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FISH ID PROJECT by: Molly Fourier


Marine fish 1. Guineafowl puffer 2. Clown triggerfish 3. Mexican hogfish 4. Threadfin butterflyfish 5. Redbreasted wrasse 6. Whitespotted bamboo shark 7. Coral hawkfish 8. Speckled sanddab 9. White-tailed damselfish 10. Neon goby


11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

Black perch Royal gramma basslet California moray eel French grunt Epaulette shark Clarion angelfish Lined seahorse Blue dot grouper Silver dollar fish Atlantic Devil Ray Antenneta lionfish Blue-spotted jawfish Tentacled flathead English sole Squaretail coralgrouper Bellus angelfish Emperor angelfish Semicircle angelfish Spinecheek clownfish Popeye catalufa Pacific flame anthias Yellow back goatfish Striped dottyback Banggai cardinalfish Hawaiian Turkeyfish Blue rockfish Bocaccio Rockfish Treefish Sunburst anthias Zebra shark Blue-spotted stingray Scup Sixbar wrasse Desjardini sailfin tang Yellowtail tang Moorish idol Dragonface pipefish Klunzinger's wrasse Saddleback clownfish Onespot rabbitfish

Freshwater fish 1. Afra cichlid 2. African butter catfish 3. African Snakehead 4. Banded Archerfish 5. Bronze Corydora Catfish 6. Azureus cichlid 7. Bala shark 8. Banded Knife fish 9. Batik Loach 10. Banded shovelnose catfish 11. Bearded Cory 12. Bengal danio


13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

Bigtooth river stingray Black Arowana Black Ghost Knife Blue Discus Blyth's loach Bream Common Plecostomus Cardinal Tetra Reedfish Chel Snakehead Iridescent Shark Cherry Barb Clown Loach Comma Swordtail Cross River puffer Crystal eyed catfish Cochu's Blue Tetra Glass Catfish Dusky Piranha Electric Blue Hap Electric Yellow Lab Spotted Gar Fahaka Puffer Flag Acara Flagtailed Catfish Forest Betta Senegal Bichir Freshwater butterflyfish German Blue Ram Walking Catfish Bleeding Heart Tetra Glowlight Tetra Fire Eel Hora's Loach Indian Glassfish Julii Cory Koi Carp Madagascar Rainbowfish

Saltwater invertebrates 1. Red Boring sponge 2. Red tree sponge 3. Orange Elephant Ear sponge 4. Bubble tip Anemone 5. Pink-tipped Anemone 6. Sebae Anemone 7. Magnificent Anemone 8. Mangrove Horseshoe Crab


9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Flower pot coral Fiddler Sand Crab Green open Brain coral Large-brain root Coral Sun coral Whisker Coral Brine shrimp Maxima clam Fluted Giant clam Flame Scallop Smooth clam Common Tropical Octopus

Freshwater invertebrates 1. Coconut Crab 2. Giant freshwater Crayfish 3. Yabbie Crayfish 4. Trumpet-mouthed Hunter Snail 5. Medicinal Leech

Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 001

Common Name: Guineafowl puffer Scientific Name: Arothron Meleagris Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Tetraodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes


Geography / Habitat: It is widely distributed across the central Indian and Pacific Oceans from Africa, throughout Micronesia and to the Eastern Pacific south to Ecuador. Life Strategy: This Pufferfish are covered with spines and they have the ability to blow themselves up like balloons which is presumably a defense mechanism. The spines contain toxins that are found in the skin, viscera and gonads. The Puffers do not have pelvic fins and have formidable, strong beak-like teeth. Food / Feed Strategy: They are Omnivores, feeding on the tips of branching corals and, on sponges, mollusks, bryozoans, tunicates, forams, algae, and detritus.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Pauly, Daniel. "Arothron Meleagris." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase, 25 Oct. 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arothron_meleagris>. Colla, Phillip. "List of Fish Species -- Fish Photos." Natural History Photography. Ocean's Light Natural History Photography. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html>. "Pufferfish FamilyPufferfish Family." Mexico and Baja Fishing Reports, Fish Pictures, and Sportfishing Travel Resort Locations. Mexfish.com. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.mexfish.com/fish/puffish/puffish.htm>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 002

Common Name: Clown triggerfish Scientific Name: Balistoides conspicillum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Balistidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is found in the tropical Indo-pacific around coral reefs which are their feeding areas and swim around in the costal waters. It is rare and sometimes can be found in Africa to south Africa and Indonesia, to


Japan and all the way to New Caledonia. Life Strategy: This fish has a short temper and very territorial and should not be kept with small fish or Invertebrates. The Clow trigger fish also has sharp teeth that help it crack open the shells of shrimp, clams and invertebrates to help it get into the meat and seemingly not scared to bite. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a Omnivore but mainly a Carnivore, consuming Algae and meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams, small fish and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth. They swim around the reef looking for Zooplankton and Phytoplankton, also looking for shellfish and other invertebrates. The males interestingly eat sea urchins, crustaceans, brachiopoda, and small fish.

● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position:Terminal ● Citation: "Clown Triggerfish." Live Aquaria. Liveaquaria.com. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/ prod_display.cfm?c=15+44+245&pcatid=245>. "Clown Triggerfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Clown_triggerfish>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 003

Common Name: Mexican hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus diplotaenia Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Hogfish appears on rocky reefs and at depths from 15 to 251 feet. However, it can be commonly found at depths of less than 60 feet. In the Atlantic Ocean, the hogfish occurs from Bermuda and North Carolina, south


through the Caribbean Sea and northern Gulf of Mexico, to the north coast of South America. It is very common off Florida and the islands of the Caribbean in shallow waters. Juveniles are often found in seagrass beds in Florida Bay. Life Strategy: Interestingly, Hogfish are protogynous hermaphrodites. Females, upon reaching larger size and through social dominance, can transform into fully functional males. This often occurs at 3 years of age and growth of 14 inches. In waters of Florida, spawning happens during February and March. Hogfish schools consist of groups of females dominated by a larger male, referred to as a harem which he guards. Food / Feed Strategy: Adult hogfish feed mainly on mollusks such as pelecypods, but will also feed on hermit crabs, and sea urchins, crushing its prey with strong pharyngeal jaws. During the day, this species has been observed to shove its snout into the sand in search of mollusks. Juvenile hogfish thrive on a diet of crustaceans, mollusk, and echinoderms.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Bester, Cathleen. "Mexian Hogfish." Elpasozoo.org. Elpaso Zoo. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.elpasozoo.org/docs/ Volunteer_Training_Docs/FISH%20FACTS_Mexican%20hogfish.pdf>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 004

Common Name: Threadfin butterflyfish Scientific Name: Chaetodon auriga Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Chaetodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Threadfin is found through out the Indian, Pacific Ocean, Red Sea, coast of Eastern Africa, New Guinea and Australia, east to the Hawaiian islands, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, as far north as southern Japan, and south to the Lord Howe and Rapa islands.Threadfin butterflyfish are found in tropical coral reef habitats, though they are occasionally found in areas with sparse coral as well. Threadfin are found at water depths between 1 and 35 meters. Life Strategy: Threadfin’s spiny fins and quick speed make them difficult prey. The dark bands over their eyes, as well as the posterior eyespot are probably mechanisms to confuse potential predators, making their tails seem to be their head and their head seem to be a tail. Butterflyfish have been reported swimming short distances tail first, and then rapidly swimming off in the opposite direction in order to confuse and escape potential predators Food / Feed Strategy: Threadfin are benthic feeding fish that feed mostly on plankton. However, they are omnivorous, and also feed on coral polyps, algae, shrimp, gastropods, nemertime worms, etc. Threadfin have elongated snouts, with small protractile mouths that are filled with many small, sharp teeth. They are able to use their elongated snouts in order to scrape the surface of coral to obtain algae and other small prey

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Rauss, A. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Chaetodon auriga" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chaetodon_auriga.html.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # 005

Common Name: Redbreasted wrasse Scientific Name: Cheilinus fasciatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This species is in the Indo-West-Pacific, and occurs from east Africa to Micronesia, Samoa and Marshall Islands, and north to the Ryukyu Island and south to the Great Barrier Reef, northwest Australia and New Caledonia. This species is found in the coastal, lagoon, seaward reefs, and usually in areas with mixed coral, sand and rubble at depths of four to at least 40 m. Life Strategy: Juveniles of this species are often associated with the sea-grass beds and mangroves that adjacent to coral reefs, along edges with algae-rubble and sand, and silty reefs. The jaw is prominent, especially lower jaw in adults, two strong canines situated anteriorly in each jaw and there is no enlarged tooth present on rear or upper jaw of this species.It spawned in harem with males patrolling territory.Females ascended about one to three m over patch reef or coral head when ready to spawn with slow ascending speed. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds primarily upon benthic small hard-shelled invertebrates, such as molluscs, crustaceans and sea urchin by possessing a strong oral jaw.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Shea, S. & Liu, M. 2010. Cheilinus fasciatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 November 2011.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 006


Common Name: White-spotted Bamboo Shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium plagiosum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Hemiscylliidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Orectolobiformes

Geography / Habitat: The white-spotted bamboo shark is found in the Indo-West Pacific near Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Japan and the Philippines. They inhabit shallower waters near the shore and on coral reefs in these tropics. Life Strategy: Since their bodies are slender, they can glide between coral branches and hide in tight reef structures; Like other bamboo sharks, the white spotted bamboo shark has “barbels” attached to each nostril. Food / Feed Strategy:These sharks feed at night, preying on small fish and invertebrates. They have small teeth that can be used for grasping or crushing prey. Soft prey is grasped when the tips of the teeth sink into the flesh, but the teeth pivot backwards when biting hard prey.

● Body Form or Style: Sagittiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform ● Mouth Position: Subterminal ● Citation: "Whitespotted Bamboo Sharks." Http://rosamondgiffordzoo.org. The Friends of the Rosamond Gifford Zoo Education Volunteers, 29 Mar. 2006. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://rosamondgiffordzoo.org/assets/uploads/animals/pdf/ WhiteSpottedBambooShark.pdf>. "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitespotted_bamboo_shark>.


Title : Marine fish

Species # 007

Common Name: Coral hawkfish Scientific Name: Cirrhitichthys Oxycephalus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Teleostomi Family: Cirrhitidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Coral Hawkfish is a wide-ranging species that is found from the Indian Ocean east to California and Colombia in the eastern Pacific Ocean. They are found in both fresh and marine waters. Hawkfish Inhabit areas of rich coral growth and clear water of lagoon, channel, or seaward reefs from below the surge zone to depths of at least 40 m. They rest on, in, or beneath hard or soft corals. Life Strategy: This species has the ability to change its color to match its background from a variety of shades of silver to red color. Interestingly enough, the hawkfish does not have any swim bladder. The hawkfish is equipped with sharp teeth and powerful jaws and can easily crush the protective shell of a crustacean. Hawkfishes are typically solitary creatures but some species form pairs and can share a coral head. Food / Feed Strategy: The hawkfish will typically perch itself upon rock or coral and stay as still as possible until it gets a chance to dart out and grab a prey. It feeds on small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates. As mentioned above, the fish is equipped with sharp teeth and strong jaws and can easily crush shells.

● Body Form or Style Depressiform: ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position: Terminal ● Citation: "Coral Hawkfish." World Field Guide. Http://www.worldfieldguide.com/. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.worldfieldguide.com/wfg-species-detail.php?taxno=11753>. Name, Common. "Hawkfish." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Aquatic Community. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquaticcommunity.com/Hawkfish/>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 008


Common Name: Speckled sanddab Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Paralichthyidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Pleuronectiformes

Geography / Habitat: It is native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, ranging from Alaska in the north to Baja California, Mexico in the south. It can be found on the sandy bottom near the shore to as far out as 350 m. Life Strategy: When Sanddabs hatch, the little fish have an eye on both sides of their head and swim upright. As they grow larger, however, they begin to lean to the right until the eyes migrate to the left side of their bodies. This nature camouflage helps protect the Sanddabs from winged predators. Food / Feed Strategy: The Speckled Sanddab eats small crustaceans and its predators are fish, birds and marine mammals. The fish can camouflage itself by adapting to look like the surface it is on.

● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: "Speckled Sanddab | Oregon Coast Aquarium." Newport, Oregon | Oregon Coast Aquarium. Oregon Coast Aquarium. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://aquarium.org/exhibits/sandy-shores/animals/speckled-sanddab>. Pauly, Daniel. "Speckled Sanddab." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speckled_sanddab>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 009


Common Name: White-tailed damselfish Scientific Name: Dascyllus aruanus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacentridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Striped Damsel inhabits the Indo-West Pacific and its geographical range stretches from East African and the Red Sea to the Line, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands. The northernmost specimens are found off the southern coast of Japan, while the range proceeds southwards down to Sidney, Australia. Striped Damsels are typically found in close vicinity of branching stony coral heads in shallow lagoons and subtidal reef flats. Life Strategy: Much like other damsels, this one can be aggressive and even more so as it matures. In the wild, White tail Dascyllus lives in shallow lagoon and reef flats of the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea and the edge of Africa to the Great Barrier Reef. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivore; They normally feeds on zooplankton, benthic invertebrates, and algae. Can be feed with meaty items, such as frozen mysid shrimp and vitamin-enriched brine shrimp.

● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: Name, Common. "Striped Damsel." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Aquatic Community. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquaticcommunity.com/Damselfish/StripedDamsel.php>.

Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Neon goby

Species # 010


Scientific Name: Elacatinus oceanops Kingdom: Animalia Class: Perciformes Family: Gobiidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Neon gobies are native to the tropical reefs of the Gulf of Mexico, from Texas to Belizewhere they live primarily in the rocks. Life Strategy: It is a cleaner species and help control some diseases.They are well-documented cleaner fish, setting up stations where often much larger fish, sometimes even fish who would normally eat the gobies, come to have the gobies eat their small external parasites. The cleaned fish are healthier and the gobies have not only an excellent food source but also relative protection from potential predators. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds on a variety of live and frozen brine shrimp, frozen mysis shrimp, table shrimp, and frozen food preparations for carnivores.

● Body Form or Style: Taeniform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: "Neon Goby." Liveaquaria.com. Live Aquaria. Web. 12 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/ prod_display.cfm?c=15+31+1869&pcatid=1869>. "Elacatinus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Elacatinus>.

Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Black Perch

Species # 011


Scientific Name: Embiotaca Jacksoni Kingdom: Animalia Class: Teleostomi Family: Embiotocidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: They live around Fort Bragg and are more commonly found in central California to Baja, California, and Mexico. The Black perch are common in the living of shallow rocky sub-tidal areas and kelp forests for a habitat but they can also be found around piers, over sand, and are also found in eelgrass. Life Strategy: The Black perch scoop up amounts of mixed sand and prey in the mouth and then uses muscles in the throat to separate food from the sand; food is swallowed and the sand is spit out which is called winnowing. This ability doesn’t develop until the fish turns a year old, Younger fish pick at their prey so they can swallow the smaller sized items. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish feeds during the day preferring gammarid amphipods as food as the amphipods they feed on are located on algae and ‘turf’. The Black perch also eats crabs, brittle stars, and worms and feeding is over hard bottoms such as pilings, rock and sand.

● Body Form or Style: Depressifrom ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: "Online Learning Center | Black Perch." Aquarium of the Pacific. Aquarium of the Pacific. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquariumofpacific.org/onlinelearningcenter/species/black_perch/>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 012


Common Name: Royal gramma basslet Scientific Name: Gramma loreto Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Grammatidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The royal is indigenous to the deep-water reefs of the Caribbean, the Royal of the Grammatidae family prefers extensive rockwork caves in which to hide and likes somewhat subdued lighting.

Life Strategy: This fish isn’t very social toward its own kind, it is very agressive and very territorial towards all of the Granntidae.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Royal is a carnivorous fish that eats small fish, squids, Brine shrimp, and Mysid shrimp.

● Body Form or Style: ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position: Terminal ● Citation: "Basslet." Animal Kingdom Facts and Pictures - AnimalSpot.net. Animal Spot. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.animalspot.net/basslet.html>. "Royal Gamma Basslet." Live Aquaria. Liveaquaria.com. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/ prod_display.cfm?c=15+21+53&pcatid=53>.

Title : Marine Fish Common Name: California moray eel

Species # 013


Scientific Name: Gymnothorax mordax Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Muraenidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Anguilliformes

Geography / Habitat: A large majority of California morays can be found around Catalina Island and they have thier own Eel land, where tourists can come and see various types of eels. The California moray have also been reported in the Galapagos islands. They bury themselves in coral and live there for their thirty year life spand. Life Strategy: Due to cooler temperatures, the California moray doesn’t reproduce in southern California and eels in Mexico’s waters lay eggs. Thier Larvae drift with ocean currents for up to a year before settling and maturing. The moray lacks the ability to use its gills, the eel must open and close its mouth to create a current to breathe. the California moray actually has a symbiotic relationship with the red-rock shrimp they do the house cleaning traded for protection of the Moray. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of California moray consists of sea urchins, octopi, and small fish. They usually sneak up on their prey when they trap them in the crevices of the rock. According to one of the recent reports on Moray eels do not hunt alone..

● Body Form or Style: Anguilliform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform ● Mouth Position: Terminal ● Citation: Klug, Doug. "Marine Life - California Moray Eels." California Diving News - The Premier Website for California Divers. California Diving, 08 Aug. 2010. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.cadivingnews.com/marinelife/855/California-MorayEels>. "California Moray." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ California_moray>. "California Moray Eel." Moray Eel. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.morayeel.info/california-moray-eel.php>. "How Moray Eels Hunt." Moray Eel. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.morayeel.info/how-moray-eels-hunt.php>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 014


Common Name: French Grunt Scientific Name: Haemulon flavolineatum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Haemulidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The French is found in the Atlantic Ocean off Bermuda, South Carolina, and the northern Gulf of Mexico all the way to Brazil including the coasts of Central America and the West Indies. This grunt appears over rocky substrate, coral reefs, under ledges or near elkhorn coral. Depths range from shallow water to 197 feet (60m). Life Strategy: This grunt occurs in large schools, that can number in the thousands, Juveniles often are abundant in the protection of seagrass beds in bays, lagoons, and other coastal waters. Little information is available on the reproduction of this species. However, it is known that the eggs are pelagic and the larval stage lasts approximately 15 days. Food / Feed Strategy: The French feed primarily on small crustaceans, polychaetes, and mollusks. It is a nocturnal species, scavenging the sand flats and seagrass beds in close proximity to coral reefs during the night.

● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: Bester, Cathleen. "FLMNH Ichthyology Department: French Grunt." Florida Museum of Natural History. Ichthology FMoNH. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/FrenchGrunt/FrenchGrunt.html>.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # 015

Common Name: Epaulette shark Scientific Name: Hemiscyllium ocellatum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Hemiscylliidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Orectolobiformes

Geography / Habitat: The Epaulette is found in the Pacific Ocean in waters around New Guinea and northern Australia. Off the coast of Australia, found in Shark Bay in Western Australia around the northern coast south to Newcastle and Sydney, New South Wales. Commonly found in shallow water and coral reef habitats from 0-164 feet (050 m) in depth. Life Strategy: This shark is well adapted for survival in low-oxygen habitats by turning off its non-essential body functions for several hours.The Epaulette shark "walks" along the sea floor with muscular pectoral fins.During Mating, The male grasps the female by biting the body and the gill region, The female releases about 50 egg cases into the aquatic environment. Food / Feed Strategy: This shark feeds at night and day, often in tide pools. Invertebrates provide prey for this shark, crustaceans and segmented worms feed the adult epaulette shark diet. Juveniles feed on polychaete worms. The snout is sometimes used to overturn bottom debris in search for hidden worms and crustaceans.

● Body Form or Style: Sagittiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform ● Mouth Position: subterminal ● Citation: Bester, Cathleen. "FLMNH Ichthyology Department: Epaulette Shark." Florida Museum of Natural History. Ichthology FMoNH. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/gallery/Descript/Epauletteshark/epauletteshark.html>.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # 016

Common Name: Clarion angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus clarionensis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacanthidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Clarion population occurs mostly at the Revillagigedo Islands, where it is restricted to a reef habitat. The Clarion is in the eastern central Pacific and is also found near Clarion Island. Occasional vagrants are recorded from the south tip of Baja California, the southeastern Gulf of California in Mexico, and Clipperton Island. It is found at depths of 3-30 m. Life Strategy: The Clarion has a restricted distribution with the majority of the population confined to a reef habitat in a single location two locations if the Clarion is considered separate from the other three islands, and its area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 50 km Food / Feed Strategy: Sense they are in and restricted to a coral reef they feed on shrimp, sponges, small invertabrates and Algae.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Robertson, R. 2010. Holacanthus clarionensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 15 November 2011. "Clarion Angelfish." Saltwater.aquafish.net. Saltwater Aquafish. Web. 15 Nov. 2011. <http://saltwater.aqua-fish.net/? clarion-angelfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 017

Common Name: Lined seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus erectus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Syngnathidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Syngnathiformes

Geography / Habitat: The Lined seahorse inhabits channels and flats during summer months and clings to vegetation and other holdfasts such as sponges, pilings or ropes. This Seahorse can be found from Nova Scotia to Uruguay, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Life Strategy: During summer months the lined seahorse inhabits channels and flats. It uses it curling tail to cling to vegetation and other holdfasts such as sponges, pilings or ropes. Like all seahorses, the lined seahorse the female deposits eggs into the male's abdominal pouch where they are fertilized. The male Lined Seahorse nourishes and protects the developing embyos until they are ready to hatch; the young all at once. Food / Feed Strategy:The Lined seahorse is known as an ambush predator and master of camouflage it can change color in seconds to match it's surroundings. As soon as the prey is capture it sucks animals such as small crustaceans through it's long tubular snout.

Body Form or Style: Labriform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Tubular Citation: "Lined Seahorse." Department of Fisheries Science, Introduction. Fisheries. Web. 15 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.fisheries.vims.edu/seahorse.htm>. Gardiner, Nick. "ADW: Hippocampus Erectus: Information." Animal Diversity Web. Web. 15 Nov. 2011. <http:// animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Hippocampus_erectus.html>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 018


Common Name: Blue dot grouper Scientific Name: Cephalopholis argus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Serranidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Blue dot Grouper is normally found around coral reefs which is its natural habitat. This fish originates in the indo-pacific region. Life Strategy: The Blue dot grouper changes its body color to match with its surroundings, kind of just like a chameleon. Food / Feed Strategy: But will eat crustaceans and smaller fishes. As this grouper is a Carnivore it will eat any fish it can swallow whole, it also eats krill, small fish, shrimp, mussels and other small marine invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "FreshMarine.com - Blue Dot Grouper - Cephalopholis Argus - Argus Grouper - Peacock Hind - Buy Cheap Blue Spotted Grouper at Wholesale." Saltwater Fish - FreshMarine.com - Salt Water Fish Aquarium - Fish Tank Aquarium Setup - Fresh Marine Fish. Freshmarine.com. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. <http://www.freshmarine.com/blue-dotgrouper.html>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 019


Common Name: Silver dollar fish Scientific Name: Metynnis argenteus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Characidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a fish that resides in the South Africa area and Prefer densely planted tributaries. Life Strategy: The silver dollar is a peaceful schooling species that spends most of its time in the mid- to upper-level of the water. Its maximum lifespan is more than 10 years. A chin-layer, the adult fish will spawn around 2,000 eggs. This breeding occurs in soft, warm water in low light. Food / Feed Strategy: The Silver dollar is a herbivore and will eat the plants that it is inhabited with. They will also eat worms and small insects.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Metynnis Argenteus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Metynnis_argenteus>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 020

Common Name: Atlantic Devil Ray Scientific Name: Cephalopterus hypostomus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Myliobatidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Myliobatiformes

Geography / Habitat: The Devil favors warmer waters and can be found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina south to northern Argentina, Atlantic coast of Florida in the summer, as well as in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Antilles. The Atlantic devil ray is a pelagic wanderer and is often seen near the surface over continental shelves, and is known to come close to shore. Life Strategy: When not feeding, the cephalic fins on the Devil are tightly curled, giving the "horned" appearance. The devil ray is a pelagic wanderer and swims everywhere in its coastal area and have been known to swim up to sandbars. Food / Feed Strategy: Primarily a pelagic plankton feeder, small crustaceans such as shrimp, fish, such as striped salt water minnows. When feeding, this ray often pushes its way through turtle grass using its cephalic fins to funnel food towards its mouth. When pursuing prey, devil rays have also been seen to rush up to a sand bar and then swim off.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: Boonstra, Roxanne. "FLMNH Ichthyology Department: Atlantic Devil Ray." Florida Museum of Natural History. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/AtlanticDevilRay/AtlanticDevilRay.html>.

