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Shun Tak Fraternal Association Yung Yau College is a grammar school subsidized by the government of the HKSAR to provide quality education for both boys and girls in secondary 1–7. The school devoted to offering students quality education under the precepts of Shun Tak Fraternal Association: "Erudition, Propriety, Commitment and Honesty". 3D Computer Animation Course Yung Yau College in Tin Shui Wai is the only school in city that offers animation courses as part of the formal curriculum. All pupils in Forms One to Three take the course three times a week. The courses were launched in 2008 to make the pupils more digitally savvy. It teaches basic usage of Maya , the 3-D animation software used to make movies such as Avatar and Transformers. The school invested more than HK$1.5 million in 43 workstations and bought a supercomputer with donated funds. There are extra transferable skills that students acquire; a good understanding of lighting and camera angles in films, time management, critical thinking and an eye for detail. These qualities are transferable and can be applied to other subjects. It aims to provide students with a wide range of activities in order to help them build a positive view in life, enhance their creativity, leadership and communication skills.


Poverty Identifying the problem is only half of the success. It does not change the situation. What should the world do to reduce poverty? The first thing that comes to your mind is that we can donate. But we need to be aware that you can also help without giving money. The real change is made by individuals by raising awareness and being aware of the problem. Knowledge and broad thinking are the first steps towards change. Education for the poor,but for the rich as well.At the end of the last century there was this great trend of sending food to the poorest regions in Africa and Asia. The deliveries took a long time, transportation costs were high, some of the food became expired, some didn’t reach the places where help was most needed. Nowadays humanitarian aid organisations learn from these mistakes and try to buy supplies from the local markets and teach sustainable farming and development. In addition to the direct help through humanitarian organizations, we can also educate western societies how every individual can influence the global situation. First of all we need to see what this problem looks like. When I asked my Polish friends: in which position are we on the welfare level list of 192 countries? Most of them said: 90100. We are in the 41st position. There are many more that do not do well.

We might think that there is no better solution to poverty than donation. This is not true. You can give away the items that you are no longer using - clothes, books, furniture, toys, equipment. You can share your skills and knowledge. Here are just a few examples how well it can work: Doctors Without Borders, Refugees International, Amnesty International and other organisations that deal with non-material help. The world is around you. If you cannot support the poorest living in the other half of the globe don’t worry. There are people in need around you. Find an orphanage, a hospital, a retirement center, a women’s shelter, a kids’ center in a poor district and offer your help. There is a saying: “Poorest are those who do not have enough time”. Our support for the others is not just about giving money. It is about our attention and our awareness of the issues. There is always room for improvement, and it’s good to start from ourselves. Magda Wyszynska

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Discrimination “All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.“ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 7. When thinking of discrimination, many people's immediate reactions are centredon the most commonly debated types, such as gender, age and racial discrimination. These three categories already cover a wide range of occurring issues, but when looking at the Oxford dictionary's definition of discrimination, which defines it as the “[...] unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people“, it becomes apparent that there is a much broader range of cases that are considered discrimination. Actions taken against discrimination vary greatly from case to case, and also from country to country. They range from the establishment of legislation to a broad range of antidiscrimination campaigns. Despite these actions, there is still much discrimination in today's world, and education and raising awareness are important measures that can be taken against it. In addition to the commonly debated types of discrimination, there are also many types that are often forgotten. An example of this could be the discrimination of the disabled. Disabled people face discrimination on both a mental and a physical level. Mental discrimination against the disabled includes stereotyping and prejudice, but physical, or infrastructural discrimination is often more common in the everyday life. Examples could be public transportation and buildings, which are often difficult to access for people with disabilities. This claim is supported by findings of the “Life Opportunities Survey 2010”, which was conducted by the British Office for National Statistics. The survey's findings include, amongst others, that 29 out of every 100 adults with impairments said that they had difficulties getting into and moving around in buildings outside their homes, especially hospitals and shops. Only 7 out of every 100 adults without impairments said the same. Furthermore, 74 out of every 100 adults with impairments said they found it hard to use public transport services like buses and trains. This compares with only 58 out of every 100 adults without impairments. These two findings clearly illustrate that physical discrimination against people with disabilities is very much still present, even though measures are being taken in many places to reduce this type of discrimination. In conclusion, discrimination is a highly personal and widely spread issue, because most people experience it sooner or later in their lives, in one form or another. Many measures such as anti-discrimination campaigns and the establishment of legislation have already been taken, but they are not quite sufficient and further raising of awarenessand education is necessary to effectively eliminate discrimination. Sarah-Jane Baur

