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DESIGN PORTFOLIO/// Lance Moore


002

KnockKnock

004-035

Urban Spline (China)

134-137

VISC

038-071

Homeless Clinic

140-147

POD

074-091

NYC Clinton Walk

150-159

Le B-Shack

095-109

CHAI Institute

162-167

Hydrocosm

112-119

Artist Retreat

170-171

Case Study Home

122-131

Freedom Museum

174-181

003


KNOCK KNOCK the American Dream Who ? Lance Moore McGill 2013 Advisors: Anne Marie Adams (Chair of McGill Arch.) Prof. David Covo

004

005


Foreclosed

America

Jacksonville

1,431,311

5%

5%

5%

20%

made top ten worst Orlando | Kissimmee

2,168,490 Tampa | St. Pete | Clearwater

2,860,379

443 220

585

12%

1200+

number of days defaulted on loan

ROTONDA 8,759

why people choose to move

44% %

housing ho ou Miami | Ft. Lauderdale | Hileah | Pimbrooke Pines | South Beach

12.7% 1 out of 170 foreclosed f vacancy rate rose from 2.9 to based on 2009 data

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL

006

5,778,553 population

most impacted Florida

Home ownership has served as the penaccle in the pursuit of aquiring the “American Dream”. But these homes have evolved, no longer are they simply a shelter, they have become symbolic of stability and family. These structures are now the average largest single investment individuals will make over the course of there lives. Knowing this it is no surprise to find a significant correlation between housing and and a nations economic stability. No more is this apparent or relavent then the latest example being the housing crisis in 2007, which has left the country with the highest vacancy and foreclosure ratings since the great depression. The pressures and affects of these extreme times are obviously felt by all but it was my interest to target those who feel it the most the low middle working class. I worked to understand the concept of home within this social class and the burden this pursuit of ownership ensues. The exploration would help generate a prototype home that would offer the ability to be more in tune with the evolving needs of the owner both physically and economically.

Given the extreme state of our nations housing issues many critiques have expressed the belief that for the first time in history home ownership can be distancing itself from an integral connection with this sought after dream. But these claims are all to unreal. In polls carried out during 2011 and 2012 80 percent of Americans feel that home-ownership is still key to acquiring the American Dream and 90 percent of those surveyed where currently in pursuit or would be in the near future. My attention for my thesis was drawn to Florida , not only because this is where I call home, but Florida was the most affected during the latest housing crisis. Florida is still ranked the worst state as of last year with 1 out of every 300 homes in foreclosure compared to the national average of 800. 6 of the top ten worst cities on the basis of foreclosure and vacancy ratings can be found in Florida.

007


Site History and Analysis

ROTONDA WEST 008

Rotonda West was the vision of Joe Klein, CEO of Cavanagh leasing corporation in Miami, Florida. The idea of Rotunda West came to fruition after his original plans for Rotonda East in Martin and Palm Beach fell through and were rejected by the Army Core of Engineers. While flying over Cape Haze in 1969, Klein spotted a ranch that belonged to Alfred and William Vanderbilt. The Vanderbilts acquired the twenty six thousand acres in 1951 for seven hundred thousand dollars where they would raise a mixed breed of Hereford and Brahma. They named their ranch “2-v Ranch”. The Vanderbilts found cattle ranching to be no longer economical and looked to sell their land for 10 million. Once Klein found out about the pending sale, he entered into an intense bidding war and eventually acquired the land for 19 million. The 19 million was primarily lended to Cavanagh by two investors, Chemical Bank of New York and Continental Mortgage Investors C.M.I. Klein’s proposal broke ground in 1970, driven by a three mile wide circle of five thousand acres surrounded by other developments outside the circle, totaling some twenty thousand acres of development.

The main circle would have a central hub of commercial property that had radial canals and roads that would connect to a river encircling the entire community. Although Klein went through enormous efforts to see his envision become reality, after selling twenty five thousand lots, Cavanugh Communities was forced to file for bankruptcy in February of 1975. Thus began years of sorting out ownership responsibilities and lawsuits. Rotonda again became the center of attention in 1994 when announced a small group of investors would be purchasing the twenty six thousand acres for an undisclosed sum of money. At the same time, the current residences and anyone owning a parcel since the first sale in 1969 were filing a lawsuit against the previous owners Citicorp for an estimated 750 million. Rotonda would continue to stay unfinished until 2003-2005, when the countries housing boom began to entice development on these cheap parcels of undeveloped land. This growth was immediately stunted again by the economic housing issues in 2006. Now the residences again find themselves facing even more issues of empty lots, abandoned properties, foreclosures, and half built homes.

009


The Rotonda communities outside the main circle consist of B Rotonda Lakes, C Rotonda Sands North, D Rotonda Heights, E Wildflower, and F five other proposed communities that were never fully completed. Within the A main circle there are Rotonda , Oakland Hills, Pebble Beach, Pinehurst, Broadmoor, Long Meadow, White Marsh, and Pine Valley.

