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ARCHITECTURAL PORTFOLIO UNDERGRADUATE WORKS LEE MINSUB


LEE MINSUB INFO

WORKING EXPERIENCE

date of birth address contact

13, February 1989, in Seoul, Korea 103-503, 1218, Yangjae-daero, Songpa-gu, Seoul, South Korea cellphone +82 10 5582 3954 e-mail

minseop7@naver.com

2012 Jan / Feb

2013 Jul / Oct

Yeonmi Architects _ Internship Created 3D model for various projects

Samoo Architects & Engineers _ Internship Created physical and 3D model for Banpo housing redevelopment project

http://issuu.com/minsublee/docs/portfolio_2014_new

EDUCATION

TOOL / SKILL

2007 - 2014

University of Seoul Faculty of Architecture (BArch)

language

Korean (mother tongue) / English / Mandarin (intermediate)

2012 - 2013

National University of Singapore Year-Long Exchange Program

software

Autocad / Revit (beginner) Google Sketchup (main) / Rhinoceros

AWARDS

Adobe Photoshop / Illustrator / Indesign 2013

The Korean Structural Engineers Association

Special Award

ACTIVITIES

CAPABILITY

2008 Jan

2012 Jan

Global Expert Program

- Ability to make complex physical models.

San Francisco State University

- Great royalty and responsibility to project and group.

- Ability to modeling and rendering skills in Sketchup and V-ray.

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Took lectures about urbanism in western America

International Workshop on Urban Landscape

- Graphic skill using Photoshop, Illustrator and Indesign.

Ohio State University

- Strong adaptibility to various environment and communication.

2

V-ray / Ecotect

Structural Engineering Competition

Workshop about urban farm in city


CONTENTS 01. TRAVEL, REST & STAY

4 - 13

02. NATURAL HEALING CENTER

14 - 21

03. SINGAPORE TROPICANA

22 - 27

04. C_THRU

28 - 31

05. SOUL OF SEOUL

32 - 37

06. K-POP IN MELTING POT

38 - 43

08. INTERNSHIP

44-45

07. IWUL ; ESSAY

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EPILOGUE

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Travel, Rest & Stay Thesis Work, 2014 spring semester

01


SCENERY OF CURRENT TERMINAL Concourse is the most important space in bus terminal. However, current concourse is just filled with plastic chairs and covered by red canopy. Zigzag shaped curbstone divides space for bus and passengers. The future terminal needs concourse for various activities. At the same time, it will have to work in one complex facility rather than separate ones.

Travel, Rest & Stay

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status of current bus terminal PLAN 2030 Located between two area Huge demand for accommodation

number of buses

passenger per day

1,790

28,500

REGIONAL SCALE

Passengers can reach many provinces including rural area.

Passengers can travel Seoul easily by using line number 2.

2012’ foreign visitors 11,140,000

total floor area:

43,169m site coverage (%):

status of foreign visitors

NATIONAL SCALE

site area:

44,930 m2 floor area ratio (%):

10.4

foreign visitors staying hostel / residence inn 182,696 (16.4%)

104

avg. monthly visitors per room 9.9

combination of different program C.

A. B.

TRANSIT FACILITIES

+

COMMERCIAL

PUBLIC SPACE

COMMUNITY

ACCOMMODATION

TRANSPORTATION IN OUR DAILY LIFE THREE SYSTEM Subway + Expressway + Nature to Han-river A. Techno-mart

: shopping mall for IT products

B. Gangbyeon station : Line number 2

C. Intercity bus stop : 19 bus lines of Gyeongi green bus 10 bus lines of Gyeongi red bus 8 bus lines of Seoul green bus 1 bus line of Airport bus

D.

