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RANDS&SENSE

magazine

mmix / Quarter. 04

editorial

Features Development The lighter side

WISHING YOU THE MOST SUSPICIOUS SUCCESS WITH YOUR EXAMS —THE R&S TEAM

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the small print: no responsibility can be taken for the quality and accuracy of the reproductions. nor, for tpyographical errors (see what we did there?). the opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the commerce student council or the commerce faculty and any of its representatives. this is a quarterly publication. artichokes dipped in gasoline and fed to koala bears is probably not a good idea either. we’re just saying.

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EDITORIAL

Nicole

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Editor’s letter

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The outgoing team Chairperson : Dinika Govender / govdin008@uct.ac.za Vice & Corporate relations : Kennedy Kitheka / kennedymkitheka@hotmail.com Academics : Tintin Mntambo / mntmas001@uct.ac.za Secretary : Gundani Kumbirai / gndkum002@uct.ac.za Publications : Nicole Botha / bthnic008@uct.ac.za Outreach : Jean-Luc Johnstone / jhnjea001@uct.ac.za Faculty rep co-ordinator : Yasin Chetty / chtyas001@uct.ac.za Marketing : Rabit Thithi / thtrea001@uct.ac.za Treasurer : Sibusiso Xaba / xbxsib004@uct.ac.za Events co-ordinator : Nompumelelo Ngubo / ngbnom010@uct.ac.za

Our Mission: R&Smagazine

CSC: Going for Gold! 06


The Incoming Team Chairperson : Vice & Outreach : Secretary General : Academics & Faculty Rep : Academics & Faculty Rep : Corporate Relations : Publications : Transformation : Treasurer : Marketing & Events :


EDITORIAL

2009 Chair’s letter

Dinika Govender R&Smagazine 08


2010 CHAIr’s letter

EDITORIAL

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Lungelo ‘Lu’ Gumede 09


EDITORIAL

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Acting Dean’s letter


Sex, Tourism, SA & 2010 2010 is seen a cornucopia of opportunity for commerce. It has been expected to reduce unemployment by establishing job creation, and providing many ways in which enterprising individuals can market new business prospects to profit off the 2010 fever.

FEATURE

social and economic inequalities may result for all those involved.

The legalization of sex tourism in SA was first proposed in relation to 2010 by the ex police commissioner Jackie Selebi in 2007. Selebi argued that by legalizing prostitution it would allow the police to One of the prospects is that of the not waste time on making petty arrests legalization of prostitution in South Af- regarding prostitution and instead focus rica to encourage sex tourism in light of on other issues that he said were more 2010. pressing. He argued further that by legal-

izing prostitution it would mean that the influx of soccer fans coming into the country could freely engage in buying services from sex workers in manner that would allow them to enjoy their stay in the country. Therefore he was arguing prostitution should be legalized for the benefit of tourists. The promotion of Sex tourism has been a heatedly debated topic of late especially in terms of the prospect of increase revenue coming into the country from the 2010 tourism. Proponents

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The World Tourism Organization (WTO) which is a specific division of the United Nations (UN) has defined the practice of sex tourism as "trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination�. The United Nations firmly opposes the concept of sex tourism because it believes that undesirable health, social and cultural costs for countries legalizing may result due to exploitation of gender age and


of this idea, suggest that the sex work industry is making substantial profits, (which due to its current illegality is not reliably quantifiable). This income, in the industry, is being mismanaged, providing benefits to only a select few, the high rollers who control trade by exploiting sex workers, their bodies and their human rights, without allowing them any substantial share in the proceeds. Because this trade is currently illegal it would mean that the revenue coming into the country as a result of these activities goes untaxed. As a result, SA loses out on potential tax proceeds that could be used by government in a variety of ways that could be redistributed to help others in the country by providing them with necessary services. By changing the status quo, the government intends on legalizing sex tourism to make it like any other legal industry in SA, subject to its own laws and stringent regulatory procedures to protect work-

trade in a safe environment, that will be regulated by laws specially drawn up to ensure that sex tourism is a recognized career in which working contracts are drawn up for sex workers, in which their stipulated pay rates for services will provided, where the number of hours they are allowed to work are clearly set out, as well as any leave pay provisions. The contract should also stipulate where they can work and what medical and health services the sex workers will receive and how these will be provided, and will include the provision of access to education relating to STD’s and HIV/ AIDS and prevention. The reputation of the sex worker will be protected because her job will not be degrading as it will become a recognized career with proper benefits. Overall the aim of legalizing prostitution for 2010 is to ensure that sex workers will be subject to less exploitation.

ers in the industry, in order to tax the While it can be argued that the legalproceeds so it can be redistributed as izing of prostitution does have its benepart of the government income for provi- fits, these benefits do not come without a sion of basic services to the public. cost.

