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ISBN 978-616-12-0095-4


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ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒàÃ×èͧ The Nanoroadmap Project â´Â Elvio Mantovani áÅÐ Andrea Porcari ¢Í§ºÃÔÉÑ· AIRI (Nanotec IT-Rome)10 »‚ ¤.È. 2005 ä´ŒÈÖ¡ÉÒ¤Ò´¡Òó¡ÒûÃÐÂØ¡μãªŒ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2015 áÅШѴ·Óá¼¹·Õè¹Ó·Ò§ (Roadmap) ã¹ 3 ÊÒ¢Ò ¤×Í Materials, Health and Medical Systems áÅÐ Energy ä´Œ¼ÅÊÃػ໚¹ÃÙ» The Nanotech "S" Curve áÊ´§·ÔÈ·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂ㹪‹Ç§»‚ ¤.È. 2000 ¶Ö§ 2020 â´Â㹪‹Ç§·Õè 2 (»‚ ¤.È. 2005-2010/2015) ¨ÐÁا‹ ์¹§Ò¹ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ã¹àÃ×Íè § Active Nanostructure ઋ¹ Drug Delivery

ä´Œ à¾×èÍãËŒ¼ÅÔμÀѳ±àËÅ‹Ò¹Ñé¹ÊÒÁÒö¾Ñ²¹ÒáÅÐ㪌 ·ÃѾÂÒ¡Ãã¹»ÃÐà·Èà¾×èÍà¾ÔèÁÁÙŤ‹Ò¼ÅÔμÀѳ± ÃÇÁ¶Ö§ ¼ÅÔμÀѳ±¾¹é× ºŒÒ¹ (OTOP) áÅÐà¾ÔÁè ¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö 㹡ÒÃᢋ§¢Ñ¹ãËŒ¡Ñº¼ÙŒ¼ÅÔμ áÅФÇÒÁä´Œà»ÃÕº㹠¡ÒÃᢋ§¢Ñ¹¢Í§»ÃÐà·È áÅÐÂѧª‹ÇÂãËŒ¼ºŒÙ ÃÔâÀ¤ÊÒÁÒö àÅ×Í¡«×éÍÊÔ¹¤ŒÒ䴌͋ҧ©ÅÒ´áÅÐÊÒÁÒö㪌»ÃÐ⪹ ¨Ò¡¼ÅÔμÀѳ±ä´ŒÍ‹ҧàμçÁ·Õè ÍÕ¡·Ñé§Âѧª‹ÇÂãËŒà¡Ô´ ¡ÒèŒÒ§§Ò¹áÅСÒÃŧ·Ø¹¨Ò¡¸ØáԨãËÁ‹æ ·Ò§´ŒÒ¹ ºÃÔ¡Òà ઋ¹ ¡ÒÃμÃǨËÒàª×éÍ»¹à»„œÍ¹à¾×èÍ¡ÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡ ÊÔ¹¤ŒÒà¡ÉμÃáÅÐÍÒËÒà ËÃ×Í¡ÒÃËÇÁ·Ø¹·Ò§¸ØáԨà¾×Íè ãËŒà¡Ô´¡ÒâÂÒÂμÑǢͧ¡ÒÃŧ·Ø¹ã¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕÍØ»¡Ã³ ÇÔ¹Ô¨©ÑÂáÅÐμÃǨÇÑ´ ໚¹μŒ¹

3.2 ¡ÒÃÈÖ ¡ ÉÒ¤ÇÒÁμŒ Í §¡ÒÃ㪌 ¹ Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ã ¹ ºÃÔº·¢Í§»ÃÐà·Èä·Â ¨Ò¡ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒàÃ×Íè § Nanotechnology and Developing World â´Â Fabio SalamancaBuentello, Deepa L. Persad, Erin B. Court, Douglas K. Martin, Abdallah S. Daar, Peter A. Singer ¢Í§ºÃÔÉÑ· PLoS Medicine ã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2005 «Öè§ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕèÂǡѺ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò·Ò§´ŒÒ¹¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¢Í§»ÃÐà·È¡ÓÅѧ¾Ñ²¹Ò ¾ºÇ‹Ò»ÃÐà·È¡ÓÅѧ¾Ñ²¹Ò ¨ÐÁÕ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò·Ò§´ŒÒ¹¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ·Õèáμ¡μ‹Ò§¨Ò¡ »ÃÐà·È·Õè¾Ñ²¹ÒáÅŒÇ â´Â¨Ð¾Ñ²¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ à¾×Íè 㪌ᡌ»Þ ˜ ËҢͧ»ÃÐà·È ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҴѧ¡Å‹ÒÇ ä´ŒÃǺÃÇÁࡳ±ã¹¡ÒáÓ˹´ÇÒÃÐÇԨѢͧ»ÃÐà·È ¡ÓÅѧ¾Ñ²¹Ò «Ö觨оԨÒóÒã¹ 6 »ÃÐà´ç¹¤×Í ¼Å ¡Ãзº (impact) ÀÒÃÐ (burden) ¤ÇÒÁàËÁÒÐÊÁ (appropriateness) ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œ (feasibility) ª‹Í§ Ç‹Ò§·Ò§¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒ (knowledge gap) áÅмŻÃÐ⪹ ·Ò§ÍŒÍÁ (indirect benefits)

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3.3 ¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹¢Í§ ȹ. ȹ. ໚¹Ë¹‹Ç§ҹÀÒÂãμŒÊѧ¡Ñ´ ÊÇ·ª. ·Õè ´Óà¹Ô¹§Ò¹Ã‹ÇÁ¡ÑºÈٹáË‹§ªÒμÔÍ×è¹ à¾×èÍʹѺʹعáÅÐ àÊÃÔ Á ÊÃŒ Ò §¢Õ ´ ¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö´Œ Ò ¹ÇÔ · ÂÒÈÒÊμÏ á ÅÐ à·¤â¹âÅÂբͧ»ÃÐà·È «Ö§è ¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹¨ÐÊÍ´¤ÅŒÍ§ μÒÁá¼¹¡ÅÂØ·¸¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ áÅÐÍÂÙ‹ÀÒ ãμŒá¼¹¡ÅÂØ·¸¢Í§ ÊÇ·ª. (Strategic Planning Alliance: SPA) â´Âä´ŒÃѺ˹ŒÒ·Õèãˌ໚¹à¨ŒÒÀÒ¾´ÙáÅ â»Ãá¡ÃÁà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ áÅдÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ÇÔ¨ÑÂÊÓËÃѺ â»Ãá¡ÃÁ㹤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ ÃÇÁ·Ñé§â¤Ã§¡ÒÃÇԨѷÕèä´ŒÃѺ ¡ÒÃʹѺʹع¨Ò¡áËÅ‹§·Ø¹ÀÒ¹͡ ¹Í¡¨Ò¡¹ÕéÂѧ·Ó ˹ŒÒ·Õ»è ÃÐÊÒ¹¤ÇÒÁËÇÁÁ×͡Ѻ˹‹Ç§ҹà¤Ã×Í¢‹ÒÂμ‹Ò§æ ÃÇÁ·Ñ駪‹ÇÂʹѺʹع¡ÒÃà¾ÔèÁ¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö´ŒÒ¹ ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂբͧ»ÃÐà·È㹡ÒÃÊÌҧ¤ÇÒÁࢌÁá¢ç§ ¢Í§ÀÒ¤ÍØμÊÒË¡ÃÃÁ·ÕèÁÕÍÂÙ‹à´ÔÁ áÅÐÊÌҧÀÒ¤ ÍØμÊÒË¡ÃÃÁãËÁ‹ à¾×è;Ѳ¹ÒàÈÃÉ°¡Ô¨áÅФسÀÒ¾ ªÕÇÔμ·Õè´Õ¢Í§»ÃЪҪ¹


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ã¹Ê‹Ç¹â»Ãá¡ÃÁà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology Program) ¢Í§ ȹ. ¹Ñé¹»ÃСͺ´ŒÇ ෤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nano-Coating Platform) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹¡ÒÃË‹ÍËØÁŒ ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (NanoEncapsulation Platform) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ â¤Ã§ÊÌҧ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ªÑ¹ (Functional Nanostructure Platform) áÅÐâ»Ãá¡ÃÁà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ͹è× æ ·Õàè »š¹ â¤Ã§¡ÒÃÃÔàÃÔÁè â´Â¼ÙÍŒ ӹǡÒÃÈٹ¢Í§ ȹ. (Director Initiatives) «Öè§ã¹¡ÒèѴ·Ó NANOTEC TRM ¤ÃÑ駹Õé ¨Ð¾Ô¨ÒóÒ੾ÒÐã¹Ê‹Ç¹¢Í§â»Ãá¡ÃÁà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) à·‹Ò¹Ñé¹

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(b)

