Content-‐ WiesMUN Session Magazine Introduction: • Opening Ceremony-‐ a great success • Interview: Behind the Scenes of WiesMUN
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Committee specialised topics: • Security Council • Review SOCHUM 7./8. May • Committee on Environment, Health and Development • Asylum is a human right
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Leisure time Program: • Committee Dinner • The federal state parliament of Hesse • Guided tour through the state theatre of Hesse • Bowling/ City Tour: Wiesbaden's Jewish Community
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General Assembly: • The journalists at WiesMUN • How to be a delegate-‐ Diplomacy • Interview Argentina-‐ General Assembly • Farewell Party • Critical questions, critical voices-‐ Model United Nations
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Close up: • Delegate Awards • WiesMUN letters • Media Team
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Last time we all saw each other was about two weeks ago! Now finally, the Session Magazine is published even though you will not get the chance to literally hold it in your own hands. ;) With the Session Magazine we want to present you a souvenir booklet, in which you can find pictures and articles about all the events that took place during WiesMUN 2014! Besides reflecting our great time, we also want to thank you for making this possible!
Therefore, make yourself some tea, lean back and let the Post WiesMUN Depression recover! :)
Your Media Team
The Opening Ceremony – a great success On Wednesday the delegates of the second MUN conference in Wiesbaden (WiesMUN) arrived. They were either picked up at the central station or made the way to the Elly-‐Heuss-‐School by themselves, where the opening ceremony took place. Firstly Mrs. Becker and her wind instrument ensemble performed a few pieces. Leonard then opened the session with a few words continuing by passing the microphone on to Sven Gerich, Wiesbaden’s Major. He welcomed all delegates, chairs and journalists to the city, wished them a great week with lots of new experiences and expressed his affinity for young people participating in politics. After Lena, head organizer, had welcomed all delegates as well by giving a funny, informative speech, Dr. Klaus Roscher, a professor of the University of Frankfurt introduced us briefly to possible problems of the UN. One of the highlights of the ceremony was Mira Seyfettinoglu’s performance of two songs written on her own and a cover of ‘Royals’ by Lorde with her friend Sarah. The whole audience was amazed by their beautiful voices. Afterwards Lena started a soo called Mocko Debate about the conflict between Russia and the Ukraine to make the delegates feel more comfortable when they’ll talk in front of the committees about their country’s issues. After the ceremony Lennart played some introduction games with the delegates while the other organizers prepared the barbecue. The participants were introduced to their chairs and spent half an hour in their committees and got to know each other better. The dinner offered various kinds of sausages, to also provide the vegetarians with a delicious meal, bread, cheese and a few salads. Afterwards the delegates from abroad or other parts of Germany moved in with their host families and spent the rest of the evening together. We’re looking forward to get to know every single one of you the next days! 4
Behind the scenes of WiesMUN 2014 After two exhausting days Jona was finally available for a short interview. The 19-year old head organizer of this year’s MUN conference in Wiesbaden has recently written her Alevels at the Gutenbergschule and is politically encouraged. Interviewer: Hello, I’ve got a few questions I wanted to ask you. Firstly, how did you get involved in the organizations of WiesMUN? Jona: Through personal connection. I’m a friend of Lena and Leo, who introduced Model United Nations in Wiesbaden. We got in contact via JuSos and then they invited me to their first VzpP session. When they asked me to help planning the project, I didn’t hesitate to say yes. Interviewer: Which things did you have to concentrate on when organizing WiesMUN? Jona: I wasn’t really involved in the thematic organization of the project although I’m really interested in the topic. My task was to find sponsors, which finance the project. That’s why it’s free for our delegates to participate. Interviewer: What do you like most about WiesMUN? Jona: Definitely the people. Without them we wouldn’t be here. Interviewer: From your point of view, what’s the memory that will remain in the heads of the participants? What is special about WiesMUN? Jona: That’s a tough question. I think the special thing about WiesMUN is that it’s organized by students only. No adults are interfering. It’s done by students and for students. Interviewer: What’s your wish for the future concerning the project? Jona: I hope that somebody will continue organizing WiesMUN after we’ve all graduated. The concept that students plan a MUN for students is quite unique so we’ll hopefully be able to recruit younger people that are interested to keep WiesMUN alive. Interviewer: How will you find those students? Jona: Our social network through the students parliament is quite big. Also, we’ve some young people in our organizer-team that will probably do the job for us, as they’ll be here a little longer than we will and then they’ll pass the job on to younger students again. Like a circle. Interviewer: Thank you very much for your time.
