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Ottawa Greenbelt: Group D Monika Boštičková Michael Lee

Introduction: The Ottawa Greenbelt was proposed by French planner Jacques Gréber in 1950 as part of the master plan for Ottawa. It is 203.5 km2, being owned by the National Capital Commision, government departments and private interests. It was intended to be a rural landmark, limit sub-urban sprawl, accomodate federal and research instuitions, and preserve and provide natural areas. The Greenbelt`s external shape is not so significant, rather it is the pockets of urban space within the greenbelt, located near Kanata and Orleans, which we believe to be catalytic in the growth of the two sub-urban areas. The program of the greenbelt includes natural areas, forestry, instituitional, agricultural, recreational, commercial and residential. Its diversified program makes the Ottawa Greenbelt different from other greenbelts as it allows deliberate urban development to occur as part of its planning. However with all it`s multifunctionality, we question if this affects it`s intergrity as a greenbelt and whether or not this is causing positive effects. In this case study we will look at the multifunctional composition of the Ottawa greenbelt and the idea of how this is causal to accelerated sub-urban growth external to the greenbelt.

N

1:500 000


LINKAGE TO LAURENTIAN SHIELD

LINKAGE TO ALGONQUIN PARK

DEVELOPMENT NATURAL LANDS

LINKAGE TO ADIRONDACK PARK

AGRICULTURE


NATURAL LANDS FORESTS

INSTITUTIONAL AGRICULTURE RECREATIONAL COMMERCIAL RESIDENTAL


NATURAL AREAS

Core natural areas are connected by a long corridor. Besides hiking and admiring preserved nature, you can find golf courses, soccer fields or tennis centers in the Greenbelt.

AGRICULTURAL AREAS

A key idea of the greenbelt is to protect agricultural land in order to provide local produce. The most common crops are corn, soybeans and cereals.

N


DEVELOPED AREAS

The Ottawa Greenbelt has several areas of land that includes residential, commercial, recreational and instituitional developments to occur.

INFRASTRUCTURE

Infrastructure within the greenbelt causes disturbances in between rural and natural spaces.

N


42% NATURAL AREAS

26% AGRICULTURE

14% FOREST

9% INSTITUITIONAL

5% TRANP

RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL

INSTITUITIONAL RECREATIONAL

AGRICULTURE

NATURAL AREA FORESTS

KEY GREENBELT AREAS SHIRLEYS BAY

BIRDWATCHING

AIR FORCE EXPERIMENTATION CENTER DEFENCE DEVELOPEMENT CENTER COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH CENTER CANADIAN SPACE AGENCY

BIKING

STONY SWAMP

VEGGIE TRAIL FARMS

RECREATION

WETLAND GEOLOGY EXHIBITION HIKING TRAILS

ORGANIC VEGGIES HONEY PUMPKINS CHRISTMAS TREES

OTTAWA


PORATION

2 % RECREATIONAL

GOLF

AIRPORT

TRAVEL

1% COMMERCIAL

PLAY

1% INFRASTRUCTURE

MER BLEUE

SPHAGNUM BOG MER BLEUE TRAIL

0.4% RESIDENTIAL

STORES

BUY


ORLEANS

BIG circle = BIG population MORE rings = MORE density

INNER OTTAWA AREA

KANATA

DENSITY AND POPULATION

SOUTH NEPEAN

This diagram is to show the failure to stop suburban sprawl. Areas such as Kanata, South Nepean and Orleans are now growing rapidly since the establishment of the greenbelt. The separation of neighboring suburban areas creates many commuters that travel from thier respective areas to the downtown Ottawa area, causing high infrastructure costs and long commute times.


By 2020, two thirds of all population will be accommodated behind the Greenbelt.

1

There are three proposals of the future development: 1.

The City of Ottawa has proposed that a quarter of the Greenbelt should be developed. Development would take place along major roads within the Greenbelt.

2.

Development can occur within the Greenbelt as most of the land is still under or un-developed.

3.

Expansion of the outer cities can continue.

2

3


Black Rapids Lock Station

Leased Agricultural Lands

Canadian Food Inspection Agency: Research Farm

Queensway Carleton Hospital

Excluded developed area

Natural Resources Canada: CanmetENERGY


Natural Resources Canada: CanmetENERGY

Pine Grove Forest

Leased Agricultural Lands

National Defence: Leitrim Base

Pine Grove Forest

Canadian Food Inspection Agency: Research Farm

Golf Course

Queensway Carleton Hospital National Defence: Leitrim Base

Residental Houses

Excluded developed area Ottawa International Airport

Black Rapids Lock Station

Golf Course

Leased Agricultural Lands

Residental Houses

Ottawa International Airport

FORESTS

INSTITUTIONAL

AGRICULTURE

RECREATIONAL

Black Rapids Lock Station

NATURAL LANDS

COMMERCIAL

RESIDENTAL


Ottawa Greenbelt  

Presentation about Ottawa Greenbelt for Design Studio at the School of Architecture, University of Waterloo.

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