzuka • Spring Wheat in a blend with combining peas will enable the crop to be cut earlier and at a higher DM than San Marino • Peas will also fix N from the air and leave residual N for the following crop.

Sao Paulo • Combines Spring Triticale and Berninova spring vetch as an alternative to lupins and peas • Particularly suitable for heavy land where other legumes might struggle

Technical Guide 2014

29


Cereals Forage Crops Cereals Cereals for wholecrop are now an established method of producing winter feed for livestock that is both productive, giving many animal benefits and cost effective to produce. A wide range of crops are suitable and choice will depend on individual farm plans.

Grain Yield

Straw Yield

Inputs

Energy Yield Per Hect

Break Crop

Winter Wheat

*****

****

*****

****

NO

Winter Barley

****

***

****

***

NO

Winter Oats

****

***

***

***

YES

Winter Triticale

****

*****

***

****

NO

Spring Wheat

****

***

****

****

NO

Spring Barley

***

***

***

***

NO

Spring Oats

***

***

***

***

YES

Spring Triticale

***

****

**

****

NO

Crop

Choice of variety of cereal type can have an equally important bearing with yield, disease resistance, protein content and place in rotation all being factors which will have an effect on both the quality and yield of the final forage.

Why Feed Wholecrop Cereals • Reduce cost • Improve milk quality (protein & fat) & yield • Improve rumen function • Very flexible • Total starch and sugars can be increased in diet

• Maintain cow condition • To buffer autumn and spring grass • Improved liveweight gain • All stock • Lower acid levels when compared to grass and maize silage

Units N Per Acre

Fresh Weight T/Acre

DM T/Acre

ME/Kg/DM

Total ME Per Acre

Total ME Per Unit of N

Grass 3 Cut

210

20

4

11.5

46000

219

Winter Wheat

130

14

5.6

11.5

62720

482

Maize

180

20

6

11.5

69000

383

Winter Triticale

80

16

5.6

11

61600

770

Monaco

60

15

3.75

11

41250

687*

Crop

*Monaco is a mix of Logo Spring Triticale and Lupins and should return 34-40 units N per acre.

30


Success with Seeds

Success with Seeds

速 = Registered trademark of BASF. Brutus contains epoxiconazole + metconazole. Always read the label. Use pesticides safely.

www.agriCentre.basf.co.uk Success with Seeds

Technical Guide 2014

31

39


Maize Wholecrop Maize Successful maize is not just a matter of yield, the key is quality. Quality silage starts with quality varieties suited to local growing conditions. As the crop matures, sugars produced in the leaves and stem are transported to the cob and converted to starch which is the valuable source of silage energy. If a hybrid fails to convert the sugars the result can be silage with lower intake qualities and food value lost in effluent. The mature crop should be at the optimum whole plant dry matter of 30% to allow maximum benefit from the silage.

Agronomy Site

Ideally fields should be south facing, a slope of up to 45 degrees, free draining deep soil and not above 400 feet. Avoid fields where soils are compacted or known to have frost pockets.

Fertiliser

Adequate levels of N, P and K are all required and up to 50% can be supplied from slurry or FYM. (Remember that FYM will release its nutrients much slower than slurry)

Crop

0

1

2

3

4

5

Nitrogen(N) All mineral soils

120

80

40

0

0

Phosphate (P2O5)

110

85

60M

20

0

0

Potash (K2O)

230

205

180M(2-) 155(2+)

110

0

0

Chart courtesy of RB209 (In practice higher levels of N are used but these will most likely be restricted under the Nitrates Directive) SOIL pH - Ideally at 6.5. Yields can be affected once pH falls below 6.0

Seedbed

Avoid soil compaction at all costs. Sub-soil the previous autumn if required. The crop requires a firm, fine tilth that will retain as much moisture as possible particularly on lighter soils. Typical Analysis Forage Maize

Corn Cob Mix

Crimped Maize

DM %

30

55

70

STARCH

30

45

70

11.2

13.0

14.5

ME (MJ/KG)

32


Success with Seeds

Rumen Bypass Starch

Rumen Bypass Starch

30

30

23 15 8 0

20 5

10

Wholecrop Wheat 2.5 – 5

Maize Silage 6 -10

Corn Cob Mix 15 - 20

Crimped Maize 25 - 30

Crimped Maize Here only the grain is harvested with a conventional combine fitted with a maize picker header (the same header is used on a forage harvester for CCM). While tonnes per acre are lower both ME and starch are higher. The grain is harvested at around 30% moisture, crimped and treated. Ensiling should take place immediately as with normal crimped cereals. Field selection for CCM and crimped maize is important due to the later harvest. For Northern Ireland conditions only early varieties should be grown under plastic. Maize starch which has a higher by pass fraction is an ideal complement to feed along with grass silage, wholecrop cereals and wholecrop maize.

Technical Guide 2014

33


Maize Selecting The Right Variety The forage maize varieties available from Mortons have been selected for their yield and quality to suit local growing conditions.

34

MAS O9P

An early variety for use in open ground with extremely digestible fibre in the leaves and stems and also produces high levels of starch.

MAS O8G

A very early hybrid with a FAO of 180. Good feeding values thanks to a good digestibility of cell walls and a good starch content. Proved its worth in the difficult 2009 season.

