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SMALL SCALE SPACES

INDIVIDUAL

IN UNUSUAL PLACES

PORTFOLIO by mitchell su

PROJECT


INTRODUCTION Burnett Lane

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WIDER CITY CONTEXT Location The City Axes Public Space Distribution Vibrant Laneways Laneway Activation

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SMALL SCALE CONTEXT Environmental Factors Materiality Key Landmarks Constraints and Issues

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PROTOTYPING Intents and focus Collage Potential Forms Storyboard Potential Designs Additional Storyboard Proposed Floor Plan Model Making Photos

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FINAL DESIGN Floor Plans Walkthrough+ Photos

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INTRODUCTION

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BURNETT LANE SMALL SCALE SPACES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE CITY FORM, LINKING VARIOUS LARGER SCALE SPACES AND PUBLIC DOMAINS ALONG A COMMON ‘THREAD’. THE BURNETT LANE PRECINCT FALLS UNDER THE BRISBANE CITY VIBRANT LANEWAYS PLANNING POLICY AND PROVIDES THE OPPORTUNITY TO PROVIDE FURTHER CONNECTIVITY ALONG THE CITY CENTER’S NETWORK OF LARGE SCALE SPACES AND PUBLIC DOMAINS. Burnett Lane is located between Queen Street and Adelaide Street within the Brisbane CBD Precinct. The length of the laneway spans between Albert Street and George Street with connecting points to all four streets. There is a further extension past Albert Street that is also considered part of Burnett Lane The laneway is approximately 250m in length and 3.8 meters wide.

effectively enhances the connectivity of the city center’s public spaces.

There is a one way vehicle connection at George Street and Albert Street, along with pedestrian connections from Queen, Adelaide, Albert and George Streets.

On a wider inner city context, Burnett Lane runs parallel to the one of two main organizational spines of the city that traverse the city center and connect it to the inner city areas and their major landmark areas.

Major public spaces around the potential development area include Anzac Square, Reddacliff Place, Queen Street Mall and King George Square. However, there are also numerous small scale spaces situated within the vicinity of Burnett Lane.

The design brief given included U.R{BNE} as the primary client for this project. It involves creating a The following proposal identifies the need to enhance festival structure with coffee-making facilities, mobile this urban spine whilst also meeting the needs and tables that can be reconfigured, small fridge, storage requirements of U.R{BNE}’s festival structure. for cups and coffee and writing materials, benches and covered seating for minimum ten customers and computerized whiteboards. However, within Burnett Lane, there is a large space situated at the JB Hi-Fi backlot which provides the opportunity for a new small scale space that 4


WIDER CITY CONTEXT

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LOCATION 1. BURNETT LANE Focus area for this project and part of the Brisbane City Council Vibrant Laneways Project. 2. QUEEN STREET MALL Central shopping district of Brisbane City. 3. KING GEORGE SQUARE The central public square of Brisbane City. 4. REDDACLIFF PLACE Public square situated at the end of Queen Street. 5. ANZAC SQUARE A major public square along Adelaide Street. 10

6. ROMA STREET PARKLANDS A major green space in the inner city area. 7. CULTURAL CENTER The major cultural precinct of Brisbane City. 8. SOUTHBANK PARKLANDS An urban development along the river.

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9. BOTANIC GARDENS The former Botanic Gardens of Brisbane City. 10. KANGAROO POINT CLIFFS A cliffside greenspace area facing the river. 8


THE CITY AXES AN ORGANIZATION SPINE The city center is traversed by two axes. Each of them extend into the inner city areas. They are characterized by their strong views and vistas that span end to end in the city area. Along with this, many significant institutions and landmarks are aligned within the vicinity of this spine. THE HEART OF THE CITY At the intersection of these axes is what is effectively the heart of the city. This is centered around the intersection of Queen Street and Adelaide Street. Within the intersection, the majority of the city’s pedestrian and commercial activity is centered at this point around the city. CONNECTING DESTINATIONS The city axes also serve as gateways to linking the city center to destinations in the inner city areas. These areas include The Valley, Southbank Parklands, The Botanic Garden and Roma Street Parklands.