D. Ttukseom Resort Subway line number 2 Bus circulation

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Travel, Rest & Stay

In many modern cities, transportation facilities are changing into multifunctional places. East Seoul bus terminal is also one of the places many people are crowded. However, this terminal acts only as terminal for departure and arrival to the city. More than half of the area is composed with platform and parking area. Integration of transportation system and many other programs including commercial

will be important issue for many cities in the future. Current terminal system only offers broad waiting area with large TV and plastic chairs. At the same time, this site is the very proper site for accommodation for foreign tourists and green zone for neighborhoods. Through my overall thesis, I tried to suggest more quality activities and spatial area for the passenger who uses express bus.


AR

R

R

AL IV

R TU AR EP D

departure route arrival route

Traffic Density - 11am

Traffic Density - 8pm

above 30km/h 10km/h ~ 30km/h below 10km/h

sokcho 400km bicycle road urban bike road han-river bike road

above 30km/h 10km/h ~ 30km/h below 10km/h

traffic congestion

RESIDENTIAL AREA

BASIN PARK

EXPRESSWAY

location of accident 2002’2003’2012’2013’

location of fire 2014’

linking bike path

HAN-RIVER

RESIDENTIAL AREA

BUS TERMINAL

EXPRESSWAY

WATER FACILITY HAN-RIVER

bus routes

RESIDENTIAL AREA

Traffic volume nearby is affected by bus routes. Especially, the road between apartment and terminal is congested everyday since entrance and exits are located near the neighbourhood road. With an encouragement from the government, bike routes are set at different streets. But they are not linked at the site. In the future, bus terminal will have to provide facilities for bike travellers such as hostel, bike repair shop and bike rental center. Currently direct access to the expressway is not

BUS TERMINAL

EXPRESSWAY

HAN-RIVER

available for the buses because the entrance is located at the rear side. The buses have to turn around from narrow road and it results in obstruction between the buses and the pedestrians. So entrace should be relocated to the riverside. Current terminal is adjacent to Han-river and surrounded by tall buildings with a great view to the river. New facility should guarantee their prospect right and easy access to the river.

Travel, Rest & Stay

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HOSTEL PUBLIC GREEN BUS TERMINAL

OVERLAPPING DIFFERENT SYSTEMS Dealing with three different programs can make various spaces. Among them, program for sharing can work as buffer spaces. Three different systems, which is diverse vertical and horizontal, can make landscape and also be overlapped with the other ones. By doing this, passengers, tourists and neighbors can use together the public spaces between two or three layers.

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Travel, Rest & Stay


OFFICE

PUBLIC / SHARED

PATIO

HOSTEL COMMON AREA KITCHEN

FOOD

RETAIL

DINING

RETAIL

TOURIST CENTER

COMMERCIAL

LOUNGE

DEPARTURE HALL

RESTAURANT GYM

COMMERCIAL

PUBLIC GREEN EXIBITION TO SUBWAY

COMMERCIAL ARRIVAL HALL

PLATFORM MAINTAING SERVICE

FOOD

CONCOURSE

TICKETING

PLATFORM CARPARK

CAR RENTAL

ROOF GARDEN, TERRACE, WOODEN DECK

COMMERCIAL, EXHIBITION

HOSTEL, COMMERCIAL OPPORTUNITY BUSINESS CCENTER

UNDERGROUND BUS PLATFORM

RETAIN ORIGINAL BUILDING

Travel, Rest & Stay

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sunlight

sunlight ventilation platform

bus road

STRUCTURE SYSTEM A tree-like structure module can be used for sevice core as well as part of structure. In addition, this basic module can draw natural light to the underground. Shape of the roof will be varied according to the height of strucutre modules. In order to integrate basement and landscape level, one single type of structure is repeated in grid system. They are integrated with stairs and inbetween spaces so that passengers can step up and go around to any other spaces.

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Travel, Rest & Stay


LANDSCAPE FROM GROUND TO ROOF SITE PLAN 1 / 2000

Travel, Rest & Stay

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LINKING MASSES WITH ORIGINAL BUILDING

TERMINAL AT THE BASEMENT

1ST FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1/4000

BASEMENT PLAN SCALE 1/4000

FROM TICKETING TO BUS The course until getting on the bus is monotonous; people just sit on plastic chairs and watch TV together. This traditional system can be changed if platform is directly linked with many other programs. For example, they can ride a bus right after watching a movie or exploring exhibition hall.

