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Telling the truth Dare to Have Courage Learning about Honesty and Standing Strong Moral Education  

(1) tionMoral Educa-

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Department of Applied Foreign Languages Meiho University 2013

Edited by Hsiaoyu Chuang Graphic Designed by Yili Lin Website designed by Zenghan Lee


Learning Honesty and Standing Strong

Group Members & Working Items

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1. Vocabulary

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2. Grammar Focus

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3. Evaluation

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壹. 單字重點

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Learning about Honesty and Standing Strong

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Moral Education

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Group members & Working Items

Class & school no.

Chinese / English name

Working Items

1. 四應三甲

王仁君 / Jin

單字重點共19個

D49908109

(動詞片語8個&名詞6個&動詞2個&副詞1個 &名詞片語1個&形容詞1個)

2. 四應三甲

楊金燕 / Bess

D49708101 3. 四應三甲 D49908113

文法重點2個 (祈使句&副詞)

林姿吟/ Celeste

單字&文法&閱讀共27題 (選擇題9題&克漏字9題&句子重組9題)

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壹. 單字重點

Reading Context Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be! When someone asks a question, answer honestly. You’ll earn their trust, and you’ll have integrity. Dare to have courage. Do what’s right. And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. Honestly is the best. Dare to be different. Avoid a fight. Follow your conscience not the crowd.

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And if you have a job to do, do it carefully. Someone else depends on you. Show your integrity. Go after your goals, and make yourself proud.

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Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be!

壹、單字重點 Vocabulary

(1)Integrity, integrity, (2)tell the truth, that’s the key. Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be!

When someone asks a question, answer honestly. You’ll earn their trust, and you’ll have integrity. Dare to have (3)courage. Do what’s right.

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壹. 單字重點

And if a friend is (4)asking for answers to a test,(5) remember that it’s (6)wrong to cheat. (8)Honesty is the best. (9)Dare to be different. (10)Avoid a fight. Follow your (11)conscience not the(12)crowd.

And if you (13)have a job to do, do it (14)carefully. (15)Someone else (16)depends on you.

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Show your integrity.

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Go after your (17)goals, and (18)make yourself proud. Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. Integrity, integrity, (19)be the best you can be!

1. integrity (1) 詞義/詞性:正直;廉正;誠實/名詞

(2) 同義詞: 2-1:honesty; tell the truth;sincerity;

uprightness 反義詞: 2-2:tell a lie (3) 例句: 3-1:Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key.(誠實的說出真相就是重點) 應用句: 3-2:The integrity of the judge is unquestioned. (這位法官的正直是毫無疑問的) First Edition


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壹. 單字重點

2. tell the truth (1) 詞義/詞性:說實話/動詞片語

(2) 同義詞: 2-1:tell the true words/things

反義詞: 2-2:tell a lie; don’t tell the true words/things (3) 例句:3-1: Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. (誠實的說出真相就是重點) 應用句:3-2:Neither witness told the truth. (兩個見證人都沒有講實話)

3. courage (1) 詞義/詞性:膽量;勇氣;英勇/名詞

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(2) 同義詞: 2-1:bravery;boldness ;valor ;gallantry

反義詞: 2-2:timidity, cowardice (3) 例句: 3-1:Dare to have courage. (感於擁有勇氣) 應用句: 3-2:He didn’t have the courage to tell his mother that he had failed in the exam. (他沒有勇氣告訴母親他考試不及格) Moral Education • G 3


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4. asking for answers (1) 詞義/詞性: 1-1:問答案/動詞片語

(2) 同義詞: 2-1:know/get the answers

反義詞: 2-2:wait for the answers (3) 例句: 3-1:And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. (如果一個朋友想作弊,記得欺騙是錯誤的) 應用句: 3-2:Students are asking for answers now. (學生正在問問題)

5. remember (1) 詞義/詞性:記得;想起/動詞

(2) 同義詞: 2-1:recall; recollect; remind ; recognize

反義詞: 2-2:forget (3) 例句: 3-1:And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. (如果一個朋友想作弊,記得欺騙是錯誤的) (4) 應用句: 3-2:I remember telling you about it once. (我記得這事和你談過一次) First Edition


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6. wrong (1) 詞義/詞性:錯誤的;不對的/形容詞

(2) 同義詞:2-1:incorrect; improper;unfit ; unsuitable

反義詞:2-2:right;correct (3) 例句:3-1:And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. (如果一個朋友想作弊,記得欺騙是錯誤的) 應用句:3-2:I took the wrong way. (我走錯了路)

