Page 1

carpet careguide

www.mobilia.ca | 1


1. What should I know about rugs? You have just bought a new rug and you can’t wait to get home and roll it out! One of the first things you need to do is sweep any dirt off the floor before you roll it out. Also you should consider taking your shoes off before you walk on it, as dirt grinds itself into the fibre of the rug eventually weakening it over many years of use. For those of us that have pets it is very important to avoid any biological accidents as pet stains are highly alkaline and will damage the rug.

2 | www.mobilia.ca


Construction Hand-woven Hand-woven area rugs are made on a cottage loom that is operated by hand. The warps are set on the loom frame and the weft is physically woven over the warp using shuttles. It is further enhanced by utilizing handlooms, which has limitations, but is faster. Hand-tufted A hand-tufted rug is created without tying knots into the foundation, but rather by pushing wool or acrylic yarn through a primary backing, creating a ‘tuft’. Then, using a latex glue to hold the ‘tufts’ in place, a rug maker will apply a secondary foundation, or ‘scrim’, which is then covered by a third and final cloth backing to protect your floor. The final step involves shearing the tops of the looped tufts to create the pile. The height of the pile is determined by how much yarn is cut off, and how far the initial loop was pushed up. Machine-made Machine-made rugs are woven on power looms operated either by machine or computer. Once design and colours are determined, a computer card is created which tells the computer which size and colour rug it needs to produce. The loom is strung with a warp of jute, or sometimes cotton. The rug is then woven using wool, nylon, polypropylene, olefin, or another suitable yarn. www.mobilia.ca | 3


Hand-knotted Knotted weaves refer to the method of weaving used in most rugs. In this technique the rug is woven by creation of knots. A short piece of yarn is tied around two neighboring warp strands creating a knot on the surface of the rug. After each row of knots is created, one or more strands of weft are passed through a complete set of warp strands. The weaving process begins at the bottom of the loom and moves upward as the horizontal rows of knots and wefts are added. Flat Weave Flat weave refers to a technique of weaving where no knots are used in the weave. The warp strands are used as the foundation and the weft stands are used as both part of the foundation and is creating the patterns.

Fibers Cotton – Natural

Jute – Natural

• Durable

• Beautiful natural colouring

• Soft feel

• Suited for low-traffic areas

• Wide range of colours

• Soft feel

• Ideal for high-traffic areas

• Should not be placed under furniture

4 | www.mobilia.ca


Polyester – Synthetic

Sea Grass – Natural

• Retains colour clarity

• Easy to clean

• Easy to clean

• Should not be placed under furniture

• Provides a plush feel

• Natural colouring provides a rustic look

• Ideal for living areas

• Well suited to high-traffic areas

Polypropylene – Synthetic

Wool – Natural

• Easy to clean

• Provides a luxurious feel

• Resists moisture and mildew

• Soft and thick

• Best for low-traffic areas

• Strong, resilient and static-resistant

• Colourfast

• Perfect for high-traffic areas

• May be used outdoors

• May shed when new

Silk – Natural

Sisal – Natural

• May provide highlights in wool rugs

• Strong

• High lustre

• Ideal for high-traffic areas

• Soft feel

• Best for indoor use

• Best for low-traffic areas

• Coarse texture www.mobilia.ca | 5


2. How can I keep the rug beautiful? Rugs need very little attention: All that has to be done for it to retain its appearance over years is to follow these three basic rules: • Vacuum regularly, at least once a week and preferably more often in places that are subject to a lot of wear. Always use the flat nozzle when you vacuum. For pile rugs, always finish by vacuuming in the direction of the pile. • Remove stains immediately. • Clean the rug about every three years;

should be done by a professional

cleaner. With a little love, regular cleaning and attention to spills and accidents, your rug can live a long and happy life. A rug that is properly looked after will give many years of pleasure.

6 | www.mobilia.ca


Quality care is an important factor in the preservation of your investment. Regular vacuuming is a carpet’s best friend. In most cases, a suction only canister vacuum is best to prevent excess pilling and fuzzing for loop pile carpets. However, if this type is not available, set the vacuum so that the brush is farthest away from the surface of the carpet. One of the most crucial areas of carpet maintenance is removal of spots and spills. Acting quickly when anything is spilled or dropped and always having the necessary cleaning materials on hand are of the utmost importance. Steps for spot removal: 1. Immediately blot spills with white paper towels or with a clean absorbent cloth. Scoop up solids. Do not rub. 2. Pre-test spot removal in an inconspicuous area. 3. Apply the cleaning agent listed below to an absorbent towel and begin to blot up the spill. 4. Do not over saturate with water. 5. Work inward from the edge of the spot to prevent excess spreading. 6. Wait a few minutes for the cleaning agent to work on the spot. Follow recommended directions. 7. Once the cleaning agent has removed the spot, blot excess moisture by applying pressure with paper towels or a dry absorbent cloth. 8. Rinse with clear water on a clean cloth. 9. Remove excess moisture by applying pressure with paper towels. www.mobilia.ca | 7


Stain Treatment Chart: 1. Add water and blot. 2. Detergent solution or Dry Spot Remover 3. Methylated mineral spirits, turpentine, Dry Spot Remover 4. Chill with an aerosol freezing agent or ice cubes in a plastic bag; follow by picking or scraping off gum 5. Warm Water 6. Nail polish remover (preferably acetone) 7. Isopropyl alcohol 8. Rust remover 9. Absorbent powder (salt, talc) 10. Absorbent cleaner

8 | www.mobilia.ca


Spot

Step 1

Step 2

• Alcoholic beverage • Blood • Soft drink • Fresh urine • Ink (fountain pen)

1

2

• Butter • Lipstick • Shoe Polish • Oil and grease

3

2

6

4

4

3

1

2

2

3

3 5 4 2 5 6 9 3 1 2 9

2 2 7 10 3 3 3 2 2

2 8 10

1

2

• Candle wax • Chewing gum • Coffee • Paint (latex) • Cream • Salad dressing • Floor wax • Gravy and sauces • Ink (ball point pen) • Mercurochrome • Milk • Nail polish • Paint (oil) • Rust • Urine (old) • Vomit • Wine

Step 3

3

3 2 2

www.mobilia.ca | 9

Carpet care guide  

Care Guide