B

D

MM

5-10 HOMES

G G

G

10-20 HOMES

20+ HOMES

40+ HOMES

PLACES OF WORSHIP

G

B

C

GROCERY

M

MARINA

H

COMMUNITY CLINIC

C

M D

F GULF OF MEXICO

1mile

0010

M M MM

GULF OF MEXICO

1 km

1mile

B

SCHOOLS

G

C

A

A

A E

0-5 HOMES

H

N

1 km

D

MM

0011


Pinehurst Ct.

123 Cady Rd $ 119,000 BUILT IN 1974 1,701 SQUARE FEET 2/2

1973-74

$ 19,900 LOT/ LAND

249 Marker Rd $ 38,000 LOT/ LAND

183 Medalist Rd $ 269,000 BUILT IN 2003 2,102 SQUARE FEET 3/2

100 M

ROTONDA LONG MEADOWS ROTONDA WHITE MARSH

N

0012

0013


FORECLOSED/SALE 100+ FORCLOSED

669

569 FORSALE

VACANT NATIONAL AVERAGE 11.5 PERCENT ROTONDA: 30 PERCENT

2167

1 OUT OF 3 HOMES ARE VACANT

1339

SEASONAL

175+

OTHER/ABANDONED

OCCUPIED

3462 OWNER

4414 952 RENTER

8000+ TOTAL UNITS INFORMATION BASED ON 2010 CENSUS

0014

0015


History and Research Topics Homestead Act New Deal HUD Fannie Mae War-time Housing America War-time Housing Canada Levittown Alladin Homes - Communities History an Idea of Home What are memories in Home The Next Home Affordability through Flexibility Changing role: Women in Architecture Changing Roles of Rooms 0016

Buell Hypothesis Foreclosed Rehousing the American Dream full response to the MOMA exhibit NYC Micro Units Transitional Housing

0017


0018

1940 ALADDIN THE PILGRIM

1950 Home Building Plan Service No. 1063

2006 Standard #21-178

970 sq. ft. approximate 2 bed / 1 bath

1637sq. ft. approximate 3 bed / 1 bath

2200 sq. ft. approximate 3 bed / 3.5 bath

0019


year 1940

Average room The average bedroom in a house has increased slightly over the years. The largest change has been in the size and number of closets as well as bathrooms located in the bedroom.

132

156 656

The kitchen has incrased in size but trends show a slow overal decrease in some predictions the kitchen has been entirely removed.

112

162

275

2438

182

431

Average Home Statistics

2 2227

210 million m BTUs T

2057 2

Garage

150

2010

350 million BTUs

US energy ne consumption su

Master Bed The master bedroom has seen one of the largest increase than any other room in the house. These rooms have received not only private bathrooms but larger than average restrooms. In some cases small areas to lounge have been added for comfort privacies.

1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

Kitchen

The garage is another room that has seen an astronomical increase in size from no, one, now two car gaages. The most impractical additions of any other being that most garages turn into a massive area to store the families junk within one to two years.

1905

247

1595 595

529

983

192 20 1920

1605 05

1535 535

Average family size

3.6 Basic Stats

TWO -number of new houses that have at least 2.5 bathrooms THREE -number of new houses that have a garage for at least 2 cars

47% 1

0020

2.5

ONE -number of new houses that have central air/heating

87%

20% 55% 2

40% 3

83%

983sq.ft. q

2438sq.ft. q 0021


CLIENT:

LOWER MIDDLE CLASS WORKING CLASS

percentage of Americans in this class

20 TO 50 THOUSAND INCOME

0022

Proposal- Reduced 1) Target failed subdivisions which offer extremely depressed property values (Rotanda West) 2) Create a program targeting low income famlies 50 thousand combined and below, as well as those currently affected by recent foreclosure 3) Create a prototype that would be able to reduce the average mortgage percentage per household to only 15 percent of the owners income. 1b) Within the program, potentially government funded, blocks of lots are offered at extremely low offer. The Rotonda currently offers certain developers blocks of 60 lot minimums for 5k-7k per lot.

0023


Prototype - Reduced The shell utilizes PEB Pre Engineered Metal Buidling components that have been pre fabricated across the country for roughly 70 years.There are five prototypes based off of three frame designs that have been optimized by PEB software. This system meets all codes including extreme coastal wind conditions like Florida. The shell is flexible and offers the architect a range of facade treatments and variations. The structure can expand and contract dependent upon the need of the owner. The structure including the metal flutes can be errected on site in less than a day. The interior space is demarkated by a choice of privacies. Pre designed movable spaces that are part of its own system seperate of the shell. These privacies will be prefabricated in a factory off site and are constructed of 10 inch SIP panels, pre insulated and finished with OSB. The privacies can be arranged according to the owners desire, stacked together like lego blocks.

0024

The available arrangement of these privacies vary per lot, optimized by software like ecotech. Once a client picks a desired lot, a range of options are given: models available for that lot (also dependent upon the clients income level), suggested facade and window arrangements, and suggested arrangment of interior privacies. The only fixed variable is the kitchen and bathing units. The location of these permanent components will be determined by the architect prior to the client choosing desired privacies and desired arrangment.

0025


VillaDemeure Fixed/Moment

RoundSands Fixed/Moment

RioCrest Fixed/Moment

27’ 31’

0026

0027


Basic - large

Basic

Basic - small

Standard Restroom

Basic - Mini

Vertical Circulation 1 and 2

Kitchen Span - Ville and Apt.

