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[2] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

cover photo courtesy Naomi Kimbell


Voices The readers write .............................................................................................................4 Street Talk Friday night fights.....................................................................................................4 The Week in Review The news of the day, one day at a time..................................................6 Briefs MSO goes directly to Dallas, Matt Bell’s detail deficit, and EPA’s berm watch...............6 Etc. Election night jollies.............................................................................................................6 News Mo Club bartender acquitted............................................................................................8 News Tech sector gone wild........................................................................................................9 Dan Brooks At City Council, Mountain Water is all over but the accounting............................10 Writers on the Range Common sense for firearm fans .........................................................11 Feature Institutionalization, eugenics, and the legacy of the Boulder River School .............13

Arts & Entertainment

Arts How an 1891 guitar gave life to Britt Arnesen’s Dream in Blue..........................17 Music King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard, Trickshot Johnson, Wooden Shjips ........18 Books The lively web of Michel Valentin’s Trumpism.................................................19 Film Hereditary blends tragic reality with supernatural.............................................20 Movie Shorts Independent takes on current films .....................................................21 The Market Report A dry run, rewarded.............................................................................22 Happiest Hour Finn & Porter’s facelift .......................................................................24 8 Days a Week We’re gonna need three more ..................................................................25 Agenda An exercise in seeing the elephant ............................................................................29 Mountain High Bug-eating and other thrills at the Cotopaxi Questival ....................30


News of the Weird ......................................................................................................12 Classifieds....................................................................................................................31 The Advice Goddess ...................................................................................................32 Free Will Astrology .....................................................................................................34 Crossword Puzzle .......................................................................................................37 This Modern World.....................................................................................................38

GENERAL MANAGER Matt Gibson EDITOR Brad Tyer ARTS EDITOR Erika Fredrickson CALENDAR AND SOCIAL MEDIA EDITOR Charley Macorn STAFF REPORTERS Alex Sakariassen, Derek Brouwer STAFF REPORTER & MANAGING EDITOR FOR SPECIAL SECTIONS Susan Elizabeth Shepard COPY EDITOR Jule Banville EDITORIAL INTERN Michael Siebert ART DIRECTOR Kou Moua CIRCULATION ASSISTANT MANAGER Ryan Springer SALES MANAGER Toni Leblanc ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE Deron Wade MARKETING & EVENTS COORDINATOR Ariel LaVenture CLASSIFIED SALES REPRESENTATIVES Declan Lawson, Ty Hagan CONTRIBUTORS Scott Renshaw, Nick Davis, Hunter Pauli, Molly Laich, Dan Brooks, Rob Rusignola, Chris La Tray, Sarah Aswell, Migizi Pensoneau, April Youpee-Roll, MaryAnn Johanson, Melissa Stephenson, Ari LeVaux

Mailing address: P.O. Box 8275 Missoula, MT 59807 Street address: 317 S. Orange St. Missoula, MT 59801 Phone number: 406-543-6609 Fax number: 406-543-4367 E-mail address:

Copyright 2018 by the Missoula Independent. All rights reserved. Reproduction, reuse or transmittal in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or through an information retrieval system is prohibited without permission in writing from the Missoula Independent. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [3]



by Alex Sakariassen

Have you or anyone you know been involved in a physical altercation downtown? If so, who started it? If you saw a fight brewing downtown, what would you do?

Bridger Pierce: Yes. It was started by both parties. Public defender: It would depend on how stupid it seemed. If it seemed like someone was truly being acted upon in a way that was wrong, I’d get involved.

Seems extreme

People should demand the government stop regulating barbershops and salons altogether, and anything else that is unnecessary (“Etc: First they came for the barbershop dogs…” May 31). They don’t listen to the people or public comment and are not even going to be at the public meeting. If they don’t give people the right to vote with ballots for the rules or the people that make them, then perhaps our only option is to disband the government in its entirety. Jeffrey James Halvorson

servers to cut people off. Even in the days of the old west, bartenders were responsible. While it can be claimed that he brought his own hooch to the party, the reality is that Rock Creek Lodge can be held liable for any of a number of reasons. Yes, the jerk who pulled the steering wheel is the proximate cause. The lodge and the shuttle company are also responsible. Russell Malahowski

Lee Robinson: No, I haven’t. Me or anyone I know. Spectator sport: I would watch. That’s it.

DIY litigation

Ken Grinde: At an undisclosed location downtown, I was watching a re-screening of Patrick Swayze’s Road House. Two guys were getting into it in the back row … I was the manager on duty. One of them wanted me to ban the other for life. Distraction action: I would try to draw people’s attention. I would pretend I was hurt and try to get the people fighting to come over and help.

Kelly Bouma: I’ve never been in a physical altercation, but my office is in the Sushi Hana building overlooking the Ox. I can’t say how many times I’ve seen the cops out there. Power in numbers: If a woman was involved, I’d be right beside her. If it was two bros, I’d take a picture and walk on.

Another deal where they are suing the “deep pockets” instead of the actual guy that caused the whole crash (“Testy Fest lawsuits pile up on Rock Creek Lodge,” May 31). Bartenders are not told who is or isn’t on probation, or the even more vast number of those on conditional release from the courts, so not sure how that is their responsibility. Nor are they the ones mandated to supervise these individuals. And once again, [James Bayford] is an adult and chose to get intoxicated, whether that was by overservice, which so far has not been proven, or, as so often happens, he brought his own alcohol and/or drank other people’s, or others bought for him. Not to mention he in fact was cut off and the lodge was trying to do the responsible thing. Michael Wharton

Everyone’s a lawyer

Jeremy Sher: I’ve not been witness to an altercation, but I was roofied in a downtown bar. Making Marvel proud: If there was some obvious victim involved who was more or less helpless, I would probably shout and say something and try to defuse the situation.

Asked Tuesday evening at Draught Works.

[4] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

The article points out that the shuttle company is also being sued. And yes, the lodge is also likely to be held liable. It has always been the responsibility of


A noisy nothing

It’s a factory that makes nothing and uses as much electricity as 20,000 homes. Nick Campbell

Take the money

Regulate away

I prefer to go to a “regulated” shop, thanks. You can keep the unregulated issues … like chemical burns, lice, melted hair, unsanitary razors and such. But keep the dogs. Clients like them. They aren’t a nuisance. Kim Adair

point, but let smart people in Missoula partner with that business to make it better. Doug Odegaard

“The issue is noise pollution, and a simple ordinance and enforcement is better than banning a whole market segment.”

Sounding off

Moratorium is not the answer, and sends a very strong negative signal for worthwhile businesses looking to locate here (“After snubbing TIF request, the county proposes a moratorium on new cryptocurrency mines,” June 1). NorthWestern Energy has it handled from their side. The issue is noise pollution, and a simple ordinance and enforcement is better than banning a whole market segment. Yes, bitcoin mining needs some serious improvements on how it is done from an energy stand-

Yeah, Missoula really should push away any businesses that could help pay taxes. That would be awful if anyone but the homeowners of Missoula had to pay for all the city’s irresponsible spending. Travis Peters

Ding Bell

Bell is completely irresponsible and should be held accountable for this gross misrepresentation of facts (“Matt Bell gets dinged for false flyer in HD 94 race,” May 30). How embarrassing for him. Betsy Wackernagel Bach

Done dinging

Yes, he lied. He is being accountable and responsible. He is doing what he should now. There isn’t reason to carry this on. Candidates have lied about much worse. He wasn’t slandering anyone, simply boosting himself in lies. He will face the consequences by losing and these press stories. Sylvie Borstad


He actually was slandering me with his many misstatements about my voting record and actions in office. They are not factual and I told him that repeatedly but he did not stop. And the apology was not for misrepresenting facts about me — it was only for endorsements. It does not address everything. Kimberly Dudik

etters Policy: The Missoula Independent welcomes hate mail, love letters and general correspondence. Letters to the editor must include the writer’s full name, address and daytime phone number for confirmation, though we’ll publish only your name and city. Anonymous letters will not be considered for publication. Preference is given to letters addressing the contents of the Independent. We reserve the right to edit letters for space and clarity. Send correspondence to: Letters to the Editor, Missoula Independent, 317 S. Orange St., Missoula, MT 59801, or via email:







r e alerts GET rate er s • June 7–June 14, 2018 [5]


WEEK IN REVIEW Wednesday, May 30 Missoula County Commissioners vote to permanently waive entrance fees for the Western Montana Fair. Patrons may spend the amount saved on additional traumatizing rides of the Zipper.

Thursday, May 31 A drain pipe cap in the Missoula CityCounty Health Department building breaks and floods three floors. A Facebook video circulates showing unrelated flooding in the University Center at UM.

Friday, June 1 A funeral mass for local jazz pianist and church accompanist Jodi Marshall is held at St. Anthony’s church. The service pays tribute with musical performances of jazz standards and choral classics.

Saturday, June 2 Washington Middle School takes first place in the annual Middle School Quiz Bowl. The competition, which tests students on history and more, takes place at the University of Montana.

Dept. of details

Bell gets a pass

In a decision released June 1, Commissioner of Political Practices Jeff Mangan dismissed a campaign complaint brought against HD 94 candidate Matt Bell by incumbent Kimberly Dudik’s campaign treasurer Cliff Larsen. The complaint was filed in response to a mailer sent by Bell claiming he had been endorsed by organizations that had either endorsed no one, or had endorsed Dudik. In addition to arguing that those endorsement claims violated Montana election law, the complaint alleged that the mailer included inaccurate statements about Dudik’s voting record and did not refer to specific votes as required by law. Larsen’s complaint also alleges that the mailer violated the Fair Notice Period provision of Montana’s Clean Campaign Act, which requires that candidates supply opponents mentioned in campaign materials with a copy of those materials if they are to be disseminated within 10 days of an election. Though Larsen received the mailer within that 10-day window, the material was mailed 11 days before the election, Mangan found in dismissing that part of the complaint. As for the endorsement and

voting record claims, the standard for violation of state law requires proof of “actual malice.” Inaccuracy doesn’t violate any enforceable part of Montana law unless it is knowing. “In order to make a determination of actual malice, I’d have to basically find he knew he was lying when he made those statements,” Mangan says. “It’s an incredibly high standard to find actual malice in that case, and we just can’t do it in this instance. He was referencing material he thought was correct, and there’s no evidence to suggest otherwise, subjectively.” Bell told the Indy last week that the endorsement inaccuracies were a result of his having sent an unedited draft of the mailer to the printer. Bell made a public apology on his Facebook page. Dudik says the way courts have interpreted Montana’s campaign statutes regarding inaccurate statements shows that campaign laws need further refinement. “It’s a guide for what we need to do to clean up campaigning … and should provide the Legislature next session with some guidance as to what to do to ensure honesty in our elections. Because right now we can’t require [honesty] as candidates, and even citizens can’t, and that’s just wrong.”

In the course of investigating the complaint, Mangan did find that Bell failed to file a campaign finance report that was due on May 29, and referred the matter to the Lewis and Clark County attorney. Bell posted on Facebook that the report was filed Friday, June 1, after he was notified of the lapse. That report lists Bell as a candidate for HD 91, the district in which he filed before switching to HD 94. Susan Elizabeth Shepard

Bermed again?

Planning for the worst

Missoula County hoped the results of water sample testing from the Smurfit-Stone site would come in quickly. Commissioners pushed the EPA for a 48-hour turnaround two weeks ago. As of June 5, EPA remedial project manager Sara Sparks still didn’t have them. “I’m surprised that we don’t have the results yet, and am anxious to see them, of course,” says county environmental health specialist Travis Ross, characterizing the tests as a “snapshot” from this year’s flooding. The samples were collected May 24 after the EPA dispatched an emergency response unit in response

Sunday, June 3 The 63rd Five Valley Kennel Club dog show ends after four days of canine spectacle. The dogs are judged on size, quality of grooming, obedience and other traits. Who’s a good dog? They are all good dogs.

Monday, June 4 Building inspectors begin to assess the extent of damage after the Clark Fork officially exits flood stage. Residents living in affected areas have until Thursday, June 7, to file damage claims.

Tuesday, June 5 Voters cast their ballots to decide who will square off against Rep. Greg Gianforte and Sen. Jon Tester this November. Four Republican and two Green Party candidates vie for Tester’s seat, while five Democrats aim for Gianforte’s.

In the spring of 1994 I was pulled out of my last class before graduating from Columbia University School of Law. That afternoon I learned my 11-year-old nephew had been shot and killed on a playground by another student in Butte, Montana. Jeremy Bullock was the unintended victim of what was, at the time, our nation’s youngest school yard shooting. I felt paralyzed.”

——Gov. Steve Bullock, in a May 30 op-ed in USA Today. In the column, Bullock reversed his position on universal background check laws for gun buyers, saying such legislation “ought to be the first step” in gun reform.

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[6] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

[news] to concerns that rising floodwaters may have compromised the integrity of the berm separating the site from the Clark Fork. Local officials first grew alarmed on May 11 when investigators discovered a series of boils along the inside of the berm at a former wastewater pond. A week later, as crews worked to patch those boils with dirt and gravel, Missoula County commissioners noted a tea-colored plume emanating from the berm and sent a letter to the EPA demanding “immediate action” to determine if contaminants were leaking into the Clark Fork. The EPA’s emergency response manager, Marty McComb, did not believe the berm was in imminent danger, but the situation compelled him to recommend that the EPA conduct a full hydraulic assessment of the Smurfit site. McComb’s team spent several days observing the site and developing an interim contingency plan. What they came up with was a list of inspection guidelines calling for daily observations of the berm once the river level reaches 11 feet. The contingency plan also stipulates that sampling must take place in the event the Clark Fork breaches the berm, and that sampling results must be returned within 48 hours. Ross is glad to see those priorities set to paper, but he’s far more interested in the recommendations McComb’s team came up with for a longerterm contingency plan. McComb’s support for modeling of the berm and the floodplain is in line with what county officials have been seeking for years. The EPA also recommended identifying local sources for earthen material to reinforce the site’s interior berms in case the outer berm fails. “What we really wanted to pay attention to are what the recommendations are for a final contingency plan, and that includes where the floodplain really is on that site, and understanding how the forces of the river affect the site,” Ross says. He adds that a separate berm-stability analysis should be completed by the end of June. According to Ross and Sparks, initial testing for dioxins — a highly toxic compound associated with herbicide production and paper bleaching — revealed nothing alarming in samples from the Clark Fork or inside the berm. As of press time, Sparks was still awaiting data on heavy-metal contaminants from the potentially responsible parties, specifically

International Paper, M2Green Redevelopment and packaging company WestRock. Alex Sakariassen


To Dallas, direct

When Missoula International Airport welcomes its first American Airlines flight on Thursday — flight 3984, direct from Dallas — it will mark the airport’s second successful use of a revenue guarantee to acquire a new route. The million-dollar guarantee is composed of a $600,000 federal grant and $400,000 in private funds raised by the Missoula Economic Partnership’s Take Flight Missoula initiative. At press time, Take Flight had commitments for 75 percent of the $400,000, and expected to raise the rest by the end of the month. The money will be disbursed to American Airlines in case the route fails to be profitable. The fund is available for two years. “We are overwhelmed with the number of businesses who have agreed to contribute anything from $500 to $12,000 because they believe that this is a solution to a problem,” says Take Flight consultant Shannon O’Brien. Take Flight says Missoula businesses regularly cite the availability and cost of flights as one of the city’s areas needing improvement. The money is not an up-front incentive, and will be disbursed only if needed. “I think our plan is to hopefully be able to keep it in reserve” for future guarantees, says Nicole Rush of MEP. “We anticipate having to do more guarantees the more direct flights we want to bring in.” American Airlines hopes to have the route’s 76seat Embraer 175 jets 70 to 80 percent full, says airport director Cris Jensen, and will evaluate the numbers monthly, after which “they’ll look at all their revenue streams, and if for whatever reason the flights don’t reach the threshold of profitability, then that’s where the revenue guarantee would kick

BY THE NUMBERS Minutes of barking, howling, yelping, whining or baying at which point a dog would be considered a nuisance under a proposed revision to a county animal control ordinance, scheduled for a June 7 hearing. The current threshold is 30 minutes of barking within a 24-hour period.


in.” American’s profitability threshold is close to 10 percent, he says. Missoula’s sole previous use of a revenue guarantee was used to lure United Airlines to launch seasonal direct flights to San Francisco, which Jensen counts as a success, because once that $465,000 fund was spent, United maintained the route. O’Brien expects the expanded service to benefit Missoula by providing access to a region of the country previously inaccessible by direct flight and drive down average airfares through competition. American’s direct flight to Dallas starts at $445, whereas United offers a connecting flight to Dallas starting at $318. There’s a convenience factor in a nonstop flight though, and Jensen says DFW was one of the top 4 final destinations without a direct option for travelers coming to or from MSO, along with Phoenix Sky Harbor, Boston and San Diego. On Thursday, June 7, the airport will welcome the first flight from DFW with fanfare. “We’ll start out with a water-cannon salute, which is where we have our fire trucks create an arch of water and the airplane taxis through,” Jensen says. “As the passengers come off, we’ll hand out Missoula gift bags.” After a press conference downstairs with representatives from American, there will be cake and coffee upstairs for passengers on the flight back to Dallas. The entire sequence will be repeated later in the day for another inaugural route: United’s first nonstop from Missoula to Los Angeles. That route is being inaugurated without revenue guarantees. Susan Elizabeth Shepard

ETC. A guy was telling a group of young women about the off-menu Anton Chigurh cocktail (tequila, mezcal) at Plonk Tuesday night as Josh Slotnick’s supporters clustered around a laptop. Polls had just closed, and the results weren’t yet trickling out. When Slotnick’s campaign manager called in from the fairgrounds, he had good news: Early returns put Slotnick almost 500 votes ahead of incumbent Missoula County Commissioner Jean Curtiss. It was an early lead, but Election Night wore on like a bad hangover, slow and grinding and devoid of climax. Slotnick whiled away the hours talking with friends and supporters. He’s established deep reserves of goodwill in the community through his years of work in agriculture and at the university, and has the kind of community-wide influence that convinced Mayor John Engen to break his vow of neutrality with an endorsement. When the next call came at 10 p.m., Slotnick’s lead had widened slightly — 6,460 votes to Curtiss’ 5,011. “I want to sort of let myself go and be all excited and happy, but I’m nervous,” he said. Regardless of the final result, Slotnick would wake up the next day facing the same workload as always. “I’ve got to go to the PEAS farm and we gotta plant tomatoes and weed carrots and it’s going to be a regular day.” A few blocks away, at Brooks & Browns, Curtiss and a handful of friends migrated from the patio to a table near the Keno machines, asking the bartender to switch on the KPAX broadcast. Curtiss seemed distant, a 17year veteran of the county commission not quite ready to accept defeat. The past eight months had been rough, just not for the reasons you’d think. Yeah, the campaign was difficult, she said, but she’d been far more concerned, as president of the board, with keeping the Western Montana Mental Health Center alive. “I don’t like politics,” Curtiss said, choking up. “The piece of it I do like is you get out and talk to people and you reflect back on what you’ve done, you see that you’ve made a difference.” By Wednesday morning, Slotnick had won, 11,065 votes to 7,866.

