Defining the ‘new woman’
Socio economic changes during World war 1 helped to cause a lot of fashion changes for women. During this time the women’s suffrage movement began. In 1920 American women could vote in the U.S. Dress for women changed just like their role in society. Some women were working so they wanted comfortable shoes. The new dress style was easier for everyday people to make, a loose dress. Sewing machines were more easier to get, so women could make their clothes. Now everyday women could afford fashion just like rich women. After WW1 young people felt mistrusting (cynical) the adopted a “live for now” attitude. Women driving cars, working outside of the home and even exercising, danced, smoke, drank.
Putting on the Ritz
Left: Students in the 1910s Right: Fashion in the 1920s
The shift in society between men and women has also dramatically impacted the fashion world. Everyday women have been seen in haute-couture, seeing as affordable sewing machines are found in corner stores. Following, World War I, women adopted a cynical approach to life with a “Live for Now” attitude. Fashion was certainly not a priority; on the other hand, beginning the Roaring Twenties, the relaxed outlook on life was reestablished. Fashion sections in newspapers and advertisements are in accordance with the colors this season; attempt to wear auburn, apple green or tangerine orange. A house wife recently stated that “My sewing machine allows me to design my own clothing; the fabric is easy on the pocket, it is grand since I look spiffy even when I am cleaning”. Her Emerson sewing machine sounds like a nifty purchase! Look out for the newest edition of the double T - “Trend Today” to stay ritzy at all moments.
The womenâ€™s suffrage movement has dramatically changed womenâ€™s lives. Our magazine reporter, John Francis; states that in a recent interview and data recollection, women have been seen working in political fields, in addition to other high profile professions. Business managers have also proven to be more lenient in their recruits and are seeing potential in women. Although, it is not sunshine and rainbows for everyone, men still feel uncertainty for the leap women have made in society. This social impact has also altered fashion; working women wear looser clothing and pair it with comfortable shoes. Tip of the day: wear a navy blue dress, bob haircut and yellow patent leather shoes to be both stylish and effective in your work station. Stay tuned to 422 radio station for more news and fashion tips to live a long, healthy and stylish life!
Susan B. Anthony was tried for voting in the recent presidential electrions without the right to do so.
Breaking news! Last week, Susan B. Anthony along with fifteen other women voted in the presidential elections of November 1872. The U.S. District Attorney, Richard Crowley, condemned Anthony for disregarding the 14th amendment of the Constitution. Although, fifteen other women voted in the presidential elections, Anthony would be tried in court, given that her trial would a test case. The judge was sentenced to pay a one-hundred fine, however Anthony refused to pay a dollar. Anthony’s trial was deemed unfair by many; the judge did not sentence Anthony to jail, in view of the fact that she could have appealed her case to a higher court and in all likelihood won her case. The press team recently interviewed the public and asked for their thoughts on Susan B. Anthony, 60% of our readers believe Susan B. Anthony should have been put in jail, while 40% of our readers believe Anthony was rightfully released from the court room as a free woman. The trial has won Anthony new respect and the head of the National Women’s Suffrage Association will continue her endeavor’s for women’s suffrage.
More than seventy years of struggle by women suffragists and activists has proven to be worth the wait, the proclamation of the Secretary of State, Bainbridge Colby, has officially guaranteed women the right to vote. The 19th amendment to the United States constitution reads “The right to citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex” the second section reads “Congress shall not have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation”. The day may be nifty for some; however men are not overjoyed about this radical amendment. The interviews conducted by members of the press this afternoon were rather gloomy, “Women’s suffrage is a ridiculous idea, and I feel balled up about why Bainbridge Colby
would pass this absurd amend- “Women’s suffrage is a ridiculous ment. Men are capable of hanidea, and I feel balled up about dling politics; women are not qualified to exercise the right to why Bainbridge Colby would pass vote… ”. Alice Duer Miller wrote used humor as a tactic to this absurd amendment.” why men should not be given the right to vote “Because man's place is in the army. Because no really manly man wants to settle any question otherwise than by fighting about it. Because if men should adopt peaceable methods women will no longer look up to them. Because men will lose their charm if they step out of their natural sphere and interest themselves in other matters than feats of arms, uniforms, and drums. Because men are too emotional to vote. Their conduct at baseball games and political conventions shows this, while their innate tendency to appeal to force renders them unfit for government”. While, men may feel vulnerable for the drastic change in the constitution, the National Women’s Association and the American Women Suffrage Association hit on all sixes! The days of protesting and petitioning for women’s suffrage were an absolute success.
Breadwinner Moms Just a few years before, a women‟s rights opposition voiced the opinions of many when he said that “women are not the equal of men mentally,” causing uproar among female rights activists. Well, it seems as women have proven the world wrong. A shocking piece of data was recently made public; it is estimated that around 25% of married women are working to earn wages, a huge increase from 1900 when it was only 10%. What caused this sudden rise in the percentage of employed women, and why? Until now, society considered men and women to have „separate spheres‟ which defined their roles in society; men tended to business and politics while women involved themselves in the home, religion and children. It was assumed that as long as the husband had a job, the wife would stay at home and not work. WW1 was a turning point in the female labor force history. Women are starting to be seen as a source of cheap labor. They are being hired as maintenance workers and eventually as nurses, teachers and social workers in textile mills to improve the social and educational programs implemented in the industry. Single, working women are also finding their place in society. As opportunities for higher education increase, single women are taking jobs such as clerks in offices and retail work to earn a living. Some are living away from home in order to find such jobs. However, the twenties may not leave everyone in good spirits. Despite the increase of women with jobs in the textile industry, African-American women are still not being employed due to the industry‟s policies. In businesses where they are employed, they are often separated by race and gender and are treated harshly. So start looking through those job catalogs girls; you might just find that you dream job is looking for people like you.
If anyone is stopping you from enrolling into college, tell them that they‟re being old-fashioned and very uncool. Studies are showing that women are taking an increasingly large portion of students in high schools and colleges. During the years 1890 to 1920 55% of the total numbers of students were female, and 60% of those who graduated were female as well. In data just released last week, 39% of college degrees are earned by women, a great increase compared to 19% in 1900. The role of education in a woman‟s life seems to be changing as well. One reader said that she and her friends “see higher education as a symbol of our independence and sophistication” while another said that it helped her to find a well-paid job. However not everybody sees educated girls as a plus to society. Elea-
“We see higher education as a symbol of our independence and sophistication”
Left: a group of female students pose for a group picture outside of the school. Bottom: A woman typing at a typewriter
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