Movable Wall - small

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Total Square Footage: 168.5 sqft

Total Square Footage : 168.5 sqft

Dimension : 12.5 by 8

Dimension : 10 by 8

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

Dimension : 22 by 10

Total Square Footage: 168.5 sqft

Total Square Footage: 168.5 sqft

Privacy: 108 sqft

Privacy: 89 sqft

Total Square Footage: 100sqft

Total Square Footage: 68 sqft

Total Square Footage: 139 sqft

Total Square Footage: 107.5 sqft

Total Square Footage: 220 sqft

Privacy: potential 66 sqft

Privacy:

Circulation: 40.5 sqft

Circulation: 65 sqft

Privacy:

Privacy-Sqft: 68 sqft

Privacy- Sqft: pot. 31.5sqft

Privacy- Sqft:

Privacy- Sqft:

Circulation: potential 65 sqft

weight: 1696.45 ibs

weight: 2146 ibs

weight: 2010.45 ibs

weight: 1572.50 ibs

weight:

weight: 3114.7 ibs

weight: 4014.7 ibs

weight: 3426.20 ibs

weight: 3196.45 ibs

Price: 1348.50

Price: 1461

Price: 1591.50

Price: 1275

Price:

Price: 1846.50

Price: 3850.50

Price: 2778

Price: 2848.50 Price does not include mattress or lights

XKNNGFGOGWTG

Dimension : 12.5 by 13.5

3

2

1 a

b

plus 500

720 960

c

a

plus 1000

plus 500

b

c

e

plus 500

plus 500

f

g

sf 348sfprivacy

38k-46k ideal salary range

Total Square Footage: 168.5 sqft Privacy: potential 73 sqft Circulation: potential 40.5 sqft weight: 3696.45 ibs

4 plus 500

plus 1000

plus 500

a C01

Privacy : 236 sqft Public: 236 sqft

C02

Privacy : 288 sqft Public: 214 sqft

Average Rotonda housing model statistic

b

c

C03

Privacy : 396 sqft Public: 107 sqft

4 bed 2 bath 1250 square feet typical plan during 2005 house boom 250,000 to build 190-200,000 used

4 bed 2 bath 2500 square feet new house plans typical post 2009

sf

max

C04 plus 1000

Movable Wall - large

d

plus 1500

d

plus 1000

h

plus 1000

d

Privacy : 236.5 sqft Public: 107 sqft

400,000 to build 320-360,000 used

Price: 4348.50 price does not include mattress, lights, or computer.


Roof Panel - Insulation to Purlin Fastening

Cross Rod Brace Fastener to Mainframe

Roof Purlin to Mainframe

The details visualized below are also utilized in both the Riocrest and Ville prototypes. Because the PEB are mass prefabricated in large factories across the country the need for custom details and or components are limited or inexistent. The frames used in all prototypes can be erected on site in a maximum of two days. Only two to three men are needed to conduct the erection of the mainframe and compenents. Two of the Villa prototypes can be erected in one day.

mainframe top roof panel

rod slot and backing

CLIP (BOLTED)

wall brace rod insulation roof purlin

1/2”= 8ft

FLANGE BRACE

5

High Eave Fascia

1 1/4” rake fascia

7”

1 2 4 1 1 8mm non-VOC OSB board 2 extruded poly- styrene/urethane core

7 3/4”

3 pre chased wire- outlet boxes- covers

3

4 top plate - bottom plate

panel stiffner

5 continuous top plate - spacer

outside closure rake fascia retainer

wall stitch wall panel

Wall Panel Fastening Pattern Top of Door Header to Girt EAVE MEMBER header to jamb

door header

INTERMEDIATE GIRT single jamb

BASE GIRT

Bottom Jamb Assembly

Wall Purlin to Mainframe

SIP Corner Assembly

mainframe

Base Condition - options jamb base

double jamb

wall fastner

framed opening

base angle 1/4”

6” max concrete fsnr

1/2” base member finish floor base trim

concrete fastner

girt clip girt


II

1

1. b

street facade base config These are the standard facade configurations for the base model. Add no additional cost to base model price. Includes one door choice and 980 sqft. of metal sideing (includes hardware and color choice)

a

a

b 84 sqft cedar siding

b

plus 536.54

c

Please refer to ______ for door options.

3

privacy partition config. Privacy partitions come in either wood cladding and or cmu block. Other alternatives are possible includeing perforated steel panels. Prices include material cost and labor. The partition maybe desired in order to disclose the clients vehicles from view. The partitions also offer ground privacy from the gaze of a pedestrian in the circumstance a glass or transparent garage door has been chosen over the opaque metal roll up.

203 sqft cedar siding

plus 1296.53

d 84 sqft CMU wall

plus 672

203 sqft CMU wall

rear facade base config

c

d

sf 1200 1848

2

sf 648sfprivacy

max

This is also a suggested configuration if client may have future interest in subdividing the space in order to rent to potential tenants.

