Interviewing a victim of trafficking in persons The main goal during the first interview is to ascertain whether there are grounds to believe that the person has been trafficked and to get as much information from the possible victim of trafficking in order to be able to identify whether a crime has been committed. Below are useful tips that can assist you in the interview. •
By asking the right questions, may help you determine if someone is a victim of trafficking.
It is important to talk to a potential victim in a safe and confidential environment.
If someone who seems controlling accompanies the victim, you should try to separate the victim from that person. The accompanying person could be the trafficker/someone working for the trafficker.
Seek help of a skilled staff member or from another agency who speaks the victim’s language and understands their culture.
If the victim is a child, enlist the help of a social services’ specialist who is skilled in interviewing child victims.
Provide the person interviewed with all the relevant information that will enable them to get the necessary support and assistance.
It is essential to gain trust from a victim of trafficking
Interviewing child victims Trafficked children are often exposed to a number of conditions (malnutrition, injury, psychological and physical trauma, sexual assault, violence, abandonment, confinement, persecution, dysfunctional behaviour, mistrust of officialdom, etc.) that warrant immediate intervention. An integrated multidisciplinary response, featuring a joint (law enforcement/child welfare and support) intervention is recommended. The express consent of the trafficked child and his or her parent or guardian or social welfare service provider should be acquired before conducting the interview. Prior to the interview with the trafficked child, the investigator/officer should enquire whether any person or agency has already conducted prior interviews. Double questioning should be avoided and information obtained in prior interviews should be made available (as appropriate and if applicable) to other responsible actors who need the information. The access to information must take into account principles of privacy and confidentiality. Law enforcement authorities should defer to the guardian for information that does not legally require the first person testimony of the child.
What to do about Trafficking in persons - Resource Manual produced by Molo Songololo & UNODC
Published on Apr 1, 2011
Published on Apr 1, 2011
What to do about Trafficking in persons - Resource Manual produced by Molo Songololo & UNODC 1 Produced by © Molo Songololo 2007 A resou...