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THE ARENA

Liam Moore | Bachelor of Architecture | Degree Project | May 8, 2014

Boston Architectural College


| Title Page

Dedication I would like to dedicate this book to all my friends and family that have supported me through my trials, frustrates, and triumphs. As well as my girlfriend Jessica Leong, who not only helped and supported me throughout this year but went through the same struggles as I did with me in the same class. Lastly to Leona Moore, my grandmother who always supported me in so many ways. She is always in my memories and in my heart. I wish she was here to see me achieve what she saw me start.

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Boston Architectural College Liam Moore | Bachelor of Architecture Degree Project Studio | The Arena Instructor | David Eccleston - Blas Betancourt Final Review | April 26, 2014

Design Critics Dr Judy Otto | Professor Mark Rego | Architect Krists Karklins | Architect John Mitchell | Architect Delia Gott | Architectural Designer

Technical Reviewers Kevin Moriarty | MEP Engineer John McDermot | Architect William Boxx | Architect Amir Mesgar | Structural Engineer

Student | William F. Moore Jr.

Instructor | David Eccleston

Instructor | Blas Betancourt

Degree Project | 001


| Table of Contents

002 | Liam Moore


Documentation 004

Biography

006

Project Thesis Statement | Antecedent

008

DĂŠrive | Word Models

012

Site Analysis

014

Program Analysis

016

Segment I Mid-term

024

Segment I Interm Review

034

Segment I Final Review

052

Segment II Mid-term

068

Segment II Technical Review

080

Segment II Final Review

102

Conclusion

104

Zoning Codes

108

Square Footage Calculations

110

Glass Specification

A00

Appendix Group Work Zoning & Code Study

A12

Precedent & Program

a46

Site History & Context

Degree Project | 003


| Project Statement

006 | Liam Moore


The objective of this project is to design a building that will be fully integrated into the site based on our own site analysis. It will include all building systems, and detailed information on how those systems function within the building. To design a building that could actually be built on the site. Though financial cost of the building is considered we are not limited in our design potential in order to express creative design the way that we see fit. In other words if what we propose is justified by the design, and not simply ‘because we can do it’, then the cost was acceptable. The program that we were assigned was for a community center built on Parcel 16 located between two districts, Back Bay and South End. This location is currently a hole over I-90, which will be infilled for our project to be placed upon. The original program was to be at 40-50,000 sqft, this was later revised as a class to be increased in order to blend in more with the urban height context. To do so we decided to increase the square footage to approx. 300,000 sqft. This will increase the overall height of the building and include an additional program element that was not part of the original assignment. The first half of semester one was work that did have a sense of destination. There was a lot of work put into understand what our design will be, when looking through this portion of the book this project statement will seem irrelevant. But this work was essential to get a seen of focus and find out where I wanted to take the project.

on the movement that the dancers do but the energy that is created in their performance and those that are watching it. I have seen designs in the past that have looked at ballet and looked at movement and feel that the designs fall short because it’s either to literal or ballet is not seen in the form at the end. My design is not intended to see hip-hop at the end, it is to inspire energy, adventure, and curiosity. Hip-hop dance battles have three major components that create the atmosphere for an energetic space. The Stage The Performance The Crowd’s Reaction The arena’s building form is created form these components to simulate collision. The exterior structural system creates the stage or the cage in which the performance takes place within. The energy form that travels through the building simulates the performance that breaks out of the norm, the cage. The program of the building, being a community center, is the heart of the crowd that takes part within this experience. Combining these components together creates a form that doesn’t read hip-hop but creates spaces for performances and simulates collision throughout the building.

