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scientific journal of the modern education & research institute • The Kingdom of Belgium

EFFICIENCY OF TRANSPORTATION LOGISTICS IN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY SECTOR Bekzhanova Saule Ertaevna – doctor, professor (Almaty, KazATK) Zhanbirov Zhumazhan Ginayatovich – Ph.D professor (Central Asian University) Toktamyssova Aliya Beisembaevna – Ph.D associate Professor (Almaty, KazATK) Alik Asel - Ph.D candidat (Almaty, KazATK)

Abstract Modern logistics is a universal theory of effective organisation of operational and commercial activity that integrates a whole range of fundamental and applied sciences in economic and technical knowledge spheres Key words: logistics, transportation, unit cost, sector, economy, route, operations, consumer, processing.

The logistics covers the whole range of company activities. It aims to reduce costs and launch products of reasonable quantity and quality within established term and in established place through a range of types of activity, means and funds at all operational stages. 1] Many companies that started using logistics principles in their operations organise the whole operational cycle on a more rational basis. Due to this concept the companies started using loans for purchase of material resources on a more effective basis, purchase raw materials and materials, select suppliers, organise product manufacturing process, distribute ready goods effectively as well as associated information processes throughout all operational stages. For example, the unit cost of agricultural production will be minimised in the economy sector through the use of transportation logistics and efficient transportation routes as well as selection of transportation means[2] The main transportation solution in this structure is timely collection of agricultural products and provision of continuous operation of plant process lines. Provision of synchronised operation for all operational facilities through the single schedule and uniform product launch process. Synchronised operation includes organisation of single, partial and private processes in time and space into a single continuous operational process that ensures timely launch of each certain product in established volumes with minimised operational costs. Therefore, the main or basic indicator is continuous provision of products for sort and manufacturing line of operational base facilities 3] We have selected Aul Nur JSC located in Almaty Oblast base for analysis and research purposes with permission of company management. The main suppliers of agricultural products are multiple farmers and peasant farms. Before we organise the fully acting transportation system we need to make it beneficial for both sender and recipient of cargo or products. In our case agricultural producers and farms act as a cargo forwarder and Aul Nur JSC will act as a cargo recipient or consumer. Aul Nur JSC has a manufacturing plant, special vegetable storage facility, and trade networks for retail and whole sale in Almaty City and other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Let’s review the first option of transportation (Fig 1). Farms organise collection, sortation and delivery of products to processing facility. This option is unacceptable in market situation as producers may be lost as a result of discrepancies. 28

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Profile for Modern Education and Research Institute

The Scientific Journal of the Modern Education & Research Institute, May 2017  

Scientific Journal of the Modern Education & Research Institute – official cross-disciplinary scientific journal is registered in the Royal...

The Scientific Journal of the Modern Education & Research Institute, May 2017  

Scientific Journal of the Modern Education & Research Institute – official cross-disciplinary scientific journal is registered in the Royal...

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