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Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Antenneta lionfish

Species # 021


Scientific Name: Pterois antennata Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Scorpaenidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: This Lionfish is located and originates from Africa, all the way to Indonesia, and even in Sri Lanka, they can also be seen at reefs they prefer. Life Strategy: This lion fish most striking feature is its large, fan-like pectoral fins and tall, quill-like dorsal fins, lacking connective tissue, giving them a spiny look. What distracts the predators from is the real venomous spines on the dorsal, pelvic, and anal fins, causing reactions similar to a bee sting, only stronger. Food / Feed Strategy: The Antenneta’s diet consist of meaty foods such as live shrimp, live fish, and sometimes, crustacean flesh.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Antennata Lionfish." Live Aquaria. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/ prod_display.cfm?c=15+36+225&pcatid=225>. "Pterois Antennata." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pterois_antennata>.

Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Blue dot Jawfish

Species # 022


Scientific Name: Opistognathus rosenblatti Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Opistognathidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Bluespotted jawfish are usually found on the ocean bottom , near cliff bases or rocky outcroppings of offshore islands. Juveniles can be found in waters as shallow as Fifteen feet, they originate from the mexico region. Life Strategy: The Blue Jawfish needs 3 inches of mixed substrate for burrowing its home. These fish are very aggressive towards others of their own species, so only one specimen, or its mate. The Blue Dot Jawfish is known to be a jumper Food / Feed Strategy: The blue dot Jawfish is a carnivore and its feeding should consist of a variety of marine fish, crustacean flesh, and mysid shrimp. It also sticks just their head outside their burrow and catch floating zooplankton.

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Blue Dot Jawfish." Live Aquaria. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+2971+748&pcatid=748>. "Online Learning Center | Bluespotted Jawfish." Aquarium of the Pacific. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquariumofpacific.org/onlinelearningcenter/species/bluespotted_jawfish>. "Blue-spotted Jawfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluespotted_jawfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Tentacled flathead

Species # 023


Scientific Name: Papilloculiceps longiceps Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Platycephalidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: The Flat head can be found in the Western Indian Ocean and most specifically Red Sea around the coral reefs hiding, in places including the Gulf of Aqaba, South Africa, and Madagascar. Life Strategy: Crocodilefish sit and lay on the sea floor is soft or sandy and camouflage into the background and can be associated around with reefs or rubble. Food / Feed Strategy: The Flathead is a carnivorous fish that eats small fish that can fit into its mouth.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Tentacled Flathead." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Indian_Ocean_crocodilefish>. "Tentacled Flathead." Fish Base. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php?id=7896>.

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Title : Marine Fish Common Name: English sole Scientific Name: Parophrys vetulus

Species # 024


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pleuronectidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Pleuronectiformes

Geography / Habitat: It may be found on the floor beds of the Eastern Pacific Ocean on the Bering Sea to Bahia San Cristobal, central Baja California, and Mexico. Life Strategy: This is a fish who lives at the bottom of the seabed, in sandy and murky waters near the shores of the esuaries . Food / Feed Strategy: The English eats organisms, primarily marine worms, molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms. English sole feed by day, using both sight and smell, and often dig for food

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "English Sole." Fish Base. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php?id=4248>. "English Sole." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_sole>.

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Title : Marine Fish Common Name: Squaretail coralgrouper Scientific Name: Plectropomus areolatus

Species # 025


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Serranidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Coralgrouper inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs, in areas with rich coral growth and can be frequently encountered there. They can be mostly be found near Kiribati, Palau, Pohnpei and the Solomon Islands. Life Strategy: In the IUCN Red List, the species is included as ‘Vulnerable' because of the high demand and heavy pressure, thought to be increasing, on its spawning aggregations. Greatest catches of this species are taken at aggregations, being generally low at non-spawning times of the year. Food / Feed Strategy: The Coralgrouper feeds on small fish that can fit in its mouth that are around the reef.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Thierry, C., Sadovy, Y. & Yeeting, B. 2008. Plectropomus areolatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 November 2011.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 026

Common Name: Bellus angelfish Scientific Name: Genicanthus bellus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacanthidae Geography / Habitat: Bellus Angelfish is found in various reefs in the Ocean, mainly in Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Oceans and is less commonly, found in the Philippines and the island chains as far east as Tong and at depths of 300 ft. Life Strategy: The Bellus is one of the few angelfish displaying sexual dimorphism and are Hermaphrodites and can switch from male to female if there isn’t enough females in the small harem they travel in. Food / Feed Strategy: The Bellus is an omnivore, eating mostly zooplankton and marine vegetation, specifically algae in the wild and will also eat food such as brine shrimp, mysis, and shellfish.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Genicanthus Bellus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Genicanthus_bellus>. "FreshMarine.com - Bellus Female Angelfish - Genicanthus Bellus - Buy Cheap Bellus Angel Fish at Wholesale." Saltwater Fish - FreshMarine.com - Salt Water Fish Aquarium - Fish Tank - Aquarium Setup - Fresh Marine Fish. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. <http://www.freshmarine.com/bellus-angel-female.html>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 027

Common Name: Emperor angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus imperator Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacanthidae Geography / Habitat: The Emperor can be seen around coral reefs, around ones they prefer of course. They can be native to many places all the way to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the Red Sea to Hawaii and the Austral Islands. Life Strategy: The Emperor Angelfish changes colors between its Juvenile and Adult ages, in its Juvenile days it has black with circular white and blue stripes; In its adult days it gets its bold, blue body with yellow stripes. It also likes stony and extensive caves to make it feel secure. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish eats a lot of Spirulina in its diet and eats other foods such as marine algae, mysis or any kind of shrimp, and other meaty items.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Emperor Angelfish." Live Aquaria. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+18+411&pcatid=411>. "Emperor Angelfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Emperor_angelfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 028

Common Name: Semicircle angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus semicirculatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacanthidae Geography / Habitat: They can be found all around the Indo-West Pacific area around the coral reefs from the Red Sea, East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales, including Lord Howe Island Life Strategy: Juvenile Semi-fish usually inhabit shallow protected areas, while the adults prefer coastal reefs with heavy coral growth that provide a lot of hiding places. Generally solitary or in pairs. Food / Feed Strategy: The Semicircle Angelfish is a Herbivore and feeds on sponges, tunicates, and algae that are around the reef.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Semicircle Angelfish." Fish Base. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=5663>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 029

Common Name: Spine-cheek clownfish Scientific Name: Premnas biaculeatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacentridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Spine-cheek Clownfish occurs on coral reefs in the eastern Indian, western Pacific Oceans, and is particularly known in Australia where they have the Great Barrier Reef off of Queensland. Life Strategy: This Clownfish is the largest of the clownfish species and has a special living arangement among the tentacles of the sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor which it uses as its own home. Food / Feed Strategy: The Spine-cheek is a herbivore and feeds on zooplankton and algae

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: McGrouther, Mark. Australian Museum. 10 June 2011. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. <http://australianmuseum.net.au/Spinecheek-Clownfish-Premnas-biaculeatus/>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 030

Common Name: Popeye catalufa Scientific Name: Pristigenys serrula Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Priacanthidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: It is mainly located in the Eastern Pacific Monterey Bay in California, USA along continental shelf to Peru, including Revillagigedo, Cocos and the Galapagos Islands; this fish is reef associated.


Life Strategy: The Popeye Catafula is a shy, nocturnal fish that prefers the deeper water around the islands and the main shore, as they like to hide during the day time. Food / Feed Strategy: It is a Carnivore and will eat invertebrates such as worms, such as fireworms, crustaceans, and serpent stars; It hunts during the night time.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Popeye Catalufa." Fish Base. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php?id=3519>. "Popeye Catalufa." Live Aquaria. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+42+315&pcatid=315>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 031

Common Name: Pacific flame anthias Scientific Name: Pseudanthias ignitus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Serrindae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Pacific Flame is a fish that likes shallow coral reefs, and is most frequently found in clear


water along the outer reef slopes; its found in Indonesia, Maldives, Thailand I and through out the Indian Ocean, and the Western Pacific. Life Strategy: The Flame swims in groups called Aggregations and swims around the Coral reef. Food / Feed Strategy: This particular fish is a Herbivore, and mainly feeds on zooplankton.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Allen, G.R., Heemstra, P.C. & Sadovy, Y.J. 2010. Pseudanthias ignitus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 November 2011.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 032

Common Name: Yellow back goatfish Scientific Name: Parupeneus barberinus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Mullidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is found in the Indo and Western Pacific Oceans, East coast of Africa, Gulf of Aden to Micronesia and from Southern Japan to Australia; Its habitat is found off reef flats and lagoons on sandy bottoms. Life Strategy: This Goatfish in shallow water have a black streak, a yellow tint, a dot and is completely white, the fish in deeper water has red tints rather than the yellow and black. Food / Feed Strategy: Dashes spend most of their time moving slowly over the bottom searching for prey with their barbels; And they mostly consume worms, small crustaceans, and small fish.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Dash-and-dot Goatfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Parupeneus_barberinus>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 033

Common Name: Striped dottyback Scientific Name: Pseudochromis sankeyi Kingdom: Animalia Class:Actinopterygii Family: Pseudochromidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is mainly found in the Red Sea in shallow waters and could be found around coral; Most of them are bred in tanks in the USA. They like to hide among the coral and rocky terrain. Life Strategy: The Striped Dottyback can travel in small schools, and are not very agressive. Food / Feed Strategy: The Dottyback is a carnivore, and feds on meaty foods such as marine fish, mysis shrimp, and crustacean flesh.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Striped Dottyback." Live Aquaria. Web. 26 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+38+1320&pcatid=1320>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 034

Common Name: Banggai cardinalfish Scientific Name: Pterapogon kauderni Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Apogonidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Cardinalfish is restricted to the Banggai Islands of Indonesia because of its limited population and endangerment of being killed off by overfishing; They are Coral associated fish. Life Strategy: This fish travels in small schools of its species around the reef. The Cardinalfish likes to live in a variety of shallow habitats, including coral reefs, seagrass beds, and open areas of sand and rubble. Food / Feed Strategy: Thier food grouns consist of including planktonic, demersal, benthic organisms and Copepods that make up the most of thier diet; they Mainly hunt during the day.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Banggai Cardinalfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Banggai_cardinalfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 035

Common Name: Hawaiian Turkeyfish Scientific Name: Pterois sphex Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Scorpaenidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: The Turkeyfish is found in the Eastern Central Pacific specifically in marine waters off of Hawaii; its found near Lagoons and coral reefs Life Strategy: The Hawaiian Turkey fish is a nocturnal predator and hides in caves during the day. Like all Lionfish it has spines and the skin is filled with poison that is used as a defense against predators. Food / Feed Strategy: The Hawaiian Turkeyfish is a nocturnal feeder and a carnivore, preying on crustaceans; During the day it hides inside caves.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Pterois Sphex." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterois_sphex>. "Hawaiian Turkeyfish." Fish Base. Web. 26 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.us/summary/speciessummary.php? id=7782>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 036

