Page 1

1/4/2552

  5 #$% &'($   ก ก  ก ก

ก  |      !


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)



 03-000-102

 ก

   5 "#$%&'(&)ก ก *+'ก ก&' ,    5.1. ก (ก)* ก+,- ./01  5.2. ก 2

3,- ./01 2** 45*678 5.3. ก 2

3,- ./01 (: ;. ก

 5.4. 2**2,7;. ก

=(ก=876ก*ก   -)&'ก



5.1. 36ก *ก (ก)* ก+,- ./01  5.1.1. *กก *ก (ก)* ก+-=:=.

5.1.2. *ก75.ก (>(=87-2-.5? 5.1.3. *กก *ก 2:>(8).5? 5.1.4. *กก *ก 2:>27).5? 5.2. 36ก *ก 2

3,- ./01 2** 45*678 5.2.1. *กก *ก ?(@) 5.2.2. *กก *ก .ก2 6 5.2.3. *กก *ก

@ 5.2.4. *กก *ก กA 5.3. 36 -กก 2

3,- ./01 (: ;. ก

 5.3.1. *ก -กก (*45.6Bก 2

3.5? 5.3.2. *ก C8:7ก 2

3,- ./01  5.3.3. ก 2

3,- ./01 ( 4ก B:6 C8: 5.3.4. *ก: A,- ./01 =,- .( 4*

C/@/8B ( 5.3.5. *ก: A,- ./01 =,- .( 4>ก 5.4. 362**2,7;. ก

=( ก=8 76ก*ก   5.4.1. *ก;. ก

ก ,- .-D 5.4.2. *ก;. ก

3.> >( 4 5.4.3. *กE; ก F2 -2->(=8*( 4 5.4.4. *ก7@ก  - 5.4.5. *ก;. ก

 6(8) 5.4.6. *ก;. ก

ก ,- ..5?*

F;ก H

5.4.7. *กC ,- .(:4ก .7>8 2 2-    



2


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.1 ภภ0 ภ1""ภ&' ,- ./01.5?Fภ ( 8 J>ภ(Export)  6 8A6B 62ภ> ( (P 3-@>(  7Q5;ภR (4Fภภ 2

3 ,- ./01 A6 S(P8>A=2-=ภ @*@; . F* @; 0 / ; ภ75  . ?  B 6 , - . / 0 1    (-78A6  . T(P  = .6  ภ 7.-A .> ( 2.>ภ)=U 2-;

@*8>==,-ภ*.>ภ >ภ(:> ภ (. =8.J;A *8> >J3ภ;7-ภ+0 (Sanitation) @A2-@-A/8.>,36*

C/@ (Hygiene and safety) U    @6  >  83> B / *3 0 ภ >  * @6  > . (- >  ,-ภ*.> ; .  ŕ¸

= (ภ=876 5(4(=8:4(=87 ( :. A68 Bภ >ภ  (-2-,- ./01ภ ภ:0Fŕ¸

(&&# *'+.2 1.  @6.5? (/=:= . 2.  @6 (/,- ./01  - ภ 2

3 - ภ J 

5.1.1 ภภ0 ภ1(&.2   @;0/ =?@7.5?@4@A (Freshness) ภ

ภ+@AB 6A6=;A@4ภ

ภ+:= .7.B 683>B/ A= >(@ =8A >*A(F)* >(P2,-.,   ภ  ;  Fภ-Aa FB 6 :. =A= =@;0@>  8>8>8 2->(ภAb ŕ¸

8(@=B(45-=?B 6 (ภAC+2ภ>,36*

C/@ 2.>ภF= @2  .5? -8: A 8(ภ)* ภ+B 6=:= .Fภ 6=F  ;  .8>(:> ภ;6ภ6ภ -:> - - -ภ 7 -ภ  -*3> 8 Qภ8ภ+ (B ( =;D) ( 4(Pภ 2A2-AQA3A,36c45B 6( )2-(-4ภc45A6.@.6ภ ภ

ภ+ .5?=F>78(P J?A6A=5 ภ .2ภภ*' 1. 82-7A=FF* .6@?QJQ@27)2  2-.-A=@.6ภ (:> @ A   8>68 1 ภ>F* .6>D8 483>B 8B 68 (Treat) 6F*.5?B:>B:68 b :=(Antibiotic) 48 ภ+C @7.5?CA8(A)A7A ภ;62-3.6>83>B:>-ภ@ * (Molting) ภFภ.-A.6ภ 3  (P.6    



3


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 1. @ F*.5? (Harvesting) B70=ภ (8) > 6FA (:>:>(:64A 4(8) 2. @ ภ.5?B*> ภ=83>B > ->8B 6ภ25? -(=88>68 12 :C ( 4 (Pภ  */ (Conditioning) B 6.5?27)2  .5?A67*J>87(=82-7FAภ- *C@- (Off-flavor) ภ ภ*' 1. -=ภ(-=8ภ 7> ภ-a ภ> 12 :C 2. B:6/:=( ภ*: A7.5? (:> 2.1. J7AB >==ภ Aภ B 683>.-A(- B:6ภ*- - -ภ 7 -ภ 2-ภ;6ภ6ภ ภ B:6ภc (F*

;E lF= @2 2.>>F?(P.6B:6ภ(>ภ*ภ -6 a 2.2. J==5?( =8(-)ภ68 =mnA2**= 3ภ *8A6A= B:6ภ*-:> -A;ภภ* 2- - 2.3. JA (.=58== 3(-)ภa *A6762-A6* B>5? 01  5 2-6nA A68ภ*D:;*5? B:6ภ*-*3> 8 3. ภ B:68-* 4@(8)( 4 8;Aภ .4.  ภ7-  8B:6Bภ 7> -.> ( 2.>,36A?( ภ .6=@:?(>5FQ JF?A6 ภภ1.2   1. B:65?A  Fภ(:45C @ =>=@- =.ภ@6 2. B 6ภc (F8>( =8  3. (-=8J>85?8>( =8 2-?(

   



4


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.1.2 ภ *'(&.2 -  Fภ .  5?  .8 F(>  (= 8 8>   A( )  (4  Fภ(c 8>  8.  (CA8(o  cathepsins Bภ-6(45 cQF.>b ŕ¸

8ภ(4(=8*ภ*.=(-=58-3ภA685? ภFภ=5 8/8B2-(4ภ==ภ83>2-6F=F;-:= (Micro-organisms) (qr83>(P.ภ =?B 6(ภA ภ (>(=8 B-==73 7F(ภAb ŕ¸

8 oxidation ?B 6(ภAภ-  4, Aภ. FQ.6= ภ Qภ+ŕ¸

 E=Bภ 2

3.5? ( 4 ภ+@;0/ B 6B:6 C8:A68>(.)= .5?;ภ: AF=76(=8@4 (>(=8>8 (Perishable) 2-8 =(4ภภภ)8 =ภ- ( )@ 8> ;2  @;0/ 7-F(-=8= -J3ภF*7Q5Fภ5? ภ (4/ F(

7Q5( )ภ8> ภ)..5? ภภ;6 8 Qภ5F=ภ (>(=8( )ภ>- (4Fภ=(c C c ( 2-tR(- 3 B 8 -ภ (ภ).(Stiffness of muscle) ภ. -=@ C*v(A .B 37ภC@(F83>B.* -=:= .B:6 -Bภ (.C*- cQ (-=8ภ-C@(F(PภA 3

@ cQ2.ภ.B 6@ *AภcA(CO2)2-5? (4..8 ภ (F cQ:>8B 6ภ A*3 0FQ A A68 ภ-C@(FFQ(-=8(PภA2-ภ. ภ?B 6(45-=/ (PภA F=@> pH .?ภ> 4.3 8 F ภ.;6B 6=ภ 8>8.((Autolysis) 2-(ภ). Fภ5ภ)J3ภ?-8A68F;-  =8.> a -Fภ= .5?.8F=ภ (>(=8 2*>ภA6 3 8@4 - 8 Pre-rigor mortis 8JQ 8=-( .8B > Fภ(ภ).(45-F(

27)a - 8 Rigor mortis (P 8=ภ-6(4527). - 8 Post-rigor mortis 8JQ 8=(45-(

( - >.(4Fภ=ภ 8>8 -8.( 5.1.3 ภ(0 (Chilling) (Pภ B>5?27)==F*.5?A6 (Pภ -A;0 /3 B..5?- 2.>>JQF;A(84ภ27) ( ? *ภ (ภ)*B 8(-52-

0ภCA8B:6. >.5? 1 >.> 5?27) 2-3 > 76@

Bภ 2:>B5?27) @4 8>B 6.5?,ภ*5?27) 42:>5?CA8.  (4FภF (ภAภ A3Ac*5?(76B.( ?B 68;ภ (ภ)*5-2-=>( 4(A  (:> ภ 2:> Qภ@ ? QภB>/: -. ภภ5?2-2 ภA75?27) 2-6B>5?27) ภB 6>/:5*2-->  E= =5F J(ภ)* ภ+ Qภ6A6 0 10  2.> 6B:6t -= (Formalin) ( 4 ภ+/ 7 .5?CA8(A)A7A    



5


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.1.4 ภ(,ภ(*0' (Freezing) (Pภ -A;0 /3 7.5? 4,- ./01=8> A( )FJQF;A(84ภ27) A68(@ 4? @(8): A ( +2-(ภ)*6B;0 /3 .?ภ>F;A(84ภ27)(.?ภ> x20 oC) ,- ./01 (/=5 ( =8ภ> ,- ./01  (/2:>(84ภ27)(Frozen Products) A62ภ> ภ;6 - Qภ2:>27) (P.6 @-- 2 +, )$#A UFF8=?B 6(ภAภ (4@;0/ 7  A62ภ> 3.1.1. UFF8:=/ (Biological factors) A62ภ> ภ =:= ..>a =(76 ?-8  (:> 1. ภ. -2- 2-.2 2. F;-:= -2*@=( =8 8=. 2-  3.1.2. UFF8(@=(Chemical factors) A62ภ>b ŕ¸

87(c=?B 6(ภAภ

8>8-8 (:> ภ 8>8-8.( (autolysis) 4(ภAb ŕ¸

8 oxidation 77 3.1.3. UFF8ภ8/ (Physical factors) (:>ภ

( A75?B  ภ = 2>( >b ŕ¸

8(@=B 6( )7Q5 2 ภAภ2ภ?B 6  :5?(ภAb ŕ¸

8(@=?B 6=>8 5.2. ภ(B"#$%&'( A,. +*'C  ภภ0 D""#$%.2 (Curing of fishery products) Cure @4 ภ

ภ+ 4ภ (ภ)* ภ+ (Pภ J  ;ภ E= 8ภ(6 ภ 2:>27) 2- ภ *

F;ภH A5 cuing FQ 5 1.ภ .ภ2 6 ภ

@ ภ B>(ภ-4 ภ (:4 2.  E=.> a 76.6(76A68ภ (:> B>(ภ-42-6FQ.ภ2 6 4B>(ภ-42-6 @ 3. E=4 a (:> ภ B:65?68:3 (pickling 4marinating) 4ภ ภ(fermentation)

   



6


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. -=,>ภ (ภ)*J= :. 2--ภ+0(45.>Fภ-A(  =(. - 4 ภ*ภ ,- . ?B 6-ภ+0(45(-=82- J6(ภ)*J>J3ภ E=ภ)FF(ภA 4 4(=8@;0/ A6 -ภภ J  F8*85b ŕ¸

87F;-:= 2-(c 2.>> J|ภภ (ภAภc

(A:(oxidation)77A65 A A5 -ภ+0=(ภAภc (A: 77Fภ-8(P -ภ+0(o 7,- ./01: A5 2E*'ภภ0 D.2  ( B(7. 6 -FภF*-A6F(ภAภ (>(=8( )ภ(4Fภ;0 /3 3 =ภ5 C ,- .5?27) 4 6(8)=>( =8   E=ภ J-2** 45*6FQ8=@?@83> B ภ0==> J78-AA6 ภ *

C/@,- ./01( ->=5=@(ภ=8ภ*; 8ภ *

C/@7 ,36@B6J  

0ภ ,- . cured fish FQ8383> 262.>B ( =;DcQ=@ภ6 6B A6ภ (ภ)*J  A68 E=2:>(8) 42:>(84ภ27)  ::ภ)8 8*

C/@ cured fish ภ 83> BA6@;0@> 

-(P  ==

0C .=32-

0ภA C ( ? *@.6ภ 7 >ภ8 (4( =8*(=8*ภ*7>  4(45.4 a A5 ( ==U B( 4ภ 7A2@-  C .= cured fish F(P2 ->?@7  C .=A6(P 8>A= 5.2.1. ภ 20 (Salting) ภ B:6(ภ-4(ภ)*J  =.52.>8;@ภ> . .  ภ (ภ)*J.5?CA8 E=BAภ) .ภ=ภ (. (ภ-4- ( 4:>8 ;2.> :. 2.>F( =8ภ>ภ ?(@) (Salting) A65 (ภ-4 F.6(P -ภ?@Bภ |ภภ (4@;0/ .J; @7ภ B>(ภ-4 ( 4AQ5?ภFภ  FJQF;-:= > J(F