EXHIBITION AUDITORIUM COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL PLATFORM PLATFORM

GREEN INACCESSIBLE

GRASS GARDEN

HOSTEL LOBBY COMMERCIAL PLATFORM WOODEN DECK

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Travel, Rest & Stay

CENTRAL PLAZA (HARD PAVING)


INBETWEEN SPACE IN SECTION Every plate of roof is overlapped each other and makes some inbetween spaces. These spaces allow light come into the basement and the first floor. Also, people can communicate each other and it blurs boundary of each separate program.

AUDITORIUM EXHIBITION INTERNET LOUNGE PLATFORM CAFETERIA EXHIBITION

STRUCTURAL VOID SPACE COMMERCIAL

WORKSHOP PLATFORM

BIZ CENTER PLATFORM

Travel, Rest & Stay

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Natural Healing Center 4th year, 2012 spring semester

Social issues regarding teenagers are discussed frequently these days. Some teenagers fail to endure psychological anxiety and even result into extremely drastic decisions. Psychological recovery for teenagers can be achieved when they restore their own self-confidence by themselves with recovery by nature. By increasing opportunity of contacts between climbers and teenagers, I tried to make them share and communicate with each other at this center.

02


Distrust Isolated Fear

SPORTS ARTS EDUCATION

Activity Garden

Multi-purpose Hall

DANCING

MEDITATION

PHOTOGRAPHY

CAMPING

Teamwork Confidence

Exhibition

EXHIBITION

Community Sociability

oak colony pitch-pine colony

retaining wall waterway

LOCATING RULE

Although located near to urban area, Kkachisan-park is well preserved in terms of ecology. Since oak colony must be preserved, the building should be built at the rest of area. Also, the site should avoid shaded area which is shown as black at the shading analysis.

ACTIVITIES WITH NEIGHBOUR

Teenagers should be visible in order to be cured their mental problems. Climbers also can look around what teenagers are doing; such as drawing, dancing or sports.

Natural Healing Center

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contour line

contour line + waterway

existing circulation

available site

contour line

lifting up

linking to each other

green roof + preserved path

Natural Healing Center


spring 3/21 2:00pm

summer 6/21 2:00pm

autumn 9/21 2:00pm

RESTING PLACE IN FOREST

RESTING FOREST Building envelop isPLACE affected byIN environment in forest. Shadow was the main point to be considered deciding Building envelop is highly by environment in forest. mass. With many affected trees, it affords comfortable place to Shadow is the key feature to be considered designing mass. teenagers. With plenty of trees, it affords comfortable place for teenagSITE PLAN 1 : 800 ers. SITE PLAN 1 : 800

winter 12/21 2:00pm

Natural Healing Center

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1

EPS

UP

EPS

EPS

UP

DN

DN

DN

PS

PS

1

2

1

PS

4

2

2 1 3

2

3

5

4

4

3 12

6

UP

7

8

UP

UP

UP

UP UP

11

8

5

1. Cafeteria 2. Kitchen 3. Meditation 4. Library 5. Waterspace 6. Community Space 7. Bedroom 1. Parking Lot 2. Machinery Room

LV. 46m Plan Scale 1 : 800

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Natural Healing Center

LV. 50m Plan Scale 1 : 400

UP DN

9

6 7

1. Main Entrance 2. Lobby 3. Cafe 4. Director’s Room 5. Office 6. Vertical Farm

7. Outdoor Shelter 8. Seminar Room 9. Community Space 10. Bedroom 11. Exhibition 12. Preparation Room

LV. 54m Plan Scale 1 : 800

10

1. Hall 2. Multi-Purpose Hall 3. Exhibition 4. Roof Garden

LV. 54m Plan Scale 1 : 800


DAYLIGHT AT 1ST FLOOR

INSOLATION

DAYLIGHT AT 2ND FLOOR

ECOTECT ANALYSIS ON SUSTAINABILITY Main point of sustainable design was encouraging light to inpour at the first floor. First floor also needs to be ventilated naturally. Shape of this facility affords natural cross ventilation through the sunken garden. SECTIONAL AIR FLOW AIR FLOW AT 1ST FLOOR