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24

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(a) Coating


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(Úb) Encapsulation

(c) Functional Nano-structure

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28

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ÇÔ ¨Ñ  ´Œ Ò ¹¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ Ê ÓËÃÑ º ¡ÅØ‹ Á »ÃÐà·È¡ÓÅÑ § 4. ¡ÒÃμÔ´μÒÁáÅÐμÃǨÇÔ¹Ô¨©ÑÂâä (Disease ¾Ñ²¹Ò «Ö§è áÊ´§à¡³±ã¹¡ÒáÓ˹´ÇÒÃÐÇÔ¨ÂÑ ´Ñ§μ‹Í仹Õé Screening, Diagnosis & Health Monitoring) 5. ¡ÒüÅÔμ á»ÃÃÙ» áÅСÒÃà¡çºÊÐÊÁ¾Åѧ§Ò¹ 1. ¼Å¡Ãзº (Impact) ËÁÒ¶֧ ¡ÒûÃÐÂØ¡μ (Energy Production, Conversion & 㪌¼Å¼ÅÔμ (Output) ¨Ò¡§Ò¹ÇԨѷÕèÁÕʋǹª‹Ç Storage) 㹡ÒûÃѺ»Ãا ઋ¹ ¹éÓ ¡ÒÃà¡Éμà ÊØ¢ÀÒ¾ 6. ¡ÒÃà¾Ôè Á ¼Å¼ÅÔ μ ¡ÒÃà¡ÉμÃáÅзÃÑ ¾ ÂÒ¡Ã ¾Åѧ§Ò¹ áÅÐÊÔè§áÇ´ÅŒÍÁã¹»ÃÐà·È¡ÓÅѧ ¸ÃÃÁªÒμÔ (Agricultural, Natural Resources ¾Ñ²¹ÒÁÒ¡¹ŒÍÂà¾Õ§㴠Productivity Enhancement) 2. ÀÒÃÐ (Burden) ËÁÒ¶֧ »˜ÞËÒà˧´‹Ç¹ «Öè§ 7. ¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨ÑºáÅФǺ¤ØÁáÁŧáÅоÒËТͧ μŒÍ§¡ÒÃà·¤â¹âÅÂÕª‹ÇÂ㹡ÒÃá¡Œä¢ âä (Vector & Pest Detection/Control) 3. ¤ÇÒÁàËÁÒÐÊÁ (Appropriateness) ËÁÒ¶֧ 8. ÊÔè§·Í (Textile) ¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö㹡ÒÃ¨Ñ ´ ËÒà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¹Ñé ¹ æ ¤ÇÒÁÂÑè§Â×¹¢Í§à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö㹠¡ÒûÃѺà»ÅÕÂè ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕãËŒàËÁÒСѺ»ÃÐà·È 4.3 à·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ (Core Technology) áÅÐͧ¤ ¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒËÅÑ¡ (Core Knowledge Tools) ¢Í§ ¡ÓÅѧ¾Ñ²¹Ò áÅÐàËÁÒÐÊÁ¡ÑºÊÀÒ¾Êѧ¤Á ȹ. àÈÃÉ°¡Ô¨ ÇѲ¹¸ÃÃÁáÅÐÊÔè§áÇ´ÅŒÍÁ 4. ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œ (Feasibility) ËÁÒ¶֧ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¹Ñé¹æ ¨Ðä´ŒÃѺ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒáÅÐà¼Âá¾Ã‹ÀÒÂã¹ ¡ÃͺàÇÅÒ·Õè¡Ó˹´ËÃ×ÍäÁ‹ 5. ª‹Í§Ç‹Ò§·Ò§¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒ (Knowledge Gap) ËÁÒ¶֧ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¹¹éÑ æ ¨Ðª‹Ç¾Ѳ¹Ò¤Ø³ÀÒ¾ ªÕÇμÔ ´ŒÇ¡ÒÃÊÌҧͧ¤¤ÇÒÁÃÙ㌠ËÁ‹ËÃ×ÍäÁ‹ Í‹ҧäà 6. »ÃÐ⪹·¨èÕ Ðä´ŒÃºÑ ·Ò§ÍŒÍÁ (Indirect Benefits) ËÁÒ¶֧ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¹Ñé¹æ ¨ÐÊ‹§àÊÃÔÁãËŒà¡Ô´ ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒöáÅС‹ÍãËŒà¡Ô´ÃÒ ÃÙ»·Õè 4.2 : Core Technology áÅÐ Core Knowledge Tools ä´Œ ·Õè à »š ¹ ¼ÅàªÔ § ºÇ¡·Ò§ÍŒ Í Á㹡ÒÃ¾Ñ ² ¹Ò »ÃÐà·ÈÍ‹ҧäà ෤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ (Core Technology) ¢Í§ ¨Ò¡¡ÒþԨҳҢŒÍÁÙŴѧ¡Å‹ÒǷѧé ËÁ´¢ŒÒ§μŒ¹ ȹ. ÊÌҧ¢Ö¹é ¨Ò¡à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) ¤³Ð·Ó§Ò¹ÁÕ¢ŒÍÊÃػNjÒÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò«Öè§ ¢Í§ ȹ. ·ÕèÁÕÍÂÙ‹à´ÔÁ áÅÐàª×èÍÁâ§ࢌҡѺÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѠμŒÍ§¾Ö觾ҤÇÒÁá¢ç§á¡Ã‹§ã¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹¢Í§ ȹ. áÅоѲ¹ÒãËŒªÑ´à¨¹ÁÒ¡¢Öé¹ ¤ÇûÃСͺ´ŒÇ 8 ÇÒÃР䴌ᡋ 㹡ÒèѴ·Ó NANOTEC TRM ¹ÕéÁÕá¹Ç¤Ô´ 1. Ãкº¡ÒùÓÊ‹§ÂÒ (Drug Delivery System) ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö¢Í§à·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ â´Â 2. ¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔμáÅÐà¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒÍÒËÒà (Food ÍÒÈÑ¡ÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ·ÕÁè ÍÕ ÂÙà‹ ´ÔÁ 3 ¡ÅØÁ‹ ¤×Í ¡ÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺ Processing & Storage) ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nano-Coating Platform) ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѠ3. ¡ÒúӺѴ¹éÓ (Water Treatment & Reme- ¡ÒÃË‹ÍËØÁŒ ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nano-Encapsulation Platform) diation) áÅСÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ª¹Ñ


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(Functional Nanostructure Platform) ·Ñ駹Õé¹Ñ¡ÇԨѠã¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡áμ‹ÅСÅØ‹Á¨Ð´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂä´Œ μŒÍ§ ÍÒÈÑÂà·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡·Õèáμ¡μ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ÊÓËÃѺáμ‹ÅСÅØ‹Á (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.2) ´Ñ§¹Õé • ¡ÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ ´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ â´Â㪌෤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺà¾×èÍÊÌҧÊÁºÑμÔ à©¾ÒÐ (Functional Coating Technology) áÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¡ ÒÃà¤Å× Í ºâ´Â㪌 á ʧ (Photocatalysis Coating Technology) • ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃË‹ÍËØŒÁÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ ´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ â´ÂÊÌҧ¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö·Ò§´ŒÒ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ã¹ 3 ´ŒÒ¹ 䴌ᡋ ¡ÒÃË‹ÍËØÁŒ áÅлŴ»Å‹ÍÂÊÒà (Encapsulation/Incorporation & Release Technology) ¡ÒäǺ¤ØÁ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÊÒà (Control & Release Technology) áÅÐ ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÊÒÃä»Âѧ໇ÒËÁÒ (Target & Release Technology) • ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§ ¿˜§¡ª¹Ñ Áا‹ ์¹¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ º¹¾×¹é °Ò¹¡ÒÃÍ͡Ẻ âÁàÅ¡ØÅáÅÐâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧÃдѺ¹Òâ¹·ÕèÁÕÊÁºÑμÔ à©¾ÒÐ (Design of Functional Molecules & Nanostructures) ¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏμÑÇà˧ »¯Ô¡ÔÃÔÂÒÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ËÃ×Íâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Synthesis of Nano Catalysts or Functional Nanostructures) áÅСÃкǹ ¡ÒÃÊÌҧâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Fabrication Process for Nanostructures) ͧ¤¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒËÅÑ¡ (Core Knowledge Tools) »ÃСͺ´ŒÇ 4 àÃ×èͧ䴌ᡋ 1)¡ÒúÃÔËÒèѴ¡Òà ¤ÇÒÁ»ÅÍ´ÀÑÂáÅФÇÒÁàÊÕè§ (Safety & Risk Management) 2) ¡ÒÃáÊ´§¤Ø³ÅÑ ¡ ɳÐáÅÐ ¡Ò÷´Êͺ (Characterization/Testing) 3) ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ Ẻ¨ÓÅͧ´ŒÇ¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàμÍÏ (Computer Modeling/ Simulation) 4) ˹‹Ç¢ŒÍÁÙÅ¢‹ÒÇ¡Ãͧ (Intelligence Information Unit) ·Ñ駹Õéͧ¤¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒËÅѡ໚¹ÊÔ觷Õè ȹ. ¨Ó໚¹μŒÍ§´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃÍ‹ҧμ‹Íà¹×èͧà¾×èÍ໚¹à¤Ã×èͧÁ×Í ã¹¡ÒÃÊÌҧ෤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡·Ñé§ 3 ¡ÅØ‹ÁãËŒμçμÒÁ

