Page 1

Newsletter of

The Minnesota • 1 c o S February 2002

Upcoming Meeting The Vicepresidents report By Tony Gamble March General Meeting - Friday, March 1, 2002 White Snake Sale The main event of the March meeting is, of course, the Great White Snake Sale. This sale has, for the last sixteen years, been a great fundraiser for MHS. The proceeds keep the organization running smoothly and help fund items in the budget. It's also a great place to pick up cages, books, and herp related knickknacks (among other things ... ). Bid high! And don't forget to vote for your favorite pictures in the MHS photo contest and bumper sticker contest. On a related note, because the White Snake Sale is a rather unstructured event it's easy to lose track of kids (and adults) who may want to wander the halls. While we discourage this every year recent events at the University make it especially imported that we stay in our deSignated rooms and connecting hallways. On Saturday, January 26 the construction site for the new Mi~robial and Plant Genomics Research Center on the st. Paul campus was the scene of an arson fire. A domestic terrorist group, "Earth Liberation Front" (ELF), has

Volume 22 Number 2

claimed credit for setting the fire. While no people or animals were hurt, the fire did spread to nearby research laboratories and caused damage to facilities, equipment and the. loss of research. University police are working With state and federal law enforceme~t agencies to investigate the inCident. The University is in the process of reviewing and increasing securit.y measures on all campuses and IS asking everyone to be alert and take action to secure research and office areas. As a result, it's very important we stay where we're supposed to and not wander onto other floors In the building.

and hardwood forests. Those wishing to participate in th!s activity need to call the coordinator or sign up at the meeting. This is necessary as the number of volunteers may be limited to minimize habitat disturbance. Also, volunteers are required to attend a training session to learn how to properly search for these animals. Due to the fact that this survey will mainly involve wading in swamps, volunteers must provide their own chest waders. We will be camping at the park and will try to reserve the large group campground Thanks and I'll see you at the White or make other arrangements. Snake Sale!


The second survey will be a general herpetofaunal inventory for Glacial Lakes State Park on June 22 and 23, 2002. This park is heavily prairie with scattered potholes. A large Friday, June 7th , 2002 - Bill number of volunteers will prove helpDuellmann ful as there is a good amount of ac~eage to survey. We will be trapping for turtles, including Blanding's and searching mainly for large constrictors. No special gear is needed. Camping will be arranged for this survey, as well. As before, please sign up at the herp meeting or call to . indicate your desire to participate. As reported in the December Issue of the Newsletter, MHS will again per- Further information will be provided form herpetological surveys. In fact, later. However, if you have any MHS will host two surveys! questions or other items or want to sign up and cannot attend a meeting, Our first survey will be at st. Croix please call the coordinator Randy State Park on May 18 and 19, 2002 Blasus at 952-9254237 or email at where we will primarily be looking for Come have a Four-toed Salamanders. The park IS herpin' good time! very large and comprised of swamps

Upcoming Meetings: Friday, April 5th , 2002 -Chris Austin Friday, May 3rd , 2002 -John Weins

Field Surveys for 2002

Board of Directors

Bell Museum of Natural HistOIY, 10 Church Street South East, Minneapolis Minnesota 55455-0104


Jodi l Aherns


groundgeckofreak@holmail,com Vice President Tony Gamble


Recording Secretary

Heather Ingbrelson

Membership Secretary Nancy Haig



The Minnesota Herpetological • S o e t y c 1 VaiceMail: 612.62,1.7065 http://m' MHS egroup email:

February 2002

Treasurer Marilyn B)asus

The Purpose of the Minnesota Herpetological Society is to:

952.925.4237 Newsletter Editor Heather Malson


Members at Large Nancy Hakomaki

651.631.1380 Brian Ingbretson


Jody Holmstrom


Bill Moss


Volume 22 Number 2

Further the education of the membership and the general Public in care and captive propagation of reptiles and amphibians; Educate the members and the general public in the ecological role of reptiles and amphibians; Promote the study and conservation of reptiles and amphibians.