MAJOR PUBLIC SPACE CITY AXIS LINE 9


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SMALL SCALE SPACES

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LARGE SCALE SPACES Large scale spaces within the context of the wider city area serve as nodes of activity and amenity. They can take form as major greenspaces, plazas, squares, etc. They add a sense of scale and life to an otherwise monotone and sterile landscape. SMALL SCALE SPACES Small scale spaces take the shape of alleys, laneways, small plazas and walkways. In relation to large scale spaces, they serve as enhancements to the connectivity of these spaces or provide an alternative link to a major landmark. They mesh through the city form in inconspicuous ways linking from point to point.

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CROSS BLOCK CONNECTIONS Along with being an alternate route, Burnett Lane also serves as a cross block connector, linking Reddacliff Place with Albert Street and King George Square as well as a Adelaide Street with Queen Street.

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ALTERNATE ROUTING As part of Brisbane City’s Vibrant Laneways, Burnett Lane provides an alternate connection through the city. As part of the plan, the laneway has been gentrified to make it more welcoming and accessible.

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PUBLIC SPACES

BURNETT LANE AREA

PRIVATE PROPERTIES

PEDESTRIAN FLOWS

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LANEWAY ACTIVATION

ACTIVITY NODE

VIEWS & VISTAS

JB HI-FI BACKLOT

CROSS-BLOCK CONNECTION

ACTIVE STREET FRONT

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION

ACTIVITY NODES These are key points of activity along Burnett Lane where people congregate most often or is major area within the laneway. The intersection between George Street and Burnett Lane serves as a link towards Brisbane Square while the other intersection with Albert Street is part of a major pedestrian mall. The middle activity node is where the Queen Adelaide Building (QAB) crosses the laneway and represents the heart of Burnett Lane.

JB HI-FI BACKLOT CROSS-BLOCK CONNECTION The JB Hi-Fi backlot serves as the central setting of the The QAB also serves as a cross-block connection, project where a festival structure is to be located. enabling increased activity by connecting Queen Street and Adelaide Street together as well as the lane. This connection is further supplemented by a ACTIVATED STREET FRONTAGE These street frontages along the laneway feature some mix of retail and commercial entities. for of retail or commercial activity that provide a level of interaction with Burnett Lane. This includes bars PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION such as Survey Co. and Super Whatnot. These are the main flows of pedestrian circulation on Burnett Lane and surrounding areas. The laneway VIEWS AND VISTAS There is a clear vista along Burnett Lane that provides only has one main route of movement but is a sense of direction and guidance along it, with clear bidirectional for pedestrians. and easily identified views that orientate pedestrian movement. 12


SMALL SCALE CONTEXT

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INSOLATION Sunlight penetration, or insolation, is a significant element to the environmental conditions in Burnett Lane. Throughout the year the lane does not receive high levels of sunlight in general because the surrounding buildings create a canyon landscape that blocks the majority of the sunlight.

JANUARY 8AM

JANUARY 12PM

JANUARY 4PM

APRIL 8AM

APRIL 12PM

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JULY 8AM

JULY 12PM

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NOVEMBER 8AM

NOVEMBER 12PM

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JANUARY During this month, Burnett Lane receives the longest amount of sunlight hours out of any month in the year with light levels being fairly bright between 8AM and 4PM. APRIL In April, light levels are considerably dimmer with the sunlight hours reduced to a noticeable levels with little direct sunlight exposure making it to ground level. JULY Burnett Lane receives the least amount of sunlight hours during this month compared to other months with almost no direct sunlight penetrating down to the lowest levels of the lane. NOVEMBER Sunlight levels during November are far more similar to January with sunlight exposure covering a significant proportion of the lane. Later on in the day the lane still remains somewhat exposed to light.

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WIND FLOWS Wind flows through Burnett Lane are dictated by the surrounding buildings of the Brisbane CBD area. The facades of these buildings create a ‘canyon-esque’ topology that tunnels wind flows into Burnett Lane. This acts as an amplifier to the lack of sunlight penetrating down to ground level. During summer, warmer wind currents coming in from the east of the lane (highlighted blue) whereas colder wind currents tend to originate from the west of the lane (highlighted green). This poses a considerable issue as the lack of sunlight penetration into the lane reduces its amenity. In particular along the JB Hi-fi site, this area serves as a confluence for these flows creating a less consistent wind flow that is more turbulent compared to the rest of the lane.