29

໇ÒËÁÒ·ÕèμŒÍ§¡Òà â´ÂÁÕ¡Åä¡ã¹¡ÒÃÊÌҧ¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒ àËÅ‹Ò¹Õé ઋ¹ ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ¤ÇÒÁËÇÁÁ×͡Ѻ˹‹Ç§ҹÀÒ ¹Í¡ ¡ÒèѴμѧé ˹‹Ç§ҹ¢Ö¹é ãËÁ‹à¾×Íè ´Óà¹Ô¹¡Òà ໚¹μŒ¹ 4.4 ÀÒ¾ÃÇÁá¼¹·Õè¹Ó·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ (Integrated NANOTEC TRM) Integrated NANOTEC TRM μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.3 áÊ´§¤ÇÒÁÊÑ Á ¾Ñ ¹ ¸ à ÐËÇ‹ Ò §·ÃÑ ¾ Âҡ÷Õè ¨ Ó໚ ¹ã¹ ¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃÇԨѠ(Resource) ͧ¤¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒËÅÑ¡ (Core Knowledge Tools) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ (Core Technology) áÅÐÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò (R&D Agenda)

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ã¹Ê‹Ç¹¹Õé¨Ð໚¹¡ÒþԨÒóÒÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѠáÅоѲ¹Òáμ‹ÅÐàÃ×èͧ â´Â¾Ô¨ÒóÒÇ‹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ ã´ºŒÒ§¨ÐÊÒÁÒöμͺʹͧμ‹ÍÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ áÅоѲ¹Ò àÃ×èͧ㴠à¾×èÍãËŒºÃÃÅض֧¡ÒùÓä»ãªŒ»ÃÐ⪹ä´Œ¨ÃÔ§


30

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μÒÃÒ§·Õè 4.1 ¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËNjҧ෤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡¡ÑºÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò

Drug delivery Nanocapsules, liposomes, Dendrimers & Nano biomagnets for slow and sustained herbal release Targeted release of drugs and vaccines Food process Nanocomposites for plastic film & storage coatings in food packaging Nanosensor for detection of pathogen contamination Textile Textile with value-added properties Smart textile Functional textile Vector Nanoparticles for pesticides, & pest insecticides and insect detection/ repellents Nanosensor for vector and pest control detection Textile for vector control Disease Heavy metal nanosensor screening, Antibody-based nanomolecules diagnosis for therapeutic of Cancer and & health infectious diseases monitoring Pathogen nanosensor Nanoparticle for in situ monitoring Energy Polymer-based flexible solar production, cells conversion & Bio-diesel nanocatalyst storage Nanocatalyst for hydrogen generation Nanocatalyst for fuel cell Hydrogen storage in metal hydride & on metal-doped porous materials

Functional nanostructures

Control & release technology Target & release technology Design of functional molecules & nanostructures Synthesis of nanocatalyst or functional molecules Fabrication process for nanostructures

Encapsulation technology

Photocatalytic coating technology Encapsulation technology

Coating technology Functional coating technology

R&D agenda

Core technology Technology


á¼¹·Õè¹Ó·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ Core technology Water Nanomembrane for water treatment purification & detoxification Nanosensor for detection of and remediation contaminants and pathogens Magnetic nanoparticles for water treatment and remediation Nanoparticles for catalytic conversion of water pollutants Agricultural Nanocapsules for slow release productivity & efficient dosage of herbicide/ enhancement pesticide delivery Nanocapsules for slow release of fertilizer Nanocapsules for slow release & efficient dosage of nutrients, drugs & vaccine for livestock

Coating technology

Encapsulation technology

31

Functional nanostructures

¤ÇÒÁàª×èÍÁ⧢ͧÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò ·Ñ§é 8 ¡Ñºà·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡á¡μÒÁÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ ä´Œ´§Ñ ¹Õé ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 1 : Ãкº¹ÓÊ‹§ÂÒ (Drug Delivery System) ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕéÁØ‹§à¹Œ¹¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ·Õè ã ªŒ ã ¹¡ÒäǺ¤Ø Á áÅÐ/ËÃ× Í ¡Ó˹´à»‡ Ò ËÁÒÂã¹ ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÂÒáÅÐÊÁعä¾ÃËÃ×ÍÇѤ«Õ¹ÊÓËÃѺâä ·ÕÊè Ó¤ÑÞæ â´Â੾ÒÐÍ‹ҧÂÔ§è ÊÓËÃѺâäμÔ´àª×Íé ÍغμÑ ãÔ ËÁ‹ âäμÔ´àª×Íé ÍغμÑ «Ô Óé áÅÐÁÐàÃç§ â´Â¼‹Ò¹¡ÒÃÍ͡ẺáÅÐ ÊÌҧ¹Òâ¹á¤»«ÙÅ äÅâ»â«Á à´¹´ÃÔàÁÍÏ (Dendrimers) áÅÐáÁ‹àËÅ硹Ò⹪ÕÇÀÒ¾ (Nano-Bio Magnets) à¾×èÍ ãËŒÊÒÁÒö¤Çº¤ØÁ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÊÒÃÍÍ¡Ä·¸Ôìä´ŒμÒÁ à§×è͹䢷ÕèμŒÍ§¡Òà áÅÐÃÇÁ¶Ö§Ãкº»Å´»Å‹ÍÂÂÒáÅÐ ÇѤ«Õ¹·ÕèÁØ‹§à»‡ÒËÁÒ (Targeted Release of Drugs and Vaccines) â´Â¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѷÕèÁÕº·ºÒ·ËÅÑ¡ÊÓËÃѺ ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕé¤×Í¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ áÅÐ ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃË‹ÍËØŒÁÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.4)

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.4 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹ÒàÃ×èͧÃкº¹ÓÊ‹§ÂÒ

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 2 : ¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔμáÅÐ à¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒÍÒËÒà (Food Processing & Storage) ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕéÁØ‹§à¹Œ¹ 2 ʋǹËÅÑ¡ 䴌ᡋ ¡ÒÃÊÌҧºÃèØÀѳ±ÊÓËÃѺÍÒËÒ÷ÕèÁÕÇÑÊ´Ø«Ö觾Ѳ¹Ò ¨Ò¡¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ àª‹¹ ¾ÅÒÊμÔ¡Ë‹ÍËØŒÁºÃèØÀѳ± ÍÒËÒ÷ӨҡÇÑʴعÒ⹤ÍÁâ¾ÊÔ· (Nanocomposites) áÅСÒÃÊÌҧà«ç¹à«ÍÏÊÓËÃѺμÃǨ¨Ñºàª×éÍ¡‹Íâä·Õ軹 ໄœÍ¹ã¹ÇÑμ¶Ø´ÔºáÅмÅÔμÀѳ±ÍÒËÒà â´Â¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѷÕèÁÕ º·ºÒ·ËÅÑ¡ÊÓËÃѺÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¹Õ¤é Í× ¡ÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺ ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹áÅСÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ª¹èÑ (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.5)


32

NANOTEC TRM

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.5 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò àÃ×èͧ¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔμáÅÐà¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒÍÒËÒÃ

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 3 : ¡ÒúӺѴ¹éÓ (Water Treatment & Remediation) ໚¹¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕàÂ×Íè ºÒ§ (Membrane) áÅСÒÃà˧»¯Ô¡ÔÃÔÂÒ´ŒÇÂáʧ (Photocatalysis) ÊÓËÃѺ¡Ò÷ӹéÓãËŒºÃÔÊØ·¸ÔìáÅСÒúӺѴ¹éÓàÊÕ â´Â ¡ÒûÃÐÂØ¡μãËŒ¹Òâ¹àÁÁàºÃ¹ (Nanomembrane) ã¹ ¡Ãкǹ¡Ò÷ӹéÓãËŒºÃÔÊØ·¸ÔìáÅСÒáӨѴÊÒþÔɹéÓ Ê‹Ç¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¹Òâ¹à«ç¹à«ÍϨÐÁÕº·ºÒ·ã¹¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨Ñº ÊÒû¹à»„œÍ¹áÅÐàª×éÍ¡‹Íâä áÅÐ͹ØÀÒ¤áÁ‹àËÅ硹Òâ¹ ¨Ð¶Ù ¡ ¹Óä»ãªŒ Ê ÓËÃÑ º ¡Ò̼ ´ ¹é Ó áÅÐàË § »¯Ô ¡Ô ÃÔ Â Ò ¡ÒÃá»Å§ÊÀÒ¾ÊÒþÔÉã¹¹éÓ (Catalytic Conversion of Water Pollutant) ·Ñ駹Õé¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ ¹Òâ¹ áÅСÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ªÑè¹ ¨Ð ÁÕº·ºÒ·ËÅÑ¡ã¹ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕé (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.6)

