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Winter 2020 

Volume 28 • Number 1







Surveying the Boundaries of the Fond du Lac Reservation: Part 3. Page 10

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


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Minnesota Surveyor is the official publication of the Minnesota Society of Professional Surveyors. It is published quarterly and sent to members and similar organizations on a complimentary basis. Material published is copyrighted but may be reprinted without permission as long as credit is given to the MSPS Minnesota Surveyor. All material must be submitted by the deadline noted for each issue, and should be directed to:


Dave Zenk PE, LS

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Minnesota Surveyor! More than 600 members of the surveying community in Minnesota read the award-winning Minnesota Surveyor magazine. Advertising in the magazine is a great way to reach that audience! Our online publication allows you to link from your ad to your website.


Virginia Winberg, PLS, Chair — Westwood Professional Services Jake Fabian, SIT — Westwood Professional Services Sam Gibson, PLS — Washington County ©2020 MSPS Articles and columns appearing in this publication do not necessarily reflect the viewpoints of MSPS or the Minnesota Surveyor staff, but are published as a service to MSPS members, the general public and for the betterment of the surveying profession. No responsibility is assumed for errors, misquotes, or deletions in content.

MSPS 2019 OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bryan Balcome

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President-Elect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pat Veraguth Past President. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Mavis Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Julie Groetsch Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marcus Hampton NSPS Governor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Ambourn Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Curt Schley


Next issue (Spring 2020): March 2 for April ­publication Contact Alec Young at the MSPS Office, info@mnsurveyor.com for more information. Send ads via email, preferably in high-resolution pdf format and in color, to Alec Young at info@mnsurveyor.com.

Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mark Severtson Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chad Conner Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preston Dowell Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Virgina Winberg

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Index From the MSPS Past President, Bryan T. Balcome................................. 5 From the Past NSPS Governor, Chris Ambourn....................................... 6 From the MSPS Executive Director, Tanya Martin.................................. 8 Surveying the Boundaries of the Fond du Lac Reservation: Part 3. . 10 What a STEM Event Looks Like................................................................. 21 NGS Information on New Datums for 2022............................................. 23 Firm Member Directory............................................................................... 24 Sustaining Members.................................................................................... 27 Peter W. Blethen, LS, Memorial Scholarship.......................................... 28

Minnesota Surveyor Upcoming Content Deadlines Issue Spring 2020 Summer 2020 Fall 2020 Winter 2020-21


Due Date March 2, 2020 June 1, 2020 September 1, 2020 December 1, 2020

Publication Date April 2020 July 2020 October 2020 January 2021

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

From the MSPS Past President Bryan T. Balcome

My mother once told me that the years may seem long now but as you age, they go by much faster. As a young child that concept of time sounded impossible but as the years tick by, I now believe it 100 percent because this year has gone by in the blink of an eye. At our regularly scheduled Board of Directors meeting on January 9th we reviewed the proposals received from three lobbying firms along with the recommendations from the Government Relations committee. The lobbying firm costs came in a little higher than we had hoped, and with so many changes to our budget over this last year the board chose not to engage with a lobbying firm at this time. After dipping into our reserves last year to balance the budget at year end the board felt we should see how things look after our annual meeting and hopefully reconsider this for next year. The goal of the reserve balance is to cover one full year of expenses. Thankfully we are back to that after a successful year in the stock market. There are many topics out there that need to be on our radar to act on at some point, so it would be great to see our Government Relations committee active with some lobbying support.

education programs throughout our region, and it is also good to see the support they receive back from our profession. These students will be entering the work force at a time of high demand and I am very excited for what the future holds for them. I have enjoyed this past year as president and look forward to finding other ways I can contribute to MSPS in the next year. Thank you for all the support. I truly feel the best is yet to come!

Bryan T. Balcome, L.S.

Serving MSPS in any capacity is a great honor and I feel like I receive more than I give at the end of the day. Our society depends on us giving back to our profession, so I encourage us all to find additional time or talent we can contribute to this organization. If we all find one more thing just imagine how much we can accomplish together. Please reach out to any board member, committee chair, or our executive director to find out how you could further enhance your membership. I have enjoyed visiting some technical colleges over the past couple of months meeting students and faculty. I am pleased to report that we have some great

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


From the Past NSPS Governor Chris Ambourn

This is my last article as NSPS Governor/Director and since there isn’t any news of great importance, I thought I’d take the liberty of sharing a short story about someone who influenced me early on. A Day with Leroy During the summer after my senior year of high school I was offered a job working for a small surveying and engineering firm in my hometown in northwestern Wisconsin. I didn’t know much about surveying but knew it would be more interesting than working at the full-service gas station where I was, so I took the job. Their office consisted of 4 rooms, all of which were permeated with the smell of cigarette smoke. So much so that they had to replace more than one computer monitor due to the smoke getting into the cases and shorting them out, or so I was told. They only had a few employees, two of whom were licensed surveyors, one a dual licensee, one who was working toward licensure, and three field guys including myself. I’m not sure we called anyone a crew chief since none of us wanted the burden of the title. One of the field guys was named Leroy. Leroy is still around and I hope he doesn’t take too much offense to me writing about him. Leroy was probably in his mid 50s when I met him in the late 90s, short with sparse white hair, funny gravelly voice, an easy smile and an honest to god twinkle in his eye. At the beginning of almost every day, most of the employees would gather in the equipment/break room and smoke and drink coffee and shoot the crap. Leroy was a great story-teller and especially liked to tell us about when he was a munitions loader in Vietnam during the war. His job was to drive a big forklift front-end loader thing and load pallets and crates of mortars, artillery shells and the like into the back of 2-1/2 ton style army trucks. His stories always ended with one of the truck drivers yelling at him for bashing into their trucks which he said was because they loved their trucks, I always wondered if the bombs had more to do with it. Somehow, he made it out without any explosions.


