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is said to be regulated when there is a statutory requirement to hold a diploma or other occupational qualification in order to pursue the profession in question. For regulated professions, countries have established strict procedures that govern the recognition of the qualifications for these professions; in the European Union, a set of directives have been developed for this purpose. For non-regulated professions, these procedures or directives are applicable and professionals will be subject to the rules of the labour market. In the field of music, regulated professions exist as well. These professions can mainly be found in the area of teaching (both music teachers in schools and instrumental/vocal music teachers), but also other professions, such as music therapist and organist, are regulated in some countries. In other countries, musicians are required to register as members of musicians’ unions to be able to work. To assist individuals and institutions interested in professional recognition in the field of music, the ‘Mundus Musicalis’ project has produced a document entitled The International Recognition of Studies and Qualifications in Music17, in which issues relates to the recognition of qualifications are addressed in more detail with a special focus on the music profession. Among other topics, the document includes information on regulated professions in the field of music in 36 countries world-wide, as well as some information about the relevant recognition procedures.


This document can be found at


Higher Music Education a Global Perspective  

‘mundus musicalis’ working group HigHer music education: a global perspective AEC PUBLICATIONs 2008 The Mundus Musicalis project has been fu...