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By: Monique Brooks 2nd Block


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 1

Common Name: Barred Angelfish Scientific Name: Centropyge multifasciata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae Geography / Habitat: It is native to the Indo-Pacific, more specifically an area from the CocosKeeling Atoll to the Society Islands, ranging north to the Yaeyama Islands and south to the Great Barrier Reef. It inhabits caves and crevices in outer reef slopes and can be found in depths between 20m and 70m. Life Strategy: Barred angelfish are broadcast spawners, releasing their gametes into the water column after an intense and lengthy mating ritual. They show no parental care. The larvae hatch after 16-18 hours from the small eggs (0.7mm in diameter). They have a pelagic phase of up to 50 day after which they become benthic and metamorphose into juveniles. Food / Feed Strategy: frozen or prepared foods (pelleted fish food or flakes, Artemia, Mysis, mussels and fresh oysters).

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:

"Marine Angelfish." Animal World. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://animalworld.com/encyclo/marine/angels/angels.php>.


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 2

Common Name: Albacore Scientific Name: Thunnus alalunga Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography / Habitat: Albacore are found in tropical through temperate waters. They’re rarely found close to shore and prefer deep open water. Albacore are found throughout the tropical and temperate oceans of the world and make occasional forays into colder areas like New England and the South Atlantic off the coast of Brazil. In the Pacific, they can occasionally be found as far north as Alaska. They are known for a yearly migration between Asia and North America Life Strategy: They get caught and get turned into tuna. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat flakes. You keep feeding them until you see them stop eating

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:

"Albacore." Information & Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishhound.com/fishspecies/albacore>. "Albacore." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Mar. 2012. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albacore>.


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 3

Common Name: Achilles Tang fish Scientific Name: Acanthurus achilles Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthurus Geography / Habitat: It is found in various reefs of Oceania, up to the islands of Hawaii and Pitcairn. The fish is also, although less commonly, found in the Mariana Islands and even some reefs in southern Mexico and Guatemala. Western and Central Pacific Ocean Life Strategy: Achilles Tang has a poor survival rate when kept in captivity. They are not for the inexperienced aquarist. They are peaceful aquarium inhabitants and will rarely bother their tank mates. Food / Feed Strategy: The Achilles Tang is herbivorous, eating mostly benthic algae. They will also accept frozen and meaty foods such as brine shrimp and Mysis shrimp in captivity.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>. "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 4

Common Name: Anthias Fish Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in all tropical oceans and seas of the world. The anthias is a subfamily in the grouper family. Life Strategy: All anthias are born female; if a dominant male perishes, the largest female of the group will often change into a male to take its place. Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild, they eat zooplankton, and will not accept anything but in the aquarium. They also need to be fed nearly constantly, three times a day at least. The best way to ensure the health and longevity of an Anthias is to attach a refugium where you can grow copepods to "drip" into the display tank.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>. "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>. Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 5


Common Name: Clown Fish Scientific Name: anemonefish Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae Geography / Habitat: Clownfish are native to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, including the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. While most species have restricted distributions, others are widespread. Clownfish live at the bottom of shallow seas in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons. There are no clownfish in the Atlantic. Life Strategy: In a group of clownfish, there is a strict dominance hierarchy. The largest and most aggressive female is found at the top. Only two clownfish, a male and a female, in a group reproduce through external fertilization. Clownfish are sequential hermaphrodites, meaning that they develop into males first, and when they mature, they become females. If the female clownfish is removed from the group, such as by death, one of the largest and most dominant males will become a female. Food / Feed Strategy: Clownfish feed on small invertebrates which otherwise potentially could harm the sea anemone, and the fecal matter from the clownfish provides nutrients to the sea anemone. Clownfish are omnivorous: in the wild they eat live food such as algae, plankton, mollusks, and crustacean; in captivity they can survive on live food, fish flakes, and fish pellets.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>. Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes Species #: 6


Common Name: Lionfish Scientific Name: Pterois Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniforms

Family: Scorpaenidae Geography / Habitat: Lionfish are native to the tropical Indo-Pacific region of the world, but have been spotted in the warmer coral regions of the eastern Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Life Strategy: Blends in with its surrounding to attack its prey.