Common Name: Blue rockfish Scientific Name: Sebastes mystinus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Sebastidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: The Blue Rockfish can occur from Sitka Strait in the north to Punta Santo Tomas in Baja, most commonly along Oregon and northern California, western Gulf of Alaska, and the Bering Sea. Life Strategy: As with other rockfishes the blue rock fish the fertilization is internal and live young are born which are


very small and helpless. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue rockfish mainly eats plankton; although Juveniles consume tiny crustacea like barnacle larvae, while adults shift to larger types, such as free-swimming jellyfish and squids or sometimes can eat young rock fish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position:Supraterminal Citation: "Blue Rockfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_rockfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 037

Common Name: Bocaccio Rockfish Scientific Name: Sebastes paucispinis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Sebastidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: The Bocaccio can be found from Stepovak Bay in Alaska to central Baja California, but is mostly abundant from Oregon to northern Baja California. Life Strategy: The Bocaccio juveniles stay in shallower water because of the protection provided by floating kelp mats or driftwood; As they get older, they will move into deeper, colder water. Food / Feed Strategy: Bocaccio are Carnivorous and eat marine animals such as shellfish like pelagic shrimp and crab, anchovies, sardines, other small rockfishes, and squid.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Bocaccio Rockfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bocaccio_rockfish>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 038

Common Name: Treefish Scientific Name: Sebastes serriceps Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Sebastidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Scorpaeniformes

Geography / Habitat: Treefish range extends from San Francisco, California to Isla Cedros, Baja California. Juvenile treefish are found in drifting mats of kelp, in areas of high rocky relief, the Adults are found on shallow rocky reefs, frequently in caves and crevices. Life Strategy: Treefish are a residential species with a limited home range; they do not show signs of migrating.Treefish are thought to spawn once during each year in the late winter. Food / Feed Strategy: The Treefish are ambush predators that feed during the night on benthic invertebrates, including mollusks and crustaceans, and small fish.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Untitled Document." California Department of Fish and Game. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/ nearshorefinfish/treefish.asp>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 039

Common Name: Flathead Sunburst anthias Scientific Name: Serranocirrhitus latus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Serranidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Flathead Sunburst geographic ranges from Fiji, to Indonesia, and all the way to Vanuatu. They are reef associated and like to hide among the coral, the Anthias prefers to live at the bottom near the sand bed. Life Strategy: They travel in Harem Schools and are all hermaphroditic. If a dominant male perishes, the largest female of the group will often morph to take its place. Food / Feed Strategy: Their feeding in the wild primarily consists of zooplankton and floating filamentous algae.


Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Fathead Sunburst Anthias." Live Aquaria. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+20+52&pcatid=52>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 040

Common Name: Zebra shark Scientific Name: Stegostoma fasciatum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Stegostomatidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Orectolobiformes

Geography / Habitat: Zebra sharks are found around near-shore reefs of the western Pacific Ocean from Japan to Australia, the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. Life Strategy: The zebra shark lose their stripes, As juveniles, these sharks have dark bodies with yellowish stripes. Once adults, the pattern changes to small dark spots on a grayish tan background. Food / Feed Strategy: Zebra sharks feed mainly on reef mollusks and crustaceans as well as small fish; The shark’s flexible body allows it to squirm into narrow crevices of the reef in search of food.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: "Zebra Shark." National Aquarium, Baltimore | Home. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.aqua.org/ animals_zebrashark.html>. "Zebra Shark." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra_shark>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 041

Common Name: Blue Spotted Stingray Scientific Name: Neotrygon kuhlii Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Dasyatidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Myliobatiformes

Geography / Habitat: The Blue spotted Stingray is found in Australia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Mauritius, Somalia, South Africa, and Tanzania and is found there along the rock or coral reefs. Life Strategy: This stingray is ovoviviparous; This means that the embryos are retained within the mother's body in eggs until ready to be hatched, they usually give birth from one or two pups they usually get nourishment from moms uterine fluid. Food / Feed Strategy: At high tide the Bluespotted stingray moves out into the shallow lagoons and reef flats; Thier diet consist of crabs and shrimps but sometimes they may eat small fishes.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: "Bluespotted Stingray." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bluespotted_stingray>. "Bluespotted Stingray." Florida Museum of Natural History. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/gallery/ Descript/bluespottedsray/bluespottedsray.html>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 042

Common Name: Scup Scientific Name: Stenotomus chrysops Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Sparidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Scup primarily lives in the Atlantic Ocean from Massachusetts to South Carolina; they travel in schools. Life Strategy: In the Middle Atlantic Bight, scup spawn along the inner continental shelf; Their young end up on the inshore along the coast waters. At 2 to 3 years of age, they mature; When the temperature warms in the spring they migrate inshore. Food / Feed Strategy: Scup are bottom feeders, they despise rising far above the bottom, they like preying on cnidarians, squids, polychaetes, crustaceans, and fishes. They have small, narrow elliptical, teeth and have molars in two rows.


Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Scup." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scup>. "Untitled Document." NOAA :: Northeast Fisheries Science Center. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/ read/popdy/scup-tagging/biologyFr.htm>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 043

Common Name: Six-bar Wrasse Scientific Name: Thalassoma hardwicke Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Indo-Pacific area like East Africa and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Lord Howe and Austral islands; they can be found in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs, slopes and along drop-offs. Life Strategy: This Wrasse likes to be in small, loose knit groups; these groups do not migrate far from the coral reef.


Food / Feed Strategy: This fish mainly eats zooplankton its whole entire life, when it gets to the Adult and Juvenile state it will eat Worms, Mollusks, polychaetes, and other plank invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Thalassoma Hardwicke, Sixbar Wrasse : Fisheries, Aquarium." Fish Base. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php?id=5643>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 044

Common Name: Desjardini sailfin tang Scientific Name: Zebrasoma desjardini Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Acanthuridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This Tang originates in the lagoons and reefs of the Indian Ocean from the southern Red Sea to KwaZulu-Natal Province in South Africa and as far east as India and Java. Life Strategy: These fish are pair spawners, which is different from all the other fish that is in its Family; during thier Juvenile years they live in the inner reef areas. Food / Feed Strategy: This tang mainly eats filamentous algae in the wild but Although Tangs will eat meaty foods.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Desjardini Sailfin Tang." Live Aquaria. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+43+378&pcatid=378>. "Red Sea Sailfin Tang." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Red_Sea_sailfin_tang>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 045

Common Name: The Yellow-Tail tang Scientific Name: Zebrasoma xanthurum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Acanthuridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Yellow tangs originate in the Western Indian Ocean area, and are marine reef dwelling species. Life Strategy: During the Yellowtail tangs spawning the males change colors; they are a peaceful fish and do not seem to migrate beyond the reef. Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild Tangs survive on algae but will eat meaty materials; It is natural for this tang, , to have periods where they stop eating and they can store a lot of energy in their body cavitites.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Name, Common. "Yellowtail Tang - Zebrasoma Xanthurum." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquaticcommunity.com/marinefish/yellowtailtang.php>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 046

Common Name: Moorish Idol Scientific Name: Zanclus cornutus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Zanclidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Idol is a common inhabitant of tropical to subtropical reefs and lagoons, the moorish idol originates in the Indo-Pacific area. Life Strategy: Moorish idols also form pairs, as they mate for life, or occasionally small schools, especially when they are juveniles. They are diurnal fish, sticking to the bottom of the reef at night, adopting a drab coloration. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish feeds on sponges, Tunicates, and other benthic invertebrates along the reef.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Moorish Idol." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moorish_idol>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 047

Common Name: Dragonface Pipefish Scientific Name: Corythoichthys haematopterus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Syngnathidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Syngnathiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is located in the Fiji, Indonesia, Tonga area and originates there, they enjoy swimming amongst the reef and the live rock. Life Strategy: The Dragonface Pipefish is a poor swimmer and prefers to travel by sliding its body over substrate and live rock similar to the way a snake moves and its tail is used to loosely anchor itself to corals or rocks. Food / Feed Strategy: The Dragon Pipefish is carnivorous and normally prefers to eat copepods, brine and mysis shrimp and the “Red Bugs”.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Tubular Citation: "Dragonface Pipefish." Live Aquaria. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+267+282&pcatid=282>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 048

Common Name: Klunzinger's wrasse Scientific Name: Thalassoma rueppellii Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This Wrasse inhabits reef margins and seaward slopes; This fish resides in the Western Indian Ocean along the Red Sea. Life Strategy: The shape of this wrasse is elongated which aids its movement throughout the reefs in nature; it is very


territorial and aggressive to other fish. It is know for liking to hide in the rocky coral of the reef. Food / Feed Strategy: The Klunzinger's Wrasse is a carnivore and eat several meaty foods like mysis shrimp, brine shrimp and bristleworms.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Klunzinger's Wrasse." Fish Base. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php? id=25787>. "Klunzinger's Wrasse." Live Aquaria. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+1379+1551&pcatid=1551>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 049

Common Name: Saddleback clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion polymnus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacentridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The saddleback clownfish can be found in the eastern parts of the Indian and the Western parts of the Pacific oceans; they live amongst the reef and have a relationship with certain anemones. Life Strategy: The color variation in saddle backs has also been partially correlated with the fish's host anemone; Specimens associated with H. crispa tend to be darker than those associated with S. haddoni. Food / Feed Strategy: The Saddleback clownfish is an omnivore and it eats algae as well as small crustaceans.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Saddleback Clownfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Amphiprion_polymnus>.

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Title : Marine Fish

Species # 050

Common Name: One Spot Foxface Rabbitfish Scientific Name: Siganus unimaculatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Acinopterygii Family: Siganidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Foxface originates in the Western Pacific are and lives in the environment of the reef. Life Strategy: Onespot Foxface Rabbitfish have venomous spines on the dorsal and anal fins for defense against predators in the wild; they also like to hide in crevices, they are extremely shy fish. Food / Feed Strategy: The Foxface is a herbivore and the foods include fresh vegetables and algae.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "One Spot Foxface." Live Aquaria. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=15+1465+2704&pcatid=2704>. Name, Common. "Onespot Foxface Rabbitfish – Siganus Unimaculatus." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/marinefish/siganus-unimaculatus.php>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 001

Common Name: Afra cichlid Scientific Name: Cynotilapia afra Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Afra is found along the freshwater Lake Malawi in Africa and is found in rocky habitats throughout the lake. Life Strategy: The Afra has vertical blue and black bars but there are many other different coloration patterns depending on the region the fish is from. Like other Cichlids, these fish are mouthbrooders. Food / Feed Strategy: Males defend their cave territories within the rock piles and feed from algae and micro-fauna on those rocks while the Females congregate in mid-water and feed on plankton.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Cynotilapia Afra." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynotilapia_afra>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 002

Common Name: African Butter Catfish Scientific Name: Schilbe mystus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Schilbeidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: As they’re name says, these fish are in the freshwater's of Africa; including the Nile and the Zambesi system, as well as rivers and lakes in queensland. Life Strategy: This fish’s spawning takes place during the monsoon, with eggs laid on vegetation in one or several locations; they show no guarding or parental care is demonstrated. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a Carnivorous predator it feeds on invertebrates and fish, as well as algae


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Name, Common. "African Butter Catfish - Schilbe Mystus." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/africanbuttercatfish.php>. "African Butter Catfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ African_Butter_Catfish>. "African Butter Catfish | Primary Industries & Fisheries | Queensland Government." Primary Industries and Fisheries | Queensland Government. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/28_13029.htm>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 003

Common Name: African Snakehead Scientific Name: Parachanna obscura Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Channidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish lives in the freshwaters of Africa including the Nile, Senegal to the Chad system and up to the Congo system; this fish is demersal and sticks to the bottom of the rivers in vegetation and floodplains. Life Strategy: The Female Snakehead is larger than the male and become sexually mature at 4”; they stay and look


after the young after they hatch and the mother watches over them and feeds the fry unfertilized eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is carniverous and feeds on insects and small fish but regularly likes to eat plants it lives around.