AIR FLOW AT 2ND FLOOR

Natural Healing Center l 19


DETAIL SECTION

Section Detail Scale 1 : 60

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Natural Healing Center

As an sustainable architecture, I emphasized on natural lighting and controlling heat inside. By exploiting double skin, natural sunlight can penetrate deep inside. In addition, heat inside can be emitted effectively.


Natural Healing Center

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03

Singapore Tropicana National University of Singapore, 2013 spring semester


As situated on the hill, Jurong town hall captured the spirit of the time and provided a symbol of Singapore’s industrialization, which was centered on Jurong Town Corporation. The building is in the form of two weighty five-storey concrete wings containing offices, committee rooms and a conference hall. A funnel-shaped 50-meter high clock-tower thrusts upwards at the center of the structure. Associated with Singapore’s rapid growth to the status of a developed nation, Jurong town hall used to be an authoritative and significant edifice at that moment. However in 1999, its functions were relocated to a new tower block and now it stands on the hill lonely and helplessly at this moment.

tower, some features are remaining showing ambition and ideology in 1970s. As placed in a center of two wings, atrium inside is one of features that impose powerful status in the past. Terrain with inverted profile seems to surveil around and weighty stairway provides stability to this building. Numerous columns are sustaining huge mass on top, and vertical fins are adapted well in splayed facade in tropical climate. Jurong Town Hall Architect: Architect Team 3 Completed: 1974

Tropicana features I think about this building are relevant to ‘ambition of Singapore at that moment’. As an industrial beacon or control

atrium between two wings.

inverted facade surveiling jurong town.

oblique mass on the vertical mass

slit openings and splayed fins

huge stariways penetrating upper mass

Singapore Tropicana

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VOID SPACE AND CIRCULATION Because building profile is splayed, inner void spaces grow up as it goes higher. This allows more light to come deep inside. Huge void spaces are located at the center of two wings and surrounded by several rooms and circulation corridor. The corridor is narrow but made for circulating whole building. These two features make logic of inner space. As design strategy, some elements were used and transformed in order to make a new atmosphere; 1) Repetition of curved core, 2) Stacking the outdoor stair and podium and 3) Adaptation of original corridor and void space.

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Singapore Tropicana


ADAPTATION OF ORIGINAL CORRIDOR AND VOID SPACE

STACKING THE OUTDOOR STAIR AND PODIUM AT INSIDE

REPETITION OF CURVED CORE Singapore Tropicana

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COMBINATION OF TRANSFORMED ELEMENTS 26

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Singapore Tropicana


TREE-LIKE STRUCTURE PROPOSAL

NEW CLADDING

Following the splayed angle of original facade, the idea was to adapt structure which is similar to tree.

New diagonal shaped cladding wall will be attached with splayed window and fins.

Singapore Tropicana

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04

C_THRU STRUCTURE COMPETITION 2013, Special Award collaborative work with 1 student

Dok-do is lonely. Although we all are interested in Dokdo, it is actually difficult to visit there. Rather, since it is not developed as tourist attraction or residential area, there are plenty of fish and resources, and ecology is being preserved. What we tried through this competition is to increase the accessibility to Dok-do and make a resort area where people can observe various scenery that they haven’t experienced before.

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C_THRU


압축공기

FLOATING CONCEPT

개폐식 물 유입구 (9개)

Similar to fundamentals of submarine, water at the below prohibit this structure from being turned over. The water keep its balance and air pressure push the water to adjust horizontally. By this system, it can provide view on and below the sea.

