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JULY MEETING Friday, July 10, 1987 7:00 PM Room 10, Palmer Classroom Bldg St. Paul Campus, University of Minnesota



* *



For the next three (3) months we will be meeting in the Palmer Classrooms Building in room 10. This is due to the University Faculty Members holding workshops in Borlaug Hall classrooms. The Palmer Classrooms Bldg is just South of Borlaug Hall. We will be using the Palmer Classrooms Building on JULY 10, AUGUST 7 and SEPTEMBER 4. Please make note of this change.

The July meeting will have the dual slide projector presentation entitled ..... QUEST FOR CR07A-PHY7LiS. Barney Oldfield and Jim Gerholdt recently traveled to SouthffnTexas in search of the Reticulated Collared Lizard (C. ~ticulatu~). On their twelve day trip, they saw over fourty species of herps, plus interesting birds and flowers. They will illustrate their talk with the fade in/fade out dual projector style, giving us a chance to see some of the interesting reptiles and amphibians restricted to Texas. The photos are sure to be excellent. This meeting will be one the whole family will want to attend. Let's do our "critter" of the month Texas style ... BIG. Bring out your biggest critter for this July meeting ... even if it ain't full grown yet. Let's see some imagination this month.

SNAKEBITE EMERGENCY Minnesota Poison Control System 221-2113 (outstate) 1-800-222-1222 Hennepin Regional Poison Center (612) 347-3141


Patricia Brown - a graduate student in Veterinary Pathology - was the speaker for our June meeting. Although Ms. Brown's work is mainly in avian species, her talk on microbiological pathogens in reptiles and amphibians was well prepared. Ms. Brown began by explaining that microbiological pathogens are not usually the primary disease "causer", but rather they are opportunists that move in on an animal already under stress caused by another problem. A review of diseases commonly found in herps and the associated microbes were given. Ms Brown felt that keepers can help in narrowing in on specific health problems by doing the initial plating to determine whether microbes are present, their numbers, and even whether the microbes are gram negative or gram positive. Ms Brown explained her procedures for swabbing and plating to check for microbes. She stressed that if organisms are found, it is best to turn to a professional lab to isolate and identify the organisms for two reasons. First, the cost is high for supplies to grow and identify specific organisms. Second, the identification is difficult.and requires a fair amount of practice. A brief explanation of the sensitivity test was given to show how the best drug to treat the disease is determined. It was noted that not all diseases are best treated by antibiotics, and no one antibiotic is best suited for all diseases. Ms Brown stressed again to seek professional help to determine the appropriate drug treatment. In concluding, Ms. Brown said that many veterinarians are reluctant to work with reptiles and amphibians. The reason is the lack of knowledge of herps by most vets. It is best to find a veterinarian who is interested in and somewhat knowledgeable about reptiles and amphibians. Several veterinarians in the metro area are willing to assist people who keep herps. NOTE:

Anyone interested in obtaining information about supplies for simple laboratory tests can contact Ms. Patricia Brown at (612) 625-9202 (days).

If you are interested in more information on last months speaker topic, or if you missed the June meeting and are just looking for information on the care of your herp, here are some books in the M.H.S. library that you have access to: HUSBANDRY, MEDICINE





REPTILIAN DISEASES by Dobbs Please check them out. If you have trouble finding them, see Nancy Haig our Library Committee Chairperson for assistance. Someone may have already checked the book out!


EDITOR'S CORNER I want to thank Jo Anne Moriarty for submitting the article on last months main speaker. Jo Anne has offered to continue submitting this monthly newsletter item as her schedule permits. Thanks for the input and the help Jo Ann! I wish to apologize was an oversight on opening area of the sending me articles

for not running my address every month in the newsletter. It my part. In the future, my address will be listed in the Classifieds. I hope this has not caused anyone problems for print, classifieds, or irate letters to the editor.

***NOTE***IMPORTANT***NOTE***IMPORTANT***NOTE***IMPORTANT***NOTE*** For the n~xt three (3) months, we will be meeting in the Palmer Classrooms Bldg. We will be in room #10. We have met in this building once before when we could not use Borlaug Hall. This building is next door - south - to Borlaug Hall. The change in meeting places is due to U of M Faculty Members holding workshops during summer months. The July meeting date is the 10th. Please try to arrive a little early so you can find the new meeting building and room and we can start our meeting on time. We will try to have someone outside of Borlaug Hall from 6:45 to 7:15 pm to help you find your way.

PRINTS TO MEMBERS Sustaining and Contributing Members from June 1986 thru May 1987 receive a print of the Timber Rattlesnake (C~otaÂŁu~ hO~b) by Don Wheeler. Don was the winner of the 1986 Illustration Contest. We wish to thank the following members for joining the society at the higher membership rates: Kate Anderson Fred Bosman Bruce Delles Fran Frisch Bruce Haig John Jesmer Jr. Kurt Kalland

James Konrad Jim Mead John Moriarty Ann Porwoll Brint Spencer Tropical Concepts

If you have not received your print, please contact Ann Porwoll at 489-7853.

REFRESHMENTS Thanks to Kate Anderson and Ruth Meltzer for the homemade oatmeal cookies and chocolate chip cookies. They were a real good break time treat.

HERP COURSE REMINDER Dr. Jeff Lang will be teaching a two credit course on Minnesota Herps. The class will be running from July 19-25 at the Lake Itasca Field Station. If you are interested in attending this course, call (612) 625-9165.


