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ņīóčĉîěôŔëîĠķŁîļăãôûŜûŒijóàíĎķ ôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅäĘñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿí

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ôŔijíĎįŎŀòñõîŃŎŀĬŃ õîŔĬńĀĿíŅäĘñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíņīčĉîěôŔëîĠķŁîļăãŒijóàíĎķŅíŎňĬĿí ôŔŀŋŗí ĎœŎĤøĿíōõíčîĘøēŜĿĺŔøēîēôĻĎėČŔĴň÷ ŅŎňăĊĿíĊŔĿōúăîòĿíĉíĊīç ôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíĊīîĔńĿíþŃîŇĎñôĬÿíĎŃ číĊěříĆœčî÷ ŅîĔŇříĵŎĸĄĿĎŔńĠĿíôĔēæŃĎėîňĿí ıŜİĿíôīîòģōłŔńĜ÷ ĵŎĸĄĿ ĎŔńĠĿí ôĔēæńĿ ôħŎĴĄŃ ĵŎĸĄĿí ôijîĻ  ôħŎĴĄńĿí ĵŎĸĄĿí   îŋčĊĜŃŐĿçóčîėřîñôĬÿíĎńĿíʼnČŋŅŎńĠŃŁíĊĈøēíďŎĀœōiŅîĔŇří śóĐįĩîĤķŒijŅîĔŇříĵŎĸĄĿĎŔńĠĿíôĔēæŃŅçôĔēæńĿíôŔĿōæĔŃ öĔŔĿîŌŇãîńĻiôĬÿíĎńĿíʼnČŋŒijóĉčíŎĿíõîŃŎŀĬńĿíôĄěōãĽîńĻņńĠ÷ îŌňńĠø÷ ŒøĿíõîŃŎŀĬńĿíŁíĊĈøēíņīłĀň÷ĊķčíĎğãôœãņīôĿōæĔŃ õîŃŎŀĬńĿí ņī ôŀŃîļĿí ôŔĿōæĔńĿí ĺøēîē ôĻĎė ľńĄø÷ō iôĬÿíĎńĿí îŋČŔĴň÷ôŔĀŌňŃōôēíčĊĿíŒijóĉčíŎĿí iŒñōčōŗíĉîĄ÷śíņŃľœŎńøñôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋõĎĘŇôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíôŔĿōæĔńĿí þëîøňĿíō iôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ôŔŀŋŗí õîĔēæńĿí ĎœŎĤ÷ ĐĻĎŃ ņŃ łīĊñō ŒńēĎĿíőãĎĿíņīóčōĎĠĿîñĎòĬ÷śôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋîŌňńĠ÷ŒøĿíõîŔěŎøĿíō ôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíôŔŀŋŗíõîĔēæńĿíĎœŎĤ÷ĐĻĎŃōŒñōčōŗíĉîĄ÷ŜĿ ôœîńăōŁíĎøăíŒijôńŋîĔńĿíĩōĎĘŃôĄňńĿíłķčōĩōĎĘńĿíŅíŎňī  ņŃ ĽŎńńĿí ióĐį ĩîĤķ Œij àîńøŇśíō õîŔĬńĀĿí ľŔļĘ÷ Œij ĶĄĿí ĐœĐĬ÷ō  &*%)3 ôĄňŃłķčöĄ÷ŒñōčōŗíĉîĄ÷śí

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õîœŎøĄńĿíôńëîķ ôĄĴĜĿíłķč

                      

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ĩŎğŎńĿí

łķĎĿí

ôŃĊĸńĿí ôēíčĊĿíôŀļĘŃ ôēíčĊĿíıíĊŋã ôēíčĊĿíôŔńŋã ôēíčĊĿíôŔĀŌňŃ ôēíčĊĿíôĤć ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃŐŀīŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĉ

ĽōŗíúĄòńĿí

ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí ŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĉŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí ņŔĤĔŀijïîòėôŔĬńÿľăčíĎķ

ŒŇîüĿíúĄòńĿí

ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿľăčíĎķ

úĿîüĿíúĄòńĿí

ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíōŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ŅîňēŗíàîòģãôŔĬńÿŅäĘñôŔŀćĊĿíóčíďōłŔńĬ÷ ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíéîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí

ĪñíĎĿíúĄòńĿí

                      


      

łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔćîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí þëîøňĿí õîŔěŎøĿíōþëîøňĿí õîŔěŎøĿí ĪÿíĎńĿí

      

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ôŃĊĸńĿí öńļăŒøĿíôŔēîŔĔĿíõîĤŀĔĿíĪòø÷ôĴŀøĈŃôŔŇŎŇîķôńĨŇãľħŒijŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíàîĠĸĿíľńī õîÿîŔøăśîēîļĬŇíŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíŁîĨňĿíĎòøĬœ ĺĿČĿōiŁĎĜňńĿíîŌĈœčî÷ ĎòīņŔĤĔŀij ôńĻîĄĿíõîĤŀĔĿíĂĿîĜŃō  ôŔñōčōŗíōôŔŃŜēří ôŔŇîńüĬĿíõîĬœĎĘøĿíņŃÒîĀœĐŃôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíôŃŎĨňńĿíöŀļėĊķō ŒŇîĤœĎòĿíŁîĬĿíŅŎŇîĸĿíŐĿçôijîğřîñiōŒŃîīņŔñôĬķíŎĿíóĎøĴĿíĽíŎģö¸ň´ēŒøĿí Ø ōŒŃîīņŔñņŔĤĔŀijŒijĶòģőČĿí ĩîĤķŒijôœĎĜńĿíņŔŇíŎĸĿíōiôŔñĎİĿíôĴĠĿíŐŀīôŔŇĉčŗíõîĬœĎĘøĿíŁîļăãöĸòģĺĿċĊĬñō ŁîīŐøăŁîīČňŃóĐį ŒğíčŗíŐŀīôœĎļĔĬĿíʼnĎŃíōãĶŔòĤ÷ŐŀīŁîĬĿíČňŃŒŀŔëíĎēříĽŜøăśíľńīiÒíĎŔćãō ôŀøĄńĿíņŔĤĔŀijŒķîñŒijŊňŔŇíŎķĶŔòĤ÷ŐĿçôijîğřîñióĐįĩîĤķōôŀøĄńĿí ôŔŇŎŇîķôŃŎĨňŃņēŐĿçõĊńīiŎŀēōãõîŔķîĴ÷śôĀŔøŇôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿíóäĘŇĪŃō ŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîÿîăĪŃŒėîńø÷ōôûōčŎńĿíņŔŇíŎĸĿíďōîĀø÷ióĊœĊÿ ôœĉîĬĿíõîĬœĎĘøĿíņŃĊœĊĬĿíņēł÷iŒĬœĎĘøĿíĒŀĀńĿíïîĈøŇíōôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿíàîĘŇçĊĬòij ŊŃîļăãŐŀīýōĎĈĿíďŎĀœśŒĿîøĿîñōiôŔĿîĸøŇśíôŀăĎńĿíčŎøēĉŊĴěŎñŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíō ŒijĶòĤ÷ŒøĿíōiôŔńŋŗíŒijôœîįôœčŎøēĉéĉîòŃŐŀīĂœĎĜĿíĚňĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņńĠ÷ō ĽŜĸøēíōiõîĤŀĔĿíņŔñľĜĴĿíãĊòŃōiŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃîŌňŃōiôüœĊĄĿíôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíôńĨŇŗí őčŎøēĉàîĠķàîĘŇçĽŜćņŃŏĎćŗíõîĤŀĔĿíŐŀīôŔñîķčôĤŀēàîĠĸĿíôŔĿŎ÷ł÷îńĻiàîĠĸĿí  ôœčŎøēĉôńļĄŃàîĘŇçņŔĄĿîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíľńīŒijîøķæŃľüńøœŒñîķčőčíĉçō ôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿíŐĬĔ÷ŒøĿíōĊŔėĎĿíłļĄĿíõîŇîńğņŃôŔēîēãôŇîńğôĸñîĔĿíéĉîòńĿíĎòøĬ÷ō ľŔòēŐŀīîŌňŃōéĉîòńĿíʼnČŋõîŔñîĀœçņŃĊĄ÷ŒøĿíõîŔòŀĔĿíĞĬñĹîňŋŅãĎŔįŊÿîŌøŇíŐĿç ŒĿîøĿíĽîüńĿí ōãôŔëîĠķ ōã ôŔĬœĎĘ÷ öŇîĻàíŎē ôĴŀøĈńĿíõîĤŀĔĿíĽîńīãŒijôŔēîŔĔĿíàíŎŋŗí ľćĊ÷  ôœČŔĴň÷ ôŔŀńĬĿíõŜļĘńĿíłķîĴœîńŃôŔëîĠĸĿíõíàíĎÿříàĢñ ôňŔĬŃôŔēîŔēàíŎŋäñíĎûä÷ôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíņŃôŔëîĠĸĿíŁîļăŗíČŔĴň÷ŁĊī 1 . Legal Status in Palestine-Palestinian Judicial system-Historical Evolution of the Palestinian

Legal System- http://

lawcenter.birzeit.edu/iol/en/index.php?action_id=210. ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíĎĨŇí2

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ŐŀīĉŎŔķŊŔŀīð÷Ď÷őČĿíōiŒēîŔēŁîĔĸŇíņŃŊňīłĀŇîŃōŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒijíĎİĀĿíŁîĔĸŇśí ôĴĠĿíŒijàíŎēŒijíĎİĀĿíłŔŀķříŐŀīóĎĤŔĔńĿíôĤŀĔĿíņŃŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃ õîĤŀĔĿíŐŀīŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòńĿõîĔēæńĿíĺŀ÷ôñîķčIJĬğŒĿîøĿîñōióĐįōãôŔñĎİĿí ĪœĎĘøĿíōãàîĠĸĿíľńīŒijóĎĤŔĔńĿíôĤŀĔĿíľćĊ÷ÒîĠœãŁîĔĸŇśíõîŔīíĊ÷ņŃōôĴŀøĈńĿí đîēŗíņŃîńŋČŔĴň÷ŁĊīōãôŔëîĠĸĿíŁîļăŗíōŅŎŇîĸĿíôĴĿîĈńñàíŎē

ôēíčĊĿíôŀļĘŃ Ēń÷ŅŎŇîĸŀĿôĴĿîĈŃõíčíĎķčíĊěçŐŀīôœčíĉříõîŌĀĿíŁíĊķçôŀļĘńĿôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋĝĎĬø÷ iŐĿōãôŔăîŇņŃŅŎŇîĸĿíĪŃîŌĠķîň÷ōõîŔòŀĔĿíIJĘĻôĿōîĄŃłûņŃōiôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíľńī ôŔŇîûôŔăîŇņŃîŌŔŀīôñîķĎĿíŒijŒëîĠĸĿíďîŌĀĿíčōĉō

ôēíčĊĿíıíĊŋã ŒĿîøĿíņŃĶĸĄøĿíŐĿçôēíčĊĿíıĊŌ÷ ĩōĎĘńĿíãĊòńĿôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíďōîĀ÷ŐŀīàíŎğŗíĢŔŀĔ÷

ŒŃîĄńĿíîŋčîòøīîñiŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃŐŀīôñîķĎĿíŒijôŔëîĠĸĿíôĤŀĔĿíčōĉŁîŃãıŎķŎĿí ãĊòńĿííČŋņīĪijíĊńĿíō

ņŃ ôŔëîĠĸĿí ôĤŀĔĿíō ôœČŔĴňøĿí ôĤŀĔĿí ņŔñ îŃ ôķŜĬĿí łŔŔĸ÷ ŐĿç ôēíčĊĿí ʼnČŋ ıĊŌ÷ ĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃņŃôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíîŋČĈø÷ŒøĿíôīōĎĘńĿíĎŔįõíčíĎĸĿíàîİĿçčŎĨňŃ

ľŔŀĄøĿíōĎŔĔĴøĿîñiîŔŀĬĿíĽĊĬĿíôńļĄńĿŁîļăãôûŜûŁîŃãıŎķŎŀĿôēíčĊĿíıĊŌ÷

iôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíĪŃôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíŒģîĬ÷ŐŀīŁîĔĸŇśíĎûáďíĎñçôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋıĊŌ÷ õíčíĎĸĿíʼnČŋŐŀīôñîķĎĿíŒijîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíčōĉō

ôēíčĊĿíôŔńŋã ŒēîŔĔĿíŁîĔĸŇśíŐŀīð÷Ď÷àŎĔĿíŒijôœîįŒňŔĤĔŀijŒēîŔēĪğōľħŒijôēíčĊĿíôŔńŋãŒ÷ä÷ ľćĊøñ íĊă îńŃ ĉŜòĿí õîĤŀē Őŀī ĥŎĄŀŃ ľļĘñ ĺĿċ Ďûíō óĐį ĩîĤķō ôŔñĎİĿí ôĴĠĿí ņŔñ ôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋĖķîňøēĺĿČĿōĪœĎĘøĿíōàîĠĸĿíľńīŒijŒēîŔĔĿíĪğŎĿíŐŀīóĎĤŔĔńĿíôĤŀĔĿí ŊňīôĸüòňńĿíŅŎŇîĸŀĿŁîļăŗíôńëŜŃőĊŃ

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ôēíčĊĿíþŌňŃ ŁîļăãôûŜûŐĿçĵĎĤøĿíĽŜćņŃĺĿċōiŒŀŔŀĄøĿíŒĴěŎĿíþŌňńĿíôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋŒijŁĊĈøĔœ ľŔŀĄøĿíōôēíčĊĿîñiôœčíĉçôńļĄŃîŋčîòøīîñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíņīóčĉîěôŔëîĠķŁîļăã

ôēíčĊĿíôĤć ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃŐŀīŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĉĽōŗíúĄòńĿí ņŔĤĔŀijïîòėôŔĬńÿľăčíĎķŒŇîüĿíúĄòńĿí ôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿľăčíĎķúĿîüĿíúĄòńĿí ŅîňēŗíàîòģãôŔĬńÿŅäĘñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōłŔńĬ÷ĪñíĎĿíúĄòńĿí

õîŔěŎøĿíōþëîøňĿí

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ĽōŗíúĄòńĿí ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃŐŀīŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĉ íČŋ öŀĬÿ îŌøŔòĿîįō iņŔŇíŎĸĿí ôœčŎøēĉ Őŀī ôŔëîĠĸĿí ôñîķĎĿîñ ôŔģíĎĸńœĊĿí ĽōĊĿí õČćã õîĬœĎĘøĿíĶijíŎ÷ōŁîĀĔŇíŏĊŃŐŀīôñîķĎĿîñĚøĈ÷ŒøĿíōiôœčŎøēĊĿíôńļĄńĿíĊŔñęîĜøćśí čŎøēĊĿíéĉîòŃōŁîļăãĪŃôŔĬœĎĘøĿíôĤŀĔĿíņīóčĉîĜĿí iŊëîİĿèñôœčŎøēĊĿíôńļĄńĿíŁŎĸ÷ičŎøēĊŀĿIJĿîĈŃŅŎŇîķņĔñôŔĬœĎĘøĿíôĤŀĔĿíŁîŔķĽîăŒijō óĊīĹîňŋōĪijĊĿíōôĿîăříōőĊĜøĿíŒŋōľëîēōùŜüñőŎīĊĿîñôœčŎøēĊĿíôńļĄńĿíľĜø÷ō ŒŋōîŃŅŎŇîķôœčŎøēĉŁĊĬñłļĄĿíŐĿçőĉæ÷õśîă Łîļăŗí ôĴĿîĈŃ ōã ľĄńĿí ðŔī õíàíĎÿříō ľļĘĿí ðŔī ªőčŎøēĊĿí ęîĜøćśí ŁĊī ðŔī d aôŔĬœĎĘøĿíôĤŀĔĿíĽîńĬøēîñıíĎĄŇśíōãôœîİĿíðŔīªčŎøēĊŀĿôŔīŎğŎńĿí IJœĎĬ÷ĽōŗíŒijĽōîňøŇōiņŔĿîøøŃņŔòŀĤŃŐĿçúĄòńĿííČŋłĔĸŇıŎĔijŁĊĸ÷îŃŐŀīÒîòŔ÷Ď÷ō ĽîńīãŐŀīŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĊñŊòĸĬŇłûŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŅŎŇîĸĿíŒijŊøŔńŋãōŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃ ŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿíŒijôœČŔĴňøĿíōôŔĬœĎĘøĿíņŔøĤŀĔĿí

ĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃ ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃIJœĎĬ÷ ŁîĬĿí ŅîīîĤĸĿíō õîŇîŔļĿíō õîĔēæńĿíō ęîĈėŗí ĪŔńÿ ĩŎĠĈñ ŅŎŇîĸĿí óĉîŔē ãĊòŃ ıĎī őōîĔøĿîñĪŔńĀĿíŐŀīĶòĤ÷iÒîňŀīóčĉîěņŔŇíŎĸĿņŔĿŎìĔńĿíōîŌ÷íċôĿōĊĿíĺĿċŒijîńñięîĈĿíō ŅîĔŇříĵŎĸăĎŔœîĬŃōôŔĿōĊĿíĎŔœîĬńĿíĪŃĶĴø÷ŒøĿíōľĸøĔŃľļĘñō ŒñîŔŇŒģíĎĸńœĉŁîĨŇŎŋņŔĤĔŀijŒijłļĄĿíŁîĨŇŅãŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíĊĻãĊĸĿō õîĤŀĔĿíčĊĜŃŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíðĬĘĿíŅãčîòøīíŐŀīôŔñĐĄĿíōôŔēîŔĔĿíôœĉĊĬøĿíŐŀīĊńøĬœ łļĄĿíđîēãʼnĎòøīíōŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŊŔŀīĚŇōiãĊòńĿííČŌñôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿíöńøŋííČŌĿō õîìŔŌĿíō óĐŌÿŗíō õîĤŀĔĿí ĪŔńÿ ĩŎĠć Őŀī îĠœã Œēîēŗí ŅŎŇîĸĿí ĊĻãō ņŔĤĔŀij Œij ŅŎŇîĸĿíłļĄĿęîĈėŗíōõîĔēæńĿíō ôŇčîĸŃôēíčĉªaîŔŀĬĿíôœčŎøēĊĿíôńļĄńĿíŅŎŇîķĩōĎĘŃōĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăŗîĸijōdņŔĤĔŀijŒijőčŎøēĊĿíàîĠĸĿíªőĊŔăŎĿãŒĄøijĉ ôīîòĤŀĿĉíĊĸńĿíčíĉª 4XQLWHGQDWLRQVWRZDUGVDMXVWVHFXUHDQGSHDFHIXOZRUOGJRYHUQHGE\WKHUXOHRIODZ±ZKDWLVWKHUXOHRIODZZZZ unrol.org/article.aspx?article_id=3

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ņńğŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíŊÿčĉãőČĿíōiõîĤŀĔĿíņŔñľĜĴĿíãĊòńĿŜńļŃãĊòńĿííČŋĎòøĬœō ôœČŔĴň÷ō ôŔĬœĎĘ÷ ņŃ ĉŜòĿí õîĤŀē ņŃ ľĻ ĽŜĸøēí ŒňĬœ îŃ Ŏŋō iŒēîēŗí ŅŎŇîĸĿí ņøŃ ŏĎćŗíņīôŔëîĠķō Ò ióĉĊĀøńĿí ĪńøĀńĿí õîÿîŔøăí ņī ĎòĬ÷ ņŔŇíŎķ ņē ôœíĊñ ðŀĤøœ iŅŎŇîĸĿí óĉîŔē Ľîńīçō ŐŀīčĉîķőŎķőďîŌÿĉŎÿōðŀĤø÷îńĻiôŔăîŇņŃŅîĔŇříĵŎĸĄĿôŔĿōĊĿíĎŔœîĬńĿíĪŃĪģîĸø÷ō ôĤŀĔĿíŒĴħŎŃŒīōðĬŀœĺĿČĿôijîğřîñiŅŎŇîĸĿíłļĄĿŅîīċříŐŀīŏĎćŗíõîĤŀĔĿíľńă ÒîŃîŋÒíčíōĉiŊňīĩîijĊĿíŒijóĎòĈĿíōčíĎěříōņŔŇíŎĸĿîñŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃōņŔňģíŎńĿíō ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēĐœĐĬ÷Œij ĉŎÿōŒŀńĬĿíĶŔòĤøĿíŒijîŇĊÿōiŒëîĠĸĿíďîŌĀĿíIJĬğōiõîĤŀĔĿíņŔñŒĸŔĸĄĿíľĜĴĿíïîŔİĿō õîœĊĬ÷ôěîćōiŏĎćŗíõîĤŀĔĿíęîĜøćíŐŀīņŔĤĔŀijŒijôĴŀøĈńĿíõîĤŀĔĿíņŃõîœĊĬ÷ ôŔëîĠĸĿíōôŔĬœĎĘøĿíņŔøĤŀĔĿíęîĜøćíŐŀīôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíņŃ ľćíĊøĿíĪňŃŒijöŀĘijîŌňļĿōiôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔŀĿôŔĿōĊĿíōôŔŀĄńĿíõíĉîĸøŇśíĊœíĐ÷ŐĿçĺĿċŏĉãō ŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăãŐŀīőĊĬøĿíōõîĤŀĔĿíņŔñ iôĬœčČĻiôĤŀĔŀĿôěŎĸňńĿíõîŔăŜĜĿíōôŔēîŔĔĿíōôŔňŃôŔňŃŗíıōĎĨĿíôĤŀĔĿíöŃĊĈøēíĊķō ôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔŀĿôòķîĬøńĿíõîŃŎļĄĿíôńēŎŋőĊĬøĿííČŋľħōdiőĊĬøĿííČŋĝĎĴ÷ õíčíĎķċîĈ÷íōiņŔŇíŎĸĿíŁîļăŗôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíŁíĐøĿíŁĊīŎŋõîœĊĬøĿíʼnČŋďĎñãņŃŅîĻō őČĿíŒñîķĎĿíčōĊĿíčíĊŋçōôŔëîĠĸĿíŁîļăŗíČŔĴň÷ŁĊīōiŅŎŇîĸĿíęŎĜŇĪŃĞķîňø÷õíàíĎÿçō ôŔëîĠĸĿíôĤŀĔŀĿŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŊńēč

ŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí ŒñîķĎĿíàîĠĸĿíčōĉ Œij ôœČŔĴňøĿíō ôŔĬœĎĘøĿí ņŔøĤŀĔĿí Ľîńīã Őŀī Œñîķč čōĊñ àîĠĸĿí ŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ĩĎĘńĿí ĽŎć ĉŜòĿíŒijôœčŎøēĊĿíõîĬœĎĘøĿíþŌŇĺĿċŒijĩĎĘńĿíþŌøŇãĊĸĿōiŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿí ĩĎĘńĿí ĉĊăō iôœčŎøēĉ ôńļĄŃ àîĘŇç Őŀī Œēîēŗí ŅŎŇîĸĿí Œij ĚŇ íČŌĿō iôŔģíĎĸńœĊĿí ĎĨňĿíŒijîŌěîĜøćí îŋĎŔįōłĨňĿíōãĂëíŎŀĿíōņŔŇíŎĸĿíôœčŎøēĉ õîĬœĎĘøĿíōŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíęŎĜŇĎŔĔĴ÷ ęîĜøćśíõíċôœčíĉříõîŌĀĿíņŔñōôŔëîĠĸĿíõîŌĀĿíņŔñęîĜøćśíĩďîň÷ŒijľĜĴĿí ŒëîĠĸĿí ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíĎĨŇí 6 . Nathan J. Brown -Arab Judicial Structures-A Study Presented To The United Nations Development Program Palestine (Palestinian National Authority) http://www.undp-pogar.org/publications/judiciary/nbrown/ ôňĔĿ  łķčôœčîĀøĿíōôŔŇĊńĿíõîńĻîĄńĿíĽŎěãŅŎŇîķņŃŐøăōņŃĉíŎńĿíĎĨŇí