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MATERIALITY

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LEFT 1. Painted Asphalt, 2. Untreated Brickwork, 3. Asphalt, 4. Glazed Tiles, 5. Coated Brickwork, 6. Rusted Iron, 7. Coated Rough Brickwork, 8. Corrugated Iron, 9. Polished Granite, 10. Dark Granite, 11. Light Granite, 12. Weathered Concrete, 13. Weathered Sandstone. The materiality aspect of Burnett Lane focuses upon the notions of rough, rustic and disorganized elements. The brickwork and masonry on the buildings are done with little finesse but come together to create and organized structure. Other visual observations took note of the very weathered and aged qualities of the site. This lends to a chaotic feel on a smaller and intimate scale but however, it also leads to a sense of stability when observed at a larger scale.

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KEY LANDMARKS 1. JB HI-FI SITE Situated at the intersection of the QAB and Burnett Lane, the German Sausage Hut is another element of activated street frontage of the laneway. 2. QUEEN ADELAIDE BUILDING This point serves a cross block connection between Queen Street and Adelaide Street for pedestrians and is a central activity node of Burnett Lane. 3. GERMAN SAUSAGE HUT Situated at the intersection of the QAB and Burnett Lane, the German Sausage Hut is a major foot traffic attractor along the lane. 4. SUPER WHATNOT Super Whatnot is one of the main established eateries along Burnett Lane that attracts significant foot traffic and aids in activating the lane. 5. ALBERT STREET PEDESTRIAN MALL The second entry into the laneway is situated along the Albert Street Pedestrian Mall which links onto Queen Street Mall.

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CONSTRAINTS AND ISSUES AMONGST THE VARIOUS SITE ANALYSIS CONDUCTED BOTH WITHIN AND OUTSIDE BURNETT LANE, THERE WERE NUMEROUS CONSTRAINTS AND ISSUES FOUND ON THE SITE. THESE RANGE FROM THE PHYSICAL VALUES TO INTRINSIC VALUES AS WELL. LACK OF AMENITY - Burnett Lane can be perceived as cold and harsh - No safe and inviting spaces - Visually ‘unclean’ spaces - Environmental conditions in the lane or not ideal for vibrant human activity LACK OF STREET ACTIVATION BEYOND THE QUEEN ADELAIDE BUILDING - No green space or organic forms - Very few spaces interact with the lane beyond that point towards George Street - Little or unoptimized use of present opportunities - Activation that is present runs strictly on a ‘9 to 5’ schedule and additionally only on weekdays.

THE JB HI-FI SITE AS A NEW ACTIVITY NODE - Contrasting in scale to the rest of Burnett Lane - Has ideal environmental conditions throughout the year - Opportunity to create a new space within the existing space - Unconventional layout that is multi-layered - Potential to create a public works space

OPPORTUNITIES TO ENHANCE THE LANE - Reinforce and reinvigorate Burnett Lane as part of a network of small scale spaces that link together larger scale spaces together - The creation of a relationship of the scale of spaces present in the lane - Burnett Lane is important as it is closely aligned to the city axes - The lane is linked to all surrounding major spaces adjacent to it as well as four major pedestrian thoroughfares. 22


PROTOTYPING

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INTENTS AND FOCUS

ENHANCING SPACES - Creating more street activation along Burnett Lane - Gentrifying areas to increase amenity - Unconventional spaces being used in unconventional ways - Creating a space that is memorable - Opportunities for public works and green space UR{BNE} NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS - A utility space for food and beverage making - Flexible spaces with open planning - Opportunities for both large and small congregations of individuals - Spaces for learning and teaching URBAN AMENITY - A safe and inviting space for the community - A space that can be used all year round - The creation of an intersection between form and function - A new destination within the city frame BUILDING ON THE JB HI-FI SITE - Using the rooftop area as an unconventional space - Creates a separate space from Burnett Lane that is more intimate - A deviation from the conventional pedestrian flow 25


LANTERN 1

LANTERN 2

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POTENTIAL FORMS

1. WALL EXTENSION To maximize the space above the roof of the JB Hi-fi site, the back wall contains the majority of the utilitybased structure. It acts as a ‘scab’ on top of the existing surfaces, preserving the views present if one were to look down to the lane from the roof level.