Eventually one of the owners would kick us out and we’d pack up one of the two ancient Suburbans with our equipment and head wherever we were supposed to go that day and that’s when the Leroy show really started. If he was driving, and god help us if he was, the stories would just keep coming, all the while chain smoking and sipping from the insulated mug of coffee made almost white from the amount of sugar and stuff he put into it. He liked to tell stories with his hands which was made even better because he always wore a golf glove on his right hand. He was an avid golfer and bought gloves in bulk from somewhere and at some point, decided to also wear one when we cut line through the woods with machetes. Occasionally between details of a story and waiving around his gloved and ungloved hands, one of which grasped a lit cigarette and the other a coffee mug, he’d find the time to yank the steering wheel one direction or the other to keep us sort of in the center of our lane. Somehow all that action made his stories even better, maybe it was the sense of danger, I’m not sure. In between stories, or sometimes in the midst of one, he’d randomly make a gun shape with his golf glove hand and pretend to shoot something out beyond the road that just happened to catch his eye, a deer, a mailbox, a squirrel, an old lady. He’d make a pew-pew sound instead of a more realistic gun sound and even pretended that the gun would kickback, which I thought was hilarious. I did eventually take over driving for the most part which freed him up for more elaborate stories and target practice. Once at the site we’d commence with whatever we were supposed to do; usually flail around with razor sharp machetes for half the day and traverse the other half. It could have been on my first day that Leroy, in a somewhat agitated command, tells me to “cut my brush lower down at the ground”. He pointed out that the 2-foot-tall stumps of the brush and small trees I was cutting into sharpened stakes reminded him of punji pit traps from Vietnam and he didn’t want to trip and fall on one and die. He had a good point.

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

Leroy was the toughest person I’d ever worked with, he’d sling two tripods, with tribrachs and glass attached, onto one shoulder, and a bundle of six-foot steel fence posts and a 6 lb. maul over the other and walk for a half mile through the woods like it was nothing. For lunch he’d drink a second mug of now cold milky white coffee and eat a bag of Andy Capp Fries pilfered from the Little Debbie “on your honor” box at the office and then we’d jump back out and start all over. At some point during the day or week, we’d inevitably have to get somewhere that didn’t have a road or trail. Leroy was a strong believer that walking was for chumps and so we’d do our best to get as close as possible in the Suburban. Poplar saplings, rotten stumps, hills and questionable soil conditions were a green light for Leroy and once he hit the gas there was no turning back. More than a few times I think we created roads by sheer will and momentum. I’d like to say we always got back out but unfortunately, we did not always get back out. My job was to call the office on our brand new cell phone in a bag so Leroy wouldn’t get chewed out, at least until the tow truck found us and we got back to the office. Fortunately for me, calls cost something like two dollars per minute so our boss didn’t want to talk long anyway. The trip back to the office was always less interesting, we were usually pretty tired, the pew-pews were less pewy and the stories more mundane and often golf related since that’s where he was headed next. But I do recall the time we pulled someone over when we forgot to turn off our amber light and the elderly lady in the car in front of us just happened to pull onto the shoulder to let us pass near the back-sight that we were picking up. Leroy pulled up behind her, got out and explained to her that she wasn’t in trouble and that we were just having a survey emergency.

Thanks for indulging me with this story and hopefully it reminded you of some character you worked with once upon a time.

NSPS OBJECTIVE The objective of this association is to unite all the registered land surveyors in the State of ­Minnesota, to elevate the standards of the surveying profession in the State of Minnesota; to ­establish basic minimum requirements for surveys, to assist in promoting legislation and educational programs to improve the professional status of the land surveyor; to work in cooperation with local, county and state governments in our field of endeavor; to uphold a rigid code of ethics and strive to improve our relations with our clients and the public by work with precision and integrity.

I only worked with him for two summers or so but I learned a lot of things from Leroy, most importantly how to work hard and not take yourself too seriously. We all struggle sometimes with the day to day monotony but whenever I get down from the daily grind, I think about him pew-pewing something through the windshield and it always seems to help.

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


From the MSPS Executive Director Tanya Martin, CMP Dear MSPS Members, As we pause to reflect on our past accomplishments and aspirations for the year ahead, I want to express my gratitude to the membership for your ongoing commitment to the society. As a volunteerled organization, MSPS draws its strength from the membership. When you make the conscious decision to join MSPS or renew your membership, you are making a choice to invest in the future of the society and support the surveying profession. Through our collective voice and coordinated efforts, we are able to influence public policy, promote professional development, and continue to serve the public interest. Key to that success was an emphasis on collaboration, not only across our staff, but also with our members and with other organizations. We saw the benefits of that collaboration in the stabilization of MSPS membership figures, expansion of our firm memberships, improved efficiency and effectiveness of our operations and enhanced financial strength. We are looking forward to another successful year in 2020. It was great to see so many of you at the 2020 Annual Meeting just last week in Duluth. We had excellent attendance and heard many great comments on the sessions. Be sure to check the following Spring issue for a collection of photos and a detailed recap.

We encourage you to consider getting involved. We are always looking for volunteers to help advance the Society’s agenda. Volunteering is a great way to build your professional network, keep in the know, and have an influence on MSPS priorities. If you are interested in volunteering, please send us an email at info@ mnsurveyor.com. It’s not too early to start planning for National Surveyors Week, March 15-21, 2020; National Surveyors Week is a great time to schedule community events, show off your cool technology, and connect with local media to tell your story. We are planning to set up our banner display in the State Capitol Building again this year. Please check out the NSPS webpage for more ideas and materials. In sum, 2019 was a success in large part because MSPS members and staff collaborated on reaching our ambitious goals. We look forward to our continued partnership in 2020. Best regards, Tanya Martin, CMP Executive Director

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Surveying the Boundaries of the Fond du Lac Reservation: Part 3. Rod Squires, Dept. of Geography, Environment and Society, University of Minnesota Prolog The southern boundary of the Fond du Lac Reservation runs through T.48N R.17W, T.48N R.18W, and T.48N R.18W. (Fig. 1)

on both of the township plats that were approved by the Surveyor General on December 9, 1858. (Fig. 3, 5) Let me describe what seems to have occurred.

