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ELLULAR RESPIRATION In anaerobic cell respiration the pyruvate stays in the cytoplasm and in humans is converted into lactate which is the removed from the cell. In yeast the pyruvate is conver ted into carbon dioxide and ethanol. In Oxygen is available, the pyruvate is taken up into the mitochondria and is broken down into carbon dioxide and water. A large amount of ATP is released during this process.

In cell respiration, glucose in the cytoplasm is broken down by glycolysis into pyruvate with a small yield of ATP.

controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells to form ATP.

Topic 3.7-Helms  
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