Minnesota Herpetological Society is a non-profit, tax-exempt organization. Membership is open to all individuals with an interest in amphibians and reptiles. The Minnesota Herpetological Society Newsletter is published monthly to provide its members with information concerning the society's activities and a media for exchanging information, opinions and resources. Becky Girard


Committees Adoption Sarah Richard

General Meetings are held at Borlaug Hall, Room 335 on the St. Paul Campus of the University of Minnesota, on the first Friday of each month (unless there is a holiday conflict). The meeting starts at 7:00pm and lasts about three hours. Please check the MHS Voice mail for changes in schedules or cancellations.


Education Jan Larson


Northern Minnesota Jeff Korbel Library Beth Girard

218.586.2S88 763.691.1650


Herp Assistance Amphibians Greg Kvanbek John Meltzer John Moriarty Chameleons Vern & laurie Grassel

651.388.0305 763.263.7880 651.482.8109


Crocodilians Jeff Lang Bill Moss

701.772.0227 651.488.1383

Lizards Nancy Haig Heather Matson

763.434.8684 612.554.8446

Large Boas, Pythons nna Cisewski


Other Snakes Jeff Leclere John Meltzer

651.488.6388 763.263.7880

Aquatic Turtles Gary Ash John levell


Terreslial Turtles Fred Bosman John Levell

Submissions to the Newsletter Ads or Notices must be submitted no later than the night of the General Meeting to be included in the next issue. Longer articles will be printed as time and space allows. All business cards are run for $5/month. Items may be sent to: The Minnesota Herpetological Society Attn: Newsletter Editor Bell museum of Natural History 10 Church SI. SE. Minneapolis, MN 55455.0104

Snake Bite Emergency Hennepin Regional Poison Center





Copyright Minnesota Herpetological Society 2001. Contents may be reproduced for non-profit use provided that all material is reproduced without change and proper credit is given author and the MHS Newsletter ciling; volume, number and date.

Minnesota Herpetological Society Newsletter

Februruy 2002

Volume 22 Number 2

News, Notes & Announcements Reptile Design Wanted

Letter from the Editor:

The MHS had very successful sales with the last shirt. So we're getting ready for a new T-shirt. Any reptile will do, it doesn't have to be a Minnesota herp. The society will vote on a new T-shirt design at the April meeting. Deadline is the March meeting. Thank you!

I would like to personally thank the following individuals for taking their time to find or write and submit articles and original artwork. Tony Gamble Bill Moss Randy Blasus Jeff LeClere Jodi Patnoe Becky Helegsen Jim Gerholdt Sean Hewitt Heather Ingbretson Beth Girard Jim Welleham Liam & Richard Bonk The Newsletter is the best way of the society to communicate and educate each other and others outside the society. Member written articles is what makes the MHS newsletter unique. Each and every one of the members of the society has experience with herps one way or the other. That experience is what needs to be shared with the

Raffle Donors Marilyn & Randy Blasus Mug Tony Gamble Imprint Magazine Bert Langerwerf Tegu Video Adoption Committee Shed Ease & Hood Dan Keyler Aquarium w/ hood

A Letter to the Society: Thank you to all the wonderful peopie who donated animals to the veterinary student necropsy lab I Everyone had such a good time, the freshman class threw their own a few weeks later. Some of the things discovered grossly (no histology available): the chameleon extremely gravid, nodules on ribs, no body fat and very little muscle - possible calcium issues/nutritional problems; Bearded Dragon 4-5 cm granulomatous mass on stomach wall, 1-2 cm black, fluid filled liver cysts, fatty liver. On the remaining animals, we couldn't detect anything grossly. Kirsten Love

Grant Committee Report

While it is still early in 2002 MHS has already sponsored four' grant Critter of the Month newslette~. applications. These Grants were John P. Levell There IS only a small hand full of approved in January and February Mexican Rosy Boa individuals that have consistently 2002. Lichanura t. trivergata help write or find articles for the newsletter. I hope that out of nearly In 2001, the Bell Museum again Zach & Daniel Michael 5?0 members strong more peop!e appealed to the society to help sup1.1 Corn Snakes wll.l. step forv:ard a~d take le~d In port the Herpetological Collection Ball Python wntmg or findmg articles and .onglnal through providing funds for a 35-galartwork. I look forward to seemg new Ion preservation tank for storage of names in the newsletter this year. large turtles. The last tank MHS funded was too quickly filled and Heather Matson Newsletter Editor many specimens continued to be relegated to leaky 5-gallon pails. The , . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . , University does fund the collection, I'cvUJ<.e,t'o-~th.tv57 people-who-t'oo{<;pcwt but provides a very limited budget, (,yv OU/I" ed.uca;t'~ ~-orwt'YU"y year. therefore our collaboration with the ._ 7.of 1l J ~ .. _ ....~ J current curator through these grants A t'ot-lM/ 506.8 nOU/l",y WeÂĽ'0' VUTYUM,.I:'ÂŤ/, provides a significant positive -J cwv Lcw~ impact.


