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6 2 F 7 0  F+ `  ;2 72B F G$L $ ' 1 C D 6 2 F 7 F = + L $  3 $  7 FI' 3 .[n] 0  ;' F 7 $L$ 2 FI' 3 F G$L  1= + L  C D $Y$ 67 ' L 67-$ ", $ ? ."   HC  #&  C D 6 2 %& FI' Y$ . 7 b8C ,$$'*9 ,'U+ F #    crust   6 : 3:   1 lithosphere 67 U  C D 6 : FI' 3$  .[Z]   F0 <U F  2 ' ' E G8    1$.D  < 0 b-$U 670  6 82 L mantle  <7 6 : lithosphere  C D 6 : FI' $Y C + F .(0  C<  #+) asthenosphere ' $  $: '-& H':

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2 [1] T. Lay and T.C. Wallace, Modern global seismology, San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1995. [2] D. McGeary and C.C. Plummer, Physical geology: Earth revealed, 3rd ed., Boston, MA: WCB, McGrawHill, 1998, p. 28. [3] P. Barton, 'Deep reflections on the Moho', Nature, vol. 323, pp. 392-3, 1986; S. Weisburg, 'The moho is immutable no more', Science News, vol. 130, pp. 326-7, 1986. [4] V. Sรกnchez Cela, Formation of mafic-ultramafic rocks in the crust: Need for a new upper mantle, Zaragoza: University of Zaragoza, 1999; V. Sรกnchez Cela, Densialite: A new upper mantle, Zaragoza: University of Zaragoza, 2000. [5] Physical geology, p. 32.


[6] William R. Corliss (comp.), Inner earth: A search for anomalies, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1991, pp. 41-3. [7] Sue Bowler, 'Journey to the centre of the earth', Inside Science no. 134, New Scientist, 14 October 2000. [8] See Sunken continents versus continental drift, and Plate tectonics: a paradigm under threat, Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 307-52, 2000 (davidpratt.info).

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L  '$5 F B *$* ' 7.   + 1-$< ,$2  .$. / ,$. ,$  .  F+ $":L %$/$ .[m] "-$< _RR F *2+ ; ) ,$  , $  C + 6 : 7.   $ b-$U ? .   ,$'*e 1Y$'$ , l  + $2  1$ 3 ,$  =$  *2' X $ &L F 7+ <U ?$:2  34 / 1G& F $Y F2 1( F  $Y7r *2+ ,$ ' F0 ?:2 ? ,$  =$   F 7 4 F+ 68' >   -$ 4  .   . . ,$$'*9 F$C   0 F+ F8 ' ' V&L .[\] ( 4$' #+) _ ' , G&  ( $ : $ $' ?$:2  $C9$' G&) $2 ' $: &L F+ ,:2  ' ,$ '   7  1,$  77 3  0 3U ,$2 6 U <U .2  . U & +7' G&  1 $ ,$  F 6 '2 $  (?$<) . 7 'L  $Y  F$2 :2 [1] Richard A. Kerr, 'Continental drilling heading deeper', Science, vol. 224, pp. 1418-20,1984; Richard A. Kerr, 'Deep holes yielding geoscience surprises', Science, vol. 245, pp. 468-70, 1989; Richard Monastersky, 'Inner space', Science News, vol. 136, pp. 266-8, 1989; Taryn Toro, 'German geology hits new depths', New Scientist, 29 September 1990, pp. 24-5; William R. Corliss (comp.), Inner earth: A search for anomalies, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1991, pp. 11-14; N.I. Pavlenkova, 'The Kola superdeep drillhole and the nature of seismic boundaries', Terra Nova, vol. 4, pp. 117-23, 1993; R. Emmermann and J. Lauterjung, 'The German Continental Deep Drilling Program KTB: overview and major results', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 102, pp. 18179-18201, 1997; Y.A. Popov, S.L. Pevzner, V.P. Pimenov, and R.A. Romushkevich, 'New geothermal data from the Kola superdeep well SG-3', Tectonophysics, vol. 306, pp. 345-66, 1999; International Continental Drilling Program (ICDP), http://icdp.gfz-potsdam.de. [2] Kola superdeep borehole, http://icdp.gfz-potsdam.de/html/kola/wellsite.html. [3] D. McGeary and C.C. Plummer, Physical geology: Earth revealed, 3rd ed., Boston, MA: WCB, McGrawHill, 1998, p. 63. [4] J.M. Dickins, D.R. Choi, and A.N. Yeates, 'Past distribution of oceans and continents', in: S. Chatterjee and N. Hotton, III (eds.), New concepts in global tectonics (pp. 193-9), Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 1992.

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:2 [1] David R. Lide (ed.), CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1996, pp. 1434. [2] A. McLeish, Geological science, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1992, p. 122. [3] N.I. Pavlenkova, 'The Kola superdeep drillhole and the nature of seismic boundaries', Terra Nova, vol. 4, pp. 117-23, 1993. [4] E. Huenges, J. Lauterjung, C. BĂźcker, E. Lippmann, and H. Kern, 'Seismic velocity, density, thermal conductivity and heat production of cores from the KTB pilot hole', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 24, pp. 345-8, 1997. [5] Pari Spolter, Gravitational force of the sun, Granada Hills, CA: Orb Publishing, 1993, pp. 117-9. [6] See Gravity and antigravity, davidpratt.info.

 G 9  F .  j.$ 32:' 82 + <U E $70 3U  12 _S_R F E0+ ;  1  L 34/4     %&  Y '2 $Y 7 32: 1! D F$'  6 '2 E$0+  `7  34/4 $+ .  ,$5C  , *I  Y7. 6 $ F2 F+ <U  0 . 2 [R E0 , '$ E$  HI' FC   D 1 C D 6 2 7-$ F+ $ 0 . 1 -$  ,$5C .    $2/ F / Y 7' .  F2 ` ' $ C'  0 5C $$' $ C'  12 nR E E$0+  3U 34/4 F %mR F+     G& .F    )  '$  7 F2 ? .     1Benioff zones ?  ' ,/$.  3U   34/4   .2 nRR E0  0 H .  $ 7. !  F `  1'subduction zones' !$< E$ $ I' E$0D  6 &. ,/$. V&L ' , $ !$ 6 *2 ,$$'* 7.  ) ! "  <7 6 :   5 ,$  =$ F 687  C D 6 : F b-$U 7. / H+ !  F `  c2 7 L 3$'.  $ $ ,84L 7   34/4 F+  $C9$' .([Q]  C  V&L    C$ $Y . $ 2 1  34/4 3 67 70 ,$ ] !   7 .'subduction zones' !$< E$ .[_]  $2 ,84 ' 'l ,$2   34/4 FI' 3$ F$2  .  34/4   *$ L   34/4   .$. / ,$. G$L F+  1?$:2/ 'U L  77 / ,4  F *2 F+  : 3-/7 G$L F2 1  F 3 W +  77     34/4  H'$:   34/4 F+    .F *$' ,$ *2' E E$0D G   67. ,$$:   $   'U F7. )$  F *2 34 1G&  F2 . ( ,&' `7 $ + !  ,48  F *2 #& E.A. Skobelin F '2 .#+.# $ L 7 )$* G$L F2 .  E$ G   ' U F2 7 ! D F+ $ '  3<7 F+ . 3'  2 ' 7 F 7U F+ F2 /   34/4 F+ $$ 3  %$$' % < .[m] 2 nRR  $ E$0+   C D 6 : 78  F+ F 7' / G& 1' U <U