7. cheat (1) 詞義/詞性:欺騙;騙取;詐取/動詞

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(2) 同義詞:2-1:tell a lie; defraud; swindle ;beguile; trick

反義詞: 2-2:tell the truth (3) 例句: 3-1:And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat.(如果一個朋友想作弊,記得那是錯誤的) 應用句: 3-2:They cheated the old woman of her house and money.(他們騙取了老婦人的房屋和錢財)

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8. honesty (1) 詞義/詞性:誠實/名詞 (2) 同義詞: 2-1:truth

反義詞: 2-2:lie (3) 例句: 3-1:Honesty is the best. (誠實是最好的) 應用句:3-2:It’s very important to learn honesty. (學習誠實是最重要的)

9. dare to (1) 詞義/詞性:敢於/動詞片語

(2) 同義詞:2-1:face the fact; touch your heart

反義詞:2-2:hide behind (3) 例句:3-1:Honesty is the best. Dare to be different. (誠實是最好的;敢於不同) 應用句:3-2:How dare you to fight? (你怎麼敢打架?) First Edition


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10. avoid a fight (1) 詞義/詞性:避開爭論;避免搏鬥/動詞片語 (2) 同義詞:2-1:get away a fight

反義詞:2-2:keep a fight; go on fighting (3) 例句:3-1:Avoid a fight. (避開爭論) 應用句:3-2-1:I avoided him as much as possible. (我盡可能的避免他) 3-2-2:You have to fight for your rights. (你必須為你的權利而奮鬥)

11. conscience (1) 詞義/詞性:良心;善惡觀念/名詞

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(2) 同義詞:2-1:moral sense ;follow the right things

and keep away the wrong things 反義詞: 2-2: doing things without judgment (3) 例句:3-1:Follow your conscience not the crowd. (跟隨你的良心別跟隨人群) 應用句:3-2:I got nothing to hide. My conscience is clear. (我沒有什麼隱瞞的;我問心無愧)

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12. crowd (1) 詞義/詞性:人群/名詞

(2) 同義詞:2-1:many people gathering together;group

反義詞:2-2:individual;single person (3) 例句:3-1:Follow your conscience not the crowd. (跟隨你的良心別跟隨人群) 應用句:3-2:There was a crowd of people in front of the town hall.(市政大廳前有一群人)

13. have a job to do (1) 詞義/詞性:有工作要做/動詞片語 (2) 同義詞:2-1:have work in mind

反義詞:2-2:take a break; nothing to do (3) 例句:3-1:And if you have a job to do, do it carefully. (如果你有個工作要做,謹慎的做) 應用句:3-2:I have a job to do; don’t bother me. (我有工作要做;別打擾我)

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14. carefully (1) 詞義/詞性小心謹慎地:1-1:警惕地/副詞

(2) 同義詞:2-1:pay attention to what we have to do

反義詞:2-2:ignore what we have to do (3) 例句:3-1:And if you have a job to do, do it carefully. (如果你有個工作要做,謹慎的做) 應用句:3-2:Now listen carefully everybody. (請大家仔細地聽)

15. someone else (1) 詞義/詞性:其他人/名詞片語

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(2) 同義詞:2-1:any other person

反義詞:2-2:the key/main person (3) 例句:3-1:Someone else depends on you. (其他人信賴於你) 應用句:3-2:Everybody is someone else’s secret. (每個人都是別人的秘密) Moral Education • G 3


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16. depend on you (1) 詞義/詞性:你決定/動詞片語

(2) 同義詞:2-1:make the decision by yourself

反義詞: 2-2:make the decision by other people (3) 例句:3-1:Someone else depends on you. (其他人信賴於你) 應用句:3-2:It depends on you entirely. (這完全取決於你)

17. goal (1) 詞義/詞性:(賽跑等的)終點;(旅行的)目的地/名詞

(2) 同義詞:2-1:end; finish; destination; objective

反義詞:2-2:starting (3) 例句:3-1:Go after your goals, and make yourself proud. (追隨目標後並讓自己感到自豪) (4) 應用句:3-2:They reached the goal of their journey. (他們到達了旅程的終點)

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18. make yourself proud (1) 詞義/詞性:讓自己感到自豪/動詞片語 (2) 同義詞:2-1: make faces

反義詞:2-2:lose faces; feel shame (3) 例句:3-1:Go after your goals, and make yourself proud. (追隨目標後並讓自己感到自豪) 應用句:3-2:You could make yourself ever proud. (你可以使自己更自豪)

19. be the best (1) 詞義/詞性:做到最好/動詞片語

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(2) 同義詞: 2-1: do the best of all

反義詞: 2-2: be the worst (3) 例句:3-1:Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be! (正直,盡全力做到最好) 應用句:3-2:Be the best of us. (我們盡全力做到最好) Moral Education • G 3


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貳、文法重點 Grammar Focus

1.文法重點 一: 祈使句 (Imperative sentences) (1) 文章內的例句 Tell the truth. Dare to have courage. Do what’s right. Remember that it’s wrong to cheat. Avoid a fight. Follow your conscience not the crowd. Show your integrity. Go after your goals. Make yourself proud.

