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Walk through the Ethnographic Museum Montanense - Foreign languages school

Split, 2012

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Welcome, dear reader! Pages you are about to read are a product of an enthusiastic group of young people. As a part of Montanense-foreign language school, these young people learn English in every possible way, but conventional. From the earliest age they are well familiar with the fact that to learn a language means to learn about culture. However, there is no point in learning about other cultures without fully understanding yours. This thought was exactly what led us to the cooperation with Ethnographic museum. In the beautiful enviroment of this museum, these children learnt about their ancestors, their lifestyle and habits. They have learnt about places their gradparents lived in, what they wore and the way they lived. They listened and took notes, they observed and took photographs, they worked very hard and took a chance to see what they are capable of. As we can see from the pages you are holding, once they are involved they are capable of donig extraordinary things.

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This book is an English guide through the Ethnographic museum from children's perspective. It is our grandparent's world seen through the eyes of our children. While doing the project, these children had no restrictions. They wrote about what they saw, what they liked and what they taught of it. Everything in this book – the writings, the notes and the photographs - are the work of their hands. Therefore, I hope you will enjoy reading and being caught up in this world of child's perception and imagination...

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The names of these extraordinary young minds are as follows: Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø

Barić Paula Bošković Ivan Galić Lana Glibo Jere Krstulović Andrea Lelas Stipe Lulić Nina Miljević Ana Paula Reljanović Šitić Doria Žeravica Hana Lucija Mišić

Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand. Chinese proverb

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CONTENT Introduction 1. ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH ........................................................ 7 2. THE STUDY ROOM OF KAMILO TONČIĆ .............................. 8 3. THE RECONSTRUCTION OF 'TURANJ' ................................ 9 4. CHAIRS COLLECTION ............................................................. 10-11 5. GUNS COLLECTION ................................................................. 12-13 6. LACE FROM PAG AND HVAR ................................................ 14 7. TRADITIONAL COSTUMES FROM COASTAL REGION ...... 15-16 8. TRADITIONAL COUSTUMS FROM HINTERLAND .............. 17-18 9. JEWELRY COLLECTION .......................................................... 19-20 10. ROOM FROM THE END OF THE 19TH AND BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY ....................................................................... 21-22 Dictionary – 'Learning the language of our grandparents'

Until we meet again...

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1. JERKO GLIBO (13 years old) Hi, I am Jerko Glibo. I am 13 years old. I live in Split. Last week we were at the Ethnographic museum. I saw the church of St.Andrew there. The church was built in the honour of St.Andrew the student, whose body was in Konstantionpolis, and the church was created at the time of Severa The Great by adapting the sleeping room that was placed in the west part of king`s palace. People now marry there.

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2. LANA GALIĆ (13 years old) Hi, I am Lana. I am 13 years old. There were a lot of old things I was in Ethnographic Museum, that he used. Kamil Tončić was with my language school an architect. His buildings Montanense. The lecture was contributed to the development very interesting. The lady talked of Split. His buildings had the about: the reconstruction of the motives of the modern world. tower, old costumes, jewellery, He was also working in weapons, etc. I was very Technical school in Split. Kamilo interested in the study room of Tončić was interested in Kamil Tončić. collecting old things. After a long period of collecting, he established a museum. Now, antiquities are exposed there. Today there is a street carrying his name in his honour. I think that Kamilo Tončić was of great importance to our history.

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3. IVAN BOŠKOVIĆ (13 years old) Hi, I’m Ivan Bošković and I am going to tell you about ‘turanj’. ‘Turanj’ is a device used for making wine. ‘Turanj’ is composed of wooden presses and presses for the production of wine. It is used for making wine, and is run by humans, horses, cows and donkeys. ‘Turanj’ that we saw is from Vis, and was used by the Romans in antiquity era. This is something that takes place in September. Grapes were carried on donkeys or in baskets. What we saw is actually a replica, but the exact location is set in front of the original ‘turanj’. This ‘turanj’ was found in the monastery of St. Clara. INTERESTING: People who have ‘turanj’ wade trough the grapes and made wine and some still do not have it and still press grapes.

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4. ANDREA KRSTULOVIĆ (12 years old)

Hi everyone... How are you? I'm Andrea and I am excellent! I was at Ethnographic museum in Split. I saw old chairs. They are very nice. This part of exhibition is called 'Katrige moga dida'. We can translate it as 'The chairs of my grandpa'. At that part I saw many chairs. They were small, big, with the back, without the back etc. They are very strange, much different from the chairs I have at home! In the old times people used little tables, which are called 'sinije'. When they didn't use them, they put it near the wall or hanged them. There were chairs with three or four legs, without back, around the table. On the chair with the back sat a host, head of the house or a guest. Men ate first, and after that women and children. It was nice to see chairs and tables where people sat many years ago. I was surprised to learn that chairs were so different from chairs today.