Figure 2. Index on the Cover of the Notebook containing Relph’s field notes of the township exterior lines he ran. 4

Figure 1. Townships through which the boundaries of the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation pass. 1 Two of these were completely surveyed before Peter Bradshaw established that line. On December 1, 1857, Charles Emerson, the Surveyor General of Minnesota, awarded Richard Relph a contract to establish and subdivide townships immediately north of the 5th correction line and adjacent to the Independent Meridian.2 (Fig. 2) He established the exterior lines between February 23 and March 10, 1858 and then subdivided two of the townships, T.48N R.17W and T.48N R.18W – through which the southern boundary line of the reservation now runs – the former from March 31-April and the later from April 16-30.3 Not surprisingly, since he completed his work before Bradshaw established the reservation boundary, Relph made no mention of the boundary line in his notes. So it is surprising that the boundary is shown 10

Bradshaw did not complete his work until June 3, 1858 when his final affidavit to the field notes was notarized by Chester Williams, a notary public at Twin Lake.5 His notes did not reach the Surveyor General before Emerson compiled his annual report on October 11, because, as he reported, “I have … recently received information that the work is completed and that the deputy might shortly be expected to deliver his notes, in person, at this office, when they will be immediately examined and platted, and if found correct a map and transcript thereof will be transmitted without delay to your office. The establishment of this reserve will enable me at once to connect the public surveys with its southern boundary.”6 Simply put, the plats were approved without Bradshaw’s information. However, the real reason that Relph did not make any mention of Bradshaw’s boundary was because he was working several miles south of where Bradshaw ran it. The approved plat of T.48N R.17W shows the reservation boundary running north-south a short distance west of the quarter section line in section 3 and east-west along the south boundary of sections 3, 4, 5, and 6, enclosing a portion of the plat labeled “FOND DU LAC RESERVATION.” (Fig. 3) In the upper left margin of the plat is the following note, “I certify that a part of Section 3 and Sections 4, 5, and 6 as shown on this by the red shaded border of Tp. 48

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

N. of R. 17 W 4th Meridian are included within the boundaries of the Fond-du-Lac Reservation on the St. Louis river as surveyed under instructions from the Indian Department.” The note was signed by “W.D Washburn, Surr Genl. Surveyor Genls Office St Paul” and dated October 7, 1861.7 It is perfectly clear that the approved plat of T.48N R.17W was amended and the reservation boundary added four years after it was approved. One further alteration should be mentioned. The acreage of land within the Indian reservation has been added. (Fig. 4)

Figure 6. Portion of Approved Plat T.48N R.18W showing acreage of land contained in the plat The digital database contains a “Supplemental Diagram” showing only those sections in T.48N R.18W that are included in the Reservation with Surveyor General Washburn’s affidavit dated October 7, 1861. (Fig. 7)

Figure 3. Portion of Approved Plat T.48N R.17W showing reservation line.

Figure 7. Supplemental Diagram T.48N R.18W

Figure 4. Portion of Approved Plat T.48N R.17W showing acreage of land contained in the plat The approved plat of T.48N R.18W, was similarly altered. The plat shows the reservation boundary running east-west along the south boundary of sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, enclosing a portion of plat labeled “FOND DU LAC RESERVATION.” (Fig. 5) In the upper left margin is a note similar to the one in T.48N R.17W in which the Surveyor General certifies the addition of the reservation boundaries to the approved plat. The acreage of land within the Indian reservation has also been added.8 (Fig. 6).

So, now I have to describe what happened after Bradshaw returned his notes to the Surveyor General because, clearly, the southern boundary line he ran was not the boundary line that we see on the approved plats. Moreover, the western boundary of the reservation does not coincide with the western edge of the 1854 ceded area as was required.9 (Fig. 8) There was a second survey carried out three years after Bradshaw’s survey under the direction of the Indian Office.10 Figure 9 shows the difference between the surveys performed by Bradshaw and a later survey performed by S.A. Forbes three years later that seemingly established the current boundary of the reservation.11

Figure 5. Portion of Approved Plat T.48N R.18W showing reservation boundary line Figure 8. Royce Area maps showing a portion of the area ceded in 1854 and the area included in the Fond du Lac Reservation.12 Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Before I proceed with the story however, let me briefly describe the principal sources of information for this article. On May 14, 1890 the United States Senate enacted a resolution directing the Secretary of the Interior to investigate and report into allegations that the survey of the reservation set aside under the provisions of the treaty between the Chippewa and the United State on September 30, 1854, calling it “grossly inaccurate, diminishing the stipulated reservation many thousands of acres; the amount taken from the Indians was sold by the Government as public lands, thus depriving, as is alleged, the Indians of a large and valuable part of their reservation.”13 In response the Commissioner of Indian Affairs described the history of the government’s efforts to establish the reservation boundary. What follows is based, in large measure, on the letters included in the Commissioner’s response.14

He then stated, Said lake is 4 miles south of the boundary of the reservation, and the Indians are very much dissatisfied with the location of said south boundary line; that, it is not far enough south, and that the treaty of September 30, 1854, secured to them Perch Lake, and objecting to be moved from the same.16

Introduction On October 16, 1858, two weeks after finishing his work, Bradshaw wrote to the Surveyor General giving an account of his work, making reference to the indigenous people he encountered during the survey, but alerting him to a problem. The deputy explained, I think it may not be inappropriate to mention some items of information obtained while making said survey. There are in this section of country three places at which the Indians have made clearings and improvements, to wit, one near Knife Portage, and which the south boundary line in part embraces, there they have a blacksmith shop, houses, and quite an extent of land cleared and under cultivation, though said clearing is mostly on an island referred to by above-named treaty; another small clearing is at “Pine Rapids.” The far more important one to them is, however, at “Perch Lake,” situated in the southeast corner of township 49, range 19 west, a lake something over a mile across. There they have some loghouses, and quite an extent of land cleared and under cultivation. This is the only point in this section of country to my knowledge where the Indians, if so disposed, could maintain themselves the year round. At this lake the Indians obtain in abundance field-rice and fish; in its neighborhood they have good hunting, and on the banks good sugar bushes – advantages which, in my opinion, they cannot obtain at any point within the boundary lines of their reservation.15 12

Figure 9. Diagram of the Revised Reservation Boundaries drawn by Forbes. 17 Ten days later C.K. Drew, the Agent for the Chippewas of Lake Superior who had recently visited Fond du Lac, wrote to the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Northern Superintendency echoing Bradshaw’s concerns over the reservation’s southern boundary line, stating, The Indians at this place are disappointed and sore with regard to the boundary lines of their reserve. They state that the “Rice Lakes” which were to be included in their reservation have been entirely overlooked and left out, and they are unwilling to relinquish their claim to them. These lakes lie a few miles south of the present reserve, and abound in fish and wild rice, which constitute the principal subsistence of these Indians, and their attachment to them is very strong. It is upon the shores of some of these lakes that they have made considerable improvement, and they are now engaged in making others. They wished me to say to their Great Father that they are willing to give up a large portion of the land contained in the present reserve if he will