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 4 : ¡ÒÃμÔ´μÒÁáÅÐμÃǨ ÇÔ¹Ô¨©ÑÂâä (Disease Screening, Diagnosis & Health Monitoring) ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕé¤Ãͺ¤ÅØÁ¶Ö§¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕÊÓËÃѺ¡ÒÃμÃǨÇÔ¹Ô¨©ÑÂÁÐàÃ秷ÑèÇä» àª×éÍ¡‹Í âäÍغÑμÔãËÁ‹ ÂÒ»ÃÒºÈÑμÃپת áÅÐâÅËÐ˹ѡ μÑÇÍ‹ҧ ¡ÒÃÇԨѠ䴌ᡋ ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒâÁàÅ¡ØŹÒâ¹·ÕèÁÕá͹μÔºÍ´Õ à»š¹Ê‹Ç¹»ÃСͺà¾×èÍ¡ÒÃÇÔ¹Ô¨©ÑÂâäÁÐàÃç§áÅÐâäμÔ´ àª×Íé ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à«ç¹à«ÍÏÊÓËÃѺμÃǨ¨Ñºàª×Íé ¡‹Íâä áÅÐμÃǨ¨ÑºâÅËÐ˹ѡáÅÐÂÒ»ÃÒºÈÑμÃپת «Ö觡ÅØ‹Á ÇԨѡÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ªÑ蹨ÐÁÕº·ºÒ·à»š¹ Í‹ҧÁҡ㹡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ Ê‹Ç¹¡ÒÃÊÌҧ͹ØÀÒ¤ ¹Òâ¹ÊÓËÃѺ¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨ÑºÊÒà ³ áËÅ‹§¡Óà¹Ô´ (In Situ Monitoring) ઋ¹ ¹éÓμÒÅ¡ÅÙâ¤Ê â¤àÅÊàμÍÃÍŠ໚¹μŒ¹ μŒÍ§ÍÒÈÑÂà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÊÒÃä»Âѧ໇ÒËÁÒ «Öè § ¡ÅØ‹ Á ÇÔ ¨Ñ  ËÅÑ ¡ ÊÓËÃÑ º ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ ¨Ñ  ¹Õé ¤× Í ¡ÅØ‹ Á ÇÔ ¨Ñ  ¡ÒÃË‹ÍËØŒÁÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ã¹¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ (μÒÁÃÙ» ·Õè 4.7)

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.7 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ áÅоѲ¹Ò¡ÒÃμÔ´μÒÁμÃǨÇÔ¹¨Ô ©ÑÂâä

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.6 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¡ÒúӺѴ¹éÓ

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 5 : ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ ¡ÒÃá»ÃÃÙ» áÅСÒÃà¡çºÊÐÊÁ¾Åѧ§Ò¹ (Energy Production, Conversion & Storage) ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¹Õàé ¹Œ¹¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¾Åѧ§Ò¹·´á·¹ ´ŒÇ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ μÑÇÍ‹ҧ¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂã¹ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѠ¹Õé 䴌ᡋ ¡ÒþѲ¹Òà«ÅŏáʧÍÒ·Ô쏷ÕèÁÕÊÒÃÍÔ¹·ÃՏ ËÃ×;ÍÅÔàÁÍÏ໚¹Ê‹Ç¹»ÃСͺ «Öè§à»š¹¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂËÅÑ¡ ¢Í§¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ¹Ò⹠ʋǹ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇÔ¨ÑÂ


á¼¹·Õè¹Ó·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ

33

¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ª¹èÑ ¨ÐÁÕº·ºÒ·ã¹¡ÒþѲ¹Ò μÑÇà˧»¯Ô¡ÃÔ ÂÔ ÒãËÁ‹ÊÓËÃѺäºâÍ´Õà«ÅáÅÐäÎâ´Ãਹ ÃÇÁ ·Ñ§é ÁÕº·ºÒ·ã¹¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃà¡çº¡Ñ¡äÎâ´Ãਹ ã¹ÊÒûÃСͺâÅËÐäÎä´Ã´ (Metal Hydride) áÅÐ ã¹ÇÑÊ´Ø·Õèà¨×Í´ŒÇÂâÅËÐ (Metal-Doped Porous Materials) (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.8)

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.9 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¡ÒÃà¾ÔèÁ¼Å¼ÅÔμ ¡ÒÃà¡ÉμÃáÅзÃѾÂҡøÃÃÁªÒμÔ

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.8 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò ¡ÒüÅÔμ á»ÃÃÙ» áÅСÒÃà¡çºÊÐÊÁ¾Åѧ§Ò¹

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 6 : ¡ÒÃà¾ÔèÁ¼Å¼ÅÔμ ¡ÒÃà¡ÉμÃáÅзÃѾÂҡøÃÃÁªÒμÔ (Agricultural, Natural Resources Productivity Enhancement) ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃË‹ÍËØŒÁÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ÁÕº·ºÒ·ËÅÑ¡ ã¹ÇÒÃСÒÃÇԨѹÕé â´ÂÁÕ໇ÒËÁÒÂ㹡ÒÃà¾ÔèÁ¼Å¼ÅÔμ ·Ò§¡ÒÃà¡ÉμôŒÇ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒÃкº¤Çº¤ØÁ¡ÒûŴ »Å‹ÍÂÊÒÃà¤ÁÕÍ‹ҧªŒÒæ áÅÐÁÕ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾ ઋ¹ »Ø‰Â ÂҡӨѴ ÇѪ ¾× ª áÅÐÂÒ»ÃÒºÈÑμÃÙ¾ × ª âÀª¹àÀÊѪ (Nutraceuticals) ÂÒ áÅÐÇѤ«Õ¹ ໚¹μŒ¹ â´Â¼‹Ò¹ ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹á¤»«ÙÅÊÓËÃѺ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹Í»Ø‰ ¹Ò⹠᤻«ÙÅÊÓËÃѺ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹ÍÂÂҡӨѴÇѪ¾×ªáÅÐÂÒ »ÃÒºÈÑμÃپת áÅйÒâ¹á¤»«ÙÅÊÓËÃѺ¡ÒûŴ»Å‹Í ÊÒÃÍÒËÒà ÂÒ áÅÐÇѤ«Õ¹»ÈØÊÑμǏ (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.9)

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 7 : ¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨ÑºáÅÐ ¤Çº¤ØÁáÁŧáÅоÒËТͧâä (Vector & Pest Detection/Control) ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ ¨Ñ  ¹Õé ¤ Ãͺ¤ÅØ Á ¶Ö § ¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨Ñ º ¤Çº¤ØÁ äÅ‹áÁŧáÅоÒËТͧâä ·Ñ駹Õé¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѷÑé§ 3 ¡ÅØ‹ÁÁÕº·ºÒ·áμ¡μ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ ¡Å‹ÒǤ×Í¡ÒþѲ¹Ò͹ØÀÒ¤ ¹Òâ¹·ÕèÁÕÄ·¸Ôì㹡ÒÃäÅ‹áÁŧ áÅлÃÒºáÁŧÈÑμÃپת ໚¹º·ºÒ·ËÅÑ¡¢Í§¡ÅØÁ‹ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ·Ñ§é 3 ¡ÅØÁ‹ ʋǹ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò ÊÔè § ·Í·Õè Ê ÒÁÒö»‡ Í §¡Ñ ¹ áÁŧ¾ÒËТͧâä໚ ¹ º·ºÒ·ËÅÑ ¡ ¢Í§¡ÅØ‹ Á ÇÔ ¨Ñ  ¡ÒÃà¤Å× Í ºÃÐ´Ñ º ¹Òâ¹ ÊÓËÃѺ¡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѡÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ªÑ蹨ÐÁÕ º·ºÒ·ËÅѡ㹡ÒþѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à«ç¹à«ÍÏÊÓËÃѺμÃǨ ¨ÑºáÁŧáÅоÒËТͧâä (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.10)

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.10 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¡ÒÃμÃǨ¨Ñº áÅФǺ¤ØÁáÁŧáÅоÒËТͧâä