Minnesota HeIJletological Society Monthly Newsletter

Febru,uy 2002

Grant Report Cont.

Volume 22 Number 2

Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN to keep the humidity from reaching 55455-0104. MHS has and will con- the wood. The Herpetological survey activities tinue to support local, regional, of the Vice President, Tony Gamble, national and international projects. Next, I needed a shelf system to put brought him into contact with our them in. I decided upon ?" melamine next applicant. Cassie Phillips, a due to the greater strength of this High School student, is mentoring thickness and ease of surface cleanwith Tony and has applied to MHS in ing. The shelves were to be only as wide as the longest side of a plastic order to cover her expense in a herpetological project. She will research box and the depth of the rack would the history of published on unpubequal the width. In this case that lished turtle research since 1985 and would be a shelf 16" deep and 2' provide an inventory to facilitate wide. future research. Our small contribution here provides impetus to a pos- By Randy E. Blasus My search for material was rewarded sible future herpetologist and conwhen I found melamine shelf materitributes to our local knowledge. Recently, having grown tired of cage al that was 16" wide and 8' long. cleaning, I began to formulate a Calculating the amount needed and MHS is also sponsoring a survey design for a cheap, easy to clean what can be built with it; I came up performed out of our state border. A and compact system for my snake with a 6-cage rack (piUS one extra researcher in east central Iowa is collection. I looked at what can be shel~ where the last shelf would be a beginning a Blanding's Turtle survey bought and what other keepers use. few Inches off the f1~or. The rack concerning their 'distribution, habitat Most were quite expensive or very would be a total of 4 tall and eac~ use and genetics.' Blanding's or labor intensive to build and maintain. shelf.would be placed to make a 6? other herpetological work has been My current system was wooden opening. Thl~ wou!,d then reqUire historically scarce in Iowa with the melamine cages with a light source three of the 8 x .16 boards. One exception of a few researchers, as extra heat. Newspaper served as ",:ould be sawed In half to form the therefore we will be providing an substrate. The square corners made Sides, while th,~ other two would important service to the herpetologi- cleaning difficult and the paper did make shelves 2 In length. cal community and expanding our not absorb much of the waste matefocus to other areas in the Midwest. rial. Thus, I decided to go a com- The boards were cut using a circular saw and a square clamped to the pletely different route and setup a board to guide it in a straight line. MHS will also fund the third and finial rack and box system. After all the material was cut, I enlistyear of the rattlesnake project this spring, completing our support of this As I did not have a lot of extra cash, ed my wife to help in the assembly. extended study. It is sincerely hoped I decide to design and build this Location of all the shelves was that this maligned creature will bene- myself, if possible. The first consid- marked on the inside of the rack to fit from the interest the society has eration was the size of the box. Most provide a means of locating the focussed towards it through this and of my serpents are small colubrids shelves accurately and on the outother studies. that are from temperate climes. side to enable me to locate screws. Therefore a moderate size is all that Each 4' side was then drilled with a MHS is not currently active in seek- was needed; I settled on 39 Qt. 3/32" bit at each shelf location so that ing grant proposals. However, any- sweater boxes from Target. They will there would be three screws holding one wishing to receive a grant from be easier to clean and would provide each shelf on each side. Next, the the Minnesota Herpetological as much floor space as my current shelves would be placed under the Society need write a one or two page system. These cages are then side so that the holes could be drilled proposal on their project detailing the drilled on each side with a ?" drill in into each shelf as well. This is to pre'd M location, brief details and a cost two rows to proVI e ventilation. y vent the wood from splitting when the breakdown to: Grant Chair, system keeps the lids on the boxes screws are installed. After the top Minnesota Herpetological Society, to insure less chance of escape and shelf is drilled, wood glue is applied Bell Museum of Natural History, 10

New and Natural, A Snakier Condominium!