;$   0 ,$. 7 Z,m P ' 6' 1F : F     34/4 '2+ 7 . 1Qaa\ $0 F 4 F F$*  F 8  F+  C / 6 2 3$2 344 &L ' 7 .( '. $2 +) $  ' , 2 [\R E0  0 G& 3U 1 < 344 6 * L$  7+ .,$. 7 670 h  787 ! D 22 F$2 *2+ +  7 _R 32 .  : 67  ; .$2 !7 $$' &L  . C D  $  U FC 2 SR ' mR b 3  0 + 32:' 78  H+ L $  '   67. (7. '4) F D <U j.$ 38 .  ' 7 34/4 F = &L FI'  -$  C  !7  . - . 7 [RR E $  6   =$  F .$ 30$  0 3< 3  'D <U   U  7 $'  34/4 $ F2 F+ . 1 U   V&L ,$2 &e .E 7$ 74  774  '&$. FI'  -$   G&2 E$0+  # . &$  7. L $ 77     ,$   $Y-$< Y + G$L F+ 7' .[\]  70 E$0D G  . C D 6 2 7   774 HI' 3  7      C   _`/ a,Z L ! / b  0  '&$. 3' = $ ,'$*   F+ 3' 1_`/ QR,\  3U  . 7 U+  (2 _aRR E0  0 #+) 6   <7 6 : F ' 3U$  7$  '&$. 6 F+ F '2 37$. . C  V&L  0 F )$  32 ;  F2 .! D 42  70 U . 7  5C 687: 7 7 H 0 E   F+  12 \aZR  0 _nRR E$0+  2$ 6' 37'l 7 3D   . .[S] Y7. $0 F2 7 ( $' 2 mSRR #+) ! D 42  &L   . . ,$$: 7.    . C D 6 :  087U <  0 42   F 2 '  34/4 3   $2 ' ,$$: V&L F 1    ., $ ? .  C   7U  0 P7 ,$'*9 $ I' ' C D  : ! 7' & plate boundaries   U 772 C D  : &L FU F . . , .  L  44  G ."  "   4 $:" F$$ >8 U .b-$U FC 3U  34/4  0 )C   / , $ ? .  C  34/4 V&L 30  ] F0 3    F":F -$ =C &L hU<' Charles Officer and Jake Page "f $' 7   &L F+  1E0  <7 $. F .$ 7  $ C , *I F0 ?:2 $Y$ + $ 2 1b-$U 3<7  U$ .[[] "$Y'  7'  ,$' 2 7  F 6 '2 ,$ 2  0 , $ 1 C D 6 2 32: & HI' Thomas Gold "7 ;$" 37$. 3 $  :   <U ,$' E < $70  12 QSR E$0+ F $Y$ + , + 7 6 *2 ,4$ FI' 72B  .$ <7  #7B $  Y U+ 67. E:  G$2/  0 !< + , $2  ,$: 3U ' $ $ $C  0 3U  ' L ! D F$' F (F$*  3*) ,4$5 E F+ ?  F b'U 7  .[n] 344 3U  ,$' 2 7  . . * E$   7 . F 2 '  1 $' =$   -7 *'  1'$   0    F 2 ' .  -   $2 ' ,$ * 3< $    ,4$5 F $YC + F ' F . 7  1Y$C + 34/4 3U' '  70$ ,4$5 E F+  0 7 ,$$'*9 F *2$' F$  7 : ,$ U $784 F7   .$. / ,$. $ 7  ,$  3'$ ,$ U V&L 3L$.  )$  =4 $ D V&L  F2


 $0 ,$0$ 1F   V$  F , 8 1E$</ 1$'C 1   b- 1?    -4 ,U+ 1,$ * .$ 0 .$YC +  7 4D  V / $ &L  134/4 3U 3<  3'   $    L$  V&L 32 1V$    ,7. & F 2 ' 3U '8  7 (,4$5) ! " $' )  2  FI' )$7 f 1 L$  V&L  0 )k $' 7  ( V&L FI' "7 ;$" 72B .34/4 3U  G& A7+ $Y. < 7.  F  1! D F$' F $Y. < $  $ + $2 F2 .3  L    $' <U  j.$ $2/ FI' 7 H+ $$ 1  34/4 6 L$ 8 .E$0D  .  F 7 F$ ( 2  1Y$-$< 7$0/ &L F2 7 1Y$'$ :2 [1] Plate tectonics: a paradigm under threat, Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 307-52, 2000 (davidpratt.info). [2] T. Lay and T.C. Wallace, Modern global seismology, San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1995, pp. 17-23; H. Houston, 'Deep quakes shake up debate', Nature, vol. 372, pp. 724-5, 1994; R.A. Kerr, 'Bolivian quake deepens a mystery', Science, vol. 264, p. 1659, 1994; R.A. Kerr, 'Biggest deep quakes may need help', Science, vol. 267, pp. 329-30, 1995; R. Monastersky, 'Great quake in Bolivia rings earth's bell', Science News, vol. 145, p. 391, 1994; C. Frohlich, 'Deep earthquakes', Scientific American, vol. 260, pp. 32-9, 1989. [3] E.A. Skobelin, in: C.W. Hunt (ed.), Expanding geospheres, Calgary, Alberta: Polar Publishing, 1992, pp. 41-2. [4] M.I. Bhat, email, 2000. [5] Expanding geospheres, pp. 35-6. [6] Charles Officer and Jake Page, Tales of the earth: Paroxysms and perturbations of the blue planet, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, p. 52.

[7] Thomas Gold, The deep hot biosphere, New York: Copernicus, 1999, pp. 141-63; Thomas Gold and Steven Soter, 'The deep-earth-gas hypothesis', Scientific American, vol. 242, pp. 130-7, 1980.

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:2 [1] E. Dormy, J.-P. Valet, and V. Courtillot, 'Numerical models of the geodynamo and observational constraints', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol. 1, paper number 2000GC000062, 2000 (http://146.201.254.53/publicationsfinal/articles/2000GC000062/a2000GC000062.html). [2] S. Bowler, 'A simple model for planets' magnetic fields?', New Scientist, 16 June 1990, p. 32. [3] Joseph H. Cater, The ultimate reality, Pomeroy, WA: Health Research, 1998, p. 163. [4] Vladimir N. Larin, Hydridic earth, Calgary, Alberta: Polar Publishing, 1993, pp. 199-200. [5] J.M. Herndon, 'Substructure of the inner core of the earth', Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, vol. 93, pp. 646-8, January 1996. [6] Andrew Dominic Fortes, 'Magnetic fields of the planets', 1997, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/geolsci/edu/students/planet/student/work/magrev/magtoc.htm; W.R. Corliss (comp.), The moon and the planets, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1985, pp. 185-8.




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:2 [1] Edmond Halley, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;An account of the cause of the change of the variation of the magnetical needle, with an hypothesis of the structure of the internal parts of the earth', Philosophical Transactions, 1692, vol. 16, pp. 563-78; Walter Kafton-Minkel, Subterranean worlds: 100,000 years of dragons, dwarfs, the dead, lost races & UFOs from inside the earth, Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics Unlimited, 1989, pp. 52-4. [2] Subterranean worlds, p. 55; Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, pp. 21-9. [3] Subterranean worlds, p. 55. [4] C. Lapworth, 'The heights and hollows of the earth's surface', Proceed. R. Geogr. Soc., vol. 14, pp. 688-97 (p. 697), 1892. [5] Subterranean worlds, pp. 56-73; Joscelyn Godwin, Arktos: The polar myth in science, symbolism, and nazi survival, Grand Rapids, MI: Phanes Press, 1993, pp. 109-12. [6] M.L. Sherman and Wm.F. Lyon, The hollow globe; or the world's agitator and reconciler. A treatise on the physical conformation of the earth, Chicago: Religio-Philosophical Publishing House, 1871 (Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1971); 2nd ed., 1876. [7] The hollow globe. By M.L. Sherman, The Theosophist, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 251-4, July 1884 (http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/dp5/hollow.htm). [8] John Uri Lloyd, Etidorhpa or the end of earth, Cincinnati: Robert Clarke Company, 1895, 11th ed. 1901; reprinted by Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research (http://www.healthresearchbooks.com), 1983; and Kila, MT: Kessinger (http://www.kessingerpub.com), n.d.