STATE FAIR EXHIBIT The State Fair Exhibit is on for this year - August 27 thru September 7. The exhibit will be on the north end of the animal cages in the D.N.R. building. Some reconstruction will be needed to make the display fit in the new location. We are in need of volunteers to help in the rebuilding. Construction will take place in late July to early August. Please give this matter some thought. A sign-up sheet will be at the July meeting if you wish to volunteer some time. There is also a need for members to care for the animals and answer questions during the State Fair. The D.N.R. would like to have the display manned as much as possible. Volunteers for this duty will be given TWO (2) FREE TICKETS a day. The following is a list of animals needed for the display at the fair: Blue Racer (Co1uR~ bp.) Painted Turtle (C~ybQmYb pieta) Bullsnake (Piiuophib melanoÂŁeucub) Spiny Softshell (7~onyx b. ) Fox Snake (5iaphQ vuipina) Snapping Turtle (Ch~yd~a b.) W. Hognose (HQ{~odon nabicub) Map Turtle (q~apLQmyb g.) Garter Snake (7hamnophib b~aÂŁib) Green Snake (OphQod~Yb bp.)" Leopard Frog (R. pip~b) " " Sk"lnk (CLumRCQb bQP~Qn~~ona~b) ~ ~_: ~~ullfrog (R. ca{Qbg~ana) P ralrle Tiger Salamander (AmffYbLoma tig~) Any member interested in providing animals or working at our display at the State Fair, please sign-up at the July meeting or contact Aaron Hampton.

M.R.S. PICNIC This years M.H.S. Picnic is being planned for Saturday, August 22, 1987. A deposit has been sent to the Minnesota Zoological Gardens to reserve the pavilion next to the volleyball courts. The Minnesota Zoological Gardens has offered M.R.S. a 20% discount on admission into the Zoo exhibit area. We need 25 members paid in advance who would be going into the exhibit area to take advantage of this offer. The cost for the advance tickets would be; $3.20 17 and older, $1.20 ages 6-16, FREE for ages 5 and under. Please contact Sue Bunn at 452-6133 or Brint Spencer to let them know your ticket needs as early as possible. Advance payment for the tickets will be accepted at the July and August meeting, but the sooner we get the accurate head count, the better. As for the picnic line-up of events, time schedule, and map of the location, please attend the July meeting or watch for next months newsletter.



The M.H.S. Board Members have been informed of a possible supplier of frozen adult mice. In order to share this food source with the society, we are in need of freezer space for storing approximately 300 mice. Also, we need someone to take monthly orders, package and store mice in dozen lots, and bring the mice to monthly meetings for members who ordered them. We need a volunteer as soon as possible in order to take advantage of this information. If you think you could help out in this matter, please contact Ann Porwoll at 489-7853 or Tom Schmitz at 488-7619. Or talk to us at the July meeting.


MHS LIBRARY REVIEW MHS has a great Ii brary! Your elected board members are continually reviewing new book lists and stocking our library with the best information our budget can afford. I feel it is important to start exposing this valuable asset to MHS meeting goers on a monthly basis. Starting in this newsletter, I would like to review a book a month from our library. Would you care to help? The format I would like to use is shown below: BOOK TITLE: Strange Animals I Have Known AUTHOR: Raymond Ditmars (1931) GREAT READING FOR AGES: Recommend for Teenagers through Adult (12 and up) REVIEWED BY: Becky Helgesen Those of us who grew up with Gerald Durrell and his collection of animal experience books are familiar with this book's style: "I've done a lot of spectacular things with pretty far-out animals, and here's my modest story." You can tell that Durrell's books were modeled on sagas like this one by Raymond Ditmars. These books remain fascinating compendiums of nature lore, amusing anecdotes, and oddments of whatever seems to have been the author's current passion (in Ditmars' case, this seems to have been the concept of weather, to which he devotes an entire, somewhat tedious, 33 page chapter). Ditmars had rather astonishing experience with reptiles in particular, both privately and in his capacity as Curator of the Bronx Zoo (and originator of its animal collections). He writes of amazing - and hair-raising - experiences with dozens of species of venomous snakes. Since this was before antivenin was readily available, one must hand it to Ditmars for his courage and deftness in handling these animals (as well as a large portion of luck). Back when this book was written - 56 years ago - it was a different world. Ditmars combines the dashing qualities of an Indiana Jones with an almost late-Victorian straightforward interest in nature without our own guilty knowledge of modern damage to ecologies and populations. There's no writing of conservation or breeding endangered species here. Such thoughts never entered people's heads when exotic animals were plentiful and inexpensive and seemed never-ending in supply. Aside from the animal information, some of which may be dated, a large part of the fun of this book is the peek into the world of active zoologists, half a century ago. Thanks Becky for this review. I'm looking forward to more of your reviews for future newsletters. Anyone else read a good book lately? After filling out the first four items (Book title, author, reading for ages?, reviewed by), the body of the review can be as long as this one or as short as a couple paragraphs. Just give a brief write-up on what the book was about (i.e., table of contents summary, jacket information, chapter headers, etc), and if the book fulfilled your reason for taking it out of our library. Did this book suggest further reading on the subject? Did we have any of the suggested books in the MHS library? I hope there is a few MHS members that will help me uncover our great library, and share its contents with the rest of the society. The library has books for every age and any age could write a review - that includes the junior members. Here is a chance to see your name in the newsletter and help fulfill the purpose of MHS.


GUIDELINES FOR VENOMOUS HERPS by Brint Spencer The May M.H.S. meeting focused on venomous herps and several members brought a variety of specimens for the critter of the month. M.H.S. does not recommend that its members keep venomous herps, but it does recognize that there is a certain fascination for some of these animals. When maintaining any animal in captivity, the keeper has an obligation to provide the proper food and housing for his charges. With venomous (or any dangerous) animals, there is an additional liability to safeguard your family and neighbors as well as yourself and the animal. The following is a set of general guidelines for maintaining venomous animals, several of which are common sense and can be applied equally to nonvenomous animals as well. THE WORK AREA: 1)

Maintain a safe work area - keep debris picked up and put away. You should give yourself plenty of space in which to move around.