2. DIVIDING SCREEN The dividing screen concept creates a clear visual queue of the distinction between the two spaces. This dividing screen provides the opportunity to create an artistic facade of visual interest. The utility area then is enclosed at the top left whilst also masking the existing utilities present on the site.

3. BOX ENCLOSURE By using a box enclosure, a dramatic transition in spaces is present unlike in the other two forms. The whole site is covered in a lightweight screen to create an enclosed space much like a room that is outdoors yet indoors. The screen has the potential to create a facade of visual interest such as a public work.

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STORYBOARD The storyboard is broken into five aspects: the relationship between the large scale context and the small scale context, abstraction of triangular tessellation, pedestrian movements, means of establishing space and the relationship of form to the function of the building.

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THE CITY FORM

ENHANCING CONNECTIVITY

DISTINCTIVE PLACEMARKERS

A SPACE WITHIN A SPACE

RIGID TESSELATION

A FILTERING LAYER

ABSTRACTING SHAPES

A MULTI-SIDED SCREEN


SEQUENCE OF ENTRY

SENSE OF PLACE

SENSE OF JOURNEY

SEQUENCE AS PLACE & JOURNEY

RIGID AND STRONG

SCULPTURAL AND SHARP ANGLES

HIERARCHY OF LEVELS

HEIGHTS IN TRANSITION

FINISHES AS VISUAL CUES

SPACE IS A MIX OF ALL

CANTILEVERS

MERGING FORM AND FUNCTION

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POTENTIAL DESIGNS

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ADDITIONAL STORYBOARD The design chosen to develop further from the potential design was Idea 5 as it balanced both the potential to merge form and function with an open and light design that possesses a sense of place without being far too imposing.

AREA BOUNDARIES

EXTRUDE AREA UPWARDS

SLICING SEGMENTS

DEFORM AND EXTEND FACADE

AREA BOUNDARIES

EXTRUDE UPWARDS

SLICE CONTOUR LINES

CHISELED DETAILING STEPS

SEQUENCE OF ARRIVAL

A WINDING JOURNEY

SIMPLIFYING FORMS

CONTOURED STAIRS

The design embodies the triangular tessellation lantern’s angular patterns by abstracting them into a multi-dimensional screen that separates the space from the rest of Burnett Lane along with angular faces that clad other structures. The additional storyboard extends on this by showing the progression in which these forms are developed. The notions of landscape metaphor and topology have been applied to emphasize a sense of place through journey and sequence indicated by visual queues.

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PROPOSED FLOOR PLAN

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1. ENTRANCE STAIRS The entrance stairs are arranged so that they present themselves as a winding path to represent journey on the way into the space. 2. ENTRANCE STEPS The stairs shallow into steps that are shaped lake the weathered edges of clifff with multiple layers overlapping and rising above each other. 3. RAISED GARDEN BED The raised garden bed provides a small but intimate green space area where that serves as a space that is intended for socializing and group interaction.

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4. WORK SPACE The work space contains the lockable space for UR{BNE} along with undercover seating areas for individuals to utilize. 5. EXISTING UTILITIES The existing utilities are to be wrapped around by a newer structure


1:200 SITE CONTEXT MODEL

1:20 FRAME MODEL

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FINAL DESIGN

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SHEET 2 OF 11 - SITE PLAN

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EXISTING STRUCTURE

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BURNETT LANE

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SHEET 3 OF 11 - 1ST LEVEL FLOOR PLAN

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SHEET 4 OF 11 - 2ND LEVEL FLOOR

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SHEET 5 OF 11 - SOUTH ELEVATION

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SHEET 6 OF 11 - EAST ELEVATION

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SHEET 7 OF 11 - WEST ELEVATION

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SHEET 8 OF 11 - TOP VIEW

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SHEET 9 OF 11 - SECTION CUT A

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SHEET 10 OF 11 - SECTION CUT B

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SHEET 11 OF 11 - UTILITY AREA DETAIL

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LEGEND 1. STORAGE SPACE (LOCKABLE) 2. KITCHEN SPACE (LOCKABLE) 3. GROUP SPACE (OPEN)

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WALKTHROUGH + PHOTOS

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Architectural Design 1 Burnett Lane Festival Structure Portfolio  
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