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AD 2.1 - SEMESTER ONE PORTFOLIO MOHAMED MAHMOOD - 33348759


1. IMAGE OF THE CITY 2. A STRUCTURE FOR EVERYDAY RITUAL 3. LIDO GENERAL CLINIC

TABLE OF CONTENTS


IMAGE OF THE CITY MOHAMED MAHMOOD - 33348759


Analysis of the city of Venice by adapting Kevin Lynch's mapping techniques ‘The Image of The City’ was written by Kevin Lynch, the book analyses a variety of cities including Boston, Los Angeles and Jersey City. Lynch uses several techniques to analyse the cities, splitting them into 5 categories: Paths - Paths are channels along which the observer potentially moves. They may be streets, walkways, transit lines, canals or railroads. For many people, these are the predominant elements in their image. Edges - Edges are the linear elements not used or considered paths by the observer. They are the boundaries between two phases, linear breaks in continuity: shores, railroad cuts, edges development, walls. These edge elements, although probably not as dominant as paths are for many people important organizing features, particularly in the role of holding together generalized areas, as in the outline of a city by water or wall. Districts - Districts are the medium-to-large sections of the city, conceived of as having two-dimensional extent, which the observer mentally enters “inside of,” and which are recognizable as having some common, identifying character. Landmarks - Landmarks are a type of point-reference. They are usually a simply defined physical object: building, sign, store or mountain. Nodes - Nodes are points, the strategic spots in a city. They may be primarily junctions, places of a break in transportation, a crossing or convergence of paths, moments of shift from one structure to another. Nodes can also be concentrations. Venice Lynch’s mapping techniques will be adapted to suit the city of Venice, and specific areas A, B, C, D and E will be analysed. Paths - The paths will be divided into water paths and land paths. The canals in Venice are major paths, unlike other cities where the major paths are on land. Edges - Building and water edges. Edges indicate the built density of an area. Districts - Districts will be shown as land use, divided into religious, residential, park/recreation, industrial and commercial. Landmarks - Points which can be identified by the observer (tourists and Venetians). The main landmarks are churches, but there are also other buildings, such as the university, historical buildings and supermarkets. Nodes - Junctions, points of diversion and crossings. Concentration areas such as squares.

IMAGE OF THE CITY


0

150m N

Jewish Ghetto

Nodes 0

150m

Water Paths Commercial

N

Vaporetto Stop Church Major landmark Minor landmark

Water paths

Major node Minor node

Landmarks Land paths Water paths Crossover nodes

Residential Religious

Land edge Building edge

Park/ Recreation

Jewish Ghetto - Composite map

Land Usage

Water and Land Paths

Edges

Nodes Most of the nodes found are on the bridge crossings where people pass and converge to get across the canal. The larger nodes are located in the squares found across this area. There is a major node in the Southern area where two very large paths converge causing a bottle neck effect.

Water Paths The water paths are very important transport routes in this city as there is no road access. Due to the lack of roads the water paths become the primary mode of transport. In this area there are various small canals and there is also the Grand Canal, the main canal in Venice.

Landmarks The landmarks in Venice are difficult to identify prior to visiting the area. We have looked at both tourist landmarks and everyday landmarks, but another map will be produced after the visit to the area. The vaporetto stops are a crossover which is used both by the Venetians and by the tourists. The major landmarks in the area are churches and the university.

Land Paths The land paths in this area seems very complex. The major nodes have been included on the map above to show the crossover points between rivers and land paths. A node is present wherever land and water paths cross. The paths of the city will be easily identified when we visit the area, and it will be much more clear which ones are the main paths used by the tourists and locals.

Edges Edges in Venice are very different to the ones described in the book because there are a variety of interconnecting canals running throughout the city creating water edges. This is combined with the strong building lines creating building edges. The maps above show that the paths in this area are all formed by building edges.