) 5 +,   <] $2  1[Q] "7 $ " $2  1The Phantom of the Poles "F ' b':" F' $2 QaR[ $  7U " 7 $..3: $" $2  1A Journey to the Earth's Interior "! D 3<7    " F' QaQm $ 7$0/$' .8. ! D 6  F  $2  .  0 '2 *I F$'$2 F&  F$2 .[_] Marshall B. Gardner 6 '2 3<7 '.  $: F '  7. HI' F '$2 F 32 f 1 ' E$  3-D F :2 3+  0  '.  '  F  13  QRRR P '  C D 6 : 2$ FI' "7 " $2 !  . C D 6 2 ?.  $ 2$ P '  C D 6 : FI' 70$ " 7 $" $+ .3  QRRR $L  P '  $:  $ ' 13  QSRR $L  P '  F+ 1H ' F "4 " 3 $2 1"7 " !  .3  Q\RR $L  P ' 1 '.   $: 1F  2  13  ZRR 7. F0 " +" 6 2 ' " 7 $" $ ' 13<7 6 $9 $2 H . F  3< F ! D ?.  8  ;:


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@   :2 [1] William Reed, The phantom of the poles (1906), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964. [2] Marshall B. Gardner, A journey to the earth's interior or Have the poles really been discovered (2nd ed., 1920), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964. [3] Isaac Asimov, The ends of the earth: The polar regions of the world, New York: Dutton, 1990, pp. 158-60, 206. [4] Walter Kafton-Minkel, Subterranean worlds: 100,000 years of dragons, dwarfs, the dead, lost races & UFOs from inside the earth, Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics Unlimited, 1989, p. 66. [5] Raymond Bernard, The hollow earth, New York: Carol Paperbacks, 1991; revised ed., Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1977. [6] E.g.: Brinsley Le Poer Trench, Secret of the ages: UFOs from inside the earth, St Albans, Herts.: Panther, 1976; William L. Brian II, Moongate: Suppressed findings of the U.S. space program, The


NASA-military cover-up, Portland, OR: Future Science Research Publishing Co., 1982; Mark Harp, 'A case for the hollow earth theory', Nexus, Dec. 1994 - Jan. 1995, pp. 35-41; Joseph H. Cater, The ultimate reality, Pomeroy, WA: Health Research, 1998, pp. 88-99; Alec Maclellan, The hollow earth enigma, London: Souvenir Press, 1999; Sadek Adam, Hollow earth authentic, Pomeroy, WA: Health Research, 1999. [7] Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998 (http://www.hollowplanets.com). [8] Ibid., pp. 365-73. [9] http://www.v-j-enterprises.com/janpicts.html.

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 0 &<B   '2 $L/ *  =C &L F2 1Y$.  F2  : 6 *2 E-$' )$  F 7 7 F$ ",$ -$C" F' $Y'$2 1"7$72.%" 27 H 1$$ $2  $0 2 1Qa[_ $  1Y* .7. 3 3 L  F$' F+  : ,$  F+ 7. 1 -$C ,$  $U < &" : $ H  2& 1 Astronautics &L 7$72 38'  .[m] "' U  2 H2 F / Y 7' 3<7 F g  HI'  Y   7'  .  )4.D F $*2 ;:$$ 7  F "F.;" 27 07 .,$'$ + -$< ,$  F2 F+ $ HI' !   %$/ 3 U$ : 7  .3<7 F g  F2 7  F+  , $:+   '$  '&$. 3$.  7  7 FI' 1$ .2  The Moon, An International Journal of Lunar "  ,$ 7  7 3$ . 1 " F' $2  $  7  :  ..'&$. H$. F0   ,$ ' $$+  F 7  0 $ , $'</ F ":H'$2  3$ 1Studies %&$' % <  1 .$. / ,$. ,$   0 7$0/$' .[\] "$Y  F2 7  F$' 3  '0   $29 F0 $ C    6 *2 %&$ !' :F+ Science News  .  7  1Qan\ $  .    3* 6 *2 .[S]  $ $ F 0U   6 2 32:  0 V 8U %&2 1'   ' H + 1  - L

:2 [1] W.R. Corliss (comp.), The moon and the planets, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1985, p. 227. [2] Don Wilson, Our mysterious spaceship moon, London: Sphere Books, 1976; Don Wilson, Secrets of our spaceship moon, London: Sphere Books, 1980. [3] Quoted in Secrets of our spaceship moon, p. 95. [4] Ibid., p. 97. [5] Ibid., p. 145.




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:# , 

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.  32$:  7 7' .8.  C D 6 2 F2   7' /  $5 . 3$ FI' f

:2 [1] D. McGeary and C.C. Plummer, Physical geology: Earth revealed, 3rd ed., Boston, MA: WCB, McGrawHill, 1998, pp. 34, 45. [2] Andrew Dominic Fortes, 'The origin of planetary magnetic fields', 1997, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/geolsci/edu/students/planet/student/work/magrev/dynamos.htm.


[3] Frederic Jueneman, Raptures of the deep, Des Plaines, IL: Research & Development Magazine, 1995, pp. 121, 124. [4] Joseph H. Cater, The ultimate reality, Pomeroy, WA: Health Research, 1998, pp. 163-6. [5] Harold Aspden, The physics of creation, 2003, www.aspden.org/books/2edpoc/2edpoccontents.htm, ch. 8, pp. 150-63. [6] W.R. Corliss (comp.), Science frontiers: Some anomalies and curiosities of nature, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1994, pp. 235-7; William R. Corliss (comp.), Inner earth: A search for anomalies, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1991, pp. 147-51. [7] Science frontiers, p. 235. [8] Paul LaViolette, Earth under fire, Schenectady, NY: Starlane Publications, p. 188.

Gravity and isostasy

: ": I / 

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6 : $   $0 $*2 ,& ' U  C + 6 2 7.  / F 2 ' + 34/4 G&2  C D 6 :   7 ,$28  ` ' C D ?5 3<7 8  E$ G$L F2 F+ F  $   78 '/ 1G&  F2 .-7 6    $<  <7 6 2 b   -  L$   . FI' !  $ 0$7  $ b-$U ? .   F . Y  6    $< F2 14 ? .D , 7 18  . . 4D 1    . . 4D 1,$: G&  $' 1 C D $'   L 12 ZR $ 0 4$. / (6 U <U) "$$" ,  ,. F B ' E ' $  .  U$   , 8  E (6 -$*) 8.  ,.  , V&L FI' 7 .[\] surge channels "8.  ," .2    G&2 E   E$ $ 5 $ $Y'$  1 <7 6 : F  0D   &$: 32:' 7  <7 2': 32: F+   V&L 8.  , FI'  .$. / ,$. ;$  64 .+ $L784  ,$  >  FI' 3$ .'the earth's cardiovascular system' " C D  7  0D $ "  $ 0 E ~+ 7 1.+ $ '0 )$' 1  ,   6870 387' : , 3< F #70 + 32:' # . (6 U <U) "$$" F  3< F D F$ . $  F2 .E :  L $ 2   C 8   . F+ 7' ! D F 7  .  0 2$2 1 C D ,$' F '  U$   4D #4   U$ ,$L: :! D b  0 F  -  0D  L "$$" 7U FI' 7 . *$ $  tectonic belts     4D 3$U G&2 1,$: A  0 H&' -$ ' H2 F / Y 7' .6 U H': <U  0 # $ I' 7  1 <7  C D 6 : F 387' E  78   E$  0 asthenosphere  <7  C D 6 : F  0D  # 122 .2QSR  [R F >  6   . 7 F+  ,$. V&  C< ,$0  FI'  .$. / ,$. ,$   0 67 ,$.  !  &. F 68 $ ,$.   $ 0  F+ !  1Y* .3+ 6   . 7    ,$0  $ ' 1  L  3*) )' 32:' ,$. $  3  E$ $ ' 167 ' *2+ <U  0 # $ +  Y7.    $ .$Y -4. 6 U $'  < *2+ <U  0 # $ I'  (asthenosphere  <7  C D 6 : F  0D ,$  15C . 7  ,$$ ;2 F  .$. / ,$. 0   ,$< F2 1G&  0 $C9$' $ +  - ' $  ,$. F2  E$  . FI' ! / I< F $$' 1 <  7 D 1 $ 2 6 : F  0D      6 $:9 38C HI' "  4 :$.?" 37$. .6 U <U  0 # .[S] phase changes   , 5 3U  $ I'  <7  C D   0 L  .$. / ,$. h f-$ 8U F 72I   C D 6 : E$0+  ,  2 , :0  F G&2  C D 6 : F  <7  F0 67 7. E-$ ,$   38U F2 F2 .$ ,  $Y   7. "$  " 6 $5 F . C D 6 2  6 '2 E$0+  78  ? 2  E$+ ?$:2 3< F mantle  <7 6 : L& .$ .[[]  QnQR $ 0 P ' `  1$  ? 2 E0+ $ ,  ' $ 4$<'+ 1$ . .   . 2 m,_ E0  3U 1   .$ E0+ L $  + . 


