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‫‪Comparative Architecture‬‬ ‫‪Home work 8‬‬ ‫عمل الطالب ‪ /‬محمد فؤاد الزبيدي‬ ‫الرقم الجامعي ‪1323719 /‬‬ ‫باشراف الدكتور ‪ /‬فاروق مفتي‬ ‫المهندس ‪ /‬احمد فالته‬


john f kennedy

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his death in 1963. After military service as commander of the Motor Torpedo Boats PT-109 and PT-59 during World War II in the South Pacific, Kennedy represented Massachusetts' 11th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 as a Democrat. Thereafter, he served in the U.S. Senate from 1953 until 1960. Kennedy defeated Vice President and Republican candidate Richard Nixon in the 1960 U.S. presidential election. At 43 years of age, he is the youngest to have been elected to the office,[2][a] the second-youngest President (after Theodore Roosevelt), and the first person born in the 20th century to serve as president.[3] A Catholic, Kennedy is the only non-Protestant president, and is the only president to have won a Pulitzer Prize.[4] Events during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, and early stages of the Vietnam War. Therein, Kennedy secretly increased the number of military advisers, special operation forces, and helicopters in an effort to curb the spread of communism in South East Asia.[5] The Kennedy administration adopted the policy of the Strategic Hamlet Program which was implemented by the South Vietnamese government.[6] It involved certain forced relocation, village internment, and segregation of rural South Vietnamese from the northern and southern communist insurgents


THE JOHN F. KENNEDY CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS ANNOUNCES AN EXPANSION PROJECT TO BE DESIGNED BY STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS

29 January 2013

(WASHINGTON, D.C.) - David M. Rubenstein, Chairman of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, today announced an expansion project to be constructed south of the existing facility. The project will include rehearsal space as well as dedicated classroom space and multipurpose rooms for the Center's extensive arts education and arts management education programs. Public access spaces will include gardens, an outdoor video wall upon which simulcast performances and other multimedia events may be projected, and an outdoor performance space on the river. The expansion will be designed by Steven Holl and senior partner Chris McVoy of Steven Holl Architects.


International Airport John F. Kennedy International Airport is an international airport in the borough of Queens in New York City owned by the City of New York and leased to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Lower Manhattan. In 2011 it was the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States, handling more international traffic than any other airport in North America. It is also the leading freight gateway to the country by value of shipments. In 2012, the airport handled 49,292,733 passengers, making it the 17th busiest airport in the world and sixth busiest in the United States in terms of passenger traffic.


Heinz-Galinski School The Heinz-Galinski School is a state-accredited private day school under the auspices of the Jewish Community of Berlin. Its classes go up to the sixth form. Currently 270 pupils are enrolled in 17 classes, each of which has a maximum of 24 children. The school is open to children of Jewish and non-Jewish backgrounds. Pupils always are accompanied by a tutor during class time and free time, and there are both study and play rooms available

History In 25 fo ssalc a ot srood sti denepo loohcS yratnemelE hsiweJ eht ,1986students in Berlin’s Charlottenburg district. With the fall of the Berlin Wall in saw loohcs eht ,1989 remrof eht morf noitargimmi hsiweJ fo xuflni na fo tluser a sa dnapxe ot dellepmoc 1995 .noinU teivoSsaw the opening of the school’s modern campus on Waldschulallee and its commemorative renaming in honour of Heinz Galinski of blessed memory ( ,(1992- 1912long-time chairman of the Jewish Community of Berlin. It was the first newly constructed Jewish school to open its doors in Germany after the Shoah.


Building The building that houses the Heinz-Galinski School was designed by the Israeli architect Zvi Hecker. Its unusual shape, with interlocking segments, makes it reminiscent of a sunflower. Viewed from above, the building also resembles an open book – a direct reference to its function as a school. After all, the Hebrew word for book, “sefer,” is part of the word for school: “beit sefer” (house of books). The symbolism of sunflower and books together reflects the nature of children: pure joy and boundless curiosity, playfulness and serious concentration, optimism and the need to explore


‫حسن فتحي‬ ‫ذلك المعماري الذي تحدث عن عميله قائال‪ :‬العميل الذي يعنيني هو من تمثله اإلحصائيات التي تشير إلى أن‬ ‫هناك ‪ 800‬مليون من البشر في العالم الثالث يموتون موتا مبكرا بسبب اإلسكان الشائه غير الصحي‪ ..‬هذا هو‬ ‫العميل الذي على المعماري االهتمام به ولكنه ال يفعل‪ ..‬إن األمر يشبه الطبيب حافي القدمين في الصين‪ ..‬إن‬ ‫هؤالء يحتاجون إلى معماري حافي القدمين‪.‬‬ ‫ُولد "حسن فتحي" في اإلسكندرية في ‪ 23‬مارس ‪ ، 1900‬وانتقل مع أسرته في طفولته إلى القاهرة‪ ،‬ليسكن في‬ ‫حي الجمالية العتيق (الذي ظل يسكنه طيلة حياته)‪ ،‬تخرج من مدرسة "المهندسخانة" (كلية الهندسة) بجامعة‬ ‫وعين كأول عضو مصري في هيئة التدريس الحديثة بمدرسة الفنون الجميلة‬ ‫فؤاد األول (القاهرة حاليا) عام ‪ُ ،1925‬‬ ‫في عام ‪ ، 1930‬ثم أوفدته الكلية في بعثة إلى باريس ليدرس الدكتوراه‪.‬‬

‫بنى "حسن فتحي" بيوتا بالطوب اللبن‪ ،‬وسقفها بقباب صبغها بجمال معماري بديع‪ ،‬فلم يصممها كمهندس‪ ،‬يهتم‬ ‫بحساباته العلمية ومعاييره الهندسية في المتانة والتصميم فقط‪ ،‬لكنه طعمها بروح فنان يرتبط ببيئته ويعشقها "‬ ‫كنت أود أن أمد جسرا على الفجوة التي تفصل المعمار الشعبي عن معمار المهندس التقليدي‪ ،‬وأن أوفر صلة‬ ‫متينة مرئية بين هذين المعمارين في شكل مالمح مشتركة بينهما معا"‪.‬‬


‫أبرز مشاريعه‬

‫قرية "القرنة"‬


‫قرية دار السالم‬

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