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

attach to the remainder the coveted lakes. Mr. Bradshaw, who has just completed the survey of this reservation, has informed me that it already contains one hundred and twenty-five thousand acres, twenty-five thousand more than was stipulated in the treaty of 1854. If the department could accede to the wishes of these Indians, and order a new survey, which would embrace the lakes in question, they would be contented, and willing to settle down and improve the land. A large portion of them still hover round the precincts of Fond du Lac.18 On November 10, 1858, the Commissioner of the General Land Office sent the Commissioner of Indian Affairs a copy of the plat and field-notes of Bradshaw’s boundary survey and a copy of the deputy’s letter.19 The following week the Commissioner of Indian Affairs informed the Secretary of the Interior that “he was fully satisfied that it was the understanding of the respective parties who negotiated the treaty that the southern boundary line … should have embraced the Indian settlement at Perch Lake” and asked not only that the reservation boundary line be altered but that lands in the vicinity of Perch Lake be reserved from disposal to “protect the interests of the Indians and secure to them their improved settlements.”20 He noted that the surveyed boundary line enclosed approximately 125,000 and suggested that any new boundary should enclose only 100,000 acres, as the 1854 treaty stipulated.21 The following month, President Buchanan reserved from sale T.48N R. 17W and 18W, T.49N R.18W, 19W and 20W, and that portion of T.49N R.16W that lay west of the St. Louis River.22 On January 7, 1860, over a year later, Superintendent W. J. Cullen sent the Commissioner of Indian Affairs a report from the Agent Drew containing “a diagram of a proposed extension of the southern boundary of the Fond du Lac Reservation, which would embrace the settlements and improvements of the Indians in the vicinity of Perch Lake, together with a report … from the surveyor (S. A. Forbes) who explored the country under direction of the agent and located Perch Lake and the Indian settlements.”23 The agent had written, At the request of the chiefs and head-men, that portion of their reserve which they have selected for their village, and where three of the chiefs reside, has been surveyed and laid out in 4-acre lots, divided by streets 66 feet wide. A square suitable for Government buildings has been reserved, viz. warehouse, school-house, house Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

for the blacksmith and a good shop for his use, which, by your verbal direction, I promised the chiefs would be erected soon. Mr. Forbes, the surveyor, was also directed by me, in view of your instructions last winter and in accordance with the report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to ascertain the exact location of Perch Lake and to what extent the present lines should be changed in order to embrace it and to give the Indians 100,000 acres as stipulated in the treaty. That duty Mr. Forbes has performed and his report, with the diagrams which I hereby transmit, will afford a proper understanding of the matter. Next, the agent describes the boundary modifications made by the deputy, A line running from the southeast corner of the reservation south 5 miles and 5 chains, thence west 12 miles and 60 chains, thence north 5 miles and 5 chains to the present boundary, thence north to the St. Louis River, will include an area of 100,000 acres, as near as it can be calculated without the field-notes of the meanders of the river.24 He then asked that the modification be approved, stating In view of all the circumstances connected with this matter and the necessity that exists for a final settlement of the same, I take the liberty to earnestly recommend that if the diagram herewith sent be approved by the Department, that instructions be issued for the establishment of a new southern boundary to the reserve on the St. Louis. This will put an end to the fears and suspicions of the Indians and also their incessant applications for a fulfillment of their treaty with the Government in 1854 in relation to this boundary matter.25 Accompanying the agent’s letter was the letter from deputy Forbes, dated November 30 1859, to which the agent had made reference. Forbes wrote, According to your directions, I proceeded with five assistants to the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation for the purpose of subdividing that portion of the southeast corner of the reservation occupied by the Government employees and being the headquarters of the band. 13

In compliance with the wishes of the Indians we commenced at the mouth of Ridley Creek where it empties into the St. Louis River and run west 7.32 chains; thence south to the south boundary of the reservation. The area included by these lines and the river is 188 acres, which we subdivided, according to the wishes of the Indians, into square lots of 4 acres each, allowing the fractional lots to fall in the north end and along the river (see accompanying diagram).26 He went on to write, The fractional lot marked A (see accompanying diagram) contains 4± acres, which the Indians are desirous to set apart as the site for the Government warehouse, school-house, and the various public building.27 He continued, In addition to the above work, and in accordance with your directions, we went south and west in order to ascertain the location of Perch Lake. We found that the south side of the lake is 4½ miles south from the south boundary of the reservation.28 The accompanying diagram will show the relative position of the lake to the present boundaries of the reservation, and also the proposed changes in order to include the lake, which may be described as follows: To start at the present southeast corner of the reservation and run south 5 miles and 5 chains, thence west 12 miles and 60 chains, thence north 5 miles and 5 chains, to the present south boundary of the reservation - which will include an area of 41,280 acres, thence still north to the St. Louis River, thence down the river to the place of beginning; which will give – a near as can be estimated without the field-notes of the meanders of the river – an additional area of 58,800 acres; and taken together, will give a trifle over 100,000 acres, the amount stipulated in the treaty of September, 1854. The true result will doubtless vary from these figures, but I think they approximate near enough to base operations upon.29 (Fig. 10)


Figure 10. Diagram accompanying letter dated November 29, 1859 from Forbes.30 Eight months later the Commissioner of Indian Affairs replied to Superintendent Cullen’s letter, approving the proposed extension of the reservation south and directed him to instruct the agent at Fond du Lac, to take measures at his earliest convenience to establish the exterior lines of the same, and when completed * * * to report to this office a description of said exterior lines to the end that the same may be incorporated in articles of agreement, which will be forwarded, to be concluded with the Fond du Lac band with the view of securing to them the land embracing their improvements in lieu of that designated in the treaty.31 Several months later the Superintendent sent the Commissioner of Indian Affairs a letter from agent Drew “inclosing the field notes and maps of the survey of the boundary lines of the reserve on the St. Louis River and the report of the surveyor.”32 In his letter Drew had stated, “The reserve now embraces the lakes and improvements desired by the Indians and the area has been reduced to the number of acres required by the treaty of 30th September, 1854,” noting that the settlers in township 48 were satisfied with the redrawn boundary line.33 Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