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It is further proposed by the premier of Gauteng earlier this year that the legalization of prostitution will promote regulation of the industry. This regulation will ensure that the rights of sex workers will be respected. She argues that by legalizing prostitution the sex workers will be able to practice their

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In the Selebi argument for legalization of prostitution, he focuses more on the administrative issues around following up prostitution and focuses more on the rights of tourists than he does on the focusing of the actual rights on the sex workers. So by legalizing sex tourism, it is more about creating less admin for


In terms of what the premier of Gauteng has suggested, it is also not evident given the small time frame, whether proper regulation can be set up, and laws outlining the rights of sex workers and their pay and services they are allowed to perform and where, will be set up effectively. It is further suggested that sex workers will have to register and there is still uncertainty as to how this procedure will be implemented. The world cup is less than a year away. That hardly leaves time for effective controls to be designed, evaluated and effectively enforced by the proper authorities, in the regulation process and leaves a lot of room for corruption. Further still, sex work is seen as a social taboo and many of the citizens are taking a stand against the legalizing of prostitution for 2010 because do they not feel that it is morally acceptable es-

pecially because of the risks that may stem from sex work, both to the sex worker and the individuals who buy their services:  Risk of HIV and AIDS and other STD’s. It is exceptionally risky to legalize an industry which participates in actions that promote sexual activity especially because precautions are often not taken to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. Sex workers are sometimes offered double or triple the amount the pay for services they trade, if they do not use precautions such as condoms. In a country where 5 million out of the existing 48 million people in the population are HIV positive with this statistic on the rise, it is extremely risky and shows that the country itself is not committed to preventing the pandemic or ensuring the safety of its citizens and tourists from the risk of contracting the HIV virus, were it to legalize prostitution.  This industry can become violent. At present there is no regulation in the industry and effectively it is illegal. This means that at present the industry is effectively being run by criminals. There is a gross negligence of human rights and many encounters of abuse and exploitation occurring daily. Even if  regulations are put in place and pimps have to register their businesses and sex workers, the fact is that these pimps will still be in control, what is registered and agreed to in terms of regulations, may not always be what is practiced. Fur-

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police rather than dealing with the protection of sex workers from possible exploitation. In this scenario, legalizing sex tourism in such a short period, will be bound to create more problems than it provides a solution, because it is not clear as to whether or not legalizing prostitution will mean that the proper regulatory functions could be implemented effectively by 2010 to make sure that sex workers will be protected from foreign tourists and any exploitation they may encounter from them. And even if it is legalized, the police don’t want to follow up on prostitution cases because they feel that it wasting their time. Therefore, even if regulations are imposed, it is highly unlikely that the police will be effectively pursuing the cases.


ther still some may not even register and continue to run illegal trades in 2010.  Women may be forced into prostitution, even though regulations may be encouraged. As mentioned the acquiring of sex workers may be done in a manner that is illegal.

Human trafficking and the kidnapping of men and women to be sold for sex slaves is a prominent issue of late. A number of men and woman go missing on a daily basis, and sold into this industry illegally, across borders or shipped oversees. Many seek work only to have their identity documents and passports stolen and find themselves in a situation that is grossly different from the jobs they applied for, without hopes of ever returning home. Some are forced into using drugs and subject to sexual abuse beyond what you and I can even begin to imagine.

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 Even though regulations may be enforced in 2010, there is a risk still that woman will still be more prejudiced than men will be in the industry. This industry is still very much ruled by male criminals who exploit the woman and other men.

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 There is a risk that even if regulations are passed that tourists who participate in the sex tourism industry, may still be beaten and robbed by sex workers and their pimps, because effectively the industry will still be run by the same people as before.

 the proposal for legalizing sex tourism for 2010 is one that is of a temporary nature, after 2010 the industry will revert to one of no regulation, and the same problems will arise. So in effect the legalizing of sex tourism is only a temporary solution for earning money rather than dealing with and alleviating a greater social problem and offering protection to sex workers. A greater issue in terms of legalizing prostitution for 2010 addresses the issue of poverty and child exploitation. South Africa is coutry were the majority of its citizens are still living in absolute poverty. It has been a great concern of some that children growing up in poverty may be forced into prostitution


South Africa, at present is facing a great battle in terms of child prostitution; in some parts of the country children are working as sex workers from the age of seven and sometimes younger. By legalizing prostitution for 2010, little thought has been given to protecting the rights of minors in this respect. The system is somewhat ill prepared to ensure that children will not be exploited by pimps or parents and forced into prostitution. Many support the legalization of sex tourism for 2010 because they are focusing on the monetary aspects and comparing themselves to Germany in light of the 2006 world cup, where Germany promoted sex tourism industry for monetary gain. Many South Africans believe that the country can benefit greatly economically by taxing the industry.

terms of Germany and South Africa, which may lead to SA having more implementation problems: In Germany prostitution was already legalized, there were regulations in place and an already established legal industry with controls in place. In SA prostitution is currently illegal, it is a lot more difficult to regulate and set up controls in time for 2010 because it is a new concept and may be harder to implement as a result. Implementations of controls take time because not all controls will be monitored or suitable and may require perfecting over time. In conclusion: While the monetary benefits of allowing sex tourism may be good for SA in 2010 and the costs of implementing regulations small, the opportunity costs in the various risks mentioned are great. Overall South Africans need to think about the moral consequences of their actions in terms of promoting sex tourism. By allowing sex tourism in 2010, the country will be sending out a message, that it is okay to subject tourists and sex workers to the potential risks in legalizing the industry, because the monetary reward of taking on this risk will lead to some benefit. Is this the legacy the SA government wants to create for its future generations? The country itself has come through an amazing past struggle and has a legacy at present that enshrines equality and safety for all its citizens, by promoting sex tourism there is a risk that these basic values will be undermined because instead of protecting citizens there will be a culture of exploitation being just so long as it results in monetary gain.