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5. STIPE LELAS (12 years old)

Hello there! I'm Stipe. I was at the Ethnographic museum with my school. I was in charge of my favourite theme - guns. Guns were carried in ‘pripašnjača’ – a leather belt in which people used to carry guns. As it is said ‘Pripašnjača’ was made of leather and it had more pockets so people could carry several guns, knives and swords the same time. It was also used for protection. Guns, swords, knives etc. were decorated with small decorations from those in the form of spiral to those in the form of a dot. But swords were decorated with symbols of a Muslim saint book Kur'an.

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Guns had long tubes and bad aiming system. These guns didn't have ‘sanžer’ and because of that people had to put every bullet in the tube by hand. ‘Kubura’ was the most common gun. It was worn as a decoration or in wars. It was made and decorated with gold, copper or metal and so were the knives and swords. Guns were brought to Dalmatia from Turkey where they were first used.

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6. ANA MILJEVIĆ (12 years old) Hello! I am Ann.I am 12 years old. I visited Ethnographic Museum with my friends from the language school. I saw lace from the islands of Hvar and Pag. I liked it a lot. In the Museum I liked lace the best. I saw two types of lace: one was from the island of Hvar and the other was from the island of Pag. The lace from the island of Pag is very unusual because it was done by a needle. It was an integral part of the clothes of every woman. Women wore lace on their shirts and on scarves which they put on their heads. They decorated scarves with golden or silver decorative pins. On the island of Pag there were some schools that taught people how to make lace. I also saw lace from the island of Hvar. This lace was made only by Benedictine nuns. Lace from Hvar was made from the agave plant. Every sample is unique because they made it without a template. Today, people don't use lace as an item of clothing, as they did before. I liked the lace but still I don't think I would decorate my clothes with it!

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7. HANA ŽERAVICA (13 years old) Hi,my name is Hana. I was in Ethnographic museum. I had a great time there. I’m going to tell you something about traditional costumes of the coastal region because it was my favourite part of the museum. Clothes of the Adriatic islands and the coast. Clothes isn't the same as in Dalmatian's countryside. Clothes were made of straight cut garments. I saw a lot of beautiful clothes from Hvar, Kaštela, Šibenik, Konavle and Split. Clothes from Split was my favourite because of its colours. Only elder women were wearing dark colours. There were also costumes for special occasions. Ordinary women took prayer books and fans with them. People in Split wore very characteristic shoes "gete". Clothes from Hvar was made of lace. This lace is protected non-material cultural wealth of the Republic of Croatia. Clothes from Kaštela had "bitva" which was a symbol of married women and housewives. In my opinion this clothes was very interesting and it was beautiful, but I prefer clothes we wear today. I think it is a matter of habit and people in the past saw their clothes as we see ours today. ;*

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8. DORIA ŠITIĆ (13 years old) Hi I'm Doria. I'm 13 years old and I want to tell you something about clothes worn in the hinterland. Residents of the hinterland wore warm clothing as it is dominated by cooler air. Most garments were made of wool because sheep prevailed there. To create objects made of wool they had to use a comb and then wash the wool in streams. At that time men and women wore many layers of clothing. White shirts were common for both men and women. They had special clothes for summer and winter. Women had clothing that was decorated with lots of belts and aprons. Young girls had slightly different clothes than older women. An interesting fact is that people who lived in rural areas (farmers) did not speak the literary language, but they had some words for a particular subject. They refered to a national costume by saying: clothes, goods, or dresses.

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Of the many costumes that were worn at the time the ones I liked the most were: 1) MEN'S COSTUME GALA 2) ‘ALKAR’ (costumes) MEN'S COSTUME GALA: It consists of 6 parts. Such costumes can be seen today. This was worn by the guards of the Christ’s tomb on Holly Friday. Everything on the costume is handmade and there are many layers of clothing. This costume is interesting and is also one of my favourite costumes of the time. ‘ALKAR’ (costumes): The famous game in Sinj that takes place once a year is ‘Alka’. A special costume was made for this game. Men who play ‘Alka’ are called tilters. They carry a high cap called a helmet and wear boots on their feet. People in those times had small fashion accessories like bags of wool socks ("bičve") that were worn on the feet in their shoes (leather shoes). As we can see people were dressed differently than we dress today, and this is proof that fashion has progressed and who knows what will be fashionable in the distant future.