Agassy

An early variety for use in the open, giving high DM, starch and ME yields.

MAS 12A

An early maturing variety for under plastic with high DM and ME yields producing highly digestible silage. Now the leading variety across Northern Ireland.

LAPRIORA

A recently launched variety from KWS with early maturity similar to Kaukas. Rapid early vigour and has achieved the highest crop value compared to existing ultra earlies. High starch.

Gladdi

An early variety with high DM and starch yields. Has proved itself to mature early under plastic mulch in a wide range of farm conditions in 2009.

Mais 11F

A new early variety with very good starting vigour. Produces high quality silage with high starch levels. This variety can also be used for a grain harvest which is to be crimped.

Mais 16V

Suitable for under plastic with a maturity at the same time as Mais 12A. This variety probably gives the best combination of yield, cell wall digestibility and starch content.


Success with Seeds

Mas 11.FMas 11.F Mas 12.AMas 12.A Mas 16.V Mas 16.V EARLY FAO 180

EARLY FAO 190

EARLY FAO 190

ry good early growth • Very good early vigour • Very good early growth • Very good early vigour

EARLY FAO 190

EARLY FAO 190

• Very good leaf and stalk digestibility • Very good leaf and stalk digestibility

• High DM yield and starch potential • Good level of NEL/Kg • High DM yield and starch potential • Good level of NEL/Kg

od stalk strength

• Hybrid with large leaves and long • Excellent early growth • Hybrid with large leaves and long • Excellent early growth closed cobs closed cobs

• Good stalk strength

Création : agence-hudik.fr

ry high digestibility • Very high digestibility

Création : agence-hudik.fr

Y FAO 180

GH-PERFORMANCE GENETICS, GENETICS, HIGH-PERFORMANCE E BEST SEEDS AND SEEDS AND Find all our hybrid: Find all our hybrid: THE BEST www.maisadour-semences.com www.maisadour-semences.com OFESSIONAL SERVICES SERVICES PROFESSIONAL Technical Guide 2014 1

28/10/13 11:25

35


Fodder Crops From 2005 the decoupling of subsidies away from livestock production means every opportunity to reduce costs has to be explored. In this new environment fodder crops such as kale, forage rape, stubble turnips, swedes, forage rye and fodder beet offer the dairy, beef and sheep farmer low cost feeding options.

Stubble Turnips Vollenda •H  igh dry matter and yields making it suitable for use between November and January. • Good resistance to clubroot.

Appin •A  fast growing, leafy grazing turnip providing a rapid source of palatable, easy to digest fodder for sheep and cattle. • Multicrowned •G  ood regrowth potential • S ow 8-10 weeks before feed is required

Kale Maris Kestrel •A  leafy hybrid variety with short stems •B  red for low stem fibre content and high digestibility •R  esistant to lodging •G  ood winter hardiness

Rape Stego • Rape, with the highest protein of any fodder crop, makes it well suited to fattening lambs • Extremely high yielding variety • Excellent disease resistance, especially to mildew • Extremely digestible stems, which allows complete use of the whole stem

Swedes • Northern Ireland with a cool, moist climate is ideally suited to the production of swedes. • They have a low production cost per kg of DM combined with high ME and D-values

Fodder Beet • When compared with other forage crops DM and energy yield is among the highest per acre. • Well suited to a variety of soil types, but a light to medium free draining soil is preferable. • Good accessibility is essential if heavy harvesting machinery is to be used. If possible avoid steep slopes. • Ideally fields should have been ploughed in the late autumn, early winter thus ensuring minimum moisture loss. • Soil profile – fine, firm free draining and noncompacted

Fodder Beet Trial (Morton’s On Farm Trial 2010) Washed t/ac

Havertable Washed t/ac

Magnum (early sown)

40.9

40.1 (107.9)

Magnum

41.5

37.2 (100.0)

17.5

6.51 (100.0)

85.28 (100.0)

Beretta

31.4

29.3 (78.8)

24.4

7.14 (109.7)

97.1 (113.8)

Gerty

40.6

38.7 (104.0)

23.1

8.93 (137.1)

121.45 (142.4)

Variety

36

DM Content (%)

DM Yield GJ/Acre (% of Magnum) (% of Magnum)


Success with Seeds

Fodder Feeding Summary DM Yield T/Ha

ME Value Mj/KG DM

CP Value D-Value %

Feeding

Type of Stock most suited

Stubble Turnips

4 to 6

11

17.5

69

Strip Graze

Dairy / Sheep

Kale

8 to 10

10.5

16.5

68

Strip or Zero

Dairy / Sheep / Beef

Rape

5 to 10

10.5

19.5

65

Strip Graze

Sheep / Beef Dairy

Swedes

8 to 9.5

12.9

10.5

82

Graze or Lift

Sheep / Beef

Forage Rye

5 to 6

10

11.5

-

Strip or Zero

Dairy / Sheep

Forage Beet

10 to 14

13

12.5

78

Graze or Lift

Dairy / Beef

Fodder Crops Yields Typical Fresh Yield t/ac

Typical DM Yield t/ac

Potential DM Yield t/ac

Wholecrop Cereals

12

4.2

6.0

Grass Silage 1 cut

10

2.0

3.0

Grass silage 3 cuts

19

5.0

7.0

Maize

18

5.4

6.6

Kale

16

2.5

4.0

Fodder Beet Roots only

25

4.5

6.5

25+6

5.5

8.0

Fodder Beet Roots + tops

Feeding Guide Estimator Stubble Turnips

One acre can feed forty lambs for two months

Kale

One acre feeds 20 cows for two months

Rape

In general, one acre can feed thirty lambs for one month

Grazing Rye

One acre will provide a three-week grazing period in early spring for 6-7 cows and 25-30 sheep

Technical Guide 2014

37


Fodder Crops Planning Your Brassica Crops Matching the crop to your requirements.

