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AUTONOMOUS INFRASTRUCTURES URBAN MODEL FOR A LOCALIZED ENERGY PRODUCTION

ABDEL HALIM CHEHAB (MArch) - MOHAMAD MAKKOUK (MArch)


PREMISE. The dissertation investigates the possibility of generating a new urban model based on the concept of local energy production in extreme climatic conditions. The model draws its processes from existing biological systems and seeks to integrate all types of infra-structural subsets. By relying on local modes of harnessing energy, the system produces emergent urban clusters. The research is intended to propose a new and efficient model of urbanism that allows cities to better harness the energy provided from local and renewable resources.

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


AUTONOMOUS INFRASTRUCTURES

URBAN SYSTEM

ENERGY PRODUCTION

Autonomous Infrastructures

LOWERING ENERGY CONSUMPTION

WASTE TO ENERGY

SOLAR POWER

URBAN CELLS (DATA CALCULATION)

HARNESSING ENERGY FROM ROOFTOPS

PASSIVE DESIGN TECHNIQUES

COURTYARD STUDY

SHADING FOR PEDESTRIANS

PROCESSING PLANTS & COLLECTION POINTS

BLOCK TYPOLOGIES

EMERGENT NETWORKS

OPTIMIZING WASTE ROUTES

EVALUATION

URBAN FABRIC

POPULATING THE CITY

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


ENERGY

ALTERNATIVE PROCESSES

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


ENERGY

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROCESSES WASTE - TO - ENERGY

INCINERATION Pollution: Radioactivity: Average Plant Size:

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION High Moderate 3000 m2

Autonomous Infrastructures

Pollution: Radioactivity: Average Plant Size:

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

Low Low 1500 m2

LANDFILL GAS SYSTEMS Pollution: Radioactivity: Average Plant Size:

Low Moderate 2000 m2

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


ENERGY

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROCESSES A TEST ON WASTE AND SUN

Total Organic Waste produced by the population (t / year)

Number of treatment plants needed

Target Population with programmatic distribution

Energy generated from waste in kWh

X % OFFICES Y % RETAIL

Waste Generation Rate (kg / capita / day)

Z % HOUSING

SUN HOURS

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

PV panel area needed

Energy generated from PV panels in kWh

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS” CELL TYPES AND DATA STRUCTURES

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

CELL

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

ELECTRICITY USE (kWh / person / year) x DENSITY (person / m2) x AREA (m2) 11464 in DUBAI

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

ENERGY NEEDED (kWh / year)

POPULATION

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

% HOUSING % BUILT

WASTE GENERATION RATE (kg / capita / day)

% OFFICES

CELL % UNBUILT

Autonomous Infrastructures

% RETAIL

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

% PARKS AND WATER BODIES

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

WASTE GENERATION RATE (kg / person / day) x DENSITY (person / m2) x AREA (m2) x 365 (day / year) x % ORGANIC WASTE / 1000 (kg) 2.8 in DUBAI

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

POPULATION

34% in DUBAI

ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED (t / year)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED (t / year) x POWER GENERATION (kWh / t)

ENERGY FROM WASTE (kWh / year)

730~1300 kWh / t

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

DENSITY (person / m2) x AREA (m2) x WATER USAGE RATE (L / person / day) x 365 (day / year) POPULATION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

WATER CONSUMPTION (L / year)

416 for DUBAI

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY ENERGY NEEDED ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED ENERGY FROM WASTE SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION ENERGY FROM PV PANELS

DENSITY (person / m2) x AREA (m2) x WATER USAGE RATE (L / person / day) x 365 (day / year) POPULATION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

WATER CONSUMPTION (L / year)

416 for DUBAI

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY 5000 / km2

unbuilt

housing

CELL A

ENERGY NEEDED 3095280 kWh / year ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED 117 t / year ENERGY FROM ORGANIC WASTE 152100 kWh / year SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION 40435200 L / year

offic

es

ENERGY FROM PV PANELS 20813760 kWh / year

retail

70% HOUSING 60% BUILT

2.8 kg / capita / day

117 t / year

10% OFFICES

CELL A 40% UNBUILT

Autonomous Infrastructures

20% RETAIL

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

INCLUDES INFRASTRUCTURE, SETBACKS, PUBLIC SPACES (PARKS AND SQUARES) AND WATER BODIES EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

housing

DATA PRIMARY DENSITY 15000 / km2

retail

unbuilt

ENERGY NEEDED 9285840 kWh / year ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED 286 t / year