Sarah Clark

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543-1128 • • June 7–June 14, 2018 [7]


Friday night fights Mo Club bartender not guilty of assaulting gay patron by Derek Brouwer

A jury acquitted a Missoula Club pushed from behind and tumbled into over a year” to give, portrayed Pierce as bartender May 31 of charges that he beat a steel security gate attached to the busi- the aggressor. Blume admitted using a gay patron, broke his nose and dislo- ness next door. He said Blume then “strong words” to tell Pierce and his cated his shoulder during a shift last threw him onto the sidewalk pavement friends to leave the bar, and said Pierce and continued hitting him before Pierce responded by flipping off the bar on his year on Cinco de Mayo. Ryan Blume was accused of misde- was able to throw a punch in self-de- way out while yelling, “fuck you, Mo meanor assault, but the incident didn’t fense and retreat to a nearby pole. Sev- Club, fuck you racist pigs,” in what Blume garner local media attention until the al- eral other people then joined the attack said he presumed was a reference to the fact that Pierce’s friends were both black. leged victim, Reece Pierce, filed suit a as Pierce clung to the pole. Blume, a trained boxer, admitted to Police arrived at the scene after a month later against Blume and the bar in Missoula County District Court. A pend- witness flagged down a patrol car. Police throwing the much smaller Pierce into ing civil suit alleges the Mo Club violated photos presented to the jury show the steel gate, but said he did so because Pierce rushed him. Blume a city ordinance barring disintroduced photos that crimination in public accomshow an apparent bite mark modations because Blume on his chest, which Blume had called Pierce a “fucking said Pierce inflicted outside faggot” during the encounter. the bar. It was the first known civil acBlume testified that he tion to be brought under the left Pierce outside, washed 2010 ordinance, city attorney his hands and changed Jim Nugent told the Missoushirts because his had been lian at the time. ripped, and resumed barBut whether Blume’s actending. When he saw tions were motivated by bias photo by Derek Brouwer Pierce again, after police was not at issue during the criminal trial in municipal Mo Club bartender Ryan Blume waited a year to tell a had arrived, Blume said he court. Montana hate-crime jury that he’d acted in self-defense when he injured a was “honestly amazed by how beat up he was.” laws don’t protect sexual ori- bar patron. Blume had not called 911. entation, gender identity or “I figured it was another Friday night expression. Instead, Blume and his pri- Pierce spattered with blood. “Is that a vate attorney, former Griz running back reasonable amount of force?” Cook downtown. I never knew it would turn into anything like this,” Blume testified. Wayne Harper, argued that he acted in asked the jury. His attorney impugned officers’ inPierce declined ambulance transself defense against a drunk patron who was charging him, only to become the port and told officers he didn’t want to vestigation, questioning why they hadn’t press charges, testifying that he just interviewed more witnesses at the bar target of a shoddy police investigation. The altercation began as Pierce and “wanted to go home.” A friend took him or inquired about other individuals two female friends were escorted out of to the hospital, where his injuries were Pierce said had joined in the attack. In the bar in the early morning hours of diagnosed. Within 48 hours, he called a his closing argument, Harper suggested May 6, 2017. Pierce’s friends, one of detective to say he had changed his that the fact that Blume hadn’t knocked Pierce unconscious was evidence of whom testified in court, had been in- mind about pressing charges. The story Pierce told a jury was dif- Blume’s cool-headedness and restraint volved in what city prosecutor Tiffany Cook described to jurors as a “cat fight” ferent from the one he’d told officers on the job. “Why didn’t Ryan punch the kid, inside. Blume saw the women out as and has alleged in his civil suit. In his earlier statements to police, and in his even once?” Harper said. “He was awPierce walked nearby. Blume’s and Pierce’s stories about civil complaint, Pierce said he was fully nice to Mr. Pierce.” The jury reached a not-guilty verwhat transpired outside the bar doors “sucker-punched” in the back of the head, but upon questioning at trial, he dict after 45 minutes of deliberation. diverged sharply. “I saw Ryan talking to me, asking said he was not in fact punched by Blume shook his attorney’s hand after me if I ‘still wanted to talk shit, you fuck- Blume, just pushed so hard that it felt the verdict was read. Pierce was not present. like being punched. ing faggot,’” Pierce testified. Blume’s account, which his attorney Pierce said he replied that he wasn’t trying to fight. Moments later, he was told the jury his client had been “waiting

[8] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018


Wild company What public lands mean for Montana’s tech sector by Alex Sakariassen

When Eric Siegfried says his Missoula-based company onXmaps wouldn’t exist without public lands, the words sound like a mantra he’s uttered a hundred times before. What other origin would there be for an app that turns a smartphone into a complex mapping tool? And nearly five years after onXmaps’ founding, it’s public lands, or rather the way Siegfried’s employees play on them, that continue to fuel the company’s innovation. Siegfried recited the familiar refrain before a crowd of business owners and public-lands advocates at the Public House on May 31, one member of a sixperson panel discussing links between the outdoors and Montana’s tech economy. For onXmaps, that link may be obvious. But according to Marne Hayes, executive director of Business for Montana’s Outdoors, which hosted the event, public lands and the increased quality of life they offer are a major reason why Montana is the chosen home of digital ad firm LumenAd, fiber-optic development company Adelos and so many others in the state’s fastest-growing sector. “We’re talking about a $1.7 billion revenue-generating industry, with [job growth] nine times faster than the statewide economy,” Hayes said. “Impressively, the industry also has self-projected a 5 percent wage increase in 2018, and an addition of 1,200 jobs.” In an era when public lands are, in the eyes of countless advocates, under siege, the companies that rely on them have taken an increasingly public stance. The North Face plastered the phrase “Protect Bears Ears” across T-shirts and hoodies in response to national monument reductions this year, directing all profits from the outerwear to the Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition. Patagonia took a more pointed approach, stamping its online homepage with a stinging political rebuke: “The President Stole Your Land.” Here in Montana, those same public-lands rollbacks elicited a string of critical video responses from outfitters, tea shop owners and brewers — all of

photo by Alex Sakariassen

Chris Mehl of Bozeman-based Headwaters Economics discusses the interplay between public lands and Montana’s tech sector during a May 31 panel.

them members of Hayes’ organization, which distributed the videos. Though the tech sector’s economic contribution to Montana cracks the $1 billion mark, that pales in comparison to the $7.1 billion the Outdoor Industry Association estimates that outdoor recreation brings to the state annually. And the tech leaders at Thursday’s panel were quick to acknowledge that those same public-lands opportunities are a key selling point in recruiting and retaining talent. Headquartering in the Treasure State has also given some of Montana’s tech companies added credibility with certain customers and clients, with LumenAd Director of Marketing Anthony Krolczyk specifically citing his company’s work with the Sierra Club.

“If we said we were in downtown Minneapolis, but we understand where you’re coming from and we’re going to represent your brand, it resonates on a different level when we’re in Montana and we understand that value of our natural resources,” Krolczyk said. When it comes to what these companies can do to return the favors public lands have done for them, the answers weren’t as bold or showy as the white block letters on Patagonia’s homepage. Krolczyk spoke of LumenAd’s support for Missoula’s Five Valleys Land Trust. Alex Philp, founder and chief technology officer at Adelos, itself a subsidiary of the tribally owned Salish & Kootenai Technologies, expressed his own personal commitment to defending public lands

— an allegiance sparked by past jobs with the National Park Service and U.S. Forest Service. “Some of the technical advantages the tech sector would bring to this discussion — we could help tell stories through digital media,” Philp said after the panel. “We could help let people know, more importantly, where are these public lands that are under threat.” Ultimately, Philp adds, the decision to take up an advocacy role is one that individual tech companies, whether members of Business for Montana’s Outdoors or not, will make on their own. After Thursday’s panel, Siegfried told the Indy that was a choice onXmaps made years ago. The company sponsors the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation’s long-

standing initiative to secure and enhance access to public lands, and last year partnered with RMEF to develop a new layer for its digital maps highlighting publicaccess points and conservation projects. OnXmaps also works with the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership to influence policy decisions in Washington, D.C., including pressing for reauthorization and full funding for the Land and Water Conservation Fund. “I don’t think they necessarily have to give back to public lands,” Siegfried said of Montana tech companies. “It should be something that’s part of their DNA. For us, it was a part of our DNA.” • June 7–June 14, 2018 [9]


Show us the money Mountain Water: it’s all over but the accounting by Dan Brooks

Out to Lunch on the Missoula Trolley HOP ON THE NEW OUT TO LUNCH ROUTE FROM SPLASH MONTANA Wednesdays will be more fun than ever this summer with a new Out to Lunch trolley route from Splash Montana to Caras Park. Swim and slide at Splash Montana and then catch a zero-fare ride for lunch and music. When you’re ready to head back to Splash, just hop on the trolley and enjoy the ride.

(406) 721-3333

[10] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

No word sums up the tension between news organizations’ responsibilities as civic watchdogs and their obligations as for-profit businesses like the word “still.” When you see “still” in a headline, you know you’re reading about an issue that is too important to forget, but too boring to drive the news cycle. City councilmember Jesse Ramos caught a big still last week when NBC Montana ran a web article headlined “Missoula councilman still in battle with the city over legal fee documents.” The documents in question are bills for attorney fees related to the city’s acquisition of Mountain Water. You may remember the innocent year 2014, when the city estimated that these fees would come to about $400,000. They hit $6 million in 2016. Although the total bill for legal costs related to the acquisition is not publicly known, it’s at least 15 times what Mayor Engen told us it would be. Where did all that money go? What unexpected events multiplied our expenses by such a large factor? Other members of City Council have seen the records that presumably answer these questions, but Ramos has not. His fellow councilmembers have offered to show them to him, but only if he signs a non-disclosure agreement. It turns out that our elected representatives are allowed to know how the city spent $6 million, but only if they promise not to tell us. So far, Ramos has refused to make that promise. He continues to demand access to the documents, however, arguing that voters have a right to know. This persistence seems to have frustrated other members of the council. NBC Montana reports that Bryan von Lossberg complained in a meeting that he and the rest of the council had already been over the legal fees “60 times.” If the other members of City Council have reviewed the billing documents so many times that the cost overrun is a settled issue, then they should have no

problem explaining how it happened. If they really want Ramos to shut up about it, they could even release a detailed but readable report. Somewhere between dumping all the documents on the internet and refusing to tell us anything, there must be an option that acknowledges the public’s right to know. As it is, City Council is invoking a right even more powerful: the public’s right to not be bothered. The money is spent. We

“Somewhere between dumping all the documents on the internet and refusing to tell us anything, there must be an option that acknowledges the public’s right to know.” got the water company. Can’t we all just move on to installing elevators in some of the larger potholes or whatever? Recent events in my personal life have made me sympathetic to this strategy. I don’t want to go into all the details but, owing to some recent cost overruns of my own, I’m in Dutch with the wife. On Sunday morning, she sent me to the store to buy groceries for the week — something that usually costs about $150. After I contributed my share and she provided the remaining $143.65, I set off with a cheerful wave, saying I would be back in a couple of hours.

I spent $2,250 and came home Monday afternoon. I don’t want to talk about what happened, but the important thing is that it’s not a big deal. In fact, several other people know how I spent the money, and they all agree it was appropriate. Rest assured that there’s a perfectly good explanation you don’t need to know. I would also be happy to explain where I slept Sunday night, even though the details are really boring, but you have to promise not to tell anyone. This non-scandal comes at a bad time for me. My wife has become irrationally concerned with fiscal issues, owing to some unforeseen expenses at our house. I recently hired some contractors who agreed to replace all the windows for $6,000. When we got the bill, though, unexpected overruns meant the project actually cost $90,000. I talked to some other people at the window company, and they assured me it was actually fine, but my wife continues to pester me for some sort of “explanation.” Sorry if I sound kind of testy. It’s just that these issues are totally settled at this point, because we’ve been over them like 60 times. I originally estimated we’d only have to talk about them four times, but you know how these things go. Overruns happen, especially when you commit to doing something no matter how much it costs and have no way to refuse payment at the end. If councilmember Ramos is so curious about how Missoula incurred such a large legal bill for Mountain Water, he should just sign the non-disclosure agreement and join the ranks of people who are sworn to secrecy regarding its perfectly reasonable explanation. Until then, he must uphold the sacred agreement that makes municipal government possible: The city does whatever, and the rest of us shut up and pay for it. Dan Brooks is on Twitter at @DangerBrooks.


Gunplay Finding common sense among firearm fans by Michael Baughman

These days, it’s impossible for an American citizen fortunate enough to have been born with a functioning mind not to worry about guns and the men who love them, and the innocent victims some of those gun-lovers kill. National Rifle Association spokesman Wayne LaPierre, who tends to blame school shootings on rap music, has accused the government, aided by the press, of attempting to discredit firearms enthusiasts by issuing propaganda worthy of the Nazis. Then there’s Alex Jones, the conspiracy theorist host of Infowars, ranting to his radio followers that the Sandy Hook school shooting of 26 people, 20 of them first-graders, was “a giant hoax. … The whole thing was fake.” Jones is now being sued by some of the bereaved families for claiming that the massacre was staged, using actors hired by the government — all part of a plot to set the stage for seizing our guns. LaPierre strikes me a brazen profiteer — he made over $5 million in compensation from the NRA in 2015 — and Jones is either deranged or evil, or both. Because of such men, too many of us who long for rational gun laws have given up hope, concluding that the legions of gullible citizens influenced by people like LaPierre and Jones carry so much political weight that meaningful legislation has become impossible. I thought that, too, until a man I’d done a professional favor for invited me to hunt turkeys on a ranch in west Texas. There were six of us in the hunting party, and on our first morning we were up well before first light, ate steak and egg breakfasts, and set out, two to a pickup truck, to hunt. My partner was Robert, the man who had invited me. As we bounced along a dirt road bordering the Concho River, he told me the particulars of his brand new full-choke, 12gauge Remington and the super-magnum shells it fired. Then he asked about my gun, and complimented my sense of family loyalty for choosing

to use my grandfather’s 12-gauge Ithaca side-by-side. “Isn’t this it?” Robert said. “What?” I asked. “Turkey hunting! Guns! The most damn fun it’s possible for a human being to have!” That morning we did have fun. I bagged a gobbler. Robert called it in and, at a range of 30 yards, the kill was clean. Two or three miles away and an-

“We spent many hours shooting at paper targets, drift wood and empty cans, using up at least as much ammunition as all the Clint Eastwood movies ever made.” other hour later, Robert called in a pair of gobblers and killed the larger one, a bird of well over 20 pounds sporting a 10-inch beard. We were the first pickup back to the ranch house. The second vehicle arrived half an hour later, and one of the hunters had killed a gobbler while the other had missed a difficult shot. The third truck soon came in, and nobody in it had seen or heard a turkey. In mid-morning, after the three bagged birds had been dressed and plucked, two six-packs of beer came out of the ranch house along with six .22 ri-

fles. For three hours, behind a large barn, we shot at paper targets fastened to bales of straw. After lunch, we drove in two trucks to the river, with five revolvers and plenty of ammunition. We parked on a streamside meadow where the Concho ran deep and slow, and the afternoon routine was simple. One man at a time was stationed upstream to throw sticks of driftwood into the water while the rest sat in the shade of cottonwoods, blazing away at the sticks as they floated by, cheering hits and scoffing at misses. From a distance it must have sounded like a war zone. I spent three days and nights at the ranch and talked at length with my companions about ethical hunting, politics, spectator sports, law, medicine and, of course, guns. We spent many hours shooting at paper targets, drift wood and empty cans, using up at least as much ammunition as all the Clint Eastwood movies ever made. Yet none of these gun-lovers had a single positive word to say about either the NRA or selfserving demagogues like LaPierre and Jones. They were intelligent, articulate and not afraid of stating their views, and there have to be tens of thousands of people like them in the West. A week later, a school shooting in Santa Fe, Texas, ended with eight students and two teachers dead. Unlike the aftermath of the horrific shooting at Parkland High School in Florida, public outrage seemed almost muted. Then on May 25, it happened again, this time in Indiana: A middle-school student shot two people, including the teacher who bravely tackled him before he could shoot more. Please, fellow hunters, summon the courage to speak up. Make yourselves known. If enough of you do, common sense might just stand a chance. Michael Baughman is a contributor to Writers on the Range, the opinion service of High Country News ( ). He writes in Oregon. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [11]



OOPS! – On May 1, as airmen of the 91st Missile Wing Security Forces traversed the gravel back roads of North Dakota between two of the nuclear missile launch sites they are charged with protecting, the back hatch of their truck fell open, allowing a 42-pound metal box of explosive grenade rounds to fall out. Despite deploying more than 100 airmen to walk the entire 6-mile route the team had driven, the Washington Post reported on May 15, the ammunition still hadn’t been found. The Air Force’s Office of Special Investigations has offered a $5,000 reward for information leading to the recovery of the box and has alerted local farmers and oil field vendors in the area that the box could be dangerous if damaged. ANIMAL ANTICS – In Lodi, California, a small black cat took up residence on May 11 on a high ledge near the large outdoor sign of a Chili’s restaurant and thwarted attempts by management, who self-identified as “cat people,” to be rescued. As customers took pictures, Restaurant Cat, as it came to be known, stared down calmly, KTXL TV reported. But when Chili’s employees used a ladder to try to reach it, the cat climbed behind the neon chili pepper and wouldn’t come out, so they left food and water. Presumably it’s keeping the pigeons away. Meanwhile, in Perth, Australia, another restaurant has taken a novel approach to a different animal problem: Customers at Hillary’s 3Sheets are being offered water guns to shoot at seagulls, which have been ruining diners’ waterfront meals. “It was bad,” owner Toby Evans told Nine Network television on May 16, admitting the idea was “a desperate measure. Before, they’d wait until customers had finished and got up, but now they’re getting cheekier and cheekier.” Customers are on board, saying the pistols are working. (Maybe they need a Restaurant Cat of their own.) BUT, WHY? – Making good on his promise, Welshman Mark Williams, 43, celebrated his third world snooker championship by conducting the post-match news conference at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England, in the buff. Williams, who beat John Higgins of Scotland on May 7, is the event’s oldest winner in 40 years, Reuters noted. “I’m not going to say anything stupid ... but to be honest if I won this next year, I’d cartwheel down here naked,” Williams promised. The Daytona Beach International Airport was briefly evacuated early on May 11 when John Greenwood, 25, caused a ruckus as he rode around the baggage carousel in the nude, trying to get out onto the tarmac, reported News4Jax. Sheriff’s deputies shocked him with a Taser, to which he responded: “We gotta get outta here, there’s a bomb going to go off. I planted a bomb in the bathroom.” After sweeping the airport, officials found no explosives, but Volusia County Sheriff Mike Chitwood said they did find Greenwood’s clothes in a backpack hidden in a hole in the bathroom wall. Described by Chitwood as a frequent flyer, Greenwood is known to local law enforcement, and he admitted taking drugs on Thursday night. He faces several charges after the incident. EASY WAY OUT – Like any resourceful mom, Johanna Giselhall Sandstrom of Kyrkhult, Sweden, made lemonade out of lemons after she discovered a spelling error in her newly acquired tattoo. Sandstrom had asked the tattoo artist to entwine the names of her two children, Nova and Kevin, on her arm, and it wasn’t until she arrived home that she realized the tattoo read “Kelvin” instead of “Kevin.” “My heart stopped and I thought I was going to faint,” Sandstrom told local newspaper Blekinge Lans Tidning. Removing the tattoo would require multiple treatments, she learned, so Sandstrom decided instead to change her 2-year-old son’s name to Kelvin, the Independent reported on May 16. “When I thought more about it, I realized that no one else has this name,” she said. “It became unique. Now we think it is better than Kevin.” WEIRD SCIENCE – For two years, Kendra Jackson of Omaha, Nebraska, “had a box of Puffs ... everywhere I went,” due to constant sneezing, coughing and nose-blowing that started after she hit her face on the dashboard during a car accident in 2013, she told KETV. Multiple doctors told her allergies were the cause, but eventually she was diagnosed with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak — her brain fluid was leaking into her nasal cavity at the rate of about a half-pint a day. In early May, Nebraska Medicine rhinologist Dr. Christie Barnes plugged the small hole between Jackson’s skull and nostrils with her own fatty tissue, giving Jackson the relief she had been seeking for years. BRIGHT IDEAS – A 47-year-old woman from Adrian, Michigan, lost her job after she brought laxative-laced brownies to a co-worker’s going-away party on May 3. Another employee of MMI Engineered Solutions in Saline tipped off company officials, who called police. The baker initially denied putting anything in the brownies, but came clean after being told the brownies could be forensically tested. Saline Police Chief Jerrod Hart told the Ann Arbor News there had been tension between the baker and the guest of honor, but the nature of the spat was not clear. “A lot of times you see it in movies or TV shows where someone tries to do this or play a joke, but it’s very serious,” Hart said. “It’s a criminal act.” The woman, however, was not charged, since no one ate the treats. Send your weird news items with subject line WEIRD NEWS to