Summer / Early Autumn Jun - Sep Stubble Turnip Forage Rape Hybrid Brassica

When do you require your brassica crop?

* Rate and extent of regrowth depends on weather conditions.

38

Autumn / Winter Oct - Feb Stubble Turnip Hybrid Brassica Kale Swedes Fodder Beet

Regrowth Potential*

Sowing to Grazing Period

Nil Vollenda

8 Weeks Appin Stego

Moderate Stego

10 Weeks Swift Redstart

High Swift Appin Redstart

12 Weeks Vollenda

Nil Bittern Vollenda Siskin

Low Vollenda

Moderate Maris Kestrel

Good Redstart Swift Appin

High Swift Appin Redstart

High Maris Kestrel Bittern Siskin


Success with Seeds

6 Golden Rules for Forage Crops

1. Run back

2. No tractors in Winter

3. Feed fibre

4. Move electric fence everyday

5. Always clear the area

6. Always graze on longer axis

Technical Guide 2014

39


Countryside Management

Pollen and Nectar Mixtures The basis of these mixtures is a variety of legumes and non-legumes (with or without grasses) that flower at different times to provide a continuous supply of pollen and nectar for bumblebees, butterflies and other insects from March to September. Pollen and nectar mixtures must only be sown on improved or arable land. The Countryside Management Branch have issued an approved list of species to be included in this mixture. Mix No.1 Grass Free Mix sown at 6kg/acre

Mix No.2 Mixture containing grasses sown at 8kg/acre

This mix must contain 1 non-legume and 2 legumes (FROM THE APPROVED LIST) One of the legumes must be late flowering red clover

This mix is made up of 80% fine grasses (FROM THE APPROVED LIST) and 20% legumes and non-legumes.

The habitat must be re-sown after 3 years or sooner if the legume and non-legume component has become depleted.

Rough Grass Margin Mix Rough grass margins are strips of land at least 2 metres wide sown around cereal fields. The mixture consists of a number of grasses from the approved list. The grass varieties used form tussocks that form a useful habitat for overwintering insects, small birds and mammals.

Morton WB6 Morton WB6 meets the CMS guidelines. This mixture has been used widely across a variety of soil types province wide. The mixture should be topped at least once a year to aid regeneration. The variety of grasses contained in the mix are suitable for a number of other purposes where less productive grasses are required.

The Mix Contains: Cocksfoot / Creeping Red Fescue / Rough Stalked Meadow Grass / Dog’s tail / Sheep’s fescue / Bent

Green Cover options There are a number of seeds which are used either for winter or spring green cover. They are used for weed suppression, adding organic matter to the soil and either fixing or lifting Nitrogen. Most popular seeds include Phacelia, Mustard, Buckwheat, Rye and Crimson Clover. Whilst not widely used in Northern Ireland they are becoming increasingly popular. Winter hardy green manures provide a canopy where soils can be eroded by wind and water and to minimize leaching of nitrogen. Crops such as Rye are hungry for nitrogen and can hold it over the winter to be incorporated and then released into the next crop. Details are available on request.

40


Success with Seeds

Mixtures and Game Cover Mixtures The Northern Ireland CMS was launched in June 2008. This scheme will run alongside the original CMS but for the entrants there are a few changes. Wild Bird cover is a spring sown seed bearing crop that is left un-harvested to provide food for seed eating farmland birds. The scheme is particularly interested in encouraging birds such as Skylarks, Yellowhammers and Linnets to increase in population throughout Northern Ireland. There are restrictions put in place by CMS as to the seed varieties that can be grown.

One Year Mixed Crop This crop is sown every spring and contains a spring cereal and one of the following – Quinoa, Oilseed Rape, Linseed or Mustard. Morton WB4 is the most popular mix in this group. WB4 contains Spring Triticale, Spring Oats and Linseed. It is a good mix for all soil types but is especially useful in areas where the soil is more acidic. The inclusion of Spring Triticale extends the feeding season into the colder months of January and February when there is less food about. Due to the relationship between oil-seed rape, mustard and the brassica family (kale) it is not advisable to include them in a mix if you are using it as a break crop between two year bird cover.