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Ľîńīã ŐŀīôñîķĎĿí ęîĜøćí îŌĄňŃō îŔŀĬĿí ĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃàîĘŇç ŅŎŇîĸĿí Œij ĩĎĘńĿí čĎķ îńĻ ŁîļăŗîĸijōʼnċîĈ÷íðĀœŅîĻčíĎķőãċîĈ÷íóčíĉříĞijčōãĩîňøŃíôŔăîŇņŃàíŎēôœčíĉříõîŌĀĿí ôœčíĉříõîīďîňńĿíĎëîēĺĿČĻōiŅŎŇîĸĿí ôńļĄńĿíŅŎŇîķņĔñôŔĬœĎĘøĿíôĤŀĔĿíöŃîķiŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíęŎĜňĿôńÿĎøĿíčîģçŒijō ôēíčĊĿíʼnČŋĉíĊīçĆœčî÷ŐøăľļĘ÷łĿôńļĄńĿíņļĿōiôœčŎøēĊĿí ĪňŃōôŔīōĎĘńĿíôœîńăōôŃîĬĿíĶijíĎńĿíĎŔēņĔăŅîńğőčíĉříàîĠĸĿíņŃôœîİĿíŅãúŔăō d ņŔŇíŎĸĿí ôœčŎøēĉ Œij ĎĨňĿí ĽîĀŃ Œij ŒëîĠķ ĭíĎij ĉŎÿō ņŃ ôŔĘćō iôĤŀĔĿîñ ıíĎĄŇśí ôńļĄńĿíōôœčíĉříłĻîĄńŀĿóĊňĔńĿíŁîŌńĿíľĻîøķæŃîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíŒĿŎø÷ ŅãĩĎĘńĿíčĎķ îŌŀŔļĘ÷ņŔĄĿîŔŀĬĿíôœčŎøēĊĿí iõîŌĀĿí ôijîĻ ņŃ îŋČŔĴň÷ óčōĎğō ôŃĐŀŃ óŎķ ôŔëîĠĸĿí Łîļăŗí Œēîēŗí ŅŎŇîĸĿí ðĔĻãō îŌòļ÷ĎŃŅŎŇîĸĿíîŌŔŀīðķîĬœôŔëîňÿôńœĎÿŎŋČŔĴňøĿíľŔĤĬ÷ōãîŋČŔĴň÷ņīĩîňøŃśíŅãčĎķō ôĴŔħŎĿíņŃĽĐĬĿíōĒòĄĿîñðķîĬœôŃîīôŃĊĈñIJŀļŃōãŁîīIJħŎŃłŌøńĿíŅîĻíċçōiĒòĄĿîñ ŅŎŇîĸĿíŁĐĿãîńĻiôĜøĈńĿíôŔëîňĀĿíôńļĄńĿíŐĿçóĎėîòŃôŔëîňĀĿíőŎīĊĿíĪijčŊĿŁŎļĄńŀĿō Ò ŃîĻÒîĠœŎĬ÷čōĎĠńĿíĞœŎĬ÷ŅîńĠñôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿí Ŝ

ôňĔĿ  łķčôœčîĀøĿíōôŔŇĊńĿíõîńĻîĄńĿíĽŎěãŅŎŇîķņŃŐøăōņŃĉíŎńĿíĎĨŇí ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃ  óĉîńĿíĎĨŇí ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃ  óĉîńĿíĎĨŇí

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ŒŇîüĿíúĄòńĿí ņŔĤĔŀijïîòėôŔĬńÿľă îŌ÷ĎŔĔŃŐŀīôñîķĎĿíúŔăņŃôŔēîŔĔĿíóîŔĄĿíŒijÒîŃîŋÒíčōĉŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃðĬŀ÷ ŒijôŔģíĎĸńœĊĿíĐœĐĬ÷ŒijôŃîŋóŎĤćíČŋľļĘœōiĉŜòĿíŒijõîĤŀĔĿíIJŀøĈŃĽîńīãôĬñîøŃō ōãłŔŀĬøĿíĽîĀŃŒijŅîĻàíŎēŊŃĊĸ÷őČĿíŒīîńøÿśíîŋčōĉŐĿçôijîğřîñíČŋiŒŃîňĿíłĿîĬĿí łĿîĬĿíŏŎøĔŃŐŀīôĴŀøĈńĿíõîŃŎļĄĿíöŀćĊ÷íČŌĿōiôŔĄĜĿíõîŃĊĈĿíōãùŎĄòĿíōãôûîįří ĺĿċĪŃōiôŔŀŋŗíõîĔēæńĿíľńīŐŀīÒíĉŎŔķĝĎĴ÷ôŔñĎĬĿíĽōĊĿíôŔòĿîįōiîŌøĤĘŇãłŔĨňøñ ĉŎŔĸĿíōõîòĸĬĿíłįčîŌñġŎňńĿíîŋčōĉõîĔēæńĿíʼnČŋöòĬĿ ĞĬñ ĶĄñ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō ľòķ ņŃ ôīōĎĘńĿí ĎŔį ôœčíĉří õíčíĎĸĿí ņŃ ĊœĊĬĿí õčĊě Ċķō ŏĊă羥ñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďŎĿčíĎķúĄòńĿííČŋŒijîňĿōîň÷ĊķōiàîĠĸŀĿàŎĀŀĿîŌĬijĉîńŃiõîŔĬńĀĿí číĎķîňĿōîň÷ōiĽĊĬĿíôńļĄńĿàŎĀŀĿíŏŎēôŔĬńĀĿíņŃŅîĻîńijiîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃłœĊĸ÷ŁĊĬĿõîŔĬńĀĿí îńŋōņŔòŀĤŃŒijĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃ ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí

ĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķō ôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķņīóčŎĜñņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔĬńÿĒŔëčĮŀò÷Ćœčîøñ ôňĔĿîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃłœĊĸ÷ŁĊīðòĔñôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñŒğîĸĿíłķč ĆœčîøñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōŏĊĿôŀĀĔŃôŔĬńÿŒŋņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔĬńÿŅäñÒîńŀī îŌĔŔēä÷ČňŃôĄŔĄěóčŎĜñôœĎŔĈĿíîŌ÷îģîĘŇöēčîŃîŌŇäñōiĽŎěŗíðĔă  łķĎñ îŌŇŗîŌīîğōãï¸ŎĜ÷łĿîŃôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñÒíčíČŇçôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōîŌĿöŌÿōĆœčîøñ ôœčōĊĿíõîñîĈøŇśíàíĎÿçņīõĎćä÷ ôœčíĉříō ôŔĿîńĿí ĎœčîĸøĿí ľńĬñ îŌīîğōã ðœŎĜøĿ õčĉîñō ôŔīōĎĘńĿîñ ôŔĬńĀĿí öŃĐøĿã Ċķō ĆœčîøñĽŎěŗíðĔăôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōıíĎėèñõîñîĈøŇśíàíĎÿçō ôŔĬńĀĿí ľĄñ ŒğîĸĿíō  łķč číĎĸĿí õčĊěã  Ćœčîøñ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō ņļĿ ôňĔĿîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃłœĊĸ÷ŁĊīðòĔñ 11


îŌøĴĜñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíŁîŃãôňĔĿłķčðŀĤĿîñôŔĬńĀĿíöŃĊĸ÷Ćœčîøñō ôňĔĿłķčôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķŐŀīņĬĤŀĿîŔŀīĽĊīôńļĄŃ ĽĉîīņœčîĘøĔńĿíôœŎĠīōÒîĔŔëčŒòŀĄĿíıōåĎĿíĊòīčîĘøĔńĿíņŃôńļĄńĿíôìŔŋöŀļĘ÷ō óčîńīŎñãĊńĄŃōôĴŔŀć ôńļĄńĿŊòŀĤñŁĊĸ÷ĊķŅîĻņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔĬńÿľüńŃŅãŒijĚĈŀø÷ĪëîķŎĿíŅãúŔăō ŏŎīĊñŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíċîøēŗíŊŀüńœōôŔĴŔħŎĿíŊøĴĜñôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōîÒ ńĜøĈŃîŔŀĬĿíĽĊĬĿí

łķčôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķņīóčŎěôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀĿíĒŔëčĮŀò÷ Ćœčîøñ ŊŇã ôňĔĿîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃłœĊĸ÷ŁĊīðòĔñôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñŒğîĸĿí łķčôŔŀŋŗíõîìŔŌĿíōôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķŁîļăãōĪķíŎĿíIJĿîćčŎĻČńĿíľĄĿíčíĎķŅãō číĎĸĿííČŋčĊĜñóĉčíŎĿíŊ÷îòŀģôñîÿçĒńøĿíłûņŃōiôœČŔĴňøĿíŊøĄëśō ņŃōiðŀĤĿíôĄëśľœĊĬøñŒīĊøĔńĿíľŔĻŎĿöĄńēŁôĔŀĀñōôńļĄńĿíŅãúŔăō öķæńĿíîŋčíĎķŁôĔŀĀñõčĊěãĊĸijŊøĬijíĎńĿöĬńøēíŅãĊĬñōłû

Ò ōã ðŀĤĿíĎĨŇĽŎòĸñś ĎœďōčíĎķðÿŎńñôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀĿíľĄĿôŔīíĊĿíïîòēŗíŅîŔòñʼnĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíIJŔŀļøñÒîŔŇîû ņŃôĈĔňñʼnĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíľüńŃĮŀò÷Ćœčî÷ņŃÒîŃŎœĎĘīôĔńćĽŜćĉĎĿíōčŎĻČńĿíôŔŀćíĊĿí ĽŎěŗíðĔăčíĎĸĿí öĬijĉŒøĿíþĀĄĿíĞĬñľńĘ÷ôŔñíŎÿôĄëśôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōľüńŃŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíŁĊķĊĸĿō Œ÷ŕíŒijîŌŀńÿãïîòēŗíʼnČŋōôŔĬńĀĿíľăčíĎķčíĊěřóčíďŎĿí   óĉîńĿíĚňĿōčŎĻČńĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķņŃóĉîńĿíĚňĿôŔīĊøĔńĿíôĴĿîĈŃõŎòû ņŃïîòėôŔĬńĀĿŒēîēŗíŁîĨňĿíņŃiņŔ÷ĉîńĿíĚňĿĺĿČĻōôœČŔĴňøĿíŊøĄëśņŃ ņŔĤĔŀijľÿã łûĆœčîøñĺĿċŅîĻōîŌīîğōãðœŎĜøĿõíĎŃóĊīôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀĿíõčČŇØã ĆœčîøñõčČŇØãłûĆœčîøñŒëîŌŇčíČŇèñ ôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķčĊěĊĸijôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíóĊńĿíĽŜćîŌīîğōŗôŔīĊøĔńĿíĂŔĄĜ÷ŁĊīðòĔñō ôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñŁĆœčîøñ ôńļĄńĿíŊøñîÿäijʼnĊňĴŃŊňŔñłœĊĸøñŊĿāîńĔĿîñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōľüńŃŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíðŀģłû ŒijąčæńĿíôŃîĬĿíŅŎìĘŀĿôŃîĬĿíóčíĉříŁîīĎœĊŃņīóčĉîĜĿíčîĬėříôĈĔŇďĎñãŅäñŊòŀĤĿ ŁŜøēśíõíčîĬėçĪŃŁ 12


ôĬijíĎŃŐĿçöĬńøēíŅãĊĬñōņĬĤĿíľĄŃčíĎĸĿíŐŀīôŔñîķĎĿíîŌøĤŀēôńļĄńĿíöŀńīãĊĸĿō Œ÷ŗíņŃöňĸŔ÷ōîńŌňŃôŃĊĸńĿíĵíčōŗíöĸķĉōņŔijĎĤĿí łøć ľńĄœ ś ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō ņŃ ŊÿŎńĿí Ł Œij ąčæńĿí ôŔĬńĀĿí ľĄñ číČŇří Ņç  ŒijŐīĊøĔńĿíľüńŃŐĴŇîńĻiôŔĬńĀĿíŒijņŔŀŃîĬĿíņŃőãņŃŊŃŜøēíĊŔĴœîŃśōóčíďŎĿí číČŇřííČŋłŀĔ÷ĊķŅŎļœŅäñôńļĄńĿíʼnČŋŁîŃãłĔĸĿîñŊ÷ĉîŌė číĎĸĿí ņøŃŒij öñîüĿí ŎĄňĿí ŐŀīðŀĤĿí íČŋ ľĄŃŊñ ŅŎĬĤńĿí ôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďō číĎķ ŅîĻ îńĿō  ôŔĬńĀĿíņŔñĢŀĈĿíôŌòėĹîňŋŅäñŒīĊøĔńĿíņŔñĊķōîńŔēiĂŔĄěðòĔĿĊňøĔœśčŎĻČńĿí ôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíôŔĬńĀĿí łēãľńĄ÷ŏĎćãôœĎŔćôŔĬńÿņŔñōņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔīĊøĔńĿí iŁíŎīŘĿîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃõĊīãĊķôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀĿíŅäñöñîüĿíŅãîńĻi ïîòĘĿíľÿãņŃ ĽŎěŗíðĔăōĊńøĬńĿíðēîĄńĿíôĤēíŎñ õîķŜĬĿíņŃņĔăĊŔěčîŌĿōôĿŎòĸŃôœĎŔćõîģîĘŇôŔĬńĀŀĿŅäñôńļĄńĿíʼnČŌĿöòûúŔăō ôŃîīôĄŀĜŃĶĸĄ÷ôŃîŋĪœčîĘŃČŔĴňøñŁŎĸ÷ōîŌ÷îĔēæŃōôĿōĊĿíõíčíĉçĪŃôòŔĤĿí ŒňĬœîńŃĂŔĄěðòēŐŀīčíĎĸĿíàîňñŁĊīõĊĻãôńļĄńĿíîŌŔĿçöĬńøēíŒøĿíõîŇîŔòĿíŅãúŔăō Ò ŀćĹîňŋŅã ŊëîİĿřðÿŎńĿíĎŃŗíőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŅîĻčãĊăãïîěãÒîĔŔëčŜ ŒŇŎŇîĸĿíĉîĬŔńĿíŒijŁĊķŊŇŗôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃðŀĤĿíĽŎòķôńļĄńĿíõčĎķíČŌĿō ŒğîĸĿíĆœčîøñôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōņīčĉîĜĿíłķččíĎĸĿíàîİĿèñĩŎğŎńĿíŒijō îŌĿŒĿîŃŒĴĜŃņŔŔĬ÷ōņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔĬńÿľĄñ

ŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿí iôŔēîŔĔĿí óîŔĄĿí Œij ôĻčîĘńĿí Œij ņŔŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ņŔňģíŎńĿí Ķă Őŀī Œēîēŗí ŅŎŇîĸĿí ĚŇ ĪĠœłĿōôĻčîĘńĿíĺŀ÷ņŃłŌňļń÷ŒøĿíõîĔēæńĿíņŃîŋĎŔįōôŔŀŋãõîŔĬńÿàîĘŇèñĺĿċō ôňĔĿłķčôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķîŌŔŀīĚňœŒøĿíĺŀ÷śçġîĘňĿííČŋŐŀīÒíĉŎŔķ ôăîñří Ŏŋ őĎŔĈĿí ġîĘňĿí ľńī ľěã Ņîij ŒĿîøĿîñō ôŔĬńĀĿí Ľîńīã Őŀī ôŔñîķč ĉŎŔķ Œŋō  ŁĊīŎŋōôŔńŋŗíŒijôœîįãĊòŃŅŎŇîĸĿíŒijĩĎĘńĿíčĎķĊĸĿōŊŔŀīĉŎŔķĝĎijŎŋàîňüøēśíō ōãłŌ÷íàîńøŇíōãîŌŔĔēæŃôŔĜĈėōãîŌøńĨŇãōãôīōĎĘńĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíıíĊŋãŅŎļ÷ŅãďíŎÿ îŌĔŔēä÷ŐŀīľŔķíĎīōãĉŎŔķőãĝĎĴĿîòòēîŌŀńīõśîĀŃöŇîĻÒîœãiłŋĉĊī WWWHJCGOVPSĪķŎńĿíŐŀīŊķŎĤňŃōŊĬëîķōōłļĄĿíĎĨŇíîŔŀīĽĊīªôŔŇŎŇîķéĉîòŃªàîĠĸŀĿŐŀīŗíĒŀĀńĿí ôňĔĿłķčôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîĸĿôœČŔĴňøĿíôĄëŜĿíŅäĘñôňĔĿłķčàíčďŎĿíĒŀĀŃčíĎķĎĨŇí

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îŌŃîĨňĿôŔĬńĀĿíôĴĿîĈŃöòûíċçdôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōņŃôŔĬńĀĿíľăďíŎÿŐŀīŅŎŇîĸĿíĚŇîńĻ Ćœčî÷ ņŃ ĎŌėã ôûŜû ņī ĊœĐ÷ ś óĊŃ ĽŜć îŌīîğōã ĂĄĜ÷ łĿō ôœĎŋŎÿ ôĴĿîĈŃ Œēîēŗí aóĎëíĊĿíōãĎœďŎĿíľòķņŃĺĿČñÒîŔĤćîŋčíČŇç ŎŋōïōĎĠńĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľÿŗíĽŜćîŌīîğōãöĄĄěôŔĬńĀĿíŅãöòûíċçôĴĿîĈńĿíŁŎŌĴńñō ĶŔòĤøñōŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃđîēãĎŔįŐŀīŅŎļœîŌŀăčíĎķŅîijiîŇŎŇîķóĉĊĄńĿíĎŌėãôûŜüĿíĽŜć Ćœčîøñ ôŔĬńĀĿí õčČŇã Ċķ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō Ņã ĊĀŇ úŔă iôēíčĊĿí ľĄŃ ôĬķíŎĿí Őŀī ĚňĿí ŐĿçôijîğřîñÒîŇŎŇîķŊøĄěŁĊīôńļĄńŀĿöòûĊķōŅŎŇîĸŀĿÒîĸijōîŌīîğōãĂŔĄĜøñ ôœŎňĔĿíîŋĎœčîĸ÷öŃĊķōôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōıíĎėèñõîñîĈøŇíõĎÿãōîŌīîğōãöĄĄěôŔĬńĀĿíŅã ĆœčîøñôœčíĉříōôŔĿîńĿí ôĄĜĿíņŃŊĿđîēãś ôŔĬńĀĿíľăðòē ĩŎğŎńĿíúŔăņŃőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŅŎļœŒĿîøĿîñō čĎĸńĿíľļĘĿíŐŀīľńĘœłĿŊŇŗŊøĄěŁĊīôńļĄńĿíõčĎķôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃŊŇŎĻņīŜĠij Ò ģîñőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŅŎļœíČŌĿōôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōł÷îĈñʼnĎŔŌń÷úŔăņŃiÒîŇŎŇîķ ņŃÒîĸŀĤŃÒîŇŜĤñŜ ôŔīōĎĘńĿíŁĊĬĿŊëîİĿèñłļĄĿíðÿŎøĔœîńŃiĩŎğŎńĿíōľļĘĿíúŔă

úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷ ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ÒîŃŎœņŔøēĽŜćàîİĿříőŎīĉĪijčĉîĬŔŃĉĊăŅŎŇîĸĿíŅãúŔăiŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěŐŀīłļĄĿíŒňñ čĊěĊĸĿŅîijŒĿîøĿîñōiŅäĘĿíðăîěŐĿçŊİŔŀò÷ōãŊŔijŅŎĬĤńĿíőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíĎĘŇĆœčî÷ņŃ ņŔĤĔŀijľÿãņŃïîòėôŔĬńÿôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñŒğîĸĿíōôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōņŃłķččíĎĸĿí iŊňŃóčŎĜñôŔĬńĀĿíĒŔëčĮŀò÷ōĆœčîøñôňĔĿîŌøŔŇíĐŔŃłœĊĸ÷ŁĊīðòĔñ ôňĔĿłķčðŀĤĿîñĆœčîøñîŔŀĬĿíĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃŁîŃãčíĎĸĿîñņĬĤĿíł÷Ċķō óĊńĿí ĽŜć ôŔĬńĀĿí ņŃ ŁĊķ ðŀĤĿí ŁíĉîŃō îŇŎŇîķ óĉĊĄńĿí îŃŎœ ņŔøĔĿí àîĠĸŇí ľòķ őã ĂŔĄěĪŃÒîĸĴøŃľļĘĿíúŔăņŃðŀĤŀĿôńļĄńĿíĽŎòķŅŎļœôĜøĈńĿíôŌĀĿíŐĿíōóĉĊĄńĿí ŅŎŇîĸĿí

ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿí ŒøĿíiôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíĽîńīŗôŔëîĠĸĿíôñîķĎĿíŒijÒîŇŎŇîķóčĎĸńĿíîŌøœśōôńļĄńĿíöŀńīãĊĸĿ Ò ģîñÒîœčíĉçÒíčíĎķčíĊěçĽŜćņŃôĤŀĔĿíĽîńĬøēíŒijIJĔĬøĿîñłĔø÷ úŔăņŃÒîĸŀĤŃÒîŇŜĤñŜ ôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķņŃ  óĉîńĿí ôňĔĿ  łķčôœčîĀøĿíōôŔŇĊńĿíõîńĻîĄńĿíĽŎěãŅŎŇîķņŃŐøăōņŃĉíŎńĿíĎĨŇí

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îŌĄŔĄĜ÷ôńļĄńĿíŒŀīŅîĻōiŊŀģîñôŔŇŎŇîķÒíčîûáčíĎĸĿíĺĿċŐŀīîŌòŔ÷Ď÷ōiĩŎğŎńĿíōľļĘĿí ÒîŇŎŇîķčĎĸńĿíľļĘĿíúŔăņŃőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíĊŔňĴ÷ł÷îŌøĤŀēôńļĄńĿíöŀńīãîŃĊňīíČŌĿō îŋîøĄğōãîńĻōʼnčíĊěçŐĿçóčíĉříöīĉŒøĿíïîòēŗíôēíčĉĽŜćņŃŊīŎğŎŃúŔăņŃĺĿČĻō Òîĸñîē łļĄĿíŅŎļœíČŌñōʼnàîİĿçł÷íČŌĿōŊøēíčĉĊĬñőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŅŜĤñôńļĄńĿíöĀøňøēííČŌĿō ŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěŁĐøĿãĊķĩŎğŎńĿíúŔăņŃʼnîňòŃŒij 

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úĿîüĿíúĄòńĿí ôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿľăčíĎķ öēčîŃōiĒŇŎœŅîĈñôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿľĄñŒĠĸœÒíčíĎķċîĈ÷îñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōöŃîķĊĸĿ ŐŀīıĎĬøňēiĩōĎĘńĿíĎŔįôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōčíĎķŒijņĬĤŀĿîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńŀĿàŎĀŀĿîñîŌĸăôŔĬńĀĿí ŒŋōðĿîĤŃôûŜûŒijŊŃĊīņŃčíĎĸĿííČŋôŔīōĎĘŃŒŀīŒñîķĎĿíôńļĄńĿíčōĉ ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí

ĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķō ĎœďōčíĎĸñĒŇŎœŅîćóčíĎĸĿíîŋĎĸŃōôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿöìÿŎijĆœčîøñ± ņŃłįĎĿíŐŀīiîŌøŔĴĜ÷ōôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñŒğîĸĿíĆœčîøñ  łķčôŔŀćíĊĿí ņŃôŔķĎĘĿíôĸĤňńĿíĉōĊăŐŀīĪĸ÷ŅîļĔĿíņŃóĎŔòĻôīŎńĀŃŁĊĈ÷ōôŔ÷îŃĊćôŔĬńÿîŌŇã ĒŇŎœŅîć ŅŎŇîķ Łîļăŗ Òîĸòģ  ôňē ČňŃ  łķč öĄ÷ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō ŏĊĿ ôŀĀĔŃ ôŔĬńĀĿí  ± îŌĄëíŎĿōŒēîēŗíîŌŃîĨňñôŃĐøŀŃŒŋōĒŇŎœŅîćîŋĎĸŃōiôňĔĿłķčõîŔĬńĀĿí ôŔŀćíĊĿí õîñîĈøŇśíàíĎÿçĊĬñĊœĊĀĿíîŌĔŀĀŃôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōõĊńøīíĆœčîøñ± ĎœĎĸøĿíĉîńøīśĚĜĈńĿíôŔŃŎńĬĿíôŔĬńĀĿíĩîńøÿíôŔŀćíĊĿíïōĊňŃĎĠăĆœčîøñ± óčíďō õčĊěã Ķñîē ĂğŎŃ Ŏŋ îńĻō łû iĊńøĬŃ õîñîĔă ĶķĊŃ ņŔŔĬ÷ō ŒĿîńĿíō őčíĉří ôŔĬńĀĿíľĄñčíĎķôŔŀćíĊĿí ľăčíĎķðĄēŊŔijöĔńøĿíôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďŎĿőčíĉçłŀĨøñôŔĬńĀĿíöŃĊĸ÷Ćœčîøñ± ôńļĄńŀĿðŀĤĿííČŋłœĊĸ÷Ćœčî÷ŐøăĉĎĿíŐŀīľĜĄø÷łĿōiôŔĬńĀĿí łķčðŀĤĿîñîŔŀīĽĊīôńļĄŃîŌøĴĜñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíŁîŃíîŌŀăčíĎķŒijôŔĬńĀĿíöňĬģ±  ôœŎĠīōÒîĔŔëčŒòŀĄĿíıōåĎĿíĊòīčîĘøĔńĿíóîĠĸĿíóĉîĔĿíņŃôńļĄńĿíôìŔŋöŀļĘ÷ō± ðŀĤĿíĎĨňĿóčîńīŎñãĊńĄŃōőŎœčĊĿíĊńĄŃņœčîĘøĔńĿí 16


