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ARCHITECTUREPORTFOLIO

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CONTENTS

Resume................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1

01 Arts

Technicaldrawing-Selectionofsketches............................................................................................................................................................2

ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO

02 Design

Cartiershowroom&educationalcenter...........................................................................................................................................................10 Icecairo Scrappipes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................14 Cairoexpo2030-Earth..............................................................................................................................................................................................18 Thegatewaylibrary ....................................................................................................................................................................................................24 RedefiningtheOutdoor DesigninDowntownCairo.................................................................................................................................28 APlatformforLife ElKhayalastonecraftworkshops .................................................................................................................................40

03 Urban

Residential coastalcompound .............................................................................................................................................................................54 Urbanmixedusemagneticcolossus .................................................................................................................................................................60

04 Interior OrientalArts&Crafts CoffeeShop......................................................................................................................................................................66

05 Technical

Workingdrawings.......................................................................................................................................................................................................70

06 Photography

Photography...................................................................................................................................................................................................................76


A building is not just a place to be but a way to be. Frank Lloyd Wright


MOAZ MOHAMED Architect American/Egyptian Place of birth: Portland, Oregon, USA Date of birth: 28/03/1991 Villa 55, Parcel 2, 4th district, 5th settlement, New Cairo, Egypt Mobile: 02 01001 589 119 | Tel: 02 2313 0667 E-mail: Moaz.m1991@gmail.com


RESUME|Moaz Ahmed Sameh Mohamed OBJECTIVE Fresh graduate seeking an employment opppurtunity in the Architectural or Real Estate fields in the Middle East. Looking to enhance both my design and personal abilities at this early challenging stage of my career in a working environment that will be productive, creative and engaging.

EDUCATION American University in Cairo | Bachelor of Science in Architectural Engineering Current cumulative GPA: 3.56/ 4.0 (Honors list) Current Architecture Studio cumulative GPA: 3.74/ 4.0 Canadian International School of Egypt (CISE)| Canadian diploma (2005/2009) Cumulative GPA: 3.52 / 4.0 (Honors) Abroad summer experience at University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) | Summer

SKILLS Technical

Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign Autodesk AutoCad Autodesk Revit Google Sketchup Rhino V-Ray Lumion Microsoft Office

Creative

Sketching Manual rendering (using pencil, ink and colors) Graphic design skills Photography skills

LANGUAGES English (Fluent | Mother tongue) Arabic (Fluent | Mother tongue) French (Basic)

WORK EXPERIENCE Teaching assistant of AENG 429 (Spring 2014- Present)

Responsible for task of instructing and assisting students with their assignments and projects which are all in the scope of ‘Design Development and Construction Documents’. The experience has exposed me to numerous projects and documents which skilled me to percieve detail and identify faults. Moreover the experience has allowed me to improve my communication skills and has increased my capability to assess various documents since I was intrusted with the duty of evaluating and grading documents.

Branding and Graphic design |Freelancing| DPU (Digital production unit) (2011-Present)

Design of logos, themes and documents of various natures and types. Working with different clients and various demands has broadened my view of design options and criteria. The exposure to different demands and objectives has improved my sense of judgement when it comes to various components of graphic design such as font size, color scheme, geometries...etc. It has improved my presentation skills, communication skills and vision.

Teaching assistant of AENG 428 (Fall 2013)

Responsible for task of instructing and assisting students with their assignments and projects which are all in the scope of ‘Detail design and finishes in building’. The course scope includes the design of various architectural elements(ceiling, flooring, windows, doors...etc) and furniture. The experience has exposed me to numerous projects and documents which allowed me to view and comprehend various styles and approaches of detailing and design which has broadened my vision and exposed me to wider design options. Moreover the experience has allowed me to improve my communication skills and has increased my capability to assess various documents since I was intrusted with the duty of evaluating and grading.

Head of Publications and high board member at the Architecture Association at the American University in Cairo (20122013) Responsible for all publications of Association as leader of publications team at the AA(Architecture Association). Experience has exposed me to different kinds of projects such as designing documents for academic seminars, lectures, conferences and events which carry along restrictive guidelines to be followed. The experience has improved my time management skills and has added to my leadership skills being a head of 6 members.

Internship at Esmat Khalil’s Architectural consultancy firm | Elite Group (Winter 2013)

Worked on solving plans, designing facades and different components of interior spaces. Gained field experience and exposure working on site where the firm was executing works of interior finishing in both a private villa and an office space. Experience has exposed me to a different phase within projects; working on the execution of drawings and designs. Gained experience on the co-ordination duties of site engineer and the process of site management. It has also improved my ability to meet deadlines and work within tight time frames.

Internship at Alaa Ezzat’s Architectural and Construction consultancy firm | Nawara group (Summer 2012)

Worked on the development and execution of a residential building in New Cairo. Attended both the design and construction phases. Attended various site work including excavation, foundation pouring, insulation, formwork, concrete pouring , brickwork.,etc. The experience was enriching since I have attended all different phases of the project initiating at client meeting and passing through design proposals, brainstorming, preparation of legal documents, preparation of BOQ and construction phases.

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Art

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TECHNICAL DRAWING SELECTION OF SKETCHES

ARTV 221| MARIAM MAREI The focus of this course is to introduce students to the requisite skills of free-hand manual drawing for designers. The course is composed of three primary modules covering the conceptual, technical and media related aspects of free-hand drawing as part of the design process, from first conceptualization and diagramming to drawing from observation through final rendering and representation.

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SKETCHES & DRAWINGS |Artwork using several media. Pencil, ink and a variety of colors.

SKETCHES OF DIFFERENT PIECES OF FURNTURE (top: side table, right: Oriental wooden chair with olla, left: wooden stool) MEDIA: INK

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SKETCHES & DRAWINGS |Artwork using several media. Pencil, ink and a variety of colors.

PENCIL AND INK MANUAL RENDERS OF FRUIT AND INTERIOR SPACES Top right: Ink drawing of Wooden Stool with pot and clay flask. Top left: Pencil drawing of an apple. Bottom right: Ink drawing displayinf book cabinet and parquet flooring. Bottom left: Pencil drawing of a bunch of fruits (apple, banana and mango)

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SKETCHES & DRAWINGS |Artwork using several media. Pencil, ink and a variety of colors.

ARCHITECTURAL SKETCHES AND RENDERING USING MIXED MEDIA. Top: Interior kitchen sketch and manual rendering using pencil and water colors. Right: Perspective of building manually rendered using pencil colors and markers.

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Design

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CARTIER SHOWROOM & EDUCATIONAL CENTER

AENG 321| DR. AHMED SHERIF

DESIGN I

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Role of the architect and other engineers in building construction. Introduction to the factors influencing architectural design. Building components, materials and assemblies. Architectural drawing and detailing.


DESIGN I |Cartier showroom and educational center design

Perspective of East facade

Interior shot of showroom

Birds Eye view of main elevation

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DESIGN I |Cartier showroom and educational center design

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DESIGN I |Cartier showroom and educational center design

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ICE CAIRO SCRAP PIPES

AENG 473| DR. CHRISTIAN BAURIEDEL ADVANCED COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN & WORKSHOP

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In depth application of advanced CAD concepts. Real time computer graphics. Computer applications for performance animation, virtual reality and interactivity.. Modeling, texture mapping, environments, navigation, lighting, animation and sound. Generative design and Avatars. Digital tools and methods of design with manual tools within the design process. Computational design methodologies, visualization, digital fabrication, cost-estimation, scheduling and facility management. Parametric design and Building Information Modeling (BIM). Applications through workshop on digital fabrication.


SCRAP PIPES |Design of outdoor space for ICE CAIRO center The Project being presented is the ‘ice cairo‘ hub outdoor space. The material used is a variety of scrap pipes of diffenet diameters and sizes. The different pipes are made of plastic & Metal. These scrap pipes are widely available in the Egyptian market in construction sites or in scrap markets (wekala). Pipes will be assembled (put together) to form wall particians and various sections of the lanscape including a stage and water. Other pipes will be used to compose various pieces of outdoor furniture .

OVERVIEW

The use of scrap PVC pipes is the domain aspect & concept of this project.Through the compilation of various sizes of the pipes; different diameters & different lengths, various different pieces of furniture can be formed to serve the users of ‘ICE CAIRO‘. Using the pipes only along with the environmental friendly bonding material, the creation of workspaces, exhibition space & stage. Shot of main furniture piece or module with a middle table and two rows seating.

Shot of educational furniture piece with space for tutor and student.

Shot of one of the seating modules or pieces of furniture.

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SCRAP PIPES |Design of outdoor space for ICE CAIRO center WORKSPACE ZONE

RELAXING ZONE

In this zone userd could sit in the pieces of furniture to study or have meetings. They can work individually or in groups. Several of these can be set side by side to fit larger groups.

In this isolated zone the users can enjoy these individual stations/ pieces of furniture to relax, think or work quietly . The units can be joined together to occupy several users altogether.

EXHIBITION ZONE

TUTORING ZONE

In this zone pieces are set such that users of the space can hang their posters on a sheet of acrylic placed on the artistic screen of tubes. Users can also place tables in front of them and insert their physical models of various forms.

In this zone pieces of furniture in which a tutoring process can take place. The piece contains a side with seating for the users & a side with a white board where the teacher or tutor can teach & illustrate.

STAGE ZONE

In this zone a stage that is elevated from the ground is formed from tubes stuck side by side. A screen of plexiglass is placed on the tubes creating a flat surface. The stage could be used in various events.

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Above : Human eye view of relaxation zone whith Ice cairo and skyline across the rivernile . Above right: Shot of exhibition zone created using pipes. Below right: Shot of stage area located infront of exhibition area. Stage/platform is created using pipes with translucent acrylic plates/sheets above.


SCRAP PIPES |Design of outdoor space for ICE CAIRO center

3D physical model produced using compressed cardboard material cut by use of laser cutter

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CAIRO EXPO 2030EARTH REVERSING THE EQUATION: DOWN TO EARTH

AENG 454| DR. AMR ABDELKAWI

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO IV

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Studio on the Art of Structure and Technology. This studio’s primary objective is to link the two basic components of architecture- art and engineering. Based on a firm understanding of structural systems and their appropriate application to architectural design, projects will be designed to incorporate both aesthetic beauty and structural thinking. The influence of technology in the form of new materials and methods will be examined through their design potential. Three-Dimensional manual and digital models will play an essential role in the design development processes of this studio.


DESIGN IV|Design of Earth division in Cairo Expo 2030 Cairo Expo 2030 - Dichotomy of Humans & Earth The Cairo Expo 2030 is a project that aims to explore the Human Earth dichotomy. The project intends to raise awarness and generate a statement to the visitors about our relationships as humans towards our mother earth addressing several aspects and directions. The project consists of six different divisions, each of which entitles an aspect within the dichotomy; Humans, Earth, Water, Energy, Raw materials and Air. The division being to be presented is the ‘Earth’ division.

RESEARCH OUTCOMES

After conducting an extensive amount of research it has been concluded that the Human & Earth dichotomy could be tore down into a number of different phases where humans understanding and attitude has alternated towards mother Earth along with time. Observations showed that it all initiated by having both Humans and Earth living in harmony; where simplicity and survival altogether entitled the scenery. Later on in time, Humans attention started bit by bit to neglect the Earth and strive to explore and achieve the very purpose achieving standards of living through the means of invention. Time after time humans attachment to advancement has grown and has led them to harm Earth . Harming Earth and neglecting its well being and presevation does not only mean harm for the place we live in; it means harm to us. It is at this point that some people have come to realize their effect on Earth and started to strive to re adjust our attitude as mankind to re shift our focus back to earth and reverse the equation we have created.

HUMANS + EARTH ==> TECHNOLOGY HUMANS + TECHNOLOGY ==> EARTH

REVERSING THE EQUATION; DOWN TO EARTH In order for the building to convey the statement, it had to express to the visitor a uniform language of structure that would strike them with different emotions. The composition of the frame and folds had to be used in order to show two different entities in the building that complement each other: - In the first entity, the visitor experiences a fascination by everything related to the interior of the building, thus he is secluded from the outdoor nature. - In the second one, he is walking over the structure, mainly exposed and preoccupied by the beauty of the nature around him, more specifically, how the structure itself is used to beautify the nature around it. The key element of reversal being expressed on both the PHYSICAL and EXPERIENTIAL level.

PHYSICAL

Expo displays clear reversal through the literal reversal of the frame structure (from above you to under you) that work in parallel with the folds (from sharp edges to smooth edges, accentuating the blend with the surroundings) Folds of different sizes and different intensities of exposure to the surrounding landscape are the main language components that express the nature of various spaces of the project.

EXPERIENTIAL

Spaces of the expo are created based on the various stages of the human dichotomy with Earth. The building being in place of technology. -Harmony -Neglect -Attachment -Realization -Reversal -Shifting interest

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DESIGN IV|Design of Earth division in Cairo Expo 2030 PLANS

Basement floor (Choice of countries)

Countries are selected based on cross-correlation study of top technological ranking in 2012 and epi ranking of 2012 (environmental ranking) as these are the countries that prove most interested and able to influence true change of our statement; shifting interest to Earth. Various designs of interiors distinguish between different countries based on their nature and character.

Ground floor

STRUCTURAL DETAILS

Scale 1:10

THEME Earth "Reversing the equation: Down to Earth"

TEAM MEMBERS - Layla Sabry - Moaz Mohamed - Mona Serag

PROJECT Cairo Expo 2030

TUTORS Dr. Amr Abdel Kawi Ramy Bakir Ahmad Borham

DEPARTMENT OF CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING AENG 454 Architectural Design Studio 4

A5.02

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Details

DEPA A AENG

A


DESIGN IV|Design of Earth division in Cairo Expo 2030

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Capturing the pure essence Briefing:

Capturing the pure Capturing the essence pure essence

Costa Rica is a land that purely reflects the beauty of nature and dominance of mother earth over humans. It is a land where extreme and constantly changing topography almost always provides visitors with infinite views. It is a land of exploration and adventure due to its vast size and differing unique spaces. Costa Rica's main elements that compose its beauty are mountains, greenery, waterfalls, lakes, ocean and finally its tropical weather.