Security Council-‐ 1st Day After the successful opening ceremony, the delegates had their first getting-‐together in their chosen committees. Lena, the Secretary-‐ General, took over Omar’s part since he was absent for the first day. Therefore Lena shortly explained the following steps to the delegates and then transferred the focus to the Security Council-‐delegates and asked for their names, their country of origin and their expectations for the following next days. Moreover, most delegates announced that there are no specific expectations but hope to have a great time, explore Wiesbaden, learn about new things and meet new people. The Security Council Committee is one of the groups with the highest amount of international participants: there are 5 international delegates, which come from Serbia, Rumania, Spain and Sweden. For the sake of team building the group decided to play ‘Who Am I’ in Country-‐Style. Each delegate was given a chosen country and they were supposed to guess which country they represent by the use of clever questions. The group had some funny moments when tricky questions such as “Is my country on the northern hemisphere?” or “Is Slovenia in the EU?” were asked and everyone seemed to have their own opinion about the answer. Some delegates had smart strategies and others had ‘brain freezes’! After every country was exposed, the barbeque was ready and the delegates had their well-‐ deserved dinner.
Review: SOCHUM 07./08. 05.2014 On Wednesday afternoon, 7th May 2014, the participants of WiesMUN met for the first time in the Elly-‐Heuss-‐School in Wiesbaden. After some speeches and performances the students got to know each other by playing games. The first day of the session, 8th May 2014, in the Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Committee (SOCHUM) started with an introduction into the set of rules explained by the chairs Jana and Tobias. The Committee consists of two chairs and six delegates, that represent different nations: Daniel -‐ Sri Lanka, Mirijam -‐ New Zealand, Jakob -‐ Canada, Anne -‐ Spain, Isabell -‐ Democratic Republic of Congo, Matthias -‐ Brazil. The delegates have to address each other with respect during the discussions for example by calling them “Honourable fellow delegate/ Honourable delegate of …” and by addressing the chairs with “Distinguished Chair/ Distinguished Mr./Madam President”. During the sessions the delegates will work on the task of protecting the planet and promoting prosperity by having a look on the poverty in the world, which has to be solved. The discussions will contain some votes on substantial questions, on which the delegates can decide to participate or to abstain. If a delegate wants to abstain he has to say that he is just “present”, if he wants to vote with “yes” or “no” he has to say that he is “present and voting”. In the beginning of the first discussion every nation presented its point of view of the worldwide problem of poverty and its largeness in each different country. The delegate of the Democratic Republic of Congo claimed that poverty is a huge problem in this country compared to Europe. After lunch the delegates got back in their committees. A big topic in the SOCHUM is the question of help, especially financial help, from richer to poorer nations. The discussion was very inspiring because everyone contributed or criticized something. If one wanted to criticize the argument that was just said, he had to the chairs ask for a direct response by saying “The delegation of … moves for the right of reply”. This sometimes led to a little desperation because the Chairs did not always accept the demands of the delegates. At the end of the first day one could already observe the building of two alliances: Congo, Brazil and Sri Lanka against Canada, Spain and New Zealand, which were described by the delegate of Congo, Isabell, as “feeling superior” to the others. This critical statement describes a gap between the rich and the poor nations in the committee and already foreshadows a conflict to come. 9
Committee on Environment, Health and Development Interviewer: Honourable delegate of Mali, I would like to ask you further questions on the on-going conflict revolving around the region of Azad Kashmir, which we have just now discussed in the Committee for Environment, Health, and Development. In order to quickly end this crisis, what solution would you favour? Do you think that Pakistan and India are capable of solving this problem with joined forces or will UN help be necessary? Delegate: I think that India and Pakistan are incapable of dealing with the rebellion because neither of them is impartial. However, clearly siding with one of the parties of the conflict might shed bad light on the UN. Interviewer: What are your propositions for UN intervention? Delegate: In my opinion, the separatists are trying to provoke a military conflict, so we should avoid this at all costs. Since they have occupied nuclear weapon storage, a Blue Beret operation is out of the question. I believe that denying the rebels the possibility to negotiate and isolating them from the international community might make them surrender. The best thing to do would thus be to wait it out. Interviewer: How can this measure be reconciled with the protection of the innocent Kashmiri civilians and the avoidance of casualties? Delegate: There is a huge difference between helping the civilians and cooperating with the secessionists. If we guarantee humanitarian help to the rebels, there will be no positive reaction; we cannot be sure whether they will surrender. Therefore, I believe we must provide a possibility for the population of Azad Kashmir to access humanitarian help easily and directly without subjecting ourselves to further demands of the rebels. Interviewer: Thank you very much.