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Parachanna Obscura." Fish Base. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php? id=5467>. "African Snakeheads." Seriously Fish. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/profile.php? genus=Parachanna&species=obscura&id=54>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 004

Common Name: Banded Archerfish Scientific Name: Toxotes jaculatrix Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Toxotidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Banded archerfish are found in Indo-Pacific in feshwater and Oceanian waters in river mouths and mangrove estuaries; They move between fresh, salt, and brackish water over the course of their lifetime, though not to breed. Life Strategy: This fish is strange with its behavior as it changes from salt water to freshwater over many periods of time but they do not do this to breed; the young archerfish form small schools while learning aim at prey.


Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is best known for its ability to spit a jet of water to "shoot down" prey and they are excellent and accurate shooters to get their prey of bug into the water. They are Omnivorous and eat plant matter and insects.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Banded Archerfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Toxotes_jaculatrix>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 005

Common Name: Bronze Corydora Catfish Scientific Name: Corydoras aeneus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Callichthyidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: It is widely found in the South America area on the eastern side of the Andes, from Colombia and Trinidad to the Río de la Plata basin; it can be found on quiet freshwater river bottoms that can be murky with mud.


Life Strategy: These fish typically stay in schools of 20 to 30 individuals; like most corys they have a unique method of coping with the low oxygen content that prevails in such environments. Thier mating occurs during therainy season, which changes the water chemistry, the female can reproduce 20-30 eggs in each clutch. Food / Feed Strategy: This Cory is omnivorous and feeds on worms, benthic crustaceans, insects, and plant matter.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Bronze Corydoras." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bronze_corydoras>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 006

Common Name: Azureus Cichlid Scientific Name: Copadichromis azureus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This Cichlid originates in the Lake Malawi area and lives in freshwater places like the Mbenji Islands Nakatenga and Maleri Islands, Nkhomo Reef near Benga and Eccles Reef south of Makanjila. Life Strategy: This Cichlid is a mooth-brooder and any stress to the female will cause her to eat her babies; the males


protect thier spawning caves from others and the females ether are solitary or gather in small groups. Food / Feed Strategy: The Azureus is a Omnivore and feeds from the plankton and benthic invertebrates near the bottom.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Name, Common. "Azureus Cichlid - Copadichromis Azureus." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/azureus.php>. "Copadichromis Azureus." Fish Base. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php? id=8164>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 007

Common Name: Bala Shark Scientific Name: Balantiocheilos melanopterus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cyprinidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: Bala sharks are found in midwater depths in large and medium-sized rivers and lakes; they originate in Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo. Life Strategy: The Bala shark have big eyes to find and catch their prey; these fish are dioecism and fertilization in external, they do not guard thier larvae. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are omnivores and feed on phytoplankton and mostly on small crustaceans, rotifers, and insects and sometimes even eat their own larvae.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Bala Shark." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bala_shark>. Cruze, Tess. "Balantiocheilos Melanopterus." Fish Base. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ Balantiocheilos-melanopterus.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 008

Common Name: Banded Knifefish Scientific Name: Gymnotus carapo Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Gymnotidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Gymnotiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is distrubuted along the Central and South America freshwaters, mainly southern Mexico to Paraguay, including Trinidad; They inhabit turbid slow moving or standing waters and shallow edges of streams. Life Strategy: The Banded knifefish can survive when ditches, canals and small ponds dry out; and instead of the females Mouth brooding is done by the male and takes care of the eggs and larvae. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds mainly at night and is Omnivorous on worms, insects like odonate larvae, shrimps, fish like small characids, and plant matter.


Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Torres, Armi G. "Banded Knifefish." Fish Base. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.tw/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=10915>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 009

Common Name: Batik Loach Scientific Name: Mesonoemacheilus triangularis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Balitoridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: This freshwater fish is distributed along Asia, in Kerala and Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu in India; they are demersal and occurs in streams with pebbly bottoms. Life Strategy: These fish are external with the eggs and fertilize after a court dance, though these fish do not look after thier larvae and may up eating thier own fry eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: The are omnivorous although the bulk of their diet consists of small insects, worms, crustaceans and other zooplankton with only relatively small amounts of plant matter consumed.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Citation: "Mesonoemacheilus Triangularis - Zodiac Loach." Seriously Fish. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/ profile.php?genus=Mesonoemacheilus&species=triangularis&id=1533>. Torres, Armi G. "Mesonoemacheilus Triangularis." Fish Base. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=24647>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 010

Common Name: Banded Shovelnose Catfish Scientific Name: Brachyplatystoma juruense Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pimelodidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is distributed around the South American area in freshwater’s of the Amazon and Orinoco River basin; Inhabits flowing parts of main river channels, including rapids in both clear waters that contain a lot of sediment. Life Strategy: These fish migrate long ways into white water rivers to mate, as mating comes when rainy season arrives; this fish doesn’t look after its young but when they are young fish they form schools or groups. Food / Feed Strategy: The Shovelnose is piscivorous by nature, but relishes other meats such as prawns, mussels, cockle, lancefish or earthworms; and it is a nocturnal feeder.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style:Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Luna, Susan M. "Brachyplatystoma Juruense." Fish Base. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ Brachyplatystoma-juruense.html>. "Brachyplatystoma Juruense - Gold Zebra Catfish." Seriously Fish. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/ profile.php?genus=Brachyplatystoma&species=juruense&id=98>. "Brachyplatystoma." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Brachyplatystoma>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 011

Common Name: Banded Corydoras Scientific Name: Scleromystax barbatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Callichthyidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in the Subtropical freshwaters and coastal drainages in South America from Rio de Janeiro to Santa Catarina, Brazil. Life Strategy: The Branded Corydoras lays eggs in dense vegetation and the adults do not guard their eggs; the welldeveloped dermal teeth are inserted in fleshy tissue on a large area on the sides of the snout in fully grown males. Food / Feed Strategy: This Cory is Omnivorous and feeds on worms, benthic crustaceans, insects, and plant matter.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Banded Corydoras." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Banded_corydoras>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 012

Common Name: Bengal Denio Scientific Name: Devario devario Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cyprinidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish Originates in the freshwater ponds and rivers in the regions around Afghanistan, all the way to Bangladesh, India, Nepal & Pakistan. Life Strategy: The Bengal Danio is an egglayer and don’t seem to guard their young after spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: They are Carnivorous fish and their diet consists of annelid worms, small crustaceans and insects.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Bengal Danio." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 02 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_danio>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 013

Common Name: Bigtooth river Stingray Scientific Name: Potamotrygon henlei Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Potamotrygonidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Rajiformes

Geography / Habitat: This freshwater fish seems to prefer mud bottoms where it hunts for food; the Bigtooth stingray originates around Brazil, Africa and there is a epidemic in the Rio Tocantins and Rio Araguaia area. Life Strategy: These fish are Ovoviviparous, which means their eggs hatch inside their body before released into the world and number of young ranges from 1 up to nine embryos a litter. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are Carnivores and like to swim down at the bottom near the mud where they can find their favorite food : gastropod molluscs, their most important food item.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: Rincon, G. 2004. Potamotrygon henlei. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 December 2011.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 014

Common Name: Black Arowana Scientific Name: Osteoglossum ferreirai Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Osteoglossidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Osteoglossiformes

Geography / Habitat: Its natural habitat are the still waters of the Negro River basin in the Brazil and Colombia area and the upper Essequibo River basin in Guyana that is located in South America. Life Strategy: The Black Arowana is a mouth-brooder till about 40 days after hatching. Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild this fish can literally jump out of the water to capture prey and swims near the water surface. They are carnivores and their main diets consist of shrimps, insects, smaller fishes and are known for eating large animals.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Black Arowana." DF6NA: HamRadio, Microwave, 10GHz, 10368MHz, Rainscatter, ES, Meteorscatter, SporadicE, ESporadic, EME, Tubes, Cavity, Cavities, Amplifier, TWT, MS-Chat, EME-Chat, Microwave-Chat, Ham-Chat. Web. 02 Dec. 2011. <http://www.df6na.de/df6na/Fische/freshwater/html/blackarowana.htm>. "Black Arowana." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 02 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_arowana>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 015

Common Name: Black Ghost Knifefish Scientific Name: Apteronotus albifrons Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Apteronotidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Gymnotiformes

Geography / Habitat: They originate in South America in the Amazon Basin in Peru and from Venezuela through Paraguay in the Paraná River; they occur in rapid flowing freshwaters of creeks with a sandy bottom. Life Strategy: These fish possess a weakly discharging neurogenic electric organ and ampullary electro receptors that are distributed from head to tail, and are able to give weak electric discharges. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are Nocturnal and hunt at night; They are also a micro-predator of insect larvae, but they also feed on worms and plankton.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Luna, Susan M. "Apteronotus Albifrons." Fish Base. Web. 02 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/TrophicEco/ FoodItemsList.php?vstockcode=12546>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 016

Common Name: Blue Discus Scientific Name: Symphysodon aequifasciatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: It's not often seen in the main river channels, being mostly found in slow-moving tributaries and forest pools; Here it lives in schools in deep, sheltered areas around tree roots and rocks. Life Strategy: These fish travel in schools in deep areas; These fish care for their larvae and both adults produce a secretion through their skin, which the larvae live off during their first few days. Food / Feed Strategy: These Fish are Omnivorous and feed mainly on zoplankton, insects and other small invertebrates.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Discus (fish)." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discus_(fish)>. "Discus." Seriously Fish. Web. 3 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/profile.php? genus=Symphysodon&species=aequifasciatus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 017

Common Name: Blyth’s Loach Scientific Name: Syncrossus berdmorei Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cobitidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: These fish are distributed out in the freshwaters of Asia, in India, Myanmar and central Thailand; they are found in clear mountain streams and rivers. Life Strategy: Unlike most loaches, these species is agressive and territorial. Food / Feed Strategy: This Loach is Omnivorous and eats both meaty foods, such as worms, and eat vegetable matter.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: "Syncrossus Berdmorei, Blyth's Loach : Aquarium." Fish Base. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ SpeciesSummary.php?id=24688>. "Syncrossus Berdmorei - Redfin Tiger Loach." Seriously Fish. Web. 3 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/ profile.php?genus=Syncrossus&species=berdmorei&id=404>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 018

Common Name: Common Bream Scientific Name: Abramis brama Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cyprinidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: The common bream's originates in freshwaters of Europe north of the Alps and Pyrenees, as well as the Balkans and is found as far east as the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, and the Aral Sea. Life Strategy: The common bream lives in schools near the bottom of Rivers and lakes; The common bream breeds from April to June, and usually lay up to 300,000 eggs on water plants which the fry attach themselves with special glands.


Food / Feed Strategy: At night common bream can feed close to the shore; They usually feed on chironomids and water fleas but when it comes short they filter feed with thier gills rakers.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Common Bream." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Common_bream>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 019

Common Name: Common Plecostomus Scientific Name: Pterygoplichthys pardalis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Loricariidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: The Common Plecostomus originates in South America in the Amazon River Basin in a tropical climate in freshwater; it prefers to stay at the bottom of the river or lake. Life Strategy: Although normally a bottom-dwelling fish, they have the ability to breathe air from the surface of the water during dry periods and those in which dissolved oxygen is too low. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are herbivorous and are known for their cleaning ability and will indeed eat algae.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: "Pterygoplichthys Pardalis." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pterygoplichthys_pardalis>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 020

Common Name: Cardinal Tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Characidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is a freshwater fish and is native to the upper Orinoco and Negro Rivers in South America. Life Strategy: In the wild, this fish swims upstream in large numbers to enclosed rainforest canopies that are severely covered and there are were they spawn in large aggregations. Food / Feed Strategy: The Cardinal Tetra are carnivorous and feeds on worms and small crustaceans.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Cardinal Tetra." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_tetra>. Froese, Rainer. "Paracheirodon Axelrodi." Web. 3 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Paracheirodonaxelrodi.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 021

Common Name: Reedfish Scientific Name: Erpetoichthys calabaricus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Polypteridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Polypteriformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in Africa inside the Ogun River mouth in Nigeria and to Chiloango River in Congo Brazzaville; they are freshwater fish and are found in slow flowing rivers and standing waters Life Strategy: It can move snake-wise over the bottom, but it can also side-wind quite rapidly through the water and is able to breathe air and tolerates low oxygen levels. Their Larvae have external gills and resemble salamander larvae.


Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is Nocturnal and is carnivorous feeding on worms, crustaceans and insects.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Erpetoichthys Calabaricus, Reedfish : Aquarium." Fish Base. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ Erpetoichthys-calabaricus.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 022

Common Name: Chel Snakehead Scientific Name: Channa amphibeus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Channidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This freshwater fish originates only to the Chel River in the drainage of the Brahmaputra, of the Bhutan foothills, in northern Bengal in India. Life Strategy: From a young age, Chels can survive in a low-oxygen water habitat, but if deprived of surface access, adults can die from the lack of oxygen. Food / Feed Strategy: This is a predatory species and eats meaty foods.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Channa Amphibeus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Channa_amphibeus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 023

Common Name: Iridescrent Shark Scientific Name: Pangasius hypophthalmus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pangasiidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: The Iridescent sharks are freshwater fish and originate from the large rivers Chao Phraya and Mekong in Asia, though they have been introduced into other rivers for aquaculture. Life Strategy: The iridescent shark is a migratory fish that moves upstream to spawn during the flood season while the waters are high and returns downstream to seek rearing habitats when the river water levels recede. Food / Feed Strategy: This Shark is omnivorous and their diet consists of crustaceans, other fish, and plant matter.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Iridescent Shark." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pangasius_hypophthalmus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 024

Common Name: Cherry Barb Scientific Name: Puntius titteya Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cyprinidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: The Cherry barb originates in the areas of Sri Lanka, and introduced populations have become established in Mexico and Colombia; their environment is heavily shaded, shallow, and calm waters in subtropical weather. Life Strategy: When breeding, males swim just behind females, and chase away rival males and the adult couple will spawn 200 to 300 eggs and scatter them on plants and on the substrate. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are Omnivorous eating anything from detritus, to green algae, all the way to diatoms, dipterans and animal matter.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Cherry Barb." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry_barb>. Cruze, Tess. "Puntius Titteya." Fish Base. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/SpeciesSummary.php? id=6147>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 025

Common Name: Clown Loach Scientific Name: Chromobotia macracanthus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cobitidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a freshwater fish that originates in inland waters in Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Life Strategy: This fish is sexually dimorphic and they have a movable spine that lies in a groove below the eye, which may be extended as a defense mechanism and may cause a painful wound, but is not venomous.


Food / Feed Strategy: They are Omnivorous and feed on worms, crustaceans and plant matter.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Clown Loach." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clown_loach>. Torres, Armi G. "Chromobotia Macracanthus, Clown Loach : Fisheries, Aquarium." Fish Base. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Chromobotia-macracanthus.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 026

Common Name: Comma Swordtail Scientific Name: Xiphophorus signum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Poeciliidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a Freshwater fish that originates in Central America in the Rio Chajmaic and Rio de la Pasion basin and in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala; usually inhabits fast-flowing waters that are usually densely vegetated. Life Strategy: This fish is a Livebearer that gives birth to fully developed fry among the protection of plants; A single fertilization is enough for several batches of fry since the females can “save” sperm. Food / Feed Strategy: They are Omnivorous and like to eat worms.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: Torres, Armi G. "Xiphophorus Signum." Fish Base. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ SpeciesSummary.php?id=47355>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 027

Common Name: Cross River puffer Scientific Name: Tetraodon pustulatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Tetraodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate in africa in the Cross River within 20 km downstream of Mamfé, Nigeria; Juveniles and adults are common in the mainstream river. Life Strategy: These fish are very active swimmer and are constantly on the 'hunt'. Food / Feed Strategy: This is a predatory fish and is a Carnivore, it sometimes likes to snack on meaty foods like crab.


Body Form or Style: Globeform Swim / LocomotionStyle: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal "Tetraodon Pustulatus." Fish Base. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php? id=5142>.Citation:

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 028

Common Name: Crystal Eyed-Catfish Scientific Name: Hemibagrus wyckii Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Bagridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This species originates in Asia from Thailand to Indonesia; from the Mekong and Chao Phraya drainages in central Indochina all the way to Java and Borneo; and appears to be restricted in the middle reaches of the large rivers it inhabits. Life Strategy: These are fish with a big complex and will attack fish and people that are larger than their size and are


very territorial. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a predator and feeds on smaller fish and invertebrates in nature.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Hemibagrus Wyckii." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Hemibagrus_wyckii>. "Hemibagrus Wyckii - Crystal-eyed Catfish." Seriously Fish. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/ profile.php?genus=Hemibagrus&species=wyckii&id=639>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 029

Common Name: Cochu’s Blue Tetra Scientific Name: Boehlkea fredcochui Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in the freshwaters if the Amazon Basin. Life Strategy: Ths fish spawns like many others, with the eggs being scattered over fine leafed plants and Soft, acidic water is required for hatching to occur. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a Herbivore and eats plant matter.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Cochu's Blue Tetra." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Cochu's_blue_tetra>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 030

Common Name: Glass Catfish Scientific Name: Kryptopterus bicirrhis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Siluridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This freshwater fish originates in Borneo, its range also includes Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula, as well as the Chao Phraya and Mekong drainage basins. Life Strategy: This fish is transparent except for the head, bones, and the organs and have two long barbels which are as long as the body.


Food / Feed Strategy: They are diurnal predators which mainly eat true water bugs and occasionally smaller fishes.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Glass Catfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Kryptopterus_bicirrhis>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 031

Common Name: Dusky Piranha Scientific Name: Serrasalmus calmoni Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Characidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a freshwater fish that originates in the Middle and lower Amazon and Orinoco River basins to coastal rivers of Guyana: Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela. Life Strategy: Like most Piranhas this one has teeth to chew up its prey; its a external egg layer. Food / Feed Strategy: The Dusky piranha eats live fish and is a carnivorous fish.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Fishwise - Species Details." Fishwise - Database of World Fishes - 96 535 Scientific Names of Species. Web. 06 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishwise.co.za/Default.aspx?TabID=110>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 032

Common Name: Electric Blue Hap Scientific Name: Sciaenochromis ahli Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates and is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania in its natural habitat is freshwater lakes. Inhabits several habitats where rocks are found; usually found in caves and cracks of the biotope. Life Strategy: These fish are Oviparous and they are also external brooders and Eggs are fertilized externally before the female picks them up to brood in her mouth. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish likes to feed on small fishes, mainly small mbuna that live among the rocks


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Electric Blue Hap." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Electric_Blue_Hap>. Binohlan, Crispina B. "Sciaenochromis Ahli." Fish Base. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=2239>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 033

Common Name: Electric Yellow Cichild Scientific Name: Labidochromis caeruleus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is Freshwater and it Originates into the central western coastal region of Lake Malawi in East Africa. Life Strategy: This species is a maternal mouthbrooder and these fish are ovophiles and the male will excavate a pit in the sand within his territory, in which the female lays the eggs; the female then takes these eggs into her mouth for fertilization. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is Omnivorous and will eat vegetable matter and Meaty foods such as Worms.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Labidochromis Caeruleus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Labidochromis_caeruleus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 034

Common Name: Spotted Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus oculatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Lepisosteidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Lepisosteiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a Freshwater fish native to North America from Lake Erie and southern Lake Michigan drainages south through the Mississippi River basin to Gulf Slope, lower Apalachicola River in Florida to Nueces River in Texas, USA. Life Strategy: Gars spawn in shallow water with lots of vegetation and cover and the season occurs from April to May. A female can have multiple mating partners and have up to 20,000 eggs and lay the eggs on plants. Food / Feed Strategy: The Spotted gar are long and have a elongated mouth with many teeth used to eat other fish


and crustaceans.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Hit-and-run Citation: "Spotted Gar." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Lepisosteus_oculatus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 035

Common Name: Fahaka Pufferfish Scientific Name: Tetraodon lineatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Tetraodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a tropical freshwater pufferfish found in the Nile river and other river basins of Africa; They are typically found in large rivers, open water, weed beds and vegetated fringes. Life Strategy: Like all puffers they have the ability to inflate when threatened and carry the toxin Tetrodotoxin. Food / Feed Strategy: Fahaka feed mainly on benthic organisms which may include mussels, cockles, oysters and krill.


Body Form or Style: Globeform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Fahaka Pufferfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Fahaka_pufferfish>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 036

Common Name: Flag Acara Scientific Name: Laetacara curviceps Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: They originate in freshwater in South America in the Amazon River basin, in lower portions of tributaries of the Amazon River in Brazil; they are benthopelagic.


Life Strategy: The Flag Acara will do well in groups or pairs, this fish tends to pair young and will often pair for life. Food / Feed Strategy: The Flag Acara is omnivorous, and will eat crustaceans, insects, aquatic insects, worms, and or many types of insect larvae.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Luna, Susan M. "Laetacara Curviceps, Flag Acara : Aquarium." Fish Base. Web. 07 Dec. 2011. <http://fishbase.org.cn/ Summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=12262>. Name, Common. "Flag Acara." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Web. 07 Dec. 2011. <http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/ cichlid/flagacara.php>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 037

Common Name: Flagtail Catfish Scientific Name: Dianema urostriatum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Callichthyidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a dermersal freshwater fish that originates in the South America area and in the Amazon River basin; Mainly found away from the main river channels in slower moving creeks, tributaries, floodplain lakes and ponds. Life Strategy: This fish is a bubblenesting species, although some conflicting information exists suggesting that the eggs are laid in pits excavated from the substrate. Food / Feed Strategy: A carnivorous fish, this fish will eat crustaceans and worms.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Luna, Susan M. "Dianema Urostriatum." Fish Base. Web. 7 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=12204>. "Dianema Urostriatum - Flagtail Catfish." Seriously Fish. Web. 7 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/profile.php? genus=Dianema&species=urostriatum&id=739>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 038

Common Name: Forest Betta Scientific Name: Betta pugnax Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Osphronemidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: It is a native freshwater fish to swiftly flowing forest streams of the Malay Peninsula, Cambodia, Thailand, Borneo, and Sumatra, having originally been described from a population in Penang state in Malaysia. Life Strategy: This is a Mouth-brooding species. Food / Feed Strategy: This Fish is insectivorous and specially feeds on Mosquito larvae.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Penang Betta." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penang_betta>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 039

Common Name: Senegal Bichir Scientific Name: Polypterus senegalus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Polypteridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Polypteriformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in the fresh waters of Africa in the Nile basin and West Africa, including Senegal, Gambia, Niger, Volta and Lake Chad basins. Life Strategy: The female fish do not guard their young but the male school with them until they get older and are external fertilizer but the eggs are laid a few at a time throughout the thick vegetation.