Briefing:

Briefing:

Costa Rica is a land that purely reflects the beauty of nature and dominance of mother earth over humans. It is a land where extreme and constantly changing topography almost always provides visitors with infinite views. It is a land of exploration and adventure due to its vast size and differing unique spaces. Costa Rica's main elements that compose its beauty are mountains, greenery, waterfalls, lakes, ocean and finally its tropical weather.

Approach:

Costa Rica is a land that purely reflects the beauty of nature and dominance of mother earth over humans. It is a land whereIn extreme constantly my approachand towards designing thechangCosta Rica section of the Exhibition space, I used the folds being the language of the building to play with ing topography almost always provides visitors with infinite views. It is a land of exploration and adventure due to its vast size andelements differing unique spaces. various in order to portray to the user an experience that reflects Approach: the country's essence. Folds were used to create variation in heights that Costa Rica’s main elements that compose its beauty are mountains, greenery, waterfalls, lakes, ocean and finally its tropicalhighlighted weather. the different zones of the exhibition space while plotting a clear In my approach towards designing the Costa Rica section of the Exhibition main circulatory path. The play in heights also helped create a mountainous space, I used the folds being the language of the building to play with Approach: effect similar to the one in Costa Rica where one could always view spaces various elements in order to portray to the user an experience that reflects Inthe mycountry's approach towards Costa Ricathat section of the Exhibition space, I used the folds being the language of the building to play with various of different heights from one point due to extreme existence of essence. Folds weredesigning used to createthe variation in heights topography, mountains and negative spaces in Costa Rica. Folds were also highlighted the different zones of the exhibition space while plotting a clear elements in order to portray to the user an experience that reflects the country’s essence. Folds were used to create variation in heights that highlighted used to create all the different physical elements in the country such as the main circulatory path. The play in heights also helped create a mountainous the dining tables of the restaurant and display cabinets. On the Restaurant & Cafe effect similar to the one inof Costa where one space could always view plotting spaces the different zones theRica exhibition while a clear main circulatory path. The play in heights also helped createwaterfall, a mountainous effect similar to other hand the folds also serve throughout the country as an informal of different heights from one point due to extreme existence of seating zone. In terms of function, the exhibition space is divided into three topography, mountains and negative spaces in Costa Rica. Folds were also the one in Costa Rica where one could always view spaces of different heights from one point due to extreme existence of topography, mountains and sectors placed along a main pathway that enables you with the use of folds used to create all the different physical elements in the country such as the towaterfall, enter and exit any dining of the spaces at various points giving you the negative spaces in Costa Rica. Folds were alsoOnused the tables of the waterfall, the dining tables of the restaurant and display cabinets. the to create all the different physical elements in the country such as the complete freedom to explore the space you want. However, the main other hand the folds also serve throughout the country as an informal restaurant and display cabinets. On the other hand the folds also serve throughout the country as an informal seating zone.sequence In terms function, the exhibiis asof follows: seating zone. In terms of function, the exhibition space is divided into three sectors placedisalong a main pathway that enables you with the use along of folds a main pathway that enables you with the use of folds to enter and exit- any Reception & Touristic sector tion space divided into three sectors placed of the spaces at various to enter and exit any of the spaces at various points giving you the - Exhibition & gift shop complete freedom to explore the space you want. However, the main points giving you the complete freedom to explore the space you want. However, the main sequence is as follows: - Restaurant & Cafe sequence is as follows: - - ReceptionReception & Touristic sector Features such as the waterfall, the trees, the ropes and the evaporative & Touristic sector cooling fans are main components in portraying Costa Rica. - - Exhibition Exhibition & gift shop & gift shop Exit Restaurant & Cafe - Restaurant & Cafe Features such as the waterfall, the trees, the ropes and the evaporative Features ascomponents the waterfall, the Costa trees, the ropes and the evaporative cooling fans are main components in portraying Costa Rica. cooling fanssuch are main in portraying Rica.

Restaurant & Cafe

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Inspirations

Section Waterfall & Bridge

Bridge gives a strong essence of Costa Rica since it is a common element found in their mountains Gift shop and hills. The bridge is made of ropes and wood and passes over a small basin of water (lake).

Trees are placed in pots created from folds blending into the ground. The trees give the essence of Costa Rica along with the ropes creating a connection between trees in different zones of the country.

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Waterfall & Bridge

Gift shop

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t os

ca

Ri

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ca Ri

Restaurant and dining area composed of chairs and tables made of folds. While chairs are movable, tables are formed from folds coming out of the flooring. Tables give impression that you are part of the building as it occupies you.

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Evaporative cooling fans fixed to folds giving the whole space a tropical feel in the weather.

Waterfall gives an indication of the spirit of Costa Rica giving not only a visual connection but also a sound 0 .0 and atmospheric connection. -2

Cinema 0

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Folds create the screen of the cinema observed by the users sitting on the folds consisting seating area. 0

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Folds create the transition zone between different heights located in the space. The folds could be used for different purposes Reception being either seating or walking area. Folds create the display cabinets in which products of various natures are being displayed. Cabinets are partially composed of glass.

Display area

Section A-A

Folds create the seating area in form of steps for observers to lay back and watch videos on the great screen displaying footage of Costa Rica.

Reception

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Rendersofvariousperspectives

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Physical model

Birds eye view of folded structure with space frame transluscent spine interplay.

Shot from bridge displaying the platf

Shot of lake and first phase of expo initiating with plain space frame structure.

Shot frominside the plain space fram


forms in which outdoor performances and events would be housed.

me structure at the beginning of the project.

Birds eye view of court area with the stepped seating arrangement and various platforms to house different events and activities.

Space frame after transforming from an enclosing structure above users to become the bridge they walk along.

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THE GATEWAY LIBRARY RENOVATION OF EXISTING NDP BUILDING

AENG 455| DR. CHRISTIAN BAURIEDEL

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO V

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Studio on the Art of Structure and Technology. This studio’s primary objective is to link the two basic components of architecture- art and engineering. Based on a firm understanding of structural systems and their appropriate application to architectural design, projects will be designed to incorporate both aesthetic beauty and structural thinking. The influence of technology in the form of new materials and methods will be examined through their design potential. Three-Dimensional manual and digital models will play an essential role in the design development processes of this studio.


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

DESIGN V|The Gateway Library. Re-Design of NDP building. EXISTING BUILDING

The launch of a blazing future from the heart of the dusk past.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

The existing building lies in the NDP building in downtown Cairo at the Kournish. The building is at a very influential and important area of downtown as it is located beside the Cairo Museum, Tahrir square, 6th of October bridge and finally infront of the river Nile. The building is of great historical value as it is the location of the mainformer ruling egyptian democratic party led by all Egypts former presidents. Its importance has grown after the glorious egyptian revolution as it had been subject of attack and a main cause of the revolution in the first place. This is why this building should be preserved in order to tell a story.

PROPOSED MAIN ELEVATION PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

BRIEFING

PAST VS. FUTURE The library is created to emerge from the core of the old existing building. The luminous curtain walls and high tech screen along with the dynamic form moving out of the existing building give clear indication that the existing old ndp building is nothing but a shell that the library has been trapped into and is finallyemerging from its core to become the dominant component. The remaining parts of the NDP facade will remain preserved with their present condition (burnt & partially destroyed).

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DESIGN V|The Gateway Library. Re-Design of NDP building. BREAKING THE BARRIERS

PLANS

The goal of breaking the boundaries and creating connections on several different levels is amongst the main goals of the project.

Seventh floor

PERSONAL (HIGH TECH LIBRARY)

PHYSICAL

Library uses cloud networking & servers in order to connect various users of the library. People could assist each other in finding books. Send each other articles and e books, and finally discuss various topics with the common interest of knowledge.

The building is located across the street from the river Nile and from the Cairo museum on the other side. The library is to be directly connected to both in order to serve several functions. - Give locals space to walk and enjoy this beautiful location of cairo (users of current kournish and 6th of october bridge) - Give users of both the library and the museum an opportunety to interact and make use of both the spaces. -Water front activities such as a marina for feloukas & a water based open air theatre are created for people to use since there are no such places along our dear old river nile. The connection will be created by moving the kournish vehicular to the underground (creating a tunnel).

GLOBAL

Fifth floor

Huge High tech screen that displays material designed by everyone. Content could be anything that expresses users thoughts, ides, experiences or feelings to be shared by users with all his fellow egyptial citizens and media. It is an idea that enables a large collection of expressions to be viewed by random people. Other than this the screen could be used for : i. Polls ii. breaking news iii. expressions iv. commercial content

ANALYSIS

Structure

Third floor

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Ground floor

Building structural system is basically a reinforced concrete slab and column system. The old existing column locations are to be preserved although a number of columns are to be eliminated to give a more flexible space for use. New allocation of columns create a grid of 5.5m x 8.5m which are good spans to flexibly design spaces of various natures.

Vertical circulation There are three different types of vertical cirulation that enable the users to move from one floor to another. There are the existing staircases and escalators on both sides of the building that will be preserved from the existing building alongside the escalators that are placed in the center open space that add a sense of exploration and connect the different slabs together.

Horizontal circulation All spaces of the same level are connected through a rotating 1.2m slab alongside the elevation walls of the building. The slab allows the users to access the services and the buildings main circulation zones. They also allow the users to experience various views of the buildings interior overlaying slabs.

Services Services are located at the side of the buildings in excluded zones that do not cross the experience of the library itself. Services include bathrooms, kitchens, storage rooms...etc


DESIGN V|The Gateway Library. Re-Design of NDP building. ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS AND DETAILS

LAYOUT

Shots of Main Elevation Key

1 Main Plaza 2 Expression center 3 Outdoor Seating 4 Outdoor Cafe extension 5 Entrance 6 Restaurant Roof top 7 Intermediate Balcony w/ Museum 8 Reading Area 9 Nile Performance Stage 10 Felouka Marina 11 Park (Picnic Area)

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REDEFINING THE OUTDOOR DESIGN IN DOWNTOWN CAIRO

AENG 456| DR. BASIL KAMEL

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO VI

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Studio on design in critical Settings- Designing in Historical Contexts. A critical review of works, theories, and polemics in modern architecture. Case studies of buildings within urban settings will be the focus, with an emphasis on adaptive reuse, historic preservation, urban and landscape design practices. Within the context of a historical survey, students will develop a framework to assess and design for contemporary issues in architecture.


Site location and Brief

DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

The American University in The CairoA Dep. of Architectural Engineering Dep. o AENG 456 | Architectural design AENG studio 456 | Ar VI Presented to: Dr. Basil KamelP By: Alaa, Hassan, Mazen, Moaz By: & Alaa, Sherif Ha

(Invert)

the east, Meret basha north and Meret basha street is afrom mainthe collector one Tahrirroad square fromout theofwest. way leading Tahrir square. The road is Double loaded with residential buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However some newer areanafound The assigned block of buildings to and to the context.block delyze were is theadded residential building fine by Mohamed Mahmoud street from the south, Youssef El Gendy street from the east, Meret basha from the north and Tahrir square from the west.

Site location and Brief Tahrir Square

Tahrir Square Mohamed Mahmoud

The assigned block of buildings to analyze is the residential building block define by Mohamed Mahmoud street from the south, Youssef El Gendy street from the east, Meret basha from the north and Tahrir square from the west.

Solid Vs. Void Vegetation

Skyline

Youssef El Gendy Meret streetstreet is a main collector one Youssefbasha El Gendy connects Meret way road leading out of Tahrir square. Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street.The road is Double loaded with residential The Street is loaded with residential buildbuildings, thewhile buildings on this ings on themost westofside the southern street date backAUC to the 1930s and 1940s. east side it the greek campus. The Youssef El Gendy Meret Basha However buildings are found plot lyingsome at thenewer intersection of Youssef Mohamed Mahmoud Tahrir square and were added to the context. El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad adds potential to the street Meret Basha composition. Meret basha street is a main collector one way road leading out of Tahrir square. The road is Double loaded with residential buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However some newer buildings are found and were added to the context. Youssef El Gendy Youssef El Gendy street connects Meret Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street. The Street is loaded with residential buildings on the west side while the southern east side it the AUC greek campus. The plot lying at the intersection of Youssef Mohamed Mahmoud El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector empty plot ad adds potential to the street road leading into tahrir square. It is loadYoussef El Gendy composition. ed with residential buildings on the north Youssef El Gendy street connects Meret side and on the southern side it gains Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street. access to the AUC old campus and Lycee The Street is loaded with residential buildFrancais school. ings on the west side while the southern east side it the AUC greek campus. The plot lying at the intersection of Youssef El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad adds potential to the street composition.

Skyline Datum

1980-1989 1965 - 1979 1940-1964 Pre 1940

Skyline Skyline Datum

Skyline datum Era of building Rhythm & modules Skyline Datum 1980-1989 Uni-element 1965 - 1979 Through Element

85.0000

175.4688

131.8881

1940-1964 Base Entrance

Pre 1940 Transitional

Era of building Shadow analysis Ratio & proportions

85.0000

85.0000

Post 1990 1980-1989 1965 - 1979 131.8881

1940-1964

131.8881

175.4688

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector road leading into tahrir square. It is loaded with residential buildings on the north side and on the southern side it gains access to the AUC old campus and Lycee Francais school.