!+ F %[m  5' ,$ 1C D . . X $ 3 ! D b   4$' <U ,7 7 ;'$  7   "F$2 7" ;'  $2 1,4$' F 0 3 G$L ., $ $ F %S F0 3 / 1,$  14$' E7 1, $ ? .  0 $  .m2 QR,RRR,RRR  QRR,RRR F ' >  $.+ $ 7 1 '  7 =$7 #+ 1mantle plumes"6 U ,$7"  1 C D , 6 U <U 1  $2 ' E$ ' "6 U ,$7" E  $ b-$U 2  F+ F .! "  . $< 6 F 7$ 1b  6 U F+ V& 2  7  0 . . '   $2 ' 4. F 3 32:  0  Y * 78. 1<$ $ F  7 4 ' 37$. 1 U 8   7  7  .$L 0   0 #+  / $   F2 1$L 0   0 + 7  0 b l L   &L F+ 1"6 U ,$7" 7.  : = #+ F . . 3 7 #+ G$L ;  H$' "` :.;.L" 7$ &L 1 . . L    0 3< ,$  j  6 2' 07'   $$'  1Y$  0 07  j$< .[n] 4$' $2 ' E7 %$   17 $ $Y0 3+ 1A <+ ,$ ] G$L FI' ,'*+ 7 .77 E   )$  (6 '2 E$0+ F F2 F+ 6  C F ; )  <7 6 : F 7 7   / ,$7  F2 #& ,    4$' E7 E$ F0 B F2 F+ , ;  F2 / 14 F 2 ' F0 B F2 F+ 3$'.   U$  $2 ' ,$$: FI' )$  !' 37$. .$ 3 6 *2   6 : 32:  $C ' $L  F2 1, $ ?. 1 ' $C  1 '   4. 3 G&2 1,$  =$  '$  ' 4 :$.?" >  .[Z] !' $ C'' 7U + 1#7  32:' (6 -$*) "8.  ," 8. ,$ 0  0 7$0/$' <U FI' 7  167-$ %&$ HC  $ sialic 8 $l *2+ L  <7 6 : F  0D : FI' "  6 U H': 7    1 <7 6 : F  0/  F I $ $' F07  ultramafic rocks  $ D  $ 2   2 $ 7 ?  `   C D 6 : F . $<   , 2 :    F2 7 1(,4$') A <D .[a] G& '$  3U E$0+  3U A <D ' $ ' 1b   D 2 QRR FC 3U 34/4 F %ZR FI' 3$ F2 7   .$. / ,$. h f-$  0 7 E$0D 3 , 7  . F+  H  .) .2 nRR 4 E$  3U   34/4   .(E   ' , :B2 7<l ,+ , 7 &2  F2 F2 1Y$$ -$< ! D X $ ,$ 7'  3U$ !$'/ F .$ , $2 F0 6 $'0 F2 7  1Benioff zones "? '"  1:L $ 2 1' U <U 7. !  34/4 &2L 1'$ ,$U  , 2& $2 1H+  $C9$' .. . .! D  . . #7  %& HC  $ ;2' 1E$0D V&L FI'   7 . U$0D G&2 1 $2 ' , * 134/4 `7 3<  3'  -$' 2 ,$' C 3U    32:  0 78.    2 $2  5C F 8  #+ E' 7  . . 2 , $    U$ , 5 '   7 .34/4 6 -7 FC F2   C D , $    U$ &: '   $C9$' .[QR] 34/4 .[QQ] $2 ' F * + 344 `7 7' 3<  3' ($0  )  $5 3$.  , 5


, $  '' .$ $ I' 1A <D  . . L  F *2 1F 2 ' 134/4 FI' 7 F$2 1 :0 $ F    -$' 2    $5 L    F 3  F  7 1  $+ .#8. ?5  ! D  $2 6 '2  -$' 2 F2 F2 .! D   $' 3- ,$2  G&2  C D 6 :   U$ 5C   '$. , *I , '0 ` ' " $2 ?4." >  . *2' $Y $ 7 $ F *2+ 1 . . ,$$:  $Y  - Y 7   F+   $5 2 A  ,$: 2 ' b  ,$*2 3' $     <U ! D 6 : '0 $ 32:'  $. ,$: FI' ,$   4 2  3U $70 .  $0 P  ,$ 0 $$'  -$L  $ 2  $ 68 f $ 1 -$' 2 16 U <U F  . %$  70$ 7   V&L F .$ ,$4</ ,$:   ,$5C ..  .[Q_]  C D 6 :   +   70 ,$2  F$ E * F 6 :  $$' F2 1Y *2 $  P$' L ! D E$0+  $2 6   . 7 hU<'    , 7 ,$2 & (3<7 F + b F 7$) V$  ,'  & .7 $ F *2' *2+ 3- V$  ,$ 2  0 # F+  C D 6 '2 ,$ 2 FI' ,$  !' >  . -$L  . , *I 3U  #87B  &L 16    $< <U  3U E  7' 1 < A <+  7 ,4 2   7U F  -$L ,$4<  3U  0 # 7 32:' I V$  F .$2 ' $: + 344 f 3 1b . $<' G&2 6 U <U 7  -$L A    $ 2 ,0$ #+ G$L ;  1 $U<$' .,$$: V&L  $Y$L Y 7   7  $' ,4$5 2  F 1'$ ,$U  , 2& $2 1Y$$ ' U ! D FI' 3 #& 7-$ %&  7U ,'* ! D b  0 ,7L:   . . ,$$: F .3<7 F 8. F2 7 ! D F+   7$' $ 2 / G&2

$88 GJ8E"   C D 6 2 ,$2 & . ' 32:' 3<7 F 8. b'U 7 $  3 7 6 2 FI' )$  F 7 7 >  7 , . 7 #42  7  A F+ F 7'/ 1  F '2+ 0 ' 7 ,$2 1 2 ' $ + $ U $'  7' ! D 3. $$' 1 C D 6 2   . $< E$  $*2 *2D 7 2   #7B $ 1 '&$. 6 $Y -4. .3<7 F   7 , 2 F0 6 $'0 b'U ,*$2  14$5 $'5 F 0   F , 2 : 22 . FI' )$  7 &L 1,U $ 2 = + 32:' 3 F+ 22  . &2L  0 . HI' "   F." 3 . '&$. 6 E $  3 . F+ 7. 1   F2 .law of conservation of angular momentum" 7 7 6  U" F$ $Y 22 F =  32:' 3 : $$   A '2 22 G&2 1 5UD . F = + 32:' 3 '2D  E V  122 '2+ L #& 1# : $ ' 10$ _\ 32 $  3 7  C D 6 2 1Y* .A 5U 37$. .' U *2 22 3 $   E / &L .,$0$ QR 32 H 3 7 168  QQ'  C D 6 2 UD # U  / F   3U  787 # -7 . 3. 7 0  F $0 A FI' "  " .[Qm] 3<7 F $Y  b'U H . $ 1maximum inertial stability


7  A 7 1$  3 F 7$' $. 6 2 ,+7' & HI' 37$.  1"? 7 " 27 ,$ C$  $0 $+  #42  7  6 F2 `  142   6 $ -  2 $ 1% $<  G8    < U$  . #42  $' $ ' 1. 7 32:' ' U b'U 1 < U$ $  3U $70 1 8+ 6 : 7. !   . U . 7 6 2 32: 3<  ' ,$ F = 32:  HI'  -$ "  "  C   "? 7 " ? < .8. b'U 6 2 .[Q\] 8. .$ 2  $ $*2 F '  F0 67 . 6 2  7 F2 122 $*2 37 G&2     32 F  / )$  F+  3: / 1;: G&2 18. A <D 22 F2 F+ F 78 '  18.  C D 6 2 ,$2 & H+  &L .$Y$+   -$  -$C f ' F2 $$' 1 $  .D ,$28     2  ,B'