My project known as ‘The Arena’ is a design that looks at hip-hop as an inspiration. I choose hip-hop because it’s something I enjoy doing, and I watch America’s Best Dance Crew often. The performances done by crew is so energetic, and given that our program is a community center I wanted to infuse by building with that energy. The concept of my design is: Harnessing the energy of hip-hop dance battles through simulation of collision. It is important to mention by design doesn’t focus

Degree Project | 007


| Dérive

Dérive (Drifting) is the act of walking a city for no reason other than getting to know it. It is not a stroll but a search for activities, events and phenomena. While there is no predetermined route or timeline, it is not really about chance, but the subtle navigation of psycho geographic contours; the narrow social space that guides you from event to event. In dérive we look for emotional cues, not physical, and quickly trace these cues from event to event thereby understanding the city as a series of events connected by emotional reactions. As a class we were each given a location in the city that we would drift to. The object was to start at the site drift to our given location and drift back using another path. We all know the city fairly well that this was not about the best way of getting from point A to point B, but to get emotion, to Dérive. My location was the Swan Pond. The Diagram to the right shows a series of sketches and photos of my journey though the city. The directional arrows show the emotional responses viewed in a timeline fashion. The sketches were drawn to the pond, while the photos were on the way back to the site. The connections made are the similarities found throughout the city. These emotional connections that I made were of Isolation, Uncomfortable, Forced, and Separation. These emotional responses were later used to develop models that captured those moments.

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Pond

Site

Degree Project | 009


| Dérive

From the dérive exercise we were to take the four words that we felt and create three models each that would represent that feeling. These models were to be different from one another but still capture the feeling. From the initial twelve models, we were to combine two together, which then made six models. Finally at the end six models were paired up as well reducing down to three unique models that represented what we felt the city was. My process for these models was a little different then the rest of the class. The Initial twelve models while taking the original four words, Isolation, Uncomfortable, Forced, and Separation; were given an additional word. That word being a ‘child’ word for the ‘parent’ word. For example uncomfortable took on awkward, a similar meaning to uncomfortable but a deeper definition. Some of the models were interactive and required the user to do something to activate it. These additional twelve words allowed me to combine a more defined meaning of the ‘parent’ word with another more defined meaning. These words were then combined to create the six models indicated by blue arrows. For the second merger I took the new words definitions and combined them. With respect to the original ‘parent’ words they were prioritized in order of what the model was more dominate of to less dominate of. This is indicated by the purple arrows. At the end the final three models symbolized three new words that our designs would start to be. Mine were Collision, Exposure, and Bracing.

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Isolation

Separation

Forced

Uncomfortable

Uncomfortable - Awkward

Forced - Force

Uncomfortable - Pain

Separation - Pull

Isolation - Overwhelming

Forced - Spin

Isolation - Suspension

Seperation - Divide

Isolation - Masses

Forced - Motion

Uncomfortable - Pressure

Separation - Space

Awkward - Suspension

Force -Divide

Pain - Masses

Pull - Motion

Overwhelm - Pressure

Spin - Space

Uncomfortable Isolated Forced Separated

Uncomfortable Isolated Separated Forced

Isolated Uncomfortable Forced Separated

Collision

Exposure

Bracing

Degree Project | 011


| Site Analysis

For my site intervention I had a few keys things in mind that I wanted to change about the site. First I wanted the site to be interactive with people that walk by it, as apposed to know where they walk around the space. The Second objective was to create a threshold situation where the pedestrian has a space that is a median between the building and the city. This space would be welcoming and a place where people can step out of the way of the busy city and take a break. With those two objectives in mind i propose two new paths through the site; one that will connect backbay orange line to the back alley restaurants, and two connecting backbay commuterail station to Clarendon Street, an easier walk to hancock tower. These two new paths make it easier to travel through the site as opposed to traveling around the site, this allows observers to interact with the building while passing by. Next three nods are introduced to the site where most travel will take place; allowing a pause before continuing the journey. The site is then squared off with set backs and corrected angles to make the spaces right angles and ease of constructability. The MBTA station is placed back in the general area of which it was originally. This is to keep the access to the orange line already on site, as well as another way to have people travel through the site. What is left over is three building pads that is where the building will be located.

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M RE

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SQUARE OFF AND SITE SET BACKS. NEW CIRCULATION PATHS TO OFFER SHORTER DISTANCES THROUGH SITE RATHER THAN AROUND. FIRST CONNECTING RESTAURANTS TO BACK-BAY COMMUTER RAIL STATION. SECOND CONNECTING GARAGE AND CLARENDON STREET (HANCOCK TOWER) TO BACK-BAY T STATION. NEW SITE ENTRY. PEDESTRIANS WILL ARRIVE ON-SITE BEFORE ENTERING THE BUILDING TO ALLOW FOR MORE CONNECTION TO THE CASUAL TRAVELER. GREEN SPACE / PUBLIC NOD. A PUBLIC SPACE DEDICATED TO PEDESTRIANS TO ARRIVE ON-SITE AND INTERACT WITH BUILDING BEFORE GOING TO THEIR DESTINATION.