175.4688

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector road leading into tahrir square. It is loaded with residential buildings on the north side and on the southern side it gains Tahrir square access thethe AUC oldsquare campusis and Locatedtoon tahrir two Lycee resiFrancaisbuildings school. one is new and the other dential dates back to the 1930s. 131.8881

Pre 1940

131.8881

Rhythm & modules Shadow analysis Openings proportions

85.0000

85.0000

Poly-element Uni-element Through Element

85.0000

85.0000

Base 175.4688

131.8881

175.4688

131.8881

175.4688

Entrance

Rhythm & modules Ratio & Datum proportions lines Uni-element Roof ThroughEntrance Element

85.0000

175.4688

Base Entrance

Transitional Cornice

Ratio & proportions Openings

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector road leading into tahrir square. It is loaded with residential buildings on the north side and on the southern side it gains access to the AUC old campus and Lycee Francais school. 131.8881

175.4688

Poly-element Body elements

85.0000

175.4688

Transitional

ns Analysis

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector road leading into tahrir square. It is loaded with residential buildings on the north side and on the southern side it gains access to the AUC old campus and Lycee Francais school.

Skyline Skyline Skyline Datum

Era of building Skyline datum Post 1990 Skyline

Youssef El Gendy street connects Meret Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street. The Street is loaded with residential buildings on the west side while the southern east side it the AUC greek campus. The plot lying at the intersection of Youssef El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad adds potential to the street composition.

Skyline Post 1990 Poly-element

131.8881

SkylineSkyline datum

Youssef El Gendy Youssef El Gendy street connects Meret Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street. The Street is loaded with residential buildings on the west side while the southern east side it the AUC greek campus. The plot lying at the intersection of Youssef El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad adds potential to the street composition. Youssef El Gendy

Skyline Skylineanalysis datum Shadow

175.4688

131.8881

Skyline Solid Vs. Void Skyline (Invert)

Meret Basha Meret basha street is a main collector one way road leading out of Tahrir square. The road is Double loaded with residential buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However some newer buildings are found and were added to the context.

Solid Vs. Void Skyline Era of building (Invert) Skyline Post 1990

85.0000

Solid Solid Vs. Vs. Void Void (Invert)

way road leading out of Tahrir square. The road is Double loaded with residential buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However some newer buildings are found Youssef El Gendy Meret Basha and were added to the context. Mohamed Mahmoud Tahrir square

(Invert)

Skyline

131.8881

Context Analysis of Mohamed Mahmoud street

BRIEFING Vegetation Solid Vs. Void Skyline Our task was to conduct extensive analysis on the existing urban fabric and architectural languages of Downtown Cairo; Mohamed Mahmoud Street to be more specific. Upon Youssef El Gendy Basha the process of analysis a proposal for additional residential buildings was to be proposed Meret Mohamed Mahmoud Tahrir square Youssef El Gendy Meret Basha with the intention of proposing a blending and a contrasting alternative to fit within the Mohamed Mahmoud Tahrir square Meret Basha existing context. The allocated location for my project is indicated by the thecollector one Meretgrey bashastrip street on is a main Solid Vs. Void Skyline datum Meret Basha

85.0000

175.4688

1980-1989 Skyline Datum 1965 - 1979 1940-1964 Pre 1940

Shadow analysis Era of building Post 1990 1980-1989 1965 - 1979 1940-1964 Pre 1940

Rhythm & modules Shadow analysis Poly-element Uni-element Through Element Base Entrance

Transitional

Ratio & proportions Rhythm & modules Poly-element Uni-element Through Element Base Entrance

Transitional

Openings proportions Ratio & proportions

29


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

“The interlace of the past and the present� The use of layering and expansion to incorporate sidewalk into the building experience. The expression of modern techniques is elaborated through the placement of the ismalic pattern over the layer of glass. The creation of roofgardens on each floor is of an environmental and aesthetical value.

30


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

“Shifting of experience to the modern age of design� The language of layering, change in direction and integration of street within the facade by the abstract linear element create a memorable experience for both resident and street user. In addition to the integration of solar panels and greenery within the elevation giving the building an environmental aspect.

31


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

REDEFINING the OUTDOOR Alaa Khalil | Hassan Safwat | Mazen Abouzeid | Moaz Sameh | Sherif Goubran

AUC Educational Hospital - Downtown Cairo Design 6 - 2013

For long has the image of hospitals and medical care in Egypt been perceived by users as dull, mechanical, contained and isolated spaces that promote and increase user’s tension and stress. This is due to the heavy procedures, requirements and measurements that are implemented to preserve and maintain the highest levels of hygiene and functionality that accompany the process of treatment and healing. In addition to the dominating phenomena of building to the fullest of allowable space to attain highest revenue while neglecting the user experience component and how it may reflect on their conditions. Today, with the development of architectural techniques and development of science a lot of doors have been opened and explored in an attempt to redefine and develop the standards of spaces to better fit and satisfy the human needs. In fact, recent studies have proven that the atmosphere in which a patient is allocated could have a recognizable impact on their recovery and response to treatment and medication. It is truly essential that a hospital which is a space of healing to provide a place that reflects openness, hope and a comfortable environment for its users in order to fulfil its potentials and provide better performance. Hospitals in Egypt could be generally characterized as enclosed, dull and overwhelming and this is why it is found essential to accommodate and imbed outdoor spaces within the entity of hospitals in a clear attempt of ‘redefining the outdoor’.

32

Observing the plot of the project and the nature of the context it lies within, it could be verified that the building is part of a densely developed and occupied zone. The plot located in downtown Cairo is aimed to serve a high occupancy load of users in an environment that is subtle, sensitive and imperative. In order to achieve the acquired environment, a wise treatment was approached in order to overcome the challenge of providing a suppressed zone of comfort and functionality in a relatively small area and harsh environment. Observing the calculations and space program formulated, it was concluded that the acquired FAR for the hospital was 6. Given the plot dimensions, it was decided to break the plot to several planes that would then rise vertically and interplay with one another in a manner that defined outdoor spaces embedded within the building core on different levels. This interplay has created a continuous language and experience for users of the hospital providing them with spaces that would break the tensioned and overwhelming atmosphere exerting continuous pressure; patients could restore their spirit and grasp an opportunity to have a break from their depressing moods.

Concept | Generation & illustration

In this task , the design of a general hospital to take place in the piece of land neighboring the AUC downtown campus is required.

In the process of dividing the plot and zoning the different allocations of departments and units, a clear approach and concept of treatment was developed to provide a logical and functional design component. The concept lied in the distribution of the zones of reduced severity such as the educational, administrative and recreational towards the outer shell of the building mass while preserving and positioning the therapeutical and diagnostic zones in the heart and core of the building mass forming a protected ‘nucleus’. The zones are designed to overlook the open spaces and to be sheltered from the harsh contextual chaotic environment of downtown Cairo.

Underground Level 1 1:250

The illustration shows the idea on the centralization of the nucleus for its protection by creating buffer zones for its access.


ve .

In the process of dividing the plot and zoning the different allocations of departments and units, a clear approach and concept of treatment was developed to provide a logical and functional design component. The concept lied in the distribution of the zones of reduced severity such as the educational, administrative and recreational towards the outer shell of the building mass while preserving and positioning the therapeutical and diagnostic zones in the heart and core of the building mass forming a protected ‘nucleus’. The zones are designed to overlook the open spaces and to be sheltered from the harsh contextual chaotic environment of downtown Cairo.

protection Observing by creating for and thebuffer plot ofzones the project its access.the nature of the context it lies within, it could be verified that the building is part of a densely developed and occupied zone. The plot located in downtown Cairo is aimed to serve a high occupancy load of users in an environment that is subtle, sensitive and imperative. In order to achieve AUC Educational Hospital - Downtown Cairo the acquired environment, a wise Alaa Khalil | Hassan Safwat | Mazen Abouzeid | Moaz Sameh | Sherif Goubran Design 6 - 2013 treatment was approached in order to overcome the challenge of providing For long has the image of hospitals and medical care in Egypt been perceived by users asadull, mechanical, contained isolatedand spaces that promote suppressed zone of and comfort and increase user’s tension and stress. This is due to the heavy procedures, requirements and measurements that are implemented to preserve and maintain the highest levels of hygiene and functionality that accompany the process of treatment and healing. Inrelatively addition to the dominating functionality in a small area phenomena of building to the fullest of allowable space to attain highest revenue while neglecting the user experience component and how it may reflect on their conditions. Today, with the development of architectural techniques and development of science a lot of doors have been opened and explored in and harsh environment. Observing an attempt to redefine and develop the standards of spaces to better fit and satisfy the human needs. In fact, recent studies have proven that the atmosphere in which a patient is allocated could have a recognizable impact on their recovery and responseand to treatment medication. It is truly the calculations space and program essential that a hospital which is a space of healing to provide a place that reflects openness, hope and a comfortable environment for its users in order to fulfil its potentials and provide better performance. Hospitals in Egypt could be generally characterized as enclosed, dull and and formulated, it was concluded thatoverwhelming the this is why it is found essential to accommodate and imbed outdoor spaces within the entity of hospitals in a clear attempt of ‘redefining the outdoor’. acquired FAR for the hospital was In the process of dividing the plot 6. Given the plot dimensions, it was Observing the plot of the project and and zoning the different allocations the nature of the context it lies within, decided to break the plot to several of departments and units, a clear it could be verified that the building approach and concept of treatment planes that would then rise vertically is part of a densely developed and was developed to provide a logical occupied zone. The plot located in and functional designin component. and interplay with one another a downtown Cairo is aimed to serve a The concept lied in the distribution of high occupancy load of users in an Inpatient & Nursing manner that defined spaces the outdoor zones of reduced severity such as

DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

REDEFINING the OUTDOOR

environment that is subtle, sensitive and imperative. In order to achieve the acquired environment, a wise treatment was approached in order to overcome the challenge of providing a suppressed zone of comfort and functionality in a relatively small area and harsh environment. Observing the calculations and space program formulated, it was concluded that the acquired FAR for the hospital was 6. Given the plot dimensions, it was decided to break the plot to several planes that would then rise vertically and interplay with one another in a manner that defined outdoor spaces embedded within the building core on different levels. This interplay has created a continuous language and experience for users of the hospital providing them with spaces that would break the tensioned and overwhelming atmosphere exerting continuous pressure; patients could restore their spirit and grasp an opportunity to have a break from their depressing moods.

the educational, administrative and embedded within the building core recreational towards the outer shell the building mass while preserving on different levels. ofThis interplay has and positioning the therapeutical and created a continuous language diagnostic zones in theand heart and core of the building mass forming a experience for users of the hospital protected ‘nucleus’. The zones are to overlook the open spaces providing them withdesigned spaces that would and4% to be sheltered from the harsh contextual chaotic environment of break the tensioned and overwhelming 12% downtown Cairo.17% atmosphere exerting continuous pressure; patients could restore their 6% 8% spirit 2% and grasp an opportunity to have a break 2% from their depressing moods.

2%

Concept | Generation & illustration

2%

2% 2% 4% 12%

2%

Zoning Development

Zoning Development

12%

2%

17%

6%

8%

2% 2%

12%

2%

4%

9%

1%

Underground Level 1 Surgery/PACU/ICU 1:250

Operation Support Services

17%

4%

8%

6% Services

General Services

Emergency

Lobby Retails and Anenity

Diagnosis & Treatment

8%

1%

Diagnosis & Treatment

The illustration shows the idea on the centralization of the nucleus for its Outpatient protection by creating buffer zones for its access.Clinical Support

6%

2% 2%

Inpatient & Nursing 9%

Surgery/PACU/ICU

Outpatient

Operation Support Services

4% 8% 6% Clinical Support Services

Underground Training & Education 1:250

2%

2%

12%

6%

8%

4%

Emergency

Lobby Retails and Anenity

Diagnosis & Treatment

Training & Education

Surgery/PACU/ICU Inpatient & Nursing

Operation Support Services General Services 4% 12%

Training & Education

2%

Clinical Support Services 17%

6%

Plan Development

Inpatient & Nursing

2%

Outpatient

2% 12%

2% 2% 2%

4% 12%

Process| Development & Ideas

Plan Development

12%

2%

17%

8%

2% 2%

17%

9%

1%

2%

2%

12%

6%

8%

4%

Diagnosis & Treatment

Inpatient & Nursing 9%

Surgery/PACU/ICU

Outpatient

Operation Support Services

4% 8% 6% Clinical Support Services

4%

Surgery/PACU/ICU Operation Support Services

4% 12%

General Services Lobby Retails and Anenity

Underground Training & Education 1:250

Level 1

2%

General Services

Emergency

Lobby Retails and Anenity

Diagnosis & Treatment

Training & Education

Operation Support Services General Services

Clinical Support Services 17%

6%

9%

2% 2%

Lobby Retails and Anenity Training & Education

12%

2%

6%

Diagnosis & Treatment Surgery/PACU/ICU

Inpatient & Nursing

1%

Underground Levels | Services & Parking

Emergency 8%

2% 2%

Surgery/PACU/ICU

Calculations| Program & Requirments 2%

8% Clinical Support 6% Services

Outpatient

Diagnosis & Treatment

Emergency 8%

2%

6%

12%

2%

4%

6%

1% 2%

9%

1%

Inpatient & Nursing

Emergency 8%

2% 2%

2%

Underground Levels | Services & Parking

Outpatient

Lobby Retails and Anenity

Elevation Development

Level 1

General Services

Calculations| Program & Requirments 2%

The illustration shows the idea on the centralization of the nucleus for its protection by creating buffer zones for its access.

