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THE UNITED STATES AND MORE

MOLLY JONES AND CLAIRE CRUMBACK


User License

Authors: Molly Jones and Claire Crumback

Š 2014 Bloomington, Indiana This book is free for all to use. It is great for educational purposes. The "Licensor" (Molly Jones and Claire Crumbrack) grants another party (the "Licensee") the right to use this property. i


PREFACE

This ebook serves a great educational purpose. It encourages learning and creativity through the use of technology. Students will be instructed throughout the entire book. They will first read a section about a different topic. They will then complete an activity, watch a video, take a quiz, or a mixture of both. All scores will be recorded. All quizzes can be taken many times, but only the first score is recorded. This ebook serves as a wonderful introductory and study tool for students.


• CHAPTER 1 •

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


• Section 1 •

Vo c a b T o K n o w

1. Country - a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory. 2.Government - the governing body of a nation, state, or community. 3.State - a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. 4.City - a large town

Signing of the Declaration of Independence

A Brief History We’ve all heard the story “...in 1492

he discovered a new way to India. So in

Columbus sailed the ocean blue.”

reality, Columbus wasn’t the man who

Because he knew the world was round,

discovered America. Some time after

he decided it would be easier and faster

Columbus came another sailor by the

to sail west to get to India. When the

name of Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci

ship landed they saw strange plants,

was the one who realized that it indeed

people and flowers - Columbus was sure

was a new continent so, they named it

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after him, giving our beautiful country the name “America.” England had control of “The Colonies” from the mid 1600’s up to the year 1776. For all of the goods that were brought to America, the colonists had to pay the government a certain amount of money.  The amount of money they had to pay was a great sum and eventually the colonist got sick of it.  So in 1775, the colonists

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa (Italy). He was born on 1451 in Genoa, Italy. He died on May 20, 1506 in Valladolid, Ispanija.

rebelled against England and it is know as the Revolutionary War. On July 4th, 1776 Congress made the Declaration of Independence proclaiming that all men are created equal, and founded a new

Vespucci was the one who realized that it indeed was a new continent so, they named it after him, giving our beautiful country the name “America.”

nation independent from England and they named this nation the United States of

The thirteen original colonies

America. 5


• CHAPTER 2 •

THE UNITED STATES AND IT’S STATE NAMES


• Section 1 •

Fun Facts 1. The only place in the United States where coffee is grown commercially is in Hawaii. 2. Alaska has a longer coastline than all of the other 49 U.S. states put together. 3. The highest point in the state of Florida is only 345 feet (115 yards) above sea level. 4. Montana has three times as many cows as it does people. 5. The grizzly bear is the official state animal of California. But no grizzly bears have been seen there since 1922.

States What does it mean to be a state? Well great question.  There are actually a set of regulations that a territory  has to go through before it was admitted to the United States of America.  The first step for a territory to become a state is for Congress to appoint a governor, secretary, and three judges for that area.  When 5,000 free male inhabitants move into the territory, the people elect a legislation and nonvoting Please watch this video. As you watch, try to follow along as best you can. The goal is to be able to memorize the placement of the states, the shape, and most importantly, the name. There will be a quiz on the next page to test your knowledge. You are more than welcome to watch the video as many times as needed. Good luck!

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delegates to Congress. When the territory has a population of at least 60,000 free males then they can apply to become a state.  The first state was Deleware and it was admitted as a state on December 7, 1787. The last state to be admitted was Hawaii and it became a state on August 21, 1959.

Interactive 2.1 The US and it’s States


Quiz Time:

Interactive 2.2 Quiz - State Names

Please use the knowledge that you learned from the previous video to complete the quiz. There are only 5 questions. Your score will be recorded, so make sure that you are well-prepared. If you do not feel that you are ready, feel free to review the material in the video until you are ready to do so. This should not be rushed. It is important to know this basic information, so that when we move on you have a solid background.

Congratulations! You completed the quiz. If you did not do as well as you would have liked, feel free to watch the video and try your best to learn the song. Take the quiz again, make notecards, listen to the song in the shower...do whatever you need to do! Do not move forward until you feel confident in knowing the state names and shapes.