46k-53k ideal salary range I

sf 348sfprivacy

max

1700

plus 700

d

plus 1600

A06 2200

3800

3000

custom config.

custom config. wide

A04

Privacy : 681 sqft Public: 522.5 sqft

Privacy : 568 sqft Public: 574 sqft

A05

A06

plus 4500

plus 6500

plus 12900

Privacy : 444.5 sqft Public: 791 sqft

Privacy : 621 sqft Public: 494 sqft

Privacy : 721 sqft Public: 394 sqft

Both the Round sands model and Riocrest have been designed in a way to allow both to offer unique interior arrangments but at the same time allow the configurations of both to be shared across platforms. This offers larger variations in the ability to move from one structure to another if needed.

1900

b2

Given that each home is fully custimizible exterior frameing is no exception. Each model can be designed with up to 8 feet of overhang perpendicular to the mainframes and up to 4 feet of overhang parallel to the mainframes. This offers the client the ability to expand the square footage of the base model by potentially by 800 sqft before additional mainframes would have to be added. The eve length must be inluded within these calculations.

sf 720 960

c

The interior configuration shownis listed below. Refer to the configuration table for more information pertaining to this arrangement. The hand rails pictured as well as the bookcase filler and the dry wall finishes walls are plus options.

plus 12600

A03

plus 500

Privacy : 276 sqft Public: 949 sqft

1000

500

A02

The facade treatments (configurations b,c,d) are all plus options.

a1

Each home is fully custimizible and can easily meet any needs of the client . On the left are four modes that have been preconfigured. Prices shown include : windows, doors, metal siding, and privacy treatments.

ii. b

A01

window config. The suggested window configurations are based on solar annalysis and light transmission studies using your site and orientation. Each home may generate a different list of suggested configurations do to these studies. Windows are one of the highest expenses of facade treatments and every customer varies greatly in configuration preference. Windows are able to be added later if the wall was pre framed in factory. What this means is there is the ability to cost effectively install windows over time if these items impose overwhelming upfront financial burden. The top configuration is preframed and the bottom configuration is site located openings. The costs simulation is for window cost, hardware, and labor only. Please refer to ______ for window choices.

1100

ii.

These configurations are to offer a visual understanding of the spacial relationships both private and public within the interior. The arrangments shown are only one fourth of the possible amount of variation available to clients. The privacy boxes available and their cost estimations can be found on panel three.

plus 1624

alternate config Facade configuration if you started with Round Sands I model.

interior configuration

a

b Please refer to ______ for metal sheeting profiles and colors.

4

The facade treatment shown (configuration a ) is the base configuration for the rear facing facade


RIOCREST 002

1

street facade base config

3

4

rear facade base

a

g

a

b

h

b

c

i

c

d

j

d

e

k

e

a

5

b

a.1

a

b

interior configuration

These configurations are to offer a visual understanding of the spacial relationships both private and public within the interior. The arrangments shown are only one fourth of the possible amount of variation available to clients. The privacy boxes available and their cost estimations can be found on panel three.

b.2

side facade config. for Riocrest 001

B01

c

f

g

B02

B03

B04

d Privacy : 456.5 sqft Public: 107 sqft

e

sf 1200 1848

4

side facade base config

Privacy : 733 sqft Public: 107 sqft

Privacy : 388 sqft Public: 215 sqft

Privacy : 168.5 sqft Public: 498 sqft

h

sf 648sfprivacy

max

46k-53k ideal salary range

Privacy box pictured is listed below. Refer to the privacy boxes on layout three for more information.

BB002

RIOCREST 001 f

4. b

600 948

l

f

alternative facade config for 001 expansion

a

a.1

e.1

b

b.2

f.2

c

c.3

g.3 IYou are viewing the privacy boxes listed below. This configuration is from inside Riocrest 002. Interior configuration is also listed below.

sf

sf 348sfprivacy

max

d

d.4

h.4

BB007,BB010 B03


0036

0037


0038

0039


VISC From the depths of my lungs you search for the viscosity of ill crafted politics, buried beneath the wants of societal consumerism and greed of the elite. No greater place can you find the divergent separation and hierarchy of the social class. Which historically corresponds equally to the relationship of that societal group to its resulting excrements. Forcing these issues on a group that is less fortunate, in result, a group is left to deal with a greater issue blind to the world conscience. This black gold is a physical reflection of an everyday ideology most fail to realize. Every object you have come into contact with has been directly influenced by the oil production industry. Although its easy to craft a ridged finger toward those having a greater influence we have to conceive that we also own a percentage of its invisible stock. There is a sufficiency in the world for man’s need but not for man’s greed.

0040

~Mohandas K. Gandhi

0041


Russia 60.0 Canada 178.8

Norway 7.7

US 21.4 Algeria 11.4

Kazakhstan 9.0

India 5.8

Mexico 12.9 Veenne Ven Venezuela 7 79.7

Quatar 15.2

Nigeria

35.9 Brazil 11.2

0042

Oil Reserves

China 18.3

Middle East 717.1

Libya 9..1 39.1

Export Nodes

A major hub in the world oil trade, Nigeria supplies black gold to the largest powers including over 70% to the USA. This heightened demand ensues intense political pressure in the Nigerian delta region causing democratic upheaval.

