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Reach Out To The

Polar Regions Become Satisfied Learning About Seals Page 4

Keep Your Eyes On The Arctic Fox Page 5

All About Polar Bears Page 7

Everything You Need To Know About Sled Dogs Page 7

Amazing AdĂŠlie Penguins Page 6


Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Table of Contents A Letter From The Editor....................................................Page 3 Satisfying Seals by Rylie Raupp..........................................Page 4 The Arctic Fox by McKenna Doak.......................................Page 5 AdĂŠlie Penguins by Lindsey Rosenblatt..............................Page 6 Polar Bears by Aviva Groys.................................................Page 7 Sled Dogs by Joey Earley.....................................................Page 8


Reach Out To The Polar Regions

A Letter From The Editor Dear Readers, Here in the offices of Reach Out To The Polar Regions, we have been working hard to bring you our best issue yet. We have several excellent articles informing you all about the wildlife found at the coldest places on the globe, the polar regions. From up north in the Arctic to down south in the Antarctic, we will share with you information about the wildlife that are able to thrive in the frigid temperatures of our earth’s poles. McKenna Doak brings us an article informing us all about the arctic fox. Lindsey Rosenblatt will engage us with an article about the AdÊlie penguins found at our poles. Rylie Raupp has shared with us information about the furry seals that live in the polar regions. We also have a great article about the largest animals found at our poles, polar bears by Aviva Groys. Joey Earley shares with us an article about sled dogs and how they play an important part in daily life at the poles. We hope you enjoy our latest article of Reach Out To The Polar Regions, as much as we have enjoyed creating it.

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Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Satisfying Seals In the spring, a seal will haul itself on land or on ice chunks to give birth to seal pups. A mother will find a dip or a hollow to give birth to her single pup. When a seal is born, a mother will sniff the seal to get to know its special smell. Did you know that seals are mammals? The pups get their food from their mother’s milk. Seals spend most of their time in the sea. They need to make breathing holes in the ice when

by Rylie Raupp

they are swimming for a long time. To make breathing holes, seals will use their head to knock out loose ice or gnaw on the ice. Did you know that arctic harp seals, ringed seals, hooded seals and ribbon seals all live in the polar regions? A weddell seal lives in the antarctic and a ringed seal lives in the arctic seas. The seals depend on fish, krill and squid for survival.

A weddell seal pup sitting on the ice of the antarctic.

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Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Arctic Fox The arctic fox is a canine that is related to dogs, coyotes, and wolves. Arctic foxes are small in comparison to other canine animals. A male arctic fox is called a dog fox and a female is called a vixen. The babies of arctic foxes are called pups but some people also call them kits. Vixen foxes can have between two and eight pups. When they are born, the fox pups are about the size of a kitten. The pups cannot be

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by McKenna Doak

left alone for more than an hour because their mother needs to nurse them. The coat of an arctic fox is one of the warmest of all animals. In the winter, arctic foxes grow white fur to match the color of the snow. In the summer, when the snow melts, the foxes shed their fur and grow a cooler summer coat which is brown and tan. Arctic foxes hunt small birds and their eggs. Sometimes they will eat the leftovers of what a larger animal has eaten.

The Arctic Fox in its habitat in the winter. You can tell it is the winter because the fox’s fur is white.


Reach Out To The Polar Regions The Adélie Penguins by Lindsey Rosenblatt Did you know? In October and November Adélie penguins make and make nests out of stone. They live in Antarctica. To keep them from freezing in the south they have blubber over their skin. The female penguins will lay one egg. Three or four days after a second egg will appear.

In December and January the male penguin takes over and sits through the bitter cold. In April winter starts. The penguins dive down for the fun to start. They plop on their bellies and dive in the water. They watch out for seals that want to eat them. They can jump, swim and slide. They feed on krill, squid and fish. So reach out to the polar regions!

Here is an Adélie penguin that photographed in Antarctica

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Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Polar Bears Polar bears live only in the arctic regions. Polar bears travel many miles to hunt ringed seals. Polar bears are the biggest bears in the whole world! Most polar bears are about 10 feet long and weight up to 1,000 pounds! Even thought they are huge, polar bears are fast and graceful. They are quite athletic too, they run almost 30 miles an hour! When they are swimming in water, polar bears use their front

by Aviva Groys

paws to paddle along about six miles per hour! A female polar bear digs her den in a heap of snow. A polar bear can eat as much as 100 pounds of food at one meal! A polar bear’s fur can often turn yellow or brown. The fur found on the bottom of their paw stops the big bears from sliding on the ice. Polar bears have good senses. They have an amazing sense of smell and can see well in both light and dark.

This polar bear uses the fur on the bottom of his paws to stop from slipping on the ice.

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Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Sled Dogs Huskies are a breed of dog most often used to pull sleds. Huskies are very important to a lot of people but especially important to people living in the Polar Regions. For centuries huskies have been used to pull people; it is in their instincts. They are very strong and can pull very heavy loads. Humans have a very close relationship with huskies and many people keep them as pets. Huskies are very smart, understand humans, and are very kind.

by Joey Earley Huskies have the natural ability to pull sleds. All parts of their bodies help to pull. Their body parts are the chest, tail, hock, muzzle, withers, ears, hindquarters and forequarters. They eat chicken, beaver, fish, deer, beef, lard and high-protein dog food. Because they work in such cold conditions it is very important that a husky’s feet are taken care of. They wear booties that keep out snow and their feet are often rubbed with ointment to prevent dryness. Many times owners of huskies put tendon wraps on them after long pulls to prevent their legs and feet from swelling.

Huskies are used to pull sleds in the winter in very cold places.

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Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Glossary Athletic: Able to perform well in physical activities. For example, polar bears can run up to 30 miles per hour! Blubber: Layers of feathers like a winter coat over a penguin’s skin. Booties: Prevent snow from making a husky’s feet too cold. Breathing Holes: Holes made in ice by seals by either gnawing with their teeth or breaking with their head. Breathing holes are made when seals go on long swims. Den: The lair or shelter of a wild animal. Dog fox: A male Arctic Fox. Pup: The name given to a baby seal. Tendon Wraps: Used on huskies after long pulls to prevent their feet and legs from swelling. Vixen: A female Arctic Fox.


Reach Out To The Polar Regions

Index AdĂŠlie Penguin: Page 6 Arctic Fox: Page 5 Blubber: Page 6 Booties: Page 8 Breathing Holes: Page 4 Canine: Page 5 Den: Page 7 Dog Fox: Page 5 Huskies: Page 8 Krill: Page 4 & 6 Penguins: Page 6 Polar Bears: Page 7 Pup: Pages 4 & 5 Seals: Page 4 & 6 Squid: Page 4 & 6 Sled Dogs: Page 8 Tendon Wraps: Page 8 Vixen: Page 5


Polar Regions