Asylum is a human right The delegation of Syria stated, during the second meeting of the Human Right Committee, that one has to choose between the right to live, which implicates the right of asylum, and the right of education. The delegate of Vietnam refused to admit more refugees because they want to spend more money in their education system, instead of the admission of more asylum-‐seekers. According to the delegation of Jordan, Syria is acting like they are offering a home to every asylum-‐seeker, but most of the asylum-‐seekers are coming from Syria. It is true that Jordan has the highest ratio of refugees in the world. Especially from Syria and Palestine Jordan is taking many refugees. But the delegate goes even further and proclaims that Syria is blaming other countries for their problems to distract from their own conflicts concerning home affairs. Jordan holds a very clear, sometimes aggressive opinion concerning this topic, as we can see as Jordan´s delegation replies to Italy´s statement about taking in asylum-‐seekers into their country. Italy has a very stable and secure system and can afford to take in even more refugees as they are already taking in at the moment. This is the official opinion, held by Vietnam´s and Jordan´s delegation. But again Jordan´s delegation adds insult to injury and reproaches Italy for violating human rights. Additionally according to the Jordan delegate the willingness to host refugees is much bigger in Jordan than in Italy, even though the Italian infrastructure is way better. The delegate criticizes the ”push-‐back policy” of Italy, which was implemented on 6th of May in 2009. But also Jordan has sent a considerable number of refugees back to their native countries. The country of Jordan is not as exemplary as they claim to be. Jordan´s capacities of hosting refugees are close to the limit claims the delegate and simultaneously tries to justify his exposition.
Committee Dinner 08.05.2014 After the delegates and the chairs of the four committees had come together and started their first formal debate, they represented their delegations’ opinions on certain topics and had the chance to talk about the problems they are facing in their countries. Due to the fact that the debate was finished at 4 o’ clock and dinner should take place two hours later, many delegates and chairs wanted to spend the break together by playing different games and although every committee should meet in a different restaurant, they chose to have dinner as a “group” in order to get to know each other better. So they went to a Turkish restaurant called “Harput” which was especially an especially enjoyable experience for the participants from abroad because they could try new dishes and caught a short glimpse of a different and maybe unknown culture. In the pleasant atmosphere, they enjoyed the food and traditional teas. All in all, it was an interesting day and a good experience to remember.
The federal state parliament of Hesse In the year 1840, when the Duke Wilhelm of Nassau chose Wiesbaden as his domicile, he decided to have built a palace that was worthy of him. From the outside it should keep the appearance of a plain residence, so that the inhabitants had no reason to become suspicious but from the inside it looked as spectacular and breath taking as you would have imagined a Duke's home who had no problem with being wasteful or spending taxes. In guided tours, visitors get the chance to see the inside of the building that was chosen as the seat of the federal state and the regional parliament of Hesse in the year 1946. In particular, what makes this building such a tourist attraction are the old rooms that survived the two world wars and still look like the Duke would had never left them. The group of five people was accompanied by Lena and together they listened to a few interesting facts and background-‐information, saw all the important rooms and at the end, they were also able to talk to a politician from the SPD and to get some of their questions answered! The tour started in front of the parliament where the friendly guide told them something about the architecture and showed them examples for the different eras of art and how they influenced Wiesbaden as a city. After seeing the conference room where discussions about important decisions take place, they were taken to the ''old part'' of the building and the guide warned them that they would feel like standing between two different worlds that seem to be ages apart and, he was right. The newer rooms are all white and equipped with the latest technology while the Duke's taste was a bit more extravagant and special: Every room was decorated in another theme and everything, from the sofa covers to the paintings on the wall and even the floor had to fit with the rest of the elements! There was a yellow, a blue and a red room, a huge hall with beautifully painted walls and big mirrors which was pure luxury, and who was not yet convinced of the need to brag with their wealth the people at this time felt, was after seeing the chandelier, made of 10.000 pieces! At the end of the tour, they were given the opportunity to talk to a real politician from the SPD and to discuss about current topics or decisions that were made in the past. All in all, one could say that there was something for everybody and that this was a day to remember.