34

NANOTEC TRM

ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò·Õè 8 : ÊÔè§·Í (Textile) ໚¹ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ à¾×Íè ãËŒ¾² Ñ ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ·Õè Ê ÒÁÒö¹Óä»»ÃÐÂØ ¡ μ ã ªŒ à ¾×è Í ÊÃŒ Ò §ÁÙ Å ¤‹ Ò à¾Ôè Á á¡‹ ÊÔ觷ÍãËŒÁÕÊÁºÑμÔ¾ÔàÈÉ੾ÒÐ (Functional Textile) áÅÐÁÕÊÁºÑμàÔ ©¾Òзҧ (Technical Textile) ઋ¹ ÊÔ§è ·Í ÍѨ©ÃÔÂÐ (Smart Textile) ¼ŒÒ˹‹Ç§ä¿ (Fire Retardant Fabrics) ໚¹μŒ¹ «Ö觡ÅØ‹ÁÇԨѷÑé§ 3 ¡ÅØ‹Á¨ÐÁÕº·ºÒ· 㹡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 4.11)

ÃÙ»·Õè 4.11 : ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹ÒÊÔ觷Í

ÊÓËÃѺͧ¤¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒËÅÑ¡·Ñé§ 4 àÃ×èͧ ¨ÐࢌÒä» ÁÕÊÇ‹ ¹Ã‹ÇÁ㹡ÒÃʹѺʹع·Ø¡æ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕËÅÑ¡ áÅзءæ ÇÒÃСÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò â´Âã¹Ê‹Ç¹¢Í§¡ÒúÃÔËÒà ¨Ñ´¡ÒäÇÒÁ»ÅÍ´ÀÑÂáÅФÇÒÁàÊÕÂè § (Safety & Risk Management) ¨Ð´Óà¹Ô¹¡Òü‹Ò¹ËŒÍ§»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òâͧ ȹ. ËÇÁ¡ÑºË¹‹Ç§ҹÀÒ¹͡ ʋǹ¡ÒÃáÊ´§¤Ø³ÅѡɳРáÅСÒ÷´Êͺ (Characterization/Testing)t ÃÇÁ ¶Ö§¡ÒÃÊÌҧẺ¨ÓÅͧ´ŒÇ¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàμÍÏ (Computer Modeling/Simulation) ´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃâ´Âˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òà ¢Í§ ȹ. áÅÐãËŒºÃÔ¡ÒÃá¡‹¹Ñ¡ÇԨѷء¡ÅØ‹Á áÅÐÊÓËÃѺ ˹‹Ç¢ŒÍÁÙÅ¢‹ÒÇ¡Ãͧ (Intelligence Information Unit) ¨Ð໚¹Ë¹‹Ç§ҹ ȹ. ·Õè¨ÐμŒÍ§´Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃà¾×èÍÃͧÃѺ ¡Ò÷ӧҹμ‹Íä»


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35 3 5

º··Õè 5 ¡ÒùÓá¼¹·Õè¹Ó·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ä»ÊÙ‹¡Òû¯ÔºÑμÔ (NANOTEC TRM Deployment) NANOTEC TRM ¨Ñ´·Ó¢Öé¹à¾×èÍ㪌໚¹ à¤Ã×è Í §Á× Í ÊÓ¤Ñ Þ ã¹¡ÒáÓ˹´¡ÃͺáÅÐ·Ô È ·Ò§ ¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ ¡ÒûÃÐÊÒ¹§Ò¹ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¡Åä¡¡ÒèѴ¡Òà áÅÐ ¡ÒèѴÊÃ÷ÃѾÂÒ¡Ã ¢Í§ ȹ. ÀÒÂã¹ÃÐÂÐàÇÅÒ 4 »‚ (¾.È. 2553-2556) ã¹ 3 ˹‹Ç§ҹËÅÑ¡ ¤×Í ¡ÒÃÇԨѠâ´Â¹Ñ¡ÇÔ¨ÂÑ È¹. ¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ ·Õ´è Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃâ´Âà¤Ã×Í¢‹ÒÂÈٹ ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹àÅÔÈ·ÕèμÑé§ÍÂÙ‹ã¹ÁËÒÇÔ·ÂÒÅÑÂμ‹Ò§æ áÅСÒÃãËŒ ·Ø¹ÇÔ¨ÂÑ á¡‹¹¡Ñ ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ·ÑÇè »ÃÐà·È â´Â¾Ô¨ÒóҨҡ¢ŒÍàÊ¹Í â¤Ã§¡Ò÷ÕèÂ×è¹¢ÍÃѺ·Ø¹ «Ö觡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹¢Í§ 3 ˹‹Ç§ҹÁմѧ¹Õé

Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒäÇÒÁ»ÅÍ´ÀÑ·ҧ¹Òâ¹ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ (Nano Safety and Risk Assessment Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºμÑ ¡Ô ÒÃÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏ·´Êͺ (Testing and Service Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒÃૹà«ÍÏ ¹Òâ¹âÁàÅ¡ØÅ (Nanomolecular Sensor Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒÃÍØ»¡Ã³¹Òâ¹ÍÔ¹·ÃՏ (Organic Nanodevice Laboratory) âç§Ò¹μŒ¹áººàÊŒ¹ã »ÃдÔÉ°¼ÊÁ (Bi-component Spinning Fiber Pilot Plant) «Ö觷Ñé§ 11 ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒÃä´Œ´Óà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ÇÔ¨ÑÂãËŒ ÊÍ´¤ÅŒÍ§¡Ñº NANOTEC TRM ¾ºÇ‹Ò¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ ã¹»‚ 2553 ¢Í§·Ñé§ 11 ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒÃÁÕ¤ÇÒÁà¡ÕèÂÇ¢ŒÍ§ 5.1 §Ò¹ÇÔ¨ÂÑ ·Õ´è Óà¹Ô¹¡ÒÃâ´Â¹Ñ¡ÇÔ¨ÂÑ È¹. (In-House μÒÁ R&D Agenda áÅÐ Core Knowledge Tools Research) (μÒÁÃÙ»·Õè 5.1) ȹ. ä´ŒÁ¡Õ ÒûÃѺ»Ãا¼Ñ§â¤Ã§ÊÌҧͧ¤¡ÃáÅÐ »ÃСÒÈ㪌àÁ×èÍÇѹ·Õè 4 ÊÔ§ËÒ¤Á 2552 â´Â˹‹Ç »¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒáÅÒ§¹Òâ¹à·¤ »ÃСͺ´ŒÇÂˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òà 11 ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òà ¤×Í ËŒÍ§»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒÃÃкº¹ÓÊ‹§ (Nano Delivery System Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òà â¤Ã§ÊÌҧ¹Òâ¹äκÃÔ´áÅйÒ⹤ÍÁ¾ÍÊÔ· (Hybrid Nanostructure and Nanocomposite Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºμÑ ¡Ô ÒùÒâ¹âÁàÅ¡ØÅ໇ÒËÁÒ (Nanomolecular Target Discovery Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡ÒùÒâ¹ ¾Åѧ§Ò¹áÅСÒÃà˧»¯Ô¡ÔÃÔÂÒ (Nano-Energy and ÃÙ»·Õè 5.1 : ¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ÇԨѢͧˌͧ»¯ÔºÑμÔ¡Òâͧ ȹ. Catalysis Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºμÑ ¡Ô ÒùÒâ¹àǪÊÓÍÒ§ (Nano-cosmeceuticals Laboratory) ˌͧ»¯ÔºμÑ ¡Ô Òà ¤Ó¹Ç³ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nanoscale Simulation


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ºÃóҹءÃÁ ¤³Ð¡ÃÃÁ¡ÒùâºÒÂÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. (2547). á¼¹¡ÅÂØ·¸´ŒÒ¹ÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ (¾.È. 2547-2556). ¾ÔÁ¾¤ÃÑ駷Õè 1. ¡ÃØ§à·¾Ï : Êӹѡ§Ò¹¾Ñ²¹ÒÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. Èٹ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. (2550). á¼¹¡ÅÂØ·¸¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ (¾.È. 2550-2556). ¾ÔÁ¾¤ÃÑ駷Õè 1. ¡ÃØ§à·¾Ï : Êӹѡ§Ò¹¾Ñ²¹ÒÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. Èٹ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. (2550). á¼¹áÁ‹º·¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ (¾.È. 2550-2554). ¾ÔÁ¾¤ÃÑ駷Õè 1. ¡ÃØ§à·¾Ï : Êӹѡ§Ò¹¾Ñ²¹ÒÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ. AIRI/Nanotec IT-Rome. (2006). The Nanoroadmap Project. Battelle Memorial Institute and Foresight Nanotech Institute. (2007). Productive nanosystem, a technology roadmap. D. Kanama & A. Kondo (2007). Analysis of Japan’s Nanotechnology Competitiveness-Concern for Declining Competitiveness and Challenges for Nano-systematization. Science & Technology Trends, Quarterly Review, No. 25, 36-49. Fabio Salamanca-Buentello, et al. (2005). Nanotechnology and the Developing World. PLoS Medicine, 2/4, 0300-0303. H-N. Su. (2007). Current situation and industrialization of Taiwan nanotechnology. J Nanopart Res, 9, 965-975. ISI Web of Knowledge (http://www.isiknowledge.com/) ¤Œ¹¤ÇŒÒ¢ŒÍÁÙÅàÁ×èÍà´×͹¡ØÁÀҾѹ¸ 2552 National Nanotechnology Initiative. (2008). Strategy for nanotechnology-related environmental, health, and safety research. NISTEP. (2006). The 8th science and technology foresight survey-Delphi analysis. Japan Richard Silberglitt, Philip S. Antón, David R. Howell,Anny Wong, Natalie Gassman, Brian A. Jackson, Eric Landree, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, Elaine M. Newton, and Felicia Wu. (2006). The global technology revolution 2020. RAND Corporation. (www.rand.org)