Minnesota Herpetological Society Monthly Newsletter


the bare end of the shelf then the side and shelf are joined with three 1 5/ " drywall screws, being careful not 8 to strip the screws, but insuring they are tight. The glue may not provide a lot of structural support, but can't hurt and also functions to seal the end grain from moisture. Next the lowest shelf is placed, remember that it may it is not on the bottom of the rack, but rather, a few inches from the bottom. The rest of the shelves are placed similarly and then the opposite side is attached.

February 2002

Volume 22 Number 2

This system I currently use does not have supplemental heat, a~ I rely on heating the whole room for the animals. I am able to do this since my snak~s are m~stly temperate species where high heat is not absol~tely necessary. My room e~penences natural seasonal fluctuatlons as well. The winter, is in general, coo!er, whl.le summer the temperat~re IS conSiderably warmer. I do occasionally use a space heater, but felt that a season of cooler temps and lower levels of feeding may be beneficial to the animal in the long r~n (this is only for those animals not hibernated). . Th~ last th~ng I do to make my collectlon easier to maintain involves a change in su~strate: Instead of newspaper, .whlch sOils fast and is low absorpltve, now use ~ypress mulch. I am sltll new to this substrate, being recommended by two of my :nends who say that they have used It successfully for some time ~ith no adverse effect on the cap-

third of the original time.

I would later build a ten-cage rack for one of my friends where I would be one shelf short (an important reason to keep the left over shelf from the last 6-cage). This requires one more of the 16"x 8' boards to equal a total of four. Two feet is cut from two different boards each; these will be the sides and will be 6' tall each. The two-foot sections are to become shelves, as are the last two 8' pieces. Assembly is as before.

tlves. C.urrently,.1 have not noticed any ?etnmental Issues and instead find It a very ideal material. The snakes, especially the kingsnakes, love to burrow into the 2" deep layer of material that I provide for each cage.

Recording Secretary

As my cages receive no direct contact heat, the material stays moist, but d~es not mold, which aids in shedding. Excrement is mixed with substrate, not unlike straw does in a

The anole is often thought of as a Inuisance, irritation or a feeder itemt by many people, but Dr. Ann Paterson has found that they are very interesting and complex little creatures once you delve into their world. They develop territories that are relatively small (1-2 meters) and they are not too picky as long as it meets certain criteria. Anoles have been known to occupy territories of

With the six cage system, including the plastic boxes and a box of screws, my total cost of materials is just over $60. I am somewhat skilled with woodworking, but do not have all the right tools; still, I can start from scratch and have a rack built in about four hours.

horse barn ~nd allo~s for easy removal of sOiled matenal. The substrate need not be removed completely ~ntil. it show~ signs of over contamlnalton, which may be mo.nths! My cage cleaning routine, which was small in comparison to some other I have talked to (about 1? hours a week) has shrunk to one

shopping carts or even cars. In fact, anoles can be found at rest stops on the Northbound sides of highways coming out of Florida (think about It). Dr. Ann Patterson has done much research on the interactlons of anoles with neighbors and non-neighbors in familiar and unfamiliar territories. She discusses the

Next the detailing can begin. I covered all exposed edges with melamine tape, which is melamine backed with glue that is affixed to the wood with the use of a household !ron: Once the material has cooled it IS tnmmed flush to the surface with a ~azor knife. Lastly I placed felt cushIons on the bottom to keep my hardwood floors safe. Castors may be used if the system is to be more mobile.



In all, I am satisfied that I have crossed another threshold in my herp keeping, allowing me to feel more comfortable about my captives condition while providing an ease of maintenance that allows me more freedom to perform other tasks such as this article. If anyone requires more detail then this, please contact me personally and I will give you more information. Happy Herpin' REBlasus

Review of January's Seminar: Interactions in Territorial neighborhoods: Why some lizards are (relatively) nice to .


their neighbors. By Dr. Ann Paterson Reviewed by Heather Ingbretson,

February 2002

Volume 22 Number 2

Jan. Review Cant. reasons and motivations for territorialism, as well as the apparent lrulesl of territorialism. Among the other things she discusses are the various Hypotheses of Differential Aggression. The three hypotheses are: Relative Threat, Social Stability and Familiarity Hypotheses. She goes on to prove these hypotheses to be consistent or inconsistent with her findings in the different areas of prediction of each hypothesis. Her studies continue to uncover the complexities of Anole behavior. Heather Ingbretson

Bert was very impressed with the turn out at February's meeting (177 people counted). "I'll be back again," He said with a huge grin on his face, "and here's proof to Ester (his wife)," as his camera flashes this photograph. We'll see you again soon Bert. We enjoyed your talk.

