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Multimodal 2008 Conference

“Waste and Urban Centres - Logistics Issues� 23rd April 2008, NEC-Birmingham

Peter Jones, OBE Director, Biffa Waste Services Limited Email: peter.jones@biffa.co.uk www.biffa.co.uk


or sf et

Qu ali

Consent Public attitude

High tech

e siv h t en ec Ex lo-t

Planning

a re e/a ac

rk

Sp

Ma

e siv en Int tech hi-

re ty cy of cla pr od te uc t

Innovation Trade-offs

“Green”


The Resource Balancing Act Technology Logistics

North

Destroy or Preserve

Scotland Wales

North West South East Midlands

South West


The Carbon Competitors

Landfiller

Energy Boy

Composter

Recycler

Form Long term - Handicaps - Planning Consents - Taxes - Better odds elsewhere Early Faller

- Traded Permits - Renewable targets - Import dependency on rivals - Rising logistics costs - High value prizes - Improving technology Expensive Thoroughbred Regular Winner

- Low value prizes - EU targets - Energy trends - Staying power - High value prizes - Plenty of local - Traded Permits runners - Producer reuse - Cheap setup - Soils directive - Low distribution costs Stayer Good Value All Rounder


From Waste to Product ‌ Plastics

Metals Waste

Fibres


Source: LAWE


Technology Complexity and Logistics (REL/FEL) Payload 20 tonnes 15 tonnes

Landfill or Mass Burn

Glass only Paper/Card only

10 tonnes 5 tonnes

Plastic only

Lifts/ Distance 50

100


Commingled to Segregated by Postcode Depot

Hotel

A Key:

Glass

Plastic

D Food Retail

Card

Steel

Pub

Fast Food B

C Truck Route

Non-food Retail


Brighton & Hove MRF

Source: Veolia


Biomass Conversion Routes Biomass

Storage, Transport, Pre-treatment

Physio-chemical conversion Biological conversion

Thermo-chemical conversion Combustion

Charcoal Production

Pyrolysis

Gasification

Pressing /extraction

Fermentation hydrolysis

Anaerobic digestion

Esterification

Solid fuel

Liquid fuel

Gaseous fuel Transport fuels

Boiler

Engine/gas turbine

Heat

Steam turbine

Fuel Cell

Electricity


Schematic Flow Link of BTA’s (MATT MULL) AD Process bio waste and Industrial waste delivery

lorry weigher

flat bunker

magnetic separator

screw mill

drying

foreign materials

fe-metals

hydropulper food waste and fats delivery

hydrocyclone

thickener

pit bin

inerts

suspension buffer

fresh air

buffer

centrifuge biogas

Anaerobic compost to composting

surplus water to purification plant

process water buffer

gas compressor

digester

hygienization

biogas to block - type electric power station


Timing the Landfill Transition 2007 Tonnes to Landfill (millions)

ÂŁ Gate Fee

100

100

T on na ge Inp u

90

90

ts

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

? 40

40

per tonne Gate Fee

30

nne Fee per to r to a r e p O

20 10

1997

30 20 10

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012


Biffa Enclosed Digester - Etwall


Central Bottling Dolvas containing typical fruit and vegetable waste


Gasification Plant – Isle of Wight


Mixed Biowaste AD Plant in Sweden

Source: Greenfinch


Aerobic Facility – Lelystad (69,000 tpa) The aerobic facility also encompasses a waste recycling centre (bulky wastes) on site

View of tunnel wall

View of material prior to composting

Source: Lorien Engineering Solutions


Marchwood EFW 165,000 tpa

Source: Veolia


Source: Tuchschmid


Cement Plant

Source: Buxton Lime Industries (UK)


www.biffa.co.uk www.massbalance.org

www.bif f a.co.uk


waste and urban centres logistics issues peter jones, director, biffa waste services ltd