Food / Feed Strategy: its about any thing.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Achilles Tang Fish." Achilles Tang Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/achilles-tang-2.aspx>. "Lionfish." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2012. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionfish>. Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 7


Common Name: Box Fish Scientific Name: Ostraciidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Ostraciidae Geography / Habitat: Ostraciidae occur in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans, generally at middle latitudes, although the common or buffalo trunkfish (Lactophrys trigonus) which lives mainly in Florida waters may be found as far north as Cape Cod. Life Strategy: when threatened or dying, the can release a toxin that can kill other fish, as well as themselves

Food / Feed Strategy: It can sometimes be difficult to get a Box Fish to eat. We have found it will eat shrimps and crabs, as Crustaceans are one of their main food sources. It can also be a coral picker, so it is not a fish suitable for reef tanks.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/boxfish.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_fish


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 8

Common Name: Frog Fish Scientific Name: Antennarius striatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lophiiformes

Family: Antennariidae Geography / Habitat: Frogfish live in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Atlantic and Pacific, as well as in the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Their habitat lies for the most part between the 20-degree isotherms, in areas where the surface level water usually has a temperature of 20 C (68 F) or more. Life Strategy: They have two "gaits" that they can use. In the first they alternately move their pectoral fins forward, propelling themselves somewhat like a two-legged tetrapod, leaving the pelvic fins out. Alternately, they can move in something like a slow gallop. Food / Feed Strategy: Frogfish eat crustaceans, other fish, and even each other. When potential prey is first spotted, the frogfish follows it with its eyes. Then, when it approaches within roughly seven body-lengths, the frogfish begins to move its illicium in such a way that the esca mimics the motions of the animal it resembles.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frog_fish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/frogfish.aspx


Title: Saltwater/Marine

Species #: 9

Common Name: Tang Scientific Name: Acanthuridae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuroidae Geography / Habitat: marine fish living in tropical seas, usually around coral reefs. Life Strategy: The distinctive characteristic of the family is the scalpellike spines, one or more on either side of the tail, which are dangerously sharp. The dorsal, anal and caudal fins are large, extending for most of the length of the body. The small mouths have a single row of teeth used for grazing on algae. Food / Feed Strategy: observed in an aquarium setting to eat meat-based fish foods

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tang_(fish) http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/tang.aspx


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 10

Common Name: Trigger fish Scientific Name: Rhinecanthus aculeatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae Geography / Habitat: they inhabit tropical and subtropical oceans throughout the world, with the greatest species richness in the Indo-Pacific. Most are found in relatively shallow, coastal habitats, especially at coral reefs Life Strategy: As a protection against predators, triggerfish can erect the first two dorsal spines: The first, (anterior) spine is locked in place by erection of the short second spine, and can be unlocked only by depressing the second, “trigger” spine Food / Feed Strategy: Triggerfish are notorious bait stealers; rather than swallowing a bait whole, they nibble off small bites of it, making a small, stout hook essential to success in hooking them. Accordingly, the best baits are tough strips of fish skin, squid mantle etc.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triggerfish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/triggerfish.aspx


Title:

Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 11

Common Name: Rabbit Fish Scientific Name: S. puellus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Siganidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in shallow lagoons in the Indo-Pacific and eastern Mediterranean. Life Strategy: Another unusual feature among rabbitfishes is their pelvic fins, which are formed from two spines, with 3 soft rays between them. The dorsal fin bears 13 spines with 10 rays behind, while the anal fin has 7 spines and 9 rays behind; the fin spines are equipped with welldeveloped venom glands.[3] All rabbitfish are diurnal, some live in school, while others live more solitary lives among the corals. Food / Feed Strategy: They are herbivorous, feeding on benthic algae in the wild. They are pelagic spawners. Many are fished for food, and the more colorful species—especially the foxfish – are often kept in aquaria. In aquaria, they eat a variety of fresh vegetables and algae.