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Violence The term “violence” originates from the Latin language where we can find a differentiation between positive and negative violence which is preserved in the English language: potestas – power and violentia – violence. The Norwegian sociologist Johan Galtung who was also the founder of the discipline of Peace and Conflict Research divides violence into three main groups: direct, structural and cultural violence. Direct violence is visible, it occurs physically or verbally, and the victim and the offender can be clearly pointed out. Direct violence is highly interdependent with structural and cultural violence: cultural and structural violence causes direct violence which on the other hand reinforces the former ones. The concept of structural violence refers to institutionalized forms of discrimination and exclusion and therefore it reflects unequal levels of power. Structural violence “is not carried out by individuals but is hidden to a greater or lesser extent in structures” – it is “built in the social system and expresses itself in the unequal distribution of power and, as a result, unequal opportunities”. Therefore, structural violence includes all forms of exclusion or inequality in distribution of income, education opportunities, participation in social/cultural life, medical care etc. Cultural Violence includes all “aspects of culture that can be used to justify or legitimate the use of direct or structural Violence“. It is the sum of attitudes and beliefs we have been taught since early childhood, as well as beliefs that surround us in today’s everyday life about the necessity of violence. All of these three classifications can be expressed in verbal and/or physical forms. Verbal violenceis any use of language that causes harm. Considering the fact that it is the most common form of violence – and often causes more long-term results than domestic violence – it is a huge problem that it is not taken as seriously as other types of violence. Physical violence is any use of physical force that causes harm and mostly it is visible who is the victim and who is the offender. Violence has many faces and appears in many different ways. It is not always possible to attribute the different forms of violence to the defined categories, but it is clear that we face violence more or less every day, even when we are not always directly affected. The fact makes it even more important to think about this topic and to find solutions – even when they are small and if we change “just” our own behavior or our closer environment. Some forms of violence are too big to be faced alone, and most of the violence we face is structural or cultural which means that the bigger picture has to change – the way we arrange our societies and the way the economic structure – which causes most inequalities in the modern world – is working. Elisabeth Kraul

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PLURAL

English Français Espaùol

youth video festival

2012

pluralplus.unaoc.org

SHARE YOUR VISION Submit your videos exploring themes of migration, diversity & social inclusion. Deadline for entries is Sunday, July 1st, 2012.

Organized by the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations and the International Organization of Migration along with other partners including:


Youth What is youth? What does it mean to be young? The most traditional definition goes like this: “Youth is the time of life between childhood and adulthood (maturity)”.There is also another definition proposed by Robert F. Kennedy: “This world demands the qualities of youth: not a time of life but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the life of ease”. We are many. According to the BBC and the United Nations Database, “The number of young people in the world has never been higher”. Even if we count only the ages between 12 and 18, the statistics show that almost 1 billion of the total world population are young people. Will this situation change? Demographic studies predict a change in the world pyramid of population – there will be a growth of the middle aged population as countries all over the world progress and develop. What has been the role of young people throughout our history? Again, it is hard to analyze such a huge topic in a few words, even if the situation in the different periods and civilizations was also different. So, let’s say just one thing: young population had different roles in their societies throughout history, and some of these were very powerful roles. Young people can and will take the initiative. Where? In their jobs, in their cities, in their colleges. Young people have their own problems, but they are also citizens of the world -1 out of every 4 citizens is considered young- so they need to be able to share their aims, especially now, in an increasingly globalized world, where there are more tools than ever. Nowadays young people are being born in a digital era. It’s important to think about the model that we’re developing: its aim is to create and share a whole and a global network of knowledge and information isn’t always connected to individual aims and profits, and we have a lot of examples of this, for example Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Young people have the tools to liberate and create a different world. To conclude, youth is an attitude related to the wants and the hopes of a generation, and it has to be recognized, and it has to be considered as a powerful tool and a valid point of view related to all the problems. At home, at work, and in life in general. The Internet philosophy is the best example of this, with its attitude of sharing as a way of growing, gaining more knowledge and achieving success in helping others. Pol Guardia

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Women’s Rights “Women’s rights are human rights and human rights are women’s rights" were Hilary Clinton's opening words of her speech to the United Nations' 4th Conference on Women held in Beijing back in 1995. Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights emphasizes the exact same thing by stating that everyone is entitled to all the rights and fundamental freedoms "without distinction of any kind, such as race, color or sex." Mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, learners, workers, citizens and leaders are pulling together if in their homes, on their jobs or in their communities when it comes to defending their rights. However, when it comes to women’s rights, one should not forget that standards differ from one continent to another. While in the North women have been fighting for this cause since the beginning of the 20th century, women in southern countries only recently got the opportunity to defend their rights with international organizations at their backs. Therefore, their interests and needs also differ from one corner of the world to another. Continuous dialogue is an important tool in the matter of women’s rights. The different stages of evolution on that matter are, of course, not due to lack of interest on the part of the affected women, but it’s just that governments in some countries keep them from speaking out. A key problem women’s rights activists are facing therefore is the absence of government support. No grassroots campaign, no consciousness raising is going to pay dividends if there is no supportive government behind it.

Women’s rights are on many organizations' and institutions' agendas, but it is not enough to only broach the subject by citing Hilary Clinton's words and claiming that this is firmly established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. What women of the 21st century, regardless of their background, really need, is to be provided with long lasting solutions. Families, teachers, authorities and public figures need to work hand in hand for that cause. The cause of women’s rights can be described by taking the iceberg model as an example. Above the surface we only see the negative and positive facts directly linked to that issue (violence, abuse, sexism, women’s empowerment, quota, etc.). The facts, whether good or bad, are seen by everyone. The work, the reasons, as well as the consequences are hidden underneath the surface. To understand the issue, and to findadequate solutions, one has to go beyond the surface. And this is what every responsible citizen needs to assure, because it is our contribution to society, made in order to create genuine gender equality at all possible levels. SheylaDostert

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Health The definition of health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being, which for us means the general condition of a person’s mind, body and spirit. Also, the maintenance and promotion of health is achieved through different combinations of physical, mental, and social well-being, together sometimes referred to as the ‘health triangle’. It is proven that health is determined by and connected with personal lifestyles, the environment, health care organizations, and health policies. Our health is precious and something worth protecting. Three things that are currently putting global health in danger the most are AIDS, tobacco and obesity.