 ŁîĬĿíðëîňĿí ôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōľüńŃIJŔŀļøñÒîøķæŃÒîńļăôńļĄńĿíõčĊěãĆœčîøñ± ĽŜćĺĿċōčŎĻČńĿíĆœčîøñłķčîŋčíĎķċîĈ÷śôŔīíĊĿíïîòēŗíŅîŔòñ číĎĸĿííČŋņīôĈĔňñîŌŀüńŃĮŀò÷Ćœčî÷ņŃÒîŃŎœ ĉĊĄńĿíľÿŗíŒijôŔñíŎÿôĄëś îŋĊğŒīĊøĔńĿí ôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōľüńŃŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíŁĊķĊĸĿō± ŒijîŌŀńÿãïîòēŗíʼnČŋōôŔĬńĀĿíľăčíĎķčíĊěřóčíďŎĿíöĬijĉŒøĿíþĀĄĿíĞĬñľńĘ÷ Œ÷ŕí Ò ļėĉōĉĎŃðŀĤĿíŅã± ÒîīŎğŎŃōŜ ôŔĬńĀĿíàîĠīãıíĎøķíōôŔĬńĀĿíŁîĨŇņŃóĉîńĿíîŌøĴĿîĈńĿàîÿôŔĬńĀĿíľăčíĎķŅãō± ôŃîĬĿíïíĉŕíōŁîĬĿíŁîĨňĿîñôŀĈŃôŔķŜćãśĽîĬijŗ óîŃîĄńĿíïîĬ÷ãōIJœčîĜńĿíōŁŎēĎĿîñņŔīĊøĔńĿíņŔńĠ÷ōðŀĤĿíĞijĎñłļĄĿíĒńøĿãĺĿČĿ±

ŐŀīöŀńøėíŒøĿíōŊ÷îŇîŔñ ôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿ ŒīĊøĔńĿíľŔĻōŁĊķłû āŜěříŅîĀĿàîĠīãĊăãŎŋōĝîŔijŅîńŀēĊńăãĝŎīĊŔĔĿíóĉîŌėŐĿçôńļĄńĿíĩîńē ĒĴňñōiîŌøĬńēōîŌŀńīŒijĎŔĈĿîñôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀŀĿĊŌėőČĿíĒŇŎœŅîćôňœĊŃŒij ŅîńŔŀēčîńīĊŔĔĿíôŔīĊøĔńŀĿĊŌėîńĻiĊŔòīłĿîēôńĿîēóĊŔĔĿíóĉîŌėõàîÿŐňĬńĿí ĎœĊĸ÷óĉîŌėöĄňŃîŌŇãōóĊŔĀĿíîŌøĬńēŐŀīĊĻãúŔăiôŔĬńĀŀĿņŔĔēæńĿíĊăãŅîĘć ôŔĿîĄĿíôŃŎļĄĿíŒijôĜøĈńĿíõîŌĀĿíņŃ õíĊňøĔńĿíōîŌ÷îģîĘŇōôŔĬńĀĿíŁîĨŇľńĘ÷ōõíĊňøĔŃôĨijîĄñöŃĊĸ÷ôŔīĊøĔńĿíŅãîńĻ ðŀĤĿîñôķŜĬĿíõíċ ŐīĊøĔńĿíŊøīĉãőČĿíðòĔĿíŅãŐŀīöĴķōō õîŇîŔòĿíō ðŀĤĿíöĸķĉĊķôńļĄńĿíŅãúŔăō ïíĉŕíōŁîĬĿíŁîĨňŀĿôŔĬńĀĿíàîĠīãôĴĿîĈŃŎŋŊñŅŎĬĤńĿíîŋčíĎĸĿÒíĊňē ôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďō îŋĊğ ôŃîĬĿí ĽîĄĿíōŅŎļøijŊøīĉãîŃöòü÷ôňŔñôœäñŁĊĸø÷łĿ ôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďō îŋĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíŅãúŔăō číĎĸĿíŊŔŀīŐňòœĂŔĄěðòēĉŎÿōðŀĤøœőČĿíŅŎŇîĸĿíłļăıŜćŐŀīíîŋčíĎķöňñĊķĺĿČĻ őčíĉří  ôœŎńňøĿíŅîĔŇříôŔĬńÿ ôŔīĊøĔńĿíŅãôňŔòĿîñôńļĄńĿíʼnČŌĿöòûĊĸijľñîĸńĿîñōŊŇãúŔăō ľħŒij óĎŔüĻõîģîĘňñöŃîķîŌŇçōiôĸĤňńĿíŅîļēôŃĊćŐŀīĎŌĔ÷ôŔ÷îŃĊćôŔĬńÿŒŋi ņŃĎüĻãĩōĎĘńĿíĹŎŀĔĿíōôňĔĄĿíôĬńĔĿîñôŔĬńĀŀĿĊŌėĊķŊŇãîńĻôòĬěôŔĘŔĬŃıōĎħ ņŃŎŋčíĎĸĿííČŌĿàîİĿříōĊİœōŊŀĄŃŒijôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķŐŀīņĬĤĿíĂòĜœĺĿČĿiĚĈė ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēōôŔīōĎĘńĿíãĊòŃĂŔĄě 17


ĊŔĔĿíņīčĉîĜĿíčíĎĸĿíàîİĿèñĺĿċōôŔīĊøĔńĿíðŀģôñîÿèñôńļĄńĿíöńļăïîòēŗíʼnČŌĿō ņļœłĿŅäĻʼnčîòøīíōĆœčîøñ  łķčôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďō

ŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿí Œēîēŗí îŌŃîĨňĿ îŌøĴĿîĈŃ öòû íċç ôœĎŔĈĿí õîŔĬńĀĿí ľă ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďŎĿ ŅŎŇîĸĿí āîñã ĊĸĿ óčíďŎĿíņŃîŔĤćîŋčíČŇçłįčĎŌėãôûŜûņīĊœĐ÷śóĊńĿîŌīîğōãĂĄĜ÷łĿōôœĎŋŎÿôĴĿîĈŃ õîŔĬńĀĿíľŔĀĔ÷óĎëíĉōã łĿúŔăªĪŇîŃĒŔĿōĪŃîÿĎŔįĎŔòĬ÷őãªġîĤŃĂŀĤĜŃŁĊĈøēãĩĎĘńĿíŅãîňŋĦăŜŇō ĂŀĤĜńĿííČŋĺĿČĻōiÒîĸŔķĉÒíĊœĊĄ÷îŋĉĊĄœōŒēîēŗíŁîĨňŀĿôœĎŋŎĀĿíõîĴĿîĈńĿíľĻĪńĀœ ĂŀĤĜńĿííČŋŐŀīŅŎŇîĸĿíð÷čōIJœĎĬøĿíĵîĤŇņńğõîĴĿîĈŃĊĬ÷śĽîĬijãĽŎćĉņŃĪňńœś ŊŇãŐŀīŊŀœōä÷îŌĿņļńœľĬijőãĊĬ÷ŅãóčíďŎŀĿņļńœúŔăôŔńŋŗíŒijôœîįôŔŇŎŇîķþëîøŇ ĊœĊĄ÷ ĩĎĘńĿîñ ðŔŌŇ íČŌĿōi ĺĿċ ôĀŔøŇ îŌŀăō ôŔĬńĀŀĿ Œēîēŗí ŁîĨňŀĿ ôœĎŋŎÿ ôĴĿîĈŃ ľĄŃłļĄĿíôĬķíōŒijŊijíĎøķíł÷îŃíČŋōîŌŀœōä÷ņļńœśŐøăÒîœĎĜăÒíĊœĊĄ÷õîĴĿîĈńĿíʼnČŋ ôŀĈŃôŔķŜćãśĽîĬijãôŔĬńĀĿíàîĠīãıíĎøķśôŔĬńĀĿíľăôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōöŀŀīúŔăôēíčĊĿí ŁîĨŇņŃ  óĉîńĿíĚňĿĹîŌøŇíîŌŀœōäøĿîĸijōĺĿċľüńœōôŃîĬĿíïíĉŕíōŁîĬĿíŁîĨňĿîñ ôœĎŋŎĀĿíõîĴĿîĈńĿíĂŀĤĜŃĎŔĔĴ÷ŒijöĬēŎ÷ĊķóčíďŎĿíŅãîňŋĦăŜŇōŒēîēŗíôŔĬńĀĿí ôŔòĿîİĿíŏĎœŒøĿíōôŃîĬĿíïíĉŕíōŁîĬĿíŁîĨňĿîĻôĬēŎŃõîĄŀĤĜŃöŃĊĈøēíōŒēîēŗíŁîĨňŀĿ îŋĊœĊĄ÷ōîŌŃíĊĈøēíŁĊīĩĎĘńĿîñŒĿōŗíņŃōôģîĤŃõîĄŀĤĜŃîŌŇãņŔŔŇŎŇîĸĿíàîŌĸĴĿíņŃ ł÷íČŌĿōŅîŃďŐĿçŅîŃďņŃōŅîļŃŐĿçŅîļŃņŃIJŀøĈ÷õîĄŀĤĜńĿíʼnČŋŅŗiÒîĸŔķĉÒíĊœĊĄ÷ ĉîĬŔŃĩîĤĸŇśôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíïîòēŗíņŃŅèijŏĎćãôŌÿņŃîŃãiôŌÿņŃíČŋàîīĉřííČŋĊŔňĴ÷ ŊğĎĴœ őČĿíŎŋō ŒñŎÿō łŀĨ÷ îńŋō ņŔŀļė Őŀī łŀĨøĿííČŋō őčíĉříłŀĨøĿí àîİĿří ŏŎīĉ ĒŔĿōłŀĨøĿíŁĊĸŃóĉíčçŐĿçĪÿĎœŎŋōőčîŔøćíłŀĨ÷ōiàîİĿříŏŎīĉõíàíĎÿçýŎĿōľòķŅŎŇîĸĿí ŊøĤŀēōãŊŔijŅŎĬĤńĿíőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíčĊĜŃŐĿçłŀĨøĿíŁĊĸœōŏŎīĊĿíĽŎòķŐŀīĎûãôńûŊĿ ôœčíĉříôŌĀĿíŐĿçľēĎ÷ôŔķĎñōãčîĤćçōãčíČŇçŅŎļœĊĸijņŔĬŃľļėłŀĨøŀĿĒŔĿōôŔēîëĎĿí ŒŋōőčíĉříłŀĨøĿíŒijôňŔĬŃġōĎėàîĠĸĿíōŊĸĴĿíġĎøėãōčíĎĸĿíčōĊěĊĬñ őčíĉçčíĎĸĿŒëĐĀĿíōãŒŀļĿíàîİĿříŐĿçŊŃĊĸŃŊñŒŃĎœōŒĸŔĸăőčíĉçłŀĨøñĎŃŗíĶŀĬøœŅã± ôœčíĉříôŌĀŀĿŊńŀĨ÷õîòûçłŀĨøĿíŁĊĸŃĶ÷îīŐŀīĪĸœō łŀĨøĿíľĄŃčíĎĸĿíõčĊěãŒøĿíôĤŀĔĿíŒŋōʼnĎĨňñôĜøĈńĿíôŌĀĿíŐĿçłŀĨøĿíŊÿŎœŅã± àîİĿřîñņĬĤŀĿčĎĸńĿíĉîĬŔńĿíőãŒëîĠĸĿíņĬĤĿíĉîĬŔŃŒijłŀĨøĿíŁĊĸœŅã± WWWHJCGOVPSĪķŎńĿíŐŀīĶñîēĪÿĎŃ

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ŒŇîüĿíłŀĨøĿíĒŔĿōĉîĬŔńĿíĩîĤĸŇíŊŔŀīð÷ĎøœņŃŎŋĽōŗíłŀĨøĿíŅã± ĉčŁĊīņŃĉîĴøĔœŒňńğčíĎĸñŊĠijčł÷ōãóčíĉříņŃŊĠijčł÷àíŎēłŀĨøĿíŐŀīð÷Ďøœō ĉîĬŔńĿíŒijŁŎœĎćáņŃíčîòøīíàîİĿříőŎīĉĪijčłøœŅãĉĊĄńĿíĊīŎńĿíŒijłŀĨøĿíŐŀīóčíĉří ņŔøēĽŜćôœčíĉříôŌĀĿíŐĿçőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŒijłŀĨøĿíł÷ŎĿŜüńijłŀĨøĿíŒijöòŀĿčĎĸńĿí ŅŎļ÷ōłŀĨøĿíŐŀīĉĎŀĿóčĎĸńĿíÒîŃŎœņŔøĔĿíĊĬñŏŎīĊĿíĪijčďŎĀœŊŇîijiʼnčōĊěĆœčî÷ņŃÒîŃŎœ îŇŎŇîķóĉĊĄŃŏĎćãîŃŎœņŔøēĽŜć

úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷ ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃ ðĀøĔ÷ łĿō iôŔŀļĘĿí ôŔăîňĿí ņŃ ðŀĤĿí ĽŎòķ ŁĊĬñ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō ľüńŃ ŁîĬĿí ðëîňĿí Īijĉ àîİĿříŏŎīĉĉîĬŔŃĪĤķŒijŊĸĴĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěöŀńīãĊķôńļĄńĿíŅãúŔăŊòŀĤĿôńļĄńĿí ôœčíĉříôŌĀĿíĉĎ÷łĿōôŔĬńĀĿíľăčíĎķóčĊĜŃôœčíĉříôŌĀĿíŐĿçőčíĉçłŀĨ÷łœĊĸ÷ôĀŔøŇ ņĬĤĿíłœĊĸ÷ŒijôŔĬńĀĿíŁîŃãĽîĀńĿíĂøĴœîńŃiĉĊĄńĿíĊīŎńĿíŒijłŀĨøĿíŐŀī ôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďō

ŅŎļœ łû ņŃō ŅŎŇîĸĿí ĂŔĄě öŀńīã Ċķ ôńļĄńĿí ŅŎļ÷ ŒĿîøĿîñō iłŀĨøĿíĊīŎŃ àîĠĸŇíĊĬñ ŊŀĄŃĎŔįŒijŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíŊñĪijĉőČĿíĪijĊĿí ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃ ŅãúŔăőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŒijŒīŎğŎńĿíņĻĎĿí îŌŀăčíĎķčĊěŒøĿíôŔĬńĀĿí ôŔīĊøĔńĿíõĊňijĊĸĿ ôŔķŜćãśĽîĬijŗôŔĬńĀĿíàîĠīãıíĎøķîñőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŒijôŔĬńĀĿíľăðòēľŀīŁîĬĿíðëîňĿí îńŃôŔīĊøĔńĿíîŌøŃĊķŒøĿíõîŇîŔòĿîñʼnĊŔňĴ÷ł÷îŃíČŋōôŃîĬĿíïíĉŕíōŁîĬĿíŁîĨňĿîñôŀĈŃ öńļăōôńļĄńĿíŊ÷čĊŋãłûņŃōđîēãĎŔįŐŀīŒīŎğŎńĿíŊňĻčŒijŒňòŃőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíľĬĀœ ŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěîĠœãĺĿċĶijíōĊķōʼnàîİĿîñ 

aîŌŔijłļĄĿíŐøăîŌøŃîķçņŃôœčíĉříŏŎīĊŀĿôŃîĬĿíôœĎĨňĿídőčíĉříàîĠĸĿíŁîŃãŒğîĸøĿíõíàíĎÿçõîŔĿîļėçªĉŎĬĔŃĊńĄŃčŎøĻĊĿíčîĘøĔńĿí îŋĊĬñîŃōęªôœčĊňļēříªıčîĬńĿíóäĘňŃ ęªĶñîĔĿíĪÿĎńĿí

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ĪñíĎĿíúĄòńĿí ŅîňēŗíàîòģãôŔĬńÿŅäĘñôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōłŔńĬ÷ óĐŌÿŗí Œij ņŔŀŃîĬĿí ĪňŃ Ņîňēŗí àîòģã ôŔĬńÿ ŁíĐĿèñ ŒĠĸœ iÒîńŔńĬ÷ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō õčĊěã ľńĬĿîñōãiôŔŃŎńĬĿíõîìŔŌŀĿïîĔøŇśíōãiôœčíĉříõîìŔŌŀĿłŌĔĴŇãĂŔėĎ÷ņŃôĸñîĔĿíôŔňŃŗí Ò îăôĿîĸøēśíÒîŔĿîăîŌŔijĉŎÿŎŃŎĠīőãŐŀīŊŇãōŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃŒijņŔĴħŎńĻ śçōś ĊķōiîŔŀĬĿíĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃŁîŃãčíĎĸĿíŒijņĬĤĿîñôŔĬńĀĿíöŃîķĊķōiôŔĿŎìĔńĿíôŀëîģöĄ÷Īğō ŒŋōðĿîĤŃôûŜûŒijłŔńĬøĿíĽîŔăôńļĄńĿíŊĿöŀěŎ÷îŃîňĀĿîī ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķōĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿíŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí

ĽōŗíðŀĤńĿí ŊķŎĤňŃōłļĄĿíĪëîķō àîòģã ôŔĬńÿ ŁíĐĿèñ ŒĠĸœ  łŔńĬ÷ őčíĉří číĎĸĿ ôŔŀćíĊĿí óčíďō õčĊěã  Ćœčîøñ ōã iôœčíĉří õîìŔŌŀĿ łŌĔĴŇã ĂŔėĎ÷ ņŃ ôĸñîĔĿí ôŔňŃŗí óĐŌÿŗí Œij ņŔŀŃîĬĿí ĪňŃ Ņîňēŗí őãŐŀīŊŇãōŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃŒijņŔĴħŎńĻľńĬĿîñōãiôŔŃŎńĬĿíõîìŔŌŀĿïîĔøŇśí Ò îăôĿîĸøēśíÒîŔĿîăîŌŔijĉŎÿŎŃŎĠī ôŔĿŎìĔńĿíôŀëîģöĄ÷Īğōśçōś ŒijîŔŀĬĿíĽĊĬĿíôńļĄŃŁîŃãàîİĿřîñŊŔŀīöňĬģĺĿČĿōiôŔĬńĀĿíņŃĽŎòķłŔńĬøĿííČŋĶŀœłĿō čŎĻČńĿíčíĎĸĿíàîİĿèñ ôŔīĊøĔńĿí ôŔĬńĀĿíöòĿîģōłķčðŀĤĿí ÒîĔŔëč ŒòŀĄĿí ıōåĎĿí ĊòīčîĘøĔńĿí óîĠĸĿí óĉîĔĿí ôœŎĠī ņŃ ôńļĄńĿí ôìŔŋ öŀļĘ÷ō óčîńīŎñãĊńĄŃōôĴŔŀćĽĉîīņœčîĘøĔńĿíôœŎĠīō ĊŔĔĿíIJŔŀļøñōiðŀĤĿíĎĨŇĽŎòĸñĆœčîøñöķæŃłļăõčĊěãôńļĄńĿíŅãúŔăō číĊěřŊñõĊăŒøĿíïîòēŗíŅîŔòñôŔĴŔħŎĿíŊøĴĜñ ʼnĊğŐīĊøĔńĿí óĐİñôŔŀćíĊĿíŁîīĎœĊŃ ôŔňŃŗíóĐŌÿŗíŒijņŔŀŃîĬĿíĪňńñôŔīĊøĔńĿíŁíĐĿèñŒğîĸĿíŒijąčæńĿíłŔńĬøĿí ņŔĴħŎńĻľńĬĿíōãiôŔŃŎńĬĿíõîìŔŌŀĿïîĔøŇśíōãiôœčíĉříõîìŔŌŀĿłŌĔĴŇãĂŔėĎ÷ņŃôĸñîĔĿí ôŀëîģöĄ÷ĪğōśçōôĿîĸøēśíÒîŔĿîăĉŎÿŎŃŎĠīőãŐŀīŊŇãōiŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃŒij  óĐİñôŔŀćíĊĿíŁîīĎœĊŃ ʼnĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíĮŔŀò÷ņŃÒîŃŎœĎĘīôĔńćĽŜćĺĿċōiôŔĿŎìĔńĿí ôńļĄńĿíŁîŃãîŌñĽŎńĬńĿíĽŎěŗíðĔăčíĎĸĿííČŋņīôĈĔŇ 20


 ʼnĊğŒīĊøĔńĿí óĐİñôŔŀćíĊĿíŁîīĎœĊńĿŜüńŃʼnčîòøīîñôńļĄńĿíŁîŃãŁîĬĿíðëîňĿíľüŃĊĸĿō Ò ļėðŀĤĿíĉĎñîŌŔijðĿîģōióĎĜøĈŃôŔñíŎÿôĄëŜñĉčĉĊĄńĿíľÿŗíņńğō ĪŃÒîīŎğŎŃōŜ Ćœčîøñ ôŀĜĴŃ ôĄëŜñ îŌĬò÷ã łû ióîŃîĄńĿí ïîĬ÷ãō IJœčîĜńĿíō ŁŎēĎĿîñ ôŔīĊøĔńĿí ņŔńĠ÷ ņŃŗíŏŎķŒijôŃĊĈĿíŅŎŇîĸĿíĉîňøēíiŊŔijŅŎĬĤńĿíčíĎĸĿíôŃŜēōôĄěîŌŔijņŔñ Łîļăŗ ņŔĴĿîĈńĿí ĶĄñ ôŔòœĉäøĿí õîñŎĸĬĿí ĪŔķŎ÷ ôŔŀćíĊĿí ĎœďŎĿ ĂŔøœ őČĿíō i łķč čŎĻČńĿíŅŎŇîĸĿí ĎœďŎĿí õíčíĎĸĿ íŎŀüøńœ łĿō ľńĬĿí ņī íŎĴļňøēí ņŔĸñîĔĿí ôŔňŃŗí óĐŌÿŗí ŒòĔøňŃ Ņã úŔăō Ņãō îńŔē ôŔēîŔē ïîòēŗ śç ĩîňøŃśí ņļœ łĿō iľńĬŀĿ óĉŎĬĿí łŌňŃ ðŀĤ÷ ŒøĿíō óčĉîĜĿí iîŌñíŎŃŎĸœŅãĝĎøĴœŒøĿíōłŌ÷îòÿíōíŎĻĎ÷łŌŇãúŔăōiĩîĤĸŇíŅōĊñłŌĿĪijĊ÷łŌò÷íōč ôŃîīĂĿîĜŃľüń÷ŒøĿíōôŔīŎĤøĿíôœĎŔĈĿíĽîńīŗíŐŀīàîňŃãíŎŇŎļœņĿłŌŇãŐĿōãïîñņńij ŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěĶijíōĊķŅŎļœĎœďŎĿíčíĎķŅèijĒŔŔĔøĿíņīõîŔĬńĀŀĿÒíĊĬñōiĺĿČĿ ľĄñčíĎĸĿíčĊěŅãĊĬñôŔĬńĀĿíŒŀüńŃôĴěŐŀīĝĎøīãîŋĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíľüńŃŅãúŔăō ľŔĻōŁĊĸ÷ĆœčîøñōõîñîĈøŇśíàíĎÿçōôŔĬńĀĿíóčíĉřôňĀĿņŔŔĬ÷ōóčíĉříĒŀĀŃ ľŔĻōðŇîÿņŃôĿŎĤńĿíõîĬijíĎńĿíŐĿçöĬńøēíôńļĄńĿíŅãúŔăōiôĿĊĬŃôĄëŜñņŔīĊøĔńĿí Œij öĸķĉ Ņã ĊĬñō iŊøĬijíĎŃō îŋĊğ ŐīĊøĔńĿí ľüńŃ õíďĎòŃ Őŀī öĬŀģã îńĻ iņŔīĊøĔńĿí ŒŀœîŃŐĿçöĜŀćĊĸijôŔŃîøĈĿíõíĎĻČńĿí ľļĿōŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăŗÒîĸijōîŌŔĿçŁîńĠŇśíōõîŔĬńĀĿíàîĘŇçŒijĶĄĿíŒijıŜćś  ŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃŁ ĪńøĀńĿíĂëíĎė ĵĎĬĿíðòĔñłŌňŔñĐŔŔń÷śàíŎēàîĠĸĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîŃãņŔŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŅãŐŀīıŜćśîńĻ ôňĔĿŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃŁ ôķîīříōãŒēîŔĔĿíőãĎĿíōãņœĊĿíōãŅŎŀĿíōãĒňĀĿíōã   ôňĔĿŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃņŔ÷ĉîńĿíŒijàîÿîŃčîòøīśíņŔĬñČćä÷ôńļĄńĿíŅç ÒîĸijōôŔòĬĘĿíõîĔēæńĿíōôœĊŇŗíōĢñíōĎĿíōõíĉîĄ÷śíōõîŔĬńĀĿíōõîñîĸňĿíľļĘ÷   ŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăŗ  ôňĔĿŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃóĉîńĿíŒijàîÿîŃčîòøīśíņŔĬñČćä÷ôńļĄńĿíŅç j àîĠĸĿíôñîķčņŃőčíĉçľńīōãčíĎķőãņŔĜĄ÷ŁĊī Ł łķčIJēŎœĎĜŇàíŎŀĿíĶñîĔĿíôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķŐŀīĝíĎøīśíŁĊīčîòøīśîñÒíČćãō Ò ńīõîŔĬńĀŀĿïîĔøŇśíņŃôŔňŃŗíóĐŌÿŗíàîĠīãŅîŃĎĄñôňĔĿ  ĢòĠĿíĊīíŎĸñŜ ŁîĬĿíņŃŗíŐŀīÒîħîĴăōőčíĉří ôňĔĿ  łķčʼnčíĎķŁîŔěĊŔĬēŁŎăĎńĿíôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčĊěãņŃŗíčíĎĸøēíĪŃō 21