Two Year Mixed Crop This crop contains Kale plus at least one of the following – Quinoa, Spring Oats, Spring Wheat, Spring Triticale or Linseed. Mortons WB2 in the most popular mix in this group. The Morton mix contains Spring Triticale, Spring Oats, Kale and Linseed. Morton WB1 – this is a similar mix to WB2 but has the Linseed element replaced with Quinoa Morton WB7 – contains Kale and Quinoa only

Two Year Mixed Crop Sowing and Feeding Period Jan

Feb Mar Apr May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Maize Sowing and Feeding Period May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Technical Guide 2014

41


Countryside Management

Maize A blend of varieties with maturing dates to extend the feeding period. Resistance to lodging with generous tillering makes this blend ideal for use on both large and small scale game-keeping sites. Excellent cold tolerance and seedling vigour enables this blend to thrive in extremes of the UK climate. Drill in wide rows (75cm apart) to give the birds good access to the crop whilst aiding cob development. Add extra appeal by sowing an adjacent crop of kale which will also counteract any draughtiness later on in December when the green material on the maize plant will have wilted and dried in the Autumn frosts.

Cereal Crop Option This can be a single cereal or mix of cereals. The cereals must be Spring Barley Spring Wheat, Spring Triticale and / or Spring Oats. Wild Bird cover must be sown between 1st March and 31st May and under-sowing is not permitted. Seed rates vary whether drilling or broadcasting. Morton’s mixtures are prepared in packs that comply with the CMS guidelines.

Kale Kale is now a universal Game Cover crop. The dense top growth and bare floor below it provides excellent cover and when allowed to flower provides a valuable source of food for songbirds. Second year kale is very attractive to partridges as the crop begins to lose power. If you are hoping to use Kale for partridges in the first year it would be recommended to sow at a lower seeding rate.

Quinoa It provides an abundance of seed and is ideally sown in a mix with kale but can be sown on its own in strips alternating with maize, kale, or mustard to provide cover.

Apr May Jun

42

Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Success with Seeds

Technical Guide 2014

43


Feed Additives

SC Farm Pack part of

All farms and forages are different and cows face different challenges, so there is a Biotal SC live yeast farm pack formulated to meet different situations. Use the table below to select the right product for you:

A combined live yeast and mycotoxin remediation product for use in diets where mycotoxin problems are suspected. Improves rumen function and helps reduce absorption of mycotoxins.

The live yeast product for farmers looking to maintain cell count and rumen health. Adding organic selenium and zinc helps maintain udder health, reduce cell count, increase hoof strength and reduce the incidence of retained cleansings.

Specially formulated for use at grazing, the combination of live yeast and plant extract improves rumen health and ensures the best use of the protein in grass. Also includes organic selenium and zinc to help maintain dairy health.

Approved by Organic Farmers and Growers for use in organic dairy systems to maintain rumen health and productivity.

The live yeast product formulated for rumen health with higher levels of organic selenium and zinc to use where there are problems of high cell count and udder health. Suitable for diets including forage maize and wholecrop silage where selenium content can be low.

44


Every bite counts Get more from forage

Rumen with specific Success Seeds

live yeast reduces acid loading and increases fibre digestibility, which improves feed efficiency ensuring more milk from the same forage.

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g

45


Appendix 1 Recommended Diploid Perennial Ryegrass Varieties These varieties comprise the majority of the seed sold in Northern Ireland either as ‘straights’ or in mixtures. They are long lived and form swards of good density, giving them a high damage resistance. They are well suited to a wide range of enterprises as the diverse selection of varieties is capable of producing high silage yields or maintaining high grazing outputs throughout the growing season. VARIETY

(S) (S)

(S)

Silage

Grazing

2-Cut Yield Total Digest 10.4* 7.7*

Grass Quality D-Value

Sward Density

%

%D

(0-9)

106

73.3

6.2

108

73.1

6.0

97

73.6

6.6

92

96

74.2

6.3

106

100

73.2

6.3

108

103

73.5

6.4

94

99

101

76.1

6.4

102

100

107

74.1

6.3

Heading Date

Total Yield 16.2* %

%

%

Genesis

8 May

106

103

100

Moyola

10 May

105

101

100

Kilrea

12 May

94

88

92

Kimber

14 May

93

91

Solomon

16 May

104

105

Boyne

18 May

107

110

AberStar

24 May

96

AberMagic

26 May

105

Total Yield 12.0*

AberGreen

28 May

101

100

111

109

74.6

6.5

AberZest

29 May

105

107

98

102

75.9

5.9

AberAvon

31 May

98

99

103

97

75.6

6.2

Pastour

2 Jun

100

103

105

96

74.5

6.1

Mateon 1

3 Jun

100

103

104

94

75.7

6.6

Drumbo

3 Jun

97

97

102

98

75.7

6.3

AberChoice

8 Jun

99

100

105

104

75.1

6.0

Spelga

17 May

101

103

99

99

72.0

6.4

Gerrison

22 May

101

102

101

101

72.8

6.2

(S)

AberDart

22 May

94

92

95

96

76.5

6.7

(S)

Bahima 1

22 May

107

110

109

101

71.1

5.9

Bree

23 May

99

99

98

96

73.6

6.5

Gandalf

24 May

97

96

96

96

74.0

6.8

Copeland

26 May

102

101

102

99

73.0

6.7

Majestic

28 May

101

103

101

98

74.2

6.6

Denver

29 May

100

105

100

96

72.7

6.7

Glenveagh

30 May

99

101

102

96

74.5

6.6

Tyrella

1 Jun

101

106

99

96

74.1

6.4

Foxtrot

2 Jun

95

96

98

97

74.7

6.3

Clanrye

2 Jun

104

106

103

97

74.0

6.3

(P)

Lineker

19 May

104

106

108

99

73.3

6.2

(P)