文法解析  動祈使句用以表達命令,請求或禁止的意思。  對第二人稱的肯定祈使句,通常將主詞You省略,而用  原型動詞與Be動詞。 (2-1) 肯定祈使句 Ex: Open the door of the fitting room for me, please.(請幫我開試衣間的門) First Edition


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貳. 文法重點

Ex: Be an honest person. (做一個誠實的人) (2-2) 否定祈使句 (2-2-1) Don’t (or Never) +原形動詞+…… (2-2-2) Don’t be +形容詞……/Never+原形動詞 Ex: Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. (不要害怕犯錯) Ex: Never do wrong for the sake of money. (絕不要為了錢做壞事) (2-3)對第一、三人稱的祈使句,通常用Let或Don’t let。 (2-3-1)肯定祈使句: Let+受詞(me, us, him her it, them或名詞)+原形動詞+…… Ex: Let’s(=Let us) go. (2-3-2)否定祈使句 (2-3-2-1) Don’t let+受詞+原形動詞+…… Ex: Don’t let children cry. (不要讓孩子哭) http://2013rt.weebly.com

(2-3-2-2) Let +受詞+not+原形動詞+…… Ex: Let us not speak without thinking. (讓我們不要未經思考就說話)

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2. 文法重點二: 副詞(Adverb) (1) 文章內的例句 When someone asks a question, answer honestly. And if you have a job to do, do it carefully.

(2) 文法解析 1  副詞的主要功用是修飾(1)動詞(2)形容詞(3)副詞(4)句子。 原則上,副詞必須盡量靠近被修飾的字,因此,如果副詞在 句子中的位置變動,句意或語氣也可能隨之改變。 (2-1) 修飾動詞 Ex: Now listen carefully everybody. (現在每個人仔細聽) (2-2) 修飾形容詞 Ex: This shirt is too expensive. (這件襯衫太貴了) (2-3) 修飾副詞 Ex: He didn’t run fast enough to catch the thief. (他跑得不夠快沒能追上那個賊) (2-4) 修飾句子或子句 Ex: We heard the explosion just as we were about to have dinner.(我們正要吃晚餐的時候聽到爆炸聲) First Edition


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貳. 文法重點

(3) 副詞的形成 (3-1)規則變化 (3-1-1)直接加上ly :clear → clearly slow → slowly (3-1-2)字尾有y,則將y改成i再加ly: happy → happily friendly → friendlily (3-1-3)字尾le,直接改為ly: comfortable → comfortably (例外 whole → wholly) (3-1-4)字尾ue,把e去掉再加ly: true → truly (3-1-5)字尾ll,只加y: full → fully (3-1-6)字尾ic,加上ally:automatic → automatically (3-1-7)現在分詞或過去分詞當形容詞+ly 副詞: surprising → surprisingly (3-2)不規則變化:good → well hard → hard Ex: John did a good job.→ John did the job well. (John工作做得很好) Ex: John is a hard-working man. → John works hard. (John是一個勤奮的人) http://2013rt.weebly.com

(3-3)very與very much用法(very修飾形容詞; very much 修飾整句通常放句尾) Ex: She is very kind and generous; She likes her children very much.(她非常善良及仁慈;他非常愛她的孩子們) Moral Education • G 3


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參、試題解析 Evaluation

DIntegrity, (單字第4題)integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be! When someone asks a question, answer(單字第2題) honestly. (閱讀第1題)You’ll earn their trust, and you’ll have integrity. (閱讀第4題)Dare to have courage. Do what’s right.   And if a friend is (閱讀第5題)asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s (單字第3題應用題) (閱讀第6題)wrong to(單字第1題出 應用題) cheat. Honesty is the best. (單字第7題出應用題) Dare to be different. (單字第8題出應用題)Avoid a fight. (文法第3題) Follow your conscience not the crowd.   And if you have (單字第9題出應用題)a job to do, do it (文法第1題) carefully. First Edition


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Someone else (單字第5題出應用句)depends (閱讀第2題)on you. (閱讀第7題)Show your integrity. (閱讀第9題)Go after your (單字第6題出應用句)goals, (閱讀第3題) and make yourself proud. Integrity, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key. (閱讀第8題)Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be!