Emergency

Inpatient & Nursing

1%

12%

Clinical Support Services

9%

Concept | Generation & illustration 2% 2%

Underground Level 1 1:250

Outpatient

Outpatient

12%

2%

4%

17%

8% Clinical Support 6% Services

4%

Operation Support Services General Services

Emergency 8%

Diagnosis & Treatment

Lobby Retails and Anenity

33


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo Floor Plans | Ground to Roof Floors Contextual Ground Floor 1:200

Youssef El-Gindy Street

Inpatient Wards

Circulation Cores

Outpatient Therapeutics

Services Supports

Doctors Nurses

Educational Administration

Emergency Critical Care

Entrance Lobbies

Diagnostic Treatment

Food Recreation

2

Mo

2

d Ma hama

hmou

1 3 4

Youssef El-Gindy Street Floor Plans | Ground to Roof Floors

34

Diagnostic Treatment

Entrance Lobbies

Emergency Critical Care

Educational Administration

Doctors Nurses

Services Supports

Outpatient Therapeutics

Circulation Cores

Inpatient Wards

eet

Contextual Ground Floor 1:200

Food Recreation

ud Str

ahmo

1

Sheikh Rihan Street

d Stre

3

mad M

Moha

Sheikh Rihan Street

et

4


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo Fourth Floor level 1:200

Roof Layout 1:250 Third First Floor level 1:200 1:200

Fifth ThirdFloor Floorlevel level 1:200 1:200

Fourth Floor level 1:200 Third Floor level 1:200

Fifth Floor level 1:200 Roof Layout 1:250

Roof Layout 1:250 Fourth Floor level 1:200 Fifth Floor level Third Floor level 1:200 1:200

Fourth Second Floor Floor level level 1:200 1:200 Third First Floor level 1:200 1:200

Third Floor level 1:200

Fifth Floor level 1:200

Sheikh Rihan Street

First Floor level 1:200

Second Floor level 1:200 First Floor level 1:200

Second Floor level 1:200 First Floor level 1:200

Sheikh Rihan Street

Second Floor level 1:200

First Floor level 1:200

35 Second Floor level 1:200

Third Floor level 1:200

Fourth Floor level Second Floor level 1:200 1:200

Fifth Floor level 1:200

Roof Layout 1:250 Fourth Floor level 1:200


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

Layout of project displays the blending of language and geometries of the project to the existing urban fabric. The context of downtown Cairo posseses and identifies a unified style of massing and treatment to outdoor areas.

36

Floor Plans


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

Entrance & Atrium

Food & Recreational

Inpatient

Main Anchor Points:

Functional Access Points:

The main points of connections between the site the context are the 2 main axis roads: Sheikh Rihan leading from Tahrir Square into downtown a & Mohamad Mahmoud Street Leading from within the Downtown Area to Tahrir Square.

A large number of access points are located within the surrounding of the building: 1- Underground Garage exit. 2- Staff & pharmacy entrances. 3- Underground Garage entrance. 4- Outpatient Clinics entrance. 5- Egress Exit for main emergency core. 6- Emergency & ambulance ramp. 7- Helipad for Emergency cases. 8- Main court and access into the AUC campus. 9- Visitors Underground Garage entrance. 10- Main hospital Entrance.

Context Functional Analysis:

Pedestrian Access Points:

The building is surrounded by two main functions in the neighbouring structures: Educational activities taking place on the AUC main downtown campus as well as residential and mixed use (residential, commercial and administrative) functions taking place in the historic or modern buildings located in the surrounding.

The main pedestrian access points are located on all roads, with an even distribution putting in consideration traffic, street density & directionality. The Pedestrian access points to building are distributed to meet egress conditions requirements as well the segregation of various user groups of the hospital.

Treatment & Diagnosis

Mixed Use

Educational, Research & Administration

Outpatient

Studies| Zoning & Connections

Educational

Emergency & Critical Care

Surrounding Streets Directions:

Vehicular Access Points:

All streets surrounding the site are one directional in relation to traffic

The vehicular access to the building is restricted to two main entrances to the Underground garage levels with one main outlet on the side road. This distribution helps in the limitation of traffic congestions. The emergency entrance area is located at the first access point to the site from the main square of Cairo to facilitate and speed the emergency access of ambulances and visitors.

Vertical & Horizontal Circulation

Studies| Zoning & Connections

37


The American University in Cairo DD m m Dep. of Architectural Engineering HH M M M M AENG 456 | Architectural design studio VI Presented to: Dr. Basil Kamel By: Alaa, Hassan, Mazen, Moaz & Sherif

The TheAmerican AmericanUniversity UniversityininCairo Cairo Dep. Dep.ofofArchitectural ArchitecturalEngineering Engineering AENG AENG456 456 | | Architectural Architecturaldesign designstudio studioVIVI Presented Presentedto: to:Dr. Dr.Basil BasilKamel Kamel By: By:Alaa, Alaa,Hassan, Hassan,Mazen, Mazen,Moaz Moaz&&Sherif Sherif m m UU DD NG NG DD m m HH M M M M

DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo Site e Site oca e Brief S e and ocaBrief onS and B location eon and Band Site location location and Brief

Tahrir SquaSquare e Tah SquaTah e Tahrir Tahrir Square Square

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud

Youssef Gendy Yousse E Gendy Youssef El ElYousse Gendy E Gendy Youssef El Gendy

only old .. only old vegetation vegetation are are placed placed in in old old positions positions . only old street. to street. it it is is apparent apparent due due to to their their closeness closeness street. to th th i of of the the road. road. the the trees trees are are old old and and are are mostly mostly of theof ofr cas type. they vary in height mainly. cas type. they vary in height mainly. cas m m typ

a on a on Vege Vegetation

NG NG

DD

m m

UU

The The assigned assigned block block of of buildings buildings to to anaana- The assigned block of buildings to analyze lyze is is the the residential residential building building block block dede-lyze is the residential building block define by by Mohamed Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud street from M bym mMohamed Mm m Mahmoud street m from M mstreet M from m fine mm M M m fine M m M m Vegetation Vege the m G m G El GendyVegetation m from the south, south, Youssef Youssef El El Gendy Gendy street street from from G the south, Youssef mG street the M m M m M east, Meret basha m from the north and the east, east, Meret Meret basha basha from from M the the north north and and m the Tahrir square from the west. m w m w m from w the west. Tahrir square from the west. m w Tahrir square

Youssef Youssef El El Gendy Gendy Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud M Mohamed M

Meret M Meret Basha Basha Youssef M El Gendy Tahrir square M m M M m M m Mohamed M m m Mahmoud M Tahrir m square

m m

the solid of 42% vo .. the solid and and void void shows shows an an average averagew w of 42%soli vo . the average. m w average. but but we we see see that that the thew wmodern modern buildings buildings average mw mood almo m m m with mood guindi guindi are are m higher higher in in void void ratio ratio with mood almog void and m void on on average average (for (for modern modern buildings) buildings) m void and th th on buildings 31% w m buildings are are more more enclosed enclosedm mwith with about aboutbuildin 31% wo om age age of of historic historic buildings. buildings. age of h

Solid V VoVs. d Void So d V Vo d So d Solid Solid Vs. Vs. Void Void

M M

Meret Basha Tahrir square

Solid So Meret M Solid Vs. Vs. Void Void M Meret Basha Basha M M Meret Basha Meret one (Invert) M m M M m m is a main collector Meret basha basha street street M is is aa main main collector collector m one Meret basha street one (Invert) way road road leading leading out of of Tahrir Tahrir square. square. The w w out w way w The way road leading out of Tahrir square. The road w w D w road is is Double Double loaded loadedD Dwith with residential residential wD road is Double loaded with residential buildings, on m m m buildings, most most of of the the buildings buildings m on this this buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. street date back to the 1930s and 1940s.street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However are H m w w m w H wfound m some w newer buildings are found However some someH Hnewer newer w buildings buildings m are ww found However and w w and were added to the context. and were were added added to tow wthe the context. context.

V VoVs. d Void d V Vo d So d Solid nve (Invert) nve

Skyline Skyline Skyline Skyline

of .. Skyline Skyline clearly clearly displays displays variation variation in in height height of th th . Skyline Youssef El You e E G ings the block. There Youssef El Gendy Gendy You eStreet Street E an Gii ings and and facades facades of of the designated designated block. ings There Staff & Pharmacy Entran S a & Pha m consistency if viewing the area from a wide scop w Staffthe & Pharmacy S Entran Pha m consistency if viewing area from w a a& wide consist scop 1:200 buildings), some w w m 1:200 1 200 200 w buildings), however however some consistency consistency w 1 mis is apparen apparen building zooming in to view the skyline of neighboring bu m m w m zoomin zooming in to viewmthe skyline ofwneighboring bu that fra m m see that seem seem to to have have been beenm mbuilt built in in the the same same time time that fra line there are line is is variant variant also also in in terms terms of of material; material;m m there linem m are is va built of built on on the the roofs roofs of of the the buildings buildings made made out out built of wo wo on sometimes Th m m mbuilding. m sometimes steel steel unlike unlike m m mthe the rest rest of of the them building. sometim Th tures w tures are are built built by by poor poor people people who who are are residents residents tures w aro o roofs. roofs. roofs.

Sheikh Street R S E on She h han ee E e a She h R han S ee ee Street Ee e a a Elevation on Sheikh Rihan Rihan She Street hR RElevation Elevation han S SShe ee h E Sheikh e han a on on Rihan Emergency & Eme & en e gen Ou pa en an e Eme gen & Ou Ou pa en En En an anEntrance e Emergency Eme Eme & Outpatient Outpatient gen & &Entrance Entrance Ou pagen Emergency en En En an pa & e Outpatient 1:200 1 1 1 200 200 1:200 1:200 1 200 200

Sky ne Skyline

Sky ne

Skyline

Contextual Placement ex ua P acemen Con ex ua Con P acemen Contextual Placement Contextual Placement

Street || S Design Illusrations eeStreet E|& ons&| Des gnons & us a ons S ee E eva ons Des gn us| aDesign Street Elevations Elevations Design &eva Illusrations Elevations & Illusrations

Site location andSite Brief location and Brief Site location and Site Brief location and Brief The assigned block of buildings The assigned to ana-block of buildings to ana-

The assigned block ofbuilding buildings The assigned to anabuildings to analyze is the residential lyze isblock the residential de-block ofbuilding block delyze by is the residential building lyze street isblock the residential debuildingstreet blockfrom define Mohamed Mahmoud fine by Mohamed from Mahmoud finesouth, by Mohamed finestreet street by Mohamed from streetfrom from the YoussefMahmoud El Gendy the south, from YoussefMahmoud El Gendy street the east, south,Meret Youssef El Gendy the street south, from Youssef El Gendy street from the basha from the the east, north Meret andbasha from the north and the east, Meret basha the the east, north Meret and basha Tahrir square from thefrom west. Tahrir square from thefrom west.the north and Tahrir square from the west. Tahrir square from the west.

Vegetation Vegetation

Solid Vs. Void Solid Vs. Void

Youssef El Gendy Youssef El Gendy Mohamed Mahmoud

Youssef Meret Basha El Gendy Youssef Meret square Basha El Gendy Mohamed Tahrir Mahmoud

Meret Basha Meret square Basha Tahrir

Mohamed Mahmoud

Mohamed Tahrir square Mahmoud

Tahrir square

Solid Vs. Void Meret Basha Meret Basha Solid Vs. Void Meret Basha Meret Basha Meret basha street is a main Meret collector basha one street is a main collector one (Invert) Meret basha streetout is aofmain Meret collector basha one streetout is aofmain collector (Invert) way road leading Tahrir way road square. leading The Tahrir square. one The way leading out ofwith Tahrir way road square. leading The out ofwith Tahrir square. The roadroad is Double loaded road residential is Double loaded residential road is Double with road residential is on Double with residential buildings, mostloaded of the buildings buildings, this mostloaded of the buildings on this buildings, buildings, on1940s. this most this street datemost backof tothe thebuildings 1930s street and date backof tothe thebuildings 1930s andon1940s. street date backnewer to thebuildings 1930s street and date 1940s. backnewer to thebuildings 1930s andare 1940s. However some However are some found found However However aresome found newer and were some addednewer to thebuildings context. and were added to thebuildings context. are found and were added to the context. and were added to the context.

Skyline Skyline

Skyline Skyline

The American University in Cairo Dep. of Architectural Engineering AENG 456 | Architectural design studio VI Presented to: Dr. Basil Kamel By: Alaa, Hassan, Mazen, Moaz & Sherif

The The American American University University in in Cairo Cairo Dep. Dep. of of Architectural Architectural Engineering Engineering AENG AENG 456 456 | Architectural | Architectural design design studio studio VI VI Presented Presented to:to: Dr.Dr. Basil Basil Kamel Kamel By:By: Alaa, Alaa, Hassan, Hassan, Mazen, Mazen, Moaz Moaz & Sherif & Sherif

Skyline datum

da um Sky ne da umSky ne Skyline datum Skyline datum Youssef G G G El Gendy Youssef El El Gendy Gendy G Youssef Skyline Youssef Meret G M G M Skyline G El M Skyline Youssef El El Gendy Gendy street street connects connects G MeretYoussef M Gendy street connects Meret Basha and and Mohamed Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud street. Skyline Datum M andm mMohamed M m m Mahmoud M mstreet. M Basha mM M Basha M m M m street. Skyline Datum Skyline Datum Phenomenology Phenomenology The w w w The Street Street is is loaded loaded with with residential residential wbuildbuildThe Street is loaded with residential buildings w w w w side while the southern ings on on the the west west side side while whilew wthe the southern southern w ings w on the west east m AU AU m campus. The east side side it it the the AUC AUC greek greek campus. campus. AU The The eastm msideAU it the AUC greek plot Diversity. .Conflict.Oriental.Change. Age.Expression W W plot lying lying at at the the intersection intersection of of Youssef Youssef plot lying at the intersection of..Western. YoussefGlobalization. W Diversity.knowledge knowledge Western. Globalization. W SENSES SENSES.Conflict.Oriental.Change. WHistoric. Historic.Age.Expression El G M G w M m M m G w M withm mMohamed M m m Mahmoud is an El Gendy Gendy with with Mohamed Mohamed G wMahmoud Mahmoud M mis is an an El Mw Gendy mM empty m m m street empty plot plot ad ad adds adds m potential potential to to the the street empty plot ad adds potential tobuilding the street Era of E a o bu d ng E a o bu d ng Era ofMohamed building EraYoussef ofElbuilding composition. m GendyYoussef El Gendy Square Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud m composition. composition. m m Tahrir SiteSquare locationTahrir and Brief YoussefMohamed El GendyYoussef El Gendy Tahrir Square Tahrir Square Mohamed Mahmoud Tahrir Mohamed SquareMahmoud Mahmoud The assigned block of buildings to analyze is the residential building block define by Mohamed Mahmoud street from the south, Youssef El Gendy street from the east, Meret basha from the north and Tahrir square from the west.