The previous month Forbes had written to Agent Drew, According to a letter of instructions received from your office dated “Office of the Lake Superior Agency, Red Cliff, September 16, 1860” in which I was instructed to “at once repair to the St. Louis Reservation on the St. Louis River in Minnesota and proceed without delay to establish the southern boundary of that reserve,” I started on the 27th of September, I860, with a party of five assistants and arrived on the 3d of October at the place designated in your letter as the starting point of the survey, to wit, “the southeastern corner of said reserve.” Accompanying this you will find the field-notes and triplicate diagrams of the survey, together with a description of each mile of line which forms the, boundary of the reserve ; also a general description of the country along the St. Louis River. (Fig. 6) I will say in this connection that the changes in the boundaries of the reserve have included some of the finest agricultural land in the country.34 He ended with the comment that “A large portion of that part of the old reservation which has been left out by the change is swampy and unfit for cultivation, while most of the new territory included is high, rolling, arable land.”35 On September 11, 1861, Charles Mix, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs sent the Commissioner of the General Land Office the diagram and field notes of Forbes’ survey as “the final survey of the reservation” and he, in turn, forwarded copies of the documents to the new Surveyor General of Minnesota William D Washburn, “with direction to lay the reservation on the diagrams of Minnesota to accompany his next annual report as well as upon the original map of Minnesota,” three days later.36 The Commissioner of the General Land Office also wrote to the land officers at Portland, referencing the letter he had written almost three years previously, on December 27, 1858, that ordered them to withdraw lands from entry, stating, I have now to inform you that on the 11th instant we received from the Indian Office the diagram and field-notes of the final survey of the Fond du Lac modified reservation, a copy of which was, on the 14th instant, forwarded to the surveyorgeneral at St. Paul, Minn., (copy of letter Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

herewith), with directions to lay down on the map of Minnesota and on the original township plats in his office, the said final survey, and to furnish you with a certified diagram thereof.37 He noted that none of the townships that had been withdrawn had been offered at public sale but two of them, T.48N R.17W andT.48N R.18W parts of which were included in the “modified reservation” and directed them to (N)ote in the tract and plat books of your office, upon such portions of the above townships which were withdrawn in 1858, as are not included in the modified, reservation, the words “released from withdrawal,” referring to this letter for your authority. Those portions of the said withdrawn townships not comprised in the modified reservation will be liable to pre-emption settlement from and after the date of your receipt of said diagram. Inclosed you will find a notice to the public, which you will sign in your official capacity and cause to be inserted once a week for six successive weeks in the newspaper of the most extensive circulation in the vicinity of those lands …38 Conclusion As a result of the work described here, the Surveyor General Washburn was able to write in his annual report dated October 19, 1861, The boundaries of the Fond du Lac reservation, on the St. Louis river, as changed by the survey under the Indian department from that formerly made by this office, have been laid down on the State maps and on those township maps through which the southern boundary passes, the contents of the lots made fractional thereby calculated, and the proper diagrams transmitted to the General Land Office and district land offices.39 But perhaps the Commissioner of Indian Affairs should have the last word. Responding to the Senate Resolution of May 14, 1890 he provided the following summary of his review of the historical record of establishing the Fond du Lac Reservation boundaries. the exterior boundaries of the Fond du Lac Reservation were surveyed in 1858, under direction of the General Land Office (the Bradshaw survey). 15

the boundaries established by such survey, although conforming to the description given in the treaty, were not satisfactory to the Indians, for the reason that their principal settlements and most valuable improvements, situated in the vicinity of Perch Lake, were not embraced in the reservation.

the reservation as established and defined by the Forbes survey of I860 has been recognized ever since said survey was made as the proper treaty reservation of said Indians, and it further appears that the reservation as thus defined was very acceptable to the Indians at the time the survey was made, and I have been unable to discover from the records and titles of this office anything to show that the segregation of the western portion of the reservation by the survey of 1860, in lieu of which valuable lands were added on the south, has been.40

the President, in order to protect the interests of the Indians and secure to them their improved settlements, added a strip of country on the south to include said settlements. the Indian Office subsequently (in 1860) caused a survey of the reservation to be made (the Forbes survey) with a view to establishing new boundaries which should include the Indian settlements at Perch Lake and at the same time reduce the reservation on the west so that the total area of the same should be about 100,000 acres.

But that’s not the end of the story; there is one further episode, and that will be the subject of the next article.

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Map from GLO Historic Plat Map Retrieval System

His notes were notarized by Geo. W. Perry described as “a Commissioner for Minnesota in Wisconsin” August 31, 1858. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office Records E4175 53. (abbreviated as BLM)


The field notes for T.48N R.17W can be found in BLM I4098 154-236. The field notes for T.48N R.18W in BLM I4109 155-254. The affidavits of the deputy and his assistants to both sets of notes were notarized on August 31, 1858. 3


BLM E4175.

Bradshaw provided a second final affidavit to his notes notarized by Chester Williams on October 4. BLM R0015 31-32. 5

United States. Congress. S.Exec.Doc.1, 35th Congress 2nd sess. Serial Set vol. 974 217


The Commissioner’s plat of T.48N R.17W, coded as “duplicate” in the BLM database provides additional information to help understand the sequence of events that I describe below. On the upper margin is the following note, “This Township reserved from sale & other disposition by order of the President see letter from Secry. Interior Dec 22, 1858 “E” 65.797. Other notes are; ”See also instructions of 27th Decr. 1858 to R & R of Buchanan, Minn. & Sur. Genl. Vol 18 p.194 & v. 19 p.401 to R & R Portland Minn” and “Copy sent to Indian Office April 16, 1873” and in the left upper margin “See Sur. Genl’s Letter October 7, 1861 (red ink) in reply to Sept. 14/61 (blue ink) “ to S.G. Min. Feb 16 1871 Div E. (black ink). 7

Similar notes are shown on the Commissioner’s plat of T.48N R18W.


In the treaty of September 30, 1854 (10 Stat 1109) the Fond du Lac bands were to receive s reservation with the following boundary line, “Beginning at an island in the St. Louis River, above Knife Portage, called by the Indians Paw-paw-sco-me-me-tig, running thence west to the boundary line heretofore described, thence north along said boundary line to the mouth of Savannah River, thence down the St. Louis River, to the place of beginning.” The “said boundary line” was the western boundary line of the area ceded in the treaty, see “Surveying the boundaries of the Fon du Lac Reservation: Part 1.” Minnesota Surveyor vol. 27 No. 2, Spring 2019. 9

I have seen no records of this second survey. The deputy who executed it, S. A Forbes, is not include in 10

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

the list of deputies working for the General Land Office and hence not included in the BLM database. The diagram accompanied Forbes’ letter dated November 29, 1860, see text below. This diagram should be located between pages 12 and 13 in United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 starting on p. 333 that I used in writing this article. Unfortunately it is not but can be found in other databases containing this document.