Glenariff

24 May

102

102

107

101

73.3

6.4

(O)

Twytop

13 Jun

93

93

97

100

73.3

6.3

* = Control yield as average of ‘Bold Type’ diploid varieties in t/ha DM

46 04


Success with Seeds Recommended Tetraploid Perennial Ryegrass Varieties These varieties tend to have high sugar contents and a tall upright growth habit that promotes high intakes when grazed. They also contain some of the highest yielding perennial ryegrass varieties. Although equally long lived, they are more open growing than the diploid varieties with which they are normally mixed in order to increase sward density and damage resistance. VARIETY

Silage Heading Date

Total Yield 16.2* %

(S)

(S)

(S)

Grazing

2-Cut Yield Total Digest 10.4* 7.7* %

%

Total Yield 12.0*

Grass Quality D-Value

Sward Density

%

%D

(0-9)

AberTorch(T)

6 May

94

93

98

99

75.2

5.7

Niagara(T)

16 May

102

101

105

100

77.1

6.3

Malone(T)

17 May

109

108

113

102

75.8

5.3

Trintella(T)

17 May

104

105

111

98

75.1

5.5

Magician(T)

18 May

104

108

112

102

75.6

5.6

Eurostar(T)

23 May

104

104

103

101

75.5

6.0

Dunluce(T)

28 May

104

100

108

106

76.2

5.6

AstonEnergy(T)

30 May

102

98

106

104

78.4

5.4

Delphin(T)

31 May

105

109

112

100

75.3

5.2

AberCraigs(T)

31 May

104

108

107

98

77.9

5.9

Dundrum(T)

1 Jun

105

111

110

99

77.0

5.6

AberBite(T)

3 Jun

108

110

110

104

78.3

5.7

Twymax(T)

4 Jun

104

107

110

100

75.4

6.1

AstonPrincess(T)

4 Jun

102

105

110

98

76.4

6.1

Kintyre(T)

5 Jun

104

107

109

101

75.9

5.8

Glenstal(T)

19 May

105

107

107

102

73.4

5.7

Seagoe(T)

20 May

106

107

114

107

74.5

5.5

Glencar(T)

30 May

104

110

108

96

74.5

6.0

Navan(T)

2 Jun

103

103

105

99

76.9

5.6

AberGain(T)

2 Jun

111

116

117

110

77.0

5.4

Dunloy(T)

6 Jun

101

102

107

98

76.8

6.1

(S)

Tivoli(T)

7 Jun

103

104

107

95

77.2

5.6

(P)

Carraig(T)

13 May

99

100

99

104

75.4

6.2

(P)

AberClyde(T)

22 May

108

109

104

104

76.9

5.7

(P)

Aspect(T)

2 Jun

104

108

107

100

77.3

5.9

(O)

AberGlyn(T)

18 May

101

105

104

96

74.2

5.6

(O)

Elgon(T)

31 May

99

100

103

97

77.2

5.6

(O)

Fornido(T)

5 Jun

103

105

105

96

76.3

6.2

* = Control yield as average of ‘Bold Type’ diploid varieties in t/ha DM

Technical Guide 2014

47


Appendix 1 Recommended Hybrid Ryegrass Varieties Hybrid Ryegrass Types: Hybrid ryegrass varieties are a cross between perennial and Italian ryegrass and some strongly express the perennial or Italian parentage. ‘Italian-like’ hybrids have the highest yields but lowest sward densities, whereas ‘perennial-like’ hybrids are expected to live longer, potentially up to five years if carefully managed. Varieties achieving both high yield and density can be regarded as elite performers. Recommendation changes for 2013/14: Two hybrid ryegrass varieties have had their recommended list status changed this year. Kirial (HT) has been added to the list as a new provisional and Amalgam (HT) has been moved up from provisional to ‘Plain Type’.

VARIETY

Heading Date

1st Year 19.7*

Silage Yields 2nd Year 17.9*

3rd Year 16.9*

Sward Density

%

%

%

(0-9)

AberEcho(HT)

14 May

99

99

98

5.0

Ligunda(HD)

17 May

101

101

101

4.7

Pirol(HD)

19 May

99

100

101

5.3

AberExcel(HT)

17 May

91

88

90

4.9

Drumlin(HT)

18 May

91

88

92

5.0

Hymer(HT)

19 May

91

93

92

4.6

AberEve(HT)

19 May

94

93

94

5.0

Foyle(HT)

20 May

89

89

90

5.0

Amalgam(HT)

21 May

90

88

91

5.5

Scapino(HT)

21 May

93

92

94

4.8

Barsilo(HD)

23 May

97

98

97

4.6

Kirial(HT)

20 May

92

91

95

4.9

* = Average yield of ‘Bold Type’ varieties in t/ha DM (HD, HT) Hybrid diploid or tetraploid

Grass testing by AFBI at the Plant Testing Station, Crossnacreevey.

48 04


Success with Seeds Recommended Italian Ryegrass Varieties Italian Ryegrass Performance: Italian ryegrass is the highest yielding of all recommended grasses but is short lived and best utilised for silage. Higher density varieties may be more damage resistant but none form dense soles. Second year yields are shown as a percentage of the first year control yield, to highlight the difference in annual outputs. Recommendation changes for 2013/14: Six Italian ryegrass varieties have had their recommended list status changed this year. Bartrento (T) has been added as a new provisional and Shakira has been moved up from provisional to ‘Plain Type’. Barmultra II (T), Fox and Hunter (T) have been moved up into ‘Bold Type’. Meryl has been removed from the list as it is no longer commercially available.