Vegetation Vegetation

Vegetation

131.8881 131.8881

Solid Vs. Void Solid Vs. Void

131.8881

Solid Vs. Void

Solid Vs. Void Solid Vs. Void (Invert) (Invert)

Youssef El Gendy

Meret Basha

Mohamed Mahmoud

Tahrir square

85.0000 85.0000

Skyline Skyline

1 1

Skyline

175.4688 175.4688

131.8881

131.8881

131.8881

131.8881

85.0000

85.0000

85.0000

175.4688

175.4688

Youssef El Gendy Youssef El Gendy street connects Meret Basha and Mohamed Mahmoud street. The Street is loaded with residential buildings on the west side while the southern east side it the AUC greek campus. The plot lying at the intersection of Youssef El Gendy with Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad adds potential to the street composition.

131.8881 131.8881

Post 1990 Post 1990 1980-1989 1980-1989 1965 - 1979 1965 - 1979 1940-1964 1940-1964 Pre 1940 Pre 1940

signage with contrasting colors arecontrasting apparent. signagethat with Additions units colors thatof areAC apparent. and glass on Additions of balconies AC units are Vehicles andvery glassdull. on balconies and him dull. a interaction are very Vehicles is very seen. The and himmuch a interaction work her different is veryofmuch seen. The 131.8881 elements aredifferent strong and work of her create a variety. Theand light elements are strong posts are prominant create a variety. The and light add a are feelprominant to the street posts and

Skyline

Skyline Datum

add a feel to the street

Symbology: Symbology:

Pre 1940

175.4688

Base Transitional Transitional

Entrance Entrance

Openings proportions Openings proportions Openings proportions Openings proportions

Tahrir square Tahrir square Tahrir square Tahrir square Located on the tahrir square Located is two onresithe tahrir square is two resiLocatedbuildings on the tahrir Located is two onresithe tahrir is two dential one square is new dential and buildings the other one square is new and theresiother dentialback buildings is new dential and buildings theto other is new and the other dates to the one 1930s. dates back the one 1930s. dates back to the 1930s. dates back to the 1930s. 131.8881

131.8881

85.0000

175.4688

The old buildings with theirold style is new and The buildings with interesting, availabiltheir style isthe new and ity of the news in interesting, the stands availabilthe of street that are dynamity the news stands in ic and thatthat additional to the street are dynamthe tweet adds ic and thatstructure additional to an experience to theadds the tweet structure arcade like walk. The an experience to the street arcadevegetation like walk.offers The a sort vegetation of protection from street offers streets and addsfrom to athe sort of protection the shading effect of the the streets and adds to protrusion. the shading effect of the protrusion.

38

Datum lines Datum lines

85.0000

85.0000

175.4688

175.4688

Body elements Body elements Roof Roof Entrance Entrance Base Base Cornice Cornice

Datum lines

busy feel to the area.

makes the walk interesting.

5 5

7 7

the difference in level is

very interestinginand add the difference level is to theinteresting experience. The very and add oldthe ageexperience. of the building to The and age theirofdecoration old the building is very appealing. The and their decoration metal of balconies is verywork appealing. The and their interaction with metal work of balconies the create with a andlight theirposts interaction strengthening the light posts contrast. create a

4 4

strengthening contrast.

and varying in the street

Right: High dennotation resembled in wooden window and connotation in the Right: High dennotation resembled in ornamental cantilever beam. wooden window and connotation in the ornamental cantilever beam.

Transitional Transitional

6 6

dynamic.

Entrance

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100% 80%

1

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0% 1

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Base

. Skyline clearly displays variation . Skyline in clearly height displays of the buildvariation in height of the build. Skyline . Skyline displays variation clearly height displays of the the buildvariation height of the ings andclearly facades of the designated ings andin block. facades There of is adesignated lack of inblock. There is abuildlack of ings and facades of thethe designated ings block. facades There of the is the adesignated lack of from block. There is a(many lack of consistency if viewing consistency areaand from a wide if viewing scope (many area a wide scope consistency if viewing theconsistency consistency area from ahowever ifapparent viewing scope the (many area from aiswide scopewhen (many buildings), however some buildings), iswide some when consistency apparent buildings),inhowever some consistency buildings), is apparent some when consistency is apparent when zooming to view the skyline zooming of neighboring inhowever to view the buildings skyline of neighboring buildings zooming viewbeen the skyline zooming neighboring intotohave view the buildings skyline neighboring buildings that seemintotohave built that inof seem the same timebeen frame. built Skyinof the same time frame. Skythatisseem to have built that the same to there have timeare been built Skythe same timeare frame. Skyline variant also been in terms line ofin material; isseem variant also inframe. terms spaces ofin material; there spaces line ison variant alsoofinthe terms line of material; ison variant there alsoofare inwood terms spaces of material; spaces built the roofs buildings built made the roofs out the buildings and madethere out ofare wood and built on the roofs of the buildings built on made the roofs out of wood the buildings and made out of wood sometimes steel unlike thesometimes rest of the building. steel unlike These thestrucrest of the building. These and strucsometimes steel thetures sometimes restwho ofare the building. steel These the restwho of the tures are built byunlike poor people are built residents byunlike poor ofpeople thestrucarebuilding. residentsThese of thestructures are built by poor people tures who areare built residents by poorofpeople the who are residents of the roofs. roofs. roofs. roofs.

Skyline clearly displays variation in height of the buildings and facades of the designated block. There is a lack of consistency if viewing the area from a wide scope (many buildings), however some consistency is apparent when zooming in to view the skyline of neighboring buildings that seem to have been built in the same time frame. Skyline is variant also in terms of material; there are spaces built on the roofs of the buildings made out of wood and sometimes steel unlike the rest of the building. These structures are built by poor people who are residents of the roofs.

Right: Great connotative value reflected in the abstract work of inspired revoluRight: Great connotative value reflected tionists. in the abstract work of inspired revolutionists.

Technical Code Syntactic Code Code Technical Dennotative Syntactic Code Code Connotative Code Code Dennotative

Right: Odd coloring and greek shallow syntax and connotation reflecting the Right: Odd coloring and greek shallow egyptian shallow interpretations. syntax and connotation reflecting the egyptian shallow interpretations.

Street Facade: Street Facade: 1:400 1:400

tnemanrO fooR balS fooR broaolSlFfopoR T ecinroC niaM roolF poT ecinroC niaM

24.0

noisurtxE wodniW ediS

. we see that the southern.direction we see that of mahamad the southern mahadirection of mahamad maha. we .direction seecreates that thevertical southern we see that of mahamad the southern direction of mahamad mood shading mood patterns creates with vertical the mahaextrusions shading patterns with the mahaextrusions mood creates shading mood patterns creates with vertical thedesign extrusions shading patterns withbuildings the extrusions available. due vertical to the design available. criteria ofdue most to the buildings on criteria of most on available. due to the design available. criteriaplane ofdue most toshaded the buildings design on criteriaplane of most buildings mohamad mahmoud, the mohamad ground mahmoud, is the byground the is shaded by on the mohamad mahmoud, the first mohamad ground plane mahmoud, is shaded the bynewer ground the planecorridor. is shaded the first floor extrusions creating a floor walking extrusions corridor. creating the a walking thebynewer first floor extrusions creating first a floor walking extrusions the a walking the newer buildings and the sides arebuildings shaded more andcorridor. the duesides tocreating their arenewer direcshaded morecorridor. due to their direcbuildings sides aretions, buildings shaded more and due sides to provide their are direcshaded dueon to the theirstreet. directions, andand theythe don’t provide active and shading theythe don’t on the street. activemore shading tions, and they don’t provide tions, active andshading they don’t on provide the street. active shading on the street.

we see that the southern direction of mahamad mahamood creates vertical shading patterns with the extrusions available. due to the design criteria of most buildings on mohamad mahmoud, the ground plane is shaded by the first floor extrusions creating a walking corridor. the newer buildings and the sides are shaded more due to their directions, and they don’t provide active shading on the street.

. The rhythm of spacing follows . The rhythm a modular of spacing grid throughout follows a modular grid throughout . The . the rhythm of spacing The rhythm a modular spacing gridneat throughout a modular gridneat throughout the whole experience offollows the buildings. whole experience Aofclear, offollows the andbuildings. A clear, and the whole experience thelinear the buildings. whole experience Agenerally clear, neat ofcharacterizes the and buildings. the A clear, neatofand linear aspect generallyofcharacterizes aspect the exterior of the exterior the linear aspect generally characterizes linear aspect the generally exterior characterizes of the the exterior of the buildings. There is no consistency buildings. of spacing There is between no consistency the of spacing between the

5

6

7

8

9

4

5

6

7

8

9

neighbors. neighbors.

04.3

131.8881 131.8881

175.4688 175.4688

neighbors. neighbors.

. Buildings or facades are generally . Buildings proportionate or facades arewhen generally proportionate when . Buildings .tocomparing ortheir facades are generally Buildings proportionate ortheir facades arewhen generally proportionate when comparing heights their widths. It isheights visually topleastheir widths. It is visually pleascomparing their heights comparing their their Itthat isheights visually It is visually pleasing in a sense that there istoaing clear in widths. aconsistency sense there of ratio. istopleasatheir clearwidths. consistency of ratio. ing in a sense that there is aing clear in aconsistency sense that there of ratio. is a clear consistency of ratio.

04.3

57.3

06.2

xoB rewolF

06.2

Layering Layering Modern Modern Abstract Abstract Functional Functional Environmental Environmental Entrance Entrance Outdoor Outdoor Historic Historic

82.3 82.3

sserttuB sserttuB

82.3

wodniW niaM

82.3

wodniW niaM

01.13 wodniW poT tnemanrO

82.3

wodniW poT tnemanrO

01.13

20.1 82.3 20.1

balS ediS ecinroC

82.3

balS ediS ecinroC

28.0

82.3

28.0 85.1 82.3

Openings Openon ng p opoproportions on Open ng p opo Openings proportions proportions Openings 85.1 82.3

roolF dnuorG hgiH laicremmoC

02.1

roolF dnuorG hgiH laicremmoC

Buildings or .. Buildings or facades facades are are generally generally proportionat proportionat . Building comparing to is m m w m It comparing their their heights heights m to their their widths. widths. Itcompar is visua visua w ing ing in in a a sense sense that that there there is is a a clear clear consistency consistency ing inof of a

The rhythm of spacing follows a modular grid throughout the whole experience of the buildings. A clear, neat and linear aspect generally characterizes the exterior of the buildings. There is no consistency of spacing between the buildings though; many of the buildings are built directly on the border line of the plot sticking to its neighbors while others that seem to be more recent are spaced from the neighbors. Buildings or facades are generally proportionate when comparing their heights to their widths. It is visually pleasing in a sense that there is a clear consistency of ratio.

. Similar elements are repeatedly . Similar elements used throughout are repeatedly the used throughout the . Similar . Similar elements arearepeatedly elements usedthe throughout are the zone giving the zone very zone contrasting giving and zone fluent arepeatedly very feel. contrasting El- used throughout and fluentthe feel. Elzone giving zonetall a very zone contrasting zone fluent a very feel. contrasting El-wooden and fluentand feel.the Elements suchthe as the andements thingiving wooden suchthe asand windows the tall and and thin the windows ementscornices such as that the tall andclassic ements thin such aswindows the tall and and thin the and the classic decorate thewooden cornices facades along that decorate with the thewooden facadeswindows along with the classic cornices that decorate classic thework cornices facades along that decorate with the thework facades along with the delicate and sophisticated delicate steel and made sophisticated in balcony steel railmade in balcony raildelicate and sophisticated delicate steel work and made sophisticated in balcony steel railmade in balcony railings compose a very regular ings and compose rich language a very regular that comandwork rich language that comings compose very regular ings and compose a rhythm. veryand regular thatneat. comand rich thatneat. compose a smootha rhythm. Elements pose a rich smooth arelanguage aligned Elements arelanguage aligned and pose a smooth rhythm. Elements pose a smooth are aligned rhythm. and neat. Elements are aligned and neat.