NEW BACK-BAY T STATION ACCESS FROM SITE.

POSSIBLE BUILT FORM LOCATIONS BASED ON PREVIOUS ANALYSIS.

Degree Project | 013


| Program Analysis

The follow adjacency diagram was done in order to help understand how the program elements of the building would relate to one another. This was refereed to when program was to be added into the building form. From this we started designing schemes based on our three words.

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Degree Project | 015


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SEMESTER I

MID-TERM

Degree Project | 017


| Semester I Mid-term

Exposure Scheme Exposure scheme intent is to expose everything within the building to the out, and to limit blocking of buildings viewable on the site. The building design was to have clean edges and angles that would not hinder the views of taller buildings, as well as allow light into spaces easier. The Sketches to the left were ideas without taking the site into consideration. The designs’ idea was to have people travel through the building but not be inside the building. Within this space there would be bridges that connect on building to another, exposing the people that would walk from one to the other. This space would also allow for light exposure to the inner portions of the building. Parti Diagram: Site allows visitor to be on location before entering building, exposing and welcoming. Views into site from street level as well as above.

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Degree Project | 019


| Semester I Mid-term

Bracing Scheme Bracing scheme intent is to build stacks onto one another, where the next stack joins two stacks together. At each corner the support member would then penetrate through, this would be a visual queue through the building that people could see bracing. The Sketches to the left were ideas without taking the site into consideration. The ideas were to build upon the bracing theme, where ‘recovery’ is worked into. A cast is a type of brace that is used during recovery. Exploration was done into the idea of deteriorating the facade or spaces within the building that could show recovery. This was continued as an idea to recover the neighborhood. Parti Diagram: Building volume stacks on other building volume bracing it to ‘recovery’ as a whole at the top.

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Degree Project | 021


| Semester I Mid-term

Collision Scheme Collision scheme intent is to build up on the building pads, leaving the largest one alone while the other two ‘lean’ or collide onto the larger building. To start breaking up the space three planes are then introduced each in a direction of a financial building, then angled at a 60° cutting through the building mass. The Sketches to the left were ideas without taking the site into consideration. The ideas were to have projected planes crashing into one another, form carries over to other planes. The walk through the building masses would be more a wondering path instead of a direct one where planes would intersect our journey, this would also begin to expose views either of the building or views out of the building. Planes wouldn’t just die into another plane but would go through some before stopping so that materials of the planes start smashing into one another. Parti Diagram: Volume collide based on site lines, planes collide based on sight lines (views). Financial collision planes breaking space. This concept was stronger of the three and taken through to the midterm.

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Degree Project | 023


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SEMESTER I

INTERM REVIEW

Degree Project | 025


| Semester I Interm Review

Taking the collision concept and begining to layout how it would become a building. A column grid was established with respect to the buildings orientation as well as the columns continuing down to the median of I-90.

026 | Liam Moore


Larger program elements were added to the layout to try and undestand where these programs would be placed.

Degree Project | 027


| Semester I Interm Review

Second floor layout with pool located.

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Third floor layout, this is were offices would be located.

Degree Project | 029


| Semester I Interm Review

Elevations of the exterior.

01 South East 02 South West 03 North East 04 North West

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Degree Project | 031


| Semester I Interm Review

The building was massed out as a volumetric study to start understand how all the rules come together. The Axon’s start to inform how these spaces would begin to look like, and the complexity of what I’m trying to achieve. The sections start to develop how the structure would be held up, a continues column to the ground supporting the major load of the pool. The next steps in design seem to take a radical leap forward. At this time, we as a class decided to increase the square footage from 50K (what’s shown here) to 300K, to better blend in with the urban height context. This added an addition program element that we had to consider. Though this change to our design is great, a lot of what has already been explored will also continue forward.