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Body Form or Style: Carangiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabbit-fish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/rabbitfish.aspx


Title:

Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 12

Common Name: Royal Gramma Fish Scientific Name: Gramma loreto Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Grammatidae Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic and Caribbean Life Strategy: Although pairs are difficult to find because the difference between male and female is not visible, they are very easy to breed. With males usually being larger than females, the male will build the nest among rocks using pieces of algae. [ Food / Feed Strategy: The royal gramma is a planktivore, eating mostly zooplankton and crustaceans. It will also accept frozen and meaty foods, such as brine shrimp and mysid shrimp in the wild. The royal gramma is very easy to feed; but rotating their foods is said to keep them from becoming picky.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_gramma http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_gramma


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 13

Common Name: Puffer Fish Scientific Name: Arothron hispidus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Tetradontidae Geography / Habitat: They are most diverse in the tropics and relatively uncommon in the temperate zone and completely absent from cold waters Life Strategy: The puffer's unique and distinctive natural defenses help compensate for its slow locomotion. It moves by combining pectoral, dorsal, anal, and caudal fins. This makes it highly maneuverable, but very slow, and therefore a comparatively easy predation target. Food / Feed Strategy: Predators which do not heed this warning (or who are "lucky" enough to catch the puffer suddenly, before or during inflation) may die from choking, and predators that do manage to swallow the puffer may find their stomachs full of tetrodotoxin, making puffers an unpleasant, possibly lethal, choice of prey. This neurotoxin is found primarily in the ovaries and liver, although smaller amounts exist in the intestines and skin, as well as trace amounts in muscle. It does not always have a lethal effect on large predators, such as sharks, but it can kill humans

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pufferfish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/pufferfish.aspx


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 14

Common Name: Damselfish Scientific Name: Stegastes variabilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae Geography / Habitat: Soccorro, Islas Revillagigedo. Some species of damselfish adapt well to the average aquarium. Many species live in tropical coral reefs Life Strategy: much of a damselfish life is focused on not being someone else’s dinner. Being small, they are preyed upon by anything with a mouth big enough to swallow them. This makes them rather aggressive little fish – not only will they chase off any potential predator, they’ll chase off anyone that they don’t much like the look of. Including divers. Food / Feed Strategy: tiny planktons and plants being the food of choice. It’s common to see them pecking madly at an algae covered rock.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/damselfish.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damselfish http://www.seafocus.com/species_damselfish.html


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 15

Common Name: Fire fish Scientific Name: Nemateleotris magnifica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ptereleotridae Geography / Habitat: Indian and Pacific Oceans Life Strategy: Single fish make perfect inhabitants for the very popular nano reef tanks which are usually between 2 and 5 gallons in capacity. When kept in these small tanks with some live rock and soft corals, firefish make a very effective display. Food / Feed Strategy: waiting for plankton to drift by for it to capture. In aquarium’s Feed this fish finely chopped meat foods such as shrimp, Mysis shrimp or frozen prepared carnivore diets.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/firefish-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nemateleotris


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 16

Common Name: Goby Scientific Name: Rhinogobiops nicholsii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae Geography / Habitat: The typical habitat for a goby is shallow marine environments, such as coral reefs and seagrass meadows. They are also common in regions where rivers empty into the sea and in mangrove swamps. A few goby species are found in freshwater, such as the Australian desert goby (Chlamydogobius eremius),the Asian river goby(Rhinogobius spp.) and the European freshwater goby (Padogobius bonelli). Life Strategy: Gobies form the family Gobiidae, which is one of the largest families of fish, with more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera. Gobies are small fish, reaching an average of 3 to 4 inches in length. The most distinctive aspect of the goby is the fused pelvic fins that form a disc-shaped sucker that they use to perch on rocks. Food / Feed Strategy: Goby fish actually get some food, since faster species might gulp down everything before the Bumblebee goby get a chance to eat anything. Bumblebee Goby fish are usually very peaceful and will do well in a community aquarium, as long as they are kept with non-aggressive species.

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/goby.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goby_fish http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/gobyfish/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 17

Common Name: Green Chromis fish Scientific Name: Chromis viridis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae Geography / Habitat: The species is found in the Indo-Pacific. They live in large aggregations above Acropora corals in sheltered areas such as lagoons and reef flats and feed on phytoplankton. Juveniles live closely tied to individual coral heads. Life Strategy: The Green Chromis should not be housed with larger predatory fish, as they may become food themselves. Groupers, lionfish, and eels all present an element of danger for this peaceful species. Food / Feed Strategy: Chromis of all kinds do very well in the home aquarium. A chromis will usually eat any prepared foods, including flake. It should, however, be presented with a wide variety of food including some meaty foods. It is important that it is fed as often as possible because it is a constant feeder on the reef. If deprived of food many times a day, it can fail to thrive.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/green-chromis-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromis_viridis