Use Locks - All cages containing venomous animals should be locked. The room should also be locked. This prevents anybody - especially children - from wandering into the room.


Label the cages - All cages should be labeled with the type of snake inside. If possible, keep only one snake per cage. If you do have more than one snake in a cage (i.e. breeding), be sure to list the type of snake as well as the number of individuals in the cage.


Proper cage placement reduce the likelihood you want to keep them work with them. This move quickly.


No escape routes - The room should be snake escape proof and without clutter. Shelves, bookcases and overhead pipes are excellent places for snakes to disappear.


Emergency lights - Emergency lights should serve two (2) functions. First, a light should come on immediately in the event of a power failure. You don't want to be caught in the dark with a venomous snake on a hook. Second, you should have a hand held flashlight (preferably a rechargeable one) available so you can check your snakes if the lights have gone off.

- Do not keep venomous snakes in high cages. This will of a snake sliding down the hook onto your hand. Nor do in cages low enough that you have to kneel or crouch to puts you in an awkward position if you should have to


NO ALCOHOL - First and foremost, snakes and alcohol Most venomous snake bites occur when the person has reflexes and coordination are impaired. The alcohol of a snakebite, making diagnosis and treatment more


Be alert - As a corollary, do not work with venomous animals if you are tired, sick or upset. The water pan can wait a day to be changed.


Avoid distractions - While the radio may be nice background, do not let it become a distraction. Personal headsets can be dangerous in that they will eliminate ambient sounds (a warning rattle). Television or a conversation can also be a distraction.


Do not work snakes during severe weather - Snow storms or thunderstorms can impede needed medical response by slowing down the ambulance or by taking down phone and power lines. (6)

(or drugs) do not mix! been drinking. Your masks some of the symptoms difficult.


Do not work snakes during rush hour - You don't want to try and get to the hospital as thousands of other people are going to work. (At the Zoo, our venomous are handled between 8:30 to 3:30.)


Do not work alone - Since you can not predict what your reaction to a bite will be (shock, panic, faint) there should be somebody near by to assist if you are bitten.


Open your cage with a snake hook - This will keep you a safe distance away.


Be careful with your "other" hand - A hook in your dominent hand should keep it a safe distance from the snake, but be careful that your "other" hand doesn't stray into striking range. This can be done by giving that hand a hook also, or by putting it into your back pants pocket.


Know the source of anti venom - Be sure to know where the closest anti venom is for any snake you maintain. Remember, antlvenom is to be administered by a physician. Do not keep anti venom at home and plan to treat yourself.


Have a snakebite procedure - You should have a written plan of what to do if you are bitten. Who is to be called (and the telephone numbers) and how you are going to get to the hospital. Keep a list of emergency phone numbers near your phone.

Keeping venomous animals is an aspect of herpetology that does not, and should not, appeal to most people. It should not be an off the cuff decision based on seeing a pretty snake. There are serious ramifications to keeping or handling dangerous animals improperly. Keeping venomous snakes does not necessarily imply that a person is a better herper than somebody who does not. It should, however, mean that they are more careful.

Brint Spencer is a graduate of the University of Delaware. He has a B.A. in Biology. Brint is Senior Keeper at the Minnesota Zoological Gardens. Brint works with both front and rear fanged venomous snakes at the Zoo. He along with Dr. Dan Keyler developed the venomous snakebite procedure now in use at the Minnesota Zoological Gardens.


CASE OF ENVENOMATION BY CROTALUS ATROX WITH SECONDARY COMPLICATIONS D.E. Keyler, Division of Toxicology, Department of Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center and Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation A 25 year old male presented to the Hennepin County Medical Center Emergency Department on May 20, 1987 for treatment of symptoms resulting from a Western Diamondback Rattlesnake bite. The bite was inflicted at noon while the patient was transferring a juvenile (18 inch) C. atrox with a hook from a cage on a higher shelf to one on a lower shelf. Upon hooking the snake from the upper cage, the snake slid down the hook pole and into the victims hand at which time he was bitten on the middle lateral aspect of the right index finger. The victim arrived in the ER approximately 40 minutes after the incident occurred. At that time, the patients finger and entire right hand showed considerable swelling which was progressing up to the wrist to the forearm. Due to the rapid progression ~f swelling and pain, the administration of Polyvalent Antivenin (Crotalidae, Wyeth) was considered necessary. Initially 5 vials of antivenin were prepared, and the intravenous infusion of antivenin was not started until the patient was in the intensive care unit. The first 5 doses were administered over I! hours. At that time the patients finger was purplish-black in appearance, and it was so swollen that circulation to the area was becoming compromised. The patient was suffering intense pain from his finger all the way up through the shoulder region. Laboratory findings, after the first 5 vials of antivenin, showed slight changes in prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time indicating some systemic toxicity. It was decided that not enough antivenin was present in the patient to neutralize the venom, and 5 more vials were prepared for administration. Adequate doses of antivenin are needed to stop the progression of symptoms and reduce compartment pressure, and it may take several hours of aggressive therapy to see a response. The second 5 vials were infused over 2 hours, and the patient had received a total of 10 vials of antivenin within 4! hours from the time of being bitten. From this point in time the swelling had stopped progressing, and the pressure in the finger appeared to have lessened as indicated by increased superficial circulation in the fingertip (improved capillary refill). Although the symptoms of envenomation by the rattlesnake. were responding to treatment, other complications began to develop. At approximately 5 hours after the bite, the patient began having chills, sweating, increased heart rate, and hives were appearing over a large area of the body. The patient was then treated with intravenous antihistamine and placed on a continuous intrvenous epinephrine drip. This was continued for the next 24 hours. These symptoms are associated with an allergic reaction, and are not normally this pronounced when a patient is treated with antivenin for the first time. However, this patient had two important components in his previous medical history. First, the patient had 6 months earlier been the victim of poisoning from a Copperhead bite. This is important in that there is some cross-sensitivity to venoms from snakes of different species and families, and people have suffered allergic reactions to the snake venom itself. Second, the patient had been diluting crude snake venom in water, and scratchtesting the skin on the forearm and stomach areas to determine how sensitive he might be to particular venoms, and also to perhaps build up antibodies to the venoms. Both the previous snakebite poisoning and the sensitivity testing amplified the complications in managing the patient medically, and more significantly


