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Universidad Mariano Galvez Guatemala PEM in English

COMPUTER LAB FINAL PROJECT

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INTEGRANTS OF THE FROJECT FIRST SEMESTER OF P.E.M. IN ENGLISH

No.

Name

Card Number

1

Nury García

5176-13-10331

2

Teresita Santos

5176 -13-3319

3

Silvia González

5176-13-6579

4

Zenaida Juárez

5176-13-1611

5

Evelyn Herrera

5176-13-11165

6

Sonia Reyes

5176-13-18079

7

Nicole Frías

5176-12-12641

8

Miriam Susana Díaz

5176-13-1684

9

Vivian Yolanda Barrascout López

5176-12-21140

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INDEX

CONTENT

PAGE NUMBER

Project cover ….…………….…………….

1

Integrant of the project …….…………

2

Index

…………………….…………

3

Justification …………………….…………

4

General Objective ………….………….

5

Specific Objectives …………….……….

6

Introduction

7

……………………….……

Conclusions …………………………………. 20 Recommendations …………………………. 21

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JUSTIFICATION

Teach the Students the importance of learn the countable and uncountable nouns in a different way, we as educators must use a different ways to teach our students and be sure they learn in a funny way. This topic is important to manage because we can use grammar correctly applying the topics that we taught.

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SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

To provide students with the tools and ideas necessary for the proper use of countable and uncountable noun as well as using the correct way of these topic.

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INTRODUCTION

In English we make a basic distinction between what are referred to as countable nouns (also sometimes called count nouns) and uncountable nouns (also sometimes called uncount or mass nouns). Countable nouns represent people or things (both abstract and concrete) which can be counted. Uncountable nouns generally refer to things that we don’t think of counting because they do not naturally divide into separate units. They usually represent substances or more abstract concepts such as qualities or processes, rather than individual items or events. .

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COUNTABLE/UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

A noun can be countable or uncountable.

Countable nouns: Can be "counted", they have a singular and plural form . For example:  

A book, two books, three books ..... An apple, two apples, three apples ....

Uncountable nouns : (also called mass nouns or noncount nouns) Cannot be counted, they are not seperate objects. This means you cannot make them plural by adding s, because they only have a singular form. It also means that they do not take a/an or a number in front of them. For example:    

Water Work Information Coffee 7




Sand

Countable

Uncountable

(use a/an or a number in (there is no a/an or number front of countable nouns) with uncountable nouns) An Apple / 1 Apple

Rice

I eat an apple every day.

I eat rice every day. (not I eat a rice every day.)

Add (s) to make a countable noun plural apples I eat an apple every day. Apples are good for you.

There is no plural form for an uncountable noun rice I eat rice every day. Rice is good for you.

A computer= Computers are fun.

To make uncountable nouns countable add a counting word, such as a unit of measurement, or the general word piece. We use the form "a ....... of ......."

An elephant=Elephants are large.

Rice=a grain of rice Water=a glass of water

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Rain=a drop of rain Music=a piece of music You can use some and You can use some and any any with countable nouns. with uncountable nouns. Some dogs can be dangerous. I don't use any computers at work.

I usually drink some wine with my meal. I don't usually drink any water with my wine.

You only use many and few with plural countable nouns. So many elephants have been hunted that they are an endangered species. There are few elephants in England.

You only use much and little with uncountable nouns. I don't usually drink much coffee. Little wine is undrinkable though.

You can use a lot of and no with plural countable nouns. No computers were bought last week. A lot of computers were reported broken the week before.

You can use a lot of and no with uncountable nouns. A lot of wine is drunk in France. No wine is drunk in Iran.

Some mass nouns refer to groups of specific things. 9


For example:Tables, chairs, cupboards etc. are grouped under the mass noun furniture. Plates, saucers, cups and bowls are grouped under the mass noun crockery. Knives, forks, spoons etc. are grouped under the collective noun cutlery. When you are travelling suitcases, bags etc. are grouped under the mass noun luggage / baggage.

Making uncountable nouns countable

You can make most uncountable noun countable by putting a countable expression in front of the noun. For example:    

A piece of information. 2 glasses of water. 10 litres of coffee. Three grains of sand. A pane of glass.