Land Usage This area is mostly commercial with residential buildings located in the centre. We have included a religious section because the churches are so dominant within the city. This however is a vague picture of the land use in site A which we will research further when we visit the area. New revised maps will be produced after the visit to Venice.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Pre-Visit Analysis of Site A (Jewish Ghetto)


Vaporetto stop Church

Land paths

Major landmark

Water paths

Minor landmark

Major node

Religious

Minor node

Commercial Industrial Residential

Nodes & Water/Land Paths

Nodes A lot more nodes were identified during the visit to the area , these are shown on the map above. The minor nodes identified are mostly street diversions and convergence points. There is a higher number of minor nodes in the residential areas. The major nodes are squares and major points where streets meet. The bridges are also important nodes. Water and Land Paths The water paths in this area are used for public and private transport. The vaporetto runs through the Grand Canal and there are smaller/private boats used throughout the area. All the services in the city use boats as the main transport, those services include police, ambulances and refuse collection. The main land paths are by the canals, highlighting the importance of the water paths but there are many other land paths through the narrow streets and alleyways.

Landmarks & Land Usage

Landmarks There are various landmarks in this area, most of these are churches and historical buildings but there are also supermarkets and vaporetto stops which are easily identified by people walking through the area. There is a higher number of historical buildings around the commercial zone this suggests that the commercial zone originally developed around these because this is the area where there is a larger concentration of people. Land Usage The area is mostly residential hence there are many churches and synagogues spread throughout the area. It is very clear that the commercial zone is around the main street and also facing the canals. There is an industrial zone on the North of Cannaregio, this location allows easy transportation of goods because it directly faces the lagoon.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Post-Visit Analysis of Site A (Jewish Quarter)


0

150m

Major node Minor node

Major landmark

Water paths

Vaporetto Stop Minor landmark Church

Arsenale

Nodes 0

Water Paths

Landmarks

150m

N

Land edge Building edge

Industrial Land paths Water paths

Commercial Religious Residential

Arsenale - Composite map

Land Usage

Water and Land Paths

Edges

Nodes In this area of the city nodes mainly consist of harbours and convergence points, such as bridges. The area is mainly industrial, the Arsenale harbour is a major node. The area is less dense than Area A, therefore the majority of the nodes are major nodes unlike Area A where minor nodes are predominant. Minor nodes in this area mainly consist of diversions in walkways and footpaths.

Water Paths The canals in this area are comparatively wider than the canals in Area A. This is due to it being an industrial area, wider canals are required to allow larger boats to pass through. The land on either sides of the canals is usually connected by bridges to allow movement between both sides of the canal.

Landmarks The vaporetto stops in this area are mainly located on the outer edges. The Arsenale is the main landmark, and there are not many churches in this area compared to area A. The reason why there are less churches in this area is because it is mainly commercial and industrial, churches are usually located near residential areas.

Land Paths Land paths in this area are also much wider than Area A. The path by the Grand Canal is very wide compared to the residential areas, this allows greater movement for tourists and residents who are either walking passed or catching a boat/ferry/cruise at the Grand Canal.

Edges The edges mainly consist of building edges and water edges. The building edges are outlined with black blocks while the water edges are outlined with white. This area is located at the end of the main Venice island, there is easy and quick access to the Lido .

Land Usage This area is mainly industrial and commercial, there is a large shipbuilding yard and mainly restaurants and souvenir shops facing the Grand Canal. There are not many churches in this area, these are spread out and are mainly located near the more residential areas.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Pre-Visit Analysis of Site B (Arsenale)


Major node Minor node

0

Water paths Vaporetto Stop Church Major landmark Minor landmark

150m

Nodes

Lido

Water Paths

Landmarks

N 0

150m

Land paths Water paths

Commercial Residential

Land edge Building edge

Religious Park/recreation

Lido - Composite map

Land Usage

Water and Land Paths

Edges

Nodes Unlike area A and B, there are roads in this area allowing cars, buses and motorbikes. This area has a substantial amount of major nodes, most of these are road diversion points. This area is also much less dense than area A and B, therefore there are less nodes and diversion points.

Water Paths The island of Lido is surrounded by the lagoon on one side and the Adriatic Sea on the other side but the number of canals is much lower than area A and B. There are fewer vaporetto stops in this area suggesting that the water paths are not utilized as much due to the existence of roads.

Land Usage The Lido is a holiday beach resort so the area is mostly commercial, mainly the sea front area where most hotels are located. There are very few churches, and the residential areas are located away from the commercial centre of Lido. There is a lack of green spaces, but the area does have the beach for leisure.