Import Nodes

Trade Routes

World Major Trade Routes and Oil Reserves | Billions of barrels

0043


Oil Wells Oil wells have reshaped the regions appearance on the map. Their population encompassing almost every square mile within its boundaries.

Akure

Flares enugu Benin City Abakalili Asaba

Akwa

Onitsha Okpanku Sapele

Niger Delta Abia

Warri

Ebocha

Owerri

Ekpene

Aba Uyo

Calabar Port Harcourt

Topography

0044

Road network

Oil / Gas pipelines

Oil / Gas wells

Oil export terminal

Flares

Cities

7000 km long network

5284 and counting

7 of 10 in our region

390 million tonnes of CO2 released per year

1500 communities support facilities

The Niger delta’s is embodied with one of the most sought after forms of oil in the world. Since the 50’s major oil companies such as Royal Dutch Shell have been extracting this ressource with no respect to its immediate environment. Lack business practices and a corrupt government has led to possibly one of the most oil and CO2 polluted areas in the world. While the citizens have been ignored, it has inspired militant activity accros the delta creating a hostile environment for its citizens.

Land 2 of 3 major in our region

31000 km 2 within network

Regional analysis | Network study

As a result, for every oil well their is one to two flares that continuously burns 70% of the countrie’s natural gas reserve. It equates to 10GW of lost energy and produces 390 million tonnes of C02 pollution a year, the largest single handed producer of greenhouse pollution.

Connections The wells are connected by a immense network of pipelines which carries this precious emmodity to production and on to the world trade.

Pollution Although extreme measures was taken to create an efficient network, the investment was unable to keep up with the effects of the elements and the influx of militant activity. The diagram is not able to capture the realization and long term effects of the situation at hand. There is 369 oil spills a year which is equivalent to the BP or Valdez oil spill each year for the last 20 years.

0045


2D

3D

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

Node Line

01

Branch 02

Tree

Network 03

0046

Mesh

0047


McGill University School of Architecture

Toxicity

VISC

9

Alexandre Hamel |Lance Moore

L01

L02

L03

T01

T02

T03

M01

M02

M03

Tree topology | Water based

Line topology | Water + Land based

8

T03

M02 M01

M03

L02

L01 T02

T01

0048

Network Topology | Mapping study

Mesh topology | Land based

L03

0049


Problem Proportions After Intensely investigating the typologies of network theory, we transposed this information into our knowledge of the oil network system which forms the Delta region. Although vast in size, the system does not allow for the proper extraction of natural gas. As well, it has been unable to withstand the extreme elements they have been subject to.

Boost Station

0050

Gas Lines

New Gas Lines

Fu Fut Future turee ssites ture tu itites Phase 2

Cu Current rrentt site rren

Oi export Oil ter terminal

ReďŹ neries

Flare

Land

Site

0051


Proposal

Boost Station

0052

Gas Lines nes

Future Futu utu t ree site ssites ites Phase 2

Cu Current rrent ssite rrent ite

Oi export Oil terminal ter

Refineries

Flare

Land

Site

We have chosen a site that lies between the major headquarters of Warri and its export terminal, known as Ljelejele .Here we will be able to merge the gap between refining and export. The construct was formed around this movement of resource where natural gas [oil] become one with structure and inhabitation. Our goal is to leach off of the existing network to extract the discarded natural gas in order to create a self sufficient and healthy living condition for those most affected by this Warri conflict.

0053


0054

0055


Level 46

Form | design

Structure | Hydro dynamic Form

Structure | Floor plates

Structure | Core

Skin | Permeable membrane

Nodes | Gas refining

Branch | Link

The structure is based on a Hydrodynamic form which confines to the natural mouvement of gas and / or liquid under pressure.

The floor plates consists of prefabricated sections and prestressed members.

The spine-like core consists of the major distributions of mechanical systems to floor plates in a radial arrangement.

The skin consists of various transparent and opaque sections which are dependant on solar orientation. This system has the capability to resist wind and offer a vertical growing space for hydroponic farms,

These nodes contain the major components of the natural gas refining process.

These pipes form the intense network required to refine natural gas to its purest state in order to be used as energy to power this construct.

Tower breakdown | Building blocks

0056

Being that the natural gas will be entering the Structure at a very high head pressure there Is a need to address the structural capabilities this imposes on the form of the construct. We have decided to implement a low friction hydrodynamic form so that we can bring the products further up in the tower with little extra energy consumption. The floor plates are generated between this form but initially found its contour from the topo lines of the site. Under further analyzes with wind and solar conditions final changes where made to the floor plates. In the end the dynamic gesture of the exo skeleton meets a solemn smooth DIY plate awaiting the first settlers.

0057


live stock

Program

community garden

The programmatic needs of the building finds its foundation [podium] on the natural gas refining process. Allowing for the living to be elevated from the ground, distancing the contact with this polluted land. Here the residence will find vacant floor plates containing only the necessities: water, sewer, and natural gas for energy. How these families choose to inhabit these living conditions depends solely on there ability to construct.

living

institutional

Tower approach

refining

The cows and livestock once prey to lead poisoning now find a new home residing on the roof. At the same time once polluted produce can now safely be grown along the exterior of the building. This sustainable living condition is linked to the refining process through the institutional sector. Where work and liveing become a truly homogeneous substance. What once plagued the society of there sacred mother nature may now help them return to a life near what they once remember.