AIDS has reached epidemic proportions in many developing countries and can be considered a big threat to national health or security in many developed countries such as the US.In 2008 33.4 million people were estimated to be living with HIV, 2.7 million new people were diagnosed with HIV and 2 million people died from HIV. While the number of those living with HIV has been increasing, a part of this is also because more successful treatment has meant more people have survived. Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable deaths and the second major cause of death in the world. It is estimated that 1 person dies because of tobacco overuse every 6 seconds, it caused 100 million deaths in the 20th century and is estimated to cause 1 billion deaths in the 21st century if the smoking pattern continues. Cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, including 43 known carcinogenic compounds and 400 other toxins. Nicotine is a highly addictive substance that stops smokers from quitting smoking. It is not as dangerous as a heroin addiction, but it is very dangerous and life threatening in the long run. Obesity is another growing health problem all over the world. Did you know that there are approximately 1.1 billion underfed and 1.1 billion overweight people on the planet? 80% of all the world’s underfed children are living in countries with food surpluses. 55% of all adults in the US are overweight and 23% of all adults in US are considered obese by global standards. There are 400.000 liposuctions performed in the US annually. Today the food market is overflowing with cheap-production, energy-dense and nutrient-empty food. Healthy food is often more expensive than the unhealthy one, leaving more people to go with the cheaper option. The situation is not at all sunny, but it is not too late for a change, after all,the most ironic thing about these 3 issues is that they are preventable. If we chose to act more responsibly and think about the future, maybe these issues might even eventually disappear. Filip Franc Steiner

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09/11/2001-09/11/2011 Aileen Marshal – UK, Schotland: "I am proud to have been part of that beginning and have watched with awe at what has been achieved by the young people & their mentors. May the Summit Family keep growing!!!"

Beyond Borders Correspondence, phone calls and visits have kept our IYMS family in constant contact. Many more visits are planned for the future. Many of the emails received by the organizers tell of the value of the Summit on a personal basis: Charlotte – New Zealand: “Thank you so much for the experience. It opened pathways for me and pretty much changed my life”. Charlotte’s Mom: “She has come back inspired and suddenly aware of all the different possibilities there are in the world. She has had her eyes opened to issues that she probably wouldn't have explored otherwise.” Jim Browning - Scotland: “I was completely blown away by the character and skills of all the young people I was privileged to meet and work with. The experience is one which has reaffirmed my faith in people and young people in particular.” Ludmilla Danylyuk – Ukraine: “The summit…actually gave us a lot of inspiration to start or continue our media projects in our home countries. We met so many interesting and talented people.” Jee Sun Choi – Thailand: “This summit is something that I will always remember throughout my whole life. It would be a stepping stone for me to move into the world as a confident young woman.” Wesley Wessels – South Africa: “It was one of the most enlightening moments in my life and also gave me hope for the future of our war torn planet. I have never before been privileged enough to be surrounded by so many people with pure hearts.” *****

George Bernard Shaw “This is the true joy in life, the being used for a purpose recognized by yourself as a mighty one; the being thoroughly worn out before you are thrown on the scrap heap; the being a force of nature instead of a feverish, selfish little clod of ailments and grievances, complaining that the world will not devote itself to making you happy.”

IYMS Headquarter Obilicev venac 21, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia www.iyms.info; office@iyms.info