[12] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018


t isn’t easy for me to write about institutionalization, because I’ve been through it. Though it’s been a number of years since I’ve experienced a locked facility, I still feel anxiety when I think of them. Even when visiting hospitals and nursing homes, I get anxious, as if someone will come up behind me and lock the door and I won’t be let out. But it’s this experience that has drawn me to explore my aunt’s history of institutionalization, though she had a developmental disability, not a mental-health diagnosis, and our stories are very different. When my mother’s sister, Cindy, was born with Down syndrome in 1947, institutionalization in a facility like the Montana Developmental Center (MDC) in Boulder was almost certain. The National Association for Down Syn-

drome reports that in the first half of the 20th century, most children born with the genetic disorder were institutionalized immediately after they were born. Sometimes, doctors and fathers would tell the mother that the infant had died, then shuttle the baby off to an institution before she was the wiser. Given this context, Cindy was lucky. Her parents didn’t know she had Down syndrome until she was a toddler. The doctor who delivered her didn’t recognize the traits when she was born, and it wasn’t until she began missing developmental milestones that she was diagnosed. Even then, she wasn’t institutionalized. They kept her at home.


he Montana Developmental Center has been known by many names since it first opened around the turn of

the 20th century. Originally, it was the Montana School for Backward FeebleMinded Children. It’s also been called the Montana State Training School, the Boulder River School and, in 1985, it was rebranded as the Montana Developmental Center. It’s listed on the National Park Service website as a historic site, and is noted for both its architecture and its role in the country’s 20th-century trend toward mass institutionalization and sterilization of people with disabilities. The buildings at MDC range from Italian Renaissance Revival to Modernist. The campus is situated in the Elkhorn Mountains. It is picturesque. It is isolated. And at its peak, the Montana Department of Health and Human Services reports, the “school” warehoused more than 1,000 people in a facility originally built for a few hundred. Although it is

Griffin Hall and the food center on the campus of the Montana Developmental Center in Boulder. Inset: The author’s aunt, Cindy Bubash. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [13]

smaller in scale, MDC has been compared to Willowbrook, an institution on Staten Island, New York, that held more than 6,000 people with disabilities in overcrowded, degrading and inhumane conditions. Similarly, MDC has a locally infamous history of deplorable conditions, neglect, abuse — even rape — of residents. And it isn’t cheap. A 2015 Disability Rights Montana report calculated the cost at $849 dollars per patient per day, making MDC the most expensive custodial facility in the state. Now, in 2018, it’s mostly empty, having been slated for permanent closure by the Montana State Legislature in 2015. As of March 5, just 19 residents remained at Boulder. Some were waiting for appropriate community placements, and some will remain in the 12-bed locked facility, which was exempted from closure by the Legislature and will continue serving individuals whose behaviors pose a danger to themselves or others. At some time in the 1960s, Cindy was institutionalized at Boulder.


don’t know how Cindy would have been defined on the list of mental defects developed by American psychologist Henry H. Goddard and used by physicians and eugenicists to categorize and segregate people with disabilities. She may have been considered an “idiot,” an “imbecile” or a “moron.” Because she could make potholders on a hand loom, a skill she may have learned at home

when she was a girl, or as a resident in Boulder, she might have been considered a “high-grade imbecile,” but I don’t know for sure. It’s uncomfortable even to quote these terms, but it’s our history, and it’s a relatively recent one. In the United States, these classifications were used into the 1970s, and they’ve shaped our ongoing beliefs about what people with intellectual and developmental disabilities are and are not capable of. Although she excelled at making potholders — we had stacks of them at

a person with Down syndrome could lead a “normal” life. Now, we know that’s not true. People with Down syndrome have varying degrees of ability, just like anyone else, and can often achieve independent, satisfying lives with some accommodation and support. For example, in 2006, the New York Times featured Katie Apostolides, a young woman with Down syndrome who was enrolled at Becker College in Worcester, Massachusetts. In 2016, the Independent UK published a story about Noelia Garella, also

cording to the Survey of the Feeble Minded in Montana, published in 1919 by the State Board of Education, these classes would have offered some kind of training with the hope of reintegrating children with their peers or, if reintegration wasn’t possible, industrial training. But such classes mostly segregated children. The author of the survey argues that “no public school system can provide proper custodial care for feebleminded children.” When my aunt was enrolled, in the 1950s, there’s no reason

“Involuntary commitments of adults with mental illness in Missoula County increased by about 30 percent over the same period last year.” home — Cindy wanted more than that. My mother told me she had hoped to be a waitress at the Park Cafe in Anaconda when she turned 21. Her dad, my grandpa, Pete Bubash, was the butcher there, and Cindy got to know the place well. But her 21st birthday came and went and she never did land that job. It wasn’t possible. She was probably still in Boulder, and there were no independent-living services for people with disabilities, no job coaches to help them learn the skills they needed for employment and, at the time, almost no one believed

a young woman with Down syndrome, who works as a teacher in Argentina. When I asked my dad about Cindy, he said he didn’t know much, but that as Cindy aged, she seemed to have figured out that nothing would ever change, and she gradually lost her smile. She became quiet. Depressed. That’s how I knew her.


efore my mother died in 2009, she told me that as a school-aged child, Cindy was enrolled in a special-education class in Anaconda Public Schools. Ac-

The physical plant at the Montana Developmental Center, with the Elkhorn Mountains in the background.

[14] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

to believe the curriculum had changed very much from the time the survey was written, or that classrooms had evolved to be more than holding tanks. Although special education has advanced a great deal since the 1950s, the National Council on Disability reported in February that segregation of children with disabilities from their peers continues in school districts nationwide, often due to lack of resources and inadequate staffing for fully integrated classrooms. During Montana’s last legislative session, cuts were proposed to special education

programs in K-12 schools in response to a budget shortfall, and as the Bozeman Daily Chronicle reported in June 2017, there was already inadequate funding for Montana public schools to serve the rising number of students needing specialed. In response, the Legislature formed an interim committee to consider improvements in special-education funding. The committee will deliver its recommendations in 2019. By contrast, in January 2018, the New York Times reported that the state of Texas had been proactive about holding down costs when, in 2004, the state set a maximum number of children who could receive special education services and began penalizing schools that exceeded it. This violated federal law and after a 15-month investigation, federal regulators determined that as many as 150,000 children had been illegally excluded from receiving services between 2004 and 2016. After Cindy had exhausted what little training and education was offered in Anaconda, and after my mother left for college and could no longer participate in her care, she was placed in custodial care at Boulder River School, as it was then called. I’m not sure of the year, or for how long, or the exact progression of events. I know for a time she was sent to the State Hospital at Warm Springs. I know she lived at MDC when it was still the Boulder River School, or simply Boulder, as it is still known, but I haven’t been able to get access to her records, which are probably still with the group

home in Anaconda were she lived out her life after her mother became ill around 2000. My requests for information have gone unanswered, and any family members I could ask for details have died. But I have generalities, and these are enough for me to understand the context of her time in Boulder, if not the exact dates or her specific experience.


he purpose of the Survey of the Feeble-Minded, which was authorized by the Montana Legislative Assembly in 1917, was to identify the number of “feeble-minded” people in the state and argue for increased state funding to provide for their “care and training” in a custodial facility. “Feeble-minded” was a

some of that need, building cottages, sorting students by ability, providing education to those who could learn the “three Rs,” and industrial training to those who couldn’t. All able residents were expected to work for the institution in some way: farming, cleaning, cooking , and even providing care to other residents when staffing was sparse. Tom Seekins, a psychologist who worked at Boulder in the 1970s, told me that at least one death was caused by this practice when a resident charged with feeding another resident became frustrated and shoved a spoon down her throat. The resident choked and suffocated. Seekins described himself as young and idealistic prior to his tenure at Boulder, and when he first arrived, he was

Elkhorn Mountains already had snow. The red brick of Griffin Hall and the orange stucco of the laundry house glowed like embers in the light. On the newer, still occupied side of campus are administrative and residential units, and I thought about finding a staff person and asking to be let inside Griffin Hall, or maybe Cottage 5, two of the older buildings on the south campus. But I didn’t. I didn’t know how it would feel to stand inside, to walk down a hall, to look into rooms where so many people had been locked away from their families and friends. When I peered through the locked door of one of the newer Xshaped cottages built in 1954, I saw a yellow plastic chair at the end of the hall. I’ve often wondered if that chair was on Seekins’ requisition list.

Interior hallway of decommissioned 1960s-era residential housing on the Montana Developmental Center campus.

broad category. Described in the Eugenics Archive, it included intellectual and developmental disabilities, mental illness and “low moral character,” the latter trait demonstrated by “promiscuity, criminal behavior, and social dependence.” People who were “feeble-minded” were often simply underachievers, poor or unruly students, or unemployed and impoverished, in addition to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Put simply, they were people society didn’t want. At the time the Montana survey was conducted, the training school at Boulder had a waiting list two to three times its capacity of 118, and served students for a maximum of 10 years, after which they were returned to their communities with no services or support. The survey claimed there were potentially 2,000 feeble-minded Montanans in need of long-term custodial care. In the 1920s, the school expanded to address

shocked. The residential cottages had no furniture. Residents roamed the halls with no clothes. The walls were smeared with feces and the floors were covered in urine. At one of the cottages, a single staff person sat against the door, chain smoking through a double shift, to prevent the residents from escaping. One of the first things Seekins did was order plastic chairs so the residents could at least sit up off the floor. I could only imagine the scene. I had never visited Cindy there when I was little. The first and only time I visited the Montana State Training School/Boulder River School/MDC was in November 2016. I had a funny feeling that day as I wandered the historic south campus, trying doors and pressing my forehead against windows. I felt as if I were spying, though no one had lived in those buildings for years. The day was stark with a mix of bright gray and blue skies. The


rather than environmental, and solvable through eugenics policies. The Merriam-Webster definition of eugenics is “the practice or advocacy of controlled selective breeding of human populations (as by sterilization) to improve the population’s genetic composition.” According to Stern, people believed the practice might free humanity from the burdens of poverty, mental illness, alcoholism and other social woes. The Eugenics Archive describes 1920sera Fitter Families Contests inspired by successful agricultural breeding programs. The contests were part of a Baby Health Examination program developed by Mary Watts, of the Parent Teacher Association of Kansas, and Florence Sherbon, a former field worker with the U.S. Children’s Bureau. The first contest was

that between 1909 and 1979 the state of California surgically sterilized 20,000 people in state institutions and was praised by Nazi Germany for its success. In continuance of the United States’ genocidal campaign against indigenous peoples, 20 to 25 percent of Native American women nationwide were sterilized between 1970 and 1976. And “Mississippi appendectomy” is a medical euphemism for unnecessary hysterectomies suffered by women of color at teaching hospitals. According to the PBS report, involuntary or coercive sterilization has occurred as recently as 2010 in prison populations in California, and in 2008, a Louisiana state representative, Republican John Labruzzo, suggested paying poor people $1,000 to get sterilized. Although there’s no family story

The entrance to a decommissioned residential cottage on the MDC campus.

he Montana State Training School was a central part of the eugenics program in Montana. As described in “Sterilized in the Name of Public Health: Race, Immigration, and Reproductive Control in California,” an article written by Alexandra Stern, Ph.D., and published in the American Journal of Public Health in 2005, 32 states, Montana included, had eugenics laws. The first such law was enacted in Indiana in 1907. Montana’s was enacted in 1923. The purpose of these laws, as analyzed by J.H. Landman in his 1933 article, “The Human Sterilization Movement,” published in the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, was to provide a legal process for the sterilization of “potential parents of socially inadequate offspring.” Stern describes these laws as part of Progressive Era public-health activism that attempted to “apply science to social problems,” which were seen as genetic

held at the Kansas State Fair in 1920. Families submitted their family trees and participated in medical and psychological evaluations to determine their genetic fitness. The highest prize was a silver trophy. The winners, overwhelmingly white, Protestant and of Northern European heritage, were encouraged to procreate with abandon. In 2002, Dr. Lutz Kalber, professor of sociology at the University of Vermont, produced a state-by-state report that analyzed state eugenics laws and their impact on institutionalized groups. In Montana, 256 people — 72 percent of them women — were sterilized between the state law’s passage in 1923 and 1954. Montana lawmakers didn’t repeal eugenics law until 1981. Compared to other states, Montana sterilized relatively few people. From a PBS report titled “Unwanted Sterilization and Eugenics Programs in the United States,” I learned

about this, it’s possible that Cindy was sterilized, and she was certainly vulnerable to other atrocities. I don’t know if Cindy was ever assaulted or raped at Boulder, but it’s likely she experienced some kind of victimization. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that people with all types of disabilities experience violent assault at 2.5 times the rate of people without disabilities. People with intellectual disabilities are by far the most vulnerable. A report by the Arc, a national advocacy program for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, states that 49 percent of people with intellectual disabilities will be victimized by multiple instances of sexual abuse over the course of their lives. They are particularly vulnerable in institutions. In 2003, the Billings Gazette published a retrospective article about Dr. Phil Pallister’s time at Boulder. Pallister served as clinical director of the Montana • June 7–June 14, 2018 [15]

State Training School from 1947 until the early 1980s. When he started, not only did he find unsanitary conditions, rampant infections and resident malnutrition, but also deaths due to drowning in tubs and residents assaulting other residents. I don’t know if Cindy was malnourished or beaten, but when Pallister, a medical doctor and pioneer geneticist, arrived at Boulder, he said, people were locked up 50 to a room and shared buckets for water. This was well before the population peaked in the 1960s. Early in his tenure, he tried to institute change, but state officials, not clinical directors, controlled policy and funding, so there were limits to what he could do. When Tom Seekins began work at Boulder in the early 1970s, he reported many of the same conditions and worse. In the hospital unit, he said, people who were unable to move or care for themselves were trapped in adult-sized cribs and, because there was not enough staff, had to lay in their own excrement for hours. I can’t know Cindy’s lived experience, but people with disabilities were routinely exposed to these tortures. It wasn’t until 1972 that public attention was drawn to the problem of custodial institutions for people with disabilities and change began to occur at the state and national level. In 1972, Geraldo Rivera’s report on Willowbrook, an undercover expose of inhumane conditions at the New York institution, brought these kinds of facilities under scrutiny and added fuel to the deinstitutionalization movement. The Boulder River School, as it was then known, had experienced several resident deaths due to neglect. When a worker strike in 1974 necessitated mobilization of the Montana National Guard to assist the remaining staff, the state could no longer ignore the problem, and deinstitutionalization gained momentum in the next legislative session. In 1975, state representative Ann Mary Dussault was part of a bipartisan push to provide funding for home- and community-based services. The effort was motivated not only by the overcrowding and staffing crises at Boulder and similar institutions across the country, but by growing social and political pressure, initially led by parents of children with disabilities. In Chicago, Marty and Kay McGee resisted institutionalization for their daughter and in 1960 founded the National Association for Down Syndrome to provide a supportive network for parents who wanted alternatives to institutionalization and funding for services that allowed children to stay with their families and live as independently as possible as adults.

In Montana, lawmakers in the state House and Senate had family members and friends who had children with disabilities, personalizing the issue and generating rare agreement. The effort, combined with the work of child advocacy groups, created meaningful change for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Though the community services that resulted are far from perfect, and more work needs to be done, people with intellectual and developmental have been largely restored to their communities and

active in Special Olympics, and even won a state Developmental Disability Service Award in 1996. In Anaconda, the Margaret Bubash Group Home, Cindy’s final residence, is named after her. But Cindy never did achieve her dream of becoming a waitress. She remained dependent on my grandmother until she moved to the group home when my grandmother grew too old to take care of her. She did well there and made friends, but she wasn’t there long. My grandmother died in 2002. Three years later, group home residents found

were prevented from leading full lives while they lived — due to ignorance, mistreatment and oppressive policies — will achieve their dreams when they die. Cindy will not be a waitress in the afterlife.


anice Frisch was chief of social services at Boulder River School in 1975 when she participated in the Helena Independent Record’s supplement, “Us and Them: Mental Care in Montana,” a package urging voters to support deinstitutionalization. Frisch advocated for closure of the

rights advocacy groups have said they fear that community-based services will be dismantled as a result. Reductions in services mean that families will struggle to care for children and adults with disabilities who have fewer community-based supports. It will be harder for adults with disabilities to maintain independence and remain free of institutions. Helena Industries provided employment and rehabilitative services for more than 900 people with disabilities annually. It shut its doors in April. Opportunity Resources, Inc. has had to discontinue its case-management program for people with disabilities, and other organizations are reducing staff and services in an attempt to keep their doors open. By the end of March 2018, involuntary commitments of adults with mental illness in Missoula County had increased by about 30 percent over the same period last year.


Decommissioned residential housing on the MDC campus.

freed from permanent institutionalization in inhumane, overcrowded and isolated facilities.


n the old photographs I have, which aren’t many, Cindy has a bright look in her eyes and a sweet smile. Her face is open and friendly. There’s a photo of her at Boulder with my mother and grandmother in which she appears to be laughing. She was young. She may have enjoyed her peers. She certainly enjoyed visits on and off campus with her family. But reports of abuse and overcrowding led my grandmother to complain frequently to the administration, and eventually, when the population reductions began in the 1970s, she brought Cindy home to Anaconda for good. In the years after Cindy returned to the community, my grandmother, in her own way, became an advocate for people with disabilities. She was

[16] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

Cindy in the common area. She was unresponsive, wet from a recent shower, cold and still in her robe. She had developed pneumonia, and within a few weeks she died of sepsis in a nursing home. At the funeral, my mother put origami cranes into the casket as a symbol, I guess, of Cindy’s freedom in death. Of course, she shouldn’t have had to die to be free, but the mythology that death frees people with disabilities from their “affliction” isn’t antiquated or passé. It’s rampant. After Stephen Hawking’s passing in March, disability advocacy groups were outraged that his death was described as freedom from his limitations, and in particular from his wheelchair. Stephen Hawking’s wheelchair supported his independence. He was not in need of liberation from his assistive technology. It justifies our apathy and mollifies our conscience when we imagine that people who

Boulder River School and went on to critique institutions more generally as being “... not fit places for people to live. Institutions service society, not the people they are stated to serve. They only remove from society problems with which it doesn’t want to contend.” Though it’s tempting to believe that institutions like Boulder and unfulfilled lives like Cindy’s are relics of the past, Montana lawmakers failed to address the state’s budget shortfall during the 2017 special legislative session and, as a result, drastic cuts to state funding were required by law. The Department of Health and Human Services, the branch of state government that serves the health-care and independent-living needs of people with developmental and intellectual disabilities, took the brunt. In press conferences and in testimony to the Legislature, parents of children with disabilities, individuals with disabilities and disability-

indy only ever called me “niece,” never by my name. Once, when I was in grade school, my mother took me to Anaconda for her high school reunion. One night at my grandmother’s house, it was just me and Cindy on our own. I remember we sat on the floor in front of the television watching Lawrence Welk reruns, and I was overcome by a feeling of wanting to connect with her. It was a feeling I’d never had before — Cindy usually irritated me because she always insisted on tucking in my shirt — and I was stuck wondering how to form a bond that, for some reason, I’d just decided was important to me. I asked Cindy if she wanted some yogurt, thinking, I guess, that getting someone a snack is a sign of affection. When she answered, I couldn’t understand her (she was almost nonverbal by that time), but I went to the kitchen and took out a little plastic tub of Dannon. When I came back and gave her the yogurt, she didn’t want it. She just wanted to watch TV, so I stayed there, sitting closely, trying to strategize my next move. I didn’t come up with one, and we never did get to know one another. I never tried again. Neither Cindy nor I knew how or where to start. She continued to hug me and pat me and tuck in my shirt, but that was as far as our relationship went. When I visited her in the hospital as she was dying, she was unconscious. Her face was pale and waxy and she was barely breathing. I wanted to do something, but there wasn’t anything. So I watched her. I think I said a prayer. I patted her hand and lingered for a while and then I left. She died alone.