VARIETY

(P)

Heading Date

Silage Yields 1st Year 2nd Year 20.2* 20.2*

Early Spring Growth

Sward Density

%

%

(t/ha DM)

(0-9)

Hunter(T)

15 May

99

90

2.3

4.4

Barmultra II(T)

17 May

100

89

2.3

4.3

Meribel

18 May

100

89

2.1

4.9

Fox

18 May

99

89

2.2

4.7

Shakira

14 May

102

85

2.4

4.4

Dorike(T)

14 May

99

88

2.2

4.3

Litonio(T)

18 May

99

87

2.1

4.5

Bartrento(T)

16 May

101

86

2.2

4.7

* = Average first year yield of ‘Bold Type’ varieties in t/ha DM

Technical Guide 2014

49


Appendix 1 Recommended Timothy Varieties Timothy Maturity Types: The overall yield potential of Timothy is less than perennial ryegrass but can be more productive in cold springs or can maintain density and growth on heavy, less fertile soils. ‘EARLY’ maturing varieties are generally erect and highly productive in spring and ‘LATER’ maturing varieties are more dense growing pasture-types. Recommendation changes for 2013/14: There have been no changes to the recommended list status of Timothy varieties this year.

VARIETY

(S)

Heading Date

Silage 2-Cut Silage 9.1*

Total Yield 11.5*

Sward Density

%

%

%

(0-9)

Maturity Class

Presto

8 Jun

102

100

103

5.6

Early

Comer

9 Jun

105

105

104

5.3

Early

Dolina

9 Jun

103

100

104

5.5

Early

Narnia

16 Jun

100

101

99

7.1

Inter

Motim

17 Jun

97

98

99

6.1

Inter

Aber S48

23 Jun

93

96

91

7.0

Late

Promesse

10 Jun

91

89

98

5.8

Early

Erecta

10 Jun

95

92

101

5.5

Early

Comtal

10 Jun

93

90

101

5.1

Early

* = Average yield of ‘Bold Type’ varieties in t/ha DM

50 04

Grazing

Total Yield 14.3*


Success with Seeds Recommended White Clover Varieties White Clover Leaf Classification: As variety leaf size increases yield should rise and grazing persistence decrease. Large leaved varieties tend to be the most tolerant of tall grass stands but least tolerant of close defoliation. Varieties achieving yield and persistency above the expected leaf size trend are elite performers. Recommendation changes for 2013/14: One new provisional variety, Iona, has been added this year and all other varieties have remained with the same recommended list status.

VARIETY

(P)

Relative leaf size (% Gr. Huia)

Total 12.8*

Grazing Yield Potential Clover Grass 4.3* 8.5*

Grazing Persistence Low N High N

%

%

%

(0-9)

(0-9)

AberAce

45

92

66

104

6.2

4.4

Grasslands Demand

82

98

86

103

6.1

4.9

Crusader

94

99

96

101

5.7

5.0

Grasslands Bounty

99

100

98

101

5.8

4.6

Avoca

105

101

102

101

6.0

5.0

AberDai

106

100

106

97

5.4

4.6

Chieftain

116

103

118

96

5.2

4.3

Alice

130

103

113

98

5.1

4.1

Barblanca

138

103

115

98

5.6

4.5

AberHerald

94

99

102

98

5.1

4.6

Grasslands Huia

100

98

86

103

5.7

4.6

AberVantage

110

102

103

101

5.1

3.7

Triffid

139

101

103

100

5.1

3.9

Aran

176

101

119

93

4.3

3.4

Iona

99

102

106

100

5.6

5.1

* = Average yield of ‘Bold Type’ varieties in t/ha DM

Technical Guide 2014

51


Appendix 1 Recommended Red Clover Varieties Red Clover Classification: These yields were achieved without nitrogen fertiliser, but required up to 100 -150kg/ha of phosphate (P2O5) and 250-300kg/ha potash (K2O) (depending on soil indices). In comparison, the top yielding (Italian-type) hybrid ryegrass varieties can produce up to 20, 18 and 17 t/ha DM in the first, second and third harvest years, respectively, but require over 400 kg/ha of nitrogen per annum. Similarly, recommended perennial ryegrass varieties, given 350 kg/ha nitrogen, produce total silage yields of around 17 t/ha DM in their first harvest year, falling to around 15 t/ha DM by the third year. Red clover will perform best on well-drained, fertile soils with a pH of 6.0–6.5 and supplies its own nitrogen. Ewes are kept off red clover for 6 weeks either side of “tupping”. The varieties are listed in order of three year average yield within a ‘Bold Type’ group and a ‘Plain Type’ group. Recommendation changes for 2013/14: There have been three changes to the list this year: two new provisional varieties, Milvus and AberChianti have been added to the list and Harmonie has been moved down to outclassed.

VARIETY

Three Year Average DM Yield Rel. 16.8 Pers.

Harvest Year 1 DM Yield Rel. 18.6 Pers.

