LAKE COUNTY DEPUTIES TAKE SHERIFF TO FEDERAL COURT
THE BEST WESTERNS FOR WESTSIDERS RARE SNOWY OWLS NEWS ATOREASON RANGE SOUNDCHECK COWBOY UP AT VFW PRAISE ‘OBAMACARE’ PERCH IN POLSON
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LAKE COUNTY DEPUTIES TAKE SHERIFF TO FEDERAL COURT
THE BEST WESTERNS FOR WESTSIDERS RARE SNOWY OWLS NEWS ATOREASON RANGE SOUNDCHECK COWBOY UP AT VFW PRAISE ‘OBAMACARE’ PERCH IN POLSON
Missoula Independent Page 2 February 23 â€“ March 1, 2012
nside Cover Story
What drives the periodic coat color changes of animals such as Montana’s snowshoe hares, and is it something the animals can adjust? These questions, mused upon for centuries yet never fully studied, have lately taken on extra significance ..................14
Cover photo by Colin Ruggiero
News Letters Chill out, trapper haters ..................................................................................4 The Week in Review State wolf hunt ends.................................................................6 Briefs A reason for Westsiders to praise “Obamacare”................................................6 Etc. A nauseating smirk ................................................................................................7 Up Front Northside Superfund site languishes...........................................................8 Up Front Lawsuit divides Lake County Sheriff ’s Department ....................................9 Ochenski The myth of clean resource extraction returns ........................................10 Range Rare snowy owls find perches in Polson ........................................................11 Agenda Wild Waters in the West ................................................................................12
Arts & Entertainment Flash in the Pan Planting the seed of seed ordering ...............................................18 Happiest Hour Ole Beck VFW Nights.......................................................................19 8 Days a Week Save the snow bunnies!....................................................................21 Mountain High Viewing winter raptors....................................................................29 Scope Headwaters’ cutting-edge dancers put love to the test ..................................30 Noise Secret Powers, The Whizpops, Brett Netson and more ..................................31 Soundcheck The Best Westerns ................................................................................32 Film This Means War misses the mark .....................................................................33 Movie Shorts Independent takes on current films ...................................................34
Exclusives Street Talk....................................................................................................................4 In Other News...........................................................................................................13 Classifieds ................................................................................................................C-1 The Advice Goddess................................................................................................C-2 Free Will Astrology..................................................................................................C-4 Crossword Puzzle....................................................................................................C-7 This Modern World ...............................................................................................C-11
PUBLISHER Lynne Foland EDITOR Robert Meyerowitz PRODUCTION DIRECTOR Joe Weston CIRCULATION & BUSINESS MANAGER Adrian Vatoussis ARTS EDITOR Erika Fredrickson ASSOCIATE EDITOR Matthew Frank PHOTO EDITOR Chad Harder CALENDAR EDITOR Jason McMackin STAFF REPORTERS Jessica Mayrer, Alex Sakariassen CONTRIBUTING EDITOR Skylar Browning COPY EDITOR Ted McDermott PHOTO INTERN Michelle Gustafson ART DIRECTOR Kou Moua PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS Jenn Stewart, Jonathan Marquis ADVERTISING SALES MANAGER Carolyn Bartlett ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES Chris Melton, Sasha Perrin, Alecia Goff, Rhonda Urbanski, Steven Kirst SENIOR CLASSIFIED REPRESENTATIVE Tami Johnson CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE Jon Baker MARKETING & ADVERTISING COORDINATOR Tara Shisler FRONT DESK Lorie Rustvold CONTRIBUTORS Ari LeVaux, George Ochenski, Nick Davis, Andy Smetanka, Brad Tyer, Dave Loos, Ednor Therriault, Michael Peck, Azita Osanloo, Jamie Rogers, Molly Laich, Dan Brooks
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Missoula Independent Page 3 February 23 – March 1, 2012
by Michelle Gustafson
Asked on the Hip Strip in downtown Missoula. This week’s feature story examines how climate change might affect snowshoe hares. Do you feel that climate change has affected you? Follow up: If you could change one thing about Missoula’s climate, what would it be?
Dallas Saffel: Oh yeah. I constantly try to cut back on my emissions and my carbon footprint. In Seattle, there was a crazy ice storm about three weeks ago and we lost power for about five days. Making lemonade: I wouldn’t change it in Missoula. The climate’s great! It’s cold and snowy, but there is also a lot of sunshine, too.
James Quigley: It’s changed the fishing with the hotter summers, and the longer heat waves stress out the trout populations. Seems like this winter is setting us up for a tough summer. Skank’d: Lose the inversion pollution. There is a lot of smog in town. There’s nothing you can really do about it, but if I could change something, that would be it.
Arnica Lande: We obviously haven’t had much snowfall at all, which is a big bummer. It hurts me by preventing me from doing what I normally do for fun in the winter, like snowboarding and sledding. Socked in: I wish the inversion over the valley would lighten up so it was more sunny.
Willa Lande: I think climate change has affected the winters. I mean, I used to visit Missoula and snow would be up to my knees this time of year. That no longer happens. In Hamilton, we have no snow and lots of sunshine. We used to have snowshoe hares on the West Fork, but since 2005 I haven’t seen them anymore. Wait five minutes: You know, I like the climate here. Spring does go on pretty long, though. I wish there were more defined seasons.
Randy Leachman: Yes. Geese are having problems. They’re showing up in weird places where they shouldn’t be. Something is going on with their migration direction. Wait five days: Hard to say. We do need more snowpack in the mountains.
Missoula Independent Page 4 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
Let ’em trap Wow. I would think you and your readers have had enough of this antitrapping rhetoric, but I guess not (see Letters, Feb. 16). Some guy minding his own business doing what he wants and some nosey person with binoculars is watchin’. Yes, beaver are beautiful but harvesting them doesn’t hurt them today as it did in 1820. Same with any furbearer that is harvested. Enough propaganda on how they die. Odds are the trapper used a body gripper that kills them instantly. Pretty? Nope. But quick. Everything has a season and people, whether you like their sport or not, have the right to choose their sport. They don’t need your blessings any more than you need theirs when you walk the dog. I live on the Clearwater and have two dogs. When I take them out for a walk I am aware of snowmobilers and trappers—and they are on a lead because of it. I can’t mount up and ride the ol’ saddle-mule because of snowmobilers. It’s their season, so I don’t ride. If you hate and despise trapping, so be it, but let those who do (I no longer trap) do it. I like wolves, too, but if one was taking a toll on my stock I’d defend them. I bet most of you might hate that idea, too. Until spring keep Fido on a leash. Let folks of all walks of life enjoy what they want. Most folks who deal with the natural resources of this great state understand the need to manage (not exterminate) those resources. Harvesting is never pretty, nor should it be taken lightly, but as a conservationist it should be done. Angelo Pecora Seeley Lake
Baucus clears the air Do you want to leave your children a Montana where the air is safe to breathe and the fish are safe to eat? Most of us would likely say “yes.”
Yet in today’s industrial age, we cannot take such things for granted. Indeed, parts of our state suffer from bad air pollution. And over 50 bodies of water, including popular fisheries such as Flathead Lake and Fort Peck Reservoir, have warnings urging children and women of childbearing age to avoid eating too much fish due to mercury contamination. Mercury, arsenic and other toxic pollutants emitted from power plants pose a
“Trappers don’t need your blessings any more than you need theirs when you walk the dog.”
risk for neurological damage, birth defects, cancer, and premature death. Other types of air pollutants pose a risk for asthma and cardiovascular diseases. Fortunately, some or our leaders understand these risks and the need for protections that reduce dangerous pollution. In 1990, Sen. Max Baucus led an overwhelmingly popular, bipartisan effort to modernize the Clean Air Act. The bill, signed into law by the first President Bush, required polluters to
install technologies that capture toxins such as mercury and hydrochloric acid before they are released into our air. But politics and industry pressure being what they are, implementation of this law has been delayed for more than 20 years. Only now has the Environmental Protection Agency finally released rules for industry that will put them in line with this law. While we may grumble about the slow wheels of government, industry has had over two decades to prepare for these rules. Back in 2001, Baucus cited the need for these long-delayed anti-pollution safeguards: “The American Lung Association, the American Public Health Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics all testified that we are facing a public health crisis due to air pollution.” He added: “All the studies on the Clean Air Act generally have reached the conclusion by a huge factor that the benefits of the Clean Air Act outweigh the cost of the Clean Air Act.” Thanks to Baucus, we will soon see the cleanup of toxic pollutants from Montana’s largest industrial sources as well as cleanup of asthma and respiratory-impairing pollutants from sources like Colstrip. Each year across America, the newly adopted mercury and air toxics standard alone will help prevent 11,000 premature deaths, 4,700 heart attacks and 130,000 asthma attacks. While these standards should have been implemented a long time ago, they will help make Montana’s air and water safer for present and future generations. We thank Baucus for his past and continued support of the Clean Air Act. Thanks to his leadership, perhaps we will leave our children a Montana where air is safe to breathe and fish are safe to eat. Greg Lind Missoula Craig Mathews West Yellowstone
Comments from MissoulaNews.com
Doubt it They intend to ask the Montana Legislature to address the issue during its upcoming session? (See “Housing,” Feb. 16.) Working to benefit the citizens of Montana might put a serious crimp in their truly important work: legalizing hunting with spears and silencers, creating armed militias in every town, permitting guns in schools, removing Obama’s name from the ballot, withdrawing the U.S. from the U.N., proclaiming global
warming beneficial to the state, etc. Posted on February 16, 2012 at 10:39 a.m.
Typical Wal-Mart I am a locksmith in Ohio, and the first three times that Wal-Mart had us out to do locks for them, we had to sue them to get paid (see “Save money, live better?” Feb. 9). We won all three times, but from that point forward we told WalMart that they are cash only. Pay cash when we finish or call someone else.
They now adhere to our rule. I have done numerous jobs since then at various locations around northeast Ohio and every time, they pay me cash. The trick is, never let it get to where you have to deal with corporate. They appear to have a business model in place for contractors. Pay nobody. If half of the contractors are too small to sue, then they have gotten half of their work performed for free. Typical Wal-Mart. Posted on February 20, 2012 at 7:57 p.m.
Missoula Independent Page 5 February 23 â€“ March 1, 2012
WEEK IN REVIEW • Wednesday, February 15
News Quirks by Michelle Gustafson
Montana’s second wolf-hunting season ends, with hunters having killed 166 wolves, about 75 percent of the 220-wolf quota. The season was initially scheduled to end Dec. 31, but the FWP Commission extended it, allowing hunters to bag an additional 45 wolves.
• Thursday, February 16 State Sen. Kim Gillan, a Democrat from Billings who has served eight sessions in the Montana Legislature, files to run for U.S. House, a seat currently held by Denny Rehberg. Gillan calls Rehberg a “do-nothing” congressman. She leads all candidates on the June primary ballot in fundraising.
• Friday, February 17 The U.S. Supreme Court puts on hold a Montana court ruling that upheld the state’s century-old law that limits independent campaign expenditures. Attorney General Steve Bullock says he’s “disappointed that for the first time in 100 years Montanans won’t be able to rely on our corporate spending ban to safeguard the integrity of our elections.”
• Saturday, February 18 Sophomore guard Kareem Jamar tallies a triple-double—21 points, 11 rebounds, 11 assists—to lead the University of Montana men’s basketball team to a 94-79 win over the University of Hawaii Warriors at UM’s Dahlberg Arena. It’s the ninth straight victory for the Grizzlies.
• Sunday, February 19 Six hikers trapped by a snowstorm in the Bridger Mountains spend the night waiting for a helicopter to rescue them Sunday morning. Rescue workers, hampered by heavy snow, spend 15 hours looking for the hikers, who were in the mountains for a wildlife photography shoot.
• Monday, February 20 Charles John Dundon III, of Connell, Wash., is snowmobiling west of the Hungry Horse Reservoir south of Glacier National Park when he and a companion trigger an avalanche that buries Dundon and kills him. It’s the second avalanche fatality in northwest Montana this month.
• Tuesday, February 21 Missoula County joins a new, national database called Smart911 that allows residents to create personal and household profiles intended to assist responders in the event of an emergency. The service will cost the county about $21,000 a year. Register at Smart911.com.
With chalk outlining her body, anti-coal protester Cassie Scheets lays down in the Wells Fargo parking lot in downtown Missoula Sunday afternoon to bring attention to increased coal exports from Montana. Scheets and other protesters marched from the University of Montana to the downtown train tracks, stopping at the bank and the offices of Rep. Denny Rehberg and Sen. Max Baucus on the way.
Business Rickshaw reduction Over the past eight years, rickshaws have become a light-hearted distraction from the skimpy outfits, squad cars and drunken shouting matches that dominate most summer nights in downtown Missoula. It’s hard to recall a time when they didn’t roll by every few hours, pop music blaring and rowdy passengers squealing with glee. The rickshaws will roll again. How often is a question even Garden City Gondola founder Jonas Ehudin can’t quite answer. All he can say is “they’ll be more rare.” “Last summer, demand was down,” Ehudin says. “So was the average tip that people gave us. We figured it was just the recession finally hitting Montana and the rickshaw company being kind of a luxury.” In the past drivers collected $100 a night on average; in 2011, they were lucky to get close to that—likely a “function of asking people to pay whatever they want,” Ehudin says. So Garden City Gondola is scaling back. Last season the company had 20 drivers from spring to fall, says Gondola partner Steven Schorzman. This year it’ll be more like five.