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¡.4 NSTDA Plan ¨Ò¡á¼¹¡ÅÂØ·¸´ŒÒ¹ÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ (¾.È. 2547-2556) ·Õèä´Œ¹Óá¹Ç¤Ô´¡ÒþѲ¹Ò ã¹ÃÙ»à¤Ã×Í¢‹ÒÂÇÔÊÒË¡Ô¨ËÃ×ͤÅÑÊàμÍÏ (Cluster) ÁÒ໚¹à¤Ã×Íè §Á×Í㹡ÒÃà¾ÔÁè ¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒöáÅÐÊÌҧ¤ÇÒÁࢌÁá¢ç§ ·Ò§àÈÃÉ°¡Ô¨áÅÐÊѧ¤ÁãËŒÁÒ¡·ÕèÊØ´ áÅÐÊÒÁÒöμͺʹͧ¤ÇÒÁμŒÍ§¡ÒôŒÒ¹ÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒÊμÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂբͧ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ䴌Í‹ҧÁÕ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾ ÊÇ·ª. ÁÕ·ÔÈ·Ò§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂáÅоѲ¹Òà¾×èÍμͺʹͧ෤â¹âÅÂÕ 4 ÊÒ¢ÒËÅÑ¡ ¢Í§ÈٹáË‹§ªÒμÔ·Ñé§ÊÕèãËŒÁÒ¡ÂÔ觢Öé¹â´Â¡ÒÃÃкءÅØ‹ÁÇÔÊÒˡԨ໇ÒËÁÒÂãËŒªÑ´à¨¹áÅФÃͺ¤ÅØÁ»ÃÐà´ç¹·ÕèÁÕ ¤ÇÒÁÊÓ¤ÑÞμ‹Í¡ÒþѲ¹Ò»ÃÐà·È´Ñ§ÃÙ» (¡).3 à¾×Íè ãËŒºÃÃÅØ໇ÒËÁÒ¢ŒÒ§μŒ¹ ÊÇ·ª. ¨Ö§ä´ŒÁͺËÁÒÂãËŒ½Ò† ºÃÔËÒà ¨Ñ´¡ÒäÅÑÊàμÍÏáÅÐâ»Ãá¡ÃÁÇԨѠ(Cluster and Program Management Office: CPMO) ໚¹¼ÙŒºÃÔËÒà ¨Ñ´¡ÒáÅØÁ‹ ÇÔÊÒˡԨ໇ÒËÁÒÂ䴌ᡋ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏÍÒËÒÃáÅСÒÃà¡Éμà ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ¡ÒÃᾷáÅÐÊÒ¸ÒóÊØ¢ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ «Í¿μáÇÏ äÁâ¤ÃªÔ»áÅÐÍÔàÅç¡·Ã͹ԡʏ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏÂҹ¹μáÅСÒâ¹Ê‹§ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍϾÅѧ§Ò¹ ¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏÊÔè§·Í ¤ÅÑÊàμÍϪÁØ ª¹ª¹º·áÅмٴŒ ÍŒ ÂâÍ¡ÒÊ áÅФÅÑÊàμÍÏʧèÔ áÇ´ÅŒÍÁ «Ö§è áμ‹ÅФÅÑÊàμÍÏ»ÃСͺ´ŒÇÂËÅÒÂâ»Ãá¡ÃÁ ÇԨѠ(research program) áÅÐáμ‹ÅÐâ»Ãá¡ÃÁÇԨѻÃСͺ´ŒÇÂËÅÒÂâ¤Ã§¡ÒÃÇԨѠ(research project) ÍÕ¡·Õ˹Öè§ â´ÂÁÕÈٹáË‹§ªÒμÔ·Ñé§ 4 Èٹ ´Óà¹Ô¹â¤Ã§¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂÀÒÂãμŒâ»Ãá¡ÃÁáÅФÅÑÊàμÍÏ ÃÇÁ·Ñé§ÃѺ¼Ô´ªÍº 㹡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) à¾×èÍ໚¹°Ò¹ã¹¡ÒûÃÐÂØ¡μ¼Å§Ò¹ÇÔ¨ÑÂÊÙ‹¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ·Ñé§ 8

ÃÙ»·Õè (¡).3 NSTDA Strategic Clusters ·Ñé§ 9

NSTDA Platform Technology and Cluster ÊÇ·ª. ÁÕ¡ÒèѴÊÃ÷ÃѾÂÒ¡ÃÍ͡໚¹ÊͧʋǹËÅÑ¡æ ¤×Í 1 ã¹ 4 ¢Í§·ÃѾÂҡ÷Ñé§ËÁ´¶Ù¡¹Óä»ãªŒã¹ ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö (Capacity Building) ¢Í§ÈٹáË‹§ªÒμÔ·Ñé§ 4 â´ÂÁÕ¡ÒÃÊÌҧ෤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) ¤Çº¤Ùä‹ »´ŒÇ¡ѹáÅÐ 3 ã¹ 4 ¶Ù¡¹Óä»ãªŒã¹¡ÒÃʹѺʹعà¾×Íè ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒáÅкÃÔËÒèѴ¡ÒäÅÑÊàμÍÏ (Cluster Management) ´Ñ§ÃÙ» (¡).4


46

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ÃÙ»·Õè (¡).4 á¼¹¡ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ÇԨѢͧ ÊÇ·ª. μÒÁà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) à¾×èÍ¡ÒúÃÔËÒèѴ¡ÒäÅÑÊàμÍÏ (Custer Management)

ÀÒÂãμŒà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ°Ò¹ (Platform Technology) ¢Í§ÈٹáË‹§ªÒμÔ·§éÑ 4 Èٹ ÊÇ·ª. ä´ŒÁ¡Õ ÒôÓà¹Ô¹§Ò¹ ·Ñ§é ËÁ´ 10 ¡ÅØÁ‹ ¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÂÑ »ÃСͺ仴ŒÇ (1) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¨âÕ ¹Áԡʏ (Genomic Technology) (2) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃ㪌 à«Åŏ໚¹áËÅ‹§¼ÅÔμ (Cell Factory Technology) (3) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¾×é¹°Ò¹¡ÒèÓÅͧẺáÅСÒÃÍ͡ẺÊÓËÃѺ ÇÑÊ´ØáÅСÒüÅÔμ (Design and Simulation for Materials and Manufacturing) (4) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¾×é¹°Ò¹¢Í§ ÇÑÊ´Ø·ÕèÊÍ´¤ÅŒÍ§¡ÑºÇÑμ¶Ø»ÃÐʧ¤¡ÒÃ㪌§Ò¹ (Materials Design and Production) (5) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕૹà«ÍÏ (Sensor Technology) (6) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕÇÔÈÇ¡ÃÃÁ¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒ (Knowledge Engineering Technology) (7) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¤ÇÒÁ»ÅÍ´ÀÑ´ŒÒ¹ÊÒÃʹà·È (Information Security Technology) (8) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃà¤Å×ͺÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nanocoating) (9) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃË‹ÍËØÁŒ ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ (Nanoencapsulation) áÅÐ (10) ¡ÒÃÊѧà¤ÃÒÐˏâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧ ¹Òâ¹àªÔ§¿˜§¡ª¹Ñ (Functional Nanostructure) áÅÐÁÕ¡ÒùÓä»»ÃÐÂØ¡μãªŒãËŒμçμÒÁ¤ÇÒÁμŒÍ§¡Òà (Applications) ¢Í§¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ/â»Ãá¡ÃÁ (Cluster/ Programs) à¾×èÍμͺʹͧ¤ÇÒÁμŒÍ§¡Òâͧ·Ñ駷ҧ´ŒÒ¹àÈÃÉ°¡Ô¨áÅÐÊѧ¤Á ´Ñ§ÃÙ»·Õè (¡).5


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47

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໇ÒËÁÒ·ÕèÊÓ¤ÑÞÂÔè§ÂÇ´ (NSTDA CPMO Wildly Important Goals ,WIGs) ÊÇ·ª. ÁÕ¹âºÒÂ㹡ÒáÓ˹´à»‡ÒËÁÒ·ÕèÊÓ¤ÑÞ (WIGs) «Öè§ÊÒÁÒö¨Ñ´¡ÅØ‹ÁÍ͡䴌໚¹¡ÅØ‹Á¤ÅÑÊàμÍÏ (Cluster) áÅÐâ¤Ã§¡Òà (Program) ´Ñ§áÊ´§ã¹μÒÃÒ§ (¡).6