Charles B. Royce. “Indian land cession in the United States” Part 2 of the Eighteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1896-97. The report was printed by the Government Printing Office in 1899. The map of a portion of the 1854 ceded area comes from Minnesota 1. The map of the Fond du Lac Reservation, Royce Area 338 comes from Minnesota 2.


United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 333. Please note. It is conventional to give the page number in the actual document. However, since I am using a digital database, I provide a link to the document and the page number in the database throughout this paper.


Some background is necessary to explain why the issue of the reservation boundary surfaced three decades after Bradshaw made his survey. On January 14, 1889 Congress enacted “An act for the relief and civilization of the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota.” 25 Stat 642. In the Act the President was directed to 14

appoint three Commissioners, one of whom shall be a citizen of Minnesota, whose duty it shall be, … to negotiate with all the different bands or tribes of Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota for the complete cession and relinquishment in writing of all their title and interest in and to all the reservations of said Indians in the State of Minnesota, except the White Earth and Red Lake Reservations …. 25 Stat. 642 On February 26, 1889 President Benjamin Harrison appointed three commissioners; Henry M. Rice, of Minnesota, Martin Marty, of Dakota, and Joseph B. Whiting, of Wisconsin, to negotiate with the various bands. The Chippewa Commission, as it was termed, held meeting with all the Chippewa bands in the State, producing a final report on January 30, 1890 describing their work in getting the necessary cessions. It was the following statement in that report that prompted the Senate Resolution and the subsequent report from the 17

Commissioner of Indian Affairs on the history of the Fond du Lac Reservation boundary. Whoever was sent to make a survey of this reservation followed the last clause of the article, and by his survey limited the area to 92,346 acres, the north end of his survey line on the west not reaching within 12 miles of the month of the Savannah River, thus defrauding these Indians of over 100,000 acres, which lands were put into the market and long ago disposed of by the United States; and for over a quarter of a century this injustice has been permitted to exist, a festering and deepseated cause of complaint against the Government. The Indians at the time of the making of the treaty had the boundary lines definitely fixed by natural lines to them unmistakable. They knew no more about acres than they did of the mariner’s compass. United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 337. In his response to the Senate Resolution the Commissioner of Indian Affairs stated, ”The commissioners are gravely mistaken in their information.” Ibid United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 338-339. This letter, particularly the account of his work, should have been included in my last article. Note he was aware that Perch Lake was situated southeast corner of township 49, range 19 west that had not yet been established although Relph had established the northwest corner of T.48N R.18W so Bradshaw would presumably know where the southeast corner of T.49N R.19W was located. 15



This map, and the other map made by Forbes is not in the digital database I use here but can be found in another database, which also contains the document that includes the maps. Access to this second database is restricted to those associated with the University of Minnesota. . United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 between p, 11 and 12. 17

Letter dated October 26, 1858 United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 1 35th Cong. 2d sess. Serial Set vol. 974 462


Ibid 339-340. Letter dated November 16, 1858.




Ibid. 340-341. Letter dated December 22, 1858


Ibid. 335. I have not seen the diagram.

Bradshaw had established a post for the southeast corner of the Reservation. 24


Ibid. 341-342


Ibid. 342-343


Ibid. 345

Presumably Forbes means the southern boundary as run by Bradshaw.


Ibid. Reading this letter leads me to suggest that a second diagram was included but I have not seen it. 29

This diagram should be located between pages 10 and 11 in United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. (Serial 2688). Unfortunately it is not, but can be found in other databases containing this document. Note. The diagram shows those parts of the two townships that had already been surveyed by Relph. 30

Ibid 345. Letter dated August 7, 1860. In his response to the Senate Resolution, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs noted, “It should be observed that the proposed adjustment of the boundaries of the reservation, to which this office gave its approval, not only extended the reservation south to include, the Indian settlement at Perch Lake, but it also cut off a very considerable strip from the reservation on the west, theretofore included and embraced in the original survey of the reservation made by Bradshaw in 1858. It retained, however, a little in excess of 100,000 acres for the use of the Indians.” Ibid 335 31

Ibid 345-346 Letter dated December 29, 1860. I do not know where the plat or the notes of this survey are located, presumably in the records of the Office of Indian Affairs



Ibid 346


Ibid. Letter dated November 29, 1860.




Ibid. 349


Ibid 349-350. Letter dated September 18, 1861


United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. Serial Set vol. 2688 338. I have not seen a copy of Bradshaw’s plat. 19


Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com



Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office accompanying the Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1861 159 39

United States. Congress. S. Exec. Doc. 133. 51st Cong. 1st sess. 5 Serial Set vol. 2688 337


Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


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612-385-6067 Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

What a STEM Event Looks Like Minnesota Regional Future City Competition 2020 Peter Jenkins On a mid-January Saturday morning, delayed two hours due to a winter storm, students, mentors, teachers, parents and judges gathered at Dakota County Technical College to participate in the annual Minnesota Regional Future City Competition. Dakota County Technical College is a wonderful venue for this Future City event. This site is spacious and accommodating for all the participants to move around. The Future City STEM event attracts sixth, seventh and eighth graders with the purpose of designing and building a three-dimensional model based around a theme. This year’s theme was “Clean Water: Tap Into Tomorrow!” Each year a new theme is the topic guiding the students’ Future City. A large group of volunteer judges, representing professional societies, associations, chapters and organizations met in the common area for coffee, donuts and conversation to discuss what the day might bring. One group of Land Surveyors were to judge the Best Land Surveying Practice Award sponsored by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying or NCEES. Some Land Surveyor members of this Special Award judging team had participated in this event before and others had not. All the Special Award judges were anticipating an exciting and busy day. The judges’ orientation session provided the news that a number of the schools would not be participating that day due to school districts’ weather day cancellation policies. For the judges this meant more time could be spent judging each of the school’s Future City project. One of the Land Surveyor judges did a wonderful job planning our routes to judge which team to see during each of the three sessions. The Land Surveyor judging group took the opportunity to designate one person to interview the teacher from each of the schools which were judged. This interview with the teacher was to inquire if the school was open to a Land Surveyor mentoring opportunity. We were able to interview every teacher whose team we judged and also acquired their contact information. To all who are reading this, next school year there will be opportunities to spend an hour or so explaining to the students and teachers how critical land surveying is to the planning and to the construction of their Future City model design. Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