IJēŎœĎĜŇàíŎŀĿĶñîĔĿíčíĎĸĿíàîİĿèñ ŐŀīŒňñčíĎķŊŇãāŎğŎñņŔòœîŋĊğŐīĊøĔńĿíľüńŃôñîŔňĿíĒŔëčŊķîēőČĿíĎœĎòøĿíŅç ľńĬĿíŅãŊŔijıŜćśîńńijjĩŎĤøĿíŊňŃľòĸœśðÿíŎĿíĹĎ÷ņŃŅãúŔăôĄŔĄěïîòēã ÒîēîēãʼnčîòøīîñôěîĈĿíōôŃîĬĿíĂĿîĜńĿíŊŔŀń÷ðÿíōōĝĎijŎŋôŔňŃŗíóĐŌÿŘĿïîĔøŇśíō ôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅèijľñîĸńĿîñōiĪńøĀńĿíîŌŔŀīŁŎĸœŒøĿíõíčōĎĠĿíņŃŎŋōiôīîńĀŀĿ ņŃ Œŋō ôœĎŔćō ôŔīŎģ õîīîńÿō õîńĨňŃ Œŋ ôĴŀøĈńĿí îŌ÷îģîĘňñ ôŔňŌńĿí õîñîĸňĿíō õîœčōĎĠĿíôò÷ĎŃŐĿçŐķĎ÷śōôŃŗíóîŔăŒijõîŔĿîńļĿí ôŔīŎĤøĿíōôœĎŔĈĿíĽîńīŗîñŁŎĸ÷ŒøĿíōõîñîĸňĿíōãõîŔĬńĀŀĿņŔòĔøňńĿíņŃôĄœĎėŅãņŔò÷íċèij ôœĎŔćōãôŔňŌŃĎŔįōiôŔēîŔēïîòēŗōîŌ÷îòÿíŎñŁîŔĸĿíņīöĬňøŃíĊķõîŔĿîńļĿíņŃŒŋŒøĿí Ò ŎòĸŃōÒîīōĎĘŃÒíčĎòŃíČŋŅîĻ ņļĿōiŒñîĸňĿíōãőĎŔĈĿíľńĬĿíóĎėîòŃņŃôĄœĎĘĿíʼnČŋŅîŃĎĄĿś őČĿíōŁîĬĿíņŃŗíŐŀīĥîĴĄĿíŐŀīŐňòœčíĎĸĿííČŋľüŃŅãúŔăóĎńĿíʼnČŋôŔēîŔēĎŔįïîòēŗ ĽîňœōĊœĎĀøĿíōŁŎńĬĿîñIJĜøœčíĎĸĿííČŋŅãóčōĎĠĿîñŁŎŀĬŃōiőčíĉříĢòĠĿíĎěîňīĊăãŎŋ õíàíĊňĿíŐĴĈ÷śōiôīîńĀŀĿôŔēîēãôĄŀĜńñĎĠœōĎğãîńñðÿíŎĿíöĻĎ÷ŒøĿíôĄœĎĘĿíņŃ ĊĬñłŌŀńĬñĵîĄøĿŜĿôĸñîĔĿíôŔňŃŗíóĐŌÿŗíŒòĔøňńĿôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďōîŌøĸŀģãŒøĿíóčĎļøńĿí ĢòĠĿîñ ĶŀĬøńĿí číĎĸĿí íČŋ ľüŃ Ņã óčōĎĠĿîñ ŁŎŀĬŃō i ŎŔŇŎœ Œij łĔĄĿí ôŀăĎŃ Łîń÷ ņŃľĻŊēčîŃîńĻōiïîòēŗíĺŀ÷ĽíōĐñŒŌøňœōóĉĊĄŃïîòēãŐŀīŒňñöķæŃčíĎķŎŋőčíĉří őčíĉříčíĎĸĿííČŋŁîĀĔŇíĊĻæœőČĿíĎŃŗíŁîŔěĊŔĬēōIJēŎœĎĜŇņŔĸñîĔĿíôŔŀćíĊĿíőĎœďō óČijîňĿíŏĎćŗíņŔŇíŎĸĿíōŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăãĪŃ ðŔĬńĿíĒŔŔĔøĿíŐŀīĺĿČĻōiôŔīĊøĔńĿíôŔĬńĀĿíĽîńīãôœĎŔćōôŔĿîńĻŐŀīĊŌĘœîŃŅçō ņŃ óĉŎÿ Ņîńüī îĤī ôŔīĊøĔńĿí Ċŋîė Ŋñ ŐĿĉã îŃ Ŏŋ õîñîĸňĿíō õîŔĬńĀĿí íČŋ ġîĘňĿ óŎēã ôŔĿîĄĿí ôŔňŃŗí óĐŌÿŗí Œij ņŔŀŃîĬĿí ôŔĬńĀĿí àîĠīã àîňüøēí Őŀī ôŔīĊøĔńĿí ôĸijíŎŃ ņŃ ņŔñ Ņîøė ņļĿō îŌŔij ľńĬĿíō õîŔĬńĀĿîñ ĵîĄøĿśí ņŃ ôĸñîĔĿí ôŔňŃŗí óĐŌÿŗí àîĠīäñ ôœĎŔĈĿíĽîńīŘĿŊŀŋæœîńŃŊŀńīđãčŐŀīľħōiôŃîĬĿíĶijíĎńĿíĉîŔăōŒňģŎĿíðÿíŎĿîñŁĐøĿã ŒijĵĊĜœśúŔăĪńøĀńĿíóîŔĄĿŒēîēŗíōőčōĎĠĿíľńĬĿíņīIJļňøēãņŃņŔñōiôŔĿîńļĿíō ôŔĿîńļĿíōôœĎŔĈŀĿʼníŎīĉ ʼnàîňñîńŔēŊøĄěĢëíĎėōŊŇîĻčãôijîļĿÒîŔijŎøĔŃôŔŀćíĊĿíĎœďōčíĎķŐĔŃãŁĊĸ÷îŃŅîòøēíŐøŃ číĎĸĿíŒijņĬĤĿíōĊİœŊŔŀīōiņŔňīîĤĿíņĬģŊňŃľňœłĿúŔĄñiôĄŔĄěôŔŇŎŇîķïîòēãŐŀī ĞijĎñôńļĄńĿíöńļăĺĿČĿōiŊĠijčðÿŎøœîńŃŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃđîēãŐŀīłëîķĎŔįčŎĻČńĿí ĪijĊ÷ôĿōĊŀĿóîŃîĄŃïîĬ÷ãľļŔėôëîńûŜûōIJœčîĜńĿíōŁŎēĎĿîñņŔīĊøĔńĿíņŔńĠ÷ĪŃðŀĤĿí ôńļĄńĿíĵōĊňěŒij

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ŒŇîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸĴĿíŒŇŎŇîĸĿíľŔŀĄøĿí ŅŎŇîĸŀĿôœčŎøēĊĿíôŇōĊńĿíîŌňńğōôœčŎøēĊĿíĊīíŎĸĿíĞĬñŐŀīŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíĚŇĊĸĿ îŌňŃōŒēîēŗí ōãĵĎĬĿíðòĔñłŌňŔñĐŔŔńøĿíďŎĀœśŊŇíōàîĠĸĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîŃãŅŎŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíņŔñóíōîĔńĿí± ôķîīříōãŒēîŔĔĿíőãĎĿíōãņœĊĿíōãŅŎŀĿíōãĒňĀĿí ŁíĎøăśíôòÿíōōôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔŀĿôŃĐŀŃôŔēîēŗíŊ÷îœĎăōŅîĔŇříĵŎĸăŅŎŇîķéĉîòŃŅã± ōã íĉíĎijã íŎŇîĻ àíŎē ôŔēîŔĔĿí óîŔĄĿí Œij ôĻčîĘńĿí Ķă ņŔŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ôijîļĿ ĩĎĘńĿí ľĴĻ  ± ĢñíōĎĿíō õíĉîĄ÷śíō õîŔĬńĀĿíō õîñîĸňĿí ľŔļĘ÷ ôĻčîĘńĿí ʼnČŋ ľëîēō ņŃō iõîīîńÿ ŅŎŇîĸŀĿîĸijōôŔòĬĘĿíõîĔēæńĿíōôœĊŇŗíō 

ŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăãĪŃĝčîĬøœîŃľĻàîİĿçŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíčĎķ±

íČŌñŅŎŇîķņēōņŔĤĔŀijŒijőĎŔĈĿíľńĬĿíôēčîńŃłĨŇŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíŅãĦăŜŇłû ŊĸĄĿãōiôŔŀŋŗíõîìŔŌĿíōôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅäĘñôňĔĿ  łķčŅŎŇîĸĿíŎŋōęŎĜĈĿí iôňĔĿ  łķčľńĄ÷ōŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíàíčďŎĿíĒŀĀŃņīóčĉîěŅŎŇîĸŀĿôœČŔĴň÷ôĄëŜñ îŌňŃōéĉîòńĿíĞĬñôĄëŜĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíŒijŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíýčĉãĊĸĿō ïîĄĔŇśíōîŌŔĿçïîĔøŇśíōõîŔĬńĀĿíóčíĉçōĒŔēä÷ŒijôĻčîĘńĿíŒijĶĄĿíŒňŔĤĔŀijľļĿ± ĂñĎĿíŁîĔøķíîŌňŃŒİøòœśıíĊŋãōãıĊŋĶŔĸĄ÷ľÿãņŃĺĿċōiôœĎĄñîŌňŃ łŌ÷íàîńøŇíōãîŌŔĔēæŃôŔĜĈėōãîŌøńĨŇãōãôīōĎĘńĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíıíĊŋãŅŎļ÷ŅãďŎĀœś± îŌĔŔēä÷ŐŀīľŔķíĎīōãĉŎŔķőãĝĎĴĿÒîòòēiîŌŀńīõśîĀŃöŇîĻîœãiłŋĉĊīōã ŅōĉõîŔĬńĀĿíľŔĀĔ÷ôŀķĎīōãľŔĤĬ÷ŐĿçôœČŔĴňøĿíôĄëŜĿíŁîļăãĶŔòĤ÷őĉæœŅãďŎĀœś± óČijîňĿíņŔŇíŎĸĿíîŌ÷čĎķŒøĿíîŌķŎĸăôēčîńŃņŃõîŔĬńĀĿíŅîŃĎăŐĿçōãiŒŇŎŇîķðòē ôĬñîøŃàîňûãŒēîēŗíŁîĨňĿíōņŔŇíŎĸĿíŒijóĉĊĄńĿíôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíĵŎĸĄñĽŜćříďŎĀœś± îŌŀńī  ôňĔĿ   łķč ŅŎŇîĸĿí Œij ôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ņŃŗí ŏŎķ Őŀī ŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿí ĩĎĘńĿí ŁĎă ĊĸĿō îŌňŃōôňŔĬŃĽîńīãôēčîńŃ ōãõîŔĬńĀĿíōãõîìŔŌĿíōãïíĐăŗíŐĿçàîńøŇśíōãôēîŔĔĿîñĽîİøėśíōôŔēîŔĔĿíàíčŕíàíĊñç± ôŔēîŔĔĿíıíĊŋŗíõíċõîńĨňńĿí ęªĶñîĔĿíĪÿĎńĿí