Re-strung dreams How an 1891 guitar gave new life to Britt Arnesen’s Dream in Blue by Ednor Therriault


hen Britt Arnesen followed Kim Rice, a woman she barely knew, down to her basement to look at an old guitar, she had no idea what she was in for. Rice’s grandfather had left her the instrument, and she hadn’t opened the coffin-shaped case in 50 years. She asked Arnesen to give it a look-see, maybe tell her something about it. As the Missoula musician scrutinized the old Martin with a mirror and flashlight, Rice swapped winks with her husband. They’d taken a shine to the young visitor and her music, and decided then and there that Arnesen would be a worthy custodian to the precious guitar. “It’s an incredible instrument,” Arnesen says of the 1891 Martin Model 17. “It’s so fragile. It’s kind of scary to even hold it, frankly. It’s kind of like a talisman. I mean, what do you do with something like that, this priceless piece of American history?” She would receive an answer to that question soon enough. Arnesen has been in Missoula since 2010, having moved with her young son, Canyon, from Juneau, Alaska, where she’d already established a solo career as 907Britt. Dream in Blue is the first album to be released under her real name, a signal that she’s cut musical ties with her homeland. It’s also her first solo release since 2011, although she’s been plenty busy playing bluegrass with Pinegrass and the Acousticals and with Richie Reinholdt in their Americana duo, Britchy. She’d been kicking around the idea of a solo album for quite some time, she says, but as she traveled and kept meeting more talented musicians, her vision for the project took on a paralyzing grandiosity. “I really wanted to do something epic, like go to San Francisco and hire people to back me up,” she says. “I kept ratcheting up my expectations and then I realized that I was letting the perfect be the enemy of the practical. As a consequence of waiting so long for this perfect situation, I was not doing anything.” And then she got the Martin. “I realized that I needed to totally change perspective, and that I needed to make

photo by Amy Donovan

Britt Arnesen was gifted an 1891 Martin Model 17 by a near-stranger, and it became the driving force behind the lyrics and sound of her latest album.

something simple, rather than something complex,” she says. “The guitar was the perfect vehicle.” The song arrangements presented a special challenge due to the quirky nature of the Martin, which isn’t just oldschool, it’s pre-old-school. Its gut strings are meant to be plucked, without a pick. Also, as with all classical guitars, the fretboard is completely flat, where a steel string acoustic has a slight arc to it to facilitate easier chording. This meant Arnesen had to nix the capo, a device that clamps across the fretboard to change the key of the guitar, something many singers do to place the guitar into a range that fits their vocal sweet spot. She had to find new ways to present familiar material. As she got used to the demands of the Martin, her songs began to take on a new feel. The instrument became a collaborator, she says, inspiring her to fit the lyrics to its own era. She wound up not only retooling her music to suit the guitar, but she jettisoned any modern refer-

ences in her songs. “There’s no trucks or stuff like that,” she says. “One of my favorite songs that I would have loved to do talks about the freeway. There was no freeway in 1891, so…” As the album began to take shape, Arnesen decided to incorporate some imagery that would signify her new relationship with the old guitar, which she calls Bartholomew. She commissioned a painting from Bayla Arietta, whose watercolor work she’d seen at a First Friday show in Missoula. When she received the artwork in January, it knocked her out. The painting depicts Arnesen standing in a wheat field at twilight, sharing an intimate gaze with a gray cat in her arms (also named Bartholomew), the cat’s long tail wrapped around her in an embrace. She fancies the two of them telling each other sad stories. “[Arietta] just knocked it out of the park,” Arnesen says. “It’s beautiful. It’s kind of dark and sad. It’s so striking and moody, and I had to make sure the music matched it.”

Although she was offered the services of several of her musical compatriots to contribute to the album, Arnesen declined. “There’s no clutter of other musicians,” she says. “I love all my friends that I play with, but my fans were looking for something that was just me.” She spent January and February recording in her living room, with the painting there to provide inspiration. The tracks were captured live with no overdubs, save for some judicious harmony here and there, and occasional upright bass. The sound is clean and warm, and you can hear her fingers squeaking on the strings, knuckles tapping against the guitar body, and even the gut strings creaking back and forth across the steel frets — the same noises you’d hear if you were sitting in a parlor at the end of the 19th century, listening to a troubadour singing about love and loss and the wide open skies of the American West. Arnesen’s vocal wheelhouse resides

in the same high-register territory as Alison Krauss and Nancy Griffith, and she sings with a measure of restraint that pulls the listener further in. She credits a recent move to veganism for making her a better singer, but she knows it’s the magic contained within that 127-year-old Martin that led her into this distinct experience. “It wasn’t like one of those ‘right place at the right time’ luck kind of things,” she says about receiving the guitar. “It actually happened because of who I am, and the way that I approach people and music and instruments.” Dream in Blue, she says, is the best way she could thank Kim Rice. “It’s my best work.” Both Bartholomews would probably agree. Britt Arnesen plays an album release show at Break Espresso Fri., June 8, at 7 PM, with guests J.W. Teller and Jack Mauer. All ages. Free. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [17]

[music] King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard It’s been three years since King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard played Missoula. They’ve cranked out six fulllength albums since then, with the last five all being (barely) released in 2017. Introducing people to the seven-member Australian psych-rock outfit is one of my favorite things to do. If someone likes jazz, I have them groove to the band’s 2017 album Sketches of Brunswick East. If they only listen to the Beatles and the Beach Boys, Paper Mâché Dream Balloon is worth a spin. Or if they’re more like me — don’t cut their hair, wear shirts with holes in them — they can mosh to any of the rest of King Gizzard’s 10 albums. The band’s lyrics offer up stoner metal fairy tales, depicting fantastical journeys through psychotropic

deserts and battles between lightning-wielders and colossal demons. (That is, if you can hear the words through all the reverb and distortion.) From the many-fretted wasteland ballads of Flying Microtonal Banana to the math-rock odyssey of Polygondwanaland, King Gizzard’s soaring guitars and polyrhythms (thanks to drummers Michael Cavanagh and Eric Moore) are as complex as they are thrashy. Concertgoers should prepare themselves for frontman Stu Mackenzie’s contortionistic guitar solos and signature ‘Eeyup!’ yelp that make throwing your body into other people feel like natural instinct. (Donal Lakatua) King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard plays Monk’s Thu., June 7, at 9 PM. $20.

Trickshot Johnson, El Ladrón Aaron Johnson is best known around Missoula as the drummer for the bands Shakewell, PARTYGOERS and Johnny Reno. His solo EP, released under the moniker Trickshot Johnson, lives up to the expectation that an unescorted drummer would naturally create songs rooted in wild, creative rhythms. El Ladrón begins with the Latin dance-inspired “¡El Pelon!” It’s a snappy, summertime track that constantly switches up the rhythms, even as it remains smooth as the blended margarita you wish you were drinking while dancing poolside to the music. It also features vibrant synth and a surprising bluesy guitar solo at the end from guest instru-

mental synth-hop artist Hxrse (aka Emmet Ore). The second track, “Dime Que Sí,” has a completely different flavor. It’s got a Latin dance quality, too, but as if the pieces are jumbled, making it feel like the soundtrack to a dark, druginduced dream. The final track, “Él Que Ladra,” has an easy, ambient vibe that, at first, melts into the background. Thankfully Johnson throws in some off-tempo drumming — something that sounds like a stick against a bucket and keeps the listener from zoning out entirely. That’s the beauty of this EP: Despite its synthy melodies, Johnson always includes raw textures that provide a human touch. (Erika Fredrickson)

Wooden Shjips, V I spent a fair amount of time theorizing about what Portland via San Francisco’s Wooden Shjips sounded like before I ever heard them. Something about their weird spelling of “ships” made me think the band would be exploring uncharted territory, representing the great capacity for new musical genres. When I finally heard them, I was surprised that they’re a hypnotically groovy, repetitive and strangely restrained bunch. And yet it’s a refreshingly simple formula, and one that proves a personal theory that the best rock and roll is the stuff with the simplest melodies. Wooden Shjips are a hit for two reasons. First, the basslines are understated and nicely punctuate the grooves of the songs. Second, the deep, loud

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snare drum is wonderfully propulsive in combination with the bass. On V, the band’s formula hasn’t drastically changed, but the vocals — normally mostly buried — are more prominent, clear and crisp than in past recordings. The songs are more hooky, with some seriously sticky melodies. Band leader and singer Ripley Johnson wrote these tunes in the summer of 2017, while forest fires ravaged the West, filling our valleys with smoke and ash. The uptempo, happy grooves offer the aural equivalent of a beautiful sunset in the midst of horrible air and raining ash. I think this is a welcome first in what could easily be a new movement. Smoke core? Smoke-psych? Forest-fire core? Yeah, I’ll quit with that. ( Josh Vanek)


Cracked The lively web of Michel Valentin’s Trumpism by Cindy Linse

I wish I could say that Trumpism: A Cultural I wish he would slow down a bit and expand on Psychogenesis by Michel Valentin makes a clear, lin- some of the theories as they apply to the topic. ear argument, but in fact it makes many nonlinear Many of his references are rather oblique. The other instigating pock that sends cracks arguments all at once, spider-webbing in every direction as if the author were tracing the spreading radiating across our field of vision is Trump as phecracks in our collective windshield. Perhaps this is nomenon. Valentin does a great job of examining the only fitting way to discuss the Trump phenom- all the Trumpisms — the braggadocio, the inability enon. No single, clear ideology can explain current to recognize or acknowledge truth, the o’er-weenevents; no one politic guides the present White ing narcissism and the drive to erect all manner of House. So it goes that Valentin, a retired University constructions. Of Trump’s troubled relationship of Montana French professor and researcher for the with the truth Valentin writes: Existential Psychoanalytic Institute and Society, What is different in the brings to bear his considerable politics of our new “Gilded knowledge of postmodern Age” is its seeming indifference thinkers and interpretive strateto language, as if neo-capitalgies to attack the problem. If ism, with its infernal dance of the reader is denied the privisigns, had worn out the referlege of a unified interpretation ential dimension, to use a linwith which to agree or disagree, guist’s term, and severed the the book is filled with glimpses last tenuous bond between reand moments, reflections ality and words. It is not only caught in the cracks, which are a question of truth versus lie, both insightful and thoughtsince in order to lie, one has to provoking. believe that truth exists. It is A primary thread Valentin more the reflection of a total follows is populism, and he indifference to truth. opens his opus with a chapter that redefines postmodern popValentin shows us a Trump ulism at the nexus of unbridled who is a self-contained monoand globalized capitalism, a lith that leaves the rest of us crumbling education system that playing a game of “the Emis ever more focused on utilitarTrumpism: peror’s New Clothes.” In ian “know-how” as opposed to A Cultural Psychogenesis Valentin’s terms: knowledge and the inevitable Michel Valentin shortfalls of post-industrialism. paperback, EPIS Press The U.S. Presidency repreValentin writes: 148 pages, $14.99 sents the ultimate adornment, Many Trump supporters are casualties of an the pinnacle of his career of accumulation and deincreasingly deracinated state, which can no nial that he can erect on his own towering shoullonger defend or guarantee the forms of collective ders, so that he can stand on his own shoulders — life, as such, which are the pre-conditions (and a clone of himself, a tribute of himself to himself. limits) of politics. Their lives are increasingly sub- The future will show if he knows how to turn his jected to impersonal, global forces, which de-sub- Rabelaisian dimension into a force to be reckoned with, and a politics for all to share. jectify and ob-jectify them. Valentin by turns sympathizes with and demeans the victims of this post-modern populism, but, kind or cruel, he is always brutally descriptive in his all-fronts assault on the question of why so many of us are buying into this new populism. Valentin masterfully deploys such varied tactics as Deleuze and Guittari’s schizo-capitalism, Kristeva’s theories of the abject and Guy Debord’s Society of the Spectacle, with plenty of Zizek and Baudrillard for good measure. My only complaint here is that

Ultimately, the cover by Missoula artist Sarah McClain (a cartoon, inspired by the famous Brussels sculpture, the “Manneken Pis”, showing a stylized Trump pissing on the globe) sums the book up best. Valentin’s Trumpism: A Cultural Psychogenesis is an irreverent and provocative sketch designed to evoke a gut reaction and lively discussion. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [19]


Deep horror Hereditary blends tragic reality with supernatural by Molly Laich

Toni Collette stars in Hereditary.

Forgive my gloating, but I have been dying to tell you this. I saw Hereditary at its world premiere at Sundance this January, as part of the midnight movie section, and it was among the greatest cinematic experiences of my life. Director Ari Aster appeared at the screening, along with the film’s young breakout star, Milly Shapiro. (She appears sinister and unfortunate looking in the movie, but was poised, lovely and intelligent on stage.) During the screening, all of us felt genuinely afraid. No joke, I think I heard women whimpering, then giggling, then whimpering again. Watching Hereditary inspires the kind of fear that makes you irrationally check for phantom hands under your seat that might reach out and grab you. The movie stars Toni Collette as Annie Graham, a miniatures artist who lives in a tucked away house in Utah with her husband Steve (Gabriel Byrne), their teenage son Peter (Alex Wolff ) and preteen daughter Charlie (Shapiro). At the start, we see the family assemble for the funeral of Annie’s mother, who lived with the Graham family up until her death and was by all accounts a stern, imposing and altogether unpleasant woman. All the best horror movies aren’t simply about stalking teenagers in showers or seeing creepy little children out of the corners of our eyes and then jump scare! (Although, to be clear, I love any and all jump scares. There’s no such thing as a cheap one: Every time a movie manages to startle me, I feel as though I’m getting my money’s worth.) The Shining isn’t just a movie about a spooky hotel; it’s about the looming threat of alcoholism and the revenge of the codependent. Or consider the 2015 horror classic The Witch (like Hereditary, an A24 release with a midnight premiere at Sundance). The Witch is far more about

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incest and sin than it is about a demon goat — but the goat helps. Finally, we have last year’s Get Out, almost a Stepford Wives parody on its surface, bolstered by perfect comedic timing and sharp political commentary. I’m saying that Hereditary works on these elevated levels. In the opening shot, we see what looks like the inside of one of Annie’s miniatures, until the camera swoops in and Steve walks impossibly into the room to implore his son to get out of bed and get ready for his grandmother’s funeral. This strange toggling between fake and real is unlike anything I’ve seen — more than unsettling, it speaks directly to the character’s predicament. The horror in Hereditary comes from that same toggle between tragic reality and the supernatural, magical and impossible, and we’re so consumed with the family’s dread that we never question that all of it is literally and terribly happening. Aster’s script gets extra points for its audacity; the events pile on and on and unlike most horror films where so much goes unsaid, the Grahams have tongues and brains. They struggle to communicate, sure, but it’s not for lack of trying. The early buzz for Hereditary centers on Collette, whose unraveling feels desperate and real. (Her first Oscar win? I’m calling it now.) There’s the drama at hand, obviously, but what about the domestic horror of a husband who can’t or won’t listen to you? Most of all, Hereditary is very scary, and in a different way than we’re used to. This is a brightly colored, linear fever dream where the monsters don’t lurk in shadows; they meet you in a craft store parking lot in broad daylight. Hereditary opens at the AMC 12 June 8.

[film] The courier carrying Southgate 9’s schedule still owes me 50 bucks and I think they're ducking me. WTF, Jennifer? Visit for updated showtimes.

OPENING THIS WEEK ANDY IRONS: KISSED BY GOD Explore bipolar disorder and opioid addiction through the eyes of three-time world champion surfer Andy Irons in the Missoula premiere of this powerful documentary. Not Rated. Playing Tue., June 13 at 7:30 PM at the Roxy. HEREDITARY All I got from my grandmother was my blue eyes and my pear shape. Thank goodness I didn’t get the horrible family curse. Rated R. Stars Toni Collete, Milly Shapiro and Alex Wolf. Playing at the Pharaohplex and the AMC 12. (See Film) HOTEL ARTEMIS Catch a bullet while robbing someone blind? Make your way to the secret members-only emergency room exclusively for criminals. I’m glad Congress’s legislation to repeal-and-replace Obamacare found second life as a film script. Rated R. Stars Jodie Foster, Jeff Goldblum and Sofia Boutella. Playing at the Pharaohplex and the AMC 12

“That's it, everyone’s getting an enema.” Jodie Foster stars in Hotel Artemis, opening at AMC 12 and the Pharaohplex.


Ernie Hudson and the memory of one of the most tragic accidents in the history of motion pictures. Playing Sat., June 9 at 9 PM at the Roxy.

ACTION POINT Johnny Knoxville tries to recapture the glory days of Jackass by getting thrown around in this tale of a theme park owner battling back against safety regulations. Rated R. Also featuring Chris Pontius and CTE. Playing at the Southgate 9. ADRIFT Two free spirits steer their love boat right into the path of a devastating hurricane because the human spirit is better at triumphing in adversity than it is at spending a week alone on a boat with your boyfriend. Rated PG-13. Stars Shailene Woodley and Sam Claflin. Playing at the Pharaohplex and the Southgate 9. AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR After 10 years and 18 movies, Marvel Studios’ greatest heroes finally band together to battle the approaching threat of Thanos, a purple spaceman with maybe ten minutes of screen time in the MCU before this. Oh snap! Rated PG-13. Stars a bunch of dudes named Chris, Benedict Cumberbatch’s ridiculous American accent and not Jeremy Renner. Playing at the AMC 12 and the Southgate 9. BOOK CLUB A group of lifelong friends, played by Diane Keaton, Jane Fonda, Candice Bergen and Mary Steenburgen, rediscover the romance in their lives after reading Fifty Shades of Grey. This can’t be a real movie, can it? Rated PG-13. Also stars other people that should have known better. Playing at the Southgate 9. CONCERT FOR GEORGE (2002) Olivia Harrison, Eric Clapton and a who’s who of music legends came together to celebrate the life and music of Beatle George Harrison. This documentary follows the star-studded tribute. Not Rated. Directed by David Leland. Playing Thu., June 14 at 8 PM at the Roxy. THE CROW (1994) On the anniversary of his brutal murder, a fan of The Cure rises from the dead to take his revenge on those responsible. Rated R. Features Brandon Lee,

DEADPOOL 2 The sequel to the highest grossing R-rated film of all time brings Marvel’s merc with a mouth into a collision course with Cable, a cyborg from the future who isn’t played by Dolph Lundgren, as was promised in the last movie. This is completely unacceptable. I want to speak to your supervisor. Rated R. Stars Ryan Reynolds, Josh Brolin and Ricky Baker. Playing at the AMC 12, the Southgate 9 and the Pharaohplex. ENTER THE DRAGON (1973) Martial arts experts and Vietnam vets team up to take down a narcotics ring at a kung fu tournament on a deadly island. If you’re going to see one kung fu film, make it this one. Rated R. Stars Bruce Lee, Jim “Black Belt Jones” Kelly and John “A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: The Dream Warriors” Saxon. Playing Thu., June 7 at 8 PM at the Roxy. THE HORSE WHISPERER (1998) So your kid got traumatized in a riding accident that badly injured her horse. Better bring her to Montana to meet Robert Redford. He’ll fix everything. Rated PG-13. Also stars Scarlett Johansson and Kristin Scott Thomas. Playing Mon., June 11 at 7 PM at the Roxy. KUNG FU PANDA (2008) He might be the laziest, clumsiest panda in the Valley of Peace, but when a villainous snow leopard threatens his homeland, this chubby hero-in-training is pushed to the limit. Rated PG. Stars the voices of Jack Black, Dustin Hoffman and Ian McShane. Playing Sat., June 9 at 2 PM at the Roxy. LIFE OF THE PARTY After a sudden and unexpected divorce, a middle-aged mom heads back to college, where she ends up in the same classes as her daughter. Rated PG-13. Stars Melissa McCarthy, Molly Jordan and Gillian Jacobs, who I think is supposed to be playing 21 in this movie. Playing at the AMC 12 and the Southgate 9. THE MATRIX (1999) I’d summarize this sci-fi action classic, but, as we all

know, no one can be told what The Matrix is. You have to see it for yourself. See what I did there? Rated R. Stars Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne and Carrie-Anne Moss. Playing Sun., June 10 at 2:30 PM at the Roxy. MEN IN BLACK (1997) A hotshot cop is recruited by a no-nonsense senior agent to join the unofficial government agency tasked with protecting the Earth from the scum of the universe. Luckily, he makes this look good. Rated PG-13. Stars Will Smith, Tommy Lee Jones and Rip Torn. Playing Wed., June 13 at 8 PM and Sun., June 17 at 2:30 PM at the Roxy. OCEAN’S 8 Danny Ocean’s estranged sister attempts to pull off the heist of the century at New York City’s star-studded annual Met Gala, and she’s doing it with a 73 percent smaller crew than her brother. Suck it, George Clooney. Rated PG-13. Stars Sandra Bullock, Cate Blanchett and Rihanna. Playing at the AMC 12, the Pharaohplex and the Southgate 9. A QUIET PLACE A family must navigate their lives in silence after mysterious creatures that hunt by sound threaten their survival. I said A FAMILY MUST NAVIGATE THEIR LIVES IN SILENCE AFTER MYSTERIOUS CREATURES THAT HUNT BY SOUND THREATEN THEIR SURVIVAL. Rated PG-13. Stars John Krasinski and Emily Blunt. Shhhhhhhhhh! Playing at the AMC 12. RAMPAGE That arcade game you used to eat all your quarters hits the big screen in this touching story about a giant wolf, lizard and ape doing the Monster Mash all over Chicago. Rated PG-13. Stars Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, Jeffrey Dean Morgan and Breanne Hill. Playing at the AMC 12. RBG Ruth Bader Ginsburg has developed a breathtaking legal legacy while becoming an unexpected pop culture icon. Follow her journey in this mindful documentary. Rated PG. Directed by Betsy West and Julie Cohen. Playing at the Roxy.