Harvest Year 2 DM Yield Rel. 18.1 Pers.

Harvest Year 3

DM Yield 13.7

Rel. Pers.

%

(0-9)

%

(0-9)

%

(0-9)

%

(0-9)

Atlantis (T)

102

4.3

103

4.9

98

4.2

104

3.8

Lemmon

102

4.6

102

5.1

100

4.4

104

4.2

Merviot

100

4.5

101

5.2

102

4.3

96

4.0

Amos (T)

100

4.0

100

4.6

98

3.8

102

3.6

AberClaret

99

4.6

97

5.2

102

4.6

98

4.1

Avisto

98

4.4

97

5.0

100

4.4

96

4.0

Maro (T)

100

3.7

100

4.1

97

3.6

104

3.5

Gr. Sensation

98

4.2

95

4.7

100

3.9

99

4.0

Rotra (T)

98

3.7

97

4.0

97

3.4

101

3.6

Mercury

96

4.2

96

4.6

97

4.1

93

4.1

(P)

Milvus

100

4.9

99

5.0

102

4.5

100

5.0

(P)

AberChianti

97

5.1

94

5.3

98

5.3

101

4.7

(O)

Harmonie

93

4.6

94

5.4

94

4.4

92

4.1

* = Control yield as average of ‘Bold Type’ diploid varieties in t/ha DM Rel. Pers. = Relative Persistence (0-9 high)

52 04


Success with Seeds

slurriNprove

Independently Trialed (Kingshay 2011)

Significantly less mixing More retained Nitrogen Less pungent smell Less Grass Taint

Joseph Morton Ltd, Commercial Rd, Banbridge, County Down, BT32 3ES info@josephmorton.co.uk

www.josephmorton.co.uk www.josephmorton.co.uk

For more info call: 028 4066 2521 Technical Guidewith 2014 seeds 53 Success with seeds Success


Appendix 2 Spring Barley Recommended List 2014 Yield* T

Grain Quality U

Straw characteristics

Specific 1000 Length Weight grain (cm)** (kg/hl) wt (g)

Standing power

Disease Resistance

Ripening

Rhyncho- Mildew Ramularia sporium

Straw Yield (t/ha)

G

Overture

107

89

61.7

43.9

+3

7

H

8

9

7

I

G

Garner

106

89

60.9

46.9

+3

7

VH

8

9

6

I

G

Odyssey

104

87

60.8

43.6

0

6

I

7

9

6

I

G

Propino

104

84

62.0

45.8

+4

7

H

7

8

6

L

G

Quench

103

84

61.5

41.9

0

7

H

7

9

6

I

G

Concerto

103

80

63.1

45.2

+5

6

H

5

9

7

I

P

Hacker

111

91

63.0

40.9

+3

7

VH

7

9

6

I

P

Shada

111

91

60.2

43.0

-3

7

L

7

9

7

L

P

Shaloo

110

91

62.6

46.5

+3

7

L

8

9

6

I

P

Kelim

105

84

61.9

44.8

+5

7

VH

7

9

7

L

O

Sy Taberna

102

86

63.2

43.3

+5

7

VH

7

9

7

E

O

Westminster

97

84

64.4

44.7

+9

7

VH

8

9

7

L

* Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Optic, NFC Tipple, Quench, Concerto and Propino (average= 6.89t/ha) T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide ** Straw yield compared to Quench (74cm) Straw yield: VH= very high, H= high and I= intermediate Ripening: E= early, I=intermediate and L=late

Spring Oat Recommended List 2014 Yield* T

Grain Quality U

Specific Weight (kg/hl)

1000 grain wt (g)

Straw

Length Sieve Kernel (cm)** content fraction (% <2mm) (%)

Disease resistance

Standing power

Ripening

Mildew Crown rust

G

Canyon

103

98

52.1

42.3

76.7

1.6

+9

7

8

7

E

G

Firth

101

91

51.8

37.3

78.7

3.7

0

7

7

6

I

P

Monaco NM

107

90

49.2

35.4

75.8

3.4

-4

8

4

7

E

P

Conway

101

93

52.4

39.0

78.2

0.9

+2

8

7

5

E

O

Husky

99

92

52.2

35.0

77.5

3.4

0

7

7

5

E

* Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Ascot, Firth and Husky (average = 7.06t/ha) T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide ** Straw length compared to Firth (110cm) NM- not suitable for milling. Monaco has a specific weight significantly below 50kg/hl and is only suitable as a feed oat Ripening: E= early and I=intermediate

54 04


Success with Seeds Spring Wheat Descriptive List 2014 Yield* T

Grain Quality U

Specific Weight (kg/hl)

Straw characteristics

Disease Resistance

1000 grain Length Standing Septoria Mildew$ wt (g) (cm)** power

Ripening

Yellow Rust $

Varieties more suited for Northern Ireland Granary

110

92

73.4

42.8

0

6

7

6

6

L

Trappe

105

81

73.3

35.8

+4

6

6#

5#

4#

I

Sparrow

105

84

72.9

39.3

-2

6

6#

6#

7#

L

Tybalt

104

89

69.5

41.4

-4

6

6

8

7

E

KWS Willow

103

83

71.0

38.9

+1

6

6

8

8

I

Ashby

102

83

71.3

43.1

-1

6

6

6

8

L

Varieties less suited for Northern Ireland Zirconâ&#x2030;