Last year's People's Choice Award went to Bill Moss. Who will be next? Be sure to come to the white snake sale next month for the chance to vote in your favorite photos and bid on some of the coolest reptile supplies, art and nick nacks around. see ya there!!!!


Minnesota Herpetological Society MontlllY Newsletter



English Spot


.1. ;: t,":''''''


Jim's Rabbit Shack "Where Spots Are Tops'

JIMDALUGE (763) 295-2818

8700 Jaber Ave. NE Monticello. MN 55362



2001 Holiday Banquet

February 2002

Volume 22 Number 2

Minnesota Herpetological Society Prepared by Treasurer's Report Marilyn Brooks Blasus, Treasurer For the Month Ending: January 31, 2002 Income: Membership Sales (Net) Donations Raffle Mise Total Income:

725.00 (113.87) 75.00 45.00 563.00 1294.13

Expenses: Newsletter Printing & Postage Other Printing & Postage Program ConservationiDonation Supplies & Refreshments Mise Total Expense: Net Gain/(Loss):

586.40 302.50 900.00 18.06 626.29 2433.25

I(1139.12) I

I want to thank the following for your various jobs helping to make the banquet a success. It was a team effort: Bill Moss and Nancy Hakomaki for framing the prints, Tony Gamble for projector and screen, Marilyn Blasus for room rental, Heather Matson for picture donation, Dan Keyler for rattle snake print, Bruce and Nancy Haig for supplies and beverages, Jake Jacobsen for donating sweat shirts, John Levell for donating calendars, Nancy and bruce Haig for the registration forms. Set-up and clean-up at the banquet: The Haigs, Levells, Bill Moss, Naney Hakomaki, Jodi Aherns, Fred & Liz Bosman, Tony Gamble, Brian & Heather Ingbretson, me and anyone else I missed. Also, I failed to put in a thank you note last year, Thanks for your help in 2000. I apologize for that Thanks A Million, Gordan Merck

Chairman, Banquet comity

2001 Banquet Income: 79 Registered people Raffle Money

$395 $78

Expenses: Room rent $145.00 Framing $58.91 Beverages & Supplies $203.21 Printing Reg. Forms $55.25 Portion of Speaker $100.67 Total Expense $563.04


Net Loss <$90.04>

Prepared by Gordan Merck

Minnesota Herpetological Society Newsletter February 2002

Volume 22 Number 2

Classified Advertisements


Classified ads are free to the member ship. Deadline Is the night of the general meeting to be Included in the next 1.0.0 =male, 0.1.0 '" female. 0.0.1 =unsexed. cb =captive bred, obo '" or best offer, + '" Urnes run{ ads are run only 3x unless requested to continue).



Heather C Matson Photography 612.554.8446 HCMPHOTOGRAPHYCOM Portraits, Weddings, Fine Art prints. All MHS members will receive a 10% off of contract price.

Male Sail Tail Dragon to entertain my female. Large Male Northern blue tongue skink of at least 2 years of age. Contact Domonie at 763-424-4243 or

Tiger Geckos CB 2001 $20 each. 1.3 Tiger gecko Breeding group $150.00. 2.4 Cave Gecko (G luii) $100 each. 2.2 Crested geckos (R ciliatus) $150 per pair. 2.1 Gargoyle gecko (R auriculaitus) $150 for normal pair $250 for striped male. email: Heather, or call 612.554.8446

Frozen Rabbits - all sizes. Prices very reasonable - pinkies to adults. Jim Daluge 763.295.2818

Flightless Frultflies - Excellent food for dart frogs, mantellas, hatchling geckos, baby chameleons, spiderlings, and other small herps. Two species available: Drosophila melanegaster (small) and Drosophila hyde; (large). $5/culture or $25/6 cultures. Each culture contains 30 to 50 adult flies and has potential to produce several hundred young. Also, Mealworms, two sizes available - regular and mini. $5/1000. Can be delivered to MHS meetings. And... 2.0 Leopard Geckos (Eublepharis macularius) CB 2001. These are double hets for Tremper albino AND patternless and will be ready to breed in 2002. $85 each or $150 for both. Call Tony Gamble 612-747-6682 or email