A6 B 70(A=8ภ(ภ-4ภ)FcQ(763>  FFภ=F??-8 48*85ภ (F

7 F;-:= (4Fภ(ภ-4?B 6(ภA -C-c (Plasmolysis) B(c--7F;-:= 8*85ภ ?7(c ( 2 ACc (Osmosi)B(c--?B 6(c--2.ภ8ภ(6BF;-:= ภ=:*(ภ-4 (Halophile) 4(ภ-4A6 (Haloduric Bacteria) ภ =(ภ-4FcQ(763>.-F@(7676/8B(45- 2-B5?(ภ-4(>ภ .6B:6(- 8 Q(4JQA;-F( =8ภ> Struck Through    



7


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. JQ26>(@ @ภ B>(ภ-4-F>8ภ2.>B2.>-R *>=ภ 3(=8-(@)(PF?ภ-8 .2-

0-(@)=*

C/@ภC-ภภ)=F?ภ==@;0/ .? ( .;ภ)@4 ภ 7A @ 36JQ( .;7ภ (4@;0/ 7-(@) 2-@(:4>(ภ-4 J8*85F;-:= A6 5 A Bภ B>(ภ-4-5 762 ภ=F.6@?QJQภ)@4 (ภ-4> J * ;@;0/ 7- A6 J6B>(ภ-4-=>Aภ)FA6-(@)==@;0/ .? B -8 a  ( 5 ( 8 F= ภ B>(ภ-4- -Fภ=78A>A62-6 A5B:>2 ภ7ภ B>(ภ-4 8 24-36 :C2 ภ-F=ภ (>(=8ภ>=(ภ-4F=b ŕ¸

8Bภ (ภ)*J ภภ ภ, Bภ B>(ภ-4- (ภ-4= 6=A.>=5 1. (ภ-4FAQ5?ภFภ.- (4Fภ@(76767(ภ-4B5?(ภ-42-B(45- .>ภCA8(ภA Mass transfer (4FภConcentrated gradient Bภ0=-(P: 5 4(ภA Osmotic Pressure gradient Bภ0=-5. A55?B(45-F-A-2-(ภ-4F( 7Q5 2.  F;*ภ7Cc(A=8(Na) F ภ* F;-*7C C. -cQ(protoplasm) B(c--7 F;-:= ?B 6(ภA =(P +ภ*F;-:= ( 3. Cc(A=8@- A(NaCl) ?B 6 **(c7F;-:= (-=8CA8(o (c=8>8 C .= ?B 68*85 4?-8b ŕ¸

87(cA6 4. 5?(ภ-4F-A

0ภc (F=F,ภ*(45- 4F;-:= ?B 6=,-ภ* ภF;-:= =.6ภ ภ 2-F-Aภ (ภAภc (A:77 5. (ภ-42ภF=@;0*.

>ภ* 4 a (:> (4=(ภ-4FF?B 6F;-:= J3ภ?-8A6 >87Q5Fภ@ *AcA(CO2) 4FภภA

   



8


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. $ภ, +' + ภ 20 -FภB>(ภ-4- 8 Q @(76767(ภ-4/8ภ2-/8B: 5-FJQA;CA8

0(ภ-4=B:6Bภ ?-(@)2**2 6(dry salting)  8B:6(ภ-4 3 ภC-ภ.>- 10 ภC-ภ 4B:6ภภ>=5(-)ภ68 2.>>@ (ภ 68- 35-40 ? *

0(ภ-4Bภ ?-(@) 78=@?2?>@ B:6(ภ-4 68- 18-22 Bภ ?-(@)2**B:65?(ภ-4(Wet salting) 

05?(ภ-4.>-@ B:6B. >8>68 1:1 CA85? ภ2-F.6=(ภ-4( -483>ภ6J *6 cQ

0(ภ-4=B:6F(P 68- 30-40 75? ภ-  + ภ ภ, UFF8=(ภ=876ภ*(-=.6ภ Bภ B>(ภ-4-@4 1. @ 7: 5- -: 5  47AB >F.6ภ (-ภ> 2. @(767675?(ภ-4 J6@(76763FB:6(-5ภ> 3. :577 -=732-:57783>B.6,  F?B 6. ภ cQ7 (ภ-4:6- 4. ภ 7A(ภ-)A 4-ภ+07 -J6(ภ-)A. A2> 4 - ภa F?B 6 (ภ-4cQA6:6 5. @A7- ->AF?B 6(ภ-4cQA6( )ภ> (4Fภ,(c--(ภA (-=82- 2-5?FcQภA6( )(:>ภ -=,>ภ 2:>27)2-?B 6@4. 5?(ภ-4FcQ,> A6( )ภ>-A 0 68- 30 6. ;0 /3 ;0 /3 3(ภ-4FcQA6( ) 2.>;0 /3 F( >ภ (=87- CA8=. ( )7 ภ (>(=8F( )ภ>. ภ cQ7(ภ-4B: 5-  a *@ 5 *>/8B(>(=8( =8ภ> putty fish ภ ?(@)=;0 /3 .?F:>8B 6ภ 3(=85? ภ7-(@)68-ภ>ภ ?(@)=;0 /3

3A68 7. ภ @5?(ภ-4  >B>(ภ-42** Wet salting JQ26F>=,-CA8. .>. ภ cQ 7(ภ-43>(45- 2.>ภ @5?(ภ-4F:>8|ภ>B 6=F;ABAF;A Q=5?(ภ-4=@(7676.? A5ภ B>(ภ-42** Wet salting @ =ภ @(P@ 5@  -Fภ2:>-B5?(ภ-4 2-3 :C    



9


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. I ภ ภ, 1. Dry salting 4 Kench method  E==5F( =8-2-(ภ-4-*ภ(P:5 a Fภ3  0 1.5-2 (. (ภ-4FAQ5?ภFภ.- 2-5?(ภ-4=A6F->8B 6 -ภ  E==5 .6?-ภ( =8B > -*:5->* 2-FB:65? ภ*76* 2. Dry salting to make Brine  E==5F( =8-2-(ภ-4-*ภ(P:5 a BJ (4(ภ-4 AQ5?ภFภ.-2-6 F->8B 65?(ภ-4 ->.- 2- -Fภ=ภ8 QFF(.  (ภ-4-BJ=ภ E=B>(ภ-4B ( 8 8B:6 E==5 3 Wet salting 4 Brine salting  E==5F2:>-B5?(ภ-4 . 2-.6B 6-2:>B 5?(ภ-4.-A(-=ภ @(P*@ 5 ( 4|>B 65?(ภ-4(F4F(P2 > a  E=B:6 Dry salting ( ภ*-==7.?(7>(ภ 68- 1) ? *-==7.? ภ> 68- 0.5 (:> -B@ *@  - Cod -o- -c=ภ(A=8 FA6,-A==;A B- : A4 a (:>-FAcQ

07= 0 68- 2 ภ)B:6 E==5A6 2.>B 6,-A=68ภ>B-= =7.? a >A6 -73F=7.>ภ.ƒA3ภ- B:>=7.?(>(ภ 68- 2) ภ)B:6 E= Dry salting =5A6 2.>J6B:>73>@ B:6 E= Dry salting =5 ( ,- ./01F(ภAภ 4A6>8 B-73((ภ 68- 2) FQ2?B 6B:6 E== 2 4 3 2-ภ Qภ+>-5 a 7= >  F= E=ภ (-4ภภ B>(ภ-4 (:> -*: A7B.* *: ABภ-6(45 * : Aภ)F2*>(P:5778>( )A6:A J6=ภ 2*>:577ภ)F.A 5A6 2.>ภ)F?B 6 ,-,- .-A- -=7B.*F JB>(ภ-42** Dry salting A6 *+J  ภ ภ, 1. .62

3B 6( )=;A(>=F?A6 -FภF*- 2. 887FA(-4AFภ.-B 6ภ=;A Bภ0==-.(-)ภ@ AQ8/8BภF 7FA(-4AFภ.-A6*6J6-8A83> B-7Aภ-2-7AB > -FภF*-@

7FA(-4AภFภ.-B 6( )=;A  E==5F?A6B

0ภ F*>3ภภภ 7FA(-4Aภ ภFภF:>8 * ;=7,- ./012-68-ACภภ (ภA Oxidation A68 Heme pigment B(-4A(P.( >b ŕ¸

8 Oxidation

   



10


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 3. -.B >=(ภ-)A @ 7A(ภ-)AภJ6  2-( =8@ (ภ(:> -o- .6( ภ4. 8/8B@ AQภB 6 A 2-@ -6-B 6Aภ>?2->.> B-?67 -Fภ*>7C-ภ*>*@ 5= Clostridium botulinum type E (qr83>B

03 2-F J.>/ 2A-6==(ภ-43 a A6 -8A  J6->8-?66B.-

 >B>(ภ-4 / 2A-6F 6ภ cQ( Bภ (F

2- 6  +72*@=( =8: A =5 5. 2->- 4.A-(P: 5 a .@.6ภ -: 5  a @ ภ=A( 4B 6(ภ-4cQ ( )7Q5 CA8(o -=: 5 ภ> 2 c.. 6. @ 2:>-B5?(ภ-4(7676 10 ( (c). @ Q:C ( 4-6(-4A2-(4ภภ>B>(ภ-4 ภ -6ภFภ?B 6A6-(@)==-ภ+0A=2-6 8:>8-A. ภ (ภAภ (=8 82 ภa 7 ภ B>(ภ-4=ภA68 (45-o-F=ภ- 2C(=8 ภ FAภ- ?A6CA82:>: 5-B5?(ภ-4 10 ( (c). B>5?27) A 56 24 :C J6>=5?27)B 62:>5?(ภ-4 6 :C 2.>.6(-=8 5?(ภ-4*>8 a F:>8-Aภ- A6ภ7. J6B>(ภ-42** Dry salting @ B:6(ภ-4J3B 6.-ภ>( =8-2-(ภ-4(P:5 a CA8B 6(ภ-483>:5->;A2-*;A 8. 2:>-B5?(ภ-4Fภ>=F.6ภ B:6 ภ(ภA  4(4ภ=.-.6-6A685?(ภ-4 (7676 (>5?(ภ-4(ภ> 5 (. =85?(ภ-4B > "#$%0 ? *- ( 8 -(@)>B > 8JQ -=A(ภ-4 2-6?.ภ2 6 ? *,- ./01=A(ภ-42-6F? >8(-8=68ภ(>==ภ ?@4-3 2--  = > -  =B:6-7Aภ-?@ภ( 4ภ2-6ภ-6B 6A2-6 ภภ*(ภ-4BJ CA8 C 8(ภ-46ภ6J 2-6( =8--*ภ*(ภ-4(P:5 a :5*;A.6C 8(ภ-42-6B:66,>nA= ,  6 CA8=5? ภ*A6* . >- : (ภ-4 = 3 : 1 JQ 2 : 1 ( 4>B 62-7> A(ภ-4 56 3-4 A  ภ)?ภF? >8A6

   



11


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.2.2. ภภ(+'(Drying) ภ .ภ2 6 (P E=2

3.5?=?@ภ E= Q ;+8 36Fภ(ภ)*J  .5?CA8 ภ .ภ2 6 6 a ภ*= 36FภB:6ภA3ภ.(P(@ 44F*- B8;@ 2 ภ(Paleolithic) 2- 36FภB:6(ภ-4 >ภ*ภ .ภ2 6B8;@* c(Bronze Age)B8=8 .C* 0 (

=ภ ?-.ภ2 6 ภ >ภ @6-2 62--(@)B2J*(A (. ( (=82-2J*.ภภ-A6(

(4 -8 68Rภ>@

.ภB -8 45=ภ .ภ2 68(P E= -ภBภ J.5? =ภ ?(@CC-8=B > a B:6 (:>ภ

B:6(@ 4*2 6 (@ 4.ภ2 6 -2 .8 8> ภ). 

0-.ภ2 6=,- .5 A > J *F?2>A6 2.>ภ)=ภ @A@(8>ภ6 a >

0-2 6=,- .5 A BR 2513 =  0 8 -6. cQ(P 68- 20-25 7

0-=F*( 4(P  ;+8 2-(:4>B:> 10 R=5

0ภ ,- .@>76F@= 2E*'ภภ(+' (4-.8F=ภ (>(=8= CA8b ŕ¸

87(c2-F;-:= ภ .ภ2 6:>8-A 

0 water activity (Aw) ?B 6ภ (F

(. *C.7 2-2*@=( =8:ภ-  E=C* 0=;AB ภ .ภ2 6 @4 27-.ภ6B 6CA2AA2-- 46( 4ภtB== (ภ-48ภ E==5F:>8 (ภ)*-6A6 JQ26F=ภ (-=82--ภ+0(452- :. ?B 6>( 4-A ( (45F 27)7Q5 J6.ภ2 6:6 a b ŕ¸

87(c=( -483> F?B 6(ภA-ภ+0(o 7,- ./015 a ภFภ5-.ภ2 6ภ)8(P2 ->  C .==A= Fภภ A- *>@;0@>  7 -2 6>2.ภ.>Fภ-AภภJ6 A Bภ .ภCA8>B:6@ 63(ภ

   



12


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. กก(+'I (&ก +, ' (+' ' 12 ( =8*(=8*ก B:622AA2-ก B:6(@ 4*2 6 ก +('( 1. @>B:6F>8J3กก>( B:6@ 6Fก E

:.