Food / Feed Strategy: Since its eyesight is poor the bichir primarily hunts by smell the External nostrils of the fish to enable this. This fish is carnivorous and It feeds on insects, crustaceans, mollusks, frogs and fishes.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Polypterus Senegalus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Polypterus_senegalus>. Cruz, Tess. "Polypterus Senegalus Senegalus." Fish Base. Web. 7 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/ speciessummary.php?id=5024>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 040

Common Name: Freshwater Butterfly fish Scientific Name: Pantodon buchholzi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family: Pantodontidae Geography / Habitat: They are commonly seen in Lake Chad, the Congo Basin, throughout Lower Niger, Cameroon, Ogooue, and Upper Zambezi. They have also been seen in the Niger Delta, Lower Ogun, and in the Lower Cross River. Life Strategy: These fish have a very large Swim bladder, enabling it to breathe surface air; When freshwater butterflyfish spawn, they produce a mass of large floating eggs at the surface. Fertilisation is believed to be internal. Food / Feed Strategy: They are carnivorous, feeding primarily on aquatic insects and smaller fishes.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: "Freshwater Butterflyfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Freshwater_butterflyfish>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 041

Common Name: German Blue Ram Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus ramirezi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cichlidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in the warm acidic waters of the llanos savannahs of Venezuela and Colombia and typically found where cover in the form of aquatic or submersed vegetation is available. Life Strategy: Once sexually mature, the species forms monogamous pairs prior to spawning and the males do not tolerate other males; they lay small adhesive eggs on flattened stones. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is Carnivorous.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Ram Cichlid." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_cichlid>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 042

Common Name: Walking Catfish Scientific Name: Clarias batrachus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Clariidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish normally lives in slow-moving and often stagnant waters in ponds, swamps, streams and rivers like the Mekong and Chao Phraya basins, flooded rice paddies or temporary pools which may dry up; it originates in southeast asia. Life Strategy: This fish can use its pectoral fins to walk across land and It can survive using this form of locomotion as long as it stays moist. Food / Feed Strategy: this creature is omnivorous; it feeds on smaller fish, molluscs and other invertebrates as well as detritus and aquatic weeds; It is a voracious eater which consumes food rapidly.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Walking Catfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Clarias_batrachus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 043

Common Name: Bleeding Heart Tetra Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Characidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish prefers soft, acidic water and plenty of plant substrate; Native to the Upper Amazon basin in Peru, Colombia and Brazil but most are captive bred. Life Strategy: When the females are noticeably full of eggs and the males are displaying their best colours, select the fattest female and best-coloured male and transfer them to the spawning tank in the evening spawn soon after. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a omnivore and will eat plants and worms.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Hyphessobrycon Erythrostigma." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Hyphessobrycon_erythrostigma>. "Bleeding Heart Tetra." Seriously Fish. Web. 8 Dec. 2011. <http://www.seriouslyfish.com/profile.php? genus=Hyphessobrycon&species=erythrostigma&id=467>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 044

Common Name: Glowlight Tetra Scientific Name: Hemigrammus erythrozonus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Characidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Characiformes

Geography / Habitat: This is a small tropical fish found in the wild in the Essequibo River, Guyana, South America. Life Strategy: They breed similarly close to egg-scattering small fish and lay the eggs over fine-leaved plants. Food / Feed Strategy: It is an omnivore and in the aquarium eats worms and vegetable matter is suggested to vary the diet.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Hemigrammus Erythrozonus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Hemigrammus_erythrozonus>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 045

Common Name: Fire Eel Scientific Name: Mastacembelus erythrotaenia Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Mastacembelidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Synbranchiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in Asia, through out Thailand and Cambodia all the way to Indonesia in large lowland floodplain species occurring in slow moving rivers and inundated plains. Life Strategy: They Externally fertilize their young and do not guard tier fry; they are also dioecism creatures, having both female and male organs. Food / Feed Strategy: Is omnivorous and Feeds on benthic insect larvae, worms and some plant material.


Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Capuli, Estelia. "Fire Eel." Fish Base. Web. 9 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Mastacembeluserythrotaenia.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 046

Common Name: Skunk Loach Scientific Name: Yasuhikotakia morleti Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cobitidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates in Asia in the areas of Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins, and peninsular Thailand; Inhabits standing and flowing waters and is Found in crevices in rocks or burrows under rocks or logs and sand. Life Strategy: This fish is Oviparous and moves into temporarily flooded areas; Young return to rivers during November


and December in the lower Mekong Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on mollusks and benthic invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Torres, Armi G. "Skunk Botia." Fish Base. Web. 9 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Yasuhikotakiamorleti.html>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 047

Common Name: Indian glassy fish Scientific Name: Parambassis ranga Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Ambassidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: It is native to an area of south Asia from Pakistan to Malaysia; it occurs in standing water, especially in impoundments. Life Strategy: This fish breeds prolifically during the rainy season ;The fish reproduce by laying the eggs which the females do and then the males fertilise the eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: The fish feeds on crustaceans, annelid worms, and other invertebrates.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Indian Glassy Fish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 09 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Indian_glassy_fish>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 048

Common Name: Julii Cory Scientific Name: Corydoras julii Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichthyidae Geography / Habitat: This Cory are small, freshwater bottom dwelling scavenger catfish that originate in the USA area. Life Strategy: They enjoy being in numbers, so a small school of six or more is ideal for these cats. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is Omnivorous and will eat Crustaceans and plant.


Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "False Julii Cory Cat." Live Aquaria. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+1161+1176&pcatid=1176>. "Corydoras Julii." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corydoras_julii>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 049

Common Name: Koi Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Cyprinidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Cypriniformes

Geography / Habitat: Koi have been accidentally or deliberately released into the wild in every continent except


Antarctica, Koi are thought to originate in the Middle Eastern region now known as Iran from a species of fish called Magoi. Life Strategy: Koi can live over 200 years, but the typical lifespan is 25 to 35 years. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are Herbavores and will eat the grass from the river or lake floor.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Koi." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koi>. "All About Koi." Aquarium Fish: Tropical Freshwater Fish and Saltwater Fish for Home Aquariums. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/general/general.cfm?general_pagesid=185>.

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Title : Freshwater

Species # 050

Common Name: Madagascar Rainbowfish Scientific Name: Bedotia geayi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Bedotiidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Atheriniformes

Geography / Habitat: This freshwater fish originates from the Island off of Africa, Madagascar. Life Strategy: For Breeding this fish is a Egglayer. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a omnivore.


Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: "Madagascar Rainbowfish - Bedotia Geayi." About Freshwater Aquariums - All About Freshwater Aquariums and Fish. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://freshaquarium.about.com/cs/otherfish1/p/madagasrainbow.htm>. "MADAGASCAN RAINBOW FISH." FISH SPECIES. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://www.fish-species.org.uk/rainbow-fish/ 05-madagascan-rainbow-fish.htm>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 001

Common Name: Red boring Sponge Scientific Name: Cliona celata Kingdom: Animalia Class: Demospongiae Family: Clionaidae

Phylum: Porifera Order: Hadromerida

Geography / Habitat: These sponges are common in Southern New England and in Narragansett Bay, They also live in the Bahamas, and the western Atlantic Ocean. They usually live in lagoons or on reefs. Life Strategy: They will sometimes make their home on dead mollusks or other shelled creatures; Red Boring Sponges


can reproduce asexually and sexually. Food / Feed Strategy: This sponge is a Filter feeder; With air blocking the path for planktonic food to reach its cells, it will starve.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "Cliona Celata." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliona_celata>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 002

Common Name: Tree Sponge Scientific Name: Haliclona compressa Kingdom: Animalia Class: Demospongiae Family: Chalinidae

Phylum: Porifera Order: Haplosclerida

Geography / Habitat: This Sponge originates and lives in the Caribbean Sea. Life Strategy: Like most sponges they can reproduce asexually and sexually. Food / Feed Strategy: As a Sponge, this invertebrate is a filter feeder.


Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "Tree Sponge." Live Aquaria. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=497+527+577&pcatid=577>. "Red Tree Sponge." The Phylum Prorifera. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://thephylumporiferaproject.wikispaces.com/ Red+Tree+Sponge+%28Haliclona+compressa%29>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 003

Common Name: Orange Elephant Ear Sponge Scientific Name: Agelas clathrodes Kingdom: Animalia Class: Demospongiae Family: Agelasidae

Phylum: Porifera Order: Agelasida

Geography / Habitat: The species inhabits reefs and walls; It prefers areas with some water movement. They are common to Florida, Bahamas, and the Carribean. Life Strategy: They Reproduce Asexually or Sexually, producing polups. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat plankton, they filter feed.


Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "Orange Elephant Ear Sponge." The Phylum Prorifera. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http:// thephylumporiferaproject.wikispaces.com/Orange+elephant+ear+sponge+%28Agelas+clathrodes%29>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 004

Common Name: Bubble-tip Anemone Scientific Name: Entacmaea quadricolor Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Actiniidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Actiniaria

Geography / Habitat: They Live in the Indo-Pacific area, but species that are streaming or stringy, are often found in deeper waters with more dimly lit conditions; Smaller specimens are often located in groups or colonies, nearer to the surface. Life Strategy: In the wild, this anemone is a natural host of several species of anemonefishes; Reproduces Sexually and Asexually.


Food / Feed Strategy: Nutrients are generally obtained by filter feeding using its sweeping tentacles, or through wastes and debris cleaned from the surface of its partner or photosynthesis.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "Bubble-tip Anemone." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bubbletip_anemone>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 005

Common Name: Pink-tipped Anemone Scientific Name: Condylactis species Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Actiniidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Actinaria

Geography / Habitat: This anemome is found in the western portion of the Atlantic Ocean. This type of anemone can be found alone or communally, in small groups, in environments with good lighting and a reasonable current. Life Strategy: Like many Anemones they have a stinging mechanism to get food and to chase away predators. Food / Feed Strategy: Generally, pink tipped anemones' diets consist of small fish along with shrimp and small invertebrates. Their tentacles do have the ability to sting, which can aid them in catching these small meals, they can


also preform photosynthesis.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "The Pink Tipped Anemone - Bahamas Project." The Wilderness Classroom - The Wilderness Classroom. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://www.wildernessclassroom.com/hsmb/2008/07/the-pink-tipped-anemone.html>. "FreshMarine.com - Reef Haitian Anemone - Condylactis Species - Condy Anemone - Atlantic Anemone - Buy Cheap Haitian Anemone at Wholesale." Saltwater Fish - FreshMarine.com - Salt Water Fish Aquarium - Fish Tank - Aquarium Setup - Fresh Marine Fish. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://www.freshmarine.com/reef-haitian-anemone.html>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 006

Common Name: Sebae Anemone Scientific Name: Heteractis crispa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Anthozoa Family: Stichodactylidae

Order: Actiniaria

Geography / Habitat: This is a species of sea anemone from the northern Indian Ocean, including in the India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Life Strategy: Some species of anemonefishes associate with it, including the Cinnamon, Oman, Orange skunk, Orange, and several more Food / Feed Strategy: This anemone is Carnivrous and will eat what ever comes in its path, except for the house guest who lives there. They also partake in photosynthesis.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Sebae Anemone." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Sebae_anemone>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 007

Common Name: Magnificent Anemone Scientific Name: Heteractis magnifica Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Stichodactylidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Actiniaria

Geography / Habitat: This Anemone lives in the Indo-Pacific area; They require very strong lighting and very high chaotic flow. Life Strategy: It is often found in association with anemonefish, or clownfish, such as the cinnamon anemonefish , Clark's anemonefish , common clownfish, blackfinned anemonefish, true clownfish, and the pink skunk clownfish.


Food / Feed Strategy: If they are healthy and kept well fed they will grow very rapidly; Magnificent anemone consumes both vertebrates and invertebrates, including fish and crustaceans.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Heteractis Magnifica." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Heteractis_magnifica>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 008

Common Name: Mangrove Horseshoe Crab Scientific Name: Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda Kingdom: Animalia Class: Merostomata Family: Limulidae

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Xiphosura

Geography / Habitat: The mangrove horseshoe crab occurs only in Asia and can be found in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Hong Kong. Life Strategy: In the spring, horseshoe crabs migrate from the deeper water to the shallow, muddy areas with the male


on thier back to mate, the male fertilizes the eggs and the parents go back into the ocean; the eggs hatch in two weeks. Food / Feed Strategy: Mangrove horseshoe crabs are selective benthic feeders, feeding mainly on insect larvae, small fish, oligochaetes, small crabs and thin-shelled bivalves.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: "Mangrove Horseshoe Crab." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Carcinoscorpius_rotundicauda>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 009

Common Name: Flower Pot coral Scientific Name: Goniopora lobata Kingdom: Animalia Class: ANTHOZOA Family: Poritidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: SCLERACTINIA

Geography / Habitat: Goniopora lobata originates from the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Central Pacific region. Life Strategy: Reproduces Sexually and Asexually.


