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Typo graphic Lexicon Minnie Miller


having elements’ edge placement agree

alignment


&

the sign &, Latin et, meaning “and�

ampersand


T arm

a horizontal stroke that is free on one or both ends


ascender

median line

the part of lowercase letter that extends above the median line


baseline

implied line on which letterforms sit


beardline

invisible line that indicates the bottom of descenders


bolder than bold

black


blackletter heavy, angular type based on medieval script writing


Cap height

baseline

the height of capital letters, measured from baseline to top of the uppercase letter


a typeface that is heavier and wider than the roman style of the same typeface

bold


• bacon • grits • eggs

bullet

dot indicating items in a list


camelback a capital letter that has a lowercase letter before and after it in a word

Patti

LaBelle left her

iPhone at McDonald’s.


centered

alignment in which the midpoints of each element are positioned on a central axis


color the lightness or darkness of an area of type the lightness or darkness of an area of type the lightness or darkness of an area of type the lightness or darkness of an area of type the lightness or darkness of an area of type


colophon information at the end of a book and sometimes on websites that describes its production


condensed a narrow version of a typeface that fits more characters into a given space

American Typewriter regular American Typewriter condensed


the amount of variation between thick and thin strokes of a letter contrast


copyfitting

adjusting type to fit

in a certain area


counter

the space, either completely or only partially closed, in letterforms


H

a horizontal stroke connecting two stems

cross bar

A

stem


descender

baseline

the part of a lowercase letter that extends below the baseline in the letters g, j, p, q, y


☼ ♥ ♫ ☺

dingbat

illustrative characters in a typeface


body copy

the primary text of a story

display type

letterforms whose purpose is to be read first

headline

the title or primary type in a composition.

subhead

secondary type that explains the headline and leads to the text

text

the main portion of a story


Beauty in Worship display type

Become Beautiful Through Worship subhead

headline

Live a lifestyle of worship. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam feugiat est at mauris faucibus mollis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas.

body copy/text

widow folio

8

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam feugiat est at mauris faucibus mollis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis

running header/footer

December 2011

www.beautyinworship.com

margin


A

drop cap

large initial set at the top left corner of body copy, baseline must align with a text baseline

A

raised cap

large initial set at the top left corner of body copy, baseline must align with first text baseline


dumb quotes

""

quotation marks that are straight, they are not proper

“�

smart quotes

quotation marks that are curved, they are more proper


‌ — ellipsis

a single character of three dots indicating an omission

em dash

the longest dash in a typeface, separates thoughts within a sentence


777–9311 the second-longest dash in a typeface, separates numbers

en dash


ear

baseline

beardline

g

small stroke attached to some lowercase letters ear

descender


flush left

type that is aligned or even on the left and ragged on the right

flush right

type that is aligned or even on the right and ragged on the left


greeking

using dummy text when designing a layout to hold a place and show where text will go grid a skeletal guide used to ensure design consistency gutter space between columns and on either side of the bound inside margins of muliple-page documents


hanging

punctuation

allowing lines that begin or end with punctuation to extend a bit beyond the column width for optical alignment


pages that are across from each other in a multipage bound document facing pages


kerning

removing space between letter pairs in order to achieve optically consistent letterspacing

leading

space between lines of type that appears between the descenders of one line and the ascenders of the next

letterspacing

equivalent to tracking, used to describe general spacing between letters


The ability to distinguish between letterforms legibility


margin

the space at the four edges of a page

masterpage

a template to set up a multipage document

measure

the width in picas of a line or column of type


6

fa

â „o 1

n

pica

ch

in or

12

po

in ts


optical alignment

adjusting elements or letterforms so they appear aligned, which is more important than actually being aligned

orphan

a word or word fragment at the top of a column

paragraph rule

rules or strokes above and or below a paragraph


â „ of an inch, 1 or â „12 of a pica, the basic unit of a vertical measurement point of type 1 72


reader’s spread

what the reader sees as opposed to printer’s spread

Page 1 Page 2


roman

an upright, medium-weight typeface style

run around

type set around an image or element

running header/footer

a line of type that repeats on every page, usually near the page number.


serif

a small terminal at the end of a stroke or arm of a letter

set solid

type set without additional line spacing

shoulder

in metal type, the nonprinting surface of type or a slug


small caps

capital letters that are about the size of the x-height of lowercase letters of the same typeface

stem

the main straight stroke of a letter

stress

the general direction of a letter, whether vertical for romans, or diagonal for italics


adjusting overall letter and word space in a line or paragraph tracking


type family

all styles and variations of a single typeface regular

Century Gothic Century Gothic Century Gothic Century Gothic italic

bold

bold italic


uppercase

CAPITAL LETTERS


variable spaced

type in which each character is assigned its own width as determined by the character’s inherent width

Times New Roman


U&Lc

UPPER & Lowercase


justification

aligning both the left and right sides of a column of type by distributing space evenly between words and letters


printer’s spread

the page configuration used by printers

Page 1 Page 6


Optima humanist

a class of sans serif type that looks like handwriting,doesn’t look too mechanical or geometric


hairline

the thinnest stroke of a typeface, thinnest line in which an output device can make, usually Âź point


any right hand page in a bound document, always odd numbered recto


readibility

the quality of reading, determined by letterspacing, line spacing, paper-and-ink contrast and other factors

Canyou readthsi?


lorem ipsum dolor

commonly used dummy text

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam feugiat est at mauris faucibus mollis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis


light a lighter variation in the density of a typeface opposite of boldface

American Typewriter light


ac f terminal

the hanging stroke of letters


typeface

a set of characters of a certain design and bearing its own name includes alphanumeric figures, punctuation, accents, and symbols

Academy Engraved abc 123 ?!$


ligature



conjoined characters into a single one for consistent optical spacing


Didot modern

a t y p e f a c e w i t h v e r t i c a l s t r e s s, strong stroke contrast and unbracketed serifs


oblique


8

folio a page number


noncapital letters of a typeface, also called minuscules lowercase


ĹŠ glyph

a character in a font


italic

type that slant to the right


Garamond old style

type originating in the 15th and 16th centuries


courier monospaced type

typefaces in which each character occupies the same horizontal space


x

junction

where two strokes of a letter intersect


sans serif means “without serifs”


rule

a line


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec ragged molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam Type that is set with one edge rough Est at mauris faucibus. Sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique.


slab serif

type with especially thick serifs

Bookman Old Style


any left hand page in a bound document verso


verso Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam feugiat est at mauris faucibus mollis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec molestie pulvinar sem vel ullamcorper. Aliquam feugiat est at mauris faucibus mollis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis

recto


weight

the lightness or darkness of a typeface

Helvetica Neue UltraLight Helvetica Neue Light Helvetica Neue Regular


a word or word fragment at the end of a paragraph widow


word spacing

space between words


x-height

median line baseline

the distance from the baseline to the median in lowercase letters


Minnie Miller GRD 110 Type 1 Fall 2011 Final Project

Typography Lexicon  

Typography

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