 8 'E . *2+ D $  3.+ F ( 7$)  . $< ;:   $ ) . F2  1C   42  ;: h< $' $+ .$  7U h< 6 < 32$:     & ,0$ .  Y U 68 L ;: FI' 3    H. I   U F G&2 .7-$ %& &L $ '   ,$   ` *  f ;: F+ L  $D  2:  0 7$0/$' 1$ .   U$ , 5 G&2 $ :+ E   7 ,$'&'&' 8  ;: FI' 3    .[_Q] #   #8 & 30$   ,$    8 5 ;: F 7$   29 ,$   FI' ! /  7 1,$    h F0 ` 7$' ,& ,$   V&L 1! D  $

. 3< tauon-neutrinos  '  ,$   G&2 muon-neutrinos   -$* 72   SNO "   # '7" 7U  F 0+ 1_RRQ $ F F 4  . ' $ :2 U 67 7.  2 )$079 &L 8U F  Y  72I $ < F F2  67    1   F2 .  V&L 8U F ,72I $ I'  , $'</ F+ $$ .3  $Y' &L 1! D  ;: F ' $ 6870 70 ;: 70     ;$  ) . L F .  )$  3' F SNO 7U  F0 V$. H' P$' %$ '/ &L Fe 1! D  0  , .+ 7 )$07/ &L ,'*+ ,$   $ $ $70 )$  )/BL F ' 7 F+ $  F2   87. 70   /  $< A7 72B .[__]  &2 !7 < H. $70 (87 hU 'l )  7  $ D G& 1'genic energy' "  . $" H  $ f .  22 F 32 '$ 6 FI' "H / 3'" 37$. F %QS FI' 37$. $2 .C *D F $ ,$  `  )$C  supercritical ".  E" E$ 32 ,& . ;: F+ F8 ' .# $ U/ F I  $' $ ' 1  . $$' 784 $ 2 ;: $ 134 1# :)  /  4$5 $   $$' E '  F$  ,& $ 7 (8 '  )  4D) C< F0 B L   . $ F$' 07 .$ %$  ] ; 3' F  - 32:' 68 $ I' >   1(; + 1F ' ,$ C  5 &L .6  3U$ #   E7 G&  $' 1 C D 6 2 F . $<    $ F %nm


.$ + 1! D 32:  7' `   7 F4 & ' 6    . 7 E9 .  7 ! D 6   FI' 67-$ .[_m] 0$:9 3C/ + 16 U 6 . 7 U F  Y * F7$. .[_\]  C D 6 2 F *' 6   7U2 $Y $+ Y 7  7 7 $' $ U9 F$' "3 4." >    " F  $ ,$  7. 8 7 ! D E$0+  "F . 7 "  "  7" U0 %$7 $ U F$' 32:    E$  $Y C + 67. 1F 2 ' F . $< ,4$5 G&2 13- 1 <U  7. "m 6   FI' >   1;: F V$  $ F F  ' *2+ 6   8 : # : 22 F+  F : . C D 6 :  ,$2  7 F . 7  F B $ I' 7  1# : 6   $. 7 $' $ U/  0 F f 67-4 G  ? . F2 122 .' $.D  7 $' $ U/ 3U  $2  HI' "H /" 37$. .7 7 ' 8 F+ 7 $' $ U F2 / G& 1 $ $ 0$: 68 ''   F  6  3<   7 F $ 4< .6 5U .  $ 0$:  3*$ 22 3. #& 6 L$ L G&  0 3$* . C D 6 2 E$0+  $2  . ,4/ 8: A 7.  0 6 *2 3-/7 G$L .$ A7  $ $      ,$- 4. F 3 ' F0 6 $'0 L  1'anomalous cascades "6&$: ,$0$:9" E < $ 2  67  ,$- 4. L ,$   FI' ?  F .3D F   . F 7$ L 1  7$  7$ ,$   F2 1upwardly directed showers  0D  :$' 3 ' G&' 32: 3$2$'  C D 6 2 .[_S] 3 ' &L %$9  $2 $ $ 7 ;  ;: F ()$  2 ; ) Alchemy  :3  1Y  8 : $$' . 784 #& 7U F0 3)$ " 2 '.#7.%" 2

F2 7 H+  1$ '$  $   F0 4.    ?  $Y 67. ,  L  < ;:  <7 F.." . <  $ 2 ,) .9 . 2 16   F 8   2  0 $  & ;:   . $<  *D ,$' FI' b U 3  F ` '   2 1 & 1 - 4. , 5 H  3U cL7 #$ 2 '< F0 6 $'0 L ;: #+  8  F [_[] ".. -$  2 $ '< F #+  $ .$ 32 .7  0 $ *'  $ 7U 8 / &L 1;:  #8 & $:/ F 8  . 7 3U  HI' 3  ' 3U+ & L. F2 . V&L 6  .H <7  F2 3$0  7 . . $< 32  L 1Y-$ '$ 1. 1  48   7. HI2 3' 1 -$ 4  ;: '$ 6 78 .  H+ ' F+ . / H9 ]  ( V&L . . -$ 4  F-$2 32 F$' 3-$ 1 7 2  $D +7' H2  " 2 '" ; .[_n] ;:  . 1  .  +  -   $ 2  -$L $ ,&  <7 "> +" + "$ ,/$." F    7 . F0 6 $'0 L


L 1  $' 8  $Y-7 -$ ($ 2  ')  $ 2 ,) .9 F    $YC +  C D 6 2  0 G$L HI' 3$ .= ;  . 7$'  F2 ( 7  .) 7 .  3U  G  F0 ? < .$Y$ $ . F$9 34/  -$. $  3U `  -   ' '$< F <] '< L  C D 6 2 ?. F `  1C D #. ?5 ,$' $0+   ' $ '    '< 3$0D F0 H& ): 3 F2 13$' + 1 < ,$0$:9   FC 3U &L F$2 F 1. $< )$C ,/$.  7  A   -7 30$ [_Z] .7' H$:2   <]   H' <( )4.  ,$0$:9 H'  7 &L F Y)4. E E  F0 HI' F -$ 4  7 1Y* . '  7 3< $     '  $Y'$ ` 7   3  !' h< $L7' F  1$L$ $ :  7 * ,$- 4.  ,$08   687:  $0 6 '  8 & ,$- 4. F2 / 1 * b'U f7  < U$ `  1# $ U/ FI' $YC + 7  F ! '  0 $ <   D , + 1G&  F2 ..  67. $ I' F 8  G 2 1,$. 7 F  E 6   ,$. 7  A 3U F+ 3:  17'      ,0$ F 0 0. E  F0 $ .$ F2  $ 6   FI' 67 70  $. F F  ?2   ,0$ F / Y 7' 1C ,4 . 3< F C< 6   ,$. 7' 1%$7/  0 G&  $' H+  1[_a]       ,$B 3' F  <  "7 $' $ U/"' H  $ !8  7 ., /7 22 G&2  C D 6 2 F$'   $. F2 7 ,&$'   V&L FI' )$  !' !  1 0D  $  2&  .$Y- : $ 0   / F 1A <D F2 1F7$   1 :' 1,$  ,$$'  1HI' F <( F *$' F 770 "F$ 2 ; " . ' $ ,'*+ V&L .[mR] 5C  6   F  $0 ,$. 7  .$ F7  < +  * U$0  ( $) 38 F+  7$0 U$ 1F . 2D U0 + 1(1H) 7 F ' G  #& 1F . 7  U0 $Y'$ 3: 1$ 20 F2  $ ,/ :A <+  *+ G$L 1(8O) ,$ ' F$* G  #& 11Na

+ 8O --> 19K 19K 12Mg

14Si

(Na =  7U; K =  $') + 1H --> 20Ca (Ca = $2)

+ 8 O --> 20Ca (Mg =  $)

+ 6C --> 20Ca (Si = F2 ; C = ; F' 2)

25Mn

+ 1H --> 26Fe (Mn = 4 5; Fe = 7 7)

,$ ' F+ 6 2' F  + `  1V& 2  $ 2 ,/8 7.  $2 FC #7    f  )$ 0 34/  ' F+ 7' F2 . $U ? E   3-$$' A  8 & 6 F $ 4 + $ $C F2 / ,$   .?  *2+  $I' D V&L 4$.  