48

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49

WIGs à·¤â¹âÅÂÕºÃèØÀѳ±à¾×èÍÂ×´ÍÒÂØ¡ÒÃà¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒ Å´ÁÙŤ‹Ò¡ÒÃÊÙÞàÊÕ ¢Í§¼ÅÔμ¼ÅÊ´ËÃ×ÍÍÒËÒà áÅÐÅ´¡ÒÃ㪌ÊÒÃà¤ÁÕËÃ×ͤÇÒÁÊÙÞàÊÕ ¨Ò¡áÁŧÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¡ÒûÅÙ¡ à¾ÔèÁ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔμã¹ÍØμÊÒË¡ÃÃÁÍÒËÒà 1. ¾Ñ²¹Ò¼ÅÔμÀѳ±ãËÁ‹Í‹ҧ¹ŒÍ 2 ¼ÅÔμÀѳ± 2. ¢ŒÍÁÙÅ¡ÒûÃÐàÁÔ¹¤ÇÒÁàÊÕè§Í‹ҧ¹ŒÍ 2 ¼ÅÔμÀѳ± à¾ÔèÁÈÑ¡ÂÀÒ¾áÅФÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö㹡ÒÃÊÌҧÃÒÂä´Œ¢Í§à¡Éμáà ¼ÙŒ»ÅÙ¡¢ŒÒÇ 10% ¨Ò¡»‚ 2552 ÊÌҧÃÒÂä´Œ¨Ò¡à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¾Åѧ§Ò¹áʧÍÒ·Ôμμ‹ÍÀÒ¤ÃÑ°áÅÐÀÒ¤ àÍ¡ª¹Í‹ҧ¹ŒÍ 30 ŌҹºÒ· ã¹»‚ 2552 áÅÐÊÌҧ¼Å¡Ãзº μÑé§áμ‹»‚ 2552 ¾Ñ²¹ÒäºâÍ´Õà«Åä·ÂãËŒÁդسÀÒ¾μÒÁÁÒμðҹ¢Í§¡ÃÁ¸ØáԨ ¾Åѧ§Ò¹ áÅÐÅ´¤‹Ò㪌¨‹Ò¡ÒüÅÔμŧÌÍÂÅÐ 30-40 (7 ºÒ·/ÅÔμà ໚¹ 5 ºÒ·/ÅÔμà ÊÓËÃѺäºâÍ´Õà«ÅªØÁª¹, 5 ºÒ·/ÅÔμà ໚¹ 3 ºÒ·/ÅÔμà ÊÓËÃѺäºâÍ´Õà«Å ÍØμÊÒË¡ÃÃÁ¢¹Ò´àÅç¡ ) à·¤â¹âÅÂÕÅ´¡ÒÃ㪌¾Åѧ§Ò¹ã¹·Õè¾Ñ¡ÍÒÈÑ 10% ÀÒÂã¹»‚ 2552

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50

NANOTEC TRM Cluster

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ÀÒ¤¼¹Ç¡ (¢) º·ÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏá¹Ç⹌Á¢Í§âÅ¡ ¡ÒÃÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏá¹Ç⹌Á¢Í§âÅ¡ä´ŒÁ¡Õ ÒþԨÒÃ³Ò ¤Ãͺ¤ÅØÁ件֧ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·ÕèÁÕ¤ÇÒÁ¹‹Òàª×èͶ×Í ¢Í§âÅ¡ â´Â¢ŒÍÁÙŴѧ¡Å‹ÒÇä´ŒÁÕ¡ÒùÓÁÒÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏ á¹Ç⹌Á´ŒÒ¹¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕÀÒ¹͡·ÕèÁÕ ¤ÇÒÁÊÍ´¤ÅŒÍ§¡Ñº·ÔÈ·Ò§¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂբͧ Èٹ¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕáË‹§ªÒμÔ â´Â¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸´§Ñ ¡Å‹ÒÇ ¶Ù¡ªÕéãËŒàËç¹â´Â¡ÒÃ㪌ᶺÊÕ (highlights) ์¹Å§º¹ ¢ŒÍ¤ÇÒÁ·Õàè ¡ÕÂè Ç¢ŒÍ§¡Ñº Nanotechnology TRM ´Ñ§áÊ´§ μ‹Í仹Õé 1. ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Ò§´ŒÒ¹¹Òâ¹à·¤â¹âÅÂբͧâÅ¡ (Global Nanotechnology Trend Analysis and Nanotechnology Roadmap Study) (1.1) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ RAND Corporation àÃ×Íè § The Global Technology Revolution 2020 ÁÕËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ËÅÒÂËÑÇ¢ŒÍ䴌ᡋ á;¾ÅÔपÑ蹢ͧ¡ÒúÙóҡÒâͧ෤â¹âÅÂÕ (Integrated Technology Applications) ·ÕèÁÕ ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2020 • Personalized medicine and therapies • Genetic modification of insects to control pests and disease vectors • Computational (or “in-silico”) drug discovery and testing • Targeted drug delivery through molecular recognition

• Biomimetic and function-restroing implants • Rapid bioassays using bionanotechnologies • Embedded sensors and computational devices in commercial goods • Nanostructured materials with enhanced properties • Small and efficient portable power systems • Mass-producible organic electronics, including solar cells • Smart fabrics and textiles • Pervasive undetectable cameras and sophisticated sensor networks • Large, searchable databases containing detailed personal and medical data • Radio frequency identification (RFID) tracking of commercial products and individuals • Widespread bundled information and communications technologies, including wireless Internet connectivity • Quantum-based cryptographic systems for secure information transfer


52

NANOTEC TRM

Technology Applications (2020) that are Relevant to Significant Societal Problem/issue • Cheap solar energy • Rural wireless communications • Communication devices for ubiquitous information access anywhere, anytime • Genetically modified (GM) crops • Rapid bioassays • Filters and catalysts for water purification and decontamination • Targeted drug delivery • Cheap autonomous housing • Green manufacturing • Ubiquitous RFID tagging of commercial products and individuals • Hybrid vehicles • Pervasive sensors • Tissue engineering

• Improved diagnostic and surgical methods • Wearable computers • Quantum cryptography ¨Ò¡¡ÒäҴ¡Òóá¹Ç⹌Á¢Í§à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ·Õè ¨ÐÁÕ¡ÒùÓä»ãªŒã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2020 â´Â¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œ·Ò§à·¤¹Ô¤ (Technical Feasibility) áÅФÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œã¹¡ÒùÓä»ãªŒ¨ÃÔ§ (Implementation Feasibility) ·ÓãËŒÊÒÁÒöÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏáÅСÓ˹´¡ÅØ‹Á ¢Í§à·¤â¹âÅÂÕá;¾ÅÔपѹè (Technology Application) à¾×èÍμͺʹͧ¤ÇÒÁμŒÍ§¡ÒâͧμÅÒ´¢¹Ò´¡ÅÒ§áÅÐ μÅÒ´¢¹Ò´ãËÞ‹ ´ÙμÒÃÒ§ (¢).1 [¢ŒÍÁÙÅÀÒÂãμŒá¶ºÊÕ à»š¹ËÑÇ¢ŒÍ·Õèä´ŒÃѺ¡ÒÃÃкØÇ‹ÒÁÕ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹ä»ä´Œ·Õè¨Ðà¡Ô´ ¢Öé¹ÊÙ§] ʋǹá¹Ç⹌Á㹡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2020 ¹Ñé¹ÁÕ·ÔÈ·Ò§·Õè¨Ð¾Ñ²¹Òä»·Ò§¡ÒùÓà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ÃдѺ¹Òâ¹ÁÒ㪌»ÃÐ⪹ã¹ÅѡɳР´Ñ§ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).1 «Öè§ ¢ŒÍÁÙÅμ‹Ò§æ àËÅ‹Ò¹Õ¶é ¡Ù ¹Óä»ãªŒà»š¹¢ŒÍÁÙÅ¾×¹é °Ò¹ÊÓËÃѺ ¡ÒèѴ·Ó NANOTEC TRM

μÒÃÒ§ (¢).1 Matrix áÊ´§¢ŒÍÁÙÅ´ŒÒ¹ Technical Feasibility áÅÐ Implementation Feasibility ¢Í§áμ‹ÅÐ à·¤¹Ô¤ã¹»‚ 2020