Eastman Nature Center is looking for a Milk snake, Fox snake, or a Black Rat snake. Snake will be used for school group and family classes and must handle well. Please call Kim at 763/4204300. All the shed snake skins in the world. Needed for giveaways at educational programs. Contact Bob Duerr 612.541.0362

For Sale: 3 male CB 2001 Het Albino leopard Gecko Tremper line $100-$250 These are super nice. Viper Gecko $40.each CB 2001. 1.2 CB '99 Giant Frog eyed gecko group T.s. keyzerlingii $225. 2.3 '99-'00CB Turk frog eyed geckos T.s. scincus $100 each. 3 baby CB Tokay geckos 2001 $40 each. Call Jodi Aherns 612.588.9329 ++

1.1 adult timor monitors: $300/pr abo. 70 gal lizard lounge aquarium with light--excellent condition: $75 abo. Call Chelsea $ Tyler 651-776-5216; e-mail:


Male Desert box turtle to keep my girl company. Female Gulf Coast Box Turtle. Looking for a girl to keep my fella company. Or a pair for breeding. Contact Heather Matson 651.647.3444 or

MHS Rodent Sales Mice

Pinkies Fuzzies Hoppers Adults

$7/dz. $7/dz. $8/dz. $10/dz


Sm Pups Lg Pups Juvn Rats Adults

$12/dz. $18/dz. $24/dz. 6@$15 or $30/dz.

For pick up at monthly meetings only. Orders Must be placed at least one week in advance of date of meeting at which the frozen rodents are to be delivered. Place orders with Tina Cisewski at 763.856.2865 All Proceeds go toward the operating costs of the society. The MHS is a completely volunteer run, non-profit organization.



Advertising Policies MHS Ad Policy: The MHS assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY regarding the health or legality of any animal, or the quality or legality of any product or service advertised in the MHS Newsletter. Any ad may be rejected at the discretion of the Newsletter Editor. Due to space limitations, unpaid and complimentary advertisements are subject to occasional omission.

Classified Ads: All active members are allowed a classified ad, run free of charge as space permits. Ads may be ran three consecutive months, after which time they may be resubmitted. Corresponding members are allowed a complimentary business card advertisement monthly as space permits. Due to federal restrictions on Non-profit mailing permits, we are not allowed to run ads for travel, credit or insurance agencies. Business card advertisements may be purchased at S5/ad, per month. For other rates please inquire.

<~J~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ l!I II

Submissions: All advertisements should be submitled to the MHS Editor, Bell Museum of Natural History, 10 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Deadline is the night of the General Meeting for inclusion in the next newsletter. Make checks payable to: Minnesota Herpetological Society.

r-----------------------------------------------, Minnesota Herpetological Society Membership Application New Renewal Membership# Type Check #

Name Address City, State, Zip, Phone


List in MHS Directory?



Herp related interests

Active Memberships: Sustaining ($60/yr) Corresponding Memberships:

Contributing ($30/yr)

Basic Commercial ($25/yr 2 Bus Cards) Silver ($75/yr 2 1/2 pg Ads)

Basic ($15/yr) Bronze ($50/yr 2 1/4 pg ads) Gold ($1 OO/yr 2 Full pg Ads)

Required check info. Drivers Lic # State DOB Please enclose the proper payment with your application. Make Checks Payable To: Minnesota Herpetological Society. Membership is for 12 months from the date of approval. a receipt will be sent only upon request. Mail to: Minnesota Herpetological Society, Bell Museum of Natural History, 10 Church SI. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Please allow 6-8 weeks L for _______________________________________________ processing.




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Next Meeting: March 1, 2002 Room 335 Borlaug Hall, U of M St. Paul Campus @7pm

MHS Voice mail: 612.624.7065 http://I'''\



Non-Profit Rate U.S. Postage PAID Mpls, MN Permit No. 2275

Vol. 22 (2002), No. 2  

Minnesota Herpetological Society Newsletter

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