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9. NINA LULIĆ (12 years old) Hy I am Nina and I'm 11. I was in Etnographic museum with my friends. We saw a lot of interasting things. I really liked the collection of jewelery and here I will show you some of the things I saw.

'TREMEANAT' "tremanat" is a decorative pin that was worn by women from KaĹĄtela and Split. They put it directly into their hair. It was usually decorated with a bird or or a flower.

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"ĐERDAN" In Vrlika young and unmarried women wore 'đerdan'( a decorative necklace). It is an extremely valuable ornament made of coins sewed to the fabric. By wearing "đerdan" these women showed the wealth of the family. By showing her wealth, girls had better chances of marrying into a good family.

In those days jewelry served as a decoratin and for showing your social status - wealth. It was worn in special occassions. In the Adriatic area gold, pearls, jewels and corals were used for this purpose. Museum collections are very rich and I really liked some pieces that women could wear even today!

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10. PAULA RELJANOVIĆ i PAULA BARIĆ (13 years old) Hi! We are two Paulas. We visited Ethnographic Museum as well and we are going to tell you about a typical room in Dalmatian house. This is how a room looked like at the end of 19 century and at the beginning of 20 century. We saw a lot of interesting things. Each room had a double bed which was covered with ‘kuverta’, bed side tables, beautiful mirrors, marble tables and porcelain decorations. On the walls there were family pictures. Usually those were rich families. We liked wooden boxes, because they have an interesting story. In that boxes brides put their own things called ''dota'' when they married (clothes, jewelry, sheets..). This is a room characteristical for the Adriatic area. We had a great time, and we learned a lot of new things about past of our city. Our homes today differ a lot from what we have seen but we definitely both liked it very much. Our grandmas still have some of the things we have seen in this museum.

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Dictionary - "Learning the language of our grandparents" These are some of the words we came across in this project but did not understand straight away. We took the time to learn what they mean because it is very important to understand the language of the generations that lived before us. Same as the things we have seen in the museum, this is also our treasure. Because of this, we give you a list of those words with the explanation in English, so you have an opportunity to test both your English and Croatian. Enjoy the reading!

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Balote - wooden balls for the game that is played outdoors Balatura - name for a teracce Bičve - knitted socks Britva - knife which women wore attached to their belt; a symbol of a married women Botuni - Dalmatian name for buttons Bukara - wooden glass for drinking Diple - traditional wind instrument Dota -property which women got when they married Đerdan - decoration made of coins sewed to the clothes; looks like an armor Gusle - wooden instrument characteristical for Dalmatian's countryside and Lika Jatagan - a kind of knife with a handle made of ivory and cattle bones,wood,silver or brass Kamara - old name for a room Kamenica - stone plate with wooden or stone top where oil was held Kantunal - old name for night table Katriga - a chair with a back, intended for the head of a family or a guest Klapa - vocal group with 5 to 8 singers tipical for coastal area Klompe - wooden shoes which were used in the process of making vine Komin - open fireplace in traditional Dalmatian houses Kosir - help tool that was used for cutting grapes, corns etc. Kubura - type of a gun which was worn in „pripašnjača“; it was often decorated. Kulaze - cart which was used for transportation of cargo Leut - traditional wooden boat Lopar - shovel that was used for putting bread into the oven Mandolina - traditional Dalmatian stringed instrument

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Muškadur - box in which bread,cheese and similar things were held Opanci - shoes that were worn by men women and children; made of leather Pripašnjača - decorative leather belt consisting of several parts;this is where guns and knives were placed Puntapet - old name for brooch Ralo - wooden device for plowing Sinija - short wooden round table Srp - tool that is used for harvest Škrilje - stones; name for the older type of house cover Škrinja - wooden box where the bride would put her 'dota' Škure - wooden windows Špioda - a name for a decorative needle Šumpreš - iron for ironing Teča - old name for a cooking bowl Traversa - silk apron Tremanat - decorative hair pin worn by women in Kastela and Split Turanj - machine for making wine Vrša – a basket that was used for catching small fish

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Walk trough the Etnographic Museum - Montanense!  

Djeca u muzeju - vodic kroz zbirku Etnografskog muzeja na engleskom jeziku - Montanense Ûkola stranih jezika, sudski tumaci i prevoditelji

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