Resting near the edge of the Gulf of Guinea the tower is approachable only by boat, a means of transportation relied upon for decades in this region. The ground floor becomes a marina, fish market, and transportation hub.

0058

commercial

0059


evaporation column Exo program Circulation Sewer

steam cracker

Water Gas in Gas out By product Steam

caustic tower

storage

Refinery section The first 16 floors(300,000sqf.) Forms the refining portion of the tower. This plant will be ran by those individuals living in the tower. The energy or products produced would then be used to supply the power to the tower in form of natural gas and steam heated plates, and steam driven passive strategies for cooling the tower. The pods to the left contain the major componenets of the refining process identical to those used today just compress within a more confined area.

R fi

i

boiler

0060

0061


0062

0063


exo skeleton structure pipe system

showers + toilets floor plate

railing

Residential section

0064

The residential consist of a very unique program where the central core becomes the focal point of the space. As the mechanical systems make there way up the tower they work there way into the central core. Once here they wiill supply natural gas to community kitchen stands, lighting, and individual fill stations. Each plate will have a total of 40-50 inhabitants. The DIY floor plate does not force one to paint the canvas by number but just simply letting your hand run the page. The skip stop facility as discussed earlier will offer fresh water and sewage, where individuals can take a shower and wash clothes. The vertical circulation consist of standard fire egress stairs and a two elevators that run inside the two circulation skeleton tubes..

stair core

Exploded axonometric detail

0065


Skip stop facility Every third oor you will ďŹ nd full washroom facilities containing toilets and showers with full running water and sewar. The grey water collected is used to wash clothing before colllected and used for watering vertical farms.

0066

0067


Roof top

0068

Under the impression they were ďŹ nally seperated from the horrors of the oil industry, they found themselves yet again reminded daily of these lack business standards.

0069


0070

Tower (nodes)

0071


0072

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Site: Montreal, Rue Sherbrooke Program: Analog University, consist of three seperate projects each covered by differrent studios. The Historic Empress Theatre which served as the anchor for the project. This would house the bulk of the program for the Univeristy. This Analog School would have emphasis on Analog film and film archiving. The second site, to the east of the Empress, a Gallery or Multi-Purpose space. The third site which would be the Univeristies Library, to the west of the Empress, it would consuladate the Fraser Hickson Community Library collection whic lost funding. The site would be assigned to us by the studio and it would be our choice to make a complete project or choose to be singular. The question for the studio,

“Analog VS. Digital” 0074

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NFSA-Australia National Archive

MOMAT - Tokyo National Film Center

NFAI- National Film Archive

EUROPA- Europa Film Treasures

University of Lapland - AARRE Arctic Barents Regiion Film Archive

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LOC- Library of Congress Film and Audio Archive

UCLA- film and telivision archive

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I was assigned to the west site, the library. Inspired by current discussions involving the evolution of the physical library in society today, I chose to digitize the entire Frazer Hickson Library collection. I would look to redifine the experience of an analog research center that combined the efficient aspects of digitization for this unique field of study. The individual personal POD would become the foundation of my proposal and help mold the fomalistic study of space within my structure. The POD is the students gateway to knowledge helping connect a rather remotely located Analog School to the worlds limited supply of Analog Archives. These PODS would offer a range of ergonomically defined uses pertaining to this area of study. The entire structure itself would offer a range spacialy configured POD’s that would address different aspects of the Analog Study. The Project became an emersive envionment offering a continual projection of information .

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POD DIAGRAM

The single pod design is based upon the ergonomics of the human body. Where there is a comfortable arrangment of uses eleviating the ďŹ xed positions of many previous single prototype pods that prove to be uncomfortable for many different body types. The pods can be used for multiple purposes outside the computer information platform.

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7.1 Surround Sound System

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moveable oled screen that returns to embed in shell

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inner shell- all surfaces coated with a oled touch screen surface

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ergonomic seat- adjustable in any direction

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outter shell- sound deadning, air circulation, and protection

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not pictured- computer and power housing detachable for easier repair

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FLOORPLAN 1

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backstage/storage

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singular lecture stage

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social view

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emersive dome

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multi-use

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coat check

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personal pod

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club entrance

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FLOORPLAN 2

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main entrance

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personal pod

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social view

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sound technical room

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mechanical

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lounging mound

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Westt -Elevation -Elevatio on