THE RIDER After getting his head kicked in by a horse, a once promising rodeo star has to reexamine his identity and what it means to be a man in the heartland of America. Is the horse still loose? What if it wants revenge? Rated R. Stars Brady, Lily and Tim Jandreau. Playing at the Roxy. SHOW DOGS A rough and tumble police Rottweiler and his human handler go undercover at a snooty dog show to nab some panda-nappers. You wouldn’t think someone would want to make Miss Congeniality meets Turner & Hooch, but here we are. Rated PG. Stars Will Arnett, Ludacris and Shaquille O’Neal. Playing at the AMC 12 and the Pharaohplex SOLO: A STAR WARS STORY A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away we got a Star Wars movie every three years. Now we’re getting at least two a year, including this prequel about a young Han Solo pulling off a heist. Rated PG-13. Star Alden Ehrenreich, Donald Glover and Emilia Clarke. Playing at the AMC 12, the Southgate 9 and the Pharaohplex. TULLY Stressed to her limit raising three young children, a woman’s friendship with her new nanny helps her come to terms with motherhood. Rated R. Starring Charlize Theron and Mackenzie Davis, and featuring a screenplay by Diablo Cody. Playing at the Roxy. UPGRADE The creator of the Saw series returns with this story of a man left paralyzed following a mugging who gets outfitted with an experimental computer chip that turns him into a revenge machine. Rated R. Stars Logan Marshall-Green, Betty Gabriel and Harrison Gilbertson. Playing at the AMC 12.

Capsule reviews by Charley Macorn. Planning your trip to the local cinema? Get up-todate listings and film times at, and to spare yourself any grief and/or parking lot profanities. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [21]


photo by Ari LeVaux

A dry run, rewarded by Ari LeVaux


Last Saturday was the first non-rainy market in weeks. Accordingly, patrons were out in force. The tables were pretty well picked over by the time my posse and I rolled into the Clark Fork Market around noon, and the vendors exuded a collective air of exhausted contentment that seemed to manifest in a glazed look. Shoplifting would have been easy. The early-morning crowd had cleaned out the greenhouse tomatoes and lingering asparagus, but I was able to score one of the last bags of early-season carrots. Many farmers had a limited supply of those bright-orange dirt candies at the start of the market, I gathered, and I thought I had missed the boat before I finally found a basket priced dearly at $4, because they knew they could get it. My kids quickly annihilated the carrots, making it money well spent. Another development: The gray morels have finally arrived. While the black morels (which are brown) have for weeks been lining market tables, I’m starting to see a few of the so-called gray morels (which are either black or blond — confusing, I know). Gray morels are more dense than the blacks and more durable. I find the grays more fun to look at and to look for, which means their arrival at market is my signal to go picking. I also saw people carrying rhubarb. Who buys rhubarb? Doesn’t everyone have a neighbor who, this time of year, is trying to pass rhubarb over the fence? Next thing you know you’ll be buying zucchini. And what about the folks standing in line for

[22] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

half an hour to spend $5.50 on a glass of lemonade that could be made in five minutes for $0.50? Perhaps, I thought, I needed a local-spirits cocktail from the Badlander Catering booth to calm my nerves, but got distracted en route by a north-facing booth with an orange awning, where I picked up some heads of a romaine variety with long, delicate leaves. Then market employee Kerry Eyman showed up at the orange awning and invited my kids to watch a Tibetan singing bowl demonstration. Ditching the kids being the nerve-calming equivalent of two cocktails, I had more money to spend on food. Charlie Fungus, as I call him, had both porcinis and morels, and they were tough to pass by, but I’d remembered I wanted cucumbers, and the hour was late, so I went to the nearest Belarusian to inquire. She was out, but directed me to another that still had some at the customary three for a dollar. The market highlight came from a Hmong table at the east end, by the Pattee cul de sac, to the left of Erin’s House of Ferments. Bunches of pea greens for $2 each. They are tender, with edible flowers. Pea greens are sweet and aromatic, and great raw or cooked. I asked the vendor for the name of his farm. “We don’t have a name,” he said. “Just my parents growing food.” He said they’ll have pea greens all through the summer. “My mom just keeps planting them.” The Market Report is a periodic account of the previous week’s farmers markets in Missoula. Send tips and story ideas to

[dish] Bernice’s Bakery 190 S Third St W 728-135 6am - 8pm daily. A Missoula gem since 1978, now serving lunch seven days a week from 11 - 4pm. Featured items: scratch-made soups, salads, sandwiches and more. Bernice's is known for its scrumptious desserts including cupcakes, pastries, cookies, and cakes. Gluten-free and vegan options available. A must-have for the coffee lover in your life? A bag of Bernice’s signature blend locally roasted with love. Check us out on Facebook, Instagram or visit our website at $-$$ Biga Pizza 241 W. Main Street 728-2579 Biga Pizza offers a modern, downtown dining environment combined with traditional brick oven pizza, calzones, salads, sandwiches, specials and desserts. All dough is made using a “biga” (pronounced bee-ga) which is a time-honored Italian method of bread making. Biga Pizza uses local products, the freshest produce as well as artisan meats and cheeses. Featuring seasonal menus. Lunch and dinner, Mon-Sat. Beer & Wine available. $-$$ Bridge Pizza 600 S Higgins Ave. 542-0002 A popular local eatery on Missoula’s Hip Strip. Featuring handcrafted artisan brick oven pizza, pasta, sandwiches, soups, & salads made with fresh, seasonal ingredients. Missoula’s place for pizza by the slice. A unique selection of regional microbrews and gourmet sodas. Dine-in, drivethru, & delivery. Open everyday 11am 10:30pm. $-$$ Butterfly Herbs 232 N. Higgins 728-8780 Celebrating 46 years of great coffees and teas. Truly the “essence of Missoula.” Offering fresh coffees, teas (Evening in Missoula), bulk spices and botanicals, fine toiletries & gifts. Our cafe features homemade soups, fresh salads, and coffee ice cream specialties. In the heart of historic downtown, we are Missoula’s first and favorite Espresso Bar. Open 7 Days. $ Chameleon Mobile Kitchen Bonner @ 8340 Hwy 200 (old Milltown Market) Wednesdays - Fridays. Seeley @ 3102 Hwy 83 (Boy Scout Rd) Saturdays & Sundays 214-1372 Our menu features slow-roasted meats and fresh seasonal veggies paired with diverse sauces and salsas made from scratch. Tacos, burritos, hot sandwiches, bowls and pasta. We also offer daily specials, seasonal drinks, and housebaked goods. We are fully equipped and selfcontained for on-site public and private events and offer drop-off catering. Call ahead for pickup. Online menu available on Google Maps.

Open Tues - Thurs 11:30 am - 10 pm, Fri & Sat 11:30 am - midnight, closed Sunday and Monday. $-$$ Doc’s Gourmet Sandwiches 214 N. Higgins Ave. 542-7414 Doc’s is an extremely popular gathering spot for diners who appreciate the great ambiance, personal service and generous sandwiches made with the freshest ingredients. Whether you’re heading out for a power lunch, meeting friends or family or just grabbing a quick takeout, Doc’s is always an excellent choice. Delivery in the greater Missoula area. We also offer custom catering!...everything from gourmet appetizers to all of our menu items. $-$$ Good Food Store 1600 S. 3rd West 541-FOOD The GFS Deli features made-toorder sandwiches, Fire Deck pizza & calzones, rice & noodle wok bowls, an award-winning salad bar, an olive & antipasto bar and a self-serve hot bar offering a variety of housemade breakfast, lunch and dinner entrées. A seasonally-changing selection of deli salads and rotisserie-roasted chickens are also available. Locally-roasted coffee/espresso drinks and an extensive fresh juice and smoothie menu complement bakery goods from the GFS ovens and Missoula’s favorite bakeries. Indoor and patio seating. Open every day 7am-10pm. $-$$ Grizzly Liquor 110 W Spruce St. 549-7723 Voted Missoula’s Best Liquor Store! Largest selection of spirits in the Northwest, including all Montana micro-distilleries. Your headquarters for unique spirits and wines! Free customer parking. Open Monday-Saturday 9-7:30. $-$$$ Hob Nob on Higgins 531 S. Higgins 541-4622 Come visit our friendly staff & experience Missoula’s best little breakfast & lunch spot. All our food is made from scratch, we feature homemade corn beef hash, sourdough pancakes, sandwiches, salads, espresso & desserts. MC/V $-$$ Iza 529 S. Higgins 830-3237 Local Asian cuisine feature SE Asian, Japanese, Korean and Indian dishes. Gluten Free and Vegetarian no problem. Full Beer, Wine, Sake and Tea menu. We have scratch made bubble teas. Come in for lunch, dinner, drinks or just a pot of awesome tea. Open Mon-Fri: Lunch 11:303pm, Happy Hour 3-6pm, Dinner M-Sat 3pmclose. $-$$

$…Under $5 $–$$…$5–$15 $$–$$$…$15 and over

2230 McDonald Ave, Missoula, MT 59801 Sunday–Thursday 2–9PM Friday & Saturday 12–9PM

GREATBURNBREWING.COM • June 7–June 14, 2018 [23]


Finn & Porter’s facelift


Missoula Senior Center 705 S. Higgins Ave. (on the hip strip) 543-7154 Did you know the Missoula Senior Center serves delicious hearty lunches every week day for only $4 for those on the Nutrition Program, $5 for U of M Students with a valid student ID and $6 for all others. Children under 10 eat free. Join us from 11:30 - 12:30 M-F for delicious food and great conversation. $ Mo’ Dogs 617 S. Higgins Ave. 926-1094 Mo’ Dogs – Missoula’s premier Gourmet Sausage and Specialty Hot Dog Restaurant. From our Old Fashioned Frank to our tropical “Aloha” or traditional “Chicago” we have something for everyone. Our sauces, slaws and all-meat Angus Chili are house-made daily. Missoula Family owned and operated – we look forward to seeing you! $-$$ The Mustard Seed Asian Cafe Southgate Mall 542-7333 Contemporary Asian fusion cuisine. Original recipes and fresh ingredients combine the best of Japanese, Chinese, Polynesian, and Southeast Asian influences. Full menu available at the bar. Award winning desserts made fresh daily , local and regional micro brews, fine wines & signature cocktails. Vegetarian and Gluten free menu available. Takeout & delivery. $$-$$$

photo by Brad Tyer

What you’re drinking: Whatever suits your fancy. This isn’t a beverage recommendation. It’s a happy hour recommendation. Where you’re drinking it: The bar at Finn & Porter in the DoubleTree hotel. Why? Lots of reasons, not least to check out the redesign. F&P was closed much of March while the room was updated, and reopened just before Easter. The bottle cages have come down from the central pillar that houses the pizza oven, functionally replaced by wrought-iron gates at the bar’s entrance. The color scheme has been lightened up to an ambiguous gray-brown that’s spiffier than F&P’s wood-panelled past, and doesn’t do anything to detract from the river-overlook window bank that makes this one of the most iconic rooms in Missoula. I don’t remember there being TVs before, but there are now, mounted on that pillar, and they run a Missoula promo video on a continuous loop. Pro tip: Your bartender is happy to tune them to anything else if you ask nicely. The promo is just the default. It’s fun to watch once. Unlike the visitors just passing through, you’ll recognize everything and probably everyone in it. Any other reasons? Yep. Happy hour

draft beers and well pours are $3, and house cocktails are a buck off. But I’m hungry: Covered. Happy hour pizzas are $10 a pop, and the very respectable wings, usually $9, go for just $5. If you feel like gussying up in honor of the new paint job, happy hour oysters are 3 for $5. You can also order off the regular menu if you’re feeling flush. Anything else? The new deck bar. It’s not finished, or open, yet, and they’ve been saying “soon” for a while now, but you know, it’s been rainy, and working out there must have felt like braving a North Sea oil rig when the Clark Fork was rushing through the pilings. They’ll get there. Soon, I hope. The weather yesterday was just begging for it. When: 4–6 p.m., seven days a week. Where, again? Finn & Porter, 100 Madison Street. —Brad Tyer Happiest Hour celebrates western Montana watering holes. To recommend a bar, bartender or beverage for Happiest Hour, email

[24] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

Nara Japanese/Korean Bar-B-Que & Sushi 3075 N. Reserve 327-0731 We invite you to visit our contemporary KoreanJapanese restaurant and enjoy its warm atmosphere. Full Sushi Bar. Korean bar-b-que at your table. Beer, Wine and Sake. $$-$$$ Orange Street Food Farm 701 S. Orange St. 543-3188 Experience The Farm today!!! Voted number one Supermarket & Retail Beer Selection. Fried chicken, fresh meat, great produce, vegan, gluten free, all natural, a HUGE beer and wine selection, and ROCKIN’ music. What deal will you find today? $-$$$ Pearl Cafe 231 E. Front St. 541-0231 • Country French meets the Northwest. Idaho Trout with King Crab, Beef Filet with Green Peppercorn Sauce, Fresh Northwest Fish, Seasonally Inspired Specials, House Made Sourdough Bread & Delectable Desserts. Extensive wine list, local beer on draft. Reservations recommended. Visit us on Facebook or go to to check out our nightly specials, make reserva-

tions, or buy gift certificates. Open Mon-Sat at 5:00. $$-$$$ Pita Pit 130 N Higgins 541-7482 Fresh Thinking Healthy Eating. Enjoy a pita rolled just for you. Hot meat and cool fresh veggies topped with your favorite sauce. Try our Chicken Caesar, Gyro, Philly Steak, Breakfast Pita, or Vegetarian Falafel to name just a few. For your convenience we are open until 3am 7 nights a week. Call if you need us to deliver! $-$$ Sushi Hana 403 N. Higgins 549-7979 Montana’s Original Sushi Bar. We Offer the Best Sushi and Japanese Cuisine in Town. Casual atmosphere. Plenty of options for non-sushi eaters including daily special items you won’t find anywhere else. $1 Specials Mon & Wed. Lunch Mon–Sat; Dinner Daily. Sake, Beer, & Wine. Visit for full menu. $$-$$$ Taco Sano Two Locations: 115 1/2 S. 4th Street West 1515 Fairview Ave inside City Life 541-7570 • Home of Missoula’s Best BREAKFAST BURRITO. 99 cent TOTS every Tuesday. Once you find us you’ll keep coming back. Breakfast Burritos served all day, Quesadillas, Burritos and Tacos. Let us dress up your food with our unique selection of toppings, salsas, and sauces. Open 10am-9pm 7 days a week. WE DELIVER. $-$$ Tia’s Big Sky 1016 W. Broadway 317-1817 We make locally sourced Mexican food from scratch. We specialize in organic marinated Mexican street chicken (rotisserie style) fresh handmade tortillas, traditional and fusion tamales, tacos, pozole and so much more. Most items on our menu are gluten free and we offer many vegetarian and vegan options. We also have traditional Mexican deserts, as well as drinks. Much of our produce is grown for us organically by Kari our in house farmer! Eat real food at Tia’s! Westside Lanes 1615 Wyoming 721-5263 Visit us for Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner served 8 AM to 9 PM. Try our homemade soups, pizzas, and specials. We serve 100% Angus beef and use fryer oil with zero trans fats, so visit us any time for great food and good fun. $-$$

$…Under $5 $–$$…$5–$15 $$–$$$…$15 and over

SAT | 12 PM

Shellshock Lullaby plays KFGM’s Second Annual Radio Party at Free Cycles Sat., June 9. 12 PM. Donations.

SAT | 10:30 PM

Leftover Salmon plays Silver Cloud Campout in Haugan, MT Sat., June 9 at 10:30 PM. $100/$75 advance.

WED | 6 PM

Tobi D'Amore plays Great Burn Brewing Wed., June 13. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. photo courtesy Jim Sewastynowicz • June 7–June 14, 2018 [25]

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Thursday Missoula Insectarium feeds live crickets to one of its hungry predators at 3:30 PM every Thursday. $4.

lective’s Summer of Dance. The Beginning Salsa Workshop introduces you to rhythm, timing and technique. 6 PM–7:30 PM. $15.

Unseen Missoula takes you on historical guided walking tours through the Garden City’s past. Head to to register. 5:30 PM–7:30 PM. $10.

The Captain Wilson Conspiracy is nothing more than a lie perpetuated by lovers of jazz! Hear the rest of the manifesto at Bitter Root Brewing. 6 PM–8:30 PM. Free.


Say “yes and” to a free improv workshop every Thursday at BASE. Free and open to all abilities, levels and interests. 725 W. Alder. 6:30 PM–8 PM

Downtown ToNight features live music, good food and a beer garden every Thursday in Caras Park. Start the season off with the Americana of Trego. 5:30 PM– 8:30 PM. Free. Visit for more information. Musical dynamo Andrea Harsell plays Draught Works. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. Take the first step to learning the steps at Downtown Dance Col-

Marc Anderson, better known as the musician, poet and artist Urban Monk, hosts an evening of dharma songs at Har Shalom. 7 PM–8:30 PM. Free, but donations appreciated.

Steely Dan plays Ogren Park at Allegiance Field Thu., June 7 at 7:30 PM. $67.50.

This should kick off the first week of summer nicely. Steely Dan and the Doobie Brothers play Ogren Park at Allegiance Field. 7:30 PM. $67.50.

My DJ name was stolen from a better DJ I had murdered. Join the Missoula Open Decks Society for an evening of music. Bring your gear and your dancing shoes to the VFW at 7 PM.

Tyler Barham presents a special night of music at the Sunrise Saloon. 8 PM. Free.

King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard play a blizzard of psychedelic rock at Monk’s. 9 PM. $20/$18


treading the boards

For 23 years, Missoula Colony has been fostering playwrights and exploring new works here in the Garden City. This year not only brings a new crop of original plays to the stage of the Masquer Theatre, but keynote speaker Jon Robin Baitz, as well. If you're one of those highfalutin ivory tower types, you probably know Baitz as a two-time Pulitzer finalist and recipient of both the Guggenheim and National Endowment for the Arts fellowships. But if you're anything like me, beautiful and obsessed with trash television, you'll know him as the brain behind the American adaption of The Slap, the NBC miniseries about grown-ass man Zachary Quinto slapping someone else's kid right in their misbehaving face. And, okay, maybe you care more about art and the stage more than you do about the tawdriest eight hours of American television ever made, and that's fine. Colony 23 has

you covered with six days of entertainment. Not only will Baitz host a performance of one of his new plays (god, please let it be about slapping) after his keynote address, but daily performances of new plays from the hottest writers scratch that artistic itch. —Charley Macorn

advance plus $5 if you’re between 18 and 20. Kris Moon hosts a night of volcanic party action featuring himself, DJ T-Rex and a rotating cast of local DJs projecting a curated lineup of music videos on the walls every Thursday at the Badlander. 9 PM. Free.

Aaron “B-Rocks” Broxterman hosts karaoke night at the Dark Horse Bar. 9 PM. Free. Why did the chicken cross the road? To get to Missoula’s HomeGrown Comedy Stand-up Open Mic at the Union Club. Signup at 9:30 PM, show at 10. Free.

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Reggae rockers Slightly Stoopid play the KettleHouse Amphitheater, anger our copy editor. Doors at 5:30 PM, show at 7. $39.50/$32.50 advance.

