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Health risks for victims The act of trafficking and the associate human rights violations can have very serious consequences for the victim. Some are severe injuries that can cause lasting health problems and may require long-term treatment. Because women/children who have been trafficked may have been subjected to multiple abuses over an extensive period of time, they may suffer health consequences similar to those of victims of prolonged torture. Victims of trafficking may suffer from a number of physical and psychological health issues stemming from inhumane living conditions, poor sanitation, inadequate nutrition, poor personal hygiene; brutal physical and emotional attacks at the hands of their traffickers and others in the trafficking chain, most especially their employers, dangerous workplace conditions, occupational hazards and general lack of quality health care. Preventive health care and primary health care is virtually non-existent for victims. Health issues are normally not treated in their early stages, but tend to fester until they become critical or even life-endangering. Health issues seen in victims of trafficking may include the following: •

Sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS;

Pregnancy, resulting from rape/ prostitution;

Infertility from chronic untreated sexually transmitted infections;

Chronic back, hearing, cardiovascular or respiratory problems from endless days toiling in dangerous agriculture, sweatshop or domestic work conditions;

Weak eyes and other eye problems resulting from working in poorly lit spaces;

Malnourishment that can also result in retarded growth and bad dental conditions especially with children and young people;

Infectious diseases like tuberculosis;

Undetected or untreated diseases, such as diabetes or cancer;

Bruises, scars and other signs of physical abuse and torture. Sex-industry victims are often beaten in areas that won’t damage their outward appearance, like their lower back;

Substance and/alcohol abuse problems or addictions either from being coerced into drug use by their traffickers or employers or by turning to substance abuse to help cope with or mentally escape their desperate situations;

Psychological trauma from daily mental abuse, including depression, stress-related disorders, disorientation and confusion;

Feelings of helplessness, shame, humiliation, shock, denial or disbelief; and

Cultural shock from finding themselves in a strange country or with employers from a culture different to theirs.

What to do about Trafficking in persons - Resource Manual produced by Molo Songololo & UNODC


Resource Manual  
Resource Manual  

What to do about Trafficking in persons - Resource Manual produced by Molo Songololo & UNODC 1 Produced by © Molo Songololo 2007 A resou...