M Miissss D Dii PPoonniioo –– M Miissss SStteevvoovviicc
SURVIVAL Guide BETWEEN France AND CROATIA
Collège Descartes – Fontenay le Fleury // Primary school Brajda, Rijeka, Croatia
Table of contents
Where are we? Geography How to be polite A brief History of Croatia Being a pupil Yummy ! Food Free time – Sports
â—? Where are we ? Geography of Croatia
Croatian life Croatia has 4.4 million inhabitants (exactly 4,437,460 hab. March 31, 2001, according to the last census) Mains towns The main cities of Croatia are Zagreb (the capital), Split, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Slavonski Brod, Pula, Sesvete (county "Zagreb"), Slavonski Brod, Karlovac, Varazdin, Sibenik, Sisak, Vinkovci, Velika Gorica , Dubrovnik
The croatian currency The Croatian currency is called kuna (the "marten" in Croatian, pronounced "kouna") and is divided into 100 lipa ("lime"). In the fall of 2012: € 1 = about 7.20 Kn and Kn 1 = about 0.14 € Climate The Croatian territory has two very different climates First, continental climate in the land, Zagorje and Slavonia, which is characterized by cold winters, even freezing! The heavy snowfalls are frequent and temperatures can stay several days below 0 ° C, roads quickly turn into ice rinks. However, the summers are hot or very hot, often with thunderstorms in the evening. On the coast, the climate is Mediterranean. It is distinguished by a softness in winter, temperatures rarely falling below 10 ° C. Summers are very dry, with high temperatures and monthly temperatures around 30 ° C. Enjoy the temperature of the sea, around 26 ° C in summer, allowing more cautious going into the water without hesitation and more brave to swim until October or November. In addition to these general characteristics winds which modify the atmosphere of a day
Health Nothing special to report, you run no particular risk. Tap water is drinkable everywhere! In case of problems, call your local ambulance service (tel: 94) or go to the emergency hospital in the city or in the village health centers. Prepare yourself just wait ... With the end of socialism, the health system has indeed suffered from new budgetary priorities. You will also advance the costs, until Croatia has joined the European Union (which must be done in the summer of 2013). The European health insurance card will be valid in Croatia.
Religion and Belief Croatia is a strongly Catholic country. Since the fall of the communist system that had banned religion has taken a very important place in both the private and public spheres. According to the most recent survey, 87.8% of the population identify themselves as Catholic, while only 4.4% are Orthodox and 1.3% Muslim, the rest of the population reporting no religious affiliation or another religion. Liberalization of the 1980s had led to a sharp increase in baptisms and church weddings.
Ambre, Deborah and Myriam
●How to be polite. Welcome everyone to our tour guide politeness in Croatia, good read
Map of Croatia
the way to be polite in Croatia are :
Meeting and Greeting :
Do not use someone's first name, unless they are a friend or relative. It is considered rude to use someone's first name .Close friends may greet each other with an embrace and a kiss on each cheek.then use "Gospodin" for Mr, "Gospodja" for Mrs and "Gospodice" for Miss. 1) Use "molim." Molim is crucial to being polite in the Serbian-Croation-Bosnian language--it means "please," but can also be used as a response when someone thanks You , Also use "molim" if you do not understand a word and the person should explain. In
this case, "molim" is a polite way of saying "What is it?" If you say, "Sta?" (What's this?) It is considered extremely rude.but 2) Use your greetings. Greetings are always used regardless of familiarity and are a great show of politeness. In the Serbian-Croation-Bosnian language, these greetings are as follows: Dobro jutro (Good morning), Dobar dan (Good day)--use this most of the day, Dobro vece (Good evening), Dovidenja (Goodbye), and Zdravo--most commonly used informal greeting, can be used when coming and leaving. 3 ) At social gatherings hosts introduce guests, usually starting with the women and then moving on to the men in a rough approximation of age order, oldest to youngest.
place Dubrovnik in Croatia
ď‚ˇ Be polite during dinner Table manners are relatively casual as people like to eat and chat at meal times. There are however standards of good behavior that should be adhered to. Remember, when in doubt, watch others and copy what they do. 1) Wait to be shown where to sit. 2) Table manners are Continental, i.e. the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. 3) At formal meals the napkin is unfolded and placed on the lap. 4) Do not begin eating until the host signals to begin. 5) Refusing second helpings initially is polite. After the host insists you should take more. 6) Leaving a small amount of food on your plate indicates that you are finished eating.
Croatian gala dinner
gift : Some general gift giving tips include: 1) If invited to someone’s house, bring flowers for the hostess. The host may be given a box of chocolates or a bottle of good wine. 2) Do not give chrysanthemums as they are used at funerals and for gravestones. 3) When giving flowers, make sure there are an odd number of stems. 4) Gifts are generally opened when received.
At the school 1) We call teachers by their surname.