01 Axon Plans 02 Vertical Building Section 03 Horizontal Building Section

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1 A4-02

1 A4-02

02 1 A4-01

1 A4-01

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SEMESTER I

FINAL REVIEW

Degree Project | 035


| Semester I Final Review

As the program increased in size a new form had to be considered, as buildings leaning on one another could not give me the square footage needed to go higher. This form better takes what was learned from site analysis and applies it more directly, and in a much better way then previous forms. In addition at this time we developed our concept statement. Looking at the original three words exposure, collision, and bracing I began to think what captures these ideas. It occur to me one night when I was dancing to music trying to figure it out. Hip-hop dance battles, uses these in their performances. Exposure when they perform, the simulation of collision as they ‘fight’ on stage, and certain moves require bracing to perform. Thus my concept statement became: ‘Harnessing the energy of hip-hop dances battles through simulation of collision’ Let this be clear the focus is on the performance and the energy that is created from it, not the movement that is done. The diagram to the right shows the process in which was taken in order to get to the final form located on the left. Below is a description of that process that will take you through the diagram. Starting off with a sold form, this solid corrects site errors, meaning the angles are fixed to not be an obscure angle, and takes in account all base offsets. From the solid we subtract the nods that allow pedestrians to enter the site before entering the building. Next subtract the paths that are introduced from site intervention. To simulate a collision design those paths are rotated 90° as it travels up the form. Further setback is applied by code cutting away at the facade it curves to meet the original front at the maximum height allowable. The final subtractions are applied to the top of two building forms to create a step down effect to better blend in with the urban height context. This form know as the ‘cage’ or stage, is the start of setting the stage for the concept. Next the energy is created from the performance.

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Degree Project | 037


| Semester I Final Review

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The second major element of this building is the ‘energy’ form. The intent of this form is to make connections to each of the buildings that would hide within these forms. This energy form is made up of two parts, team blue and team red. While they travel through the building they will conflict with one another creating interesting sculptural elements, paths to travel through, and spaces to be inside of. Each form is harnessed by their performance stages that are on the site. Red located at the south end of the site, and Blue on the north. These performances stages can be used by any performance crew that wants to show off. The energy portion becomes a canopy over the space and is set up with lights and speakers. There would be a USB connection at the base that users can plug into and the sound would come from the canopy above. This is where the energy form harnesses the energy from the hip-hop dance and then travels through the building. The diagram to the right explains how the form is created. The form travels along a path (spline) within the cage, along that path there is a series of ‘reactors’, these reactors control the exterior portion of the form, with the center being hollow. Also along the path is a series of nod points that control the direction that the path travels.

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With the two major elements beginning to take form, site design becomes the next focus.

038 | Liam Moore

Images are rotated 90° CCW 01 South View 02 East View 03 North View 04 West View 05 Plan View


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06 Nod Point - Located along the spline in which creates the energy structure creating the forms volumetric shape 07 Reactor - Point located within structure to connect the buildings together along the vertical paths to simulate an energy within the building and allow the buildings to appear disconnected from each other 08 Spline - Structure of the energy form that travels throughout the building

Degree Project | 039


| Semester I Final Review

Site design focuses on bringing all pedestrians to the center of the site, from there the user decides where to go. All main entrances are located at the center of the site, there is a secondary entrance for a retail element at the north. Ramps are added preliminarily to the site to deal with the ten foot height difference from north to south. The south side of the site is higher than the north side. Two cores are introduced to handle the structural loads as well as for vertical movement through the building.

040 | Liam Moore


Degree Project | 041


| Semester I Final Review

With site design starting to take form, laying out floor plans with program elements is the next concern. With all the pieces now in Design Development it is important to see where the program is going to take place within the building. With the building having void sections cutting through it’s difficult to find the needed square footage for some program elements such as the gymnasium and the pool. To help that problem as well as second means of egress per floor, a connection is made from one building form to another. The intent is to have the energy form hide these connections, though it is not should on the diagram to the right. Program space is rearranged within the form from last review, moving the pol to the fourth floor and the gymnasium to the sixth. This was done for two reasons, first to get the area needed for those programs and second to get allow the second floor to be removed to create tall ceilings on the first floor. With program roughly in place, my main focus turns to how this building would be built. It is important to me that this structure can be built. Development of how that is done is resolved before taking anymore steps in program layout.