Guided tour through the state theatre of Hesse On Friday the delegates were able to choose their after-‐committee-‐work activity and one of these activities was a guided tour through the state theatre of Hesse. The tour began with workshops of the theatre where the whole equipment for the plays is produced. Especially the so-‐called ‘Malersaal’ where backgrounds are painted was really interesting. Beautiful pictures in unimaginable sizes hung on the walls and they even have their own elevator for the paintings. They also have a wood workshop, a steal studio and a costume shop. Afterwards we went backstage and were all really impressed by the dimensions of the side stage which mostly serves as storage space or can be elevated and driven to the front stage to enable fast scene changes. At the moment the Burgtheater from Vienna is performing in the state theatre because of the Maifestspiele, which is a festival that takes place annually in May. The biggest of the four venues of the theatre (of which we visited only 2 because the others are located out of the theatre) has about 1041 seats and is very pretentious. On the ceiling are beautiful paintings, which tell the story of the ‘muse of the theatre’. Also, there can be found portraits of famous composers. We finished the tour in the lobby that has originally been built for Wilhelm II. The guide explained to us that the emperor loved visiting Wiesbaden because of its hot springs and that the foyer was only constructed for him and his family and friends that travelled with him. Today it’s not used as an entrance any more but offers the guests of the theatre the possibility to have a drink in the breaks. All in all it was a really interesting tour and we were all happy that we’ve had the possibility to be there. Info Box Within one season, about 30 dramas, ballets or operas are produced so they only have two weeks to prepare and rehearse one piece. Sometimes the actors are busy rehearsing 3-‐4 pieces at once.
City Tour-‐ Following the Footsteps o Wiesbaden's Jewish Community
After the committee work had finished on Friday all delegates played some games together, which might have been very embarrassing. Afterwards there were planed different activities for the delegates, which they had already chosen in advance. Those who have decided to go bowling met at the city-‐bowling center. After we have arrived a little late we have played two games on two tracks. As expected, the guys were obviously better than almost all girls. Nevertheless everyone had a lot of fun, especially when the mechanism of the bowling alley did not work and one of the delegates tried to make it work again. All in all it was a great afternoon.
The journalists at WiesMUN A journalist’s task is it to listen and watch carefully, document precisely and question critically. And to learn all these skills we visited a journalist workshop held by a professional journalist of one of the most influential newspapers in Wiesbaden. He gave us a short orientation about the most important key-‐aspects to write an article. After our Introduction into journalism we were 9 freshly baked journalists ready to take up new advantages. We started interviewing the delegates from abroad, writing breaking news concerning the India-‐Pakistan conflict and worked our ways into the committees. Through that we got a quick overview over the whole session and even though it was our first day as a journalist ever we survived it. Beside the task to document the interesting course of action of the WiesMUN conference, we also got involved into some organisation. This was another advantage of being a journalist, because we had the chance to look behind all scenes. We had the chance to see how the organisation team worked, the delegates discussed and the chairs lead, which in a nutshell created the great time. The much longed-‐for General Assembly carried a few new tasks with it. We were asked to take pictures and to summarize the outstanding proceedings of the thrilling discussion between the different fractions. But the most important task, standing above everything we have done so far (!!!) was to assume the responsible role to function as a carrier pigeon. It was essential to keep the communication between the single delegations going. In order to enable this, the journalists kept running between the seats and deliver the quick scribbled but genius notes. Luckily, most of the time the notes reached the right delegation... During the time with WiesMUN we got a valuable insight of the life as a journalist, which can be really stressful. But we loved taking photos, observing the whole GA from a neutral point of view, putting our ideas down on paper, grilling the delegates about their opinions and designing newspapers. All these aspects made the stress definitely worth it!