“We’re not going to have bikes out all the weekend nights,” Schorzman says. “Really, the frequency and scheduling and timing is going to be much more ad hoc.” The change is partly due to restructuring at Garden City Gondola. Two of the company’s five partners left. The rest agreed that the present business model—renting the rickshaws to drivers and requesting a percentage of tips in return—isn’t working. Rickshaws have always been a novelty, says business partner Sophia Kircos. Maybe three drivers on the streets some nights is over-saturation. One of Garden City Gondola’s biggest concerns is return on investment. The company is a side project for everyone involved. Schorzman says the group was constantly repairing rickshaws last year, nearly doubling the amount of time and energy each partner put in. The financial returns remained roughly the same. No one at Garden City Gondola is really complaining. They don’t drive rickshaws to get rich. For Ehudin, the business is a community builder, connecting drivers and passengers with folks on the street simply dancing to the rickshaw’s music. That’ll be an infrequent connection this summer. “It’s kind of going back to the way the compa-
ny started,” Ehudin says. “It was just a serendipitous thing. If you found a rickshaw, you’d better jump on it, ’cause you don’t know when you’ll see another one.” Alex Sakariassen
Health Breaking ground on the Westside Legal challenges and political spats have obscured the benefits of the federal Affordable Care Act, known as “Obamacare” by its critics. But one was on display last Thursday night inside the Lowell School library. Mock-ups of a new school-based health-care clinic rested on easels, and more than a dozen Westsiders, sitting in kid-sized plastic chairs around thigh-high tables, reviewed the plans, largely voicing approval. The one-story, 2,500-square-foot clinic, designed to resemble neighboring houses, will likely be built this summer on a patch of park ground adjacent to Lowell School, paid for by a $500,000 grant Missoula County’s Partnership Health Center was awarded last July. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s School-Based Health Center Capital Program gave out about 200 such
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Missoula Independent Page 6 February 23 – March 1, 2012
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grants in fiscal year 2011. The Lowell School clinic will be the first in Montana. It’ll be located in one of Missoula’s poorer neighborhoods. More than a quarter of Lowell students—kindergartners through fifth graders—qualify for free or reduced-price lunch, and about 70 are homeless. “With the numbers come some at-risk and underserved students,” Principal Brian Bessette said during the meeting. Which is why, when Partnership Health Center landed the grant and contacted Missoula County Public Schools about where the clinic might go, Lowell was chosen. According to the National Assembly on SchoolBased Health Care, these clinics have been found to significantly increase student access to health care, reducing inappropriate emergency room visits and Medicaid expenditures, while lowering rates of student absenteeism and tardiness. Students are more likely to use mental-health services, leading to fewer discipline referrals. All of which helps foster academic success. Partnership Health Center already provides care regardless of income at its two downtown locations. About six Partnership personnel will staff the Lowell School clinic, offering primary care and dental and behavioral health services. Partnership Director Kim Mansch said her employees are already “fighting to come work here.” Jerry Nelson, who’s lived down the road from Lowell School for 56 years, attended Thursday’s meeting, and he told Bessette and Mansch, “You’re breaking new ground, there’s no question about that.” Matthew Frank
Elk North Hills grass greener The elk are teeming in Missoula’s North Hills. Counts in the 1980s put the population in the double digits; last year the herd was 622 strong. All it takes is a spotting scope to catch the odd glimpse from town. But the elk are causing problems. They graze on ranches. They knock down cattle fences. They eat tulips. And they’re growing less wild, says Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks biologist Vickie Edwards. All it took was a heavy winter in 1996 to force the herd down above Interstate 90. Forage there is rich and safety plentiful. Elk began migrating to that winter range earlier, and leaving later.
“Those elk figured out really quickly that yes, the grass really is greener on the other side,” Edwards says. Since 2002, FWP has been trying to motivate the North Hills elk to continue their migratory tradition. They’ve done so through early rifle seasons in the Rattlesnake Wilderness, early hunts on private ranches, and a special game damage hunt in winter. As of Feb. 15—the last day of the game damage hunt this season—hunters took a record 11 elk from the North Hills. Edwards calls the many separate hunts “death by a thousand cuts.” “We’ve got folks trying to make a living out there,” Edwards says. “And it’s an economic hardship to have elk consuming standing grasses, getting into haystacks, tearing down fences.”
Photo by Chad Harder
Economics aside, the elk in hunting district 283 are simply way over objective. Lengthy stays and large numbers in the North Hills are bad for both the elk and the environment. FWP faces a unique problem here: elk numbers in the eastern portion of 283, where hunter access is easier, aren’t nearly as strong. Increasing the hunting quota will only stress those elk more. That’s why the FWP Commission designated a new sub-district Feb. 16 stretching west from Rattlesnake Creek to Highway 93, with 50 elk licenses available on a draw in 2012. And it’s why Edwards plans to submit an amendment to FWP’s 2005 elk management plan setting a separate population objective for the North Hills herd. “Those elk are growing within the wildland urban interface,” Edwards says. Of course, managing a hunt on the outskirts of Missoula presents its own challenges. FWP has to set safety zones and work closely with hunters and with local residents to make sure there are no accidental targets in the crosshairs. Alex Sakariassen
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Housing The price is right Missoula Housing Authority Executive Director Lori Davidson already has big plans for the three properties that, if all goes as planned, the city of Missoula will donate to MHA next week. MHA administers a variety of programs that help low-income people find housing. Its waiting list runs roughly 2,000 families long. The city’s donation will chip away at that demand. It’s early yet, but Davidson envisions the three parcels—all of them located south of Broadway near the River Trail—could accommodate roughly 14 housing units. “It is exciting,” Davidson says. She hopes to draw upon a long-time MHA goal: to have College of Technology carpentry and heavy equipment program students build housing on one of the donated properties. “We’ve been looking for a project to work with COT for many years,” she says. In 2009, the Montana Legislature passed a law that enables cities to directly donate land to nonprofit organizations that use it for affordable housing. If the gift is approved by council during its regularly scheduled meeting Feb. 27, it will mark the first time Missoula conducts a transaction under the new law. Council has hashed out how best to use the properties for nearly a year. Councilwoman Cynthia Wolken, who chairs the Administration and Finance Committee that originally deliberated the donations, says city department heads were given first dibs on the land. There were no takers. City staffers also asked other area nonprofits if they were interested in using the land for lowincome housing. They didn’t bite, either, Wolken says. “Everybody had a chance to participate.” The city doesn’t have recent appraisals for the properties. Wolken says that’s because lawmakers didn’t see the point in hiring someone to calculate the worth of the three “awkward parcels” slated for donation. Other than the the donation value itself, the city isn’t incurring any costs. (MHA will pay the title search bill, estimated at $1,000.) Wolken says when the issue was deliberated in committee, council members agreed that it makes more sense to donate the properties than to continue paying for their upkeep. “We all agree that this is the most fiscally responsible—to dispose of this property,” she says. Jessica Mayrer
BY THE NUMBERS
Start-up loan the federal government plans to award the Montana Health Co-op as part of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. The co-op could begin business as a new health insurer in the state by 2014.
etc. There was an unusual moment of silence inside the Wilma Theatre during the Big Sky Documentary Film Festival on Monday evening. Code of the West Director Rebecca Richman Cohen stood on the stage and dialed up on her cell phone Cherrie Brady, of Safe Community Safe Kids, the Billings-based group that helped put the kibosh on Montana’s medical marijuana industry. “She’s not going to answer,” hollered a slender, tattooed woman. Another man in a brown baseball cap said, “Tell her, ‘Her kids could do a lot worse than to turn out like me.’” The tattooed woman was right. Brady didn’t answer. She was slated to participate in a debate after a screening of the work-in-progress Code of the West, which documents the debate over medical marijuana that played out during the 2011 Montana Legislature. Brady doesn’t want Montana to become a destination for pot peddlers. In the film she’s the antagonist to the medical marijuana advocates. Code of the West filmmakers also followed Republican House Speaker Mike Milburn as he introduced a bill that aims to repeal Montana’s Medical Marijuana Act. During a strategizing session on the bill, the legislator from Cascade told his colleagues that he used to be a fighter pilot. As such, he said one must negotiate from a position of strength. Milburn’s bill died in committee March 14, 2011— the same day federal law enforcement agencies executed 26 search warrants at marijuana dispensaries across the state. Filmmakers interviewed Milburn after the raids. He smirked. “I don’t have a lot of compassion, I guess, for their industry,” he said. The smirk stood out in stark contrast to the fear expressed by marijuana advocate Tom Daubert during interviews conducted roughly two months after the raids. Daubert didn’t know then if he would face federal charges for his work with Montana Cannabis, which grew to be among the largest dispensaries in the state. Daubert left the business before the legislative session and the raids. “I’ve never felt terror until right after the raids,” he said. Daubert isn’t the only former caregiver who feels terrorized by the feds. His story reflects hundreds of other providers who believed they were protected under Montana law and now fear prosecution. It’s too bad Brady was a no-show. Fireworks in the Wilma could’ve been fun.
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Missoula Independent Page 7 February 23 – March 1, 2012
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Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
No end in blight Northside Superfund site languishes by Jessica Mayrer
The White Pine and Sash Superfund site is a fenced-in field of knapweed just north of the Scott Street Bridge in Missoula. On a recent day there’s an empty beer can in the grass outside the fence, and a hypodermic needle stuck into the ground, plunger side up. Mike Stevenson eyes this blighted land with frustration many days when he commutes past on Interstate 90 from his Grant Creek home to downtown Missoula. In 1999, he and six other investors purchased 30 of the White Pine and Sash Superfund site’s 43 acres. The Montana Department of
site in 1994. In 1999, Huttig Building Products, which owned White Pine Sash and Door when it closed in 1996, sold 12 acres to Zip Beverage and 30 acres to Scott Street Partners, Stevenson’s investment group. A year later Zip and Scott Street Partners sold 15.5 acres to the city. The three stakeholders each donated one acre to the city for a park. Though Huttig no longer owns the property, the state holds it legally responsible for the cleanup. Huttig has over the years removed contaminated soil, regularly tested for contaminants, and installed a sys-
also testing 21 homes in a roughly oneblock radius from the foot of the Scott Street Bridge to Waverly Street. Owen says it’s too early to say if chemical vapors threaten human health. “We’ll definitely know more in a few weeks, when we have the soil gas results,” Owen says. “At this point we haven’t seen anything that requires an immediate action...This is really making sure there isn’t a risk.” Bob Oaks, director of the North Missoula Community Development Corporation and longtime Northside advo-
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Missoula Independent Page 8 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Photo by Chad Harder
The White Pine and Sash Superfund site on Missoula’s Northside.
Environmental Quality still hasn’t issued the final cleanup standards for the site, much less a final cleanup order. “We’ve been waiting a long time for someone to say, ‘Okay, do this. And you’re okay,’” Stevenson says. Stevenson worked for 16 years at the Missoula-based environmental remediation company Envirocon. He knew full well that investing in a state-designated Superfund site was risky. But he didn’t see himself getting saddled with—and paying taxes on—a blighted weed lot for more than a decade. “We didn’t feel that the environmental impacts were all that great—that they could be pretty easily handled,” he says. “[With] a bulldozer and three months you probably could have cleaned that property up.” Between 1920 and 1996, this parcel was a bustling manufacturing operation called White Pine Sash and Door. It used petroleum products and pentachlorophenol, often called penta or PCP. Wood products were dipped into underground vats of a PCP mixture to reduce fungus and mold growth. The Environmental Protection Agency says PCP is a likely carcinogen. In the late ’80s, state scientists discovered the PCP-contaminated soil. The state declared White Pine and Sash a Superfund
tem to treat groundwater. The city, too, has worked to remediate its land, which now houses the Missoula Public Works Department. Seeing remediation efforts wind down on other portions of the property, Scott Street Partners asked the DEQ on Jan. 7 to make a “no further action determination” for its 19.2 acres. The city is waiting for the same. That would green-light commercial development. “We are anxious to develop the property,” Stevenson says. He’ll have to wait longer. On Feb. 3, the DEQ informed Scott Street Partners that there’s more cleanup to do. There remain elevated levels of cadmium and buried wood waste. “When [wood] degrades, the bacteria give off methane and it gets trapped in there,” says DEQ Project Officer Colleen Owen. “[It] can be at levels that are potentially explosive should you put a building structure over it.” And now there’s another hitch: The DEQ is for the first time testing whether vaporized chemical compounds that linger 30 feet underground are being released into the atmosphere. Armed with new technology, the agency is testing the southern portion of the White Pine and Sash site, and around Zip Beverage. It’s
cate, says he, like Stevenson, would love to see the long-blighted White Pine developed. But he’s wary of Scott Street Partners’ request for a commercial cleanup standard. Commercial standards are lower than residential standards. “We would like to see the site cleaned up to the highest and best that the law could require,” Oaks says. “If it’s cleaned up to residential standards, then commercial development can happen there, housing development could happen there. It doesn’t close the door on anything.” The DEQ will use its chemical vapor data to help draft cleanup mandates for the White Pine and Sash property. The public will be invited to weigh in before the agency finalizes its decision. In the meantime, Owen says she understands the frustrations with the pace of the cleanup, but it’s the DEQ’s responsibility to use the best science available to ensure the area is safe. “When it comes to answering the question of whether it’s impacting peoples’ health, it’s just a really important piece for us at this point to make sure that that isn’t an issue before we move forward,” Owen says. email@example.com
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
Good cops, bad cops Federal lawsuit splits Lake County Sheriff’s Department by Matthew Frank
For months a handful of law enforcement officers in Lake County have been denying allegations of misconduct. Now they’ll be defending themselves in court. Five current and former officers in the Lake County Sheriff ’s Department filed a lawsuit in federal court Tuesday alleging that four of their colleagues, including the sheriff and undersheriff, retaliated against them for bringing forward evidence of wrongdoing within the department, ranging from a deputy’s lies about serving as a U.S. Marine to several officers’ involvement in a poaching group
criminal purpose,” violated the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, or RICO, by attempting to prevent plaintiffs from providing evidence of the “unlawful killing, poaching and interstate transportation of illegally taken game.” As the Independent reported in December, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks in September 2010 began investigating the so-called Coyote Club, a circle of Lake County law enforcement officers who’d allegedly been poaching game animals for years. The investigation, which is ongoing,
tigation with due diligence. It was simply a strong-arm tactic to send a message of fear and intimidation... Basically, ‘Don’t question what we are doing here in Lake County. Don’t bring attention to us. Don’t point out the corruption—or we will come to your home, search it and seize your property.’” In the lawsuit, Gehl, Kendley, Read and Woods all claim to have been reprimanded for attempting to expose misconduct in the department. Kendley reported that Duryee had altered a rifle registered to the Lake County Sheriff ’s Department to make it a machine gun, a violation of
The plaintiffs: Ben Woods, Terry Leonard, Levi Read, Steve Kendley, and Mike Gehl.