increased the patient's risk of acute anaphylaxis should another venomous bite and antivenin treatment be required. In fact, it is possible that severe complications could occur before the patient would ever get to the hospital. With time, and treatment with steroids, symptoms resolved in the present case. A small area of dead tissue was removed from the bite area on the finger, and the patient was discharged home after 5 days in the intensive care unit. In conclusion, it should be stressed for all M.H.S. members who keep poisonous snakes in their collections, to be extremely cautious when maneuvering snakes. They should realize that people repeatedly poisoned at different times, can develop increased sensitivity to venom causing more severe symptoms than those attributed to the toxicity of the venom itself. Finally, do not do home testing with horse serum, snake venom, or antivenin. These practices are risky even when performed under medical supervision. The best advice is not to get bitten, and do not do anything that will predispose you to unnecessary medical treatment or compromise medical treatment should it be needed.

NOTE Both Brint Spencer and Dan Keyler (M.H.S. members) have contributed to our knowledge of venomous herps this month. The information is timely, important and complete. I hope other societies will share these articles with their own members, and give credit to the source and authors when doing so. If you are interested in reading another article on this subject, please see the M.H.S. Occasional Papers dated June 1985, Vol. 1, Number 1. The article is entitled, "Keeping of Venomous Snakes .. with notes on handling techniques" by Jim Gerholdt.

MHS OFFICERS President Vice - President Secretary Treasurer Newsletter Editor Member - at - Large Member - at - Large Member - at - Large Member - at - Large

Ann Porwoll John Moriarty Melissa Hyatt Bruce Haig Tom Schmitz Fred Bosman Bruce Delles Aaron Hampton John Meltzer


(612) (612) (612) (612) (612) (612) (612) (715) (612)

489-7853 647-1334 536-1458 789-4637 488-7619 476-0306 374-5422 425-7565 780-8561


Texas Brown Snake (Storeria dekayi texana) Description - The Texas Brown Snake is a small medium bodied snake. The adult size ranges from 9" to 13", with the record size being about 19". The young range from just over 3" to just over 4" at birth. The dorsal ground color is light brown or gray. There is a lighter stripe down the back, with a row of dark spots along each side of this stripe. There is a dark blotch on each side of the neck. The ventral surface is a pink or white with small dar}c spots along the edges of the scales. The young have a light band around the neck. The scales are keeled and the anal plate is divided. Range - This snake ranges throughout much of southern Minnesota. It is known from the counties of Benton, Blue Earth, Carver, Douglas, Hennepin, Houston, Kandiyohi, Mcleod, Mille Lacs, Nicollet, Redwood, Rice, Scott, Sherburne, Stearns, Wabasha, Waseca, Washington, and Winona. Habitat - This is a snake of fairly moist habitats. They may be found in marshes, fields, hardwood forests, and vacant city lots. Habits - This snake is usually found beneath surface litter, and may flatten itself out and threaten when disturbed. They may also emit a mild musk from their tail. They seldom make an attempt to bite. Food - The Brown Snake feeds on


slugs, and snails.

Breeding - This is a live bearing (ovoviparous) species. The young may number from 5 to 24, with the average being around 10. They are born in late summer or early fall. Status - None - This species has gaps in its recorded range in Minnesota that will likely be filled in with time. 'Report all sightings to MHS or DNR! References: Breckenridge, W. J. 1944. Reptiles and Amphibians of Minnesota. Conant, Roger 1975. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Minnesota Herpetological Society - The Records Committee 1985. Distribution Maps for Reptiles and Amphibians of Minnesota. Vogt, Richard C. 1981. Natural History of Amphibians and Reptiles in Wisconsin. (10)

"CRITTER OF THE MONTH" The June herp of the month was recuperated herps. It would appear we have some members that are real good at caring for sick box turtles. We were shown six Box Turtles (7Q~apenQ ~p.) and a Bearded Dragon. These herps were shown by: Bruce Haig, Becky Helgesen, John Moriarty, Ann Porwoll, and Toni Vangen. All these herps looked very lively and healthy. Thanks to the above members for showing them to us.

PHABULOUS PHENOLOGICAL PHINDS Dan Keyler and Barney Oldfield 5/21/87 - Pierce Co., Wisconsin Timber Rattlesnake (~ota£u~ ho~~) - Juvenile Fox Snake (Elaph€ vulpina) - Juvenile 5/21/87 - Pepin Co., Wisconsin Timber Rattlesnake (C~otafu~ ho~~~) - Two adults Fox Snake (Elaph€ vulpina) - One adult 5/21/87 - Wabasha Co., Minn. Painted Turtle (Ch~y~QmY~ picta) - One adult Ringneck Snake (Diadophi~ punctatu~) - Five seen ~i- ~i- ~i- County Record Gray Treefrog (Hyla v€~~icolo~) - Several calling ~i- ~i- ~i- County Record Green Frog (Rana clGJTLitan~) - Several ~i- ~i- ~i- County Record Rick Olson ??/?? - New Brighton, Minn. Blanding's Turtle (Emydoid£a fIlandingii)

Seen crossing road at Mississippi and Silver Lake Road.

Larry Yank 4/12/87 - Washington Co., Lake Elmo Park Preserve, Minn. Western Plains Garter Snake (7hamnophi~ ~adix haydenii) - A ball of about 50 snakes seen breeding. Please check over the list of herps needed for the State Fair Exhibit in this newsletter. Remember - if you see and collect a Minnesota herp needed for this exhibit, contact Aaron Hampton at the next meeting, or call him at (715) 425-7565.