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 18

Common Name: Marine Comet fish Scientific Name: Calloplesiops altivelis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Plesiopidae Geography / Habitat: Indian and Pacific Oceans Life Strategy: Provide the fish with plenty of hiding places, as the more places it has to hide the more secure it will feel and the more time it will spend in the open. Food / Feed Strategy: Start off by dangling pieces of fish or shrimp on a clear rod in front of the fish. Failing this, you may need to start it off by feeding live fish or live brine shrimp. Be sure that the marine comet gets enough food or it can easily just waste away.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/marine-comet-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calloplesiops_altivelis Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 19


Common Name: Grouper Scientific Name: Epinephelus malabaricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae Geography / Habitat: they live all over the world, depends on what type you are trying to get. Life Strategy: Groupers are teleosts, typically having a stout body and a large mouth. They are not built for long-distance, fast swimming. They can be quite large, and lengths over a meter and weights up to 100 kg are not uncommon, though obviously in such a large group, species vary considerably. They swallow prey rather than biting pieces off it. They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx. Food / Feed Strategy: They habitually eat fish, octopuses, and crustaceans. Some species prefer to ambush their prey, while other species are active predators.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grouper http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/grouper.aspx Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 20


Common Name: Picasso Triggerfish Scientific Name: Rhinecanthus aculeatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae Geography / Habitat: Lagoon sand flats to reef slopes around South Africa to Hawaii Life Strategy: The Picasso triggerfish is unlikely to spawn in the home aquarium. The nesttending male Picasso triggerfish becomes very aggressive in the wild and will even attack snorkelers. Food / Feed Strategy: Try and give the young R. aculeatus food at least three, and preferably five, times a day. Meals should consist of a variety of chopped seafood, frozen preparations for herbivores, frozen mysid shrimp and frozen krill. Adult Picasso triggerfish can live on fewer feedings per day. Just make sure you watch the back muscles and the belly. If either look pinched in, feed more.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picasso_triggerfish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/picasso-triggerfish-2.aspx

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 21


Common Name: Blue Devil Scientific Name: Chrysiptera cyanea Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Plesiopidae Geography / Habitat: Pacific Ocean Life Strategy: A blue devil is often used to begin cycling a new aquarium, but this is not a great idea because it can claim the entire tank as its territory, and get very aggressive toward any other fish as they are introduced into the tank. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeding a blue devil is not a problem because it will eat pretty much anything. In addition, it will graze on algae and other foods that arise naturally in a tank.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraplesiops_bleekeri http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/blue-devil-2.aspx


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 22

Common Name: Striped Burrfish Scientific Name: Chilomycterus schoepfi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Diodontidae Geography / Habitat: Gulf of Mexico south to Brazil and as far north as MaineIt spawns off New Jersey in July. Juveniles are also found in the Chesapeake Bay in the summertime. Life Strategy: It is distinguished from the porcupinefish by the shorter, less sharply pointed, and immovable spines which cover the somewhat spherical body. It can inflate its body by taking either air or water into a ventral extension of the stomach. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds on invertebrates such as oysters, barnacles, mussels, small crabs, and hermit crabs

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/striped-burrfish2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/w

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 23


Common Name: Soldier Fish Scientific Name: Pseudolabrus miles Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae Geography / Habitat: found around New Zealand in reef areas at depths of between 5 and 100 meters. Life Strategy: Squirrelfish and soldierfish should ideally be kept in an aquarium that resembles their native environment, i.e. an aquarium where they can seek shelter in caves and under ledges during the day and have plenty of space for swimming and searching for food during the night. Food / Feed Strategy: live chiefly on zooplankton. In the aquarium, it is best to provide the fishes with live or at least fresh meaty foods.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soldier_(fish) http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/Squirellfish/ http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/saltwater-profiles/soldierfish.aspx

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 24


Common Name: Eel Scientific Name: Myrichthys colubrinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Ophichthidae Geography / Habitat: Indo- Pacific Life Strategy: swims around to get its prey and it also attacks it from behind the prey. Food / Feed Strategy: live fish, Shrimp, squid and chopped fish

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myrichthys_colubrinus

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes

Species #: 25


Common Name: Zebra Goby Scientific Name: Ptereleotris zebra Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ptereleotridae Geography / Habitat: is a Dartfish from the Pacific. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade Life Strategy: Zebra Gobies behave similarly to the Catalina Goby and will even spawn in captivity if given the right environment. Will be peaceful to other tankmates and other Zebra Gobies. Can be kept in groups.