known as the “Coyote Club.” The plaintiffs—Detective Mike Gehl, Detective Steve Kendley, former Reserve Deputy Terry Leonard, Deputy Levi Read and Deputy Ben Woods—have been “reprimanded in their employment, have suffered demotions, have been denied promotions, and have been subjected to a hostile work environment by the leadership of the Lake County Sheriff ’s Department because of the exercise of their First Amendment constitutional rights as well as the exercise of their duty as Montana Peace Officers,” the lawsuit states. The plaintiffs claim that the defendants—Sheriff Jay Doyle, Undersheriff Dan Yonkin, and officers Mike Sargeant and Dan Duryee—“have formed and continue to operate an organization of officers the purpose of which is to engage in illegal activities and the covering up of such illegal activities by retaliation against officers who ‘don’t go along’ with this group.” “These gentlemen did not want to file this suit,” says the plaintiffs’ attorney, Rich Buley, of Missoula. “However, because of the total inaction of Lake County officials, as well as state officials, including the attorney general’s office, they had no option.” The lawsuit further alleges that the defendants, “acting in concert and with
has centered on former reserve deputy Jesse Jacobs and Jason Nash, an officer with the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, but the dozens of interviews conducted by Game Warden Frank Bowen also implicate the defendants, specifically Sargeant and Duryee. The lawsuit goes on to claim that defendants Doyle and Yonkin violated Leonard’s civil rights when they searched his home and confiscated his computer in September 2010. Earlier that year, with the sheriff ’s election upcoming, Leonard had created two websites to disseminate information about the alleged misconduct in the sheriff ’s department. Suspected of having committed the misdemeanor crimes of “election materials not to be anonymous, and criminal defamation,” his home was searched. The lawsuit claims Yonkin downloaded the data on Leonard’s computer even though the search warrant didn’t allow for searching the computers themselves. Leonard’s property wasn’t returned to him until February 2011. No charges were filed against him. Leonard told the Independent late last year that the Lake County Sheriff ’s Department “had no intention of seeing justice done or even conducting a proper inves-
federal law. Read complained that Duryee fabricated his tales of Gulf War combat. (That purported experience earned Duryee command of Lake County’s Special Response Team. He later admitted to lying about his military service.) The plaintiffs all made complaints about Doyle, Sargeant and Duryee’s belonging to the Coyote Club, and about officers stealing ammunition that had been donated to the department. Gehl, Read and Woods were suspended without pay. Gehl and Kendley were also demoted, punishment, they claim, for taking their complaints to state Attorney General Steve Bullock in January 2011. The demotions, the suit states, came as a “direct result of their exercise of their constitutional rights of free speech.” Doyle has denied that the demotions resulted from meeting with Bullock. Doyle didn’t return calls seeking comment. “Everything they are alleging has already been investigated—fully,” he said of the allegations late last year. “These aren’t the only actions of wrongdoing or breaking of laws that we intend to present at trial,” Buley says. “There’s much more.” firstname.lastname@example.org
Missoula Independent Page 9 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
Here we go again The myth of clean resource extraction returns 20
Best of Missoula
275 W. Main St • 728-0343
The federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 more commonly referred to as the “Superfund” program, was signed into law in the last days of Jimmy Carter’s presidency. Shortly thereafter and much to the shame of Montanans, Butte, Anaconda, and the entire Clark Fork River down to the Milltown Dam became America’s largest Superfund site. It looked like the mining industry was finally being held accountable for the almost unimaginable environmental damage it has wreaked upon Montana. But now, after a decades-long public relations battle, the resource extraction industries are again pushing the myth that such activities can be “done right” to protect Montanans and their environment. That’s pure, unadulterated baloney. For more than a century Montana has been a resource extraction colony for Wall Street’s “Captains of Industry.” Those who have studied Montana history can easily recount the sad tales, from the initial efforts to remove the native Indians from areas they had occupied for thousands of years to the massive land giveaways to the railroads that “opened the West.” Those railroads were supposed to serve Montanans in exchange for the millions of acres of free federal lands, but today many of those tracks, especially those to smaller communities, now lie rusting or ripped out while the offspring corporations of the railroad barons sell the land for subdivision development after having shaved it bald through industrial logging. Likewise, the cattle barons demanded—and still demand—the removal of anything that competes with their livestock for grass or threatens them through predation or disease. The millions of bison that once roamed the Great Plains paid the greatest price of appeasement when they were wiped out nearly to extinction. But so, too, were the wolves, grizzlies, mountain lions and coyotes mercilessly killed en masse to keep the stockgrowers happy. Then came the timber barons, who turned the virgin old growth forests of the state into stump fields while reaping fabulous wealth. And of course we live still with the grim legacy left behind by the copper kings, which, besides the wholesale destruction of the headwaters of the mighty Columbia River, goes far beyond Butte and includes thousands of unre-
Missoula Independent Page 10 February 23 – March 1, 2012
claimed mines and mills still littering— and poisoning—the state. Late in the game came the oil and gas industry, which ran in booms and busts across the Hi-Line and eastern Montana, leaving behind thousands of abandoned wells that continue to pollute precious aquifers as well as surface lands and waters. For a brief moment in time, a decade or two at most, Montanans fought back
“It’s apparent that ‘doing it right’ is nothing but industry double-talk for business as usual.” against the destruction. Our 1972 Constitution threw off the copper collar with the guarantee that every Montanan had an “inalienable right” to a “clean and healthful environment.” That same Constitution established the Resource Indemnity Trust, levying a small tax on certain resource extraction industries to ensure that “all lands disturbed by the taking of natural resources shall be reclaimed.” Going into the new millennia it looked like we had perhaps turned a corner, learned from history, and were seeking other avenues of economic activity. Learned scholars dubbed this the “New West” while others, especially politicians seeking populist votes, praised the “restoration economy” that would redress past damages. We were told that rivers could be repaired, ecosystems could be brought back into balance and endangered species could be saved from extinction and even reintroduced. The resource extraction industries took full advantage of such political folderol claiming they were no longer the mining, logging, ranching, and oil and gas industries of the past. The “new” resource extractors, we were told, would “do it right” in the future. Foolishly, many Montanans—and especially those same politicians seeking populist votes— took that bait hook, line and sinker. And then came the Great Recession,
in which “jobs” took precedent over everything, including in what shape we leave Montana for future generations. The resource extraction industries went at it with a vengeance to make up for lost time. Coal bed methane, natural gas fracking, massive mining of coal to be shipped to China, and a new “war on wolves” to keep Montana safe for cows while keeping bison locked tight within Yellowstone’s borders. Even the timber industry, for which the housing bust mostly eliminated the demand for lumber, has found a champion in Sen. Jon Tester and Gov. Brian Schweitzer to mandate harvest levels on national forests to theoretically “maintain the timber infrastructure.” The truth is that nothing much has really changed. Golden Sunlight, once lauded as the poster child of “new mining,” continues to leak toxins into the groundwater that will have to be treated “in perpetuity.” Coalbed methane has seriously degraded the Tongue River with saline waste water. Oil and gas drilling in the Bakken Formation promises to leave behind centuries of leaking wells whose cases only degrade further with time as well as undetermined fracking chemicals that poison groundwater. If anyone thinks things have changed, take a minute to talk with the folks in Marysville, where a Canadian gold mining company is destroying wells, disrupting residents with around-the-clock noise and pollution and ruining a recently-paved road to the community. It’s apparent that “doing it right” is nothing but industry double-talk for business as usual—and a convenient dodge for weak-kneed politicians and their backers whose convictions on environmental protection are far outweighed by their political ambitions and allegiance to the resource extraction industries. In the meantime, Montana still sits right near the bottom of the per capita income barrel. We can learn from the past and chose to leave the devastation of natural resource extraction behind. Or we can ignore the on-going and growing problems and believe the fairy tale. The choice is ours. But make no mistake, the price will ultimately be paid by future generations. Helena’s George Ochenski rattles the cage of the political establishment as a political analyst for the Independent. Contact Ochenski at email@example.com.
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
Winged irruption Rare snowy owls find perches in Polson by Christina Nealson
It took only two hours for me to reach the apparent miracle that was occurring near Flathead Lake in Polson: Snowy owls had turned up here after flying all the way from the Arctic, and everybody in the town seemed to know about it. I’d never seen these spectacular, twofoot-tall birds, which can boast a wingspan of up to five feet, but I’d always wanted to, and here was my chance. A fellow birder pointed the way, and suddenly, there they were, looking like ghost owls assembled on subdivision rooftops. Twelve white sentinels broke the skyline like fluffy chimneys, their unlikely perch points on sunny shingles commanding a 360-degree view. There was the expansive Flathead Lake to the north and tundralike hunting fields below. The birds’ beauty and foreign presence were breathtaking. When a bevy of birds flies far south like this it’s called an “irruption,” a sudden, unpredictable mass movement of individuals into an area where they’re uncommon. The last irruption of snowy owls to Polson occurred in 2005-2006. That time they wintered about a mile from this subdivision, laying claim to fence posts and old farm machinery. Irruptions are usually regional, occurring in the Northwest, Northeast, or in areas of British Columbia. But this year has been unprecedented. Thousands of owls have detoured south from coast to coast; they’ve been seen in Seattle, Vancouver, Kansas, the Ohio River Valley, Boston, South Dakota, and even in the fields north of Denver International Airport. This migration is exciting the nation, as people who don’t usually travel to see birds load up the children and drive miles to see the majestic white owls. One man told me,
“I’m a bow-hunter not a birdwatcher, but I wanted to see these birds with my boy.” A few miles south of Polson, in the Mission Valley, is the small but mighty Ninepipes Owl Research Institute, home to Denver Holt, a man who has studied snowy owls for over 25 years. Some scientists believe this irruption was caused by a crash in the lemming population. Lemmings constitute 90 percent of the snowy owls’ diet. But others believe that the opposite is true. It could be that an overpopulation of lemmings resulted in too many owls—five to seven owlets hatching at once as opposed to the usual one or two—and that the result-
“People vie to be part of the mystery, capturing the owls not with guns, but with eyes and cameras.” ing overpopulation pushed the birds out of the Arctic in search of winter food supplies. “It’s all speculation,” says Holt. “No one knows that the lemming population crashed. We do know they are showing up healthy, not stressed and uninjured.” Holt believes that good feeding leads to good breeding, and between the lake and the tundra-like fields, the birds above Polson have a ready supply of mice, voles, ducks, hares and fish. And, I would think, the occasional house cat. The birds this day were roosting in the
sun on patches of crusty roof snow. They are one of the few diurnal owls, active in the day, and the largest owl by weight, with the female adult weighing up to six pounds. A hunting bird can reach speeds of 69 mph; a female defending her chicks will launch like a stealth bomber from a half-mile away and strike at 25 mph, tearing through cotton layers and down jackets and into flesh with ease. Wolves don’t faze them. Oglala Sioux warriors who excelled in battle wore caps of snowy owl feathers. The owls appear in cave art from 10,000 years ago, and you could say that they continue to live on in the deep recesses of our reptilian brain. Their ghostly white feathers may have something to do with our fascination, as white symbolizes innocence, purity, spiritual power—and, in some cultures, death. Depending on where you go in their polar world, the bird is known as the ermine owl, tundra ghost, Scandinavian night bird, white terror of the North or Ookpik. Holt says the scope of this nationwide irruption makes it the greatest wildlife event in many years. After the birds showed up in 1966, he recalls, you couldn’t walk into a farmhouse without seeing a snowy owl— dead and stuffed. Now, people vie to be part of the mystery, capturing the owls not with guns, but with eyes and cameras. As for the owls I watched in Polson, the birds always seemed to be scanning the fields beyond, their dazzling yellow eyes never missing a move. It was a blessing to be in their presence. Christina Nealson is a contributor to Writers on the Range, a service of High Country News (hcn.org ). She lives and writes in Libby, Montana.
Missoula Independent Page 11 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
This is one of those things that you might not think about as China and all of Asia expands and modernizes: fresh water. Petroleum and mineral resources get most of the attention because they have been completely commodified, whereas our ready access to water allows us to forget that it is a commodity as well. As populations continue to grow and the uptick in manufacturing creates a greater need for electrical power, more dams are being built in Asia and are often touted as a cleaner, greener, safer alternatives to coal-fired power plants, which is true-ish. Of course, all power generation incurs an environmental cost of some sort, so one has to wonder: What will happen to all of the fish in these newly dammed rivers? Not just any fish, but fish the likes of which you’ve never seen. We’re talking about mega fish like Mekong giant catfish (aka dog-eating catfish), the giant Eurasian trout which can weigh over 200 lbs. and measure six feet in length, stingrays that can weigh
from 550 to 990 lbs., with a length, including tail, of up to 16 ft. Obviously in waterways as vast as the Yangtze and Mekong, there are probably untold types of creatures that we’ll never know. So, yeah, that’s Asia. We have plenty of water around here. Our easy access to it makes us forget how amazing it is that we can get a drink in almost any building in America. We should talk about water. Often. The folks at the UM Wilderness Institute think so, too, as they continue to host their weekly Wild Waters in the West Lecture Series. This week Don Vermillion of the Montana FWP talks about those mega fish in Asia and the importance of saving the fish and their habitat. The UM Wilderness Institute hosts the Wild Waters in the West Lecture Series event “Mega Fish in Central Asia” with Sweetwater Travel Co. owner and FWP Commissioner Don Vermillion on Tue., Feb. 28, at 7 PM in UM’s Gallagher Business Building Rm. 122. Free.