HOW TO BE A DELEGATE: -‐A step-‐by-‐step guide-‐ 1) Be a proud owner of a suit 2) Personality disorders are a must have: See yourself as a third person. 3) Brains are overrated. Memorize all Wikipedia articles by heart in order to appear as the Omniscient. 4) Always complain about the coffee. 5) Convulsions! Your speeches will not be taken seriously without the use of hand gestures. 6) NEVER. Never show doubts. You know everything, even if you do not. 7) Increase your sound intensity while talking and the others will not contradict. 8) Write as much information papers as possible to other delegates, in order to keep the journalists busy at the GA! 9) Get yourself a stopwatch. You are not allowed to talk more than 92,73 seconds! 10) As you can see, we are not asking for much. So last but not least, do not take everything too serious and enjoy yourself!
Info Box: Diplomacy The term diplomacy, originally derived from the word diplano, basically refers to the conduct by the government of negotiations as well as international relations through the intercession of diplomats with regards to issues such as peace-‐making, trade, economics, culture, human rights, environment as well as war. Furthermore, the representatives are usually epitomized by national politicians. Hence, diplomacy can be defined as a peaceful instrument of Foreign Policy, utilized in order to achieve certain aims that are considered to be vital to a state. Therefore it is a means of implementing national strategies through approaches that bring profits to both sites, while each state focuses its policy on sustaining its status quo. 17
General Assembly- Interview with Delegate of Argentina Interviewer: Honourable Delegate of Argentina, in general, what is your position concerning the rejected resolution submitted by the Human Rights Council today? Delegate: I voted against the resolution because, in my opinion, many of the clauses were similar to propositions that have already been made beforehand and furthermore, programs to deal with the increasing problem of refugees already exist. Instead of proposing a completely new system, the Human Rights Council should have focused on improving what the UN has been working on in the past. Furthermore, in order to vote for the resolution, I would have needed specifications concerning the proposal of monetary funds, i.e. how much money would this involve when carried out. Interviewer: In your opinion, is the Right to Asylum a Human Right and if so, why? Delegate: In general, yes, though the actual measures taken to grant asylum depend on the specific situation. For instance, after World War II, Argentina took in many refugees from European countries because of the continentâ€™s devastating condition. Though I do not feel to be in an adequate position to judge on this, since Argentina is not one of the countries strongly sought out by refugees, I would still like to point out that no country has unlimited capacities to take in asylum seekers. The amount of people accepted into a country should be determined according to said countryâ€™s geographical, social and financial capacities. This also guarantees that refugees are being allocated the necessary basics of life and the humanitarian help they need. Interviewer: Should the UN have the ability to assign a certain amount of asylum seekers to each member state or does this infringe on national sovereignty? Delegate: This definitely infringes on national sovereignty. Interviewer: In case of a similar resolution being passed in the future, would you be willing to pay the same amount of money as i.e. the U.S.A.? Delegate: No, because we, as an emerging nation, do not have equal financial resources. Therefore, the amount of money that each country contributes should be determined according to its GDP.
Farewell -‐ Party
After two days of exhausting and formal work regarding to the preparations for the interestingly proceeding General Assembly, the delegates finally had the opportunity to enjoy the big Farewell-‐Party on Saturday evening, taking place in the “Roncalli Haus” in Wiesbaden, in a relaxed mood. Furthermore, from 8 p.m. until midnight the WiesMUN participants relished the scrumptious buffet, prepared by one of the sponsors “Fasan” that offered a variety of different salads as well as homemade cakes and sweets. In addition, at the beginning the students were just sitting at their tables and enjoying the delicious dish whereas in the course of the evening the dance floor became increasingly fuller and the atmosphere of a real party aroused. Accompanied by the DJ’s music the guest got more and more motivated and enthusiastic about the great evening. Moreover the evening was also taped by the journalists of the session by taking many photos in front of the self-‐made WiesMUN wall, especially with the whole group, which fixed and increased the feeling of having met and found new friends. In a nutshell the party went off successfully and worked as an interesting conclusion of our international meeting that produced many new contacts and friendships to all over the world. We’re looking forward to meeting everyone again and hope that many people will participate next year again.