Food / Feed Strategy: live, enriched Brine Shrimp may need to be fed upon initial introduction. Feed a varied diet consisting of finely chopped meaty foods. These foods include krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel. It is also a good idea to occasionally supplement with some type of herbivore diet.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptereleotris_zebra


Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 26

Common Name: African Jewelfish Scientific Name:

Hemichromis bimaculatus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat:

Nile, Niger and Congo river basins in Africa

Life Strategy: In fact, when it matures, and most especially when it is breeding, there is virtually no other fish that can be in the tank with it. But its beauty and behavior make it worthwhile to consider keeping a tank just for it.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeding is easy: it will accept most flake or frozen foods. It does best on meaty foods, so try to offer it some pieces of shrimp or fish. Its tank should have a good power filter on it because it eats a lot, is quite messy and needs good water conditions.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_jewelfish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/african-jewelfish-2.aspx Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 27


Common Name: Angelfish Scientific Name:

Pterophyllum scalare

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidade Geography / Habitat: Amazon Basin northward into the coastal rivers of the Guianas Life Strategy: The angelfish is relatively easy to breed in the home aquarium. Because there are no recognizable differences between the sexes, it is best to purchase a group of three to six individuals and let them pair up. Food / Feed Strategy: The angelfish is not particularly difficult to feed. It will accept a wide variety of commercial flake and freeze-dried foods. Supplement its diet with small live foods like bloodworms, brine shrimp and Daphnia. Although meaty foods make up the bulk of its diet, it should also be provided with some vegetable material — parboiled romaine lettuce, zucchini and peas or foods that contain Spirulina.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressifrom Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Teminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/angelfish-2.aspx http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/angelfish

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 28


Common Name: Bala Shark Fish Scientific Name:

Balantiocheilus melanopterus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo Life Strategy: The bala shark is very peaceful. Even though this fish grows large, it will not bother other fish— except those small enough to fit in its mouth. Ideally, you should keep groups of six or more, but no less than three.

Food / Feed Strategy: You’ll have no problem feeding this fish. The bala shark accepts all foods, including flakes. The fish is primarily carnivorous, but may bother soft plants. Live, frozen, and freeze-dried foods are favorites. A proper diet will intensify the colors in the fins, as will keeping this fish against a dark background

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/bala-shark-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bala_shark

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 29


Common Name: Barb Scientific Name: Puntius tetrazona Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoptergyii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: Tiger barbs have been reported to be found in clear or turbid shallow waters of moderately flowing streams Life Strategy: They do best in schools and keeping a few will decrease the chances that they will pick on other fish.

Food / Feed Strategy: These barbs are omnivorous, and will consume processed foods such as flakes and crisps, as well as live foods.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_barb http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/barb.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 30


Common Name: Betta Scientific Name:

Betta splendens

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Osphronemidae Geography / Habitat: Thailand

Life Strategy: The male betta, however, should either be housed in a 1-gallon or more container as a single specimen or as the only male of its species in a peaceful community tank setting. Food / Feed Strategy: The betta will accept a wide variety of foods, including small live foods, such as bloodworms, black worms, chopped earthworms, Tubifex worms, glass worms and brine shrimp. It will also accept flake and freeze-dried foods, including the specialized betta diets now available at pet stores.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betta_fish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/betta-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 31


Common Name: Black Molly Scientific Name: Poecilia sphenops Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family:

Poecilia

Geography / Habitat: Contrary to popular belief, this species of fish is actually a freshwater species, spending little time in brackish water before swimming back to their freshwater biotope. Life Strategy: The black molly is fairly easy to keep in a community tank that doesn't include more aggressive fish. An ideal environment would include several females to a single male, as a lone female will often get harassed by a single male.