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 23
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 28
Learn how the pros live the sustainable lifestyle during Cheri Chastain’s (of Sierra Nevada Brewing Co.) lecture at the Sustainable Business Council’s 10th Anniversary Sustainability Lecture. Gallagher Business Building, Rm. 106. 6–7 PM. Free.
Learn how to give and receive empathy with Patrick Marsoleck during Compassionate Communication Non-Violent Communication Weekly Practice Group at the Jeannette Rankin Peace Center. 519 S. Higgins. Noon–1 PM. Free.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 24
Knitting For Peace meets at Joseph’s Coat. All knitters of all skill levels are welcome. 115 S. 3rd St. W. 1-3 PM. For information call 543-3955.
Practice being peaceful in a world of differences during the Jeannette Rankin Peace Center’s Intercultural Dialogue Group, a monthly meeting that aims to bring together people from various backgrounds for an afternoon of conversation and peacemaking. Every last Fri. of the month at 4:30 PM in the library of the Peace Center, 519 S. Higgins Ave. Free. Call Betsy at 543-3955 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for more info. Business owners, learn how to promote, reinvest in and reinvent your town and contribute to your community at the Hamilton Downtown Association’s Membership Drive. Enjoy some beers, friends and prizes, y’all. Bitter Root Brewery. 5–7 PM. Soroptomist International of Kalispell hosts a screening of the documentary film Sex and Money, which uncovers the gruesome world of child sexual exploitation. FVCC Arts and Technology Building, Rm. 139. 6:30 PM. Free. The Northern Rockies Rising Tide fights for the northern Rockies, including tackling the megaload issue and so much more. Jeannette Rankin Peace Center back room. 510 S. Higgins Ave. 7–8:30 PM.
SATURDAY FEBRUARY 25 If you have compulsive-eating problems, seek help and support with others during a meeting of Overeaters Anonymous, which meets this and every Sat. at 9 AM in Room 3 in the basement of First United Methodist Church, 300 E. Main St. Free. Visit oa.org. Get help with them taxes so we can pay for wars, roads and drones at UM’s Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Program. Bring your ID, Social Security cards, W-2 and any other tax docs you may have. Both spouses must be present if you’re filing jointly. Gallagher Business Building Rm. 209. 9 AM–4 PM. Free.
Be a good egg and donate blood because we still can’t get blood from outer space. American Red Cross. 2401 N. Reserve, Ste. 6. 3–6 PM. Call 800-REDCROSS to schedule an appt. You don’t know nothin’ about Africa, so learn from Prof. Solomon Gofie of the University of Addis Ababa during his talk Transnational Influences in the Horn of Africa: Change and Continuity. UC, Rm. 332. 6–7 PM. Free. YWCA Missoula, 1130 W. Broadway, hosts YWCA Support Groups for women every Tue. from 6:30–8 PM. An American Indian-led talking circle is also available, along with age-appropriate children’s groups. Free. Call 543-6691. The UM Wilderness Institute brings scholars, writers, scientists and explorers together to share stories of how water shapes our lives, landscapes and politics in the Wild Waters in the West Lecture Series. This week, Don Vermillion, owner of Sweetwater Travel Co. and FWP commissioner, gives a lecture titled Mega Fish Conservation in Central Asia. Gallagher Business Building Rm. 122. 7 PM. Free.
WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 29 Families First hosts For Girls Only: A Heart to Heart Talk on Growing Up, with Julie Metzger, RN, MN. This two-part workshop is for parents or trusted adults and girls 10-12 years old. 6:30–8:30 PM. $30 per duo, $10 for each additional child. greatconversations.com.
THURSDAY MARCH 1 Peace and Justice Film Series hosts Incident at Oglala: The Leonard Peltier Story, which follows a shootout that occurred on the Pine Ridge Reservation in 1975 between AIM members and the FBI. Gallagher Business Building Rm. 122. 7 PM. Free.
AGENDA is dedicated to upcoming events embodying activism, outreach and public participation. Send your who/what/when/where and why to AGENDA, c/o the Independent, 317 S. Orange, Missoula, MT 59801. You can also e-mail entries to email@example.com or send a fax to (406) 543-4367. AGENDA’s deadline for editorial consideration is 10 days prior to the issue in which you’d like your information to be included. When possible, please include appropriate photos/artwork.
Missoula Independent Page 12 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Inside Letters Briefs Up Front Ochenski Range Agenda News Quirks
I N OTHER N EWS Curious but true news items from around the world
CURSES, FOILED AGAIN - When police pulled over Walter Upshaw, 32, for failing to come to a complete stop before entering a roadway in Orlando, Fla., Upshaw apologized to Officer Shawn Overfield and explained, “My gun is digging in my hip.” Overfield found the loaded .380-caliber pistol, which Upshaw, as a convicted felon on probation, is prohibited from carrying. (Orlando Sentinel) A gunman, identified as Mostafa Kamel Hendi, 25, demanded cash at the We Buy Gold store in Hendersonville, N.C., but when he stepped behind the counter to get the money, clerk Derek Mothershead knocked him unconscious with a left hook and grabbed the weapon, which turned out to be a pellet gun. Mothershead called the police and, when Hendi came to, handed him a roll of paper towels, sprayed the floor with cleaner and made him clean up his own blood. (Greenville, S.C.’s WYFF-TV) BRITS GOT RHYTHM? - Facing a shortage of male applicants to perform at the opening and closing ceremonies at the 2012 London Olympics, the organizing committee announced it’s urgently seeking “more men—particularly if you have rhythm. This means those of you who can dance but also drum, or do any sport, job or hobby that involves keeping to time.” (Britain’s The Telegraph) SLIGHTEST PROVOCATION - Police in Palm Bay, Fla., said Earl Persell, 56, attacked his live-in girlfriend during a heated argument over musical performers Ike and Tina Turner. (Melbourne’s Florida Today) Authorities charged Marvin Potter, 60, with murdering a couple in Mountain City, Tenn., because they deleted his adult daughter as a friend on Facebook. (Associated Press) TOUJOURS EGALITÉ - The Montreal school board will require all students to speak only French, not just in classrooms, but also in hallways, in cafeterias and on playgrounds. The rule, which takes effect in September, is aimed at the influx of immigrants, whose children are required to attend French-language schools. Fifty-three percent of the city’s 110,000 students have a mother tongue other than French. “There will be no language police,” Diane De Courcy, who chairs the city’s school board, declared, explaining that monitors who overhear children speaking another language will gently tap them on the shoulder—not on the head—to tell them, ‘Remember, we speak French. It’s good for you.’” (Ottawa Citizen) BUDGET-CUT FOLLIES - After the Scottish Borders Council announced that budget cuts would require closing four registry offices where marriage notices, known as banns, are posted, councilor Kenneth Gunn warned of an outbreak of incest. “In these days of broken marriages and extended families,” children may grow up “ignorant of their own relations” and marry, Gunn said. “It isn’t going to be too long before we have a union which could produce offspring if we do not play by the well-founded rules.” (Glasgow’s The Daily Record) REASONABLE EXPLANATION - Police who arrested Evelyn Marie Fuller, 49, for robbing a bank in Waynesburg, Pa., reported she confessed to the crime and “stated she wanted to use the money to pay for dentures she was unable to get through welfare until next year.” (Associated Press) HOODWINKERY - Accused of stabbing a bartender in LaCrosse, Wis., Anquin St. Junious, 32, later suffered a beating that hospitalized him. While St. Junious sat motionless in a wheelchair, his attorney asked Circuit Judge Scott Horne to release his client from jail because he can’t move his arms, can’t walk for more than 15 seconds and has a hole in his throat that is susceptible to infection if he remains in custody. Contradicting the claim was surveillance video showing St. Junious doing pushups in his jail cell. The judge refused to release St. Junious and promptly doubled his bond. (LaCrosse Tribune) Police investigating a cross burning in the driveway of a mixed-race couple in Panama City, Fla., assumed it was a hate crime. Two days later, the wife, Donna Williams, who is white, said she found handwritten notes taped to the front and side doors, warning her “that I better not leave that nigger.” It was signed “KKK.” Wondering, “When did the KKK start supporting black and white interracial marriages,” she noticed the handwriting was similar to her husband’s. When police questioned LB Williams, 50, he admitted setting the fire and writing the note, hoping to frighten her so she wouldn’t divorce him. (Panama City’s News-Herald)
Montana Grizzlies Basketball this Week: Griz Basketball:
Thursday Feb. 23rd @ 7 pm Montana v. Northern Arizona Coca Cola Dodgeball Tournament Semifinals and Coca Cola Dodgeball Tournament Finals.
After prison psychologist Laurie Ann Martinez, 36, reported that a stranger beat, robbed and raped her at home in Sacramento, Calif., police investigators spent hundreds of hours on the case before concluding that Martinez faked the crime. Authorities said she split her own lip with a pin, scraped her knuckles with sandpaper, had a friend punch her in the face and even wet her pants to make it appear that she’d been knocked unconscious. Martinez, her friend and two co-workers eventually admitted the whole episode was a setup aimed at convincing Martinez’s husband that the couple needed to move to a safer neighborhood. Instead, they filed for divorce six weeks after the incident. “If all you wanted to do is move,” police Sgt. Andrew Pettit said, “there’s other ways than staging a burglary and rape.” (Associated Press)
Saturday, Feb. 25th @ 7 pm Montana v. Montana State
LAWMAKERS OF THE WEEK - Oklahoma State Sen. Ralph Shortey introduced a bill that would prohibit the manufacture or sale of any food in which aborted fetuses were used to develop any of the ingredients. Shortey admitted that he knows of no company that uses human fetuses in food research but said he drafted his measure based on “suggestions” he read on the Internet. (Associated Press)
Dodgeball Tournament Finals
Protesting a bill that would require women to undergo an ultrasound before having an abortion, Virginia State Sen. Janet Howell attached an amendment requiring men to have a rectal exam before obtaining a prescription for erectile dysfunction medication. The Republican-controlled senate passed the mandatory ultrasound measure but rejected Howell’s amendment by a vote of 21 to 19. (The Huffington Post)
Join the Grizzlies for the 3rd Annual Fan Tailgate, from 4-6:30 in the East and West Auxiliary Gyms! Hot dogs and refreshments are $1 a piece with free soda and water. A men’s Griz-Cat game ticket is required for entry.
Tuesday, Feb. 28th @ 7 pm Montana v. Weber State Lady Griz Basketball:
Saturday, Feb. 25th @ 2 pm Montana v. Montana State Halftime Performance by Bitteroot Gymnastics Student-Athlete Big Sky Conference Food Drive – Please bring a non-perishable food item.
SUPPORT THE TROOPS - When the family history website Ancestry.com filed a Freedom of Information Act request for information about deceased veterans, the Department of Veterans Affairs responded. After Ancestry.com posted the information, the VA learned it had included data about 2,200 not-yet-dead vets. “Fortunately,” Jerry L. Davis, the VA’s chief information security officer, said, “no personal health information was included in this data release.” Social Security numbers were provided, however. As a result, the VA offered every affected veteran free credit monitoring for one year at no charge. (Department of Veterans Affairs)
Missoula Independent Page 13 February 23 – March 1, 2012
by Hillary Rosner • photos by Colin Ruggiero
ehind the wheel of his boxy red Ford F-250 truck, complete with crimsoncarpeted dashboard, L. Scott Mills sipped his watery coffee and headed east from Missoula. It was 18 degrees outside on a dim morning last November. As the sun rose and the sky turned white, Mills followed Route 200 along the lazy Blackfoot River, northeast toward Seeley Lake. Bright yellow larches blazed among the pines. A dusting of snow from a few days earlier still clung to the hillsides. Just past Seeley Lake, Mills, a University of Montana conservation biologist, turned into the forest on an old logging road and parked behind his field assistants’ blue pickup. Tucker Seitz and Sean Sultaire, two recent UM grads, were readying antennas and receivers, beginning their daily task of tracking some of the 30-odd radio-collared hares hopping around the Seeley-Swan Valley this winter. We zipped our jackets, donned blaze-orange vests—hunting season had just begun—and tromped into the woods. We ducked around lodgepole pines and Douglas firs, traipsing across bear grass and
fallen spruce logs on terrain speckled with a light cover of snow. Seitz and Sultaire held their antennas in front of them, turning the metal rods to catch a signal. They listened to the steady beeps on receivers they’d hung from their necks. After about 15 minutes, they closed in on a hare, narrowing its location to an area of about 50 square feet. Then they spotted it. Under a downed lodgepole, its upper branches and needles intact and forming a curtain of green and brown, the snowshoe hare sat nearly motionless, its lanky ears towering upright above its head. It crouched in a small hollow—a “form,” in hare-tracker parlance–that it had made in the dirt. It took me a few moments to locate the hare, even with Mills’ help. All that gave it away, finally, was the black of its eye framed by light fur.
