1-The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The word “nave” comes from a Latin word “navis” meaning “ship”, because the ceiling very often looked like an upside-down hull (bottom of a ship). 2-The aisles (rhymes with “piles”) are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. 3-The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church. This makes the church shaped like a cross, which is a symbol of the belief that Jesus died on the cross. 4-The chancel leads up to the altar at the top of the church. The altar is in the sanctuary. The word “sanctuary” means “somewhere which is safe”. People were not allowed to be arrested in the sanctuary, so they were safe. The altar is usually at the east end of the church. People in the church sit facing the altar. We say that the church “faces east”. 5-The tower, usually at the west end. If the church has a transept the tower will be above the centre of the transept.