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(文法第2.4.5.6.7.8.9出應用句)

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單字 單字選擇題:1-3題 1.They ________the old woman of her house and money. (A) cheated (B) fight (C) death (D) goals 詳解:原句 為They cheated the old woman of her house and money.句意 為「他們騙了老婦人的房子和錢。」(B)為打鬥(C) 為死亡(D)為目標皆為名詞,且放They主詞後需放動詞cheated為 動詞;其意為欺騙之意,故選項為A。 出題來源:單字7應用句

2. When someone asks a question, answer ________. (A) hardly (B) wisely (C) honestly (D) simply 詳解: 原句 為When someone asks a question, answer honestly. 句意 為「當有人問妳問題時,誠實回答。」(A)為幾乎 不(B)為聰明地(D)為簡單地(C)誠實地,故選項為C。 出題來源: 單字8應用句

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單字

3.There was a ________ of people in front of the town hall. (A) wrong (B) carefully (C) crowd (D) else 詳解:原句 為There was a crowd of people in front of the town hall.句意 為「有一大群人在市政府前面。」(A)為錯誤地(B) 為小心謹慎地 (D)為其他、另外皆為副詞;wrong為人群皆為名詞, 故選項為 C。 出題來源:單字12應用句

單字配合題:4-6題 題目: Honesty, It

5

4

, tell the truth, that’s the key.

you entirely.

They reached the

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of their journey.

選項:

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(A)goals (B)integrity (C) depends on 4.詳解:原句 為Honesty, integrity, tell the truth, that’s the key.句意 為「誠實的說出真相就是重點。」誠實的英文為名詞 integrity,故選項為B。

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出題來源:單字1 5. 詳解: 原句 為It depends on you entirely.句意 為「這完全取 決於你。」決定的英文 depends on,故選項為C。 出題來源:單字16應用句

6. 詳解:原句 為They reached the goals of their journey.句意 為「他們到達了旅程的終點。」目標的英文 goals,故選項為A。 出題來源:單字17應用句

單字重組句子:7-9題 7. dare/ to/?/ how/ you/ fight

詳解:原句 為How dare you to fight? 句意 為「你怎麼敢打架?」 出題來源:單字3 8. possible/ avoided /I/ as/ much /as/.

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單字

詳解:原句 為 I avoided as much as possible. 句意 為「我儘可能的避免。」 出題來源:單字10 9. I /a /bother/ to/; /don’t /have /me /job /do

詳解:原句 為I have a job to do; don’t bother me 句意 為「我有工作要做;別打擾我。」 出題來源:單字13

文法選擇題:1-3題 1. And if you have a job to do, do it _______. (A) carefully (B) lately (C) pretty 詳解:整句的意思是「如果你有一個工作要去做,把它做好。」

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這裡需用副詞修飾”do it”,只有A選項”carefully”小心地”適 合地,故選項為A。 出題來源:文法二:副詞

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2. __________ an honest person. (A) Being

(B) Be (C) Is

詳解:整句的意思是「當一個誠實的人。」 為對第二人稱的肯定祈使句,通常會將主詞You省略,而用原型動 詞或Be動詞,此句需用Be動詞表示祈使 句,故選項為B。 出題來源:文法ㄧ:祈使句

3. ______ your conscience not the crowd. (A) Follow (B) Followed (C) Following 詳解:整句的意思是「跟隨你的良心而不是隨人群。」 對第二人稱的肯定祈使句,通常會將主詞You省略,而用原型動詞 與Be動詞;此句需用原形動詞Follow表示祈使句,故選項為A。 出題來源:文法ㄧ:祈使句

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單字

文法配合題:4-6題 題目: This shirt is on.

5

4

. I don’t have enough money. I won’t go on trying

the door of the fitting room for me, please. I have some

things to tell. Now listen

6

everybody.

選項: (A) too expensive (B) fastly (C) closely

4. 詳解: 原句為 This shirt is too expensive. 句意 為「這件襯衫太貴了。」在這裡副詞修飾容詞,故選項為A。 出題來源:文法二:副詞

5. 詳解: 原句 為 Open the door of the fitting room for me,

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please.句意 為「請幫我打開試衣間的門。」對第二人稱的肯定祈使 句,通常將主詞 You省略,而用原型動詞與 Be動詞,故選項為A。 出題來源:文法一:祈使句

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6. 詳解: 原句 為 Now listen carefully everybody. 句意 為「現在每個人仔細聽。」謹慎地為副詞 carefully, 故選項為B。 出題來源:文法二:副詞

文法重組句子:7-9題 7. don’t/of/./be/making/afraid/mistakes

詳解: 原句 為Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. 句意 為「不要害怕犯錯。」 出題來源:文法ㄧ:祈使句 8. yourself / make / proud /.