Missoula Independent Page 14 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Mills is trying to understand a biological phenomenon crucial to animal survival: seasonal camouflage. What drives the periodic coat color changes of animals such as snowshoe hares, and is it something the animals can adjust? These questions, mused upon for centuries yet never fully studied, have lately taken on extra significance. Like dozens of species that live in temperate climates around the globe, snowshoe hares grow new coats twice a year to blend in with the landscape. As climate change alters these landscapes—and places that once were snowy white become increasingly brown—the animals’ future will likely depend in part on whether their camouflage can adapt in response. Evolution is not just about one species ever-soslowly transforming into another. It’s also about much smaller, much faster changes that can determine whether a species will endure or perish as its world shifts. Aided in part by fast, relatively inexpensive DNA analysis, scientists are tracking these changes and using them to help predict the future of species. They’re probing fish that live in polluted waters for clues to how they tolerate toxins, and sequencing the genes of invasive plants to learn— based on the plants’ family trees—which pose the biggest threats to native species. To make effective conservation decisions in the age of climate change—what to save, how to save it—biologists need to understand how species adapt and change, and how past and future evolution affects their odds of survival. Every week, Mills’ team locates each collared hare and records the color of its coat—what percentage white or brown—and the amount of snow-covered ground in its immediate surroundings. Hoping for a good look at this particular male hare, Seitz squatted about four feet away from its hiding place and snapped a photo, then moved in closer and clicked again. As Seitz edged forward, the hare hopped from its hideout and covered a few dozen yards of forest before pausing. Out in the open, we could see its fur clearly. Its body was mostly brown, though flecked with white, and its face was predominantly white from its nose up to its eyes. As winter looms, all the hares in this Montana forest begin to turn white within a week of one another, regardless of snow conditions or temperature, triggered by the disappearing sun. But once it starts, each hare’s transformation—which can take up to two months to complete—is unique. Some hares turn white on their faces first, with their new fur spreading from nose to rump; others metamorphose in reverse. Some hares turn mostly white early on, keeping just a bit of brown for several weeks; others try on a tiny sample of white coat, as if waiting a while before committing to the whole outfit. Beyond the initial sunlight trigger, though, what controls this seasonal cycle remains a puzzle. Can this particular hare adjust its internal rhythms? Will its descendants acquire a gene that helps match their fur to their habitat? Because hiding, even in plain sight, is the snowshoe hare’s ticket to survival, you might never see one while you’re out walking in the woods. The species is currently doing fine in Montana, and elsewhere across North America. That’s good news for these ecosystems’ meat eaters—coyotes, wolves, bobcats, martens, hawks—all of which have a taste for hare. Thanks to the carnivores, a hare’s average
life span in the wild is just a year. Nearly all of them meet the same end; it’s only a matter of time. While this state of affairs is unfortunate from the hare’s perspective, it helps keep the rest of the ecosystem humming along just fine—especially because hares breed like, well, rabbits. But like so much in nature, it’s a fragile balance. If hares become too easy to catch, their populations are likely to crash—and perhaps take down the predators that depend on them.
cery items for lynx,” Mills said, sitting in his creaky Missoula office in the university’s 1920s-era Forestry building. “But that’s how I got drawn in.” The project involved a relatively simple management question: Would certain types of logging disrupt the hare population, and ultimately threaten lynx survival? To answer it, Mills spent several years engaged in the slightly gruesome business of fitting hares with radio collars and essentially waiting for them to die. He’d record where and when they died, and, if possible, what ate them.
Researcher L. Scott Mills with a bagged snowshoe hare.
A slightly gruesome business Mills, 50, who is trim with sandy blond hair and whose own beard is turning white from the middle outward, began studying snowshoe hares in 1997. Just four years out of a Ph.D. program at UC-Santa Cruz—where he studied the effects of forest fragmentation on voles, working with the prominent conservation biologist Michael Soulé—and two years into an assistant professorship at UM, he began studying hares because they’re a major food source for the Canada lynx, which was slated for listing under the Endangered Species Act. “Of course, I believe hares are more important than just as gro-
Out in the woods tracking hares, he began to notice certain patterns. During full moons when there was snow on the ground, the hares tended to move around much less than at other times—and they were also less likely to live to see the dawn. “When they’re glowing under a full moon on snow,” said Mills, “they respond behaviorally. And there is a cost to making the wrong decision: They die.” He found a similar pattern in open patches of forest, including clear-cuts: Hares of either color moved more freely, and survived longer, in closed-canopy parts of the forest than in the open. In other words, the hares’ visibility has a big impact on their survival.
Mills also noticed a third pattern, one that seemed counterintuitive at the time: Far more hares died in the fall and spring than in winter or summer. “That was surprising to me when I first saw it,” he recalled, “because you’d think, in winter it’s 20 below zero, the predators are hungry, the snow is deep—shouldn’t hares die more in the wintertime?” But this was 10 years ago, before anyone was thinking about mismatches between animals’ camouflage and their habitats. Because the same amount of snow doesn’t fall on the same date from year to year, and because it can take so long for hares to acquire their seasonal coats, inevitably there are times when the animals lack camouflage—they’re brown in a white world or white in a brown one. This was always true, even before humans intervened. Recently, though, anecdotal reports of mismatched hares have been on the rise. Over the past decade, as word of his research has spread, Mills has received a growing number of autumn phone calls from hunters. (“They’ll say, ‘Hey, Scott, I was out deer hunting last week and I saw one of your white bunnies out hopping around.’”) Many of the veteran hunters tell him the same thing: “The old-timers will say, ‘We used to always have snow by the first of November, I’d always be hunting deer on snow, and now it’s really rare to have an opening day,’ the third week of October, ‘where there’s snow on the ground.’” If hares start turning white at the same time each year but the snow keeps arriving later, and if the hares are more likely to be eaten when they don’t match their surroundings, then their future prospects could be bleak. Snowshoe hares, with their long legs, slender ears, and outsized feet, could become one more victim of climate change. In this scenario, as winter shrinks, the poor snowshoe hare will fall increasingly out of sync with the new seasonal cycles; eventually, like the polar bear, it’ll become another cover model for collapsing ecosystems. There’s just one problem with this simple version of things: We have no scientific evidence that it’s true. Given that species that change their coat color— weasels, ptarmigans, Arctic foxes, hamsters—live across much of the world, our understanding of them remains exceptionally sketchy. We don’t really know whether hares that are mismatched to their environment are more likely to die; it’s entirely possible that more hares die in spring and fall for some other reason, like changes in forest cover or shifting diets. We don’t even know whether there really are more mismatched hares now than there used to be. It’s even unclear whether the hares know if they’re camouflaged. Coming upon one that’s white when the ground is bare, or brown when the forest is snow-covered, is “like the most embarrassing thing that can happen in the field,” said Mills. “It’s like walking in on someone taking a shower. Because you look over and there, six feet away from you, is this totally white hare that’s just sitting there. And it feels like that hare is thinking, ‘Oh, yeah, he can’t see me.’ But then other times”—when the hares bolt—“it seems like they really can look down and say, ‘Yikes, I’m mismatched!’ So we’re trying to quantify it.” One thing is certain, though: On average, there are fewer days of snowpack than there used to be. In fact, it was at a 2007 lecture on global warming’s
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regional impacts that Mills had an epiphany about behavior or the process of evolution. A growing said Mills, “but a person could start talking about the future of his research. Steve Running, a Missoula number of scientists are now studying this, drawing ‘directed evolution.’ Should we be taking hares from colleague who shared the Nobel Peace Prize for his on evolutionary theory and genetics to answer ques- Colorado that turned white two weeks later and moving them up to Montana because they will be work with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate tions about ecology and conservation. The notion that some species may adapt perfect- able to change their phenotype”—their physical Change, put up a slide showing that the biggest sign of climate change across the world’s temperate ly well to their new living conditions—changing appearance—“in a way that tracks climate change? regions wasn’t a change in temperature, but a what they eat, or where they nest, or when they turn That very quickly becomes a discussion of, should decline in the number of days with snow-covered white—expands the range of policy options. If local we be playing God to try to direct evolution? It’s an extreme—and possible—policy ground. “When I saw that slide,” discussion.” said Mills, “it all came together for me Scientists have begun using to realize, wow, OK, so these hares the term “evolutionary rescue” to are changing no matter what, and describe situations in which they’re confronting this reduction species can save themselves from of snow on the ground. That’s when it oblivion by adapting to altered all crystallized.” environments. In a study pubMills’ excitement about a new line lished in the journal Science last of inquiry was quickly tempered by regret: Suddenly, his previous research summer, Andrew Gonzalez and represented a dozen years of missed Graham Bell, biologists at opportunities. He hadn’t collected a sinMontreal’s McGill University, set gle piece of information on coat color. out to learn whether baker’s yeast More than four years after Running’s could evolve to live in saltier contalk, he’s still kicking himself. “I had ditions. They found that over a relall these radio-collared hares in the atively short period of time, the late ’90s, but it just didn’t occur to me yeast evolved ways to deal with a to record their coat color when they major change to its environment. Photo courtesy L. Scott Mills, University of Montana were killed. (The yeast’s success in a saltier A hare off: white rabbit in a changing landscape. “And to put salt in the wounds,” he world depended on whether its continued, laughing, “one of the first population was connected to other times I submitted a grant on this project and I said adaptation is possible through evolution, scientists populations, enabling genes to migrate, and how that we’ve had 175 hares that were collared to look need to think about ways to facilitate it, such as quickly salinity increased. Populations that experiat sources of mortality, one of the reviewers wrote, ensuring large-enough gene pools for natural selec- enced a slow rise in salinity, and had time to build ‘It’s too bad Mills didn’t actually record whether or tion to act upon. up useful genetic mutations, were far better able to But this concept also points to more extreme survive a sudden salt increase later.) not the hares that got killed were mismatched.’ policy options. “I’m not going to be that person,” Yeah, I know it’s too bad!” You can’t exactly extrapolate from single-celled
Talking about ‘directed evolution’ A few years ago, Mills attended a meeting of a Western Governors’ Association advisory group. There, he began to believe that the contemporary approach to conservation was too narrow. The governors wanted to know how to deal with climate change’s coming impacts on their states’ ecosystems. The group—mostly policy people, along with a handful of scientists—immediately converged on a standard tenet: Do whatever you can to facilitate species’ movement northward and up in elevation. “It was astonishing to me,” Mills said, “how quickly the conversation went that way.” So he raised his hand and made a suggestion: “Let’s talk some about adaptation.” Helping ensure that species can move if they need to—by opening or protecting migration corridors, say—is a basic, vital principle of conservation thinking in the age of global warming (and a big cause for Soulé, Mills’ former advisor). Many species—the pika, the rufous hummingbird, the sachem skipper butterfly—have already reacted to climate change by shifting their ranges, and they are only the first responders. It’s not that Mills thinks the approach is wrong. As a respected conservation biologist who recently spent a year in Bhutan on a Guggenheim fellowship, helping train local scientists to monitor and protect their country’s crucial populations of tigers and other endangered mammals, Mills understands as well as anyone the growing importance of migration routes. But he believes certain species may have other options. Some animals and plants may not need to move at all: Changes to their habitat, while significant, could turn out to lie within the range of conditions they can already tolerate. “That’s the part we know very little about,” Mills said. “We just don’t know very much at all about how much animals will be able to locally adapt,” either through individual
Mills weighs a hare.