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õîñíĎĤğíōãóĎŋîĨŃôœãŒijĹíĎøėśí± ôŔñîĈøŇíõîœîīĉōãôŔñĐăõîīîńøÿíłŔĨň÷ŒijĹíĎøėśí± ņŃýíōĐĿíĚøĈńĿíĎœďŎĿíņŃęîćŅċèñŊĿďŎĀœōiôŔñĎĬĿíĎŔįņŃýíōĐĿíĢñîĠŀĿďŎĀœś± ýíōĐĿîñĶòĔŃĚŔćĎ÷ŐŀīĽŎĜĄĿíðĀœōôŔñĎĬĿíĎŔį ôŔŌĸĴĿí ôœåĎĿí ĽŜć ņŃō ŅäĘĿí õíċ ôŔŇŎŇîĸĿí éĉîòńĿíō ęŎĜňŀĿ ĶñîĔĿí ĝĎĬĿí ĊĬñō ĊŔŇîēãĎŔĔĴ÷ŐŀīŒňñĊķôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃłļĄĿíŅãĊĀŇôēíčĊĿíľĄŃŒëîĠĸĿíłļĄŀĿ ņŔňģíŎńĿíņŔñŏōîēĊķŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŅãúŔ㼜ĊøēśíŒijĉîĔijōôĄŔĄěĎŔįôŔŇŎŇîķ ôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíàîĘŇèñôŔēîŔĔĿíóîŔĄĿíŒijôĻčîĘńĿíĶăłŌĄňŃōŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîŃãņŔŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿí óîŔĄĿí Œij ôĻčîĘńĿíō őĎŔĈĿí ľńĬĿí ôēčîńŃ ņŃ ŒňŔĤĔŀij ņģíŎŃ àîňüøēí ďŎĀœ ś ŒĿîøĿîñō ŅŎŇîķŒijãĊòńĿííČŋĊĻãŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíŅãúŔăiŊøĴŔħōōŊŀńĬñĶŀĬø÷ïîòēŗôŔēîŔĔĿí ōã ôŔĬńĀĿí ŒĔēæŃ ôŔĜĈė  ŅŎļœ Ņã ŊŔij ĎĨă úŔă ôňĔĿ  łķč ôœĎŔĈĿí õîŔĬńĀĿí îŌĔŔēä÷ŐŀīľŔķíĎīōãĉŎŔķőãĝĎĴĿÒîòòēłŌ÷íàîńøŇí ôňĔĿłķčôŔňŔĤĔŀĴĿíņŃŗíŏŎķŅŎŇîķņŃ  óĉîńĿíŐŀīłļĄĿíĊňøēíŏĎćãôŔăîŇņŃō ŒijĝčîĬøœōŊēîēãŒijőčŎøēĉĎŔįŅŎŇîķŊŇíĂĠøœŅŎŇîĸĿííČŋôēíčĉĽŜćņŃō íČŋôœčŎøēĉŁĊĬñĪijĊĿíņļńœŅîĻíČŌĿōiŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸŀĿôœčŎøēĊĿíéĉîòńĿíĪŃŊŃîļăã ŒøĿíęŎĜňĿíôœčŎøēĉŁĊĬñłļĄĿíôœčŎøēĉôńļĄŃîŌøĴĜñîŔŀĬĿíôńļĄńĿíôòĿîĤŃōŅŎŇîĸĿí ŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíIJĿîĈ÷ IJĿîĈœíČŋōiõîŔĿîńļĿíņŃŊŇíŒŀŋŗíōőĎŔĈĿíľńĬĿíôēčîńŃŐĿçĎĨŇłļĄĿíŅãîĠœãĦăŜŇō ôŀŔēōōiôŔēîŔĔĿíóîŔĄĿíŒijôĻčîĘńŀĿôŔēîēãôŀŔēōĎòøĬœőČĿíġîĘňĿííČŌĿŒĸŔĸĄĿíłŌĴĿí ŒăíŎňĿíôœîīčōľćĊĿíőĉōĊĄŃłīĊñľĴļø÷ŒøĿíôĿōĊĿíĉŎÿōŁĊīņīĉíĎijśíĞœŎĬøĿôŃîŋ čōĊñ Łîķ ŊŇí úŔă ôŔĈœčîøĿí ôŔăîňĿí ņŃ őĎŔĈĿí ľńĬĿí ôŔńŋí łļĄĿí ľńŋí îĠœíō ôŔīîńøÿśí ĩĎĘńĿíŊÿčĉãíČŌĿōîŋàîĘŇíĊĬñōôŔňģŎĿíôĤŀĔĿíàîĘŇíľòķôĿōĊĿíĉŎÿōŁĊīņīŒĠœŎĬ÷ ŊńĨňœęîćŅŎŇîķŊĿņēōĉŜòĿíŒijŒńēśíŅŎŇîĸĿíĎòøĬ÷ŒøĿíôœčŎøēĊĿíôŇōĊńĿíņńğ

ôňĔĿłķčņŃśíőŎķŒijôŃĊĈĿíŅŎŇîķņŃ  i  i  ĉíŎńĿíĎĨŇí

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úĿîüĿíðŀĤńĿí łļĄŀĿŒŌĸijŒŇŎŇîķłŔŔĸ÷ ôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃ iôńļĄńĿíņŃŊĿŎòķł÷ĊķôŔŀļĘĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃŎŌijíČŌĿōiÒîŇŎŇîķĉĊĄńĿíĉîĬŔńĿíŒijłŀĨøĿíŁĊķ ŒøĿíōiőčíĉříčíĎĸĿíŒijņĬĤĿíĉîĬŔŃàîĠĸŇśÒîŇŎŇîķóĉĊĄńĿíÒîŃŎœņŔøēčōĎŃľòķŁĊķúŔă ŅŎŇîĸĿíĂŔĄěÒîĸñîĤŃàîÿĊķłļĄĿíŅîijíČŌĿōiðŔĬŃŊŇíŅäĘĿíôòăîěôŌĀĿíŏĎ÷

ôŔīŎğŎńĿíôŔăîňĿíņŃ ĺĿČĻōiŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíôŇōĊŃîŌŀńĘ÷ŒøĿíōôŔńŋŗíŒijôœîįôœčŎøēĉéĉîòŃłļĄĿíIJĿîć iõîŔĿîńļĿíņŃőĎŔĈĿíľńĬĿíôēčîńŃŅãņīùĊĄ÷ŊŇãîńĻiôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķŁîļăãIJĿîć ĪńøĀńĿíõîŔēîēãņŃĎòøĬœőČĿíľńĬĿííČŋņŃŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĩĎĘńĿíĊěîĸŃĪŃŒijîňøœîŃŎŋō iŅîĔŇří ĵŎĸă ņī ĩîijĊĿíō iðĬĘĿí àîňñã ņŃ ņœďŎĬńĿí óĊīîĔŃ Œij ŏŎĜĸĿí ŊøŔńŋŗ ĺĿċō Œij čŎĜķō ĽśĊøēśí Œij ĉîĔij Őŀī ŒňòŃ łļĄĿí ŅŎļœ íČŌĿō iôŔńňøĿí ôŔŀńī Œij ŁîŌēříō ôòŔĬŃōôŔijîĻĎŔįôŔĬķíōïîòēãŐŀīŒňòŃŊŇíúŔăðŔòĔøĿí ņŃôĴŀøĈńĿí ĉŜòĿí õîĤŀē ĎœŎĤ÷ŐĿíîňøÿîăőĊŃôēíčĊĿíņŃņŔòøŇĶñîĔĿí ĝĎĬĿíĊĬñō óîŔĄĿíŒijŊĿŒŀńĬĿíĶŔòĤøĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòńñŁíĐøĿśíôŔńŋíōôŔĬœĎĘ÷ōôŔëîĠķōôœČŔĴň÷ ôĿōĊĿíŅîĻčśôøñîûĐëîĻĎñŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĪńøĀńĿíĞŌňœŐøăĉŜòĿíŒijłļĄĿíłĨŇōôŔēîŔĔĿí ŅŜīíŒijîňĸăĊĄĀĿčŎĤøĿíŁĊĬñĪëíčĐĿíĽŜøăśíõîĤŀēČĈø÷śŐøăōîòœĎķîŌŇŜīíŎÿĎńĿí ĩōĎĘńĿíîňøĿōĉ

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õîŔěŎøĿíōþëîøňĿí þëîøňĿíśōã ŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēãĊòŃŐŀīàíĊøīśíŒijÒîŃîŋÒíčōĉðĬŀœĽíďîŃŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîŔĔĿíŁîĔĸŇśí Ŋ÷íċŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăãĹîŌøŇíĽŜćņŃ ĎŔįõíčíĎĸĿíàîİĿçĽŜćņŃôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíĽîńīãŐŀīôñîķĎĿíŒijÒîŃîŋÒíčōĉŊĿàîĠĸĿí ãĊòńĿ îŌøĴĿîĈńĿ ÒîĸŀĤŃ ÒîŇŜĤñ Ŋŀģîñ ôœčíĉç õíčíĎķ číĊěç Őŀī ð÷Ďø÷ ŒøĿíō ôīōĎĘńĿí ôœčíĉříôñîķĎĿíĽŜćņŃŏĎćŗíõîĤŀĔĿíĽîńīãŐŀīàíĊøīíľüń÷ŒøĿíîĠœãōŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔē àîĠĸŀĿôœčŎøēĊĿíō ņŔñľĜĴĿíōŅŎŇîĸĿíóĉîŔēőãĊòŃŐŀīôñîķĎĿíŒijÒîŃîŋÒíčōĉîŌĿŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃ ŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŒijóčĎĸńĿíõîĤŀĔĿí ĎŔûäøĿíĶœĎģņīĎėîòŃľļĘñàíŎēàîĠĸĿíĽîńīãŒijôœČŔĴňøĿíôĤŀĔĿíņŃľćĊ÷Ĺîňŋ ŊŃîļăãČŔĴň÷ŁĊīĽŜćņŃĎėîòŃĎŔįľļĘñōãŊŀńīŒij őĉæ÷ŒøĿíōôŔŇŎŇîĸĿíōôŔijîĸüĿíōôŔīîńøÿśíõîŔòŀĔĿíņŃĎŔüļĿíŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíĪńøĀńĿíŒŇîĬœ ŅŎŇîĸĿíĺŌøň÷õîŔĻŎŀēŐĿç

õîŔěŎøĿíÒîŔŇîû ŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒijíĎİĀĿíōŒēîŔĔĿíŁîĔĸŇśíàîŌŇçóčōĎğ  ôœčŎøēĊĿíľŔļĘ÷ŒijĩíĎēří  ĂøĴ÷îŌŇŎĻiôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķŒijõĉčōŒøĿíôģîĤńĿíęŎĜňĿíôijîĻŒijĎĨňĿíóĉîīç  ôīōĎĘŃĎŔįõíčíĎķċîĈ÷śôŔŀćíĊĿíóčíďŎĿĽîĀńĿí jôœČŔĴňøĿíōôŔĬœĎĘøĿíôĤŀĔĿíĽîńīãŐŀīôœčŎøēĊĿíōôœčíĉříôŔëîĠĸĿíôñîķĎĿíľŔĬĴ÷  õîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķŁîļăãľœĊĬ÷ĽŜćņŃôŔñîķĎĿíŒŇĊńĿíĪńøĀńĿíõîĔēæŃčōĉľŔĬĴ÷óčōĎğ  ľńĬĿíŒijõîĔēæńĿíʼnČŌĿĎüĻãôœĎăĂňŃĽŜćņŃôňĔĿłķčôœĎŔĈĿí îŌļŌøňŃŐŀīõîñŎĸĬĿíĊėãĶŔòĤ÷ōîŋČŔĴň÷ĽŜćņŃôŔëîĠĸĿíŁîļăŗíŁíĎøăíóčōĎğ  ŒijôœčŎøēĊĿíéĉîòńĿíōŅîĔŇříĵŎĸăōôŔģíĎĸńœĊĿíéĉîòŃŐŀīôŔëîĠĸĿíčĉíŎļĿíðœčĊ÷  ôŔëîĠĸĿíŁîļăŗíŒijîŌÿîŌøŇíŊŔĴŔĻōŒŇŎŇîĸĿíŊĸĴĿí

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ôĬÿíĎńĿí ĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíŁîļăŗîĸijōdņŔĤĔŀijŒijőčŎøēĊĿíàîĠĸĿíªőĊŔăŎĿíŒĄøijĉ ªôīîòĤŀĿĉíĊĸńĿíčíĉªôŇčîĸŃôēíčĉªaîŔŀĬĿíôœčŎøēĊĿíôńļĄńĿíŅŎŇîķĩōĎĘŃō ôœĎĨňĿídőčíĉříàîĠĸĿíŁîŃãŒğîĸøĿíõíàíĎÿçõîŔĿîļėçªĉŎĬĔŃĊńĄŃčŎøĻĊĿíčîĘøĔńĿí ôœčĊňļēříªıčîĬńĿíóäĘňŃaîŌŔijłļĄĿíŐøăîŌøŃîķçņŃôœčíĉříŏŎīĊŀĿôŃîĬĿí łķčôœĎŔĈĿíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîĸĿôœČŔĴňøĿíôĄëŜĿíŅäĘñiôňĔĿłķčàíčďŎĿíĒŀĀŃčíĎķ ôňĔĿ ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒňŔĤĔŀĴĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿí ŐŀīŊķŎĤňŃōŊĬëîķōōłļĄĿíĎĨŇíîŔŀīĽĊīªôŔŇŎŇîķéĉîòŃªàîĠĸŀĿŐŀīŗíĒŀĀńĿí WWWHJCGOVPSĪķŎńĿí ôňĔĿ  łķč ôœčîĀøĿíō ôŔŇĊńĿí õîńĻîĄńĿí ĽŎěãŅŎŇîķ ņŃ Őøăō  ņŃ ĉíŎńĿí  ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃ  óĉîńĿí ôňĔĿĽĊĬńĿíŒēîēŗíŅŎŇîĸĿíņŃ  óĉîńĿí ôŔŀŋŗíõîŔĬńĀĿíŅŎŇîķņŃ  óĉîńĿí   łķč ôœčîĀøĿíō ôŔŇĊńĿí õîńĻîĄńĿí ĽŎěã ŅŎŇîķ ņŃ  Őøăō  ņŃ ĉíŎńĿí  ôňĔĿ ôňĔĿłķčņŃśíőŎķŒijôŃĊĈĿíŅŎŇîķņŃ  i  i  ĉíŎńĿí



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ثلاث تعليقات - مراجعات - قضائية