International Youth Media Summit History September 11, 2001. The first seeds of courage, cooperation and creativity that would become the International Youth Media Summit (IYMS) were planted that day in the ashes of terror and hatred. And many more seeds were planted that same week when Aileen Marshall from Scotland and Evelyn Seubert from the USA met for the first time. The horrible events of 9/11, fresh in their minds, brought special urgency to their mission: to create media collaborations across cultures, bringing young people together to have a voice in the future. For three years, students from Seubert’s Teen International Media Exchange (T.I.M.E.) at Cleveland High School and Marshall’s Screen School in the South Lanarkshire Council collaborated on media projects across the internet. At the same time, using workshops, video conferencing and the web, others around the globe were also using media in new and innovative ways to bring young people together to make a difference. These collaborations became the inspiration for an annual gathering of young media makers and their teachers. Founded by Evelyn Seubert and Aileen Marshall, and organized by members of T.I.M.E., the first International Youth Media Summit was held from July 21 – 30, 2006 in Los Angeles, California. It was funded by The Audrey and Sydney Irmas Charitable Foundation and Health Net, and was presented by Listen Up! and Learning for Life. Ms. Marshall and the Listen Up! staff helped to recruit the 86 student delegates and teachers from 26 countries who attended this extraordinary event. Each country delegation, as well as one representing the deaf and hard-of-hearing, was composed of an adult advisor, a student filmmaker and a student diplomat. Each delegate was assigned to an issue group. The seven issues the Summit explored were: Poverty, Racism, Violence, Health, Environment, Women and Youth. When the delegates arrived in Los Angeles, they shared the public service announcements and research projects they had created in their home communities that highlighted their issue. Over the course of three days, the students and teachers in each issue group visited three local organizations that were working on innovative solutions. Some of these organizations had international connections such as the USC Medical Center, the Audubon Society and the Museum of Tolerance; others were focused on their own communities such as ONE Generation and L.A. Family Housing. In total, the seven groups visited 21 dynamic organizations that inspired and encouraged the delegates. In the last three days of the Summit, students in each issue group created two videos: one, a Public Service Announcement and the other, Resolutions for Action. The delegates would use these back at home to motivate other young people to share their voice and become involved in solutions. At IYMS, the students and teachers worked together across cultures, religions, ethnic backgrounds and political viewpoints. The seven public service announcements and seven resolutions for action were seen around the world when the delegates returned to their homes. They spoke out on television, in print articles and on the internet about their experience of peaceful cooperation to achieve a peaceful future. The Summit became an annual event. Miomir Rajcevic from the Media Education Centre (Serbia), Vahid Vahed from Cinewest (Australia), Birgitta Olsson from Film i Halland (Sweden), Aileen Marshall from the South Lanarkshire Council (Scotland) and Evelyn Seubert from T.I.M.E. at Cleveland High School (USA) formed the Executive Committee. In 2007, eight young people were selected from past delegations to form the Youth Committee. The Second International Youth Media Summit was held in Sydney, Australia from July 1 – 7, 2007 and was hosted by Vahid Vahed and Cinewest. Thirty-one young people and teachers from nine countries participated. The same collaborations across cultures took place, and a second set of public service announcements was made. Students explored artistic and technical concepts that gave their media pieces dramatic impact and thought-provoking content. The third (August 2008), fourth (August 2009), fifth (August 2010), sixth (August 2011) and seventh (August 2012) Summits were held in Belgrade, Serbia and were hosted by Miomir Rajcevic and the Media Education Centre. These Summits have focused on intercultural media education, media literacy and the development of film, television and internet communication like great, strong and modern tools for developing civil society, democracy and better future for all of us… As they move forward to advanced education and careers in many disciplines, the Summit delegates bring with them a passion for creating a harmonious world community that will benefit from shared creativity, cultural understanding and informed insights. The IYMS delegates will inspire others in their generation to shape the future through media and action. IYMS Headquarter Obilicev venac 21, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia www.iyms.info; office@iyms.info


Environment Environment includes our surroundings, from our family and friends to our house and our city, to air, water, and nature. All our acts have an influence on our environment – the studies of the interaction between a living organism and the environment are called ecology. The unity of living organisms and the nonliving ones with which they interact is called an ecosystem. Media love strong headlines, and using eye-catching words like „crisis“. Currently two crises (caused by humans) are the favourite of media: the financial crisis – and the crisis of the environment. It‘s a capitalistic trend that people purchase goods in higher amounts than needed – because, after all, you can „just“ throw it away, if you don‘t need it. After you throw it away, you don‘t have to care anymore. Landfills are growing and we don‘t know where to put all our trash. Hazardous waste is waste that is a potential threat to health and the environment (for example motor oil, herbicides, computers, radioactive waste). Man is the most responsible for the destruction of the Earth – although, from time to time, Nature is also the cause of disasters: avalanches, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, volcanoes and wildfires. What are the changes we need to make? The future of our energy supply is one of the biggest questions. The most effective and the cheapest way to produce energy we know is nuclear energy – but not the safest one. We don‘t know which are the long-term consequences of nuclear trash yet, we even don‘t know how to categorise it. The alternative solution is to invest in non-polluting, renewable energy sources whose efficiency also still needs to be improved. We may try to restrict the population growth as well. And last but not least, change the way we live, which leads us to the last point. Sustainable living or green living is a term which describes the lifestyle of people who are aware of the current environmental issues. They try to reduce their use of natural resources. The aim of this lifestyle is to reduce their own carbon footprint – by using public transportation, purchasing fewer goods, changing dietary habits and using less energy. This is the lifestyle that all of us should aim for. TessyTroes