Elementary School Croatia
Clémentine, Sacha, Amélie and Elodie
Croatia after the World War II
Mickaël Da Costa Clément Langlois Sylvain Marie-Louise Romain Grados • Tito's leadership of the LCY (1945–1980) • Croatia was a Socialist Republic part of a sixpart Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Under the new communist system, privately owned factories and estates were nationalized, and the economy was based on a type of planned market socialism. The country underwent a rebuilding process, recovered from World War II, went through industrialization and started developing tourism. • The country's socialist system also provided free apartments from big companies, which with the workers' self-management investments paid for the living spaces. From 1963, the citizens of Yugoslavia were allowed to travel to almost any country because of the neutral politics. No visas were required to travel to eastern or western countries, capitalist or communist nations.
â€˘ Such free travel was unheard of at the time in the Eastern Bloc countries, and in some western countries as well (e.g. Spain or Portugal, both dictatorships at the time). This proved to be very helpful for Croatia's inhabitants who found working in foreign countries more financially rewarding. Upon retirement, a popular plan was to return to live in Croatia (then Yugoslavia) to buy a more expensive property.
â€˘ In Yugoslavia, the people of Croatia were guaranteed free healthcare, free dental care, and secure pensions. The older generation found this very comforting as pensions would sometimes exceed their former paychecks. Free trade and travel within the country also helped Croatian industries that imported and exported throughout all the former republics.
â€˘ Students and military personnel were encouraged to visit other republics to learn more about the country, and all levels of education, especially secondary education and higher education, were gratis. In reality the housing was inferior with poor heat and plumbing, the medical care often lacking even in availability of antibiotics, schools were propaganda machines and travel was a necessity to provide the country with hard currency. The propagandists who want people to believe "neutral policies" equalized Serbs and Croats, severely restricted free speech, and did not protect citizens from ethnic attacks.
Clément, Mickaël, Romain and Sylvain
● How to be a pupil School: In a week they have mathematics for four hours, Croatian language for four hours, English language for three hours, Biology for two hours, Chemistry for two hours, Psychics for two hours, Geography for two hours, Technology for two hours, Art for two hours, Physical Health Croatian elementary education consists of eight years, and it is compulsory. Children begin schools at the age of 6 or 7.
The French pupils are different than the Croatia because: The Croatian pupils: they have religion, English, sport, French or another language as Italian Russia Deush, math, art, music, technology, chemistry, psychics, geography… The French pupils: we have French, sport, Spanish or deush, music, art, chemistry, geography, math, technology, history, English…
French is an option in Croatia. They learn at home and at library. Croatian pupils
8:30 to Physics 9:15
9:20 to Physics 10:05
Chemistry Matematich Croatian
10:05 to 10:25
10:30 to 11:15
Art or Technology
11:20 to 12:05
Meeting with our teacher
Art or Tehnology
12:10 to 12:55
13:00 TO 13:45
14:00 to 14:45
14:50 to 15
Primary education Croatian elementary education consists of eight years, and it is compulsory. Children begin schools at the age of 6 or 7.
The grade schools are split in two stages:
1st through 4th grade, being taught by one teacher per class, with subjects such as Croatian, mathematics, visual art, nature and society, physical education, music education, religion and at least one foreign language (usually English, usually in the 1st grade and compulsory in the 4th grade) 5th through 8th grades, where different teachers teach different subjects, with added subjects such as history, geography, biology, chemistry, physics, informatics and in addition to English, often a second language (usually German, French or Italian) etc.
A majority of the schools teach either English, German or Italian as soon as the first grade. Majority the schools offer a second language starting from the 4th grade. The most popular foreign languages are English, German and Italian, followed by Spanish, French and Russian.
People who have completed only primary education are classified as "unqualified workers".
Louise, Camille, Clara and Emilia
●Yummy – Food in Croatia The Croatian food is very diversified, it is inspired by Mediterranean, Turkish influences and Austria-Hungary. The breakfast is light and reduced to a simple black coffee. The lunch is the principal meal of the day. The lunch begins with a broth in the vermicelli, then he can be followed by salad of raw vegetables, by grilled fish, potatoes and finish by a dessert. In cities, the lunch is often caught cold consisted of bread, cheese and eggs whereas in the rural zones it is mostly cooked. In the coastal regions, a break is made in the middle of morning to eat the marenda, a light meal makes of fish, cheese and bread. The disserts are diversified: plums, melon, wine grape and pastry(base of cream, strudel of cherry).
Hawa Justine Inès
• Free time – Sports. : the Kayak
The kayak is a great sport because is physical and it’s on the beach.
I’m not sure about it but I believe the motorbike is a sport: that is very interesting isn’t it? Sure it’s interesting!!
the football is great sport, an international sport.
The basketball : That is a very great sport it’s a tactical, physical game. This is a collective game.
The athletics : this sport is very difficult , itâ€™s for adventurer . Well this sports were the local sports in Croatia.
Hugo,Moussa,Maxence and Gianni