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SAT English Course Finding the Main Idea How to Read Smarter

Dr. M. Aboul Ela 01273793985


The Point 

The main idea is the big point that the writer is communicating to the reader. Often the reader can approach the main idea just by looking at the title. For example, a passage titled: “Why Doctors Deserve More Dollars” will include reasons for that idea.


The Roof Figure 

Try to see the main idea as a roof. It should be big enough to include everything in the reading passage. But it shouldn’t be too big for the text.


Main Idea 

 

MUM

Main Idea - is like the heart of the text or a paragraph. It is the controlling idea. All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should tell us more about the main idea.


General Versus Specific The main idea is a general one.  The supporting ideas in the passage are specific ones.  Which word is the most general: Potato or Vegetable? 


What about the topic? 

The topic is the general subject of a reading passage. To find the topic, just ask yourself: “Who or what is this passage about?” The topic can be expressed in a word or a phrase.

WHO?


The Topic Sentence 

Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate what they’re about. Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.


The Topic Sentence 

Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate what they’re about. Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.


Supporting Details 

Supporting details prove the value of the main idea. What are they here? Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.


Supporting Details 

Supporting details prove the value of the main idea. What are they here? Homeless people have many problems.

In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.


Get the Point? ď Ž

Read this short paragraph: Engineers create wealth for society. So, tennis is a game and the resources of the earth are scarce. Have you gone mad? Thus the only solution is to educate the public on being socially responsible.


Get the Point? 

We would go crazy if texts were written like this all the time. It was difficult to understand because it was made of different ideas that did not link. There was no common thread. The good news is that normal passages have main ideas!


Main Idea Cadence It’s important that you find The point the author has in mind. The main idea is its name, But “topic sentence” is the same. The main idea is top-shelf; It makes sense all by itself. And never once should you doubt it: Details all tell more about it. This sentence has the topic, too. It gives a summary or overview. Stated main ideas you can find, So highlight them or underline.


Main Idea and Supporting Details “House�

Main Idea Supporting Details


Main Idea and Supporting Details Wheel

Main Idea

New sat_reading_main idea  

This lesson tackles how to find the main idea by skimming the passage rather than reading every and each detail.

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