CELL B

ENERGY FROM ORGANIC WASTE 371800 kWh / year SECONDARY WATER CONSUMPTION 122990400 L / year ENERGY FROM PV PANELS 10406880 kWh / year

offices

5% HOUSING 70% BUILT

2.3 kg / capita / day

286 t / year

65% OFFICES

CELL B 30% UNBUILT

Autonomous Infrastructures

30% RETAIL

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

INCLUDES INFRASTRUCTURE, SETBACKS, PUBLIC SPACES (PARKS AND SQUARES) AND WATER BODIES EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


URBAN “CELLS”

DATA PRIMARY

unbuilt

DENSITY 10000 / km2

housing

ENERGY NEEDED 6190560 kWh / year ORGANIC WASTE PRODUCED 212 t / year

CELL C

ENERGY FROM ORGANIC WASTE 275600 kWh / year SECONDARY

offices

WATER CONSUMPTION 81993600 L / year

retail

ENERGY FROM PV PANELS 17344800 kWh / year

35% HOUSING 80% BUILT

2.6 kg / capita / day

212 t / year

35% OFFICES

CELL C 20% UNBUILT

Autonomous Infrastructures

30% RETAIL

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

INCLUDES INFRASTRUCTURE, SETBACKS, PUBLIC SPACES (PARKS AND SQUARES) AND WATER BODIES EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

ALGORITHMIC CELL SEQUENCE AND AGGREGATION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

CELL SEQUENCE (GENOME)

GENE POOL B

A

C

35 CELLS

PROBABILITY SELECTION FROM GENE POOL

A

ITERATION 1

A

B

B

B

B

B

C

A

B

A

B

C

B

C

B

C

B

C

B

B

B

B

C

A

C

B

B

B

A

A

C

C

C

B

B

20% A - 50% B - 30% C

ITERATION 2

A

A

A

A

A

C

C

A

B

A

B

C

B

C

C

C

B

C

C

C

C

C

C

A

C

C

C

B

A

B

C

C

C

C

C

20% A - 15% B - 65% C

ITERATION 3

A

A

A

A

A

C

A

A

A

A

C

A

C

B

C

A

C

A

A

A

B

C

A

C

B

A

A

A

A

C

C

C

B

A

A

50% A - 20% B - 30% C

50 CELLS

A

A

A

A

A

C

A

A

A

A

C

A

C

B

C

A

C

A

A

A

B

C

A

C

B

A

A

A

A

C

C

C

B

A

A

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

A

A

A

C

A

A

B

A

C

A

A

C

A

A

C

50% A - 20% B - 30% C

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

1. the first urban “cell” in the sequence places the first processing plant over a distance equal to its diameter (250 m)

next cell type A

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

2. the established processing point will inform the location of the new cells

next cell type A

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

3. if the next cell has a different type than the previous one, it has all the remaining vacant places around the plant to randomly chose from for placement

next cell type B

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

cell type B is then placed

next cell type B

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

4. if the next cell has the same type as one of the existing cells in the cluster, it places itself adjacent to it

next cell type A

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

cell type A is then placed

next cell type A

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

5. cells keep aggregating as long as they are supplied by the neighbouring processing point and until they reach its maximum working capacity

next cell type C

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES 6. then the system looks for the possibility to locate the next processing plant within its 500m range of influence

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES

it places a new processing plant

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES 7. the system continues placing the new cells according to the previous rule-set

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


GROWTH STRATEGY

AGGREGATION RULES 8. the pattern keeps growing by placing new processing plants and aggregating cells around them until the target population is reached

SAMPLE SEQUENCE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


SITE APPLICATION

TESTING THE SYSTEM IN A REAL LIFE SCENARIO

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


SITE APPLICATION

SITE

SIZE: 12 km2 LOCATION: Jebel Ali, the Persian Gulf COUNTRY: United Arab Emirates SUN HOURS: 11 hours / day