Land Paths The area is mostly dominated by roads, unlike area A and B the lack of canals suggest that these are mostly used for leisure purposes rather than commuting. The roads and bike lanes in this area allow people to travel longer distances much quicker than in the main island of Venice.

Landmarks The main attraction of the Lido is the beach, this is very different from the main island of Venice where there is a large number of historical buildings. The only historical buildings in this area are large hotels and a small number of churches which are shown on the map above. Further landmarks will be identified once the area has been visited.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Pre-Visit Analysis of Site C (Lido)

Edges Seeing as this area is mainly a large spread of land the water edges are not as dominant as they are in areas A and B. The density of the area is also much lower than the other areas, there is much more space between buildings.


Land paths

Minor landmark Church

Water paths

Major landmark

Major node

Vaporetto stop Minor node

Commercial Residential Leisure Religious

Nodes & Water/Land Paths

Landmarks & Land Usage

Nodes A variety of differences were noticed when the area was visited, these are shown on the map above. One of which was the fact that some parts of the beach are private and only accessible by gated entrances this meant that there are a number of nodes where people diverge to get onto the beach. People also gather on the rocks and piers creating node points on the beach as well as forcing people to diverge around these.

Landmarks One of the various landmarks discovered when the area was visited is the gated entrances to the beach, these provide access to another major landmark which is the beach itself. Another new landmark is the rock piers which extend out to the sea, these provide spaces for people to gather or fish. The beach huts are not shown on the map but these are of great  significance  in the area and are a very recognizable landmark. It is important to highlight that landmarks may differ in the eyes of a tourist and a Venetian and also during summer and winter.

Water and Land Paths Lido is the only island where cars and motorbikes are allowed therefore boats are still used but most people choose to use the roads. There is a public bus system and the existence of roads means these are grided unlike the main island of Venice. Boats are used in the canals and on the West side of the island but these are not allowed near the beach.

Land Usage The commercial zone starts from the vaporetto stop down to the beach. There are various private villas facing the beach and the residential areas are to the West of the island. The beach is used for leisure and there is also a children funfair on the main street.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Post-Visit Analysis of Site C (Lido)


0

150m Major node Minor node

N

Chioggia 0

Nodes

N

Chioggia - Composite map

Water Paths Residential Religious Park/recreation Industrial Commercial

150m

Church Major landmark Minor landmark

Water paths

Landmarks Water paths Land paths

Land edge Building edge

Land Usage

Water and Land Paths

Edges

Nodes The amount of major and minor nodes in this area is substantially higher than the other areas because this area is much more densely populated. And seeing as the area is densely packed the nodes especially the minor ones are considerably close to each other. The island to the left (see map above) is the least dense compared to the islands in the middle.

Water Paths This area is divided into several islands, the larger island to the right (map above) faces the Adriatic Sea on one side and the lagoon on the other. There are no canals on the larger island but there is a substantial amount of canals on the smaller islands. The water paths in this area are used for leisure and also for commercial and industrial use.

Landmarks Just like the Lido this area does not have many major landmarks. There aren’t any Vaporetto stops and there is only a small number of churches. The lack of churches and historical buildings is possibly because the area is more of a beach resort than a historical area like the centre of Venice.

Land Usage Similarly to the Lido the areas overlooking the sea are mainly commercial due to the beach while the areas that overlook the lagoon are mainly residential. The smaller island on the left seems to be mainly industrial. The green /recreation spaces are much larger than any of the other areas analysed.

Land Paths The land paths are very linear unlike the other areas, the main road runs through the larger island and then it diverts to the smaller islands on the West. Similarly to the Lido the existence of roads suggest that the residents/tourists do not need to use water transport and instead they use cars, buses and bikes to get around.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Pre-Visit Analysis of Site D (Chioggia)

Edges There is a large stretch of land on the East while the West consists of several smaller islands that are connected together by the means of bridges and are separated by canals just like the main parts of Venice. There is a combination of land and canals in this area and the largest number of building edges is found in the most dense area which is located on the West.


Where do you live?

Is there anything the Jewish Ghetto area lacks in your opinion?

Where do you live?

Is there anything the Lido lacks in your opinion?