RAFFLE We collected $39.25 from the June raffle. The surprise raffle item was a giant inflatable turtle raft. Bruce Delles "proudly" took this prize home. Dina McKinley won a herp cage. Pat Delan won some fluorescent bulbs and Dave Wagner took home a toy raccoon. I won a staple remover - a very useful item!

HELP A HAPLESS HERP The Adoption Committee was able to find suitable homes for the 39" Caiman as well as the 5'+ Sonora Gopher Snake. The little Slider is still looking for a home. We also have an 8!' Common Boa in need of a home. Can you help them out?





A 25% discount is being offered to regional societies on all SSAR publications. Look over the lists that appear on these two pages. If you see something you want, here's what to do. Make your check payable to M.R.S. and send it to Jim Gerholdt, P.O.Box 86, Webster, Mn. 55088. Most prices inc lube shipping, but if there is added shipping, please include it on your check. Jim Gerholdt has volunteered (?) to process the total order and place it with SSAR. When the books arrive, he will bring them to the next monthly meeting. If this is to be a mail order, PLEASE add shipping at book rate. Look over the list and think it over. Talk to Jim Gerholdt at the July meeting about the deadline for the order. Or call Jim at (612) 652-2996 to make sure your order will make it to him on time.





A comprohensive listing of titlos and citations, with authors' addrosses. Prior to 198.3 these! lists were published in H"tpBtoJogical R@vi9W. Is.sued irr&gularly as a part of Society m&mbGrship. PapGDrbound aJl issu~.



Loou-lea1 ao:::ourtts of tlOOt pr.par..d by spocialists. induding sy nonymy, definition, de scription, distribution map and comprehensive Hst of literature for each taxon. Covers amphibians and reptiles crl the entire Western Hemisphere. luued by subscription. aJthough individual acx::ounts or groups of ao::ounb may ~ purchased. Two sets of len are published each yur, for a total crl twenty accourrts published per year. The" are published in Late sprinQ and fall.

Numbof' 1 (1983), 66 P. $3.00 2 (1984), 38 p.. $3.00



THE CATALOGUE: Imprintlilid binder, taxonomic tabs.. and aco:>Ut"ItI 1-, SO.



No.1 ReprodlJCtjyll Biology and Dissa.sed of Cap/Nfl R9ptJ79S , by James B. Murphy and Joseph T. Collins (9<ls), 1980. Results of Society-sponll-Or'Od symposium. including papers by 37 authors 287 p. iIIust. Paperbound $25.00. No.2 Tn. TurrllH of VsnQzulJla, by Peter C.H. Pritchard and Pedro Tr..oollu, 198-4. 41Ap.'S color plates (25 water color portraits and 165 photographs of turtles and habitats. 16 maps. Re<Jular G>dltion, dothbound $45.00; patron's edition, two IGatherbound volumes in slipcase, signed, and numberG>d $300.00. SG1 of 25 watercolor drawings of turtles in prot9dive wrapping. $3.5.00.

No. 3 Introduction to the Hsrpetollluna. of Co!lts Rica. by Jaime M. Villa and Jaime Villa R. This book is the first to c:::O'Ver comprehensively all of the spedes of amphibians and reptiles nirtNe to Costa Rica. Available in both English and Spanish versions. with a checklist that also gives the range for each species. There are illustrated ~eys to the genera and s~es, and separate keys to tadpoles and to poisonous and non-poisonous coral snakes. There is an extensive annotated bibliQ9raphy, a bibliographic index. a. separate index to pUblished illustrations of tadpoles, and a comprehensive index. Clothbound $30.00.



$60.00 $.20.00

SYSTEMIC TASS (Teo ~ to fl binder. "Class Amphibia. • "Qrde( Caudata.. 9tC.) S 4.00 INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS SO.50 each (please order by ao:::ount num~r). IndMdual accounts are available only as xerox c;r:x»ell. The compl •• 58'1 accounts are all originals. CATALOGUE ACCOUNTS: Num~ '·25 $10.00 26-50 $10.00 51-75 $'0.00 76-100 $10.00 S10.OO 101-125 126-150 $10.00 151-175 S10.OO 176-190 $10.00 191-205 S10.oo 206-220 S10.00 22'-245 $10.00 2~270 $ 10.00 271-295 $10.00 29&-320 $ 10.00 321-345 $10.00 $ 10.00 346-370 $'0.00 371-390 391-410 $10.00 $10.00 411-440