: Y -$ "F$ 2" ,$'$2 .  7+ 2  $2 8 & 6  (38) $ F =  Y  3U H+ 18G: #+ F7' 1, $'</ F ,$- ,8 ' 7  .;2$' ;2 1 $'  38  7U . Y  3U H 7' F2 1Y  G& F2 7 .  ,$-$2 &L 32 .F' 2 7 2+ #7$+  38 F .   .F' 2  F2  $C F  $2 f 8  ,/$   7. $ #+ >$. F0  0+ / 167. , $'</ F2 . ' 3$  67-$    F  $Y$ !$ [mQ] .$ .-$  &2 $ 0 . 1, $'</   $. F   , 7' HI' " 5 $' '"   -$  2 3$ 1QaSa $  )$  F$2 #& L& 0$U  0 L F $ 2 8 ) C M 8  :  " 5 " ,.." .  7" 3$*/ [m_]"... ,,4 4 &  G8  &N   ,  G" O,P ..($ F0 H< 7 3U+     70$ 1$ 2' 670$' $Y$ + 1C< $ & $ ,$ 0 3U FI' "F$ 2" 37$. .'$  . . ,$' ,$  F7$ $ $  FI' "$2:L ?7 " 7. 1E9 2  .$.4  0+  0C  $' ,:  0  $. F     $ 2 3' 1 -$ 4  7 3   ;    ,$$' F$' f 1?   ,U$  ,7 4 7 F7$ F  -$ 4  7  )$</  7 . &L F+ / 7 .7 7. F $ < * ( *D F) 7 F  -$ 4  7 %$ 7  $YC + .[mm]  +  (E +) F4$' F2 $ $Y'$ 10$  3  32:' 3U  0 7D 3L$. & 32 + E 7 + b U F2 F+ $L 8   C D 6 2  C  %& #D F2 / H+ 7' .$  3U$ #$ 2 $ 6 L$ G&2 167$  2 7   8 < ,/$ 7. ...@/ + 3<7 F 8.  C D 6 2 ,$2 F $Y4. 2 $ . ` ' $   A  F 3L :2 [1] Gravity and antigravity, http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/dp5/gravity.htm. [2] Peter James, The tectonics of geoid changes, Calgary, Alberta: Polar Publishing, 1994, pp. 19-23; Peter James, 'Is isostasy a real phenomenon?', New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter, no. 3, pp. 3-4, 1997. [3] Charles H. Hapgood, The path of the pole, Philadelphia: Chilton Book Company, 1970, pp. 352-60; V.V. Beloussov, Geotectonics, Moscow: Mir, 1980, pp. 259-61. [4] Arthur A. Meyerhoff, Irfan Taner, A.E.L. Morris, W.B. Agocs, M. Kaymen-Kaye, M.I. Bhat, N.C. Smoot, and Dong R. Choi, Surge tectonics: A new hypothesis of global geodynamics (D. Meyerhoff Hull, ed.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996. [5] V. Sรกnchez Cela, Densialite: A new upper mantle, Zaragoza: University of Zaragoza, 2000, pp. 176-8. [6] NSS World Deep Cave List, http://www.pipeline.com/~caverbob/wdeep.htm.


[7] H.C. Sheth, 'Flood basalts and large igneous provinces from deep mantle plumes: fact, fiction, and fallacy', Tectonophysics, vol. 311, pp. 1-29, 1999. [8] Surge tectonics, pp. 253-4. [9] Densialite, pp. 207-12. [10] Erwin J. Saxl, 'An electrically charged torque pendulum', Nature, vol. 203, pp. 136-8, 1964. [11] W.R. Corliss (comp.), Earthquakes, tides, unidentified sounds and related phenomena, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1983, pp. 89-96; Charles Officer and Jake Page, Tales of the earth: Paroxysms and perturbations of the blue planet, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 32, 37, 45. [12] Joseph H. Cater, The ultimate reality, Pomeroy, WA: Health Research, 1998, pp. 83-7. [13] Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, pp. 25-6. [14] Ibid., pp. 26-7. [15] H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 1:33, 144, 252fn. [16] Ibid., 1:116-7, 159, 260; 2:153. [17] Dialogues of G. de Purucker, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1948, 2:325-6; G. de Purucker, Fundamentals of the esoteric philosophy, 2nd ed., Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1979, p. 407; A.T. Barker (comp.), The mahatma letters to A.P. Sinnett, 2nd ed., Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1975, p. 79. [18] G. de Purucker, Fountain-source of occultism, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1974, p. 295; Dialogues of G. de Purucker, 1:33. [19] H.P. Blavatsky collected writings, Wheaton, IL: Theosophical Publishing House, 1950-91, 5:154-61. [20] Fountain-source of occultism, pp. 299, 154. [21] Don Scott, 'The electric sun', http://www.users.qwest.net/~dascott/Sun.htm. [22] Don Scott, 'Sudbury Neutrino Observatory report: an analysis', http://www.users.qwest.net/~dascott/Sudbury.htm. [23] Paul LaViolette, Subquantum kinetics: A systems approach to physics and cosmology, Alexandria, VA: Starlane Publications, 2nd ed., 2003, pp. 189-204; Paul LaViolette, Genesis of the Cosmos: The ancient science of continuous creation, Rochester, VE: Bear and Company, 2004, pp. 318-27 (http://www.etheric.com). [24] S.E. Jones et al., 'Observation of cold nuclear fusion in condensed matter', Nature, vol. 338, pp. 737-40, 1989; 'Rocks reveal the signature of fusion at the centre of the earth', New Scientist, 6 May 1989, p. 30. [25] 'Particle shower sprays upward', Science News, vol. 118, p. 246, 1980. [26] Fountain-source of occultism, p. 298. [27] Ibid., p. 304. [28] G. de Purucker, The esoteric tradition, 2nd ed., Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1973, pp. 450-1. [29] Charles G. Beaudette, Excess heat: Why cold fusion research prevailed, South Bristol, MA: Oak Grove Press, 2000; Tadahiko Mizuno, Nuclear transmutation: The reality of cold fusion, Infinite Energy Press (www.infinite-energy.com), 1998. [30] Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird, The secret life of plants, New York: Harper & Row, 1973, pp. 27491; C.L. Kervran, Biological transmutations, Woodstock, NY: Beekman Publishers, 1980, pp. 70-3; C. Louis Kervran, Biological transmutations, Magalia, CA: Happiness Press, 1989, pp. 43, 44-5, 48-50, 59-60, 68-9, 87-8, 100-1, 157. [31] Biological transmutations, 1980, p. 72. [32] The secret life of plants, p. 279. [33] Rudolf Hauschka, The nature of substance, London: Vincent Stuart Ltd., 1966, pp. 11-20, 67-9, 118-20, 122-3.




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:2 [1] W.R. Corliss (comp.), Neglected geological anomalies, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1990, pp. 118-9; W.R. Corliss (comp.), Science frontiers: Some anomalies and curiosities of nature, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1994, p. 204. [2] Wally Herbert, Across the top of the world: The British trans-arctic expedition, London: Longmans, 1969, p. 17. [3] 'Arctic', Encyclopaedia britannica, CD-ROM, 1994-2000. [4] Neglected geological anomalies, pp. 114-5. [5] Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, p. 399 (http://www.hollowplanets.com).