042 | Liam Moore


FITNESS LOCKERS RETAIL

RETAIL

RETAIL RETAI

COUNSELIN ING / MEDIA A LEARNING

MECHANICAL FOR POOL

POOL

FITNESS CENTER

LOCKERS

RESTROOMS RE GRE GR EEN SPACE

LEVEL 2 LAY A OUT AY

LEVEL 3 LAY A OUT AY

LEVEL 4 LA AYOUT AY

LEVEL 5 LAY A OUT AY

LEVEL 8 LA AYOUT AY

LEVEL 9 LAY A OUT AY

GYMNASIUM LOCKERS

STORAGE STOR

GYMNASIUM

GREEN SPACE

LEVEL 6 LAY A OUT AY

LEVEL 7 LAY A OUT AY

Degree Project | 043


| Semester I Final Review

Now that my focus has turned to structural, there is a process of understanding each piece that gets put together. To better understand how the puzzle gets put together the diagram to the right is created. An attempt is made at better understanding the energy form, and taking it out of design, a skin is applied to both, one with a checkered pattern the other with a triangle pattern. To explain the diagram we start with the inner energy form, which then gets introduced to the public circulation and green spaces. The cores are then placed, followed by the floor plates. Next the inner glazing for ventilation and heating/cooling is placed. The exterior cage is then placed to hold it all up. With the new form design the intent is to have the cage element be an exterior structural skeleton. This diamond grid system will be attached to beams at each x location, those beams then attach to each other with another beam, reducing the moment connections. From those beams trusses run from the cores to the beams to support the metal decking, for the floor plates.

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Degree Project | 045


| Semester I Final Review

Understanding how the building gets assembled is important for later development. Having that understanding placed limitations on what can be done, as well as informed what can be achieved. Bringing things back to diagrams, a sunlight study of how light will react with the building is done. The curved void section glazing will be one way mirrored glass, so that people can see out but others can’t see in, this is crucial to spaces later. This also allows for light to reflect through the void bringing light all the way through, as well as give that light to the inner spaces. This was an idea from the exposure design earlier. Program analysis of how this building will be segregated into it’s larger program elements, helps to understand where people types will be located throughout the building.

01

To the right a section and cross-section of the tunnel below, to better understand how structure is taken to the ground. With internal columns removed a column gird is no longer required and typical bridge column can be used to support the building above. HOTEL COMMUNITY CENTER GREEN / PRIVATE SPACE RETAIL CIRCULATION

02 3D SUNLIGHT

3D PROGRAMMING

01 Sunlight Study 02 Program Diagram 03 Exterior Structure 04 Cross-Section of I-90 05 Section of I-90

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046 | Liam Moore

3D STRUCTURAL EXTERIOR

3D STRUCTURAL CORE

3D FLOOR AND ENERGY FORM


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Degree Project | 047


| Semester I Final Review

For internal space design the idea to design in section is strong. With the energy form being this very chaotic element that travels through the space, it needs to be better understood in section in order to design space appropriately. The following diagram is an axon section taken periodically through the building to see where the energy form travels through. Future design of the building will relay a lot of understanding this space in a vertical way as much as horizontal. Where floors and ceilings can become peeled away of removed entirely to expose more of the energy form, allowing more transparency through the building. This concludes semester one’s final design. Over the break a lot of thought was focused on the energy form and what is means to the building. At this point in the design I cam extremely happy where it is going and the progress that I have taken to get here. The bones of the building are complete, increasing the detail level is the next steps to final design.

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Degree Project | 049


| Semester I Final Review

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Degree Project | 051


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SEMESTER II

MID-TERM

Degree Project | 053


| Semester II Mid-term Review

At mid-term review the design was more flushed out. Detail and ADA code starts to increase the level of completeness. Here in the site design ramps are finalized with their maximum run and rise. Where each platform is in height is finalized. As it is important to extend the ADA code to the site for my design to have people enter the site before entering the building, how that happens begins to change how the first floor plan is developed. With the change in height the community center lobby will need a level change. Also a part of the site ramps a large green space is added at the west nod forcing the casual walker to enter the center of the site. A third core was added to help with structural loads as well as define user type elevators helping with vertical circulation. This third core also allows for a greater support of egress from all floors. The two outdoor performance areas have been added, and brick is used for the ground to help blend this steel frame building into the brick landscape. The form slightly changes as it moves forward to better relate to the urban height context.