IMAGE OF THE CITY Questionnaire


After visiting the sites and conducting interviews with people who live and visit the designated areas we concluded that what has been predicted is only partially true. People who live in the area see things from a different perspective as the environment becomes part of their everyday. A tourist for example thinks of Venice as a romantic city where one can get away from his busy life, while most Venetians think of Venice in an opposite manner. Concentrating on two areas the Jewish Ghetto and the Lido meant that we could have better focus hence having better outcomes. The samples from the interviews were quite small but the most important question was to describe the area in one word so this can be compared to the maps analysed and make a conclusion whether Lynch’s techniques are successful at conveying the ‘Image of the City’.

0 0

150m

150m

N

N

The four areas analysed are very different, the Jewish Ghetto is mostly residential and the commercial zone is concentrated around one area, the Arsenale area is mostly industrial and commercial, the Lido is residential and also a beach resort, and finally Chioggia is mainly residential but also a beach resort like the Lido as well as having an industrial area. Lynch’s analysis method is ideal to compare the amount of landmarks, nodes, paths and land use on the different areas but they do not convey the feeling of that city. As an example the Jewish Ghetto area and the Lido are mostly residential but they are completely different, the houses in the Jewish Ghetto are dense and there is a community feeling as well as a romantic feeling if you are sat in one of the many restaurants by the canal but in the Lido the houses and holiday villas are spread out and the community feeling is gone as there are no washing lines outside people’s windows and everyone seems more private. A tourist thinks of the Lido as a peaceful beach resort but most Venetians think of it as a ‘dead town’ where nothing new happens and the ways of living are far from modern. Most of the words used by the interviewed people to describe the areas would never be mentioned if one only looked at the analysed maps instead. The maps of the Jewish Ghetto do not convey a romantic image neither does the map of the Lido convey the image of a ‘dead town’.

Jewish Ghetto - Composite map

Arsenale - Composite map

0

0

150m

N

The final conclusion is that Lynch’s techniques are successful at mapping the information and facilities of that area but it is not sufficient to convey the true ‘Image of the City’. This can be better understood when visiting the city or by looking at pictures, also different people will have individual opinions and every single person will have their own ‘Image of the City’ according to their feelings and experiences. Lido - Composite map

IMAGE OF THE CITY Conclusion

Chioggia - Composite map

150m


"...confronts real and imagined notions of the country, where the urban fabric is an active witness to social, political and religious fractions." The History After winning the Golden Lion award in the previous Bienalle Bahrain had no other option but to participate in this one. After facing a political turmoil the curator of the exhibit decided to take that into consideration and create a pavilion showing that Bahrain is not just a country that is facing political problems, but that it a country that has got a background, even though the media only portrays the political aspect of the country. “Background” The instalment that has been created by the Bahraini curator Noura Al Sayeh makes an attempt to show that Bahrain has got a background, other than the one portrayed by the media. She achieves that through creating an open space pavilion that is filled with small benches and the rest is kept empty. In addition to that the existing windows have been blocked and live streaming from Bahrain is being projected on the projection screens. In my opinion the vast emptiness in the rooms reflects the amount of information that people don’t know about Bahrain, while the benches represent the amount known. The benches were formed into book-like shapes and that can be linked to the fact that what is known about the country is mainly portrayed through media; books, newspapers, etc. In addition to the live streaming there were newspapers that have been given out. The paper mainly had pictures of Bahrain and how it is, and that to help in conveying the message even more; that there is a background behind what is going on in the country. The Common Ground The Bahraini exhibit achieves the common ground theme through showing that Bahrain has got a base, a background that extends beyond political views. The link to architecture though is not very clear, but it can be seen that the main idea behind the pavilion is the ground, as it hosts some of the greatest architecture, as well as the turmoil that occurred in the country.