Similar elements are repeatedly used throughout the zone giving the zone a very contrasting and fluent feel. Elements such as the tall and thin wooden windows and the classic cornices that decorate the facades along with the delicate and sophisticated s

Similar elements used .. Similar m m m m througho m elementsm mare are repeatedly repeatedly m used througho . Similar zone zone giving giving the the zone zone a a very very contrasting contrasting and and zoneflue flue gi ements window m m w m ements such such as as the the m tall tall and and thin thin wooden wooden window ements w classic along classic cornices cornices that that decorate decorate the the facades facadesclassic along w w c delicate in w delicate and and sophisticated sophisticated steel steel work work made made delicate in ba ba w ings and th m m m ings compose compose a a very very regular regular m and rich rich language language ings com th pose m m mm pose a a smooth smooth rhythm. rhythm. mElements Elements are arem maligned aligned pose m an an as

02.1 06.4 06.4

04.2 06.4 06.4 04.2

051:1 noitceS 051:1 noitceS

85.0000

Mohamed View Mohamed Mahmoud S Mohamed Mahmoud S V Mohamed Mahmoud S ee ee SV V ew ew Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud MohamedStreet Street Mahmoud ViewMohamed S ee ee V ew ew Mahmoud ee V ew

Body elements Roof

Entrance

. the datum lines within the . the 3 sides datum of the lines sitewithin are not thecon3 sides of the site are not con002:1 snoitavelE . stant. . instant. the datum linesstrongly within the the 3 sides datum ofand the lines site within are not the con3 sides ofrhthe site are notbased conthey varry strength they varry perception strongly inbased strength perception )ftel( erauqS riand aT 00h2a:M 1 sdnaom itaahvoeM lE )thgir( duom stant. they varry strongly inon stant. strength they and varry perception strongly inbased strength perception based )ftel(as erauqwell S riand rhaTtheir on their referenced building era their as well referenced their architectural building era architectural )thgir( duomhaM damahoM on their building onera their as referenced theirfloor architectural era as well their architectural style. thereferenced ground floor datum style. lines thewell however, ground inbuilding most datum buildlines however, in most buildstyle.constant the ground floor datum style. lines thehowever, ground indominant. most datum buildlines in most buildings, and dominant. ings, constant the edges and offloor the building thehowever, edges of the building ings, constant dominant. ings, constant the strong edges of the dominant. building the edges the building creating strongand identity and creating breaks withinand identity the roads. and breaks withinof the roads. creating strong identity and creating breaks strong within identity the roads. and breaks within the roads.

Base

175.4688

Cornice

Main Facade: Main Facade: 1:200 1:200

Street Facade: Street Facade: 1:400 1:400

131.8881

.. Additions Additions

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004:1 teertS )ftel( erauqS rirhaT 004:1 teertS

e E Ge nd eYo E G nd E G nd )thgir( duomhaM damahoM Scale 1:750 )ftel( erauqS rirhaT )thgir( duomhaM damahoM Scale 1:750

ecinroC tsehgiH noitaroceD ecinroC tsehgiH noitaroceD ecinroC

ecinroC xelpuD roolF owT

43.3

xelpuD roolF owT

43.3

40.7

llaW dedacrA

54.3 54.3

Body elements Body elements 74.3

85.0000 85.0000

85.0000

llaW den diaacM rA gnidliuB diM nedraG niaM gnidliuB diM nedraG

Body elements

74.3

54.3

38.23

Roof Roof

fooR ot noitcennoc hseM )froeonRnio( tsnboailtScern on oo lFc hseM

98.03 72.81 54.3 72.81 54.3

Entrance Entrance

ecapS diov eht nihtiW secarreT )snikS 2 neewteb( ecapS dioV )snikS 2 neewteb( ecapS dioV

54.3

nikS llaW roiretxE erutcurtS hseM lateM

54.3

nikS llaW roiretxE evitaroceD roiretxE erutcurtS hseM lateM llaW

Base Base 54.3 54.3

84.1

Roof

ecapS diov eht nihtiW secarreT

Entrance

eo viTtaeroccneaD oiretxE p rtnrE nedraG llaW secinroC neerG poTre rtnrE oconlFaG evo nedraG secinroC neerG olFlaGicrevmomoC dnuororG roolF

Base

dnuorG laicremmoC roolF

13.4 84.1

Cornice Cornice Street Facade: 13.4

175.4688

Main Facade: Main Facade: 1:200 1:200

33.2 33.2

Street Facade: 1:400 1:400

Hardees Hardees

ecnartnE niaM

Cornice

ecnartnE niaM

051:1 noitceS 051:1 noitceS

Sherif G Mcdonalds Supermarket Sherif G Mcdonalds Supermarket

Pizza hut Pizza hut

Additions to the building faAdditions to the building facades could be classified into cades could be classified into functional and commercial functional and commercial additions. The outdoor units of additions. The outdoor units of Air conditioning systems, satAir conditioning systems, satellite dishes, shading elements, ellite dishes, shading elements, cloth hangers and plant pots cloth hangers and plant pots are amongst the functional adare amongst the functional additions found on the exterior of ditions found on the exterior of all the buildings in a haphazard all the buildings in a haphazard manner. On the other hand, manner. On the other hand, there are signs and posters prothere are signs and posters promoting different offices, clinics, moting different offices, clinics, companies and retail spaces. companies and retail spaces.

.. Environmental Environmental

m m

m m

m

Sheikh Street R ee She h han ee V ew She h R han S han ee SV V ew ew Sheikh Rihan Rihan She Street hR RView View han S SShe ee h VShe ewhan h RS ee V ew

)renni( sbalS roolF

54.3

98.03 38.23

Scale 1:750 Scale 1:750

:dirbyH wen A “ ”:dyigroblyoH nhwceeTn dAn“a yrotsiH fo egalloC ”ygolonhceT dna yrotsiH fo egalloC

Datum ne lines Da um ne Da um Datum lines lines Datum 40.7

Cilantro Cilantro

002:1 snoitavelE )ftel( erauqS rirhaT 00h2a:M 1 sdnaom itaahvoeM lE )thgir( duom )ftel( erauqS rirhaT )thgir( duomhaM damahoM

Rhythm of setbacks is clearly consistent. Continuity characterizes the alignment of Continuity characterizes the alignment of the buildings beside each other giving the the buildings beside each other giving the experience a quality of smoothness. experience a quality of smoothness.

Contextual Studies Street exesua S udStudies es Con Context ex S ee ConSexeeStreet Con ex ua Con S ud Contextual Studies Contextual Street Context Context noitalucriC niaM rewoT gnidliuB dnA

noitalucriC niaM ercdnnoAC rfo eo wR oTdegtnliiTdle iutB

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fooR detliT etercnoC wodniW wodniW

Models Renders & Imagines Mode ss |&Rende s & smag nes nes s | Rende nes Models | |Mode Renders & Imagines Mode smag | Rende & mag 004:1 teertS )ftel( erauqS rirhaT 00d4a:1mtaeheorM tS )thgir( duomhaM )ftel( erauqS rirhaT )thgir( duomhaM damahoM

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maeB fooR etercnoC hseM lateM citameniC lluF noitcejorp hseM lateM citameniC lluF noitcejorp

65.4 43.3

54.3 smooR lacinahcEM

54.3

smooR lacinahcEM

54.3

sroolF niaM

54.3

sroolF niaM ynoclaB muirtA nI ynoclaB muirtA nI snoitddA neerG llaW nI

54.3

54.3

snoitddA neerG llaW nI tekcoP lioS neerG

99.34 54.3

tekcoP lioS neerG

54.3

erutcurtS latem dednepsuS

35.73

erutcurtS latem dednepsuS

35.73

54.3 54.3

54.3 54.3

54.3 54.3

secapS gninedraG ecartnE revO

04.2

secapS gninedraG ecartnE revO

04.2 55.2 55.2

tnamenrO niM tnamenrO niM secapS cilbuP dnA laicremmoC roolF dnuorG secapS cilbuP dnA laicremmoC roolF dnuorG

71.8

noitaxiF dnuorG hseM

71.8 60.4 60.4

noitaxiF dnuorG hseM 99.2 99.2

ecnartnE niaM ecnartnE niaM

ue

Empty plot Empty plot

maeB fooR etercnoC 65.4 43.3

Physical a P Ph a P Ph ae Mode P u ue eP Physical Model Model Ph Picture Picture a Mode ModePh P u uPh e Mode a Mode

.. the the datum the m w m are datum lines lines within within m m the 3 3 sides sides w of of the the . site site the are dat stant. percept stant. they they varry varry strongly strongly in in strength strength and and stant. percept th on on their their referenced referenced building building era era as as well well their their on arch arch their style. m style. the the ground ground floor floor datum datum lines lines however, however, style. m in in m m th ings, of m ings, constant constant and and dominant. dominant. the the edges edges m ings, of the thecob b creating the creating strong strong identity identity and and breaks breaks within withincreating the roa roa

Organic Sh O gan Organic Tree Tree O Structure Structure gan T T ee ee Sh 1:200 1 1:200 1 200 200

.. Setbacks Setbacks Rhythm of setbacks is clearly consistent.

99.34

a grid th .. The m w m mrhy The rhythm rhythm of of spacing spacing follows follows m a modular modular grid wm th m . The the ne w wA the whole whole experience experience w of of the the buildings. buildings.w A clear, clear, the who ne linear aspect generally characterizes the exterio linear aspect generally characterizes thelinear exterio a buildings. no of betw buildings. There There is is no consistency consistency of spacing spacing building betw Linear Shading devices tr nea Shad n Shading nea devices Shad tr n buildings many the are built m buildings though; though;Linear many of of the buildings buildings m are building built 1:200 1 1 200 200to on of neighb on the the border border line line1:200 of the the plot plot sticking sticking to its itson neighb the b others that seem to be more recent are spaced fro m m m others that seem to be more recent m aremspaced othersfro tm neighbors. neighbors. neighbo

24.0

wodniW edoilS xoB rew F

Openings proportions

various ages of buildings are available raging from historic khedewi buildings all the way to modern buildings built with more direct modern straight lines.

Connotative Code

4

57.3

noisurtxE

Harmonizing Harmonizing

. various ages of buildings. are various available agesraging of buildings from historare available raging from histor. icvarious . are ages of buildings available raging of buildings from historare available raging from historkhedewi buildings all the icvarious way khedewi to ages modern buildings buildings all the built way to modern buildings built ic khedewi buildings all the icway khedewi tolines. modern buildings buildings all the built way tolines. modern buildings built with more direct modern straight with more direct modern straight with more direct modern straight with more lines. direct modern straight lines.

Datum lines Datum lines Tahrir Tahrir square square Tahrir square Located on w w w is two resiLocated on the the tahrir tahrir square square is is two two resiresi-Located w on the tahrir square dential w w w is new and the other dential buildings buildings one one is is new new and and the the other other dential w buildings one dates Yossef El-Gindi Yo dates back back to to the the 1930s. 1930s. dates back to the 1930s. Yo Yossef m El-Gindi Yo e e E E G G nd nd Yo Mohamed Indepth Contrasting M m M m M mM M M mm m M m Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud M m Indepth M analysis analysis m M Contrasting Body elements Body elements Roof Roof Entrance Entrance Base Base Cornice Cornice

.. we wof we see see that that the thew wsouthern southern direction directionw of mahamad mahamad m t . we see m mood shading with the m m m mood creates creates vertical vertical m shading patterns patterns with mood thecee available. build available. due due to to the the design design criteria criteria of of most most availab build mohamad mahmoud, the ground plane is shade m m m m mplanem mismoham m mohamad mahmoud, m mthem m ground mm shade first w first floor floor extrusions extrusions creating creating a a walking walking corridor. corridor. first floo w tt buildings to buildings and and the the sides sides are are shaded shaded more more due due building to th th tions, on tions, and and they they don’t don’t provide provide active active shading shading tions, on ath th

Youssef You nd S ee You E nd ee ew YouS e EV Gu ndGu S nd ee SV V ew ew Youssef El El Guindi Guindi You e eStreet Street E Gu GuView View nd S e You eeE VGu ew e E ee V ew

Base

tnemanrO fooR

Main Facade: Main Facade: 1:200 1:200

Transitional

131.8881

the solid and void shows an average of 42% void on average. but we see that the modern buildings on Mahmood guindi are higher in void ratio with almost 63% void on average (for modern buildings) and the older buildings are more enclosed with about 31% on average of historic buildings.

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Ratio & proportions

Tahrir square Located on the tahrir square is two residential buildings one is new and the other dates back to the 1930s.

. the solid and void shows . the an average solid and ofvoid 42%shows void on an average of 42% void on . the solid but andwe void shows the an average solid but and of void 42% shows void an average 42% void average. see that. the average. modern buildings we see that onon the Mahmodernof buildings onon Mahaverage. but we thatin the average. modern butwith buildings we that on63% the Mahmodern buildings on63% Mahmood guindi aresee higher mood void ratio guindi aresee almost higher in void ratio with almost moodonguindi are(for higher invoid mood void guindi with are almost higher 63% in void ratio with almost 63% void average modern buildings) onratio average and (for the modern older buildings) and the older void on average (forenclosed modern voidwith buildings) on average and (forthe modern older buildings) buildings are more buildings about are more 31% enclosed on aver- with aboutand 31%the onolder averbuildings are more enclosed buildings with about are more 31%enclosed on aver- with about 31% on average of historic buildings. age of historic buildings. age of historic buildings. age of historic buildings.

cation of the street end.

Ratio o Ratio & p opo on Ra o & p opoRa on Ratio & & proportions proportions & proportions

40% 20%

Through Element

Entrance

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Uni-element

The end of the street is highlighted The end of thewith streetthe graffiti wall that is strong is highlighted with the in the connection the graffiti wall that istostrong sense freedom and the in the of connection to the fights of thatfreedom led to it.and The sense the open space with garfights that led to the it. The bage and thewith art is open space thevery garcontrasting the bage and thehowever, art is very street tree onhowever, the corner contrasting the is verytree strong in characstreet on the corner tervery and strong createsina demaris characcation the street end. ter andof creates a demar-

Modular Modular Repetition Repetition Nostalgic Nostalgic Simple Simple Ornamental Ornamental Clear Clear

Transitional

Right: Connotative elaboration through the existance of elaborate ornamental Right:inConnotative elaboration work the balconies and facadethrough in the existance of elaborate ornamental general in addition to the tree. work in the balconies and facade in general in addition to the tree.

Top: Technical elements along with syntax of modern fabrics in KFC. Top: Technical elements along with syntax of modern fabrics in KFC. Right: Technical elements along with syntax of modern fabrics in Mcdonalds. Right: Technical elements along with syntax of modern fabrics in Mcdonalds.

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the cilantro entrance with it’s very oldentrance structurewith the cilantro and styleold make it very it’s very structure interesting and add to and style make it very the over alland feel.add Like interesting to a Parisienne The huthe over allstyle. feel. Like a man vehiclestyle. interaction Parisienne The humakes the experience man vehicle interaction all together varying and makes the experience dynamic. all together varying and

Right: Technical element of external air conditioning units. Connotative elaborate Right: Technical of external air ornamental workelement in building entrance. conditioning units. Connotative elaborate ornamental work in building entrance.