2. .6ก (45=Bก .ก2 6ก 3. > J@*@;;0 /3 @:45 E @( )-2-UFF84 a A6 .6(-4ก?B J= a =@:45.? 4=- A,> 4. F(ก A fermentation  >.ก ( ก

.ก2 6(ก A:6 a /8B=@:45( -483>ก 5. (ก AU BA6;7-ก+0 J6@*@;>A=  ( 2-F.A6

ก +, ' (+' 1. 5(-4@>B:6F>8 (4Fก.6B:62 -> -4 a (:> tt| 5? 2.   8A(45= c6กA6 -8:5 3. @*@;/.> a A6?B 6@*@;(-A6

4. B:6(-ก .ก5ก> -AU ก (ก A ก (=8/8B 5. @*@;A6;7-ก+0A6

 : ;:(2538) *+ *'ก 2ก(+' 1. .6;Bก ,- ..? 2. B:62 68 3. >.6ก (@ 44(@ 4B:6 ( + 4. @>B:6F>8Bก (ก)*.? 5. @>B:6F>8Bก 7>-A- 6. "#$%.2(+' A62ก> 3o- Qก2 6  >82 6 82-/3>.ก2 6 (P.6

   



13


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.2.3. ภ (Smoking) ภ

@  (

=.52.>8;@ (:4>;+8A6@6 *ภ

@A68@*(  CA8 ภ 27  (:>(45 4-6Bภ-6ภt 2-6 *>  = :. A=7Q5 A5 F;A @Bภ

@FQ=A=5 1. (  :.   2-?B 6=ภ-   2. ?B 6=8> *  3. ( 4(ภ)*JA67Q5 2-|ภภ (ภA Oxidation 4. ( 4?B 6(45;> F;A @B >Bภ

@@4( 4B 6(ภA 2-ภ-  B8;@ภ-- @==:4(=8 ภ@4 Red herring cQ= (@)FA2-ภ- @2  (4527) 2.>UFF;*=5 8,- ./01= @ (-)ภ68 B 6A6ภ-   2-B>(ภ-468 a B:6ภ .ภ2 6 >ภ*ภ

@ 5ภ B:6*

F; /01=A= CA8F(ภ)*,- ./01A6 0 1 A =;0 /3 6 &# *'ภ 1. ภ

@(8)(Cold smoking 4 Light smoking) B:6;0 /3 .? 0 15-40  (c-(c=8 @*@;@:45 EB 683>  > 68- 60-70 J63ภ> 68- 70 F2 6:6 2.>J6.? ภ> 68- 60 , ภF2 6( )(ภ ,- ./01 (/=5F(ภ)*6A6 (4Fภ >ภ

@F ( 85?ภA68 Cold smoking > J?A6B ( 2J* 6(4Fภ;0 /3

7ภ 383>2-6 I ภ 20 ?-=@ภ62-6B>(ภ-42**2 6( 4B 6(4527)7Q5 2-6?-6(ภ-4ภFA6

:. =>(@)(ภ ?- @ 8 >  >- 2-tB.36F7Q5ภ*

0@:45 2-

0(ภ-4B(45-;0 /3 7ภ

@ 0 15-30  (c-(c=8 B:6(- 4-6 A   >ภ

@F@*@;. ภ

( 85?7,- ./01CA8ภ (Dภ 6:45(763> (. -F,ภ*@cQ(ภAB(. (4nA:> *8ภ 7(.B.ภ-@4 A5BƒA3

6F> J?- @(8)A6 (4Fภ;0 /3 F3ภ> 25  (c-(c=8    



14


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. B 82 ภ7ภ

@ .6(nA:> *8ภ B.36B 6 A 8=FnA*6 *> 2-BA =(P.6FnA A B 82 ภJ6ภ :45F.6nA:> *8 ภ A ( 4|ภภ A3A@:45ภ-*3>.-BA 2 ภ;0 /3 7.36@ @*@;B 6 (>ภ* 18  (c-(c=8 A =@*@;;0 /3 (P 22  (c-(c=8 -Fภ5ภ)B:6 ;0 /3 25  (c-(c=8. FA6,- ./01=.6ภ

2. ภ

@ 6 (Hot smoking) 4 Barbequeing B:6;0 /3  0 30-80  (c-(c=8 cQF?-8(c2-?B 6C .=.ภ.ภA6 ,- ./01 (/=5= :. A=(45;>2.> (ภ)*A6>J6>B:6;0 /3 .?:>8 I ภ 2+ ภ. - @ 8B:6-==7@>763 B ( 8 8B:6-5?F4A(:> -A;ภ-8 @F2 6ภ* 75.ภ ?- @=A=5 1. ภ (. =8.J;A * 75.=57Q583>ภ*: A7-2-,- ./01=.6ภ -7AB > (:> -2c- ภ@(P: 5 CA8.A   AQ8/8BภJ67AB >ภภ)F.6 .A(P> a -7A(-)ภF @5. 42->(P 2 c=ภ(:> kipper 2. ภ B>(ภ-4 (Pภ  ;  (-2-@(7675?(ภ-4.>ภ.7A7-2- : A7.J;A * 5?(ภ-4=B:6@ (-=8;ภ>@ B:6c5? (4FภB5?(ภ-4F= soluble protein (F483> JQF(. (ภ-4-@(7676ภ)FF?ภA (ภ-4> J--8A6( 7Q52-=Cภ= Halophilic bacteria F(F

A6 55?(ภ-4=B:>c5?ภ a F(ภA fermentation 7Q5 -

@ 6F(@)68ภ>2** @(8) ภFภ2:>(ภ-4 45?(ภ-42-6 ภ)F2:>B5?(ภ-4=(.    ;2.>ภ-   (:> (@ 4( A68 3. ,QB 62 6 75.=5?B 6C .==--8B5?(ภ-4F*=, ?B 6, (PA3> *  2--A@:457.J;A *ภ> @ FB:6(-27- 56JQ 18 :C 2.>J6, 2 6 (ภ@FF*=, A668ภ>

   



15


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 4. ก

@ B:6 8(-2-;0 /3 .=.6ก J6B:6;0 /3

@B:> 30-35  (c-(c=8 FA(Pก

@=;0 /3 .? J6B:6:> 50-80  (c-(c=8 ( =8ก>(Pก

@ =;0 /3 3 ก

@ 6B:6(-5ก> @(8)>B >F83>B:> 2-8 :C 2-=ก B:6 ก

@-*ก*ก .ก2 6(P(- 2-3  ( 4-A@:45?B 6(ก)*,- ./01A67Q5 5. ก *

F; =* > .6 56B 6(8)ก>*

F; ( J6(ก)*70=;0 /3 3,- ./01ก)F :45 (45;>2-(ก A 7Q5A6>8 "#$% '  (P,- ./01=@6@6A-CA8ก S;. ก

.5?ก    B:6-7A.- 1-1.5 ก C-ก  ??(P fillet 2:>5?(ก-4 15 ( (c.  0 7-10 = ?,Q2AA 45 = ก>?*@ 6CA8*2,>ก==nA*(.J> 4 *B.36* 0 1 :C 2-6? @ 1.5-2 :C (- * .6?Aก> ,- ./01=5.6(ก)*B.36(8)FQF(ก)*6A6(4Fก=@:453 ก -ก * 8?Fก-5?F4A (P,- ./01=2 6ก(ก)*A62.>ก (ก)*

ก+.6 ( ก=2-Rก27) *ก -ก *=(P= 8กกA62ก> -2A - (45> -(@6 CA8?(=8*6 (P.* a .*- 0 4-10 . ก> @ ?.ก ก> 4?8>CA8B:6tJ> 4tq@ 6 0 50-60  (c-(c=8  0 4-12 :C 2-6FQ? @ B:6(:45( - ก* 6 47=5(-48 @ 0 4-24 :CF=8 ..6ก F?.ก2AAc5?(4 @2-6 FA6,- ./01=2 6ก * - -=ก A- ?-ก *A6,-A= -(-=??-ก * A62ก> -ก@ cQFB:6(P.J;A *Bก

?5?

ก-8> 5?

ก ก.> C (Anguilla spp. : -.3 ) - -7A 450-700 ก  (P7A= 8 กก=;A -Fก-6B 6AFJ3(4ก=.กF A 2-6FQAQ-?6,>A66(.ก -6(-4AB 6 Aก>2:>B5?(ก-4 10-30 = *=FB:6 E= Dry salting -Fก5?- (=8*6CA8(=8*=@B:66: 5(-)ก a 7=>6 ( 4B 6กกFกก ,QB 62 6ก>?

@ F5? ก-A 68- 15-20  56F(8)ก>*

F; *@ 5FB:65?* a B 6. ก> >A68 -. ก 2-6*

F;ก->- - @(P,- ./01= 8กB8;C 2- ( =;D    



16


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. - Salmon @ Salmon @ .6B:6-Aภ7>(ภ 68- 15 ?AQ8 /8Bภ2-6,>(Pc=ภ4?(P: 5(fillet) ? *-.B > 2-6B>(ภ-4 8B:6 dry salting (  J-A@:45B.-A6 ภ>B>(ภ-4Fภ=A-(P 8=A6 -7-.  > =;A ( 4B 6(ภ-4cQA6?( B>(ภ-4 0 36 :C 2.>J6-7A(-)ภFB> (ภ-4 18-26 (c. (. -FภB>(ภ-42-6?--65? 2-3 @ 5 ภ

@  8 @> a B:6@ 6.? a CA8;0 /3 (

.6 0 1/2-1 :C @F5? ภ-A 0 68- 7-9 5.2.4. ภ'(Fermented Fish Products) Fermentation ภ Fภ/+-.  Fervere cQ2-> ˆTo be boiling‰ ภ ( =8ภ(:>=5(P( ภ ภ>B >B 82 ภF=2ภŠ@ *AภcA(ภA7Q5?B 6( )t;A a 7Q5-ภ+0@-68ภ .65?B 6(A4A @ 87 fermentation 8JQภ*ภ (-=82-:=(@=7   =8 CA8b ŕ¸

87(c ( 4?B 6   =85(P ==@ ภ*>87Q5 BUFF;*=5 fermentation 8@ 5ภ*ภ (-=82-  ภ*==@ ภ*>8 a B 6(P   ภ*(: c6A68 &# *'ภภภ*ภ fermentation 2*>ภ(P 2  (/ 1. Aerobic fermentation @4ภ*ภ ภ=.6ภ ภc (F (:>ภ ,- .ภA5?6 (acetic acid) ภA (citric acid) 2. Anaerobic fermentation ภ*ภ ภ=>.6ภ ภc (F(:> ภ ,- .2-ภv- ภ( '&# .2ภ' ภ ภ.5?2*>.2 ->7(cภA6(P 3  (/ 1.ภ ภCA8B:6(cFภ(45- 2-Fภ8/8B7- ภ ภ2**=5F(.  (ภ-4( 4|ภภ (>(=8FภF;-:= .8>,- ./01: A=5A62ภ> 5?- ภn 2. ภ ภCA8B:6(cFภF;-:= >ภ*(cFภ- ภ ภ2**=5F(. (ภ-42- @ C*v(A .-A68 .8>,- ./01 (/=5 A62ภ> - 6 -(F>    



17


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 3. ภ ภCA8B:6ภA(P.:>8ภ 8>8-8 A62ภ> ภ ,- . fish silage, fish soluble ,- ./01.5? ภA2*>.-ภ+07,- ./01ภ(P 3  (/ 1. ,- ./01=8@-ภ+07.J;A *6 48=-ภ+0(P: 583> .8> ,- ./01 (/=5A62ภ> -3(@) (pedah siam) - 6 -2|2A 2. ,- ./01=.J;A *(-=8-ภ+0(P: 5-(=8A a 4(P paste ,- ./01  (/=5 (:> ภn bagoong, pra-hoc 3. ,- ./01=.J;A *J3ภ8>8(P7( - .8>(:> 5?- 5?*3A3 *+ *'ภ1. ภ  ภ? B 6   83> B  3 = A3AcQ  A6 > 87Q5  CA8(o B 8= ( P  C @7A  8> ;>2  (4Fภภ ภ(Pภ 8>8-8  C(-ภ;-B >B 6=7AC(-ภ;(-)ภ- (:> C .=J3ภ8>8-8(P polypeptides, tripeptides, dipeptides 2- amino acids 2.   ภ.6ภ @ BA6ภ ;7/ *-68ภ>ภ 2

3CA8 E=4 a (4Fภภ B:6

0(ภ-43 a F:>8Bภ F?ภA: A 2-

07F;-:= 83>2-6 FQ>= U B( 472*@=( =8=(P( .;7C @6 > 4(P. 8 (:> Salmonella 3.   ภ=ภ 8 *3 JB:6(P  (

