Comparative Architecture Home work 4 عمل الطالب /محمد فؤاد الزبيدي الرقم الجامعي 1323719 / باشراف الدكتور /فاروق مفتي والمهندس /احمد فالته
*Norman Foster: Norman Foster is the Founder and Chairman of Foster + Partners. He was born in Manchester in 1935. After graduating from Manchester University School of Architecture and City Planning in 1961 he won a Henry Fellowship to Yale University, where he gained a Masterâ€™s Degree in Architecture. In 1963 he co-founded Team 4 and in 1967 he established Foster Associates, now known as Foster + Partners. Founded in London, it is now a worldwide practice, with project offices in more than twenty countries. Over the past four decades the company has been responsible for a strikingly wide range of work, from urban masterplans, public infrastructure, airports, civic and cultural buildings, offices and workplaces to private houses and product design. Since its inception, the practice has received 470 awards and citations for excellence and has won more than 86 international and national competitions.
:*من أهم مشاريعه *
IBM Pilot Head Office:
‘The building’, said the assessors for the 1972 RIBA Award, ‘demonstrates that architecture can be produced from a tough commercial situation by the exercise of ingenuity and imagination’. The ‘tough commercial situation’ was the requirement to provide a temporary head office for IBM (while a permanent headquarters was built on an adjoining site), accommodating between 750 and 1,000 employees, to be completed within eighteen months and at a cost comparable to the cheapest temporary structures. The initial brief was simply to research the various systems available and propose a site layout. The response, however, was a report that demonstrated that for the same expenditure IBM could have a customdesigned permanent building that embraced high architectural and environmental standards.
The resulting building is a single-storey, deep-plan structure that groups under one roof a wide variety of functions that would traditionally have sprouted a collection of diverse buildings. Central to its design was its challenge to the convention, current in the 1970s, that the computer should have a separate ‘shrine’; instead, a raised floor was installed, on top of the floor-slab, allowing a computer room to be integrated within the office building. With all services located in the roof and wiring carried down through hollow steel columns, the interior has been able to respond quickly to growth and change. Initially the building housed offices, computers, amenities and a communications centre. But over the years offices have been reconfigured, the restaurant has been moved and the computer room expanded. Major internal changes have been facilitated by the ability to insert external doors in lieu of the gasketed glazing panels which otherwise complete the external cladding. The bronze glass reflects the surrounding trees and landscape so that the building merges - almost disappears - into its setting. Although it was expected to be only a stopgap, the building’s ability to respond easily to changing needs has ensured its long-term survival more than thirty years after its completion.
*Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller: Fuller published more than 30 books, inventing and popularizing terms such as "Spaceship Earth", ephemeralization, and synergetic. He also developed numerous inventions, mainly architectural designs, including the widely known geodesic dome. Carbon molecules known as fullerenes were later named by scientists for their resemblance to geodesic spheres.
: *من اهم مشاريعة
*The Montreal Biosphère 1967:
Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895 - 1983) was an architect and designer based in the US. His design philosophy of 'more for less' was applied across a range of projects, from the design of a car, housing, boats, games, to perhaps his most famous design: the geodesic dome. Geodesic domes are lightweight structures that can span large distances without any internal supports; highly cost effective they became popular for military and exhibition use as well as for emergency shelter. They inspired a whole host of architects and designers, including the use and adaptation of the domes at the hippie commune in Colorado, Drop City. This application being important for demonstrating that Fuller's ideas could also be applied in a low-tech manner.
* تحليل مشروع البنك :
بدأت الفكرة من التكوين الدائري ثم قطعها بثالثه مستطيالت
ثم عمل ميل للمسطيالت فاعطت شكل املنحنيات اليت جتعل العميل يشعر بالرتحيب
*الموقع العام: موقع البنك في شمال مدينة جدة شارع األمير سلطان . يوضح مواقف الموظفين خلف المبنى ومواقف العمالء امام المبنى ويوضح الحركة المرنة امام المبنى
*مسقط الدور األرضي : توضح الصالة في الوسط أماكن انتظار العمالء والجهه اليسرى أيضا اما في الجهه اليمنى منطة vipاإلدارة وال
*مسقط الدور الثاني: الفراغ في الجهه اليسرى مغطى بجدار زجاجي مطل على الدور السفلي
*مسقط الدور الثالث : دور مخصص للموظفين يوضح منطقة االتصال الرأسي من الدور األرضي الى الدور الثالث ويوضح أماكن حركة الموظفين
*قطاع :A – A يوضح وسيلة االتصال بين الدور واألخر ويوضح صالة انتظار العمالء
*قطاع :B – B يوضح تدرج الكتل
ويوضح وسيلة االتصال بين الموظف والعميل بحيث ان الموظف له مكتب مرتفع ب 25سم عن سطح األرض لكي تكون وسيلة االتصال بين الموظف والعميل اسهل وجها لوجه