The way the Minnesota Regional Future City Competition works is that judging for the overall competition occurs during three sessions. Between each session and during selected sessions, teams can be interviewed by the Special Awards judges. All of the Special Award judging teams vying to meet with the Future City competitors can create a hectic environment because there are over twenty Special Award categories. Our Land Surveyor judging team was highly organized resulting with each school’s team getting interviewed, judged, tally scores created, forms filled out and submitted with some time to spare for lunch. Drum roll please! The winner of the Best Land Surveying Practices Award is: Justice Page Middle School. Their Future City is named: Nuova Venezia. A few days after the Future City event, we were informed that the school representing Minnesota at the National Future City competition is: Justice Page Middle School. I believe this is the first time the Best Land Surveying Practices Award winner and the winner of the Minnesota Regional Future City Competition is the same team. Being someone who has been a Special Award judge for a few years, the experience has been interesting to see the improvement of the students’ knowledge regarding the topic of land surveying. Students, mentors, teachers, parents and judges all seem to agree that through mentoring we can grow the knowledge of land surveying even more. Please consider volunteering for this Future City event. Please seek out an opportunity to speak to a middle school in your area discussing the importance of land surveying in the planning, design and construction of a Future City model. We will make every effort to acquire a list of available middle schools prior to the start of the next school year.



Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

NGS Information on New Datums for 2022 From the National Geodetic Survey website The National Geodetic Survey has published a set of informational web pages regarding the planned new datums for 2022. These pages can be found at:


Arranged in the following 9 topic headings, surveyors can become familiar with the new datums and by following the various links discover the in-depth details of the datums. •


What to Expect

Get Prepared

Policy Decisions

Track our Progress

Naming Convention

Watch Videos

Related Projects

New Datums FAQ

Background: Why is NGS replacing NAD 83 and NAVD 88? NAD 83 and NAVD 88, although still the official horizontal and vertical datums of the National Spatial Reference System (NSRS), have been identified as having shortcomings that are best addressed through defining new horizontal and vertical datums.

Policy Decisions NGS has produced 3 publications (blueprints) and associated webinars to provide detailed information on the new datums. Blueprint for 2022 Part 1: Geometric Coordinates (1.2MB) Publication outlines technical and policy decisions about replacing NAD 83. Watch Webinar discussing Blueprint Part 1 (7/13/2017) Blueprint for 2022 Part 2: Geopotential Coordinates (2.4MB) Publication discusses the planned replacement of all vertical datums of the NSRS. Watch Webinar discussing Blueprint Part 2 (2/1/2018) Blueprint for 2022 Part 3: Working in the Modernized NSRS (1.2MB) Publication addresses how geospatial professionals can expect to work within the newly-modernized NSRS when NAD 83 and NAVD 88 are replaced. Watch Webinar discussing Blueprint Part 3 (7/25/2019) Surveyors may contact NGS at:


or contact their NGS Regional Advisor at: www.ngs.noaa.gov/ADVISORS/

Specifically: NAD 83 is non-geocentric by about 2.2 meters. NAVD 88 is both biased (by about one-half meter) and tilted (about 1 meter coast to coast) relative to the best global geoid models available today. These issues derive from the fact that both datums were defined primarily using terrestrial surveying techniques at passive geodetic survey marks. This network of survey marks deteriorates over time (both through unchecked physical movement and simple removal), and resources are not available to maintain them.

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Firm Member Directory Advance Surveying & Engineering Co.

Hakanson Anderson Associates

Anderson Engineering of MN, LLC

Honsa Surveying

Wayne Preuhs 17917 Highway 7 Minnetonka, MN 55345 P: (952) 474-7964 http://www.advsur.com/

Jack Bolke 13605 1st Ave N Ste 100 Plymouth, MN 55441 P: (763) 412-4000 | F: (763) 383-1089 http://www.ae-mn.com

Bolton & Menk Inc.

Janele Fowlds 1960 Premier Drive Mankato, MN 56001 P: (507) 625-4171 | F: (507) 625-4177 http://www.bolton-menk.com

Cornerstone Land Surveying, Inc. Dan Thurmes 1970 Northwestern Avenue, Suite 200 Stillwater, MN 55082 P: (651) 275-8969

E.G. Rud & Sons Inc

Jason Rud 6776 Lake Drive NE, Suite 110 Lino Lakes, MN 55014 P: (651) 361-8200 | F: (651) 361-8701 http://www.egrud.com

James R. Hill Inc

Marcus Hampton 2500 W Cty Rd 42 Ste 120 Burnsville, MN 55337 P: (952) 890-6044 | F: (952) 890-6244 http://www.jrhinc.com/

Brian Person 3601 Thurston Avenue Anoka, MN 55303 P: (763) 427-5860 http://www.haa-inc.com

Denny Honsa 1592 Pacific Avenue Eagan, MN 55122 P: (651) 492-6725

Houston Engineering Inc

Curtis Skarphol 1401 21st Ave. N. Fargo, ND 58102 P: (701) 237-5065 | F: (701) 237-5101 http://www.houstoneng.com


Dan Stueber 115 East Hickory Street, Suite 300 Mankato, MN 56001 P: (507) 387-6651 | F: (507) 387-3583 http://www.is-grp.com

Landform Professional Services, LLC Lynn Caswell 580 Dodge Avenue Elk River, MN 55330 P: (612) 252-9070 http://www.Landform.net

Landmark Surveying, Inc.

Milo Horak PO Box 65 21090 Olinda Trail N Scandia, MN 55073 P: (651) 433-3421 | F: (651) 433-3421


Paul McGinley 7200 Hemlock Lane, Suite 300 Maple Grove, MN 55369 P: (763) 424-5505 | F: (763) 424-5822 http://www.loucksinc.com


Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

Firm Member Directory Massey Land Surveying & Engineering

Rehder & Associates, Inc.

Moore Engineering, Inc

Sathre-Bergquist Inc.

MSA Professional Services

Schoborg Land Services, Inc.