 ( @;0@>C/:ภ A6 4.   ภ(ภ)*A6=;0 /3 6 >.6(ภ)*=;0 /3 .? 5. ภ*ภ ,- .  ภ>.6 8(@ 44 (@ 4B:6 ( +?B 6@>B:6F>8B ภ ,- ..? .2ภ& VC    .5? ภB ( 8= 8>= -8: A A62ภ> ภn ภ;6(F>ภ;6F> ภ;66 -(F> -F> -6 -2|2A (@) ภ - 6 -3(@)5?*3A3 5?- 6tUภ8 A 2-.- 1. .2 (P,- ./01==@?@ภB(c=8@(8 =:4( =8ภ.> a ภB2.> - ( (:> Nuoc-mam ((=8.) Patis (tn- n) Budu ((-(c=8) Tuk-trey (ภ 3:) Ketjab- ikan ( CA=(c=8) Shotturu (=;D)  ( ==ภ ,- .5?-ภA62ภ> 8 (=8A tn- n    



18


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. @ ภ*(@=75?-@4 C .==8>8-82-6ภ*2 >E.; @;0@>  75?-= F?ภA(4Fภ= (@)ภ?B 6 * A6

068 2.>(4Fภ

0C .== :ภB 2J*=5A6 *.>.? 5?- JB 6C. (F2ภ> >ภ8A6JQ 68- 7.5 7

0C. (F 5 A= >ภ8A6 *  ภ*ภ*B5?-=

0-c=3 cQB76=(P  -ภ7  ::B2J*=5=-c=.? 5?-FQ*(P2 ->-c==A=(:>ภ .J;A *=B:6?5?->B > @4-Bภ;- Stolephorus, Engraulis, Ciupeoides, Decapterus 2- Dorosoma . >7 -.>(ภ-4>B >FB:6

0 3:1 4 2:1 ->8 56B 6(c8>8-8C .= CA8(ภ-4F |ภ>B 6(ภAภ (>(=8ภ. 2-6 5?- 45?-@;0/ = QFB:6(- ภ1-2 R (4A6= 2-6FA6,- ./01=(P7( - B =5?.-2A =ภ-  (o ภภF.ภ.ภ-ภ6J (428ภ(>Bภ F(. 5?(ภ-4(7676-F>ภภ-  56=ภ3-4 (A42-6FQภ FA65?-:5  ภภ=( -48?,- .5?-:5@;0/ -=ภCA8B:65?(ภ-4,ภ* 5?=A6Fภภ ภ,c3  cQ( =8ภ>5?*=()ภc (BX liquid) CA8FB:65?*=()ภcB.  68- 1015 75?(ภ-4  E=ภ leaching F,>5?(ภ-4,5?*=()ภc.J==ภภ( -4Fภภ ภ5?-5?=( 48 a  0 15-18 J CA8B:6(-2:>B2.>-J 1-2  *=()ภc(P/+F=.6 2->= :. =ภ- @ B=;D( =8ภ> mieki -ภ+075? *=()ภc(P7( - =5?.-(76 B >=.ภ ,- .Fภ7( -=( -4 -Fภ28ภ(,-Qภŕ¸

Aภ-3. @ภ2-6 CA8?7( -=58>8-8ภ*ภA(ภ-4 ภ ( 85?ภ*>  * pH B 6(Pภ-CA8(.  NaOH 28ภ(ภ-42C(=8ภB:6J>ภ.(activated carbon) ภ?FAภ- 2-tภ= -Fภ5F*>6  0 15  ภ.ภภFA65?*=()ภc (4Fภ=ภ B:65?*=()ภcB;. ŕ¸

  .> a (:> ;. ŕ¸

ภ ?5?- 5? c= Ž ภ E 0;7A6 ภ ภ? AB 6  *=()ภc(P  @*@; 2-.6=. T A=5 (1) C. (F5 A>.?ภ> 9 ภ.>- .

(2)  CC. (F>68ภ> 6 ภ.>- .

(3) @(PภA@ A(PภAvCA @-

ภ>(ภ 5 ภ.>- .

(4) pH 83>  > 4.5-5.5 (5) (ภ-4 NaCl >68ภ> 200 ภ.>- .

   



19


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. (6) .ก>(ก  1 ก..>ก C-ก  (7)  >(ก  0.02 ก..>ก C-ก  (8) .6>=.J;ก(=8 2-.J;B 6@ 25?.ก (. 5?*=()กcB5?- ?B 6. >ก Aก-3. @C. (F.>C. (F5 A3 *@ 5F3ก>76ก? A=ก  E 0;7ก? A6@4.6>(ก  0.6 &# *'.2 5?-2*>. ก ก  E 0;7ก 3  (/ 1.5?-26 8JQ ,- ./01cQ(P7( -A6Fกก ก- 4>7-ก* (ก-4 4กก-ก*(ก-4 2. 5?- 8 .  8JQ ,- ./01cQ(P7( -A6Fกก ก- 4>7 -ก*ก A (:> ก A(ก-4 4(c 3. 5?-, 8JQ 5?-26 45?- 8 . (F4 4(F4FA68> 4=>(P. 8.>,36*

C/@ W.2A,.,' ?ก. T,- ./01;. ก

 ก  ;. ก

A6ก? A. T5?- 45(46A=5 5?- 8JQ 7( -=A6Fกก ก- 4>7-ก*(ก-4 4กก-= ( -4Fกก กก*5?(ก-4.ก

 E=ก ?5?- 5?- 2*>ก(P 2 :5@;0/ @4 :5@;0/ = 1 2-:5@;0/ = 2 @;0-ก+07 5?-=.6ก F.6B>   Fก.ก 8ก(6,-Qก cQ(ก AFก(ก-4Cc(A=8@- A Bก

. Fก-   2-= CA8 E=B 6@2 5?-:5@;0/ = 1 2- 2 .6A6@2 >68ก> 80 2- 70 @2 .-?A* 2-5?-;ก:5@;0/ .6A6@2.?;A72.>-@;0-ก+0 >68ก> 68- 50 7@2(.)

   



20


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. กก$%ก +&( )$#A*'.2A,.,' @;0-ก+0 @.6ก

@2(.) ก-  A= 50

 A= 40 = 5?.-2A 10 B5?- 6B:6.J; ก(=8 .J; =B 6@ : A4  กFก5? .- ก 2.>=7 5?-B 6B:65?.-(@=8 6A6(>5 /:*

F;5?-.6A 2-.>ก กAก >= /:*

F;5?-;ก >8.6= 8-(=8A=( )>82-:A(F>(P5?-:5@;0/ BA *ก 

. ;E :42-=.57,36,- . 4C ,- . 4,36*

F; 4,36FAF? >8 J6>F? >8 .> ( B 6 *;:4 ( 8*o-กA68 -กก X#.2 ก. 2-6F> *2*@=( =8=?B 6(ก AC @B5?- 2.>= 8>=,36D8Fกก *

C/@ 5?-

0ก a cQ +T>F(ก AFกก =B5?-= (==(P +83>3 (:> = v .= JQ  A *=( P. 8ก*,36*

C/@ กFก=5 B5?-=

 0(ก-43 cQ FF(P  . 8ก*,36D8=(PC @@AC- .3 ก( A,. +*'C  ก ก-2** 45*6B:6(ก-4@*@;ก (ก Aก A2-@. ก ( 4B 6(ก A (@) ( =58 2-= ก- (o .7,- ./01 + - 6 8?Fก-5?F4A (:> -:> -A;ก -.( =8 -กA=2- - 68 (P.6 =ก B:6-(-?- 6*6 2.>>A6 *@ 8กก  E=ก ? -==(ก-)AF7A(ก-)A .A  (8/8Bก -6B 6A -7A B >F.A(P: 5 a 2-6? กก*(ก-4 B:6- 10 > .>(ก-4 3 > CA85? ก *

F;B /: 56 3-6 (A4 CA8B:65?(ก-4 4(ก-4()A(. -A68 (4 กA6= 4 6F? >8ก)F ?--6 2-6@-;กก*76@B. >-.>76@ 10:1 4B*2 >FB:6

076@ กก>=5@4B:6-.>76@ 1:1 B*66=FB:6 ?76276@ ( =8ก>- 6 ? -ก+07 - 6 - 6F8@-ก+0(45-(P: 5 4(P.83> ==5?.-> 45?.-(76 (@)    



21


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. - -(F> 8B:6-.( =8 -(C -8 -(@6 2--(45> ? กก*76 ก2-(ก-4 (@?> (F> 2-> 76 ก)  E=ก ? ?- กก*(ก-4B. > 3:1 CA85? ก  56 2-3  ?-62-6 ,ก*76 กB. > 1:1 nAm 56 2-4 A   E=ก (. =876 ก (. =8Fก76( =8 ?QB 6;ก2-6-65?  5B 6(A)A5? ? -3ก2|*A 2-6,B76( =8B 6 กB/: 4 >A68B*. 4*

F;BJ; -. ก  56 2-3  -ก+07-(F>8@=-ก+0(P: 5-83> ==7ก: 3 4( -4> a = :. (@) 2-  ก-   - -F>B:6-5?F4A7A(-)ก (:> - 68 -c  ?7A(ก-)A @ก6 2- กก*(ก-4B. >-.>(ก-4 10:1 (. 76;ก 3 > ก (=8 1 > 76@ 3 > ก 56 3-5  F5?(ก-4(P=77;>FA 2A>A6=2-6 J68(P=2AF ก.>=ก J6B:6ก;6(P.J;A *( =8ก>ก;6F>  E=ก  ;  B:6 ;(P   (/(@ 4F 5  ;A687  .6 .@ 6

* ก*,กA + -6 8?Fก-.( =8 -(45> -กA - 68  E=ก ? ?-7A(ก-)A .  @ก6ก กก*(ก-4 B:6- 10 >.>(ก-4 2 > (. 76;ก 1 > ก (=8*A 1 > *

F;B 62>B/: 4B:6 >A68B*. 4*

F; BJ; -. ก ก6 0 5-10  ก)+'+ ก;66?Fกก;65?F4A ?-6,QB 6(A)A5? กก*(ก-4 5-10 % 5?.- 10-20 %  56 5-7  FA6ก;66cQ=

0ก A2-@. ก 1-1.2 % +Y@ก 6tUก?Fก-5?F4A (:> -(@6 -ก 8 -8 -(C -(45> -.( =8 -:CA - 68  E=ก ? ?-73A((o (45*B 6-(=8AB>BJ;,6*=*(5?ก2-6,(ก-4B . >- 10 > .>(ก-4 1.5 > ,76;ก 2 > ก (=8 1 > AB 6( =82-6 > 4*

F;B/:AB 62>  56 5-10 

   



22


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 0ภ , ภ , 0 &  8?Fภ-8  E=ภ ? ?-8 (P: 5* a (@-6ภ*(ภ-42-6(. * AB. > - 2 >.> * A 3 > *

F;B7Aภ2@*nA  ภ6 2-3 (A4 J6J3ภภ A6*F ==@-5?- C .-ภ?Fภ6-(- (:> -3 (P,- ./01=?B/@B.67 ( 8  E=ภ ? ภ6-ภ*(ภ-4B. > 3:1 CA85? ภB>/:*

F;nAm 56 6-8 (A4 *6=FB:6

0(ภ-468- @4B:6. > -:(ภ-4 5:1 ภ6 0 3-4 A  FB>A   (-)ภ68( 4B 6==2A .2 BB 5?*3A3?Fภ-(- (:> -6. -ภ.ภ2-- -(7=8 (P,- ./01= ?B/@B.67 ( 8  E=ภ ? ภ-ภ*(ภ-4B. > 3:1 CA85? ภ 56 3-12 (A4 ภ>(. 5?.5? 6 2-727ภB. > -:5?.- 10:1 ?.6ภ>*

F;7A *6=F (. 5?.-B  > ภ(-8 (Z'(' -2|2A (P,- ./01=?B2J*/@B.6 B:6-(- (:> - .( =85?(@) -.Cภภ(P.J;A *  E=ภ ? ?-.A 7A(ภ-)A (8/8Bภ-6B 6A.A(P: 5 a ภ)A6 ?- ภภ*(ภ-4B. > 3:1  56 1 @4 (. 762A-B. >- 1 ภC-ภ .>762A 1 - . *

F;762AB6-A68 (ภ)*B/:nA  ภ6 4-5  762AF (. =8Fภ76;ภ,ภ*Ž@ภ(Ang-kak) CA8B:676;ภ1 - . ,ภ*Ž@ภ10 ภ ('#B' 82-/3>A E=ภ ?A=5 2ภ 82-/3>-6B5?(ภ-4 10 ( (c. ,QB 6(A)A5? ? ภภ*(ภ-4B. > 7:1 CA85? ภ 56 4-5  ภ&[(Shrimp paste/ fish paste)  ( 8?ภnFภ(@8(P>B > =?Fภ-=68 2-(:4>@;0/ .?ภ>ภn (@8 (@8@4 planktonic crustacean 83>Bภ;- Acetes Copeoda, Lucifer, Myses 2- Mysydacea    



23


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,.  E=? ?(@8(@-6ก*(ก-4B. > (@8: (ก-4  0 5:1 .5 56 1 @4 B 65?  -ก5?=A6( =8ก> ˆ5?(@8‰ B:625?-A6 ?(@8.ก6 1-2   A a ? .? 4*AB 6-(=8A กB/:nAm  56 4-5 (A4 ?,Q2AA*6(P*@ 5 J6= 5?cQก=,  6ก).กก(P5?(@8 กn(@878=@ ก*(@=A=5 @:45 68- 39-45 (ก-4 68- 19-34 A>=