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:2 [1] 'Arctic', Encyclopaedia britannica, CD-ROM, 1994-2000. [2] Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, pp. 362-5. [3] Robert M. Bryce, Cook & Peary: The polar controversy, resolved, Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997, pp. 1101-3. [4] Wally Herbert, The noose of laurels: The discovery of the north pole, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1989, p. 260. [5] Ibid., p. 308. [6] Cook & Peary, p. 879. [7] Ibid., pp. 795-844. [8] The noose of laurels, pp. 298, 331-8. [9] Sheldon S.R. Cook, 'Reflections on the polar "noose of laurels" 1909-1999', Polar Priorities, vol. 19, September 1999, pp. 13-37. [10] Cook & Peary, pp. 861-9, 910-1. [11] Ibid., pp. 881-2, 890-900, 969-75. [12] Ibid., p. 844. [13] 'Richard E. Byrd', Encyclopaedia britannica, CD-ROM, 1994-2000; Cook & Peary, pp. 1115-6.

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:2 [1] Robert M. Bryce, Cook & Peary: The polar controversy, resolved, Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997, pp. 266-7. [2] Ibid., p. 885. [3] Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, pp. 417, 429. [4] Cook & Peary, p. 570. [5] Wally Herbert, The noose of laurels: The discovery of the north pole, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1989, p. 197. [6] Cook & Peary, pp. 407-8. [7] The noose of laurels, pp. 317-9. [8] Cook & Peary, pp. 884-5, 1105. [9] Ibid., pp. 893-4. [10] The noose of laurels, pp. 319-20. [11] Cook & Peary, p. 886. [12] Hollow planets, pp. 434-42, 485-95, 499-500. [13] William H. Hobbs, 'A remarkable example of polar mirage', Science, vol. 90, pp. 513-4, 1939; W.R. Corliss (comp.), Rare halos, mirages, anomalous rainbows and related electromagnetic phenomena, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1984, pp. 143-5. [14] Hollow planets, p. 493. [15] Wally Herbert, Across the top of the world: The British trans-arctic expedition, London: Longmans, 1969, p. 152.



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:2 F. Amadeo Giannini, Worlds beyond the poles: Physical continuity of the universe (1959), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1977, p. 13. Raymond Bernard, Flying saucers from the earth's interior, Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, n.d., pp. 48-9, 84-5; Walter Kafton-Minkel, Subterranean worlds: 100,000 years of dragons, dwarfs, the dead, lost races & UFOs from inside the earth, Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics Unlimited, 1989, p. 196. Worlds beyond the poles, p. 14. Joscelyn Godwin, Arktos: The polar myth in science, symbolism, and nazi survival, Grand Rapids, MI: Phanes Press, 1993, p. 128. The missing diary of Admiral Richard E. Byrd, New Brunswick, NJ: Abelard Productions, 1990; http://www.vj-enterprises.com/byrdiar.html. Richard E. Byrd, 'Our Navy explores Antarctica', The National Geographic Magazine, October 1947, pp. 429522 (Plate VIII, and pp. 475, 498-500). Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, chs. 11, 12, pp. 500-3.




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:2 [1] W.R. Corliss (comp.), Lightning, auroras, nocturnal lights, and related luminous phenomena, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1982, p. 7. [2] The Aurora Page, http://www.geo.mtu.edu/weather/aurora/images/aurora/jan.curtis. [3] 'Atmosphere', Encyclopaedia britannica, CD-ROM, 1994-2000; Neil Davis, The aurora watcher's handbook, Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Press, 1992. [4] The aurora watcher's handbook, p. 173. [5] Lightning, auroras, nocturnal lights, pp. 16-21, 44-7; W.R. Corliss (comp.), Science frontiers: Some anomalies and curiosities of nature, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1994, p. 255; Science Frontiers, no. 119, Sep.-Oct. 1998, no. 127, Jan.-Feb. 2000; Anomaly Register, no. 1, Feb. 1997. [6] Lightning, auroras, nocturnal lights, pp. 24-6, 28-30, 39-41; The aurora watcher's handbook, pp. 179-81; Jan Lamprecht, Hollow planets: A feasibility study of possible hollow worlds, Austin, TX: World Wide Publishing, 1998, pp. 334-9. [7] W.R. Corliss (comp.), Earthquakes, tides, unidentified sounds and related phenomena, Glen Arm, MD: Sourcebook Project, 1983, pp. 169-76; Corliss, Science frontiers, p. 287; Harriet Williams, 'Sizzling skies', New Scientist, 6 January 2001, pp. 14-19; The aurora watcher's handbook, pp. 183-203. [8] N.V. Hendricks and N.V. Hendricks, Jr., Polar-electrical theory of the aurora borealis-australis and terrestrial magnetism, Adrian, MI: Edwards Brothers, Inc., 1945. [9] The aurora watcher's handbook, p. 174. [10] Reichenbach's letters on od and magnetism (1852), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964, pp. 78-83, 113-14; Wilhelm Reich, Ether, god and devil: Cosmic superimposition, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1973, pp. 141, 239-47. [11] M.L. Sherman and Wm.F. Lyon, The hollow globe; or the world's agitator and reconciler. A treatise on the physical conformation of the earth (1871), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1971, pp. 289-90.


[12] G. de Purucker, Fountain-source of occultism, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1974, pp. 306-7; H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 1:204-5. [13] G. de Purucker, Studies in occult philosophy, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1973, pp. 321-2; Fountain-source of occultism, pp. 305-8. See Theosophy and the hollow earth, http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/dp5/hollow.htm.

‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬


‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬،‫ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻭﺱ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻴﺜﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬ : :   * 8  1F  F F  ,$- & 7.  H*$' & 1F$9 FI' (  * U$<)       .  3 $ .X $ 8   0 '   =$ / F *2 7 : 7 1# $C $L74/ 87 $+ 1 $+  . ' 8 3 ' 6 2$' ,  ` 2 L &   -  ' .$/  -7'  7 7. F A$   $L74/ 6L4 G 7 F+  $ F U$< '2 32:'  C D 6 2 H. *I 1F $ 2  .F$9 U F +   ' ,$2 F 1 C D - ' 7 7. ‚$ $$' , $  7 7. 32:  $'$' '$   < 13$2$'  C D  < 8 5 `  1 . . , $C F+ A  ' &  .H8. G   2   6$  `  F F$9  0 '2 *+ H &L 67 7. . < ,$  ' ? < H8. $  &<  2 * $2 32 7' 4 '   $9 6 2  # 7 32:' 3U  $  &. , 5 V& ' Y *2 *I /  C D 6 2  0 67   G$L $  34 /  /   7  87 ! D $  ..$Y-7 D 6 $ .'$ 6 $ F *2 70 ' . C D [Q] .$:    ' $ I' 3$ 1, $ $' F ' $YC *2D $  .! D H.  0 3 W   7' F )$' $  87   67  $ D .H& U$' A <D , $  G :  "87 ! D" V&L FI' 3$ &' 3* "$: :" U' $< 1;87 H  ' #& F$2 38D F$9 7  $  .3$2$' " $$$" 6 7  $  3  G 2  : , ' !' 70 $ 1C$5 7 ! D V&L 3 3 $ 3  G$L . '  :'  "' 7   H  $: #& 1" '2 ;‡‡   " E:  . F 1Y$-7 $ 0  $ H 0  ' ." FI' [_] ."$L ' $ 48  U V&L 1      hU  6 *2 ,8  "..34 / E 5 /  D 6 $.." 6 $'0 2& 7 0~+ .[m] A <D , $ F  ,*'  D 6 $$ 1Y7 .    $ ,$2 &.." : -$ ( * L& B) "2$'..L" ,'2  <7 ' G& )  $ 1&L $  G&2 , ' 1 2   '$  67 6 :2 H 2I' $:  , 7. [\] .H  3U F2 /   F0 6 $'0 HI' 1V7L$: F & 1F ' F :2  7' #& 3' F) ,  "2$'" 67  F+  $:+  1"..Y7 .    $ ,$2 &.." 6 $'0  V$'/ " 2 '.7.%" , [S] .,$  F $L70 $ 32 F0 >$U9 F (,$ 


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:2 [1] See Theosophy and the seven continents, http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/dp5/continents.htm. [2] H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 2:6. [3] Ibid., 2:400fn. [4] Ibid., 2:401. [5] G. de Purucker, Studies in occult philosophy, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1973, p. 555. [6] The secret doctrine, 2:11-12; H.P. Blavatsky, The theosophical glossary (1892), Los Angeles, CA: Theosophy Company, 1973, p. 186.