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Technically feasible Technologies that Feasible Applications of NANOare likely to be Implemented Widely TECHNOLOGY in 2020 • Cheap solar energy (10 sectors) • New families of miniaturized, highly • The Internet (for purposes of comparison) sensitive and selective chemical and (7 sectors) biological sensors • Filters and catalysts for water purification • Improvements in battery power (7 sectors) management and capacity • Rural wireless communication (7 • Individually worn sensors, especially sectors) for military and emergency personnel • Ubiquitous information access (6 • Computational devices embedded in sectors) commercial goods (already being lone • Green manufacturing (6 sectors) today and likely to become more • Targeted drug delivery (5 sectors) widespread) • Rapid bioassays (4 sectors) • Wearable personal medical monitoring • Tissue engineering (4 sectors) devices with data recording and • Ubiquitous RFID tagging (4 sectors) communications capability • Hybrid vehicles (2 sectors) • Functional nanostructures for controlled • Improved diagnostic and surgical drug delivery and for improved methods (2 sectors) performance of implants and prosthetic • Quantum cryptography (2 sectors) devices • Drug development from screening (2 • Capability for widespread human and sectors) environmental surveillance and • Body monitoring and control for monitoring disease management (2 sectors) • Smart systems (1 sector)


54

NANOTEC TRM

Integrated Trends of Technology Development (2020)

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).1 á¹Ç⹌Á¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2020

μÒÃÒ§ (¢).2 Involvement of Technology Areas ÊÓËÃѺ 16 Technology Applications


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(1.2) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ Delphi Analysis (NISTEP) ¢Í§»ÃÐà·ÈÞÕè»Ø†¹ àÃ×èͧ The 8th Science and Technology Foresight Survey ÁÕËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ä´Œá¡‹ Japan Social and Technogy Foresight on Nanotechnology μÒÃÒ§ (¢).3 ¤Ò´¡Ò󏻂·Õè¨Ðà¡Ô´ Technology realization áÅÐ Social application

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).2 áÊ´§ÃÐÂÐàÇÅÒ·Õèμ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹¢Í§¡ÒÃà¡Ô´ Technology realization áÅÐ Social application


56

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(1.3) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ AIRI/Nanotec IT-Rome (Italy) ËÑÇ¢ŒÍ The Nanoroadmap Project ÁÕ ËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ä´Œá¡‹ Drug Delivery System based on Nanotechnology

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).3 Time to Market ¢Í§ mainstream application ÊÓËÃѺ Drug Delivery System

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).4 Time to Market ¨Ò¡ Basic Research ¶Ö§ Mainstream Application »‚ ¤.È. 2015


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ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).5 Nanotech S Curve áÊ´§ Nanotechnology Global Trends

(1.4) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ Battelle Memorial Institute and Foresight Nanotech Institute àÃ×èͧ Productive Nanosystem «Öè§ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕèÂǡѺ Technology Roadmap ÁÕËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹ㨠ËÅÒÂËÑÇ¢ŒÍ䴌ᡋ Atomically Precise Manufacturing Technologies (Nanotechnology) that will have Broad and Growing Applications • Precisely targeted agents for cancer therapy • Efficient solar photovoltaic cells • Efficient, high-power-density fuel cells • Single molecule and single electron sensors • Biomedical sensors (in vitro and in vivo) • High-density computer memory • Molecular-scale computer circuits • Selectively permeable membranes • Highly selective catalysts • Display and lighting systems • Responsive (“smart”) materials • Ultra-high-performance materials • Nanosystems for APM.


58

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ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).6 Practicable Nanotechnology Research Initiatives and Outcomes

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).7 Practicable Nanotechnology Research Initiatives and Outcomes ã¹Ê‹Ç¹ Applications «Öè§áº‹§à»š¹ Early áÅÐ Advanced


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(1.5) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ Kanama áÅÐ Kondo àÃ×èͧ Analysis of Japan’s Nanotechnology Competitiveness ÁÕËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ËÅÒÂËÑÇ¢ŒÍ䴌ᡋ Nanotech Competitiveness by country

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).8 ÊѴʋǹ¨Ó¹Ç¹ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÇÔ¨ÑÂá¡μÒÁ Material Science áÅÐ Physics

Japan Competitiveness compare with US and EU ÞÕè»Ø†¹à»š¹¼ÙŒ¹Ó·Ò§´ŒÒ¹ top-down technology áμ‹μÒÁËÅѧ US áÅÐ EU ·Ò§´ŒÒ¹ bottom-up technology Japan's strength and weakness as seen in Delphi survey

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).9 áÊ´§¼Å Delphi survey «Öè§áÊ´§¨Ø´Í‹Í¹áÅШشá¢ç§¢Í§»ÃÐà·ÈÞÕè»Ø†¹àÁ×èÍà·Õº¡Ñº US áÅÐ EU


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Focus on Matter and materials origination, synthesis technology, and process technology ÈÖ¡ÉÒ੾ÒÐàÃ×èͧ Matter and materials origination, synthesis technology áÅÐ process technology â´ÂÁÕ 8 àÃ×èͧ·ÕèáÊ´§¼Å¡ÒÃà»ÃÕºà·Õº¤‹Í¹¢ŒÒ§ªÑ´à¨¹ ¾ºÇ‹ÒÞÕè»Ø†¹à»š¹¼ÙŒ¹Ó´ŒÒ¹ Top-down technologies ʋǹ·Ò§´ŒÒ¹ Bottom-up technologies ¨ÐμÒÁËÅѧ US ¡àÇŒ¹àÃ×Íè § nanotube manufacturing technology

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).10 ¼Å¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒáÊ´§ÃÒª×èÍ»ÃÐà·È·Õè໚¹¼ÙŒ¹Ó´ŒÒ¹ Matter and materials origination, synthesis and process technology μÒÁËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ

(1.6) ÃÒ§ҹ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉҢͧ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development àÃ×èͧ NANOTECHNOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW BASED ON INDICATORS AND STATISTICS â´Â Christopher Palmberg, Helene Dernis and Claire Miguet »‚ ¤.È. 2009 ÁÕËÑÇ¢ŒÍ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ËÅÒÂËÑÇ¢ŒÍ䴌ᡋ Structure of nanotechnology-related sciences by publications across disciplines, 2005


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ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).11 áÊ´§¢ŒÍÁÙÅ¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ Nanotechnology ã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2005 ¢Í§¡ÅØ‹Á»ÃÐà·È¡ÓÅѧ¾Ñ²¹Ò ẋ§à»š¹ 2 ¡ÅØ‹ÁãËÞ‹ ¤×Í Medical sciences áÅÐ Physical sciences

Share of patents by nanotechnology sub-areas ª‹Ç§»‚ ¤.È. 1995-2005 à»ÃÕºà·Õº¨Ó¹Ç¹ÊÔ·¸ÔºÑμÃã¹ÊÒ¢Òμ‹Ò§æ ¾ºÇ‹Ò Nanomaterials ÁըӹǹÊÔ·¸ÔºÑμÃÊÙ§ÊØ´ ÃͧŧÁÒ ¤×Í Nnoelectronics, Nanobiotechnology, Nano optics, Instrumentation áÅÐ Nanomagnetics μÒÁ ÅӴѺ

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Share of patents in nanotechnology sub-areas by main application field, until 2005

ÃÙ»·Õè (¢).13 áÊ´§ÊѴʋǹ¨Ó¹Ç¹ÊÔ·¸ÔºÑμâͧáμ‹ÅÐ sub-areas Public R&D investments in nanotechnology, 2004

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Specialization across nanotechnology application fields by country, until 2005 μÒÃÒ§ (¢).4 áÊ´§ RTA index ¤‹Ò·ÕèÁÒ¡¡Ç‹Ò 1 ËÁÒ¶֧ ÁÕ¤ÇÒÁàªÕèÂǪÒÞâ´Âà»ÃÕºà·ÕºÊÙ§¡Ç‹Ò («Öè§à»š¹¡ÒÃÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏ¨Ò¡¨Ó¹Ç¹ÊÔ·¸ÔºÑμÃÊÐÊÁ¢Í§»ÃÐà·ÈªÑé¹¹Ó 20 »ÃÐà·Èã¹»‚ ¤.È. 2005)

Compatibility of nanotechnology application fields: USA, Japan, EU and BRIC countries, until 2005

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(1.7) ISI Web of Knowledge ¤³Ð·Ó§Ò¹ä´Œ·Ó¡ÒÃÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏ¢ŒÍÁÙÅ°Ò¹¢ŒÍÁÙÅ ISI Web of Knowledge àÁ×èÍà´×͹¡ØÁÀҾѹ¸ 2552 â´Â㪌 key word ¢Í§ Platform Technology ·Ñé§ 3 Platforms â´ÂÁÕ ¼Å¡ÒÃÈÖ¡ÉÒ·Õ蹋Òʹã¨ËÅÒÂËÑÇ¢ŒÍ ¨Ó¹Ç¹º·¤ÇÒÁ·Ò§ÇÔªÒ¡Òà ẋ§μÒÁÊÒ¢Ò (Subject Area) ¢Í§»ÃÐà·Èä·Â ÃÇÁ¶Ö§¢ŒÍÁÙŢͧ μ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È

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