( 8A65 A 68- 0.36-0.61 C. (F5 A 68- 2.5-4 (J6 68- 23-30

   



24


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.3 ภ(B"#$%&'')ภ 5.3.1. ภภ ,.'+ ภ(B.2 .5?(P  =(>(=8A6>8ภ-Fภ-.8(cB-F8>8-8.( CA8(o  Cathepsins Bภ-6(45- F>.>b ŕ¸

8ภ(4(=8*ภ*B.(-=58-3ภA68 ภFภ=5B8/8B 2-.(4ภ*.- F=F;A:= (qr83> cQF(P.ภ =F?B 6 (ภAภ (>(=8 B-==737-F(ภAb ŕ¸

8 oxidation ?B 6(ภAภ-  42-ภ-  , Aภ. A5 ภ Qภ+ŕ¸

 E=2

3.5?FQ=@F?(P 2-?@ภBภ

ภ+@;0/ 7.5? ( 4B 6 JB:6 C8:Fภ.5?A6(.)=  !ภ" # (Canning)

ภ'  " (  )    !*+

$ ภ   -  % - &"

(Freezing)  ภ 

 ภ(Curing)



 (  )  $ ,+ " - ./ 01+!$ ภ

  Fish soluble

   ".2/3(

$

   



25


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 1. ก(BA, ก0 ก1&&. = -กก 2

3A=5 @4 -A 8*85 |ก  @4 -A

0F;-:= -Ab ก

8(@= -Aก (qr( 7Q5 75.ก -A83>B75 (. =8ก A62ก> ก -6 ก B:6@(8)(ก)* ก+.J;A * ก .A2.>  .' @4 8*85ก (F

7F;-:= 2-8*85b ก

87(c  E=ก B:6A62ก>ก B> (ก-4 ก .ก2 6 ก

@ ก กA ก 2:>27)  E=( ->=5(4(ก)*6B:> 8(- Q 2-/ 2A-6=(  F;-:= ก)=Cก(F

A6=ก2-b ก

87(cก)FA?( .> Z'ก @4 |กก (qr7F;-:= -กFก2

32-6 83>B75.ก (ก)* ก+ ก *

F; 2. ก(BA, ก0 ก1&& cQ= -กก A=5 @4 -A ?-8 |ก  (:>(A=8ก*76= 1 4F=75.ก -ก (blanching) ( 7Q5Bก ? 

ก H 4  2:>27) 2 @4 ?-8F;-:= =(qr83>5 A 2-?-8(c ( 4 8;Ab ก

8(@=  E= =5.6B:6@ 63 (:> ก ?  ก H Z'ก @4 |กก (qr7F;-:= -กFก2

32-6 83>B75.ก (ก)* ก+ ก *

F;   8ก   C-ก= ?7Q5 B:6  C8: 5  A6 B :6( 4 ก *

C/@5  A,- ./ 0 1  5 JB:6 C8:A6 -8A6(:> (P  B:6Bก (ก+. B:6(P.J;A *? *,- . 8 ก+C @2-(@ 4 A* (P.6   8ก  =;+8B:6(P  5ก) A6?*

C/@A 5 A 2.>=ก 2

3(P,- ./01.> a (:> ?2 6 ?(@) @ 2-*

F;ก H (P.6 UFF;*26(@CC-8=ก (ก)* ก+.5?B-ก+0AF Sก7Q5 2.>(@CC-8=Bก 2

3 ,- ./01 B 34 a ก)=ก SA68(:>ก 5.3.2. &X*'ก(B"#$%&' ก 2

3,- ./01 5=F;A;> 82-= C8:BA6.> a A=5 1. (Pก

ก+@;0/ 7,- ./01 B 6@@;0/ A=Bก (ก)* ก+>B 6(ก Aก

(-=82- CA8b ก

8(@= 4:= 8 B 6@-A/8Bก *

C/@ 2-ก 7> ( 4ก FA F? >83>.-A,36*

C/@A6;ก ;ก2 >C-ก

   



26


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 2. ( 4 ก+A;-  >,36,- .2-,36*

C/@ CA8B:6 **ก FAก ?8@AกB ก 2:>(8) 2:>(84ก27) ( 4(ก)* ก+.5?B 6@@;0/ A6. 8(-=.6ก A6 3. ( 4( @;0/ 7,- ./01  B 6(P=.6ก 7.-A,36*

C/@ CA8 J(   ;2.> :. .@.6ก 7,36*

C/@A6 2-(Pก ( 3-@>7,-,- . 4. ( 4ก (ก)* ก+,-,- .A6(P(- CA8=@;0*. (P=8 *7,36*

C/@?B 6=   .5?*

C/@A6.-AR 5. ( 4(P.J;A *? *;. ก

4 a 5.3. 3. ก(B"#$%&'A, ก +&X   8ก  J3ก?2

3( 4B:6 C8:B-ก+0.> a ก8(:> ,- . /01  ,- ./01( 4ก (ก+. 2-,- ./01( 4;. ก

4 a (P.6 1. ,- ./01  8JQ .=?2

3( )F2-6B:6(P  ;+8   8ก   >B >=B:6(P  ( 4ก *

C/@7;+8 =ก 2

3( 4J ก+@;0/ .5? 2- ก  ;2.> Bก 2

3= -ก -82.ก.>ก.2.>: A7.5? / 2A-6 2- 7*E

(=872.>-::. A68  E=ก 2

3,-,- .  8ก  ( 4(P  >B >ก) B:6 E=?2 6 ?(@) .6.ก2 6 2:>27) 2-*

F;ก H(P.6 1.1. ,- ./01  .5?2:>27) .5?>B >=B:6*

C/@ABUFF;*5  J (ก)* ก+A6A68ก 2:>(8)2-2:>(84ก27) CA8= **ก @*@;;0 /3 B 62ก>,-,- .5B 75.ก 7>2-ก F? >8-=ก AF *( ).c;(  (ก).CA8ก 2:>27)5. ,> c=ก 2->(ก6ก ?(P: 57A(-)ก a -ก 2-2ก(-4ก (P.6 cQB:6ก*.5? -8 : A (:> - ก;6 Qก 2- 8 (P.6 >B >F(P-ก+0ก 2

3(*45.6 6=FB:6 ;   A6= 1.2. ,- ./01  .5?.ก2 6 (P E=ก 2

3( 4(ก)*J  ==2.>C* 0 2-=83> -8 32**A68ก 1.2.1. ,- ./01.ก2 6 CA8?.5?.ก2AAB 62 6CA8>=ก  ; 2.>  2.> 8> BA (:>  Q ก.ก2 6  -ก. ก.ก2 6  8.ก2 6  @ = *o-.ก2 6  2-  >8.ก2 6 (P.6

   



27


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 1.2.1. ,- ./01.62-.ก2 6 .5? -8: A?.62-.ก2 6 (:> -C -c A= ก;6 8(Hv45 2-- (- (P.6 1.2.3. ,- ./018>2-.ก2 6 .5?*: A?8>2-.ก2 6 (:> -C -c A= -A;ก 2--(45> (P.6 1.2.4. ,- ./01?(@)2-.ก2 6 - 4.5? -8: A 8?(@) .ก2 6CA8ก 2:>5?(ก-4 4@-;ก(ก-42-6.ก2AAB 62 6 cQF:>8B 6(ก)*JA67Q5 (:> -@A -  = -c A= -- 5  -3 -c=ก(A=8 2--- A (P.6 1 . 3 . ,- ./01 @ =- -8: A 8?2 6A68@ 6Fกก

@2ก .ก2AA F? B 6,-,- .=ก-  =2.ก.> (:> -(v 

 -2c- -@ 2FŠ@ -(45> 2--  68 (P.6 1.4. ,- ./01.5?A(@) .5? -8: A?ก J  CA8ก 2:>5?(ก-4(7676 4   ก(ก-4  ( 4B 6 5?B. -J3 กA3 AcQ กF2 6   .5?= 8A(@)  B- ก+0=5 A6 2 ก> -2c- -(v 

 -c A= 2- Qก (P.6 1.5. ,- ./01 ;2.>  .5? -8: AJ3ก?(ก)*JCA8ก  ;2.>

A68 E=.> a (:> 1.5.1. ,- ./01- ก  8B:6-7A(-)ก??ก ก (:> - 6 - 6 QกA 7>(>(-A 6-C2-6-3 ก (.-) (P.6 1.5.2. ,- ./01(45-*A ก 2

3= 8กBUFF;* CA8 E=ก

(ก)* * (45-?-*A ( 4B:6(P.J;A *= J2

32- ;2.> A6 -88> (:> -3ก: 5 A (453(=8 2-6ก ก (P.6 1.5.3. ,- ./01 ;2.> .ก2 6 .5?*: A? ;2.> A68 c6 5?.- 2-(ก-4 4(@ 4 ;2.> 4 a 2-6.ก2 6 (:> (45-

@ Qก -ก.ก -  2- >8 (P.6 1.6. ,- ./01*

F;ก H .5? -8: A 82

3CA8ก *

F; ก HnA,QกA68 **3ก cQ E==5F(ก)*J  A6(P(- 2-=,- ./01 -8 (/A68ก (:> 1.6.1. (45-.6B5?(ก-4*

F;ก H A62ก> -2c- -3> -c A= -2@(@( - ก;6 2- 8(:-- (P.6    



28


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 1.6.2. (45-.6B5?*

F;ภH A62ภ> -3> -c A= 2- -c = (P.6 1.6.3. - ;2.> *

F;ภH (:> -c A= 2--(v 

Bc) (74( (P.6 1.7. ,- ./012

32.> 4 a =.5?2- >8 -8: AB 6(P.J;A *,ภ*2| 2-(@ 4 ;2.> .> a ?(P,- ./01 ;2.>  -ภ-8 32** (:> 76(ภ=8*- 76 (ภ=8*ภ;6 (45- Qภ(=8 2-(@)ภ- (P.6 2. "#$%A, ภภ1   8ภ  -8: A==

0ภ2-= @J3ภ(:> -(PA  >8 2-( +-Fภ7*ภ 2

3,- ./01 .> a ?2

3(P 

.2-;H8 (P.6 2.1. ,- ./01;H8 -7A(-)ภ2-7(=8Fภภ 2

3 4 >8?.ภ2 6 (P.J;A *? *,- .;H8==@;0/ A= ( 4B:6Bภ (ภ+. ภA6 2.2. -D?  *  . -7A(-) ภ4 -(P A= =

 0ภ(:> - c A= - -(7=8 2--C 2-@ (P.6 ?.6AภA(5?ภ2-.ภ2 6 CA8 22AA 4(@ 4(Dภ 6*B 62 6 2-*A(P, B:6?  . 4 >,7;H8A6 2.3. -D? *(P  7;+8 -D*: A=768(:>-@A 2-C 2-@ (P.6  J??-D@;0/ A= 2- ;2.> B:6(P  ? *;+8 *

C/@A6 4B:6,- .C .=(7676CA8ภAFภ-7A(-)ภFA6C .===@;0/ 3B:6*

C/@A6 3. "#$%A, )ภ,  _   8ภ.5?ภFภB:6(P  ? *;+8 2-  ? *(-=58.2-6 8B:6(P.J;A *? *;. ŕ¸

4 a(:> ,- ./01  2- 8 2-(@ 4 A* (P.6 3.1. 5?- (Fish oil) - -8: A (:> -c A= -ภ.ภ2- � (P.6  J,- .5?-( 4(P.J;A *Bภ ,- .(8(=8 (margarine) 2-,cภtภ(detergent) (P.6

   



29


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 3.2. 5?.*- (Liver oil) -*: AB:6(P.J;A *Bภ ,- .  . ( 4E.;4 a ? *?8 (:> 5?.*-Fภ.*-@A .*--ภ6C 2-@ 2- ,- .  c3

 (Insulin) =ภAFภ.*>7-@A -3> 2-� (P.6 3.3. ,- ./01;6 (Agar, alginic acid , caragenan)  >8 -8: A  J,- .;6( 4(P  2->,Bภ ,- .8 (:> ภ ,- .ภA--  @Fภ >8= 5?.- 2-;6 ภ6Fภ >8=2A (P.6 3.4. ,- ./01(@ 4 A* .5? -8: AB:6,- .(P(@ 4 A* (:> 7>;ภ(ภ-)A-*: AB:6(P.J;A *Bภ ,- .7>;ภ(=8 (-4ภ8 ภA3ภ4(-4ภ7 .(- -8: AB:6?(P(@ 4 A* .5? -8: AB:6 ?(@ 4B:6 (:> F (76 25? 2-- (P.6 4. *'.2 2(B   8ภ.5?=?2

35 -ภ+0ภ B:6 C8:Fภ.5?2.>-: AF 2.ภ.>ภ . (/7.5?2-@ 872.>-6J A68 4.1. .5?F? ภ@ (.(c=8 2- 8A62ภ> 3 ภ;6 8  8(:-- 2- 8(Hv45 (P.6 >B >FB:6*