물의 유입 공기방출

C_THRU

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6

2

5

B5F _ Garden 1. underwater garden

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C_THRU

B4F _ Restaurant 2. restaurant

B3F , B2F _ Hotel Suites 3. hotel suites / multi storey 4. hotel suites / single storey 5. hotel suites / inner sphere 6. observation deck

BELOW THE WATER LEVEL Scale 1 : 1000


7

10

8

3

9

4

ABOVE THE WATER LEVEL Scale 1 : 1000

C_THRU

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SOUL OF SEOUL 3rd year, 2009 spring semester HANOK COMPETITION 2013 Submission

Bukchon, which is on the east side of Kyeongbok-palace, is one of the oldest Korean traditional town. Along the retaining wall, which is about 20 meters high, a lot of commercial and residential buildings are mixed in the form of Hanok. In this project, it is firmly required to study about following questions. What is Korean traditional style of building? How can I define Hanok in urban context? And Hanok in the future...?

05


TYPOLOGY & MORPHOLOGY Four of the above drawings demonstrate current status of bukchon. Hanok with inner courtyard is special architectural typology in this urban area. In terms of program, most of commercial hanoks are near wide road, whereas hanoks for residence are condensed behind. However, wide street and narrow roads are not linked directly so that many commercial buildings have stairs to the higher part.

SOUL OF SEOUL

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URBAN SECTION OF BUKCHON The site is situated on the higher part of Bukchon, which is nearly 20m higher than commercial area. Due to the height, the site provides great view of Seoul. So I could make scenery come into the traditional hanok. The original building is used as a museum. However, in-between space of two sites are very narrow and not being used efficiently. I thought narrow space can be a element to link two different hanoks.

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SOUL OF SEOUL


Exisiting Site

Level Intervention

Making path penetrating the site

Creating garden

Placing two houses

Connecting two houses, adding a new mass

SOUL OF SEOUL

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Lv. 1200

1 Lv. 1600

Lv. 1200 Lv. 0

3

Lv. 2300 Lv. 2300

2 3

6

Lv. 2000

5

Lv. 2400 Lv. 1500

A

3

4

Lv. 2600 Lv. 2200 A’

Lv. 2300

Lv. 2250

3

3

1st Floor PLAN

Lv. 1800

Scale : 1/200

1. Main Entrance 2. Exhibition Garden 3. Exhibition Room 4. Hall 5. Upper Garden 6. Tea Room

Hanok is realated with land which hanok sets on. There is huge level difference between front road and back one at this site. In this situation, two buildings can be combined and link the roads. While hanok in the west is for public, the other one is more private. For this reason, most exhibition rooms are placed in the western part. In the future, hanok will be changed. There are many trials to combine hanok with modern style. In particular, the most visible part in the building is necessary to make special.

5 Lv. 5400

2

Lv. 4600

1

Lv. 4600

B

7 4 8 6

B’

3 1

2nd Floor PLAN Scale : 1/200

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SOUL OF SEOUL

1. Exhibition Room 2. Cafe 3. Hall 4. Terrace 5. Study Room 6. Restroom 7. Entrance 8. Courtyard


West Elevation

North Elevation

Scale 1/200

Scale 1/200

A-A’ Section Scale 1/100

SOUL OF SEOUL

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06

K-POP in Melting Pot 3rd year, 2011 fall semester

Itaewon is exotic place in Seoul. Because there are plenty of commercial buildings such as cafe, restaurant, bar and club. Streets are always crowded. Moreover, it is one of the places that many foreigners visit, so many cultures are mixed. However, it seems that foreigners and Koreans don’t share cultures. I believe this is due to lack of public space like square or open space. Media is mighty. With K-pop, they will be able to make each other communicate.


DIFFERENCE IN SCALE Along Itaewon road, mixed use buildings which are over 4 floors take a great part. However, they block the street and it triggers rupture between main road and lower area. It makes two different features in each area. What should be considered is how to combine these features in the site.

CULTURAL MEETING POINT Visitors just feel culture of their own country. If foreigners and Koreans can share their culture together, Itaewon will be more attractive. What I intended was to implant mediatheque regarding broadcasting culture in Korea to make new attraction for everyone. This mediatheque for public will become a new attraction in Seoul.