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Degree Project | 055


| Semester II Mid-term Review

The process of creating the new and final form is similar to the last time with some smaller changes. We start off with a solid, remove the nods as before but only two of them. Paths are then subtracted and rotated as before. The third nod is then removed, this is done at this step to allow the building to curve up and over creating a canopy over the performance stage. This is different from the rest as the other voids are cut from ground to sky. The final steps are like before with a step down effect, done slightly different to increase the volumetric spaces below and to bring that step down lower where the final step down is the same height as the building adjacent to the site. These small changes make for big differences inside of the building. Knowing the final shape of the exterior cage, further development of the energy form can be investigated.

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Degree Project | 057


| Semester II Mid-term Review

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The energy form start to speak the language that I’m looking for. In the original design there were two opposing teams fighting one another, and colliding throughout the space. This was revised to a more wholistic approach, were the hip-hop dance battles though they are fighting one another they are using the same language to communicate with. This is no longer a conflict between the two teams but a conflict with it’s boundaries, it’s cage. The energy is still harnessed from the performances areas and travels through the building but a little differently than before. This form changes it’s purpose as it travels, at the beginning it’s a sculptural object then it become a space to travel through, and in other places circulation happens from floor to floor, it also incases spaces throughout the building. It’s a form that’s trying to find weak points, exploit them and break out.

02

This form will be created by a series of triangles connected to one another, giving it a very flexible form to flow through the building as well as giving it structural rigidity. The diagrams to the left begin to show the different types of forms that can be created as well as show how holes within the structure would be achieved. Though the triangles are not as ‘perfect’ in these diagrams the idea can be seen.

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Energy Form Fractal Diagram 01 Floor Plan View 02 South East View 03 South West View 04

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Degree Project | 059


| Semester II Mid-term Review

Taking the new form and energy shape it is important to see how these changes effect the overall building. The exterior skeleton changes to the new form as well as in size. At the base of the building the members are larger, and slowly get smaller as they progress up the building. Cores have been moved into new locations and the third one has been added. All cores are designed to have vertical circulation as well as power, telecommunications, and possible shaft locations for a second means of ventilation.

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01 Exterior Structure 02 Internal Cores 03 Floors with Energy Form 04 Cross-Section of I-90 05 Section of I-90


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Degree Project | 061


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| Semester II Mid-term Review

As the design continues to increase in detail the axon sections are still crucial to developing the spaces within the building. Though the spaces have still not taken on anywhere close to a final space, the two major elements of the building start coming to a stop in order to start designing the interior spaces. At this point the design begins to take a life of it’s own. When designing spaces there becomes a push and pull effect that when a space is being designed it pushes against the energy form. this creates the interesting spaces within the structure soon to be developed. Elevations begin to inform material needs. The intent is, even when laying out the interior spaces is that you will recognize the energy form traveling through the building giving it life. When laying out the interior careful attention must be given to make sure that this happens, including spaces that require an opening in the energy form. Part of this design is to invoke an energetic type of feeling, how the viewer sees the building is just as important as it’s function.

01 Axon Sections 02 South West 03 South East 04 North East 05 North West

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Degree Project | 063


| Semester II Mid-term Review

Here is where we begin to see what a user would experience approaching this building. Though these are just sample views the same details can be seen. The canopy of the performance areas have good form, and how the energy travels can visually be seen from the exterior. In addition the structural skeleton can also be seen reducing in size as it goes higher.

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01 Perspective Across the Street 02 Perspective South 03 Perspective from Back Alley 04 Perspective from I-90

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Degree Project | 065


| Semester II Mid-term Review

Similar to the axon sections, axon plans help to see how spaces and elements stack onto one another. The energy form has been a very difficult element to work with at this point. Due to it’s very organic complexity it becomes hard to design spaces and finalize it’s shape. From here is a long struggle from form design to space design, as the energy form must be a continuous object, one floor cannot be design without consideration of the floor before is and the one after it. To complete this form it takes a lot of time to design in section, to plan, to interior space, to external form, a process that is needed for all the pieces to come together.