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fungi to mammals—as Gonzalez put it, “There’s no way we can use yeast to predict how the polar bear will fare”—but it’s a step toward understanding how evolution and ecology interact. “If a species experiences lots of variability in temperature throughout the year, you’d predict it has a high tolerance to changes in temperature,” said Chris Funk, a biologist at Colorado State University who is researching that hypothesis in insects. Bugs that live in the world’s temperate mountains, such as the Rockies, could fare better than their counterparts in tropical mountains—in Ecuador, for example—because they’ve already evolved to tolerate greater fluctuations. “The question right now,” said Funk’s colleague Amy Angert, a CSU biologist who studies plants, “is, do people need to be aiding dispersal,” that is, moving plants and animals? “Or will species be able to change quickly enough, through evolutionary adaptation, in a way that will help offset that need? They don’t need to rely solely on movement if they can run in place.”‘
Keeping up with weather In his race to understand the hidden biology of the snowshoe hare, Mills is leaving no lodgepole log unturned. His collaborators include Paulo Alves, a Portuguese scientist who helped sequence the rabbit genome; Steve Running, the climate scientist, who is creating highly localized models that can predict the amount of snow for any day of the year at any specific spot in Mills’ study area; and Jeff Good, a geneticist who recently joined the faculty at Missoula. In the basement of a building not far from Mills’ office, dozens of Siberian hamsters scurry about in plastic cages. The cute little dwarf hamsters, roughly the size of gerbils, are native to southern Russia and Kazakhstan. Like snowshoe hares, they change from dark to light and back again with the seasons. Good is breeding them, exposing them to various amounts of light, and studying things like their metabolic rate and how much heat they can retain—all in an effort to decipher the genes and genetic pathways involved in seasonal coat-color change. Crucial to unlocking the mystery of the morphing fur is one fairly basic question: Are hares genetically programmed to change at a certain pace? One potential clue may lie in the Pacific Northwest. There, some groups of snowshoe hares stay brown all year. “Just about every coat-colorchanging species you can name has some part of their range where they don’t change,” said Mills. This indicates genetic variation—a version of a gene or group of genes that makes coats change color, and another version that keeps them the same yearround. It may be possible, then, for populations of hares to evolve different coat-color reactions. “If they have potential to evolve,” said Mills, “you’ve gotta think about facilitating the process of evolution.” That means ensuring that there are lots of hares in each population, that they can mingle with hares from other populations and that they aren’t stressed by such things as diseases or clear-cuts. The presence of genetic variation also gives researchers convenient tools to study the mechanisms of color change. With his Siberian hamsters, Good is hoping to find a gene that might control the transformation’s onset. They could then look for a version of that gene in hares. If hares in Montana and Washington had different forms of the gene, it could prove that the color shift is genetic. Even in places where most hares change color, some individuals remain brown all year round. So Mills and his colleagues are also asking, are there differences in gene expression, or hormone produc-
tion, among the hares? It’s a lot of steps, a lot expect to see over the next 80 years,” Mills example, and if the ground was still brown said. “And the result is that hares, at least to a around him, it might seek out a nice southof research, and a lot of “ifs.” Still, as daunting and wide-ranging as large extent, were able to adjust the (pace of facing slope.) “Maybe,” said Mills, “there’s not the mismatch you’d expect intuitively.” Mills’ project is, some preliminary answers their) coat change to match the snow.” On the bleak November morning in the Based on other seasonal phenomena are already emerging. Unpublished results suggest that the hare population is shifting that are better understood, such as fattening Seeley-Swan Valley, we scrambled down a its cycles from one year to the next to stay in up and growing thicker fur, Mills thinks tem- dangerously steep slope on the trail of a sync with the weather—an environmental perature might control the rate of change. female hare. We found it in a cozy hollow response, rather than an evolutionary one. He’s scattering temperature monitors—little under a juniper bush surrounded by a sprinkling of snow. Its fur, visible when Mills and Marketa Zimova, a master’s stuyou came up close, was predomident from the Czech Republic who is white, though here and there studying the specifics of the hares’ coat Coming upon a hare that’s nantly on its small body—on its face, its changes—as she put it, “How do they its enormous front feet—remchange, when, how long does it take, and white when the ground is neck, nants of its brown summer garb perwhat is the cost of mismatch”—have sisted. Still, it was far more white graphed two years’ worth of information bare, or brown when the than the first hare we saw. on the animals’ seasonal color alongside Studying hares in the wild is a data on snow accumulation. forest is snow-covered, is bittersweet endeavor. Biologists On the graph, a gray line indicates who study larger, long-living mamthe snow and a black line shows the average whiteness of the Seeley Lake hares. “like the most embarrassing mals, such as bears, might track the same individual animal for years. The lines track each other. Last year was With hares, though, you’re never a big snow year; autumn was fairly northing that can happen in sure if each encounter will be the mal, but the spring snow stuck around last. “You really kind of get attached much longer than usual. “The amazing the field,” said Mills. “It’s to them,” Mills said. (After he finthing,” said Mills, tracing the lines on the his Ph.D., Mills couldn’t bear chart with his finger, “is that the hares like walking in on someone ished to part with some voles from his disshifted remarkably.” They began to sertation research; he brought them change back to brown at the same time taking a shower.” along when he moved from Santa they normally do, but they stayed mostly Cruz to Moscow, Idaho, where white for about two weeks longer than he briefly worked before coming they did in 2009, when there was far less snow in the spring. At Mills’ second field site, metal buttons—around his field sites and to Missoula.) Seitz snapped some photos and flushed near Gardiner, the snow persisted even attaching them to the hares’ radio collars to longer. And the hares stayed white even determine whether the animals have some the hare from its juniper hideout so the team sort of thermal regulator that helps them could see it in full view. Sultaire recorded longer, too. Last winter, the region had the greatest change quickly or slowly. The buttons meas- the coat color and snow cover data, while number of days with snow on the ground in ure the outside temperature, and will ideally Mills got down on all fours to inspect the holthe past 40 years. Meanwhile, the previous show whether hares choose to hang out in low. An excellent home for a hare, he winter ranks among the lowest for that peri- warmer or cooler places to speed or slow concluded. Only a very wily—or very hunod. “So in those two years, we got a window their change. (If a warmer temperature could gry—coyote would venture onto a hillside on the kind of drastic change we might help a hare stay brown longer in the fall, for this steep.
Mills lugs an armful of traps.
And then it was time to head back to the truck. “See you next week,” Seitz called to the hare, as we climbed back up the hill. “Hopefully.” A different version of this story appeared first in High Country News. firstname.lastname@example.org
Missoula Independent Page 17 February 23 – March 1, 2012
dish Planting the seed of seed ordering the
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FLASHINTHEPAN Ordering seeds in the dead of winter might seem like jumping the gun, but the days are getting longer, and it’s almost time to start the garden. If you aren’t picky about the varieties you want to grow, you could skip this step and buy your seeds at the grocery or garden store, and get seedlings at the farmers’ market. For many people, though, gardening is as much about process as product, and ordering seeds is an integral part of the experience. The adventure writer Tim Cahill once wrote, “I am a man who sits around at home reading wilderness survival books the way some people peruse seed catalogs or accounts of classic chess games.” Cahill followed that observation with a story about a lost hiker who survived a cold night by using the pages of his wilderness survival guide to start a fire. The pages of a good seed catalog can start a fire of a different sort: a fire in your belly for a kick-ass garden. Most seed catalogs have online counterparts, but many people enjoy the act of leafing through the dogeared, tea-stained pages of a hard copy. Most outfits will send you one if you call. And if you’ve ordered seeds in the past, the companies you bought from have probably sent you their new volumes by now. There are so many good seed catalogs out there, and the numbers are growing, so it’s nearly impossible to name all the worthy ones. But here’s a list of some favorites. Johnny’s Selected Seeds of Albion, Maine, is the 800-pound gorilla of the garden and small-farm seed business. The part of me that roots for the underdog feels wrong about plugging Johnny’s at the expense of lesser-known outfits. On the other hand, not mentioning Johnny’s would be like omitting The Rolling Stones from a discussion of rock and roll. Many of the farmers I know use Johnny’s as their main supplier, only going elsewhere for the odd variety they can’t get from Johnny’s. Others use Johnny’s as a last resort, because it’s more expensive, getting what they can from smaller outfits. Beyond growing and selling seeds, Johnny’s maintains research farms where new crop varieties are developed. Sunshine squash, Bright Lights chard, and Carmen peppers are among its most popular inhouse breeds. That same innovative spirit has been applied to hand tools, including a game-changing collinear hoe designed by gardening luminary (and
Johnny’s board member) Eliot Coleman. Johnny’s also sells record-keeping software for small farms. All of this, combined with accessible customer support and lightning-fast order processing and delivery has earned Johnny’s a place in the hearts of those whose livelihoods depend on farming, and gardeners who like being treated like farmers. This year will mark the completion of a change in ownership, years in the making, from company founder Rob Johnston to his employees. Let’s hope the legendarily tight ship doesn’t spring any leaks in the transition. While the values behind Johnny’s align with what most people consider “organic,” the company
Photo by Ari LeVaux
sells both conventional and organic seeds. In a letter to a customer published on the Johnny’s website, Johnston praises Vermont’s High Mowing Seeds as a great option for all-organic seeds. Like Johnny’s, High Mowing also has a breeding program, focused exclusively on developing traits of value to organic growers. Another New England outfit is the co-op Fedco Seeds, of Waterville, Maine. It’s on my list for its whimsically illustrated catalog, spunky activist spirit, and great selection of heirlooms. New Mexico’s Gourmet Seeds has a special place in my heart for its impressive selection of imported Italian seeds—in particular those for bitter greens like escarole, endive, and radicchio. As my packets of smuggled Italian seeds are running low, I’ll soon be running to Gourmet Seeds for reinforcements. Like many other seed companies, Gourmet Seeds is following Johnny’s lead in becoming a one-stop shopping destination for seeds and supplies, including Italian hand tools.
by ARI LeVAUX
Totally Tomatoes of Wisconsin isn’t, in fact, totally about tomatoes. The company sells a fair selection of other plant seeds, especially peppers. But its collection of tomato seeds, both heirloom and hybrid, is second to none. Speaking of specialists, Willits, California-based DripWorks is your go-to source for water-wise irrigation. Gardens can be gluttonous consumers of water, but cutting back on irrigation can be hazardous unless it’s done right. A well-designed irrigation system can drastically reduce water waste while delivering the right amount where it’s needed. DripWorks’ 72-page catalog has all the gear you need, along with technical support that includes an array of instructional videos posted to YouTube. Bountiful Gardens, also of Willits, has carved out a specialty niche by offering a big selection of grain crops like barley, amaranth, millet, and oats, and oil crops like oilseed sunflower and oilseed radish. It even stocks a home oil press for the serious homesteader. America’s oldest seed company, D. Landreth, has a legendary catalog filled with detailed histories and descriptions of heirloom and vintage seeds, and historic information from an archive of Landreth catalogues dating back to 1839. Unlike most catalogs, this one comes with a $5 price tag due to its unusually high production costs. In a perfect world I would also have space to discuss Southern Exposure, Park Seed, Seed Savers Exchange, Jung’s, Peaceful Valley, Territorial Seed Company, One Green World, Seedlisting, and many others. As you peruse, don’t let the fire in your belly exceed your time or skill level (not to mention the size of your plot). One easy way to keep it simple is to limit your purchases to seeds that can be directseeded, i.e. planted directly in the dirt, like spinach or carrots, and stay away from plants that are best started in trays, like tomatoes. Raising seedlings isn’t rocket science, but unless you have a greenhouse and the required supplies, they probably won’t be as robust as what you can buy from the farmers’ market in spring. After many lessons learned the hard way, I’ve reluctantly put seedlings in the same category as hanging sheet rock and changing the oil in my car. Yeah, I can do it myself, barely. But the results are better if I leave it in the hands of the experts.
LISTINGS $…Under $5 $–$$…$5–$15 $$–$$$…$15 and over
Bagels On Broadway 223 West Broadway (across from courthouse) • 728-8900 Featuring over 25 sandwich selections, 20 bagel varieties, & 20 cream cheese spreads. Also a wide selection of homemade soups, salads and desserts. Gourmet coffee and espresso drinks, fruit smoothies, and frappes. Ample seating; free wifi. Free downtown delivery (weekdays) with $10.00 min. order. Call ahead to have your order ready for you! Open 7 days a week. Voted one of top 20 bagel shops in country by internet survey. $-$$ Bernice’s Bakery 190 South 3rd West • 728-1358 Have you checked out Bernice’s web-site: bernicesbakerymt.com? Are you a fan of Bernice’s on Facebook? Did you catch that silly Christmas video on YouTube? Viewed the Montana Home Shopping Showcase? Bernice’s not only has awesome breakfast pastries, elegant cakes, signature wedding cakes, fresh bread, cookies & treat galore, lunch,
Missoula Independent Page 18 February 23 – March 1, 2012
and excellent coffee. Bernice’s has great employees who rock the social media! 34 years of solid goodness! Check out our social media and then stop by to celebrate a job well done! xoxo Bernice Biga Pizza 241 W. Main Street • 728-2579 Biga Pizza offers a modern, downtown dining environment combined with traditional brick oven pizza, calzones, salads, sandwiches, specials and desserts. All dough is made using a “biga” (pronounced beega) which is a time-honored Italian method of bread making. Biga Pizza uses local products, the freshest produce as well as artisan meats and cheeses. Featuring seasonal menus. Lunch and dinner, Mon-Sat. Beer & Wine available. $-$$ Big Sky Drive In 1016 W. Broadway • 549-5431 Big Sky Drive In opened June 2nd 1962. We feature soft serve ice cream, shakes, malts, spins, burger, hot dogs, pork chop sandwiches and breaded mushrooms all made to order. Enjoy our 23 shake and malt flavors or the orange twist ice cream. Drive thru or stay and enjoy your food in our outdoor seating area. Lunch and dinner, seven days a week. $-$$
Black Coffee Roasting Co. 1515 Wyoming St., Suite 200 541-3700 Black Coffee Roasting Company is located in the heart of Missoula. Our roastery is open Monday – Friday, 7:30 – 2. In addition to fresh roasted coffee beans we offer a full service espresso bar, drip coffee, pour-overs and more. The suspension of coffee beans in water is our specialty. The Bridge Pizza Corner of S. 4th & S. Higgins • 542-0002 A popular local eatery on Missoula’s Hip Strip. Featuring handcrafted artisan brick oven pizza, pasta, sandwiches, soups, & salads made with fresh, seasonal ingredients. Missoula’s place for pizza by the slice. A unique selection of regional microbrews and gourmet sodas. Dine-in, drive-thru, & delivery. Open everyday 11 to late. $-$$ Burger Shack 1900 Brooks • 549-2194 (Holiday Village) LOCALLY OWNED AND OPERATED! Come take a bite out of our ½ lb big & beefy burgers! We're the the only burger joint in Missoula serving 100% Certified Angus beef, hand-
the pattied, charbroiled and made to order. We have over 18 mouthwatering specialty burgers to choose from and there’s always a Burger Deal of the Day. Check out our selection of Far Out Phillies made with Certified Angus top sirloin-tossed with our own housemade sauces. Even the burps taste good! Open Monday thru Saturday 11am to 8pm. Call ahead or order to-go 549-2194. Butterfly Herbs 232 N. Higgins • 728-8780 Celebrating 39 years of great coffees and teas. Truly the “essence of Missoula.” Offering fresh coffees, teas (Evening in Missoula), bulk spices and botanicals, fine toiletries & gifts. Our cafe features homemade soups, fresh salads, and coffee ice cream specialties. In the heart of historic downtown, we are Missoula’s first and favorite Espresso Bar. Open 7 Days. $ Claim Jumper 3021 Brooks • 728-0074 Serving Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner 7 days a week. Come in between 7-8 am for our Early Bird Breakfast Special: Get 50% off any breakfast menu item! Or Join us for Lunch and Dinner. We feature CJ’s Famous Fried Chicken, Delicious Steaks, and your Favorite Pub Classics. Breakfast from 7am-11am on Weekdays and 7am-2pm on Weekends. Lunch and Dinner 11am-9pm SunWed and 11am-10pm Thurs-Sat. Ask your Server about our Players Club! Happy Hour in our lounge M-F 4-6 PM. $-$$$ Cold Stone Creamery Across from Costco on Reserve by TJ Maxx & Ross 549-5595 Cold Stone Creamery offers the Ultimate Ice Cream Experience. Ice Cream, Ice Cream Cakes, Shakes, and Smoothies the Way You Want It. Come in for our weekday specials. Get Gift Cards any time. Remember, it's a great day for ice cream at Cold Stone Creamery. $-$$ Doc’s Gourmet Sandwiches 214 N. Higgins Ave. • 542-7414 Doc’s is an extremely popular gathering spot for diners who appreciate the great ambiance, personal service and generous sandwiches made with the freshest ingredients. Whether you’re heading out for a power lunch, meeting friends or family or just grabbing a quick takeout, Doc’s is always an excellent choice. We deliver and we cater! Double Front Chicken 122 W. Alder • 543-6264 Number of years ago Double Front was built, 101. Number of years it’s been cooking chicken, 75. Number if years in the Herndon family, 49. Always getting that perfect chicken dinner, timeless.