Silver Cloud Campout at Homestead Events Park features two days of live music from Dodgy Mountain Men, Jelly Bread, Ginstrings and more in beautiful Haugan, Montana. Festival Gates open at 12 PM, music starts at 2. Visit for a full schedule of events and ticketing. $100/$75 advance. Playwright and screenwriter Jon Robin Baitz delivers the Colony 23 Keynote Address at the Masquer Theatre before a staging of a new play by the two-time Pulitzer finalist. 7 PM. Free. (See Spotlight.)

dirt track. Gates at 5:30 PM, races at 7. 9200 Cartage Rd. $8. Britt Arnesen is joined by special guests Jack Mauer and J.W. Teller to celebrate the release of their new album Dream in Blue. Break Espresso 7 PM. Free. (See Arts.) The Lolo Creek Band floods into the Eagles Club for your dancing pleasure. 8 PM. Free. Missoula Colony 23 stages a performance of The Vorbit Incident by Jay Kettering at the Masquer Theatre. 8 PM. Free. JD and the Western Front provide the soundtrack at the Sunrise Saloon. 9:30 PM. Free.

WHAT: Missoula Colony 23

Russell Rowland reads and signs his new book Arbuckle at Fact & Fiction. I really loved Fifty-Six Counties so Rowland’s getting a pass on any jokes about that lasagna cat’s owner. 5:30 PM. Free.

WHERE: The Masquer Theatre in the PARTV Center


WHEN: Fri., June 8 through Wed., June 13

I think dogs should vote! Crazy Dog Band plays Ten Spoon Vineyard. 6 PM–8 PM. Free.

If another Dust Bowl hits, those folks are toast. Idle Ranch Hands play the Union Club at 9:30 PM. Free.

Outlaw Kart Racing returns to the Big Sky Kartway. Racers tear across a 1/7th mile

Tango Alpha Tango plays the Top Hat at 10:15 PM. Free.


Jon Robin Baitz

[26] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

Dead Hipster I Love the ‘90s Dance Party takes you back to a time when the President could be impeached for lying. The Badlander. 9 PM. $3.

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Saturday Do you know your farmer? Missoula Farmers Market features hot coffee, sweet treats and fresh, locally grown veggies. Circle Square by the XXXX. 8 AM– 12:30 PM. Free. Need a little inspiration to get out of bed on the weekend? Come join Run Wild Missoula’s Saturday morning runs at the Runner’s Edge at 8 AM. Open to all skill levels. Stock up on farm-direct food every Saturday at the Clark Fork Market. Vendors from across Western Montana converge in the Riverside Parking Lot next to Caras Park. 8 AM–1 PM. The Jeannette Rankin Peace Center presents Seeing the Elephant: Why Does My World Look Different From Yours? This daylong casual conference examines how divisions dominate our society

and what we can do about it. 8:30 AM–5 PM. University Congregational Church. Free. Celebrating its 20th year, the Missoula People’s Market features an amazing assortment of artists, crafts and community. W. Pine and Higgins. 9 AM. Free. Get your weekend started with a round of disc golf at Granite Peak Folf Course. 10 AM. Free. Visit for more info and registration. The Motorcycle Poker Run at Grizzly Harley Davidson raises funds for muscular dystrophy research. A $20 buy-in gets you a poker hand, a ride along the Clark Fork and Flathead River, and more. 10 AM–5 PM. Silver Cloud Campout continues with the music of Leftover Salmon,

Trego, Baregrass and more in Haugan, Montana. Visit for a full schedule of events and ticketing. $100/$75 advance. KFGM’s Second Annual Radio Party features food, drink and the live music of Go Hibiki, Shellshock Lullaby and more. Free Cycles. 12 PM. Free, but bring cash for donations, you freeloader. Zan Bockes reads from her new book of poetry, Alibi for Stolen Light, at Shakespeare & Co. 1 PM. Free. Missoula Colony 23 hosts the Dramatists Guild Foundation’s The Dramatist Live on the stages of the Masquer Theatre. 2 PM. Free. Unseen Missoula takes you on historical guided walking tours through the Garden City’s past.

Head to to register. 5:30 PM–7:30 PM. $10.

nightlife My favorite tertiary Metal Gear Solid character! Ocelot Wizard plays Draught Works. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. They said it was a weather balloon! The Captain Wilson Conspiracy plays Ten Spoon Vineyard. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. Laney Lou & the Bird Dogs go hunting for rock and roll at Bitter Root Brewing. 6 PM–8:30 PM. Free. Bob Wire turns the honky tonk knob to maximum at Great Burn Brewing. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. The Lolo Creek Band floods into the Eagles Club for your dancing pleasure. 8 PM. Free.

Missoula Colony 23 presents Liberty Lanes, a new play by Martha Elizabeth at the Masquer Theatre. 8 PM. Free. What kind of messed up dog is that? Ugly Pony plays the Sunrise Saloon at 9 PM. Free. DJ Kris Moon completely disrespects the adverb with the Absolutely Dance Party at the Badlander, which gets rolling at 9 PM, with two-for-one Absolut Vodka specials until midnight. I get the name now. Free. The Tomcats set up shop in the Union Club for an evening of music. 9:30 PM. Free. Good crop o’ Josh comin’ in this year, I’ll tell you what. The Josh Farmer Band plays the Top Hat at 10:15 PM. Free.


The Highlander Beer Taphouse hosts the most Missoula event imaginable. Buzzed Yoga lets you practice your flow while enjoying cold beer. Bring photo identification and $10 every Sunday this summer. 11 AM.

Sip a fancy cocktail for a cause at Moscow Monday at the Montgomery Distillery. A dollar from every drink sold is donated to a local organization. 12 PM–8 PM.

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Missoula Colony 23 continues with a performance of Laramie Dean’s Morgan and Merlin at the Masquer Theatre. 2 PM. Free.

Take a trip through Missoula’s history at Stories and Stones 2018. Reenactors tell the stories of the personalities interred at Fort Missoula’s cemetery. 1 PM–3 PM. Free.

nightlife Prepare a couple of songs and bring your talent to Open Mic Night at Imagine Nation Brewing. Sign up when you get there. Every Monday from 6–8 PM.

Missoula Colony 23 continues with a performance of Sheets by Leah Joki at the Masquer Theatre. 2 PM. Free.

Singer-songwriter Edwin Johnson is joined by The Shaky Trio for an evening of music at Red Bird Wine Bar. 7 PM–10 PM. Free.

nightlife Keema and the Keepsakes keep on rocking at Draught Works. 5 PM–7 PM. Free.

Do something with that trumpet in your garage. The Missoula City Band rehearses every Monday in the Sentinel High School Band Room from 7 PM to 9 PM. All are welcome. Free.

Indulge your inner Lisa Simpson with live jazz and a glass of craft beer on the river every Sunday at Imagine Nation Brewing. 5 PM–8 PM. Tuba solo! Bring an instrument to FreeSessions v.7, an improvised jam session to promote healthy collaboration between Missoula’s musicians. Imagine Nation Brewing. 6 PM–8 PM.

Missoula Colony 23 continues with a performance of Carson Grace Becker’s Persian Flaw at the Masquer Theatre. 8 PM. Free. Every Monday DJ Sol spins funk, soul, reggae and hip-hop at the Badlander. Doors at 9 PM, show at 10. Free. 21plus.

How well do these pair with Vienna sausages? The Dram Shop hosts a wine tasting of Austrian wines. 6:30 PM–8:30 PM. $30. Visit to register. Every Sunday is “Sunday Funday” at the Badlander. Play cornhole, beer pong and other games, have drinks and forget tomorrow is Monday. 9 PM.

Keema and the Keepsakes play Draught Works Sun., June 10. 5 PM–7 PM. Free.

Motown on Mondays puts the s-o-u-l back into Missoula. Resident DJs Smokey Rose and Mark Myriad curate a night of your favorite Motor City hits at the Badlander. 9 PM. Free. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [27]

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Tuesday Every Tuesday is Walk With a Doc Day at Grizzly Peak. A health professional discusses their speciality while walking with the group. 9 AM–10 AM. Free. Missoula Colony 23 continues with a performance of Shaun Gant’s The Oulipo Murders at the Masquer Theatre. 2 PM. Free. Author Jim Posewitz celebrates the release of his new book My Best Shot at Backcountry Hunters & Anglers. 6 PM–9 PM. Free. Join the REI Outdoor School for a bike maintenance class at the Highlander Taphouse every Tuesday this summer. It’s a demonstra-

tion class, so no need to bring your bike. 6 PM. RSVP at

Crafting Magick Symbols at Shakespeare & Co. 7 PM. Free.

Celebrate the new book Native Art Now!: Developments in Contemporary Native American Art Since 1992 with a screening of the PBS-made documentary on Contemporary Native Art at Missoula Art Museum. 7 PM–9 PM. Free.


Christine Carbo reads from her new Montana mystery A Sharp Solitude at Fact & Fiction. 7 PM. Laura Tempest Zakroff reads from her new book Sigil Witchery: A Witch’s Guide to

How would George Washington, Amelia Earhart or Ghandi do at a comedy open mic? Great Comedians of History takes you on a mirthful trip through time. The Badlander. 7:30 PM. Free.

Step up your factoid game at Quizzoula trivia night, every Tuesday at the VFW. 8:30 PM. Free. This week’s trivia question: What famed mobster was indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition violations on this date in 1931? Answer in tomorrow’s Nightlife.

The only thing I want to know the answer to is why we don’t call it the Meagher Beagher. Trivia Night at Thomas Meagher Bar lets you show off that superior intellect of yours. 8 PM. Free.

This next song is about drinking a LaCroix in your Subaru with your dog. Missoula Music Showcase features local singers and songwriters each week at the Badlander. 9 PM. Free.


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Wednesday Enjoy a hot beverage after a bike ride with Coffee Outside MSLA. Bring your mug to Brennan’s Wave from 7:15 AM– 8:15 AM every Wednesday. Free. Visit for more info. Out to Lunch features the live music of local favorites plus a variety of food and drink from more than 20 vendors in the riverfront setting of Caras Park. This week, kick off the summer with the old school r&b of Zeppo Blues. 11:30 AM–2 PM. Free.

Kraptastic Karaoke indulges your need to croon, belt and warble at the Badlander. 9:30 PM. No cover. Every Wednesday is Beer Bingo at the Thomas Meagher Bar. Win cash prizes along with beer and liquor giveaways. 8

PM. Free. Strike up the band! The Missoula City Band Summer Concert Series features the best local bands performing in the openair of the Bonner Park Bandshell. 8 PM. Free.

Missoula Insectarium feeds live crickets to one of its hungry predators at 3:30 PM every Thursday. $4. Tom Catmull plays a solo show at Draught Works from 5 PM–8 PM. Free. Unseen Missoula takes you on historical guided walking tours through the Garden City’s past. Head to to register. 5:30 PM–7:30 PM. $10.

nightlife Downtown ToNight features live music, good food and a beer garden every Thursday in Caras Park. Start the season off with the Americana of Trego. 5:30 PM–8:30 PM. Free. Visit for more information.

Missoula Colony 23 continues with Shannon Sivertsen’s Piece of Stupidity at the Masquer Theatre. 2 PM. Free. Every Wednesday is Community UNite at KettleHouse Brewing Company’s Northside tap room. A portion of every pint sold goes to support local Missoula causes. This week quaff a brew for Catholic Social Services of Montana. 5 PM–8 PM.

Learn the basics of the fiery Bachata at the Summer of Dance at the Downtown Dance Collective. Jennifer Corbin takes you through the steps. 6 PM–8 PM. $20. Register online. Say “yes and” to a free improv workshop every Thursday at BASE. Free and open to all abilities, levels and interests. 725 W. Alder. 6:30 PM–8 PM

nightlife The live storytelling of Tell Us Something returns to the Wilma. This special installment has local Missoulians sharing their true personal stories around the theme “Risk.” Doors at 6 PM, show at 7. $10/$8 advance.

Musician and bicyclist Ben Weaver plays the Top Hat. 8 PM. Free. My DJ name was stolen from a better DJ I had murdered. Join the Missoula Open Decks Society for an evening of music. Bring your gear and your dancing shoes to the VFW at 7 PM.

Traveling troubadour Tobi D’Amore plays Great Burn Brewing. 6 PM–8 PM. Free. Chuck Florence, David Horgan and Beth Lo provide the jazzy tunes at the Top Hat. 7 PM–9 PM. Free.

Kris Moon hosts a night of volcanic party action featuring himself, DJ T-Rex and a rotating cast of local DJs projecting a curated lineup of music videos on the walls every Thursday at the Badlander. 9 PM. Free.

Win big bucks off your bar tab and/or free pitchers by answering trivia questions at Brains on Broadway Trivia Night at the Broadway Sports Bar and Grill. 7 PM. Trivia answer: Al Capone. Missoula Colony 23 comes to a close for another year with a performance of Anita Vatshell’s Rigged to Flip at the Masquer Theatre. 8 PM. Free.

Missoula Colony 23 continues with a performance of Chicken Kiss by Cathy Capps at the Masquer Theatre. 8 PM. Free.

Aaron “B-Rocks” Broxterman hosts karaoke night at the Dark Horse Bar. 9 PM. Free.

The live storytelling of Tell Us Something returns to the Wilma Wed., June 13. Doors at 6 PM, show at 7. $10/$8 advance.

[28] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

We want to know about your event! Submit to at least two weeks in advance of the event. Don’t forget to include the date, time, venue and cost.


SATURDAY, JUNE 9 The Jeannette Rankin Peace Center presents Seeing the Elephant: Why Does My World Look Different From Yours? This daylong casual conference examines how divisions dominate our society and what we can do about it. 8:30 AM– 5 PM. University Congregational Church. Free.

There's a famous parable about a group of blindfolded people being put in a room with an elephant. One feels the elephant's trunk, and proclaims they've found a snake. Another touches the elephant's leg, declaring the subject of their investigations to be some kind of leathery tree. Another still will touch the pachyderm's mighty tusks and decide they're touching a Black Legion Chaos Terminator from the grim darkness of the 41st millennium. Clearly whoever is in charge of this parable needed to do some better vetting of test subjects. But, at the end of the day, having a group of people only concentrating on their own circumstances while missing the big picture sure is a pretty apt analogy for the internet, isn't it? Inspired by this famous tale, the Jeannette

Rankin Peace Center presents Seeing the Elephant: Why Does My World Look Different From Yours, a day-long causal conference that aims to bridge gaps in within activism. Four speakers will present in rapid succession, talking about their individual passions, goals and methods for peacekeeping. Then, unlike those blindfolded folks who probably ended up trampled, small groups will talk about commonalities and what larger picture can be identified. —Charley Macorn

Seeing the Elephant: Why Does My World Look Different From Yours runs from 8:30 AM to 5 PM at University Congregational Church. Free. Visit for more info.

The American Cancer Society celebrates its birthday with a fundraising party to battle back against cancer. Missoula Fairgrounds. 9 AM–2 PM. Free. The YWCA Missoula GRIT Program teams with Roemer's Auto Service to offer an all-female auto care clinic, open to all women ages 15 and up. 9 AM–11 AM. Visit for more info and registration. $10. The Motorcycle Poker Run at Grizzly Harley Davidson raises funds for muscular dystrophy re-

search. A $20 buy-in gets you a poker hand, a ride along the Clark Fork and Flathead River, and more. 10 AM–5 PM.

SUNDAY, JUNE 10 Leadership Montana hosts a fundraiser at Bitter Root Brewing to support their work building a better Montana through non-profit networking. 5 PM–8 PM.

TUESDAY, JUNE 12 Raise a Grateful Glass at Western Cider. A dollar from every drink sold goes to support Montana Conservation Corps. 12 PM–9 PM.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 13 Twenty percent of your ticket price at MacKenzie River Pizza goes to support AniMeals at Pizza For Pets night. 5 PM–9 PM.

AGENDA is dedicated to upcoming events embodying activism, outreach and public participation. Send your who/what/when/where and why to AGENDA, c/o the Independent, 317 S. Orange, Missoula, MT 59801. You can also email entries to or send a fax to (406) 543-4367. AGENDA’s deadline for editorial consideration is 10 days prior to the issue in which you’d like your information to be included. When possible, please include appropriate photos/artwork.

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Health Care Medical Marijuana Recommendations Alternative Wellness is helping qualified patients get access to the MT Medical Marijuana Program. Must have Montana ID and medical records. Please Call 406-249-1304 for a FREE consultation or

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2100 Stephens Ste 118, Missoula (406) 721-4588 Mention this ad for 25% off initial visit. • June 7–June 14, 2018 [29]

Mountain High You’ve been up for more than 24 hours straight with your best friends and now they’re telling you to eat a bug. You do, but only because it’ll give your team enough points to make a run at being crowned champions. Champions of what you may ask? Questival of course. The Cotopaxi Questival, or “scavenger hunt on steroids,” is a 24-hour adventure race that takes place across Missoula and beyond. Teams of two to six participants will receive a challenge list, each with an allotted point value. Teams get to decide what challenges they want to complete, allowing each group to customize their adventure. Last year I had some friends competing and the list of things to do was just ridiculous. I recall bugs being eaten, a camping excursion gone wrong and swimsuits being vital to the experi-

THURSDAY, JUNE 7 Join Montana Native Plant Society on the search for blooming wildflowers near Coram. 5:30 PM. Call 406-387.5814 for more info and to RSVP.

SATURDAY, JUNE 9 Need a little inspiration to get out of bed on the weekend? Come join Run Wild Missoula's Saturday morning runs at the Runner's Edge at 8 AM. Open to all skill levels. Learn how to keep predators away from small livestock at a workshop with Missoula Urban Demonstration Project. Moon-Randolph Homestead. 10 AM–12 PM. $10/$5 members.

TUESDAY, JUNE 12 Join Missoula Parks and Rec and the Garden

[30] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

ence. The Questival website doesn’t give too many hints, but says that you should, “Be prepared to hike mountains, serve others, get more than a few awkward stares from strangers and go where no man, woman, or llama has ever gone before in 24 hours.” So back to being crowned champion. Each entry comes with some schwag — a Cotopaxi backpack and options for headlamps, water bottles, tote bags and more — so everyone wins. For the truly competitive, don’t worry; there’s up to $5,000 in prizes possible at the race. —Micah Drew The Cotopaxi Questival kicks off on Fri., June 15 in Caras Park at 7 PM. $43 per person.

City Flyers for a free round of disc golf at Silver Park. 5 PM–7 PM. Author Jim Posewitz celebrates the release of his new book My Best Shot at Backcountry Hunters & Anglers. 6 PM–9 PM. Free. Join REI Outdoor School for a bicycle maintenance class at Highlander Taphouse. This is a demonstration class, so no need to bring your bike. 6 PM. RSVP at Greet the sun while under the sun at Yoga in the Park. This week bring your mat and $3 to McCormick Park. 6 PM–7 PM.

THURSDAY, JUNE 14 Punish your core in the great outdoors with Pilates in the Park. This week bring $3 and your exercise mat to McCormick Park. 6 PM–7 PM.

BULLETIN BOARD Chris Autio Photography. Full Studio. Promotional photography for artists. Real Estate Photography. Photo restoration. Product Photography. Call Chris at (406) 728-5097. If you are reading this ad, you can see that classified advertising works! Reach over 400,000 readers in Montana and beyond to promote your

product, service, event and business. To get results, contact this newspaper, or the Montana Newspaper Association at (406) 443-2850 or email or 25 words for the small investment of $149. Local nonprofits invited to apply now for University of Montana’s 2018-19 Community Giving Campaign. Appli-

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EMPLOYMENT GENERAL Bookkeeper: LC Staffing Missoula is working with a social services organization to hire 2 long-term Bookkeepers. The Bookkeeper will be responsible for sorting mail for the clients, basic accounting practices such as deposits, writing checks, online banking, reconcile accounts, and client budgets, as well as maintaining accurate and orderly client files. The Bookkeepers will be servicing approximately 25-50 clients each and must have a friendly attitude to work with all levels of personnel. For a full job description, please visit our website at and refer to order #31878

paper in the Missoula, Bitterroot and Flathead areas. For individual route details go to: If you’re looking for extra income, are an early riser and enjoy working independently, you can make money and be done before most people get going with their day. If this sounds like you, please submit your inquiry form today at or call 406-523-0494. You must have a valid driver’s license and proof of car insurance. This is an independent contractor business opportunity.

Earn $300-$1000 per month working part-time! The Missoulian is looking for reliable individuals to deliver the daily news-

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Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email:

EMPLOYMENT Work with Local Food! WMGC seeks seasonal warehouse and delivery staff


I’m a single dude in my 30s, and I really want a girlfriend, but I keep striking out with women. My female co-worker says that if I want a relationship, I need to upgrade my shoes. I wear a pair of super-comfy New Balance sneakers that I’ve had since college ... yes, even wearing them on dates. In the summer, I wear Crocs sandals. What’s the problem? Are girls really that shallow?