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SEMESTER II

TECHNICAL REVIEW

Degree Project | 069


| Semester II Technical Review

While interior spaces continue to get developed, the focus of this review was to ensure that the building is feasible. Meaning code review, and occupancy loads work with means of egress. A rough square footage calculation is drawn up, and each floor is made sure that it has two means of egress. It later came to my attention the floors 9 through 11 do not have two means. This was later resolved by adding an addition stair between through the floors to travel to a second egress stairs. Occupancy load calculations and specifications can be see located in the appendix.

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Degree Project | 071


| Semester II Technical Review

The other important factors of this review was to see details of how the building will be assembled. Other students did a single large wall section describing in detail of how it all gets put together. Due to the complexity of my structure a single wall section would not be sufficient to describe in detail. As a way to explain this better I broke up the wall section into four key aspects, shown at the worst case scenario locations. The four key aspects concerned are interior curtain wall, structural, mechanical, and exterior glazing wall. The inner curtain wall focused on the visual aesthetic of the building. Where mullions will be located, louver location, and specifics on types of material to use. The structural detail focuses on how the exterior structural system gets attached through the curtain wall to the inner cores. Specifies sizes of the exterior structure and the floor to floor heights, as well as the spacing between the inner curtain wall to structure.

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Degree Project | 073


| Semester II Technical Review

The mechanical detail focuses on the wall cavity that is created between the inner curtain wall to the exterior structure. The intent is to bring air from outside through the cavity and draw it into the spaces inside the building. Using fan coils to heat the air as needed for the space. The precedent for this can be seen in the appendix. The last detail focuses on the exterior glazing, in this case there isn’t a cavity wall and the detail is to explain that the glass is one-way mirrored glass. It also gives location to the mullions for the glazing.

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Degree Project | 075


| Semester II Technical Review

Further development of the sections was needed to complete the understanding of the energy form. At this point the majority of the interior floor plans have been designed and will show in the final review. As a part of that the energy form was completed. This perspective section really helps to describe how the form is present on a floor to floor bases as well as showing the continuity of the form as it continues to travel through the building. Points to note are where the form changes in its’ purpose, The lower right being the retail space it is a sculptural object, then is becomes a space to travel through, continues to engulf the gymnasium.

076 | Liam Moore


Degree Project | 077


| Semester II Technical Review

This section is to show the interior of the energy form at points where the buildings bridge each other. The intent was to remove the floor plates in these areas as much as possible except in spaces that it could be done, ex gymnasium. These stairs that travel through the spaces would be open to the energy form, removing the floor plates allow for a more grand circulation through the space.

078 | Liam Moore


Degree Project | 079


080 | Liam Moore


SEMESTER II

FINAL REVIEW

Degree Project | 081


| Semester II Final Review

For the final review all the pieces come together. Site design didn’t change at this point, but interior spaces have been laid out and the level change in the community center lobby has been solved. With bathrooms that are laid out in the more traditional sense. Hotel lobby has been laid out with reception desk as well as materials to be used in the space. A staircase in the back was added to make a connection to the retial entrance, allowing users to travel freely between the spaces. The community center lobby has been design to have two dance studios that would be on display for others to see. The intent is that these would have free access but you are on display for everyone to see. One of these walls per studio are luminescent, and travels to the second floor. On the other side of the wall is a stair case traveling to the second floor, that then passes through the luminescent wall to the arena. The intent of this is transcendence, from practice to the real thing. Bringing in a little of that competition back to the design, one studio space versus the other. The Green tower is now seen to completion at this time. The south building with access to the MBTA station is intended to be a space that will be open to the public 24/7. This is a series of stairs with small bench areas off of the stairs, getting to the fifth floor that then connects back to the other building. Once it connects to the other building there are doors to prevent access to the rest of the building but do allow people to see the activities within the building. The google image shows what the building would look like in it’s context of the rest of the buildings The final image shows how the step down of the form blends into the buildings around it.