IMAGE OF THE CITY Bienalle Review - Bahrain Pavilion


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL MOHAMED MAHMOOD - 33348759


The Lido The Lido is a very loosely populated area and one of the main features that it has got is the beach. The area is very seasonal and it booms during the Venice film festival and during summer while during the other times of the year it is not as busy. Unlike Venice the Lido does not have as many art galleries and cafes and hence the demand for such services is not met. The Site The main building on the Lido beach is the Exelcior Hotel. The hotel is also very important for the film festival that takes place once a year. Putting that into consideration I have chosen my site to be on the pier just in front of the hotel. The reason behind that is that the design proposal will not be over powered by the grand hotel. It is also very appropriate as it will create a sense of calmness and get the people away from the city. The Concept The concept is to create a protected area where people can relax and unwind, and due to the lack of cafe's and galleries in the Lido area I find it very appropriate to design a cafe with a gallery attached and a courtyard in the middle. The courtyard will act as the protected area and hence nature wont be able to affect it. It is very important to consider lighting and mainly sunlight in the design of the building seeing as the gallery will contain items that can be very sensitive towards that and so sun will play a big role in the design of the building.

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL The Brief


Site location in relation to the world

Site location in relation to Europe

Site location in relation to Italy

Site location in relation to the Lido (Scale 1:2500)

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Site Location


N

N

N

01 June

01 June

04:27

19:48

N

01 June

04:27

19:48

01 June

04:27

19:48

04:27

19:48

18:00

18:00

W

E

W

E

09:00

16:00

W

E

16:00

16:00

09:00

W

E 16:00

15:00

15:00 12:00

12:00

S

S

Summer 9:00 am 1

S

Summer 12:00 Noon

Site

1

1 : 2000

Summer 3:00 pm

Site

1

1 : 2000

N

E

Summer 6:00 pm

Site

1

1 : 2000

N

W

S Site

1 : 2000

N

W

E

N

W

E

W

E

16:27 07:49

16:27

07:49

16:27

21 December

09:00

07:49

16:27

21 December

07:49

16:27

21 December

21 December

15:00

12:00

S

S

Winter 9:00 am 1

Winter 12:00 Noon

Site

1

1 : 2000

1

1 : 2000

06:15

20 March E

W

Winter 6:00 pm

Site

1

1 : 2000

N

18:20

S

Winter 3:00 pm

Site

N

W

S Site

1 : 2000

N

06:15

18:20

20 March E

W

N

06:15

18:20

20 March E

18:00

W

06:15

18:20

09:00 15:00

12:00

Equinox 9:00 am 1

Site

1 : 2000

S

Equinox 12:00 Noon 1

S

Site

1 : 2000

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Solar Analysis

Equinox 3:00 pm 1

Site

1 : 2000

S

Equinox 6:00 pm 1

Site

1 : 2000

S

20 March E


Cafes and Restaurants Across the Lido

Art Galleries Across the Lido

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Site Analysis - Macro

Nearest Vaporetto Stop


Residential areas

Mixed usage areas

Commercial areas

Access to the site

Green Areas

Important landmarks

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Site Analysis - Micro


View from South

View from west

View from North

View from East

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Conceptual Model


View as you approach the building

View of the North Facade

View of the South Facade

Main Facade

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Conceptual Model


Internal View of the Cafe

View from the cafe looking outside

View on the gallery looking from the outside

View on the courtyard

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Interior View


The building in context (Scale 1:500)

Long Section (Scale 1:100)

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Proposed Building in Context


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Roof Plan (Scale 1:100)


1

2

3

1. Exhibition Area 2. Courtyard 3. Cafe

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Ground Floor Plan (Scale 1:100)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL East Elevation (Scale 1:50)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL North Elevation (Scale 1:50)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL West Elevation (Scale 1:50)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL South Elevation (Scale 1:50)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Section (Scale 1:50)


A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Section (Scale 1:50)


The Gallery The gallery is one of the main parts of the building. It is north facing as to not allow a lot of sunlight to get into the room so that the displayed art is not affected. The gallery can be opened on the main courtyard in order to create a large area and the courtyard can be used to display sculptures outdoors when not used as part of the cafe. On the south of the gallery there is a large strip window that is located on the top of the wall and that allows some light to seep into the room.

The Cafe

The Courtyard

The cafe plays a big role in the design elements. The main facade of the cafe is located on the south in order to allow maximum sunlight to get into the room. One of the main features of the cafe is that it is completely glass glazed with concrete strips. The concrete strips provide shade while the glazing allows the light to get into the rooms. The cafe opens up on the courtyard to create an outdoor seating area.