However there are few differences in

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in 2010 by their parents if it is legalized, because it may be seen as a safer way of earning money in a regulated industry, especially because for some of these children they may not be able to afford an education, and the only option is to start work at a young age. Because they may not have many skills or opportunities available to them, sex work becomes a feasible option in many cases. Think of little Naledi, a 7 year old sex worker, (living in Kenya where prostitution is legal), who has been forced into sex work by her parents because she can earn the equivalent of up to R8-R12 a day. Who is protecting her rights? Are the regulators of this trade really looking out for her best interests? Would they not be doing more good by rendering the industry illegal and making arrests of the individuals who exploit her?


EDITORIAL

Top ten study tips Source: http://www.tips4me.com/tips/

Find a secluded place, away from distractions, with plenty of space to work. Once you've found it, study at the same place every time. It could be a desk in your bedroom, the kitchen table, or the local library. Laying down on your bed or sprawled across the living room rug are generally not good study places. Also make sure that you keep your spine erect for better level of concentration.

Figure out a suitable time of day you can concentrate best, and what works into your schedule. Use that time every day to study. Try to make sure it is not too late in the evening. It is important to have uninterrupted study time.

Keep all your homework supplies in one place, ready to be used. Keep them organized, and you won't need to waste your time searching for resources.

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If your Study Place is too warm, you might become sleepy. If it is too cold, your thinking may slow down and become unclear. The TV should be switched off, other people's conversations should be in another room, music should be turned down, and phone calls should be taken after you've finished studying. Any other thoughts in your mind should also be set aside for a later time.


If you are dreading a particular assignment, or you are aware that it requires a lot of extra effort, do it first. Your brain will be fresh. Besides, you won't have to dwell on it while you are working on other homework.

Larger projects need to be broken into smaller components to make them convenient. For example, these components could be such things as gathering notes, writing a rough draft, making corrections or additions, writing a bibliography, and completing the final copy. Set yourself a deadline for completing each component and make sure you stick to it.

Homework is not just that which is assigned every night. A regular review of your notes should be a part of your homework plan. This takes just a few minutes each day, but will pay off considerably when it comes to test time.

Each Sunday before a school week, prepare a Weekly Schedule. Update it as the week goes on. Be sure to include times for completing assignments, working on projects and studying for tests.

If you've followed the previous tips, this last one should never happen. However, you need to know that marathon study sessions are the least productive way to study. So don’t keep your things pending till the last moment to avoid unnecessary

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When you sit down to do your homework, make up a quick schedule as to how you are going to use your time. Break it up into blocks of time that you will spend on each task.


GRAD BALL

Academic’s Letter

Tessa Minter

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PHOTOS


A Guide to SImplicity

10 STEPS

Adapted from http://lawsofsimplicity.com

Reduce

Organise

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Context

Emotion

Time

Trust

Learn

Failure

Differences

The One


cultural wisdom

FINAL WORD

By Seth Godin It's very easy to underrate the value of cultural wis- Cultural wisdom is important dom, otherwise known as sophistication. precisely because it's difficult. Walk into a doctor's office and the paneling is And yet...

wrong, the carpeting is wrong and it feels dated. Who's in charge of cultural norms at your organizaInstant lack of trust. tion? Does someone hire or train or review to make Meet a salesperson in your office. She doesn't sure you and your people are getting it right? At shake hands, she's fumbling with an old Filofax, she Vogue magazine, of course, that's all they do. If they mispronounces Steve Jobs' name and doesn't make lost it, even for a minute, they'd be toast. eye contact.

It's funny that we assume that all sorts of complex Visit a website for a vendor and it looks like one of but ultimately unimportant elements need experts and committees and review, but the most important those long-letter opportunity seeker type sites. element of marketing — demonstrating cultural In each case, the reason you wrote someone off wisdom — shouldn't even be discussed. had nothing to do with their product and everything to do with their lack of cultural wisdom. We place a high value on sophistication, because we've been trained to seek it out as a cue for what lies ahead. We figure that if someone is too clueless to understand our norms, they probably don't understand how to make us a product or service that we'll like.

Seth Godin is an American author of business books and a popular speaker with appearances at Google, TED and a number of charities. Godin popularized the topic of permission marketing. View Seth Godin’s blog: sethgodin.typepad.com

This is even more interesting because different cultures have different norms, so there isn't one right answer. It's an ever changing, complex task.

Power of one

XKCD

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Source: xkcd.xom

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RANDS&SENSE MAGAZINE COMMERCE STUDENTS COUNCIL (2009) UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN

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Rands and Sense: 09Q4  

Official Magazine of the Commerce Students Council, Univeristy of Cape Town

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