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• CHAPTER 3 •

THE UNITED STATES AND IT’S CAPITALS


• Section 1 •

Capitals A capital is the most important city or town of a country or region, usually its seat of government and administrative center. In the U.S. every single state has it’s own capital.  It is important to note that the most popular cities in some states aren’t always that state’s capital!  On top of each state having it’s own capital, the United States as a nation also has it’s own capital and we call that city the District of Columbia or as it is better

Please watch this video. As you watch, try to follow along as best you can. The goal is to be able to show your reinforcement of the state names as well as learn their capital names. There will be a quiz on the next page to test your knowledge. You are more than welcome to watch the video as many times as needed. Good luck!

know Washington D.C. Washington D.C. is located along the Potomac River on the country’s east coast.   Washington D.C. houses all three branches of government including the Supreme Court, Congress, and the President.  It is also home to many monuments, museums and is headquarters for many international organizations. We will learn more about Washington D.C. in Chapter 6.

Interactive 3.1 States and Capitals

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Quiz Time: Please use the knowledge that you learned from the previous video to complete the quiz. There are only 5 questions. Your score will be recorded, so make sure that you are well-prepared. If you do not feel that you are ready, feel free to review the material in the video until you are ready to do so. This should not be rushed. It is important to know this basic information, so that when we move on you have a solid background.

Interactive 3.2 Capitals Quiz

Congratulations! You completed the quiz. If you did not do as well as you would have liked, feel free to watch the video and try your best to learn the song. Take the quiz again, make notecards, listen to the song in the shower...do whatever you need to do! Do not move forward until you feel confident in knowing the capitals.

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• CHAPTER 4 •

THE UNITED STATES AND IT’S MAJOR BODIES OF WATER


• Section 1 •

Bodies of Water The United States has thousands of waterways all throughout the country but for today we are only going to focus on the major rivers and lakes. In fact, one of the reasons why Louis and Clark went on their expedition was because President Jefferson wanted them to try and find a direct waterway to the West Coast and the Pacific Ocean so westward expansion and trade would be easier to achieve.  Unfortunately no such waterway exists but they did find many rivers that are still helpful to us today.  

people and over 25 million people (about 10% of the U.S. population) live in the Ohio River Basin. The Mississippi River - The Mississippi River is one of the world’s major river systems in size, habitat diversity and biological productivity.  It flows through the center of the United States and is the longest river in the country.  Goods move up and down this Mississippi River and it also has the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers shipping channel on it as well.  The River flows all the way down to the port of New Orleans where the water then flows into the Gulf of Mexico.  

There are 7 major Rivers and 5 Great Lakes. First we will start with the Rivers. The St. Lawrence River - The St. Lawrence River is located between Ontario, Canada and the state of New York and forms part of the international boundary.  This river connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean on the East Coast.  The St. Lawrence River has become one of the world’s most heavily used international trade routes with ships carrying millions of cargo every year.  

The Missouri River - The Missouri River flows from different rivers in Montana all the way to  St. Louis where it connects to the Mississippi.  This river is one of the most changed rivers in the U.S.  It’s many dams and reservoirs have created many lakes and stopped the natural flow of the river.  In some places the river has moved over 2,000 feet of soil, and for this reason the Missouri River is often referred to as the Muddy Mo.  

The Ohio River - The Ohio River travels westward from Pennsylvania to Illinois where it then turns into the Mississippi River. This river acts as state boundaries from Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana and the southern part of Illinois.  The Ohio River is the source of drinking water for over 3 million

The Rio Grande - The Rio Grande is a river that flows from southwestern Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. Along the way it forms part of the Mexico-United States international border.  The

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Rio Grande rises in high mountains and flows for much of its height at high elevation through the Rocky Mountains.   THE GREAT LAKES The Colorado River - The Colorado River flows through five states including Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and California.  The River supplies water to more than 25 million people and it is responsible for irrigating a few million acres of farmland in certain areas.  The Colorado River is home to one of the seven natural wonders of the world, the Grand Canyon.  The River has many uses, one of the most popular being whitewater rafting.  

The Great Lakes make up the largest body of freshwater on Earth accounting for one-fifth of the freshwater surface on the planet. Today the Great Lakes are popular recreation spots for boating, fishing, and other activities and still serve as an important mode of transportation of goods.  The Great Lakes were actually formed by a glacier that covered the area, and over time the glacier melted and left behind a series of large depressions that filled with water

The Columbia River - The Columbia River flows northwest and then south into the U.S. state of Washington and forms the border between Washington and Oregon. The River has the greatest flow of any North American river draining into the Pacific Ocean.  The River’s heavy flow and its relatively steep gradient gives it tremendous potential for the generation of electricity.  

forming the Lakes. Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario.

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• CHAPTER 5 •

THE UNITED STATES AND IT’S MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES


• Section 1 •

Major Mountain Ranges The United States has a varied landscape with many mountain ranges and other physical features. A few of the major mountain ranges in the United States are the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountains, the Alaska Range, the Cascades, and the Sierra Nevadas. The ranges are further divided into smaller subranges and ridges.