K-POP in Melting Pot

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Itaewon-ro

Main Entrance

3

LV.50m 5

6 1

4

2 4

1st Floor PLAN

LV.38m

Itaewon-ro 42gil

Scale 1/300

1. Main Lobby 2. Lounge 3. Restaurant 4. Open Deck 5. Open Studio 6. Cafe

PROGRAM ZONING STRATEGY The site is between two streets which makes a level difference about 20m. So the strategy is to put different program at underground and above ground. Due to easy accessiblity from backside road, library was located underground. On the other hand, to accommodate main flow of Itaewon-ro, upper level is filled with commercial facility and exhibition space. Lastly, the first floor will be open to everyone who is resting or dining at restaurant.

40 l

K-POP in Melting Pot


Lv. -4,000

Lv. -11,000

1

Lv. -12,000

1

2

2

5

3

5

Lv. -4,000

4 Lv. -12,000

6

Lv. -6,000

2

4

3

4 Lv. -5,000

Lv. -5,000

B1 Floor Plan

Lv. -7,000

1

6

Lv. -13,000

1. Library Entrance 2. Browsing Hall 3. Searching Center 4. Reading Space 5. Retail 6. Theater

1. A/V Zone 2. Reading Space 3. Book Cafe 4. Entrance 5. Archive 6. Restaurant

2

B3 Floor Plan

Scale 1:400

Scale 1:400

Lv. -8,000

4

3 1

1 Lv. -16,000

5 Lv. -16,000

Lv. -10,000

Lv. -16,000

4

Lv. -8,000

3

2

Lv. -9,000

2

1. Parking Lot 2. Storage 3. Administration 4. Machinery

2

B2 Floor Plan

B4 Floor Plan

Scale 1:400

Scale 1:400

LIBRARY FOR KOREAN MEDIA This library mainly deals with the contents about K-pop such as drama, movie and music. People can enjoy not only books but also various media. With a declining ramp, each space can be experienced naturally, not divided as a room. Repetition of transparent and translucent glass skin will make unique pattern at the library floor.

K-POP in Melting Pot

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1

1

Lv. 14,000

Lv. 3,000 Lv. 6,000

2

Lv. 3,000

Lv. 12,000

Lv. 9,500

4 2

5 Lv. 4,000

3

1.Souvenir Shop 2. Media Gallery 3. Gallery 4. Conference Room 5. Waiting Room

2nd Floor Plan

1. Exhibition 2. Performance Hall

4th Floor Plan

Scale 1:400

Lv. 18,000

3

1 Lv. 10,000

Lv. 16,000

1

4

Scale 1:400

1

Lv. 6,000

Lv. 8,000

1. Cafe 2. Exhibition 3. Foyer 4. Performance Hall

2

3rd Floor Plan

2

3 Lv. 16,000

1. Room Garden 2. Exhibition 3. Skylounge / Bar

Roof Floor Plan Scale 1:400

Scale 1:400

K-POP EXHIBITION STORE Different from the underground, from the first floor to roof deal with exhibition and commercial opportunity. Again, people can climb up the stairs and watch exhibition. Especially this space will promote interactioni between foreigners and korean. Punched cladding wall creates light hole at the floor of exhibition hall. This pattern differentiate the atmosphere by time passes.

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K-POP in Melting Pot


100 100

700

THK22 적송방부목(목재데크) THK70 무근콘크리트 THK22 보호몰탈 THK3 도막방수 THK5 고름몰탈

폴리에스터 단열재 ISO PINK CRC BOARD EXTRUDED AL. SHEAR BLOCK 9 Circular bar

커튼박스 경량철골천정틀 암면흡음텍스

4000

PUNCHED ALUMINUM CLADDING

투명복층유리

벽돌옆세워쌓기

400

100

Because Skip-flooring was regarded as main system for this building, it was strongly required that facade making us feel gradually rising. So aluminum cladding was adopted for the facade.