—Footloose Sadly, the CDC has been remiss in informing men of the exceptional protection against sexually transmitted diseases that open-toe shoes can provide. Men’s shoes speak to women. They are a form of what anthropologists and zoologists call “signaling” — communication between organisms. In the mating realm, signals advertise quality in a potential partner — or sound the alarm when it’s lacking. Wearing bad shoes (like your stanky, hobo-ready sneakers) suggests you lack the social intelligence to dress like a grown-up and/or the interest in taking care of more than your own needs — like for the five basic bachelor-dude food groups: beer, Hot Pockets, pizza, Doritos and pot edibles. Evolutionary psychologist Geoffrey Miller surveyed women — straight single American women, ages 20-35 — on what they like and loathe in footwear on a potential partner. The women were asked to imagine going on a casual lunch date with guys wearing 32 different types of men’s shoes, from Birkenstocks to chukkas to leather Oxfords. Women’s preferences were “strong” and “consistent” and point to the following advice: Wear leather shoes — nice leather shoes, like Oxfords or loafers — that cover your feet. (Women hated every single sandal, from Crocs to Birkenstocks to flip-flops.) Your shoes don’t have to be expensive. You can probably do just fine with a stylish loafer you get on sale for $50. (Passable sneakers, scoring okay but not so well as the leather shoes, were the classics: Vans and Converse All Stars.) Finally, it isn’t enough to just buy the right shoes; you have to take care of them. (Another important detail that ladies notice.) Learn how to polish and clean them.Take them to a shoemaker for resoling and other upkeep. These might seem like little things but they are actually part of a whole of living like a man instead of a manchild. Admittedly, living the man way isn’t “super-comfy,” but consider where your priorities lie: more in the realm of Dr. Scholl or Dr. Kinsey?


I’m in love with my male best friend and unfortunately, I’m pretty sure he’s never been attracted to me.This is very painful, and trying to stop thinking about him so much isn’t working. To be fair, he isn’t emotionally available right now, as he’s still mourning his divorce (a little too long for it to be healthy, I think). I’m thinking that if I stay close and stay available, he may pick me once he becomes emotionally ready again. Is that crazy? I really want a relationship and am willing to wait for him.

Frontier Elementary School in Wolf Point is seeking applicants for a K-8 Teacher. For information, call Christine Eggar at (406) 653-2501. Open until filled. Northwest Community Health Center (NWCHC) is looking to add a full time Financial Officer to manage and provide oversight in all aspects of finance operations. Full job posting at To apply please submit resume and/or public sector applications at


—Tormented Nothing says “your welfare means the world to me” like clocking a man’s mourning with a stopwatch. Beyond how the guy isn’t up for a relationship right now, you seem pretty sure that you’re just the girl next door to the girls in his wank bank. So mooning over him is not the road to a relationship but the equivalent of trying to get from New York to California by doing endless doughnuts in a Walmart parking lot. If unrequited love isn’t the point — offering you protection from heartbreak and distraction from pursuing a guy who’s a real possibility — you need to disengage. But the answer isn’t trying to stop thinking about him. Thought suppression actually seems to backfire. For example, social psychologist Jennifer L.S. Borton found that asking research participants to suppress a specific thought led to their experiencing it “more frequently” and led to “a more anxious and depressed mood.” Because of this, when you have a thought of the guy, don’t try to shove it away. Instead, shift how you think of him. Focus on how he isn’t emotionally available and then on how he probably never will be for you. Next, take action. You could opt for a thought-occupying distraction like watching a movie — or, better yet, make an effort to shift your circumstances by going on dating sites to look for men who might be possibilities for you.This ultimately allows you to be there for this guy as a friend, offering him a Kleenex to dry his tears — as opposed to mentioning that you happen to be wearing a very soft and super-absorbent pushup bra.

Got a problem? Write Amy Alkon, 171 Pier Ave, #280, Santa Monica, CA 90405, or e-mail

Concrete Helper: LC Staffing Missoula is working with an established company to hire a long-term Concrete Helper. The Concrete Helper will assist with laying of concrete gypsum floors. No experience needed! Successful candidate must be willing to work a physically demanding job. This position requires bending, stopping, kneeling and lifting up to 80lbs. This position requires travelling to job sites around Missoula. This position pays $14.00 per hour with full-time, career opportunities! For a full job description, please visit our website at and refer to order #31866

Software Developer: LC Staffing Missoula is partnering with a consulting firm to hire a permanent, long-term Software Developer. The Software Developer will build and implement functional programs to maintain and build efficient programs and systems that serve user needs. This person should be a team player with a keen eye for detail and problem-solving skills. For a full job description, please visit our website at and refer to order #31873


available for evening shifts. The schedule varies and may include weekends and holidays. Duties include preparing newspapers for delivery by carrier and by mail, inserting supplements, and machine operation. Many positions qualify for our full benefits package, including health, dental, and vision coverage, 401(k) retirement plan. Our benefits, among the best in the area, include a $300 signing bonus, 401(k) plan, medical, dental, vision and short-term and long-term disability; vacation and sick leave; flexible spending account plan and more. We are a drug-free workplace and all applicants must pass a postoffer drug screen prior to commencing

Production Worker: LC Staffing Missoula is partnering with a manufacturer to hire a long-term Production Control and Sharpening Worker. The Production Control and Sharpening Worker performs repetitive bench or line assembly operations to mass-produce dental hand instruments. For a full job description, please visit our website at and refer to order #31867


Full Time Mailroom Inserter FT & PT positions, all shifts The Missoulian is accepting applications for newspaper inserters at our production facility. There are full and part-time positions

Looking for an Experienced Equipment Operator/Project Manager Possible Signing Bonus Company Pickup Salary $45-$125k + Bonus. Location: Phillips County, MT and within a 300 mile radius. Possible relocation expenses (moving is not required depending on distance). Requirements: Must be able to maintain, mobilize (CDL Required), operate equipment, bid jobs, project manage and represent our company in a positive manner in order to be at or near the top pay. Bonuses are based off performance and there is no limit. Please email resume to: Lube Technician: LC Staffing Missoula is working with an automotive oil change and lubrication company to hire a long-term Lube Technician. The Lube Technician will be using lifts and power tools to change fluids on vehicles and filters. This position will also require general cleaning of the shop including mopping, sweeping, and vacuuming. This is an entry-level position, no previous experience required! For a full job description, please visit our website at and refer to order #31891 Nuverra is hiring for CDL Class A Truck Drivers. Drivers can earn a $1500 sign on bonus. To apply call (701) 842-3618, or go online to Nuverra environmental solutions is an equal opportunity employer.

EMPLOYMENT POSITIONS AVAILABLESEE WEBSITE FOR MORE INFO Must Have: Valid driver license, No history of neglect, abuse or exploitation Applications available at OPPORTUNITY RESOURCES, INC., 2821 S. Russell, Missoula, MT. 59801 or online at Extensive background checks will be completed. NO RESUMES. EEO/AA-M/F/disability/ protected veteran status.

Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: [32] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018



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AKC Registered Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Puppies! Super family pets. Hypo-allergenic, non-shedding and medium sized. There are only two males left and ready to go now. They have been well socialized. Very loving, sweet temperaments! $700$1000. For more information call or text (406)250-1315


2004 Nissan 350Z Coupe in excellent condition, 6 speed manual, with 48,200 miles, new tires, driven summers , stored inside in winter. $9,750. 406-251-3995

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Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: • June 7–June 14, 2018 [33]

FREE WILL ASTROLOGY By Rob Brezsny ARIES (March 21-April 19): According to my analysis of the astrological omens, you would be wise to ruffle and revise your relationship with time. It would be healthy for you to gain more freedom from its relentless demands; to declare at least some independence from its oppressive hold on you; to elude its push to impinge on every move you make. Here’s a ritual you could do to spur your imagination: Smash a timepiece. I mean that literally. Go to the store and invest $20 in a hammer and alarm clock. Take them home and vociferously apply the hammer to the clock in a holy gesture of pure, righteous chastisement. Who knows? This bold protest might trigger some novel ideas about how to slip free from the imperatives of time for a few stolen hours each week. TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Promise me that you won’t disrespect, demean or neglect your precious body in the coming weeks. Promise me that you will treat it with tender compassion and thoughtful nurturing. Give it deep breaths, pure water, healthy and delicious food, sweet sleep, enjoyable exercise and reverential sex. Such veneration is always recommended, of course — but it’s especially crucial for you to attend to this noble work during the next four weeks. It’s time to renew and revitalize your commitment to your soft warm animal self. GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Between 1967 and 1973, NASA used a series of Saturn V rockets to deliver six groups of American astronauts to the moon. Each massive vehicle weighed about 6.5-million pounds. The initial thrust required to launch it was tremendous. Gas mileage was seven inches per gallon. Only later, after the rocket flew farther from the grip of Earth’s gravity, did the fuel economy improve. I’m guessing that in your own life, you may be experiencing something like that seven-inches-per-gallon feeling right now. But I guarantee you won’t have to push this hard for long. CANCER (June 21-July 22): Mars, the planet that rules animal vitality and instinctual enthusiasm, will cruise through your astrological House of Synergy for much of the next five months. That’s why I’ve concluded that between now and mid-November, your experience of togetherness can and should reach peak expression. Do you want intimacy to be robust and intense, sometimes bordering on rambunctious? It will be if you want it to be. Adventures in collaboration will invite you to wander out to the frontiers of your understanding about how relationships work best.



LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Which astrological sign laughs hardest and longest and most frequently? I’m inclined to speculate that Sagittarius deserves the crown, with Leo and Gemini fighting it out for second place. But having said that, I suspect that in the coming weeks you Leos could rocket to the top of the chart, vaulting past Sagittarians. Not only are you likely to find everything funnier than usual; I bet you will also encounter more than the usual number of authentically humorous and amusing experiences. (P.S.: I hope you won’t cling too fiercely to your dignity, because that would interfere with your full enjoyment of the cathartic cosmic gift.) VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): According to my analysis of the astrological omens, a little extra egotism might be healthy for you right now. A surge of super-confidence would boost your competence; it would also fine-tune your physical well-being and attract an opportunity that might not otherwise find its way to you. So, for example, consider the possibility of renting a billboard on which you put a giant photo of yourself with a tally of your accomplishments and a list of your demands. The cosmos and I won’t have any problem with you bragging more than usual or asking for more goodies than you’re usually content with.



LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): The coming weeks will be a favorable time for happy endings to sad stories, and for the emergence of efficient solutions to convoluted riddles. I bet it will also be a phase when you can perform some seemingly clumsy magic that dispatches a batch of awkward karma. Hooray! Hallelujah! Praise Goo! But now listen to my admonition, Libra:The coming weeks won’t be a good time to toss and turn in your bed all night long thinking about what you might have done differently in the month of May. Honor the past by letting it go.


SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): “Dear Dr. Astrology: In the past four weeks, I have washed all 18 of my underpants four times. Without exception, every single time, each item has been inside-out at the end of the wash cycle. This is despite the fact that most of them were not inside-out when I threw them in the machine. Does this weird anomaly have some astrological explanation? – Upside-Down Scorpio.” Dear Scorpio:Yes. Lately your planetary omens have been rife with reversals, inversions, flip-flops and switchovers. Your underpants situation is a symptom of the bigger forces at work. Don’t worry about those bigger forces, though. Ultimately, I think you’ll be glad for the renewal that will emerge from the various turnabouts. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): As I sat down to meditate on your horoscope, a hummingbird flew in my open window. Scrambling to herd it safely back outside, I knocked my iPad on the floor, which somehow caused it to open a link to a Youtube video of an episode of the TV game show Wheel of Fortune, where the hostess Vanna White, garbed in a long red gown, revealed that the word puzzle solution was USE IT OR LOSE IT. So what does this omen mean? Maybe this: You’ll be surprised by a more-or-less delightful interruption that compels you to realize that you had better start taking greater advantage of a gift or blessing that you’ve been lazy or slow to capitalize on.


CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): You’re in a phase when you’ll be smart to bring more light and liveliness into the work you do. To spur your efforts, I offer the following provocations. 1. “When I work, I relax. Doing nothing makes me tired.” – Pablo Picasso. 2. “Opportunities are usually disguised as hard work, so most people don’t recognize them.” – Ann Landers. 3. “Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.” – Aristotle. 4. “Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep.” – Scott Adams. 5. “Working hard and working smart can sometimes be two different things.” – Byron Dorgan. 6. “Don’t stay in bed unless you can make money in bed.” – George Burns. 7. “Thunder is good, thunder is impressive; but it is lightning that does the work.” – Mark Twain.



AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): “There isn’t enough of anything as long as we live,” said poet and short-story writer Raymond Carver. “But at intervals a sweetness appears and, given a chance, prevails.” My reading of the astrological omens suggests that the current phase of your cycle is one of those intervals, Aquarius. In light of this grace period, I have some advice for you, courtesy of author Anne Lamott: “You weren’t born a person of cringe and contraction. You were born as energy, as life, made of the same stuff as stars, blossoms, breezes. You learned contraction to survive, but that was then.” Surrender to the sweetness, dear Aquarius.


PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Between you and your potential new power spot is an imaginary ten-foothigh, electrified fence. It’s composed of your least charitable thoughts about yourself and your rigid beliefs about what’s impossible for you to accomplish. Is there anything you can do to deal with this inconvenient illusion? I recommend that you call on Mickey Rat, the cartoon superhero in your dreams who knows the difference between destructive destruction and creative destruction. Maybe as he demonstrates how enjoyable it could be to tear down the fence, you’ll be inspired to join in the fun. Go to to check out Rob Brezsny’s EXPANDED WEEKLY AUDIO HOROSCOPES and DAILY TEXT MESSAGE HOROSCOPES.

PUBLIC NOTICESMNAXLP IN THE JUSTICE COURT OF THE STATE OF MONTANA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF MISSOULA BEFORE MARIE A. ANDERSEN, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE Case No.: CV-2018-949LT SUMMONS FOR POSSESSION BY PUBLICATION JOLLES PROPERTIES, Plaintiff, v. SHAYLIN ARLINT, et al., Defendant. TO: Shaylin Arlint 707 SW Higgins Ave., #121 Missoula, MT 59803 YOU ARE HEREBY SUMMONED to answer a Complaint filed in Justice Court, a copy of which is herewith served upon you, and to file your answer upon Plaintiff’s attorney, Thomas C. Orr, Thomas C. Orr Law Offices, P.O. Box 8096, Missoula, Montana 59807, within ten (10) days after service of this Summons, exclusive of the day of service; and in the case of your failure to appear or answer, relief sought by Plaintiff will be taken against you as requested. A $30.00 filing fee must accompany Defendant’s answer. DATED this 10th day of May, 2018. By: /s/ Hon. Marie A. Andersen MONTANA FOURTH JUDICAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Dept. 2 Cause No. DP18-114 Hon. Robert L. Deschamps III Presiding. IN RE THE ESTATE OF KELLY F. HANSEN, Deceased. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned has been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the said Deceased are required to present their claims within four months after the date of first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must either be mailed to Personal Representative Chantal Hansen-Fuller, certified mail, return receipt requested, 3212 Bowdish Road, Spokane Valley, WA 99206 or filed with the Clerk of the above-entitled Court. DATED this 21st day of May,




June 15, 2018 SHOWING: 2:00PM – 4:00PM BID OPENED: 5:00PM

2018. /s/ Chantal Hansen-Fuller Personal Representative. MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT MISSOULA COUNTY Cause No. DP-18-46 Dept. No. 1 - Leslie Halligan. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF DOUGLAS G. ROBERT, DECEASED. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned has been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the decedent are required to present their claims within four months after the date of the first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred.Claims must either be mailed to NANCY LOUISE ROBERT, the Personal Representative, return receipt requested, at 2687 Palmer St., Ste. D, Missoula, Montana 59808, or filed with the Clerk of the above Court. I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of Montana that the foregoing is true and correct. DATED this 21st day of May, 2018. Nancy Louise Robert, Personal Representative Montana Elder Law, Inc. Stefan Kolis, Attorney for Personal Representative MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT MISSOULA COUNTY Probate No. 18-131 Dept. 4 Judge: Karen S. Townsend NOTICE TO CREDITORS In the

Matter of the Estate of LANETTA SMALL Deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned have been appointed as CoPersonal Representatives of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the decedent are required to present their claims within four months after the date of the first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must be mailed to David Small and Jamie Small, CoPersonal Representatives, return receipt requested, at c/o Adrienne D. Maxwell, Crowley Fleck PLLP, P.O. Box 7099, Missoula, Montana 59807, or filed with the Clerk of the above-entitled Court. DATED this 17th day of May, 2018 /s/ David Small Co-Personal Representative of the Estate of Lanetta Small, Deceased. /s/ Jamie Small Co-Personal Representative of the Estate of Lanetta Small, Deceased. MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT MISSOULA COUNTY SUMMONS CIVIL NUMBER: DV-16-1141 HONORABLE: ( U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,, Plaintiff, v. THE HEIRS OF JOSEPH E. STETKA; THE HEIRS OF JOANNE STETKA; ASCENSIONPOINT RECOVERY SERVICES, LLC AND UNKNOWN PERSONS IN POSSESSION OR CLAIMING RIGHT TO POSSESSION and Does 1-10, Defendants. THE


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Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: [34] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

PUBLIC NOTICESMNAXLP STATE OF MONTANA, TO DEFENDNATS; THE HEIRS OF JOSEPH E. STETKA, THE HEIRS OF JOANNE STETKA AND UNKNOWN PERSONS CLAIMING RIGHT TO POSESSION, and Does 1-10. YOU ARE HEREBY SUMMONED to answer the Complaint in this action, which is filed in the above entitled Court. A copy of same is served upon you. You must file your written answer with the above entitled Court and serve a copy upon the Plaintiff, or Plaintiff’s attorney within thirty (30) days after the last day this Summons is published, exclusive of the last day of publication. FAILURE TO APPEAR AND ANSWER will allow judgment to be taken against you by default, for the relief demanded in the Complaint. This action is to foreclose a deed of trust upon the following described real property in the County of Missoula State of Montana. The real property has an address of 4223 Larkspur Drive,

Missoula, MT 59803 and is more particularly described as follows: Lot 7 in Block 4 of LARKSPUR ADDITION, a Platted Subdivision in Missoula County, Montana, according to the Official Recorded Plat thereof. A $70.00 filing fee must accompany the answer at the time of filing. /s/ Shirley E. Faust, Clerk of the Court MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY. Cause No. DG-18-34 Dept. No.: 1 NOTICE OF HEARING. IN MATTER OF THE GUARDIANSHIP OF: H.P., A minor child. CODY PFLAUM NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, a hearing upon the Verified Petition for Appointment of Guardians filed in this matter on May 4, 2018 will be held in said Court and Courtroom in the Missoula County Courthouse, 200 W. Broadway, Missoula, MT 59802 on the 18th day of July, 2018, at

11:00am at which time all interested persons may appear and object. DATED this 24th day of May, 2018. Del M. Post Attorney for Petitioner MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY. Cause No. DG-18-35 Dept. No.: 1 NOTICE OF HEARING. IN THE MATTER OF THE GUARDIANSHIP OF: L.P., A minor child. CODY PFLAUM NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, a hearing upon the Verified Petition for Appointment of Guardians filed in this matter on May 4, 2018 will be held in said Court and Courtroom in the Missoula County Courthouse, 200 W. Broadway, Missoula, MT 59802 on the 18th day of July, 2018, at 11:00am at which time all interested persons may appear and object. DATED this 24th day of May, 2018. Del M. Post Attorney for Petitioner


Lawn and Forest Care

Residential Lawn Mowing Forest Fuel Reduction



Professional Upholstery Services Furniture - Recreational Vehicles - Commercial Projects 406-544-8905 lauriesupholstery@

MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Cause N. DP-18-128 Dept. No.: 4 NOTICE TO CREDITORS IN RE THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF ROBERT ALLAN BUCKNER, DECEASED. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Daniel Hovdenes has been appointed as the Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against said deceased are required to present their claims within four (4) months after the date of the first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must either be mailed to Daniel Hovdenes, Personal Representative, return receipt requested, in care of Post Law Firm, PLLC., Attn: Del M. Post, 201 W. Main St., Suite 101, Missoula, MT 59802, or filed with the Clerk of the above court. DATED this 14th day of May, 2018 /s/ Daniel Hovdenes, Personal Representative MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Dept. No. 3 Hon. John Larson Probate No. DP-18-125 NOTICE TO CREDITORS IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF REGGIE WAYNE NEIDIGH, Deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that CONNIE NEIDIGH has been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named Estate. All persons having claims against the said deceased are required to present their claims within four months after the date of the first publication of this Notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must either be mailed to CONNIE NEIDIGH, the Personal Representative, return receipt requested,in care of Thiel Law Office, PLLC, 327 West Pine, PO Box 8125, Missoula, Montana 59807 or filed with the Clerk of the above-entitled Court. DATED this 14 day of May, 2018. THIEL LAW OFFICE PLLC Attorney for Personal Representative /s/ Matthew B. Thiel

either be mailed to Barbara S. Tilton, the Personal Representative, return receipt requested, c/o Boone Karlberg P.C., P. O. Box 9199, Missoula, Montana 598079199, or filed with the Clerk of the above-entitled Court. I declare, under penalty of perjury and under the laws of the state of Montana, that the foregoing is true and correct. DATED this 21st day of May, 2018, at Missoula, Montana. /s/ Barbara S. Tilton Personal Representative MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Dept. No. 4 Cause No. DP-18-138. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF: FRED JOSEPH FORTUNE, Deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Diane Phelps and David Fortune have been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the deceased are required to present their claims within four (4) months after the date of the first publication of this Notice, of their claims will be forever barred. Claims must either be mailed to Jones & Associates, PLLC, Attorneys for the Personal Representative, return receipt requested, at 2625 Dearborn Avenue, Ste. 102A, Missoula, MT 59804, or filed with the Clerk of the above Court. We declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of Montana the foregoing is true and correct. Dated this 29 day of May, 2018 /s/ Diane Phelps, Co-Personal Representative. /s/ David Fortune, Co-Personal Representative. /s/ Kevin S. Jones, Attorney for Personal Representative. MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Dept. No. 4 Probate No.