)tOlithooraphic roprinta of clauic and important book.B and

,.,... Mo.8I1 t.l$. rypca.J1y have eX1ens;ve now imroduaiona 1@&dinQ lli.utt\ontioa. iuu4l(j irrCl9ul&r1y by lIubacriplion. DEASON, J. 1896, Contribution 10 thIP HHp4llology of D4IJ.. IntroductIOn and n_ chockJist 01 ~ IIlTlphbianll I ni9tU .. by AIM E. LeVion and Michlllie L Aldrich. 160 p. '. (one pllllle in wier). Clothbound $24.00. LL, T. 1842. Herp.,ology of Ihll 'Beagl,', Part 5 of win'lII cla.uic ·ZooIoQy of the Voyaoe of H.M.S. SuOls: ,truninQ d~ions of IIlTlphibiana and reptilu wil&C11KJ on upOOition. Introduction by Robeno Donoa.0-8arroB. lOOp. ·~tu. Papertxlund $12.00, Clothbound $17.00. ULENGER, G.A. 1877·1920. Contributions 10 Amsrican 'polology. A urios of collllc11KJ paplHS from vanOUli 'l'\1I.1&, and numerous illustrations. introductIOn by Jamlls C. lIHWy. Pa.pertxlund. iIb~ of ContlintS: Parts 1·10. 1877·1897,20 p. $2.00 Part 1: 1877·1881. 6pBPQO,3.2p.S2.00 2: 1882·1Ba3. 12~, 48 p. ol1\-<>f-print. 3: H~84-1885. 10 papiMS. 44 p. $2.00 4: 1886-1887. 10~, 56 p. $2.00 5: 1888. 13~, 32 p. $2.00 6: 188S-1890. 10 papers, 48 p. S2.00 7: 1891-1893. 11 ~rs, 44 p. $2.00 8: 1894. 5 ~ 40 P. $2.00 9: 1B9$- 1896. 11 papers, 52 p. $2.00 10: 1897. 2 ~rs, 56 p. $2.00 Tablll of Contents: Parts 11·18. 1898·1920. 12 p. $2.00 Part: 11: 1898. 4 pa.p9rs, 52 p. $2.00 12: 189g..,9OO. 9 papers, 48 p. $2..00 13: 1901·1902.. 7~, 3-4 p. $2.00 14: 1903-1904. 8~, 28 p. $2.00 15: 1905-1911. 12 pap.9rs, 42 p. $2.00 16: 1912·1913. 6 papers. 46 p. $2.00 17: 1914-1919. 8 papers. 28 p. $2.00 18: HQO. 3 pilP{Il"S, 64 p. $2.00 IrdIilX 44 p., $2..00 JLLETIN OF THE ANTIVENIN INSTITUTE OF ,l\ERICA. Volumu '·5, 1927·1932. ComplQI9 sel of an portru'lt journal d9vot~ 10 venemology and 10 tho taxonomy, llogy and distribvtion of snakes, lizards. salamanders and :x::odilians. Introduction by Sherman A. MinIon. 575 p.. ,63 JOtogr~s, maps, indllx. Paperbound $25.00. Clothbound ~8.00.

-lANG, M..LY. 1936. Amphibien3 Urodel9s ds la Chine. standard worl< on Chiniisil lialamandars, With a new ,ocklls1 by Arden H. Brame. 168 p •• illustrations, 5 plates. l~rtxlUnd $8.00 OPE., E.D.1864. Papers on the Higher Classification of '09:1. Rlil9rint~ from ProceGdings of the A.cadlimy of Natural .:iencu of Phillildiliphia and NaturaJ History Revi"w. 32 p. d.;()lIlrtxlund $2.00. OPE E.D. 1871. Ca.talogue of Batrachia and Reptili. Ibl:VntXi by McNiel in Nearagua: Catalogue of Reptilia and a.1faChia. Obtain9<i by Maynard in Florida 8 p. Paperbound 5.00. OPE, E.D. 1892. The OSt90Jogy of the LacBrtiiia. An 1portant contribulion 10 lizard anatomy, raprinted from roca~inlfs of thlil AmlHican Philosophical Society. 44 P.. 6 ':lllll>. Papllrbound $.4.00. OWLES, R.B. and C.M.. BOGERT. 1944.A Preliminary /udyof the Thermal R9>quirement3 of DeSBrt ReptilBs. With J1ensiva rllvillw of r(lcont sluidies by F. Harvey Pough. ,E>printlKJ from Bulletin of Amllrican Musllum of Natural History 2 p •• " plates. PaperboUnd SS.OO. I'ORBIGNY, A. and G. Bibron. 1847. Voyage dans Amerique Men·dionab. This axtract comprises the complolll ftCtion on raptillls and amphibians. 14p., 9 plat ... •~rbound $3.00. ,"UNH, E.R. 1926. Salamanders of th9 Family 'lethodonlidsB. A recognizlld classic treatmllnt of the iQlhodontid salamanders including tropical and European p40Cies. introductions by David 8. WaY-iii and Arden H. Brame. SO p •• ill us•• 3 plates, 86 maps, index. PapGrtxlund $16.00, :'Otl1bound out of print. )11

ESCHSCHOL TZ, F. 1829·1833. Zoologischer Alias (herpetological uctlons). Ducflptionll oi new r.pille, and amphibianll from California and the PaCIfic. introouction by Kraig Adler. 32 p., ;. plat ilia. P~rbound S3.00. ESPADA, M.J. DEL LA. 1875. Vortobrado, del Viaje ill PacilJCt:J: BlirraC/O,. Ellpada'lI major wor\( on Sovth Amencan trOQII. introduction by Jay M. Savage. 208 p., 6 plat"'. Clothbound $ 18.00. FlTZlNGER, LJ. 1643. Syslema Replilium. An important nomMclaturaJ landmlllli< for hel'p<ltology, including Amphibia lUI well lUI reptiholl: wond·wide in wape. Introduc1ion by Robfirt Mertens. 128 p., index. Pap4lrtxluond $ 12.00, Clothbound out of pnnt. GLOYD, H.K.. 1940. Thfl RatliunaK9s. Genera Sistruru5 and Crota.lull. Introduction and new chocl<.list by Hobart M. Smith and Herbert M. Harri!. 300 p., plus 31 plnltl! of photographs. index. Clothbound $25.00. GRA Y. H.K. 1825. A Synopsis of ths Gsnera of Reptiles and AmphibiA. RQprint&d from Annllls of PhiloSophy. 32 p., Papertxlund $3.00. . GRAY, J.E. 18.31-1844. Zoological Mlsc9ilany. A privatllly printlKJ journal. dlivotlKJ mostly 10 descriptions of amphibians, reptiles a.nd birds from throughovt the world. Introduction by Arnoid G. Klug&. 86 p., 4 plates. Papllrbound $6.00. Clothbound $ 10.00. GUNTHER. A.E. 1915. Biologia Cenlralia·Amfiricana This volumll covers 695 specill5, of which 58 are Ollscrib&d as nllw in addition 10 thrlle new 99nena. II has bOlln oul of print and unavailabl& for d&cades. Contains a serias 01 76 lull·page plates which depict 138 species ill 435 individual figur9S.