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


SITE APPLICATION

SITE

JEBEL ALI . THE PERSIAN GULF

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


50% “A” - 20% “B” - 30% “C” housing

A SCENARIO FOR A PREDOMINANTLY RESIDENTIAL URBAN FABRIC

unbuilt

unbuilt retail

unbuilt

housing

housing

CELL A

CELL C

CELL B

offic es

offices

Autonomous Infrastructures

retail retail

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

offices

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


AUTONOMOUS INFRASTRUCTURES

URBAN SYSTEM

ENERGY PRODUCTION

Autonomous Infrastructures

LOWERING ENERGY CONSUMPTION

WASTE TO ENERGY

SOLAR POWER

URBAN CELLS (DATA CALCULATION)

HARNESSING ENERGY FROM ROOFTOPS

PASSIVE DESIGN TECHNIQUES

COURTYARD STUDY

SHADING FOR PEDESTRIANS

PROCESSING PLANTS & COLLECTION POINTS

BLOCK TYPOLOGIES

EMERGENT NETWORKS

OPTIMIZING WASTE ROUTES

EVALUATION

URBAN FABRIC

POPULATING THE CITY

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY MArch PHASE EXPLORATION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESERT “SKYSCRAPERS” THE CITY OF SHIBAM - YEMEN

Population: 7,000 • Area: 81,000 m2

Compactness

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

Courtyards and Open Spaces

Canyon Effect

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

BUILDINGS AND COURTYARDS

SOLAR RADIATION AND THERMAL COMFORT (ECOTECT)

0O

45O

90O

ECOTECT COURTYARD STUDY

135O

MEAN RADIANT TO

PREDICTED MEAN VOTE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

BUILDING BLOCKS TYPOLOGY

BLOCK TYPOLOGY

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

ORIGINAL BLOCK

GENERATION 1

RESIDENTIAL LOW RISE

GENERATION 2

GENERATION 3

OFFICES MID RISE

GENERATION 4

MIXED USE HIGH RISE

GENERATION 5

MAXIMUM ECCENTRICITY (RATIO OF DIAGONALS)

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

BUILDING BLOCKS BLOCKS CLASSIFICATION

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

491m2

491m2

276m2

150m2

272m2

252m2

349m2

335m2

335m2

315m2

299m2

299m2

55%

55%

31%

17%

30%

28%

39%

37%

37%

35%

33%

33%

491m2

491m2

162m2

133m2

168m2

278m2

460m2

401m2

335m2

284m2

459m2

459m2

55%

55%

18%

15%

19%

31%

51%

45%

37%

32%

51%

51%

403m2

491m2

53m2

169m2

169m2

308m2

459m2

331m2

324m2

220m2

280m2

280m2

48%

55%

12%

19%

19%

34%

51%

37%

36%

24%

31%

31%

Original Block

Roof Footprint

Alternative Block i

Roof Footprint

Alternative Block ii

Roof Footprint

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

ORIGINAL BLOCK

BUILDING BLOCKS LOTS

BLOCK NAME: B1

TYPE: LOW-RISE

GENERATION 1

PROGRAM: RESIDENTIAL

BLOCK TYPOLOGY LOT ECCENTRICITY: 0.61 LOT NUMBER: 25 PV PANEL AREA: 491 m2

GENERATION 2

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

ORIGINAL BLOCK

GENERATION 1

RESID

LOW

LECTON POINT

CESSING PLANT

GENERATION 2

WASTE

LOT “ECCENTRICITY” (RATIO OF DIAGONALS) GENERATION 3

OFFI MID

0

GENERATION 3

1 GENERATION 4

MIXED HIGH

GENERATION 5

MAXIMUM ECCENTRICITY (RATIO OF DIAGONALS)