Richard Massey PO Box 100 Kasson, MN 55944 P: (507) 634-4505 | F: (507) 634-6560 http://www.masseylandsurveying.com

Chris Heyer 1808 E Fir Avenue Fergus Falls, MN 56537 P: (218) 998-4041 | F: (218) 998-4042 http://www.mooreengineeringinc.com

Curt Schley 60 Plato Blvd East Suite 140 St. Paul, MN 55107 P: (612) 548-3132 | F: (763) 786-4574 http://www.msa-ps.com

Northern Engineering & Consulting, Inc. Terry Freeman 111 Sounth 6th Street, PO Box 292 Walker, MN 56484 P: (218) 547-1296

Northwestern Surveying and Engineering, Inc. Michael Stang 1900 Division Street W, Suite 4 Bemidji, MN 56601 P: (218) 444-9394 http://www.nwsmn.com

Otto Associates

Paul Otto 9 West Division St Buffalo, MN 55313 P: (763) 682-4727 | F: (763) 682-3522 http://www.ottoassociates.com

Christine Larson 3440 Federal Drive Eagan, MN 55122 P: (651) 452-5051 | F: (651) 452-9797 http://www.rehder.com

Stephanie Grotbo 150 S. Broadway Ave Wayzata, MN 55391 P: (952) 476-6000 | F: (952) 476-0104 http://www.sathre.com

Kelly Brouwer 8997 Co Road 13 SE Delano, MN 55328 P: (763) 972-3221 | F: (763) 972-3223


Krista Sjulstad 3535 Vadnais Center Drive Saint Paul, MN 55110 P: (651) 490-2000 | F: (888) 908-8166

Stonebrooke Engineering, Inc

Aaron Mages 12279 Nicollet Avenue S Burnsville, MN 55337 P: (952) 402-9202 | F: (952) 403-6803 http://www.stonebrookeengineering.com

Stonemark Land Surveying

Patrick Trottier 30206 Rasmussen Rd Ste #1 Pequot Lakes, MN 56472 P: (218) 568-4940 | F: (218) 568-5404 http://www.stonemarksurvey.com

The Gregory Group, Inc dba Demarc Gregory Prasch 7601 73rd Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55428 P: (763) 560-3093 | F: (763) 560-3522

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Firm Member Directory Trosen Land Surveying Scott Trosen 236 Lewis Street S Shakopee, MN 55379 P: (612) 990-1182

W. Brown Land Surveying, Inc. Woodrow Brown 8030 Cedar Avenue S, Suite 228 Bloomington, MN 55425 P: (952) 854-4055 | F: (952) 854-4268

Wenck Associates, Inc.

Westwood Professional Services Nathan Carlson 12701 Whitewater Drive, Suite 300 Minnetonka, MN 55343 P: (952) 937-5150 | F: (952) 937-5822 http://www.westwoodps.com

Widseth Smith Nolting

Bryan Balcome 610 Fillmore Street PO Box 1028 Alexandria, MN 56308 P: (320) 335-5023 | F: (320) 762-0263 http://www.wsn.us.com

Chris Ambourn 1802 Wooddale Drive Woodbury, MN 55359 P: (651) 485-9876


Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com

Sustaining Members The Minnesota Society of Professional Surveyors appreciates the continued participation and encourages your support for the following Sustaining Members of MSPS:

Berntsen International, Inc.

Leica Geosystems Inc

Carlson Software and Field Solutions

Martinez Geospatial, Inc.

Fred Meyer Technology Services

Quantum Spatial, Inc.

Frontier Precision, Inc.

RDO Integrated Controls

Kari Campbell PO Box 8670 Madison, WI 53708 P: (877) 265-2296 | F: (608) 249-9794 http://www.berntsen.com

Shane Gardner 1216 Partridge Lane Waterloo, IA 50701 P: (319) 406-2579

Fred Meyer 14558 Joppa Ave S Savage, MN 55378 P: (952) 381-4404 fmeyerlasers@yahoo.com

Steve Richter 10900 73rd Ave N Ste 120 Maple Grove, MN 55369 P: (763) 496-1366 | F: (763) 898-3997 http://www.frontierprecision.com

Chris Rotegard 4107 158th St. W. Rosemount, MN 55068 P: (651) 385-6067 | F: (651) 200-2008 http://www.leica-geosystems.us

Steve Martinez 2915 Waters Road Eagan, MN 55121 P: (651) 686-8424 | F: (651) 686-8389 http://www.mtzgeo.com

Miles Strain 18391 Smith Court Elk River, MN 55330 P: (763) 442-3398 http://www.quantumspatial.com

Dan Stong 9201 East Bloomington FWY, Suite JJ Bloomington, MN 55420 P: (952) 948-1604 | F: (952) 948-1606 http://www.rdoic.com

Harrison Marker Co.

Ellen Johnson PO Box 66 Anoka, MN 55303 P: (763) 421-1445 http://www.harrisonmarker.com

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Peter W. Blethen, LS, Memorial Scholarship The Minnesota Land Surveyors Foundation is accepting donations to the Blethen Memorial Scholarship in memory of long-time MSPS member Peter W. Blethen. Peter was a graduate of the University of Colorado, Boulder; he was a dedicated employee of Bolton & Menk, Inc., for more than 31 years until his retirement in 2014. Peter passed away in January 2016 following a courageous battle with cancer. He was a Registered Land Surveyor in both Minnesota and Iowa. Peter worked very hard in advancing survey technology within Bolton & Menk as well as in the surveying industry. In addition to his MSPS membership, Peter served in multiple capacities within the society — including as chapter secretary, chapter vice president,

chapter president, MSPS board member, secretary and president. Peter was recognized as MSPS Surveyor of the Year in 2006 for his contributions to the land surveying profession in Minnesota. Throughout Peter’s career, he supported the work of the MLS Foundation. He believed there was no better way to promote the surveying profession than to support surveying students in their education. In 2002, he was the first owner of the prestigious MSPS Traveling Bearing Tree Trophy. Further demonstrating his strong belief in surveying education, Peter served on the South Central College Civil Engineering Technology Advisory Committee and on the MnDOT Survey Technical Workshop Committee. The Foundation is working with Peter’s family to determine the criteria for the Blethen Memorial Scholarship. In the meantime, we encourage members to make a donation to the scholarship fund.

Yes, I wish to donate to the Peter W. Blethen Memorial Scholarship Donor Information:

Name: __________________________________________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________________________ City: _______________________________________________ State: __________ Zip: _______________ Email Address: ___________________________________________________________________________ Send checks and/or correspondence to: MLS Foundation c/o Dennis J. Purcell, PLS 1399 Wood Duck Trail Shakopee, MN 55379-9430 dpurcell20@hotmail.com


Make checks payable to: MLS Foundation Please note that your donation is for the Blethen Memorial Scholarship. The Minnesota Land Surveyors Foundation is a 501(c)3 nonprofit corporation. A tax deduction receipt will be provided to each donor.

Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com



Winter 2020 

Volume 28 • Number 1







Winter 2020 • www.mnsurveyor.com


Profile for Minnesota Surveyor

Minnesota Surveyor | Winter 2020  

Minnesota Surveyor | Winter 2020