ClotttlOund $Q{ d 12 Color P\at.9S $18.00 HOLBROOK, J.E. 1842. North Amen'can Herpetology. FIVe volumes bound in one. This is an exact laC3imllll of the 5&oond edition, including all 147 plates (20 reprodue&d in full color). Introduc1k>n and ch&Ckiists by Richard and Patricia Worthinoton and by Kraig Adier. 1032 p., R&gular ~ilion, clothbound $60.00. Patron's edition, out of print. JUNIOR SOCIETY OF NATURAL SCIENCES (CINCINNATI, OHIO). 1930·1932. HerpetOlogical papllrs from the society's ProceGdings, with aniclos by Wllllllr, Walker, Dury and others. 56 p. Papertxlund S2.00. KIRTLAND, J.P. 18.38. Zoology of Ohio (herpelological portion). 8 p. Papllrtxlund $1.00. L.cONTE, J.E. 1824·1828. Thrge Papers on Amphibians, trom the Annals of the LYC{lum of Na1Ural History. New York. 16 p. P~rbound $1.00. LOVERIDGE., A. 1946. R9plil9s (and Amphibians) 01 the PllCific. The standard review of the herpetofauna of Ihe Pacilic r09ion including Australia and eX1ending from Indoneliia to Hawaii and tho Galapagos Islands. 271 p.• 7 plates, 1 double page map. index. Paperbound S17.00. MciLHENNY, E.A. 1935. Tho AJligalors Lil9 Hisrory. The most complete natural history of the American alligator. Introduction by Archie Carr and a r"view of recent literature by Jef1rsy W. Lang. 125 p., 18 photographs and a ponrait. Papertxlund S18.00. McLAIN, R.B. 1899. Conrn'bution!J /0 Norlh Am9rican Horp9rology. Three privately printed papers containing imponant distribvtional records and the description of a new jorm. 2B p., index.. Paperbound S2.00. RAANESQUE., C.S. 1820. Annals of Na/ure (herpetological and ichthyological s9C1ions). 4 p. Paperbound $0.50. RAANESQUE., C.S. 1822. On Two Now Salamanders of KontLJd(y. 2 p. PapGrtxlund $1.00. RAFINESQUE., C.S. 1832·1833. Five Herpetological Pape(3 lrom IhfJ AtJanIk: JoumaJ. 4 p. Paperoound S1.00. SOWERBY, J. D. C., E. LEAR and J.E. GRAY. 187:2. TortoisBS, T9(Tapins, and TUrlles Drawn From ure. Introduction by Emest E. Williams. 26p., 61 full page plates. Clothbound $20.00 . SPIX, J.B. von lind J.G. WAGLER. 1824·1825. HerpeloJogy of Brazil. The most comprehensiv9 and important Qatly survey of Brazilian herpelOlogy. Introduction by P.E. Vanzolini. 400 P.. 98 platDs (one in color). Clothbound $36.00. TROSCHEL, F.H. ,aso (las2). Cophosaurus texanus, neue Eid9Chsengsttung aus TuBS. 8 p. Paperbound S1.00. TSCHUDt. J.J. von. 1838. Classificalion der Ba/rachier. A major work in syslema:tc hQrpetology, with introduC1ion by Rob4irt Mert&ns. 118 p., 6 plat9S. PapGrbound $10.00.


TSCHUOI, J.J. von. 1 845. Fleplili~m Conspectus. DucripOOnl eli n...... r&ptile~ aM amphibian. lrom Peru. 24 p. Paperbound $2.. 00. VanDENBURGH, J. 1895·1896. He~toJogy 0.' Lower CaJifomis... A review of the herpll\o\oqy of Bala Cahlorol3 (coKe<:te<1 pa+XlnI). 101 p., 11 plates, index. Paperbound B h' 3P $6.00. w\LCOX. E.V. 1891. Noles on Ohio atrac lans. . Paperbound $1.00. WlLLlSTON, S.W. 1925. Ost9010gy of Ihe FleplilfJ'. Covllrs living and extine! torms, wnh introduc1ion by Claudll W. Hibbard. 304 p., 191 text figures, indox. Paperbound $12.00. Clothbound $ 1B.OO. WRIGHT, A.H. and A.A.WRIGHT. 1962. Handbook of SnaXos of tho Uniled Sla/es and Canada, Vol. 3 and Bibliography. Out of ponl sinell abovt 1969, this bibliograohy is a necessary wmpamon to Volumes 1 and 2. 187 p. Clothbound $ 18.00.