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER PATCH TO ANALYSE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER BLOCK ORIENTATION

solar radiation on groud level

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

solar radiation on groud level

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER COMPACTNESS

solar radiation on groud level

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

solar radiation on groud level

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

ENERGY CALCULATIONS

TOTAL ENERGY NEEDED 826439760 kWh / year

ENERGY PRODUCED

ENERGY REDUCED

PERCENTAGE REDUCED

WASTE TO ENERGY

63607700

0

~ 7.7 %

SOLAR POWER

322311506

0

~ 39 %

PASSIVE DESIGN

0

- 41321988

~5%

TOTAL ENERGY PRODUCED

TOTAL ENERGY REDUCED

AUTONOMY LEVEL

639796700

- 41321988

KWh / year

MSc PHASE EXPLORATION

MArch PHASE EXPLORATION

MArch PHASE EXPLORATION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

KWh / year

51.7 %

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER NETWORK ANALYSIS

100 m

0%

100%

GROUND FLOOR NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

100% most connected

least connected 0%

CONNECTIVITY BETWEEN STREETS

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER NETWORK ANALYSIS

100 m

0%

100%

GROUND FLOOR NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

100% most integrated

least integrated 0%

INTEGRATION LEVEL (AXIAL ANALYSIS)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER NETWORK ANALYSIS

100 m

0%

100%

ELEVATED NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

100% most integrated

least integrated 0%

INTEGRATION LEVEL (AXIAL ANALYSIS)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EVALUATIONS OF SELECTED CLUSTER NETWORK ANALYSIS

100 m

ELEVATED NETWORK AND EMERGENT SQUARES

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

PEDESTRIAN FLOW (AGENT-BASED ANALYSIS)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN LAYERS BASE MESH

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN LAYERS

WASTE COLLECTION ROUTE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN LAYERS

OPEN SPACES ON GROUND FLOOR

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN LAYERS BUILT SPACE

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN LAYERS

PEDESTRIAN NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC URBAN FABRIC

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC JUNCTION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC PROCESSING PLANT

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC POWER GENERATOR

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC PARK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC EMERGENT PEDESTRIAN NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC BUS ROUTES

BUS ROUTES / MAIN STREETS

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC MONORAIL

BUS ROUTES / MAIN STREETS MONORAIL

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PLANS ON DIFFERENT LEVELS

GROUND FLOOR SHADED NARROW STREETS

NETWORK / ELEVATED PLATFORM

UPPER STORIES

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT SECTION

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT SECTION

HIGH DENSITY NEIGHBOURHOOD (9500 people per km2) courtyards and pedestrian areas

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT SECTION

PROCESSING PLANT located under network and park

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT SECTION

HIGH DENSITY NEIGHBOURHOOD (9500 people per km2) courtyards and shaded areas

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


MORPHOLOGY

URBAN FABRIC

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


WASTE ROUTE & ELEVATED NETWORK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


VIEW FROM THE PARK

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


ATRIUM INTERIOR

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


STREET VIEW

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


PARK AT THE PROCESSING PLANT

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


CONCLUSIONS • 5% OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IS REDUCED THROUGH PASSIVE ARCHITECTURAL TECHNIQUES • RENEWABLE ENERGY SATISFIES 46.7% OF TOTAL ENERGY NEEDED • AUTONOMY LEVEL HAS REACHED UP TO 51.7% FOR AN URBAN CLUSTER OF ABOUT 10,000 PEOPLE / KM2

FUTURE AMBITIONS • • • •

INVESTIGATE POTENTIAL METHODS OF IMPLEMENTING WATER CANALIZATION AS AN ADDITIONAL LAYER STUDY SPATIAL INTERACTION BETWEEN BLOCKS AND INVESTIGATE RECIPROCAL SHADING ACCOUNT FOR ENERGY INTERDEPENDENCY BETWEEN CLUSTERS SPATIALLY INVESTIGATE WASTE COLLECTION NODES AND THEIR INTERFACE WITH THE MORPHOLOGY

Autonomous Infrastructures

Lemire Abdul Halim Chehab (MArch) | Mohamad Makkouk (MArch)

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN

16 . 01 . 2013


AUTONOMOUS INFRASTRUCTURES ARCHITECTURAL ASSOCIATION SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES AND DESIGN 2011 -2013 LEMIRE ABDUL HALIM CHEHAB - MOHAMAD MAKKOUK

Autonomous infrastructures  

A research that investigates the possiblity of generating a new urban model based on the concept of local energy production in extreme clima...

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