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©

FARMM 2012-2013

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The unexplained colony collapse disorder (CCD) affecting beehives throughout the world has recently become a great concern, as more colonies of honeybees mysteriously die. Honeybees HYL[OLPUZLJ[ZTVZ[YLZWVUZPISLMVY[OLWVSSPUH[PVUVMÃ&#x2026;V^LYZ^OPJOPU[\YUTHRLZJVU[LTWVrary food production possible. Although no solution has been found to prevent CCD, there has ILLUHYPZLPUPU[LYLZ[HUKWHY[PJPWH[PVUPU\YIHUILLRLLWPUNHZHTLHUZUV[VUS`[VYLTLK` the loss of honeybee population, but also to further educate the public about the critical role honeybees play in our world ecosystem. ;OLI:OHJRPZHOPNOS`PUUV]H[P]LILLOP]LVIZLY]H[PVUHUKZ[\K`JLU[YLILPUNKLZPNULKMHIricated and assembled by graduate students in the Facility for Architectural Research in Media HUK4LKPH[PVU-(944H[[OL4J.PSS<UP]LYZP[`:JOVVSVM(YJOP[LJ[\YL;OLI:OHJRWYVQLJ[ PZ JVUJLP]LK [V WYV]PKL WYVTV[PVUHS HUK PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YHS Z\WWVY[ [V \YIHU ILLRLLWPUN JVTT\UP[PLZPUWHY[PJ\SHY[OLUVUWYVÃ&#x201E;[4VU[YLHS»ZJVSSLJ[P]LZ!:HU[YVWVS9V\SHU[HUK[OL4J.PSS Apiary Association. The program will allow these groups of volunteer educators and amateur ILLRLLWLYZ[VZOHYL[OLPYRUV^SLKNLHUKPU[LYLZ[PUILLZ^P[O[OLW\ISPJ^OPSLLUNHNPUNPU IPVYLZV\YJLLUNPULLYPUNYLZLHYJOPUP[PH[P]LZMVJ\ZLKVU**+;OLWYVQLJ[ZPT\S[HULV\ZS`LUcourages a group of young students in architectural research to practice responsibly, through the creation of a real world response to this plight of the bees. ;OLI:OHJRPZ[OLÃ&#x201E;YZ[PU[OL-(944OV\ZLZLYPLZVMWYVQLJ[ZKL]LSVWLKHZWHY[VM[OLYLZLHYJO[OYV\NOJYLH[PVUPUP[PH[P]Lº4VKLSSPUN[OL4L[OVKVSVNPLZVM6\Y;PTL»446;^OPJO PZILPUN\UKLY[HRLUPU-(944-HJPSP[`MVY(YJOP[LJ[\YHS9LZLHYJOPU4LKPHHUK4LKPH[PVUHUK is funded in part by the Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

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FARMM/V\ZL):OHJR Facility for Architectural Research in Media and Mediation -LIY\HY`c4J.PSS<UP]LYZP[`

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T E A M Team Leads Jason Crow (project director) - FARMM, McGill University PhD Candidate, MArch II, MArch, Hon B.A. Arch

Maria Mingallon (project director) - McGill University, Arup Engineering, MSc, MEng Civil, CEng MICE

Students | Masters | PhD | Architecture | Engineering Marlene Bambonye | BArch | BEng Emily Baxter | BArch | MArch Kyle Burrows | BArch | MArch Chloe Blain | BArch | MArch Alexandre Hamel | BArch | MArch Naomi Hebert | BArch | MArch Brighita Lungu | BArch | MArch | MArch CMT | PhD Arch Anca Matyiku | BArch | MArch | PhD Arch Lance Moore | AA Arch | BD Design | MArch Brian Muthaliff | BArch | MArch Maria Anguelova Nikolova | BArch | MArch Farid Rener | BEng | MArch HToA Li-Anne Sayegh | BEng

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FARMM/V\ZL):OHJR Facility for Architectural Research in Media and Mediation -LI Y\H Y `     c4 J . P S S  < U P]LYZ P[ `

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The b-shack will be erected on the MacDonald Campus of McGill University at the McGill Farm during the summer of 2013. other links: http://farmmhouse.farmmresearch.com/bshack/index.html http://www.farmmresearch.com/

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Main curvature of the egg

Circle outlines

Program requirements

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Extrusion normal to the curvature

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-LIY\HY`c4J.PSS<UP]LYZP[`

Final siluette

^ĞĐƟŽŶĂ͛

^ĞĐƟŽŶď͛

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FARMM/V\ZL):OHJR Facility for Architectural Research in Media and Mediation

Hexagon pattern

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IN FORM [OL I:OHJR PZ HU L_WHUKLK beehive to house and protect bees in the cold climate of Montreal and to display them MVYVIZLY]H[PVUHUKZ[\K`;OLI:OHJRL_tends the program of the traditional bee OV\ZL [V PUJS\KL ^VYRZOVW ZWHJLZ MVY \YIHU ILLRLLWLYZ [V HJJVTTVKH[L LK\JHtional outreach programs. In this expanded YVSL[OLI:OHJRKV\ISLZHZHUHYJOP[LJ[\YHS folie that engage the public and students of architecture with contemporary ideas about how architecture in the city can be made to YLÅLJ[Z\Z[HPUHISLNVHSZ

25 seats

Set in the McGill MacCampus in the WestIsland, one of the primary functions of the pavilion is to serve as a covered gathering space for groups to meet when learning HIV\[[OLMHYT»ZVWLYH[PVUZ;OLOL_HNVUHS Z[Y\J[\YLVM[OLYVVMZLY]LZTHU`M\UJ[PVUZ! coming down to the ground, it generates seating for the visitors, as well as functional storage for tools and equipment. The continuity of the surface is reminiscent of the beehive, where cells are adapted to suit their purpose.

storage

hives

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The other main function is to act as a shelter for three observation beehives, so that visitors can approach the colonies and gain a deeper understanding of how they operate.