The courtyard is the main attraction in the design. The courtyard is a protected area that is part of the cafe but can be opened on the gallery and can be used in order to exhibit large sculptors. The courtyard is protected is open from one side in order to provide a full view on the horizon which gives a sense of disconnection from the city hence providing a place to relax and unwind.

A STRUCTURE FOR AN EVERYDAY RITUAL Building Programme


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC MOHAMED MAHMOOD - 33348759


The Lido The site is Located in the Lido of Venice which is a strip of land that separates the sea from the Venetian Lagoon. The strip is not populated as the actual Venetian islands, and it is not as popular. One of the main problems that the Lido faces is the ageing population. Due to people moving out due to lack of jobs and activities available on the Lido the density is reducing as well. After conducting some research about the area I have came to find out that the strip lacks health care services in addition to many services that help in making people's life easier. The Site The site chosen for the project is located in a residential area of the strip and is easily accessible through roads and can be accessed by walking. The site is also very close to the beach and is located in the centre of the strip which makes it easily accessible from all sides. The site is currently a back yard of a building and due to the size a development project can be proposed for that site that would help making the environment a better one. The Concept Seeing as health care is one of the most important services that people need to have access to I have decided that designing a building that provides medical services for the people who reside on the Lido strip. There are many factors that need to be considered when designing and they include the climate of the area, the population and average age of the population. Seeing as the population mainly consists of people ranging between the ages of 40 and above and many medical problems arise at around that age I find that designing a medical service centre will help provide the basic need for the population without having to travel far distances in order to get what should be provided in the first place. The Proposal The proposed building is a medical centre that would provide services for the community and hence making the Lido a better place and making the lives of the people living there easier. The medical centre must be able to cater for small emergencies, daily visits and consultations. In addition to that the medical centre must contain a pharmacy that will cater for the users and nonusers of the centre.

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC The Brief


Site location in relation to the world

Site location in relation to Europe

Site location in relation to Italy

Site location in relation to the Lido (Scale 1:2500)

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Site Location


Site Location (Scale 1:500)

Section showing site (scale 1:500)

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Site Location


Summer

9:00 am

12:00 noon

3:00 pm

6:00 pm

12:00 noon

3:00 pm

6:00 pm

12:00 noon

3:00 pm

6:00 pm

Equinox

9:00 am

Winter

9:00 am

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Solar Analysis


Average perception

Average hours of sunshine

Average temperature

Average wind speed

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Climate Analysis


Nearest vaporetto stops

Nearest hospital

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Site Analysis - Macro


Residential areas

Mixed usage areas

Commercial areas

Access to the site

Services

Important landmarks

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Site Analysis - Micro


Maggie's Centre - Glasgow

The Maggie's centre is located in Glasgow. The centre mainly deals with cancer patients and hence it is located in close proximity to the cancer treatment hospital. One of the main features of the centre is the open plan. The open creates a more homely environment. The main materials used for the building are concrete and glass. Due to the large amount of reflective glass used the building blends within its environment.

Estuary View Medical Centre - Kent

Estuary View Medical Centre’s brief was to house both private and public healthcare in one building. It was to deliver high quality integrated healthcare, closer to home with shorter waits; a better patient experience. The £3.2m building was won through a competitive process. Carefully considering the importance of the relationship between the private and NHS facilities provided Astudio with a concept for the proposal. Effectively two buildings share spaces and circulation at the junction of the facilities, for the benefit of the patient; the two functions wrapped in one architectural expression.

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Precedents


View from west

View from east

Close-up on the front columns

North facade of the building

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Conceptual Model


View of the internal courtyard

View on the internal courtyard

South facade of the building

Panoramic view

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Conceptual Model


Main waiting area

First floor

Reception area

Entrance area

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Intenal Views


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC North Elevation (Scale 1:50)


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC South Elevation (Scale 1:50)


Panoramic view of north elevation

Panoramic view of south elevation

Panoramic side view

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Roof Plan (Scale 1:500)


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Roof Plan (Scale 1:100)


1

2

3 4

5

6

1. Pharmacy 2. Nurse Hub 3. Fire Stairs 4. Reception 5. Main Waiting Area 6. Courtyard

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Ground Floor (Scale 1:100)