Base Base

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Bottom: Technical elements dominate the scene. Bottom: Technical elements dominate the scene. Right: Syntax and modern fabrics in Pizza Hut outet. Right: Syntax and modern fabrics in Pizza Hut outet.

120% 100%

Poly-element

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Base Transitional Transitional

Ratio & proportionsRatio & proportions Ratio & proportionsRatio & proportions

Project 2: Street Elevations Analysis

Project Project2:2:Street StreetElevations ElevationsAnalysis Analysis

Project Project2: 2:Street StreetElevations ElevationsAnalysis Analysis

Entrance Entrance

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3 3

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Entrance Entrance 120%

Rhythm & modules

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Pro Pro ect ect 22 Street Street EE evat evat ons ons Ana Ana ys ys ss

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the residential units open to the street level with the residential units open thethe protruding elements to street level with andprotruding balconies give this the elements section a different and balconies giveinterthis esting feel that is new section a different interand varying in the street esting feel that is new

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the additions of lights at edge make it very thethe additions of lights interesting KFC at the edge with makethe it very red signage.with Thethe interacinteresting KFC tionsignage. of commercial vered The interachicles shops add tion ofwith commercial ve-to the activities and the hicles with shops addair to conditioning the activities being and thehung air from the balconies conditioning being give hunga busy feel to the area. from the balconies give a

the age of the building with the addition thebuilding modern with Mc- the the age ofofthe Donald signage is very interestaddition of the modern Mcing. The signage flush level of MacDonald is very interestDonald’s entrance ing. The flush level isofcreating Macan invitingentrance feel, theisadditions Donald’s creating of metal on feel, the entrances crean inviting the additions atesmetal a very securitycrefeel of onstrong the entrances as a war zone. Also the atesif ait’s very strong security feel continuation streetAlso lighting as if it’s a warofzone. the makes the walk continuation of interesting. street lighting

1940-1964

Shadow analysis 85.0000

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street is a collector road leading into tahrir square. It is loaded with residential buildings on the north side and on the southern side it gains access to the AUC old campus and Lycee Francais school.

only old vegetation are placed in old positions on the street. it is apparent due to their closeness to the edge of the road. the trees are old and are mostly of the Feecas type. they vary in height mainly.

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6 6

5 5

1965 - 1979

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Shadow analysis Shadow analysis Shadow analysis Shadow analysis

Pro Pro ect ect 22 Street Street EE evat evat ons ons Ana Ana ys ys ss

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Post 1990

Project 2: Street Elevations Analysis

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the air conditioning systemair areconditioning apparent giving the sys-a weird to the space. tem arefeel apparent giving a High fences weird feel toare thepromspace. inent.fences The metal work High are promand aluminum doors inent. The metal work makealuminum the shop doors feel as and high security make the shopand feelnot as welcoming. high securityAdditions and not ruining the overall feel. welcoming. Additions

1980-1989

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Pre 1940

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Pre 1940 Pre 1940

ruining the overall feel.

1 1

Skyline Skyline Skyline Datum Skyline Datum

Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud street Mohamed is a collector Mahmoud street is a collector Mohamed Mahmoud street Mohamed is aleading Mahmoud street is a It collector Rhythm road leading into tahrir square. road Itcollector is loadinto tahrir square. is load- & modulesRhythm & modules Rhythm road leading into tahrir square. road leading Itthe is loadinto tahrir square. is loaded with residential buildings ed with on residential north buildings onIt the north & modulesRhythm & modules Poly-element ed with buildings ed with on the residential buildings the northPoly-element side andresidential on the southern side side and it gains onnorth the southern sideon it gains Poly-element Poly-element Uni-element side and southern side sideand itand gains on the southern side itand gains access toon thethe AUC old campus access to the Lycee AUC old campus Lycee Uni-element Uni-element Uni-element access toschool. the AUC old campus accessand toschool. the Lycee AUC old campus and Lycee Through Element Through Element Francais Francais Through Element Through Element Francais school. Francais school. Base Base

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1940-1964 1940-1964

Mohamed Mahmoud m M m M m M mMohamed M m Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud M m M M m mM Skyline datum Skyline datum Skyline datum Mohamed aa collector M m M M m M M mMohamed M m m Mahmoud street is a collector Mohamed Mahmoud Mahmoud M mstreet street M is ism m collector & road leading leading into into tahrir tahrir square. square. It It is is loadloadRhyehm & modu e Rhy hm & modu Rhythm & modules modules Rhythm & modules road road leading into Rhythm tahrir square. It is loaded with with residential residential buildings on on the thew north wnorth wbuildings ed w ed with residential buildings on the north Poly-element Poly-element Poly-element Era of building side and on the southern side it gains of building of building sideEraand on the southern side it gains sideEraand on the southern side it gains Blending Uni-element Uni-element Uni-element access to to the the AUC AUC old old campus campus and Lycee Lycee AU mBlending AUand m access AU m accessAU to the AUCm old campus and Lycee Through Element Francais Through Element Through Element Francais school. school. Francais school. 85.0000

85.0000

1965 - 1979

2 2

Skyline

Skyline datum

Youssef El Gendy Youssef El Gendy Skyline datum Youssef El Youssef El Gendy Skyline Youssef El Gendy Gendy street connects Youssef El Meret Gendy street connects Meret Youssefand El Gendy street connects Youssefand El Meret Gendy street connectsstreet. Meret Skyline Skyline Basha Mohamed Mahmoud Basha street. Mohamed Mahmoud Datum Basha and is Mohamed Mahmoud Basha and street. Mohamed Mahmoud street. Skyline Datum The Street loaded with The residential Street is buildloaded with residential buildThe Street loaded The residential Street loaded residential buildings on theiswest sidewith while ings the onsouthern theisbuildwest sidewith while the southern ings side on the west side while ings theside onsouthern the west side whilecampus. the southern east it the AUC greek east campus. itThe the AUC greek The east lying side itatthe greekplot east campus. side itThe greek campus. The plot theAUC intersection oflying Youssef atthe theAUC intersection of Youssef plot lyingwith at the intersection plot oflying Youssef atisthe intersection of Youssef El Gendy Mohamed El Mahmoud Gendy with an Mohamed Mahmoud is an El Gendy with El Mahmoud Gendy isadan Mohamed Mahmoud is an empty plot ad Mohamed adds potential empty to plot thewith street adds potential to the street Era of building empty plot ad adds potential empty to plot the street ad adds potential to the street composition. composition. Era of building composition. composition. Post 1990 Post 1990 1980-1989 1980-1989 1965 - 1979 1965 - 1979 1940-1964 1940-1964 Pre 1940 Pre 1940

1965 - 1979 1965 - 1979

. only old vegetation are .placed only old in old vegetation positionsare onplaced the in old positions on the . only old vegetation only old initcloseness old vegetation positions onplaced thetheirincloseness old positions onedge the street. it is apparent are due.placed to street. their is apparent to are the due edge to to the street. it is apparent street. itcloseness is apparent toofthe due to their of the road. the treesdue are to old of their the androad. are mostly the trees are theedge old Feeandcloseness are mostlytoofthe theedge Feeof the road. thevary trees old of the and road. are mostly thevary trees of the old Fee-mainly. and are mostly of the Feecas type. they in are height cas mainly. type. they in are height cas type. they vary in height cas mainly. type. they vary in height mainly.

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1 1

Skyline Skyline

Post 1990 1980-1989

Shadow ana yanalysis Shadow ana Shadow y Shadow analysis analysis Shadow

Solid Vs. Void (Invert)

Meret Basha Meret basha street is a main collector one way road leading out of Tahrir square. The road is Double loaded with residential buildings, most of the buildings on this street date back to the 1930s and 1940s. However some newer buildings are found and were added to the context.

Post 1990 Post 1990

1980-1989 1980-1989

various ages fro .. various ages of of buildings buildings are are available available raging raging fro . various ic ww ic khedewi khedewi buildings buildings all allw wthe the way way to to modern modern icw wbuildi buildi khede with lines. w m m w m with mo with more more direct direct w modern modern m straight straight mw lines.m

Youssef El Gendy

Shadow analysis on a model facade in Mohamed Shadow analysis on a model facade in Mohamed Mahmoud street based on simulation from 8:00 am to Mahmoud street based on simulation from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm 6:00 pm

Solar incidence analysis on a model facade in MoSolar incidence analysis on a model facade in Mohamed Mahmoud street, Average values shown for hamed Mahmoud street, Average values shown for exposure on April 21st. (High 130+ Wh/m2, low: 10) exposure on April 21st. (High 130+ Wh/m2, low: 10)

Scale Scale

Alternative A eElevations na veAE e Alternative Elevations


DESIGN VI|Design in downtown Cairo

ed d vegetation in old positions are placed on thein old positions on the heir it is closeness apparent due to the to edge their closeness to the edge road. and are themostly trees are of the old Feeand are mostly of the Feepe. mainly. they vary in height mainly.

average id and void of 42% shows void anon average of 42% void on modern e. but webuildings see that the on Mahmodern buildings on Mahoid guindi ratioare with higher almost in void 63% ratio with almost 63% nbuildings) average (for andmodern the older buildings) and the older ngs with are about more31% enclosed on averwith about 31% on averhistoric buildings.

tion e clearly in height displays of the variation build- in height of the buildlated Gendy Youssef Street nd facades block.of There the designated isElevation a El lackGendy of block.Street There isElevation a lack of armacy Entrances Staff & Pharmacy Entrances tency a fromifaviewing wide scope the area (many from a wide scope (many 1:200 sistency gs), however is apparent some consistency when is apparent when ng ofin neighboring to view the buildings skyline of neighboring buildings nem thetosame havetime beenframe. built inSkythe same time frame. Skyvariant material; also there in terms are spaces of material; there are spaces ngs n themade roofsout of the of wood buildings and made out of wood and tmes of the steel building. unlike the These reststrucof the building. These strucwho re built areby residents poor people of thewho are residents of the

Mohmad Mahmoud Mohmad Street Elevation Mahmoud Street Elevation Main & Educational Main Entrances & Educational Entrances 1:200 1:200

available s ages of buildings raging from arehistoravailable raging from historay ewi tobuildings modern buildings all the way built to modern buildings built ght ore lines. direct modern straight lines.

tion thatof the mahamad southern mahadirection of mahamad mahacreates patterns vertical with the shading extrusions patterns with the extrusions ble. iteria due of to most thebuildings design criteria on of most buildings on mad und mahmoud, plane is shaded the ground by the plane is shaded by the aor walking extrusions corridor. creating the newer a walking corridor. the newer aded gs and more thedue sidestoare their shaded direc-more due to their direcand ctive they shading don’t provide on the street. active shading on the street.

ythm s a modular of spacing gridfollows throughout a modular grid throughout uildings. ole experience A clear,ofneat the and buildings. A clear, neat and cterizes aspect generally the exterior characterizes of the the exterior of the ncy gs. There of spacing is no between consistency theof spacing between the ding devices Linear treatment Shading devices treatment Sectional View 1the buildings gs buildings though; are many built of directly are built directly Main Roof Gardens & Entrance ticking border to line1:200 its ofneighbors the plot sticking while to itsAtrium neighbors while 1:200 ecent that seem are spaced to be more from recent the are spaced from the ors.

Vertical Stacking process Vertical of Stacking the process of the blocks to achieve the blocks concept to achieve of the concept o densification and nucleus densification Hospital and nucleus Hosp centre. The designcentre. achieves Thea design per- achieves a p meable base and more meable free base design and more free des in the upper level with in the a upper condenlevel with a conden sation of the main sation therapeutic of theand main therapeutic a diagnostic functions diagnostic in the middle functions in the midd floos. floos.

Sectional View 3 Inner Courts & vertical Circulation 1:200

ally gs orproportionate facades are generally when proportionate when eir ring widths. their heights It is visually to their pleaswidths. It is visually pleasaear sense consistency that thereofisratio. a clear consistency of ratio.

dly elements used throughout are repeatedly the used throughout the iving ntrasting the zone andafluent very contrasting feel. Eland fluent feel. Elsinsuch wooden as the windows tall and and thinthe wooden windows and the the cornices facades that along decorate with the facades along with the el e and worksophisticated made in balcony steelrailwork made in balcony railnd mpose rich language a very regular thatand com-rich language that coments smooth are aligned rhythm.and Elements neat. are aligned and neat.

sides tum lines of thewithin site arethe not 3 sides con- of the site are not conhey ength varry andstrongly perception in strength based and perception based a r referenced as well their building architectural era as well their architectural he ines ground however, floorindatum most buildlines however, in most buildonstant t. the edges andofdominant. the building the edges of the building reaks g strong within identity the roads. and breaks within the roads.

The main circulation Thepaths mainand circulation paths and cores are equally distributed cores are equally within distributed wi the building in order thetobuilding acheiveinthe order to acheive required egress forrequired all users. egress The for all users. Th ciruclation processciruclation is horizontally process is horizonta connected throughconnected a main connecthrough a main con tors (axis) linking all tors the(axis) building linking all the buildin fuctions together. fuctions together.

ee Structure Organic Shading Tree Structure Devices Shading Devices 1:200 Scale 1:750

Scale 1:750

Elevations Alternative | Shading Elevations Devices | Shading Devices Sectional View 2 Nursing Stations & Therapeutics 1:200

Mass Analysis Mass | Densification Analysis | Densification & Circulation & Circulation Sectional View 4 Inpatient Units 1:200

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A PLATFORM FOR LIFE THE SEED MODEL EL KHAYALA SITE RESIDENTIAL WORKSHOP RE-HABILITAION RECREATIONAL & SERVICES

SENIOR PROJECT II A continuation of senior project I. Comprehensive architectural design demonstrating an understanding of the different conceptual and technical aspects of architecture. In depth analysis and design study for specific aspects of the project.

