Developed through the idea of loose and flowing grid, Toyo Ito then decided to design the Metropolitan Opera House that is situated in Taichung, Taiwan. The fluidity of the forms is suitable in accommodating the various spaces. The architect’s interest for the continuousity design could be seen through his other work of art, such as Tama Art University Library in Hachioji City, as well as the Crematorium in Kakamigahara 1. Some might see continuousity and smoothness as just a mere aesthetic appeal. Yet throughout the precedents that have been analyzed, it is proven that continuousity and fluidity is one of the main characters in enhancing the structural efficiency. The stacks of the animated form depict the idea of infinite gridded spaces. The precedents is chosen for its materiality, that features and celebtrates the succession of its continous form. The surface is generated by rotating the curve through its axis of symmetry. The term ‘sound cave’ is then used to describe the open structure of the shell. The crossroad between the vertical and horizontal elements is to uphold the different arts and artists. The spatial area has contributed in enhancing the unity of the shell. Situated within a park near a high rise area, the architect thus extends the cohesiveness of the interior towards its exterior. The shell is covered with double surface of cement with equal in thickness. Yet the space within the two surfaces is used to withhold the out-of-plane forces 11 . It is interesting to know how this form of monolithic maerial could enahance the continous design without having any disruption within its joinaries of wireframe. FIG 18. 3D Model of Metropolitan Opera House
Metropolitan Opera House TOYO ITO Taichung, Taiwan
FIG 19. Construction of upper levels using concrete and steelframe work
The digital model of the surface is therefore experimented using the Rhino 3D software that has been assisted by Arup’s Advanced Geometry Unit. The advance software helps to visualize the interface. Similarly with the studies done with the continuous roof and wall of the Arnhem Central; the wireframe study model was used to assist the structural software in obtaining the Coons patch, which could furthermore, extends the findings of structural analysis.
FIG 20-22. 3D wireframe model and Exploration of computation.
Studio A - Part A. Case for Innovation