621

THK12 CRC BOARD 2장 EXTRUDED AL. SHEAR BLOCK

4000

덕트

B-B’ Section Scale 1:400 THK3 비닐무석면타일 THK2 AL. SHEET

520

THK27 시멘트몰탈

Aluminum sheet has its own image ; creative and modern. These characteristics are well matched with Korean culture. Perforated aluminum sheet is cladded in front of pair glass. Although it blocks most light from west side, only small amount of light come in to exhibition hall by 100mm-diameter perforations. It is expected to make dramatic scene inside the exhibition space. Also, aluminum sheet extends to paraphet of roof garden that it ties whole mass of building.

THK12 CRC BOARD 2장 EXTRUDED AL. SHEAR BLOCK

Detail Section Scale 1:800

K-POP in Melting Pot

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07

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INTERNSHIP SAMOO _ BANPO APARTMENT REDEVELOPMENT

INTERNSHIP


role _ sketchup modeling and making a view

INTERNSHIP

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08

ESSAY ; Urban farm and Traditional Market 4TH YEAR, 2012 IWUL

Traditional market is under crisis in Korea.

Urban farm - Market System

As ‘Super Supermarket’(SSM) extends its territory, traditional markets are losing their own color and energy rapidly. Encroachment of market is one of the most arising issues. Many say that SSM is ‘threatening’ traditional market. However, at least in my opinion, it is not a surprise that supermarket overwhelms traditional market. People are supposed to go to supermarket for several reasons. The main reason people are going to supermarket is its convenience. Cleanness, HVAC and natural light are considered as chief factors of convenience. However, most of traditional markets in Seoul do not satisfy these features. During this workshop, I tried to focus on relationship between urban farming and traditional market in city. How can we combine urban farming with market? What should we do for revival of market? I tried to suggest some methods about these questions.

The most remarkable thing I found was the relationship between market and urban farm. In Korea, there are urban farms near big cities but they are only occupied for private use. Consquently, there are no system, no financial support or income. In this situation, urban farm and traditional market cannot last for long time and cannot be successful. In Cleveland garden, an organization supports urban garden and residents nearby can get certain financial benefit. Crops harvested in this garden are sold to local restaurants and markets. Because there’s less transport, crops are eco-friendly and competitive in price. As a result, more residents are eager to participate in urban farming, and traditional market can be enough active to get public interests. natural sunlight natural ventilation

quality display clean, dry floor

Actions by Government

Architectural solution

Actually it is not true that government didn’t respond to this phenomenon. There were several actions to make traditional market popular. However, they were not permanent solutions. The first action was making coupon as voucher which can be used only in traditional market. They might have thought that voucher could be popular as much as gift card for department store. However, it was used only by certain ages, not all ages. Although many elderly prefer to use this coupon, it was not spreaded out. Next method was regulating SSM. Government forced huge supermarkets to close at weekends but it tured out to be wrong. People bought stuffs on friday and claimed about inconvenience because SSM is much more comfortable and pleasant than traditional market. It caused rather side effects, and after all, government withdraw their strategy.

Quality of market place is as necessary as good system. During several field trips, I found that markets are more pleasant than those in Seoul in terms of architectural aspect. Market street was not narrow and always clean. It was never dim or shabby even inside space. There are four elements for deciding its convenience as illustrated above. Natural Sunlight / Natural Ventilation / Air quality, free from insect / Quality of display These elements are fundamental in every space, but especially in commercial area, convenience is important to make people come again. That’s why SSM is popular than traditional market. In SSM, it’s is cool inside in summer and warm in winter. We can get better services, although price is a little bit expensive . Urban farming and traditional markets can make synerge effect if they were organized in systemical way. We should remember that improving system and quality should be done first. In addition, we should not forget that successful urban garden and traditional market requires voluntary participation and well designed system. I believe it’s the only way to maintain active market and urban farm.

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IWUL


Epilogue

“ Good architectural design I believe is to make surrounding more convenient, active and brighter.� Thank you.

Epligue

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UNDERGRADUATE PORTFOLIO 2014