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THESIS II|A platform for life

A platform for life Concept & Project Briefing

Precedents & Inspirations

Approach

‘The Cloud: Two Connected Luxury Residential Towers’ MVRDV

This concept rose from the analysis conducted, the focus and aims of the phase that were described above. The concept puts in focus the main aspect of creating a parallel-level of living that inhabits a very diverse function that contrasts with the existing site dynamic giving the site a new layer and dimension. The additions applied to the site are a key factor for the alleviation and up-cycling of the living, social and economic status of the users in the site and its surrounding.

[About the project]

Who? Project targets the workshop owners of the Khayala site. Middle class citizens that are responsible for purchases, sales and supervising the workers or craftsmen.

Why? The workers and workshop owners were re-located from the Basateen zone in the 90s. Their workshops used to be in their very own neighborhood near their homes, friends and neighbors. The Khayala site they were moved to is a site of heavy physical boundaries. Workers feel isolated and homesick.

How?

Urban Island Prototype 01 / Erick Kristanto

The Khayala site is a site of a rough nature being an industrial site of a craft that produces a large amount of waste, and due to the fact that the site displays a complete dominance of males and a complete absence of women; it is proposed to create a PARALLEL PLATFORM above the workshops in an attempt to partially segregate the two zones.

Approach justification - Existing workshops have cultural and sentimental significance - Project execution will not involve stopping these workshops from functioning. - Built based on special needs of each individual based on functional logic. - No space to extend horizontally. Doubling the footprint of the site.

In addition, the introduction of essential services and auxiliary functions that the site lacks will take place within this project.

Goals & Project objectives - Re-rehabilitation of ground floor workshop area - Creation of a semi-segregated parallel community - Addition of various service serving the community with various services. - Addition of communal space that breaks the harshness of the site. AbCT architects: apartment no.1, mahallat, iran

Keywords

Social

Blending

Abstract

Environmental

Connecting

Contrasting Open

Irregular

Interaction Heritage

Oriental

Functional Natural resources

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THESIS II|A platform for life Form generation process

Approach & Concept

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

1. Workshop rehabilitation 2. Residential units 3. Recreational and open space 4. Services

“To create a parallel platform floating above the existing workshops that works on en-housing a newly introduced community of families to this industrial site. The parallel community works on introducing residential units, recreational spaces for interaction and services to serve the community. On a whole other level, the existing workshops and ground floor are rehabilitated to lighten the roughness of the site and increase its productivity and feasibility to outside visitors.”

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Design approach | Project layering

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Flexibility of module

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

1.2 m 8.4 m

Since the structural system and grid used to support this building are situated within the core of the buildings and not on its boundaries, along with the fact that there is a modular consistent structural system, there exists flexibility in the process of extruding and intruding spaces. This along with the numerous configurations of residential units creates an interplay of masses and allows for an irregular, non symmetrical building with various social spaces.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Diversity within prototypes

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Based on existing The grid generated structural system of workshops located on PRODUCED site to create living unitsPRODUCT for the khayala workBY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL which span 6-9m reflecting absolute irregushop owners and their families allows for larity. A grid inspired by the dominating spans numerous combinations of stacking that was created in order to maintain and build form living units of various natures and onto the existing system. The grid guarantees sizes. Stacking of these irregular shaped an opportunity to be flexible when designing units allows for the creation of social spaces while preserving fixed margins for spaces and different private zones within circulation. Every two stacks of buildings share the building itself offering diversity and a single circulation means forming a residential displaying interplay. building. The building is able to connect to other buildings following the same language of the workshops on the ground floor of the site.

Clustering process PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Grid generation & the existing structure

2 Bedroom - 65m2 1:100

4 Bedroom - 115m2 Top floor 1:100

3 Bedroom - 92m2 1:100

4 Bedroom - 115m2 Bottom floor 1:100 PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

4 Bedroom - 105m2 1:100


THESIS II|A platform for life Axis generation & logic Physical aspects

Design reasons & logic

Axis is mainly inspired from two basic physical components:

- Creating maximum openings to the workshops in an attempt to expose the workshop walkways to sunlight. - Create intermediate zones that inspire interaction between community on an intimate scale creating a social hub. - Giving the workshop zone a third dimension and dynamic

- View to the newly introduced fruitful garden - Orientation towards the optimum North-West

Live section


THESIS II|A platform for life Plans Ground floor plan Rehabilitation of workshops

Close up section of workshop after rehabilitation process: - Mesh encloses Semi-outdoor working area and provides space for storage - Double face openings to workshop - MEP newly introduced to the site placed in gap area above workshop and platform - Exterior pocket added to workshop to be used for vegetation, display or storage

In order to design the platform, there had to be a study of spaces and their hierarchies. The main spaces being the plaza ( far right of illustration below) and the main circulation node (far left of the illustration below). The secondary spaces are the nodes at which the main circulation passes through being open public spaces. The third being the residential buildings who should be private and could be reach from the secondary nodes who act as connectors.

First floor plan Hierarchy of spaces

In order to design the platform, there had to be a study of spaces and their hierarchies. The main spaces being the plaza ( far right of illustration below) and the main circulation node (far left of the illustration below). The secondary spaces are the nodes at which the main circulation passes through being open public spaces. The third being the residential buildings who should be private and could be reach from the secondary nodes who act as connectors. Wind circulation

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THESIS II|A platform for life Second floor plan

Third floor plan

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THESIS II|A platform for life

Fourth floor plan

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THESIS II|A platform for life Sections Section A-A

Metal structure

Stepped Platform

Steel columns & Girder

Market & Garden

Steel truss systems

Scale 1:100 Section B-B

Scale 1:100

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THESIS II|A platform for life Elevations Elevations plain

Main elevation 1:100

Side elevation 1:100

Back elevation 1:100

Elevations in context

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Eastern elevation 1:200

Southern elevation 1:200

Western elevation 1:200

Northern elevation 1:200


THESIS II|A platform for life 3D Shots

Birds eye view of project Shot displaying the raised platform and the residential buildings along with the surroundings and context.

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THESIS II|A platform for life Intermediate court & back facades of residential buildings Shot showing the different masses, connections, and intermediate spaces created for social interaction. Shot displays the bridges and relationship of raised platform to the ground floor of the existing re-habilitated workshops.

Workshops zone

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Shot displays the workshops pedestrian walkway with all the additions introduced during the re-habilitation process. The relationship with the first floor platform (bridges) is apparent. The intermediate outdoor work area enclosed by the mesh, the outdoor formalized zone formed by the ladscape show how space has been organized and fluent.


THESIS II|A platform for life

Perspective of residential buildings front facades, Workshops and platform Shot displaying the connection between the ground floor and platform. The shot diplays the front and side facades highlighting the architectutal languages, masses and materials.

Bridge vs. Workshop walkway Shot showing the connections created by the bridges and its relation to the ground floor. Shot is taken from perspective of pedestrian on the first floor platform.

Raised platform from ground level View of the raised platform floating above the workshop area creating a noticable break by forming an interesting negative space contrasting to the relation between the ground and first where the residential platform intensly allocated on the first floor wings.

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03


Urban

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RESIDENTIAL COASTAL COMPOUND

AENG 468| DR. SAMI SHAKER

ADVANCED COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN & WORKSHOP

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In depth application of advanced CAD concepts. Real time computer graphics. Computer applications for performance animation, virtual reality and interactivity.. Modeling, texture mapping, environments, navigation, lighting, animation and sound. Generative design and Avatars. Digital tools and methods of design with manual tools within the design process. Computational design methodologies, visualization, digital fabrication, cost-estimation, scheduling and facility management. Parametric design and Building Information Modeling (BIM). Applications through workshop on digital fabrication.


URBAN DESIGN |Design of coastal resedential area compound BRIEFING The project focuses on a residential subdivision development located on a 25 to 30 feddan land that is overlooking two peripheral natural features. the project is to design single family dwelling units up to 350 meters squared ground floor area with maximum 8 meters height on 600 to 700 meters plots. With no back to back plots permissible and covering 25% of the total land, the challenge is to place and orient the units for best view and natural wind reception. The single family dwelling units has to cover 50% of the land area that ranges between 600 and 700 meters squared. The unit should include spacious reception and dining areas, living rooms, office, kitchen with outdoor access, a minimum of 3 bedrooms (one of which is a master bedroom) as well as the services and water circuits needed for the spaces.

PROTOTYPE CONCEPT & DEVELOPMENT The concept and approach to the design used breaking of the facade to create more surface area facing wind direction and to allow for better view for spaces located in the back. On the spatial level, all living and bedroom zones are designed for best wind reception and access to view. The spaces define a large backyard in the plot overlooking the view.

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URBAN DESIGN |Design of coastal resedential area compound

Right of way

Section through compound

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URBAN DESIGN |Design of coastal resedential area compound Proposal 1

Hierarchy of spaces: Using the design approach described this alternative is able to achieve a clear hierarchy of spaces moving from private to semi private to semi public and finally reaching public spaces. Each having their considerations and activities.

Vehicular vs. pedestrian circulation: A total segregation of pedestrian and vehicular networks is achieved through the focusing of pedestrian network on open public spaces limiting pedestrian walkways to sidewalks in areas that have vehicular roads. The pedestrian walkways are continuous even above the water feature located along the main axis of the project by the creation and use of bridges. Both networks cover all land to give access to all areas being public or residential. Solid vs. Void: The density of the solid is respectively low leaving a lot of open spaces surrounding each unit allowing for different auxiliary activities and services to be happening on the project area resulting into moderately harsh urban texture. The organization of the plots following the coastal line creates an interesting placement within the project.

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URBAN DESIGN |Design of coastal resedential area compound Proposal 2

Hierarchy of spaces:

Vehicular vs. pedestrian circulation:

Solid vs. Void:

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URBAN DESIGN |Design of coastal resedential area compound Shots displaying the segregation of the platforms created on different levels clustering each group of neighbouring units to share common exterior open space.

Shot of the clubhouse and lake that initiates at the entrance of the project extending along the center of the project passing by the various platforms till the beach.

Shot reviealing the relationship and form of the unit to the open space, private garden, pedestrian and vehicular paths.

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URBAN MIXED USE MAGNETIC COLOSSUS

AENG 468| DR. SAMI SHAKER

URBAN DESIGN AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

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Study & Analysis of Visual Elements. Urban Form, Grain, Texture, and Fabric. The Phenomenon of Perception. Space, Time, and Function. Space and Path Visual Analysis. Study & Analysis of Historic Urban Squares, Piazzas and similar spaces. Form and space generation in landscape architecture. Elements of Landscape Architecture.


URBAN DESIGN |Design of mixed use developmenton the Nile front. Magnetic Collosus.

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URBAN DESIGN |Design of mixed use developmenton the Nile front. Magnetic Collosus. Pedestrian

Detailed zone |Cultural center

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General Layout

Solid vs. Void

Hierarchy of heights


URBAN DESIGN |Design of mixed use developmenton the Nile front. Magnetic Collosus. SHOTS OF 3D PHYSICAL MODEL (LASER CUT)

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Interior


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INTERIOR DESIGN|Oriental Arts and Crafts COFFE HOUSE

FloorpatternGroundfloor Style&Mood

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DETAILED DRAWING|Samples of Engineering drawings produced on CAD.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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- ALL STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEMS & MEASUREMENTS SHOULD BE REVIEWED FROM STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRO-MECHANICAL DRAWINGS.

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- THIS DRAWING IS NOT VALID FOR ERECTION OR INSTALLATION WITHOUT THE ARCHITECTS STAMP AND FOR CONSTRUCTION STAMP.

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FOR REVIEW DESCRIPTION

25-3-2010

DATE

ISSUE: PROJECT NO:HLA-10003 CAD DWG FILE:HLA-100325.DWG DRAWN BY: MOAZ MOHAMED

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PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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c Copyright 2013, THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY IN CAIRO

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- THIS DRAWING IS COPY RIGHT PROTECTED AND CAN NOT BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT THE WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE ARCHITECT.

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- ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS OTHERWISE MENTIONED, ALL DIMENSIONS MUST BE REVISED BY CONTRACTOR IN SITE.

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- ALL STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEMS & MEASUREMENTS SHOULD BE REVIEWED FROM STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRO-MECHANICAL DRAWINGS.

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ISSUE: PROJECT NO:HLA-10003 CAD DWG FILE:HLA-100325.DWG DRAWN BY: MOAZ MOHAMED CHECKED BY: DR.BASIL KAMEL

- THIS DRAWING IS COPY RIGHT PROTECTED AND CAN NOT BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT THE WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE ARCHITECT. - ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS OTHERWISE MENTIONED, ALL DIMENSIONS MUST BE REVISED BY CONTRACTOR IN SITE.

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WOODEN WINDOW


DETAILED DRAWING|Samples of Engineering drawings produced on CAD. Layout |landscape

Insulation method details

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DETAILED DRAWING|Samples of Engineering drawings produced on CAD.

Detailed section of Villa

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Photography

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Laguna Dahab

PHOTOGRAPHY SELECTION OF PHOTOS | FREELANCING

CAMERAS Canon EOS 600 D Canon EOS 500 D

LOCATION OF SHOTS Red Sea: Ain El Sokhna, Dahab and Taba

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PHOTOGRAPHY|A selection of photographic shots from all over Egypt

Taba Laguna

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PHOTOGRAPHY|A selection of photographic shots from all over Egypt

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Dahab Light House


PHOTOGRAPHY|A selection of photographic shots from all over Egypt

Ain El Sokhna

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THANK YOU


Architecture portfolio| Moaz Mohamed  
Architecture portfolio| Moaz Mohamed  

Portfolio displaying a variety of projects executed during the time of study at the American University in Cairo.

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