Come find out why we are rule of the roost. Always the best, Double Front Chicken. $-$$ Food For Thought 540 Daly Ave. • 721-6033 Missoula's Original Coffehouse/Café located across from the U of M campus. Serving breakfast and lunch 7 days a week+dinner 5 nights a week. Also serving cold sandwiches, soups, salads, with baked goods and espresso bar. HUGE Portions and the Best BREAKFAST in town. M-TH 7am-8pm, Fri 7am-4pm, Sat 8am4pm, Sun 8am-8pm. $-$$ Good Food Store 1600 S. 3rd West 541-FOOD Our Deli features all natural made-to-order sandwiches, soup & salad bar, olive & antipasto bar, fresh deli salads, hot entrees, rotisserie-roasted cage free chickens, fresh juice, smoothies, organic espresso and dessert. Enjoy your meal in our spacious seating area or at an outdoor table. Open every day 7am - 10pm $-$$ Hob Nob on Higgins 531 S. Higgins 541-4622 Come visit our friendly staff & experience Missoula's best little breakfast & lunch spot. All our food is made from scratch, we feature homemade corn beef hash, sourdough pancakes, sandwiches, salads, espresso & desserts. MC/V $-$$ Holiday Inn Downtown 200 S. Pattee St. 532-2056 Brooks and Browns Trivia Night is back. $7 Bayern Pitchers plus appetizer specials. Every Thursday from 7-10pm. $50 Bar Tab to winning team. Warm up your chilly nights with our Hot Jalapeno Artichoke Dip. We have Classic French Onion Soup and hearty Bison chili made in house daily. Fall in love with our Bacon Cheeseburger Meatloaf-stuffed with crispy Daily’s bacon and cheddar cheese, served with cheddar mashed potatoes and corn. And finish the best meal in town with our New Orleans style Bread Pudding with warm caramel sauce and Big Dipper vanilla bean Ice cream. We still have Happy Hour from 4-7 every day and on game days we offer wings specials and all your favorite local micro-brews. Everyone loves our SUNDAY BINGO NIGHT! Sundays 6-9 pm at Brooks and Browns. Same happy Hour specials ($5 pulled pork sliders, ? order wings, ? nachos; $6 Bud Lite pitchers) Have you discovered Brooks and Browns? Inside the Holiday Inn, Downtown Missoula.
HAPPIESTHOUR Ole Beck VFW nights Claim to fame: The VFW has long been the place for veterans of war with its collection of historical guns and medals. Now that the bar has opened its doors to live music—especially on Thursday night—there’s a whole new post10 p.m. vibe. What you’re drinking: For the Thursday night crowd it’s all about $1.50 16 oz. cans of Miller High Life and Olympia; on a recent Thursday night show-goers cleaned out 30 cases of Oly. Also high profile: the “Man Can”— a 32 oz. (that’s a quart!) of beer for $3. For the record, plenty of ladies can be seen hoisting the “Man Can.” Who you’re drinking with: The bar’s happy hour from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. is a hit for the day crowd, which consists of Vietnam veterans and a small group of regulars drinking 50-cent-off drafts and well drinks. Between 8 p.m. and 10 p.m. it’s quiet time, but after that you’re drinking with college kids, plus connoisseurs of rock ’n’ roll. Who you’re listening to: The free shows of mostly local musicians have been a big hit. The bar’s residency program allows one band to take over the venue each month, playing every Thursday night. They get to hone their
Photo by Erika Fredrickson
sound with the help of soundman Joey Connell (of Hi-Tech Audio), and select fellow bands to fill out the line-up. Who’s pouring: On a recent Thursday night bartender Odessa Joseph pours for a crowd twodeep. Joseph says she loves her day crowd, but she fits right in with the rock crowd, too, telling stories of seeing White Zombie and The Ramones back in the early 1990s. The bar used to close around 11 p.m. Now the madness goes until 2 a.m. “It’s working out awesomely,” she says, “I love it.” How to find it: 245 W. Main next to Biga Pizza. —Erika Fredrickson Happiest Hour celebrates western Montana watering holes. To recommend a bar, bartender or beverage for Happiest Hour, e-mail email@example.com.
SATURDAYS $1 SUSHI 4pm-9pm Mondays & Thursdays - $1 SUSHI
Tuesdays - LADIES' NIGHT 4pm-9pm Not available for To-Go orders
Missoula Independent Page 19 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Comfort Food At Really Comfortable Prices.
Mon-Fri 7am - 4pm (Breakfast ‘til Noon)
Sat & Sun 8am - 4pm (Breakfast all day) 531 S. Higgins • 541-4622
Iron Horse Brew Pub 501 N. Higgins • 728-8866 www.ironhorsebrewpub.com We're the perfect place for lunch, appetizers, or dinner. Enjoy nightly specials, our fantastic beverage selection and friendly, attentive service. Stop by & stay awhile! No matter what you are looking for, we'll give you something to smile about. $$-$$$ Iza Asian Restaurant 529 S. Higgins • 830-3237 www.izarestaurant.com All our menu items are made from scratch, featuring dishes from Thailand, Japan, Indonesia, Korea, Nepal, and Malaysia. Extensive tea menu. Missoula's Original Bubble Teas. Beer, Wine and Sake available. Join us in our Asian themed dining room for a wonderful IZA experience. Rotating music and DJs. Lunch 11:30-3:00, Happy Hour 3-6, Dinner 5-10. $-$$ Jakers 3515 Brooks St. • 721-1312 www.jakers.com Every occasion is a celebration at Jakers. Enjoy our two for one Happy Hour throughout the week in a fun, casual atmosphere. Hungry? Try our hand cut steaks, small plate menu and our vegetarian & gluten free entrees. For reservations or take out call 721-1312. $$-$$$ Joker's Wild Restaurant, Lounge and Casino 4829 N. Reserve • 549-4403 Serving Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner 7 Days a week. Steak, Seafood, Banquets, Cocktails, Wedding Receptions and so much more. Good Food, Good Fun, Good Times for All! Where the Joker's Wild About you! $-$$ Korean Bar-B-Que & Sushi 3075 N. Reserve • 327-0731 We invite you to visit our contemporary Korean-Japanese restaurant and enjoy it’s warm atmosphere. Full Sushi Bar. Korean bar-b-que at your table. Beer and Wine. $$-$$$ Le Petit Outre 129 S. 4th West • 543-3311 Twelve thousand pounds of oven mass…Bread of integrity, pastry of distinction, yes indeed, European hand-crafted baked goods, Pain de Campagne, Ciabatta, Cocodrillo, Pain au Chocolat, Palmiers, and Brioche. Several more baked options and the finest espresso available. Please find our goods at the finest grocers across Missoula. Saturday 8-3, Sunday 8-2, Monday-Friday 7-6. $ The Mercantile Deli 119 S. Higgins Ave. • 721-6372 themercantiledeli.com Located next to the historic Wilma Theater, the Merc features a relaxed atmosphere, handcrafted Paninis, Sandwiches, and wholesome Soups and Salads. Try a Monte Cristo for breakfast, a Pork Love Panini for lunch, or have us cater your next company event. Open Monday – Saturday for breakfast and lunch. Downtown delivery available.
Butterfly House Blend $10.95/Lb. Missoula’s Best Coffee
BUTTERFLY HERBS Coffees, Teas & the Unusual
232 N. HIGGINS AVE • DOWNTOWN
The Mustard Seed Asian Café Southgate Mall • 542-7333 Contemporary Asian Cuisine served in our allnew bistro atmosphere. Original recipes and fresh ingredients combined from Japanese, Chinese, Polynesian, and Southeast Asian influences to appeal to American palates. Full menu available in our non-smoking bar. Fresh daily desserts, microbrews, fine wines & signature drinks. Takeout & delivery available. $$-$$$ Orange Street Food Farm 701 S. Orange St. • 543-3188 Don’t feel like cooking? Pick up some fried chicken, made to order sandwiches, fresh deli salads, & sliced meats and cheeses. Or mix and match items from our hot case. Need some dessert with that? Our bakery makes cookies, cakes, and brownies that are ready when you are. $-$$
IN OUR COFFEE BAR
BUTTERFLY 232 NORTH HIGGINS AVENUE DOWNTOWN
Paul’s Pancake Parlor 2305 Brooks • 728-9071 (Tremper’s Shopping Center) Check out our home cooked lunch and dinner specials or try one of 17 varieties of pancakes. Our famous breakfast is served all day! Monday is all you can eat spaghetti for $8.50. Wednesday is turkey night with all of the trimmings for $7.75. Eat in or take-out. M-F 6am-7pm, Sat/Sun 7am-4pm. $–$$. Pearl Café 231 E. Front St. • 541-0231 Country French specialties, bison, elk, and fresh fish daily. Delicious salads and appetizers, as well as breads and desserts baked in-house. Extensive wine list; 18 wines by the glass and local beers on draft. Reservations recommended for the intimate dining areas. Visit our website Pearlcafe.us to check out our nightly specials, make reservations, or buy gift certificates. Open Mon-Sat at 5:00. $$-$$$ Philly West 134 W. Broadway • 493-6204 For an East-coast taste of pizza, stromboli, hoagies, salads, and pasta dishes and CHEESESTEAKS, try Philly West. A taste of the great “fightin’ city of Philadelphia” can be enjoyed Monday - Saturday for lunch and dinner and late on weekends. We create our marinara, meatballs, dough and sauces in-house so if “youse wanna eat,” come to 134 W. Broadway. Pita Pit 130 N. Higgins 541-PITA (7482) • pitapitusa.com Fresh Thinking Healthy Eating. Enjoy a pita rolled just for you. Hot meat and cool fresh veggies topped with your favorite sauce. Try
Missoula Independent Page 20 February 23 – March 1, 2012
our Chicken Caesar, Gyro, Philly Steak, Breakfast Pita, or Vegetarian Falafel to name just a few. For your convenience we are open until 3am 7 nights a week. Call if you need us to deliver! Sapore 424 N. Higgins Ave. • 542-6695 Voted best new restaurant in the Missoula Independent's Best of Missoula, 2011. Located on Higgins Ave., across the street from Wordens. Serving progressive American food consisting of fresh house-made pastas every day, pizza, local beef, and fresh fish delivered from Taste of Alaska. New specials: burger & beer Sundays, 5-7 $9 ~ pizza & beer Tuesdays, 5-7 $10 ~ draft beers, Tuesday -Thursday, 5-6:30 $3. Business hours: Tues.- Sat. 5-10:30 pm., Sat. 10-3 pm., Sun. 5-10 pm. Authentic Thai Restaurant 221 W. Broadway • 543-9966 sawaddeedowntown.com Sa Wa Dee offers traditional Thai cuisine in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere. Choose from a selection of five Thai curries, Pad Thai, delicious Thai soups, and an assortment of tantalizing entrees. Featuring fresh ingredients and authentic Thai flavors- no MSG! See for yourself why Thai food is a deliciously different change from other Asian cuisine. Now serving beer and wine! $-$$ Sean Kelly’s Empire Grill 130 W. Pine St. • 542-1471 Located in the heart of downtown. Open for lunch & dinner. Featuring brunch Saturday & Sunday from 11-2pm. Serving international & Irish pub fare. Full bar, beer, wine, martinis. $-$$ Silvertip Casino 680 SW Higgins • 728-5643 The Silvertip Casino is Missoula’s premiere casino offering 20 Video gaming machines, best live poker in Missoula, full beverage liquor, 11 flat screen tv’s and great food at great prices. Breakfast Specials starting at $2.99 (7-11am) For a complete menu, go to www.silvertipcasino.com. Open 24/7. $-$$ NOT JUST SUSHI Sushi Hana Downtown offering a new idea for your dining experience. Meat, poultry, vegetables and grain are a large part of Japanese cuisine. We also love our fried comfort food too. Open 7 days a week for Lunch and Dinner. Corner of Pine & Higgins. 549-7979. $$–$$$ Taco Del Sol 422 N. Higgins • 327-8929 Stop in when you're in the neighborhood. We'll do our best to treat you right! Crowned Missoula's best lunch for under $6. Mon.Sat. 11-10 Sun 12-9. Taco Sano 115 1/2 S. 4th Street West Located next to Holiday Store on Hip Strip 541-7570 • tacosano.net Once you find us you'll keep coming back. Breakfast Burritos served all day, Quesadillas, Burritos and Tacos. Let us dress up your food with our unique selection of toppings, salsas, and sauces. Open 10am-9am 7 days a week. WE DELIVER. Tamarack Brewing Company 231 W. Front Street • 830-3113 facebook.com/tamarackmissoula Tamarack Brewing Company opened its first Taphouse in Missoula in 2011. Overlooking Caras Park, Tamarack Missoula has two floors -- a sports pub downstairs, and casual dining upstairs. Patrons can find Tamarack’s handcrafted ales and great pub fare on both levels. Enjoy beer-inspired menu items like brew bread wraps, Hat Trick Hop IPA Fish and Chips, and Dock Days Hefeweizen Caesar Salads. Try one of our staple ales like Hat Trick Hop IPA or Yard Sale Amber Ale, or one of our rotating seasonal beers, like, Old 'Stache Whiskey Barrel Porter, Headwall Double IPA, Stoner Kriek and more. Don’t miss $8 growler fills on Wednesday and Sunday, Community Tap Night every Tuesday, Kids Eat Free Mondays, and more. See you at The ‘Rack! $-$$ Ten Spoon Vineyard + Winery 4175 Rattlesnake Drive • 549-8703 www.tenspoon.com Made in Montana, award-winning organic wines, no added sulfites. Tasting hours: Thursdays, Fridays, Saturdays, 5 to 9 pm. Soak in the harvest sunshine with a view of the vineyard, or cozy up with a glass of wine inside the winery. Wine sold by the flight or glass. Bottles sold to take home or to ship to friends and relatives. $$ Westside Lanes 1615 Wyoming • 721-5263 Visit us for Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner served 8 AM to 9 PM. Try our homemade soups, pizzas, and specials. We serve 100% Angus beef and use fryer oil with zero trans fats, so visit us any time for great food and good fun. $-$$ YoWaffle Yogurt 216 W. Main St. 543-6072 (Between Thai Spicy and The Shack) www.yowaffle.com YoWaffle is a self-serve frozen yogurt and Belgian waffle eatery offering 10 continuously changing flavors of yogurt, over 60 toppings, gluten free cones and waffles available, hot and cold beverages, and 2 soups daily. Indoor and outdoor seating. Meetings welcome. Open 7 days a week. Sun-Thurs 11 AM to 11 PM, Fri 11 AM to 12 AM, Sat. 10 AM to 12 AM. Free WiFi. Loyalty punch cards, gift cards and t-shirts available. UMONEY. Like us on facebook. Let YoWaffle host your next birthday party! $
$$–$$$…$15 and over
days a week
Arts & Entertainment listings February 23 – March 1, 2012
Show them whippersnappers that you’re still the trick-takingest player in town during the Missoula Senior Center’s Pinochle Tournament at 1 PM. 705 S. Higgins.