Sources of confusion with countable and uncountable nouns The notion of countable and uncountable can be confusing. Some nouns can be countable or uncountable depending on their meaning. Usually a noun is 10


uncountable when used in a general, abstract meaning (when you don't think of it as a separate object) and countable when used in a particular meaning (when you can think of it as a separate object). For example:glass - Two glasses of water. (Countable) | A window made of glass. (Uncountable) | glasses - I wear glasses. (Always plural) Some supposedly uncountable nouns can behave like countable nouns if we think of them as being in containers, or one of several types. This is because 'containers' and 'types' can be counted. Believe it or not each of these sentences is correct:Doctors recommend limiting consumption to two coffees a day. (Here coffees refers to the number of cups of coffee) You could write; "Doctors recommend limiting consumption to two cups of coffee a day." The coffees I prefer are Arabica and Brazilian. (Here coffees refers to different types of coffee) You could write; "The types of coffee I prefer are Arabica and Brazilian."

Some / Any / Much / Many 11


Some

A little, a few or small number or amount.

We usually use some in positive sentences for countable and uncountable nouns. I have some friends in London. I usually drink some wine with my meal. Sometimes we use some in a question, when we expect a positive YES answer. Would you like some more tea? Could I have some more sugar please?

Any

One, small or all. It is used with negative sentences.

When asking questions and when a sentence is grammatically positive, but the meaning of the sentence is negative. Do you have any ice cream left for me? My brother never does any chores. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. Do you have any cheese? He doesn't have any friends in Paris.

Much

It is used with uncountable nouns. 12


They don't have much money to buy a present.

Many

It is used with countable nouns. I don't have many English stamps in my collection.

Much and Many are used to express that there is a large quantity of something.

English exercise "Some / Any / Much / Many" 1. Did the teacher give us any homework? - Yes, but not . 2. Nick never does work. He is a very lazy boy. 3. Could you lend me fifty dollars? - No, I haven't got money. 4. She has had as success as her brother. 5. I bought bread, but I didn't buy any butter. I forgot! 6. She is a warm and friendly girl. She has so friends. 7. I've got interesting things to tell you. Let's meet at seven o'clock and I'll tell you everything. 8. How lessons do have you on Mondays? - Only three, mum. 9. Kate was very afraid of ghosts when she was little girl. 10. I didn't see white cats in the garden, only the black one. 11. dogs can be dangerous. Watch out! Some y Any ‘Some’ y ‘any’ acompañan a los contables cuando no especificamos el número y a los sustantivos incontables (ver

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lección 18). La elección de un determinante u otro dependerá del tipo de oración. Cuando las oraciones son afirmativas se utiliza ‘some’.

There’s some wine in the kitchen – Hay algo de vino en la cocina I have some books in my bedrooms – Tengo algunos libros en mi habitación

Si queremos traducir ‘some’ al español podemos hacerlo como ‘algo’, ‘algún’, ‘algunos’ o ‘algunas’. También es el equivalente a nuestros artículos indeterminados para sustantivos contables plurales:

There are some children by the door – Hay unos niños en la puerta I see some women talking – Veo a unas mujeres hablando

‘Any’ se utiliza en frases negativas y preguntas.

There isn’t any apple juice – No hay jugo de manzana Do you have any oranges? – ¿Tines naranjas?

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ATENCIÓN - Cuando se ofrece o se pide algo, se utiliza ‘some’ en preguntas.

Do you want some tea? – ¿Quieres té? Can I have some beer? – ¿Me

das cerveza?

Much y Many ‘Much’ y ‘many’ se utilizan para indicar una cantidad elevada. ‘Much’ se usa con sustantivos incontables y ‘many’ con contables plurales. En este caso, no se tendrá en cuenta el tipo de frase.

He doesn’t have much money – No tiene mucho dinero She knows many people – Conoce a mucha gente Do you have many friends? – No tiene mucho dinero

Para preguntar la cantidad de algo también se utilizan estos determinantes. How much milk does he drink? – ¿Cuánta leche bebe? How many chairs are there in your kitchen? – ¿Cuántas sillas hay en tu cocina?

NOTA - Otra manera de decir que hay una cantidad elevada es utilizando ‘a lot of’ delante del sustantivo. Esta expresión se puede utilizar tanto con nombres contables como incontables. 15


You drink a lot of coffee! – ¡Bebes mucho café! That house has a lot of bathrooms – Esa casa tiene muchos baños

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Conclusions In this lesson we’ve learned Countable & Uncountable nouns. Now this a really important and basic area of English grammar and in this lesson we learned 2 key rules to remember for your speaking and writing. Now you probably know already that countable nouns, like "apple", can be counted. For example one apple, two apples, three apples - Whereas uncountable nouns, like milk, can't be counted. So we can't say for example: one, two or three "milks". If we want to count milk, we have to say one or two e.g. glasses or bottles of milk.

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Computer project countable and uncontable nouns listo