082 | Liam Moore


C

-5' - 10" A

B

-1' - 8"

0' - 0" D

D

A

C B

4' - 2"

Degree Project | 083


| Semester II Final Review

At the final review the axon sections really begin to explain who these spaces interact with one another through the energy form. Small details to mention at this time would be the mechanical roofs are set within the structure so that a fenced area is not required, so that the integrity of the form is not lost. Also note that the gymnasium space is exposed to the energy form at it’s roof to allow sunlight in as well as allow people to look down into the space. The north core was also enlarged to support the hotel floors above and proves a second means of ventilation. To the right the first eight floors have been laid out with program. The final image is that of the twelfth floor to show the concert hall above the green tower. As the hotel portion was an addition to our given assignment the other floors were not required to be laid out, however the twelfth floor shows a portion of hotel rooms that would be laid out. The other floors would be laid out similarity to these. An explanation of the floor programs is below starting at the lower left across to bottom right. Second floor: Retail / Dance floor Arena Third Floor: Retail / Mechanical Fourth Floor: Retail / Pool Fifth Floor: Fitness Sixth Floor: Gymnasium Seventh Floor: Offices / Counseling Eight Floor: Dance Studios / Counseling Ninth - eleventh: hotel Twelfth Floor: Hotel / Concert Hall Thirteenth - Sixteenth: Hotel

084 | Liam Moore


Degree Project | 085


| Semester II Final Review

13

9

8

7

6

5

1

4

3

2

An updated axon plan view shows all the community center floors as described on the previous page completely laid out. Each plan has been designed to incorporate the energy form as part of the planning. The energy form as been extended to the second floor arena area to be an addition location for harnessing energy. The form has also been extended to the concert hall to be a place of explosion as it bursts out of the cage out an over the balcony area.

3D AXON LEVEL 12

3D AXON LEVEL 8

Elevations were updated with the final form of the cage and the energy. An important element of these is the path through the building is grand in height, both welcoming people to pass through as well as giving the sense of grandeur to those that walk under.

3D AXON LEVEL 7

3D AXON LEVEL 6

The system diagram is revised to try to simplify the elements in a more regular way. Site plan is the base in which the building sits upon. The cores and structural elements are then placed. Floor plates, roofs and energy form are combined as the energy form is dependent of the floors. Interior glazing both the curve portions and the curtain wall for the cavity wall are combined. Lastly the exterior structural element with glass placed between completes the overall building form.

3D AXON LEVEL 5

3D AXON LEVEL 4

3D AXON LEVEL 3

3D AXON LEVEL 2

3D AXON LEVEL 1

3D AXON TUNNEL

AXON PLANS

086 | Liam Moore


NORTH EAST ELEVATION

NORTH WEST ELEVATION

SOUTH EAST ELEVATION

SOUTH WEST ELEVATION BUILDING SYSTEMS

Degree Project | 087


| Semester II Final Review

Final section are updated with changes and improved graphically to better illustrate depth of the building.

088 | Liam Moore


Degree Project | 089


| Semester II Final Review

The following is a series of renderings of the final project. These renderings focus mainly on the exterior of the building with a few view of the community center on the interior.

North View at Night 01 South View 02 Back Alleyway 03 Across the Street at Garage 04 I-90 View 05 Hancock Tower View 06 Entrance looking Straight Up 07 Community Center Main Entrance 08 Community Center Back Entrance 09 Gymnasium 10 Pool 11 Locker Room 12 MBTA Entrance Looking Up 13 Interior Bridges 14

090 | Liam Moore

01


02

Degree Project | 091


| Semester II Final Review

03

092 | Liam Moore


04

Degree Project | 093


| Semester II Final Review

05

094 | Liam Moore


06

Degree Project | 095


| Semester II Final Review

07

096 | Liam Moore


08

09

Degree Project | 097


| Semester II Final Review

10

11

098 | Liam Moore


12

Degree Project | 099


| Semester II Final Review

13

100 | Liam Moore


14

Degree Project | 101

Thesis Book  

Final book submission for the BAC. The group work in the back has been removed, to just show my project work.

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