C/@A 42:>27) 2.>UFF;*ภ)=ภ 2

3(P,- ./01.>aภ7Q5 (:> - 3 (Crab) ภFภ*

C/@A2-68(P.J;A *? *2

3(P,- ./01*

F; ภH(:> (453.6B5?(ภ-4 (P.6 - 8  (oyster) B:6*

C/@A?,- ./012:>27) 2-,- ./01*

F;ภH (P.6 - 8ภ* (clams) 8ภ*= -8: A2-B:62

3A6 -88>5,- ./01 *

F;ภH ?2 6 2-A(@) (P.6 - ภ;6 (Shrimp) ภ;6B:6*

C/@A ,- ./012:>(84ภ27) .ภ2 6 2-,- ./01 *

F;ภH -8: A CA8(o BUFF;*=,-,- .ภ;6Fภภ ( (-=58ภ;6==8>ภ67 C-ภ?B 6=ภ 2

3,- ./01.> a Fภภ;6 -ภ-8: Aภ7Q5

   



30


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. - Qภ(squid) Qภ= -8: A2-(P.5?= 8*

C/@ภ8>2 > -8 ภFภFB:6*

C/@A2-,- ./012:>(84ภ27)2-6 8 82

3? Qภ.ภ2 6 ,- ./01 *

F; ภH  -8 (/ (:>  Q ภ.6  B5? (ภ-4  Q ภ@  2-,- ./ 0 1  ;  2.>  = ภภ8 4.2. .5?F? ภ-=ภ *

C/@ภ=;AB*

A  8ภ 5 A  J? 2

3A6ภ8 (:> 2:>(84ภ27) .ภ2 6 @ ?(@) *

F;ภH ?  ภA2- ?(45-*A(P.J;A *? *,- .B6ภภ2-2v- (P.6 -2.>-: A 8*

C/@2-2

32.ภ.>ภภ (:> - -2c- (salmon) = -8: A2-= @2  2.>-: A 8*

C/@.>ภ @4-2c-2A (Red salmon) ( ? *?,- ./ 01*

F;ภH2- @  -2c-(  (Silver salmon)  8?- @ 2--2c-=: 3 (Pink salmon)  8?,- ./01B5?(ภ-4*

F;ภH (P.6 - -3> (Tuna) -Bภ-;>3>(P-==@?@( +TภF3: A Q -3>@ =*5?(  (Bluefin tuna) FA>(P-== @2 =;A ( B:6(P.J;A *? *? -A * (sashimi) 7:=;D 2.>.6(P-3>@ =*5?( ==@;0/ A= cQภF*A6CA8 (@ 44 (*)A -3> 2.>J6-3>=@;0/ >A=FB:6(P.J;A *? *,- .6ภภ2--ภH -3>@ =*( -4 (Yellowfin tuna) 2-3>.C. (Bigeye tuna) >B >B:6 (P.J;A *,- .-3>*

F;ภH 5-@ 2F)@2--CA68 - -c A= (Sardine)  8?-ภH -.ภ2 6 4,- ./01 ;2.>

2-- ภA 2.> ภ@;0/ >A=ภ)B:6?-D 4?;H8 (P.6 - -@A 2--ภ6C 2-@ (Cod, alaska pollack) BA=. 8?(@)2-.ภ2 6 2.>UFF;*B:6?- @ *

F;ภH 2-B:6.*-(P.J;A *Bภ ,- .5?.*- - -o- (Shark) -o->B >> 8B:6(45? **

C/@A (4Fภ= ภ- 2C(=82 ภ2.>FB:6(P.J;A *? *?(45-*A( 4?-3ภ: 5 4B:6?-.ภ2 6  ;   2.>= 36Fภภ2 > -8A62ภ> @ =*-o-.ภ2 6=( =8ภ> ˆ 3o-‰ B  F= (

   



31


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 8> ก).=ก->5(P( =8.8>ก B:6 C8:2-ก 2

3.5? cQ2.ก.> กB2.>-: A 2-6J A68 ก 2

3.5?A6 S 32**ก8 (:> UFF;* 8? (45- -8: A?(45 ˆ-*A (surimi)‰ 2-2

3(P,- ./01 ;2.> A6 -8: A. @.6ก 7.-A,36*

C/@ CA8,36*

C/@> *(-8>-= ก(7ก?-*

C/@5= 3 >(P 8> *,- ./01=2

3Fก(45-*AF(P= 82-8 *กก67ก7Q5 5.3.4. "#$%&' "A,  X# & V 1. ,- ./01.5?2:>(8)2-2:>(84ก27) 2. .ก2 6 3. @ 4. กA 5. ?(@) 6. -D 7. ,- ./014a 5.3.5. "#$%&' "A, ก'ก 1. ก;6A2:>(8)2-2:>(84ก27) 2. -3>ก H 3. ก;6ก H 4. -A2:>(8)2-2:>(84ก27) 5. QกA2:>(8)2-2:>(84ก27)

   



32


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. 5.4. ( ("*')ภ ภ*+'ภ ภ&' 5.4.1. )ภภ"` "#$%` (Fish Protein Concentrate; FPC) 8JQ,- ./01=A6Fภภ

( 8 75? 2-ภA7ภFภ- *@ 5( =8ภ> Fish Flour @0ŕ¸

ภ A6C .= (Protein Advisory Group ; PAG) A62*>: A7 FPC ภ(P 2 : A FPC Type A 8JQ -D=ภA7ภF( -4>(ภ 68- 0.3 FPC Type B 8JQ -D=,- .8>J3ภ;7-ภ+0? *(P  7;+8 ` (Fish meal) 8JQ-D=,- .? *(P  . ภ B:6-DB  @ภB:6(P  (

C .= 2.>8A6 *@ 868ภ(  ภ*ภ ,- . FPC ภF?B 6@;0*. 7(45-A (functional properties) A ภ ,- . FPC ภ)( 4B 6A6,- ./01==@;0*. A.>=5 1. @J3ภ2. J3ภ;7-ภ+0 *

C/@A6CA8-A/8 3. (PC .===ภA C@ *J6.= >ภ8.6ภ

4. = functional properties ( 4(45-A

   



33


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. I ภ" FPC Type A (45- *A(P: 5(-)ภa (. .?--8( 4ภA7 [(:> Ethylene dichloride, Isopropanol, Ethanol, Hexane (P.6] .6B 6.6B 6(A4ACA8B:65? [F;A(A4A75? 100 Oc F;A(A4A7 Ethylene dichloride 83 Oc 7,75? 2- Ethylene dichloride =F;A(A4A 71 Oc]

5? ( 8(P= 160 Oc solvent --87ภ ?(76(@ 4U•B 6.ภ.ภ

7,  > 72- solvent (Micella)

-D=ภA72-6

ภ- solvent ภ-*B:6c5? A67-

.ภ4*2 6 *A(P, FPC Type A

   



34


ภ   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ภ ,. ภ"` FPC Type B -7A(-)ภ(:> herring, capelin ?B 6;ภB 6QCA8B:65? (76(@ 4*=*5?2-7ŕ¸

Centrifuge

5?2-7

5?

(45-D (Cake) 5?2-C .==--85? (Stick water) (76(@ 4*2 6 -D (Meal) FภR 2504 (P.6= ( 8A6 Sภ  -ภ?B 6,-,- ..5? 6 A =

037Q5 2-F?-(PAภ)=

0( 7Q5 ภ ?-(PA,- .(P-Dภ)= 

0( 7Q5 CA8BR 2513 =C ,- .-D5 A 25 C   J,- .-DA6 63,685 . =ภ5 R.>F?C ,- .-D( 7Q5(P 66 C  BR 2521 =C ,- . -D( 7Q5(P 73 C   J,- .-DA63;AJQ 197,165 . -Fภ5

0ภ

,- .-D=2C6-A- (4Fภภ 7A2@-.J;A *Bภ ,- . 2.>F?C -Dภ)8 ( F?7Q5 CA8BR 2524 =F? 99 C  2.>=,-,- . 0 186,201 .    



35


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. B:>R 2526-2528 ก ,- .-D=F?( 7Q5CA8=,-,- . 0 214,210 . FกF?C ,- .-D5 A 92 C  5 =5(4Fก= ก ?.J;A *( +-=( -4Fก C ,- .-3>ก H cQ=F?JQ 50,000 - 60,000 ./R B:6Bก ,- .-DA68 2-,-,- .-DA63( 7Q5;กR CA8BR 2532 ,- .A65 A 268,523 . BR 2535 ,- . A6 348,623 . 2-BR 2536 ,- .A6 344,599 .(P.6 8> ก).F?C ,- .- DBUFF;*5=ก?-,- .(ก ก>.J;A *=(76|C 83>2-6 *>;. ก

ก ,- .- D=@.>36A=ก CA8(o ก >ก=2C6-A- 5=5(4FกU ก 7A2@-.J;A * ,-,- .@;0/ .? @.6;3 @3>27>7B.-AC-ก( 7Q5 2.> 8(4>ก=R=5 ( 8= ก S788.A6;. ก

ก ( (-=58ก;6(-( ก7Q5 ?B 6@.6ก .J;A *( 4 B:6,- .  ก;6 @.6ก -DB ( FQ( 7Q5 8> ก).ก ,- .  ? *ก

( (-=58.5?5ก).6ก -D@;0/ A===

0C .=3 cQ-D78>B >= 

0C .=.? FQ8@=ก ?(76,- ./01-D@;0/ A=Fก.> ( B:6A68 A5 ;. ก

ก ,- .-D78@ FA6 Sก ,- .B 6A6-D@;0/ A= 2-@  ,- .-D@;0/ 3? *(P  2ก>;+8A68 5.4.2. ก1$&)กB, 3>.>( 4F.583>:8mU•(-2-2>5?8?@ 3>.>( 4>B >F(P3>.>( 47A(-)ก 43>:@ ==@ 36@:?Bก .>( 42-c>( 46 CA8=(F67 4,36 *(  4,36 @*@;(P,36A?( ก ( ? *3>.>( 47Aก-=A?( ก .>( 42-c>( 4( -)ก2- 4a ก A?( F83>B 37*

+ 4 ;6> UFF;*(

=ก A?( ก ( ( 7Q5Fก(A = =J=.5(o B(7.ก ;(  @ 2-F A;  ก กFก=58=.>( 4( -)ก=.57Q5 B >A6(

A?( ก 2-6 3 2 > B(7.F A; @

&# *'B, & VC  3>.>( 42-@c>( 478F2*>A6 3  (/A68ก @4 1. 3>.>( 42-@c>( 4==@( 4 2. 3>.>( 4=>=@c>( 4 3. @c>( 4    



36


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. FกF?3>.>( 42-@c>( 45 A 257 2 > ( F?3>.>( 42-@c>( 4= .583>Bก ;( –)BR . .2541 F( )( )A6>=3>.>( 4==C 2-@( 4. T83> F? 208 2 > 2-=3>.>( 4 (/=>=C 2-@( 4 49 2 > 3>.>( 42-@( 45 AF2*>  (/ 4-?A*7573>.>( 42-@( 4A6A.>=5 1. 3>.>( 4:5 1 =@;0*. A.>=5 1.1 (P3>.>( 4=A6 *B*;.B 6 ก*ก .>( 42-c>( 4 /8B3>.>( 4= ?ก C  @( 4. T2-=(@ 442-;ก 0Bก .>( 42-c>( 4 6 1.2 = 6b *. ก (7=82**( 42- 6b *. ก 7882**( 4 1.3 = ก 48:>ก2**( 4 8:>.>( 4 ==@ 36A6 :ก ก2** 2-.>( 4 (P= Qก+ 4 F?=C  1.4 =@ J.>( 46 ( 4( -)ก ( 4-3 --8 ( 4t(* ก- 65 . A.5(@ 48.2-;ก 0 ก*.( 4 5ก B 6*

ก c>*? ; ก+( 4 1.5  J.>( 47AB >== 7*5? 500 .ก  4=@8>(ก  42 (.

2. 3>.>( 4:5 2 =@;0*. A=5 2.1 (P  3> .>  ( 4  =  A6  * B*;  .B 6  ก*ก .>  ( 4  CA8A6 F A(*= 8 6 ก * ก  ;. ก

 =?ก 4C  =@( 4 =(@ 442-;ก 0ก .>( 4.@ F?(P7.>( 4 @

2.2 (P3>=(F67(P,36=@ 36BA6ก .>( 4A?( ก ( 4=:>==@ 36B ก >2** 7882**( 42- J.>( 4.2**A6 F?=3>.>( 4 2.3  J.>( 46 ( 4( -)ก 4( 4t(* ก-2-B 6*

ก A6ก c>( 4A6 A68 2.4 *A? ( ก .>(-4 ก( 4 (ก—( 42-=>68= *. A.5(@ 48.( 42- ;ก 0 ก*( 4 2.5 =@ J.>( 47Aก-== 7*5?>(ก  250 .ก  4( 4== 7A@8>(ก  30 (.

   



37


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 3. 3>.>( 4:5 3 =@;0*. A=5 3.1 (P  3> .>  ( 4  =  A6  * ;  .B 6  ก*ก .>  ( 4  4  A6  * B*;  .B 6  ก*ก 2

36( 4ก .>( 4 *

(03>>=@( 4 3.2 (F673>(P:>2-(P,36A?( ก ( 3.3 >==?ก 4C 73>2- J(@-4868.>( 4=BAก)A6.@ F?(P 3.4 *.>(o (-4ก( 42-(ก—( 4 > *A?( ก .ก  8: =( 4 .-AF(@ 48.2-;ก 0 ก*.( 4 3.5 =@ J.>( 47Aก-== 7*5?>(ก  120 .ก  47A @8>(ก  25 (.