Shambhala

9  E  -

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:2 [1] Victoria LePage, Shambhala: The fascinating truth behind the myth of Shangri-La, Wheaton, IL: Quest, 1996, pp. 6-8. [2] Edwin Bernbaum, The way to shambhala, Los Angeles, CA: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1980, p. 207. [3] Ibid., pp. 36-7. [4] Ibid., p. 37. [5] Nicholas Roerich, Shambhala: In search of the new era, Rochester, VE: Inner Traditions, 1990, pp. 1-33. [6] G. de Purucker, Occult glossary, 2nd ed., Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1996, pp. 1556.


[7] Dialogues of G. de Purucker, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1948, 1:146-7. [8] G. de Purucker, Esoteric teachings, San Diego, CA: Point Loma Publications, 1987, 2:9. [9] H.P. Blavatsky, Isis unveiled (1877), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1972, 1:589-90; H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 2:220, 319, 502-3, 636-7; A.T. Barker (comp.), The mahatma letters to A.P. Sinnett, 2nd ed., Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1975, p. 155. [10] G. de Purucker, Fountain-source of occultism, Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1974, p. 530.

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:2 [1] Richard L. Thompson, Mysteries of the sacred universe: The cosmology of the Bhagavata Purana, Alachua, FL: Govardhan Hill Publishing, 2000, pp. 132-55. [2] Ibid., p. 136. [3] Victoria LePage, Shambhala: The fascinating truth behind the myth of Shangri-La, Wheaton, IL: Quest, 1996, p. 31. [4] H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 1:1267; H.P. Blavatsky, The theosophical glossary (1892), Los Angeles, CA: Theosophy Company, 1973, p. 213. [5] The secret doctrine, 2:404. [6] Ibid., 2:401fn. [7] G. Smith, The Chaldean account of genesis (1876), San Diego, CA: Wizards Bookshelf, 1977, p. 103; The secret doctrine, 2:2. [8] William F. Warren, Paradise found: The cradle of the human race at the north pole (1885), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964, p. 240. [9] Paradise found, pp. 141, 143, 244, 208. [10] Marshall B. Gardner, A journey to the earth's interior or Have the poles really been discovered (2nd ed., 1920), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964, pp. 302, 309-10. [11] Paradise found, p. 234. [12] LePage, Shambhala, p. 78. [13] The secret doctrine, 2:408fn. [14] LePage, Shambhala, pp. 45-6. [15] W.T.S. Thackara, 'Our spiritual home', Sunrise, April/May 1990, pp. 103-10. [16] LePage, Shambhala, p. 198. [17] Henry Corbin, The man of light in Iranian Sufism, New York: Omega Publications, 1994, pp. 57-8. [18] Ibid., pp. 39-40. [19] Arthur Cotterell, A dictionary of world mythology, London: Book Club Associates, p. 53; The secret doctrine, 2:290-2, 609-10. [20] The theosophical glossary, p. 12; The secret doctrine, 2:6; H.P. Blavatsky collected writings, Wheaton, IL: Theosophical Publishing House, 1950-91, 4:526-7. [21] Blavatsky collected writings, 4:526. [22] H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine, edited by Boris de Zirkoff, Adyar, Madras: Theosophical Publishing House, 1979, 2:291.


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:2 [1] Nicholas Roerich, Shambhala: In search of the new era, Rochester, VE: Inner Traditions, 1990, p. 213. [2] Ibid., p. 215. [3] Victoria LePage, Shambhala: The fascinating truth behind the myth of Shangri-La, Wheaton, IL: Quest, 1996, pp. 14, 41, 48-9. [4] The Theosophist, September 1888, pp. 757-8; H.P. Blavatsky collected writings, Wheaton, IL: Theosophical Publishing House, 1950-91, 2:120; H.P. Blavatsky, From the caves and jungles of Hindostan, Wheaton, IL: Theosophical Publishing House, 1983, pp. 20fn, 77, 253-6, 342, 381-2, 392; H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine (1888), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1977, 2: 220-1. [5] David Hatcher Childress, Lost cities & ancient mysteries of South America, Stelle, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press, 1986, pp. 63-7, 72, 172-5; David Hatcher Childress, Lost cities of North & Central America, Stelle, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press, 1992, pp. 83-4, 200-1, 213-4, 256-7, 302-3, 316-20, 390-1. [6] H.P. Blavatsky, Isis unveiled (1877), Pasadena, CA: Theosophical University Press, 1972, 1:547, 595-8; Blavatsky collected writings, 2:339-43, and diagram facing p. 336. [7] Blavatsky collected writings, 11:5-7; Isis unveiled, 1:553. [8] Bruce A. Walton, A guide to the inner earth, Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1985, pp. 15, 41, 43, 48, 53, 67, 69, 80.


[9] Wm. Michael Mott, Caverns, cauldrons, and concealed creatures: A study of subterranean mysteries in history, folklore, and myth, 2000, p. 6, http://www.hiddenmysteries.com/redir/index111.html. [10] Isis unveiled, 1:553. [11] Frank Waters, Book of the Hopi, New York: Penguin, 1977, p. 129. [12] Ibid., p. 24. [13] A guide to the inner earth, pp. 15, 34, 42, 76. [14] Walter Kafton-Minkel, Subterranean worlds: 100,000 years of dragons, dwarfs, the dead, lost races & UFOs from inside the earth, Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics Unlimited, 1989, p. 41; Richard L. Thompson, Mysteries of the sacred universe: The cosmology of the Bhagavata Purana, Alachua, FL: Govardhan Hill Publishing, 2000, pp. 178-80, 295-6. [15] Caverns, cauldrons, and concealed creatures, p. 2. [16] D.S. Allan and J.B. Delair, When the earth nearly died: Compelling evidence of a world cataclysm 11,500 years ago, Bath: Gateway Books, 1995, pp. 330, 332. [17] E.A. Wallis Budge, From fetish to god in ancient Egypt, New York: Dover, 1988, pp. 271-2. [18] William F. Warren, Paradise found: The cradle of the human race at the north pole (1885), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1964, p. 484. [19] Alan Alford, The phoenix solution: Secrets of a lost civilisation, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1999, p. 294. [20] Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert, The Orion mystery, London: Heinemann, 1994, p. 198. [21] Zecharia Sitchin, The stairway to heaven, New York: Avon Books, 1980, p. 49; John Anthony West, The traveler's key to ancient Egypt, Wheaton, IL: Quest, 1995, pp. 304-5. [22] The secret doctrine, 2:588fn; H.P. Blavatsky, The theosophical glossary (1892), Los Angeles, CA: Theosophy Company, 1973, p. 13. [23] Paul Dunbavin, The Atlantis researches, Nottingham: Third Millennium Publishing, 1992, p. 189. [24] Caverns, cauldrons, and concealed creatures, p. 71. [25] Paradise found, p. 213. [26] Plato, The republic, 2nd ed., Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1978, p. 195. [27] Quoted in Willis George Emerson, The smoky god (1908), Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, 1965, p. 14. [28] Plato, Phaedo, in: The last days of Socrates, Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1979, p. 175. [29] Caverns, cauldrons, and concealed creatures, pp. 64-5. [30] A guide to the inner earth, pp. 31, 76. [31] Fridtjof Nansen, Farthest north, London: George Newnes Ltd., 1898, vol. 1, p. 3. [32] Caverns, cauldrons, and concealed creatures, pp. 65-7. [33] The stairway to heaven, pp. 136-8; W.T.S. Thackara, 'The epic of Gilgamesh: a spiritual biography', part 3, Sunrise, February/March 2000, pp. 86-94. [34] Paradise found, pp. 163-6. [35] The Book of Enoch the prophet (1883), San Diego, CA: Wizards Bookshelf, 1983. [36] The secret doctrine, 2:400fn. [37] H.P. Blavatsky, The secret doctrine, edited by Boris de Zirkoff, Adyar, Madras: Theosophical Publishing House, 1979, 2:398-9, 396-7, 617-8.

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