1

5 5

2

5 3

5 4 2

2 5 5

1. General Female Ward 2. Bathroom 3. Fire Stairs 4. Secondary Waiting Area 5. Consultancy Rooms

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC First Floor (Scale 1:100)


1

5 2

5

3 4

2

2

5

1. General Female Ward 2. Bathroom 3. Fire Stairs 4. Secondary Waiting Area 5. Surgery Rooms

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Second Floor (Scale 1:100)


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Section (Scale 1:50)


LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Section (Scale 1:50)


The Pharmacy The pharmacy is located at the front of the building and is open on the main entrance area. The pharmacy is open to both the public and the people who use the facility and that is the reason why it is located in the front of the building.

The Reception The reception is located at the very back of the entrance area and that provides the privacy needed for the customers of the clinic.. The reception is also separated from the waiting by a wall that also acts as a structural element.

The Courtyard The courtyard acts as a sanctuary for the patients to escape to and relax and unwind. The courtyard is protected from the neighbours through high walls and that provides the privacy needed. In addition the trees provide shading hence not allowing the south facade to be exposed to too much sunlight.

LIDO GENERAL CLINIC Building Programme

The Waiting Area The main feature in the waiting area is the high ceilings. The high ceilings provide a sense of openness and hence you don't get the claustrophobic feel you normally get in hospitals. The reception area is surrounded by glass from the front and the back and that allows for the natural light to flood into the room.


Female Ward The small ward caters for small events where a person could stay over night. Each of the two wards contain four beds and a shared bathroom. The ward is located on a section on its own and has windows on the north elevation. The windows are narrow and are located in the bottom and the top of the walls. The top ones allow for light to flood in the room without jeopardising privacy while the bottom ones can be opened to ventilate the room.

Secondary Waiting Area On the first floor a secondary waiting area is located. The area is divided into two areas, a group seating and a more private area. That caters for people who come in groups and individuals. Glass glazing is on the south facade in order to allow light to flood in and hence creating a more open space.

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Consultation Rooms There are six consultancy rooms available on this floor. Four have windows on the north facade while two are located on the south elevation. Just like the wards the windows are located on the top and bottom of the walls. The lower ones are used for ventilation while the higher ones to allow light to flood into the rooms.


Male Ward The small ward caters for small events where a person could stay over night. Each of the two wards contain four beds and a shared bathroom. The ward is located on a section on its own and has windows on the north elevation. The windows are narrow and are located in the bottom and the top of the walls. The top ones allow for light to flood in the room without jeopardising privacy while the bottom ones can be opened to ventilate the room.

Secondary Waiting Area On the first floor a secondary waiting area is located. The area is divided into two areas, a group seating and a more private area. That caters for people who come in groups and individuals. Glass glazing is on the south facade in order to allow light to flood in and hence creating a more open space.

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Minor Operation Rooms On the second level there are three minor operation rooms. Each of the rooms are divided into two areas, a smaller entrance area and a larger room where the operations take place. Two of the rooms are located on front of the building while one is located at the back. The windows in these rooms can not be opened are located in the top of the walls in order to allow maximum sunlight to come in.


Privacy Privacy is one of the most important things when it comes to a hospital. The rooms must be discreet and people from the outside must not be able to see what is going in seeing as it a very sensitive place. The Windows The way to achieve privacy in the consultancy and operation rooms is through making the windows smaller and placing them at high and low heights. Seeing as the windows will not be in the average eye level people's private matters will not be exposed to the public. The Columns The columns take a big part in maintaining privacy in the waiting area. The columns acts as a shield and due to the angles they are placed in they restrict the view hence people on the outside will not be able to see what is going on inside the building.

Ventilation Seeing as the building is located in a warm site ventilation is one of the important things that needs to be considered and the building must be able to cater for that. The Atrium The atrium acts as the main component for ventilating the building. Due to the natural stack effect the hot air will rise through the atrium and let out from the opening in the top while the cool air seeps in through the doors and windows keeping the building cool. The Windows Windows play a very big role in ventilating the building. In the consultancy rooms they are located at a lower level so that the cool air can seep in through while the hot air is extracted from the top.

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