詳解: 原句 為Make yourself proud. 句意 為「使你自己感到驕傲。」 出題來源:文法ㄧ:祈使句

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單字

9. car/ you/ the/ do / is /hers/?/ think/ honestly 

詳解: 原句 為Do you honestly think the car is hers? 句意 為「你確實認為這車是她的。」 出題來源:文法二:副詞

閱讀選擇題:1-3題 1. You

earn their trust, and you

have integrity.

(A) have (B) will (C) can (D) would 詳解:原句為You’ll earn their trust, and you’ll have integrity. 句意 為「你將贏得他們的信任並且擬將有誠信。」故選B。 出題來源:閱讀第二段第二句 2. Someone else depends

you.

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(A) in (B) at (C) on (D) with 詳解:原句 為Someone else depends on you.句意 為「其他人信賴 於你。」depend on you 為你決定動詞片語,故選C 。

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出題來源:閱讀第四段第二句 3. Go after your goals,

make yourself proud.

(A) and (B) but (C) that (D) or 詳解:原句 為Go after your goals, and make yourself proud. 句意 為「追尋你的目標,並使你自己感覺到光榮(驕傲)。」(B)為但 是(C)為那麼(D)為或者;and為並且,故選A。 出題來源:閱讀第五段第ㄧ句

閱讀配合題:4-6題 題目: 4

have courage. And if a friend is

test, remember that it’s

6

5

answers to a

to cheat.

選項: (A) dare to (B) wrong (C) asking for 4. 詳解:原句 為Dare to have courage. 句意 為「感於擁有勇氣。」感於英文為dare to, 故選項為A。 出題來源:閱讀第二段第三句

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單字

5. 詳解:原句 為And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. 句意 為「如果一個朋友想作弊,記得欺騙是錯誤的。」尋問英文為 asking for,故選項為C。 出題來源:閱讀第三段第一句

6. 詳解: 原句 為And if a friend is asking for answers to a test, remember that it’s wrong to cheat. 句意 為「如果一個朋友想作弊,記得欺騙是錯誤的。」錯誤英文為 wrong,故選項為(B)。

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出題來源:閱讀第三段第一句

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閱讀重組句子:7-9題 7. your/. /integrity/ show

詳解:原句 為Show your integrity. 句意 為「顯示你的誠信。」 出題來源:閱讀第四段第三句

8. integrity/, / , / be /best/ you/ can/ be/!/ integrity/ the

詳解:原句 為Integrity, integrity, be the best you can be! 句意 為「誠信正直,是最好的,你可以的!」 出題來源:閱讀第一段第二句

9. go/ goals/ , / proud/ ./ make/ after/ your/ yourself/ and

詳解:原句 為Go after your goals, and make yourself proud. 句意 為「追尋你的目標,並使你自己感覺到光榮(驕傲)。」 出題來源:閱讀第五段第ㄧ句

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Features: 1. This book series, moral education, includes five main topics which were written by the AFL students and revised by AFL teachers from Meiho University. Basic-level readers learn about positive character traits, including respect and good judgment, cooperation and self-control, honesty and standing strong, friendship and responsibility, caring and generosity. 2. This book series encompasses nearly 1,200 power English vocabulary words, surpassing the required 1,000 English words for basic- level learners in Taiwan. Upon completion of reading all five books, young readers will have enlarged their English ability in vocabulary words, sentence patterns, and reading comprehension. 3. Every book comes with a E-book which contains the tale’s narration and interactive practice along with entertaining effects and the website as well.

Moral Education for Basic-level Learners---- Learning about honesty and standing strong, First Edition Copyright 2013 All rights reserved Editorial Director: Hsiaoyu Chuang(莊筱玉), Associate Professor, Meiho University Text and Cover Designer: Yili Lin(林役勵), Designer, Lin Studio Website Designer: Zenghan Lee(李政和), Assist Professor, Meiho University AFL Students:  王仁君(Jin) 負責單字 楊金燕(Bess) 負責文法   林姿吟(Celeste)  負責試題 Published in 2013, Pingtung County, Taiwan http://2013rt.weebly.com/ Printed in Taiwan

Telling the truth Dare to Have Courage  

Learning about Honesty and Standing StrongMoral Education  

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