Critical questions, critical voices. „What sense does it make to participate in a make-‐believe UN conference?” “If one is interested in politics, they should just stay informed about the current happenings.” “If it’s a fictional conflict, it isn’t going to be of interest to anyone, is it?” “People under 18 don’t have a say in politics anyway, so why should they worry?” Voices, however, that could only belong to people who haven’t ever participated in a Model United Nations conference. After four days of work, stress, fun, laughter, and lots of coffee, all of the participants of this year’s WiesMUN conference felt equally sad when it dawned on them that four days of meeting old friends and making new ones, of discussion, exchange, and progress, were coming to an end. I believe I can say with certainty that on Sunday, May 11th, 2014, all participants, be it organizer, delegate, or member of the media team, could feel a “post-‐MUN-‐depression” coming on. But nonetheless, despite all the fun we had talking, playing games, partying, getting to know each other, we must ask ourselves what the real motive underlying the MUN initiative around the globe really is. During the two days of committee work and the following two days of General Assembly, I closely observed the work and progress of the Committee for Environment, Health, and Development, whose journalist I had the privilege of being. It was this committee’s task to submit a resolution that attempts to improve the current situation concerning problems like flooding, fresh water shortage, and diseases. The committee’s members, the honourable delegates of Bangladesh, Columbia, Iraq, Mali, the Netherlands, and Sudan, worked quickly and efficiently enough on the first day of committee work to leave time for open debating on day two. Since almost all the committee’s member states are confronted with flooding and/or strong rains and a lack of fresh water access that causes serious diseases and countless deaths, it was in the member states’ own interest to develop a resolution that would efficiently battle the aforementioned problems. Referring to the UN’s Resolution 64/292 of the year 2010 that officially declared access to clean water and sanitation a human right, the committee tried to include measures to improve the condition of fresh water supply in developing countries, for instance by cutting back on military costs. Despite the fact that said abridgement on military funding was strongly criticized by several delegations during General Assembly, the resolution was passed and thus successful. In addition, the committee placed a 21
strong emphasis on the preservation of our environment by i.e. reducing deforestation and contributing to research on reusing water as well as improving international health standards, for example by providing on-‐site help for people affected by diseases like malaria or cholera by building hospitals and treatment centres. I was honestly impressed by the delegates’ earnest concern, concentration and interest in the topics discussed and their efficient work. This gives me an excellent opportunity to return to my initial question. In my opinion, events such as WiesMUN 2014 are the best possible way to include and integrate the generation of our future political leaders into political reality and to raise awareness on the vital importance of political participation in order to uphold a functioning democracy. Partaking in WiesMUN has deemed me hopeful concerning the upcoming EU elections, I am convinced that those who possess the right to vote will make use of it sensibly and consciously and that those who do not will nonetheless do their part to contribute to the forming of their personal and public opinion in every way they can. Model United Nations is actively contributing to sparking interest, mobilizing youth to act upon their political opinions, bringing young adults from around the globe together to discuss topics that concern us all and thus to the improvement of political cooperation today and tomorrow in Germany, Europe, and essentially, worldwide.
Dino Ekdal: Most handsome delegate/ Simon: Forsgren: Best English Most likely to be a president speaker
Vlad Moca- Grama: Best styled delegate
Silver Breitkopf: Most beautiful participant
Jakob Jung: Funniest delegate
Marie Heinrich: Best styled delegate
I have started suffering from PWMD as soon as Lena announced that the conference was over :/ But all the more reason to look forward for the future: Hopefully a future where we guys can meet and rock on in new sessions together all over the world! Just after the conference it feels as if I've been showered with compliments: For that I must thank you! Every second in Wiesbaden has been at our pleasure, all thanks to all of you people!
I was just speaking with Isabel and saying how great the session was! We are both waiting forward for next year's session! :) It was absolutely worth going to WiesMUN and I am so thankful that you gave me the chance to go! The company was great, and I really like people who were there. I am very pleased with my stay in Germany, and I'm definitely going to visit you again!
Thank you fellow organizers and participants for creating a wonderful atmosphere and a perfect example of a successful Model United Nations Conference. Looking forward to see all of you next year! :-D 24
EDITOR AND HEAD JOURNALIST:
SILVER BREITKOPF SHILA BLOCK LAURA MÖCKS CHARLOTTE MENCKE MARISA BECKER VIVIANE WOLFARTH FATMA TUNC AWA YAVARI