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The Alliance of Civilizations aims to improve understanding and cooperative relations among nations and peoples across cultures and religions. It also helps to counter the forces that fuel polarization and extremism. The United Nations Alliance of Civilization (UNAOC) was established in 2005, at the initiative of the Governments of Spain and Turkey, under the auspices of the United Nations. A High-level Group of experts was formed by former Secretary-General Kofi Annan to explore the roots of polarization between societies and cultures today, and to recommend a practical programme of action to address this issue. The Report of the High-level Group provided analysis and put forward practical recommendations that form the basis for the implementation plan of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations. On 26 April 2007, former President of Portugal, Jorge Sampaio, was appointed as the High Representative for the UNAOC by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to lead the implementation phase of the Alliance. The UNAOC Secretariat, which is based in New York, works with a global network of partners with States, international and regional organizations, civil society groups, foundations, and the private sector to improve crosscultural relations between diverse nations and communities. It also works at the grassroots level, promoting innovative projects that build trust, reconciliation and mutual respect. The Alliance works in four program areas to support such projects. These areas are: youth, media, education, and migration.

www.unaoc.org

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ECFA - European Children's Film Association Association EuropĂŠenne du CinĂŠma pour l'Enfance et la Jeunesse

ECFA is the organisation for all, who are interested in high quality films for children and young people: film makers, producers, promotors, distributors, exhibitors, TV-programmers, festival organizers and film educators. Audiovisual media in general and cinema in specific are a vehicle for artistic communication and for cultural transmission. Now that the world is becoming a "global village", children and young people have more and more access to culture and those who use the cinematic media are more numerous than we can imagine. The aim of ECFA is to bring the children in contact with the great machine called cinema. ECFA offers a communication panel promoting new ways of co-operation within Europe in the fields of production, festivals, distribution, exhibition and film education. "We want to create a positive attitude towards European films for children - also in its economic and political aspects." At the moment ECFA has more than 60 members, mostly companies and organisations, coming from 23 different countries. ECFA is convinced that European films for children and young people could not only succeed, but could also find a profitable audience. Children and young people are not only the future of our society, but also an important part of it here and now, with enormous emotional, cultural and of course material needs. Since its foundation in 1988 ECFA has organized meetings and events to promote and stimulate the development of European films for children and young people. www.ecfaweb.org

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Vision Our vision is of a European community that values its diverse people and engages in Intercultural Dialogue as a means to enables their free, full and equal participation in society. • • •

Free participation: voluntary and accessible without arbitrary barriers or restrictions. Full participation: commitment to investigating low participation, efforts to encourage participation. Equal participation: equal status with regard to the activities and processes, which determine people’s life chances; equal power to set the terms of participation.

www.intercultural-europe.org

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Youth in Action mobilising the potential of young Europeans

Youth Volunteering: personal challenges, social objectives

T

he European Voluntary Service enables young people to go abroad to provide unpaid service for a maximum of one year. This is a true learning process in which young people face challenges in an unknown environment, and learn to exploit their own potential and abilities, developing self-confidence and independence that is useful at any stage of their subsequent lives. It is for young people who want to express solidarity by engaging in culture, youth, sport, social care, civil protection, environment, post          of new experience by acquiring new skills, and            among others, disabled, elderly or homeless people, young prisoners, people addicted to alcohol and drugs, children or youth, and cultural institutions.

 Youth in Action Programme



7th Summit