ก 2*> (/ 4-?A*:573>.>( 42-@c>( 4Aก->76.6 3>.>( 4:5 1 =83> 12 2 > 4@ A(P 68- 4.73 73>.>( 45 A >B >F.583>B 45=7F A==ก   (F

ก6 6 (:> F A; @ ; @  :-*; = ;  ก 2-ก ;(  @ >3> .>( 4:5 2 =83>F? 136 2 > 4 68- 53.54 2-=( -4(P3>.>( 4:5 3 F.5ก FAก F8 .2:8mU•(-782-.

mU•2>5?8?@a 7F A:8(-7 ( 8 3> .>( 4 2-@c> ( 4  5  3  (/ > กF.5  83> .F   A:8mU•  (-  23 F A = ก*ก Fก .>( 42-c>( 4  =F? 227 2 > 4@ A(P 68- 88.11 2-=ก F? 27 2 > 4@ A(P 68- 11.89 cQ.583>B(7.ก ;(  @ (P3>= ก*ก .>( 4 2-c>( 4;ก: A "ก&  )กก,&' 1. ,-ก *Fก76  *  @ * Bก˜ 8(-o* * B > = ( ก= 8 76  Fกก 788(7. ( +Tก FF?( 7 ( .>a (P 200 -(- ?B 6 45=?ก  ก>5?78-A 68- ?B 6:  *U 2 ->F*-=7*(7.F A 2. ,-ก *Fกก  ก B:6ก˜76*@*2 >;>A68@-A/82 >:= . B(- . .2520 =B:6*@*? *( 4 (A (-  > ( cQ,-B:6*@*.52.>R . . 2525

   



38


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 3. ,-ก *Fกก  ก ก  ( 4ก ก?FAF?( 4 -ก  ; F?B 6: *>(-=82-( 4 ?ก  A68(@ 44: A4 a 4. ,-ก *Fก/( +Tก F2-@>@ := 37Q5 @@>A;2-@>2 Bก

.>( 4FQ37Q5 ก*ก*A;=B:6Bก .>( 4 (:> 6.>( 4=>>F A68ก2-= @37Q5 @E(&)*')ก,X  C 1.   E / Bก .>( 42-c>( 47,36 ก*ก cQ(P@8@>76.? (4Fก 7A2@-(@ 44(@ 4B:6Bก ,- .=8 กFก58B:6(-Bก ,- .@>76กA68 = *@ 5> JF,- .,-B 6ก*@.6ก 476.ก-=A6?ก*,36>F6A6 2. ,36 ก*ก 7A2@-( ; ;(=8=FB:6Bก A?(  (4Fก2 ->( ;  8ก2-( ก36=A6กA6.?ก>=.6ก

3. ;. ก

ก.>( 478CA8(o ( 4 =ก 27>7A6.-Aกก ( ก 788.7;. ก

 (/=57Q583>ก*/ก  (P?@ ก A?( FQ (PCA8> =2 **2, F? ก F ก .>( 4 FQ กF7Q5a -a 83>(  cQ (PU 5 A6 ก

@*@;2-ก 2, S 4. ? *A62 526F>=U ก A2@-2 ==>B >(P,36=mR@ 36 @ J.? 2-=ก C8ก86883>(?B 6Cก=m™กB 6(PmR4?A68ก 5. ก A?( 73>.>( 4/8B ( ก>=@ EcQก2-ก >>F(P A6ก ,- . ก F? >8 ( ; 2-ก B 6@:>8( -4.>a ก

.ก73>.>( 4==83>B UFF;*ก)83>B2@* ( 'ก(ก+C*@E 1. FA *  Qก+763- ( 4  8 CA87@ > 4Fก >8 :ก = (ก= 876 /@(ก:2-3>.>( 4 763-Aก-> 5.6;ก .>( 4 @>B:6F>8.>a Bก  ก*ก Fก

-ก+0ก .>( 4 ก B:6A;Bก .>( 4 **(@ 4Fก 2-4a 2. Qก+-ก+02** 3 >7( 4 : A.>a 2-A?( ก ก2**( 4 =A6 . T 82-( ก*/ก   =@ .=A= =  E / Bก F*. 5? ( 42?E .2-*

ก 2ก>: 2-:>.>( 4    



39


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 3. Qก+( 4A;=B:6Bก .>( 4 : A.> a (:> ( -)ก t(* ก- -3 --8 Bก =FB 6,36 ก*ก Fก .>( 4 B:6A;Aก->2 ก .>( 46FQ@

=* A?( ก B 6@?2?.-AFFA?(ก 2?(,82 >.>a 4. @ FAB 6=J=m™ก*  4B 6=@ 36A6 :ก 2-(@ @2ก>,36 ก*ก

2-  ก3>( 4B 6 (  ก7Q5 ( 4(P ก > (

2-8ก. Tก .>2-c> ( 4 B 63 7Q5  =F *ก*ก Fก 7AB >=F=7Q5A6 5. @ =ก FA (/ 4-ก+07ก Fก .>( 4B 6( )8>(A>:A>(Pก Fก

=;>A6ก   4ก (A ( 4a /8B ( 5=5( 4@Aก2ก>ก 2, :>8( -4 6. @ = :ก FA6=ก S* (*=8*ก˜(ก01.>a B 6( B=F (ก45ก3-2- Sก Fก .>( 42-/8B ( CA8 :ก:6 ( 4=FA6=>:>8788.-AB 6 (ก A7Q52ก>;. ก

 (/=5B@. 7. @

=*A?( ก ก? A. T( 4 ==7A.52.> 24 (. 7Q5 B 6J3ก.6. ก˜76  *  @ * 2 >  ;   >  A6  8@-A/ 8 2 >  :=  . B(- . .2520 = B :6 *  @ * ?   * ( 4   (A  (-  >   ( ( 4  (P ก >  (

 B 6 ก .>  ( 4  78J3 ก .6 . -กก .>( 42**กF( )A6>;. ก

ก .>( 478B 8=,> >B >F;>A6ก .>( 4 ?   * B:6 B ก  (P  - ก 2-(P  ก F ก

7A(-) ก = = ก  A?  (  B- ก +07 ;. ก

B@ ( 4 cQ2.ก.>ก*;. ก

ก .>( 47 ( 4a ก=ก Fก 7AB > 2-;>A6ก 0 :8=(P?@  ก*ก*BA=.ก A6B 6@BF.>ก Fก =568 ก FQ?B 6ก Fก

ก .>( 478>(F

ก6 62- S(>=@ 5a =(Pก Fก =(ก>2ก> 2-(Pก Fก ==>:>82-*; :ก > Q7 ( CA8(o = 883>.

mU• 2>5?2-:8(-A6 8A? := .-AFก JQ;ก=5

   



40


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. (X+*')กก,  ? *2C67;. ก

ก .>( 4B@. =F ;A6A=5 1. ก Fก .>( 4B@.Bก-68>362F>Bก ( 7Q583>ก*/7ก Fก   (P?@ (4FกUFF;*ก?- *U ( 42 ->ก .5?=F=,-ก *ก (4.> ก  ก*ก ;. ก

 (/=5(P8>8   ก*ก*ก

.ก7,36 ก*ก Fก 3>.> ( 4  ก) 8  = 6  8ก ( .>  mD  8.>  A?  (  (> @>  8F >  4  ก  ?  B 6  >   J * Jก 0CA8 5/@;. ก

2-ก

6( =87@:>8( -4Fก T*-FQ>=5? ก  2. ก Fก A6ก .>( 4( -)ก (

F2F>B7Q5(4Fก(F67 4:  B 6 @BF( 4 =.>A68( -)กก7Q5 ( 6=?B:6(PA;Bก .>( 4(

F7A2@- 2-= @2  (4( =8*(=8* @( 4=.>A686ก*( -)ก2-6( 4=.>A68( -)กF= @J3กก> 2-@A>B@.ก 788.7;. ก

 (/=5F( ก7Q5 5.4.3. I)ก-(A(&   ,&' ก-ก(A 8JQ ก A?( ก Fก =(45?8.>ก  ( 4(P.2? ก @6.5? 4 *(P.2?ก 78 @6.5?7*;@@-4 FAก 78A.-A @6 .5? ก FAJ=2-?8@AกBก c4578 @6.5?= -CA8FA(ก)* @>*

ก 4ก Fก @6 @6.5?CA8 E=4BA.=FA6=  :กƒ+˜=ก *;>(Pก Fก 2 - >(=8*( 4 *(P ?@=F:>8?8@AกBก 7>  Jก F8 ,-,- ..5?8,36*

C/@A68>ก672- A( ) 4Fก->A6>>(=8*( 4 5 ( =8*(4 =(:4  >: ก*,36*

C/@(   ,&' 8JQ J=? *7J>8.5?Fก( 4 7Q5mU• >(=8* ( 4 *2 >F=ก FAF? >8 4(P.-Aก-Bก c4578 @6.5?B 37  - 4ก Fก 2 -A68

   



41


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. ก1$&  C*'   ,&' >(=8*( 4 FA(PUFF8 45T=?@7ก   .6 ก*A68>=(P 2,>A 2-5? CA8=@ ก*A=5 1. =@Aก-A/8Bก FA( 4 >(=8*( 4>=(P5?F.6=*

(0ก67 2-( ? *ก FA( 4 (:>=(74ก@-4 4ก?*-(P.6 2. =@AกBก (A ( 4 = A*@-Qก75?( =8  4= >5?-Qก Aก.>ก (A ( 4(76กCA8>.6 (-5?7Q55?- 2-=(@ 4 8 4 **0 ?8@AกBก (A ( 4 (P.6 3. =@AกBก FA(=8*> (P*

(0=AกBก (76(=8*>( 47> ,-,- ..5? 4=;>-8? *,3ก( 4ก 0=.6FA 70==( 4F?ก 4. =@AกBก 7>.5? CA8= **7>A688  4UrF8ก7 J7 2--?( =87 ( 47J>8.5?Fก( 47Q5mU•A68>Aก2- A( ) 5. =J=? *A?( ก FAก ,-,- ..5?8>( =8  CA8=.-A? * 3 @6.5? 6(8)? *(ก)*.5? 2-C 2

3 @6.5? (P.6 = ?8@AกBก *

ก .> a =F?(P ( 4 =(76(=8*> ( 47>,-,- ..5?5 >B >F.6(. 5? 5?F4A 5?27) 2-(*=8  4FAc45  ;ก 0(@ 44=F?(P 4c>2c;ก 02-( 4 (P.6 7. =*

(0=A *mU•ก67 ( =8 ? *ก ก> 6 ?8@Aก.> a CA8>(=8*( 4 F.6=C  6(8) 4C 2

3.5?83>B*

(0. A.>ก* >(=8*( 4A68 8. =@AกBA6ก @@ 2-ก . A.>4 @Aก7ก

@@CA8 J*

;ก 4 Jt (@ 4*  ( 4:>8Bก 7> @6.5?Fก>(=8*( 4  B 6 Jก F882 ->.> aA6ก672- A( )*(P F?(P กFก52-6ก

*

ก A64 .> a (:> C   2- 8;-6(P F?(P? *: =.6ก . A.> 4 * 367> .> a (:> 7>/ ก 4 @ @6.5?(P.6

   



42


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. Fก- ก+0= F?(P 2- 45 T 7> (= 8*( 4  .= ก-> 5  J= = ( ? *FA 6>(=8*( 4 B 6*3 0.-ก+0Aก->*(P = A68ก 5=5 7Q583>ก*/ /3 .  ( +Tก F @2-2 -> (PUFF8?@A68 B ( 85=>(=8*( 4 57 T2-(ก:ก F883>.:8mU•2.>> B >F(P>(=8*( 47A(-)ก=ก 8/ @( 7/3  ( (:> *

(0=(P ก2>5? > 4==(ก2ก>ก?*- (P.6 2.>>(=8*( 4>B >83>B(7.5?.45?B 6ก

(76FA(=8*>8.6 8ก 7Q5-75?A68 J6 กF 5?-ก A*5?.45ก)F(76FA( 4 >A6.6 F5?7Q5FQF(76FAA6 2.>( 4 8>B >(P( 47A(-)กFQ>@>8=U B ( 4ก FA(=8*> (>BAก 5.4.4. 'ก&A 26>: 8F=ก F*-ก2-6 2.>.-A7J>8F? >8 @6. 5?ก)8>=ก Sกก 2.>(A ก 7J>82-F? >8 @6.5?(@)7F A @ 5 .583>=J A ?(/ E  2-.-AF? >8 @6.5?F4A83>= -?C *