Food / Feed Strategy: Goniopora lobata is nocturnal in habit and therefore, feeds at night; Flower Pot Coral filter feeds a few times per week when open. It feeds upon acellular marine invertebrates, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-suck Citation: "FreshMarine.com - Flower Pot Coral - Goniopora Lobata - Daisy Coral - Flower Pot Coral - Sunflower Coral - Buy Cheap Yoo Stone Coral at Wholesale." Saltwater Fish - FreshMarine.com - Salt Water Fish Aquarium - Fish Tank Aquarium Setup - Fresh Marine Fish. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://www.freshmarine.com/flower-pot-coral.html>. Sheppard, A., Fenner, D., Edwards, A., Abrar, M. & Ochavillo, D. 2008. Goniopora lobata. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 December 2011.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 010

Common Name: Sand Fiddler Crab Scientific Name: Uca pugilator Kingdom: Animalia Class: Crustacea Family: Decapoda

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Malacostraca


Geography / Habitat: The species occurs on the east coast of North America and in the Gulf of Mexico, having been found as far north as Massachusetts and as far south as Texas and Florida; This species has also been reportedly been found in the Bahamas. Life Strategy: The males have one extremely enlarged claw, which they use to claim their territory and fight with other males. It is common for males to lose claws in the battles; When this happens, the claw regenerates and the opposite side begins to enlarge. Food / Feed Strategy: The crab's smaller claw picks up a chunk of sediment from the ground and brings it to the mouth, where its contents are sifted through making the crab a detritivore; anything edible is salvaged, be it algae, microbes, fungus, or other decaying detritus, the sediment is replaced in the form of a little ball.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Uca Pugilator." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uca_pugilator>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 011

Common Name: Open Brain Coral Scientific Name: Trachyphyllia geoffroyi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Trachyphylliidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Scleractinia

Geography / Habitat: Open brain corals are found in the warm, shallow waters of the tropics; they are predominately found in the Indian Ocean including the Red Sea, and throughout the coastal waters of Australia.


Life Strategy: They can produce Sexually or Asexually; they have a special relationship with zooxanthellae. Food / Feed Strategy: Due to the symbiotic relationship corals have with zooxanthellae, corals and therefore coral reefs, thrive in clear, shallow waters to allow the zooxanthellae to photosynthesize; they also prey on unexpecting animals and are nocturnal feeders.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-Suck Citation: "Open Brain Coral." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Open_brain_coral>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 012

Common Name: Large-brain root Coral Scientific Name: Lobophyllia hemprichii Kingdom: Animalia Class: ANTHOZOA Family: MUSSIDAE

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: SCLERACTINIA


Geography / Habitat: In the Indo-West Pacific, this species is found in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, southwestern Indian Ocean, northwestern Indian Ocean, northern Indian Ocean, central Indo-Pacific, north and west and east Australia, South-east Asia, Japan and East China Sea, oceanic West Pacific, Central Pacific in the coral reefs. Life Strategy: Can reproduce asexually. Food / Feed Strategy: This coral filter feeds, and is able to use the zooxanthellae to use photosynthesis.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-suck Citation: Turak, E., Sheppard, C. & Wood, E. 2008. Lobophyllia hemprichii. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 December 2011. "Brain Coral, Lobophyllia (Lobophyllia Hemprichii)." Live Aquaria. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/ product/prod_display.cfm?c=597+321+437&pcatid=437>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 013

Common Name: Sun Coral Scientific Name: Tubastrea sp. Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Dendrophylliidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Scleractinia


Geography / Habitat: Tubastrea is often found in deep waters, because they do not require sunlight for nourishment. They often colonize artificial surfaces, such as ship wrecks, for similar reasons. Life Strategy: Like most coral, sun coral reproduces asexually. They are hermaphroditic, and produce planulae. Food / Feed Strategy: Unlike most corals, Sun corals are not photosynthetic; Tubastrea do not host zooxanthellae,the symbiotic algae that provides energy to the coral via photosynthesis. They do eat though zooplankton and spread tentacles at night.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Tubastrea." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tubastrea>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 014

Common Name: Wisker Coral Scientific Name: Duncanopsammia axifuga Kingdom: Animalia Class: Anthozoa Family: Dendrophyllidae

Phylum: Cnidaria Order: Scleractinia

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Australia, Indo-Pacific Area. Life Strategy: Can produce Asexually.


Food / Feed Strategy: While possessing zooxanthella and being capable of photosynthesis, this coral appreciates regular feeding with any meaty marine foods able to fit into the expanded polyp's mouth.

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: "Duncanopsammia Axifuga." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Duncanopsammia_axifuga>. "Duncan Coral." Saltwater & Freshwater Fish Tank Information @ Aquarium Passion. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http:// www.aquariumpassion.com/profiles/corals/duncan-coral.html>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 015

Common Name: Brine Shrimp Scientific Name: Artemia salina Kingdom: Animalia Class: Branchiopoda

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Anostraca


Family: Artemiidae Geography / Habitat: In nature, they live in salt lakes; They are almost never found in an open sea, most likely because of the lack of food and relative defenselessness. Life Strategy: There are two types of eggs: thin–shelled eggs that hatch immediately and thick–shelled eggs, Males have two reproductive organs. The females can produce eggs either in the usual way or via parthenogenesis. Food / Feed Strategy: These shrimp feed mainly on green algae.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Artemia Salina." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemia_salina>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 016

Common Name: Maxima Clam Scientific Name: Tridacna maxima Kingdom: Animalia Class: Bivalvia Family: Tridacnidae

Phylum: Mollusca Order: Veneroida

Geography / Habitat: These clams are found throughout the Indo-Pacific; It is found in the oceans surrounding east Africa, India, China, Australia, Southeast Asia and the islands of the Pacific and hides in the coral and the sand.


Life Strategy: The juvenile matures into a male clam after two or three years, becoming a hermaphrodite; Reproduction is stimulated by the lunar cycle, the time of day, and the presence of other eggs and sperm in the water. Hermaphroditic clams release their sperm first followed by the eggs later, thereby avoiding self-fertilisation. Food / Feed Strategy: It filters for phytoplankton, as well as extracting oxygen with its gills. However, it does not need to filter-feed as much as other clams since it obtains most of the nutrients it requires from tiny photosynthetic algae known as zooxanthellae.

Body Form or Style:N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: "Maxima Clam." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxima_clam>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 017

Common Name: Fluted Giant Clam Scientific Name: Tridacna squamosa Kingdom: Animalia Class: Bivalva Family: Tridacnidae

Phylum: Mollusca Order: Veneroida


Geography / Habitat: This big clam is native to the shallow coral reefs of the South Pacific and Indian oceans. Life Strategy: Can produce Asexually. Food / Feed Strategy: By day, the clam spreads out its mantle tissue so that the algae receive the sunlight they need to photosynthesize and eat zooxanthellae.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-suck Citation: "Tridacna Squamosa." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Tridacna_squamosa>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Flame Scallop

Species # 018


Scientific Name: Lima scabra Kingdom: Animalia Class: Bivalva Family: Limidae

Phylum: Mollusca Order: Limoida

Geography / Habitat:The flame scallop is found in the Caribbean Sea; Flame scallops rest in their own nests made of small coral and rocks. Life Strategy: The flame scallop's vibrant red color is due to the large amount of carotenoids found within their body. Food / Feed Strategy: Because flame scallops have no photosynthetic properties, the herbivorous flame scallops eat only phytoplankton.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Flame Scallop." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flame_scallop>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 019

Common Name: Smooth Clam Scientific Name: Callista chione Kingdom: Animalia Class: Bivalva Family: Veneridae

Phylum: Mollusca Order: Veneroida

Geography / Habitat: They Inhabit sandy bottoms in the British Isles to the Mediterranean. Life Strategy: It can concentrate toxins from dinoflagellates blooms associated with pollution events such as red tides and more. Food / Feed Strategy: The Smooth Clam is a filter-feeders, (they feed by filtering food particles from the water).

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Gape-and-suck Citation: "Smooth Clam." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smooth_clam>.

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Title : Marine Invertebrates

Species # 020

Common Name: Common Octopus Scientific Name: Octopus vulgaris Kingdom: Animalia Class: Cephelapoda Family: Octopodidae

Phylum: Mollusca Order: Octopoda

Geography / Habitat: Its natural range extends from the Mediterranean Sea and the southern coast of England to at


least Senegal in Africa. It also occurs off the Azores, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde Islands. Life Strategy: It is able to change colour to blend in with its surroundings, and is able to jump upon any unwary prey that strays across its path. Food / Feed Strategy: The Common Octopus hunts at dusk for Crabs, crayfish, and bivalve mollusks or anything.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: "Common Octopus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Octopus_vulgaris>.

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Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 001

Common Name: Coconut Crab Scientific Name: Birgus latro Kingdom: Animalia Class: Crustecea Family: Parastacidae

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Decopoda

Geography / Habitat: It is found on islands across the Indian Ocean and parts of the Pacific Ocean as far east as the Gambier Islands, mirroring the distribution of the coconut palm; it has been extirpated from most areas with a significant human population, including mainland Australia and Madagascar.


Life Strategy: Like hermit crabs, juvenile coconut crabs use empty gastropod shells for protection, but the adults develop a tough exoskeleton on their abdomen and stop carrying a shell. Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet of coconut crabs consists primarily of fleshy fruit, nuts, seeds, tortoise hatchlings and dead animals.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style:N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut_crab

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Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 002

Common Name: Giant Freshwater Crayfish Scientific Name: Astacopsis gouldi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Malacostraca Family: Parastacidae Geography / Habitat: The species is only found in Tasmania Life Strategy: Males maintain a harem of several females.

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Decapoda


Food / Feed Strategy: It is not known if the animals are nourished by the wood, the bacteria, algae or invertebrates living in the rotting logs. They also eat leaves, fish and other meat, including other freshwater invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasmanian_giant_freshwater_crayfish

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Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 003

Common Name: Yabbie Crayfish Scientific Name: Cherax destructor Kingdom: Animalia Class: Malacostraca Family: Parastacidae Geography / Habitat: They can be found in Australia.

Phylum: Arthropoda Order: Decapoda


Life Strategy: Yabbies are found in many ephemeral waterways, and can survive dry conditions for long periods of time (at least several years) by aestivating (lying dormant) in burrows sunk deep into muddy creek and swamp beds. Food / Feed Strategy: Yabbies are primarily nocturnal detritivores, feeding primarily on algae and plant remains, at night, but also opportunistically feeding on any fish or animal remains they encounter at any time of day.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_yabby

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Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 004

Common Name: Trumpet-mouthed hunter snail Scientific Name: Gulella salpinx Kingdom: ANIMALIA Class:GASTROPODA Family: STREPTAXIDAE

Phylum: MOLLUSCA Order: STYLOMMATOPHORA

Geography / Habitat: Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests, it lives in the Marble delta and South Africa. Life Strategy: Gulella salpinx is ovoviviparous.


Food / Feed Strategy: They Feed on plankton.

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulella_salpinx Herbert, D.G. 2004. Gulella salpinx. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 December 2011.

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Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 005

Common Name: Medicinal Leeches Scientific Name: Hirudo medicinalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Annelida

Class: Clitellata

Order: Hirudinida

Family: Hirudinidae Geography / Habitat:Their range extends over almost the whole of Europe and into Asia as far as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The preferred habitat for this species is muddy freshwater pools and ditches with plentiful weed growth in temperate climates. Life Strategy: Medicinal leeches are hermaphrodites that reproduce by sexual mating, laying eggs in clutches of up to 50 near (but not under) water, and in shaded, humid places. Food / Feed Strategy: They like to drink blood from cattle and horses.


Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirudo_medicinalis

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Fish ID Project  

Molly's identification of 125 fish.

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