nightlife Learn how the pros live the sustainable lifestyle during Cheri Chastain’s (of Sierra Nevada Brewing Co.) lecture at the Sustainable Business Council’s 10th Anniversary Sustainability Lecture. Gallagher Business Building, Rm. 106. 6–7 PM. Free. Get buckwild with the fam when Barnaby Wilde performs at the Draught Works Brewery. 915 Toole Ave. 6–8 PM. Free. Bring your miscellany of talents down the ‘Root for the The Roxy’s open mic night. Anything goes: comedy, juggling, music and prescient children rapping about the streets. Hamilton. 120 N. 2nd. 7 PM. $5. Unleash your cogent understanding of the trivium at Brooks and Browns Big Brains Trivia Night. $50 bar tab for first place. $7 Bayern pitchers. 200 S. Pattee St. in the Holiday Inn-Downtown. 7–10 PM. Love hurts. Headwaters Dance Co. presents its big gala concert Meditations on Love featuring five duets on the subject of Love and closing with a global romp through the world of social dance at the MCT Center for Performing Arts. 7:30 PM. $15/$10 students and seniors. $40 includes a post-performance party in the lobby on Friday night’s performance, including food and drink with the company and an intimate performance. (See Scope this issue) Fans of grammar, logic and rhetoric, grab your liberal arts degrees and head down to the Central Bar and Grill’s trivia night,
No Tupperware here. Leftover Salmon performs its big-time flavor of bluegrass at the Wilma Theatre on Thu., Mar. 1 at 8 PM. $21. tickets are available at Rockin Rudy’s.
hosted by local gallant and possible Swede Thomas Helgerson. 143 W. Broadway. 8 PM. Free. Get pleasantly weirded out by PDX’s Yards who perform with Whoopass Girls and Trashfire. Zoo City Apparel. 139 E. Main. 8 PM. $5. Show ‘em that pop culture knowledge is just as important as having a job during Trivial Beersuit at the Lucky Strike Casino. Prizes for podium finishers. 1515 Dearborn. 8–10 PM.
Grab ye olde acoustic and learn “Sundown” before you roll into Sean Kelly’s open mic night. Call 542-1471 after 10 AM Thursdays to sign-up. 8:30 PM–Midnight. It’s not the name of a new fast-attack submarine. Regan Clancy is a band from the state end your event info by 5 PM on Fri., Feb. 24, to firstname.lastname@example.org. Alternately, snail mail the stuff to The Calemander c/o the Independent, 317 S. Orange St., Missoula, MT 59801 or fax your way to 543-4367.
tTimes Run 2/24- 3/1
Cinemas, Live Music & Theater
The Artist Nightly at 7 & 9
Big Sky Documentary Film Festival Screening Friday through Sunday
Beer & Wine AVAILABLE 131 S. Higgins Ave. Downtown Missoula 406-728-2521
Missoula Independent Page 21 February 23 – March 1, 2012
capitol! And they have indie-folk rockin’ friends called Sillyredhat, Boys and the Chalfonts. The Palace. 9 PM. $5.
month at 4:30 PM in the library of the Peace Center, 519 S. Higgins Ave. Free. Call Betsy at 543-3955 or email email@example.com for more info.
Party Trained is back from its worldwide tour and ready to rock your purty pink panties off, at the Sunrise Saloon. 1101 Strand. 9 PM. Free.
Hear what the music of Violet Jessop may have sounded like when One Leaf Clover plays the Union Club. 9 PM. Free. Hit Pulse (inside the Press Box) for tuneage and grooveage with gal singer Andrea Harsell. 9–Midnight. Free. It’s the final performance for this month’s VFW residents, The Best Westerns. Come hear that high lonesome pro-gay wolf sound, with VTO and Steppenwolfshit. 245 W. Main. 9 PM. Free. (See Soundcheck this issue) Get sweaty with all the beautiful people at the Dead Hipster Dance Party, where love and funk is in the air. The Badlander. 208 Ryman St. $3, with $1 well drinks from 9 PM–midnight. He’ll cure your tremors with a sweet shot of country: Russ Nasset hits up the Old Post, 103 W. Spruce St., for a solo set this and every other Thu. at 10 PM. Free. Put on a clean shirt, we have company. Hamilton’s best power trio Temper-Airly brings the big bats to The Top Hat for some dee-lish rockin’. 9:30 PM. Free.
Practice being peaceful in a world of differences during the Jeannette Rankin Peace Center’s Intercultural Dialogue Group, a monthly meeting that aims to bring together people from various backgrounds for an afternoon of conversation and peacemaking. Every last Fri. of the
Missoula Independent Page 22 February 23 – March 1, 2012
Business owners, learn how to promote, reinvest in and reinvent your town and contribute to your community at the Hamilton Downtown Association’s Membership Drive. Enjoy some beers, friends and prizes, y’all. Bitter Root Brewery. 5–7 PM. Can you kick it? Yes you can up at the Ten Spoon Vineyard and Winery when El 3-Oh! performs in the tasting room. 4175 Rattlesnake. 5–9 PM. Free. Perhaps a bit of rogan josh is on the menu at FVCC’s Chef’s Night: A Taste of India, brought to you by the folks at the Culinary Arts Program. 6 PM. $49. RSVP at fvcc.edu/chefstable.html. Mah gawd, the immoveable force meets the unstoppable object when the Hellgate Rollergirls host a sibling rivalry bout between the Dirt Road Dolls and the hated Brawlin’ Mollies. Two teams, one track, let the bodies hit the floor. Adams Center. 6 PM. $15 VIP/$10 general/Kids 10 and under free. griztix.com. Help find a cure for Childhood Whirling Disease when The Whizpops and The Scribblers perform at Family Friendly Friday at the Top Hat. 6–8 PM. Free. (See Noise this issue) Soroptomist International of Kalispell hosts a screening of the documentary film Sex and Money, which uncovers the gruesome world of child sexual exploitation. FVCC Arts and Technology Building, Rm. 139. 6:30 PM. Free. The Northern Rockies Rising Tide fights for the northern Rockies, including tackling the megaload issue and so much more. Jeannette Rankin Peace Center back room. 510 S. Higgins Ave. 7–8:30 PM.
Step-two-three to A Night of Waltz and Chocolate where beginners and pros alike can get their dance on. Bring some chocolate to share. No street shoes! The Barn Movement Studio, 2926 S. 3rd W. 7–8:30 PM. Free. I said, are you ready to laugh?! If so, check out Show Me the Funny, a stand-up and sketch comedy show with Teresa Waldorf and Rosie Ayers. Downtown Dance Collective, 121 W. Main. 7 PM. $12/$10 adv./$8 students. ddcmontana.com. Feel the beat of the rhythm of the night at the UM School of Music Student Ensemble Series event World Percussion Concert. University Theatre. 7:30 PM. $11/$6 seniors/$5. The UM School of Music Student Recital Series features the wellnamed Deva Siblerud, soprano. Music Recital Hall. 7:30 PM. Free. Knock the CK off your pants and head to the Eagles to see the Wild Coyote Band. 2420 South. 8 PM. Free. The Bigfork Community Players get their farce on y’all, when they perform Ken Ludwig’s Leading Ladies. To sum up: Shakespeare, shenanigans, suspicions. Bigfork Center for Performing Arts. 8 PM. $16/$11 seniors/$6 under age 12. bigforkcommunityplayers.com. Get on board the funship for Kitty’s Dirty Thirty, a birthday party for Missoulian Kitty Deyo with electronic DJs Hendawg, the Milkcrate Mechanic and Ir8prim8. The Badlander. 9PM. Free. I guess this is growing up, Reptile Dysfunction performs its final show, along with Bozeman’s Hurdles and the handsomest band in town, The Juveniles. Palace. 9 PM. $5. Head up Charlo way and get that irie fix that is reggae band Chele Bandulu. Nine Pipes Lodge. 41000 Hwy. 93. Charlo. Free. Get down, turn around, and check out Russ Nasset and the Revelators at the Union Club. 9 PM. Free. Be a county mounty (oh my) when County Line performs country dancing tunes at the Sunrise Saloon. 1101 Strand. 9:30 PM. Free. He lives to spin: DJ Dubwise just can’t stop the dance tracks once they start at 10 PM at Feruqi’s. Free. Call 728-8799. This is not a threat: I’ll House You with DJs Kris Moon, Mike Stolin and Hotpantz does happen at The Jolly Cork’s. 112 N. Pattee St. (Front St. entrance). 10 PM. Free. At Dawn We Rage delivers just one fix of dubstep and/or electron-
ica along with dub-hoppers Protohype. Top Hat. 10 PM. $12/$10 adv. with $5 surcharge for those aged 18-20. Stretch out and exercise that liver with $4 Guiness pints during Sean Kelly’s St. Practice Day, with celtic music by Michael Gill. 130 W. Pine. 10 PM. Free.
If you have compulsive-eating problems, seek help and support with others during a meeting of Overeaters Anonymous, which meets this and every Sat. at 9 AM in Room 3 in the basement of First United Methodist Church, 300 E. Main St. Free. Visit oa.org. Get help with them taxes so we can pay for wars, roads and drones at UM’s Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Program. Bring your ID, Social Security cards, W-2 and any other tax docs you may have. Both spouses must be present if you’re filing jointly. Gallagher Business Building Rm. 209. 9 AM–4 PM. Free. The Heirloom Winter Market still has plenty of local num-nums for you and yours, including farm-fresh eggs, butter, sausage, lavender, honey and more, more, more! Ceretana Gallery and Studios, 801 Sherwood. 10 AM–1 PM. Hear some of the best opera singers in the world during The Met: Live in HD presents Verdi’s Ernani. Chicanery is afoot. Roxy Theater, 718 S. Higgins. $20/$18 seniors/$15 student. You won’t find out where the buried treasure of Lolo Pass is, but you’ll certainly learn something during Hal Stearns’ talk Hidden Gems of Lewis and Clark at Travelers’ Rest State Park Winter Storytelling Series. 1/2 mile west of Lolo on Hwy. 12. 11 AM. $4/free for kids 18 and under. Call 273-4253. Take a well-explained tour of the the Ansel Adams exhibit at the MAM with RMSP Director Neil Chaput de Saintonge. 335 N. Pattee. Noon. Free. Party down with all the chillin’ creatures during Hibernation Celebration! Kids can learn about what the turtles, frogs and ground squirrels are up to this time of year at the Montana Natural History Center. 120 Hickory. 2 PM. $3/$1 members. Love hurts. Headwaters Dance Co. presents its big gala concert Meditations on Love featuring
five duets on the subject of Love and closing with a global romp through the world of social dance at the MCT Center for Performing Arts. 2 PM. $15/$10 students and seniors. $40 includes a post-performance party in the lobby on Friday night’s performance, including food and drink with the company and an intimate performance. (See Scope this issue)
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nightlife Kevin Van Dort plays all the music that’s fit to, uhh, hear. Draught Works Brewery. 915 Toole. 5:30–8 PM. Free. Hear the next generation play all that jazz during Big Sky High School Jazz Band and Music Technology Program’s Blue Note Cafe fundraiser. Music, desserts, silent auction and prizes. Big Sky High School. 6 PM. $10.
Masquer Theatre Feb. 28-Marr. 3, 6 -10 / 7:30 PM TALK A BAC CK: &/,,/7).'