(0

 @-A,A;  ก ;  (ก+ cQ  > (= 8*( 4 2-J= F?  > 8 @6  . 5?A  ก-> 5 =  / @ *2@* ก ก>Aก.>ก b *.  2-> J788ก Fก A6 Fก (4 . . 2491  ( 8A6 *@:>8( -4Fก@ก   2-(ก+. 2 >  ::. >,36(:=8:@4 A . (@ (t  (Dr. K.F. Vaas) 2-A .(F 8(.  (Dr. J.Reuter)(76 Qก+U ( +Tก F2- ก Sก  5?F4A  5?ก >82- (- CA8=@( )>= กT2 >:= ก  782-/ ก F= T*-A?( ก 83>5883>B A*.?ก @ =F( > A S CA8 =*A> 6ก*A6(2 E=ก 2ก67( 4 * ;2- Sก Fก   CA8(o 8>8  ก .-AF? >8 @6.5?B 6= **=(  cQ ก*A68 -กก ?@A=5 *

ก (ก=8ก*ก 7>.5?3>.-A(ก 7>) *

ก (ก=8ก*ก (ก)* @6.5?= -( 6(8)) ก FA **2-@- @6.5?(.-Aก- 4 -) FA@ก B 6: ก3684( ;2-E@  ( (:4ก (ก+. ) *

ก (ก=8ก*ก 78.J;A *2-;ก 0ก  ((@ 442-;ก 0) *

ก (ก=8ก*ก >(

ก   2? :ก 2-4 a .-AF*

ก (ก=8ก* ก

ก+ 8*-( :ก 2-A ก )    



43


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. ( 4A?( .2, S( +Tก Fก  A6ก .-AAก-> ก   ก  (ก+. FQA6C@ ก 6R ( . . 2491-2495) 2-.> ( . . 2496-2500) .-?A* CA8=C8*8=FA?( ก (P75 a @4 1. FA 6 -7Q5B >B 6Aก 2-  8ABก 7>2-78 @6.5?7 :  * 2 -cQA?( ก 83>=J A .?*- E  ?(/ E  F A @ B 6A?( ก Fก B -=52.>2 >(A=8 2. T*-(76@*@;2 -Bก F? >8 ก :5? ก ก ( =8ก@>8 6 2-@> 7> ( 4|ก:  B 6J3ก(-> ( -=8 - ก2 -Bก 78 @6.5? 4J3ก ก @ก (ก @

3. ?ก *B@( +Tก F CA8B 6 -ก ;( (P 38ก-( 4?; *? ;:= ก  B75.> 4. FA 6 6(8)7AB >7Q5= - ( 4 ก+ A* @ @6.5? B 6.ก.? (ก @ BƒA3F*-:;ก ( 4:>8B 6=

0.5?A( =8 |.-ABƒA3=F*-A668 ( 4:>8Bก 788.-A.5?/8B ( CA8ก >.5?A|.-A (4B >B /@( 42-.ก(o=8( 4 cQ7A2@-  .5?A 5.  6C 5?27)(o B:6Bก   ( 4B 6 @5?27)-A- (Pก -A@>B:6F>87 : Bก 7>.5?F? >8 6.  6 -(@)7Q5 ? -A ( 4@*@;2 -Bก F? >8 ,- ./01.5?7:  7. FA.5E@  ? *: 7Q5 CA8@ >47E@   ( 4:>8 B 6:  8A6Aก2-@7Q5 8. FA.5 ก 0ก  7Q5 ( 4:>8( -4Bก 78.5?B 6A6 @7Q5 2--A@>B 6 F>8Bก -;7:  9. FA.5@ก  กB@(=8 8Fก/8E

:. ( 4B 6: (o-=8@ (=8 8 10. FA.5 6(8)7A8>7Q5.*

(0=F*.5?=?@ 2- >ก-Fก.-A ก ;( –

   



44


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. (4 T*- * -กก 2-( ) :*BC8*8B 6A?( ก A62 -6 ก   ก   (ก+. FQA6(

752 กB( 4ก ก> 6 -7 T*-7Q5 cQ(PF;A?@(*452 ก 7ก S CA8(

A?( ก .52.>R 2492 2.>ก Fก .> a 2-ก A?( ก 87Q583>ก*ก   CA8.  CA8ก  (ก+. A6 = ( = 8@?  2.>  .5 @0ก

ก ? 8ก  - ก ;( 7Q5 @0 QF? 6 @ cQ@0ก

ก :;A=5A6A?( ก 2- กT.> a FA6= ก  ก B:6  :*. FA (*=8*ก Fก 2 - . . 2496 (4= 21 ก @ 2496 = **   . B 6 F A .5  @ ก   -(P   . *; @ @-.ก˜ 8 2-CA8ก ;  . 7 

T. =>ก ก  (ก+. @0ก

ก @ก  -A6 ก *

(0=A =(:>Fก   8 >  ก+.

8 ( *- @ ก ;( 2-ก   .5(P ˆ -ก ;( ‰ (4= 30 =@ 2496 ( 4(P= ก*ก Fก 2 -? *F A @ 2-F AE*; = .>ก  A6c45=A Fก(ก:( 7Q52-B 6@ก  -(:>.> ( 4788(7. 45=  -ก ;( (4= 22 .;-@ 2497 @ก  -A6(

(nA -ก ;( B 6*

A,36 ก*ก F 2 -(-A (76A?( ก Fก  3-c4578 @6.5?7:  .52.>= 15 (+8 2496 ก FA B 6= - 4.-Aก- (PJ= c45 @6.5?7: CA8 E=ก  3- @ ( 4B 6(ก A @=(PE

  >: ก*,36c45 CA8,36 3-78 42 -F.6B 6@(P E

B( 4F?2- @A68A= 70(A=8กก)(P C8:2ก> ::,36*

C/@F Jc45   -A6.-ARB @@ (4= 38ก- (:>=5 T*-ก)A6 C8:BA6/+= ก J . 2-763-.> a (P-3>>Bก S( +Tก Fก  2-;. ก

.>(4 .> a =(P C8:2ก>: 2-ก Fก  7 ( ก A?( ก Fก  - ก ;( A6 *@ 8 2- S7Q5(P-?A* @ก  -FQ7888>/3 /@ CA8FA 6 -2->(=8*( 4 .>/3 /@=ก -82 > A62ก> >(=8*( 4  > - >(=8*( 4   >(=8*( 4    >(=8*( 4 7-  - ; @ >(=8*( 4  0*; = >(=8*( 4 . A >(=8*( 4 ; +˜ E= > (=8*( 4 U..= >(=8*( 4  - >(=8*( 4 .3- >(=8*( 4 /3(ก).  -;  ก >(=8*( 4 :; 2->(=8*( 4 @ =E

 :  16 2 > *(P>( 4 7AB > cQ J *ก 7J>8 @6.5?A6JQ 77 ( (c).7 

0 @6.5?5 A    



45


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. eก-ก(Af 8JQ ก A?( ก Fก =(45?8.>ก  ( 4(P.2? ก @6.5? 4 *(P.2?ก 78 @6.5?7*;@@-4 FAก 78A.-A @6 .5? ก FAJ=2-?8@AกBก c4578 @6.5?= -CA8FA(ก)* @>*

ก 4ก Fก @6 @6.5?CA8 E=4BA.=FA6=  :กƒ+˜=ก *;>(Pก Fก 2 - e&Af 8JQ J=? *F? >8 @6.5? 4(P.-Aก-.5?CA8 c4578B **ก  3- 4ก .>  @ e+.2f 8JQ .5?.@ 82 >ก˜ 8>A68ก   >>8= := .@83> 4> 2- .-AJQ,- ./01Fก.5?;ก: A cQ(P.J; @6 5.4.5. )ก+'0 ก A?( ก Fก A68;. ก

 6(8)( 4ก  B ( 8 (

.6 (4BA> กb -กT6 A6 2.>ก Sก Fก 6(8)7AB >( 4(ก)* ก+.5?A6(

 6 a ก*ก FA.5@ก  - CA8 T*-A6;. B 6FA.5@ก ;. ก

 6(8) (P T  ก F7Q5. .>ก  (ก+. 2- ก 0(4R 2496 5=5( 4B 6A?( ก C  6(8)2-C 5?27) ( 4 C8:.>: Bก (ก)* ก+@;0/ .5??B 6F? >8. 5?A6 @A=7Q5 2- J7>A6ก- a ?B 6 ::=.5?*

C/@A6B @>3(ก  BR 2508  ( 8(

=ก >กก;6A2:>27)F? >8.> ( (P@ 52 ก ก S ;. ก

 6(8)7/@(ก:*> SA68> A( ) CA8F?C 5?27)2- 6(8)(  F?  ก7Q5  ( 4  @.6  ก ก B:6 5?  27)  2-.-A  @6   .  5?  2:> 2 7)  B.-A .> ( FกJ . BR 2526 =C  6(8)F? 47 C  C 5?27) 151 C  BR 2530 =C  6(8)F? 80 C  2-C 5?27)F? 166 C BR 2535 =C  6(8) 120 C 2-C 5?27) 199 C  BR 2536 =C  6(8)F? 129 C 2-C 5?27) 207 C  CA8=

0.5?A(76 6(8)BR 2535 F? 800,118 . BR 2536 =

0 833,852 . cQ(4 F 0ก?-,- . ( 6(ก)*) 7C  6(8)Aก->*>ก(ก  2-6 ( (>==83>8> J .5?(762:>27)A6( =8 ( 

0ก F*.5?78>A6 ( 7Q5กก A5@A>F?C  6(8)@F>( ก7Q5

   



46


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. .4.6. )กก".2 -)ก&h' ก ,- ..5?*

F;ก HB ( 8(

7Q5(4 0R 2501 CA8@ ก   ?( )F 3 (.. .) A6A?( ก ,- .  *

F;ก HF? >8 2.>,-,- .>2 > -8 กก(4Fก.-A  *=68  ::>B >8 8*

C/@  (-Aกก> (  8= @J3ก2-=@;0@>  กก> ,-,- .>B >7 .. . FQB:6*;A6 ก   (P>B > ก  78A6788.ก7Q5 JF*.5?( F?ก  ก* ก *.-A.>   ( = @.6 ก   @6  .  5?3  7Q5  FQ  = ก  S >  (

 ก -; A6  8 ;. ก

ก ,- ..5?*

F;ก HA68ก

 E==8ก7Q5 .52.>R 2516 CA8(

.6= C ,- .-ก HF? 4 C A68ก -Fก5BR 2518 ก)(

>ก @6.5?*

F; ก HF? >8.> ( ?B 6;. ก

ก ,- ..5?*

F;ก HA6 S2-788. ( 7Q5 CA8(o :>R 2519-2522 =. ( 7Q5 0 60-90 % ,- ./01 B

82 ก>B >(P-F? 58.1 % .>R 2-.5?4 a =B:6(P.J;A *Bก ,- .กก> 50 % (P.5?F? กก;6 32- 8 2.> -FกR 2524 ก B:6-(P.J;A *Bก ,- .( 7Q5 2-=

03JQ 78 % ?B 6.6?(76.J;A *-3>Fก.> ( B:6( 4ก ,- .-3> ก H( 7Q5 CA8BR 2529 A6?(76-3> 0 220,000 . >B >(P-@  2FŠ@3> cQB:6(P.J;A *Bก ,- .-3>ก H? *ก >ก(ก4*5 A 2-BR 2532 =ก ?(76.J;A *-3>3JQ 275,268 . >,-B 6 ( 8(P,36,- .-3> ก H(PA* Q7C-ก 8> ก).;. ก

ก ,- .-3>ก H5 @>B:6F>8 -ก 0 60 % @4.J;A * 2.> ( 8=,-,- .-C cQB:6(P.J;A *Bก ,- .=F*A6 B>5?8( =8R- 150,000 .(>5 =( -4=ก 70-80 % .6?(76.J;A *Fก.> ( (76B:6 2-UFF;*ก 27>7Bก ,- .-3>ก H7 ( .> a A6( ก7Q5 ?B 6  . J; A * = .6  ?  (76  Fก.>   ( = @3   ( 8F? (P .6    S @ J7 : 8B 6   JF * -3 >  (   ก7Q5  5  =5 ( 4  -Aก ?  (76   . J; A * -3 >  Fก .> ( (

   



47


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

 ก ,. 5.4.7. X''",ก * ( (& C ,- .(:4ก.7>8 2 2- =FA(*=8ก*ก C ;. ก

 BR 2528 = F? 50 C  (PC B(7.ก ;(  @ 21 C  2->/3 /@=ก 29 C  F?C  Aก->A6-A-Fก R 2527 cQ=5 5 60 C  4-A- 16.7 ( (c). ก =F?C =-A- 5 ( .;F(ก AFกB70=5ก F*.5?=2C6-A- ?B 6. ก 788.7;. ก

 ,- .>=(>=@ C 7A(-)กF.6(- กก Fก ( -42.>C 7AB > JQ26>B UFF;*8=2C6>F=ก .>( 4 ( 7Q5 2.>>B >FA2-?(A cQ(P( 4(ก>> ( =ก?ก  ก-7Q5 FQ?B 6@.6ก Bก B:668-ก)A6

   



48


ก   (GENERAL FISHERIES)

   



49

หน่วยที่ 5 ผลิตภัณฑ์ประมงและอุตสาหกรรมที่เกี่ยวข้องกับการประมง  

ผลิตภัณฑ์สัตว์น้ำจากประเทศไทยสามารถส่งออก (Export) สร้างรายได้ให้แก่ประเทศเป็นมูลค่าเพิ่มขึ้นทุกปี เนื่องจากการแปรรูปผลิตภัณฑ์ ได้พัฒนาเป็น...