Range includes the Blue Ridge Mountains, Great Smoky Mountains, Allegheny Mountains. Cascades - The Cascade Range along the West Coast of the United States goes from Canada into the US states of Washington, Oregon, and California. These have volcanoes, including Mount St. Helens and Lassen.

The tallest mountain peak in the United States is Mount McKinley in the Alaska Range, which stands 20,320 feet (6,194 meters) above sea level. After Mount McKinley, Hawaii's Mauna Kea Mountain is the next tallest, at 13,796 feet (4,205 meters) tall. The tallest mountain peak in the contiguous United States is Mount Rainier in Washington, at 14,417 feet (4,394 meters) high.

Sierra Nevada - The Sierra Nevada mountains are in California and Nevada. The Sierra Nevada is about 400 miles long. The name Sierra Nevada is Spanish for "snowy mountains," because of the snow-capped peaks of the range. Many of the mountains are formed of granite, and shaped by glaciers.

Mountain Ranges Rocky Mountains - The Rocky Mountains are a major mountain range in North America, running 3,000 miles across the US and Canada. The Rocky Mountains are also known by the name, The Rockies. Appalachian Mountains - The Appalachian Mountain Range are located in the eastern United States. They go from Alabama, northeast across New England, and go up to Canada. The Appalachian Mountains are 1,500 miles long. The Appalachian 16


• CHAPTER 6 •

THE UNITED STATE’S NATIONAL CAPITAL:

WASHINGTON, D.C.


• Section 1 •

Fun Facts - A focus on the US

1.National bird: Bald Eagle 2.National anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner" 3.National mottos: "In God We Trust" 4.National floral emblem: Rose 5. National tree: oak

Washington, D.C. History Founded on July 16, 1790, Washington DC is unique among American cities because it was established by the Constitution of the United States to serve as the nation’s capital. From its beginning, it has been embroiled in political maneuvering, sectional conflicts and issues of race, national identity, compromise and, of course, power. The choice of Washington’s site along the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers resulted from a 18

compromise between Alexander Hamilton and northern states who wanted the new federal government to assume Revolutionary War debts, and Thomas Jefferson and southern states who wanted the capital placed in a location friendly to slave-holding agricultural interests. George Washington, the first president and namesake of the city, chose the site and appointed three commissioners to help prepare for the arrival of the new government in 1800.


Pierre Charles L’Enfant designed the city as a bold new capital with sweeping boulevards and ceremonial spaces reminiscent of Paris in his native France. Benjamin Banneker, a self-taught African American mathematical genius, provided the astronomical calculations for surveying and laying out the city. The full development of Washington as a monumental city, however, did not come until a hundred years later when the McMillan Commission updated its plan to establish the National Mall and monuments that most visitors to Washington now know.

grounds. During World War II, "government girls" were recruited to fill office jobs to replace men who had gone to war. Washington is also a cosmopolitan city. While it has always had foreign delegations from the countries of the world, it also boasts an increasingly diverse ethnic population. A growing Latino population represents every Central and South American country with a particularly large community of Salvadorans. A large Ethiopian population has resulted from the political turmoil there. New ethnic groups have brought new restaurants, as well as new residents. While DC lost residents to surrounding suburbs in the 1990s, new housing and urban revitalization is now attracting people back to the city for a downtown renaissance of housing, offices, entertainment and nightlife.

During the War of 1812, most of the city was burned to the ground. British forces invaded the city and burned public and government buildings, including the White House, in response to American forces invading York, now known as Toronto, and burning most of it to the ground. However, the British left the residential areas untouched and also spared the home of the Commandant of the Marines, located on Marine Barracks, as a sign of respect. It is now the oldest government building in continuous use in the nation's capital. The Patent Office and the Post Office were also spared because of Dr. William Thornton, Superintendent of Patents, pleading with British officers that the knowledge lost therein would be a disservice to mankind.

After more than 200 years as the nation’s capital, Washington is brimming with a unique history of its own. It has developed as a complex and layered city with multiple personalities. As home to the federal government, it has attracted a diverse mix of government workers, members of Congress from every state, foreign emissaries, lobbyists, petitioners and protestors. While elected and appointed officials come and go giving the city its reputation as a transient community, many of the city’s residents have called Washington home for multiple generations. Their stories give Washington its distinctive character as both a national and local city. (washington.org).