DP-18-136. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF L. JACK LYON, Deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned has been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the said deceased are required to present their claims within four months after the date of the first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must either be mailed to Kendal L. Lyon, the Personal Representative, return receipt requested, c/o Boone Karlberg P.C., P. O. Box 9199, Missoula, Montana 59807-9199, or filed with the Clerk of the above-entitled Court. I declare, under penalty of perjury and under the laws of the state of Montana, that the foregoing is true and correct. DATED this 22 day of May, 2018, at Louisville, Colorado. Kendal L. Lyon Personal Representative STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COUNTY OF CHEROKEE South Carolina Department of Social Services, IN THE FAMILY COURT SEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT 2018-DR-11-111. NOTICE OF PRE-TRIAL HEARING (Termination of Parental Rights Action). Plaintiff: vs. Kristie Murray, Nathan Bryce Hardin f/k/a Tony Beeson. Defendants: IN THE INTERESTS OF: D.B. DOB: 04/01/2010, I.B. DOB: 01/22/2013. Minors Under the Age of 18. TO: NATHAN BRYCE HARDIN f/k/a TONY BEESON: PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that a Pre-Trial Hearing is scheduled in the above referenced termination of parental rights action on TUESDAY, JULY 17, 2018 at 9:00 AM in the Family Court of the Seventh Judicial Circuit, Cherokee County Courthouse, 125 East Floyd Baker

MONTANA FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT, MISSOULA COUNTY Dept. No. 4 Probate No. DP-18-132 NOTICE TO CREDITORS. IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF WILLIAM BRADLEY TILTON, Deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned has been appointed Personal Representative of the above-named estate. All persons having claims against the said deceased are required to present their claims within four months after the date of the first publication of this notice or said claims will be forever barred. Claims must

Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: • June 7–June 14, 2018 [35]

PUBLIC NOTICES MNAXLP Boulevard, Gaffney, South Carolina. Attorneys and parties should have the following available at the hearing: 1. A list of issues to be tried showing any issues that have been agreed upon. 2. A list of witnesses with the length of time YOU expect to examine each witness. It is very important that you attend this pre-trial hearing! At this hearing, SCDSS will request the court to determine if you are eligible for court-appointed counsel for the upcoming Termination of Parental Rights hearing and set a day certain for the final hearing. May 15, 2018 Gaffney, South Carolina /s/ Travis S Greene, SC Bar No.: 75769, Attorney for Plaintiff, South Carolina Department of Social Services, 1434 North Limestone Street, Post Office Box 1369, Gaffney, South Carolina 29342, Telephone: (864) 649-8231, Facsimile: (864) 487-2512, Email: STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COUNTY OF CHEROKEE South Carolina Department of Social Services, IN THE FAMILY COURT

SEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT 2018-DR-11-111. SUMMONS AND NOTICE [Termination of Parental Rights]. Plaintiff: vs. Kristie Murray Nathan Bryce Hardin f/k/a Tony Beeson. Defendants: IN THE INTERESTS OF: D.B. DOB: 04/01/2010, I.B. DOB: 01/22/2013. Minors Under the Age of 18. TO: NATHAN BRYCE HARDIN f/k/a TONY BEESON:YOU ARE HEREBY SUMMONED and required to answer the complaint for termination of your parental rights in and to the minor children in this action, the original of which has been filed in the Office of the Clerk of Court for Cherokee County, Cherokee County Courthouse, 125 East Floyd Baker Boulevard, Gaffney, South Carolina, on the 2nd day of MARCH, 2018, a copy of which will be delivered to you upon request; and to serve a copy of your answer to the complaint upon the undersigned attorney for the Plaintiff at 1434 North Limestone Street (Post Office Box 1369), Gaffney, South Carolina 29342, within thirty (30) days following the

date of service upon you, exclusive of the day of such service; and if you fail to answer the complaint within the time stated, the plaintiff will apply for judgment by default against the defendant for the relief demanded in the complaint. PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that you have the right to be present and represented by an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint an attorney to represent you. It is your responsibility to contact the Clerk of Court’s Office, Cherokee County Courthouse, 125 East Floyd Baker Boulevard, Gaffney, South Carolina, to apply for appointment of an attorney to represent you if you cannot afford an attorney (take all of these papers with you if you apply). THIS IS A NEW ACTION! IF YOU HAD AN ATTORNEY APPOINTED IN A PREVIOUS ACTION, THAT ATTORNEY IS NOT YOUR ATTORNEY FOR THIS ACTION. YOU MUST APPLY FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF AN ATTORNEY IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU DO NOT APPLY FOR AN ATTOR-

NEY WITHIN THIRTY (30) DAYS OF RECEIPT OF THE COMPLAINT, AN ATTORNEY WILL NOT BE APPOINTED FOR YOU. YOU ARE FURTHER NOTIFIED that: (1) the guardian ad litem (GAL) who is appointed by the court in this action to represent the best interests of the child(ren) will provide the family court with a written report that includes an evaluation and assessment of the issues brought before the court along with recommendations; (2) the GAL’s written report will be available for review twenty-four (24) hours in advance of the hearing; (3) you may review the report at the GAL Program county office. May 15, 2018 Gaffney, South Carolina /s/ Travis S Greene SC Bar No.: 75769 Attorney for Plaintiff, South Carolina Department of Social Services, 1434 North Limestone Street, Post Office Box 1369 Gaffney, South Carolina 29342 Telephone: (864) 649-8231 Facsimile: (864) 487-2512 Email:

newer complex, balcony or deck, A/C, coin-op laundry, storage & off street parking. W/S/G paid. NO PETS, NO SMOKING. Gatewest 7287333

1-2 Bed, 1 Bath, $700-975, Johnson &W. Central, newer complex, wood laminate floors, A/C, walk in closets, balcony, coin op laundry & off street parking. NO PETS, NO SMOKING. Gatewest 728-7333

South Hills, W/D hookups, storage $675. Grizzly Property Management 542-2060

RENTALS APARTMENT RENTALS 1 bed, 1 bath, $700-$725, S. Russell,

2 Bed, 1 Bath, Burton & Broadway, $1,000, Large 2 bedroom w/ views of river, newer appliances, balcony, coin-op laundry, assigned parking. ALL UTILITES PAID. NO PETS, NO SMOKING. Gatewest 728-7333

Grizzly Property Management, Inc.

212 ½ S. 5th St. E 1 bed/1 bath, University area, recent remodel $750. Grizzly Property Management 542-2060

"Let us tend your den" Since 1995, where tenants and landlords call home.

2205 South Avenue West 542-2060•

2306 Hillview Ct. #2 2 bed/1 bath,

237 1/2 E. Front St. from “A” to “E” Studio/1 bath, downtown, HEAT PAID, coin-ops on site $625. Grizzly Property Management 542-2060 706 Longstaff #3 1 bed/1 bath, Slant Streets, W/D hookups, storage $650. Grizzly Property Management 5422060 818 Stoddard “C”. 2 bed/1 bath, Northside, W/D hookups, storage $775. Grizzly Property Management 542-2060


Property Management 422 Madison • 549-6106

For available rentals:

MOBILE HOME RENTALS Lolo RV Park. Spaces available to rent. W/S/G/Electric included. $495/month. 406-273-6034

DUPLEXES 2 Bed, 1 Bath, $750- $785, Great location Downtown, Large bedrooms, A/C, walk-in closets, coin-op laundry, carport & off street parking. NO PETS, NO SMOKING. Gatewest 728-7333 524 S. 5th St. East “B”. 2 bed/1 bath, 2 blocks to U, W/D, DW, all utilities paid $1000. Grizzly Property Management 542-2060



Studio, Near Orange St. Food Farm, $550, Large room with kitchen,coin-op laundry, storage and off Street parking, ALL UTILITIES PAID. NO PETS, NO SMOKING. Gatewest 728-7333

Residential Rentals Professional Office & Retail Leasing Since 1971

915 Defoe St. “A” 2 bed/1 bath, Northside, single garage, W/D, DW $800. Grizzly Property Management 543-2060

HOUSE RENTALS Park your boat near the lake! Outdoor boat storage rental space in Big Fork. 24ft or less $25/mo. longer than 24ft $45/mo. Locked gated yard. Clean, secure & convenient. 837-4004 or 250-2007

Rainbow Mini-Storage Storage units available 10 x 20 $85 a month 10 x 10 $65 a month



Uncle Robert Ln #7 Uncle Robert Lane 2 Bed/1 Bath $825/Month

Our goal is to spread recognition of NARPM and its members as the ethical leaders in the field of property managment

Visit our website at

251- 4707

Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: [36] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018



Clark Fork River Frontage with 2 building sites!! Montana Dream! 24 acres, Sandy Beach & Launch Site. Older home on property. $1.25 million. Let’s go fishing. Call Joy Earls! 406-5319811

By Matt Jones


HOMES APPROVED Subdivision on Waldo Road in Missoula. Are you an entrepreneur? This is your opportunity! Perfect for building small homes or modulars. 61 lots on Frontage Road. Call Joy Earls! 406-531-9811


WE HAVE BUYERS THAT NEED: Multitenant investment property-Missoula or Bitterroot. Bitterroot-35+ acres, horse arena, residence. Stevensvilleowner occupied multi-family. Other well-qualified residential buyers. Call Joy Earls! 406-531-9811

LAND Real Estate - Northwest Montana – Company owned. Small and large acre parcels. Private. Trees and meadows. National Forest boundaries. (406) 293-3714

Hot Springs MT Lumber & Feed Store for sale by owner. Business & Property $399,000 . 406-741-3246 for details.

HOMES OUT OF TOWN THINKING OF SELLING?? JOY EARLS REAL ESTATE IS THE KEY!! We provide: Full Market Analysis, Staging and Complete Sales Plan. “WE’RE INDEPENDENT LIKE YOU!” Call Joy Earls! 406-531-9811

Flathead River Property. Small, unique, log cabin, on the river, across from Glacier Park, near Essex, Mt. $320,000 406862-3110

"Long May You Run"--people keep tuning in. ACROSS

1 Stood 9 Short outings 15 Jazz performance from an upright individual? 16 Mark somehow over the "n" in "Spinal Tap" 17 Longest-running western (U.S., 1955-1975) 18 Tattoo tool 19 Cartoonish squeals 20 Current HUD secretary Carson 21 Light-feather link 22 Swiss terrain 25 Mario Kart character 26 On the ___ (running away) 27 Longest-running home renovation show (U.S., 1979-present) 32 Upper limit 33 Way less common 34 Bermuda, e.g. (abbr.) 37 Longest-running variety show (Chile/U.S., 1962-2015) 41 Coach Parseghian of the Fighting Irish 42 They may be checkered 43 Maze-running rodent

45 Longest-running news show (U.S., 1947-present) 49 Airline based in Stockholm 52 Additive to some soaps 53 Not exceeding 54 Popular with the cool kids these days 55 After-dinner add-on 56 Half of a griffin 59 Gobsmacked 61 Longest-running sci-fi comedy (U.K., 1988-1999, 2009, 2012-present) 65 Upgrade the circuitry 66 Won over 67 Grand Slam Breakfast offerer 68 Tire company with a blimp


1 2018 documentary about a Supreme Court Justice 2 ___ de cologne 3 Online portal launched on the same day as Windows 95 4 Determine 5 "Woe ___!" 6 Alcove 7 "Benevolent" fraternal order 8 X member John 9 State capital since 1959 10 They're made when making up 11 Ending for glob or mod 12 Wimbledon winner Rafael 13 City on the Arkansas River 14 Geyser output 20 Impolite

22 Bill-filled dispenser 23 ___ apso (small dog) 24 "Coco" studio 25 What things are "right out of," when immediate 28 "Anywhere" singer Rita 29 Scottish kid 30 Convertible type 31 A, in Austria 35 Throat bug 36 Minimal 38 Collision sound 39 It merged with Bell Atlantic to form Verizon 40 "Antony and Cleopatra" killer 44 General who's a bit chicken? 46 Place to grab a bite 47 Omits in pronunciation 48 Model's place 49 England's tallest skyscraper, with "The" 50 Singer/songwriter Mann 51 Breed like salmon 56 He followed Carson 57 "... and ___ it again!" 58 Did too much, in a way 60 California wine, familiarly 61 Fed. rule 62 Is multiplied? 63 Davidson's "The Crying Game" costar 64 Pres. on a dime

©2018 Jonesin’ Crosswords •

Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: • June 7–June 14, 2018 [37]



100 Garnet Sprawling Family Ranch Home 5 bed (2 non conforming) 3+1/2 bath 3 car garage. A short jaunt to Kettlehouse Amphitheater. MLS #21806122 $389,000

See for more details










“You gotta love where you live!” For location and more info, view these and other properties at

Office: 406.728.8270 Rochelle Cell:(406) 544-7507 Glasgow

3229 N. Frontage Rd. Garrison $114,900

Wonderful 4.6 acres with Clark River Frontage. Electric, well & septic. Great getaway close to Missoula!


bring 28 years of real estate experience, knowledge of financing, honesty and integrity to my business to help buyers and sellers make sound decisions for their future. My career in real estate is a lifestyle for me, rather than a job that I go to everyday. I balance my life with my love of the outdoors that includes hiking, canoeing, camping, backpacking and skiing. Here in Montana we love the seasons and utilize them to the fullest. We are truly lucky to live in a beautiful place and an amazing town! My motto for my clients is “You gotta love where you live!” And Missoula offers all the requirements to love where you live.

Pat McCormick Real Estate Broker

Real Estate With Real Experience 406-240-SOLD (7653)

Place your classified ad at 317 S. Orange, by phone 543-6609x115 or via email: [38] Missoula Independent • June 7–June 14, 2018

These pets may be adopted at Missoula Animal Control 541-7387 KOTA•

Kota is a 2 year old male American Bulldog mix. This big, goofy boy has a lot of love to give and is always searching for affection! He enjoys chasing tennis balls, but hasn't quite figured out the idea of retrieving them. He is very treat motivated and knows how to sit, lay down, and search for all the stray bits of kibble. Kota is hoping to find himself in a fun-loving and active family.

GYPSY• Gypsy is a 4 year old female German Shepherd. This sweet girl has spent her younger years in a travelling band of fortune tellers, but now she's ready to settle down and grow some roots. Gyspy loves people all of all ages, but could use a bit of advice in the way of manners. She is really hoping her future holds a family where she won't have to share any attention with other pets. BEAR• Bear is a 7 year old male Chocolate Lab. This big goofball loves to play and gets along well with other dogs. Fetch is his favorite game, and his attention cannot be broken when he sees a tennis ball. Bear is a very tolerant dog, allowing some rather poor play manners to go unchecked from his playmates. This loveable Lab would do best in a home that has room to move.

237 Blaine

630 S. Higgins 728-0777

208 East Main 728-7980

HOBBS• Hobbs is a 5 year old male black and white Tuxedo cat. He is a bit shy upon first greeting him. Once he's gotten used to you, Hobbs is a very sweet boy who loves receiving attention. Hobbs would prefer a quiet home. This classy boy is always ready for the most sophisticated occasion with his very handsome tuxedo markings and his distinguished white mustache. MISSY•Missy has beginning stages of kidney disease and needs a home that is familiar with providing for this health issue. Outside of her kidneys, Missy is a healthy and happy cat that is projected to live a long life, making her our shelter's Wonder Woman! Her adoption fee has been sponsored, and we are searching for an adopter that is able to give her a prescription kidney support diet for life

Southgate Mall Missoula (406) 541-2886 • Open Evenings & Saturdays

Help us nourish Missoula Donate now at For more info, please call 549-0543

Missoula Food Bank 219 S. 3rd St. W.

ERWIN• Erwin is a 8 year old male black cat. This handsome and distinguished house panther is an older man who loves the company of people. Like his hero, The Black Panther, Erwin believes himself to be the protector of his kingdom. His Highness has enhanced, superhero abilities in lounging and cuddles. He'd prefer to live in a kingdom with only human subjects.

These pets may be adopted at the Humane Society of Western Montana 549-3934 KIKI• Kiki is an indoor kitty who loves to chatter at the outdoor world! You might find her saying hello to the birds and squirrels at the window or chasing around one of her favorite toys! Come meet this beloved girl during our open hours, Wed-Fri 1-6pm and Sat-Sun 12-5pm! CRICKET• A big beautiful woman with a big beautiful heart! Cricket is a sweet cat that loves to snooze and lounge around with her people. She comes from a quiet home, and is friendly with kids, and new people. Cricket would like to be the only cat in your life and have all of your attention! Come visit Cricket during our open hours, Wed-Fri from 1-6pm and Sat-Sun from 12-5pm!

1600 S. 3rd W. 541-FOOD

1450 W. Broadway St. • 406-728-0022

HERA• Hera, the queen of gods, is the per-

fect name for this mighty cat. Regal, glorious and loving, Hera is looking for someone's home to take reign of. She loves attention, but on her own terms. She will be a majestic, amazing cat in your home. Come meet this lovely lady during our open hours, Wed-Fri from 1-6pm and Sat-Sun from 12-5pm!

BUTTERFLY HERBS Coffees, Teas & the Unusual


MAUSER• Mauser is an active man whose favorite activities include anything where he can fetch a stick! Not only is he a big bundle of love, but he is one smart cookie too! Come meet this handsome man Wed-Fri 1-6pm and Sat-Sun 125pm! MAX AND REX• Max and Rex are a tiny pair with a big personality! These two love to snuggle up with their person and play with toys! Max prefers stuffed animals and Rex is all about anything that squeeks! They are used to an active household and love to go for walks, fetch, and Max is even up for a swim! Come meet this adorable couple during our open hours, Wed-Fri from 1-6pm and Sat-Sun from 12-5pm!

Missoula 406-626-1500

Garry Kerr Dept. of Anthropology University of Montana

JAKE• This boy is one active lovebug! Jake's looking for someone to show him the ropes and give him a gentle introduction to the rest of the world! His favorite thing is to play with other dogs - and even played with a ferret in his previous home! He is quite the snuggler and can't wait to get out and exercise! Come meet this handsome guy during our open hours, Wed-Fri 1-6pm and Sat-Sun 12-5pm! • June 7–June 14, 2018 [39]

Missoula Indepndent  

Western Montana's weekly journal or people, politics and culture.

Missoula Indepndent  

Western Montana's weekly journal or people, politics and culture.