Food / Feed Strategy: livebearer, the black molly will eat its fry, so it is important that floating plants are in the tank so the fry can hide in the event you are not present at birth. As soon as you see fry swimming about, place them in a breeder net or move them into their own aquarium.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_molly http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/black-molly-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 32


Common Name: Black Tetra Scientific Name:

Gymnocorymbus ternetzi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat:

Rio Negro basin

Life Strategy: Along with the zebra danio and the white cloud mountain fish, the black tetra is probably one of the easiest egg-laying fish to get to breed. It is not at all particular about water conditions, and basically a male and an egg-filled female in a tank with plants will lead to eggs and babies. Food / Feed Strategy: It will eat absolutely anything in the way of the standard aquarium fare, and can even be conditioned for breeding on dry food. One could not ask for a more pleasing fish to keep

• • •

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position:Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_tetra http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/black-tetra-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 33


Common Name: Blackline Penguinfish Scientific Name:

Thayeria boehlkei

Kingdom: Animaila

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoptergyii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat: From the Amazon Basin in South America Life Strategy: Breeding: Females have a much rounder belly, especially when filled with roe. The breeding aquarium should be dimly lit and include a slowly bubbling sponge filter, as well as clumps of fine-leaved plants or spawning mops.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed your blackline penguinfish flake foods and small live foods, including worms, crustaceans and insects.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thayeria_boehlkei http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/blackline-penguinfish-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #:34


Common Name: Bleeding Heart Tetra Scientific Name:

Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat: Upper Amazon Basin, Peru Life Strategy: The bleeding heart tetra prefers a somewhat dark environment. It is best housed in a tank that contains several bunches of large plants (either live or plastic) in the back and on the sides of the tank, with smaller plants in the front, leaving plenty of open space for swimming. A layer of floating plants to diffuse the light is also suggested. Pay strict attention to water quality

Food / Feed Strategy: Most tetras are carnivores that are specialized for eating small aquatic insects and the larvae of terrestrial insects. In the aquarium the tetra will do quite well on commercial flake, frozen or freeze-dried foods.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/bleeding-heart-tetra2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleeding_heart_tetra

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 35


Common Name: Blind Cave Tetra Scientific Name:

Astyanax fasciatus mexicanus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat:

Mexico, Texas

Life Strategy: As with most tetras, the blind cave tetra is an extremely prolific breeder, and, although the adult female appears to have a fuller body, the best way to ensure a breeding pair is to purchase a group of six or more and let them pair up. Food / Feed Strategy: Most tetras are carnivores that are specialized for eating small aquatic insects and the larvae of terrestrial insects. In the aquarium the blind cave tetra will do quite well on commercial flake, frozen or freeze-dried foods. Be sure to vary its diet between dry foods and small live foods, such as bloodworms, glass worms, brine shrimp and Tubifex worms.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blind_cave_tetra http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/blind-cave-tetra-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 36


Common Name: Blue Gourami Scientific Name:

Trichogaster trichopterus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoptergyii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Belontiidae

Geography / Habitat:

Southeast Asia

Life Strategy: The blue gourami is a robust fish that should be kept with other hardy, but mildly aggressive, community tank fishes. When kept with active, aggressive fishes it will often retreat to a corner and hide. House only one male per aquarium, as this species has a tendency to fight with one another

Food / Feed Strategy: The blue gourami accepts a wide range of foods, including small live foods, such as bloodworms, Tubifex worms, earthworms, glass worms and brine shrimp, as well as flake and freeze-dried foods. Supplement with vegetable matter in the form of Spirulina-based foods or parboiled vegetables, such as romaine lettuce, zucchini or peas.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Gourami http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/blue-gourami-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 37


Common Name: Boesemans Rainbowfish Scientific Name:

Melanotaenia boesemani

Kingdom: Anamila

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Atheriniforms

Family:

Melanotaeniidae

Geography / Habitat: From the Vogelkop Peninsula (aka Bird’s Head Peninsula) from the Ajamaru Lakes region of Papua New Guinea

Life Strategy: Breeding: It is tricky to determine the sex of Boeseman rainbowfish, but males are brighter and have longer dorsal fins than females. Set up a 15-gallon breeding aquarium with a slowly bubbling sponge filter, as well as mossy plants or spawning mops to serve as spawning sites (including Java moss). Females lay 100 to 200 eggs, and the eggs hatch about a week later. Food / Feed Strategy: Feed your omnivorous Boeseman’s rainbowfish a commercial flake food and small live foods, including bloodworms, Tubifex worms, glassworms and Daphnia, as occasional treats.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeseman%27s_rainbowfish http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/boesemans-rainbowfish-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 38