101

81

71.1

40.5

-2

6

6

7

9

I

Mulika

100

82

72.4

38.9

0

6

6

7

8

E

Belvoir

97

72

69.4

38.6

-3

7

5

6

7

L

Paragon

93

77

73.5

38.3

+6

6

6

8

8

I

Varities in bold type are more suited for Northern Ireland * Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Paragon, Ashby and Tybalt (average= 8.05t/ha) ** Straw length compared to Granary 90cm $= HGCA UK data # DAFM data Ripening: E= early; I=intermediate; L=late;

T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide â&#x2030; =Zircon is a white grained wheat

Winter Barley Recommended List 2014 Yield*

Grain Quality

T

U

Straw characteristics

Specific 1000 Length Weight Grain wt (cm)** (g) (kg/hl)

Disease Resistance

Standing power

Straw Yield

Rhynchosporium

Ripening

Mildew Ramularia

2-row G

KWS Cassia

106

80

67.3

52.0

+2

8

I

4

4

7

I

G

Florentine

102

82

64.9

52.3

+3

9

I

8

6

6

I

P

KWS Glacier

107

75

66.4

48.5

-3

7

I

6

3

6

I

P

KWS Tower

105

76

64.8

56.1

+1

8

I

5

5

7

I

P

California

104

85

65.3

53.6

+4

9

I

7

6

8

I

O

Retriever

102

72

63.6

50.8

-1

6

L

4

5

5

I

O

Saffron

101

78

66.9

51.6

0

8

I

4

3

7

I

105

82

61.1

47.5

+16

7

I

8

7

8

E

107

83

63.8

43.4

+14

5

I

8

6

8

E

6-row PS2 KWS Meridian1 6-row hybrid S

Volume2

*Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Sequel, Flagon, Cassata, Volume and KWS Cassia (average= 9.26t/ha) T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide **Straw length compared to Saffron (98cm) Straw yield: I= Intermediate and L=Low Ripening: E= early; I=intermediate; L=late; 1= KWS Meridian is provisionally recommended for special use because it is a 6-row 2= Volume is recommended for special use because it is a 6-row hybrid variety

Technical Guide 2014

55


Appendix 2 Winter Wheat Recommended List 2014 Yield* T

Grain Quality U

Specific Weight (kg/hl)

Straw characteristics

1000 grain wt (g)

Disease Resistance

Length Standing Septoria Mildew Yellow Rust (cm)** power (HGCA)

Ripening Fusarium ear blight$

G

Grafton#

104

75

73.6

45.4

-11

9

6

7

6

4

E

G

JB-Diego#

103

77

73.3

44.3

0

7

6

4

8

6

E

G

Panorama

103

73

73.8

44.7

0

8

6

7

8

7

I

G

Alchemy

100

75

74.3

42.4

+3

6

7

7

6

7

L

P

Leeds

109

71

74.9

39.8

+1

7

6

3

7

7

E

P

Dickens#

105

69

73.0

44.3

-2

8

5

7

8

6

E

P

Monterey

104

78

74.7

41.2

+1

7

7

5

6

7

I

P

Horatio

102

75

73.2

46.8

+2

7

6

6

6

7

L

* Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Solstice, JB Diego, Gallant, Invicta, KWS Santiago (average= 10.11t/ha) T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide ** Straw length compared to JB Diego (88cm) $= HGCA UK data Ripening: E= early; I=intermediate and L=late; # JB Diego, Grafton and Dickens have performed well in HGCA second wheat trials in GB

Winter Oat Recommended List 2014 Yield*

Grain Quality

T

U

Specific Weight (kg/hl)

1000 grain wt (g)

Straw

Length Sieve Kernel (cm)** content fraction (% <2mm) (%)

Disease resistance

Standing Mildew power

Ripening

Crown rust

G

Dalguise

101

81

52.9

38.4

77.0

2.6

0

5

4

4

I

G

Gerald

100

83

52.7

35.4

75.9

2.9

+2

6

5

6

I

G

Mascani

98

90

53.4

42.8

78.8

1.9

+4

7

7

8

I

S

BaladoNM

104

85

47.7

40.4

75.0

2.3

-32

9

7

4

E

* Yield as a % of the treated control varieties Dalguise, Gerald and Mascani (average=7.80t/ha)) T= fungicide treated; U= no fungicide ** Straw length compared to Dalguise (123cm) Ripening: I=intermediate and E=early NM = not suitable for milling. Balado has a specific weight significantly below 50kg/hl and is only suitable as a feed oat

56 04


Success with Seeds

Up to

For more info call: 028 4066 2521 Joseph Morton Ltd, Commercial Rd, Banbridge, County Down, BT32 3ES info@josephmorton.co.uk

www.josephmorton.co.uk

2014 SuccessTechnical with Guide seeds

57


GRANULATED LIME

· Spreads accurately · No wind drift · Fast pH rise · Improves fertiliser efficiency · Cost effective

o c L al Lim y t i l a e Qu Joseph Morton Ltd, Commercial Rd, Banbridge, County Down, BT32 3ES info@josephmorton.co.uk

For more info call: 028 4066 2521 www.josephmorton.co.uk

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