Miscellaneous publications of general interest 10 the herpetologicaf communily. Issued irregularly and by subscription. All numbers are papGrbound as issu~. No.1. A Guid9 10 Proservation Techniques lor Amphibians and Reptiles by George R. Pisani, 1973. 22 p., illus. $2.00. No. 2... Guis de Tecnica.s de Proservacion de Anfibios y Rf/Pul(l$ by George R. Pisani arid Jamie Villa, 1974. 28 p. illu5. $1.00. No.3. CoJltK:1ions of Pf93erv9<i Amphibians a.nd R9PtJ7es in Ih9 United States wmpillKJ by David B. Wake (chair) and thll Committee on ResourcG5 in Hlilrpetology, 1975. 22 p. Out-of·Print. No.4. A Brief. Outlins of Sugg9s/ed Trulmfints lor Diseases of Captive Reptiles by James B. Murphy, 1975. 1:3 p. $2.00. No. S. Endangoft;d and Threalenod Amphibia.ns and Repliles in 1h9 United States compiled by Ray E. Ashton Jr. (chair~ an~ Ihe 1973·74 SSAR Regional Hllrpatological SOClelles Uason Comminoe, 1976. 65 p. out-ol-print. No.6, Long9vity of Reptiles 'and Amphibians in North American Collections by J. Kevin Bowlar, 1977. 32 p. $2.00. No.7. Stands.rd Common and Cumml ScionrnlC Nam9S lor North American Amphibians and Rspliles (1st edition) by Josllph T. Collins, James E. Huheey, James L Knight and Hoban M. Smith, 1978. 36 p. $2.50. No.8. A Brief History of H9~rology in North America Be/ors 1900 by Kraig Adler. 1979 . .<lOp., 24 photooraphs. 1 map. $2.00 No.9. A Review 01 Marking Techniques lor Amphibians a.nd Repliles by John W. Farner. 1979. 42 p., iIIus. $3.00. No. , O. Vemacular Names of South Amflrican Turtles by Russell A. Minermejer, F&derico Medlilm and Andllrs G.. J . Rhoclin. , 980. 44p. $2.50. No. 11. R{;cflnt Inslancfls of Albinism in North American Amphibians and R9ptiles by Stanley Dy rka c.z. 1981. 36 p. $3.00. No. 12... Standard Common and Current ScitiJnlific Names for North American Amphibians and R9pule5 (2nd ed.) by Joseph T.. Coliins, Rog~r Conant, James E. Huheey, Jamlls L Knight. Enc M. RunOqUlst, and Hobart M. Smith. , 982. 3.2 p. $.3.00 No. 13. Silvflr Anniversry MombBrship Dir{;Ctory, including addruses of all SSAR members, addresses and publications of the herpetological societies of the world, and a brief history of the Society. 1983. 56p., 4 photographs. $2.00. No. 14. Ched<list of Ihfl Turtles of th9 World with English Common Nam9s by John Ivern>n. 14 p. 1985. S3.00. No. 1S. Cannibalism in R9plilfls: A Worldwide RevifJW by Joseph C. Mitchell. 1986. 37 p. $4.00. '

CLASSIFIEDS EDITOR'S NOTE: Please send all newsletter articles and classified ads to: Tom Schmitz, 850 W. Minnehaha, St. Paul, Mn. 55104, Attn: MRS editor. Do not send articles or ads to the MRS address. The deadline for all Newsletter items is the 15th of the month! All Classified ads are run in the MRS Newsletter as a free service to the membership. No paid ads are accepted from non-members. No ads will be run for venomous species. While MRS will not run ads for known sick or illegal animals, we accept no responsibility for the health or legality of any animal advertised here. Please LIMIT SIZE of ad to approx. four (4) lines. Business cards make acceptable ads.

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MRS DELI Remember to order your frozen rats no later than the Thursday before the meeting. Call Bruce or Connie at 593-0298 to place your order & bring containers also. FRESH FROZEN RATS - JUMBO SIZE - $2.00 each FRESH FROZEN RAT PUPS - $4.00 per dozen 5 DOZEN PUPS or 6 ADULTS LIMIT!


CLASSIFIEDS FOR SALE: 2' Water Monitor for $75 or large quantity of adult mice. One triple compartment plexiglass cage, front opening doors, nice, $50. Contact Larry Yank (612) 436-6774 am or 439-4796 pm. FOR SALE: 1987 hatchling snakes: albinos, tri-colors, Appalachicola Kings (goini, all phases), and light phase Indian Pythons (P.m.molurus) (NOTE: endangered sub-species require permit - not hard to obtain). Send a S.A.S.E. for list. Scott J. Michaels, 403 E. Calif., Urbana, II. 61801 (217) 328-0290. FOR SAL E : 1 .0 Eastern Black Kingsnake, very gentle, c. b. 8-10-86, $20. 1.0 Foxsnake, beautiful and gentle, $20. Both are eating and healthy. Call Toni at (612) 473-5365 or (612) 332-6412. FOR SALE: 1.1 Russian Ratsnakes (Elaphe shrenki), c.b./c.h., (1.0 adult,O.l sub), $150 pair; 1.0 Cornsnake (Elaphe guttata), okatee type, adult, wild caught, $40; 0.1 Eastern Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getulus getulus), c.b./c.h. 1985, $30; 1.0 Calif. King (L.g.california) , c.b./c.h., subadult, banded, $30; 0.2 Calif. King (L.g.c.), wild caught adults, banded, $40 each; 1.0 Mexican Milksnake (L. mexicana onnulata), c.b./c.h. from Steve Osborne's collection, subadult, $80. Contact Pat Encinosa 890-0774. FOR SALE: Northern Pine Snakes, Corn Snakes, Black King Snake, Pacific Gopher Snake, Brazilian Rainbow Boa, Ball Pythons, others. Surplus reduction. CHEAP! Write for prices and specifics. John H. Muir, P.O.Box 723, So. Pittsburg, Tennessee 37380. CAPTIVE BREEDERS -IMPORTS - WHOLESALE & RETAIL

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FREE ADVERTISING in the nations leading herpetological classifieds. Now FAUNA CLASSIFIEDS subscribers have free advertising with word ads up to 75± words. Each ad is run one time, or send $2 for each additional month. FAUNA is now loaded with more ads of all types of reptiles, amphibians, food items, and supplies. Subscription rates: $12/year (12 monthly issues), $22/2 years, and $30/3 years. Publishing since April 1983. Write: FAUNA, 1035 Middlefield Ave., Stockton, Calif. 95204. For infor call (209) 943-5212 Bill Gillingham. MHS T-Shirts - still only $7.00. BUY ONE! WEAR IT at a meeting, at the beach, around the house. This is the weather for it! IS YOUR MRS MEMBERSHIP CURRENT? Please check your address label to be sure. If you renew early, it will help us out, and it will keep your newsletter coming on time.





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Vol. 7 (1987), Vol. 6  

Minnesota Herpetological Society Newsletter

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