Common Name: Brichardi Cichlid Fish Scientific Name:

Neolamprologus brichardi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: East Africa from the rocky shores of Lake Tanganyika

Life Strategy: Breeding: While Neolamprologus brichardi is one of the easiest cichlids to breed in captivity, many individuals are still wild-caught. To breed them in captivity, purchase a group of juvenile brichardi cichlids and let them pair up as they become sexually mature.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed your brichardi cichlids a carnivorous diet that consists of any type of commercial flake or pellet, as well as small live foods, such as Mysis shrimp, brine shrimp or krill. In the wild, they eat insect larvae, plankton and small crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolamprologus_brichardi http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/brichardi-cichlid-2.aspx Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 39


Common Name: Bronze Cory fish Scientific Name:

Corydoras aeneus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chorodata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family:

Callichthyidae

Geography / Habitat:

South America

Life Strategy: In the wild, most Corydoras swim in schools of several dozen or more, and similar conditions should be duplicated in the home aquarium. The Corydoras aeneus should be kept in a group of six or more with other community tank fish, such as small characins, livebearers and rasboras. Kept as a single specimen, it is shy and easily frightened, while keeping it in groups will give it a sense of security and allow the aquarist the opportunity to observe their comical behaviors. Food / Feed Strategy: The cory will accept a wide variety of live, frozen and freeze-dried meaty foods. Live foods, such as Tubifex worms, earthworms, bloodworms, glass worms and brine shrimp are especially preferred. Supplement its diet with vegetable-based flake and pelleted foods

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/bronze-cory-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_corydoras

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Buenos Aires Tetra fish

Species #: 40


Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon anisitsi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat: Argentina

Life Strategy: they will nip and chase slower moving fish with long tails and Fish with long rays such as Gouramis unless they are in groups of atleast 5. Food / Feed Strategy: It will eat any and all kinds of fish food with great gusto. It

• • •

will eat plants with a vengeance

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buenos_Aires_tetra http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/buenos-aires-tetra-2.aspx Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Cardinal Tetra fish Scientific Name:

Paracheirodon axelrodi

Species #: 41


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat:

Upper Rio Negro and Amazon basins

Life Strategy: the cardinal is best kept in groups of at least six or eight, and more if possible

Food / Feed Strategy: It will eat absolutely any food: flake, frozen, freeze-dried or live.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_tetra http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/cardinal-tetra-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Catfish Scientific Name: Catfish

Species #: 42


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat: There are many different types of Catfish and they live in salt water and fresh water all over the world. Life Strategy: catfish range in size and behavior from the heaviest and longest. While the vast majority of catfish are harmless to humans, a few species are known to present some risk. Food / Feed Strategy: Catfish eat different things depending on what kind of catfish. Humans eat catfish and its made many different ways all over the world.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position:Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catfish http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catfish Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Cherry Barb Scientific Name:

Puntius titteya

Species #: 43


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family:

Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: It is native to Sri Lanka, and introduced populations have become established in Mexico and Colombia. Life Strategy: cherry barbs is easy except that the parents tend to eat their eggs Food / Feed Strategy: The cherry barb will accept all foods with equal greed, and is never a problem to feed. Flakes are fine for its basic diet, but breeders should be conditioned on frozen or live foods. Dense thickets of plants make it feel secure and will bring out the best in terms of its colors and behavior.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/cherry-barb-2.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry_barb

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Cichlid Scientific Name: Cichlid

Species #: 44


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: South America and Africa Life Strategy: All species show some form of parental care for both eggs and larvae, often nurturing freeswimming young until they are weeks or months old Food / Feed Strategy: Many cichlids are primarily herbivores feeding on algae

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/cichlid.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cichlid Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Clown Barb Fish Scientific Name:

Puntius everetti, formerly Barbus everetti

Species #: 45


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: It originates in inland waters in Asia, and is found in Borneo and Sumatra. Life Strategy: This species is easy to spawn as long as both sexes have been well conditioned and the male is mature enough (males mature after a year and a half or more). Separate the sexes and feed heavily for four weeks prior to spawning. Males tend to be brighter in color than females, and somewhat slimmer. The parents will scatter their tiny eggs among the plants. Remove the parents to a separate aquarium after spawning because they are noted egg stealers, and it is easier to remove them than to pick out the many tiny eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Like most barbs, the clown barb is considered omnivorous and will eat just about anything that fits into its mouth. Feed it a varied diet that consists of vegetable-based flake, freeze-dried and frozen foods, supplemented with small live foods, such as bloodworms, glass worms, brine shrimp, Tubifex worms and Daphnia. If a small amount of vegetable matter is not provided (i.e., parboiled lettuce, zucchini), it may nibble on any live plants in the aquarium

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clown_barb http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/clown-barb-2.aspx Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Clown Loach Scientific Name:

Chromobotia macracanthus, formerly Botia macracanthus

Species #: 46


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family:

Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo Life Strategy:The clown loach has switchblade-like eye spines, but because it is not a territorial fish, these pose no threat to its tankmates. However, the clown loach may become entangled in nets, and may also cause injury to the aquarist's hand if he or she is not careful. This species can live for as long as 20 years in the home aquarium.

Food / Feed Strategy: Provide a soft substrate because the clown loach likes to nose through the substrate to find tidbits of food to munch on. It also likes to perch high up on a piece of driftwood.

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Body Form or Style: Compressifrom Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clown_Loach http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/clown-loach-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 47

Common Name: Convict Cichild Fish Scientific Name: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, formerly Archocentrus nigrofasciatum


Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinoptergyii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat:

Central America

Life Strategy: The convict cichlid is not a community tank fish under normal circumstances. When breeding this fish becomes an absolute terror, having no compunction about taking on fish twice its size or the hand of the aquarist if it comes too close. Males get long extensions to the dorsal and anal fins, and are generally larger. Females, when they are ready to breed, get a reddish glow to their stomachs

Food / Feed Strategy: The convict is not a fussy eater, and will consume anything offered, and also that which is not, such as the fins of other fish. The convict should be provided with a significant amount of vegetable matter in its diet, which it will also obtain by chewing up any plants in the tank.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convict_cichlid http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/convict-cichlid-2.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Cory Scientific Name: Corydoras semiaquilus

Species #: 48


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinoptergyii

Order: Siluriformes

Family:

Corydoradinae

Geography / Habitat:

South American catfish

Life Strategy: It is recommended that they be kept in small schools rather than individually.

Food / Feed Strategy: Their main food is bottom-dwelling insects and insect larvae and various worms, as well as some vegetable matter. Although no corys are piscivorous, they will eat flesh from dead fishes. Their feeding method is to search the bottom with their sensory barbels and suck up food items with their mouth, often burying their snout up to their eyes, one of the reasons a soft sand substrate is preferable.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corydoras http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/cory.aspx

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Danio Scientific Name: Danio rerio

Species #: 49


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinoptergyii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: They are native to the fresh water rivers and streams of Southeast Asia, but many species are brightly colored, and are available as aquarium fish worldwide Life Strategy: Danios are small schooling fish that bring a lot of activity to freshwater aquariums. The most popular type is the zebra danio, which is a very hardy pet species, and long-finned varieties have added to the danios’ popularity

Food / Feed Strategy: All of these fish are primarily surface feeders. They are omnivorous in the aquarium and will accept a wide variety of foods, though flake food is appropriate. Living in aquaria, live/frozen flaked foods are suitable, especially brine shrimp and sinking tablets. Danios are voracious eaters; timid feeders may starve in community tanks with danios. When conditioning danios for breeding, it is advisable to feed them plenty of fresh foods.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danio http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-species/freshwater-profiles/danio.asp

Title: Fresh Water Fishes Common Name: Diamond Tetra

Species #: 50


Scientific Name: Moenkhausia pittieri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: characiformes

Family:

Characidae

Geography / Habitat: Venezuela (Lake Valencia) Life Strategy: The diamond tetra is very easy to breed, and many aquarists find baby “survivors” showing up in their community tanks, especially if there are plenty of plants for the babies to hide in. The diamond tetra can also be set up for breeding separately, treat it just like any other tetra.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeding is not a problem because it will take any standard fare, be it flakes, frozen or freeze-dried. It relishes, of course, any live food offered to it.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


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