Wars and national events have always resulted in the growth of the federal government and increases in population. During the Civil War, Washington was an armed encampment with soldiers bivouacked everywhere and public buildings serving as hospitals. Bread for soldiers was baked in ovens located on the White House

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• CHAPTER 7 •

THE UNITED STATE’S MOST POPULAR CITIES

According to International Business Times, the top 5 most popular cities for travel are: New York, Las Vegas, Orlando, Miami and Los Angeles. Each page will be dedicated to a city


• Section 1 •

NEW YORK CITY New York City is now the most populated city in the USA with more than 8.2 million people. Top attractions include: central park, statue of liberty and ellis island, Brooklyn Bridge, Prospects Park, 911 Memorial, Coney Island and Lincoln Center. New York City experiences all four seasons with temperatures ranging from 10 degrees in the winter to 85 in the summer months. New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.

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New York City's five boroughs are home to some of the world's most recognizable, cherished landmarks and attractions. From Times Square and Central Park to the Empire State Building and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the island of Manhattan packs more famous icons into one compact area than any other place on earth; and that's to say nothing of the City's four other boroughs—The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island—each of which contains its own roster of must-see destinations. With so much to see and do, a trip to NYC may seem a little overwhelming.


New York City comprises many cuisines belonging to various ethnic groups. It is a city famous for it’s street foods, bagels, pizza, cheesecake, and their deli sandwiches.  

Interactive 7.1 New York City Video

Please watch this video of a tour of New York City. It talks about the history, the atmosphere, the weather, the people, the food, and more. After studying each of the five cities in this chapter, you will have an assignment dedicated to describing which place you would like to visit the most and why! Pay attention examples are mandatory upon completion.

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• Section 2 •

LAS VEGAS Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city known primarily for gambling, shopping, fine dining, and nightlife and is the leading financial and cultural center for Southern Nevada. Top Attractions include: the Bellagio Fountains, Cirque du Soleil, Shark Reef Aquarium, The Strip, and Downtown. Since Las Vegas is a desert town it’s temperatures are fairly hot for most of the year, it never gets below 50 degrees and has high temperatures up into the 100s.  

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Las Vegas doesn’t have many dishes to call its own. No cheese steaks like Philly. No pizza like New York. But the city does have a host of signature dishes, when you visit any restaurant. Some of these include, the burger at Bradley Ogdens, Langoustines at Bartolotta Ristorante de Mare, Quinoa Fritters at Border Grill and Shrimp Cocktail at Du-par’s.


Interactive 7.2 Las Vegas

Please watch this video of a tour of Las Vegas. It talks about the history, the atmosphere, the weather, the people, the food, and more. After studying each of the five cities in this chapter, you will have an assignment dedicated to describing which place you would like to visit the most and why! Pay attention examples are mandatory upon completion

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• Section 3 •

CHICAGO Chicago has the world’s largest admission-free zoological garden the Lincoln Park Zoo. Top attractions include: Adler Planetarium, Grant Park, Navy Pier, Wrigley Field, Art Institue of Chicago, Shedd Aquarium and Millennium Park Chicago experiences all four seasons with temperatures ranging from the the teens up to the high 80’s in the summer months Today, the city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, 25

and transportation, withO'Hare International Airport being the second-busiest airport in the world; it also has the largest number of U.S. highways, and railroad freight entering its region. Chicago is famous for its food – not only as a gourmet dining epicenter, but as the home of several local specialties like deep dish pizza, chicago-style hot dogs,and italian beef.  


Interactive 7.3 Chicago

Please watch this video of a tour of Chicago. It talks about the history, the atmosphere, the weather, the people, the food, and more. After studying each of the five cities in this chapter, you will have an assignment dedicated to describing which place you would like to visit the most and why! Pay attention examples are mandatory upon completion.

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• Section 4 •

MIAMI Miami is one of the state's – and the world’s – most popular vacation spots. Two-thirds of the two-millionplus population is Hispanic, the majority of which are Cuban, and Spanish is the predominant language almost everywhere. Top attractions include: Monkey Jungle, South Beach, Tropical Park, Hollywood Beach Boardwalk, and Bayside Marketplace. Miami’s temperature remains fairly warm all year-round with

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temperatures ranging from the 50the high 90s depending on the month. Miami has a cuisine that is uniquely its own. With the diversity of its people comes a blend of flavorslatin, carribean and US- known as floribean.  Miami’s most popular dishes are roasted fish, fried pork chops, fruta bomba with cream cheese, and cuban coffee.  