*\YYLU[S`PU[OLKLZPNUKL]LSVWTLU[Z[HNL[OLWYVNYHTMVY[OLI:OHJR PUJS\KLZ[OYLLKPMMLYLU[[`WLZVMILLOP]LZ!MLYHS[VWIHYHUK3HUNZ[YV[O (ZPUNSLWVPU[VMLU[Y`HUKHYHTWLKJ\Y]LK^HSR^H`IYPUNZ\ZLYZ[V [OLVIZLY]H[PVUWVPU[([[OLZHTL[PTLP[WYV]PKLZZLH[PUNMVYÄM[LLU and a central stage for presentations and demonstrations.

Santropol Roulant

The need for three beehives is to highlight the various approaches to apiculture across cultures cultu and HJYVZZ[PTL;OLÄYZ[PZHMLYHSOP]L!HZ[OVZ HJYVZZ[PTL;OLÄYZ[PZHMLYHSOP]L!HZ[OVZLMV\UK in nature, these are created by a queen and her drones based on the available resources in a given HYLH;OLZLJVUKPZH[VWIHYOP]L!NP]LU HYLH;OLZLJVUKPZH[VWIHYOP]L!NP]LUHUPUP[PHS Z[Y\J[\YL[OLILLZX\PJRS`HKHW[[VVW[PT Z[Y\J[\YL[OLILLZX\PJRS`HKHW[[VVW[PTPaL[OLPY hives, resulting in the formation of natural c catenary J\Y]LZ;OLÄUHSOP]LPZ[OL3HUNZ[YV[OOP] J\Y]LZ;OLÄUHSOP]LPZ[OL3HUNZ[YV[OOP]LHYLJtangular frame which has become the stan standard for the ease with which one can extract the honey. These three hives represent very different differen formal logics; similarly, their enclosures are constructed con differently.

UQAM

Fairmont Hotel

FARMM/V\ZL):OHJR Facility for Architectural Research in Media and Mediation

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;OL Z[Y\J[\YL VM [OL I:OHJR PZ JVUJLP]LK HZ HU irregular hexagonal grid-shell, which requires the use of optimisation algorithms to reduce the number of KPMMLYLU[TLTILYZPaLZHUKQVPU[JVUULJ[PUNHUNSLZ The strategy for this optimisation is carried out across multiple steps. First a script in Grasshopper

;OL Z[Y\J[\YL VM [OL I:OHJR PZ JVUJLP]LK HZ HU irregular hexagonal grid-shell, which requires the use of optimisation algorithms to reduce the number of KPMMLYLU[ TLTILY ZPaLZ HUK QVPU[ JVUULJ[PUN HUNSLZ The strategy for this optimisation is carried out across multiple steps. First a script in Grasshopper for

FARMM/V\ZL):OHJR 00106 Facility for Architectural Research in Media and Mediation - L IY \ H Y `  c  4 J .PSS < U P ]LY Z P [ `

for Rhinoceros generates an initial hexagonal grid arrayed on a given surface. This gri is then regularised using the plugin EvoluteTools Lite for Rhinoceros. The grid-shell is then analysed in Oasys GSA using the MS Exchange plugin Salamander for Grasshopper. The structural model is built in

:HSHTHUKLY \ZPUN NLVTL[Y` WYL]PV\ZS` KLÄULK PU Grasshopper and/or Rhinoceros and subsequently exported to Oasys GSA for analysis. Results are then returned to Grasshopper and fed into the Ä[ULZZ M\UJ[PVU [YPNNLYPUN [OL L]VS\[PVUHY` ZVS]LY Galapagos; in particular, beam stresses and material

;OL Z[Y\J[\YL VM [OL I:OHJR PZ JVUJLP]LK HZ HU irregular hexagonal grid-shell, which requires the use of optimisation algorithms to reduce the number of KPMMLYLU[ TLTILY ZPaLZ HUK QVPU[ JVUULJ[PUN HUNSLZ The strategy for this optimisation is carried out across multiple steps. First a script in Grasshopper for

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N-E elevation

S-W elevation

N-W elevation

S-E elevation

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a a’

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The walls of these grid-shell cells regulate air ]LU[PSH[PVU[OYV\NO[OLZ[Y\J[\YL»ZLU]LSVWL while creating an endless series of playful SPNO[PUNJVUKP[PVUZPUZPKL[OLIZOHJR(Kditionally some of the cells located on the lower parts of the grid-shell include vertical planters, in an attempt to demonstrate how any built construction can regenerate organic life out of inert materials.

bb’

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The Charleston Art Institute is situated along Church St. with a historic cemetary to the south, a 7 story parking garage to the north, and the historic St. Phillips church adjacent. The 22 thousand square feet of program had to be situated on a rectangular 2 acre lot. I chose to sink the project four feet below grade, which prompted students to enter the project by ascending through a gateway into a central courtyard. Flanked by two bars of program with centrally focussed circualtion. The project was very comprehensive in regards to life safety, egress, circulation, and the calculations of the buidling mechanical systems. The design course corrisponded directly with the environmental techonolgies course I was taking at the time.

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Architecture Design Portfolio - Lance Moore