Interactive 7.4 Miami

Please watch this video of a tour of Miami. It talks about the history, the atmosphere, the weather, the people, the food, and more. After studying each of the five cities in this chapter, you will have an assignment dedicated to describing which place you would like to visit the most and why! Pay attention examples are mandatory upon completion.

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• Section 5 •

LOS ANGELES The city's phenomenal growth was brought about by its equable climate, which attracted people and industry from all parts of the nation Los Angeles is a major hub of shipping, manufacturing, industry, and finance, and is world-renowned in the entertainment and communications fields. It is a favorite vacation destination and attracts millions of tourists to the area each year from all over the world. Los Angeles tends to remain warm year-round with average

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temperatures ranging from the mid 60s to the high 80s. Top attractions include: Walt Disney Concert Hall, Griffith Observatory, Universal Studios Hollywood, Runyon Canyon Park, Venice Beach, and Rodeo Drive.   Los Angeles has a cuisine that is influenced from places all over the world.  The most famous foods you’ll find here are the California-style pizza, chili dogs, french dip sandwiches, crispy tacos and their iced tea.


Interactive 7.5 Los Angeles

Please watch this video of a tour of Miami. It talks about the history, the atmosphere, the weather, the people, the food, and more. After studying each of the five cities in this chapter, you will have an assignment dedicated to describing which place you would like to visit the most and why! Pay attention examples are mandatory upon completion.

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• Section 6 •

Creative Liberty This is time for you to express your creativity! Use the sketchpad provided to the left to illustrate which place you would like to live in. Draw the things that you loved most about the places that you read about and saw. Use examples, be creative. Once you have completed your image, download and save it to your flash drive. Your pictures will be shared in class! Be prepared to explain your pictures and the images you used.

Interactive 7.6 Sketchpad

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RESOURCES Images http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=se3PMbThhsg http://hospitalandoutreach.wordpress.com/gallery/film-making/ http://quizlet.com/11853761/50-states-with-pictures-ofonly-the-state-flash-cards/ http://sanderson.blogs.ccps.us/archives/525/major-bodies-of-water-us http://bestclipartblog.com/26-river-clip-art.html http://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/eliot/technology/lessons/map/phy_map.htm http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fphotogarage.net%2Fmountain%2Fsnowy-mountainclipart.html&h=0&w=0&tbnid=RIuXLbMw26u6PM&zoom=1&tbnh=188&tbnw=269&docid=4AVU1-C46gu_YM&tbm=isch&ei=UtVZU_CtMdS3yATep4DIBw&ved=0CAIQsCUoAA http://www.foley.com/washington-dc/ http://www.techandinnovationdaily.com/2013/10/16/smart-cities-part-1/ http://www.beckermanphoto.com/ http://www.hdtimelapse.net/details.php?movie_id=132 http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Sears_Tower http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template_talk:TextDir http://www.isack-art.com/index.php#mi=2&pt=1&pi=10000&s=21&p=1&a=0&at=0 http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-image-miami-beach-top-view-vertical-shot-image31610921http://rebloggy.com/post/beautiful-summer-landscape-water-happiness-inspirationallos-angeles-cali-califo/67479019928 http://www.yourchildlearns.com/us_map.htm http://www.ucl.ac.uk/americas/us-studies http://www.interestingtopics.net/christopher-columbus-id-262 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Declaration_of_Independence_of_the_United_States_of_America;_July_4th_1776_by_Asher_Brown_Durand.jpg http://www.imakalya.com/christopher-and-the-peppers-of-the-new-world/ http://collierexplorers3.weebly.com/vespucci.html http://socialstudiesmrclare.phoenix.wikispaces.net/Terry http://www.mosta2bal.com/vb/showthread.php?t=1916 http://www.velaction.com/lean-information/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/states-collective-intelligence.jpg http://modernmountainmomma.blogspot.com/2011/09/homemade-map-of-united-states.html http://www.brit.co/memo-boards/ http://www.emblibrary.com/EL/Products.aspx?Catalog=Emblibrary&ProductID=X8342 http://quizzes-online.com/statecapitals


RESOURCES, CON’T Information

http://www.lasvegasnevada.gov/Visitor/ http://www.lacity.org/index.htm http://www.choosechicago.com/articles/view/CLASSIC-CHICAGO-FOODS/366/ http://www.yelp.com/c/nyc/food http://www.visitflorida.com/en-us/cities/miami.html http://www.infoplease.com/us-states/new-york.html http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0225 http://washington.org/DC-information/washington-dc-history

The United States and More  

A book great for children to learn all about the history of the US, states and capitals, in addition to fun facts about the United States.

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